2010 West Virginia Code
§11-13B-2. Definitions.

§11-13B-2. Definitions.

(a) General. -- When used in this article, or in the administration of this article, the terms defined in subsection (b) shall have the meanings ascribed to them by this section, unless a different meaning is clearly required by either the context in which the term is used, or by specific definition.

(b) Terms defined.
(1) Business. -- The term "business" shall include all activities engaged in or caused to be engaged in with the object of gain or economic benefit, either direct or indirect.

(2) Communications channel. -- The term "communications channel" or "channel" means the smallest discrete circuit or other means whereby a message, conversation, data set or signal may be communicated, which cannot be subdivided without destroying or diminishing its capacity to carry such communications.

(3) Communications pathway. -- The term "communications pathway" means any conduit, wire, cable, microwave signal path, radio signal path or other pathway over which telecommunications can be carried. The length of the communications pathway of satellite repeater facilities or other satellite communications facilities is deemed to be the shortest distance over the surface of the earth between the point on the earth from which signals are sent to the satellite and the point on the earth where such signals are received from the satellite.

(4) Delegate. -- The term "delegate" in the phrase "or hisdelegate," when used in reference to the tax commissioner, means any officer or employee of the state tax department duly authorized by the tax commissioner directly, or indirectly by one or more redelegations of authority, to perform the function mentioned or described in this article or regulations promulgated thereunder.

(5) Gross income. -- The term "gross income" of a telephone company or communications carrier shall be defined as all gross income received from the provision of local exchange or long distance voice or data communications services but shall not include gross income from the provision of network access, billing or similar services provided to end users, other telephone companies, or communications carriers: Provided, That on and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-eight, the term "gross income" of a telephone company or communications carrier shall not include gross income from the provision of commodities or services which shall be determined by the public service commission of West Virginia to be subject to competition. On or before the thirty-first day of December of each calendar year, the public service commission of West Virginia shall submit to the tax commissioner a listing of those commodities or services which it has determined to be subject to competition. Such listing shall constitute a conclusive determination for the purposes of defining "gross income" within the meaning of this subsection.

(6) Person. -- The term "person" or "company" are herein used interchangeably and include any individual, firm, partnership,mining partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, trust or any other group or combination acting as a unit, and the plural as well as the singular number, unless the intention to give a more limited meaning is declared by the context.

(7) Sale. -- The term "sale" includes any transfer of the ownership or title to property or any provision of a service, whether for money or in exchange for other property or services, or a combination thereof.

(8) Tax commissioner. -- The term "tax commissioner" means the tax commissioner of the state of West Virginia, or his delegate.

(9) Taxable year. -- The term "taxable year" means the calendar year, or the fiscal year ending during such calendar year, upon the basis of which tax liability is computed under this article. "Taxable year" means, in case of a return made for a fractional part of a year under the provisions of the article, or under regulations promulgated by the tax commissioner, the period for which such return is made.

(10) Taxpayer. -- The term "taxpayer" means and includes any individual, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, receiver, trustee, guardian, executor, administrator, fiduciary or representative of any kind engaged in telecommunications business activity.

(11) Telecommunications. -- The term "telecommunications" means all telephone, radio, light, light wave, radio telephone, telegraph and other communication, or means of communication,whether used for voice communication, computer data transmission, or other encoded symbolic information transfers. The term shall not include commercial broadcast radio or television, cable television or amateur or citizen's band radio.

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