2019 West Virginia Code
Chapter 36. Estates and Property
Article 9. West Virginia Real Estate Time-Sharing Act
§36-9-15. Liens for Overdue Assessments; Mechanic’s Liens, Insurance
(a) The managing entity has a lien on a timeshare period for any assessment levied against that timeshare period from the date such assessment becomes due.
(b) The managing entity may bring an action in its name to foreclose a lien for assessments, in the manner a mortgage of real property is foreclosed.
(c) The managing entity may cause a trustee sale of the timeshare estate if the owner is delinquent to the managing entity for more than one year for assessments against the timeshare estate: Provided, That a trustee sale shall be effectuated as provided in section fifteen-a, article nine, chapter thirty-six of this code.
(d) In addition to the remedies in subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the managing entity may also bring an action to recover a money judgment for the unpaid assessments without waiving any claim of lien. However, in the case of a timesharing plan in which no interest in real property is conveyed, the managing entity may bring an action under chapter forty-six of this code.
(e) The lien is effective from the date of recording a claim of lien in the public records of the county or counties in which the accommodations or facilities constituting the timesharing plan are located. The claim of lien shall state the name of the timesharing plan and identify the timeshare period for which the lien is effective, state the name of the purchaser, state the assessment amount due and state the due dates. The lien is effective until satisfied or until barred by law. The claim of lien may include only assessments which are due when the claim is recorded. A claim of lien shall be signed and acknowledged by an officer or agent of the managing entity. Upon full payment, the person making the payment is entitled to a satisfaction of the lien.
(f) A judgment in any action or suit brought under this section shall include costs and reasonable attorney’s fees for the prevailing party.
(g) Labor performed on a unit, or materials furnished to a unit, shall not be the basis for the filing of a lien pursuant to the mechanic’s lien law against the timeshare unit of any timeshare period owner not expressly consenting to or requesting the labor or materials.
(h) The seller, initially, and thereafter the managing entity, shall be responsible for obtaining insurance to protect the accommodations and facilities of the timesharing plan in an amount equal to the replacement cost of such accommodations and facilities.
(i) Notwithstanding any provision in this article, the lien granted pursuant to this section shall not have priority over any voluntarily granted lien or security interest in the timeshare estate.
(j) A copy of each policy of insurance in effect shall be made available for reasonable inspection by purchasers and their authorized agents.