2010 Wisconsin Code
Chapter 180. Business corporations.
180.0141 Notice.


180.0141 Notice.


(1) This section applies to notice that is required under this chapter and that is made subject to this section by express reference to this section.




(a) A person shall give notice in writing, except as provided in par. (b). For purposes of this section, notice by electronic transmission is written notice.


(b) A person may give oral notice if oral notice is permitted by the articles of incorporation or bylaws and not otherwise prohibited by this chapter.


(3) Except as provided in s. 180.0721 (4) or unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or bylaws, notice may be communicated in person; by mail or other method of delivery; by telephone, including voice mail, answering machine or answering service; or by any other electronic means. If these forms of personal notice are impracticable, notice may be communicated by a newspaper of general circulation in the area where published, or by radio, television or other form of public broadcast communication.


(4) Written notice to a domestic corporation or a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state may be addressed to its registered agent at its registered office or to the domestic corporation or foreign corporation at its principal office. With respect to a foreign corporation that has not yet filed an annual report under s. 180.1622, the address of the foreign corporation's principal office may be determined from its application for a certificate of authority.




(a) Except as provided in par. (b) and ss. 180.0807 (2) and 180.0843 (1), written notice is effective at the earliest of the following:


1. When received.


2. Five days after its deposit in the U.S. mail, if mailed postpaid and correctly addressed.


3. On the date shown on the return receipt, if sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, and the receipt is signed by or on behalf of the addressee.


4. On the effective date specified in the articles of incorporation or bylaws.


(b) Written notice by a domestic corporation or foreign corporation to its shareholder is effective under any of the following conditions:


1. When mailed, but only if mailed postpaid and addressed to the shareholder's address shown in the domestic corporation's or foreign corporation's current record of shareholders.


2. When electronically transmitted to the shareholder in a manner authorized by the shareholder.


(c) Oral notice is effective when communicated.

180.0141 - ANNOT.

History: 1989 a. 303; 1999 a. 9.

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