2004 Revised Code of Washington
Volume 5: Titles 47 through 62A


Download as PDF VOLUME 5 Titles 47 through 62A 2004 REVISED CODE OF WASHINGTON Published under the authority of chapter 1.08 RCW. Containing all laws of a general and permanent nature through the 2004 regular session, which adjourned sine die March 11, 2004. (2004 Ed.) [Preface—p i] REVISED CODE OF WASHINGTON 2004 Edition © 2004 State of Washington CERTIFICATE The 2004 edition of the Revised Code of Washington, published officially by the Statute Law Committee, is, in accordance with RCW 1.08.037, certified to comply with the current specifications of the committee. JOHN G . SCHULTZ, Chair STATUTE LAW COMMITTEE PRINTED ON RECYCLABLE MATERIAL For recycling information call: Recycle Hotline 1-800-732-9253 [Preface—p ii] (2004 Ed.) PREFACE Numbering system: The number of each section of this code is made up of three parts, in sequence as follows: Number of title; number of chapter within the title; number of section within the chapter. Thus RCW 1.04.020 is Title 1, chapter 4, section 20. The section part of the number (.020) is initially made up of three digits, constitutes a true decimal, and provides a facility for numbering new sections to be inserted between old sections already consecutively numbered, merely by adding one or more digits at the end of the number. In most chapters of the code, sections have been numbered by tens (.010, .020, .030, .040, etc.), leaving nine vacant numbers between original sections so that for a time new sections may be inserted without extension of the section number beyond three digits. Citation to the Revised Code of Washington: The code should be cited as RCW; see RCW 1.04.040. An RCW title should be cited Title 7 RCW. An RCW chapter should be cited chapter 7.24 RCW. An RCW section should be cited RCW 7.24.010. Through references should be made as RCW 7.24.010 through 7.24.100. Series of sections should be cited as RCW 7.24.010, 7.24.020, and 7.24.030. History of the Revised Code of Washington; Source notes: The Revised Code of Washington was adopted by the legislature in 1950; see chapter 1.04 RCW. The original publication (1951) contained material variances from the language and organization of the session laws from which it was derived, including a variety of divisions and combinations of the session law sections. During 1953 through 1959, the Statute Law Committee, in exercise of the powers contained in chapter 1.08 RCW, completed a comprehensive study of these variances and, by means of a series of administrative orders or reenactment bills, restored each title of the code to reflect its session law source, but retaining the general codification scheme originally adopted. An audit trail of this activity has been preserved in the concluding segments of the source note of each section of the code so affected. The legislative source of each section is enclosed in brackets [ ] at the end of the section. Reference to session laws is abbreviated; thus "1891 c 23 § 1; 1854 p 99 § 135" refers to section 1, chapter 23, Laws of 1891 and section 135, page 99, Laws of 1854. "Prior" indicates a break in the statutory chain, usually a repeal and reenactment. "RRS or Rem. Supp.— —" indicates the parallel citation in Remington's Revised Code, last published in 1949. Where, before restoration, a section of this code constituted a consolidation of two or more sections of the session laws, or of sections separately numbered in Remington's, the line of derivation is shown for each component section, with each line of derivation being set off from the others by use of small Roman numerals, "(i)," "(ii)," etc. Where, before restoration, only a part of a session law section was reflected in a particular RCW section the history note reference is followed by the word "part." "Formerly" and its correlative form "FORMER PART OF SECTION" followed by an RCW citation preserves the record of original codification. Double amendments: Some double or other multiple amendments to a section made without reference to each other are set out in the code in smaller (8-point) type. See RCW 1.12.025. Index: Titles 1 through 91 are indexed in the RCW General Index. Separate indexes are provided for the Rules of Court and the State Constitution. Sections repealed or decodified; Disposition table: Memorials to RCW sections repealed or decodified are tabulated in numerical order in the table entitled "Disposition of former RCW sections." Codification tables: To convert a session law citation to its RCW number (for Laws of 1951 or later) consult the codification tables. A similar table is included to relate the disposition in RCW of sections of Remington's Revised Statutes. Errors or omissions: (1) Where an obvious clerical error has been made in the law during the legislative process, the code reviser adds a corrected word, phrase, or punctuation mark in [brackets] for clarity. These additions do not constitute any part of the law. (2) Although considerable care has been taken in the production of this code, within the limits of available time and facilities it is inevitable that in so large a work that there will be errors, both mechanical and of judgment. When those who use this code detect errors in particular sections, a note citing the section involved and the nature of the error may be sent to: Code Reviser, Box 40551, Legislative Building, Olympia, WA 98504-0551, so that correction may be made in a subsequent publication. (2004 Ed.) [Preface—p iii] TITLES OF THE REVISED CODE OF WASHINGTON 1 46 47 Highways and motor vehicles Motor vehicles Public highways and transportation 48 Insurance 49 50 51 Labor Labor regulations Unemployment compensation Industrial insurance 52 53 54 55 57 Local service districts Fire protection districts Port districts Public utility districts Sanitary districts Water-sewer districts 58 59 60 61 62A 63 64 65 Property rights and incidents Boundaries and plats Landlord and tenant Liens Mortgages, deeds of trust, and real estate contracts Uniform Commercial Code Personal property Real property and conveyances Recording, registration, and legal publication 66 67 68 69 70 71 71A 72 74 Public health, safety, and welfare Alcoholic beverage control Sports and recreation—Convention facilities Cemeteries, morgues, and human remains Food, drugs, cosmetics, and poisons Public health and safety Mental illness Developmental disabilities State institutions73Veterans and veterans' affairs Public assistance 76 77 78 79 79A Public resources Forests and forest products Fish and wildlife Mines, minerals, and petroleum Public lands Public recreational lands 80 81 Public service Public utilities Transportation 82 83 84 Taxation Excise taxes Estate taxation Property taxes 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 Waters Diking and drainage Flood control Irrigation Navigation and harbor improvements Reclamation, soil conservation, and land settlement Water rights—Environment Waterways General provisions 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9A 10 11 12 13 Judicial Courts of record District courts—Courts of limited jurisdiction Civil procedure Evidence Enforcement of judgments Special proceedings and actions Eminent domain Crimes and punishments Washington Criminal Code Criminal procedure Probate and trust law District courts—Civil procedure Juvenile courts and juvenile offenders 14 Aeronautics 15 16 17 Agriculture Agriculture and marketing Animals and livestock Weeds, rodents, and pests 18 19 20 21 22 Businesses and professions Businesses and professions Business regulations—Miscellaneous Commission merchants—Agricultural products Securities and investments Warehousing and deposits 23 23B 24 25 Corporations, associations, and partnerships Corporations and associations (Profit) Washington business corporation act Corporations and associations (Nonprofit) Partnerships 26 Domestic relations 27 28A 28B 28C Education Libraries, museums, and historical activities Common school provisions Higher education Vocational education 29A Elections 30 31 32 33 Financial institutions Banks and trust companies Miscellaneous loan agencies Mutual savings banks Savings and loan associations 34 35 35A 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 Government Administrative law Cities and towns Optional Municipal Code Counties Federal areas—Indians Militia and military affairs Public contracts and indebtedness Public documents, records, and publications Public employment, civil service, and pensions Public officers and agencies State government—Executive State government—Legislative [Preface—p iv] (2004 Ed.) Title 47 Chapters 47.01 47.02 47.04 47.05 47.06 47.06A 47.06B 47.06C 47.08 47.10 47.12 47.14 47.17 47.20 47.22 47.24 47.26 47.28 47.30 47.32 47.36 47.38 47.39 47.40 47.41 47.42 47.44 47.46 47.48 47.50 47.52 47.56 47.58 47.60 47.61 47.64 47.66 47.68 47.72 47.74 47.76 47.78 47.79 47.80 47.82 47.98 Title 47 PUBLIC HIGHWAYS AND TRANSPORTATION Department of transportation. Department buildings. General provisions. Priority programming for highway development. Statewide transportation planning. Freight mobility. Coordinating special needs transportation. Permit efficiency and accountability. Highway funds. Highway construction bonds. Acquisition and disposition of state highway property. Right of way donations. State highway routes. Miscellaneous projects. Combination highway routes. City streets as part of state highways. Development in urban areas—Urban arterials. Construction and maintenance of highways. Trails and paths. Obstructions on right of way. Traffic control devices. Roadside areas—Safety rest areas. Scenic and Recreational Highway Act of 1967. Roadside improvement and beautification. Junkyards adjacent to interstate and primary highways. Highway advertising control act—Scenic Vistas Act. Franchises on state highways. Public-private transportation initiatives. Closing highways and restricting traffic. Highway access management. Limited access facilities. State toll bridges, tunnels, and ferries. Existing and additional bridges. Puget Sound ferry and toll bridge system. Acquisition of new ferry vessels under Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964. Marine employees—Public employment relations. Multimodal transportation programs. Aeronautics. Navigation canals. Multistate Highway Transportation Agreement. Rail freight service. High capacity transportation development. High-speed ground transportation. Regional transportation planning organizations. Amtrak. Construction. Abandoned highways, transfer to counties, cities: RCW 36.75.090. Accidents and reports: Chapter 46.52 RCW. (2004 Ed.) Annual report of street operations to secretary of transportation: RCW 35.21.260. Arterial highways, designation: RCW 46.61.195. Bicycles, operation: Chapter 46.61 RCW. Buses, unlawful conduct: RCW 9.91.025. City streets, sidewalks, etc.: Chapters 35.68 through 35.79 RCW. Columbia Basin project road systems: RCW 36.81.140. Contractor's bond: Chapter 39.08 RCW. Contractors on highway projects prequalified under RCW 47.28.070 exempted from contractor's registration requirement: RCW 18.27.090. County highways in cities and towns: Chapter 36.89 RCW. County road improvement districts: Chapter 36.88 RCW. County roads and bridges: Chapters 36.75 through 36.88 RCW. Dangerous substances or devices, placing on highway: RCW 9.66.050, 70.93.060. Design standards committee arterial streets: Chapter 35.78 RCW. generally: Chapter 43.32 RCW. Driving while intoxicated when engaged in discharge of business duties: RCW 9.91.020. Electrical installations, applicability of statutes or rules: RCW 19.28.141. Fences: Chapter 16.60 RCW. Fireworks, transportation, etc.: Chapter 70.77 RCW. Flaggers—Safety standards: RCW 49.17.350. Glass, tacks, rubbish, etc., throwing in highway: RCW 9.66.050, 46.61.645. Highway construction or improvement, validity of agreement to indemnify against liability for negligence relative to: RCW 4.24.115. Highway funds, constitutional limitations: State Constitution Art. 2 § 40 (Amendment 18). Hospitalization and medical aid for public employees and dependents—Premiums, governmental contributions authorized: RCW 41.04.180, 41.04.190. Jurisdiction over operation of motor vehicles by Indians: Chapter 37.12 RCW. Liens for labor, materials on public works: Chapter 60.28 RCW. Littering on public highway: RCW 70.93.060. Obstructing highway is public nuisance: RCW 9.66.010. Off-street parking cities: Chapter 35.86 RCW. towns: RCW 35.27.550 through 35.27.590. Platted streets as public highways: RCW 58.08.035, 58.08.050. Port districts, toll facilities: Chapter 53.34 RCW. Public lands, withdrawal of abutting: RCW 79A.05.105. Range areas, road signs: RCW 16.24.060. Real property conveyances by public bodies—Recording: RCW 65.08.095. Rules of the road: Chapter 46.61 RCW. Size, weight, load of vehicles: Chapter 46.44 RCW. Speed limits: RCW 46.61.400 through 46.61.470. State patrol: Chapter 43.43 RCW. Traffic safety commission and program: Chapter 43.59 RCW. Viaducts, bridges, elevated roadways, tunnels, etc., authority of cities to construct: Chapter 35.85 RCW. Waterways: Title 91 RCW. [Title 47 RCW—page 1] Chapter 47.01 Chapter 47.01 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Chapter 47.01 RCW DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Sections 47.01.011 47.01.012 47.01.021 47.01.031 47.01.041 47.01.051 47.01.061 47.01.070 47.01.071 47.01.081 47.01.091 47.01.101 47.01.131 47.01.141 47.01.145 47.01.170 47.01.180 47.01.190 47.01.210 47.01.230 47.01.240 47.01.250 47.01.260 47.01.270 47.01.280 47.01.290 47.01.300 47.01.310 47.01.321 Legislative declaration. Intent—2002 c 5. Definitions. Department created—Transfer of powers, duties, and functions. Secretary of transportation—Appointment, salary, removal. Commission created—Appointment of members—Terms— Qualifications—Removal. Commission—Procedures and internal operations. Director's and commissioner's prior assignments may be delegated. Commission—Functions, powers, and duties. Department—Organization—Management personnel. Advisory councils. Secretary—Authority and duties. Continuation of state services to department. Biennial report. Study reports available to legislators upon request. Right of entry. Roads and bridges in state parks. State aid engineer. Contract without bid or bond with public utilities and municipal corporations. Powers relating to toll bridges and facilities and state ferries. Coordination of long-range needs studies. Consultation with designated state officials. Authority of department. Radioactive or hazardous cargo, notice of prohibition. Application for improvements to existing highways. Environmental review of transportation projects. Environmental review of transportation projects—Cooperation with other environmental regulatory authorities. Washington fruit express account. Skills bank—Report. Collection agencies, use by public bodies to collect public debts—Fees: RCW 19.16.500. Cross-state trail—Rail line franchise negotiations: RCW 79A.05.125. Flaggers—Safety standards: RCW 49.17.350. Interagency committee for outdoor recreation, secretary of transportation member of: RCW 79A.25.110. Mt. St. Helens eruption, facilitating recovery from—Scope of state agency action: RCW 43.01.210. Secretary's duties generally: RCW 46.68.120. motor vehicle fund, distribution of amount to counties—Factors of distribution formula for RCW 46.68.120(4) funds: RCW 46.68.122. population, road cost, money need, computed—Allocation percentage adjustment, when: RCW 46.68.124. Traffic safety commission, secretary of transportation member of: RCW 43.59.030. Trails system, Washington state recreation, department of transportation participation: RCW 79A.35.120. 47.01.011 47.01.011 Legislative declaration. The legislature hereby recognizes the following imperative needs within the state: To create a statewide transportation development plan which identifies present status and sets goals for the future; to coordinate transportation modes; to promote and protect land use programs required in local, state and federal law; to coordinate transportation with the economic development of the state; to supply a broad framework in which regional, metropolitan, and local transportation needs can be related; to facilitate the supply of federal and state aid to those areas which will most benefit the state as a whole; to provide for public involvement in the transportation planning and development process; to administer programs within the jurisdiction of this title relating to the safety of the state's transportation systems; [Title 47 RCW—page 2] and to coordinate and implement national transportation policy with the state transportation planning program. The legislature finds and declares that placing all elements of transportation in a single department is fully consistent with and shall in no way impair the use of moneys in the motor vehicle fund exclusively for highway purposes. Through this chapter, a unified department of transportation is created. To the jurisdiction of this department will be transferred the present powers, duties, and functions of the department of highways, the highway commission, the toll bridge authority, the aeronautics commission, and the canal commission, and the transportation related powers, duties, and functions of the *planning and community affairs agency. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 1.] *Reviser's note: "Planning and community affairs agency" means "department of community, trade, and economic development." 47.01.012 47.01.012 Intent—2002 c 5. It is the intent of the legislature to establish policy goals for the operation, performance of, and investment in, the state's transportation system. The policy goals shall consist of, but not be limited to, the following benchmark categories, adopted by the state's Blue Ribbon Commission on Transportation on November 30, 2000. In addition to improving safety, public investments in transportation shall support achievement of these and other priority goals: No interstate highways, state routes, and local arterials shall be in poor condition; no bridges shall be structurally deficient, and safety retrofits shall be performed on those state bridges at the highest seismic risk levels; traffic congestion on urban state highways shall be significantly reduced and be no worse than the national mean; delay per driver shall be significantly reduced and no worse than the national mean; per capita vehicle miles traveled shall be maintained at 2000 levels; the nonauto share of commuter trips shall be increased in urban areas; administrative costs as a percentage of transportation spending shall achieve the most efficient quartile nationally; and the state's public transit agencies shall achieve the median cost per vehicle revenue hour of peer transit agencies, adjusting for the regional cost-of-living. These policy goals shall be the basis for establishment of detailed and measurable performance benchmarks. It is the intent of the legislature that the transportation commission establish performance measures to ensure transportation system performance at local, regional, and state government levels, and the transportation commission should work with appropriate government entities to accomplish this. [2002 c 5 § 101.] Effective date—2002 c 5 § 101: "Section 101 of this act takes effect July 1, 2002." [2002 c 5 § 102.] Captions not law—2002 c 5: "Captions and part headings used in this act are not part of the law." [2002 c 5 § 419.] Severability—2002 c 5: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [2002 c 5 § 420.] 47.01.021 47.01.021 Definitions. As used in this title unless the context indicates otherwise: (1) "Department" means the department of transportation created in RCW 47.01.031; (2004 Ed.) Department of Transportation (2) "Commission" means the transportation commission created in RCW 47.01.051; (3) "Secretary" means the secretary of transportation as provided for in RCW 47.01.041. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 2.] Additional definitions: RCW 47.04.010. 47.01.031 47.01.031 Department created—Transfer of powers, duties, and functions. (1) There is created a department of state government to be known as the department of transportation. (2) All powers, duties, and functions vested by law in the department of highways, the state highway commission, the director of highways, the Washington toll bridge authority, the aeronautics commission, the director of aeronautics, and the canal commission, and the transportation related powers, duties, and functions of the *planning and community affairs agency, are transferred to the jurisdiction of the department, except those powers, duties, and functions which are expressly directed elsewhere in **this or in any other act of the 1977 legislature. (3) The board of pilotage commissioners is transferred to the jurisdiction of the department for its staff support and administration: PROVIDED, That nothing in this section shall be construed as transferring any policy making powers of the board of pilotage commissioners to the transportation commission or the department of transportation. [1988 c 167 § 11; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 3.] Reviser's note: *(1) The "planning and community affairs agency" has been renamed the "department of community, trade, and economic development." **(2) For codification of "this . . . . act" [1977 ex.s. c 151], see Codification Tables, Volume 0. Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. 47.01.041 47.01.041 Secretary of transportation—Appointment, salary, removal. The executive head of the department of transportation shall be the secretary of transportation, who shall be appointed by the transportation commission, and shall be paid a salary to be fixed by the governor in accordance with the provisions of RCW 43.03.040. The secretary shall be an ex officio member of the commission without a vote. The secretary shall be the chief executive officer of the commission and be responsible to it, and shall be guided by policies established by it. The secretary shall serve until removed by the commission, but only for incapacity, incompetence, neglect of duty, malfeasance in office, or failure to carry out the commission's policies. Before a motion for dismissal shall be acted on by the commission, the secretary shall be granted a hearing on formal written charges before the full commission. An action by the commission to remove the secretary shall be final. [1983 1st ex.s. c 53 § 28; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 4.] Severability—1983 1st ex.s. c 53: See note following RCW 47.10.802. 47.01.051 47.01.051 Commission created—Appointment of members—Terms—Qualifications—Removal. There is hereby created a transportation commission, which shall consist of seven members appointed by the governor, with the consent of the senate. The present five members of the highway commission shall serve as five initial members of the (2004 Ed.) 47.01.061 transportation commission until their terms of office as highway commission members would have expired. The additional two members provided herein for the transportation commission shall be appointed for initial terms to expire on June 30, 1982, and June 30, 1983. Thereafter all terms shall be for six years. No elective state official or state officer or state employee shall be a member of the commission, and not more than four members of the commission shall at the time of appointment or thereafter during their respective terms of office be members of the same major political party. At the time of appointment or thereafter during their respective terms of office, four members of the commission shall reside in the western part of the state and three members shall reside in the eastern part of the state as divided north and south by the summit of the Cascade mountains. No more than two members of the commission shall reside in the same county. Commissioners shall not be removed from office by the governor before the expiration of their terms unless for a disqualifying change of residence or for cause based upon a determination of incapacity, incompetence, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office by the superior court of the state of Washington in and for Thurston county upon petition and show cause proceedings duly brought therefor in said court and directed to the commissioner in question. No member shall be appointed for more than two consecutive terms. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 5.] 47.01.061 47.01.061 Commission—Procedures and internal operations. The commission shall meet at such times as it deems advisable but at least once every month. It may adopt its own rules and regulations and may establish its own procedure. It shall act collectively in harmony with recorded resolutions or motions adopted by majority vote of at least four members. The commission may appoint an administrative secretary, and shall elect one of its members chairman for a term of one year. The chairman shall be able to vote on all matters before the commission. The commission may from time to time retain planners, consultants, and other technical personnel to advise it in the performance of its duties. The commission shall submit to each regular session of the legislature held in an odd-numbered year its own budget proposal necessary for the commission's operations separate from that proposed for the department. Each member of the commission shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.250 and shall be reimbursed for actual necessary traveling and other expenses in going to, attending, and returning from meetings of the commission, and actual and necessary traveling and other expenses incurred in the discharge of such duties as may be requested by a majority vote of the commission or by the secretary of transportation, but in no event shall a commissioner be compensated in any year for more than one hundred twenty days, except the chairman of the commission who may be paid compensation for not more than one hundred fifty days. Service on the commission shall not be considered as service credit for the purposes of any public retirement system. [1987 c 364 § 2; 1984 c 287 § 94; 1983 1st ex.s. c 53 § 29; 1981 c 59 § 1; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 6.] Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. Severability—1983 1st ex.s. c 53: See note following RCW 47.10.802. [Title 47 RCW—page 3] 47.01.070 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.01.070 47.01.070 Director's and commissioner's prior assignments may be delegated. In all situations wherein the director of highways, the director of aeronautics or any one of their designees, or any member of the highway commission, the toll bridge authority, the aeronautics commission, or the canal commission or any one of their designees was on September 21, 1977, designated or serving as a member of any board, commission, committee, or authority, the chairman of the transportation commission or the chairman's designee who shall be an employee of the department of transportation, shall hereafter determine who shall serve as such member. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 27; 1961 c 13 § 47.01.070. Prior: 1951 c 247 § 5. Formerly RCW 43.27.120.] 47.01.071 47.01.071 Commission—Functions, powers, and duties. The transportation commission shall have the following functions, powers, and duties: (1) To propose policies to be adopted by the legislature designed to assure the development and maintenance of a comprehensive and balanced statewide transportation system which will meet the needs of the people of this state for safe and efficient transportation services. Wherever appropriate the policies shall provide for the use of integrated, intermodal transportation systems to implement the social, economic, and environmental policies, goals, and objectives of the people of the state, and especially to conserve nonrenewable natural resources including land and energy. To this end the commission shall: (a) Develop transportation policies which are based on the policies, goals, and objectives expressed and inherent in existing state laws; (b) Inventory the adopted policies, goals, and objectives of the local and area-wide governmental bodies of the state and define the role of the state, regional, and local governments in determining transportation policies, in transportation planning, and in implementing the state transportation plan; (c) Propose a transportation policy for the state, and after notice and public hearings, submit the proposal to the legislative transportation committee and the senate and house transportation committees by January 1, 1978, for consideration in the next legislative session; (d) Establish a procedure for review and revision of the state transportation policy and for submission of proposed changes to the legislature; (e) To integrate the statewide transportation plan with the needs of the elderly and handicapped, and to coordinate federal and state programs directed at assisting local governments to answer such needs; (2) To establish the policy of the department to be followed by the secretary on each of the following items: (a) To provide for the effective coordination of state transportation planning with national transportation policy, state and local land use policies, and local and regional transportation plans and programs; (b) To provide for public involvement in transportation designed to elicit the public's views both with respect to adequate transportation services and appropriate means of minimizing adverse social, economic, environmental, and energy impact of transportation programs; [Title 47 RCW—page 4] (c) To provide for the administration of grants in aid and other financial assistance to counties and municipal corporations for transportation purposes; (d) To provide for the management, sale, and lease of property or property rights owned by the department which are not required for transportation purposes; (3) To direct the secretary to prepare and submit to the commission a comprehensive and balanced statewide transportation plan which shall be based on the transportation policy adopted by the legislature and applicable state and federal laws. After public notice and hearings, the commission shall adopt the plan and submit it to the legislative transportation committee and to the house and senate standing committees on transportation before January 1, 1980, for consideration in the 1980 regular legislative session. The plan shall be reviewed and revised prior to each regular session of the legislature during an even-numbered year thereafter. A preliminary plan shall be submitted to such committees by January 1, 1979. The plan shall take into account federal law and regulations relating to the planning, construction, and operation of transportation facilities; (4) To propose to the governor and the legislature prior to the convening of each regular session held in an odd-numbered year a recommended budget for the operations of the commission as required by RCW 47.01.061; (5) To approve and propose to the governor and to the legislature prior to the convening of each regular session during an odd-numbered year a recommended budget for the operation of the department and for carrying out the program of the department for the ensuing biennium. The proposed budget shall separately state the appropriations to be made from the motor vehicle fund for highway purposes in accordance with constitutional limitations and appropriations and expenditures to be made from the general fund, or accounts thereof, and other available sources for other operations and programs of the department; (6) To review and authorize all departmental requests for legislation; (7) To approve the issuance and sale of all bonds authorized by the legislature for capital construction of state highways, toll facilities, Columbia Basin county roads (for which reimbursement to the motor vehicle fund has been provided), urban arterial projects, and aviation facilities; (8) To adopt such rules, regulations, and policy directives as may be necessary to carry out reasonably and properly those functions expressly vested in the commission by statute; (9) To delegate any of its powers to the secretary of transportation whenever it deems it desirable for the efficient administration of the department and consistent with the purposes of this title; (10) To exercise such other specific powers and duties as may be vested in the transportation commission by this or any other provision of law. [1981 c 59 § 2; 1980 c 87 § 45; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 7.] Powers, duties, and studies by legislative transportation committee: RCW 44.40.020. 47.01.081 47.01.081 Department—Organization—Management personnel. (1) Initially the department shall be orga(2004 Ed.) Department of Transportation nized into divisions, including the division of highways, the division of public transportation, the division of aeronautics, the division of marine transportation, and the division of transportation planning and budget. (2) The secretary may reorganize divisions in order to attain the maximum possible efficiency in the operation of the department. Each division shall be headed by an assistant secretary to be appointed by the secretary. The secretary may also appoint a deputy secretary as may be needed for the performance of the duties and functions vested in the department and may also appoint up to twelve ferry system management positions as defined in RCW 47.64.011. The secretary may delegate to officers within the several divisions of the department authority to employ personnel necessary to discharge the responsibilities of the department. (3) The officers appointed under this section shall be exempt from the provisions of the state civil service law and shall be paid salaries to be fixed by the governor in accordance with the procedure established by law for the fixing of salaries for officers exempt from the operation of the state civil service law. [1984 c 48 § 1; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 8.] 47.01.170 to execute the policy established by the commission pursuant to its legislative authority; (8) To execute and implement the biennial operating budget for the operation of the department in accordance with chapter 43.88 RCW and with legislative appropriation and, in such manner as prescribed therein, to make and report to the commission and the chairs of the transportation committees of the senate and house of representatives, including one copy to the staff of each of the committees, deviations from the planned biennial category A and H highway construction programs necessary to adjust to unexpected delays or other unanticipated circumstances. (9) To exercise all other powers and perform all other duties as are now or hereafter provided by law. [1987 c 505 § 48; 1987 c 179 § 1; 1983 1st ex.s. c 53 § 30; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 10.] Reviser's note: This section was amended by 1987 c 179 § 1 and by 1987 c 505 § 48, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1). Severability—1983 1st ex.s. c 53: See note following RCW 47.10.802. Regulations governing parking facilities: RCW 46.61.577. 47.01.091 Advisory councils. The secretary shall establish such advisory councils as are necessary to carry out the purposes of *this 1977 amendatory act, and to insure adequate public participation in the planning and development of transportation facilities. Members of such councils shall serve at the pleasure of the secretary and may receive per diem and necessary expenses, in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060, as now or hereafter amended. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 9.] 47.01.091 47.01.131 47.01.131 Continuation of state services to department. All state officials required to maintain contact with or provide services for any of the departments or agencies whose functions are transferred by RCW 47.01.031 shall continue to perform such services for the department of transportation unless otherwise directed by this title. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 18.] 47.01.141 *Reviser's note: For codification of "this 1977 amendatory act" [1977 ex.s. c 151], see Codification Tables, Volume 0. 47.01.101 Secretary—Authority and duties. The secretary shall have the authority and it shall be his or her duty, subject to policy guidance from the commission: (1) To serve as chief executive officer of the department with full administrative authority to direct all its activities; (2) To organize the department as he or she may deem necessary to carry out the work and responsibilities of the department effectively; (3) To designate and establish such transportation district or branch offices as may be necessary or convenient, and to appoint assistants and delegate any powers, duties, and functions to them or any officer or employee of the department as deemed necessary to administer the department efficiently; (4) To direct and coordinate the programs of the various divisions of the department to assure that they achieve the greatest possible mutual benefit, produce a balanced overall effort, and eliminate unnecessary duplication of activity; (5) To adopt all department rules that are subject to the adoption procedures contained in the state administrative procedure act, except rules subject to adoption by the commission pursuant to statute; (6) To maintain and safeguard the official records of the department, including the commission's recorded resolutions and orders; (7) To provide full staff support to the commission to assist it in carrying out its functions, powers, and duties and 47.01.101 (2004 Ed.) 47.01.141 Biennial report. The department shall submit a biennial report to the governor and chairs of the transportation committees of the senate and house of representatives with a copy to the staff of each of the committees, including but not limited to operational and construction activities of the preceding fiscal period as the department deems important and recommendations for future operations of the department. [1987 c 505 § 49; 1984 c 7 § 75; 1977 c 75 § 68; 1973 2nd ex.s. c 12 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1984 c 7 § 389.] 47.01.145 47.01.145 Study reports available to legislators upon request. Whenever a study report prepared by the department for the legislative transportation committee is made available to the committee or its members, the report shall, upon request, be made available to any member of the Washington state legislature. [1984 c 7 § 76; 1971 ex.s. c 195 § 6; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 78.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Severability—1971 ex.s. c 195: See note following RCW 44.40.010. Budget, plan for highway development: Chapter 47.05 RCW. 47.01.170 47.01.170 Right of entry. The department or its duly authorized and acting assistants, agents, or appointees have the right to enter upon any land, real estate, or premises in this state, whether public or private, for purposes of making examinations, locations, surveys, and appraisals for highway [Title 47 RCW—page 5] 47.01.180 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation purposes. The making of any such entry for those purposes does not constitute any trespass by the department or by its duly authorized and acting assistants, agents, or appointees. [1984 c 7 § 77; 1961 c 13 § 47.01.170. Prior: 1945 c 176 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6400-3f. Formerly RCW 43.27.030.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.01.180 47.01.180 Roads and bridges in state parks. The department is authorized at the request of, and upon plans approved by the state parks and recreation commission, to construct and maintain vehicular roads, highways, and bridges within the limits of the several state parks. [1984 c 7 § 78; 1961 c 13 § 47.01.180. Prior: 1943 c 253 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6402-35. Formerly RCW 43.27.040.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.01.190 47.01.190 State aid engineer. The secretary shall appoint, with the approval of the governor, a qualified assistant to be designated as "state aid engineer" whose duties shall consist of the administration of the program of state aid in the matter of county roads and city streets. [1984 c 7 § 79; 1961 c 13 § 47.01.190. Prior: 1949 c 220 § 2; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 4600-3g. Formerly RCW 43.27.050.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.01.210 47.01.210 Contract without bid or bond with public utilities and municipal corporations. It is lawful for the department to contract without advertising or bid, or performance bond, with any public utility, whether publicly or privately operated, or with any municipal corporation or political subdivision of the state, for the performance of any work or the furnishing of any service of a type ordinarily performed or furnished by such utility, or by such municipal corporation or political subdivision, whenever, in the opinion of the department, the interest of the public will be best served. [1984 c 7 § 80; 1961 c 13 § 47.01.210. Prior: 1955 c 84 § 1; 1953 c 100 § 1. Formerly RCW 43.27.105.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.01.230 47.01.230 Powers relating to toll bridges and facilities and state ferries. See RCW 47.56.030. 47.01.240 47.01.240 Coordination of long-range needs studies. The department and the transportation improvement board shall coordinate their activities relative to long-range needs studies, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 47.05 RCW and RCW 47.26.170, respectively, in order that longrange needs data may be developed and maintained on an integrated and comparable basis. Needs data for county roads and city streets in nonurban areas shall be provided by the counties and cities to the department in such form and extent as requested by the department, after consultation with the county road administration board and the association of Washington cities, in order that needs data may be obtained on a comparable basis for all highways, roads, and streets in Washington. [1988 c 167 § 12; 1984 c 7 § 82; 1971 ex.s. c 195 § 10.] Severability—1971 ex.s. c 195: See note following RCW 44.40.010. 47.01.250 47.01.250 Consultation with designated state officials. The chief of the Washington state patrol, the director of the traffic safety commission, the executive director of the county road administration board, and the director of licensing are designated as official consultants to the transportation commission so that the goals and activities of their respective agencies which relate to transportation are fully coordinated with other related responsibilities of the department of transportation. In this capacity, the chief of the Washington state patrol, the director of the traffic safety commission, the executive director of the county road administration board, and the director of licensing shall consult with the transportation commission and the secretary of transportation on the implications and impacts on the transportation related functions and duties of their respective agencies of any proposed comprehensive transportation plan, program, or policy. In order to develop fully integrated, balanced, and coordinated transportation plans, programs, and budgets the chief of the Washington state patrol, the director of the traffic safety commission, the executive director of the county road administration board, and the director of licensing shall consult with the secretary of transportation on the matter of relative priorities during the development of their respective agencies' plans, programs, and budgets as they pertain to transportation activities. [1998 c 245 § 92; 1990 c 266 § 5; 1979 c 158 § 204; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 26.] Identification of environmental costs of transportation projects— Pilot project—1993 c 59: "Recognizing the importance of maintaining the quality of life in Washington state, the citizens of this state demand protection and preservation of our scarce natural resources. Citizens also demand an efficient and effective transportation system. The departments of transportation, ecology, fisheries, and wildlife and the Puget Sound water quality authority have worked jointly to develop cooperative approaches for mitigating environmental impacts resulting from transportation projects. Nevertheless, many transportation projects are costing more than was budgeted due to unanticipated and extensive environmental considerations. It is the intent of the legislature to find a process for accessing, budgeting, and accounting for environmental costs related to significant transportation projects in order to determine whether the environmental costs exceed the transportation benefits of a project. Therefore, the department of transportation shall undertake a pilot program in at least one transportation district that will serve as a case study for the entire department. The department shall identify and cost out the discrete environmental elements of a representative sampling of transportation projects. The environmental elements should include, but not necessarily be limited to, wetlands, storm water, hazardous waste, noise, fish, and wildlife. The department shall also consider an assessment of the cost impacts resulting from delays associated with permitting requirements. It is the intent of the legislature that the environmental cost estimates be developed during a detailed scoping process that will include preliminary engineering and design. After the detailed scoping process and design report is complete, the department shall submit project-specific recommendations and cost estimates to the transportation commission before approval is granted for the construction phase of the projects. Based upon the findings of the pilot program the transportation commission shall recommend policies to the legislative transportation committee regarding: (1) The current practice of appropriating design and construction dollars simultaneously; (2) identification of reasonable thresholds for environmental costs; (3) budget and accounting modifications that may be warranted in order to accurately capture environmental costs associated with transportation projects; and (4) modification to the priority array statutes, chapter 47.05 RCW." [1993 c 59 § 1.] 47.01.260 Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. [Title 47 RCW—page 6] 47.01.260 Authority of department. (1) The department of transportation shall exercise all the powers and perform all the duties necessary, convenient, or incidental to the (2004 Ed.) Department of Transportation planning, locating, designing, constructing, improving, repairing, operating, and maintaining state highways, including bridges and other structures, culverts, and drainage facilities and channel changes necessary for the protection of state highways, and shall examine and allow or disallow bills for any work or services performed or materials, equipment, or supplies furnished. (2) Subject to the limitations of RCW 4.24.115, the department, in the exercise of any of its powers, may include in any authorized contract a provision for indemnifying the other contracting party against specific loss or damages arising out of the performance of the contract. (3) The department is authorized to acquire property as provided by law and to construct and maintain thereon any buildings or structures necessary or convenient for the planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance, and administration of the state highway system and to acquire property and to construct and maintain any buildings, structures, appurtenances, and facilities necessary or convenient to the health and safety and for the accommodation of persons traveling upon state highways. (4) The department is authorized to engage in planning surveys and may collect, compile, and analyze statistics and other data relative to existing and future highways and highway needs throughout the state, and shall conduct research, investigations, and testing as it deems necessary to improve the methods of construction and maintenance of highways and bridges. [1983 c 29 § 1; 1979 ex.s. c 58 § 1.] 47.01.300 transportation commission disapproves any proposed improvements, it shall specify its reasons for disapproval. (3) Upon notification from the board of an application's approval pursuant to RCW 43.160.074, the transportation commission shall direct the department of transportation to carry out the improvements in coordination with the applicant. (4) The transportation commission shall notify the legislative transportation committee of all state highway improvements to be carried out pursuant to RCW 43.160.074 and this section. [1999 c 94 § 10; 1985 c 433 § 6.] Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Nonseverability—1985 c 433: See note following RCW 43.160.074. 47.01.290 47.01.290 Environmental review of transportation projects. The legislature recognizes that environmental review of transportation projects is a continuous process that should begin at the earliest stages of planning and continue through final project construction. Early and extensive involvement of the relevant environmental regulatory authorities is critical in order to avoid significant changes in substantially completed project design and engineering. It is the expectation of the legislature that if a comprehensive environmental approach is integrated throughout various transportation processes, onerous, duplicative, and time-consuming permit processes will be minimized. [1994 c 258 § 3; 1993 c 55 § 1.] Captions not law—1994 c 258: See note following RCW 36.70A.420. 47.01.270 47.01.270 Radioactive or hazardous cargo, notice of prohibition. The department of transportation shall adopt regulations to establish procedures for giving notice to transporters of placarded radioactive or hazardous cargo of times when transportation of such cargo is prohibited. [1983 c 205 § 2.] Transportation of radioactive or hazardous cargo, prohibited, when: RCW 47.48.050. 47.01.280 47.01.280 Application for improvements to existing highways. (1) Upon receiving an application for improvements to an existing state highway or highways pursuant to RCW 43.160.074 from the community economic revitalization board, the transportation commission shall, in a timely manner, determine whether or not the proposed state highway improvements: (a) Meet the safety and design criteria of the department of transportation; (b) Will impair the operational integrity of the existing highway system; (c) Will affect any other improvements planned by the department; and (d) Will be consistent with its policies developed pursuant to RCW 47.01.071. (2) Upon completion of its determination of the factors contained in subsection (1) of this section and any other factors it deems pertinent, the transportation commission shall forward its approval, as submitted or amended or disapproval of the proposed improvements to the board, along with any recommendation it may wish to make concerning the desirability and feasibility of the proposed development. If the (2004 Ed.) Statewide transportation planning: Chapter 47.06 RCW. 47.01.300 47.01.300 Environmental review of transportation projects—Cooperation with other environmental regulatory authorities. The department shall, in cooperation with environmental regulatory authorities: (1) Identify and document environmental resources in the development of the statewide multimodal plan under RCW 47.06.040; (2) Allow for public comment regarding changes to the criteria used for prioritizing projects under chapter 47.05 RCW before final adoption of the changes by the commission; (3) Use an environmental review as part of the project prospectus identifying potential environmental impacts, mitigation, and costs during the early project identification and selection phase, submit the prospectus to the relevant environmental regulatory authorities, and maintain a record of comments and proposed revisions received from the authorities; (4) Actively work with the relevant environmental regulatory authorities during the design alternative analysis process and seek written concurrence from the authorities that they agree with the preferred design alternative selected; (5) Develop a uniform methodology, in consultation with relevant environmental regulatory authorities, for submitting plans and specifications detailing project elements that impact environmental resources, and proposed mitigation measures, to the relevant environmental regulatory authorities during the preliminary specifications and engineering phase of project development; [Title 47 RCW—page 7] 47.01.310 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation (6) Screen construction projects to determine which projects will require complex or multiple permits. The permitting authorities shall develop methods for initiating review of the permit applications for the projects before the final design of the projects; (7) Conduct special prebid meetings for those projects that are environmentally complex; and (8) Review environmental considerations related to particular projects during the preconstruction meeting held with the contractor who is awarded the bid. [1994 c 258 § 4.] Captions not law—1994 c 258: See note following RCW 36.70A.420. 47.01.310 47.01.310 Washington fruit express account. The Washington fruit express account is created in the state treasury. All receipts from the operations of the Washington fruit express program must be deposited into the account. Moneys in the account may be spent only after appropriation. Expenditures from the account may be used only for the operations of the Washington fruit express program and for east-west passenger rail. [2001 2nd sp.s. c 14 § 606.] Severability—Effective date—2001 2nd sp.s. c 14: See notes following RCW 47.04.210. 47.01.321 47.01.321 Skills bank—Report. The department of transportation shall work with local transportation jurisdictions and representatives of transportation labor groups to establish a human resources skills bank of transportation professionals. The skills bank must be designed to allow all transportation authorities to draw from it when needed. The department shall issue a report of findings and recommendations to the transportation committees of the legislature by December 1, 2003. The report must include, but not be limited to, identification of any statutory or administrative rule changes necessary to create the skills bank and allow it to function in the manner described. [2003 c 363 § 203.] Findings—Intent—2003 c 363 §§ 201-206: See note following RCW 49.04.041. Part headings not law—Severability—2003 c 363: See notes following RCW 47.28.241. Chapter 47.02 Chapter 47.02 RCW DEPARTMENT BUILDINGS Sections 47.02.010 47.02.020 47.02.030 47.02.040 47.02.050 47.02.060 47.02.070 47.02.080 47.02.090 47.02.100 47.02.110 47.02.120 47.02.130 47.02.140 47.02.150 47.02.160 Buildings on east capitol site authorized—Financing. Issuance and sale of limited obligation bonds. Bonds—Term—Terms and conditions. Bonds—Signatures—Registration—Where payable—Negotiable instruments. Bonds—Denominations—Manner and terms of sale—Legal investment for state funds. Bonds—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. Bonds—Statement describing nature of obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Bonds—Repayment procedure—Highway bond retirement fund. Bonds—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Bonds—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. District 1 headquarters bonds—Issuance and sale. District 1 headquarters bonds—Uses of proceeds. District 1 headquarters bonds—Duties of state finance committee. District 1 headquarters bonds—Proceeds, deposit and use. District 1 headquarters bonds—Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. [Title 47 RCW—page 8] 47.02.170 47.02.190 District 1 headquarters bonds—Repayment procedure—Designated funds. District 1 headquarters bonds—Equal charges against certain revenues. 47.02.010 47.02.010 Buildings on east capitol site authorized— Financing. The department is authorized in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and RCW 79.24.500 through 79.24.600 to provide for the acquisition of land and the construction of buildings, laboratories, and facilities on the east capitol site for the use of the commission and the department and to finance payment thereof by bonds payable out of special funds from the proceeds of state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, or by gifts, bequests, or grants or by such additional funds as the legislature may provide. [1984 c 7 § 83; 1977 ex.s. c 235 § 14; 1965 ex.s. c 167 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.02.020 47.02.020 Issuance and sale of limited obligation bonds. In order to finance the immediate acquisition and construction of the buildings and facilities referred to in RCW 47.02.010 there shall be issued and sold limited obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of four million dollars, or such amount thereof and at such times as determined to be necessary by the state highway commission. The issuance, sale and retirement of said bonds shall be under the supervision and control of the state finance committee which, upon request being made by the Washington state highway commission, shall provide for the issuance, sale and retirement of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued and sold from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary for the orderly progress of said project. [1965 ex.s. c 167 § 2.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of highway commission transferred to department of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "Washington state highway commission" means department of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.02.030 47.02.030 Bonds—Term—Terms and conditions. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding thirty years from the date of its issuance with such reserved rights of prior redemption, bearing such interest, and such terms and conditions as the state finance committee may prescribe, to be specified therein. [1965 ex.s. c 167 § 3.] 47.02.040 47.02.040 Bonds—Signatures—Registration— Where payable—Negotiable instruments. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state treasurer under the seal of the state, one of which signatures shall be made manually and the other signature may be in printed facsimile, and any coupons attached to such bond shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued hereunder shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1965 ex.s. c 167 § 4.] (2004 Ed.) Department Buildings 47.02.050 47.02.050 Bonds—Denominations—Manner and terms of sale—Legal investment for state funds. The bonds issued hereunder shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee and may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. If bonds are sold to any purchaser other than the state of Washington, they shall be sold at public sale, and it shall be the duty of the state finance committee to cause such sale to be advertised in such manner as it shall deem sufficient. Bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1965 ex.s. c 167 § 5.] 47.02.060 47.02.060 Bonds—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the motor vehicle fund and such money shall be available only for the acquisition of the land and construction of the buildings and facilities referred to in RCW 47.02.010, and for payment of the expenses incurred in the drafting, printing, issuance and sale of any such bonds. [1965 ex.s. c 167 § 6.] 47.02.070 47.02.070 Bonds—Statement describing nature of obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter shall distinctly state that they are not a general obligation of the state but are payable in the manner provided in this chapter from the proceeds of state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels imposed by chapter 82.36 and *chapter 82.40 RCW. The proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of this chapter and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter. [1965 ex.s. c 167 § 7.] *Reviser's note: Chapter 82.40 RCW was repealed by 1971 ex.s. c 175 § 33; for later enactment, see chapter 82.38 RCW. 47.02.080 47.02.080 Bonds—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due, shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and which is, or may be appropriated to the department for state highway purposes, and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of such funds to counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and available for state highway purposes proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. [1984 c 7 § 84; 1965 ex.s. c 167 § 8.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.02.090 47.02.090 Bonds—Repayment procedure—Highway bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on (2004 Ed.) 47.02.130 motor vehicle fuels, for each month of the year which will be required to meet interest or bond payments under the provisions of this chapter when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the highway bond retirement fund, which fund shall be available solely for payment of such interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1965 ex.s. c 167 § 9.] 47.02.100 47.02.100 Bonds—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor fuels payable into the highway bond retirement fund shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due or current retirement of bonds, or in the event there is appropriated from time to time additional amounts to be placed in the said bond retirement fund, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1965 ex.s. c 167 § 10.] 47.02.110 47.02.110 Bonds—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. There is hereby appropriated from the motor vehicle fund to the state highway commission for the biennium ending June 30, 1967, the sum of four million dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter, but no money shall be available under this appropriation from said fund unless a like amount of bonds provided for herein are sold and the money derived therefrom deposited to the credit of such fund. [1965 ex.s. c 167 § 11.] 47.02.120 47.02.120 District 1 headquarters bonds—Issuance and sale. For the purpose of providing funds for the acquisition of headquarters facilities for district 1 of the department of transportation and costs incidental thereto, together with all improvements and equipment required to make the facilities suitable for the department's use, there shall be issued and sold upon the request of the Washington transportation commission a total of fifteen million dollars of general obligation bonds of the state of Washington. [1990 c 293 § 1.] Severability—1990 c 293: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1990 c 293 § 10.] 47.02.130 47.02.130 District 1 headquarters bonds—Uses of proceeds. Authorized uses of proceeds from the sale of bonds authorized in RCW 47.02.120 through 47.02.190 include but are not limited to repayment to the motor vehicle fund for the initial financing of the headquarters facilities. [1999 c 94 § 11; 1990 c 293 § 2.] [Title 47 RCW—page 9] 47.02.140 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Severability—1990 c 293: See note following RCW 47.02.120. 47.02.140 District 1 headquarters bonds—Duties of state finance committee. Upon the request of the transportation commission, the state finance committee shall supervise and provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.02.120 through 47.02.190 in accordance with chapter 39.42 RCW. Bonds authorized by RCW 47.02.120 through 47.02.190 shall be sold in such manner, at such time or times, in such amounts, and at such price as the state finance committee shall determine. Except for the purpose of repaying the loan from the motor vehicle fund, no such bonds may be offered for sale without prior legislative appropriation of the net proceeds of the sale of the bonds. The state finance committee shall consider the issuance of short-term obligations in lieu of long-term obligations for the purposes of more favorable interest rates, lower total interest costs, and increased marketability and for the purpose of retiring the bonds during the life of the project for which they were issued. [1990 c 293 § 3.] 47.02.140 Severability—1990 c 293: See note following RCW 47.02.120. 47.02.150 District 1 headquarters bonds—Proceeds, deposit and use. The proceeds from the sale of bonds authorized by RCW 47.02.120 through 47.02.190 shall be available only for the purposes enumerated in RCW 47.02.120 and 47.02.130; for the payment of bond anticipation notes, if any; and for the payment of bond issuance costs, including the costs of underwriting. Proceeds shall be deposited in the motor vehicle fund. [1999 c 94 § 12; 1990 c 293 § 4.] interest on the bonds issued for the purposes of RCW 47.02.120 through 47.02.190 shall be payable from the highway bond retirement fund. The state finance committee may provide that a special account be created in the fund to facilitate payment of the principal and interest. The state finance committee shall, on or before June 30th of each year, certify to the state treasurer the amount required for principal and interest on the bonds in accordance with the bond proceedings. The state treasurer shall withdraw revenues from the motor vehicle fund and deposit in the highway bond retirement fund, or a special account in the fund, such amounts, and at such times, as are required by the bond proceedings. Any funds required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds authorized by RCW 47.02.120 through 47.02.190 shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund that results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and that is distributed to the state under RCW 46.68.130. Funds required shall never constitute a charge against any other allocations of motor vehicle fuel and special fuel tax revenues to the state, counties, cities, and towns unless the amount arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels distributed to the state under RCW 46.68.130 proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. [1990 c 293 § 6.] 47.02.150 Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Severability—1990 c 293: See note following RCW 47.02.120. 47.02.160 District 1 headquarters bonds—Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.02.120 through 47.02.190 shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon, and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. The principal and interest on the bonds shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.02.120 through 47.02.190 from the proceeds of the state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW. Proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the authority of RCW 47.02.120 through 47.02.190, and the legislature agrees to continue to impose these excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.02.120 through 47.02.190. [1995 c 274 § 5; 1990 c 293 § 5.] 47.02.160 Severability—1990 c 293: See note following RCW 47.02.120. 47.02.170 District 1 headquarters bonds—Repayment procedure—Designated funds. Both principal and Severability—1990 c 293: See note following RCW 47.02.120. 47.02.190 47.02.190 District 1 headquarters bonds—Equal charges against certain revenues. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.02.120 through *47.02.180 and this section and any other general obligation bonds of the state of Washington that have been or that may be authorized and that pledge motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes for the payment of principal and interest thereon shall be an equal charge against the revenues from such motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes. [1990 c 293 § 8.] *Reviser's note: RCW 47.02.180 was repealed by 1999 c 94 § 33, effective July 1, 1999. Severability—1990 c 293: See note following RCW 47.02.120. Chapter 47.04 Sections 47.04.010 47.04.015 47.04.020 47.04.040 47.04.045 47.04.046 47.04.047 47.04.050 47.04.060 47.04.070 47.04.080 47.04.081 47.04.082 47.04.083 47.04.090 47.04.100 47.02.170 [Title 47 RCW—page 10] Chapter 47.04 RCW GENERAL PROVISIONS 47.04.140 Definitions. Change of meaning, certain terms. Classification of highways. Title to rights of way vested in state. Wireless service facilities—Right of way leases—Rules. Wireless site leases—Pending applications. Personal wireless service facilities. Acceptance of federal acts. Administration of federal grants. Conformity with federal requirements. Joint action with other governments and agencies. Urban public transportation systems—Participation in planning, development, and establishment. Urban public transportation systems—Defined. Urban public transportation systems—Declaration of public policy—Use of motor vehicle, city street, or county road funds. Penalty. Temporary route pending construction of new highway— Streets, roads not to be maintained as. Counties obtaining federal aid for construction, reconstruction, etc., of ferry boats or approaches. (2004 Ed.) General Provisions 47.04.150 47.04.160 47.04.170 47.04.180 47.04.190 47.04.200 47.04.210 47.04.220 47.04.230 47.04.235 47.04.240 47.04.250 Outstanding bonds—Savings. Lewis and Clark bridge. Federal agreements for public transportation, rail transportation. Twenty-four hour headlight policy. Bicycle transportation management program. Bicycle program manager. Reimbursable transportation expenditures—Processing and accounting. Miscellaneous transportation programs account. Dredge spoils—Cowlitz County. Dredge spoils—Castle Rock. Public transportation information—Confidentiality. Assaults by motorists on department employees. Mobile home or park model trailer movement permits and decals: RCW 46.44.170, 46.44.175. 47.04.010 Definitions. The following words and phrases, wherever used in this title, shall have the meaning as in this section ascribed to them, unless where used the context thereof shall clearly indicate to the contrary or unless otherwise defined in the chapter of which they are a part: (1) "Alley." A highway within the ordinary meaning of alley not designated for general travel and primarily used as a means of access to the rear of residences and business establishments; (2) "Arterial highway." Every highway, as herein defined, or portion thereof designated as such by proper authority; (3) "Business district." The territory contiguous to and including a highway, as herein defined, when within any six hundred feet along such highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including but not limited to hotels, banks, or office buildings, railroad stations, and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred feet of frontage on one side or three hundred feet collectively on both sides of the highway; (4) "Center line." The line, marked or unmarked parallel to and equidistant from the sides of a two-way traffic roadway of a highway except where otherwise indicated by painted lines or markers; (5) "Center of intersection." The point of intersection of the center lines of the roadways of intersecting highways; (6) "City street." Every highway as herein defined, or part thereof located within the limits of incorporated cities and towns, except alleys; (7) "Combination of vehicles." Every combination of motor vehicle and motor vehicle, motor vehicle and trailer, or motor vehicle and semitrailer; (8) "Commercial vehicle." Any vehicle the principal use of which is the transportation of commodities, merchandise, produce, freight, animals, or passengers for hire; (9) "County road." Every highway as herein defined, or part thereof, outside the limits of incorporated cities and towns and which has not been designated as a state highway, or branch thereof; (10) "Crosswalk." The portion of the roadway between the intersection area and a prolongation or connection of the farthest sidewalk line or in the event there are no sidewalks then between the intersection area and a line ten feet therefrom, except as modified by a marked crosswalk; (11) "Highway." Every way, lane, road, street, boulevard, and every way or place in the state of Washington open as a matter of right to public vehicular travel both inside and outside the limits of incorporated cities and towns; 47.04.010 (2004 Ed.) 47.04.010 (12) "Intersection area." (a) The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two or more highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict; (b) Where a highway includes two roadways thirty feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways thirty feet or more apart, then every crossing of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection; (c) The junction of an alley with a street or highway shall not constitute an intersection; (13) "Intersection control area." The intersection area as herein defined, together with such modification of the adjacent roadway area as results from the arc or curb corners and together with any marked or unmarked crosswalks adjacent to the intersection; (14) "Laned highway." A highway the roadway of which is divided into clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic; (15) "Local authorities." Every county, municipal, or other local public board or body having authority to adopt local police regulations under the Constitution and laws of this state; (16) "Marked crosswalk." Any portion of a roadway distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface thereof; (17) "Metal tire." Every tire, the bearing surface of which in contact with the highway is wholly or partly of metal or other hard, nonresilient material; (18) "Motor truck." Any motor vehicle, as herein defined, designed or used for the transportation of commodities, merchandise, produce, freight, or animals; (19) "Motor vehicle." Every vehicle, as herein defined, which is in itself a self-propelled unit; (20) "Multiple lane highway." Any highway the roadway of which is of sufficient width to reasonably accommodate two or more separate lanes of vehicular traffic in the same direction, each lane of which shall be not less than the maximum legal vehicle width, and whether or not such lanes are marked; (21) "Operator." Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle as herein defined; (22) "Peace officer." Any officer authorized by law to execute criminal process or to make arrests for the violation of the statutes generally or of any particular statute or statutes relative to the highways of this state; (23) "Pedestrian." Any person afoot or who is using a wheelchair, power wheelchair as defined in RCW 46.04.415, or a means of conveyance propelled by human power other than a bicycle; (24) "Person." Every natural person, firm, copartnership, corporation, association, or organization; (25) "Personal wireless service." Any federally licensed personal wireless service; (26) "Personal wireless service facilities." Unstaffed facilities that are used for the transmission or reception, or [Title 47 RCW—page 11] 47.04.015 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation both, of personal wireless services including, but not necessarily limited to, antenna arrays, transmission cables, equipment shelters, and support structures; (27) "Pneumatic tires." Every tire of rubber or other resilient material designed to be inflated with compressed air to support the load thereon; (28) "Private road or driveway." Every way or place in private ownership and used for travel of vehicles by the owner or those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons; (29) "Railroad." A carrier of persons or property upon vehicles, other than street cars, operated upon stationary rails, the route of which is principally outside incorporated cities and towns; (30) "Railroad sign or signal." Any sign, signal, or device erected by authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train; (31) "Residence district." The territory contiguous to and including the highway, as herein defined, not comprising a business district, as herein defined, when the property on such highway for a continuous distance of three hundred feet or more on either side thereof is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business; (32) "Roadway." The paved, improved, or proper driving portion of a highway designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel; (33) "Safety zone." The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is marked or indicated by painted marks, signs, buttons, standards, or otherwise so as to be plainly discernible; (34) "Sidewalk." That property between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway, as herein defined, and the adjacent property, set aside and intended for the use of pedestrians or such portion of private property parallel and in proximity to a highway and dedicated to use by pedestrians; (35) "Solid tire." Every tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon inflation with compressed air for the support of the load thereon; (36) "State highway." Every highway as herein defined, or part thereof, which has been designated as a state highway, or branch thereof, by legislative enactment; (37) "Street car." A vehicle other than a train, as herein defined, for the transporting of persons or property and operated upon stationary rails principally within incorporated cities and towns; (38) "Traffic." Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, street cars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highways for purposes of travel; (39) "Traffic control signal." Any traffic device, as herein defined, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic alternately is directed to stop or proceed or otherwise controlled; (40) "Traffic devices." All signs, signals, markings, and devices not inconsistent with this title placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic; (41) "Train." A vehicle propelled by steam, electricity, or other motive power with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon stationary rails, except street cars; [Title 47 RCW—page 12] (42) "Vehicle." Every device capable of being moved upon a highway and in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting power wheelchairs, as defined in RCW 46.04.415, or devices moved by human or animal power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. Words and phrases used herein in the past, present, or future tense shall include the past, present, and future tenses; words and phrases used herein in the masculine, feminine, or neuter gender shall include the masculine, feminine, and neuter genders; and words and phrases used herein in the singular or plural shall include the singular and plural; unless the context thereof shall indicate to the contrary. [2003 c 244 § 2; 2003 c 141 § 8; 1975 c 62 § 50; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 42; 1961 c 13 § 47.04.010. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 1; RRS § 6400-1.] Reviser's note: This section was amended by 2003 c 141 § 8 and by 2003 c 244 § 2, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1). Severability—1975 c 62: See note following RCW 36.75.010. Aeronautics, definitions relating to: RCW 47.68.020. Canal, defined: RCW 47.72.060. Department, commission, secretary—Defined: RCW 47.01.021. Ferry workers, marine employees, definitions relating to: RCW 47.64.011. Junkyards, definitions relating to: RCW 47.41.020. Limited access facilities, definitions relating to: RCW 46.52.010. Signs and scenic vistas, definitions relating to: RCW 47.42.020. Toll bridges, roads, definitions relating to: RCW 47.56.010. Urban arterials, definitions relating to: RCW 47.26.040, 47.26.090, 47.26.100, 47.26.110. Urban public transportation systems—Defined: RCW 47.04.082. 47.04.015 47.04.015 Change of meaning, certain terms. Unless the language specifically indicates otherwise, or unless the context plainly requires a different interpretation: Wherever in Title 47 RCW or in any provision in the Revised Code of Washington the term "Washington state highway commission", "the state highway commission", "the highway commission", "the commission" (when referring to the Washington state highway commission), "the department of highways", "Washington toll bridge authority", or "the authority" (when referring to the Washington toll bridge authority) is used, it shall mean the department of transportation created in RCW 47.01.031. Wherever in Title 47 RCW or in any provision in the Revised Code of Washington the term "director of highways" is used, it shall mean the secretary of transportation, whose office is created in RCW 47.01.041. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 23.] 47.04.020 47.04.020 Classification of highways. All public highways in the state of Washington, or portions thereof, outside incorporated cities and towns shall be divided and classified as state highways and county roads. All state highways and branches thereof shall be established by the legislature of the state of Washington by appropriate general location and termini. Any prior distinctions between highways as primary or secondary are hereby abolished. All powers granted to, or duties imposed upon, the department with regard to either primary or secondary state highways shall be construed to relate to all state highways. Whenever these terms are used, (2004 Ed.) General Provisions either jointly or independently, each shall be construed to include all state highways. All public highways in the state of Washington, or portions thereof, outside incorporated cities and towns, not established as state highways, are hereby declared to be county roads. [1984 c 7 § 85; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 41; 1963 c 24 § 3; 1961 c 13 § 47.04.020. Prior: 1937 c 207 § 1; RRS § 6402-1; 1937 c 53 § 5; RRS § 6400-5; 1913 c 65 § 1; RRS § 6790.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Highway designation system—Signs: RCW 47.36.095. 47.04.040 47.04.040 Title to rights of way vested in state. Upon and after April 1, 1937, all rights of way of any primary state highways, together with all appurtenances thereto, the right or interest in or to which was, or is, in any county, road district, township, local improvement district, or other highway or road district or political subdivision of the state of Washington shall be and the same is hereby transferred to and vested in the state of Washington for use in conjunction with such primary state highways under the department of transportation. All public highways in the state of Washington which have been designated to be primary state highways or secondary state highways or classified as primary roads and which have been constructed and improved and maintained for a period of seven years prior to April 1, 1937, at the expense of the state shall operate to vest in the state of Washington all right, title, and interest to the right of ways thereof, including the roadway and ditches and existing drainage facilities, together with all appurtenances thereto and no informalities in the records of title to such public highways shall be construed to invalidate or vacate such public highways or to divest the state of Washington of any right, title and interest in the right of way thereof. [1979 ex.s. c 30 § 7; 1961 c 13 § 47.04.040. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 29; RRS § 640029.] 47.04.050 to the facility if it is reasonable and available for the particular location. (3) The cost of the lease must be limited to the fair market value of the portion of the right of way being used by the service provider and the direct administrative expenses incurred by the department in processing the lease application. If the department and the service provider are unable to agree on the cost of the lease, the service provider may submit the cost of the lease to binding arbitration by serving written notice on the department. Within thirty days of receiving the notice, each party shall furnish a list of acceptable arbitrators. The parties shall select an arbitrator; failing to agree on an arbitrator, each party shall select one arbitrator and the two arbitrators shall select a third arbitrator for an arbitration panel. The arbitrator or panel shall determine the cost of the lease based on comparable siting agreements. Costs of the arbitration, including compensation for the arbitrator's services, must be borne equally by the parties participating in the arbitration and each party shall bear its own costs and expenses, including legal fees and witness expenses, in connection with the arbitration proceeding. (4) The department shall act on an application for a lease within sixty days of receiving a completed application, unless a service provider consents to a different time period. (5) The reasons for a denial of a lease application must be supported by substantial evidence contained in a written record. (6) The department may adopt rules to implement this section. (7) All lease money paid to the department under this section shall be deposited in the motor vehicle fund created in RCW 46.68.070. [2003 c 244 § 5.] 47.04.046 47.04.046 Wireless site leases—Pending applications. Applications for wireless site leases pending on July 27, 2003, must be treated as applications under RCW 47.04.045 with the consent of the applicant. [2003 c 244 § 8.] 47.04.045 47.04.045 Wireless service facilities—Right of way leases—Rules. (1) For the purposes of this section: (a) "Right of way" means all state-owned land within a state highway corridor. (b) "Service provider" means every corporation, company, association, joint stock association, firm, partnership, or person that owns, operates, or manages any personal wireless service facility. "Service provider" includes a service provider's contractors, subcontractors, and legal successors. (2) The department shall establish a process for issuing a lease for the use of the right of way by a service provider and shall require that telecommunications equipment be colocated on the same structure whenever practicable. Consistent with federal highway administration approval, the lease must include the right of direct ingress and egress from the highway for construction and maintenance of the personal wireless service facility during nonpeak hours if public safety is not adversely affected. Direct ingress and egress may be allowed at any time for the construction of the facility if public safety is not adversely affected and if construction will not substantially interfere with traffic flow during peak traffic periods. The lease may specify an indirect ingress and egress (2004 Ed.) 47.04.047 47.04.047 Personal wireless service facilities. Personal wireless service is a critical part of the state's infrastructure. The rapid deployment of personal wireless service facilities is critical to ensure public safety, network access, quality of service, and rural economic development. It is the declared policy of this state to assure that the use of rights of way of state highways accommodate the deployment of personal wireless service facilities consistent with highway safety and the preservation of the public investment in state highway facilities. [2004 c 131 § 2.] 47.04.050 47.04.050 Acceptance of federal acts. The state of Washington hereby assents to the purposes, provisions, terms and conditions of the grant of money provided in an act of congress entitled: "An act to provide that the United States shall aid the states in the construction of rural post roads, and for other purposes," approved July 11, 1916, and all acts, grants and appropriations amendatory and supplementary thereto and affecting the state of Washington. [1961 c 13 § 47.04.050. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 43; RRS § 6400-43; 1917 c 76 § 1; RRS § 6844.] [Title 47 RCW—page 13] 47.04.060 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.04.060 47.04.060 Administration of federal grants. The department is authorized and directed to act for and on behalf of the state of Washington, and any political subdivision of the state, in all things pertaining to the selection, construction, and maintenance of highways and roads under the provisions of the act of congress approved July 11, 1916, and any and all acts amendatory thereto; and to enter into such agreement with the secretary of transportation or other duly authorized agent of the United States as may from time to time be desirable or necessary to secure the money or aid for any section of state highway, county road, or city or town street selected by law for construction or improvement through an appropriation for the period in which the construction or improvement is to be made. The money shall be added to and expended in connection with the appropriation aforesaid; and shall apply thereto, as may be required, cooperative expenditures from the motor vehicle fund, which may have been appropriated by the state legislature, and from any highway, road, or street fund of any political subdivision, and which are available for the construction and maintenance of any section of state highway, county road, or city or town street selected as aforesaid for such aid and improvement. [1984 c 7 § 86; 1961 c 13 § 47.04.060. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 47; RRS § 6400-47; 1917 c 76 § 5, part; RRS § 6848, part.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.04.081 47.04.081 Urban public transportation systems— Participation in planning, development, and establishment. The department is empowered to join financially or otherwise with any public agency or any county, city, or town in the state of Washington or any other state, or with the federal government or any agency thereof, or with any or all thereof for the planning, development, and establishment of urban public transportation systems in conjunction with new or existing highway facilities. [1984 c 7 § 89; 1967 c 108 § 13; 1965 ex.s. c 170 § 63.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Urban public transportation system defined: RCW 47.04.082. 47.04.082 47.04.082 Urban public transportation systems— Defined. As used in this act the term "urban public transportation system" shall mean a system for the public transportation of persons or property by buses, street cars, trains, electric trolley coaches, other public transit vehicles, or any combination thereof operating in or through predominantly urban areas and owned and operated by the state, any city or county or any municipal corporation of the state, including all structures, facilities, vehicles and other property rights and interest forming a part of such a system. [1967 c 108 § 1.] Reviser's note: The term "this act" refers to 1967 c 108, codified as RCW 47.04.082, 47.04.083, 47.98.044, and the 1967 amendments to RCW 47.04.081, 47.08.070, 47.12.010, 47.12.250, 47.28.140, 47.44.010, 47.44.040, 47.48.010, 47.52.010, 47.52.090, and 47.56.256. 47.04.070 47.04.070 Conformity with federal requirements. In all matters relating to the cooperative construction or improvement of any state highway, county road, or city or town street for which federal funds or aid is secured under any act of congress, the department shall act in the manner provided by state law relating to state highway construction from the motor vehicle fund, so far as the same may be consistent with the provisions of such act of congress and the rules and regulations made by the secretary of transportation or other authorized agent of the United States government pursuant to such act, to which the procedure shall be adapted by the department as may be necessary. [1984 c 7 § 87; 1961 c 13 § 47.04.070. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 44; RRS § 6400-44; 1917 c 76 § 5, part; RRS § 6848, part.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.04.080 47.04.080 Joint action with other governments and agencies. The department is empowered to join financially or otherwise with any other state or any county, city, or town of any other state, or with any foreign country, or any province or district of any foreign country, or with the federal government or any agency thereof, or with any or all thereof, for the erecting, constructing, operating, or maintaining of any bridge, trestle, or any other structure, for the continuation or connection of any state highway across any stream, body of water, gulch, navigable water, swamp, or other topographical formation requiring any such structure and forming a boundary between the state of Washington and any other state or foreign country, and for the purchase or condemnation of right of way therefor. [1984 c 7 § 88; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 11; 1961 c 13 § 47.04.080. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 47 1/2; RRS § 6400-47 1/2.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. [Title 47 RCW—page 14] 47.04.083 47.04.083 Urban public transportation systems— Declaration of public policy—Use of motor vehicle, city street, or county road funds. The separate and uncoordinated development of public highways and urban public transportation systems is wasteful of this state's natural and financial resources. It is the public policy of this state to encourage wherever feasible the joint planning, construction and maintenance of public highways and urban public transportation systems serving common geographical areas as joint use facilities. To this end the legislature declares it to be a highway purpose to use motor vehicle funds, city and town street funds or county road funds to pay the full proportionate highway, street or road share of the costs of design, right of way acquisition, construction and maintenance of any highway, street or road to be used jointly with an urban public transportation system. [1967 c 108 § 2.] 47.04.090 47.04.090 Penalty. It is a misdemeanor for any person to violate any of the provisions of this title unless specifically provided otherwise by this title or other law of this state. Unless another penalty is provided in this title, every person convicted of a misdemeanor for violation of any provisions of this title shall be punished in accordance with chapter 9A.20 RCW. [1989 c 224 § 2; 1961 c 13 § 47.04.090. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 95; RRS § 6400-95.] 47.04.100 47.04.100 Temporary route pending construction of new highway—Streets, roads not to be maintained as. Unless otherwise provided, whenever by statute a new highway or extension is added to the state highway system, no existing city street or county road may be maintained or improved by the department as a temporary route of such new highway or extension pending the construction of the new (2004 Ed.) General Provisions highway or extension on the location adopted by the department. [1984 c 7 § 90; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 12; 1965 ex.s. c 170 § 34.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.04.140 47.04.140 Counties obtaining federal aid for construction, reconstruction, etc., of ferry boats or approaches. Whenever a county that operates or proposes to operate ferries obtains federal aid for the construction, reconstruction, or modification of any ferry boat or approaches thereto under Title 23, United States Code, the following provisions apply to the county's operation of its ferries: (1) The county shall obtain from the department a franchise authorizing the ferry operations. The county's application for a franchise or amended franchise shall designate all ferry routes it proposes to operate. The department shall issue the franchise or amended franchise for the operation of each route that it finds is not otherwise served by adequate transportation facilities. A county may terminate any ferry route without approval of the department. (2) At least ninety days before applying for federal aid for the construction, reconstruction, or modification of any of its ferries or approaches thereto, and thereafter whenever new tolls or charges are proposed for use of its ferries, the county shall file with the department, the current or proposed schedule of tolls and charges for use of its ferries. Such tolls and charges shall be deemed approved by the department unless it finds that the aggregate revenues to be derived from the county's ferry operations will exceed the amount required to pay the actual and necessary costs of operation, maintenance, administration, and repair of the county's ferries and their appurtenances. [1989 c 62 § 1; 1984 c 7 § 91; 1975-'76 2nd ex.s. c 65 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.04.150 47.04.150 Outstanding bonds—Savings. While any bonds, whether definitive, temporary, or interim, or warrants, certificates, or receipts of any denomination, with or without coupons attached heretofore issued by the state aeronautics commission, the toll bridge authority, the highway commission, or any of the other agencies whose functions are transferred to the department of transportation by RCW 47.01.031, remain outstanding, the powers and duties relating thereto of such agencies or of any official or employee thereof transferred by *RCW 47.01.111 to the department of transportation, or any powers and duties of any other state official or state agency with respect to such bonds, warrants, certificates, or receipts shall not be diminished or impaired in any manner that will adversely affect the interests and rights of the holders of such bonds, warrants, certificates, or receipts. The holder of any such bond, warrant, certificate, or receipt may by mandamus or other appropriate proceeding require the performance by the department of transportation, or other appropriate state official or agency, of any of the duties heretofore imposed upon any state department, official, or employee under the terms of any such prior bond, warrant, certificate, or receipt agreement or sale: PROVIDED, That the enumeration of such rights and remedies herein shall not be deemed to exclude the exercise or prosecution of any other rights or remedies by the holders of such (2004 Ed.) 47.04.190 bonds, warrants, certificates, or receipts. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 19.] *Reviser's note: RCW 47.01.111 was decodified pursuant to 1985 c 6 § 26. 47.04.160 47.04.160 Lewis and Clark bridge. In commemoration of the 175th anniversary of captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark's epic journey from Wood River, Illinois, to Cape Disappointment, Washington, and to fully honor the expedition's passing the present location of the city of Longview, Washington, in November, 1805, and to couple this commemoration with the dedication of the bridge from Longview, Washington, to Rainier, Oregon, on March 29, 1930, the official name of this bridge is changed from the Longview-Columbia bridge to the Lewis and Clark bridge. [1980 c 5 § 1.] 47.04.170 47.04.170 Federal agreements for public transportation, rail transportation. The department of transportation is authorized to enter into and perform agreements with federal agencies as may be necessary to secure federal grants, loans, or other assistance on its own behalf or on behalf of other public or private recipients for: (1) Public transportation purposes, including but not limited to, bus transportation, specialized transportation services for the elderly and handicapped, and ride sharing activities; and (2) Rail transportation. [1985 c 20 § 1.] 47.04.180 47.04.180 Twenty-four hour headlight policy. On the recommendation of their public works departments or designees, counties or cities can petition the department of transportation to create a "twenty-four hour headlight policy" on state highways in their respective jurisdictions. The department shall develop criteria for approval or disapproval, such as traffic volume, accident statistics, and costs of signs. The department shall notify all counties about this program. A jurisdiction requesting such a policy shall periodically report to the department regarding its educational efforts. A jurisdiction may petition the department to remove such a policy. The jurisdiction shall educate its citizens on the "twentyfour hour headlight policy." The department shall place and maintain appropriate signs along the designated highway. Participating jurisdictions shall share in the cost of signing in an amount as determined by the department. [1998 c 245 § 94; 1989 c 195 § 1.] 47.04.190 47.04.190 Bicycle transportation management program. (1) The department of transportation is responsible for the initiation, coordination, and operation of a bicycle transportation management program. (2) To assist in the operation of the bicycle transportation management program, a full-time staff position of state bicycle program manager is established within the department of transportation. [1991 c 214 § 5.] Bicycle awareness program: RCW 43.43.390. Pavement marking standards: RCW 47.36.280. [Title 47 RCW—page 15] 47.04.200 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.04.200 47.04.200 Bicycle program manager. The state bicycle program manager shall: (1) Design programs that encourage the use of bicycling for transportation; (2) Coordinate bicycle safety related programs and bicycle tourism programs in all state agencies; (3) Assist the department of transportation and the cities and counties of the state in assigning priorities to, programming, and developing bicycle-related projects; (4) Serve as a clearinghouse for bicycle program information and resources; (5) Provide assistance in revising and updating bicycle material of the superintendent of public instruction and the state patrol; (6) Promote the use of bicycle helmets of a type certified to meet the requirements of standard Z-90.4 of the American National Standards Institute or such subsequent nationally recognized standard for bicycle helmet performance; and (7) Promote bicycle safety equipment. [1991 c 214 § 6.] 47.04.210 47.04.210 Reimbursable transportation expenditures—Processing and accounting. Federal funds that are administered by the department of transportation and are passed through to municipal corporations or political subdivisions of the state and moneys that are received as total reimbursement for goods, services, or projects constructed by the department of transportation are removed from the transportation budget. To process and account for these expenditures a new treasury trust account is created to be used for all department of transportation one hundred percent federal and local reimbursable transportation expenditures. This new account is nonbudgeted and nonappropriated. At the same time, federal and private local appropriations and full-time equivalents in subprograms R2, R3, T6, Y6, and Z2 processed through this new account are removed from the department of transportation's 1997-99 budget. The department of transportation may make expenditures from the account before receiving federal and local reimbursements. However, at the end of each biennium, the account must maintain a zero or positive cash balance. In the twenty-fourth month of each biennium the department of transportation shall calculate and transfer sufficient cash from either the motor vehicle fund or the multimodal transportation account to cover any negative cash balances. The amount transferred is calculated based on expenditures from each fund. In addition, any interest charges accruing to the new account must be distributed to the motor vehicle fund and the multimodal transportation account. The department of transportation shall provide an annual report to the legislative transportation committee and the office of financial management on expenditures and full-time equivalents processed through the new account. The report must also include recommendations for process changes, if needed. [2001 2nd sp.s. c 14 § 601; 1997 c 94 § 1.] Severability—2001 2nd sp.s. c 14: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [2001 2nd sp.s. c 14 § 612.] Effective date—2001 2nd sp.s. c 14: "Except for section 608 of this act, this act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public [Title 47 RCW—page 16] institutions, and takes effect immediately [June 26, 2001]." [2001 2nd sp.s. c 14 § 613.] Effective date—1997 c 94: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect July 1, 1997." [1997 c 94 § 4.] 47.04.220 47.04.220 Miscellaneous transportation programs account. (1) The miscellaneous transportation programs account is created in the custody of the state treasurer. (2) Moneys from the account may be used only for the costs of: (a) Miscellaneous transportation services provided by the department that are reimbursed by other public and private entities; (b) Local transportation projects for which the department is a conduit for federal reimbursement to a municipal corporation or political subdivision; or (c) Other reimbursable activities as recommended by the legislative transportation committee and approved by the office of financial management. (3) Moneys received as reimbursement for expenditures under subsection (2) of this section must be deposited into the account. (4) No appropriation is required for expenditures from this account. This fund is not subject to allotment procedures provided under chapter 43.88 RCW. (5) Only the secretary of transportation or the secretary's designee may authorize expenditures from the account. (6) It is the intent of the legislature that this account maintain a zero or positive cash balance at the end of each biennium. Toward this purpose the department may make expenditures from the account before receiving reimbursements under subsection (2) of this section. Before the end of the biennium, the department shall transfer sufficient cash to cover any negative cash balances from the motor vehicle fund and the multimodal transportation account to the miscellaneous transportation programs account for unrecovered reimbursements. The department shall calculate the distribution of this transfer based on expenditures. In the ensuing biennium the department shall transfer the reimbursements received in the miscellaneous transportation programs account back to the motor vehicle fund and the multimodal transportation account to the extent of the cash transferred at biennium end. The department shall also distribute any interest charges accruing to the miscellaneous transportation programs account to the motor vehicle fund and the multimodal transportation account. Adjustments for any indirect cost recoveries may also be made at this time. (7) The department shall provide an annual report to the legislative transportation committee and the office of financial management on the expenditures and full-time equivalents processed through the miscellaneous transportation programs account. The report must also include recommendations for changes to the process, if needed. [2001 2nd sp.s. c 14 § 602; 1997 c 94 § 2.] Severability—Effective date—2001 2nd sp.s. c 14: See notes following RCW 47.04.210. Effective date—1997 c 94: See note following RCW 47.04.210. (2004 Ed.) General Provisions 47.04.230 Dredge spoils—Cowlitz County. The legislature finds and declares that the December 19, 1991, Washington state conveyance of the Mt. St. Helens Recovery Program, LT-1 and Cook Ferry Road Sites, to Cowlitz County, should be amended to enable Cowlitz County to use dredge spoils revenues for recreational purposes throughout the county. The legislature further declares that the department of transportation shall execute sufficient legal release to accomplish the following: (1) Dredge spoil revenues from either the LT-1 or Cook Ferry Road Site must be dedicated for recreational facilities and recreational administration costs throughout the county; (2) Any mining excavation must meet the requirements of the Shoreline Management Act of 1971 as identified in chapter 90.58 RCW; (3) Both the LT-1 and Cook Ferry Road Site must be preserved as a long-term dredging facility; (4) All other requirements in the December 19, 1991, conveyance between the state of Washington and Cowlitz County will remain in effect; and (5) The LT-1 and Cook Ferry Road Site remains subject to any agreements with the United States Army Corps of Engineers and other agencies of the federal government. [1999 c 63 § 1.] 47.04.230 47.04.235 Dredge spoils—Castle Rock. The legislature finds and declares that the December 20, 1993, Washington state conveyance of the Mt. St. Helens recovery program, CR601F site, to the city of Castle Rock, should be amended to enable the city to use dredge spoil revenues for recreational purposes adjacent to the Cowlitz river in the city limits of Castle Rock, and also those other properties owned by the city of Castle Rock that are adjacent to the Cowlitz river. The legislature further declares that the department of transportation shall execute sufficient legal release to accomplish the following: (1) Dredge spoil revenues from the CR601F site must be dedicated for recreational facilities and recreational administration cost throughout the defined area listed above; (2) Any mining excavation must meet the requirements of the Shoreline Management Act of 1971 as identified in chapter 90.58 RCW; (3) All other requirements in the December 20, 1993, conveyance between the state of Washington and the city of Castle Rock will remain in effect; and (4) The CR601F site remains subject to any agreements with the United States Army Corps of Engineers and other agencies of the federal government. [2000 c 13 § 1.] 47.04.235 47.04.240 Public transportation information—Confidentiality. The department, a county, city, town, any other public entity, and any private entity under the public-private transportation initiatives authorized under chapter 47.46 RCW, that provides transit, high-speed ground transportation, high capacity transportation service, ferry service, toll facilities, or other public transportation service or facilities may only use personally identifiable information obtained from the use of electronic toll payments, transit passes, or other fare media such as magnetic strip cards or stored value cards for billing purposes. This information may not be used 47.04.240 (2004 Ed.) 47.04.250 to track or monitor individual use of the public transportation facilities or service, except for billing purposes and to provide statistical compilations and reports that do not identify an individual. [1999 c 215 § 2.] Personally identifying transit information exempt from disclosure: RCW 42.17.310. 47.04.250 47.04.250 Assaults by motorists on department employees. (1) For the purposes of this section only, "assault" means an act by a motorist that results in physical injury to an employee of the department while engaged in highway construction or maintenance activities along a roadway right of way (fence line to fence line, landscaped areas) or in the loading and unloading of passenger vehicles in service of the vessel as a maritime employee not covered under chapter 51.32 RCW or engaged in those work activities as a Washington State Ferries terminal employee covered under chapter 51.32 RCW. (2) In recognition of the nature of employment in departmental highway construction or maintenance activities and by the Washington State Ferries, this section provides a supplementary program to reimburse employees of the department for some of their costs attributable to their being the victims of assault by motorists. This program is limited to the reimbursement provided in this section. (3) An employee is entitled to receive the reimbursement provided in this section only if the secretary finds that each of the following has occurred: (a) A motorist has assaulted the employee who is engaged in highway construction or maintenance along a roadway right of way (fence line to fence line, landscaped areas) or service of the vessel as a maritime employee or terminal employee engaged in the loading or unloading of passenger vehicles and as a result the employee has sustained demonstrated physical injuries that have required the employee to miss one or more days of work; (b) The assault is not attributable to any extent to the employee's negligence, misconduct, or failure to comply with any rules or conditions of employment; and (c) The department of labor and industries has approved the employee's workers' compensation application under chapter 51.32 RCW, or for maritime employees the department of transportation risk management office has approved maintenance and cure benefits under 46 U.S.C. Sec. 688 et seq. (4) The reimbursement authorized under this section is as follows: (a) The employee's accumulated sick leave days will not be reduced for the workdays missed. The injured worker who qualifies for and receives assault benefits will also receive full standard benefits (vacation leave, sick leave, health insurance, etc.) as if uninjured; (b) For an employee covered by chapter 51.32 RCW, for each workday missed for which the employee is not eligible to receive compensation under chapter 51.32 RCW, the employee will receive the full amount of the injured worker's net pay at the time of injury; and (c) In respect to workdays missed for which the employee will receive or has received compensation under chapter 51.32 RCW, or under federal maritime law benefits, including the Jones Act, for an employee deemed a maritime [Title 47 RCW—page 17] Chapter 47.05 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation employee assigned to work in service of the vessel or a nonmaritime terminal employee covered under chapter 51.32 RCW, the employee will be reimbursed in an amount that, when added to that compensation, will result in the employee receiving no more than full net pay (gross pay less mandatory and voluntary deductions) for the workdays missed. (5) Reimbursement under this section may not last longer than three hundred sixty-five consecutive days after the date of the injury. No application for assault benefits is valid nor may a claim be enforced unless it was made within one year after the day upon which the injury occurred. (6) The employee is not entitled to the reimbursement provided in subsection (4) of this section for a workday for which the secretary or an applicable designee finds that the employee has not diligently pursued his or her compensation remedies under chapter 51.32 RCW or federal maritime law, including the Jones Act. (7) The reimbursement may be made only for absences that the secretary or an applicable designee believes are justified. (8) While the employee is receiving reimbursement under this section, he or she will continue to be classified as a state employee, and the reimbursement amount is considered as salary or wages. (9) The department shall make all reimbursement payments required to be made to employees under this section. The payments are considered as a salary or wage expense and must be paid by the department in the same manner and from the same appropriations as other salary and wage expenses for the department. (10) Nothing in this section precludes the department from recovering the supplemental payments authorized by this section from the assaulting motorist, and that recovery is considered exclusive of recovery under chapter 51.24 RCW. (11) If the legislature revokes the reimbursement authorized under this section or repeals this section, no affected employee is entitled after that to receive the reimbursement as a matter of contractual right. [2002 c 355 § 1.] Chapter 47.05 Chapter 47.05 RCW PRIORITY PROGRAMMING FOR HIGHWAY DEVELOPMENT Sections 47.05.010 47.05.021 47.05.022 47.05.025 47.05.030 47.05.035 47.05.051 47.05.090 Declaration of purpose. Functional classification of highways. Highways of statewide significance. Highways of regional significance. Six-year programs—Investments, improvements, preservation. Allocation of funds, factors. Six-year comprehensive investment program—Priority selection criteria—Improvement program criteria—Departure from criteria. Application of 1993 c 490—Deviations. 47.05.010 47.05.010 Declaration of purpose. The legislature finds that solutions to state highway deficiencies have become increasingly complex and diverse and that anticipated transportation revenues will fall substantially short of the amount required to satisfy all transportation needs. Difficult investment trade-offs will be required. [Title 47 RCW—page 18] It is the intent of the legislature that investment of state transportation funds to address deficiencies on the state highway system be based on a policy of priority programming having as its basis the rational selection of projects and services according to factual need and an evaluation of life cycle costs and benefits that are systematically scheduled to carry out defined objectives within available revenue. The state must develop analytic tools to use a common methodology to measure benefits and costs for all modes. The priority programming system must ensure preservation of the existing state highway system, relieve congestion, provide mobility for people and goods, support the state's economy, and promote environmental protection and energy conservation. The priority programming system must implement the state-owned highway component of the statewide transportation plan, consistent with local and regional transportation plans, by targeting state transportation investment to appropriate multimodal solutions that address identified state highway system deficiencies. The priority programming system for improvements must incorporate a broad range of solutions that are identified in the statewide transportation plan as appropriate to address state highway system deficiencies, including but not limited to highway expansion, efficiency improvements, nonmotorized transportation facilities, high occupancy vehicle facilities, transit facilities and services, rail facilities and services, and transportation demand management programs. [2002 c 5 § 401; 1993 c 490 § 1; 1969 ex.s. c 39 § 1; 1963 c 173 § 1.] Effective date—2002 c 5 §§ 401-404: "Sections 401 through 404 of this act take effect July 1, 2002." [2002 c 5 § 417.] Captions not law—Severability—2002 c 5: See notes following RCW 47.01.012. 47.05.021 47.05.021 Functional classification of highways. (1) The transportation commission is hereby directed to conduct periodic analyses of the entire state highway system, report thereon to the chairs of the transportation committees of the senate and house of representatives, including one copy to the staff of each of the committees, biennially and based thereon, to subdivide, classify, and subclassify according to their function and importance all designated state highways and those added from time to time and periodically review and revise the classifications into the following three functional classes: (a) The "principal arterial system" shall consist of a connected network of rural arterial routes with appropriate extensions into and through urban areas, including all routes designated as part of the interstate system, which serve corridor movements having travel characteristics indicative of substantial statewide and interstate travel; (b) The "minor arterial system" shall, in conjunction with the principal arterial system, form a rural network of arterial routes linking cities and other activity centers which generate long distance travel, and, with appropriate extensions into and through urban areas, form an integrated network providing interstate and interregional service; and (c) The "collector system" shall consist of routes which primarily serve the more important intercounty, intracounty, and intraurban travel corridors, collect traffic from the system of local access roads and convey it to the arterial system, and (2004 Ed.) Priority Programming for Highway Development on which, regardless of traffic volume, the predominant travel distances are shorter than on arterial routes. (2) In making the functional classification the transportation commission shall adopt and give consideration to criteria consistent with this section and federal regulations relating to the functional classification of highways, including but not limited to the following: (a) Urban population centers within and without the state stratified and ranked according to size; (b) Important traffic generating economic activities, including but not limited to recreation, agriculture, government, business, and industry; (c) Feasibility of the route, including availability of alternate routes within and without the state; (d) Directness of travel and distance between points of economic importance; (e) Length of trips; (f) Character and volume of traffic; (g) Preferential consideration for multiple service which shall include public transportation; (h) Reasonable spacing depending upon population density; and (i) System continuity. (3) The transportation commission or the legislature shall designate state highways of statewide significance under RCW 47.06.140. If the commission designates a state highway of statewide significance, it shall submit a list of such facilities for adoption by the legislature. This statewide system shall include at a minimum interstate highways and other statewide principal arterials that are needed to connect major communities across the state and support the state's economy. (4) The transportation commission shall designate a freight and goods transportation system. This statewide system shall include state highways, county roads, and city streets. The commission, in cooperation with cities and counties, shall review and make recommendations to the legislature regarding policies governing weight restrictions and road closures which affect the transportation of freight and goods. [2002 c 56 § 301. Prior: 1998 c 245 § 95; 1998 c 171 § 5; 1993 c 490 § 2; 1987 c 505 § 50; 1979 ex.s. c 122 § 1; 1977 ex.s. c 130 § 1.] Captions and subheadings not law—Severability—2002 c 56: See RCW 36.120.900 and 36.120.901. Severability—1979 ex.s. c 122: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1979 ex.s. c 122 § 10.] Effective dates—1977 ex.s. c 130: "Section 1 of this 1977 act modifying the functional classification of state highways shall apply to the long range plan for highway improvements and to the six year program for highway construction commencing July 1, 1979 and to the preparation thereof and shall take effect July 1, 1977. Section 2 of this 1977 act shall take effect July 1, 1979." [1977 ex.s. c 130 § 3.] 47.05.022 47.05.022 Highways of statewide significance. The legislature designates as highways of statewide significance those highways so designated by transportation commission resolution number 660 as adopted on January 21, 2004. [2004 c 232 § 1; 2002 c 56 § 302.] Captions and subheadings not law—Severability—2002 c 56: See RCW 36.120.900 and 36.120.901. (2004 Ed.) 47.05.030 47.05.025 47.05.025 Highways of regional significance. Highways of regional significance may receive funding under the conditions of RCW 36.120.020(8)(c). The following highways are of regional significance: (1) That portion of state route number 9 that runs from state route number 522 in the south to state route number 531 in the north; (2) That portion of state route number 524 that runs from state route number 5 easterly to state route number 522; (3) That portion of state route number 704 from state route number 5 to state route number 7. [2002 c 56 § 303.] Captions and subheadings not law—Severability—2002 c 56: See RCW 36.120.900 and 36.120.901. 47.05.030 47.05.030 Six- year programs—Investments, improvements, preservation. The transportation commission shall adopt a comprehensive six-year investment program specifying program objectives and performance measures for the preservation and improvement programs defined in this section. In the specification of investment program objectives and performance measures, the transportation commission, in consultation with the Washington state department of transportation, shall define and adopt standards for effective programming and prioritization practices including a needs analysis process. The analysis process must ensure the identification of problems and deficiencies, the evaluation of alternative solutions and trade-offs, and estimations of the costs and benefits of prospective projects. The investment program must be revised biennially, effective on July 1st of odd-numbered years. The investment program must be based upon the needs identified in the state-owned highway component of the statewide transportation plan as defined in RCW 47.01.071(3). (1) The preservation program consists of those investments necessary to preserve the existing state highway system and to restore existing safety features, giving consideration to lowest life cycle costing. The preservation program must require use of the most cost-effective pavement surfaces, considering: (a) Life-cycle cost analysis; (b) Traffic volume; (c) Subgrade soil conditions; (d) Environmental and weather conditions; (e) Materials available; and (f) Construction factors. The comprehensive six-year investment program for preservation must identify projects for two years and an investment plan for the remaining four years. (2) The improvement program consists of investments needed to address identified deficiencies on the state highway system to increase mobility, address congestion, and improve safety, support for the economy, and protection of the environment. The six-year investment program for improvements must identify projects for two years and major deficiencies proposed to be addressed in the six-year period giving consideration to relative benefits and life cycle costing. The transportation commission shall give higher priority for correcting identified deficiencies on those facilities classified as facilities of statewide significance as defined in RCW 47.06.140. Project prioritization must be based primarily upon cost-benefit analysis, where appropriate. [Title 47 RCW—page 19] 47.05.035 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation The transportation commission shall approve and present the comprehensive six-year investment program to the legislature in support of the biennial budget request under RCW 44.40.070 and 44.40.080. [2002 c 5 § 402; 1998 c 171 § 6; 1993 c 490 § 3; 1987 c 179 § 2; 1979 ex.s. c 122 § 2; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 44; 1975 1st ex.s. c 143 § 1; 1973 2nd ex.s. c 12 § 4; 1969 ex.s. c 39 § 3; 1965 ex.s. c 170 § 33; 1963 c 173 § 3.] Effective date—2002 c 5 §§ 401-404: See note following RCW 47.05.010. Captions not law—Severability—2002 c 5: See notes following RCW 47.01.012. Severability—1979 ex.s. c 122: See note following RCW 47.05.021. 47.05.035 47.05.035 Allocation of funds, factors. (1) The department and the commission shall use the transportation demand modeling tools developed under subsection (2) of this section to evaluate investments based on the best mode or improvement, or mix of modes and improvements, to meet current and future long-term demand within a corridor or system for the lowest cost. The end result of these demand modeling tools is to provide a cost-benefit analysis by which the department and the commission can determine the relative mobility improvement and congestion relief each mode or improvement under consideration will provide and the relative investment each mode or improvement under consideration will need to achieve that relief. (2) The department will participate in the refinement, enhancement, and application of existing transportation demand modeling tools to be used to evaluate investments. This participation and use of transportation demand modeling tools will be phased in. (3) In developing program objectives and performance measures, the transportation commission shall evaluate investment trade-offs between the preservation and improvement programs. In making these investment trade-offs, the commission shall evaluate, using cost-benefit techniques, roadway and bridge maintenance activities as compared to roadway and bridge preservation program activities and adjust those programs accordingly. (4) The commission shall allocate the estimated revenue between preservation and improvement programs giving primary consideration to the following factors: (a) The relative needs in each of the programs and the system performance levels that can be achieved by meeting these needs; (b) The need to provide adequate funding for preservation to protect the state's investment in its existing highway system; (c) The continuity of future transportation development with those improvements previously programmed; and (d) The availability of dedicated funds for a specific type of work. [2002 c 5 § 403; 1993 c 490 § 4; 1987 c 179 § 3; 1979 ex.s. c 122 § 3; 1975 1st ex.s. c 143 § 2.] Effective date—2002 c 5 §§ 401-404: 47.05.010. See note following RCW Captions not law—Severability—2002 c 5: See notes following RCW 47.01.012. Severability—1979 ex.s. c 122: See note following RCW 47.05.021. [Title 47 RCW—page 20] 47.05.051 Six-year comprehensive investment program—Priority selection criteria—Improvement program criteria—Departure from criteria. (1) The comprehensive six-year investment program shall be based upon the needs identified in the state-owned highway component of the statewide multimodal transportation plan as defined in RCW 47.01.071(3) and priority selection systems that incorporate the following criteria: (a) Priority programming for the preservation program shall take into account the following, not necessarily in order of importance: (i) Extending the service life of the existing highway system, including using the most cost-effective pavement surfaces, considering: (A) Life-cycle cost analysis; (B) Traffic volume; (C) Subgrade soil conditions; (D) Environmental and weather conditions; (E) Materials available; and (F) Construction factors; (ii) Ensuring the structural ability to carry loads imposed upon highways and bridges; and (iii) Minimizing life cycle costs. The transportation commission in carrying out the provisions of this section may delegate to the department of transportation the authority to select preservation projects to be included in the six-year program. (b) Priority programming for the improvement program must be based primarily upon the following, not necessarily in order of importance: (i) Traffic congestion, delay, and accidents; (ii) Location within a heavily traveled transportation corridor; (iii) Except for projects in cities having a population of less than five thousand persons, synchronization with other potential transportation projects, including transit and multimodal projects, within the heavily traveled corridor; and (iv) Use of benefit/cost analysis wherever feasible to determine the value of the proposed project. (c) Priority programming for the improvement program may also take into account: (i) Support for the state's economy, including job creation and job preservation; (ii) The cost-effective movement of people and goods; (iii) Accident and accident risk reduction; (iv) Protection of the state's natural environment; (v) Continuity and systematic development of the highway transportation network; (vi) Consistency with local comprehensive plans developed under chapter 36.70A RCW including the following if they have been included in the comprehensive plan: (A) Support for development in and revitalization of existing downtowns; (B) Extent that development implements local comprehensive plans for rural and urban residential and nonresidential densities; (C) Extent of compact, transit-oriented development for rural and urban residential and nonresidential densities; (D) Opportunities for multimodal transportation; and (E) Extent to which the project accommodates planned growth and economic development; 47.05.051 (2004 Ed.) Statewide Transportation Planning (vii) Consistency with regional transportation plans developed under chapter 47.80 RCW; (viii) Public views concerning proposed improvements; (ix) The conservation of energy resources; (x) Feasibility of financing the full proposed improvement; (xi) Commitments established in previous legislative sessions; (xii) Relative costs and benefits of candidate programs. (d) Major projects addressing capacity deficiencies which prioritize allowing for preliminary engineering shall be reprioritized during the succeeding biennium, based upon updated project data. Reprioritized projects may be delayed or canceled by the transportation commission if higher priority projects are awaiting funding. (e) Major project approvals which significantly increase a project's scope or cost from original prioritization estimates shall include a review of the project's estimated revised priority rank and the level of funding provided. Projects may be delayed or canceled by the transportation commission if higher priority projects are awaiting funding. (2) The commission may depart from the priority programming established under subsection (1) of this section: (a) To the extent that otherwise funds cannot be utilized feasibly within the program; (b) as may be required by a court judgment, legally binding agreement, or state and federal laws and regulations; (c) as may be required to coordinate with federal, local, or other state agency construction projects; (d) to take advantage of some substantial financial benefit that may be available; (e) for continuity of route development; or (f) because of changed financial or physical conditions of an unforeseen or emergent nature. The commission or secretary of transportation shall maintain in its files information sufficient to show the extent to which the commission has departed from the established priority. (3) The commission shall identify those projects that yield freight mobility benefits or that alleviate the impacts of freight mobility upon affected communities. [2002 c 189 § 3; 2002 c 5 § 406; 1998 c 175 § 12; 1993 c 490 § 5; 1987 c 179 § 5; 1979 ex.s. c 122 § 5; 1975 1st ex.s. c 143 § 4.] Intent—2002 c 5: "The legislature intends that funding for transportation mobility improvements be allocated to the worst traffic chokepoints in the state. Furthermore, the legislature intends to fund projects that provide systemic relief throughout a transportation corridor, rather than spot improvements that fail to improve overall mobility within a corridor." [2002 c 5 § 405.] Reports: "The department of transportation shall report the results of its priority programming under RCW 47.05.051 to the transportation committees of the senate and house of representatives by December 1, 2003, and December 1, 2005." [2002 c 5 § 407.] Captions not law—Severability—2002 c 5: See notes following RCW 47.01.012. Severability—1998 c 175: See RCW 47.06A.900. Severability—1979 ex.s. c 122: See note following RCW 47.05.021. 47.05.090 47.05.090 Application of 1993 c 490—Deviations. The provisions of chapter 490, Laws of 1993 modifying procedures for priority programming for highway development as set forth in chapter 47.05 RCW, first apply to the comprehensive six-year state highway investment program for the periods 1995 to 2001. For the transition biennium ending June 30, 1995, the commission may deviate from the modi(2004 Ed.) 47.06.020 fied procedures prescribed by chapter 490, Laws of 1993. [1993 c 490 § 6.] Chapter 47.06 Chapter 47.06 RCW STATEWIDE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING Sections 47.06.010 47.06.020 47.06.030 47.06.040 47.06.043 47.06.045 47.06.050 47.06.060 47.06.070 47.06.080 47.06.090 47.06.100 47.06.110 47.06.120 47.06.130 47.06.140 47.06.900 Findings. Role of department. Transportation policy plan. Statewide multimodal transportation plan. Technical workers—Skill enhancement. Freight mobility plan. State-owned facilities component. Aviation plan. Marine ports and navigation plan. Freight rail plan. Intercity passenger rail plan. Bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways plan. Public transportation plan. High-capacity transportation planning and regional transportation planning—Role of department. Special planning studies—Cost-benefit analysis. Transportation facilities and services of statewide significance—Level of service standards. Captions not part of law—1993 c 446. Environmental review of transportation projects: RCW 47.01.290. 47.06.010 47.06.010 Findings. The legislature recognizes that the ownership and operation of Washington's transportation system is spread among federal, state, and local government agencies, regional transit agencies, port districts, and the private sector. The legislature also recognizes that transportation planning authority is shared on the local, regional, and state levels, and that this planning must be a comprehensive and coordinated effort. While significant authority for transportation planning is vested with local agencies and regional transportation planning organizations under the growth management act, the legislature recognizes that certain transportation issues and facilities cross local and regional boundaries and are vital to the statewide economy and the cross-state mobility of people and goods. Therefore, the state has an appropriate role in developing statewide transportation plans that address state jurisdiction facilities and services as well as transportation facilities and services of state interest. These plans shall serve as a guide for short-term investment needs and provide a long-range vision for transportation system development. [1993 c 446 § 1.] 47.06.020 47.06.020 Role of department. The specific role of the department in transportation planning shall be (1) ongoing coordination and development of statewide transportation policies that guide all Washington transportation providers; (2) ongoing development of a statewide multimodal transportation plan that includes both state-owned and state-interest facilities and services; (3) coordinating the state high-capacity transportation planning and regional transportation planning programs; and (4) conducting special transportation planning studies that impact state transportation facilities or relate to transportation facilities and services of statewide significance. Specific requirements for each of these state transportation planning components are described in this chapter. [1993 c 446 § 2.] [Title 47 RCW—page 21] 47.06.030 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.06.030 47.06.030 Transportation policy plan. The commission shall develop a state transportation policy plan that (1) establishes a vision and goals for the development of the statewide transportation system consistent with the state's growth management goals, (2) identifies significant statewide transportation policy issues, and (3) recommends statewide transportation policies and strategies to the legislature to fulfill the requirements of RCW 47.01.071(1). The state transportation policy plan shall be the product of an ongoing process that involves representatives of significant transportation interests and the general public from across the state. The plan shall address how the department of transportation will meet the transportation needs and expedite the completion of industrial projects of statewide significance. [1997 c 369 § 8; 1993 c 446 § 3.] Industrial project of statewide significance—Defined: RCW 43.157.010. cation and documentation as provided for in RCW 47.01.300 and this section is not intended to create a private right of action or require an environmental impact statement as provided in chapter 43.21C RCW. [2002 c 189 § 4; 1998 c 199 § 1; 1994 c 258 § 5; 1993 c 446 § 4.] Captions not law—1994 c 258: See note following RCW 36.70A.420. 47.06.043 47.06.043 Technical workers—Skill enhancement. The state interest component of the statewide multimodal transportation plan must include a plan for enhancing the skills of the existing technical transportation work force. [2003 c 363 § 204.] Findings—Intent—2003 c 363 §§ 201-206: See note following RCW 49.04.041. Part headings not law—Severability—2003 c 363: See notes following RCW 47.28.241. 47.06.040 47.06.040 Statewide multimodal transportation plan. The department shall develop a statewide multimodal transportation plan under RCW 47.01.071(3) and in conformance with federal requirements, to ensure the continued mobility of people and goods within regions and across the state in a safe, cost-effective manner. The statewide multimodal transportation plan shall consist of: (1) A state-owned facilities component, which shall guide state investment for state highways including bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and state ferries; and (2) A state-interest component, which shall define the state interest in aviation, marine ports and navigation, freight rail, intercity passenger rail, bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways, and public transportation, and recommend actions in coordination with appropriate public and private transportation providers to ensure that the state interest in these transportation modes is met. The plans developed under each component must be consistent with the state transportation policy plan and with each other, reflect public involvement, be consistent with regional transportation planning, high-capacity transportation planning, and local comprehensive plans prepared under chapter 36.70A RCW, and include analysis of intermodal connections and choices. A primary emphasis for these plans shall be the relief of congestion, the preservation of existing investments and downtowns, ability to attract or accommodate planned population, and employment growth, the improvement of traveler safety, the efficient movement of freight and goods, and the improvement and integration of all transportation modes to create a seamless intermodal transportation system for people and goods. In the development of the statewide multimodal transportation plan, the department shall identify and document potential affected environmental resources, including, but not limited to, wetlands, storm water runoff, flooding, air quality, fish passage, and wildlife habitat. The department shall conduct its environmental identification and documentation in coordination with all relevant environmental regulatory authorities, including, but not limited to, local governments. The department shall give the relevant environmental regulatory authorities an opportunity to review the department's environmental plans. The relevant environmental regulatory authorities shall provide comments on the department's environmental plans in a timely manner. Environmental identifi[Title 47 RCW—page 22] 47.06.045 47.06.045 Freight mobility plan. The state-interest component of the statewide multimodal transportation plan shall include a freight mobility plan which shall assess the transportation needs to ensure the safe, reliable, and efficient movement of goods within and through the state and to ensure the state's economic vitality. [1998 c 175 § 10.] Severability—1998 c 175: See RCW 47.06A.900. 47.06.050 47.06.050 State-owned facilities component. The state-owned facilities component of the statewide transportation plan shall consist of: (1) The state highway system plan, which identifies program and financing needs and recommends specific and financially realistic improvements to preserve the structural integrity of the state highway system, ensure acceptable operating conditions, and provide for enhanced access to scenic, recreational, and cultural resources. The state highway system plan shall contain the following elements: (a) A system preservation element, which shall establish structural preservation objectives for the state highway system including bridges, identify current and future structural deficiencies based upon analysis of current conditions and projected future deterioration, and recommend program funding levels and specific actions necessary to preserve the structural integrity of the state highway system consistent with adopted objectives. Lowest life cycle cost methodologies must be used in developing a pavement management system. This element shall serve as the basis for the preservation component of the six-year highway program and the two-year biennial budget request to the legislature; (b) A highway maintenance element, establishing service levels for highway maintenance on state-owned highways that meet benchmarks established by the transportation commission. The highway maintenance element must include an estimate of costs for achieving those service levels over twenty years. This element will serve as the basis for the maintenance component of the six-year highway program and the two-year biennial budget request to the legislature; (c) A capacity and operational improvement element, which shall establish operational objectives, including safety considerations, for moving people and goods on the state highway system, identify current and future capacity, operational, and safety deficiencies, and recommend program (2004 Ed.) Statewide Transportation Planning funding levels and specific improvements and strategies necessary to achieve the operational objectives. In developing capacity and operational improvement plans the department shall first assess strategies to enhance the operational efficiency of the existing system before recommending system expansion. Strategies to enhance the operational efficiencies include but are not limited to access management, transportation system management, demand management, and highoccupancy vehicle facilities. The capacity and operational improvement element must conform to the state implementation plan for air quality and be consistent with regional transportation plans adopted under chapter 47.80 RCW, and shall serve as the basis for the capacity and operational improvement portions of the six-year highway program and the twoyear biennial budget request to the legislature; (d) A scenic and recreational highways element, which shall identify and recommend designation of scenic and recreational highways, provide for enhanced access to scenic, recreational, and cultural resources associated with designated routes, and recommend a variety of management strategies to protect, preserve, and enhance these resources. The department, affected counties, cities, and towns, regional transportation planning organizations, and other state or federal agencies shall jointly develop this element; (e) A paths and trails element, which shall identify the needs of nonmotorized transportation modes on the state transportation systems and provide the basis for the investment of state transportation funds in paths and trails, including funding provided under chapter 47.30 RCW. (2) The state ferry system plan, which shall guide capital and operating investments in the state ferry system. The plan shall establish service objectives for state ferry routes, forecast travel demand for the various markets served in the system, develop strategies for ferry system investment that consider regional and statewide vehicle and passenger needs, support local land use plans, and assure that ferry services are fully integrated with other transportation services. The plan must provide for maintenance of capital assets. The plan must also provide for preservation of capital assets based on lowest life cycle cost methodologies. The plan shall assess the role of private ferries operating under the authority of the utilities and transportation commission and shall coordinate ferry system capital and operational plans with these private operations. The ferry system plan must be consistent with the regional transportation plans for areas served by the state ferry system, and shall be developed in conjunction with the ferry advisory committees. [2002 c 5 § 413; 1993 c 446 § 5.] Finding—Intent—2002 c 5: "The legislature finds that roads, streets, bridges, and highways in the state represent public assets worth over one hundred billion dollars. These investments require regular maintenance and preservation, or rehabilitation, to provide cost-effective transportation services. Many of these facilities are in poor condition. Given the magnitude of public investment and the importance of safe, reliable roadways to the motoring public, the legislature intends to create stronger accountability to ensure that cost-effective maintenance and preservation is provided for these transportation facilities." [2002 c 5 § 408.] Captions not law—Severability—2002 c 5: See notes following RCW 47.01.012. 47.06.060 47.06.060 Aviation plan. The state-interest component of the statewide multimodal transportation plan shall include an aviation plan, which shall fulfill the statewide aviation (2004 Ed.) 47.06.100 planning requirements of the federal government, coordinate statewide aviation planning, and identify the program needs for public use and state airports. [1993 c 446 § 6.] 47.06.070 47.06.070 Marine ports and navigation plan. The state-interest component of the statewide multimodal transportation plan shall include a state marine ports and navigation plan, which shall assess the transportation needs of Washington's marine ports, including navigation, and identify transportation system improvements needed to support the international trade and economic development role of Washington's marine ports. [1993 c 446 § 7.] 47.06.080 47.06.080 Freight rail plan. The state-interest component of the statewide multimodal transportation plan shall include a state freight rail plan, which shall fulfill the statewide freight rail planning requirements of the federal government, identify freight rail mainline issues, identify light-density freight rail lines threatened with abandonment, establish criteria for determining the importance of preserving the service or line, and recommend priorities for the use of state rail assistance and state rail banking program funds, as well as other available sources of funds. The plan shall also identify existing intercity rail rights of way that should be preserved for future transportation use. [1993 c 446 § 8.] 47.06.090 47.06.090 Intercity passenger rail plan. The stateinterest component of the statewide multimodal transportation plan shall include an intercity passenger rail plan, which shall analyze existing intercity passenger rail service and recommend improvements to that service under the state passenger rail service program including depot improvements, potential service extensions, and ways to achieve higher train speeds. For purposes of maintaining and preserving any stateowned component of the state's passenger rail program, the statewide multimodal transportation plan must identify all such assets and provide a preservation plan based on lowest life cycle cost methodologies. [2002 c 5 § 414; 1993 c 446 § 9.] Finding—Intent—2002 c 5: See note following RCW 47.06.050. Captions not law—Severability—2002 c 5: See notes following RCW 47.01.012. 47.06.100 47.06.100 Bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways plan. The state-interest component of the statewide multimodal transportation plan shall include a bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways plan, which shall propose a statewide strategy for addressing bicycle and pedestrian transportation, including the integration of bicycle and pedestrian pathways with other transportation modes; the coordination between local governments, regional agencies, and the state in the provision of such facilities; the role of such facilities in reducing traffic congestion; and an assessment of statewide bicycle and pedestrian transportation needs. This plan shall satisfy the federal requirement for a long-range bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways plan. [1993 c 446 § 10.] [Title 47 RCW—page 23] 47.06.110 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.06.110 Public transportation plan. The state-interest component of the statewide multimodal transportation plan shall include a state public transportation plan that: (1) Articulates the state vision of an interest in public transportation and provides quantifiable objectives, including benefits indicators; (2) Identifies the goals for public transit and the roles of federal, state, regional, and local entities in achieving those goals; (3) Recommends mechanisms for coordinating state, regional, and local planning for public transportation; (4) Recommends mechanisms for coordinating public transportation with other transportation services and modes; (5) Recommends criteria, consistent with the goals identified in subsection (2) of this section and with RCW 82.44.180 (2) and (3), for existing federal authorizations administered by the department to transit agencies; and (6) Recommends a statewide public transportation facilities and equipment management system as required by federal law. In developing the state public transportation plan, the department shall involve local jurisdictions, public and private providers of transportation services, nonmotorized interests, and state agencies with an interest in public transportation, including but not limited to the departments of community, trade, and economic development, social and health services, and ecology, the office of the superintendent of public instruction, the office of the governor, and the office of financial management. The department shall submit an initial report to the legislative transportation committee by December 1, 1993, and shall provide annual reports summarizing the plan's progress each year thereafter. [1996 c 186 § 512; 1995 c 399 § 120; 1993 c 446 § 11.] 47.06.110 Findings—Intent—Part headings not law—Effective date—1996 c 186: See notes following RCW 43.330.904. Environmental review of transportation projects: RCW 47.01.290. 47.06.120 47.06.120 High-capacity transportation planning and regional transportation planning—Role of department. The department's role in high-capacity transportation planning and regional transportation planning is to administer state planning grants for these purposes, represent the interests of the state in these regional planning processes, and coordinate other department planning with these regional efforts, including those under RCW 81.104.060. [1993 c 446 § 12.] 47.06.130 47.06.130 Special planning studies—Cost-benefit analysis. (1) The department may carry out special transportation planning studies to resolve specific issues with the development of the state transportation system or other statewide transportation issues. (2) The department shall conduct multimodal corridor analyses on major congested corridors where needed improvements are likely to cost in excess of one hundred million dollars. Analysis will include the cost-effectiveness of all feasible strategies in addressing congestion or improving mobility within the corridor, and must recommend the most effective strategy or mix of strategies to address identified deficiencies. A long-term view of corridors must be [Title 47 RCW—page 24] employed to determine whether an existing corridor should be expanded, a city or county road should become a state route, and whether a new corridor is needed to alleviate congestion and enhance mobility based on travel demand. To the extent practicable, full costs of all strategies must be reflected in the analysis. At a minimum, this analysis must include: (a) The current and projected future demand for total person trips on that corridor; (b) The impact of making no improvements to that corridor; (c) The daily cost per added person served for each mode or improvement proposed to meet demand; (d) The cost per hour of travel time saved per day for each mode or improvement proposed to meet demand; and (e) How much of the current and anticipated future demand will be met and left unmet for each mode or improvement proposed to meet demand. The end result of this analysis will be to provide a costbenefit analysis by which policymakers can determine the most cost-effective improvement or mode, or mix of improvements and modes, for increasing mobility and reducing congestion. [2002 c 5 § 404; 1993 c 446 § 13.] Effective date—2002 c 5 §§ 401-404: See note following RCW 47.05.010. Captions not law—Severability—2002 c 5: See notes following RCW 47.01.012. 47.06.140 47.06.140 Transportation facilities and services of statewide significance—Level of service standards. The legislature declares the following transportation facilities and services to be of statewide significance: The interstate highway system, interregional state principal arterials including ferry connections that serve statewide travel, intercity passenger rail services, intercity high-speed ground transportation, major passenger intermodal terminals excluding all airport facilities and services, the freight railroad system, the Columbia/Snake navigable river system, marine port facilities and services that are related solely to marine activities affecting international and interstate trade, and high-capacity transportation systems serving regions as defined in RCW 81.104.015. The department, in cooperation with regional transportation planning organizations, counties, cities, transit agencies, public ports, private railroad operators, and private transportation providers, as appropriate, shall plan for improvements to transportation facilities and services of statewide significance in the statewide multimodal plan. Improvements to facilities and services of statewide significance identified in the statewide multimodal plan are essential state public facilities under RCW 36.70A.200. The department of transportation, in consultation with local governments, shall set level of service standards for state highways and state ferry routes of statewide significance. Although the department shall consult with local governments when setting level of service standards, the department retains authority to make final decisions regarding level of service standards for state highways and state ferry routes of statewide significance. In establishing level of service standards for state highways and state ferry routes of statewide significance, the department shall consider the necessary balance between providing for the free interjurisdic(2004 Ed.) Freight Mobility tional movement of people and goods and the needs of local communities using these facilities. [1998 c 171 § 7.] Highways of statewide significance: RCW 47.05.022. 47.06.900 Captions not part of law—1993 c 446. Captions used in this chapter do not constitute any part of the law. [1993 c 446 § 16.] 47.06.900 Chapter 47.06A Chapter 47.06A RCW FREIGHT MOBILITY Sections 47.06A.001 47.06A.010 47.06A.020 47.06A.030 47.06A.040 47.06A.050 47.06A.060 47.06A.070 47.06A.080 47.06A.900 Findings. Definitions. Board—Duties. Board—Creation—Membership. Board—Administration and staffing. Allocation of funds. Grants and loans. Records. Port district development plans. Severability—1998 c 175. 47.06A.001 Findings. The legislature finds that: (1) Washington state is uniquely positioned as a gateway to the global economy. As the most trade-dependent state in the nation, per capita, Washington's economy is highly dependent on an efficient multimodal transportation network in order to remain competitive. (2) The vitality of the state's economy is placed at risk by growing traffic congestion that impedes the safe and efficient movement of goods. The absence of a comprehensive and coordinated state policy that facilitates freight movements to local, national, and international markets limits trade opportunities. (3) Freight corridors that serve international and domestic interstate and intrastate trade, and those freight corridors that enhance the state's competitive position through regional and global gateways are strategically important. In many instances, movement of freight on these corridors is diminished by: Barriers that block or delay access to intermodal facilities where freight is transferred from one mode of transport to another; conflicts between rail and road traffic; constraints on rail capacity; highway capacity constraints, congestion, and condition; waterway system depths that affect capacity; and institutional, regulatory, and operational barriers. (4) Rapidly escalating population growth is placing an added burden on streets, roads, and highways that serve as freight corridors. Community benefits from economic activity associated with freight movement often conflict with community concerns over safety, mobility, [and] environmental quality. Efforts to minimize community impacts in areas of high freight movements that encourage the active participation of communities in the early stages of proposed public and private infrastructure investments will facilitate needed freight mobility improvements. (5) Ownership of the freight mobility network is fragmented and spread across various public jurisdictions, private companies, and state and national borders. Transportation projects have grown in complexity and size, requiring more resources and longer implementation time frames. Currently, there is no comprehensive and integrated framework for 47.06A.001 (2004 Ed.) 47.06A.010 planning the freight mobility needs of public and private stakeholders in the freight transportation system. A coordinated planning process should identify new infrastructure investments that are integrated by public and private planning bodies into a multimodal and multijurisdictional network in all areas of the state, urban and rural, east and west. The state should integrate freight mobility goals with state policy on related issues such as economic development, growth management, and environmental management. (6) State investment in projects that enhance or mitigate freight movements, should pay special attention to solutions that utilize a corridor solution to address freight mobility issues with important transportation and economic impacts beyond any local area. The corridor approach builds partnerships and fosters coordinated planning among jurisdictions and the public and private sectors. (7) It is the policy of the state of Washington that limited public transportation funding and competition between freight and general mobility improvements for the same fund sources require strategic, prioritized freight investments that reduce barriers to freight movement, maximize cost-effectiveness, yield a return on the state's investment, require complementary investments by public and private interests, and solve regional freight mobility problems. State financial assistance for freight mobility projects must leverage other funds from all potential partners and sources, including federal, county, city, port district, and private capital. [1998 c 175 § 1.] 47.06A.010 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Board" means the freight mobility strategic investment board created in RCW 47.06A.030. (2) "Department" means the department of transportation. (3) "Freight mobility" means the safe, reliable, and efficient movement of goods within and through the state to ensure the state's economic vitality. (4) "Local governments" means cities, towns, counties, special purpose districts, port districts, and any other municipal corporations or quasi-municipal corporations in the state excluding school districts. (5) "Public entity" means a state agency, city, town, county, port district, or municipal or regional planning organization. (6) "Strategic freight corridor" means a transportation corridor of great economic importance within an integrated freight system that: (a) Serves international and domestic interstate and intrastate trade; (b) Enhances the state's competitive position through regional and global gateways; (c) Carries freight tonnages of at least: (i) Four million gross tons annually on state highways, city streets, and county roads; (ii) Five million gross tons annually on railroads; or (iii) Two and one-half million net tons on waterways; and (d) Has been designated a strategic corridor by the board under RCW 47.06A.020(3). However, new alignments to, 47.06A.010 [Title 47 RCW—page 25] 47.06A.020 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation realignments of, and new links to strategic corridors that enhance freight movement may qualify, even though no tonnage data exists for facilities to be built in the future. [1998 c 175 § 2.] 47.06A.020 Board—Duties. (1) The board shall: (a) Adopt rules and procedures necessary to implement the freight mobility strategic investment program; (b) Solicit from public entities proposed projects that meet eligibility criteria established in accordance with subsection (4) of this section; and (c) Review and evaluate project applications based on criteria established under this section, and prioritize and select projects comprising a portfolio to be funded in part with grants from state funds appropriated for the freight mobility strategic investment program. In determining the appropriate level of state funding for a project, the board shall ensure that state funds are allocated to leverage the greatest amount of partnership funding possible. After selecting projects comprising the portfolio, the board shall submit them as part of its budget request to the office of financial management and the legislature. The board shall ensure that projects submitted as part of the portfolio are not more appropriately funded with other federal, state, or local government funding mechanisms or programs. The board shall reject those projects that appear to improve overall general mobility with limited enhancement for freight mobility. The board shall provide periodic progress reports on its activities to the office of financial management and the legislative transportation committee. (2) The board may: (a) Accept from any state or federal agency, loans or grants for the financing of any transportation project and enter into agreements with any such agency concerning the loans or grants; (b) Provide technical assistance to project applicants; (c) Accept any gifts, grants, or loans of funds, property, or financial, or other aid in any form from any other source on any terms and conditions which are not in conflict with this chapter; (d) Adopt rules under chapter 34.05 RCW as necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter; and (e) Do all things necessary or convenient to carry out the powers expressly granted or implied under this chapter. (3) The board shall designate strategic freight corridors within the state. The board shall update the list of designated strategic corridors not less than every two years, and shall establish a method of collecting and verifying data, including information on city and county-owned roadways. (4) From June 11, 1998, through the biennium ending June 30, 2001, the board shall utilize threshold project eligibility criteria that, at a minimum, includes the following: (a) The project must be on a strategic freight corridor; (b) The project must meet one of the following conditions: (i) It is primarily aimed at reducing identified barriers to freight movement with only incidental benefits to general or personal mobility; or (ii) It is primarily aimed at increasing capacity for the movement of freight with only incidental benefits to general or personal mobility; or 47.06A.020 [Title 47 RCW—page 26] (iii) It is primarily aimed at mitigating the impact on communities of increasing freight movement, including roadway/railway conflicts; and (c) The project must have a total public benefit/total public cost ratio of equal to or greater than one. (5) From June 11, 1998, through the biennium ending June 30, 2001, the board shall use the multicriteria analysis and scoring framework for evaluating and ranking eligible freight mobility and freight mitigation projects developed by the freight mobility project prioritization committee and contained in the January 16, 1998, report entitled "Project Eligibility, Priority and Selection Process for a Strategic Freight Investment Program." The prioritization process shall measure the degree to which projects address important program objectives and shall generate a project score that reflects a project's priority compared to other projects. The board shall assign scoring points to each criterion that indicate the relative importance of the criterion in the overall determination of project priority. After June 30, 2001, the board may supplement and refine the initial project priority criteria and scoring framework developed by the freight mobility project prioritization committee as expertise and experience is gained in administering the freight mobility program. (6) It is the intent of the legislature that each freight mobility project contained in the project portfolio submitted by the board utilize the greatest amount of nonstate funding possible. The board shall adopt rules that give preference to projects that contain the greatest levels of financial participation from nonprogram fund sources. The board shall consider twenty percent as the minimum partnership contribution, but shall also ensure that there are provisions allowing exceptions for projects that are located in areas where minimal local funding capacity exists or where the magnitude of the project makes the adopted partnership contribution financially unfeasible. (7) The board shall develop and recommend policies that address operational improvements that primarily benefit and enhance freight movement, including, but not limited to, policies that reduce congestion in truck lanes at border crossings and weigh stations and provide for access to ports during nonpeak hours. [1999 c 216 § 1; 1998 c 175 § 3.] 47.06A.030 Board—Creation—Membership. (1) The freight mobility strategic investment board is created. The board shall convene by July 1, 1998. (2) The board is composed of twelve members. The following members are appointed by the governor for terms of four years, except that five members initially are appointed for terms of two years: (a) Two members, one of whom is from a city located within or along a strategic freight corridor, appointed from a list of at least four persons nominated by the association of Washington cities or its successor; (b) two members, one of whom is from a county having a strategic freight corridor within its boundaries, appointed from a list of at least four persons nominated by the Washington state association of counties or its successor; (c) two members, one of whom is from a port district located within or along a strategic freight corridor, appointed from a list of at least four persons nominated by the Washington public ports association or its successor; (d) one member representing the office of financial management; (e) one member appointed as 47.06A.030 (2004 Ed.) Coordinating Special Needs Transportation a representative of the trucking industry; (f) one member appointed as a representative of the railroads; (g) the secretary of the department of transportation; (h) one member representing the steamship industry; and (i) one member of the general public. In appointing the general public member, the governor shall endeavor to appoint a member with special expertise in relevant fields such as public finance, freight transportation, or public works construction. The governor shall appoint the general public member as chair of the board. In making appointments to the board, the governor shall ensure that each geographic region of the state is represented. (3) Members of the board shall be reimbursed for reasonable and customary travel expenses as provided in RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. (4) If a vacancy on the board occurs by death, resignation, or otherwise, the governor shall fill the vacant position for the unexpired term. Each vacancy in a position appointed from lists provided by the associations and departments under subsection (2) of this section must be filled from a list of at least four persons nominated by the relevant association or associations. (5) The appointments made in subsection (2) of this section are not subject to confirmation. [1999 c 216 § 2; 1998 c 175 § 4.] 47.06A.040 47.06A.040 Board—Administration and staffing. The board, at its option, may either appoint an executive director, who shall serve at its pleasure and whose salary shall be set by the board or make provisions ensuring the responsibilities of the executive director are carried out by an existing transportation-related state agency or by private contract. Staff support to the board shall be provided by the department of transportation, the transportation improvement board, and the county road administration board, or their successor agencies. [1999 c 216 § 3; 1998 c 175 § 5.] 47.06A.050 47.06A.050 Allocation of funds. (1) For the purpose of allocating funds for the freight mobility strategic investment program, the board shall allocate the first fifty-five percent of funds to the highest priority projects, without regard to location. (2) The remaining funds shall be allocated equally among three regions of the state, defined as follows: (a) The Puget Sound region includes King, Pierce, and Snohomish counties; (b) The western Washington region includes Clallum, Jefferson, Island, Kitsap, San Juan, Skagit, Whatcom, Clark, Cowlitz, Grays Harbor, Lewis, Mason, Pacific, Skamania, Thurston, and Wahkiakum counties; and (c) The eastern Washington region includes Adams, Chelan, Douglas, Ferry, Grant, Lincoln, Okanogan, Pend Oreille, Spokane, Stevens, Whitman, Asotin, Benton, Columbia, Franklin, Garfield, Kittitas, Klickitat, Walla Walla, and Yakima counties. (3) If a region does not have enough qualifying projects to utilize its allocation of funds, the funds will be made available to the next highest priority project, without regard to location. (4) In the event that a proposal contains projects in more than one region, for purposes of assuring that equitable geo(2004 Ed.) Chapter 47.06B graphic distributions are made under subsection (2) of this section, the board shall evaluate the proposal and proportionally assign the benefits that are attributable to each region. (5) If the board identifies a project for funding, but later determines that the project is not ready to proceed at the time the legislature's funding decision is pending, the board shall recommend removing the project from consideration and the next highest priority project shall be substituted in the project portfolio. Any project removed from funding consideration because it is not ready to proceed shall retain its position on the priority project list and is eligible to be recommended for funding in the next project portfolio submitted by the board. [1998 c 175 § 6.] 47.06A.060 47.06A.060 Grants and loans. In order to aid the financing of eligible freight mobility projects, the board may: (1) Make grants or loans from funds appropriated for the freight mobility strategic investment program for the purpose of financing freight mobility projects. The board may require terms and conditions as it deems necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of this chapter. (2) The state shall not bear the financial burden for project costs unrelated to the movement of freight. Project amenities unrelated to the movement of freight may not be submitted to the board as part of a project proposal under the freight mobility strategic investment program. (3) All freight mobility projects aided in whole or in part under this chapter must have a public entity designated as the lead project proponent. [1998 c 175 § 7.] 47.06A.070 47.06A.070 Records. The board shall keep proper records and shall be subject to audit by the state auditor. [1998 c 175 § 8.] 47.06A.080 47.06A.080 Port district development plans. Port districts in the state shall submit their development plans to the relevant regional transportation planning organization or metropolitan planning organization, the department, and affected cities and counties to better coordinate the development and funding of freight mobility projects. [1998 c 175 § 9.] 47.06A.900 47.06A.900 Severability—1998 c 175. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1998 c 175 § 15.] Chapter 47.06B Chapter 47.06B RCW COORDINATING SPECIAL NEEDS TRANSPORTATION Sections 47.06B.010 47.06B.012 47.06B.015 47.06B.020 47.06B.030 47.06B.030 47.06B.040 47.06B.900 Finding—Intent. Definitions. Program for Agency Coordinated Transportation. Agency council on coordinated transportation—Creation, membership, staff. Council—Duties (as amended by 1999 c 372). Council—Duties (as amended by 1999 c 385). Local planning forums. Council—Termination. [Title 47 RCW—page 27] 47.06B.010 47.06B.901 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Repealer. 47.06B.010 Finding—Intent. (Effective until June 30, 2008.) The legislature finds that transportation systems for persons with special needs are not operated as efficiently as possible. In some cases, programs established by the legislature to assist persons with special needs can not be accessed due to these inefficiencies and coordination barriers. It is the intent of the legislature that public transportation agencies, pupil transportation programs, private nonprofit transportation providers, and other public agencies sponsoring programs that require transportation services coordinate those transportation services. Through coordination of transportation services, programs will achieve increased efficiencies and will be able to provide more rides to a greater number of persons with special needs. [1999 c 385 § 1; 1998 c 173 § 1.] 47.06B.010 47.06B.012 Definitions. (Effective until June 30, 2008.) The definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Persons with special transportation needs" means those persons, including their personal attendants, who because of physical or mental disability, income status, or age are unable to transport themselves or purchase transportation. (2) "Special needs coordinated transportation" is transportation for persons with special transportation needs that is developed through a collaborative community process involving transportation providers; human service programs and agencies; consumers; social, educational, and health service providers; employer and business representatives; employees and employee representatives; and other affected parties. [1999 c 385 § 2.] 47.06B.012 potential effects on the client transportation costs of other agencies or programs are considered. Affected agencies are given an opportunity to influence the decision if the potential impact is negative. (4) Open local market mechanisms give all providers who meet minimum standards an opportunity to participate in the program, and, in addition, allow for cost comparisons so that purchasers can select the least expensive trip most appropriate to the customer's needs. (5) There is flexibility in using the available vehicles in a community so that the ability to transport people is not restricted by categorical claims to vehicles. (6) There is maximum sharing of operating facilities and administrative services, to avoid duplication of costly program elements. (7) Trip sponsors and service providers have agreed on a process for allocating costs and billing when they share use of vehicles. (8) Minimum standards exist for at least safety, driver training, maintenance, vehicles, and technology to eliminate barriers that may prevent sponsors from using each other's vehicles or serving each other's clients. (9) The system is user friendly. The fact that the system is supported by a multitude of programs and agencies with different eligibility, contracting, service delivery, payment, and funding structures does not negatively affect the customer's ability to access service. (10) Support is provided for research, technology improvements, and sharing of best practices from other communities, so that the system can be continually improved. (11) There are performance goals and an evaluation process that leads to continuous system improvement. [1999 c 385 § 3.] 47.06B.020 Agency council on coordinated transportation—Creation, membership, staff. (Effective until June 30, 2008.) (1) The agency council on coordinated transportation is created. The council is composed of nine voting members and eight nonvoting, legislative members. (2) The nine voting members are the superintendent of public instruction or a designee, the secretary of transportation or a designee, the secretary of the department of social and health services or a designee, and six members appointed by the governor as follows: (a) One representative from the office of the governor; (b) Two persons who are consumers of special needs transportation services; (c) One representative from the Washington association of pupil transportation; (d) One representative from the Washington state transit association; and (e) One of the following: (i) A representative from the community transportation association of the Northwest; or (ii) A representative from the community action council association. (3) The eight nonvoting members are legislators as follows: (a) Four members from the house of representatives, two from each of the two largest caucuses, appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives, two who are mem47.06B.020 47.06B.015 Program for Agency Coordinated Transportation. (Effective until June 30, 2008.) In order to increase efficiency, to reduce waste and duplication, to enable people to access social and health services, to provide a basic level of mobility, and to extend and improve transportation services to people with special transportation needs, the state shall implement the Program for Agency Coordinated Transportation. The program will improve transportation efficiency and effectiveness to maximize the use of community resources so that more people can be served within available funding levels. The Program for Agency Coordinated Transportation will facilitate a statewide approach to coordination and will support the development of community-based coordinated transportation systems that exhibit the following characteristics: (1) Organizations serving persons with special transportation needs share responsibility for ensuring that customers can access services. (2) There is a single entry process for customers to use to have trips arranged and scheduled, so the customer does not have to contact different locations based on which sponsoring agency or program is paying for the trip. (3) A process is in place so that when decisions are made by service organizations on facility siting or program policy implementation, the costs of client transportation and the 47.06B.015 [Title 47 RCW—page 28] (2004 Ed.) Coordinating Special Needs Transportation bers of the house transportation policy and budget committee and two who are members of the house appropriations committee; and (b) Four members from the senate, two from each of the two largest caucuses, appointed by the president of the senate, two members of the transportation committee and two members of the ways and means committee. (4) Gubernatorial appointees of the council will serve two-year terms. Members may not receive compensation for their service on the council, but will be reimbursed for actual and necessary expenses incurred in performing their duties as members as set forth in RCW 43.03.220. (5) The secretary of transportation or a designee shall serve as the chair. (6) The department of transportation shall provide necessary staff support for the council. (7) The council may receive gifts, grants, or endowments from public or private sources that are made from time to time, in trust or otherwise, for the use and benefit of the purposes of the council and spend gifts, grants, or endowments or income from the public or private sources according to their terms, unless the receipt of the gifts, grants, or endowments violates RCW 42.17.710. [1998 c 173 § 2.] 47.06B.030 47.06B.030 Council—Duties (as amended by 1999 c 372). (Effective until June 30, 2008.) The council shall: (1) Develop standards and strategies for coordinating special needs transportation; (2) Identify and develop, fund as resources are made available, and monitor coordinated transportation pilot projects; (3) Disseminate and encourage the widespread implementation of successful demonstration projects; (4) Identify and address barriers to transportation coordination; (5) Recommend to the legislature changes in law to assist coordination of transportation services; (6) Act as an information clearinghouse and advocate for coordinated transportation; (7) Petition the office of financial management to make whatever changes are deemed necessary to identify transportation costs in all executive agency budgets((; (8) Report to the legislature by December 1, 1998, on council activities including, but not limited to, what demonstration projects have been undertaken, how coordination affected service levels, and whether these efforts produced savings that allowed expansion of services. Reports must be made once every two years thereafter, and other times as the council deems necessary)). [1999 c 372 § 13; 1998 c 173 § 3.] 47.06B.030 47.06B.030 Council—Duties (as amended by 1999 c 385). (Effective until June 30, 2008.) To assure implementation of the Program for Agency Coordinated Transportation, the council, in coordination with stakeholders, shall: (1) Develop ((standards and strategies for coordinating special needs transportation; (2) Identify and develop, fund as resources are made available, and monitor coordinated transportation pilot projects; (3) Disseminate and encourage the widespread implementation of successful demonstration projects; (4) Identify and address barriers to transportation coordination; (5) Recommend to the legislature changes in law to assist coordination of transportation services; (6) Act as an information clearinghouse and advocate for coordinated transportation; (7))) guidelines for local planning of coordinated transportation in accordance with this chapter; (2) Initiate local planning processes by contacting the board of commissioners and county councils in each county and encouraging them to convene local planning forums for the purpose of implementing special needs coordinated transportation programs at the community level; (2004 Ed.) 47.06B.040 (3) Work with local community forums to designate a local lead organization that shall cooperate and coordinate with private and nonprofit transportation brokers and providers, local public transportation agencies, local governments, and user groups; (4) Provide a forum at the state level in which state agencies will discuss and resolve coordination issues and program policy issues that may impact transportation coordination and costs; (5) Provide guidelines for state agencies to use in creating policies, rules, or procedures to encourage the participation of their constituents in community-based planning and coordination, in accordance with this chapter; (6) Facilitate state-level discussion and action on problems and barriers identified by the local forums that can only be resolved at either the state or federal level; (7) Develop and test models for determining the impacts of facility siting and program policy decisions on transportation costs; (8) Develop methodologies and provide support to local and state agencies in identifying transportation costs; (9) Develop guidelines for setting performance measures and evaluating performance; (10) Develop monitoring reporting criteria and processes to assess state and local level of participation with this chapter; (11) Administer and manage grant funds to develop, test, and facilitate the implementation of coordinated systems; (12) Develop minimum standards for safety, driver training, and vehicles, and provide models for processes and technology to support coordinated service delivery systems; (13) Provide a clearinghouse for sharing information about transportation coordination best practices and experiences; (14) Promote research and development of methods and tools to improve the performance of transportation coordination in the state; (15) Provide technical assistance and support to communities; (16) Facilitate, monitor, provide funding as available, and give technical support to local planning processes; (17) Form, convene, and give staff support to stakeholder work groups as needed to continue work on removing barriers to coordinated transportation; (18) Advocate for the coordination of transportation for people with special transportation needs at the federal, state, and local levels; (19) Recommend to the legislature changes in laws to assist coordination of transportation services; (20) Petition the office of financial management to make whatever changes are deemed necessary to identify transportation costs in all executive agency budgets; (((8))) (21) Report to the legislature by December 1, ((1998)) 2000, on council activities including, but not limited to, the progress of community planning processes, what demonstration projects have been undertaken, how coordination affected service levels, and whether these efforts produced savings that allowed expansion of services. Reports must be made once every two years thereafter, and other times as the council deems necessary. [1999 c 385 § 5; 1998 c 173 § 3.] Reviser's note: RCW 47.06B.030 was amended twice during the 1999 legislative session, each without reference to the other. For rule of construction concerning sections amended more than once during the same legislative session, see RCW 1.12.025. 47.06B.040 47.06B.040 Local planning forums. (Effective until June 30, 2008.) The council may request, and may require as a condition of receiving coordination grants, selected county governments to convene local planning forums and invite participation of all entities, including tribal governments, that serve or transport persons with special transportation needs. Counties are encouraged to coordinate and combine their forums and planning processes with other counties, as they find it appropriate. The local community forums must: (1) Designate a lead organization to facilitate the community planning process on an ongoing basis; (2) Identify functional boundaries for the local coordinated transportation system; (3) Clarify roles and responsibilities of the various participants; [Title 47 RCW—page 29] 47.06B.900 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation (4) Identify community resources and needs; (5) Prepare a plan for developing a coordinated transportation system that meets the intent of this chapter, addresses community needs, and efficiently uses community resources to address unmet needs; (6) Implement the community coordinated transportation plan; (7) Develop performance measures consistent with council guidelines; (8) Develop a reporting process consistent with council guidelines; (9) Raise issues and barriers to the council when resolution is needed at either the state or federal level; (10) Develop a process for open discussion and input on local policy and facility siting decisions that may have an impact on the special needs transportation costs and service delivery of other programs and agencies in the community. [1999 c 385 § 6.] 47.06B.900 Council—Termination. The agency council on coordinated transportation is terminated on June 30, 2007, as provided in RCW 47.06B.901. [1999 c 385 § 7; 1998 c 173 § 6.] 47.06B.900 47.06B.901 Repealer. The following acts or parts of acts, as now existing or hereafter amended, are each repealed, effective June 30, 2008: (1) RCW 47.06B.010 and 1999 c 385 § 1 & 1998 c 173 § 1; (2) RCW 47.06B.012 and 1999 c 385 § 2; (3) RCW 47.06B.015 and 1999 c 385 § 3; (4) RCW 47.06B.020 and *1999 c 385 § 4 & 1998 c 173 § 2; (5) RCW 47.06B.030 and 1999 c 385 § 5 & 1998 c 173 § 3; and (6) RCW 47.06B.040 and 1999 c 385 § 6. [1999 c 385 § 8; 1998 c 173 § 7.] 47.06B.901 *Reviser's note: 1999 c 385 § 4 was vetoed. Chapter 47.06C RCW PERMIT EFFICIENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY Chapter 47.06C Sections 47.06C.010 Findings—Intent. 47.06C.020 Definitions. 47.06C.030 Transportation permit efficiency and accountability committee. 47.06C.040 Committee responsibilities. 47.06C.050 Pilot projects. 47.06C.060 Local government participation. 47.06C.070 Interim permit process. 47.06C.080 Department organization and administrative actions. 47.06C.090 Training and compliance. 47.06C.100 Cost reimbursement. 47.06C.900 Captions not law—2001 1st sp.s. c 2. 47.06C.901 Expiration date—2001 1st sp.s. c 2. 47.06C.902 Effective date—2001 1st sp.s. c 2. 47.06C.903 Severability—2001 1st sp.s. c 2. 47.06C.010 Findings—Intent. (Expires March 31, 2006.) The legislature finds that the public health and safety of its citizens, the natural resources, and the environment are vital interests of the state that need to be protected and preserved. The legislature further finds that the safety of the 47.06C.010 [Title 47 RCW—page 30] traveling public and the state's economic well-being are vital interests that depend upon the development of cost-effective and efficient transportation systems planned, designed, constructed, and maintained through expedited permit decisionmaking processes. It is the intent of the legislature to achieve transportation permit reform that expedites the delivery of transportation projects through a streamlined approach to environmental permit decision making. To optimize the limited resources available for transportation system improvements and environmental protection, state regulatory and natural resource agencies, public and private sector interests, Indian tribes, local and regional governments, applicable federal agencies, and the department of transportation must work cooperatively to establish common goals, minimize project delays, develop consistency in the application of environmental standards, maximize environmental benefits through coordinated investment strategies, and eliminate duplicative processes through assigned responsibilities of selected permit drafting and compliance activities between state and federal agencies. Therefore, the transportation permit efficiency and accountability committee is created. The committee shall integrate current environmental standards, but may not create new environmental standards. The committee shall conduct three environmental permit streamlining pilot projects and create a process to develop general permits. Additionally, the committee shall seek federal delegation to the state where appropriate to streamline transportation projects. [2003 c 8 § 1; 2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 1.] Effective date—2003 c 8: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect immediately [March 31, 2003]." [2003 c 8 § 4.] 47.06C.020 47.06C.020 Definitions. (Expires March 31, 2006.) The definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter unless the context indicates otherwise. (1) "Assigned responsibilities" means those components of developing and implementing environmental permits, including but not limited to, environmental review and assessment, selected permit drafting, and selected on-site compliance activities that may be conducted by the department. (2) "Best available information" means the existing sources of data, including limiting factors analyses required under chapter 77.85 RCW that can be used to make informed decisions regarding environmental conditions within a watershed. (3) "Best management practices" means currently available and generally accepted techniques, including new technologies or strategies that seek to reduce the negative impacts of transportation facilities, projects, and services on communities and the environment, and promote more efficient and effective use of transportation facilities. (4) "Committee" means the transportation permit efficiency and accountability committee created in RCW 47.06C.030. (5) "Least cost planning" means the use of best available information within a watershed basin applied to transportation decision making in the planning, permit decision making, and mitigation phases of a project. (2004 Ed.) Permit Efficiency and Accountability (6) "Low-impact development project" means an activity or series of actions that conform to a comprehensive land use planning and engineering design approach with a goal of maintaining or restoring existing natural habitat functions and hydrologic regime of urban and developing watersheds. These projects incorporate strategic watershed planning with site-specific management techniques to reduce development impacts to better replicate natural watershed hydrology and water quality, while allowing for development or infrastructure rehabilitation to occur. (7) "One-stop permit decision making" means a coordinated permit decision-making process that streamlines environmental review and permit decision making for transportation projects by providing concurrent, consolidated review by each agency required to review the project. (8) "Programmatic approach" means a permit or other action that covers a geographic or statewide area and applies to a variety of projects, activities, or locales. A programmatic approach may allow actions to proceed without individual approval by each permit decision-making agency. (9) "Transportation project of statewide significance" means a surface transportation project or combination of surface transportation projects, that crosses multiple city or county jurisdictional boundaries or connects major state destinations in support of the state's economy and is so designated by the department of transportation and approved by the transportation committees of the senate and house of representatives. The transportation committees of the senate and house of representatives may also jointly designate these projects. The pilot projects established in this chapter are examples of transportation projects of statewide significance, but transportation projects of statewide significance are not limited to the pilot projects. (10) "Watershed" means a water resource inventory area. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 2.] 47.06C.030 47.06C.030 Transportation permit efficiency and accountability committee. (Expires March 31, 2006.) The transportation permit efficiency and accountability committee is created. (1) The committee consists of nine voting members, including two members from the house of representatives, one from each of the two largest caucuses; two senators, one from each of the two largest caucuses; one member designated by the secretary of transportation; one member designated by the director of fish and wildlife; one member designated by the director of ecology; one member designated by the Association of Washington Cities; and one member designated by the Washington State Association of Counties. The committee shall elect a chair from the four legislators appointed to the committee. (2) The committee also includes eight nonvoting members, including one member designated by the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission; one member designated by the Columbia River Intertribal Fisheries Commission; one member designated by the Consulting Engineers Council of Washington; one member designated by the Associated General Contractors of Washington; one member designated by the Association of Washington Business; one member designated by the Washington State Building and Construction Trades Council; one member designated by statewide envi(2004 Ed.) 47.06C.040 ronmental organizations; and one member designated by the State Fish and Wildlife Commission, to represent the interests of citizens engaged in fish and wildlife recovery. (3) A representative from the department of natural resources and representatives from federal regulatory and transportation agencies, including the Environmental Protection Agency, National Marine Fisheries Service, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Federal Highways Administration, and United States Fish and Wildlife Service must be invited to participate in committee deliberations as nonvoting members. (4) The committee may create technical subcommittees as needed. Technical subcommittees created for a specific pilot project or pilot projects must include, but are not limited to, representatives of local governments from jurisdictions affected by those projects. Recommendations made by a technical subcommittee must be approved by a majority of the voting members of the committee. (5) Nonvoting members will not be compensated but will receive reimbursement for travel expenses in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. (6) The department of transportation office of environmental affairs shall provide administrative and clerical assistance to the committee. (7) No vote of the committee may overrule existing statutes, regulations, or local ordinances. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 3.] 47.06C.040 47.06C.040 Committee responsibilities. (Expires March 31, 2006.) (1)(a) The committee and its authorized technical subcommittees shall develop a one-stop permit decision-making process that uses interdisciplinary review of transportation projects of statewide significance to streamline and expedite permit decision making. The committee shall collaborate with appropriate agencies and parties to identify existing environmental standards, to assess the application of those standards, and develop an integrated permitting process based upon environmental standards and best management practices, which may use prescriptive or performance standards, for transportation projects of statewide significance that can be applied with certainty, consistency, and assurance of swift permit action, while taking into account the varying environmental conditions throughout the state. (b) By June 30, 2003, the committee shall develop a detailed work plan of one-stop permitting activities for review by the legislature. The work plan must include both a schedule to use the one-stop permit process on all funded transportation projects of statewide significance and any additional resources needed to ensure that this occurs. This work plan must include a process that enables the department to propose permit terms and conditions for permitting agency review and approval. (c) The committee shall provide a status report to the legislature by December 31, 2003, and shall also identify barriers and opportunities to achieve a concurrent public review process, concurrent public hearings, and a unified appeals process for one-stop permitting. (2) The committee shall give notice to the legislative authority of each affected county and city of the projects that are designated as transportation projects of statewide significance. [Title 47 RCW—page 31] 47.06C.040 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation (3) The committee shall create a technical subcommittee with representation at a minimum from the department of fish and wildlife, the department of ecology, and the department of transportation. (a) Within six months from the first meeting of the committee, the subcommittee shall create a process to develop a programmatic approach for transportation projects. The committee shall review the department's construction project list to determine which projects or activities may be included in the programmatic approach and develop agreements with a goal of covering seventy percent of those projects or activities with programmatic agreements. At a minimum, this process must require that decisions on minor variations to the requirements of a programmatic approach must be provided by the permit decision-making agencies within twenty-one days of submittal. (b) By June 30, 2003, the committee shall prioritize programmatic agreement opportunities identified in (a) of this subsection, develop a detailed work plan to achieve the goals set forth, and submit the report and plan to the legislature. The work plan must be reviewed and updated on a quarterly basis and submitted to the legislature twice yearly. This work plan must include the following elements: (i) A schedule of activities and resources needed to achieve completion of the nine highest priority multiagency programmatic agreements by June 30, 2004; (ii) A prioritized list of the remaining departmental activities eligible for programmatic, multiagency consideration by September 30, 2003; (iii) A schedule of activities and resources to achieve completion of the prioritized list of programmatic agreements by December 31, 2005. (c) The committee shall work with local governments to identify opportunities to integrate local government requirements in the agreements or permits identified in (b) of this subsection. (d) The technical subcommittee's recommendations must be approved by a majority of the voting members of the committee. (4) The committee shall explore the development of a consolidated local permit process. (5) The committee shall conduct one or more pilot projects to implement the collaborative review process set forth in RCW 36.70A.430 to review and coordinate state and local permits for a transportation project funded in the transportation budget and that crosses more than one city or county boundary. (6) The committee shall appoint a task force of representatives from cities and counties, the department of transportation, and other agencies as appropriate to identify one or more city or county permits for activities for which uniform standards can be developed for application by local governments. It is the goal of the task force to develop uniform standards and best practices for these identified permits that may be used by local governments in issuing their permits. The task force shall identify strategies for local governments to adapt these standards and best practices to local conditions. The committee shall encourage local governments to use these standards and best practices in local ordinances. The task force shall submit a progress report to the committee and the legislature by December 31, 2003, and shall conclude its [Title 47 RCW—page 32] work and report its final recommendations for review to the committee and the legislature no later than December 31, 2004. (7) The committee shall develop and prioritize a list of permit streamlining opportunities, specifically identifying substantive and procedural duplications and recommendations for resolving those duplications. The committee shall evaluate current laws and regulations and develop recommendations on ways to minimize the lapsing of permits. The committee shall evaluate flexible approaches that maximize transportation and environmental interests and make recommendations regarding where those approaches should be implemented. (8) The committee shall undertake the following activities to develop a watershed approach to environmental mitigation: (a) Develop methodologies for analyzing environmental impacts and applying compensatory mitigation consistent with a watershed-based approach before final design, including least cost methodology and low-impact development methodology; (b) Assess models to collate and access watershed data to support early agency involvement in transportation planning and reviews under the national Environmental Policy Act and the State Environmental Policy Act; (c) Use existing best available information from watershed planning efforts, lead entities, regional fisheries enhancement groups, and other recognized entities as deemed appropriate by the committee, to determine potential mitigation requirements for projects within a watershed. Priority consideration should be given to the use of the state's alternative mitigation policy guidance to best link transportation mitigation needs with local watershed and lead entity project lists; and (d) By June 30, 2003, develop a detailed work plan that covers watershed-based mitigation activities. This work plan must be submitted to the legislature and include the following elements: (i) A schedule of activities and resources needed to complete a watershed-based mitigation policy by December 31, 2003, that covers elements of permitting deemed appropriate by the committee; (ii) A schedule of activities and resources needed to develop watershed-based mitigation decision-making tools by June 30, 2004; (iii) A schedule of activities and resources needed to complete a test of technical and policy methods of watershedbased mitigation decision making by December 31, 2004, for a funded project in an urbanized area of the state; and (iv) A schedule to integrate watershed-based mitigation policies, technical tools, and procedures for projects by June 30, 2005. (9)(a) The committee shall seek federal delegation to the state where appropriate to streamline permit processes for transportation projects of statewide significance including: Delegation of section 404 permit authority under the Clean Water Act; nonfederal lead agency status under the federal Endangered Species Act; section 106 cultural resource designation under the National Historic Preservation Act; and other appropriate authority that when delegated should result in permit streamlining. (2004 Ed.) Permit Efficiency and Accountability (b) The department, the department of ecology, and the department of fish and wildlife shall jointly review relevant federal, state, and local environmental laws, regulations, policies, guidance, studies, and streamlining initiatives, and shall report to the committee and the legislature by September 30, 2003, on those instances where such might allow for delegation to the department or some other duly recognized entity as appropriate. The report must include recommendations on: (i) How to delegate consistent with federal permit streamlining efforts contained in new federal transportation authorizations and under Presidential Executive Order number 13274, Environmental Stewardship and Transportation Infrastructure Project Reviews, September 18, 2002; (ii) How to maximize possible use of programmatic approaches to simplify issuance of federally required permits and project approvals; (iii) The scope, roles, and responsibilities associated with any such delegation, especially as relates to regulatory standard setting, permitting, and oversight; and (iv) A work plan and schedule of activities and resources needed to implement the recommendations of the department, the department of ecology, and the department of fish and wildlife on this matter. The committee shall take action on the report, and shall report to the legislature by December 31, 2003, and every six months thereafter on the status of such delegation efforts. (10) The committee shall develop a dispute resolution process to resolve conflicts in interpretation of environmental standards and best management practices, mitigation requirements, permit requirements, assigned responsibilities, and other related issues by September 1, 2001. The dispute resolution process may not abrogate or supplant any appeal right of any party under existing statutes. The dispute resolution process must be designed to include federal agencies if they choose to participate. (11) The committee shall develop preliminary models and strategies for agencies to test how best to maximize the environmental investment of transportation funds on a watershed basis. After agencies test the models and strategies developed by the committee, the committee shall evaluate the models and strategies and make recommendations to the legislature. (12) The committee shall develop a consistent methodology for the timely and predictable submittal and evaluation of completed plans and specifications detailing project elements that impact environmental resources as well as proposed mitigation measures during the preliminary specifications and engineering phase of project development and submit information on the consistent methodology to the legislature. (13) The committee shall provide a summary report to the legislature on December 31, 2003, and every six months thereafter that details the committee's status and performance and its progress in implementing its master work plan. [2003 c 8 § 2; 2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 4.] Effective date—2003 c 8: See note following RCW 47.06C.010. 47.06C.050 47.06C.050 Pilot projects. (Expires March 31, 2006.) (1) The committee shall select and conduct permit reform pilot projects in three locales: (a) Urban near built-out conditions; (b) urban centers serving as crucial rural connectors; (2004 Ed.) 47.06C.050 and (c) rural corridors critical to statewide economic productivity. The pilot projects must test the assignment of responsibilities such as selected permit drafting and selected compliance activities to the department. (2) The committee shall commence efforts to apply streamlining lessons learned from the streamlined permit process for the pilot projects to as many other transportation projects of statewide significance as quickly as possible. In reporting to the legislature, the committee may recommend statutory or regulatory changes that would result in streamlining for future projects. (3) The department and permitting agencies shall apply an interim interdisciplinary permit review process for the pilot projects as set forth in this section. This process must provide coordinated review and approval of permit applications; provide coordinated and consolidated public hearings where required by one or more regulatory agencies under state law; and coordinate timelines for permit decision making. (4) The committee shall give notice to the legislative authority of each affected county and city of the projects the committee has designated as pilot projects. Each county and city notified must be offered the opportunity to participate in the pilot projects as provided for in this chapter. The department shall provide funding assistance for participation. (5) The committee shall develop a dispute resolution process to resolve conflicts in interpretation of environmental standards and best management practices, mitigation requirements, permit requirements, assigned responsibilities, the streamlined process for pilot projects set forth in this section, and other related issues by September 1, 2001. The dispute resolution process may not abrogate or supplant any appeal right of any party under existing statutes. The dispute resolution process must be designed to include federal agencies if they choose to participate. The dispute resolution process must be applied to the pilot projects. (6) The streamlined process for the pilot projects must be based on the following model: (a) Step 1: The department and permitting agencies will agree on coordination for environmental review under the state and national environmental policy acts, including document preparation, public comment opportunities, and timelines. (b) Step 2: For each project, the department will convene a meeting of all entities with permitting authority to review: (i) The proposed conceptual design for the project and alternative routes, construction approaches, or mitigation approaches; (ii) All known reviewing entities, permit application and approval requirements, and timelines; and (iii) A coordinated timeline that allows all statutory requirements to be met. (c) Step 3: The department will draft all necessary permits to proceed with the preferred alternative using relevant agreements with permitting agencies. (d) Step 4: The department will provide public notice in conformity with all applicable statutes and regulations and allow the required time for public hearings and written comments. [Title 47 RCW—page 33] 47.06C.060 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation (e) Step 5: The department may revise the draft permits after consideration of public comments and applying all relevant agreed upon standards. (f) Step 6: All permits will be disseminated to permitting agencies for final review. All reviews will be completed within forty-five days, at which time the permitting agencies will act upon the permit and either approve the permit or return it without approval. (g) Step 7: If the permit is returned to the department without approval, the permitting agencies will have one opportunity to identify errors or omissions and any remaining specific deficiencies or circumstances not previously addressed by agreements between the department and agencies that must be met or addressed to be compliant with applicable law. The department may revise the permit as warranted and resubmit the permit to the permitting agency, which will have fifteen days from receipt of the revised permit to take final action. (h) Step 8: Disputes related to permit decisions will be addressed by the dispute resolution process established by the committee. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 5.] 47.06C.060 47.06C.060 Local government participation. (Expires March 31, 2006.) (1) This section establishes procedures for city, town, and county governments to participate in the processes identified in this chapter to provide for coordinated, multijurisdictional environmental review and permitting decisions for pilot projects and transportation projects of statewide significance. (2) Each city, town, and county within whose boundaries is located or partially located one or more projects identified in subsection (1) of this section, shall elect whether or not to participate in coordinated processes for environmental review and permitting of those projects as required in this chapter. If the city, town, or county elects to participate, it may do so as either a participating entity or as an assigning entity. (a) If a city, town, or county elects to be considered as a participating entity, the committee must then include a representative designated by the city, town, or county in the coordinated review of the project. The department shall compensate the jurisdiction for technical support required for participation in the process. The jurisdiction will also be eligible for reimbursement for permit fees set by local ordinances and other agreed upon costs associated with the issuance of project permits. (b) For the purposes of expediting the permit process, a city, town, or county may elect to assign its permit responsibilities under chapter 39.34 RCW to the department simultaneously with its notification to the department as specified in this section. The city, town, or county electing to assign its responsibilities shall enter into an agreement with the department to define the local permit requirements that must be met. Permits issued under the negotiated agreement are presumed to at least meet local environmental permit requirements. A city, town, or county choosing to use this option is eligible for a permit fee set by local ordinances associated with the issuance of the project permits. (3) If the city, town, or county elects not to participate in the coordinated processes for the pilot projects designated in this chapter or transportation projects of statewide signifi[Title 47 RCW—page 34] cance the department will issue the locally required permits, when allowable. The department shall comply with all provisions of city, town, and county ordinances, and the department permit approval is presumed to at least meet the local environmental review and permit requirements. (4) Any city, town, or county shall notify the department within sixty days of receipt of the committee's notification of project designation, as to whether it elects to be considered as a participating entity or an assigning entity, or elects not to participate in the coordinated process provided in this chapter. (5) The committee shall review and evaluate the process by which local governments review and approve pilot projects and transportation projects of statewide significance, and shall provide recommendations to the legislature to improve the coordination of the local process with state and federal reviews as part of the reports required by this chapter. (6) A city, town, or county is not liable for decisions made by the department that result in a failure to comply with city, town, or county ordinances except as provided in the interlocal agreements, and the department shall defend and answer to any actions or complaints challenging the validity of permits issued under this section. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 6.] 47.06C.070 Interim permit process. (Expires March 31, 2006.) Until integrated standards and best management practices have been adopted by the committee, the department may use the following process for transportation projects of statewide significance, including projects requested by a project sponsor. (1) Step 1: Conceptual description. The department will identify project purposes, the approximate location or alternative locations, and the federal, state, and local agencies that might have authority to review and approve the project or portions of it at any such locations, and a preliminary interagency communication list identifying agencies that may be interested in the proposed project and, where known, contact persons in such agencies. If the department is going to proceed with step 2 or to abandon the project, it may complete step 1 by: (a) Providing a summary of the outcome to all agencies on the list; and (b) making the summary available to the public. (2) Step 2: Early involvement of other agencies. (a) At any time after completing step 1, the department will provide notice to all agencies on the interagency communication list and the public. Within thirty days, or a longer time if specified by the department, each state, local, and federal agency will be encouraged to identify: (i) A primary contact person to coordinate future communications with the department and other interested agencies regarding the project, or indicate that it has no interest in the project and need not remain on the project information list; (ii) Its role with respect to the proposed project; (iii) Additional alternative locations the department should consider and the roles it would expect to have with the project at those locations; (iv) Other agencies it believes should be added to the list for the project; and (v) Other information the agency requests the department to consider. 47.06C.070 (2004 Ed.) Permit Efficiency and Accountability (b) After all state and local agencies on the list have responded, or at least ten days after expiration of the specified response time, the department may complete step 2 by: (i) Proposing one or more conceptual designs for the project at a proposed location and any alternative locations then being considered; (ii) providing a summary of the results of step 2, including a statement that the department considers step 2 to be complete or complete except for specified issues remaining to be resolved with specified agencies, to all agencies on the interagency communication list; and (iii) making the summary available to the public. (3) Step 3: Identify environmental reviews, permits, and other approvals, application procedures, and decision standards. (a) At any time after completing step 2, the department may initiate step 3 by notice to all agencies on the list and the public. This notice may include a threshold determination on whether an environmental impact statement (EIS) or supplemental EIS will be prepared or an environmental checklist and request for comments on what steps should be taken to comply with chapter 43.21C RCW, the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA). Within thirty days, or a longer time if specified by the department, each state, local, and federal agency will be encouraged to identify: (i) The procedures under which it expects environmental reviews of the project to occur; (ii) All permits and other approvals it might require for the project at each alternative location and conceptual design; (iii) What is needed for the department to file a complete application for each permit or other approval; (iv) The laws, regulations, ordinances, and policies it would administer with respect to the project at each alternative location and conceptual design; and (v) Other information the agency requests the department to consider in deciding whether, when, where, or how to proceed with the project. (b) After all state and local agencies on the list have responded, or at least ten days after expiration of the specified response time, the department may complete step 3 by: (i) Adopting a list of all environmental reviews, permits, and other approvals it believes are needed for the project under each alternative being considered; (ii) Providing all agencies on the list a copy of that list and a summary of the other results of step 3, including a statement that the department considers step 3 to be complete or complete except for specified issues remaining to be resolved with specified agencies; and (iii) Making the list and summary available to the public. (c) The list and summary will be presumed to accurately identify all environmental reviews, permits, and other approvals needed for each alternative described, what is required for applications to be considered complete, and the standards under which applications will be reviewed and approved, unless an aggrieved agency or person files objections within thirty days after the list and summary are distributed. (4) Step 4: Tentative selection of preferred alternative. (a) At any time after completing step 3, the department may initiate step 4 by notice to all agencies on the list and the public. This notice may be accompanied by a scoping notice for an EIS or supplemental EIS or, if available, be accompanied by a draft EIS or supplemental EIS. It also may be accompa(2004 Ed.) 47.06C.070 nied by the department's preliminary analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of each identified alternative, or other information that may be helpful to other interested agencies and the public in identifying advantages and disadvantages. Within fourteen days, or a longer time if specified by the department, each state, local, and federal agency will be encouraged to identify: (i) For each identified alternative, the specific features it considers significant with respect to its role in environmental reviews, permits, or other approvals for the project; the reasons these features are significant, and any concerns it may have about the alternative because of potential adverse impacts of these features on resources or social policies within its jurisdiction; (ii) For each feature for which it raises concerns, recommendations on how the potential adverse impacts could be avoided, minimized, and mitigated; (iii) For each feature for which it raises concerns, an assessment of the relative ranking of each alternative with respect to whether and to what extent these concerns apply; (iv) Recommendations the agency may have as to which alternatives should be retained or dropped from further consideration, and ways in which alternatives might be modified or combined to address its concerns, recognizing that final decisions can be made only through the applicable environmental review, permit, and other approval processes and the agency making them is not bound with respect to any future decisions it may make regarding the project; (v) Other information the agency requests the department to consider in deciding whether, when, where, or how to proceed with the project. (b) After all state and local agencies on the list have responded, or at least ten days after expiration of the specified response time, the department may complete step 4 by: (i) Selecting a preferred alternative for purposes of all environmental reviews, permits, and other approvals needed for the project; (ii) Providing all agencies on the list a description of the preferred alternative and summary of the other results of step 4, including a statement that the department considers step 4 to be complete or complete except for specified issues remaining to be resolved with specified agencies; and (iii) Making the preferred alternative and summary available to the public. The preferred alternative will be identified in all environmental reviews, permits, and other approvals needed for the project. (5) Step 5: Completing environmental reviews and applications for permits and other approvals. (a) At any time after completing step 4, the department may initiate step 5 by notice to all agencies on the list and the public. A draft EIS or supplemental EIS, the department's draft plans and specifications for the project, and draft applications for some or all permits and other approvals may be provided with the notice or when they subsequently become available. Within thirty days, or a longer time if specified by the department, each state, local, and federal agency will be encouraged to identify: (i) All concerns it previously raised regarding the alternative, and other alternatives still under consideration, that have not been resolved to its satisfaction; [Title 47 RCW—page 35] 47.06C.080 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation (ii) Additional concerns it may have, particularly concerns resulting from additional information about the project location and design, and other new information received since the completion of step 4; (iii) Additional environmental reviews, permits, or other approvals needed for the preferred alternative because of changes in laws, regulations, or policies or changes in the project location or design since these issues were last reviewed in step 3 or 4; (iv) Changes in applicable requirements for complete applications for permits or other approvals under its jurisdiction since these issues were last reviewed in step 3 or 4; (v) Other changes in applicable laws, regulations, ordinances, or policies administered by the agency since these issues were last reviewed in step 3 or 4; (vi) Whether a draft application proposed by the department for a permit or other approval from the agency is complete, and if not, what additional information or other changes are needed for it to be complete. (b) When all state and local agencies on the list have responded, or at least ten days after expiration of the specified response time, the department may complete step 5 by: (i) Completing some or all environmental review processes and draft application forms for permits and other approvals that it reasonably believes to be complete; (ii) Providing all agencies on the interagency communication list with environmental review and application documents and a summary of the other results of step 5, including a statement that the department considers step 5 to be complete or complete except for specified issues remaining to be resolved with specified agencies; and (iii) Making the completed environmental review documents and summary available to the public. The preferred alternative will be identified in all environmental reviews, permits, and other approvals needed for the project. (c) However, if an interested agency or aggrieved person files objections within fourteen days after the preferred alternative and summary are distributed, the objections will be addressed in subsequent environmental reviews and agency decisions regarding the project. (6) Step 6: Completing the environmental review, permit, and other approval processes. (a) At any time after completing step 5, the department may initiate step 6 by notice to all agencies on the list and the public and filing applications for some or all permits and other approvals needed for the project. Within thirty days, or a longer time if specified by the department, each state, local, and federal agency will be encouraged to: (i) Acknowledge receipt of draft environmental review documents provided to them and provide comments on them; (ii) Acknowledge receipt of final environmental review documents and determine that they are adequate for purposes of their roles regarding the project or specify what additional information or changes are needed for them to be considered adequate; (iii) Acknowledge receipt of each application filed with them and determine that the application is complete or specify what additional information or changes are needed for it to be considered complete; (iv) Acknowledge that the applications submitted to them will be processed under the laws, regulations, ordi[Title 47 RCW—page 36] nances, and policies previously identified under steps 3, 4, and 5 or specify what changes have occurred in the governing standards that were in effect on the date a complete application was filed and thus apply to the project; (v) Identify the significant steps necessary for the agency to reach a final decision on applications and the estimated time needed for each step; (vi) Identify ways its decision-making process might be made more efficient and effective through additional coordination with other agencies, with any recommendations for such methods as joint solicitation and review of public comments and jointly conducting public hearings. (b) It is recognized that step 6 may require an iterative process with several drafts of various environmental review documents and applications being considered and revised, and that changes in project location or design resulting from the permit decisions of one agency may require revising applications or even reopening permit decisions of other agencies. All state and local agencies are expected, and federal agencies are encouraged, to communicate and cooperate to minimize the number of iterations required and make the process as efficient and effective as possible. Unless significant new information is obtained, decisions made under step 6 should not be reopened except at the request of the department, and the most recent information available under steps 3, 4, and 5 should be presumed accurate until significant new information becomes available. (c) If all environmental reviews have not been completed and all permits and other approvals obtained within forty-five days after step 6 is initiated, the department, by notice to all agencies on the list and the public, may set a deadline for completing reviews and decisions. At any time after the deadline, the department may terminate the coordination process of this section as to some or all of the reviews and decisions that are still not completed. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 7.] 47.06C.080 Department organization and administrative actions. (Expires March 31, 2006.) The legislature finds that an essential component of streamlined permit decision making is the ability of the department to demonstrate the capacity to meet environmental responsibilities. Therefore, the legislature directs that: (1) The department may amend its operating practices applicable to obtaining project permits when: (a) Agreements on standards or best management practices as appropriate, are reached under RCW 47.06C.040; (b) The committee determines that streamlining procedures and methodologies implemented for pilot projects consistent with RCW 47.06C.050 warrant broader application; (c) The committee determines that the assignment of responsibilities between regulating agencies and the department is appropriate for broader use. (2) The department may develop permits for review by permitting agencies when agreement on the standards and best management practices covered by such permits have been reached under RCW 47.06C.040. Regulating agencies shall review permits based upon the agreed upon standards and timelines developed in RCW 47.06C.040, as well as any other applicable existing standards. (3) Qualified environmental staff within the department shall lead the development of all environmental documenta47.06C.080 (2004 Ed.) Highway Funds tion associated with department projects and permit activities in accordance with the department's project delivery tools. (4) The department shall conduct special prebid meetings for projects that are environmentally complex. In addition, the department shall review environmental considerations related to these projects during the preconstruction meeting held with the contractor who is awarded the bid. (5) Environmental staff at the department shall conduct field inspections to ensure that project activities are performed under permit conditions. These inspectors: (a) May issue stop work orders when compliance with permit standards are not being met; and (b) For this portion of their job duties, are accountable to the director of environmental affairs of the department. (6) Failure to comply with a stop work order may result in civil penalties being assessed against the department and individuals involved. Willful violation of a stop work notice issued by the department is subject to civil penalties assessed on the agency as well as the individuals involved. Persistent violations by the department may result in loss of permit drafting and program management responsibilities. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 8.] 47.06C.090 47.06C.090 Training and compliance. (Expires March 31, 2006.) The legislature expects the department to continue its efforts to improve training and compliance. The department shall: (1) Provide training in environmental procedures and permit requirements for those responsible for project delivery activities; (2) Require wetland mitigation sites to be designed by a qualified interdisciplinary team that meets training requirements developed by the department's environmental affairs office in consultation with the department of ecology. Environmental mitigation site improvements must have oversight by environmental staff; (3) Develop an environmental compliance data system to track all permit conditions; (4) Report all noncompliance activities to applicable agencies of jurisdiction along with a remedy plan; (5) Fund the departments of ecology, natural resources, and fish and wildlife, operating under their permit-granting authority to conduct audits of the department's permit drafting and compliance activities. The department of ecology must collate the audits in an annual report to the legislature; (6) Seek federal funding for dedicated technical staff at federal permit decision-making agencies and for state costs associated with implementation of this chapter; (7) Fund dedicated technical staff at federal permit decision-making entities, as appropriate, and the state departments of ecology, natural resources, community, trade, and economic development, and fish and wildlife to implement the requirements of this chapter; (8) Fund a technical specialist at the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission and the Columbia River Intertribal Fisheries Commission for the purpose of implementing this chapter; (9) Reimburse local jurisdictions for costs associated with local participation on the committee and technical subcommittees. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 9.] (2004 Ed.) 47.08.020 47.06C.100 Cost reimbursement. (Expires March 31, 2006.) The committee shall negotiate a method of cost reimbursement for the costs associated with carrying out the purposes of this chapter, including prior departmental agreements with permitting agencies to cover their costs for transportation projects of statewide significance. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 10.] 47.06C.100 47.06C.900 Captions not law—2001 1st sp.s. c 2. (Expires March 31, 2006.) Captions used in this chapter are not any part of the law. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 11.] 47.06C.900 47.06C.901 Expiration date—2001 1st sp.s. c 2. This act expires March 31, 2006. [2003 c 8 § 3; 2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 13.] 47.06C.901 Effective date—2003 c 8: See note following RCW 47.06C.010. 47.06C.902 Effective date—2001 1st sp.s. c 2. This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect immediately [May 29, 2001]. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 14.] 47.06C.902 47.06C.903 Severability—2001 1st sp.s. c 2. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [2001 1st sp.s. c 2 § 15.] 47.06C.903 Chapter 47.08 Chapter 47.08 RCW HIGHWAY FUNDS Sections 47.08.010 47.08.020 47.08.040 47.08.050 47.08.060 47.08.070 47.08.080 47.08.090 47.08.100 47.08.110 47.08.120 47.08.121 47.08.130 Control of allocated funds. State to match federal funds. Contracts with United States as to state highway property. Contracts with United States—Governor to execute instrument to the United States. Contracts with United States—Disposal of funds from the United States. Cooperation in public works projects, urban public transportation systems. Funds when department is in charge of county road improvements. Funds when department is in charge of city street improvements. Illegal use of county or city road funds—Procedure to correct. Misuse of county or city road funds—General penalty. Transportation equipment fund. Transportation equipment fund declared revolving fund of proprietary nature—Use. Custody of federal funds—Disbursement. Highway funds, constitutional limitations: State Constitution Art. 2 § 40 (Amendment 18). 47.08.010 Control of allocated funds. Whenever there is provided an allocation for the construction or improvement of state highways, the allocation shall be under the sole charge and direct control of the department. [1984 c 7 § 92; 1961 c 13 § 47.08.010. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 32, part; RRS § 6400-32, part.] 47.08.010 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.08.020 47.08.020 State to match federal funds. For the construction, alteration, repair and improvement of state high[Title 47 RCW—page 37] 47.08.040 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation ways, county roads, or city and town streets in the state of Washington which are part of the public highway system, the good faith of the state of Washington is hereby pledged to make available funds sufficient to equal the sums appropriated to the state by or under the United States government during succeeding fiscal years and to use and expend the same within one year after the fiscal year for which appropriated, and in the manner and under the rules and regulations imposed by the secretary of commerce and to maintain, or cause to be maintained, the highways or roads constructed or improved with the aid of funds so appropriated, and to make adequate provisions for carrying out such maintenance. [1961 c 13 § 47.08.020. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 46; RRS § 640046; 1917 c 76 § 3; RRS § 6846.] 47.08.040 47.08.040 Contracts with United States as to state highway property. Whenever it is necessary or desirable for the federal government or any agency thereof to acquire an interest in or in any way damage any property or interest therein owned by the state of Washington and used in connection with any highway in the state of Washington in connection with any federal project for the development of any river within or partially within the state of Washington, the department is authorized, empowered, and directed to negotiate and enter into an agreement with the proper agency of the federal government as to the rights which shall be acquired, the compensation which shall be made therefor and the character of instruments by which the rights shall be conveyed, and as to any other matters which may be necessary in order to satisfy the requirements of the federal government. If the agreement is required to be reduced to writing, the writing shall be approved as to form by the attorney general of the state of Washington. [1984 c 7 § 93; 1961 c 13 § 47.08.040. Prior: 1937 c 113 § 1; RRS § 6450-91.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. highway purposes only. [1967 ex.s. c 145 § 45; 1961 c 13 § 47.08.060. Prior: 1937 c 113 § 3; RRS § 6450-93.] 47.08.070 47.08.070 Cooperation in public works projects, urban public transportation systems. When it appears to the department that any state highway will be benefited or improved by the construction of any public works project, including any urban public transportation system, within the state of Washington by any of the departments of the state of Washington, by the federal government, or by any agency, instrumentality, or municipal corporation of either the state of Washington or the United States, the department is authorized to enter into cooperative agreements with any such state department, with the United States, or with any agency, instrumentality, or municipal corporation of either the state of Washington or the United States, wherein the state of Washington, acting through the department, will participate in the cost of the public works project in such amount as may be determined by the department to be the value of the benefits or improvements to the particular state highway derived from the construction of the public works project. Under any such agreement the department may contribute to the cost of the public works project by making direct payment to the particular state department, federal government, or to any agency, instrumentality, or municipal corporation of either the state or the United States, or any combination thereof, which may be involved in the project, from any funds appropriated to the department and available for highway purposes, or by doing a portion of the project either by day labor or by contract, or in any other manner as may be deemed advisable and necessary by the department. [1984 c 7 § 95; 1967 c 108 § 3; 1961 c 13 § 47.08.070. Prior: 1945 c 127 § 2; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6400-121.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Urban public transportation system defined: RCW 47.04.082. 47.08.050 47.08.050 Contracts with United States—Governor to execute instrument to the United States. Whenever the department has entered into an agreement under RCW 47.08.040 with the federal government or any agency thereof requiring the execution of any deed, flowage easement, or instrument of any nature, to the federal government or agency, and the instrument is approved as to form by the attorney general of the state of Washington, the governor of the state of Washington is authorized and directed without further authority and in the name of the state of Washington to execute and deliver to the proper agency of the federal government any such instrument or instruments which shall be, when attested by the secretary of state, binding upon the state of Washington. [1984 c 7 § 94; 1961 c 13 § 47.08.050. Prior: 1937 c 113 § 2; RRS § 6450-92.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.08.060 47.08.060 Contracts with United States—Disposal of funds from the United States. Whenever any moneys shall be realized by the state of Washington as a result of any agreement authorized by RCW 47.08.040, the same shall be deposited in the treasury of the state of Washington to the credit of the motor vehicle fund, and shall be available for [Title 47 RCW—page 38] 47.08.080 47.08.080 Funds when department is in charge of county road improvements. If any funds become available from the federal government or otherwise for expenditure in conjunction with county funds for the construction, alteration, repair, or improvement of any county road and the work is to be performed by the department, the state treasurer shall, upon notice from the department, set aside from any moneys in the motor vehicle fund credited to any such county, the cost thereof, together with the cost of engineering, supervision, and other proper items, or so much of the money in the state treasury to the credit of the county as may be necessary for use in conjunction with funds from the federal government to accomplish the work. The work shall then be performed by the department and paid from the money so set aside upon vouchers approved and submitted by the department in the same manner as payment is made for such work on state highways: PROVIDED, That the legislative authority of any such county shall have, by proper resolution, filed in duplicate in the office of the department and approved by it, determined the county road construction, alteration, repair, or improvement to be performed in such county and the same is found to conform in all respects to the requirements necessary for the use of such funds of the federal gov(2004 Ed.) Highway Funds ernment. [1984 c 7 § 96; 1973 c 106 § 22; 1961 c 13 § 47.08.080. Prior: 1937 c 187 § 59; RRS § 6450-59.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.08.090 47.08.090 Funds when department is in charge of city street improvements. If any funds become available from the federal government or otherwise for expenditure in conjunction with funds accruing to any incorporated city or town for the construction, alteration, repair, or improvement of its city streets designated as forming a part of the route of any state highway through the incorporated city or town and the work is to be performed by the department, the state treasurer shall, upon notice from the department, set aside from any moneys in the motor vehicle fund credited to the incorporated city or town, the cost thereof or so much money in the state treasury to the credit of the incorporated city or town as may be necessary in conjunction with the funds from the federal government or otherwise to accomplish the work, the cost to be paid by the state treasurer from the money so set aside upon vouchers approved and submitted by the department in the same manner as payment is made for work on state highways. If any such incorporated city or town has agreed with the state of Washington or the federal government as a condition precedent to the acquiring of federal funds for construction on any city street of the incorporated city or town designated as forming a part of the route of any state highways, that the street will be maintained to a standard and the incorporated city or town fails to so maintain the city street, then the department may perform the maintenance, and the state treasurer is authorized to deduct the cost thereof from any funds credited or to be credited to the incorporated city or town and pay the same on vouchers approved and submitted by the department in the same manner as payment is made for work performed on state highways. [1984 c 7 § 97; 1973 c 106 § 23; 1961 c 13 § 47.08.090. Prior: 1937 c 187 § 65; RRS § 6450-65.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.08.100 47.08.100 Illegal use of county or city road funds— Procedure to correct. The department is authorized from time to time to investigate expenditures from the county road fund and the city street fund; and if it determines that unauthorized, illegal, or wrongful expenditures are being or have been made from the fund it is authorized to proceed as follows: If the county road fund is involved it shall notify in writing the county legislative authority and the county treasurer of its determination; and if the city street fund is involved it shall notify the city council or commission and the mayor and city treasurer of the city or town of its determination. In its determination the department is authorized to demand of those officials that the wrongful or illegal expenditures shall be stopped, adjusted, or remedied and that restitution of any wrongful or illegal diversion or use shall be made; and it may notify the officials that if the wrong is not stopped, remedied, or adjusted, or restitution made to its satisfaction within a specified period fixed by it, it will direct the withholding of further payments to the county or city from the motor vehicle fund. The county or city shall have ten days after the notice is given within which to correct or remedy the (2004 Ed.) 47.08.120 wrong, or wrongful and illegal practices, to make restitution, or to adjust the matter to the satisfaction of the department. If no correction, remedy, adjustment, or restitution is made within ten days to the satisfaction of the department, it has power to request in writing that the state treasurer withhold further payments from the motor vehicle fund to the county or city; and it is the duty of the state treasurer upon being so notified to withhold further payments from the motor vehicle fund to the county or city involved until the officials are notified in writing by the department that payments may be resumed. The department is also authorized to notify in writing the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the violation occurs of the facts, and it is the duty of the prosecuting attorney to file charges and to criminally prosecute any and all persons guilty of any such violation. [1984 c 7 § 98; 1973 c 106 § 24; 1961 c 13 § 47.08.100. Prior: 1943 c 82 § 13, part; 1937 c 187 § 66, part; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6450-66, part.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.08.110 47.08.110 Misuse of county or city road funds—General penalty. It shall be unlawful and a misdemeanor, unless the same is by this title or other law of this state declared to be a felony or gross misdemeanor, to divert or use, or authorize, permit or participate in the diversion or use of any moneys in the county road fund or in the city street fund for any other purpose or in any other manner than that authorized by law. [1961 c 13 § 47.08.110. Prior: 1943 c 82 § 13, part; 1937 c 187 § 66, part; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6450-66, part.] 47.08.120 47.08.120 Transportation equipment fund. There is hereby created in the state treasury a state fund to be known as the "transportation equipment fund," the same to be used by the department of transportation as a revolving fund to be expended for salaries, wages and operations required for the repair, replacement, purchase and operation of equipment and for purchase of equipment, materials and supplies to be used as follows: (1) In the administration and operation of this fund; and (2) in the administration, maintenance and construction of highways and transportation facilities. The transportation equipment fund shall be credited, in the case of equipment, with a reasonable rental assessed upon the use of such equipment by the various state departments, and in the case of materials and supplies, with a reasonable charge for such materials and supplies. Such credit for rental and charges for materials and supplies shall be charged against the proper appropriation therefor. Equipment may be rented and materials and supplies may be sold out of this fund to any federal, state, county or city political subdivision or governmental agency. The terms and charges for such rental and the prices for such sale shall be solely within the discretion of the department of transportation and its determination of the charge for rental or sale price shall be considered a reasonable rental charge or a reasonable sale price. Any political subdivision or governmental agency shall make payment for such rental or for purchase of such materials or supplies directly to the transportation equipment fund at the office of the department of transportation at Olympia. [1979 c 39 § 1; 1961 c 13 § 47.08.120. [Title 47 RCW—page 39] 47.08.121 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Prior: 1943 c 135 § 1; 1935 c 144 § 10; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6600-1c.] 47.10.230 47.10.240 47.10.250 47.08.121 47.08.121 Transportation equipment fund declared revolving fund of proprietary nature—Use. The "highway equipment fund" as established by RCW 47.08.120 is declared to be a revolving fund of a proprietary nature and moneys that are or will be deposited in this fund are hereby authorized for expenditures for the purposes provided by law. [1961 c 13 § 47.08.121. Prior: 1959 c 326 § 3.] 47.08.130 47.08.130 Custody of federal funds—Disbursement. The state treasurer is hereby authorized and directed to receive and have custody of such funds and warrants drawn by the secretary of transportation or other authorized agent of the United States as are made available for payment by the secretary of the treasury of the United States under the provisions of the federal aid road act approved July 11, 1916, and all acts amendatory or supplementary thereto, disbursing the same under such terms and conditions as may be prescribed by the secretary of transportation or by the secretary of the treasury or other authorized agent of the United States. The state treasurer is further authorized and directed to pay from the motor vehicle fund for the use of the department such funds as may be necessary upon any project in anticipation of reimbursement by the government of the United States. [1984 c 7 § 99; 1961 c 13 § 47.08.130. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 45; RRS § 6400-45; 1931 c 129 § 1; 1929 c 146 § 1; 1927 c 214 § 1; 1925 c 4 § 1; 1923 c 41 § 1; 1921 c 89 § 1; 1919 c 56 § 1; RRS § 6850.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Chapter 47.10 Chapter 47.10 RCW HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION BONDS Sections FIRST PRIORITY PROJECT—1951 ACT 47.10.010 47.10.020 47.10.030 47.10.040 47.10.050 47.10.060 47.10.070 47.10.080 47.10.090 47.10.100 47.10.110 47.10.120 47.10.130 47.10.140 First priority highway projects—Declaration of. Bond issue authorized—Use of motor vehicle fund. Form and term of bonds. Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Sale of bonds. Proceeds—Deposit and use. Source of funds for payment of principal and interest. Highway bond retirement fund. Excess sums in bond retirement fund—Use. Allocation of bonds. Columbia Basin highway projects—Reimbursement by counties. Columbia Basin highway projects—Limit as to amounts currently retained. Agate Pass Bridge to become toll free—Cancellation of Agate Pass bonds. Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. ADDITIONAL BONDS—1953 ACT 47.10.150 47.10.160 47.10.170 47.10.180 47.10.190 47.10.200 47.10.210 47.10.220 Declaration of necessity for additional funds. Additional bonds—Issuance and sale authorized—Use of motor vehicle fund. Additional bonds—Form and term of bonds. Additional bonds—Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Additional bonds—Sale of bonds. Additional bonds—Proceeds—Deposit and use. Additional bonds—Source of funds for payment of principal and interest. Additional bonds—Highway bond retirement fund. [Title 47 RCW—page 40] 47.10.260 47.10.270 Additional bonds—Excess sums in bond retirement fund— Use. Additional bonds—Allocation—Primary state highway No. 1. Additional bonds—Allocation—Primary state highway No. 2, Snoqualmie Pass. Additional bonds—Allocation—Columbia Basin highways. Additional bonds—Allocation—Echo Lake route. ADDITIONAL BONDS—1955 ACT 47.10.280 47.10.290 47.10.300 47.10.310 47.10.320 47.10.330 47.10.340 47.10.350 47.10.360 47.10.370 47.10.380 47.10.390 47.10.400 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Declaration of priority. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Issuance and sale of bonds. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Form and term of bonds. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Sale of bonds. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Source of funds for payment of bond principal and interest. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Highway bond retirement fund. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Reimbursement by counties. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Limit as to amounts currently retained from excise taxes. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Excess sums in bond retirement fund—Use. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Allocation of funds to each county. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. ADDITIONAL BONDS—1957 ACT 47.10.410 47.10.420 47.10.430 47.10.440 47.10.450 47.10.460 47.10.470 47.10.480 47.10.490 47.10.500 Echo Lake route—Declaration of necessity. Echo Lake route—Additional bond issue authorized—Use of motor vehicle fund. Echo Lake route—Form and term of bonds. Echo Lake route—Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Echo Lake route—Sale of bonds. Echo Lake route—Proceeds—Deposit and use. Echo Lake route—Source of funds for payment of principal and interest. Echo Lake route—Highway bond retirement fund. Echo Lake route—Excess sums in bond retirement fund— Use. Echo Lake route—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. TACOMA-SEATTLE-EVERETT FACILITY—1957 ACT 47.10.700 47.10.702 47.10.704 47.10.706 47.10.708 47.10.710 47.10.712 47.10.714 47.10.716 47.10.718 47.10.720 47.10.722 47.10.724 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Declaration of necessity. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—To be part of federal system as limited access—Federal standards and conditions to be met. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Powers and duties of highway commission—Route of project. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Issuance and sale of bonds authorized. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Form and term of bonds. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Sale of bonds. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Proceeds from bonds— Deposit and use. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Source of funds for payment of principal and interest. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Additional security for payment of bonds—Pledge of federal funds. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Highway bond retirement fund. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Excess sums in bond retirement fund—Use. Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. ADDITIONAL BONDS—1965 ACT 47.10.726 47.10.727 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Declaration of public interest. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Issuance and sale of limited obligation bonds. (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds 47.10.728 47.10.729 47.10.730 47.10.731 47.10.732 47.10.733 47.10.734 47.10.735 47.10.736 47.10.737 47.10.738 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Form and term of bonds. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Sale of bonds—Legal investment for state funds. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Source of funds for payment of bond principal and interest. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Highway bond retirement fund. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Repayment to state by Grant, Franklin and Adams counties by retention of funds. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Repayment, limitation as to amount of funds retained—Deficits. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Allocation of bonds to counties—Conditions upon issuance—Use of county engineering forces. Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized— Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. ADDITIONAL BONDS—CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT—1967 ACT 47.10.751 47.10.752 47.10.753 47.10.754 47.10.755 47.10.756 47.10.757 47.10.758 47.10.759 47.10.760 Additional funds—Declaration of necessity. Additional funds—Issuance and sale of limited obligation bonds. Additional funds—Form and term of bonds. Additional funds—Sale of bonds—Legal investment for state funds. Additional funds—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. Additional funds—Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Additional funds—Source of funds for payment of bond principal and interest. Additional funds—Highway bond retirement fund. Additional funds—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Additional funds—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. RESERVE FUNDS FOR HIGHWAY, STREET, AND ROAD PURPOSES—1967 ACT 47.10.761 47.10.762 47.10.763 47.10.764 47.10.765 47.10.766 47.10.767 47.10.768 47.10.769 47.10.770 47.10.771 Reserve funds—Purposes. Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds. Bonds—Term—Terms and conditions—Signatures—Registration—Where payable—Negotiable instruments. Bonds—Denominations—Manner and terms of sale—Legal investment for state funds. Bonds—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. Bonds—Statement describing nature of obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Bonds—Pledge of federal aid funds. Bonds—Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. Bonds—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Bonds—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. STATE HIGHWAYS IN URBAN AREAS 47.10.775 Issuance and sale of limited obligation bonds, terms, conditions, retirement, use of proceeds, etc. COUNTY AND CITY ARTERIALS IN URBAN AREAS 47.10.777 Issuance and sale of limited obligation bonds, terms, conditions, retirement, use of proceeds, etc. 47.10.790 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds—State route 90 improvements—Category C improvements. Administration and amount of bond sales. Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Bonds legal investment for state funds. Bonds equal charge against fuel tax revenues. Appropriation—Expenditure limited to bond sale proceeds. Severability—1979 ex.s. c 180. 47.10.010 INTERSTATE HIGHWAY, CATEGORY A, CATEGORY C IMPROVEMENTS—1981 ACT 47.10.801 47.10.802 47.10.803 47.10.804 47.10.805 47.10.806 47.10.807 47.10.808 47.10.809 47.10.811 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds. Administration and amount of bond sales. Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Bonds legal investment for state funds. Bonds equal charge against fuel tax revenues. Severability—1981 c 316. CATEGORY C IMPROVEMENTS—1993 ACT 47.10.812 47.10.813 47.10.814 47.10.815 47.10.816 47.10.817 47.10.818 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds. Administration and amount of sale. Proceeds—Deposit and use. Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Equal charge against fuel tax revenues. Severability—1993 c 431. INTERSTATE, OTHER HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENTS—1993 ACT 47.10.819 47.10.820 47.10.821 47.10.822 47.10.823 47.10.824 47.10.825 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds. Administration and amount of sale. Proceeds—Deposit and use. Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Equal charge against fuel tax revenues. Severability—1993 c 432. PUBLIC-PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION INITIATIVES—1994 ACT 47.10.834 47.10.835 47.10.836 47.10.837 47.10.838 47.10.839 47.10.841 47.10.842 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds. Administration and amount of sale. Proceeds—Deposit and use. Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. Equal charge against motor vehicle excise tax revenues. Severability—1994 c 183. STATE AND LOCAL HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENTS—1998 ACT 47.10.843 47.10.844 47.10.845 47.10.846 47.10.847 47.10.848 Bond issue authorized. Administration and amount of sale. Proceeds—Deposit and use. Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. Equal charge against motor vehicle and special fuels tax revenues. 2003 TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS—NICKEL ACCOUNT 47.10.861 47.10.862 47.10.863 47.10.864 47.10.865 47.10.866 Bond issue authorized. Administration and amount of sale. Proceeds—Deposit and use. Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. Equal charge against motor vehicle and special fuels tax revenues. MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS—2003 ACT 47.10.867 47.10.868 47.10.869 47.10.870 47.10.871 47.10.872 Bond issue authorized—Appropriation of proceeds. Proceeds—Deposit and use. Repayment procedure. Statement of general obligation—Transfer and payment of funds. Additional repayment means. Legal investment. INTERSTATE 90 COMPLETION—1979 ACT 47.10.791 47.10.792 47.10.793 47.10.794 47.10.795 47.10.796 47.10.797 47.10.798 47.10.799 47.10.800 (2004 Ed.) FIRST PRIORITY PROJECT—1951 ACT 47.10.010 First priority highway projects—Declaration of. Reconstruction of primary state highway No. 1 from Oregon to British Columbia, construction of four traffic lanes at Snoqualmie Pass, construction of an adequate highway bridge from Pasco to Kennewick and construction of county arterial highways and farm to market roads in Grant, Franklin and Adams counties to coincide with the opening of lands for 47.10.010 [Title 47 RCW—page 41] 47.10.020 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation settlement in the Columbia Basin irrigation project, are declared to be highway projects of the first priority. The construction of such projects is required in the interest of the public safety and for the orderly development of the state. The reimbursement of the motor vehicle fund for money used to purchase Agate Pass Bridge bonds will also make possible other war emergency or high priority highway construction. The threat of war makes acceleration of construction a vital necessity at this time. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.010. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 1.] 47.10.020 47.10.020 Bond issue authorized—Use of motor vehicle fund. To provide funds for accelerating construction of these first priority projects, and to reimburse the motor vehicle fund for money expended for Agate Pass Bridge construction there shall be issued and sold limited obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of sixty-six million seven hundred three thousand, six hundred and twenty-five dollars. The issuance, sale and retirement of said bonds shall be under the general supervision and control of the state finance committee. The state finance committee shall, when notified by the Washington state highway commission, provide for the issuance of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued and sold from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary to the orderly progress of construction of the first priority projects: PROVIDED, That if funds are available in the motor vehicle fund in an amount greater than is necessary to pay current demands such funds may be used to finance these first priority projects until such time as bonds are sold, as provided by law, at which time the motor vehicle fund shall be reimbursed. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.020. Prior: 1955 c 117 § 1; 1951 c 121 § 2.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of highway commission transferred to department of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "Washington state highway commission" means department of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.030 47.10.030 Form and term of bonds. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding twenty-five years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state auditor under the seal of the state, one of which signatures shall be made manually and the other signature may be in printed facsimile, and any coupons attached to such bonds shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued under authority of RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140 shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.030. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 3.] 47.10.040 47.10.040 Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140 shall distinctly state that they are not a general obligation of the state, but are payable in the [Title 47 RCW—page 42] manner provided in RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140 from the proceeds of all state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels imposed by chapter 82.36 RCW and RCW 82.36.020, 82.36.230, 82.36.250, and 82.36.400, as derived from chapter 58, Laws of 1933, as amended, and as last amended by chapter 220, Laws of 1949; and *chapter 82.40 RCW and RCW 82.40.020, as derived from chapter 127, Laws of 1941, as amended, and as last amended by chapter 220, Laws of 1949. The proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140, and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels in amounts sufficient to pay the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140 when due. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.040. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 4.] *Reviser's note: Chapter 82.40 RCW and RCW 82.40.020 were repealed by 1971 ex.s. c 175 § 33; for later enactment see chapter 82.38 RCW. 47.10.050 47.10.050 Sale of bonds. The bonds issued hereunder shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee and may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. If bonds are sold to any purchaser other than the state of Washington, they shall be sold at public sale, and it shall be the duty of the state finance committee to cause such sale to be advertised in such manner as it shall deem sufficient. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund: PROVIDED, That bonds authorized herein to reimburse the motor vehicle fund for the cost of the Agate Pass Bridge construction shall be sold at the earliest date which the committee finds feasible. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.050. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 5.] 47.10.060 47.10.060 Proceeds—Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the motor vehicle fund and such money shall be available only for the construction of such first priority projects, reimbursement of the motor vehicle fund for money expended for construction of the Agate Pass Bridge in order to make such money available for war emergency highway projects or other high priority highway uses, and payment of the expense incurred in the printing, issuance and sale of any such bonds. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.060. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 6.] 47.10.070 47.10.070 Source of funds for payment of principal and interest. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due, subject to the proviso of this section, shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of all excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and which is, or may be, appropriated to the department for state highway purposes, and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of such funds to counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and available for state highway purposes proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds the interest on any bonds: PROVIDED, That money required hereunder to pay interest on or to retire any bonds issued for Columbia Basin county arterial highways or farm to market roads shall be repaid by any such county or counties wherein such highways or roads are constructed in the manner set forth in RCW 47.10.110. [1984 c 7 § 100; 1961 c 13 § 47.10.070. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 7.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.080 47.10.080 Highway bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate, subject to the provisions of RCW 47.10.070, the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, for each month of the year which will be required to meet interest or bond payments hereunder when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the highway bond retirement fund, which is hereby established, and which fund shall be available solely for payment of such interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.080. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 8.] 47.10.090 47.10.090 Excess sums in bond retirement fund— Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor fuels, payable into the highway bond retirement fund, shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.090. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 11.] 47.10.100 47.10.100 Allocation of bonds. The bonds authorized herein are allocated to the first priority projects as follows: (1) Forty-nine million two hundred fifty thousand dollars of the total issue for the acceleration of the reconstruction of primary state highway No. 1, said amount to be expended on said primary state highway No. 1 as follows: Thirty-three million five hundred thousand dollars between Everett, Seattle, Tacoma, Olympia, Chehalis, Centralia, Kelso, Vancouver, and the Oregon boundary line, and fifteen million seven hundred fifty thousand dollars between Everett and the Canadian boundary line; (2) Six million five hundred thousand dollars of the total issue for the construction of the highway bridge from Pasco to Kennewick; (2004 Ed.) 47.10.110 (3) Four million two hundred fifty thousand dollars of the total issue for the construction of a four lane highway at Snoqualmie Pass; (4) Five million dollars of the total issue for the construction of Columbia Basin county arterial highways and farm to market roads in Grant, Franklin and Adams counties, for which the state must be reimbursed as provided in RCW 47.10.110; and (5) One million seven hundred three thousand six hundred twenty-five dollars of the total issue for reimbursement of the motor vehicle fund for money spent for Washington toll bridge authority bonds purchased in connection with the construction of the Agate Pass Bridge, said sum of one million seven hundred three thousand six hundred twenty-five dollars to be used when it becomes available in the motor vehicle fund, under allotments to be made by the director of highways, for war emergency or other high priority highway projects: PROVIDED, That no bonds shall be issued for Columbia Basin county arterial highway and road purposes unless expenditures are actually required for the settlement of lands ready for irrigation in the Columbia Basin project and all construction of arterial highways and roads in such counties shall be accomplished by the engineering forces of the various counties under the supervision of the director of highways. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.100. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 12.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of director of highways transferred to secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "director of highways" means secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.110 47.10.110 Columbia Basin highway projects—Reimbursement by counties. The secretary shall report separately to the state finance committee all sums expended from funds resulting from the sale of bonds for Columbia Basin county arterial highways and farm to market roads in Grant, Franklin, and Adams counties under the provisions of RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140. Those counties shall repay to the state all the cost of any Columbia Basin highway or road facilities actually constructed under the provisions of RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140 within each of such counties as follows: The state finance committee, at least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any such bonds, shall ascertain the percentage of the motor vehicle funds arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, which is to be transferred to such counties under the provisions of law which will be necessary to pay all of the interest upon or retire when due all of the portion of said bonds chargeable to expenditures incurred under the provisions of RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140 in each of said counties. The state finance committee shall notify the state treasurer of this estimate and the treasurer shall thereafter, when distributions are made from the motor vehicle fund to counties, retain such percentage of the total sums credited to such counties as aforesaid in the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels until such fund is fully reimbursed for all expenditures under RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140 in Grant, Adams, and Franklin counties. Any money so retained shall be available for state highway purposes. [1984 c 7 § 101; 1961 c 13 § 47.10.110. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 9.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. [Title 47 RCW—page 43] 47.10.120 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.10.120 47.10.120 Columbia Basin highway projects—Limit as to amounts currently retained. The sums retained from motor vehicle funds arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuel, of any such counties shall not exceed in any distribution period fifty percent of the total amount to be credited to such county. If there shall be a deficit in the amount available for reimbursement of the motor vehicle fund, due to this provision, then such deficit shall continue to be a charge against any sums due any such county from the motor vehicle fund from such excise taxes until the full cost of such Columbia Basin highway facilities is paid. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.120. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 10.] 47.10.130 47.10.130 Agate Pass Bridge to become toll free— Cancellation of Agate Pass bonds. When the state finance committee has made arrangements for the sale of sufficient bonds to reimburse the motor vehicle fund in the sum of one million seven hundred three thousand six hundred twentyfive dollars as aforesaid, the committee shall notify the Washington toll bridge authority and the authority is thereafter directed to transfer the Agate Pass Bridge to the highway department for operation as a toll free part of the state highway system. The bonds of the authority issued to construct the Agate Pass Bridge shall then be canceled. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.130. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 13.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of toll bridge authority transferred to department of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Terms "Washington state toll bridge authority" and "authority" mean department of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.140 47.10.140 Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. There is appropriated from the motor vehicle fund for the biennium ending March 31, 1953 the sum of sixty-six million seven hundred three thousand six hundred and twenty-five dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, to carry out the provisions of RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140, but no money shall be available under this appropriation from said fund unless a like amount of the bonds provided for herein are sold and the money derived deposited to the credit of such fund. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.140. Prior: 1951 c 121 § 15.] ADDITIONAL BONDS—1953 ACT Bend thence southwesterly by the most feasible route by the way of Auburn to a junction with primary state highway No. 1 in the vicinity of Milton; said highway to follow approximately the route surveyed by the director of highways and covered in the report filed by him with the 1951 legislature commonly known as the "Echo Lake Route," as the funds provided for herein will permit; the construction of secondary state highways in to the Columbia Basin area is immediately necessary to provide needed state arterial highways for the irrigated lands of the Columbia Basin areas to market centers and thereby encourage the full development of the basin project. The construction of such projects is required in the interest of the public safety and for the orderly development of the state. The threat of war makes acceleration of construction a vital necessity at this time. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.150. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 1.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of director of highways transferred to department of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "director of highways" means secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.160 Additional bonds—Issuance and sale authorized—Use of motor vehicle fund. To provide funds for accelerating construction of these priority projects there shall be issued and sold limited obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of eighteen million dollars. The issuance, sale and retirement of said bonds shall be under the general supervision and control of the state finance committee. The state finance committee shall, when notified by the Washington state highway commission, provide for the issuance of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued and sold from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary to the orderly progress of construction of the first priority projects: PROVIDED, That if funds are available in the motor vehicle fund in an amount greater than is necessary to pay current demands such funds may be used to finance these first priority projects until such time as bonds are sold, as provided by law, at which time the motor vehicle fund shall be reimbursed. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.160. Prior: 1955 c 117 § 2; 1953 c 154 § 2.] 47.10.160 Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of highway commission transferred to department of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "Washington state highway commission" means department of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.150 47.10.150 Declaration of necessity for additional funds. Increased construction costs for highway and bridge construction since the enactment of a highway bond issue by the 1951 legislature makes necessary additional money with which to complete the sections of primary state highway No. 1 planned from funds allocated under RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140 and it is vital to the economy of the state and the safety of the traffic that these sections shall be completed to relieve traffic congestions, to add capacity in event of war, and to presently insure greater safety to highway users; the rapid increase of traffic across Snoqualmie Pass necessitates continued improvement of primary state highway No. 2 to provide four-lane paving contiguous to Snoqualmie Pass as the funds will permit; the rapid increase of traffic and the facilitation of movement of military forces and equipment from the military centers of the state makes imperative the construction of a highway from primary state highway No. 2 beginning approximately four miles west of North [Title 47 RCW—page 44] 47.10.170 Additional bonds—Form and term of bonds. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding twenty-five years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state auditor under the seal of the state, one of which signatures shall be made manually and the other signature may be in printed facsimile, and any coupons attached to such bonds shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued under 47.10.170 (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds authority of RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.170. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 3.] 47.10.180 47.10.180 Additional bonds—Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 shall distinctly state that they are not a general obligation of the state, but are payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 from the proceeds of all state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels imposed by chapter 82.36 RCW and RCW 82.36.020, 82.36.230, 82.36.250, and 82.36.400, as derived from chapter 58, Laws of 1933, as amended, and as last amended by chapter 220, Laws of 1949; and *chapter 82.40 RCW and RCW 82.40.020, as derived from chapter 127, Laws of 1941, as amended, and as last amended by chapter 220, Laws of 1949. The proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels in amounts sufficient to pay the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 when due. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.180. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 4.] *Reviser's note: Chapter 82.40 RCW and RCW 82.40.020, see note following RCW 47.10.040. 47.10.190 47.10.190 Additional bonds—Sale of bonds. The bonds issued under RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee and may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. If bonds are sold to any purchaser other than the state of Washington, they shall be sold at public sale, and it shall be the duty of the state finance committee to cause such sale to be advertised in such manner as it shall deem sufficient. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.190. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 5.] 47.10.200 47.10.200 Additional bonds—Proceeds—Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the motor vehicle fund and such money shall be available only for the construction of such priority projects, and payment of the expense incurred in the printing, issuance and sale of any such bonds. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.200. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 6.] 47.10.260 and available for state highway purposes proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or the interest on any bonds. [1984 c 7 § 102; 1961 c 13 § 47.10.210. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 7.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.220 47.10.220 Additional bonds—Highway bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, for each month of the year which will be required to meet interest or bond payments under RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the highway bond retirement fund, and which fund shall be available solely for payment of such interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimate so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.220. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 8.] 47.10.230 47.10.230 Additional bonds—Excess sums in bond retirement fund—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor fuels, payable into the highway bond retirement fund, shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.230. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 9.] 47.10.240 47.10.240 Additional bonds—Allocation—Primary state highway No. 1. Seven million dollars of the total issue of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 are allocated for accelerating the completion of four-lane construction of primary state highway No. 1. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.240. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 10.] 47.10.250 47.10.210 47.10.210 Additional bonds—Source of funds for payment of principal and interest. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of all excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and which is, or may be, appropriated to the department for state highway purposes, and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of such funds to counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels (2004 Ed.) 47.10.250 Additional bonds—Allocation—Primary state highway No. 2, Snoqualmie Pass. Five million dollars of the total issue of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 are allocated for accelerating four-lane construction of primary state highway No. 2 contiguous to Snoqualmie Pass. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.250. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 11.] 47.10.260 47.10.260 Additional bonds—Allocation—Columbia Basin highways. Three million dollars of the total issue of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 [Title 47 RCW—page 45] 47.10.270 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation are allocated for accelerating the construction of secondary state highways in the Columbia Basin area. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.260. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 12.] 47.10.270 47.10.270 Additional bonds—Allocation—Echo Lake route. Three million dollars of the total issue of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 are allocated insofar as said funds will permit to the construction of a highway from primary state highway No. 2 beginning approximately four miles west of North Bend thence southwesterly by the most feasible route by the way of Auburn to a junction with primary state highway No. 1 in the vicinity of Milton. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.270. Prior: 1953 c 154 § 13.] ADDITIONAL BONDS—1955 ACT 47.10.280 47.10.280 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Declaration of priority. Construction of county arterial highways and farm to market roads in Grant, Franklin and Adams counties to coincide with the opening of lands for settlement in the Columbia Basin irrigation project, is declared to be a project of the first priority. The construction of said project is required in the interest of the public safety and for the orderly development of the state. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.280. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 1.] 47.10.290 47.10.290 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Issuance and sale of bonds. To provide funds for construction of this first priority project, there shall be issued and sold limited obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of four million three hundred thousand dollars. The issuance, sale and retirement of said bonds shall be under the general supervision and control of the state finance committee. The state finance committee shall, when notified by the director of highways, provide for the issuance of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued and sold from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary to the orderly progress of construction of this first priority project. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.290. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 2.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of director of highways transferred to secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "director of highways" means secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.300 47.10.300 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Form and term of bonds. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding twenty-five years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state auditor under the seal of the state, one of which signatures shall be made manually and the other signatures may be printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. [Title 47 RCW—page 46] All bonds issued under authority of RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400 shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.300. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 3.] 47.10.310 47.10.310 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Bonds not general obligations— Taxes pledged. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400 shall distinctly state that they are not a general obligation of the state, but are payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400 from the proceeds of all state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels imposed by chapter 82.36 RCW, and RCW 82.36.020, 82.36.230, 82.36.250 and 82.36.400; and *chapter 82.40 RCW and RCW 82.40.020. The proceeds of such excise taxes are pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400. The legislature agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor fuels in amounts sufficient to pay the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400 when due. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.310. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 4.] *Reviser's note: Chapter 82.40 RCW and RCW 82.40.020, see note following RCW 47.10.040. 47.10.320 47.10.320 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Sale of bonds. The bonds issued hereunder shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee. They may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. If such bonds are sold to any purchaser other than the state of Washington, they shall be sold at public sale. It shall be the duty of the state finance committee to cause such sale to be advertised in such manner as it shall deem sufficient. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.320. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 5.] 47.10.330 47.10.330 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the motor vehicle fund and such money shall be available only for the construction of this first priority project, and payment of the expense incurred in the printing, issuance and sale of any such bonds. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.330. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 6.] 47.10.340 47.10.340 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Source of funds for payment of bond principal and interest. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due, subject to the proviso of this section, shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of all excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and which is, or may be, appropriated to the department for state highway purposes. They shall never constitute a charge against any allocation of such funds to counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and available for state highway (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds purposes proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or the interest on any bonds: PROVIDED, That money required hereunder to pay interest on or to retire any bonds issued for Columbia Basin county arterial highways or farm to market roads shall be repaid by any such county or counties wherein such highways or roads are constructed in the manner set forth in RCW 47.10.360. [1984 c 7 § 103; 1961 c 13 § 47.10.340. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 7.] 47.10.400 taxes on motor vehicle fuels until such fund is fully reimbursed for all expenditures under RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400 in Grant, Adams, and Franklin counties. Any money so retained shall be available for state highway purposes. [1984 c 7 § 104; 1961 c 13 § 47.10.360. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 9.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.370 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Limit as to amounts currently retained from excise taxes. The sums retained from motor vehicle funds, arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuel, of any such counties shall not exceed in any distribution period fifty percent of the total amount to be credited to such county. If there shall be a deficit in the amount available for reimbursement of the motor vehicle fund, due to this provision, then such deficit shall continue to be a charge against any sums due any such county from the motor vehicle fund from such excise taxes until the full cost of such Columbia Basin highway facilities is paid. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.370. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 10.] 47.10.370 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.350 47.10.350 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Highway bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate, subject to the provisions of RCW 47.10.340, the percentage of receipts in money of the motor vehicle fuels, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, for each month of the year which will be required to meet interest or bond payments hereunder when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the highway bond retirement fund, which is hereby established, and which fund shall be available solely for payment of such interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.350. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 8.] 47.10.380 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Excess sums in bond retirement fund—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor fuels, payable into the highway bond retirement fund, shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.380. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 11.] 47.10.380 47.10.390 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Allocation of funds to each county. The bonds authorized herein are allocated to the counties as follows: (1) For Adams county—six hundred thousand dollars. (2) For Franklin county—one million five hundred thousand dollars. (3) For Grant county—two million two hundred thousand dollars: PROVIDED, That no bonds shall be issued for Columbia Basin county arterial highway and road purposes unless expenditures are actually required for the settlement of lands ready for irrigation in the Columbia Basin project and all construction of arterial highways and roads in such counties shall be accomplished by the engineering forces of the various counties under the supervision of the director of highways. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.390. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 12.] 47.10.390 47.10.360 47.10.360 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Reimbursement by counties. The secretary shall report to the state finance committee all sums expended from funds resulting from the sale of bonds for Columbia Basin county arterial highways and farm to market roads in Grant, Franklin, and Adams counties under the provisions of RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400. Those counties shall repay to the state all the cost of any Columbia Basin highway or road facilities actually constructed under the provisions of RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400 within each of those counties as follows: The state finance committee, at least one year prior to the date any such interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any such bonds, shall ascertain the percentage of the motor vehicle funds arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, which is to be transferred to such counties under the provisions of law which will be necessary to pay all of the interest upon or retire when due all of the portion of said bonds chargeable to expenditures incurred under the provisions of RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400 in each of said counties. The state finance committee shall notify the state treasurer of this estimate and the treasurer shall thereafter, when distributions are made from the motor vehicle fund to counties, retain such percentage of the total sums credited to such counties as aforesaid in the motor vehicle fund arising from such excise (2004 Ed.) Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of director of highways transferred to secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "director of highways" means secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.400 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. There is appropriated from the motor vehicle fund for the biennium ending June 30, 1957 the sum of four million three hundred thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be 47.10.400 [Title 47 RCW—page 47] 47.10.410 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation necessary, to carry out the provisions of RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400, but no money shall be available under this appropriation from said fund unless a like amount of the bonds provided for herein are sold and the money derived deposited to the credit of such fund. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.400. Prior: 1955 c 311 § 13.] ADDITIONAL BONDS—1957 ACT 47.10.410 47.10.410 Echo Lake route—Declaration of necessity. Increased costs for highway and bridge construction since the enactment of the highway bond issues authorized by the 1951, 1953 and 1955 legislatures makes necessary additional money with which to complete that portion of primary state highway No. 2, beginning approximately four miles west of North Bend thence southwesterly by the most feasible route by way of Auburn to a junction with primary state highway No. 1 in the vicinity of Milton, commonly known as the "Echo Lake Route." It is vital to the economy of the state and traffic safety that this project be constructed as soon as the funds provided herein will permit. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.410. Prior: 1957 c 206 § 1.] 47.10.420 47.10.420 Echo Lake route—Additional bond issue authorized—Use of motor vehicle fund. To provide additional funds for the construction of the "Echo Lake Route," in addition to bonds authorized to be sold by RCW 47.10.160 and as allocated by RCW 47.10.270, there shall be issued and sold limited obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of three million dollars. The issuance, sale and retirement of said bonds shall be under the general supervision and control of the state finance committee. The state finance committee shall when notified by the Washington state highway commission, provide for the issuance of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued and sold from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary to the orderly progress of construction of this project: PROVIDED, That if funds are available in the motor vehicle fund in an amount greater than is necessary to pay current demands, moneys appropriated to the state highway commission for highway purposes may be used to finance this project until such time as bonds are sold, as provided by law, at which time the motor vehicle fund shall be reimbursed. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.420. Prior: 1957 c 206 § 2.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of highway commission transferred to department of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Terms "Washington state highway commission" and "state highway commission" mean department of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued under authority of RCW 47.10.410 through 47.10.500 shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.430. Prior: 1957 c 206 § 3.] 47.10.440 47.10.440 Echo Lake route—Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.410 through 47.10.500 shall distinctly state that they are not a general obligation of the state, but are payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.410 through 47.10.500 from the proceeds of all state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels imposed by chapter 82.36 RCW and RCW 82.36.020, 82.36.230, 82.36.250, and 82.36.400, as derived from chapter 58, Laws of 1933, as amended, and as last amended by chapter 220, Laws of 1949, and *chapter 82.40 RCW and RCW 82.40.020, as derived from chapter 127, Laws of 1941, as amended, and as last amended by chapter 220, Laws of 1949. The proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.410 through 47.10.500 and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels in amounts sufficient to pay the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.410 through 47.10.500. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.440. Prior: 1957 c 206 § 4.] *Reviser's note: Chapter 82.40 RCW and RCW 82.40.020, see note following RCW 47.10.040. 47.10.450 47.10.450 Echo Lake route—Sale of bonds. The bonds issued under the terms of RCW 47.10.410 through 47.10.500 shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee and may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. If bonds are sold to any purchaser other than the state of Washington, they shall be sold at public sale, and it shall be the duty of the state finance committee to cause such sale to be advertised in such manner as it shall deem sufficient. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.150 through 47.10.270 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.450. Prior: 1957 c 206 § 5.] 47.10.460 47.10.430 47.10.430 Echo Lake route—Form and term of bonds. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding twenty-five years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption bearing such interest, and such terms and conditions as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state auditor under the seal of the state, one of which signatures shall be made manually and the other signature may be in printed facsimile, and any coupons attached to such bonds shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the [Title 47 RCW—page 48] 47.10.460 Echo Lake route—Proceeds—Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the motor vehicle fund and such money shall be available only for the construction of the project referred to in RCW 47.10.410, and payment of the expense incurred in the printing, issuance and sale of any such bonds. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.460. Prior: 1957 c 206 § 6.] 47.10.470 47.10.470 Echo Lake route—Source of funds for payment of principal and interest. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due shall be taken (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of all excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and which is, or may be, appropriated to the department for state highway purposes, and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of such funds to counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and available for state highway purposes proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or the interest on any bonds. [1984 c 7 § 105; 1961 c 13 § 47.10.470. Prior: 1957 c 206 § 7.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.480 47.10.480 Echo Lake route—Highway bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, for each month of the year which will be required to meet interest or bond payments under RCW 47.10.410 through 47.10.500 when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the highway bond retirement fund, and which fund shall be available solely for payment of such interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.480. Prior: 1957 c 206 § 8.] 47.10.490 47.10.490 Echo Lake route—Excess sums in bond retirement fund—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor fuels, payable into the highway bond retirement fund, shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.490. Prior: 1957 c 206 § 9.] 47.10.500 47.10.500 Echo Lake route—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. There is hereby appropriated from the motor vehicle fund to the state highway commission for the biennium ending June 30, 1959 the sum of three million dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of RCW 47.10.410 through 47.10.500, but no money shall be available under this appropriation from said fund unless a like amount of bonds provided for herein are sold and the moneys derived therefrom are deposited to the credit of such fund. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.500. Prior: 1957 c 206 § 10.] (2004 Ed.) 47.10.706 TACOMA-SEATTLE-EVERETT FACILITY—1957 ACT 47.10.700 47.10.700 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Declaration of necessity. Increased traffic and increased costs of highway and bridge construction make necessary additional moneys with which to complete the sections of primary state highway No. 1 through and between the cities of Tacoma, Seattle, and Everett and as an additional alternate route bypassing Seattle east of Lake Washington. It is vital to the economy of the state and the safety of traffic that these sections shall be completed to relieve traffic congestions, to insure greater safety to highway users, and to assure an adequate through highway to accommodate traffic from bridges across Lake Washington as soon as possible. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.700. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 1.] 47.10.702 47.10.702 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—To be part of federal system as limited access—Federal standards and conditions to be met. This highway project shall be constructed as a part of the federal interstate highway system as a fully controlled limited access facility and shall meet the standards and specifications required by the state of Washington and the secretary of commerce of the United States in order to qualify for federal grants in aid as provided for in the federal-aid highway act of 1956. The state shall perform all conditions precedent to payment in advance of apportionment as provided by section 108(h) of the federalaid highway act of 1956 so as to be entitled to federal aid funds for the project covered by RCW 47.10.700 through 47.10.724 when such funds are apportioned. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.702. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 2.] 47.10.704 47.10.704 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Powers and duties of highway commission—Route of project. In order to facilitate vehicular traffic through and between the cities of Tacoma, Seattle and Everett and to remove the present handicaps and hazards over and along primary state highway No. 1 as presently established, the state highway commission is authorized to realign, redesign and reconstruct primary state highway No. 1 upon a newly located right of way or upon portions of existing right of way through and between the cities of Tacoma, Seattle and Everett and as an additional alternate route bypassing Seattle east of Lake Washington. The route of the proposed project is established as follows: Beginning in the vicinity of Ponders Corner, thence in a general northeasterly and northerly direction through the cities of Tacoma and Seattle to a point in the vicinity of the city of Everett and as an additional alternate route bypassing Seattle east of Lake Washington. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.704. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 3.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of highway commission transferred to department of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "state highway commission" means department of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.706 47.10.706 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Issuance and sale of bonds authorized. In order to finance the immediate construction of the project referred to in RCW 47.10.700 pending receipt of federal grants in aid and in accordance with the federal-aid highway act of 1956, there shall be issued and sold limited obligation bonds of the state [Title 47 RCW—page 49] 47.10.708 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation of Washington in the sum of forty-five million dollars or such amount thereof and at such times as determined to be necessary by the state highway commission. No bonds shall be issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.700 through 47.10.724 until the congress of the United States shall approve the estimated cost of completing the federal interstate system to be submitted to it within ten days subsequent to January 2, 1958, as provided by section 108(d), federal-aid highway act of 1956. The issuance, sale and retirement of said bonds shall be under the supervision and control of the state finance committee which, upon request being made by the Washington state highway commission, shall provide for the issuance, sale and retirement of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued, and sold from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary for the orderly progress of said project. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 1; 1961 c 13 § 47.10.706. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 4.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of highway commission transferred to department of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Terms "state highway commission" and "Washington state highway commission" mean department of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.708 47.10.708 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Form and term of bonds. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding twenty-five years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption, bearing such interest, and such terms and conditions, as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state auditor under the seal of the state, one of which signatures shall be made manually and the other signature may be in printed facsimile, and any coupons attached to such bonds shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued hereunder shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.708. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 5.] 47.10.710 47.10.710 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Sale of bonds. The bonds issued hereunder shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee and may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. If bonds are sold to any purchaser other than the state of Washington, they shall be sold at public sale, and it shall be the duty of the state finance committee to cause such sale to be advertised in such manner as it shall deem sufficient. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.700 through 47.10.724 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.710. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 6.] 47.10.712 47.10.712 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Proceeds from bonds—Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the motor vehicle fund and such money shall be [Title 47 RCW—page 50] available only for the construction of the project referred to in RCW 47.10.700, 47.10.702 and 47.10.704, and for payment of the expense incurred in the drafting, printing, issuance, and sale of any such bonds. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.712. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 7.] 47.10.714 47.10.714 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.700 through 47.10.724 shall distinctly state that they are not a general obligation of the state, but are payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.700 through 47.10.724 from the proceeds of state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels imposed by chapter 82.36 RCW and RCW 82.36.020, 82.36.230, 82.36.250 and 82.36.400, as derived from chapter 58, Laws of 1933, as amended, and as last amended by chapter 220, Laws of 1949; and *chapter 82.40 RCW and RCW 82.40.020, as derived from chapter 127, Laws of 1941, as amended, and as last amended by chapter 220, Laws of 1949. The proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.700 through 47.10.724, and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.700 through 47.10.724. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.714. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 8.] *Reviser's note: Chapter 82.40 RCW and RCW 82.40.020, see note following RCW 47.10.040. 47.10.716 47.10.716 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Source of funds for payment of principal and interest. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due, subject to the proviso of this section, shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and which is, or may be appropriated to the department for state highway purposes, and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of such funds to counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and available for state highway purposes proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. [1984 c 7 § 106; 1961 c 13 § 47.10.716. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 9.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.718 47.10.718 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Additional security for payment of bonds—Pledge of federal funds. As additional security for payment of the principal amount of any or all of the bonds to be issued hereunder, the state finance committee, with the consent of the department, may pledge all or any portion of the federal aid funds received or from time to time to be received by the state from the United States under the provisions of the federal-aid highway act of 1956 for the construction of all or any part of the project referred to in RCW 47.10.700, 47.10.702, and 47.10.704. [1984 c 7 § 107; 1961 c 13 § 47.10.718. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 10.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds 47.10.720 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Highway bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate, subject to the provisions of RCW 47.10.716, the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, for each month of the year which, together with federal funds which may be pledged as provided in RCW 47.10.718, shall be required to meet interest or bond payments hereunder when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the bond retirement fund, which fund shall be available solely for payment of interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.720. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 11.] 47.10.720 47.10.722 47.10.722 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Excess sums in bond retirement fund—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor fuels and the federal funds which may be pledged as provided in RCW 47.10.718, payable into the highway bond retirement fund, shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1961 c 13 § 47.10.722. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 12.] 47.10.730 47.10.727 47.10.727 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Issuance and sale of limited obligation bonds. To provide funds for construction of this project, there shall be issued and sold limited obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of one million eight hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The issuance, sale and retirement of said bonds shall be under the general supervision and control of the state finance committee. The state finance committee shall, when notified by the director of highways, provide for the issuance of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued and sold from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary to the orderly progress of construction of this project. [1965 c 121 § 2.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of director of highways transferred to secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "director of highways" means secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.728 47.10.728 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Form and term of bonds. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding twenty-five years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state treasurer under the seal of the state, one of which signatures shall be made manually and the other signatures may be printed facsimile. The coupons attached to the bonds shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued under authority of RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738 shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1965 c 121 § 3.] 47.10.729 47.10.724 47.10.724 Tacoma-Seattle-Everett facility—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. There is hereby appropriated from the motor vehicle fund to the state highway commission for the biennium ending June 30, 1959 the sum of forty-five million dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of RCW 47.10.700 through 47.10.724, but no money shall be available under this appropriation from said fund unless a like amount of bonds provided for herein are sold and the money derived therefrom deposited to the credit of such fund. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 2; 1961 c 13 § 47.10.724. Prior: 1957 c 189 § 13.] ADDITIONAL BONDS—1965 ACT 47.10.729 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Bonds not general obligations— Taxes pledged. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738 shall distinctly state that they are not a general obligation of the state, but are payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738 from the proceeds of all state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels imposed by chapter 82.36 RCW and *chapter 82.40 RCW. The proceeds of such excise taxes are pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738. The legislature agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor fuels in amounts sufficient to pay the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738 when due. [1965 c 121 § 4.] 47.10.726 47.10.726 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Declaration of public interest. Construction of county arterial highways and farm to market roads in Grant, Franklin and Adams counties to coincide with the opening of additional lands for settlement in the Columbia Basin irrigation project, is declared to be a project required in the interest of the public safety and for the orderly development of the state. [1965 c 121 § 1.] (2004 Ed.) *Reviser's note: Chapter 82.40 RCW was repealed by 1971 ex.s. c 175 § 33; for later enactment, see chapter 82.38 RCW. 47.10.730 47.10.730 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Sale of bonds—Legal investment for state funds. The bonds issued hereunder shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee. They may be sold in such manner and in such amounts [Title 47 RCW—page 51] 47.10.731 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. The bonds shall be sold at public sale. It shall be the duty of the state finance committee to cause such sale to be advertised in such manner as it shall deem sufficient. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1965 c 121 § 5.] percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1965 c 121 § 8.] *Reviser's note: The word "fuels" appearing in the session law version of the above section has been corrected to read "fund"; see comparable provisions in RCW 47.10.080, 47.10.220, 47.10.480, and 47.10.720. 47.10.731 47.10.731 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the motor vehicle fund and such money shall be available only for the construction of the project authorized by RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738, and payment of the expense incurred in the printing, issuance and sale of any such bonds, in which expense shall be included the sum of one eighth of one percent of the amount of the issue to cover the cost of servicing said issue, such sum to be deposited in the general fund. [1965 c 121 § 6.] 47.10.732 47.10.732 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Source of funds for payment of bond principal and interest. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due, subject to the proviso of this section, shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of all excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and which is, or may be, appropriated to the department for state highway purposes. They shall never constitute a charge against any allocation of such funds to counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and available for state highway purposes proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or the interest on any bonds: PROVIDED, That money required hereunder to pay interest on or to retire any bonds issued as authorized by RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738 shall be repaid by the county or counties wherein the highways or roads are constructed in the manner set forth in RCW 47.10.734. [1984 c 7 § 108; 1965 c 121 § 7.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.733 47.10.733 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Highway bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate the percentage of receipts in money of the motor vehicle *fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, for each month of the year which will be required to meet interest or bond payments hereunder when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the highway bond retirement fund, which is hereby established, and which fund shall be available solely for payment of such interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated [Title 47 RCW—page 52] 47.10.734 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Repayment to state by Grant, Franklin and Adams counties by retention of funds. The secretary shall report to the state finance committee all sums expended from funds resulting from the sale of bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738. Grant, Franklin, and Adams counties shall repay to the state all the cost of highway or road facilities actually constructed under the provisions of RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738 within each of said counties as follows: The state finance committee, at least one year prior to the date any such interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any such bonds, shall ascertain the percentage of the motor vehicle funds arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, which is to be transferred to such counties under the provisions of law which will be necessary to pay all of the interest upon or retire when due all of the portion of said bonds sold under the provisions of RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738 in each of said counties. The state finance committee shall notify the state treasurer of this estimate and the treasurer shall thereafter, when distributions are made from the motor vehicle fund to counties, retain such percentage of the total sums credited to such counties as aforesaid in the motor vehicle fund arising from such excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels until such fund is fully reimbursed for all expenditures under RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738 in Grant, Adams, and Franklin counties. Any money so retained shall be available for state highway purposes. [1984 c 7 § 109; 1965 c 121 § 9.] 47.10.734 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.735 47.10.735 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Repayment, limitation as to amount of funds retained—Deficits. The sums retained from motor vehicle funds, arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuel, of any such counties as provided in RCW 47.10.734, together with the sums similarly retained under the provisions of RCW 47.10.010 through 47.10.140 and RCW 47.10.280 through 47.10.400 shall not exceed in any distribution period fifty percent of the total amount to be credited to such county. If there shall be a deficit in the amount available for reimbursement of the motor vehicle fund, due to this provision, then such deficit shall continue to be a charge against any sums due any such county from the motor vehicle fund from such excise taxes until the full cost of such highway facilities is paid. [1965 c 121 § 10.] 47.10.736 47.10.736 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Whenever the percentages of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor fuels, payable into the highway bond retirement fund, shall prove (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1965 c 121 § 11.] 47.10.737 47.10.737 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Allocation of bonds to counties— Conditions upon issuance—Use of county engineering forces. The bonds authorized herein are allocated to the counties as follows: (1) For Adams county—one hundred thousand dollars. (2) For Franklin county—four hundred fifty thousand dollars. (3) For Grant county—one million three hundred thousand dollars: PROVIDED, That no bonds shall be issued for Columbia Basin county arterial highway and road purposes unless expenditures are actually required for the settlement of lands ready for irrigation in the Columbia Basin project and all construction of arterial highways and roads in such counties shall be accomplished by the engineering forces of the various counties under the supervision of the director of highways. [1965 c 121 § 12.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of director of highways transferred to secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "director of highways" means secretary of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.738 47.10.738 Construction in Grant, Franklin, Adams counties authorized—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. There is appropriated from the motor vehicle fund for the biennium ending June 30, 1967 the sum of one million eight hundred fifty thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, to carry out the provisions of RCW 47.10.726 through 47.10.738. [1965 c 121 § 13.] ADDITIONAL BONDS—CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT—1967 ACT 47.10.751 Additional funds—Declaration of necessity. Increased costs of construction combined with an unprecedented increase in motor vehicle use in this state have created an urgent demand for additional highway construction funds. It is vital to the economy of this state and the safety of the public that additional funds be provided for the construction of state highways. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 3.] 47.10.751 47.10.752 47.10.752 Additional funds—Issuance and sale of limited obligation bonds. In order to provide funds for the construction and improvement of state highways, there shall be issued and sold limited obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of thirty million dollars or such amount thereof and at such times as determined to be necessary by the state highway commission. The issuance, sale and retirement of said bonds shall be under the supervision and control of the state finance committee which, upon request being made by the state highway commission, shall provide for the issuance, sale and retirement of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued, and sold from time to time in such (2004 Ed.) 47.10.756 amounts as shall be requested by the state highway commission. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 4.] Reviser's note: Powers, duties, and functions of highway commission transferred to department of transportation; see RCW 47.01.031. Term "state highway commission" means department of transportation; see RCW 47.04.015. 47.10.753 47.10.753 Additional funds—Form and term of bonds. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding twenty-five years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption, bearing such interest, and such terms and conditions, as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state treasurer under the seal of the state, one of which signatures shall be made manually and the other signature may be in printed facsimile, and any coupons attached to such bonds shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued hereunder shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 5.] 47.10.754 47.10.754 Additional funds—Sale of bonds—Legal investment for state funds. The bonds issued hereunder shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee and may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. If the bonds are sold to any purchaser other than the state of Washington, they shall be sold at public sale, and it shall be the duty of the state finance committee to cause such sale to be advertised in such manner as it shall deem sufficient. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.751 through 47.10.760 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 6.] 47.10.755 47.10.755 Additional funds—Bond proceeds— Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the motor vehicle fund and such money shall be available only for the construction of state highways and for payment of the expenses incurred in the printing, issuance, and sale of any such bonds. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 7.] 47.10.756 47.10.756 Additional funds—Bonds not general obligations—Taxes pledged. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.751 through 47.10.760 shall distinctly state that they are not a general obligation of the state, but are payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.751 through 47.10.760 from the proceeds of state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels imposed by chapter 82.36 RCW and *chapter 82.40 RCW. The proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.751 through 47.10.760, and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels in [Title 47 RCW—page 53] 47.10.757 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.751 through 47.10.760. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 8.] *Reviser's note: Chapter 82.40 RCW, see note following RCW 47.10.729. 47.10.757 47.10.757 Additional funds—Source of funds for payment of bond principal and interest. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due, subject to the proviso of this section, shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and which is or may be appropriated to the department for state highway purposes, and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of any other such funds to the state, counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and available to the state for construction of state highways proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. [1984 c 7 § 110; 1967 ex.s. c 7 § 9.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.758 47.10.758 Additional funds—Highway bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any such bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate, subject to the provisions of RCW 47.10.757, the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, for each month of the year which shall be required to meet interest or bond payments hereunder when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the bond retirement fund, hereby created, which fund shall be available solely for payment of interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 10.] 47.10.759 47.10.759 Additional funds—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels payable into the bond retirement fund, shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 11.] [Title 47 RCW—page 54] 47.10.760 Additional funds—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. There is hereby appropriated from the motor vehicle fund to the state highway commission for the biennium ending June 30, 1969, the sum of thirty million dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of RCW 47.10.751 through 47.10.760. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 12.] 47.10.760 RESERVE FUNDS FOR HIGHWAY, STREET, AND ROAD PURPOSES—1967 ACT 47.10.761 Reserve funds—Purposes. It is the purpose of RCW 47.10.761 through 47.10.771 to provide reserve funds to the department for the following purposes: (1) For construction, reconstruction, or repair of any state highway made necessary by slides, storm damage, or other unexpected or unusual causes; (2) For construction or improvement of any state highway when necessary to alleviate or prevent intolerable traffic congestion caused by extraordinary and unanticipated economic development within any area of the state; (3) To advance funds to any city or county to be used exclusively for the construction or improvement of any city street or county road when necessary to alleviate or prevent intolerable traffic congestion caused by extraordinary and unanticipated economic development within a particular area of the state. Before funds provided by the sale of bonds as authorized in RCW 47.10.761 through 47.10.770, are loaned to any city or county for the purposes specified herein, the department shall enter into an agreement with the city or county providing for repayment to the motor vehicle fund of such funds, together with the amount of bond interest thereon, from the city's or the county's share of the motor vehicle funds arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, over a period not to exceed twenty-five years; and (4) To participate in projects on state highways or projects benefiting state highways that have been selected for funding by entities other than the Washington state department of transportation and require a financing contribution by the department of transportation. [1993 sp.s. c 11 § 1; 1984 c 7 § 111; 1967 ex.s. c 7 § 13.] 47.10.761 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.762 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds. In order to provide reserve funds for the purposes specified in RCW 47.10.761, there shall be issued and sold general obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of twenty-five million dollars or such amount thereof and at such times as may be determined to be necessary by the state transportation commission. The issuance, sale and retirement of said bonds shall be under the supervision and control of the state finance committee which, upon request being made by the Washington state transportation commission, shall provide for the issuance, sale and retirement of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued and sold from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary for the purposes enumerated in RCW 47.10.761. [1993 sp.s. c 11 § 2; 1967 ex.s. c 7 § 14.] 47.10.762 47.10.763 Bonds—Term—Terms and conditions— Signatures—Registration—Where payable—Negotiable 47.10.763 (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds instruments. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding twenty-five years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption, bearing such interest, and such terms and conditions, as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state treasurer under the seal of the state, one of which signatures shall be made manually and the other signature may be in printed facsimile, and any coupons attached to such bonds shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued hereunder shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 15.] 47.10.764 47.10.764 Bonds—Denominations—Manner and terms of sale—Legal investment for state funds. The bonds issued hereunder shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee and may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. If the bonds are sold to any purchaser other than the state of Washington, they shall be sold at public sale, and it shall be the duty of the state finance committee to cause such sale to be advertised in such manner as it shall deem sufficient. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.761 through 47.10.771 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 16.] 47.10.765 47.10.765 Bonds—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the motor vehicle fund and such money shall be available only for the purposes enumerated in RCW 47.10.761 and for payment of the expense incurred in the drafting, printing, issuance and sale of any such bonds. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 17.] 47.10.766 47.10.766 Bonds—Statement describing nature of obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.761 through 47.10.771 shall distinctly state that they are not a general obligation of the state, but are payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.761 through 47.10.771 from the proceeds of state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels imposed by chapter 82.36 RCW and *chapter 82.40 RCW. The proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.761 through 47.10.771, and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.761 through 47.10.771. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 18.] *Reviser's note: Chapter 82.40 RCW, see note following RCW 47.10.729. (2004 Ed.) 47.10.770 47.10.767 47.10.767 Bonds—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due, subject to the proviso of this section, shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and which is, or may be appropriated to the department for state highway purposes, and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of such funds to counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels and available for state highway purposes proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. [1984 c 7 § 112; 1967 ex.s. c 7 § 19.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.768 47.10.768 Bonds—Pledge of federal aid funds. As additional security for payment of the principal amount of any or all of the bonds to be issued hereunder, the state finance committee, with the consent of the department, may pledge all or any portion of the federal aid funds received or from time to time to be received by the state from the United States under the provisions of the federal-aid highway act of 1956, as amended, for the construction of Washington's portion of the national system of interstate and defense highways. [1984 c 7 § 113; 1967 ex.s. c 7 § 20.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.10.769 47.10.769 Bonds—Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate, subject to the provisions of RCW 47.10.767, the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, for each month of the year which, together with federal funds which may be pledged as provided in RCW 47.10.768, shall be required to meet interest or bond payments hereunder when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the bond retirement fund, which fund shall be available solely for payment of interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 21.] 47.10.770 47.10.770 Bonds—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor fuels and the federal funds which may be pledged as provided in RCW 47.10.768, payable into the highway bond retirement fund, shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any [Title 47 RCW—page 55] 47.10.771 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.10.771 Bonds—Appropriation from motor vehicle fund. There is hereby appropriated from the motor vehicle fund to the state highway commission for the biennium ending June 30, 1969, the sum of twenty-five million dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of RCW 47.10.761 through 47.10.771. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 23.] required to be issued and sold for the purposes described in subsection (1) of this section. (3) Any bonds authorized by subsection (1) of this section that the transportation commission determines are no longer required for the purpose of paying the cost of the designated interstate highway improvements described therein shall be issued and sold, upon the request of the Washington state transportation commission, to provide funds for the location, design, right of way, and construction of major transportation improvements throughout the state that are identified as category C improvements in *RCW 47.05.030. [1985 c 406 § 1; 1982 c 19 § 3; 1981 c 316 § 10; 1979 ex.s. c 180 § 1.] STATE HIGHWAYS IN URBAN AREAS *Reviser's note: RCW 47.05.030 was amended by 1993 c 490 § 3 and no longer defines highway projects or improvements. excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1967 ex.s. c 7 § 22.] 47.10.771 Severability—1982 c 19: See note following RCW 47.10.801. 47.10.775 Issuance and sale of limited obligation bonds, terms, conditions, retirement, use of proceeds, etc. See RCW 47.26.400 through 47.26.407. 47.10.775 COUNTY AND CITY ARTERIALS IN URBAN AREAS 47.10.777 Issuance and sale of limited obligation bonds, terms, conditions, retirement, use of proceeds, etc. See RCW 47.26.420 through 47.26.460. 47.10.777 INTERSTATE 90 COMPLETION—1979 ACT 47.10.790 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds—State route 90 improvements—Category C improvements. (1) In order to provide funds for the location, design, right of way, and construction of selected interstate highway improvements, there shall be issued and sold upon the request of the Washington state transportation commission, a total of one hundred million dollars of general obligation bonds of the state of Washington to pay the state's share of costs for completion of state route 90 (state route 5 to state route 405) and other related state highway projects eligible for regular federal interstate funding and until December 31, 1989, to temporarily pay the regular federal share of construction of completion projects on state route 90 (state route 5 to state route 405) and other related state highway projects eligible for regular interstate funding in advance of federal-aid apportionments under the provisions of 23 U.S.C. Secs. 115 or 122: PROVIDED, That the total amount of bonds issued to temporarily pay the regular federal share of construction of federal-aid interstate highways in advance of federal-aid apportionments as authorized by this section and RCW 47.10.801 shall not exceed one hundred twenty million dollars: PROVIDED FURTHER, That the transportation commission shall consult with the legislative transportation committee prior to the adoption of plans for the obligation of federal-aid apportionments received in federal fiscal year 1985 and subsequent years to pay the regular federal share of federal-aid interstate highway construction projects or to convert such apportionments under the provisions of 23 U.S.C. Secs. 115 or 122. (2) The transportation commission, in consultation with the legislative transportation committee, may at any time find and determine that any amount of the bonds authorized in subsection (1) of this section, and not then sold, are no longer 47.10.790 [Title 47 RCW—page 56] Severability—1981 c 316: See RCW 47.10.811. 47.10.791 47.10.791 Administration and amount of bond sales. Upon request being made by the transportation commission, the state finance committee shall supervise and provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.790 in accordance with the provisions of chapter 39.42 RCW. The amount of such bonds issued and sold under the provisions of RCW 47.10.790 through 47.10.798 in any biennium may not exceed the amount of a specific appropriation therefor. Such bonds may be sold from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary for the orderly progress of the state highway improvements specified in RCW 47.10.790. The bonds shall be sold in such manner, at such time or times, in such amounts, and at such price or prices as the state finance committee shall determine. The state finance committee may obtain insurance, letters of credit, or other credit facility devices with respect to the bonds and may authorize the execution and delivery of agreements, promissory notes, and other obligations for the purpose of insuring the payment or enhancing the marketability of the bonds. Promissory notes or other obligations issued under this section shall not constitute a debt or the contracting of indebtedness under any constitutional or statutory indebtedness limitation if their payment is conditioned upon the failure of the state to pay the principal of or interest on the bonds with respect to which the promissory notes or other obligations relate. The state finance committee may authorize the issuance of short-term obligations in lieu of long-term obligations for the purposes of more favorable interest rates, lower total interest costs, and increased marketability and for the purposes of retiring the bonds during the life of the project for which they were issued. [1986 c 290 § 6; 1979 ex.s. c 180 § 2.] 47.10.792 47.10.792 Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. The proceeds from the sale of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.790 shall be deposited in the motor vehicle fund and such proceeds shall be available only for the purposes enumerated in RCW 47.10.790, for the payment of bond anticipation notes, if any, and for the payment of the expense incurred in the drafting, printing, issuance, and sale of such bonds. The costs of obtaining insurance, letters of credit, or other credit enhancement devices with respect to the bonds (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds shall be considered to be expenses incurred in the issuance and sale of the bonds. [1986 c 290 § 7; 1979 ex.s. c 180 § 3.] 47.10.801 adjust its estimates so that all requirements for the interest on and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1979 ex.s. c 180 § 6.] 47.10.793 47.10.793 Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.790 shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon, and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. The principal of and interest on such bonds shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.790 through 47.10.798 from the proceeds of the state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW. Proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.790 through 47.10.798, and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.10.790 through 47.10.798. [1995 c 274 § 6; 1979 ex.s. c 180 § 4.] 47.10.794 47.10.794 Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Any funds required to repay the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.790 or the interest thereon when due shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and which is distributed to the state for expenditure pursuant to RCW 46.68.130 and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of such funds to counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and available for state highway purposes proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. [1979 ex.s. c 180 § 5.] 47.10.795 47.10.795 Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of such bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate, subject to the provisions of RCW 47.10.794, the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels, for each month of the year which shall be required to meet interest or bond payments when due and shall notify the treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the highway bond retirement fund heretofore created in the state treasury, which funds shall be available solely for payment of the principal of and interest on the bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of moneys so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for payment of the principal thereof or interest thereon, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith, and such committee shall (2004 Ed.) 47.10.796 47.10.796 Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels payable into the highway bond retirement fund shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds pursuant to applicable bond covenants or remain available in the fund to reduce requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund. [1979 ex.s. c 180 § 7.] 47.10.797 47.10.797 Bonds legal investment for state funds. The bonds authorized in RCW 47.10.790 through 47.10.798 constitute a legal investment for all state funds or for funds under state control and all funds of municipal corporations. [1979 ex.s. c 180 § 8.] 47.10.798 47.10.798 Bonds equal charge against fuel tax revenues. Except as otherwise provided by statute, general obligation bonds issued under authority of legislation enacted during the 45th session of the legislature and thereafter and which pledge motor vehicle and special fuel excise taxes for the payment of principal and interest thereon shall be an equal charge against the revenues from such motor vehicle and special fuel excise taxes. [1979 ex.s. c 180 § 9.] 47.10.799 47.10.799 Appropriation—Expenditure limited to bond sale proceeds. There is hereby appropriated from the motor vehicle fund to the department of transportation for the biennium ending June 30, 1981, the sum of ten million dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, to carry out the provisions of RCW 47.10.790: PROVIDED, That the money available for expenditure under this appropriation may not exceed the amount of money derived from the sale of ten million dollars of bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.790 and deposited to the credit of the motor vehicle fund. [1979 ex.s. c 180 § 10.] 47.10.800 47.10.800 Severability—1979 ex.s. c 180. If any provision of RCW 47.10.790 through 47.10.800 or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of RCW 47.10.790 through 47.10.800 or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1979 ex.s. c 180 § 12.] INTERSTATE HIGHWAY, CATEGORY A, CATEGORY C IMPROVEMENTS—1981 ACT 47.10.801 47.10.801 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds. (1) In order to provide funds necessary for the location, design, right of way, and construction of selected interstate and other state highway improvements, there shall be issued and sold, subject to subsections (2), (3), and (4) of this section, upon the request of the Washington state transportation commission a total of four hundred sixty million dollars [Title 47 RCW—page 57] 47.10.802 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation of general obligation bonds of the state of Washington for the following purposes and specified sums: (a) Not to exceed two hundred twenty-five million dollars to pay the state's share of costs for federal-aid interstate highway improvements and until December 31, 1989, to temporarily pay the regular federal share of construction of federal-aid interstate highway improvements to complete state routes 82, 90, 182, and 705 in advance of federal-aid apportionments under the provisions of 23 U.S.C. Secs. 115 or 122: PROVIDED, That the total amount of bonds issued to temporarily pay the regular federal share of construction of federalaid interstate highways in advance of federal-aid apportionments as authorized by this section and RCW 47.10.790 shall not exceed one hundred twenty million dollars: PROVIDED FURTHER, That the transportation commission shall consult with the legislative transportation committee prior to the adoption of plans for the obligation of federal-aid apportionments received in federal fiscal year 1985 and subsequent years to pay the regular federal share of federal-aid interstate highway construction projects or to convert such apportionments under the provisions of 23 U.S.C. Secs. 115 or 122; (b) Two hundred twenty-five million dollars for major transportation improvements throughout the state that are identified as category C improvements and for selected major non-interstate construction and reconstruction projects that are included as Category A Improvements in *RCW 47.05.030; (c) Ten million dollars for state highway improvements necessitated by planned economic development, as determined through the procedures set forth in RCW 43.160.074 and 47.01.280. (2) The amount of bonds authorized in subsection (1)(a) of this section shall be reduced if the transportation commission, in consultation with the legislative transportation committee, determines that any of the bonds that have not been sold are no longer required. (3) The amount of bonds authorized in subsection (1)(b) of this section shall be increased by an amount not to exceed, and concurrent with, any reduction of bonds authorized under subsection (1)(a) of this section in the manner prescribed in subsection (2) of this section. (4) The transportation commission may decrease the amount of bonds authorized in subsection (1)(c) of this section and increase the amount of bonds authorized in subsection (1)(a) or (b) of this section, or both by an amount equal to the decrease in subsection (1)(c) of this section. The transportation commission may decrease the amount of bonds authorized in subsection (1)(c) of this section only if the legislature appropriates an equal amount of funds from the motor vehicle fund - basic account for the purposes enumerated in subsection (1)(c) of this section. [1999 c 94 § 13; 1994 c 173 § 1. Prior: 1985 c 433 § 7; 1985 c 406 § 2; 1982 c 19 § 1; 1981 c 316 § 1.] *Reviser's note: RCW 47.05.030 was amended by 1993 c 490 § 3 and no longer defines categories of highway projects or improvements. Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Effective date—1994 c 173: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately [March 30, 1994]." [1994 c 173 § 2.] [Title 47 RCW—page 58] Nonseverability—1985 c 433: See note following RCW 43.160.074. Severability—1982 c 19: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1982 c 19 § 5.] 47.10.802 47.10.802 Administration and amount of bond sales. Upon request being made by the transportation commission, the state finance committee shall supervise and provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.801 in accordance with chapter 39.42 RCW. The amount of such bonds issued and sold under RCW 47.10.801 through 47.10.809 in any biennium may not exceed the amount of a specific appropriation therefor. Such bonds may be sold from time to time in such amounts as may be necessary for the orderly progress of the state highway improvements specified in RCW 47.10.801. The amount of bonds issued and sold under RCW 47.10.801(1)(a) in any biennium shall not, except as provided in that section, exceed the amount required to match federal-aid interstate funds available to the state of Washington. The transportation commission shall give notice of its intent to sell bonds to the legislative transportation committee before requesting the state finance committee to issue and sell bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.801(1)(a). The bonds shall be sold in such manner, at such time or times, in such amounts, and at such price or prices as the state finance committee shall determine. The state finance committee may obtain insurance, letters of credit, or other credit facility devices with respect to the bonds and may authorize the execution and delivery of agreements, promissory notes, and other obligations for the purpose of insuring the payment or enhancing the marketability of the bonds. Promissory notes or other obligations issued under this section shall not constitute a debt or the contracting of indebtedness under any constitutional or statutory indebtedness limitation if their payment is conditioned upon the failure of the state to pay the principal of or interest on the bonds with respect to which the promissory notes or other obligations relate. The state finance committee may authorize the issuance of short-term obligations in lieu of long-term obligations for the purposes of more favorable interest rates, lower total interest costs, and increased marketability and for the purposes of retiring the bonds during the life of the project for which they were issued. [1986 c 290 § 1; 1983 1st ex.s. c 53 § 23; 1982 c 19 § 2; 1981 c 316 § 2.] Severability—1983 1st ex.s. c 53: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1983 1st ex.s. c 53 § 36.] Severability—1982 c 19: See note following RCW 47.10.801. 47.10.803 47.10.803 Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. The proceeds from the sale of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.801(1) shall be deposited in the motor vehicle fund. All such proceeds shall be available only for the purposes enumerated in RCW 47.10.801, for the payment of bond anticipation notes, if any, and for the payment of the expense incurred in the drafting, printing, issuance, and sale of such bonds. The costs of obtaining insurance, letters of credit, or other credit enhancement devices with respect to the bonds shall be considered to be expenses incurred in the issuance (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds and sale of the bonds. [1999 c 94 § 14; 1986 c 290 § 2; 1985 c 433 § 8; 1981 c 316 § 3.] Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. 47.10.813 committee forthwith, and the committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for the interest on and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1981 c 316 § 6.] Nonseverability—1985 c 433: See note following RCW 43.160.074. 47.10.807 47.10.804 47.10.804 Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under RCW 47.10.801 shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon, and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. The principal of and interest on such bonds shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.801 through 47.10.809 from the proceeds of the state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW. Proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under RCW 47.10.801 through 47.10.809, and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose these excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under RCW 47.10.801 through 47.10.809. [1995 c 274 § 7; 1981 c 316 § 4.] 47.10.805 47.10.805 Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Any funds required to repay the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.801 or the interest thereon when due shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and which is distributed to the state for expenditure pursuant to RCW 46.68.130 and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of such funds to counties, cities, and towns unless the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and available for state highway purposes proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. [1981 c 316 § 5.] 47.10.807 Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels payable into the highway bond retirement fund shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1981 c 316 § 7.] 47.10.808 47.10.808 Bonds legal investment for state funds. The bonds authorized in RCW 47.10.801 through 47.10.809 constitute a legal investment for all state funds or for funds under state control and all funds of municipal corporations. [1981 c 316 § 8.] 47.10.809 47.10.809 Bonds equal charge against fuel tax revenues. Bonds issued under authority of RCW 47.10.801 through 47.10.809 and any subsequent general obligation bonds of the state of Washington which may be authorized and which pledge motor vehicle and special fuel excise taxes for the payment of principal and interest thereon shall be an equal charge against the revenues from such motor vehicle and special fuel excise taxes. [1981 c 316 § 9.] 47.10.811 47.10.811 Severability—1981 c 316. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1981 c 316 § 13.] CATEGORY C IMPROVEMENTS—1993 ACT 47.10.806 47.10.806 Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of such bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate, subject to RCW 47.10.805, the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels, for each month of the year which shall be required to meet interest or bond payments when due and shall notify the treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the highway bond retirement fund heretofore created in the state treasury, which funds shall be available solely for payment of the principal of and interest on the bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of moneys so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for payment of the principal thereof or interest thereon, the treasurer shall notify the state finance (2004 Ed.) 47.10.812 47.10.812 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds. In order to provide funds necessary for the location, design, right of way, and construction of state highway improvements that are identified as special category C improvements, there shall be issued and sold upon the request of the Washington state transportation commission a total of three hundred thirty million dollars of general obligation bonds of the state of Washington. [1999 sp.s. c 2 § 1; 1993 c 431 § 1.] 47.10.813 47.10.813 Administration and amount of sale. Upon the request of the transportation commission, the state finance committee shall supervise and provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.812 through 47.10.817 in accordance with chapter 39.42 RCW. Bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.812 through 47.10.817 shall be sold in such manner, at such time or times, in such amounts, and at such price as the state finance committee shall determine. No such bonds may be offered for [Title 47 RCW—page 59] 47.10.814 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation sale without prior legislative appropriation of the net proceeds of the sale of the bonds. The state finance committee shall consider the issuance of short-term obligations in lieu of long-term obligations for the purposes of more favorable interest rates, lower total interest costs, and increased marketability and for the purpose of retiring the bonds during the life of the project for which they were issued. [1993 c 431 § 2.] 47.10.814 47.10.814 Proceeds—Deposit and use. The proceeds from the sale of bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.812 through 47.10.817 shall be deposited in the special category C account in the motor vehicle fund. The proceeds shall be available only for the purposes enumerated in RCW 47.10.812, for the payment of bond anticipation notes, if any, and for the payment of bond issuance costs, including the costs of underwriting. [1993 c 431 § 3.] 47.10.815 47.10.815 Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.812 through 47.10.817 shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon, and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. The principal and interest on the bonds shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.812 through 47.10.817 from the proceeds of the state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW. Proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.812 through 47.10.817, and the legislature agrees to continue to impose these excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.812 through 47.10.817. [1995 c 274 § 8; 1993 c 431 § 4.] 47.10.816 47.10.816 Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Both principal and interest on the bonds issued for the purposes of RCW 47.10.812 through 47.10.817 shall be payable from the highway bond retirement fund. The state finance committee may provide that a special account be created in the fund to facilitate payment of the principal and interest. The state finance committee shall, on or before June 30th of each year, certify to the state treasurer the amount required for principal and interest on the bonds in accordance with the bond proceedings. The state treasurer shall withdraw revenues from the special category C account in the motor vehicle fund and deposit in the highway bond retirement fund, or a special account in the fund, such amounts, and at such times, as are required by the bond proceedings. Any funds required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.812 through 47.10.817 shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund that results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and that is distributed to the special category C account in the motor vehicle fund. Funds required shall never constitute a charge against any other allocations of [Title 47 RCW—page 60] motor vehicle fuel and special fuel tax revenues to the state, counties, cities and towns unless the amount arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels distributed to the special category C account proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. Any payments for bond retirement or interest on the bonds taken from other revenues from the motor vehicle fuel or special fuel taxes that are distributable to the state, counties, cities and towns, shall be repaid from the first revenues from the motor vehicle fuel or special fuel taxes distributed to the special category C account not required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds. [1993 c 431 § 5.] 47.10.817 47.10.817 Equal charge against fuel tax revenues. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.812 through 47.10.816 and this section and any other general obligation bonds of the state of Washington that have been or that may be authorized and that pledge motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes for the payment of principal and interest thereon shall be an equal charge against the revenues from such motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes. [1993 c 431 § 6.] 47.10.818 47.10.818 Severability—1993 c 431. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1993 c 431 § 8.] INTERSTATE, OTHER HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENTS— 1993 ACT 47.10.819 47.10.819 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds. In order to provide funds necessary for the location, design, right of way, and construction of selected interstate and other highway improvements, there shall be issued and sold upon the request of the Washington state transportation commission a total of one hundred million dollars of general obligation bonds of the state of Washington for the following purposes and specified sums: (1) Not to exceed twenty-five million dollars to pay the state's and local governments' share of matching funds for the ten demonstration projects identified in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991. (2) Not to exceed fifty million dollars to temporarily pay the regular federal share of construction in advance of federal-aid apportionments as authorized by this section. (3) Not to exceed twenty-five million dollars for loans to local governments to provide the required matching funds to take advantage of available federal funds. These loans shall be on such terms and conditions as determined by the Washington state transportation commission, but in no event may the loans be for a period of more than ten years. The interest rate on the loans authorized under this subsection shall be equal to the interest rate on the bonds sold for such purposes. [1993 c 432 § 1.] 47.10.820 47.10.820 Administration and amount of sale. Upon the request of the transportation commission, the state (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds finance committee shall supervise and provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.819 through 47.10.824 in accordance with chapter 39.42 RCW. Bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.819 through 47.10.824 shall be sold in such manner, at such time or times, in such amounts, and at such price as the state finance committee shall determine. No such bonds may be offered for sale without prior legislative appropriation of the net proceeds of the sale of the bonds. The state finance committee shall consider the issuance of short-term obligations in lieu of long-term obligations for the purposes of more favorable interest rates, lower total interest costs, and increased marketability and for the purpose of retiring the bonds during the life of the project for which they were issued. [1993 c 432 § 2.] 47.10.821 47.10.821 Proceeds—Deposit and use. The proceeds from the sale of bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.819 through 47.10.824 shall be deposited in the motor vehicle fund. The proceeds shall be available only for the purposes enumerated in RCW 47.10.819, for the payment of bond anticipation notes, if any, and for the payment of bond issuance costs, including the costs of underwriting. [1993 c 432 § 3.] 47.10.822 47.10.822 Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.819 through 47.10.824 shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon, and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. The principal and interest on the bonds shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.819 through 47.10.824 from the proceeds of the state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW. Proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.819 through 47.10.824, and the legislature agrees to continue to impose these excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.819 through 47.10.824. [1995 c 274 § 9; 1993 c 432 § 4.] 47.10.823 47.10.823 Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Both principal and interest on the bonds issued for the purposes of RCW 47.10.819 through 47.10.824 shall be payable from the highway bond retirement fund. The state finance committee may provide that a special account be created in the fund to facilitate payment of the principal and interest. The state finance committee shall, on or before June 30th of each year, certify to the state treasurer the amount required for principal and interest on the bonds in accordance with the bond proceedings. The state treasurer shall withdraw revenues from the motor vehicle fund and deposit in the highway bond retirement fund, or a special account in the fund, such amounts, and at such times, as are required by the bond proceedings. (2004 Ed.) 47.10.834 Any funds required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.819 through 47.10.824 shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund that results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and which is, or may be appropriated to the department of transportation for state highway purposes. Funds required shall never constitute a charge against any other allocations of motor vehicle fuel and special fuel tax revenues to the state, counties, cities, and towns unless the amount arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels distributed to the state in the motor vehicle fund proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. Any payments for bond retirement or interest on the bonds taken from other revenues from the motor vehicle fuel or special fuel taxes that are distributed to the state, counties, cities, and towns, shall be repaid from the first revenues from the motor vehicle fuel or special fuel taxes distributed to the motor vehicle fund not required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds. [1993 c 432 § 5.] 47.10.824 Equal charge against fuel tax revenues. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.819 through 47.10.823 and this section and any other general obligation bonds of the state of Washington that have been or that may be authorized and that pledge motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes for the payment of principal and interest thereon shall be an equal charge against the revenues from such motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes. [1993 c 432 § 6.] 47.10.824 47.10.825 Severability—1993 c 432. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1993 c 432 § 8.] 47.10.825 PUBLIC-PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION INITIATIVES— 1994 ACT 47.10.834 47.10.834 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds. In order to provide funds necessary to implement the public-private transportation initiatives authorized by chapter 47.46 RCW, there shall be issued and sold upon the request of the Washington state transportation commission a total of twenty-five million six hundred twenty-five thousand dollars of general obligation bonds of the state of Washington. [1995 2nd sp.s. c 15 § 2; 1994 c 183 § 2.] Severability—1995 2nd sp.s. c 15: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1995 2nd sp.s. c 15 § 9.] Effective date—1995 2nd sp.s. c 15: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately [June 16, 1995]." [1995 2nd sp.s. c 15 § 10.] Finding—1994 c 183: "The legislature finds and declares: Successful implementation of the public-private transportation initiatives program authorized in chapter 47.46 RCW may require the financial participation of the state in projects authorized in that chapter. The participation may take the form of loans, loan guarantees, user charge guarantees, including incidental costs incurred by the department in direct support of activities required under chapter 47.46 RCW, or such other [Title 47 RCW—page 61] 47.10.835 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation cash contribution arrangements as may improve the ability of the private entities sponsoring the projects to obtain financing. It is in the best interests of the people of the state that state funding of possible financial participation in the projects authorized under chapter 47.46 RCW be in the form of long-term bonds. In order to repay expenditures incurred in the 1993-1995 biennium, up to two million two hundred thousand dollars of these bonds may be expended on highway improvement projects, under chapter 47.05 RCW." [1995 2nd sp.s. c 15 § 1; 1994 c 183 § 1.] 47.10.835 47.10.835 Administration and amount of sale. Upon the request of the transportation commission, the state finance committee shall supervise and provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841 in accordance with chapter 39.42 RCW. Bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841 shall be sold in such manner, at such time or times, in such amounts, and at such price as the state finance committee shall determine. No such bonds may be offered for sale without prior legislative appropriation of the net proceeds of the sale of the bonds. In making such appropriation of the net proceeds of the sale of the bonds, the legislature shall specify what portion of the appropriation is provided for possible loans and what portion of the appropriation is provided for other forms of cash contributions to projects. The state finance committee shall consider the issuance of short-term obligations in lieu of long-term obligations for the purposes of more favorable interest rates, lower total interest costs, and increased marketability and for the purpose of retiring the bonds during the life of the project for which they were issued. [1994 c 183 § 3.] 47.10.836 47.10.836 Proceeds—Deposit and use. (1) The proceeds from the sale of bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841 that are in support of possible loans as specified under RCW 47.10.835 shall be deposited into the motor vehicle fund. The proceeds shall be available only for the purposes of making loans to entities authorized to undertake projects selected under chapter 47.46 RCW as enumerated in RCW 47.10.835, including incidental costs incurred by the department in direct support of activities required under chapter 47.46 RCW, for the payment of bond anticipation notes, if any, and for the payment of bond issuance costs, including the costs of underwriting. (2) The proceeds from the sale of bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841 that are in support of all forms of cash contributions to projects selected under chapter 47.46 RCW, including incidental costs incurred by the department in direct support of activities required under chapter 47.46 RCW, except loans shall be deposited into the motor vehicle fund. The proceeds shall be available only for the purposes of making any contributions except loans to projects selected under chapter 47.46 RCW, for the payment of bond anticipation notes, if any, and for the payment of bond issuance costs, including the costs of underwriting. (3) Up to two million two hundred thousand dollars of the proceeds from the sale of bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841 may be expended on highway improvement projects under chapter 47.05 RCW and for the payment of bond issuance cost, including the cost of underwriting. Such proceeds shall be deposited into the motor vehicle fund. [1995 2nd sp.s. c 15 § 3; 1994 c 183 § 4.] [Title 47 RCW—page 62] Severability—Effective date—1995 2nd sp.s. c 15: See notes following RCW 47.10.834. 47.10.837 47.10.837 Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Principal and interest payments made on loans authorized by chapter 47.46 RCW shall be deposited into the motor vehicle fund and shall be available for the payment of principal and interest on bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841 and for such other purposes as may be specified by law. [1995 2nd sp.s. c 15 § 4; 1994 c 183 § 5.] Severability—Effective date—1995 2nd sp.s. c 15: See notes following RCW 47.10.834. 47.10.838 47.10.838 Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. (1) Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841 shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon, and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. (2) The principal and interest on the bonds issued for the purposes enumerated in RCW 47.10.836 shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841 from the proceeds of the state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW. Proceeds of those excise taxes are pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841, and the legislature agrees to continue to impose these excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841. [1995 2nd sp.s. c 15 § 5; 1994 c 183 § 6.] Severability—Effective date—1995 2nd sp.s. c 15: See notes following RCW 47.10.834. 47.10.839 47.10.839 Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. (1) Both principal and interest on the bonds issued for the purposes of RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841 are payable from the highway bond retirement fund. (2) The state finance committee shall, on or before June 30th of each year certify to the state treasurer the amount required for principal and interest on the bonds issued for the purposes specified in RCW 47.10.836 in accordance with the bond proceedings. The state treasurer shall withdraw revenues from the motor vehicle fund and deposit into the highway bond retirement fund such amounts, and at such times, as are required by the bond proceedings. (3) Any funds required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.841 shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund that results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels which is, or may be appropriated to the department of transportation for state highway purposes. Funds required shall never constitute a charge against any other allocations of motor vehicle fuel and special fuel tax revenues to the state, counties, cities, or towns unless the amount arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels distributed to the state in the motor vehicle fund (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. (4) Any payments for bond retirement or interest on the bonds taken from other revenues from the motor vehicle fuel and special fuel taxes that are distributable to the state, counties, cities, or towns shall be repaid from the first revenues from the motor vehicle fuel or special fuel taxes distributed to the motor vehicle fund not required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds. [1995 2nd sp.s. c 15 § 6; 1994 c 183 § 7.] Severability—Effective date—1995 2nd sp.s. c 15: See notes following RCW 47.10.834. 47.10.847 The state finance committee shall consider the issuance of short-term obligations in lieu of long-term obligations for the purposes of more favorable interest rates, lower total interest costs, and increased marketability and for the purpose of retiring the bonds during the life of the project for which they were issued. [1998 c 321 § 17 (Referendum Bill No. 49, approved November 3, 1998).] Purpose—Severability—1998 c 321: See notes following RCW 82.14.045. Effective dates—Application—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21, 44, and 45: See note following RCW 82.14.045. Referral to electorate—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21 and 44-46: See note following RCW 82.14.045. 47.10.841 47.10.841 Equal charge against motor vehicle excise tax revenues. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.839 and this section and any other general obligation bonds of the state of Washington that have been or that may be authorized and that pledge motor vehicle and special fuels taxes for the payment of principal and interest thereon are an equal charge against the revenues from the motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes. [1995 2nd sp.s. c 15 § 7; 1994 c 183 § 9.] 47.10.845 Proceeds—Deposit and use. The proceeds from the sale of bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.843 through 47.10.848 shall be deposited in the motor vehicle fund. The proceeds shall be available only for the purposes enumerated in RCW 47.10.843, for the payment of bond anticipation notes, if any, and for the payment of bond issuance costs, including the costs of underwriting. [1998 c 321 § 18 (Referendum Bill No. 49, approved November 3, 1998).] Severability—Effective date—1995 2nd sp.s. c 15: See notes following RCW 47.10.834. Purpose—Severability—1998 c 321: See notes following RCW 82.14.045. Effective dates—Application—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21, 44, and 45: See note following RCW 82.14.045. Referral to electorate—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21 and 44-46: See note following RCW 82.14.045. 47.10.842 47.10.842 Severability—1994 c 183. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1994 c 183 § 11.] STATE AND LOCAL HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENTS— 1998 ACT 47.10.843 47.10.843 Bond issue authorized. In order to provide funds necessary for the location, design, right of way, and construction of state and local highway improvements, there shall be issued and sold upon the request of the Washington state transportation commission a maximum of one billion nine hundred million dollars of general obligation bonds of the state of Washington. [1998 c 321 § 16 (Referendum Bill No. 49, approved November 3, 1998).] Purpose—Severability—1998 c 321: See notes following RCW 82.14.045. Effective dates—Application—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21, 44, and 45: See note following RCW 82.14.045. Referral to electorate—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21 and 44-46: See note following RCW 82.14.045. 47.10.844 47.10.844 Administration and amount of sale. Upon the request of the transportation commission, the state finance committee shall supervise and provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.843 through 47.10.848 in accordance with chapter 39.42 RCW. Bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.843 through 47.10.848 shall be sold in such manner, at such time or times, in such amounts, and at such price as the state finance committee shall determine. No such bonds may be offered for sale without prior legislative appropriation of the net proceeds of the sale of the bonds. (2004 Ed.) 47.10.845 47.10.846 Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.843 through 47.10.848 shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon, and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. The principal and interest on the bonds shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.843 through 47.10.848 from the proceeds of the state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW. Proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.843 through 47.10.848, and the legislature agrees to continue to impose these excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.843 through 47.10.848. [1998 c 321 § 19 (Referendum Bill No. 49, approved November 3, 1998).] 47.10.846 Purpose—Severability—1998 c 321: See notes following RCW 82.14.045. Effective dates—Application—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21, 44, and 45: See note following RCW 82.14.045. Referral to electorate—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21 and 44-46: See note following RCW 82.14.045. 47.10.847 Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. Both principal and interest on the bonds issued for the purposes of RCW 47.10.843 through 47.10.848 shall be payable from the highway bond retirement fund. The state finance committee may provide that a special account be cre47.10.847 [Title 47 RCW—page 63] 47.10.848 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation ated in the fund to facilitate payment of the principal and interest. The state finance committee shall, on or before June 30th of each year, certify to the state treasurer the amount required for principal and interest on the bonds in accordance with the bond proceedings. The state treasurer shall withdraw revenues from the motor vehicle fund and deposit in the highway bond retirement fund, or a special account in the fund, such amounts, and at such times, as are required by the bond proceedings. Any funds required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.843 through 47.10.848 shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund that results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and which is, or may be, appropriated to the department of transportation for state highway purposes. Funds required shall never constitute a charge against any other allocations of motor vehicle fuel and special fuel tax revenues to the state, counties, cities and towns unless the amount arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels distributed to the state in the motor vehicle fund proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. Any payments for bond retirement or interest on the bonds taken from other revenues from the motor vehicle fuel or special fuel taxes that are distributable to the state, counties, cities, and towns, shall be repaid from the first revenues from the motor vehicle fuel or special fuel taxes distributed to the motor vehicle fund not required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds. [1998 c 321 § 20 (Referendum Bill No. 49, approved November 3, 1998).] Purpose—Severability—1998 c 321: See notes following RCW 82.14.045. Effective dates—Application—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21, 44, and 45: See note following RCW 82.14.045. Referral to electorate—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21 and 44-46: See note following RCW 82.14.045. the omnibus transportation budget, there shall be issued and sold upon the request of the transportation commission a total of two billion six hundred million dollars of general obligation bonds of the state of Washington. [2003 c 147 § 1.] Effective date—2003 c 147: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect July 1, 2003." [2003 c 147 § 16.] 47.10.862 Administration and amount of sale. Upon the request of the transportation commission, as appropriate, the state finance committee shall supervise and provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of the bonds in RCW 47.10.861 through 47.10.866 in accordance with chapter 39.42 RCW. Bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.861 through 47.10.866 shall be sold in the manner, at time or times, in amounts, and at the price as the state finance committee shall determine. No bonds may be offered for sale without prior legislative appropriation of the net proceeds of the sale of the bonds. The state finance committee shall consider the issuance of short-term obligations in lieu of long-term obligations for the purposes of more favorable interest rates, lower total interest costs, and increased marketability and for the purpose of retiring the bonds during the life of the project for which they were issued. [2003 c 147 § 2.] 47.10.862 Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. 47.10.863 Proceeds—Deposit and use. The proceeds from the sale of bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.861 shall be deposited in the transportation 2003 account (nickel account) in the motor vehicle fund. The proceeds shall be available only for the purposes enumerated in RCW 47.10.861, for the payment of bond anticipation notes, if any, and for the payment of bond issuance costs, including the costs of underwriting. [2003 c 147 § 3.] 47.10.863 Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. 47.10.848 47.10.848 Equal charge against motor vehicle and special fuels tax revenues. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.843 through 47.10.847 and this section and any other general obligation bonds of the state of Washington that have been or that may be authorized and that pledge motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes for the payment of principal and interest thereon shall be an equal charge against the revenues from such motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes. [1998 c 321 § 21 (Referendum Bill No. 49, approved November 3, 1998).] Purpose—Severability—1998 c 321: See notes following RCW 82.14.045. Effective dates—Application—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21, 44, and 45: See note following RCW 82.14.045. Referral to electorate—1998 c 321 §§ 1-21 and 44-46: See note following RCW 82.14.045. 2003 TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS— NICKEL ACCOUNT 47.10.861 47.10.861 Bond issue authorized. In order to provide funds necessary for the location, design, right of way, and construction of selected projects or improvements that are identified as transportation 2003 projects or improvements in [Title 47 RCW—page 64] 47.10.864 Statement of general obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.861 through 47.10.866 shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon, and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. The principal and interest on the bonds shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.10.861 through 47.10.866 from the proceeds of the state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW. Proceeds of these excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.861 through 47.10.866, and the legislature agrees to continue to impose these excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.861 through 47.10.866. [2003 c 147 § 4.] 47.10.864 Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. 47.10.865 Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. Both principal and interest on the bonds issued for the 47.10.865 (2004 Ed.) Highway Construction Bonds purposes of RCW 47.10.861 through 47.10.866 shall be payable from the highway bond retirement fund. The state finance committee may provide that a special account be created in the fund to facilitate payment of the principal and interest. The state finance committee shall, on or before June 30th of each year, certify to the state treasurer the amount required for principal and interest on the bonds in accordance with the bond proceedings. The state treasurer shall withdraw revenues from the transportation 2003 account (nickel account) in the motor vehicle fund and deposit in the highway bond retirement fund, or a special account in the fund, such amounts, and at such times, as are required by the bond proceedings. Any funds required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds authorized by RCW 47.10.861 through 47.10.866 shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund that results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and that is distributed to the transportation 2003 account (nickel account) in the motor vehicle fund. Funds required shall never constitute a charge against any other allocations of motor vehicle fuel and special fuel tax revenues to the state, counties, cities, and towns unless the amount arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels distributed to the transportation 2003 account (nickel account) proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. Any payments for bond retirement or interest on the bonds taken from other revenues from the motor vehicle fuel or special fuel taxes that are distributable to the state, counties, cities, and towns shall be repaid from the first revenues from the motor vehicle fuel or special fuel taxes distributed to the transportation 2003 account (nickel account) not required for bond retirement or interest on the bonds. [2003 c 147 § 5.] Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. 47.10.866 47.10.866 Equal charge against motor vehicle and special fuels tax revenues. Bonds issued under the authority of RCW 47.10.861 through 47.10.865 and this section and any other general obligation bonds of the state of Washington that have been or that may be authorized and that pledge motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes for the payment of principal and interest thereon shall be an equal charge against the revenues from such motor vehicle and special fuels excise taxes. [2003 c 147 § 6.] Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS— 2003 ACT 47.10.867 47.10.867 Bond issue authorized—Appropriation of proceeds. For the purpose of providing funds for the planning, design, construction, reconstruction, and other necessary costs for transportation projects, the state finance committee is authorized to issue general obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of three hundred forty-nine million five hundred thousand dollars, or as much thereof as may be required, to finance these projects and all costs incidental thereto. Bonds authorized in this section may be sold at such price as the state finance committee shall determine. (2004 Ed.) 47.10.871 No bonds authorized in this section may be offered for sale without prior legislative appropriation of the net proceeds of the sale of the bonds. [2003 c 147 § 7.] Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. 47.10.868 47.10.868 Proceeds—Deposit and use. The proceeds of the sale of the bonds authorized in RCW 47.10.867 must be deposited in the multimodal transportation account and must be used exclusively for the purposes specified in RCW 47.10.867 and for the payment of expenses incurred in the issuance and sale of the bonds. [2003 c 147 § 8.] Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. 47.10.869 47.10.869 Repayment procedure. (1) The nondebtlimit reimbursable bond retirement account must be used for the payment of the principal and interest on the bonds authorized in RCW 47.10.867. (2)(a) The state finance committee must, on or before June 30th of each year, certify to the state treasurer the amount needed in the ensuing twelve months to meet the bond retirement and interest requirements on the bonds authorized in RCW 47.10.867. (b) On or before the date on which any interest or principal and interest is due, the state treasurer shall transfer from the multimodal transportation account for deposit into the nondebt-limit reimbursable bond retirement account the amount computed in (a) of this subsection for bonds issued for the purposes of RCW 47.10.867. (3) If the multimodal transportation account has insufficient revenues to pay the principal and interest computed in subsection (2)(a) of this section, then the debt-limit reimbursable bond retirement account must be used for the payment of the principal and interest on the bonds authorized in RCW 47.10.867 from any additional means provided by the legislature. (4) If at any time the multimodal transportation account has insufficient revenues to repay the bonds, the legislature may provide additional means for the payment of the bonds. [2003 c 147 § 9.] Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. 47.10.870 47.10.870 Statement of general obligation—Transfer and payment of funds. (1) Bonds issued under RCW 47.10.867 must state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, must pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal and interest, and must contain an unconditional promise to pay the principal and interest as it becomes due. (2) The owner and holder of each of the bonds or the trustee for the owner and holder of any of the bonds may by mandamus or other appropriate proceeding require the transfer and payment of funds as directed in this section. [2003 c 147 § 10.] Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. 47.10.871 47.10.871 Additional repayment means. The legislature may provide additional means for raising moneys for the payment of the principal and interest on the bonds authorized in RCW 47.10.867, and RCW 47.10.869 and 47.10.870 are [Title 47 RCW—page 65] 47.10.872 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation not deemed to provide an exclusive method for their payment. [2003 c 147 § 11.] Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. 47.10.872 47.10.872 Legal investment. The bonds authorized in RCW 47.10.867 are a legal investment for all state funds or funds under state control and for all funds of any other public body. [2003 c 147 § 12.] Effective date—2003 c 147: See note following RCW 47.10.861. 47.12.300 47.12.301 47.12.302 47.12.320 47.12.330 47.12.340 47.12.350 47.12.360 47.12.370 Sale of unneeded property—Department of transportation— Authorized—Rules. Sale of unneeded property—Department of transportation— Certification to governor—Execution, delivery of deed. Department of transportation—Sale of unneeded property. Sale of property—Listing with broker. Advanced environmental mitigation—Authorized. Advanced environmental mitigation revolving account. Advanced environmental mitigation—Site management— Reimbursement of account. Advanced environmental mitigation—Reports. Environmental mitigation—Exchange agreements. Acquisition of rights of way, city streets: RCW 47.24.030. Chapter 47.12 RCW ACQUISITION AND DISPOSITION OF STATE HIGHWAY PROPERTY Chapter 47.12 Sections 47.12.010 47.12.011 47.12.015 47.12.023 47.12.026 47.12.029 47.12.040 47.12.044 47.12.050 47.12.063 47.12.064 47.12.066 47.12.080 47.12.120 47.12.125 47.12.140 47.12.150 47.12.160 47.12.170 47.12.180 47.12.190 47.12.200 47.12.210 47.12.220 47.12.230 47.12.240 47.12.242 47.12.244 47.12.246 47.12.248 47.12.250 47.12.260 47.12.270 47.12.283 47.12.287 47.12.290 Acquisition of property authorized—Condemnation actions— Cost. Purchase options authorized. "Reservation boundary" defined. Acquisition of state lands or interests or rights therein—Procedures—Compensation—Reacquisition by department of natural resources. Acquisition of state lands or interests or rights therein—Easements—Removal of materials—Relocation of railroad tracks. Acquisition of state lands or interests or rights therein—Certain purposes prohibited. Acquisition of property from a political subdivision. Proceedings to acquire property or rights for highway purposes—Precedence. Work on remaining land as payment. Surplus real property program. Affordable housing—Inventory of suitable property. Sale or lease of personal property—Provision of services— Proceeds. Sale or exchange of unused land. Lease of unused highway land or air space. Lease of unused highway land or air space—Disposition of proceeds. Severance and sale of timber and other personalty—Removal of nonmarketable materials. Acquisition, exchange of property to relocate displaced facility. Acquisition of land outside highway right of way to minimize damage. Sale, lease of unneeded toll facility, ferry system property— Franchises for utility, railway purposes. Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Formal declarations. Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Purchase or condemnation. Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Agreements with state finance committee. Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Warrants on motor vehicle fund. Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Mandatory, permissive, provisions in agreement. Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Warrant form and procedure. Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Payment procedure—Prior charge. "Advance right of way acquisition" defined. Advance right of way revolving fund. Reimbursement to advance right of way revolving fund. Structures acquired in advance of programmed construction— Maintenance. Acquisition of property for preservation, safety, buffer purposes. Acquisition of real property subject to local improvement assessments—Payment. Acquisition of property for park and ride lots. Sale of real property authorized—Procedure—Disposition of proceeds. Exchange of real property authorized—Conveyance by deed. Sale of real property—Execution, acknowledgement, and delivery of deed. [Title 47 RCW—page 66] 47.12.010 47.12.010 Acquisition of property authorized—Condemnation actions—Cost. Whenever it is necessary to secure any lands or interests in land for a right of way for any state highway, or for the drainage thereof or construction of a protection therefor or so as to afford unobstructed vision therefor toward any railroad crossing or another public highway crossing or any point of danger to public travel or to provide a visual or sound buffer between highways and adjacent properties or for the purpose of acquiring sand pits, gravel pits, borrow pits, stone quarries, or any other land for the extraction of materials for construction or maintenance or both, or for any site for the erection upon and use as a maintenance camp, of any state highway, or any site for other necessary structures or for structures for the health and accommodation of persons traveling or stopping upon the state highways of this state, or any site for the construction and maintenance of structures and facilities adjacent to, under, upon, within, or above the right of way of any state highway for exclusive or nonexclusive use by an urban public transportation system, or for any other highway purpose, together with right of way to reach such property and gain access thereto, the department of transportation is authorized to acquire such lands or interests in land in behalf of the state by gift, purchase, or condemnation. In case of condemnation to secure such lands or interests in land, the action shall be brought in the name of the state of Washington in the manner provided for the acquiring of property for the public uses of the state, and in such action the selection of the lands or interests in land by the secretary of transportation shall, in the absence of bad faith, arbitrary, capricious, or fraudulent action, be conclusive upon the court and judge before which the action is brought that said lands or interests in land are necessary for public use for the purposes sought. The cost and expense of such lands or interests in land may be paid as a part of the cost of the state highway for which such right of way, drainage, unobstructed vision, sand pits, gravel pits, borrow pits, stone quarries, maintenance camp sites, and structure sites or other lands are acquired. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 46; 1967 c 108 § 4; 1961 c 13 § 47.12.010. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 25, part; RRS § 6400-25, part.] Urban public transportation system defined: RCW 47.04.082. Right of way donations: Chapter 47.14 RCW. 47.12.011 47.12.011 Purchase options authorized. Whenever it becomes necessary or feasible to purchase rights of way for state highways, and the department deems it to be in the best interest of the general public, the department may secure options for purchase of property needed or proposed for any entire project or section thereof or proposed alignment for the (2004 Ed.) Acquisition and Disposition of State Highway Property location or relocation of any highway. [1984 c 7 § 114; 1961 c 13 § 47.12.011. Prior: 1955 c 49 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.015 47.12.015 "Reservation boundary" defined. For the purposes of this chapter "reservation boundary" means the boundary of the reservation as established by federal law or under the authority of the United States Secretary of the Interior. [2002 c 255 § 2.] 47.12.023 47.12.023 Acquisition of state lands or interests or rights therein—Procedures—Compensation—Reacquisition by department of natural resources. (1) Except as provided in RCW 47.12.026 and 47.12.029, whenever it is necessary to secure any lands or interests in lands for any highway purpose mentioned in RCW 47.12.010, or for the construction of any toll facility or ferry terminal or docking facility, the title to which is in the state of Washington and under the jurisdiction of the department of natural resources, the department of transportation may acquire jurisdiction over the lands or interests in lands, or acquire rights to remove materials from the lands in the manner set forth in this section. (2) At any time after the final adoption of a right of way plan or other plan requiring the acquisition of lands or interests in lands for any purpose as authorized in subsection (1) of this section, the department of transportation may file with the department of natural resources a notice setting forth its intent to acquire jurisdiction of the lands or interests in lands under the jurisdiction of the department of natural resources required for right of way or other highway purposes related to the construction or improvement of such state highway, toll facility, or ferry terminal or docking facility. (3) The department of transportation at the time of filing its notice of intent as provided in subsection (2) of this section shall file therewith a written statement showing the total amount of just compensation to be paid for the property in the event of settlement. The offer shall be based upon the department of transportation approved appraisal of the fair market value of the property to be acquired. In no event may the offer of settlement be referred to or used during any arbitration proceeding or trial conducted for the purpose of determining the amount of just compensation. (4) Just compensation and/or fair market value for the purposes of this section shall be determined in accordance with applicable federal and state constitutional, statutory, and case law relating to the condemnation of private and public property for public purposes. (5) If the department of natural resources does not accept the offer of the department of transportation, the department of transportation may nonetheless pay to the department of natural resources the amount of its offer and obtain immediate possession and use of the property pending the determination of just compensation in the manner hereinafter provided. (6) If the amount of just compensation is not agreed to, either the department of natural resources or the department of transportation may request in writing the appointment of an arbitrator for the purpose of determining the amount of compensation to be paid by the department of transportation for the acquisition of jurisdiction over the lands or interests in (2004 Ed.) 47.12.026 lands or rights therein. In that event the department of natural resources and the department of transportation may jointly agree on an arbitrator to determine the compensation, and his determination shall be final and conclusive upon both departments. The costs of the arbitrator shall be borne equally by the parties. If the department of natural resources and the department of transportation are unable to agree on the selection of an arbitrator within thirty days after a request therefor is made, either the department of transportation or the department of natural resources may file a petition with the superior court for Thurston county for the purpose of determining the amount of just compensation to be paid. The matter shall be tried by the court pursuant to the procedures set forth in RCW 8.04.080. (7) Whenever the department of transportation has acquired immediate possession and use of property by payment of the amount of its offer to the department of natural resources, and the arbitration award or judgment of the court for the acquisition exceeds the payment for immediate possession and use, the department of transportation shall forthwith pay the amount of such excess to the department of natural resources with interest thereon from the date it obtained immediate possession. If the arbitration or court award is less than the amount previously paid by the department of transportation for immediate possession and use, the department of natural resources shall forthwith pay the amount of the difference to the department of transportation. (8) Upon the payment of just compensation, as agreed to by the department of transportation and the department of natural resources, or as determined by arbitration or by judgment of the court, and other costs or fees as provided by statute, the department of natural resources shall cause to be executed and delivered to the department of transportation an instrument transferring jurisdiction over the lands or interests in lands, or rights to remove material from the lands, to the department of transportation. (9) Except as provided in RCW 47.12.026, whenever the department of transportation ceases to use any lands or interests in lands acquired in the manner set forth in this section for the purposes mentioned herein, the department of natural resources may reacquire jurisdiction over the lands or interests in land by paying the fair market value thereof to the department of transportation. If the two departments are unable to agree on the fair market value of the lands or interests in lands, the market value shall be determined and the interests therein shall be transferred in accordance with the provisions and procedures set forth in subsections (4) through (8) of this section. [1984 c 7 § 115; 1977 ex.s. c 103 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.026 47.12.026 Acquisition of state lands or interests or rights therein—Easements—Removal of materials— Relocation of railroad tracks. (1) The department of transportation may acquire an easement for highway or toll facilities right of way or for ferry terminal or docking facilities, including the right to make necessary fills, on, over, or across the beds of navigable waters which are under the jurisdiction of the department of natural resources, in accordance with the provisions of RCW 47.12.023, except that no charge may be [Title 47 RCW—page 67] 47.12.029 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation made to the department of transportation for such an easement. (2) The department of transportation may obtain an easement for highway or toll facilities purposes or for ferry terminal or docking facilities on, over, or across harbor areas in accordance with RCW 47.12.023 but only when the areas are approved by the harbor line commission as a public place for public landings, wharves, or other public conveniences of commerce or navigation. No charge may be made to the department of transportation for such an easement. (3) Upon the selection by the department of transportation of an easement for highway or toll facilities right of way or for ferry terminal or docking facilities, as authorized in subsections (1) and (2) of this section, the department of natural resources shall cause to be executed and delivered to the department of transportation an instrument transferring the easement. Whenever the state no longer requires the easement for highway or toll facilities right of way or for ferry terminal or docking facilities, the easement shall automatically terminate and the department of transportation shall, upon request, cause to be executed an instrument relinquishing to the department of natural resources all of its interest in the lands. (4) The department of transportation, pursuant to the procedures set forth in RCW 47.12.023, may remove sand and gravel and borrow materials and stone from the beds of navigable waters under the jurisdiction of the department of natural resources which lie below the line of ordinary high water upon the payment of fair market value per cubic yard for such materials to be determined in the manner set forth in RCW 47.12.023. (5) The department of transportation may acquire full jurisdiction over lands under the jurisdiction of the department of natural resources including the beds of navigable waters that are required for the relocation of the operating tracks of any railroad that will be displaced by the acquisition of such railroad property for state highway purposes. The department of transportation may exchange lands so acquired in consideration or partial consideration for the land or property rights needed for highway purposes and may cause to be executed a conveyance of the lands in the manner prescribed in RCW 47.12.150. In that event the department of transportation shall pay to the department of natural resources, as just compensation for the acquisition, the fair market value of the property, including the beds of any navigable waters, to be determined in accordance with procedures set forth in RCW 47.12.023. [1984 c 7 § 116; 1977 ex.s. c 103 § 2.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.029 47.12.029 Acquisition of state lands or interests or rights therein—Certain purposes prohibited. The department of transportation shall not acquire jurisdiction of any lands or interest in lands under the jurisdiction of the department of natural resources for any of the purposes set forth in RCW 47.12.150, 47.12.160, 47.12.180, 47.12.250, and 47.12.270. [1984 c 7 § 117; 1977 ex.s. c 103 § 3.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.040 47.12.040 Acquisition of property from a political subdivision. Whenever it is necessary to secure any lands [Title 47 RCW—page 68] for primary or secondary state highway right of way or other state highway purposes, the title to which is in any county of the state or in any political or municipal subdivision of the state, which land is not at the time being used as a public highway, the county legislative authority or the board of directors or governing body of any such political or municipal subdivision are authorized to directly lease, sell, or convey by gift the land or any interest therein to the state of Washington, without requiring competitive bids or notice to the public, and at such price as the legislative authority, directors, or governing body may deem for the best interests of the county or for the best interests of the political or municipal subdivision of the state. The county legislative authority or the directors or governing body of any political or municipal subdivision are empowered to execute a deed or other proper instrument to the land, passing title to the state of Washington, and the instrument need not require consideration other than the benefit which may be derived by the grantor on account of the use thereof. Whenever any state highway is established by legislative enactment and the state highway is upon the former route of a county road, the county legislative authority shall cause the title to the existing right of way or so much thereof as the department requires to be transferred to the state of Washington by proper instrument. [1984 c 7 § 118; 1961 c 13 § 47.12.040. Prior: 1943 c 266 § 1; 1937 c 53 § 26; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6400-26.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.044 47.12.044 Proceedings to acquire property or rights for highway purposes—Precedence. Court proceedings necessary to acquire property or property rights for highway purposes pursuant to RCW 47.12.010 take precedence over all other causes not involving the public interest in all courts in cases where the state is unable to secure an order granting it immediate possession and use of the property or property rights pursuant to RCW 8.04.090 through 8.04.094. [1983 c 140 § 2.] 47.12.050 47.12.050 Work on remaining land as payment. Whenever it is considered in the securing of any lands for state highway purpose, whether by condemnation or otherwise, that it is for the best interest of the state, for specific constructural items of damage claimed, the court or judge may order or the person whose lands are sought may agree that a portion or all work or labor necessary to the land or remaining land by reason of the taking by way of damage, be performed by the state through the department as all or a part of the consideration or satisfaction of the judgment therefor, in which event the department may perform the work as a portion of the right of way cost of the state highway. [1984 c 7 § 119; 1961 c 13 § 47.12.050. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 27; RRS § 6400-27.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.063 47.12.063 Surplus real property program. (1) It is the intent of the legislature to continue the department's policy giving priority consideration to abutting property owners in agricultural areas when disposing of property through its surplus property program under this section. (2004 Ed.) Acquisition and Disposition of State Highway Property (2) Whenever the department determines that any real property owned by the state of Washington and under the jurisdiction of the department is no longer required for transportation purposes and that it is in the public interest to do so, the department may sell the property or exchange it in full or part consideration for land or improvements or for construction of improvements at fair market value to any of the following governmental entities or persons: (a) Any other state agency; (b) The city or county in which the property is situated; (c) Any other municipal corporation; (d) Regional transit authorities created under chapter 81.112 RCW; (e) The former owner of the property from whom the state acquired title; (f) In the case of residentially improved property, a tenant of the department who has resided thereon for not less than six months and who is not delinquent in paying rent to the state; (g) Any abutting private owner but only after each other abutting private owner (if any), as shown in the records of the county assessor, is notified in writing of the proposed sale. If more than one abutting private owner requests in writing the right to purchase the property within fifteen days after receiving notice of the proposed sale, the property shall be sold at public auction in the manner provided in RCW 47.12.283; (h) To any person through the solicitation of written bids through public advertising in the manner prescribed by RCW 47.28.050; (i) To any other owner of real property required for transportation purposes; (j) In the case of property suitable for residential use, any nonprofit organization dedicated to providing affordable housing to very low-income, low-income, and moderateincome households as defined in RCW 43.63A.510 and is eligible to receive assistance through the Washington housing trust fund created in chapter 43.185 RCW; or (k) A federally recognized Indian tribe within whose reservation boundary the property is located. (3) Sales to purchasers may at the department's option be for cash, by real estate contract, or exchange of land or improvements. Transactions involving the construction of improvements must be conducted pursuant to chapter 47.28 RCW or Title 39 RCW, as applicable, and must comply with all other applicable laws and rules. (4) Conveyances made pursuant to this section shall be by deed executed by the secretary of transportation and shall be duly acknowledged. (5) All moneys received pursuant to the provisions of this section less any real estate broker commissions paid pursuant to RCW 47.12.320 shall be deposited in the motor vehicle fund. [2002 c 255 § 1; 1999 c 210 § 1; 1993 c 461 § 11; 1988 c 135 § 1; 1983 c 3 § 125; 1977 ex.s. c 78 § 1.] Finding—1993 c 461: See note following RCW 43.63A.510. 47.12.064 47.12.064 Affordable housing—Inventory of suitable property. (1) The department shall identify and catalog real property that is no longer required for department purposes and is suitable for the development of affordable housing for very low-income, low-income, and moderate-income house(2004 Ed.) 47.12.120 holds as defined in RCW 43.63A.510. The inventory shall include the location, approximate size, and current zoning classification of the property. The department shall provide a copy of the inventory to the department of community, trade, and economic development by November 1, 1993, and every November 1 thereafter. (2) By November 1 of each year, beginning in 1994, the department shall purge the inventory of real property of sites that are no longer available for the development of affordable housing. The department shall include an updated listing of real property that has become available since the last update. As used in this section, "real property" means buildings, land, or buildings and land. [1995 c 399 § 121; 1993 c 461 § 10.] Finding—1993 c 461: See note following RCW 43.63A.510. 47.12.066 47.12.066 Sale or lease of personal property—Provision of services—Proceeds. (1) The department may sell at fair market value, or lease at rental value (economic rent), materials or other personal property to any United States agency or to any municipal corporation, political subdivision, or another agency of the state and may provide services to any United States agency or to any municipal corporation, political subdivision, or another agency of the state at actual cost, including a reasonable amount for indirect costs. (2) The department may sell at fair market value materials or other personal property to any private utility company regulated by the utilities and transportation commission for the purpose of making emergency repairs to utility facilities or to protect such facilities from imminent damage upon a finding in writing by the secretary that an emergency exists. (3) The proceeds of all sales and leases under this section shall be placed in the motor vehicle fund. [1984 c 7 § 120; 1977 ex.s. c 78 § 2.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.080 47.12.080 Sale or exchange of unused land. The secretary of transportation may transfer and convey to the United States, its agencies or instrumentalities, to any other state agency, to any county or city or port district of this state, or to any public utility company, any unused state-owned real property under the jurisdiction of the department of transportation when, in the judgment of the secretary of transportation and the attorney general, the transfer and conveyance is consistent with public interest. Whenever the secretary makes an agreement for any such transfer or conveyance, and the attorney general concurs therein, the secretary shall execute and deliver unto the grantee a deed of conveyance, easement, or other instrument, duly acknowledged, as shall be necessary to fulfill the terms of the aforesaid agreement. All moneys paid to the state of Washington under any of the provisions hereof shall be deposited in the motor vehicle fund. [1984 c 7 § 121. Prior: 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 49; 1977 ex.s. c 78 § 5; 1975 1st ex.s. c 96 § 3; 1961 c 13 § 47.12.080; prior: 1945 c 127 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6400-120.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.120 47.12.120 Lease of unused highway land or air space. The department may rent or lease any lands, improvements, or air space above or below any lands that are held for high[Title 47 RCW—page 69] 47.12.125 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation way purposes but are not presently needed. The rental or lease: (1) Must be upon such terms and conditions as the department may determine; (2) Is subject to the provisions and requirements of zoning ordinances of political subdivisions of government; (3) Includes lands used or to be used for both limited access and conventional highways that otherwise meet the requirements of this section; and (4) In the case of bus shelters provided by a local transit authority that include commercial advertising, may charge the transit authority only for commercial space. [2003 c 198 § 2; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 50; 1969 c 91 § 1; 1961 c 13 § 47.12.120. Prior: 1949 c 162 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 6400122.] 47.12.125 Lease of unused highway land or air space—Disposition of proceeds. All moneys paid to the state of Washington under any of the provisions of RCW 47.12.120 shall be deposited in the department's advance right of way revolving fund, except moneys that are subject to federal aid reimbursement and moneys received from rental of capital facilities properties, which shall be deposited in the motor vehicle fund. [1999 c 94 § 15; 1991 c 291 § 3; 1961 c 13 § 47.12.125. Prior: 1949 c 162 § 2; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 6400-123.] 47.12.125 Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. 47.12.140 Severance and sale of timber and other personalty—Removal of nonmarketable materials. Whenever the department has acquired any lands for transportation purposes, except state granted lands, upon which are located any structures, timber, or other thing of value attached to the land that the department deems it best to sever from the land and sell as personal property, the same may be disposed of by one of the following means: (1) The department may sell the personal property at public auction after due notice has been given in accordance with general rules adopted by the secretary. The department may set minimum prices that will be accepted for any item offered for sale at public auction as provided in this section and may prescribe terms or conditions of sale. If an item is offered for sale at the auction and no satisfactory bids are received or the amount bid is less than the minimum set by the department, the department may sell the item at private sale for the best price that it deems obtainable, but not less than the highest price bid at the public auction. The proceeds of all sales under this section must be placed in the motor vehicle fund. (2) The department may issue permits to residents of this state to remove specified quantities of standing or downed trees and shrubs, rock, sand, gravel, or soils that have no market value in place and that the department desires to be removed from state-owned lands that are under the jurisdiction of the department. An applicant for a permit must certify that the materials so removed are to be used by the applicant and that they will not be disposed of to any other person. Removal of materials under the permit must be in accordance with rules adopted by the department. The fee for a permit is two dollars and fifty cents, which fee must be deposited in the 47.12.140 [Title 47 RCW—page 70] motor vehicle fund. The department may adopt rules providing for special access to limited access facilities for the purpose of removal of materials under permits authorized in this section. (3) The department may sell timber or logs to an abutting landowner for cash at full appraised value, but only after each other abutting owner (if any), as shown in the records of the county assessor, is notified in writing of the proposed sale. If more than one abutting owner requests in writing the right to purchase the timber within fifteen days after receiving notice of the proposed sale, the timber must be sold in accordance with subsection (1) of this section. (4) The department may sell timber or logs having an appraised value of one thousand dollars or less directly to interested parties for cash at the full appraised value without notice or advertising. If the timber is attached to state-owned land, the department shall issue a permit to the purchaser of the timber to allow for the removal of the materials from state land. The permit fee is two dollars and fifty cents. [1997 c 240 § 1; 1981 c 260 § 12. Prior: 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 52; 1977 ex.s. c 78 § 6; 1961 c 13 § 47.12.140; prior: 1953 c 42 § 1.] 47.12.150 47.12.150 Acquisition, exchange of property to relocate displaced facility. Whenever the department shall need for highway purposes land or property rights belonging to the United States government or any municipality or political subdivision of the state, or which shall be a part of the right of way of any public utility having authority to exercise powers of eminent domain, when the acquisition of such property by the state will result in the displacement of any existing right of way or facility, the department is authorized to acquire by condemnation or otherwise such lands and property rights as shall be needed to relocate such right of way or facilities so displaced and to exchange lands or property rights so acquired in consideration or partial consideration for the land or property rights needed for highway purposes. The secretary of transportation shall execute each conveyance, which shall be duly acknowledged, necessary to accomplish such exchange. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 53; 1975 1st ex.s. c 96 § 5; 1961 c 13 § 47.12.150. Prior: 1953 c 55 § 1.] 47.12.160 47.12.160 Acquisition of land outside highway right of way to minimize damage. Whenever a part of a parcel of land is to be acquired for state highway purposes and the remainder lying outside of the right of way is to be left in such shape or condition as to be of little value to its owner or to give rise to claims or litigation concerning severance or other damage, and its value does not exceed the probable amount of the severance claims or damages, the department may acquire by gift, purchase, or condemnation the whole parcel and may sell that portion lying outside of the highway right of way or may exchange the same for other property needed for highway purposes. The provisions of this section do not apply if the taking of that portion of the land lying outside of the highway right of way would deprive any adjacent owner of an existing right of ingress and egress to his property. [1984 c 7 § 122; 1961 c 13 § 47.12.160. Prior: 1953 c 131 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. (2004 Ed.) Acquisition and Disposition of State Highway Property 47.12.170 47.12.170 Sale, lease of unneeded toll facility, ferry system property—Franchises for utility, railway purposes. See RCW 47.56.253 through 47.56.257. 47.12.180 47.12.180 Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Formal declarations. It is declared to be the public policy of the state of Washington to provide for the acquisition of real property and engineering costs necessary for the improvement of the state highway system, in advance of actual construction, for the purposes of eliminating costly delays in construction, reducing hardship to owners of the property, and eliminating economic waste occasioned by the improvement of such property immediately prior to its acquisition for highway uses. The legislature therefore finds and declares that purchase and condemnation of real property necessary for the state highway system and engineering costs, reasonably in advance of programmed construction, is a public use and purpose and a highway purpose. The department is hereby authorized to purchase or condemn any real property or property rights therein which it deems will be necessary for the improvement of routes on the state highway system by the method provided in RCW 47.12.180 through 47.12.240 or alternatively by the method provided in RCW 47.12.242 through 47.12.246. Neither method may be used to condemn property or property rights in advance of programmed construction until the department has complied with hearing procedures required for the location or relocation of the type of highway for which the property is to be condemned. [1984 c 7 § 123; 1969 ex.s. c 197 § 1; 1961 c 281 § 1.] 47.12.220 state highway system. Such agreements may provide for the acquisition of an individual parcel or for the acquisition of any number of parcels within the limits of a contemplated highway project. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 55; 1969 ex.s. c 197 § 2; 1961 c 281 § 3.] Severability—1961 c 281: See note following RCW 47.12.180. 47.12.210 47.12.210 Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Warrants on motor vehicle fund. Such an agreement shall provide that the state finance committee shall purchase, at par, warrants drawn upon the motor vehicle fund in payment for the property covered by the agreement and the engineering costs necessary for such advance purchase or condemnation. Such warrants shall be purchased by the state finance committee, upon the presentation by the holders thereof to the state treasurer, from any moneys available for investment in the state treasury as provided in RCW 43.84.080: PROVIDED, That in no event shall more than ten percent of the assets of any fund be used for the purpose of acquiring property as authorized herein, except in the case of current state funds in the state treasury, twenty percent of the balance therein available for investment may be invested as provided in RCW 47.12.180 through 47.12.240. [1981 c 3 § 38; 1969 ex.s. c 197 § 3; 1961 c 281 § 4.] Effective dates—Severability—1981 c 3: See notes following RCW 43.33A.010. Severability—1961 c 281: See note following RCW 47.12.180. Authorization that certain funds may be invested in motor vehicle fund warrants: RCW 43.84.080. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Severability—1961 c 281: "If any provision of this act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1961 c 281 § 12.] 47.12.190 47.12.190 Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Purchase or condemnation. The department, in addition to its other powers and duties as provided by law, is authorized to purchase or condemn any real property or property rights therein which it deems will be necessary for the improvements of routes on the state highway system by the method provided in RCW 47.12.180 through 47.12.240. Condemnation actions brought hereunder shall be brought in the name of the state as provided for acquiring property for the public uses of the state, and in such actions selection of the property and property rights by the secretary of transportation is conclusive that they are necessary for the purposes sought, in the absence of bad faith, or arbitrary, capricious, or fraudulent action. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 54; 1961 c 281 § 2.] Severability—1961 c 281: See note following RCW 47.12.180. 47.12.200 47.12.200 Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Agreements with state finance committee. The transportation commission may enter into agreements with the state finance committee for financing the acquisition, by purchase or condemnation, of real property together with engineering costs that the transportation commission deems will be necessary for the improvement of the (2004 Ed.) 47.12.220 47.12.220 Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Mandatory, permissive, provisions in agreement. Each such agreement shall include, but shall not be limited to the following: (1) A provision stating the term of the agreement which shall not extend more than seven years from the effective date of the agreement; (2) A designation of the specific fund or funds to be used to carry out such agreement; (3) A provision that the department of transportation may redeem warrants purchased by the state finance committee at any time prior to the letting of a highway improvement contract utilizing the property; and further, during the effective period of each such agreement the department of transportation shall redeem such warrants whenever such a highway improvement contract is let, or upon the expiration of such agreement, whichever date is earlier; (4) A provision stating the rate of interest such warrants shall bear commencing at the time of purchase by the state finance committee; (5) Any additional provisions agreed upon by the transportation commission and the state finance committee which are necessary to carry out the purposes of such agreement as indicated by RCW 47.12.180 through 47.12.240, as now or hereafter amended. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 56; 1969 ex.s. c 197 § 4; 1961 c 281 § 5.] Severability—1961 c 281: See note following RCW 47.12.180. [Title 47 RCW—page 71] 47.12.230 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.12.230 47.12.230 Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Warrant form and procedure. Warrants issued for payment of property and engineering costs as provided herein shall be of a distinctive design and shall contain the words "for purchase by the state finance committee from . . . . fund" (indicating the proper investing fund as provided by the agreement). Such warrants shall be approved by the secretary of the state finance committee prior to their issuance by the state treasurer. Upon presentation of such warrants to the state treasurer for payment, he shall pay the par value thereof from the fund for which the state finance committee agreed to purchase such warrants whether or not there are then funds in the motor vehicle fund. The state treasurer shall deposit such warrants in the treasury for the investing fund. [1969 ex.s. c 197 § 5; 1961 c 281 § 6.] Severability—1961 c 281: See note following RCW 47.12.180. 47.12.240 47.12.240 Additional financing methods for property and engineering costs—Payment procedure—Prior charge. The state treasurer shall transfer from the motor vehicle fund to the credit of the fund purchasing such warrants interest at the rate and at the times provided for in the agreement. The state treasurer shall pay the warrants at the time provided for in the agreement. The obligations coming due are a prior charge against any funds in the motor vehicle fund available to the department for construction of state highways. [1984 c 7 § 124; 1961 c 281 § 7.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Severability—1961 c 281: See note following RCW 47.12.180. 47.12.242 47.12.242 "Advance right of way acquisition" defined. The term "advance right of way acquisition" means the acquisition of property and property rights, generally not more than ten years in advance of programmed highway construction projects, together with the engineering costs necessary for such advance right of way acquisition. Any property or property rights purchased must be in designated highway transportation corridors and be for projects approved by the commission as part of the state's six-year plan or included in the state's route development planning effort. [1991 c 291 § 1; 1969 ex.s. c 197 § 6.] *Reviser's note: Chapter 47.13 RCW was repealed by 1999 c 94 § 33, effective July 1, 1999. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.246 47.12.246 Reimbursement to advance right of way revolving fund. (1) After any properties or property rights are acquired from funds in the advance right of way revolving fund, the department shall manage the properties in accordance with sound business practices. Funds received from interim management of the properties shall be deposited in the advance right of way revolving fund. (2) When the department proceeds with the construction of a highway which will require the use of any of the property so acquired, the department shall reimburse the advance right of way revolving fund, from other funds available to it, the current appraised value of the property or property rights required for the project together with damages caused to the remainder by the acquisition after offsetting against all such compensation and damages the special benefits, if any, accruing to the remainder by reason of the state highway being constructed. (3) When the department determines that any properties or property rights acquired from funds in the advance right of way revolving fund will not be required for a highway construction project the department may sell the property at fair market value in accordance with requirements of RCW 47.12.063. All proceeds of such sales shall be deposited in the advance right of way revolving fund. (4) Deposits in the fund may be reexpended as provided in RCW 47.12.180, 47.12.200 through 47.12.230, and 47.12.242 through 47.12.248 without further or additional appropriations. [1991 c 291 § 4; 1984 c 7 § 126; 1969 ex.s. c 197 § 9.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.248 47.12.248 Structures acquired in advance of programmed construction—Maintenance. Whenever the department purchases or condemns any property under RCW 47.12.180 through 47.12.240 or 47.12.242 through 47.12.246, the department shall cause any structures so acquired and not removed within a reasonable time to be maintained in good appearance. [1984 c 7 § 127; 1969 ex.s. c 197 § 10.] 47.12.244 47.12.244 Advance right of way revolving fund. There is created the "advance right of way revolving fund" in the custody of the treasurer, into which the department is authorized to deposit directly and expend without appropriation: (1) An initial deposit of ten million dollars from the motor vehicle fund included in the department of transportation's 1991-93 budget; (2) All moneys received by the department as rental income from real properties that are not subject to federal aid reimbursement, except moneys received from rental of capital facilities properties as defined in *chapter 47.13 RCW; and (3) Any federal moneys available for acquisition of right of way for future construction under the provisions of section 108 of Title 23, United States Code. [1991 c 291 § 2; 1984 c 7 § 125; 1969 ex.s. c 197 § 7.] [Title 47 RCW—page 72] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.250 47.12.250 Acquisition of property for preservation, safety, buffer purposes. The department is authorized to acquire by purchase, lease, condemnation, gift, devise, bequest, grant, or exchange, title to or any interests or rights in real property adjacent to state highways for the preservation of natural beauty, historic sites or viewpoints or for safety rest areas or to provide a visual or sound buffer between highways and adjacent properties. However, the department shall not acquire, by condemnation, less than an owner's entire interest for providing a visual or sound buffer between highways and adjacent properties under RCW 47.12.010 and 47.12.250 if the owner objects to the taking of a lesser interest or right. [1984 c 7 § 128; 1967 c 108 § 5; 1965 ex.s. c 170 § 62.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. (2004 Ed.) Acquisition and Disposition of State Highway Property Roadside areas—Safety rest areas: Chapter 47.38 RCW. Scenic and Recreational Highway Act: Chapter 47.39 RCW. 47.12.260 47.12.260 Acquisition of real property subject to local improvement assessments—Payment. See RCW 79.44.190. 47.12.270 47.12.270 Acquisition of property for park and ride lots. The department may acquire real property or interests in real property by gift, purchase, lease, or condemnation and may construct and maintain thereon fringe and transportation corridor parking facilities to serve motorists transferring to or from urban public transportation vehicles or private car pool vehicles. The department may obtain and exercise options for the purchase of property to be used for purposes described in this section. The department shall not expend any funds for acquisition or construction costs of any parking facility to be operated as a part of a transit system by a metropolitan municipal corporation unless the facility has been approved by the department in advance of its acquisition or construction. [1984 c 7 § 129; 1973 2nd ex.s. c 18 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.283 47.12.283 Sale of real property authorized—Procedure—Disposition of proceeds. (1) Whenever the department of transportation determines that any real property owned by the state of Washington and under the jurisdiction of the department is no longer required for highway purposes and that it is in the public interest to do so, the department may, in its discretion, sell the property under RCW 47.12.063 or under subsections (2) through (6) of this section. (2) Whenever the department determines to sell real property under its jurisdiction at public auction, the department shall first give notice thereof by publication on the same day of the week for two consecutive weeks, with the first publication at least two weeks prior to the date of the auction, in a legal newspaper of general circulation in the area where the property to be sold is located. The notice shall be placed in both the legal notices section and the real estate classified section of the newspaper. The notice shall contain a description of the property, the time and place of the auction, and the terms of the sale. The sale may be for cash or by real estate contract. (3) The department shall sell the property at the public auction, in accordance with the terms set forth in the notice, to the highest and best bidder providing the bid is equal to or higher than the appraised fair market value of the property. (4) If no bids are received at the auction or if all bids are rejected, the department may, in its discretion, enter into negotiations for the sale of the property or may list the property with a licensed real estate broker. No property shall be sold by negotiations or through a broker for less than the property's appraised fair market value. Any offer to purchase real property pursuant to this subsection shall be in writing and may be rejected at any time prior to written acceptance by the department. (5) Before the department shall approve any offer for the purchase of real property having an appraised value of more than ten thousand dollars, pursuant to subsection (4) of this section, the department shall first publish a notice of the pro(2004 Ed.) 47.12.290 posed sale in a local newspaper of general circulation in the area where the property is located. The notice shall include a description of the property, the selling price, the terms of the sale, including the price and interest rate if sold by real estate contract, and the name and address of the department employee or the real estate broker handling the transaction. The notice shall further state that any person may, within ten days after the publication of the notice, deliver to the designated state employee or real estate broker a written offer to purchase the property for not less than ten percent more than the negotiated sale price, subject to the same terms and conditions. A subsequent offer shall not be considered unless it is accompanied by a deposit of twenty percent of the offer in the form of cash, money order, cashiers check, or certified check payable to the Washington state treasurer, to be forfeited to the state (for deposit in the motor vehicle fund) if the offeror fails to complete the sale if the offeror's offer is accepted. If a subsequent offer is received, the first offeror shall be informed by registered or certified mail sent to the address stated in his offer. The first offeror shall then have ten days, from the date of mailing the notice of the increased offer, in which to file with the designated state employee or real estate broker a higher offer than that of the subsequent offeror. After the expiration of the ten day period, the department shall approve in writing the highest and best offer which the department then has on file. (6) All moneys received pursuant to this section, less any real estate broker's commissions paid pursuant to RCW 47.12.320, shall be deposited in the motor vehicle fund. [1979 ex.s. c 189 § 1.] Effective date—1979 ex.s. c 189: "This 1979 act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, 1979." [1979 ex.s. c 189 § 8.] 47.12.287 47.12.287 Exchange of real property authorized— Conveyance by deed. The department of transportation is hereby authorized to enter into an exchange agreement with the owner of real property required for highway purposes to convey to such owner real property, owned by the state and under the department's jurisdiction, as full or part consideration for property to be acquired for highway purposes. Such an exchange agreement may relate back and apply to any exchange of property previously agreed to and partially executed (pursuant to an earlier exchange agreement found to be void for want of a governor's deed as required by prior law), and shall be subject to such agreed terms and conditions as are authorized by RCW 47.12.063(3) as now existing or hereafter amended. Any conveyance from the state of Washington made pursuant to this section shall be by deed executed by the secretary of transportation, which shall be duly acknowledged. [1979 ex.s. c 189 § 2.] Effective date—1979 ex.s. c 189: See note following RCW 47.12.283. 47.12.290 47.12.290 Sale of real property—Execution, acknowledgement, and delivery of deed. When full payment for real property agreed to be sold as authorized by RCW 47.12.283 has been received, the secretary of transportation shall execute the deed which shall be duly acknowledged and deliver it to the grantee. [1979 ex.s. c 189 § 3; 1975 1st ex.s. c 96 § 6; 1973 1st ex.s. c 177 § 2.] [Title 47 RCW—page 73] 47.12.300 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Effective date—1979 ex.s. c 189: See note following RCW 47.12.283. 47.12.300 47.12.300 Sale of unneeded property—Department of transportation—Authorized—Rules. See RCW 47.56.254. 47.12.301 47.12.301 Sale of unneeded property—Department of transportation—Certification to governor—Execution, delivery of deed. See RCW 47.56.255. 47.12.302 47.12.302 Department of transportation—Sale of unneeded property. See RCW 47.60.130. is a key funding component in bringing environmental mitigation together with comprehensive watershed management." [1998 c 181 § 1.] Intent—1997 c 140: "It is the intent of chapter 140, Laws of 1997 to provide environmental mitigation in advance of the construction of programmed projects where desirable and feasible, [which] will provide a more efficient and predictable environmental permit process, increased benefits to environmental resources, and a key tool in using the watershed approach for environmental impact mitigation. The legislative transportation committee, through its adoption of the December 1994 report "Environmental Cost Savings and Permit Coordination Study," encourages state agencies to use a watershed approach based on a water resource inventory area in an improved environmental mitigation and permitting process. Establishment of an advanced transportation environmental mitigation revolving account would help the state to improve permit processes and environmental protection when providing transportation services." [1997 c 140 § 1.] 47.12.340 47.12.320 47.12.320 Sale of property—Listing with broker. The department may list any available properties with any licensed real estate broker at a commission rate otherwise charged in the geographic area for such services. [1984 c 7 § 130; 1973 1st ex.s. c 177 § 7.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.12.330 47.12.330 Advanced environmental mitigation— Authorized. For the purpose of environmental mitigation of transportation projects, the department may acquire or develop, or both acquire and develop, environmental mitigation sites in advance of the construction of programmed projects. The term "advanced environmental mitigation" means mitigation of adverse impacts upon the environment from transportation projects before their design and construction. Advanced environmental mitigation consists of the acquisition of property; the acquisition of property, water, or air rights; the development of property for the purposes of improved environmental management; engineering costs necessary for such purchase and development; and the use of advanced environmental mitigation sites to fulfill project environmental permit requirements. Advanced environmental mitigation must be conducted in a manner that is consistent with the definition of mitigation found in the council of environmental quality regulations (40 C.F.R. Sec. 1508.20) and the governor's executive order on wetlands (EO 90-04). Advanced environmental mitigation is for projects approved by the transportation commission as part of the state's sixyear plan or included in the state highway system plan. Advanced environmental mitigation must give consideration to activities related to fish passage, fish habitat, wetlands, and flood management. Advanced environmental mitigation may also be conducted in partnership with federal, state, or local government agencies, tribal governments, interest groups, or private parties. Partnership arrangements may include joint acquisition and development of mitigation sites, purchasing and selling mitigation bank credits among participants, and transfer of mitigation site title from one party to another. Specific conditions of partnership arrangements will be developed in written agreements for each applicable environmental mitigation site. [1998 c 181 § 2; 1997 c 140 § 2.] Findings—1998 c 181: "The legislature finds that fish passage, fish habitat, wetlands, and flood management are critical issues in the effective management of watersheds in Washington. The legislature also finds that the state of Washington invests a considerable amount of resources on environmental mitigation activities related to fish passage, fish habitat, wetlands, and flood management. The department of transportation's advanced environmental mitigation revolving account established under RCW 47.12.340, [Title 47 RCW—page 74] 47.12.340 Advanced environmental mitigation revolving account. The advanced environmental mitigation revolving account is created in the custody of the treasurer, into which the department shall deposit directly and may expend without appropriation: (1) An initial appropriation included in the department of transportation's 1997-99 budget, and deposits from other identified sources; (2) All moneys received by the department from internal and external sources for the purposes of conducting advanced environmental mitigation; and (3) Interest gained from the management of the advanced environmental mitigation revolving account. [1997 c 140 § 3.] Intent—1997 c 140: See note following RCW 47.12.330. 47.12.350 47.12.350 Advanced environmental mitigation—Site management—Reimbursement of account. (1) After advanced environmental mitigation is conducted from funds in the advanced environmental mitigation revolving account, the advanced environmental mitigation sites must be managed in accordance with any permits, agreements, or other legal documents under which the subject advanced environmental mitigation is conducted. (2) When the department or any of its transportation partners proceeds with the construction of a transportation project that will use advanced environmental mitigation sites to meet the environmental mitigation needs of a project, the advanced environmental mitigation revolving account shall be reimbursed from those transportation project funds appropriated for the use of the advanced environmental mitigation sites. Reimbursements to the advanced environmental mitigation revolving account must be paid at a rate that captures: (a) Projected land acquisition costs for environmental mitigation for the subject transportation project; (b) Advanced environmental mitigation site development costs; (c) Advanced environmental mitigation site operational costs (e.g., site monitoring); (d) Administrative costs for the management of the advanced environmental revolving account. These costs must be adjusted based on inflation, as appropriate. When only a portion of an advanced environmental mitigation site is used, the reimbursement rate charged to the purchasing party will be prorated for the portion used. [1997 c 140 § 4.] (2004 Ed.) Right of Way Donations Intent—1997 c 140: See note following RCW 47.12.330. 47.12.360 47.12.360 Advanced environmental mitigation— Reports. By January 1st of each odd-numbered year, the department shall report to the legislative transportation committee and the office of financial management: (1) Which properties were purchased and why; (2) Expenditures for the acquired parcels; and (3) Estimated savings from these actions. [1997 c 140 § 5.] Intent—1997 c 140: See note following RCW 47.12.330. 47.12.370 47.12.370 Environmental mitigation—Exchange agreements. (1) The department may enter into exchange agreements with local, state, or federal agencies, tribal governments, or private nonprofit nature conservancy corporations as defined in RCW 64.04.130, to convey properties under the jurisdiction of the department that serve as environmental mitigation sites, as full or part consideration for the grantee assuming all future maintenance and operation obligations and costs required to maintain and operate the environmental mitigation site in perpetuity. (2) Tribal governments shall only be eligible to participate in an exchange agreement if they: (a) Provide the department with a valid waiver of their tribal sovereign immunity from suit. The waiver must allow the department to enforce the terms of the exchange agreement or quitclaim deed in state court; and (b) Agree that the property shall not be placed into trust status. (3) The conveyances must be by quitclaim deed, or other form of conveyance, executed by the secretary of transportation, and must expressly restrict the use of the property to a mitigation site consistent with preservation of the functions and values of the site, and must provide for the automatic reversion to the department if the property is not used as a mitigation site or is not maintained in a manner that complies with applicable permits, laws, and regulations pertaining to the maintenance and operation of the mitigation site. [2003 c 187 § 1; 2002 c 188 § 1.] Chapter 47.14 Chapter 47.14 RCW RIGHT OF WAY DONATIONS 47.14.040 way acquisition is often a significant, and even a prohibitive cost element in many transportation improvement projects. The legislature seeks to encourage the voluntary donation of right of way to the state, counties, cities, and towns for transportation improvements recognizing that such donations can result in direct benefits to property owners, developers, and the community at large. It is the intent of the legislature to further facilitate the department of transportation's authority under RCW 47.12.010, 47.24.030, and 47.52.050 to accept donations of right of way for state transportation purposes. The legislature further intends to facilitate the authority of a city, town, or county to accept donations of right of way for other transportation purposes. The legislature therefore declares it to be in the best interest and welfare of the citizens of Washington for the state department of transportation, and for counties, cities, and towns to actively foster and encourage donations of right of way by willing donors in all areas where transportation improvements are to be made. In addition, and in lieu of monetary compensation for property needed for right of way purposes, the legislature seeks to provide incentives to potential donors such as are set forth in RCW 47.14.030 and 47.14.040. [1987 c 267 § 1.] 47.14.020 47.14.020 Definitions. The definitions set forth in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Right of way" means the area of land designated for transportation purposes. (2) "Airspace" means the space above and below the gradeline of all highways, roads, and streets, and the area alongside the traveled way and within approved right of way lines. [1987 c 267 § 2.] 47.14.030 47.14.030 Credit against transportation benefit district assessment. The governing body of a transportation benefit district may give credit for all or any portion of any real property donation against an assessment, charge, or other required financial contribution for transportation improvements within a transportation benefit district established under RCW 36.73.020 or 35.21.225. The credit granted shall be available against any assessment, charge or other required financial contribution for any transportation purpose which utilizes the donated property. [1987 c 267 § 3.] Sections 47.14.040 47.14.010 47.14.020 47.14.030 47.14.040 47.14.050 47.14.900 47.14.910 47.14.010 Legislative finding, intent. Definitions. Credit against transportation benefit district assessment. Advertising signs on donated parcel. Department's duties. Construction. Severability—1987 c 267. 47.14.010 Legislative finding, intent. The legislature finds that in numerous areas throughout the state, rapid expansion of residential, commercial, industrial, and business activities is producing increased traffic levels. The legislature further finds that many property owners have exhibited a willingness to donate real property or property rights for transportation improvements to accommodate such increases in traffic. The legislature recognizes that the cost of right of (2004 Ed.) 47.14.040 Advertising signs on donated parcel. The department or the county, city, or town to which the right of way is donated shall, upon request, grant the donor an airspace lease or a permit for the purpose of erecting or maintaining, or both, one or more signs advertising a business of the donor that is conducted on premises adjacent to the donated parcel unless the sign or signs would be detrimental to the safety and operation of the highway, road, or street. This provision applies to all highways, roads, and streets other than limited access highways and streets, where it applies only until the donated parcel becomes part of a completed operating facility. Except as provided in this section, any such sign shall conform to the requirements of all other applicable federal, state, and local laws and ordinances. The lease agreement or permit shall take into consideration appli[Title 47 RCW—page 75] 47.14.050 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation cable county and city zoning ordinances and may provide for compensation for removal of the sign in accordance with applicable federal, state, and local laws and ordinances. The lease agreement or permit shall specify the conditions for signage. [1987 c 267 § 4.] 47.14.050 Department's duties. The department shall: (1) Give priority to the refinement and modification of right of way procedures and policies dealing with donation; (2) Reduce or simplify paperwork requirements resulting from right of way procurement; (3) Increase communication and education efforts as a means to solicit and encourage voluntary right of way donations; (4) Enhance communication and coordination with local governments through agreements of understanding that address state acceptance of right of way donations secured under zoning, use permits, subdivision, and associated police power authority of local government. [1998 c 245 § 96; 1987 c 267 § 5.] 47.14.050 47.14.900 Construction. Nothing in this chapter may be construed to contravene the requirements of chapter 8.26 RCW. [1987 c 267 § 6.] 47.14.900 47.14.910 Severability—1987 c 267. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1987 c 267 § 12.] 47.14.910 Chapter 47.17 Chapter 47.17 RCW STATE HIGHWAY ROUTES Sections 47.17.001 47.17.005 47.17.010 47.17.015 47.17.020 47.17.025 47.17.030 47.17.035 47.17.040 47.17.045 47.17.050 47.17.055 47.17.060 47.17.065 47.17.070 47.17.075 47.17.077 47.17.080 47.17.081 47.17.085 47.17.090 47.17.095 47.17.100 47.17.105 47.17.110 47.17.115 47.17.120 47.17.130 47.17.132 47.17.133 47.17.135 47.17.140 47.17.145 47.17.153 Criteria for changes to system. State route No. 2. State route No. 3. State route No. 4. State route No. 5. State route No. 6. State route No. 7. State route No. 8. State route No. 9. State route No. 10. State route No. 11. State route No. 12. State route No. 14. State route No. 16. State route No. 17. State route No. 18. State route No. 19. State route No. 20. State route No. 20 north. State route No. 21. State route No. 22. State route No. 23. State route No. 24. State route No. 25. State route No. 26. State route No. 27. State route No. 28. State route No. 31. State route No. 35. State route No. 41. State route No. 82. State route No. 90—American Veterans Memorial Highway. State route No. 92. State route No. 96. [Title 47 RCW—page 76] 47.17.155 47.17.157 47.17.160 47.17.163 47.17.165 47.17.168 47.17.170 47.17.175 47.17.180 47.17.185 47.17.190 47.17.195 47.17.200 47.17.212 47.17.215 47.17.216 47.17.217 47.17.219 47.17.221 47.17.223 47.17.225 47.17.227 47.17.230 47.17.235 47.17.240 47.17.250 47.17.255 47.17.260 47.17.262 47.17.275 47.17.280 47.17.285 47.17.295 47.17.300 47.17.305 47.17.310 47.17.315 47.17.317 47.17.320 47.17.325 47.17.328 47.17.330 47.17.335 47.17.340 47.17.345 47.17.350 47.17.355 47.17.360 47.17.365 47.17.370 47.17.372 47.17.375 47.17.377 47.17.380 47.17.382 47.17.385 47.17.390 47.17.395 47.17.400 47.17.405 47.17.410 47.17.416 47.17.417 47.17.419 47.17.425 47.17.430 47.17.435 47.17.436 47.17.440 47.17.445 47.17.455 47.17.460 47.17.465 47.17.475 47.17.480 47.17.481 47.17.482 47.17.485 47.17.490 47.17.495 47.17.500 47.17.502 47.17.503 47.17.505 State route No. 97. State route No. 97-alternate. State route No. 99. State route No. 100. State route No. 101. State route No. 102. State route No. 103. State route No. 104. State route No. 105. State route No. 106. State route No. 107. State route No. 108. State route No. 109. State route No. 110. State route No. 112. State route No. 113. State route No. 115. State route No. 116. State route No. 117. State route No. 119. State route No. 121. State route No. 122. State route No. 123. State route No. 124. State route No. 125. State route No. 127. State route No. 128. State route No. 129. State route No. 131. State route No. 141. State route No. 142. State route No. 150. State route No. 153. State route No. 155. State route No. 160. State route No. 161. State route No. 162. State route No. 163. State route No. 164. State route No. 165. State route No. 166. State route No. 167. State route No. 168. State route No. 169. State route No. 170. State route No. 171. State route No. 172. State route No. 173. State route No. 174. State route No. 181. State route No. 182. State route No. 193. State route No. 194. State route No. 195. State route No. 197. State route No. 202. State route No. 203. State route No. 204. State route No. 205. State route No. 206. State route No. 207. State route No. 211. State route No. 213. State route No. 215. State route No. 221. State route No. 223. State route No. 224. State route No. 225. State route No. 230. State route No. 231. State route No. 240. State route No. 241. State route No. 243. State route No. 260. State route No. 261. State route No. 262. State route No. 263. State route No. 270. State route No. 271. State route No. 272. State route No. 274. State route No. 276. State route No. 278. State route No. 281. (2004 Ed.) State Highway Routes 47.17.510 47.17.515 47.17.517 47.17.520 47.17.525 47.17.530 47.17.540 47.17.545 47.17.550 47.17.556 47.17.560 47.17.566 47.17.567 47.17.569 47.17.571 47.17.575 47.17.577 47.17.580 47.17.595 47.17.605 47.17.610 47.17.615 47.17.625 47.17.630 47.17.635 47.17.640 47.17.645 47.17.650 47.17.655 47.17.660 47.17.665 47.17.670 47.17.675 47.17.680 47.17.685 47.17.690 47.17.695 47.17.705 47.17.710 47.17.715 47.17.717 47.17.720 47.17.725 47.17.727 47.17.730 47.17.735 47.17.740 47.17.745 47.17.750 47.17.752 47.17.755 47.17.757 47.17.760 47.17.765 47.17.770 47.17.780 47.17.785 47.17.795 47.17.797 47.17.800 47.17.805 47.17.806 47.17.807 47.17.808 47.17.815 47.17.818 47.17.819 47.17.820 47.17.821 47.17.823 47.17.824 47.17.825 47.17.835 47.17.840 47.17.845 47.17.850 47.17.855 47.17.917 47.17.919 47.17.960 47.17.990 State route No. 282. State route No. 283. State route No. 285. State route No. 290. State route No. 291. State route No. 292. State route No. 300. State route No. 302. State route No. 303. State route No. 304. State route No. 305. State route No. 307. State route No. 308. State route No. 310. State route No. 339. State route No. 395. State route No. 397. State route No. 401. State route No. 405. State route No. 409. State route No. 410. State route No. 411. State route No. 432. State route No. 433. State route No. 500. State route No. 501—Erwin O. Rieger Memorial Highway. State route No. 502. State route No. 503. State route No. 504—Spirit Lake Memorial Highway. State route No. 505. State route No. 506. State route No. 507. State route No. 508. State route No. 509. State route No. 510. State route No. 512. State route No. 513. State route No. 515. State route No. 516. State route No. 518. State route No. 519. State route No. 520. State route No. 522. State route No. 523. State route No. 524. State route No. 525. State route No. 526. State route No. 527. State route No. 528. State route No. 529. State route No. 530. State route No. 531. State route No. 532. State route No. 534. State route No. 536. State route No. 538. State route No. 539. State route No. 542. State route No. 543. State route No. 544. State route No. 546. State route No. 547. State route No. 548. State route No. 599. State route No. 702. State route No. 704. State route No. 705. State route No. 706—Road to Paradise. State route No. 730. State route No. 821. State route No. 823. State route No. 900. State route No. 902. State route No. 903. State route No. 904. State route No. 906. State route No. 908. State route No. 970. State route No. 971. Local bridges—Department responsibility. Construction—Refunds to counties composed of islands. Latitude in selecting route: RCW 47.28.010. (2004 Ed.) 47.17.001 47.17.001 Criteria for changes to system. In considering whether to make additions, deletions, or other changes to the state highway system, the legislature shall be guided by the following criteria as contained in the Road Jurisdiction Committee Phase I report to the legislature dated January 1987: (1) A rural highway route should be designated as a state highway if it meets any of the following criteria: (a) Is designated as part of the national system of interstate and defense highways (popularly called the interstate system); or (b) Is designated as part of the system of numbered United States routes; or (c) Contains an international border crossing that is open twelve or more hours each day. (2) A rural highway route may be designated as a state highway if it is part of an integrated system of roads and: (a) Carries in excess of three hundred thousand tons annually and provides primary access to a rural port or intermodal freight terminal; (b) Provides a major cross-connection between existing state highways; (c) Connects places exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics: (i) A population center of one thousand or greater; (ii) An area or aggregation of areas having a population equivalency of one thousand or more, such as, but not limited to, recreation areas, military installations, and so forth; (iii) A county seat; (iv) A major commercial-industrial terminal in a rural area with a population equivalency of one thousand or greater; or (d) Is designated as a scenic and recreational highway. (3) An urban highway route that meets any of the following criteria should be designated as part of the state highway system: (a) Is designated as part of the interstate system; (b) Is designated as part of the system of numbered United States routes; (c) Is an urban extension of a rural state highway into or through an urban area and is necessary to form an integrated system of state highways; (d) Is a principal arterial that is a connecting link between two state highways and serves regionally oriented through traffic in urbanized areas with a population of fifty thousand or greater, or is a spur that serves regionally oriented traffic in urbanized areas. (4) The following guidelines are intended to be used as a basis for interpreting and applying the criteria to specific routes: (a) For any route wholly within one or more contiguous jurisdictions which would be proposed for transfer to the state highway system under these criteria, if local officials prefer, responsibility will remain at the local level. (b) State highway routes maintain continuity of the system by being composed of routes that join other state routes at both ends or to arterial routes in the states of Oregon and Idaho and the Province of British Columbia. (c) Public facilities may be considered to be served if they are within approximately two miles of a state highway. (d) Exceptions may be made to include: 47.17.001 [Title 47 RCW—page 77] 47.17.005 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation (i) Rural spurs as state highways if they meet the criteria relative to serving population centers of one thousand or greater population or activity centers with population equivalencies or an aggregated population of one thousand or greater; (ii) Urban spurs as state highways that provide needed access to Washington state ferry terminals, state parks, major seaports, and trunk airports; and (iii) Urban connecting links as state highways that function as needed bypass routing of regionally oriented through traffic and benefit truck routing, capacity alternative, business congestion, and geometric deficiencies. (e) In urban and urbanized areas: (i) Unless they are significant regional traffic generators, public facilities such as state hospitals, state correction centers, state universities, ferry terminals, and military bases do not constitute a criteria for establishment of a state highway; and (ii) There may be no more than one parallel nonaccess controlled facility in the same corridor as a freeway or limited access facility as designated by the metropolitan planning organization. (f) When there is a choice of two or more routes between population centers, the state route designation shall normally be based on the following considerations: (i) The ability to handle higher traffic volumes; (ii) The higher ability to accommodate further development or expansion along the existing alignment; (iii) The most direct route and the lowest travel time; (iv) The route that serves traffic with the most interstate, statewide, and interregional significance; (v) The route that provides the optimal spacing between other state routes; and (vi) The route that best serves the comprehensive plan for community development in those areas where such a plan has been developed and adopted. (g) A route designated in chapter 47.39 RCW as a scenic and recreational highway may be designated as a state highway in addition to a parallel state highway route. [1993 c 430 § 1; 1990 c 233 § 1.] 47.17.005 47.17.005 State route No. 2. A state highway to be known as state route number 2 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in Everett, thence easterly by way of Monroe, Stevens Pass, and Leavenworth to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Peshastin; also From a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Peshastin, thence easterly by way of Wenatchee, to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Orondo, thence easterly by way of Waterville, Wilbur, and Davenport to a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity west of Spokane; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 at Spokane, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity north of Spokane; also From a junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity north of Spokane, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 20 at Newport; also [Title 47 RCW—page 78] From a junction with state route number 20 at Newport, thence easterly to the Washington-Idaho boundary line. [1997 c 155 § 1; 1987 c 199 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 2.] Purpose—1970 ex.s. c 51: "This act is intended to assign state route numbers to existing state highways duly established by prior legislative act in lieu of primary state highway numbers and secondary state highway numbers. Nothing contained herein is intended to add any new section of highway to the state highway system or delete any section of highway from the state highway system." [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 179.] 47.17.010 47.17.010 State route No. 3. A state highway to be known as state route number 3 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 at Shelton, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 302 at Allyn; also From that junction with state route number 302 at Allyn, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 106 in the vicinity of Belfair; also From that junction with state route number 106 in the vicinity of Belfair, thence northeasterly by the most feasible route to Bremerton, thence northerly and easterly by the most feasible route in the vicinity of Poulsbo to a junction with state route number 104 in the vicinity of Port Gamble. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 3.] 47.17.015 47.17.015 State route No. 4. A state highway to be known as state route number 4 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity of a location known as Johnson's Landing, in Pacific county, thence southeasterly by the most feasible route by way of Kelso to a junction with state route number 5. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 4.] 47.17.020 47.17.020 State route No. 5. A state highway to be known as state route number 5 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington-Oregon boundary line on the interstate bridge over the Columbia river at Vancouver, thence northerly by way of Kelso, Chehalis, Centralia, Olympia, Tacoma, Seattle, Everett and Mt. Vernon, thence northwesterly to the east of Lake Samish, thence northeasterly and northerly by way of Bellingham to the international boundary line in the vicinity of Blaine in Whatcom county. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 5.] 47.17.025 47.17.025 State route No. 6. A state highway to be known as state route number 6 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 at Raymond, thence easterly by the most feasible route to a junction with state route number 5 at Chehalis. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 6.] 47.17.030 47.17.030 State route No. 7. A state highway to be known as state route number 7 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 12 in the vicinity of Morton, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 706 at Elbe; also From that junction with state route number 706 at Elbe, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 5 at Tacoma. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 7.] (2004 Ed.) State Highway Routes 47.17.035 47.17.035 State route No. 8. A state highway to be known as state route number 8 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 12 in the vicinity of Elma, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 101 west of Olympia. [1987 c 199 § 2; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 8.] 47.17.040 47.17.040 State route No. 9. A state highway to be known as state route number 9 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 522 north of Woodinville, thence northerly by way of Snohomish, Arlington and Sedro Woolley to a junction with state route number 542, in the vicinity of Deming; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 542, in the vicinity of Lawrence, thence northerly to the international boundary at Sumas. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 9.] 47.17.080 Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 at Vancouver, thence easterly by way of Stevenson to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Maryhill; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Maryhill, thence easterly along the north bank of the Columbia river to a junction with state route number 82 in the vicinity of Plymouth. [1985 c 177 § 2; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 13.] 47.17.065 47.17.065 State route No. 16. A state highway to be known as state route number 16 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 at Tacoma, thence northwesterly by way of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge to a junction with state route number 3 in the vicinity of Gorst. [1987 c 199 § 5; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 14.] 47.17.070 47.17.045 47.17.045 State route No. 10. A state highway to be known as state route number 10 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 970 at Teanaway junction thence easterly to a junction with state route number 97 west of Ellensburg. [1987 c 199 § 3; 1975 c 63 § 14; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 10.] 47.17.050 47.17.050 State route No. 11. A state highway to be known as state route number 11 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Burlington, thence northerly by way of Blanchard to a junction with state route number 5 at Bellingham. [1987 c 199 § 4; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 11.] 47.17.055 47.17.055 State route No. 12. A state highway to be known as state route number 12 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 at Aberdeen, thence easterly by way of Montesano and Elma to a junction with state route number 8 in the vicinity of Elma; also From that junction with state route number 8 in the vicinity of Elma, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity north of Centralia; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity south of Chehalis, thence easterly by way of Morton and White Pass to a junction with state route number 410 northwest of Yakima; also From that junction with state route number 410 northwest of Yakima, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 82 at Yakima; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 182 near Pasco, thence southeasterly by the most feasible route by way of Wallula to Walla Walla, thence northerly by way of Dayton to a junction with state route number 127 at Dodge; also From that junction with state route number 127 in the vicinity of Dodge, thence easterly by the most feasible route by way of Pomeroy and Clarkston to the Washington-Idaho boundary line. [1985 c 177 § 1; 1983 c 180 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 12.] 47.17.060 47.17.060 State route No. 14. A state highway to be known as state route number 14 is established as follows: (2004 Ed.) 47.17.070 State route No. 17. A state highway to be known as state route number 17 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity of Mesa, thence northwesterly by way of the vicinity of Moses Lake, and Soap Lake, to a junction with state route number 2 west of Coulee City; also From a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity west of Coulee City, thence northerly by way of the vicinity of Leahy, crossing the Columbia river in the vicinity of Bridgeport, thence northwesterly to a junction with state route number 97 east of Brewster. [1979 ex.s. c 33 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 15.] 47.17.075 47.17.075 State route No. 18. A state highway to be known as state route number 18 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 99 in the vicinity of northeast Tacoma, thence northeasterly by way of Auburn to a junction with state route number 90 west of North Bend. [1987 c 199 § 6; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 16.] 47.17.077 47.17.077 State route No. 19. A state highway to be known as state route number 19 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 104, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 20 near Old Fort Townsend state park. [1991 c 342 § 1.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.080 47.17.080 State route No. 20. A state highway to be known as state route number 20 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity of Discovery Bay, thence northeasterly via the most feasible route to Port Townsend; also From the state ferry terminal at Port Townsend via the state ferry system northeasterly to the state ferry terminal at Keystone; also From the Keystone ferry dock on Whidbey Island, thence northeasterly by the most feasible route by way of Deception Pass, Burlington, Sedro Woolley, Concrete, Newhalem, Winthrop, Twisp, Okanogan, Tonasket, Republic, Kettle Falls, Colville, and Tiger; thence southerly and southeasterly to a junction with state route number 2 at Newport. [1994 c 209 § 1; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 13; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 17.] [Title 47 RCW—page 79] 47.17.081 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.17.081 47.17.081 State route No. 20 north. A state highway to be known as state route number 20 north is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 20 in the vicinity southeast of Anacortes, thence northwesterly to the state ferry terminal at Anacortes; also From the state ferry terminal at Anacortes via the state ferry system to the state ferry terminals at Lopez Island, Shaw Island, Orcas Island, and Friday Harbor. [1994 c 209 § 2; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 17.] 47.17.085 47.17.085 State route No. 21. A state highway to be known as state route number 21 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 260 in Kahlotus, thence northerly by the most feasible route, crossing state route number 26, and continuing northerly to a junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity of Lind; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity of Lind, thence northerly by the most feasible route by way of Odessa to a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity west of Wilbur; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 at Wilbur, thence northerly by the most feasible route to a junction with state route number 20 at Republic; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 20 east of Republic, thence northeasterly by the most feasible route to the east of Curlew lake by way of Curlew to the international boundary line in the vicinity of Danville. [1983 c 79 § 1; 1975 c 63 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 18.] junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity of Kettle Falls, thence northeasterly by the most feasible route to international boundary line. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 22.] 47.17.110 47.17.110 State route No. 26. A state highway to be known as state route number 26 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of the east end of the Vantage bridge, thence southerly, parallel to the east bank of the Columbia river for a distance of approximately two and one-half miles, thence southeasterly to the vicinity of Othello, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 395, thence easterly by way of the vicinity of Washtucna and Dusty to a junction with state route number 195 in the vicinity of Colfax. [1979 ex.s. c 33 § 2; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 23.] 47.17.115 47.17.115 State route No. 27. A state highway to be known as state route number 27 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 195 in the vicinity of Pullman, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 271 in the vicinity of Oakesdale; also From a junction with state route number 271 at Oakesdale, thence northerly by way of Tekoa, Latah, Fairfield, and Rockford to a junction with state route number 290 in the vicinity of Millwood. [1991 c 342 § 2; 1979 ex.s. c 195 § 1; 1975 c 63 § 2; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 24.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.120 47.17.090 47.17.090 State route No. 22. A state highway to be known as state route number 22 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 82, thence southerly to a junction of state route number 97 in the vicinity of Toppenish; also From a junction with state route number 97 at Toppenish, thence southeasterly by way of Mabton to a junction with state route number 82 at Prosser. [1987 c 199 § 7; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 19.] 47.17.120 State route No. 28. A state highway to be known as state route number 28 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity east of Wenatchee, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 281 at Quincy; also From that junction with state route number 281 at Quincy, thence easterly by way of Ephrata and Odessa to a junction with state route number 2 at Davenport. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 25.] 47.17.130 47.17.095 47.17.095 State route No. 23. A state highway to be known as state route number 23 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 195 in the vicinity north of Colfax, thence northwesterly to a junction with state route number 90 at Sprague; also From that junction with state route number 90 at Sprague, thence northwesterly to a junction with state route number 28 at Harrington. [1987 c 199 § 8; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 20.] 47.17.100 47.17.100 State route No. 24. A state highway to be known as state route number 24 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 82 at Yakima, thence easterly and northerly via Cold Creek and Vernita to a junction with state route number 26 in the vicinity of Othello. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 21.] 47.17.105 47.17.105 State route No. 25. A state highway to be known as state route number 25 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 at Davenport, thence northerly by the most feasible route to a [Title 47 RCW—page 80] 47.17.130 State route No. 31. A state highway to be known as state route number 31 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 20 at Tiger, thence northerly by way of Metaline Falls to the international boundary. [1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 14; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 27.] 47.17.132 47.17.132 State route No. 35. A state highway to be known as state route number 35 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington-Oregon boundary line thence northerly to a junction with state route number 14 in the vicinity of White Salmon; however, until such time as a bridge across the Columbia River is constructed at a location adopted by the transportation commission no existing route may be maintained or improved by the transportation commission as a temporary route for state route number 35. [1997 c 308 § 1.] 47.17.133 47.17.133 State route No. 41. A state highway to be known as state route number 41 is established as follows: (2004 Ed.) State Highway Routes Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in Newport, thence southerly along the Washington-Idaho boundary line to Fourth Street in Newport. [1997 c 155 § 2.] 47.17.165 Oroville to the international boundary line. [1987 c 199 § 9; 1984 c 7 § 131; 1975 c 63 § 3; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 2; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 32.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.17.135 State route No. 82. A state highway to be known as state route number 82 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of Ellensburg, thence southerly and easterly by way of Yakima, Union Gap, Sunnyside, Prosser, Kiona, and Goose Gap west of Richland, thence southeasterly near Kennewick and southwesterly by way of the vicinity of Plymouth to a crossing of the Columbia river at the Washington-Oregon boundary line. [1979 ex.s. c 33 § 3; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 28.] 47.17.135 47.17.157 47.17.157 State route No. 97-alternate. A state highway to be known as state route number 97-alternate is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity of Olds, thence northerly by way of Entiat to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity east of Chelan. [1987 c 199 § 10.] 47.17.160 47.17.140 State route No. 90—American Veterans Memorial Highway. A state highway to be known as state route number 90 and designated as the American Veterans Memorial Highway is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5, thence, via the west approach to the Lake Washington bridge in Seattle, in an easterly direction by way of Mercer Island, North Bend, Snoqualmie pass, Ellensburg, Vantage, Moses Lake, Ritzville, Sprague and Spokane to the WashingtonIdaho boundary line. [1991 c 56 § 2; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 2; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 29.] 47.17.140 Purpose—1991 c 56: "In order to create a great memorial and tribute to American veterans, it is proposed that the Washington state portion of Interstate 90 be renamed in their honor, to become the westernmost portion of a memorial highway reaching across the United States." [1991 c 56 § 1.] 47.17.145 State route No. 92. A state highway to be known as state route number 92 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 9 northeast of Everett, thence northeasterly by the most feasible route to Granite Falls. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 30.] 47.17.145 47.17.153 State route No. 96. A state highway to be known as state route number 96 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity south of Everett, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 9 in the vicinity of Ree's Corner. [1991 c 342 § 3.] 47.17.153 Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.160 State route No. 99. A state highway to be known as state route number 99 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 18 in the vicinity of Federal Way, thence northerly by way of Midway, to a junction with state route 518 in Tukwila; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 599 in the vicinity of Tukwila, thence northerly by way of Seattle, Edmonds, and Lynnwood to a junction with state route number 5 in Everett: PROVIDED, That until state route number 509 is constructed and opened to traffic on an anticipated ultimate alignment from a junction with state route number 705 in Tacoma via the Port of Tacoma industrial area to a junction with state route number 18 in the vicinity of Federal Way that portion of state route number 99 between state route number 5 at Fife and state route number 18 in the vicinity of Federal Way shall remain on the state highway system. [2004 c 205 § 1; 1979 ex.s. c 33 § 4; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 3; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 33.] 47.17.163 47.17.163 State route No. 100. A state highway to be known as state route number 100 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in Ilwaco, thence westerly and southerly to Fort Canby state park; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 100 in Ilwaco, thence southerly to Fort Canby state park. [1991 c 342 § 4.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.165 47.17.155 State route No. 97. A state highway to be known as state route number 97 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington-Oregon boundary on the interstate bridge across the Columbia river at Biggs Rapids, thence in a northerly direction to the junction with state route number 14 in the vicinity of Maryhill, thence in a northerly direction by way of Goldendale, thence northeasterly by way of Satus Pass to a junction with state route number 22 at Toppenish, thence northwesterly south of the Yakima river to a junction with state route number 82 at Union Gap; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of Ellensburg, thence northeasterly by way of Swauk Pass to a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity of Peshastin; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity north of Orondo, thence northerly by way of the vicinities of Chelan, Pateros, Brewster, Okanogan, and 47.17.155 (2004 Ed.) 47.17.165 State route No. 101. A state highway to be known as state route number 101 is established as follows: Beginning at the Oregon boundary on the interstate bridge at Point Ellis, thence northwesterly by way of Ilwaco to a junction with state route number 4 in the vicinity of a location known as Johnson's Landing in Pacific county; also From that junction with state route number 4 in the vicinity of a location known as Johnson's Landing, in Pacific county, thence northerly by way of South Bend to a junction with state route number 6 at Raymond; also From that junction with state route number 6 at Raymond, thence northerly by way of Cosmopolis to a junction with state route number 12 at Aberdeen; also From that junction with state route number 12 at Aberdeen, thence westerly to Hoquiam, thence northwesterly by way of Lake Quinault to Forks, thence easterly by way of Port Angeles to the vicinity of Discovery Bay, thence south[Title 47 RCW—page 81] 47.17.168 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation erly by way of Shelton to a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity west of Olympia; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity east of Ilwaco, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity northeast of Ilwaco. [1987 c 199 § 11; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 34.] Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 near the mouth of the Skokomish river, thence northeasterly along the southeast shore of Hood Canal to a junction with state route number 3 in the vicinity of Belfair. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 38.] 47.17.190 State route No. 107. A state highway to be known as state route number 107 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 north of Artic, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 12 at Montesano. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 39.] 47.17.190 47.17.168 47.17.168 State route No. 102. A state highway to be known as state route number 102 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington Corrections Center, thence northeasterly to a junction of state route number 101 north of Shelton. Before award of any construction contract for improvements to state route number 102 under either program A or program C, the department of transportation shall secure a portion of the construction cost from Mason county. [1984 c 197 § 1.] 47.17.195 State route No. 108. A state highway to be known as state route number 108 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 8 in the vicinity west of McCleary, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 101 south of Shelton. [1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 3; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 40.] 47.17.195 47.17.170 47.17.170 State route No. 103. A state highway to be known as state route number 103 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 at Seaview, thence northerly by way of Long Beach to Leadbetter Point state park. [1991 c 342 § 5; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 35.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.175 47.17.175 State route No. 104. A state highway to be known as state route number 104 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity south of Discovery Bay, thence southeasterly to the vicinity of Shine on Hood Canal, thence crossing Hood Canal to a junction with state route number 3 in the vicinity of Port Gamble; also From that junction with state route number 3 in the vicinity of Port Gamble, thence to Port Gamble, thence southerly and easterly to the state ferry terminal at Kingston; also From the state ferry terminal at Kingston via the state ferry system easterly to the state ferry terminal at Edmonds; also From the state ferry terminal at Edmonds, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 99 in the vicinity of the Snohomish-King county line; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 99 in the vicinity of the Snohomish-King county line, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 522 in the vicinity of Lake Forest Park. [1994 c 209 § 3; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 36.] 47.17.200 State route No. 109. A state highway to be known as state route number 109 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in Hoquiam, thence northwesterly by way of Ocean City, Copalis, Pacific Beach, and Moclips to a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity of Queets; also a bypass beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity of the north city limits of Hoquiam, thence southerly to a junction with state route number 109 in the vicinity of the west city limits of Hoquiam. [1983 c 180 § 2; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 41.] 47.17.200 Quinault Tribal Highway: RCW 47.20.710. 47.17.212 State route No. 110. A state highway to be known as state route number 110 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity north of Forks, thence westerly to the Olympic national park boundary in the vicinity of La Push; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 110 near the Quillayute river, thence westerly to the Olympic national park boundary in the vicinity of Moro. [1991 c 342 § 6.] 47.17.212 Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.215 47.17.215 State route No. 112. A state highway to be known as state route number 112 is established as follows: Beginning at the easterly boundary of the Makah Indian Reservation, thence easterly by way of Clallam Bay and Pysht to a junction with state route number 101 in or near Port Angeles. [1971 ex.s. c 73 § 5; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 44.] 47.17.180 47.17.180 State route No. 105. A state highway to be known as state route number 105 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 at Raymond, thence westerly by way of Tokeland and North Cove to the shore of Grays Harbor north of Westport; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 105 in the vicinity south of Westport, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 101 at Aberdeen. [1987 c 199 § 12; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 37.] 47.17.185 47.17.185 State route No. 106. A state highway to be known as state route number 106 is established as follows: [Title 47 RCW—page 82] 47.17.216 State route No. 113. A state highway to be known as state route number 113 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity of Sappho, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 112 in the vicinity of the Pysht River. [1991 c 342 § 7.] 47.17.216 Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.217 47.17.217 State route No. 115. A state highway to be known as state route number 115 is established as follows: Beginning at Ocean Shores thence in an easterly and northerly direction by the most feasible route to a junction (2004 Ed.) State Highway Routes with state route number 109 in the vicinity south of Ocean City. [1973 c 60 § 1.] 47.17.219 47.17.219 State route No. 116. A state highway to be known as state route number 116 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 19 in the vicinity of Irondale, thence easterly and northerly to Fort Flagler state park. [1991 c 342 § 8.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.221 47.17.221 State route No. 117. A state highway to be known as state route number 117 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in Port Angeles, thence northerly to the port of Port Angeles at Marine Drive. [1991 c 342 § 9.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.223 47.17.223 State route No. 119. A state highway to be known as state route number 119 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 101 near Hoodsport, thence northwesterly to the Mount Rose development intersection. [1991 c 342 § 10.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.225 47.17.225 State route No. 121. A state highway to be known as state route number 121 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Maytown, thence easterly, northerly, and westerly by way of Millersylvania state park to a junction with state route number 5 south of Tumwater. [1991 c 342 § 11; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 46.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.285 Ice Harbor Dam to be known as "Ice Harbor Drive". [1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 4; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 48.] 47.17.240 47.17.240 State route No. 125. A state highway to be known as state route number 125 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington-Oregon boundary line south of Walla Walla, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 12 at Walla Walla; also From a junction with state route number 12 at Walla Walla, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 124 at Prescott. [1979 ex.s. c 33 § 5; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 49.] 47.17.250 47.17.250 State route No. 127. A state highway to be known as state route number 127 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 12 in the vicinity of Dodge, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 26 in the vicinity of Dusty. [1979 ex.s. c 33 § 6; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 51.] 47.17.255 47.17.255 State route No. 128. A state highway to be known as state route number 128 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 12 in Clarkston, thence northeasterly and easterly by way of the Red Wolf crossing to the Idaho state line. [1991 c 342 § 13; 1990 c 108 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 52.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.260 47.17.260 State route No. 129. A state highway to be known as state route number 129 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington-Oregon boundary line in Asotin county, thence northerly by the most feasible route by way of Asotin to a junction with state route number 12 at Clarkston. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 53.] 47.17.227 47.17.227 State route No. 122. A state highway to be known as state route number 122 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 12 near Mayfield dam, thence northeasterly and southerly by way of Mayfield to a junction with state route number 12 in Mossyrock. [1991 c 342 § 12.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.262 47.17.262 State route No. 131. A state highway to be known as state route number 131 is established as follows: Beginning at the Gifford Pinchot national forest boundary south of Randle, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 12 in Randle. [1991 c 342 § 14.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.230 47.17.230 State route No. 123. A state highway to be known as state route number 123 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 12 in the vicinity west of White Pass, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 410 in the vicinity west of Chinook Pass. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 47.] 47.17.235 47.17.235 State route No. 124. A state highway to be known as state route number 124 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 12 in the vicinity of Burbank, thence northeasterly by the most feasible route to a point in the vicinity of Eureka, thence easterly by the most feasible route to a junction with state route number 125 in the vicinity of Prescott, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 12 in the vicinity northeast of Waitsburg. That portion of state route number 124 lying between the junction with state route number 12 and the county road to (2004 Ed.) 47.17.275 47.17.275 State route No. 141. A state highway to be known as state route number 141 is established as follows: Beginning at a wye junction with state route number 14, the west branch in the vicinity east of Underwood and the east branch in the vicinity of White Salmon, thence northerly to the boundary of the Gifford Pinchot National Forest. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 56.] 47.17.280 47.17.280 State route No. 142. A state highway to be known as state route number 142 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 14 in the vicinity of Lyle, thence northeasterly by way of Klickitat to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Goldendale. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 57.] 47.17.285 47.17.285 State route No. 150. A state highway to be known as state route number 150 is established as follows: [Title 47 RCW—page 83] 47.17.295 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Beginning at Manson, thence southeasterly to the north of Lake Chelan to a junction with state route number 97-alternate at Chelan. Also beginning at a junction with state route number 97alternate at Chelan southerly to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Chelan Station. [1987 c 199 § 13; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 58.] 47.17.295 47.17.295 State route No. 153. A state highway to be known as state route number 153 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Pateros, thence northerly and westerly by the most feasible route to a junction with state route number 20 in the vicinity south of Twisp. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 60.] 47.17.300 47.17.300 State route No. 155. A state highway to be known as state route number 155 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity north of Coulee City, thence northeasterly to the boundary of the federal reservation at the Grand Coulee dam; also Beginning at the boundary of the federal reservation at the Grand Coulee dam, thence northwesterly by the most feasible route by way of Nespelem and Disautel to a junction with state route number 97 at Omak; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 155 at Omak, thence northwesterly crossing the Okanogan river to a junction with state route number 215 at Omak. [1975 c 63 § 4; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 61.] 47.17.305 47.17.305 State route No. 160. A state highway to be known as state route number 160 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 16 in the vicinity south of Port Orchard, thence easterly on Sedgwick Road to the Washington state ferry dock at Point Southworth; also From the state ferry terminal at Point Southworth via the state ferry system easterly to the state ferry terminal at Vashon Heights; also From the state ferry terminal at Vashon Heights easterly via the state ferry system to the state ferry terminal at Fauntleroy. [1994 c 209 § 4; 1993 c 430 § 2; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 62; (1991 c 342 § 15 repealed by 1992 c 166 § 31).] 47.17.310 47.17.310 State route No. 161. A state highway to be known as state route number 161 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 7 in the vicinity of La Grande, thence northeasterly via Eatonville to Puyallup, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 18. That portion of state route 161 within King county shall be designated Enchanted Parkway. [1987 c 520 § 1; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 6; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 63.] Buckley. [1975 c 63 § 5; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 7; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 64.] 47.17.317 47.17.317 State route No. 163. A state highway to be known as state route number 163 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 16 in Tacoma, thence northerly to the Point Defiance ferry terminal; also From the state ferry terminal at Point Defiance via the state ferry system northerly to the state ferry terminal at Tahlequah. [1994 c 209 § 5; 1991 c 342 § 16.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.320 State route No. 164. A state highway to be known as state route number 164 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 18 in the vicinity of Auburn, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 410 at Enumclaw. [1987 c 199 § 14; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 65.] 47.17.320 47.17.325 State route No. 165. A state highway to be known as state route number 165 is established as follows: Beginning at the northwest entrance to Mt. Rainier National Park, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 410 at Buckley. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 66.] 47.17.325 47.17.328 State route No. 166. A state highway to be known as state route number 166 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 16 in the vicinity west of Port Orchard, thence northeasterly to the eastern Port Orchard city limits. [1993 c 430 § 3.] 47.17.328 47.17.330 State route No. 167. A state highway to be known as state route number 167 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Tacoma, thence easterly by way of the vicinity of Puyallup and Sumner, thence northerly by way of the vicinity of Auburn and Kent to a junction with state route number 900 in the vicinity of Renton. [1991 c 342 § 17; 1979 ex.s. c 33 § 8; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 67.] 47.17.330 Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.335 47.17.335 State route No. 168. A state highway to be known as state route number 168 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 410 in the vicinity of the junction of the Greenwater and White rivers, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 410 in the vicinity north of Cliffdell. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 68.] 47.17.340 State route No. 169. A state highway to be known as state route number 169 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 164 at Enumclaw, thence northwesterly by way of Summit to a junction with state route number 900 in the vicinity of Renton. [1971 ex.s. c 73 § 8; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 69.] 47.17.340 47.17.315 47.17.315 State route No. 162. A state highway to be known as state route number 162 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 410 at Sumner, thence southerly to Orting, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 165 in the vicinity south of [Title 47 RCW—page 84] 47.17.345 State route No. 170. A state highway to be known as state route number 170 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 17 west of Warden, thence easterly to Warden. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 70.] 47.17.345 (2004 Ed.) State Highway Routes 47.17.350 47.17.350 State route No. 171. A state highway to be known as state route number 171 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 west of Moses Lake, thence northeasterly by way of Moses Lake to a junction with state route number 28 in the vicinity west of Odessa. Until such time as state route number 171 is actually constructed on the location adopted by the department, no existing county roads may be maintained or improved by the department as a temporary route of state route number 171. [1984 c 7 § 132; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 71.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.17.355 47.17.355 State route No. 172. A state highway to be known as state route number 172 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity of Waterville, thence northerly and easterly by the most feasible route by way of Mansfield to a junction with state route number 17 in the vicinity of Leahy. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 72.] 47.17.360 47.17.360 State route No. 173. A state highway to be known as state route number 173 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 17 at Bridgeport thence northwesterly on the south side of the Columbia river to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Brewster. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 73.] 47.17.365 47.17.365 State route No. 174. A state highway to be known as state route number 174 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 17 east of Bridgeport, thence easterly to the boundary of the federal reservation at Grand Coulee dam; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 155 at Grand Coulee, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 21 in the vicinity north of Wilbur; also A spur beginning at a junction with state route number 174 in the vicinity of the boundary of the federal reservation at the Grand Coulee dam and extending to Crown Point. [1987 c 199 § 15; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 74.] 47.17.370 47.17.370 State route No. 181. A state highway to be known as state route number 181 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 516 in the vicinity of Kent, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 405 in the vicinity of Tukwila. [1991 c 342 § 18; 1979 ex.s. c 192 § 4; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 9; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 75.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. Effective dates—1979 ex.s. c 192: See note following RCW 44.40.070. 47.17.372 47.17.372 State route No. 182. A state highway to be known as state route number 182 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 82 in the vicinity of Goose Gap, thence easterly via Richland to a junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity of Pasco. [1979 ex.s. c 33 § 9; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 10.] 47.17.375 47.17.375 State route No. 193. A state highway to be known as state route number 193 is established as follows: (2004 Ed.) 47.17.405 Beginning at a junction with state route number 128 in the vicinity of the Red Wolf crossing, thence westerly to the port of Wilma. [1991 c 342 § 19; 1990 c 108 § 2; 1984 c 7 § 133; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 76.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.17.377 47.17.377 State route No. 194. A state highway to be known as state route number 194 is established as follows: Beginning at the port of Almota, thence northerly and easterly to a junction with state route number 195 in the vicinity of Pullman. [1991 c 342 § 20.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.380 47.17.380 State route No. 195. A state highway to be known as state route number 195 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington-Idaho boundary line southeast of Uniontown, thence northwesterly and northerly by way of the vicinity of Pullman, Colfax, and Rosalia to a junction with state route number 90 at Spokane. [1979 ex.s. c 33 § 10; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 77.] 47.17.382 47.17.382 State route No. 197. A state highway to be known as state route number 197 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington-Oregon boundary on the interstate bridge across the Columbia river in the vicinity of The Dalles, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 14. [1979 ex.s. c 33 § 11; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 6.] 47.17.385 47.17.385 State route No. 202. A state highway to be known as state route number 202 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 522 near Bothell, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of North Bend. [1987 c 199 § 16; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 78.] 47.17.390 47.17.390 State route No. 203. A state highway to be known as state route number 203 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 202 at Fall City, thence northerly by the most feasible route by way of Duvall to a junction with state route number 2 at Monroe. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 79.] 47.17.395 47.17.395 State route No. 204. A state highway to be known as state route number 204 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity east of Everett, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 9. [1987 c 199 § 17; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 80.] 47.17.400 47.17.400 State route No. 205. A state highway to be known as state route number 205 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington-Oregon boundary line in the vicinity east of Vancouver, thence northwesterly to a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Salmon Creek, north of Vancouver. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 81.] 47.17.405 47.17.405 State route No. 206. A state highway to be known as state route number 206 is established as follows: [Title 47 RCW—page 85] 47.17.410 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity north of Mead, thence northeasterly to the entrance to Mt. Spokane State Park. [1987 c 199 § 18; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 82.] 47.17.410 47.17.410 State route No. 207. A state highway to be known as state route number 207 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity north of Winton, thence northerly to Lake Wenatchee state park. [1991 c 342 § 21; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 83.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.416 47.17.416 State route No. 211. A state highway to be known as state route number 211 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 southwest of Newport, thence northerly by the most feasible route by way of Sacheen Lake to a junction with state route number 20 at Usk. [1975 c 63 § 10.] 47.17.417 47.17.417 State route No. 213. A state highway to be known as state route number 213 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Malott, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 20 southwest of Okanogan. Until such time as this route is actually constructed on the location adopted by the department, no county roads may be maintained or improved by the department as a temporary route. [1984 c 7 § 134; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 18.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.17.419 47.17.419 State route No. 215. A state highway to be known as state route number 215 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 20 in the vicinity of Okanogan, thence northeasterly on the west side of the Okanagan river to a junction with state route number 97 north of Omak. [1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 19.] 47.17.425 47.17.425 State route No. 221. A state highway to be known as state route number 221 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 14 in the vicinity of Patterson, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 22 in the vicinity of Prosser. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 86.] 47.17.436 47.17.436 State route No. 225. A state highway to be known as state route number 225 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 224 in Kiona, thence northeasterly by way of Benton City to a junction with state route number 240 near Horn Rapids dam. [1991 c 342 § 22.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.440 47.17.440 State route No. 230. A state highway to be known as state route number 230 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of Ritzville, thence easterly by the most feasible route to a junction with state route number 23 in the vicinity of Ewan. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 89.] 47.17.445 47.17.445 State route No. 231. A state highway to be known as state route number 231 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 23 in the vicinity northwest of Sprague, thence northerly by way of Edwall to a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity west of Reardan; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity of Reardan, thence northerly by way of Long Lake across the Spokane river, thence northeasterly by way of Springdale to a junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity of Chewelah. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 90.] 47.17.455 47.17.455 State route No. 240. A state highway to be known as state route number 240 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 24 in the vicinity east of Cold Creek, thence southeasterly by the most feasible route across the Atomic Energy Commission Reservation to a junction with state route number 224 at Richland; also From that junction with state route number 224 at Richland, thence southerly to a junction with state route number 182 at Richland; also From a junction with state route number 182 at Richland southeasterly to a junction with state route number 395 at Kennewick. The secretary may enter into negotiations with appropriate federal agencies to secure right of way for the highway over and across the Atomic Energy Commission Reservation. [1985 c 177 § 3; 1984 c 7 § 135; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 92.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.17.430 47.17.430 State route No. 223. A state highway to be known as state route number 223 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 22 in the vicinity southeast of Toppenish, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 12 in the vicinity of Granger. The establishment of state route number 223 as defined in this section shall be effective July 1, 1965. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 87.] 47.17.460 47.17.460 State route No. 241. A state highway to be known as state route number 241 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 22 in Mabton, thence northerly and northeasterly by way of Sunnyside to a junction with state route number 24. [1991 c 342 § 23; 1987 c 199 § 20; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 93.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.435 47.17.435 State route No. 224. A state highway to be known as state route number 224 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 82 at Kiona, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 240 at Richland. [1987 c 199 § 19; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 88.] [Title 47 RCW—page 86] 47.17.465 47.17.465 State route No. 243. A state highway to be known as state route number 243 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 24 north of its crossing of the Columbia river, thence westerly and northerly by way of Arrowsmith and Beverly to a junction (2004 Ed.) State Highway Routes with state route number 26 south of the Columbia river bridge at Vantage. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 94.] 47.17.475 47.17.475 State route No. 260. A state highway to be known as state route number 260 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 17 west of Connell, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity of Connell, thence northeasterly by way of Kahlotus to a junction with state route number 26 at Washtucna. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 96.] 47.17.480 47.17.480 State route No. 261. A state highway to be known as state route number 261 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 12 at Delaney, thence northwesterly to a junction with state route number 260 in the vicinity of McAdam; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 26 at Washtucna, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 90 at Ritzville. [1987 c 199 § 21; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 12; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 97.] 47.17.520 47.17.500 47.17.500 State route No. 274. A state highway to be known as state route number 274 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 27 at Tekoa, thence easterly to the Washington-Idaho boundary line. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 101.] 47.17.502 47.17.502 State route No. 276. A state highway to be known as state route number 276 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 195 west of Pullman, thence easterly and southeasterly to a junction with state route number 270 east of Pullman. [1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 7.] 47.17.503 47.17.503 State route No. 278. A state highway to be known as state route number 278 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 27 in Rockford, thence easterly and southerly to the WashingtonIdaho boundary. [1991 c 342 § 26.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.505 47.17.481 47.17.481 State route No. 262. A state highway to be known as state route number 262 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 26 east of Royal City, thence northerly and easterly to a junction with state route number 17 west of Warden. [1991 c 342 § 24.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.482 47.17.482 State route No. 263. A state highway to be known as state route number 263 is established as follows: Beginning at the port of Windust, thence easterly and northerly to a junction with state route number 260 in Kahlotus. [1991 c 342 § 25.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.485 47.17.485 State route No. 270. A state highway to be known as state route number 270 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 195 at Pullman, thence easterly by the most feasible route to a point on the Washington-Idaho boundary line. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 98.] 47.17.490 47.17.490 State route No. 271. A state highway to be known as state route number 271 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 27 in the vicinity of Oakesdale, thence northwesterly to a junction with state route number 195 in the vicinity south of Rosalia. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 99.] 47.17.495 47.17.495 State route No. 272. A state highway to be known as state route number 272 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 195 at Colfax, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 27 at Palouse; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 27 at Palouse, thence northeasterly by the most feasible route to a point on the Washington-Idaho boundary line. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 100.] (2004 Ed.) 47.17.505 State route No. 281. A state highway to be known as state route number 281 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of George, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 28 at Quincy; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 281 at a point north of the above described junction on state route number 90, thence in a southeasterly direction to a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity east of George, some 1.6 miles more or less, resulting in a wye connection between state route number 281 and state route number 90. [1971 ex.s. c 73 § 13; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 102.] 47.17.510 47.17.510 State route No. 282. A state highway to be known as state route number 282 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 28 in the vicinity of Ephrata, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 17 in the vicinity of Rocky Ford creek. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 103.] 47.17.515 47.17.515 State route No. 283. A state highway to be known as state route number 283 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 281 in the vicinity of Burke Junction, thence northeasterly by the most feasible route to a junction with state route number 28 in the vicinity west of Ephrata. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 104.] 47.17.517 47.17.517 State route No. 285. A state highway to be known as state route number 285 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 28 in East Wenatchee, thence westerly across the Columbia river and northwesterly to a junction with state route number 2 in Wenatchee. [1991 c 342 § 27; 1977 ex.s. c 224 § 1.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.520 47.17.520 State route No. 290. A state highway to be known as state route number 290 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in Spokane, thence northeasterly by way of Millwood, Trentwood, [Title 47 RCW—page 87] 47.17.525 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation and Newman Lake to the termination of Idaho state highway number 53 at the Washington-Idaho boundary line; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 in Spokane, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 290 in the vicinity of Hamilton Street. [1977 ex.s. c 6 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 105.] 47.17.525 47.17.525 State route No. 291. A state highway to be known as state route number 291 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in Spokane, thence northwesterly along the north bank of the Spokane river to the vicinity of Tumtum; and thence southwesterly along the north shore of Long Lake to a junction with state route number 231 in the vicinity of the Little Falls Dam. [1983 c 180 § 4; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 106.] system northwesterly to the state ferry terminal at Bainbridge Island; also From the state ferry terminal at Bainbridge Island, thence northerly by the most feasible route to the north end of Bainbridge Island, across Agate Pass, thence northwesterly by the most feasible route to a junction with state route number 3 in the vicinity north of Poulsbo. [1994 c 209 § 7; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 113.] 47.17.566 47.17.566 State route No. 307. A state highway to be known as state route number 307 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 305 at Poulsbo, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 104 near Miller Lake. [1991 c 342 § 29.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.530 47.17.530 State route No. 292. A state highway to be known as state route number 292 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 231 at Springdale, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity of Loon Lake. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 107.] 47.17.540 47.17.540 State route No. 300. A state highway to be known as state route number 300 is established as follows: Beginning at the western boundary of the Belfair State Park, thence generally easterly to a junction with state route number 3 at Belfair. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 109.] 47.17.567 47.17.567 State route No. 308. A state highway to be known as state route number 308 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 3, thence easterly to Keyport. [1987 c 199 § 23; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 15.] 47.17.569 47.17.569 State route No. 310. A state highway to be known as state route number 310 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 3 near Oyster Bay, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 304 in Bremerton. [1991 c 342 § 30.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.571 47.17.545 47.17.545 State route No. 302. A state highway to be known as state route number 302 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 3 in the vicinity of Allyn, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 16 in the vicinity of Purdy. [1987 c 199 § 22; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 110.] 47.17.571 State route No. 339. A state highway to be known as state route number 339 is established as follows: Beginning at the junction of state route number 160 at the state ferry terminal at Vashon Heights, thence via the state ferry system northeasterly to the junction with state route number 519 at the state ferry terminal in Seattle. [1994 c 209 § 9.] 47.17.550 47.17.550 State route No. 303. A state highway to be known as state route number 303 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 304 at Bremerton, thence by way of the Warren Avenue bridge across the Port Washington Narrows northerly to a junction with state route number 3 in the vicinity north of Silverdale. [1991 c 342 § 28; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 14; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 111.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.556 47.17.556 State route No. 304. A state highway to be known as state route number 304 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 3 in Bremerton, thence easterly to the ferry terminal in Bremerton; also From the state ferry terminal at Bremerton via the state ferry system easterly to the junction with state route number 519 at the state ferry terminal in Seattle. [1994 c 209 § 6; 1993 c 430 § 4.] 47.17.560 47.17.560 State route No. 305. A state highway to be known as state route number 305 is established as follows: Beginning at the junction with state route number 519 at the state ferry terminal in Seattle, thence via the state ferry [Title 47 RCW—page 88] 47.17.575 47.17.575 State route No. 395. A state highway to be known as state route number 395 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 82 at Kennewick, northerly to a junction with state route number 182 at Pasco; also From a junction with state route number 182 at Pasco, thence northeasterly by way of the vicinity of Mesa and Connell to a junction with state route number 90 at Ritzville; also From a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity north of Spokane, thence northerly by way of the vicinity of Colville and Kettle Falls to the international boundary line in the vicinity of Laurier. [1985 c 177 § 4; 1979 ex.s. c 33 § 13; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 116.] 47.17.577 47.17.577 State route No. 397. A state highway to be known as state route number 397 is established as follows: Beginning at Piert Road in the vicinity southeast of Finely, thence northwesterly and northerly across the Columbia River, thence easterly and northerly to a junction with state route number 395 in Pasco. [1993 c 430 § 5; 1991 c 342 § 31.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. (2004 Ed.) State Highway Routes 47.17.580 47.17.580 State route No. 401. A state highway to be known as state route number 401 is established as follows: Beginning at Point Ellice on state route number 101, thence easterly and northerly to a junction with state route number 4 in the vicinity north of Naselle. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 117.] 47.17.655 47.17.630 47.17.630 State route No. 433. A state highway to be known as state route number 433 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington-Oregon boundary on the interstate bridge at Longview, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 432 in Longview. [1991 c 342 § 34; 1987 c 199 § 25; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 127.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.595 47.17.595 State route No. 405. A state highway to be known as state route number 405 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity south of Seattle, thence northeasterly to Renton, thence northerly east of Lake Washington to a junction with state route number 5 north of Seattle. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 120.] 47.17.635 47.17.635 State route No. 500. A state highway to be known as state route number 500 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 at Vancouver, thence northeasterly to Orchards, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 14 at Camas. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 128.] 47.17.605 47.17.605 State route No. 409. A state highway to be known as state route number 409 is established as follows: Beginning at the South Ferry landing, as now located, or as it may be relocated, on the south side of Puget Island, thence generally northerly by the most feasible route to the Puget Island bridge, thence crossing said bridge to a junction with state route number 4 at the north approach of said bridge at the town of Cathlamet: PROVIDED, That the state of Washington shall not assume or pay any bond or bonds outstanding against said bridge, or interest on said bonds, but said bond or bonds, and interest thereon, shall remain the sole obligation of the obligors named on said bonds. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 122.] 47.17.610 47.17.610 State route No. 410. A state highway to be known as state route number 410 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 167 at Sumner, thence easterly by way of Buckley, Enumclaw, and Chinook Pass, to a junction with state route number 12 northwest of Yakima: PROVIDED, That until such time as state route number 167 is constructed and opened to traffic on an anticipated ultimate alignment from a junction with state route number 5 near Tacoma easterly to Sumner on the north side of the Puyallup river, the public highway between state route number 5 in Tacoma and state route number 161 in Sumner, on the south side of the Puyallup river, shall remain on the state highway system. [1987 c 199 § 24; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 8; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 123.] 47.17.615 47.17.615 State route No. 411. A state highway to be known as state route number 411 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 432 in Longview, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 5 at Castle Rock. [1991 c 342 § 32; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 124.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.625 47.17.625 State route No. 432. A state highway to be known as state route number 432 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 4 in the vicinity west of Longview, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 5 south of Kelso. [1991 c 342 § 33; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 126.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. (2004 Ed.) 47.17.640 47.17.640 State route No. 501—Erwin O. Rieger Memorial Highway. A state highway to be known as state route number 501 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 at Vancouver, thence northerly by way of Lower River Road and an extension thereof to Ridgefield, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity south of La Center. That portion of state route number 501 from the northerly junction of N.W. Lower River Road to the Ridgefield city limits is designated "the Erwin O. Rieger Memorial Highway." The department may enter into an agreement with the Port of Vancouver, Clark county, or the United States Army Engineers, or any combination thereof, to obtain material dredged from the Columbia river and have it stockpiled at no expense to the state. [1991 c 78 § 1; 1984 c 7 § 136; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 129.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.17.645 47.17.645 State route No. 502. A state highway to be known as state route number 502 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity north of Vancouver, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 503 at Battleground. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 130.] 47.17.650 47.17.650 State route No. 503. A state highway to be known as state route number 503 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 500 at Orchards, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 502 at Battle Ground, thence northerly to Amboy, thence northeasterly by way of Cougar to the Cowlitz-Skamania county line; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 503 in the vicinity of Yale, thence westerly to a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Woodland. [1991 c 342 § 35; 1975 c 63 § 6; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 131.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.655 47.17.655 State route No. 504—Spirit Lake Memorial Highway. A state highway to be known as state route number 504, hereby designated the Spirit Lake Memorial Highway, dedicated to the memory of those who lost their lives in the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens, is established as follows: [Title 47 RCW—page 89] 47.17.660 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity north of Castle Rock, thence easterly along the north shore of Silver Lake by way of Silverlake and Toutle, past a junction with state route number 505, thence by way of Kid Valley and St. Helens to the former Spirit Lake. [1982 c 82 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 132.] 47.17.695 47.17.695 State route No. 513. A state highway to be known as state route number 513 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 520 in Seattle, thence northerly and easterly to the vicinity of Sand Point. [1991 c 342 § 38; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 16; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 140.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.660 47.17.660 State route No. 505. A state highway to be known as state route number 505 is established as follows: Beginning in Winlock, thence via Toledo, easterly and southerly to a junction with state route number 504 in the vicinity north of Toutle. [1991 c 342 § 36; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 133.] 47.17.705 47.17.705 State route No. 515. A state highway to be known as state route number 515 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 516 in the vicinity east of Kent, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 900 in Renton. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 142.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.710 47.17.665 47.17.665 State route No. 506. A state highway to be known as state route number 506 is established as follows: Beginning at Ryderwood, thence by way of Vader northeasterly to a junction with state route number 5 west of Toledo. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 134.] 47.17.670 47.17.670 State route No. 507. A state highway to be known as state route number 507 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in Centralia, thence northerly by the most feasible route by way of Bucoda to Tenino, thence northeasterly by way of Rainier, Yelm and McKenna to a junction with state route number 7 in the vicinity south of Tacoma. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 135.] 47.17.710 State route No. 516. A state highway to be known as state route number 516 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 509 in the vicinity south of Des Moines, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 5; also From that junction with state route number 5, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 167 in Kent, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 169 south of Maple Valley. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 143.] 47.17.715 47.17.715 State route No. 518. A state highway to be known as state route number 518 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 509 near Sunnydale, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Seattle. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 144.] 47.17.675 47.17.675 State route No. 508. A state highway to be known as state route number 508 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 south of Chehalis, thence easterly by way of Onalaska to a junction with state route number 7 at Morton. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 136.] 47.17.680 47.17.680 State route No. 509. A state highway to be known as state route number 509 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 705 at Tacoma, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 99 in the vicinity of Redondo; also From a junction with state route number 516 at Des Moines, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 99 in Seattle. [1991 c 342 § 37; 1979 ex.s. c 33 § 14; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 137.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.685 47.17.685 State route No. 510. A state highway to be known as state route number 510 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5, thence southeasterly via St. Clair to a junction with state route number 507 at Yelm. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 138.] 47.17.690 47.17.690 State route No. 512. A state highway to be known as state route number 512 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 south of Tacoma, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 7 south of Tacoma, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 167 in the vicinity of Puyallup. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 139.] [Title 47 RCW—page 90] 47.17.717 47.17.717 State route No. 519. A state highway to be known as state route number 519 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 in Seattle, thence westerly, and northerly to the Washington state ferry terminal. [1991 c 342 § 39.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.720 47.17.720 State route No. 520. A state highway to be known as state route number 520 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in Seattle, thence easterly via the Evergreen Point bridge to a junction with state route number 202 in the vicinity of Redmond. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 145.] 47.17.725 47.17.725 State route No. 522. A state highway to be known as state route number 522 is established as follows: Beginning at Seattle in King county, thence easterly by the most feasible route to the north of Lake Washington by way of Bothell to a junction with state route number 202 near Bothell; also From that junction with state route number 202 near Bothell, thence northeasterly by the most feasible route to a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity of Monroe. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 146.] 47.17.727 47.17.727 State route No. 523. A state highway to be known as state route number 523 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 99 and Northeast 145th Street in Seattle, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 522. [1991 c 342 § 40.] (2004 Ed.) State Highway Routes Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.795 junction with state route number 528 in Marysville. [1991 c 342 § 42; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 19.] 47.17.730 47.17.730 State route No. 524. A state highway to be known as state route number 524 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 104 at Edmonds, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Lynnwood, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 522 near Maltby. [1991 c 342 § 41; 1984 c 7 § 137; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 147.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.755 47.17.755 State route No. 530. A state highway to be known as state route number 530 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity west of Arlington, thence easterly and northerly by way of Darrington to a junction with state route number 20 in the vicinity of Rockport. [1991 c 342 § 43; 1983 c 131 § 1; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 20; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 152.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.735 47.17.735 State route No. 525. A state highway to be known as state route number 525 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity south of Everett, thence northwesterly to the state ferry terminal at Mukilteo; also From the junction with state route number 526 at Mukilteo, thence southerly to a junction with state route number 525; also From the state ferry terminal at Mukilteo via the state ferry system northerly to the state ferry terminal at Clinton; also From the state ferry terminal at Clinton, thence northwesterly to a junction with state route number 20 in the vicinity east of Keystone. [2001 c 130 § 1; 1994 c 209 § 8; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 15; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 148.] 47.17.757 47.17.757 State route No. 531. A state highway to be known as state route number 531 is established as follows: Beginning at Wenberg state park, thence northerly and easterly to a junction with state route number 9 in the vicinity north of Marysville. [1991 c 342 § 44.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.760 47.17.760 State route No. 532. A state highway to be known as state route number 532 is established as follows: Beginning at a point on Camano Island known as McEacherns Corner, thence easterly over a bridge and by way of Stanwood to a junction with state route number 530 in the vicinity of Stanwood, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity east of Stanwood. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 153.] 47.17.740 47.17.740 State route No. 526. A state highway to be known as state route number 526 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 525 at Mukilteo, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of its junction with state route number 527. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 149.] 47.17.745 47.17.745 State route No. 527. A state highway to be known as state route number 527 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 522 in the vicinity of Bothell, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity south of Everett. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 150.] 47.17.750 47.17.750 State route No. 528. A state highway to be known as state route number 528 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 near Marysville, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 9. Until such time as state route number 528 from Marysville to a junction with state route number 9 is actually constructed on the location adopted by the department, no existing city streets or county roads may be maintained or improved by the department as a temporary route of state route number 528. [1984 c 7 § 138; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 18; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 151.] 47.17.765 47.17.765 State route No. 534. A state highway to be known as state route number 534 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 at Conway, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 9 at McMurray. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 154.] 47.17.770 47.17.770 State route No. 536. A state highway to be known as state route number 536 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 20 at Fredonia, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 5 at Mt. Vernon. [1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 16; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 155.] 47.17.780 47.17.780 State route No. 538. A state highway to be known as state route number 538 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 at Mt. Vernon, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 9. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 157.] 47.17.785 47.17.785 State route No. 539. A state highway to be known as state route number 539 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 at Bellingham, thence northerly to the international boundary in the vicinity east of Delta. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 158.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.17.795 47.17.752 47.17.752 State route No. 529. A state highway to be known as state route number 529 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in Everett, thence westerly and northerly through Everett to a (2004 Ed.) 47.17.795 State route No. 542. A state highway to be known as state route number 542 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 at Bellingham, thence easterly to a point in the vicinity of Austin Pass in Whatcom county. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 160.] [Title 47 RCW—page 91] 47.17.797 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.17.797 47.17.797 State route No. 543. A state highway to be known as state route number 543 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Blaine, thence northerly to the international boundary. [1971 ex.s. c 73 § 22.] 47.17.800 47.17.800 State route No. 544. A state highway to be known as state route number 544 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 539 in the vicinity of Wiser lake, thence northeasterly by way of Everson to a junction with state route number 9 in the vicinity of Nooksack. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 161.] 47.17.805 47.17.805 State route No. 546. A state highway to be known as state route number 546 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 539 approximately 2.7 miles south of the international boundary, thence easterly by way of Van Buren to a junction with state route number 9. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 162.] 47.17.806 47.17.806 State route No. 547. A state highway to be known as state route number 547 is established as follows: Beginning at the junction of state route number 542 in the vicinity of Kendall, thence northwesterly to a junction with state route number 9 at Sumas. [1984 c 197 § 2.] 47.17.807 47.17.807 State route No. 548. A state highway to be known as state route number 548 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity north of Ferndale, thence westerly and northerly to a junction with state route number 5 in Blaine. [1991 c 342 § 45.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.808 47.17.808 State route No. 599. A state highway to be known as state route number 599 is established as follows: Beginning in the vicinity south of Seattle at a junction with state route number 5, thence in a northwesterly direction west of the Duwamish river to a junction with state route number 99 in the vicinity of South 118 street south of Seattle. [1971 ex.s. c 73 § 23.] 47.17.815 47.17.815 State route No. 702. A state highway to be known as state route number 702 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 507 at McKenna, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 7. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 164.] 47.17.818 47.17.818 State route No. 704. A state highway to be known as state route number 704 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in south Pierce county, thence easterly across Fort Lewis to a junction with state route number 7. [2002 c 56 § 304.] Captions and subheadings not law—Severability—2002 c 56: See RCW 36.120.900 and 36.120.901. way in the Tacoma central business district. [1979 ex.s. c 33 § 15.] 47.17.820 47.17.820 State route No. 706—Road to Paradise. A state highway to be known as state route number 706, designated the Road to Paradise, is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 7 at Elbe, thence easterly to a southwest entrance to Mt. Rainier National Park. [1990 c 97 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 165.] 47.17.821 47.17.821 State route No. 730. A state highway to be known as state route number 730 is established as follows: Beginning at the Washington-Oregon boundary line, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 12 south of Wallula. [1985 c 177 § 5.] 47.17.823 47.17.823 State route No. 821. A state highway to be known as state route number 821 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 82 in the vicinity north of Yakima, thence northerly to a junction with state route number 82 south of Ellensburg. [1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 9.] 47.17.824 47.17.824 State route No. 823. A state highway to be known as state route number 823 is established as follows: Beginning at the junction of state route number 82 in the vicinity of Selah northerly by way of Selah and easterly to a junction with state route number 821 in the vicinity of the firing center interchange. Before award of any construction contract for improvements to state route number 823 under either program A or program C, the department of transportation shall secure a portion of the construction cost from the city of Selah or Yakima county, or both. [1991 c 342 § 46; 1984 c 197 § 3.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.825 47.17.825 State route No. 900. A state highway to be known as state route number 900 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in Seattle near the Duwamish River, thence southerly by way of Renton to a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of Issaquah. [1991 c 342 § 47; 1979 ex.s. c 33 § 16; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 166.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.835 47.17.835 State route No. 902. A state highway to be known as state route number 902 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 90, thence northwesterly, northerly, northeasterly, and easterly, via the town of Medical Lake, to a junction with state route number 90 at a point approximately three miles northeast of Four Lakes. [1991 c 342 § 49; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 168.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.840 47.17.819 47.17.819 State route No. 705. A state highway to be known as state route number 705 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 5 in Tacoma, thence northerly to a junction with Schuster Park[Title 47 RCW—page 92] 47.17.840 State route No. 903. A state highway to be known as state route number 903 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 970 in the vicinity of Cle Elum, thence northwesterly by way of Cle Elum and Roslyn to the National Forest boundary in the (2004 Ed.) Miscellaneous Projects 47.20.570 vicinity of Lake Cle Elum. [1975 c 63 § 7; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 169.] Facility State of Washington Inventory of Bridges and Structures (SWIBS) Number 47.17.845 47.17.845 State route No. 904. A state highway to be known as state route number 904 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of Tyler, thence northeasterly via Cheney to a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of Four Lakes. [1971 ex.s. c 73 § 25; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 170.] S. Fork Skykomish River Bridge Manette Bridge Grays River Bridge (Rosburg) Elochoman Bridge WN-002000487032 WN-303250032700 WN-403000064300 WN-407000023300 [1991 c 342 § 55.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.850 47.17.850 State route No. 906. A state highway to be known as state route number 906 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 at the West Summit interchange of Snoqualmie Pass, thence along the alignment of the state route number 90 as it existed on May 11, 1967, in a southeasterly direction to a junction with state route number 90 at the Hyak interchange. The legislative transportation committee, the house and senate transportation committees, and the department shall undertake appropriate studies to evaluate state route number 906 to determine whether or not it should permanently remain on the state system. [1984 c 7 § 139; 1977 ex.s. c 235 § 16; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 26; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 171.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.17.855 47.17.855 State route No. 908. A state highway to be known as state route number 908 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 405 in Kirkland, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 202 in the vicinity of Redmond. [1991 c 342 § 50; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 27.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.990 47.17.990 Construction—Refunds to counties composed of islands. Nothing in this chapter precludes the refund of all vehicle license fees and motor vehicle fuel tax directly or indirectly paid by the residents of those counties composed entirely of islands and that have neither a fixed physical connection with the mainland nor any state highways on any of the islands of which they are composed, as authorized under RCW 46.68.080. [1994 c 209 § 10.] Chapter 47.20 Sections 47.20.570 47.20.580 47.20.590 47.20.600 47.20.605 47.20.610 47.20.620 47.20.630 47.17.917 47.17.917 State route No. 970. A state highway to be known as state route number 970 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of Cle Elum, thence northeasterly by way of Teanaway to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Virden. [1975 c 63 § 12.] 47.20.635 47.20.640 47.20.645 47.20.647 47.20.653 47.20.700 47.17.919 47.17.919 State route No. 971. A state highway to be known as state route number 971 is established as follows: Beginning at a junction with state route number 97-alternate in the vicinity of Winesap, thence northerly to Lake Chelan state park, thence southeasterly to a junction with state route number 97-alternate west of Chelan. [1991 c 342 § 51.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.17.960 47.17.960 Local bridges—Department responsibility. Although not part of the state highway system, the bridges designated in this section shall remain the continuing responsibility of the Washington state department of transportation. Continuing responsibility includes all structural maintenance, repair, and replacement of the substructure, superstructure, and roadway deck. Local agencies are responsible for snow and ice control, sweeping, striping, lane marking, and channelization. (2004 Ed.) Chapter 47.20 RCW MISCELLANEOUS PROJECTS 47.20.710 47.20.715 47.20.720 47.20.725 47.20.730 47.20.735 47.20.780 47.20.785 47.20.900 Manette bridge authorized. Washington State University highway authorized. University of Washington approach authorized. Washington State University highway, University of Washington approach—Acquisition of property. Washington State University highway, University of Washington approach—Public use. Washington State University highway, University of Washington approach—Condemnation. Washington State University highway, University of Washington approach—Measure of damage to buildings. Washington State University highway, University of Washington approach—Sale of buildings, personalty, acquired in acquisition of land. University of Washington approach—Ordinance requisite— Construction and maintenance. Reestablishment and redesignation of intersections when highway relocated. Interstate 90 corridor—Legislative finding. Interstate 90 corridor—Withdrawal of local governments from project—Effect on use of state funds. Interstate 90 corridor—Court proceedings, priority. State route No. 504 (Spirit Lake Memorial Highway)—Extension and parking facilities. Quinault Tribal Highway—Agreement authorized—Route. Quinault Tribal Highway—Maintenance, operation, improvements—Intersections, access. Quinault Tribal Highway—Certain portion as limited access. Quinault Tribal Highway—Acquisition of remaining right of way. Quinault Tribal Highway—Department as agent. Quinault Tribal Highway—Authority to seek federal funding. Design-build—Competitive bidding. Design-build—Qualified projects. Severability—1975 1st ex.s. c 272. 47.20.570 47.20.570 Manette bridge authorized. The department is authorized and directed to construct a bridge across Port Washington Narrows connecting state route number 304 at or near Bremerton with state route number 303 on the Manette Peninsula; to make surveys and plans; and to condemn or otherwise acquire such lands as are necessary or proper for approaches to the bridge or for the relocation of any portion of the highway to locate the bridge at the most feasible place. The bridge shall become and be maintained as [Title 47 RCW—page 93] 47.20.580 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation a part of the state highway system. [1984 c 7 § 140; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 173; 1961 c 13 § 47.20.570. Prior: 1947 c 4 p 6 § 2; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 6584a-1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. action is brought that the real estate, rights, and interests are necessary for public use for the purposes sought. [1984 c 7 § 145; 1961 c 13 § 47.20.610. Prior: 1945 c 27 § 5; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6402-44.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.20.580 47.20.580 Washington State University highway authorized. The department is hereby authorized and directed to locate, construct, pave, and maintain a suitable highway on the most feasible route beginning in the vicinity of the stadium of the Washington State University and extending in a northwesterly direction to a connection with state route number 27, near the north boundary of the city of Pullman. [1984 c 7 § 141; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 174; 1961 c 13 § 47.20.580. Prior: 1945 c 27 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 640240.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.20.590 47.20.590 University of Washington approach authorized. The department is hereby authorized and directed to select and locate a suitable and fitting street and highway approach to the University of Washington campus in the city of Seattle, from Roosevelt Way to Fifteenth Avenue northeast, including an underpass beneath the surface of Roosevelt Way, and necessary approaches to the underpass. [1984 c 7 § 142; 1961 c 13 § 47.20.590. Prior: 1945 c 27 § 2; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6402-41.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.20.600 47.20.600 Washington State University highway, University of Washington approach—Acquisition of property. The department is hereby authorized and directed in the name of the state of Washington to acquire by purchase, gift, or condemnation, any and all private real estate, rights, and interests necessary to locate, construct, and maintain the Washington State University highway and the University of Washington approach provided for herein. [1984 c 7 § 143; 1961 c 13 § 47.20.600. Prior: 1945 c 27 § 3; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6402-42.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.20.605 47.20.605 Washington State University highway, University of Washington approach—Public use. The use of the private real estate, rights, and interests, selected by the department as necessary for the approach, underpass, and highway is declared to be a public use. [1984 c 7 § 144; 1961 c 13 § 47.20.605. Prior: 1945 c 27 § 4; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6402-43. Formerly RCW 47.20.600, part.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.20.610 47.20.610 Washington State University highway, University of Washington approach—Condemnation. In case of condemnation to secure any real estate, rights, or interests authorized under this chapter, the court actions shall be brought in the name of the state of Washington in the respective counties in which the real estate is located and in the manner provided by law for acquiring property for public uses for the state. In such actions the selection of the real estate, rights, and interests by the department is, in the absence of bad faith, arbitrary, capricious, or fraudulent action, conclusive upon the court and judge before which the [Title 47 RCW—page 94] 47.20.620 47.20.620 Washington State University highway, University of Washington approach—Measure of damage to buildings. If, in any condemnation proceeding authorized herein, it appears that there is any building wholly or partially upon any of the real estate to be taken, the jury, or the court, if the jury be waived, shall add to the value of the land taken the amount of damages to the building. If the entire building is taken, or if the building is damaged so that it cannot be readjusted to the real estate not taken, then the measure of damages shall be the fair cash value of the building. If part of a building is taken or damaged and the building can be readjusted or replaced on the real estate remaining, then the measure of damages shall be the cost of readjusting or moving the building, or part thereof left, together with the depreciation in the market value of said building by reason of said readjustment or moving. [1961 c 13 § 47.20.620. Prior: 1945 c 27 § 6; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6402-45.] 47.20.630 47.20.630 Washington State University highway, University of Washington approach—Sale of buildings, personalty, acquired in acquisition of land. The department shall have power to sell at public or private sale any building, equipment, or fixtures acquired in the acquisition of the real estate for such price as it shall fix and to execute to the purchaser upon payment of the purchase price a bill of sale in the name of the state. Proceeds of the sale shall be placed in the motor vehicle fund of the state treasury. The department shall have power to permit occupation of buildings on real estate so acquired for such specified limited time as it deems will lapse before construction of the approach, underpass, and highway can be undertaken; and in behalf of the state it may be shown in any condemnation proceeding the period during which such occupancy will be permitted for the purpose of mitigating damages. [1984 c 7 § 146; 1961 c 13 § 47.20.630. Prior: 1945 c 27 § 7; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6402-46.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.20.635 47.20.635 University of Washington approach— Ordinance requisite—Construction and maintenance. No action may be taken by the department for the acquisition of real estate, rights, and interests for the approach and underpass to the University of Washington unless and until the city of Seattle, through its legislative authority, enacts an ordinance providing that the city of Seattle will, within three months after the necessary real estate, rights, and interests have been secured by the state as provided in this chapter, begin the work of grading, paving, and such other work as is necessary to complete and render available for use of the public, the approach and underpass and approaches to the underpass; and further providing that the city of Seattle shall thereafter keep and maintain the approach and underpass and approach to the underpass in a good state of repair and suitable for public travel and use, which construction and main(2004 Ed.) Miscellaneous Projects tenance work the city of Seattle is hereby authorized and empowered to do and perform. [1984 c 7 § 147; 1961 c 13 § 47.20.635. Prior: 1945 c 27 § 8; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 640247.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.20.640 47.20.640 Reestablishment and redesignation of intersections when highway relocated. In any case where a state highway is relocated in such manner that it ceases to intersect another state highway, the department is authorized to extend and designate either of the state highways to reestablish an appropriate intersection. [1984 c 7 § 148; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 44; 1961 c 13 § 47.20.640. Prior: 1953 c 82 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.20.645 47.20.645 Interstate 90 corridor—Legislative finding. The legislature finds that the department initiated route studies for the location of that segment of the national system of interstate and defense highways (interstate system) between south Bellevue and state route No. 5 in Seattle in 1957 culminating in a corridor public hearing and adoption of a corridor in 1963; that thereafter the department, utilizing a multidisciplinary design team and soliciting the broadest public participation, developed a series of designs culminating in a public design hearing in 1970, a public limited access hearing in 1971, and adoption of a design and limited access plan for the facility in 1971; that commencing in 1970 the proposed facility has been the subject of numerous lawsuits and administrative proceedings that have prevented advancement of the project to construction; that since further development of the project was enjoined by federal courts in 1971 the cost of constructing the project has increased by more than one hundred million dollars; that the traffic congestion and traffic hazards existing in the existing highway corridor between south Bellevue, Mercer Island, and the city of Seattle are no longer tolerable; that after more than seventeen years of studies the public interest now requires that final decisions regarding the appropriate system for meeting the transportation requirements between south Bellevue and the city of Seattle be made promptly and in accordance with a prescribed schedule. It is therefore the sense of the legislature that further protracted delay in establishing the transportation system to be constructed between south Bellevue and state route No. 5 in the city of Seattle is contrary to the interest of the people of this state and can no longer be tolerated as acceptable public administration. Accordingly the schedule for finally determining the character of transportation modes between south Bellevue and state route No. 5 in the city of Seattle as set forth in RCW 47.20.645 through 47.20.653 and 47.20.900 is adopted as the public policy of this state. [1984 c 7 § 149; 1975 1st ex.s. c 272 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.20.647 47.20.647 Interstate 90 corridor—Withdrawal of local governments from project—Effect on use of state funds. (1) The Puget Sound council of governments (until July 1, 1975, known as the Puget Sound governmental conference) now engaged in a study of the withdrawal from the interstate system of that segment of state route No. 90 (2004 Ed.) 47.20.700 between the south Bellevue interchange and the Connecticut street interchange on state route No. 5 and the substitution of public mass transit projects in lieu thereof as authorized by section 103(e)(4) of Title 23, United States Code, is directed to complete all phases of the study by November 1, 1975. (2) No later than January 15, 1976, the city councils of Seattle, Mercer Island and Bellevue and the county council of King County shall each by resolution either approve or disapprove a request to withdraw from the interstate system the segment of state route No. 90 between south Bellevue interchange and the Connecticut street interchange on state route No. 5. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as requiring the city or county councils to adopt by January 15, 1976 any proposal for substitute mass transit projects. (3) If at least three of the four city and county councils request withdrawal from the interstate system of the designated segment of state route No. 90 by January 15, 1976, and such request is thereafter concurred in by the governor and the Puget Sound council of governments, such determination shall be final as it relates to the state of Washington and except as may be required to terminate the project in an orderly manner, no moneys shall thereafter be expended from the motor vehicle fund for further development of the designated section of highway as an interstate highway without further express authorization of the legislature. (4) If fewer than three of the four city and county councils request withdrawal from the interstate system of the designated segment of state route No. 90 by January 15, 1976, or if the governor does not concur in the withdrawal request, then no tax revenues collected by the state of Washington shall thereafter be expended for the construction of substitute public mass transit projects in the Seattle metropolitan area pursuant to section 103(e)(4) of Title 23, United States Code, without further express authorization of the legislature. [1975 1st ex.s. c 272 § 2.] 47.20.653 47.20.653 Interstate 90 corridor—Court proceedings, priority. State court proceedings instituted to challenge the validity of any steps taken in pursuance of the construction of the segment of the interstate system between south Bellevue and state route No. 5 in Seattle, or the construction of substitute public mass transit projects in lieu thereof, shall take precedence over all other causes not involving the public interest in all courts of this state to the end construction of such facilities may be expedited to the fullest. The legislature of the state of Washington respectfully requests of the federal judiciary that challenges instituted in the federal courts relating to the validity of steps leading to the construction of the designated interstate highway or substitute public mass transit projects in lieu thereof be expedited to the fullest. [1975 1st ex.s. c 272 § 5.] 47.20.700 47.20.700 State route No. 504 (Spirit Lake Memorial Highway)—Extension and parking facilities. The department of transportation may provide for the construction of an extension of state route number 504 from the vicinity of Maple Flats to the vicinity of the United States Corps of Engineers debris dam on the north fork of the Toutle river on an alignment to be approved by the department of transportation. The department may enter into an agreement with the [Title 47 RCW—page 95] 47.20.710 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation principal owner of the necessary right of way providing as follows: (1) The owner of the right of way shall construct the highway extension and public parking facilities as specified by the department of transportation. (2) The owner of the right of way shall convey to the state, right of way for the highway extension a minimum of one hundred fifty feet in width (except right of way presently under the control of the department of natural resources), together with areas for public parking facilities as designated by the department of transportation. (3) The department of transportation shall reimburse the present owner of the right of way for the actual cost of construction of the highway extension and the public parking facilities. (4) The construction of the highway extension and public parking facilities shall be completed within one year after March 27, 1982. The department of transportation may acquire that part of the right of way necessary for the highway extension that is now under the control of the department of natural resources in the manner provided in RCW 47.12.023 through 47.12.029. All expenditures by the department of transportation pursuant to this section shall be from appropriations for the construction of category A projects. [1982 c 82 § 2.] 47.20.710 47.20.710 Quinault Tribal Highway—Agreement authorized—Route. The department of transportation is authorized to enter into a cooperative agreement with the governing authority for the Indian peoples of the Quinault Indian Reservation and appropriate agencies of the United States for the location, design, right of way acquisition, construction, and maintenance of a highway beginning at the south boundary of the Quinault Indian reservation on state route number 109, thence northerly along the present right of way of state route number 109 to the township line, thence inland and northerly across the Raft river to an intersection with state route number 101 south of Queets. The highway shall be known as the "Tribal Highway" and may also be designated by the department as state route number 109. It is anticipated that this highway construction will be funded from federal sources other than normal federal aid highway allocations. [1985 c 228 § 1.] State route number 109: RCW 47.17.200. 47.20.715 47.20.715 Quinault Tribal Highway—Maintenance, operation, improvements—Intersections, access. As a part of the agreement, the department may assume responsibility for the operation and maintenance and future improvement of the highway. The agreement may also reserve to the governing authority for the Indian peoples of the Quinault Indian Reservation authority to construct public road intersections or grade separation crossings of the highway. Existing rights of access from adjoining property to existing state route number 109 from the south reservation boundary to the township line shall not be affected by RCW 47.20.710 through 47.20.735 or the agreement authorized by RCW 47.20.710. [1985 c 228 § 2.] [Title 47 RCW—page 96] 47.20.720 47.20.720 Quinault Tribal Highway—Certain portion as limited access. The department is authorized to determine the location of the highway from the township line to a junction with state route number 101 after consultations with the governing authority for the Indian peoples of the Quinault Indian Reservation and the bureau of Indian affairs. The department may then proceed with the establishment of this section of the highway as a limited access facility in the manner prescribed in RCW 47.52.131 through 47.52.137 and 47.52.195 (and the administrative rules adopted by the department to implement those sections), subject, however, to the following conditions: (1) The access report required by RCW 47.52.131 shall be approved by the governing authority for the Indian peoples of the Quinault Indian Reservation before public hearings; and (2) the final limited access plan adopted pursuant to RCW 47.52.137 at the conclusion of the public hearing, or after any appeal from it has been decided, shall be approved by the governing authority for the Indian peoples of the Quinault Indian Reservation and the bureau of Indian affairs before right of way is acquired for this section of highway. [1985 c 228 § 3.] 47.20.725 47.20.725 Quinault Tribal Highway—Acquisition of remaining right of way. The department is authorized to acquire the remaining right of way for the Tribal Highway by purchase or by condemnation under state or federal eminent domain statutes. The secretary of transportation pursuant to the agreement is authorized to convey by deed to the governing authority for the Indian peoples of the Quinault Indian Reservation the right of way to the entire highway when fully acquired in return for a conveyance by the governing authority for the Indian peoples of the Quinault Indian Reservation to the state of Washington of a perpetual easement for public travel on the through lanes and shoulders of the highway when constructed. The agreement may also authorize the governing authority for the Indian peoples of the Quinault Indian Reservation to convey to the United States an easement to construct, maintain, and repair the highway improvements if such an easement is required by regulations of the bureau of Indian affairs. [1985 c 228 § 4.] 47.20.730 47.20.730 Quinault Tribal Highway—Department as agent. Except as otherwise provided by RCW 47.20.710 through 47.20.735 or by the agreement authorized by RCW 47.20.710, the department may proceed with the location, design, acquisition of right of way, construction, and maintenance of the highway as an agent of the governing authority for the Indian peoples of the Quinault Indian Reservation in accordance with applicable state or federal law. [1985 c 228 § 5.] 47.20.735 47.20.735 Quinault Tribal Highway—Authority to seek federal funding. The department is authorized to join with the governing authority for the Indian peoples of the Quinault Indian Reservation to seek federal funding for the construction of the Tribal Highway. [1985 c 228 § 6.] 47.20.780 47.20.780 Design-build—Competitive bidding. (Expires April 30, 2008.) The department of transportation shall develop a process for awarding competitively bid high(2004 Ed.) Combination Highway Routes way construction contracts for projects over ten million dollars that may be constructed using a design-build procedure. As used in this section and RCW 47.20.785, "design-build procedure" means a method of contracting under which the department of transportation contracts with another party for the party to both design and build the structures, facilities, and other items specified in the contract. The process developed by the department must, at a minimum, include the scope of services required under the design-build procedure, contractor prequalification requirements, criteria for evaluating technical information and project costs, contractor selection criteria, and issue resolution procedures. This section expires April 30, 2008. [2001 c 226 § 2.] Findings—Purpose—2001 c 226: "The legislature finds and declares that a contracting procedure that facilitates construction of transportation facilities in a more timely manner may occasionally be necessary to ensure that construction can proceed simultaneously with the design of the facility. The legislature further finds that the design-build process and other alternative project delivery concepts achieve the goals of time savings and avoidance of costly change orders. The legislature finds and declares that a 2001 audit, conducted by Talbot, Korvola & Warwick, examining the Washington state ferries' capital program resulted in a recommendation for improvements and changes in auto ferry procurement processes. The auditors recommended that auto ferries be procured through use of a modified request for proposals process whereby the prevailing shipbuilder and Washington state ferries engage in a design and build partnership. This process promotes ownership of the design by the shipbuilder while using the department of transportation's expertise in ferry design and operations. Alternative processes like design-build partnerships can promote innovation and create competitive incentives that increase the likelihood of finishing projects on time and within the budget. The purpose of this act is to authorize the department's use of a modified request for proposals process for procurement of auto ferries, and to prescribe appropriate requirements and criteria to ensure that contracting procedures for this procurement process serve the public interest." [2001 c 226 § 1.] 47.20.785 Design-build—Qualified projects. (Expires April 30, 2008.) The department of transportation may use the design-build procedure for public works projects over ten million dollars where: (1) The construction activities are highly specialized and a design-build approach is critical in developing the construction methodology; or (2) The projects selected provide opportunity for greater innovation and efficiencies between the designer and the builder; or (3) Significant savings in project delivery time would be realized. This section expires April 30, 2008. [2001 c 226 § 3.] 47.20.785 47.22.020 Chapter 47.24 Lewis and Clark Highway. 47.22.010 East Pacific highway. There is hereby established the east Pacific highway which shall be composed of the following existing highway routes: Beginning on state route number 5 at or near Centralia; thence by way of state route number 5 to its junction with state route number 12 or by way of state route number 507 between Centralia and Tenino; thence on state route number 507 to Roy junction with state route number 7; thence on state route number 7 to a junction with state route number 512; thence on state route number 512 to Puyallup; thence on state route numbers 410 and 167 to Sumner, Auburn, Kent and Renton; thence on state route number 405 to Kirkland; thence on state route number 405 north to a junction with state route number 522; thence on state route number 522 to a junction with state route number 9 northeast of Woodinville; and thence on state route number 9 to Snohomish, Arlington, Sedro Woolley, and to a junction with state route number 542 at Deming; thence westerly on state route 542 to a junction with state route number 9 at Lawrence; thence on state route number 9 via Sumas, to the Canadian international boundary. [1970 ex.s. c 51 § 175; 1961 c 13 § 47.22.010. Prior: 1951 c 273 § 1.] 47.22.010 47.22.020 Lewis and Clark Highway. There is established the Lewis and Clark Highway, which shall be composed of the following existing routes: State route 193 from the junction of state route 12 at Clarkston to Wawawai River Road; state route 12 from Clarkston to Waitsburg; state route 124 from Waitsburg to Pasco (west); state route 12 from Pasco to Waitsburg via Wallula and Walla Walla (east); state routes 395 and 82 from state route 12, through the Tri-Cities region, to the junction at state route 14; state route 14 from the junction of state routes 395 and 82 to Maryhill; state routes 14 and 5 from Maryhill to state route 432 through Longview to state route 4; state route 4 from Longview to the junction with state route 101 near the vicinity of Johnson's landing; state route 401 from Naselle junction to Megler; state route 101 from Megler through Ilwaco and Seaview to the junction with state route 4; state route spur/alternate state route 101; state route loop 100; state route spur 100; and state route 103. [1999 c 57 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 176; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 13; 1961 c 13 § 47.22.020. Prior: 1955 c 178 § 1.] 47.22.020 Chapter 47.24 RCW CITY STREETS AS PART OF STATE HIGHWAYS Chapter 47.24 Findings—Purpose—2001 c 226: See note following RCW 47.20.780. Sections 47.20.900 Severability—1975 1st ex.s. c 272. If any provision of this act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1975 1st ex.s. c 272 § 6.] 47.24.020 47.24.030 47.24.040 47.20.900 Chapter 47.22 Chapter 47.22 RCW COMBINATION HIGHWAY ROUTES Sections 47.22.010 (2004 Ed.) East Pacific highway. 47.24.010 47.24.050 Designation—Construction, maintenance—Return to city or town. Jurisdiction, control. Acquisition of rights of way—Condemnation proceedings. Street fund—Expenditures on streets forming part of state highway. Aid on streets by state or county—Payment. City streets parkways, boulevards, generally: Title 35 RCW. sidewalks, etc.: Chapters 35.68 through 35.79 RCW. Design standards committee for city streets: Chapter 35.78 RCW. Off-street parking cities: Chapter 35.86 RCW. towns: RCW 35.27.550 through 35.27.590. Platted streets as public highways: RCW 58.08.035, 58.08.050. [Title 47 RCW—page 97] 47.24.010 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Speed limits in cities: RCW 46.61.415, 46.61.430, 46.61.440. Viaducts, bridges, elevated roadways, tunnels, etc., in cities: Chapter 35.85 RCW. 47.24.010 47.24.010 Designation—Construction, maintenance—Return to city or town. The transportation commission shall determine what streets, together with bridges thereon and wharves necessary for use for ferriage of motor vehicle traffic in connection with such streets, if any, in any incorporated cities and towns shall form a part of the route of state highways and between the first and fifteenth days of July of any year the department of transportation shall identify by brief description, the streets, together with the bridges thereon and wharves, if any, in such city or town which are designated as forming a part of the route of any state highway; and all such streets, including curbs and gutters and street intersections and such bridges and wharves, shall thereafter be a part of the state highway system and as such shall be constructed and maintained by the department of transportation from any state funds available therefor: PROVIDED, That the responsibility for the construction and maintenance of any such street together with its appurtenances may be returned to a city or a town upon certification by the department of transportation to the clerk of any city or town that such street, or portion thereof, is no longer required as a part of the state highway system: PROVIDED FURTHER, That any such certification that a street, or portion thereof, is no longer required as a part of the state highway system shall be made between the first and fifteenth of July following the determination by the department that such street or portion thereof is no longer required as a part of the state highway system, but this shall not prevent the department and any city or town from entering into an agreement that a city or town will accept responsibility for such a street or portion thereof at some time other than between the first and fifteenth of July of any year. [1998 c 245 § 97; 1979 ex.s. c 86 § 2; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 57; 1973 c 95 § 3; 1961 c 13 § 47.24.010. Prior: 1959 c 160 § 1; 1957 c 83 § 2; 1955 c 179 § 2; 1949 c 220 § 5, part; 1945 c 250 § 1, part; 1943 c 82 § 10, part; 1937 c 187 § 61, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 6450-61, part.] Severability—1979 ex.s. c 86: See note following RCW 13.24.040. 47.24.020 47.24.020 Jurisdiction, control. The jurisdiction, control, and duty of the state and city or town with respect to such streets is as follows: (1) The department has no authority to change or establish any grade of any such street without approval of the governing body of such city or town, except with respect to limited access facilities established by the commission; (2) The city or town shall exercise full responsibility for and control over any such street beyond the curbs and if no curb is installed, beyond that portion of the highway used for highway purposes. However, within incorporated cities and towns the title to a state limited access highway vests in the state, and, notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the department shall exercise full jurisdiction, responsibility, and control to and over such facility as provided in chapter 47.52 RCW; (3) The department has authority to prohibit the suspension of signs, banners, or decorations above the portion of such street between the curbs or portion used for highway [Title 47 RCW—page 98] purposes up to a vertical height of twenty feet above the surface of the roadway; (4) The city or town shall at its own expense maintain all underground facilities in such streets, and has the right to construct such additional underground facilities as may be necessary in such streets. However, pavement trenching and restoration performed as part of installation of such facilities must meet or exceed requirements established by the department; (5) The city or town has the right to grant the privilege to open the surface of any such street, but all damage occasioned thereby shall promptly be repaired either by the city or town itself or at its direction. Pavement trenching and restoration performed under a privilege granted by the city under this subsection must meet or exceed requirements established by the department; (6) The city or town at its own expense shall provide street illumination and shall clean all such streets, including storm sewer inlets and catch basins, and remove all snow, except that the state shall when necessary plow the snow on the roadway. In cities and towns having a population of twenty-two thousand five hundred or less according to the latest determination of population by the office of financial management, the state, when necessary for public safety, shall assume, at its expense, responsibility for the stability of the slopes of cuts and fills and the embankments within the right of way to protect the roadway itself. When the population of a city or town first exceeds twenty-two thousand five hundred according to the determination of population by the office of financial management, the city or town shall have three years from the date of the determination to plan for additional staffing, budgetary, and equipment requirements before being required to assume the responsibilities under this subsection. The state shall install, maintain, and operate all illuminating facilities on any limited access facility, together with its interchanges, located within the corporate limits of any city or town, and shall assume and pay the costs of all such installation, maintenance, and operation incurred after November 1, 1954; (7) The department has the right to use all storm sewers on such highways without cost; and if new storm sewer facilities are necessary in construction of new streets by the department, the cost of the facilities shall be borne by the state and/or city as may be mutually agreed upon between the department and the governing body of the city or town; (8) Cities and towns have exclusive right to grant franchises not in conflict with state laws and rules, over, beneath, and upon such streets, but the department is authorized to enforce in an action brought in the name of the state any condition of any franchise which a city or town has granted on such street. No franchise for transportation of passengers in motor vehicles may be granted on such streets without the approval of the department, but the department shall not refuse to approve such franchise unless another street conveniently located and of strength of construction to sustain travel of such vehicles is accessible; (9) Every franchise or permit granted any person by a city or town for use of any portion of such street by a public utility must require the grantee or permittee to restore, repair, and replace any portion of the street damaged or injured by it (2004 Ed.) City Streets as Part of State Highways to conditions that meet or exceed requirements established by the department; (10) The city or town has the right to issue overload or overwidth permits for vehicles to operate on such streets or roads subject to regulations printed and distributed to the cities and towns by the department; (11) Cities and towns shall regulate and enforce all traffic and parking restrictions on such streets, but all regulations adopted by a city or town relating to speed, parking, and traffic control devices on such streets not identical to state law relating thereto are subject to the approval of the department before becoming effective. All regulations pertaining to speed, parking, and traffic control devices relating to such streets heretofore adopted by a city or town not identical with state laws shall become null and void unless approved by the department heretofore or within one year after March 21, 1963; (12) The department shall erect, control, and maintain at state expense all route markers and directional signs, except street signs, on such streets; (13) The department shall install, operate, maintain, and control at state expense all traffic control signals, signs, and traffic control devices for the purpose of regulating both pedestrian and motor vehicular traffic on, entering upon, or leaving state highways in cities and towns having a population of twenty-two thousand five hundred or less according to the latest determination of population by the office of financial management. Such cities and towns may submit to the department a plan for traffic control signals, signs, and traffic control devices desired by them, indicating the location, nature of installation, or type thereof, or a proposed amendment to such an existing plan or installation, and the department shall consult with the cities or towns concerning the plan before installing such signals, signs, or devices. Cities and towns having a population in excess of twenty-two thousand five hundred according to the latest determination of population by the office of financial management shall install, maintain, operate, and control such signals, signs, and devices at their own expense, subject to approval of the department for the installation and type only. When the population of a city or town first exceeds twenty-two thousand five hundred according to the determination of population by the office of financial management, the city or town shall have three years from the date of the determination to plan for additional staffing, budgetary, and equipment requirements before being required to assume the responsibilities under this subsection. For the purpose of this subsection, striping, lane marking, and channelization are considered traffic control devices; (14) All revenue from parking meters placed on such streets belongs to the city or town; (15) Rights of way for such streets shall be acquired by either the city or town or by the state as shall be mutually agreed upon. Costs of acquiring rights of way may be at the sole expense of the state or at the expense of the city or town or at the expense of the state and the city or town as may be mutually agreed upon. Title to all such rights of way so acquired shall vest in the city or town: PROVIDED, That no vacation, sale, rental, or any other nontransportation use of any unused portion of any such street may be made by the city or town without the prior written approval of the depart(2004 Ed.) 47.24.050 ment; and all revenue derived from sale, vacation, rental, or any nontransportation use of such rights of way shall be shared by the city or town and the state in the same proportion as the purchase costs were shared; (16) If any city or town fails to perform any of its obligations as set forth in this section or in any cooperative agreement entered into with the department for the maintenance of a city or town street forming part of the route of a state highway, the department may notify the mayor of the city or town to perform the necessary maintenance within thirty days. If the city or town within the thirty days fails to perform the maintenance or fails to authorize the department to perform the maintenance as provided by RCW 47.24.050, the department may perform the maintenance, the cost of which is to be deducted from any sums in the motor vehicle fund credited or to be credited to the city or town. [2001 c 201 § 8; 1993 c 126 § 1; 1991 c 342 § 52; 1987 c 68 § 1; 1984 c 7 § 150; 1977 ex.s. c 78 § 7; 1967 c 115 § 1; 1963 c 150 § 1; 1961 c 13 § 47.24.020. Prior: 1957 c 83 § 3; 1955 c 179 § 3; 1953 c 193 § 1; 1949 c 220 § 5, part; 1945 c 250 § 1, part; 1943 c 82 § 10, part; 1937 c 187 § 61, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 6450-61, part.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.24.030 47.24.030 Acquisition of rights of way—Condemnation proceedings. The department is authorized to acquire rights of way, by purchase, gift, or condemnation for any such streets, highways, bridges, and wharves. Any such condemnation proceedings shall be exercised in the manner provided by law for condemnation proceedings to acquire lands required for state highways. [1984 c 7 § 151; 1961 c 13 § 47.24.030. Prior: 1949 c 220 § 5, part; 1945 c 250 § 1, part; 1943 c 82 § 10, part; 1937 c 187 § 61, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 6450-61, part.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Right of way donations: Chapter 47.14 RCW. 47.24.040 47.24.040 Street fund—Expenditures on streets forming part of state highway. All funds accruing to the credit of incorporated cities and towns in the motor vehicle fund shall be paid monthly to such incorporated cities and towns and shall, by the respective cities and towns, be placed in a fund to be designated as "city street fund" and disbursed as authorized and directed by the legislative authority of the city or town, as agents of the state, for salaries and wages, material, supplies, equipment, purchase or condemnation of right of way, engineering or any other proper highway or street purpose in connection with the construction, alteration, repair, improvement or maintenance of any city street or bridge, or viaduct or underpassage along, upon or across such streets. Such expenditure may be made either independently or in conjunction with any federal, state or any county funds. [1961 c 13 § 47.24.040. Prior: 1949 c 220 § 4; 1947 c 96 § 1; 1943 c 82 § 9; 1939 c 181 § 8; 1937 c 187 § 60; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 6450-60.] 47.24.050 47.24.050 Aid on streets by state or county—Payment. If a city or town, whether or not any of its streets are designated as forming a part of a state highway, is unable to [Title 47 RCW—page 99] Chapter 47.26 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation construct, repair, or maintain its streets for good cause, or if it is in need of engineering assistance to construct, repair, or maintain any of its streets, it may authorize the department to perform such construction, repair, or maintenance, or it may secure necessary engineering assistance from the department, to the extent of the funds credited or to be credited in the motor vehicle fund for payment to the city or town. Any sums due from a city or town for such purposes shall be paid on vouchers approved and submitted by the department from moneys credited to the city or town in the motor vehicle fund, and the amount of the payments shall be deducted from funds which would otherwise be paid to the city or town from the motor vehicle fund. The department may in certain special cases, in its discretion, enter into an agreement with the governing officials of the city or town for the performance of such work or services, the terms of which shall provide for reimbursement of the motor vehicle fund for the benefit of the state's share of the fund by the city or town of the cost thereof from any funds of the city or town on hand and legally available for the work or services. The city or town may, by resolution, authorize the legislative authority of the county in which it is located, to perform any such construction, repair, or maintenance, and the work shall be paid for by the city or town at the actual cost thereof as provided for payment for work performed on city streets, and any payment received therefor by a county shall be deposited in the county road fund to be expended under the same provisions as are imposed upon the funds used to perform the construction, repair, or maintenance. [1984 c 7 § 152; 1961 c 13 § 47.24.050. Prior: 1951 c 54 § 1; 1949 c 220 § 6; 1943 c 82 § 11; 1937 c 187 § 63; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 6450-63.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Chapter 47.26 Chapter 47.26 RCW DEVELOPMENT IN URBAN AREAS— URBAN ARTERIALS Sections 47.26.010 47.26.020 47.26.022 47.26.028 47.26.030 47.26.040 47.26.044 47.26.050 47.26.080 47.26.084 47.26.086 47.26.090 47.26.100 47.26.110 47.26.115 47.26.121 47.26.130 47.26.140 47.26.150 47.26.160 47.26.164 47.26.165 47.26.167 47.26.170 Long-range arterial construction planning—Arterial inventory data. Qualifications for administering and supervising projects— Rules. Geographical diversity—Rules. Counties—Perpetual advanced six-year plans for coordinated transportation program, expenditures—Nonmotorized transportation—Railroad right-of-way. Cities—Perpetual advanced six-year plans for coordinated transportation program, expenditures—Nonmotorized transportation—Railroad right-of-way. Payment of funds—Rules—Limitations. Matching funds requirements. Land use implications. Bicycle routes—Legislative declaration. Bicycle routes—Use of board funds. Advance right-of-way acquisition—Definition. Advance right-of-way acquisition—Revolving fund. Advance right-of-way acquisition—Management of properties and funds. 47.26.185 47.26.190 47.26.200 47.26.210 47.26.260 47.26.270 47.26.282 47.26.300 47.26.305 47.26.320 47.26.325 47.26.330 BOND ISSUE—STATE HIGHWAYS IN URBAN AREAS 47.26.400 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds—Authorized— Amount—Declaration of purpose. Bonds—Term—Terms and conditions—Signatures—Registration—Where payable—Negotiable instruments. Bonds—Denominations—Manner and terms of sale—Legal investment for state funds. Bonds—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. Bonds—Statement describing nature of obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Bonds—Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. Bonds—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. 47.26.401 47.26.402 47.26.403 47.26.404 47.26.405 47.26.406 47.26.407 BOND ISSUE—COUNTY AND CITY ARTERIALS IN URBAN AREAS 47.26.420 47.26.421 47.26.422 47.26.423 47.26.424 47.26.425 47.26.4252 47.26.4254 47.26.4255 Declaration of intent. Motor vehicle fuel tax—Tax imposed—Rate—Distribution of proceeds. Motor vehicle fuel tax—Tax required of nondistributors— Duties—Procedure—Distribution of proceeds—Penalties. Special fuel tax—Tax imposed—Rate. Special fuel tax—Disposition of funds. "Urban area" defined. "Board" defined. Regional grouping for purpose of apportioning urban state highway funds. Urban arterial trust account—Withholding of funds for noncompliance. Transportation improvement account—Certification of funding. Transportation improvement account projects—Intent—Limitations. "Arterial" defined. "City" defined. "Urban arterial" defined. Small city program. Transportation improvement board—Membership—Chair— Expenses. Transportation improvement board—Travel expenses. Transportation improvement board—Executive director, staff—Finances. Transportation improvement board—Meetings. Transportation improvement board—Powers and duties. City hardship assistance program—Implementation. Coordination of long-range needs studies. Jurisdictional transfers. [Title 47 RCW—page 100] 47.26.426 47.26.427 47.26.440 47.26.450 47.26.460 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds—Authorized— Amount—Declaration of purpose. Bonds—Term—Terms and conditions—Signatures—Registration—Where payable—Negotiable instruments. Bonds—Denominations—Manner and terms of sale—Legal investment for state funds. Bonds—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. Bonds—Statement describing nature of obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Bonds—Series II bonds, 1979 reenactment—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Bonds—Series III bonds—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Bonds—Series II bonds, 1979 reenactment—Charge against fuel tax revenues. Bonds—Repayment procedure—Bond retirement account. Bonds—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Budget for expenditures from funds administered by board— Estimate of revenues. Allocation of funds—Value engineering studies—Rules. Increase in funds allocated to a project—Rules—Factors. BOND ISSUE—TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS IN URBAN AREAS 47.26.500 47.26.501 47.26.502 47.26.503 47.26.504 47.26.505 47.26.506 47.26.507 47.26.900 47.26.910 47.26.930 Issuance authorized. Term—Signatures—Registration—Negotiable instruments. Denominations—Manner and terms of sale—State investment. Use of proceeds. Statement of obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Funds for repayment. Repayment procedure—Bond retirement account. Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Severability—1967 ex.s. c 83. Effective dates—1967 ex.s. c 83. Construction—1969 ex.s. c 171. Bicycle transportation management program: RCW 47.04.190. Public-private transportation initiatives—1994 act: RCW 47.10.834 through 47.10.839. 47.26.010 47.26.010 Declaration of intent. Due to unprecedented industrial development and population increases, the state of Washington is confronted with emergency needs for (2004 Ed.) Development in Urban Areas—Urban Arterials improvement of state highways, county roads, and city streets in urban areas. It is the intent of the legislature to provide sufficient new highway revenues to alleviate and prevent intolerable traffic congestion in urban areas without the disruption of the long range statewide highway program essential to the economic well-being of the people of this state. [1967 ex.s. c 83 § 1.] Reviser's note: Throughout chapter 47.26 RCW the term "this 1967 amendatory act" has been translated to "this chapter." This 1967 amendatory act [1967 ex.s. c 83] consists of chapter 47.26 RCW and RCW 35.77.010, 36.81.121, 46.16.040, 46.16.070, 46.16.111, 46.16.121, 46.16.125, 46.68.100, 46.68.150, 82.36.020, 82.36.100, 82.37.030, 82.37.190, 82.40.020, 82.40.290, and the repeal of RCW 46.16.072, 46.16.075, 46.16.110, and 46.16.120. 47.26.020 47.26.020 Motor vehicle fuel tax—Tax imposed— Rate—Distribution of proceeds. See RCW 82.36.020. 47.26.022 47.26.022 Motor vehicle fuel tax—Tax required of nondistributors—Duties—Procedure—Distribution of proceeds—Penalties. See RCW 82.36.100. 47.26.028 47.26.028 Special fuel tax—Tax imposed—Rate. See RCW 82.38.030. 47.26.030 47.26.030 Special fuel tax—Disposition of funds. See RCW 82.38.290. 47.26.040 47.26.040 "Urban area" defined. The term "urban area" as used in this chapter means every area of this state designated as an urban area by the department in cooperation with the board and regional transportation planning organizations. [1994 c 179 § 7; 1984 c 7 § 153; 1977 ex.s. c 317 § 12; 1975 1st ex.s. c 253 § 1; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 10.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Effective dates—Severability—1977 ex.s. c 317: See notes following RCW 82.36.010. 47.26.044 47.26.044 "Board" defined. The term "board" as used in this chapter means the transportation improvement board. [1994 c 179 § 6.] 47.26.050 47.26.050 Regional grouping for purpose of apportioning urban state highway funds. For the purpose of apportioning urban state highway funds, the urban areas of the state are grouped within five regions of the state as follows: (1) Puget Sound region shall include those urban areas within the counties of King, Pierce and Snohomish. (2) Northwest region shall include those urban areas within the counties of Clallam, Jefferson, Island, Kitsap, San Juan, Skagit and Whatcom. (3) Northeast region shall include those urban areas within the counties of Adams, Chelan, Douglas, Ferry, Grant, Lincoln, Okanogan, Pend Oreille, Spokane, Stevens and Whitman. (4) Southeast region shall include those urban areas within the counties of Asotin, Benton, Columbia, Franklin, Garfield, Kittitas, Klickitat, Walla Walla and Yakima. (5) Southwest region shall include those urban areas within the counties of Clark, Cowlitz, Grays Harbor, Lewis, (2004 Ed.) 47.26.086 Mason, Pacific, Skamania, Thurston and Wahkiakum. [1967 ex.s. c 83 § 11.] 47.26.080 47.26.080 Urban arterial trust account—Withholding of funds for noncompliance. There is hereby created in the motor vehicle fund the urban arterial trust account. The intent of the urban arterial trust account program is to improve the arterial street system of the state by improving mobility and safety while supporting an environment essential to the quality of life of the citizens of the state of Washington. The city hardship assistance program, as provided in RCW 47.26.164, and the small city program, as provided for in RCW 47.26.115, are implemented within the urban arterial trust account. The board shall not allocate funds, nor make payments of the funds under RCW 47.26.260, to any county, city, or town identified by the governor under RCW 36.70A.340. [1999 c 94 § 16; 1994 c 179 § 8; 1991 sp.s. c 32 § 32; 1988 c 167 § 13; 1981 c 315 § 2; 1979 c 5 § 1; 1977 ex.s. c 317 § 22; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 14.] Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Section headings not law—1991 sp.s. c 32: See RCW 36.70A.902. Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Effective date—1981 c 315: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, 1981." [1981 c 315 § 14.] Effective dates—Severability—1977 ex.s. c 317: See notes following RCW 82.36.010. 47.26.084 47.26.084 Transportation improvement account— Certification of funding. The transportation improvement account is hereby created in the motor vehicle fund. The intent of the program is to improve mobility of people and goods in Washington state by supporting economic development and environmentally responsive solutions to our statewide transportation system needs. Within one year after board approval of an application for funding, a county, city, or transportation benefit district shall provide written certification to the board of the pledged local and/or private funding. Funds allocated to an applicant that does not certify its funding within one year after approval may be reallocated by the board. [1999 c 94 § 17; 1994 c 179 § 10; 1988 c 167 § 2.] Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. 47.26.086 47.26.086 Transportation improvement account projects—Intent—Limitations. Transportation improvement account projects selected for funding programs after fiscal year 1995 are governed by the requirements of this section. The board shall allocate funds from the account by June 30th of each year for the ensuing fiscal year to urban counties, cities with a population of five thousand and over, and to transportation benefit districts. Projects may include, but are not limited to, multi-agency projects and arterial improve[Title 47 RCW—page 101] 47.26.090 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation ment projects in fast-growing areas. The board shall endeavor to provide geographical diversity in selecting improvement projects to be funded from the account. The intent of the program is to improve mobility of people and goods in Washington state by supporting economic development and environmentally responsive solutions to our statewide transportation system needs. To be eligible to receive these funds, a project must be consistent with the Growth Management Act, the Clean Air Act including conformity, and the Commute Trip Reduction Law and consideration must have been given to the project's relationship, both actual and potential, with the statewide rail passenger program and rapid mass transit. Projects must be consistent with any adopted high capacity transportation plan, must consider existing or reasonably foreseeable congestion levels attributable to economic development or growth and all modes of transportation and safety, and must be partially funded by local government or private contributions, or a combination of such contributions. Priority consideration shall be given to those projects with the greatest percentage of local or private contribution, or both. Within one year after board approval of an application for funding, the lead agency shall provide written certification to the board of the pledged local and private funding for the phase of the project approved. Funds allocated to an applicant that does not certify its funding within one year after approval may be reallocated by the board. [1994 c 179 § 11.] 47.26.090 47.26.090 "Arterial" defined. The term "arterial" as used in this chapter means any state highway, county road, or city street, in an urban area, that is functionally classified as a principal arterial, minor arterial, or collector street by the department in cooperation with the board, regional transportation planning organizations, cities, and counties. The board shall develop criteria and procedures for designating arterials in the incorporated cities and towns lying outside urban areas. [1994 c 179 § 12; 1988 c 167 § 14. Prior: 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 15.] Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. 47.26.100 47.26.100 "City" defined. The term "city" as used in *this chapter shall include incorporated towns. [1967 ex.s. c 83 § 16.] *Reviser's note: The term "this chapter" has been substituted for "this 1967 amendatory act." See note following RCW 47.26.010 for codification of "this 1967 amendatory act" [1967 ex.s. c 83]. 47.26.110 47.26.110 "Urban arterial" defined. The term "urban arterial" as used in *this chapter means an arterial within an urban area. [1967 ex.s. c 83 § 17.] *Reviser's note: The term "this chapter" has been substituted for "this 1967 amendatory act." See note following RCW 47.26.010 for codification of "this 1967 amendatory act." [1967 ex.s. c 83.] 47.26.115 47.26.115 Small city program. The intent of the small city program is to preserve and improve the roadway system consistent with local needs of incorporated cities and towns with a population of less than five thousand. The board shall adopt rules and procedures to govern the allocation of funds [Title 47 RCW—page 102] distributed to the small city program. [1999 c 94 § 18; 1994 c 179 § 9.] Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. 47.26.121 47.26.121 Transportation improvement board— Membership—Chair—Expenses. (1) There is hereby created a transportation improvement board of twenty-one members, six of whom shall be county members and six of whom shall be city members. The remaining members shall be: (a) One representative appointed by the governor who shall be a state employee with responsibility for transportation policy, planning, or funding; (b) two representatives from the department of transportation; (c) two representatives of public transit systems; (d) a private sector representative; (e) a member representing the ports; (f) a member representing nonmotorized transportation; and (g) a member representing special needs transportation. (2) Of the county members of the board, one shall be a county engineer or public works director; one shall be the executive director of the county road administration board; one shall be a county planning director or planning manager; one shall be a county executive, councilmember, or commissioner from a county with a population of one hundred twenty-five thousand or more; one shall be a county executive, councilmember, or commissioner of a county who serves on the board of a public transit system; and one shall be a county executive, councilmember, or commissioner from a county with a population of less than one hundred twenty-five thousand. All county members of the board, except the executive director of the county road administration board, shall be appointed. Not more than one county member of the board shall be from any one county. No more than two of the three county-elected officials may represent counties located in either the eastern or western part of the state as divided north and south by the summit of the Cascade mountains. (3) Of the city members of the board one shall be a chief city engineer, public works director, or other city employee with responsibility for public works activities, of a city with a population of twenty thousand or more; one shall be a chief city engineer, public works director, or other city employee with responsibility for public works activities, of a city of less than twenty thousand population; one shall be a city planning director or planning manager; one shall be a mayor, commissioner, or city councilmember of a city with a population of twenty thousand or more; one shall be a mayor, commissioner, or city councilmember of a city who serves on the board of a public transit system; and one shall be a mayor, commissioner, or councilmember of a city of less than twenty thousand population. All of the city members shall be appointed. Not more than one city member of the board shall be from any one city. No more than two of the three cityelected officials may represent cities located in either the eastern or western part of the state as divided north and south by the summit of the Cascade mountains. (4) Of the transit members, at least one shall be a general manager, executive director, or transit director of a public transit system in an urban area with a population over two hundred thousand and at least one representative from a rural (2004 Ed.) Development in Urban Areas—Urban Arterials or small urban transit system in an area with a population less than two hundred thousand. (5) The private sector member shall be a citizen with business, management, and transportation related experience and shall be active in a business community-based transportation organization. (6) The port member shall be a commissioner or senior staff person of a public port. (7) The nonmotorized transportation member shall be a citizen with a demonstrated interest and involvement with a nonmotorized transportation group. (8) The specialized transportation member shall be a citizen with a demonstrated interest and involvement with a statewide specialized needs transportation group. (9) Appointments of county, city, Washington department of transportation, transit, port, nonmotorized transportation, special needs transportation, and private sector representatives shall be made by the secretary of the department of transportation. Appointees shall be chosen from a list of two persons for each position nominated by the Washington state association of counties for county members, the association of Washington cities for city members, the Washington state transit association for the transit members, and the Washington public ports association for the port member. The private sector, nonmotorized transportation, and special needs members shall be sought through classified advertisements in selected newspapers collectively serving all urban areas of the state, and other appropriate means. Persons applying for the private sector, nonmotorized transportation, or special needs transportation member position must provide a letter of interest and a resume to the secretary of the department of transportation. In the case of a vacancy, the appointment shall be only for the remainder of the unexpired term in which the vacancy has occurred. A vacancy shall be deemed to have occurred on the board when any member elected to public office completes that term of office or is removed therefrom for any reason or when any member employed by a political subdivision terminates such employment for whatsoever reason or when a private sector, nonmotorized transportation, or special needs transportation member resigns or is unable or unwilling to serve. (10) Appointments shall be for terms of four years. Terms of all appointed members shall expire on June 30th of even-numbered years. The initial term of appointed members may be for less than four years. No appointed member may serve more than two consecutive four-year terms. (11) The board shall elect a chair from among its members for a two-year term. (12) Expenses of the board shall be paid in accordance with RCW 47.26.140. (13) For purposes of this section, "public transit system" means a city-owned transit system, county transportation authority, metropolitan municipal corporation, public transportation benefit area, or regional transit authority. [1996 c 49 § 1; 1995 c 269 § 2603; 1994 c 179 § 13; 1993 c 172 § 1. Prior: 1991 c 363 § 124; 1991 c 308 § 1; 1990 c 266 § 4; 1988 c 167 § 1.] 47.26.150 Effective date—1993 c 172: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, 1993." [1993 c 172 § 2.] Purpose—Captions not law—1991 c 363: See notes following RCW 2.32.180. Effective date—1991 c 308: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, 1991." [1991 c 308 § 2.] References to urban arterial board—1988 c 167: "References in the Revised Code of Washington to the urban arterial board shall be construed to mean the transportation improvement board." [1988 c 167 § 35.] Savings—1988 c 167: "All rules and all pending business before the urban arterial board shall be continued and acted upon by the transportation improvement board. All existing contracts and obligations of the urban arterial board shall remain in full force and shall be performed by the transportation improvement board." [1988 c 167 § 36.] Severability—1988 c 167: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1988 c 167 § 37.] 47.26.130 47.26.130 Transportation improvement board— Travel expenses. Members of the transportation improvement board shall receive no compensation for their services on the board, but shall be reimbursed for travel expenses incurred while attending meetings of the board or while engaged on other business of the board when authorized by the board in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060 as now existing or hereafter amended. [1988 c 167 § 15; 1975-'76 2nd ex.s. c 34 § 139; 1975 1st ex.s. c 1 § 2; 1969 ex.s. c 171 § 2; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 19.] Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Effective date—Severability—1975-'76 2nd ex.s. c 34: See notes following RCW 2.08.115. 47.26.140 47.26.140 Transportation improvement board— Executive director, staff—Finances. The transportation improvement board shall appoint an executive director, who shall serve at its pleasure and whose salary shall be set by the board, and may employ additional staff as it deems appropriate. All costs associated with staff, together with travel expenses in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060, shall be paid from the urban arterial trust account, public transportation systems account, and the transportation improvement account in the motor vehicle fund as determined by the biennial appropriation. [1999 c 94 § 19; 1996 c 49 § 2; 1995 c 269 § 2605; 1994 c 179 § 14; 1988 c 167 § 16; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 58; 1975-'76 2nd ex.s. c 34 § 140; 1969 ex.s. c 171 § 3; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 20.] Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Effective date—1995 c 269: See note following RCW 9.94A.850. Part headings not law—Severability—1995 c 269: See notes following RCW 13.40.005. Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Effective date—Severability—1975-'76 2nd ex.s. c 34: See notes following RCW 2.08.115. Effective date—1995 c 269: See note following RCW 9.94A.850. 47.26.150 Part headings not law—Severability—1995 c 269: See notes following RCW 13.40.005. (2004 Ed.) 47.26.150 Transportation improvement board— Meetings. The transportation improvement board shall meet [Title 47 RCW—page 103] 47.26.160 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation at least once quarterly and upon the call of its chairman and shall from time to time adopt rules and regulations for its own government and as may be necessary for it to discharge its duties and exercise its powers under this chapter. [1988 c 167 § 17. Prior: 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 21.] 47.17.001 in evaluating petitions and to adopt rules for implementation of this process. The board shall forward to the legislative transportation committee by November 15 each year any recommended jurisdictional transfers. [1991 c 342 § 62.] Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Effective dates—1991 c 342: "(1) Sections 62 and 63 of this act are necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect June 1, 1991. (2) The remainder of this act shall take effect April 1, 1992." [1991 c 342 § 68.] 47.26.160 Transportation improvement board— Powers and duties. The transportation improvement board shall: (1) Adopt rules necessary to implement the provisions of chapter 47.66 RCW and this chapter relating to the allocation of funds; (2) Adopt reasonably uniform design standards for city and county arterials. [1995 c 269 § 2607; 1994 c 179 § 15; 1988 c 167 § 18; 1987 c 505 § 51; 1984 c 7 § 155; 1977 ex.s. c 235 § 17; 1971 ex.s. c 291 § 1; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 22.] 47.26.160 Effective date—1995 c 269: See note following RCW 9.94A.850. Part headings not law—Severability—1995 c 269: See notes following RCW 13.40.005. Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.26.164 City hardship assistance program—Implementation. The board shall adopt reasonable rules necessary to implement the city hardship assistance program as recommended by the road jurisdiction study. The following criteria shall be used to implement the program: (1) Only those cities with a net gain in cost responsibility due to jurisdictional transfers in chapter 342, Laws of 1991, as determined by the board, may participate; (2) Cities with populations of fifteen thousand or less, as determined by the office of financial management, may participate; (3) The board shall develop criteria and procedures under which eligible cities may request funding for rehabilitation projects on city streets acquired under chapter 342, Laws of 1991; and (4) The board shall also be authorized to allocate funds from the city hardship assistance program to cities with a population under twenty thousand to offset extraordinary costs associated with the transfer of roadways other than pursuant to chapter 342, Laws of 1991, that occur after January 1, 1991. [1999 c 94 § 20; 1991 c 342 § 60.] 47.26.164 Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. 47.26.165 Coordination of long-range needs studies. See RCW 47.01.240. 47.26.165 47.26.170 47.26.170 Long-range arterial construction planning—Arterial inventory data. Each county having within its boundaries an urban area and cities and towns shall prepare and submit to the transportation improvement board arterial inventory data required to determine the long-range arterial construction needs. The counties, cities, and towns shall revise the arterial inventory data every four years to show the current arterial construction needs through the advanced planning period, and as revised shall submit them to the transportation improvement board during the first week of January every four years beginning in 1996. The inventory data shall be prepared pursuant to guidelines established by the transportation improvement board. As information is updated, it shall be made available to the commission and the legislative transportation committee. [1994 c 179 § 16; 1988 c 167 § 19; 1984 c 7 § 156; 1971 ex.s. c 291 § 2; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 23.] Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.26.185 47.26.185 Qualifications for administering and supervising projects—Rules. The transportation improvement board may adopt rules establishing qualifications for cities and counties administering and supervising the design and construction of projects financed in part from funds administered by the board. The rules establishing qualification shall take into account the resources and population of the city or county, its permanent engineering staff, its design and construction supervision experience, and other factors the board deems appropriate. Any city or county failing to meet the qualifications established by the board for administering and supervising a project shall contract with a qualified city or county or the department for the administration and supervision of the design and construction of any approved project as a condition for receiving funds for the project. [1994 c 179 § 17; 1988 c 167 § 21; 1984 c 7 § 157; 1975 1st ex.s. c 253 § 4.] Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.26.167 Jurisdictional transfers. The legislature recognizes the need for a multijurisdictional body to review future requests for jurisdictional transfers. The board is hereby directed, beginning September 1, 1991, to receive petitions from cities, counties, or the state requesting any addition or deletion from the state highway system. The board is required to utilize the criteria established in RCW 47.26.167 [Title 47 RCW—page 104] 47.26.190 47.26.190 Geographical diversity—Rules. The board shall adopt rules that provide geographical diversity in selecting improvement projects to be funded from the urban arterial trust account and *small city account funds. [1994 c 179 § 18; 1988 c 167 § 22; 1987 c 360 § 1; 1981 c 315 § 4; 1979 c 151 § 162; 1977 ex.s. c 317 § 14; 1973 1st ex.s. c 126 § 2; (2004 Ed.) Development in Urban Areas—Urban Arterials 1971 ex.s. c 291 § 3; 1969 ex.s. c 171 § 4; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 25.] *Reviser's note: The "small city account" was renamed the "small city program" pursuant to 1999 c 94 § 18. Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Effective date—1981 c 315: See note following RCW 47.26.080. Effective dates—Severability—1977 ex.s. c 317: See notes following RCW 82.36.010. Population determinations, office of financial management: Chapter 43.62 RCW. 47.26.200 47.26.200 Counties—Perpetual advanced six-year plans for coordinated transportation program, expenditures—Nonmotorized transportation—Railroad right-ofway. See RCW 36.81.121. 47.26.210 47.26.210 Cities—Perpetual advanced six-year plans for coordinated transportation program, expenditures— Nonmotorized transportation—Railroad right-of-way. See RCW 35.77.010. 47.26.260 47.26.260 Payment of funds—Rules—Limitations. The transportation improvement board shall adopt rules providing for the approval of payments of funds in the accounts to a county, city, town, or transportation benefit district for costs of predesign, design, engineering, and costs of construction of an approved project from time to time as work progresses. These payments shall at no time exceed the account share of the costs incurred to the date of the voucher covering such payment. [1994 c 179 § 19; 1988 c 167 § 26; 1973 1st ex.s. c 126 § 1; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 32.] Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. 47.26.270 47.26.270 Matching funds requirements. Counties, cities, towns, and transportation benefit districts receiving funds from the board shall provide such matching funds as established by rules adopted by the transportation improvement board. When determining matching requirements, the board shall consider (1) financial resources available to counties and cities to meet arterial needs, (2) the amounts and percentages of funds available for road or street construction traditionally expended by counties and cities on arterials, (3) in the case of counties, the relative needs of arterials lying outside urban areas, and (4) the requirements necessary to avoid diversion of funds traditionally expended for arterial construction to other street or road purposes or to nonhighway purposes. [1994 c 179 § 20; 1988 c 167 § 27; 1983 1st ex.s. c 49 § 22; 1977 ex.s. c 317 § 16; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 33.] Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Severability—Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 49: See RCW 36.79.900 and 36.79.901. Effective dates—Severability—1977 ex.s. c 317: See notes following RCW 82.36.010. 47.26.282 47.26.282 Land use implications. In any project funded by the transportation improvement board, except for projects in cities having a population of less than five thousand persons, and in addition to any other items required to be (2004 Ed.) 47.26.325 considered by statute, the board also shall consider the land use implications of the project, such as whether the programs and projects: (1) Support development in and revitalization of existing downtowns; (2) Implement local comprehensive plans for rural and urban residential and nonresidential densities; (3) Have land use planning and regulations encouraging compact development for rural and urban residential and nonresidential densities; and (4) Promote the use of multimodal transportation. [2002 c 189 § 5.] 47.26.300 47.26.300 Bicycle routes—Legislative declaration. The state of Washington is confronted with emergency shortages of energy sources utilized for the transportation of its citizens and must seek alternative methods of providing public mobility. Bicycles are suitable for many transportation purposes, and are pollution-free in addition to using a minimal amount of resources and energy. However, the increased use of bicycles for both transportation and recreation has led to an increase in both fatal and nonfatal injuries to bicyclists. The legislature therefore finds that the establishment, improvement, and upgrading of bicycle routes is necessary to promote public mobility, conserve energy, and provide for the safety of the bicycling and motoring public. [1974 ex.s. c 141 § 1.] 47.26.305 47.26.305 Bicycle routes—Use of board funds. Bicycle routes shall, when established in accordance with RCW 47.06.100 be eligible for establishment, improvement, and upgrading with board funds. The board shall adopt rules and procedures that will encourage the development of a system of bicycle routes within counties, cities, and towns. [1994 c 179 § 21; 1988 c 167 § 28; 1974 ex.s. c 141 § 2.] Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. 47.26.320 47.26.320 Advance right-of-way acquisition—Definition. The term "advance right-of-way acquisition" as used in this chapter means the acquisition of property and property rights, together with the engineering costs necessary for the advance right-of-way acquisition. Property or property rights purchased must be for projects approved by the transportation improvement board or the county road administration board as part of a city or county six-year plan or program. [2001 c 201 § 1.] 47.26.325 47.26.325 Advance right-of-way acquisition— Revolving fund. The city and county advance right-of-way revolving fund is created in the custody of the treasurer. The transportation improvement board is the administrator of the fund and may deposit directly and spend without appropriation. The transportation improvement board and the county road administration board, in consultation with the association of Washington cities and the Washington association of counties, shall adopt reasonable rules and develop policies to implement this program. [2001 c 201 § 2.] [Title 47 RCW—page 105] 47.26.330 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.26.330 Advance right-of-way acquisition—Management of properties and funds. (1) After any properties or property rights are acquired through funds in the city and county advance right-of-way revolving fund, the acquiring city or county is responsible for the management of the properties in accordance with sound business practices and shall provide annual status reports to the board. Funds received by the city or county from the interim management of the properties must be deposited into the city and county advance right-of-way revolving fund. (2) When the city or county proceeds with the construction of an arterial project that will require the use of any of the property so acquired, the city or county shall reimburse the city and county advance right-of-way revolving fund. Reimbursement must reflect the original cost of the acquired property or property rights required for the project plus an interest rate as determined annually by the board. The board shall report on the interest rate set to the transportation committees through its annual report. (3) When the city or county determines that any properties or property rights acquired from funds in the city and county advance right-of-way revolving fund will not be required for an arterial construction project or the property has been held by the city or county for more than six years, the city or county shall either sell the property at fair market value or reimburse the fund at fair market value. All proceeds of the sale must be deposited in the city and county advance right-of-way revolving fund. At the board's discretion, a portion of savings on transportation improvement board projects realized through the use of the city and county advance [right-of-way] revolving fund may be deposited back into the city and county advance right-of-way revolving fund. (4) Deposits in the fund may be reexpended without further or additional appropriations. [2001 c 201 § 3.] 47.26.330 instruments. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding thirty years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption, bearing such interest, and such terms and conditions, as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state treasurer under the seal of the state, one of which signatures shall be made manually and the other signature may be in printed facsimile, and any coupons attached to such bonds shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued hereunder shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1973 1st ex.s. c 169 § 2; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 37.] 47.26.402 47.26.402 Bonds—Denominations—Manner and terms of sale—Legal investment for state funds. The bonds issued hereunder shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee and may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. If the bonds are sold to any purchaser other than the state of Washington, they shall be sold at public sale, and it shall be the duty of the state finance committee to cause such sale to be advertised in such manner as it shall deem sufficient. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.26.400 through 47.26.407 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1967 ex.s. c 83 § 38.] BOND ISSUE—STATE HIGHWAYS IN URBAN AREAS 47.26.403 47.26.400 47.26.400 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds—Authorized—Amount—Declaration of purpose. In order to provide funds necessary to meet the urgent needs for highway construction on state highways within urban areas, there shall be issued and sold general obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of two hundred million dollars or such amount thereof and at such times as determined to be necessary by the commission. The amount of the bonds issued and sold under the provisions of RCW 47.26.400 through 47.26.407 in any biennium shall not exceed the amount of a specific appropriation therefor from the proceeds of such bonds, for the construction of state highways in urban areas. The issuance, sale, and retirement of the bonds shall be under the supervision and control of the state finance committee which, upon request being made by the commission, shall provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued, and sold from time to time in such amounts as shall be requested by the commission. [1984 c 7 § 161; 1973 1st ex.s. c 169 § 1; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 36.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.26.401 47.26.401 Bonds—Term—Terms and conditions— Signatures—Registration—Where payable—Negotiable [Title 47 RCW—page 106] 47.26.403 Bonds—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the motor vehicle fund and such money shall be available only for the construction of state highways within the urban areas of the state, and for payment of the expenses incurred in the printing, issuance, and sale of any such bonds. [1967 ex.s. c 83 § 39.] 47.26.404 47.26.404 Bonds—Statement describing nature of obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.26.400 through 47.26.407 shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. The principal of and interest on such bonds shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.26.400 through 47.26.407 from the proceeds of state excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels imposed by chapter 82.36 RCW and *chapter 82.40 RCW. The proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any bonds and the interest thereon issued under the provisions of RCW 47.26.400 through 47.26.407, and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels in amounts sufficient to (2004 Ed.) Development in Urban Areas—Urban Arterials 47.26.421 pay, when due, the principal and interest on all bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.26.400 through 47.26.407. [1973 1st ex.s. c 169 § 3; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 40.] the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1967 ex.s. c 83 § 43.] *Reviser's note: Chapter 82.40 RCW was repealed by 1971 ex.s. c 175 § 33; for later enactment see chapter 82.38 RCW. BOND ISSUE—COUNTY AND CITY ARTERIALS IN URBAN AREAS 47.26.405 47.26.405 Bonds—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and which is distributed to the state under the provisions of *RCW 46.68.090(1)(c) for construction of state highways in urban areas, and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of any other such funds to the state, counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and available to the state for construction of state highways in urban areas proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. [1999 c 269 § 5; 1977 ex.s. c 317 § 17; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 41.] *Reviser's note: RCW 46.68.090 was amended by 2003 c 361 § 403, changing subsection (1)(c) to subsection (2)(a). Effective date—1999 c 269: See note following RCW 36.78.070. Effective dates—Severability—1977 ex.s. c 317: See notes following RCW 82.36.010. 47.26.406 47.26.406 Bonds—Repayment procedure—Bond retirement fund. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any such bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate, subject to the provisions of RCW 47.26.405, the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels, for each month of the year which shall be required to meet interest or bond payments hereunder when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the bond retirement fund, hereby created, which fund shall be available solely for payment of interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1967 ex.s. c 83 § 42.] 47.26.420 47.26.420 Issuance and sale of general obligation bonds—Authorized—Amount—Declaration of purpose. In order to provide funds necessary to meet the urgent construction needs on county and city arterials within urban areas, there are hereby authorized for issuance general obligation bonds of the state of Washington, the first authorization of which shall be in the sum of two hundred million dollars, and the second authorization of which, to be known as series II bonds, shall be in the sum of sixty million dollars, and the third authorization of which, to be known as series III bonds, shall be in the sum of one hundred million dollars which shall be issued and sold in such amounts and at such times as determined to be necessary by the state transportation commission. The amount of such bonds issued and sold under the provisions of RCW 47.26.420 through 47.26.427 in any biennium shall not exceed the amount of a specific appropriation therefor, from the proceeds of such bonds, for the construction of county and city arterials in urban areas. The issuance, sale, and retirement of said bonds shall be under the supervision and control of the state finance committee which, upon request being made by the state transportation commission, shall provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued, and sold from time to time in such amounts as shall be requested by the state transportation commission. [1981 c 315 § 5; 1979 c 5 § 3. Prior: 1977 ex.s. c 317 § 18; 1973 1st ex.s. c 169 § 4; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 45.] Effective date—1981 c 315: See note following RCW 47.26.080. Appropriation—Expenditure limited to bond sale proceeds—1981 c 315: "There is appropriated from the urban arterial trust account in the motor vehicle fund to the urban arterial board for the biennium ending June 30, 1983, the sum of thirty-five million dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, to carry out section 5 of this act: PROVIDED, That the money available for expenditure under this appropriation may not exceed the amount of money derived from the sale of bonds authorized by section 5 of this act and deposited to the credit of the urban arterial trust account in the motor vehicle fund." [1981 c 315 § 13.] Construction—1979 c 5: "Nothing in this 1979 act shall be construed to impair the obligations of any first authorization bonds issued or to be issued under RCW 47.26.420 through 47.26.427, or to enlarge the original authorization thereof over two hundred million dollars, and the retirement of and issuance of the remainder of the authorized amount of such bonds shall proceed in accordance with law under the supervision of the state finance committee." [1979 c 5 § 12.] Effective dates—Severability—1977 ex.s. c 317: See notes following RCW 82.36.010. 47.26.421 47.26.407 47.26.407 Bonds—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle fuels payable into the bond retirement fund, shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of (2004 Ed.) 47.26.421 Bonds—Term—Terms and conditions— Signatures—Registration—Where payable—Negotiable instruments. Each of such first authorization bonds, series II bonds, and series III bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding thirty years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption, bearing such interest, and such terms and conditions, as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state treasurer under the seal of the state, either or both of which signatures may be in [Title 47 RCW—page 107] 47.26.422 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation printed facsimile, and any coupons attached to such bonds shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in Seattle or New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such regulations as the state treasurer may prescribe. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued hereunder shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1986 c 290 § 3; 1981 c 315 § 6; 1979 c 5 § 4; 1973 1st ex.s. c 169 § 5; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 46.] Effective date—1981 c 315: See note following RCW 47.26.080. Construction—1979 c 5: See note following RCW 47.26.420. 47.26.422 47.26.422 Bonds—Denominations—Manner and terms of sale—Legal investment for state funds. The first authorization bonds, series II bonds, and series III bonds issued hereunder shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee and may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. The state finance committee may obtain insurance, letters of credit, or other credit facility devices with respect to the bonds and may authorize the execution and delivery of agreements, promissory notes, and other obligations for the purpose of insuring the payment or enhancing the marketability of the bonds. Promissory notes or other obligations issued pursuant to this section shall not constitute a debt or the contracting of indebtedness under any constitutional or statutory indebtedness limitation if their payment is conditioned upon the failure of the state to pay the principal of or interest on the bonds with respect to which the promissory notes or other obligations relate. The state finance committee may authorize the issuance of short-term obligations in lieu of long-term obligations for the purposes of more favorable interest rates, lower total interest costs, and increased marketability and for the purpose of retiring the bonds during the life of the project for which they were issued. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.26.420 through 47.26.427 and 47.26.425 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1986 c 290 § 4; 1981 c 315 § 7; 1979 c 5 § 5; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 47.] Effective date—1981 c 315: See note following RCW 47.26.080. Construction—1979 c 5: See note following RCW 47.26.420. 47.26.423 47.26.423 Bonds—Bond proceeds—Deposit and use. The money arising from the sale of the first authorization bonds, series II bonds, and series III bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the urban arterial trust account in the motor vehicle fund, and such money shall be available only for the construction and improvement of county and city urban arterials, and for payment of the expense incurred in the printing, issuance, and sale of any such bonds. The costs of obtaining insurance, letters of credit, or other credit enhancement devices with respect to the bonds shall be considered to be expenses incurred in the issuance and sale of the bonds. [1986 c 290 § 5; 1981 c 315 § 8; 1979 c 5 § 6; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 48.] Effective date—1981 c 315: See note following RCW 47.26.080. [Title 47 RCW—page 108] Construction—1979 c 5: See note following RCW 47.26.420. 47.26.424 47.26.424 Bonds—Statement describing nature of obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. The first authorization bonds, series II bonds, and series III bonds shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon, and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. The principal and interest on such bonds shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.26.420 through 47.26.427, 47.26.425, and 47.26.4254 from the proceeds of state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW. The proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any such bonds and the interest thereon, and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all such bonds. [1995 c 274 § 11; 1981 c 315 § 9; 1979 c 5 § 7; 1977 ex.s. c 317 § 19; 1973 1st ex.s. c 169 § 6; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 49.] Effective date—1981 c 315: See note following RCW 47.26.080. Construction—1979 c 5: See note following RCW 47.26.420. Effective dates—Severability—1977 ex.s. c 317: See notes following RCW 82.36.010. 47.26.425 47.26.425 Bonds—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Any funds required to repay the first authorization of two hundred million dollars of bonds authorized by RCW 47.26.420, as amended by section 18, chapter 317, Laws of 1977 ex. sess. or the interest thereon when due, shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and which is distributed to the urban arterial trust account in the motor vehicle fund pursuant to *RCW 46.68.090(1)(g), and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of any other such funds in the motor vehicle fund to the state, counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise tax on motor vehicle and special fuels and distributed to the urban arterial trust account proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. [1999 sp.s. c 1 § 609. Prior: 1999 c 269 § 6; 1999 c 94 § 21; 1994 c 179 § 22; 1977 ex.s. c 317 § 20; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 50.] *Reviser's note: RCW 46.68.090 was amended by 2003 c 361 § 403, changing subsection (1)(g) to subsection (2)(e). Severability—Effective date—1999 sp.s. c 1: See notes following RCW 43.19.1906. Effective date—1999 c 269: See note following RCW 36.78.070. Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Effective dates—Severability—1977 ex.s. c 317: See notes following RCW 82.36.010. 47.26.4252 47.26.4252 Bonds—Series II bonds, 1979 reenactment—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. Any funds required to repay the authorization of series II bonds authorized by RCW 47.26.420, as reenacted by section 3, chapter 5, Laws of 1979, or the interest thereon when due, (2004 Ed.) Development in Urban Areas—Urban Arterials shall first be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW and which is distributed to the urban arterial trust account in the motor vehicle fund pursuant to *RCW 46.68.090(1)(g), subject, however, to the prior lien of the first authorization of bonds authorized by RCW 47.26.420, as reenacted by section 3, chapter 5, Laws of 1979. If the moneys distributed to the urban arterial trust account shall ever be insufficient to repay the first authorization bonds together with interest thereon, and the series II bonds or the interest thereon when due, the amount required to make such payments on such bonds or interest thereon shall next be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and which is distributed to the state, counties, cities, and towns pursuant to RCW 46.68.090. Any payments on such bonds or interest thereon taken from motor vehicle or special fuel tax revenues which are distributable to the state, counties, cities, and towns, shall be repaid from the first moneys distributed to the urban arterial trust account not required for redemption of the first authorization bonds or series II and series III bonds or interest on those bond issues. [1999 sp.s. c 1 § 610. Prior: 1999 c 269 § 7; 1999 c 94 § 22; 1995 c 274 § 12; 1994 c 179 § 23; 1983 1st ex.s. c 49 § 23; 1979 c 5 § 8.] *Reviser's note: RCW 46.68.090 was amended by 2003 c 361 § 403, changing subsection (1)(g) to subsection (2)(e). Severability—Effective date—1999 sp.s. c 1: See notes following RCW 43.19.1906. Effective date—1999 c 269: See note following RCW 36.78.070. Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Severability—Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 49: See RCW 36.79.900 and 36.79.901. Construction—1979 c 5: See note following RCW 47.26.420. 47.26.426 (2) To the extent that moneys so distributed to the urban arterial trust account are insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any series III bonds, sixty percent of the amount required to make such payments when due shall first be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund that results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and that is distributed to the state. The remaining forty percent shall first be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund that results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and that is distributed to the cities and towns pursuant to *RCW 46.68.090(1)(i) and to the counties pursuant to *RCW 46.68.090(1)(j). Of the counties', cities', and towns' share of any additional amounts required in each fiscal year, the percentage thereof to be taken from the counties' distributive share and from the cities' and towns' distributive share shall correspond to the percentage of funds authorized for specific county projects and for specific city and town projects, respectively, from the proceeds of series III bonds, for the period through the first eleven months of the prior fiscal year as determined by the chairman of the transportation improvement board and reported to the state finance committee and the state treasurer not later than the first working day of June. (3) Any payments on such bonds or interest thereon taken from motor vehicle or special fuel tax revenues that are distributable to the state, counties, cities, and towns shall be repaid from the first moneys distributed to the urban arterial trust account not required for redemption of the first authorization bonds, series II bonds, or series III bonds or interest on these bonds. [1999 sp.s. c 1 § 611. Prior: 1999 c 269 § 8; 1999 c 94 § 23; 1995 c 274 § 13; 1994 c 179 § 24; 1988 c 167 § 30; 1983 1st ex.s. c 49 § 24; 1981 c 315 § 10.] *Reviser's note: RCW 46.68.090 was amended by 2003 c 361 § 403, changing subsection (1)(g), (i), and (j) to subsection (2)(e), (g), and (h). Severability—Effective date—1999 sp.s. c 1: See notes following RCW 43.19.1906. Effective date—1999 c 269: See note following RCW 36.78.070. 47.26.4254 47.26.4254 Bonds—Series III bonds—Designation of funds to repay bonds and interest. (1) Any funds required to repay series III bonds authorized by RCW 47.26.420, or the interest thereon, when due shall first be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund that results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW and that is distributed to the urban arterial trust account in the motor vehicle fund pursuant to *RCW 46.68.090(1)(g), subject, however, to the prior lien of the first authorization of bonds authorized by RCW 47.26.420. If the moneys so distributed to the urban arterial trust account, after first being applied to administrative expenses of the transportation improvement board and to the requirements of bond retirement and payment of interest on first authorization bonds and series II bonds as provided in RCW 47.26.425 and 47.26.4252, are insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any series III bonds, the amount required to make such payments on series III bonds or interest thereon shall next be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund that results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and that is distributed to the state, counties, cities, and towns pursuant to RCW 46.68.090, subject, however, to subsection (2) of this section. (2004 Ed.) Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Severability—Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 49: See RCW 36.79.900 and 36.79.901. Effective date—1981 c 315: See note following RCW 47.26.080. 47.26.4255 47.26.4255 Bonds—Series II bonds, 1979 reenactment—Charge against fuel tax revenues. Except as otherwise provided by statute, the series II bonds issued under authority of RCW 47.26.420, as reenacted by section 3, chapter 5, Laws of 1979, the bonds authorized by RCW 47.60.560 through 47.60.640, and any general obligation bonds of the state of Washington which may be authorized by the fortysixth legislature or thereafter and which pledge motor vehicle and special fuel excise taxes for the payment of principal and interest thereon shall be an equal charge against the revenues from such motor vehicle and special fuel excise taxes. [1979 c 5 § 9.] Construction—1979 c 5: See note following RCW 47.26.420. 47.26.426 47.26.426 Bonds—Repayment procedure—Bond retirement account. At least one year prior to the date any [Title 47 RCW—page 109] 47.26.427 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation interest is due and payable on such first authorization bonds, series II bonds, and series III bonds or before the maturity date of any such bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate, subject to the provisions of RCW 47.26.425, 47.26.4252, and 47.26.4254 the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels, for each month of the year which shall be required to meet interest or bond payments hereunder when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer, subject to RCW 47.26.425, 47.26.4252, and 47.26.4254, shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the transportation improvement board bond retirement account, maintained in the office of the state treasurer, which fund shall be available for payment of interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1999 c 268 § 1; 1981 c 315 § 11; 1979 c 5 § 10; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 51.] Effective date—1981 c 315: See note following RCW 47.26.080. Construction—1979 c 5: See note following RCW 47.26.420. 47.26.450 47.26.450 Allocation of funds—Value engineering studies—Rules. The board shall adopt rules and procedures to govern the allocation of funds subject to the appropriations actually approved by the legislature. The board shall develop rules and procedures to require value engineering studies performed by an interagency team for certain board funded projects. When determining the process, the board shall consider the project cost, length, and complexity. [1994 c 179 § 26; 1988 c 167 § 33; 1987 c 360 § 2; 1973 1st ex.s. c 126 § 3; 1969 ex.s. c 171 § 6.] Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. 47.26.460 47.26.460 Increase in funds allocated to a project— Rules—Factors. The board shall adopt reasonable rules pursuant to which funds allocated to a project may be increased upon a subsequent application of the county, city, town, or transportation benefit district constructing the project. The rules adopted by the board shall consider the following factors: (1) The financial effect of increasing the original allocation for the project upon other urban arterial projects either approved or requested; (2) whether the project for which an additional authorization is requested can be reduced in scope while retaining a usable segment; (3) whether the cost of the project shown in the original application was based upon reasonable engineering estimates; and (4) whether the requested additional authorization is to pay for an expansion in the scope of work originally approved. [1994 c 179 § 27; 1969 ex.s. c 171 § 7.] 47.26.427 47.26.427 Bonds—Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels payable into the transportation improvement board bond retirement account, shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund [account] to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1999 c 268 § 2; 1979 c 5 § 11; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 52.] Construction—1979 c 5: See note following RCW 47.26.420. 47.26.440 47.26.440 Budget for expenditures from funds administered by board—Estimate of revenues. Not later than November 1st of each even-numbered year the transportation improvement board shall prepare and present to the commission for comment and recommendation an adopted budget for expenditures from funds administered by the board during the ensuing biennium. The budget shall contain an estimate of the revenues to be credited to the several accounts and the amount, if any, of bond proceeds which the board determines should be made available through the sale of bonds in the ensuing biennium. [1994 c 179 § 25; 1988 c 167 § 32; 1984 c 7 § 163; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 54.] Savings—Severability—1988 c 167: See notes following RCW 47.26.121. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. [Title 47 RCW—page 110] BOND ISSUE—TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS IN URBAN AREAS 47.26.500 47.26.500 Issuance authorized. In order to provide funds necessary to meet the urgent construction needs on state, county, and city transportation projects, there are hereby authorized for issuance general obligation bonds of the state of Washington in the sum of one hundred million dollars, which shall be issued and sold in such amounts and at such times as determined to be necessary by the state transportation improvement board. The amount of such bonds issued and sold under the provisions of RCW 47.26.500 through 47.26.507 in any biennium shall not exceed the amount of a specific appropriation therefor, from the proceeds of such bonds, for the construction of state, county, and city transportation projects. The issuance, sale, and retirement of the bonds shall be under the supervision and control of the state finance committee which, upon request being made by the board, shall provide for the issuance, sale, and retirement of coupon or registered bonds to be dated, issued, and sold from time to time in such amounts as shall be requested by the board. [2000 2nd sp.s. c 6 § 1; 1994 c 179 § 28; 1993 c 440 § 1.] 47.26.501 47.26.501 Term—Signatures—Registration—Negotiable instruments. Each of such bonds shall be made payable at any time not exceeding thirty years from the date of its issuance, with such reserved rights of prior redemption, bearing such interest, and such terms and conditions, as the state finance committee may prescribe to be specified therein. The bonds shall be signed by the governor and the state treasurer (2004 Ed.) Development in Urban Areas—Urban Arterials under the seal of the state, either or both of which signatures may be in printed facsimile, and any coupons attached to such bonds shall be signed by the same officers whose signatures thereon may be in printed facsimile. Any bonds may be registered in the name of the holder on presentation to the state treasurer or at the fiscal agency of the state of Washington in Seattle or New York City, as to principal alone, or as to both principal and interest under such rules as the state treasurer may adopt. Such bonds shall be payable at such places as the state finance committee may provide. All bonds issued hereunder shall be fully negotiable instruments. [1993 c 440 § 2.] 47.26.502 47.26.502 Denominations—Manner and terms of sale—State investment. The bonds issued under RCW 47.26.500 through 47.26.507 shall be in denominations to be prescribed by the state finance committee and may be sold in such manner and in such amounts and at such times and on such terms and conditions as the committee may prescribe. The state finance committee may obtain insurance, letters of credit, or other credit facility devices with respect to the bonds and may authorize the execution and delivery of agreements, promissory notes, and other obligations for the purpose of insuring the payment or enhancing the marketability of the bonds. Promissory notes or other obligations issued pursuant to this section shall not constitute a debt or the contracting of indebtedness under any constitutional or statutory indebtedness limitation if their payment is conditioned upon the failure of the state to pay the principal of or interest on the bonds with respect to which the promissory notes or other obligations relate. The state finance committee may authorize the issuance of short-term obligations in lieu of long-term obligations for the purposes of more favorable interest rates, lower total interest costs, and increased marketability and for the purpose of retiring the bonds during the life of the project for which they were issued. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.26.500 through 47.26.507 shall be legal investment for any of the funds of the state, except the permanent school fund. [1993 c 440 § 3.] 47.26.503 47.26.503 Use of proceeds. The money arising from the sale of the bonds shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the transportation improvement account in the motor vehicle fund, and such money shall be available only for the construction and improvement of state, county, and city transportation projects, and for payment of the expense incurred in the printing, issuance, and sale of any such bonds. The costs of obtaining insurance, letters of credit, or other credit enhancement devices with respect to the bonds shall be considered to be expenses incurred in the issuance and sale of the bonds. [1993 c 440 § 4.] 47.26.504 47.26.504 Statement of obligation—Pledge of excise taxes. Bonds issued under the provisions of RCW 47.26.500 through 47.26.507 shall distinctly state that they are a general obligation of the state of Washington, shall pledge the full faith and credit of the state to the payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon, and shall contain an unconditional promise to pay such principal and interest as the same shall become due. The principal and interest on such bonds (2004 Ed.) 47.26.506 shall be first payable in the manner provided in RCW 47.26.500 through 47.26.507 from the proceeds of state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels imposed by chapters 82.36 and 82.38 RCW. The proceeds of such excise taxes are hereby pledged to the payment of any such bonds and the interest thereon, and the legislature hereby agrees to continue to impose the same excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels in amounts sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest on all such bonds. [1995 c 274 § 14; 1993 c 440 § 5.] 47.26.505 47.26.505 Funds for repayment. Any funds required to repay such bonds, or the interest thereon when due, shall be taken from that portion of the motor vehicle fund which results from the imposition of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels and which is distributed to the transportation improvement account in the motor vehicle fund under *RCW 46.68.090(1)(h), and shall never constitute a charge against any allocations of any other such funds in the motor vehicle fund to the state, counties, cities, and towns unless and until the amount of the motor vehicle fund arising from the excise tax on motor vehicle and special fuels and distributed to the transportation improvement account proves insufficient to meet the requirements for bond retirement or interest on any such bonds. [1999 sp.s. c 1 § 612. Prior: 1999 c 269 § 9; 1999 c 94 § 24; 1994 c 179 § 29; 1993 c 440 § 6.] *Reviser's note: RCW 46.68.090 was amended by 2003 c 361 § 403, changing subsection (1)(h) to subsection (2)(f). Severability—Effective date—1999 sp.s. c 1: See notes following RCW 43.19.1906. Effective date—1999 c 269: See note following RCW 36.78.070. Legislative finding—Effective dates—1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092. 47.26.506 47.26.506 Repayment procedure—Bond retirement account. At least one year prior to the date any interest is due and payable on such bonds or before the maturity date of any such bonds, the state finance committee shall estimate, subject to the provisions of RCW 47.26.505 the percentage of the receipts in money of the motor vehicle fund, resulting from collection of excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels, for each month of the year which shall be required to meet interest or bond payments under RCW 47.26.500 through 47.26.507 when due, and shall notify the state treasurer of such estimated requirement. The state treasurer, subject to RCW 47.26.505, shall thereafter from time to time each month as such funds are paid into the motor vehicle fund, transfer such percentage of the monthly receipts from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels of the motor vehicle fund to the transportation improvement board bond retirement account, maintained in the office of the state treasurer, which account shall be available for payment of principal and interest or bonds when due. If in any month it shall appear that the estimated percentage of money so made is insufficient to meet the requirements for interest or bond retirement, the treasurer shall notify the state finance committee forthwith and such committee shall adjust its estimates so that all requirements for interest and principal of all bonds issued shall be fully met at all times. [1997 c 456 § 24; 1993 c 440 § 7.] Severability—1997 c 456: See RCW 43.99L.900. [Title 47 RCW—page 111] 47.26.507 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Effective date—1997 c 456 §§ 9-43: See RCW 43.99M.901. 47.26.507 47.26.507 Sums in excess of retirement requirements—Use. Whenever the percentage of the motor vehicle fund arising from excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels payable into the transportation improvement board bond retirement account, shall prove more than is required for the payment of interest on bonds when due, or current retirement of bonds, any excess may, in the discretion of the state finance committee, be available for the prior redemption of any bonds or remain available in the fund [account] to reduce the requirements upon the fuel excise tax portion of the motor vehicle fund at the next interest or bond payment period. [1999 c 268 § 3; 1993 c 440 § 8.] 47.26.900 47.26.900 Severability—1967 ex.s. c 83. If any provision of this 1967 amendatory act or the application thereof to any person, firm, or corporation or circumstance is held invalid, in whole or in part, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions of the act which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or application and to this end the provisions of this 1967 amendatory act are declared to be severable. [1967 ex.s. c 83 § 55.] 47.26.910 47.26.910 Effective dates—1967 ex.s. c 83. This 1967 amendatory act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions and sections 1 through 55 and section 56, renumbered "Sec. 62", shall take effect on the first day of the month following the approval of this act by the governor; sections 56 through 61 shall take effect on July 1, 1967 with respect to fees paid on or after July 1, 1967. Fees paid pursuant to RCW 46.16.070, 46.16.072, 46.16.075 or 46.16.120 prior to July 1, 1967 shall not be affected by this act. [1967 ex.s. c 83 § 62.] 47.26.930 47.26.930 Construction—1969 ex.s. c 171. The rule of strict construction shall have no application to this 1969 act or to the provisions of chapter 47.26 RCW, and they shall be liberally construed in order to carry out an effective, efficient and equitable program of financial assistance to urban area cities and counties for arterial roads and streets. [1969 ex.s. c 171 § 8.] Chapter 47.28 RCW CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF HIGHWAYS 47.28.075 47.28.080 47.28.090 47.28.100 47.28.110 47.28.120 47.28.140 47.28.150 47.28.170 47.28.220 47.28.241 47.28.251 Financial information not open to public inspection. Withdrawal of bids—New bids—Time fixed in call controls. Opening of bids and award of contract—Deposit. Failure or rejection of bidder. Sureties—Qualifications—Additional sureties. Actions for labor and materials—Limitation of action. Highway, public transportation improvements, flood damage prevention—Cooperative agreements. Underpasses, overpasses constructed with federal funds— Maintenance cost apportionment. Emergency protection and restoration of highways. Compost products. Alternative delivery of construction services—Definitions. Alternative delivery of construction services—Financial incentives—Private contracting—Reports. Contractor's bond to pay labor, etc.: Chapter 39.08 RCW. County road improvement districts: Chapter 36.88 RCW. Design standards committee for city streets: Chapter 35.78 RCW. Liens for labor, materials on public works: Chapter 60.28 RCW. Size, weight, load of vehicles: Chapter 46.44 RCW. Viaducts, bridges, elevated roadways, etc., authority of cities to construct: Chapter 35.85 RCW. 47.28.010 47.28.010 Latitude in selecting route. Whenever the general route of any state highway shall be designated and laid out as running to or by way of certain designated points, without specifying the particular route to be followed to or by way of such points, the transportation commission shall determine the particular route to be followed by said state highway to or by way of said designated points, and shall be at liberty to select and adopt as a part of such state highway, the whole or any part of any existing public highway previously designated as a county road, primary road, or secondary road or now or hereafter classified as a county road. The commission need not select and adopt the entire routes for such state highways at one time, but may select and adopt parts of such routes from time to time as it deems advisable. Where a state highway is designated as passing by way of a certain point, this shall not require the commission to cause such state highway to pass through or touch such point but such designation is directional only and may be complied with by location in the general vicinity. The department of transportation is empowered to construct as a part of any state highway as designated and in addition to any portion meeting the limits of any incorporated city or town a bypass section either through or around any such incorporated city or town. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 59; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.010. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 31; RRS § 6400-31.] Chapter 47.28 Sections 47.28.010 47.28.020 47.28.025 47.28.026 47.28.030 47.28.035 47.28.040 47.28.050 47.28.060 47.28.070 Latitude in selecting route. Width of right of way. Description and plan of new or limited access highway— Recording. Description and plan of new or limited access highway— Buildings and improvements prohibited, when. Contracts—State forces—Monetary limits—Small businesses, minority, and women contractors—Rules. Cost of project, defined. Precontract preparation of maps, plans, and specifications— Filing. Call for bids. Copy of map, plans, etc.—Charge. Form of bid—Data required—Requirements—Refusal to furnish form—Appeal. [Title 47 RCW—page 112] 47.28.020 47.28.020 Width of right of way. From and after April 1, 1937, the width of one hundred feet is the necessary and proper right of way width for state highways unless the department, for good cause, adopts and designates a different width. This section shall not be construed to require the department to acquire increased right of way for any state highway in existence on such date. [1984 c 7 § 164; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.020. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 30; RRS § 6400-30; 1913 c 65 § 8; RRS § 6831.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.28.025 47.28.025 Description and plan of new or limited access highway—Recording. Whenever the department establishes the location, width, and lines of any new highway, or declares any such new highway as a limited access facility (2004 Ed.) Construction and Maintenance of Highways and schedules the acquisition of the right of way for the highway or facility within the ensuing two years, it may cause the description and plan of any such highway to be made, showing the center line of the highway and the established width thereof, and attach thereto a certified copy of the resolution. Such description, plan, and resolution shall then be recorded in the office of the county auditor of the proper county. [1999 c 233 § 5; 1984 c 7 § 165; 1977 ex.s. c 225 § 1; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.025. Prior: 1955 c 161 § 1.] Effective date—1999 c 233: See note following RCW 4.28.320. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.28.026 47.28.026 Description and plan of new or limited access highway—Buildings and improvements prohibited, when. (1) No owner or occupier of lands, buildings, or improvements may erect any buildings or make any improvements within the limits of any such highway, the location, width, and lines of which have been established and recorded as provided in RCW 47.28.025. If any such erection and improvements are made, no allowances may be had therefor by the assessment of damages. No permits for improvements within the limits may be issued by any authority. The establishment of any highway location as set forth in RCW 47.28.025 is ineffective after one year from the filing thereof if no action to condemn or acquire the property within the limits has been commenced within that time. (2) Unless and until the department causes a plan of a proposed new highway or limited access facility to be recorded in the office of the county auditor as authorized in RCW 47.28.025, nothing contained in RCW 47.28.025 or 47.28.026 may be deemed to restrict or restrain in any manner the improvement, development, or other use by owners or occupiers of lands, buildings, or improvements within the limits of any proposed new or limited access highway or any proposed relocated or widened highway. Because of the uncertainties of federal aid and the state level of funding of proposed construction or improvement of state highways, plans for such improvements approved by the department shall be deemed tentative until filed with the county auditor as authorized in RCW 47.28.025 or until the department commences action to condemn or otherwise acquire the right of way for the highway improvements. [1984 c 7 § 166; 1977 ex.s. c 225 § 2; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.026. Prior: 1955 c 161 § 2.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.28.030 47.28.030 Contracts—State forces—Monetary limits—Small businesses, minority, and women contractors—Rules. A state highway shall be constructed, altered, repaired, or improved, and improvements located on property acquired for right of way purposes may be repaired or renovated pending the use of such right of way for highway purposes, by contract or state forces. The work or portions thereof may be done by state forces when the estimated costs thereof is [are] less than fifty thousand dollars and effective July 1, 2005, sixty thousand dollars: PROVIDED, That when delay of performance of such work would jeopardize a state highway or constitute a danger to the traveling public, the work may be done by state forces when the estimated cost thereof is less than eighty thousand dollars and effective July 1, 2005, one hundred thousand dollars. When the department (2004 Ed.) 47.28.040 of transportation determines to do the work by state forces, it shall enter a statement upon its records to that effect, stating the reasons therefor. To enable a larger number of small businesses, and minority, and women contractors to effectively compete for department of transportation contracts, the department may adopt rules providing for bids and award of contracts for the performance of work, or furnishing equipment, materials, supplies, or operating services whenever any work is to be performed and the engineer's estimate indicates the cost of the work would not exceed eighty thousand dollars and effective July 1, 2005, one hundred thousand dollars. The rules adopted under this section: (1) Shall provide for competitive bids to the extent that competitive sources are available except when delay of performance would jeopardize life or property or inconvenience the traveling public; and (2) Need not require the furnishing of a bid deposit nor a performance bond, but if a performance bond is not required then progress payments to the contractor may be required to be made based on submittal of paid invoices to substantiate proof that disbursements have been made to laborers, materialmen, mechanics, and subcontractors from the previous partial payment; and (3) May establish prequalification standards and procedures as an alternative to those set forth in RCW 47.28.070, but the prequalification standards and procedures under RCW 47.28.070 shall always be sufficient. The department of transportation shall comply with such goals and rules as may be adopted by the office of minority and women's business enterprises to implement chapter 39.19 RCW with respect to contracts entered into under this chapter. The department may adopt such rules as may be necessary to comply with the rules adopted by the office of minority and women's business enterprises under chapter 39.19 RCW. [1999 c 15 § 1; 1984 c 194 § 1; 1983 c 120 § 15; 1977 ex.s. c 225 § 3; 1973 c 116 § 1; 1971 ex.s. c 78 § 1; 1969 ex.s. c 180 § 2; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 40; 1961 c 233 § 1; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.030. Prior: 1953 c 29 § 1; 1949 c 70 § 1, part; 1943 c 132 § 1, part; 1937 c 53 § 41, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 640041, part.] Effective date—Applicability—Severability—Conflict with federal requirements—1983 c 120: See RCW 39.19.910, 39.19.920. Office of minority and women's business enterprises: Chapter 39.19 RCW. 47.28.035 Cost of project, defined. The cost of any project for the purposes of RCW 47.28.030 shall be the aggregate of all amounts to be paid for labor, material, and equipment on one continuous or interrelated project where work is to be performed simultaneously. The department shall not permit the construction of any project by state forces by dividing a project into units of work or classes of work to give the appearance of compliance with RCW 47.28.030. [1984 c 194 § 2.] 47.28.035 47.28.040 Precontract preparation of maps, plans, and specifications—Filing. Before entering into any contract for the construction, alteration, repair, or improvement of any state highway the department shall cause the highway to be surveyed throughout the entire length of the proposed construction, alteration, repair, or improvement and cause to be prepared maps, plans, and specifications, together with an 47.28.040 [Title 47 RCW—page 113] 47.28.050 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation estimate of the cost of the proposed work, and such information and directions as will enable a contractor to carry them out. The maps, plans, specifications, and directions shall be approved by the department and a copy thereof filed permanently in the department's office. [1984 c 7 § 167; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.040. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 32, part; RRS § 6400-32, part.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.28.050 47.28.050 Call for bids. Except as may be provided by rules and regulations adopted under RCW 47.28.030 as now or hereafter amended the department of transportation shall publish a call for bids for the construction of the highway according to the maps, plans, and specifications, once a week for at least two consecutive weeks, next preceding the day set for receiving and opening the bids, in not less than one trade paper of general circulation in the state. The call shall state the time, place, and date for receiving and opening the bids, give a brief description of the location and extent of the work, and contain such special provisions or specifications as the department deems necessary. When necessary to implement chapter 39.19 RCW and the rules adopted to implement that chapter, the department shall include in its call for bids provisions or specifications requiring bidders to comply with chapter 39.19 RCW and the rules adopted to implement it: PROVIDED, That when the estimated cost of any contract to be awarded is less than fifty thousand dollars, the call for bids need only be published in at least one paper of general circulation in the county where the major part of the work is to be performed: PROVIDED FURTHER, That when the estimated cost of a contract to be awarded is seven thousand five hundred dollars or less, including the cost of materials, supplies, engineering, and equipment, the department of transportation need not publish a call for bids: PROVIDED FURTHER, That after a bid call has been advertised for two consecutive weeks it may be postponed and the bids opened one week later. [1983 c 120 § 16; 1979 ex.s. c 69 § 1; 1977 c 65 § 1; 1973 c 116 § 2; 1969 ex.s. c 180 § 1; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.050. Prior: 1959 c 319 § 33; 1955 c 147 § 1; 1937 c 53 § 33; RRS § 6400-33.] Effective date—Applicability—Severability—Conflict with federal requirements—1983 c 120: See RCW 39.19.910, 39.19.920. Office of minority and women's business enterprises: Chapter 39.19 RCW. 47.28.070 Form of bid—Data required—Requirements—Refusal to furnish form—Appeal. Bid proposals upon any construction or improvement of any state highway shall be made upon contract proposal form supplied by the department and in no other manner. The department shall, before furnishing any person, firm, or corporation desiring to bid upon any work for which a call for bid proposals has been published with a contract proposal form, require from the person, firm, or corporation, answers to questions contained in a standard form of questionnaire and financial statement, including a complete statement of the financial ability and experience of the person, firm, or corporation in performing state highway, road, or other public work. The questionnaire and financial statement shall be sworn to before a notary public or other person authorized to take acknowledgment of deeds, and shall be submitted once a year and at such other times as the department may require. Whenever the department is not satisfied with the sufficiency of the answers contained in the questionnaire and financial statement or whenever the department determines that the person, firm, or corporation does not meet all of the requirements set forth in this section it may refuse to furnish the person, firm, or corporation with a contract proposal form, and any bid proposal of the person, firm, or corporation must be disregarded. In order to obtain a contract proposal form, a person, firm, or corporation shall have all of the following requirements: (1) Adequate financial resources or the ability to secure such resources; (2) The necessary experience, organization, and technical qualifications to perform the proposed contract; (3) The ability to comply with the required performance schedule taking into consideration all of its existing business commitments; (4) A satisfactory record of performance, integrity, judgment, and skills; and (5) Be otherwise qualified and eligible to receive an award under applicable laws and regulations. The refusal is conclusive unless appeal therefrom to the superior court of Thurston county is taken within five days, which appeal shall be heard summarily within ten days after it is taken and on five days' notice thereof to the department. [1984 c 7 § 169; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 39; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.070. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 35; RRS § 6400-35.] 47.28.070 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.28.075 Financial information not open to public inspection. The department of transportation shall not be required to make available for public inspection and copying financial information supplied by any person, firm, or corporation for the purpose of qualifying to submit a bid or proposal for highway construction or improvement as required by RCW 47.28.070. [1981 c 215 § 1.] 47.28.075 47.28.060 47.28.060 Copy of map, plans, etc.—Charge. Any person, firm, or corporation is entitled to receive copies of the maps, plans, specifications, and directions for any work upon which call for bids has been published, upon request therefor and subsequent payment to the department of a reasonable sum as required by the department in the call for bids for each copy of such maps, plans, and specifications. Any money so received shall be certified by the department to the state treasurer and deposited to the credit of the motor vehicle fund. The department may deliver with or without charge informational copies of maps, plans, specifications, and directions at such places as it may designate. [1985 c 242 § 1; 1984 c 7 § 168; 1971 c 36 § 1; 1965 ex.s. c 64 § 1; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.060. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 34; RRS § 6400-34.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. [Title 47 RCW—page 114] 47.28.080 Withdrawal of bids—New bids—Time fixed in call controls. Any person, firm, or corporation proposing a bid for the construction or improvement of any state highway in response to a call for bids published therefor may withdraw the bid proposal without forfeiture and without prejudice to the right of the bidder to file a new bid proposal before the time fixed for the opening of the bid proposals. The request for the withdrawal shall be made in writing, 47.28.080 (2004 Ed.) Construction and Maintenance of Highways signed by the person proposing the bid or his duly authorized agent, and filed at the place and before the time fixed in the call for bids for receipt of the bid proposals. No bid proposal may be considered that has not been filed with the department before the time fixed for the receipt of bid proposals. In any provisions regarding the filing or withdrawing of bid proposals the time fixed for the receipt of bid proposals in the call for bid proposals as published shall control without regard for the time when the bid proposals are actually opened. [1985 c 242 § 2; 1984 c 7 § 170; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.080. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 36; RRS § 6400-36.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.28.090 47.28.090 Opening of bids and award of contract— Deposit. At the time and place named in the call for bids the department of transportation shall publicly open and read the final figure in each of the bid proposals that have been properly filed and read only the unit prices of the three lowest bids, and shall award the contract to the lowest responsible bidder unless the department has, for good cause, continued the date of opening bids to a day certain, or rejected that bid. Any bid may be rejected if the bidder has previously defaulted in the performance of and failed to complete a written public contract, or has been convicted of a crime arising from a previous public contract. If the lowest responsible bidder fails to meet the provisions or specifications requiring compliance with chapter 39.19 RCW and the rules adopted to implement that chapter, the department may award the contract to the next lowest responsible bidder which does meet the provisions or specifications or may reject all bids and readvertise. All bids shall be under sealed cover and accompanied by deposit in cash, certified check, cashier's check, or surety bond in an amount equal to five percent of the amount of the bid, and a bid shall not be considered unless the deposit is enclosed with it. [1985 c 242 § 3; 1983 c 120 § 17; 1971 ex.s. c 21 § 2; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.090. Prior: 1955 c 83 § 1; 1949 c 64 § 1; 1937 c 53 § 37; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 6400-37.] Effective date—Applicability—Severability—Conflict with federal requirements—1983 c 120: See RCW 39.19.910, 39.19.920. 47.28.140 to exceed twenty additional days. After awarding the contract the deposits of unsuccessful bidders shall be returned, but the department may retain the deposit of the next lowest responsible bidder or bidders as it desires until such time as the contract is entered into and satisfactory bond is provided by the bidder to whom the award is ultimately made. A low bidder who claims error and fails to enter into a contract is prohibited from bidding on the same project if a second or subsequent call for bids is made for the project. If in the opinion of the department the acceptance of the bid of the lowest responsible bidder or bidders, or on prior failure of the lowest responsible bidder or bidders the acceptance of the bid of the remaining lowest responsible bidder or bidders, will not be for the best interest of the state, it may reject all bids or all remaining bids and republish a call for bids in the same manner as for an original publication thereof. [1996 c 18 § 8; 1984 c 7 § 171; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.100. Prior: 1953 c 53 § 1; 1937 c 53 § 38; RRS § 640038.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.28.110 47.28.110 Sureties—Qualifications—Additional sureties. At any time and as often as it may be deemed necessary, the department may require any or all sureties or any surety company to appear and qualify themselves upon any contractor's bond. Whenever the surety or sureties upon any contractor's bond become insufficient or are deemed by the department to have become insufficient, the department may demand in writing that the contracting person, firm, or corporation furnish such further contractor's bond or bonds or additional surety in an amount not exceeding that originally required as may be deemed necessary considering the extent of the work remaining to be done upon the contract. No further payments may be made on the contract until such additional surety as is required is furnished. [1984 c 7 § 172; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.110. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 39; RRS § 640039.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.28.120 Office of minority and women's business enterprises: Chapter 39.19 RCW. 47.28.100 47.28.100 Failure or rejection of bidder. If the successful bidder fails to enter into the contract and furnish satisfactory bond as provided by law within twenty days from the award, exclusive of the day of the award, his or her deposit shall be forfeited to the state and deposited by the state treasurer to the credit of the motor vehicle fund, and the department may award the contract to the second lowest responsible bidder. If the second lowest responsible bidder fails to enter into the contract and furnish bond within twenty days after award to him or her, forfeiture of his or her deposit shall also be made, and the contract may be awarded to the third lowest responsible bidder, and in like manner until the contract and bond are executed by a responsible bidder to whom award is made, or further bid proposals are rejected, or the number of bid proposals are exhausted. If the contract is not executed or no contractor's bond provided within the time required, and there appear circumstances that are deemed to warrant an extension of time, the department may extend the time for execution of the contract or furnishing bond for not (2004 Ed.) 47.28.120 Actions for labor and materials—Limitation of action. Any contracting person, firm, or corporation performing any labor or furnishing any materials upon their contract or otherwise for public work or improvement under the direction of the department or any person claiming any right of action upon any such contract with the state of Washington or who claims a cause of action against the state of Washington arising out of any such contract must bring such suit in the proper court in Thurston county before the expiration of one hundred and eighty days from and after the final acceptance and the approval of the final estimate of such work by the department; otherwise the action is forever barred. [1984 c 7 § 173; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.120. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 40; RRS § 6400-40.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.28.140 47.28.140 Highway, public transportation improvements, flood damage prevention—Cooperative agreements. When in the opinion of the governing authorities representing the department and any agency, instrumentality, municipal corporation, or political subdivision of the state of [Title 47 RCW—page 115] 47.28.150 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation Washington, any highway, road, or street will be benefited or improved by constructing, reconstructing, locating, relocating, laying out, repairing, surveying, altering, improving, or maintaining, or by the establishment adjacent to, under, upon, within, or above any portion of any such highway, road, or street of an urban public transportation system, by either the department or any agency, instrumentality, municipal corporation, or political subdivision of the state, and it is in the public interest to do so, the authorities may enter into cooperative agreements wherein either agrees to perform the work and furnish the materials necessary and pay the cost thereof, including necessary engineering assistance, which costs and expenses shall be reimbursed by the party whose responsibility it was to do or perform the work or improvement in the first instance. The work may be done by either day labor or contract, and the cooperative agreement between the parties shall provide for the method of reimbursement. In the case of some special benefit or improvement to a state highway derived from any project that assists in preventing or minimizing flood damages as defined in RCW 86.16.120 or from the construction of any public works project, including any urban public transportation system, the department may contribute to the cost thereof by making direct payment to the particular state department, agency, instrumentality, municipal corporation, or political subdivision on the basis of benefits received, but such payment shall be made only after a cooperative agreement has been entered into for a specified amount or on an actual cost basis prior to the commencement of the particular public works project. [1991 c 322 § 29; 1984 c 7 § 174; 1967 c 108 § 6; 1961 c 13 § 47.28.140. Prior: 1955 c 384 § 8.] Findings—Intent—1991 c 322: See note following RCW 86.12.200. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Urban public transportation system defined: RCW 47.04.082. 47.28.150 47.28.150 Underpasses, overpasses constructed with federal funds—Maintenance cost apportionment. Notwithstanding any of the provisions of RCW 81.53.090, where the cost of constructing an overpass or underpass which is part of the state highway system has been paid for in whole or in part by the use of federal funds, the state shall at its expense maintain the entire overpass structure and the approaches thereto, and the railroad company shall at its expense maintain the entire underpass structure, including the approaches thereto. The state shall at its expense maintain the roadway, and the railroad company shall at its expense maintain its roadbed and tracks on or under all such structures. [1961 c 13 § 47.28.150. Prior: 1959 c 319 § 34.] 47.28.170 47.28.170 Emergency protection and restoration of highways. (1) Whenever the department finds that as a consequence of accident, natural disaster, or other emergency, an existing state highway is in jeopardy or is rendered impassible in one or both directions and the department further finds that prompt reconstruction, repair, or other work is needed to preserve or restore the highway for public travel, the department may obtain at least three written bids for the work without publishing a call for bids, and the secretary of transportation may award a contract forthwith to the lowest responsible bidder. [Title 47 RCW—page 116] The department shall notify any association or organization of contractors filing a request to regularly receive notification. Notification to an association or organization of contractors shall include: (a) The location of the work to be done; (b) the general anticipated nature of the work to be done; and (c) the date determined by the department as reasonable in view of the nature of the work and emergent nature of the problem after which the department will not receive bids. (2) Whenever the department finds it necessary to protect a highway facility from imminent damage or to perform emergency work to reopen a highway facility, the department may contract for such work on a negotiated basis not to exceed force account rates for a period not to exceed thirty working days. (3) The secretary shall review any contract exceeding two hundred thousand dollars awarded under subsection (1) or (2) of this section with the transportation commission at its next regularly scheduled meeting. (4) Any person, firm, or corporation awarded a contract for work must be prequalified pursuant to RCW 47.28.070 and may be required to furnish a bid deposit or performance bond. [1990 c 265 § 1; 1984 c 7 § 175; 1971 ex.s. c 89 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.28.220 47.28.220 Compost products. (1) A contract awarded in whole or in part for the purchase of compost products as a soil cover or soil amendment to state highway rights of way shall specify that compost products be purchased in accordance with the following schedule: (a) For the period July 1, 1996, through June 30, 1997, twenty-five percent of the total dollar amount purchased; (b) For the period July 1, 1998, through June 30, 1999, fifty percent of the total dollar amount purchased. The percentages in this subsection apply to the materials' value and include services or other materials. (2) In order to carry out the provisions of this section, the department of transportation shall develop and adopt bid specifications for compost products used in state highway construction projects. (3)(a) For purposes of this section, "compost products" means mulch, soil amendments, ground cover, or other landscaping material derived from the biological or mechanical conversion of biosolids or cellulose-containing waste materials. (b) For purposes of this section, "biosolids" means municipal sewage sludge or septic tank septage sludge that meets the requirements of chapter 70.95J RCW. [1996 c 198 § 4; 1992 c 174 § 14; 1991 c 297 § 14.] Captions not law—1991 c 297: See RCW 43.19A.900. 47.28.241 47.28.241 Alternative delivery of construction services—Definitions. The definitions in this section apply throughout RCW 47.28.251 and 41.06.380 unless the context clearly requires otherwise. (1) "Construction services" means those services that aid in the delivery of the highway construction program and include, but are not limited to, real estate services and construction engineering services. (2004 Ed.) Trails and Paths (2) "Construction engineering services" include, but are not limited to, construction management, construction administration, materials testing, materials documentation, contractor payments and general administration, construction oversight, and inspection and surveying. [2003 c 363 § 102.] Part headings not law—2003 c 363: "Part headings used in this act are not part of the law." [2003 c 363 § 308.] Severability—2003 c 363: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [2003 c 363 § 309.] 47.30.010 procedures for delivering these transportation projects, is required to accomplish them on a timely basis that best serves the public. It is the intent of sections 103 and 104 of this act that no state employees will lose their employment as a result of implementing new and innovative project delivery procedures." [2003 c 363 § 101.] Part headings not law—Severability—2003 c 363: See notes following RCW 47.28.241. Chapter 47.30 Chapter 47.30 RCW TRAILS AND PATHS Sections 47.28.251 47.28.251 Alternative delivery of construction services—Financial incentives—Private contracting— Reports. (1) The department of transportation shall work with representatives of transportation labor groups to develop a financial incentive program to aid in retention and recruitment of employee classifications where problems exist and program delivery is negatively affected. The department's financial incentive program must be reviewed and approved by the legislature before it can be implemented. This program must support the goal of enhancing project delivery timelines as outlined in section 101, chapter 363, Laws of 2003. Upon receiving approval from the legislature, the department of personnel shall implement, as required, specific aspects of the financial incentive package, as developed by the department of transportation. (2) Notwithstanding chapter 41.06 RCW, the department of transportation may acquire services from qualified private firms in order to deliver the transportation construction program to the public. Services may be acquired solely for augmenting the department's work force capacity and only when the department's transportation construction program cannot be delivered through its existing or readily available work force. The department of transportation shall work with representatives of transportation labor groups to develop and implement a program identifying those projects requiring contracted services while establishing a program as defined in subsection (1) of this section to provide the classified personnel necessary to deliver future construction programs. The procedures for acquiring construction engineering services from private firms may not be used to displace existing state employees nor diminish the number of existing classified positions in the present construction program. The acquisition procedures must be in accordance with chapter 39.80 RCW. (3) Starting in December 2004, and biennially thereafter, the secretary shall report to the transportation committees of the legislature on the use of construction engineering services from private firms authorized under this section. The information provided to the committees must include an assessment of the benefits and costs associated with using construction engineering services, or other services, from private firms, and a comparison of public versus private sector costs. The secretary may act on these findings to ensure the most cost-effective means of service delivery. [2003 c 363 § 103.] Finding—Intent—2003 c 363 § 103 and 104: "The legislature finds that there is a pressing need for additional transportation projects to meet the mobility needs of Washington's citizens. With major new investments approved to meet these pressing needs, additional work force assistance is necessary to ensure and enhance project delivery timelines. Recruiting and retaining a high quality work force, and implementing new and innovative (2004 Ed.) 47.30.005 47.30.010 47.30.020 47.30.030 47.30.040 47.30.050 47.30.060 47.30.070 Definitions. Recreational trail interference. Facilities for nonmotorized traffic—Joint usage of rights of way. Facilities for nonmotorized traffic—Expenditure of available funds. Establishing paths and trails—Factors to be considered. Expenditures for paths and trails—Minimum amount. Expenditures deemed to be for highway purposes—Powers and duties of department—Restrictions on use of paths and trails. Bicycle, equestrian, pedestrian paths as public highways. Recreation trails system: Chapter 79A.35 RCW. 47.30.005 47.30.005 Definitions. For the purposes of this chapter, "trail" or "path" means a public way constructed primarily for and open to pedestrians, equestrians, or bicyclists, or any combination thereof, other than a sidewalk constructed as a part of a city street or county road for the exclusive use of pedestrians. The term "trail" or "path" also includes a widened shoulder of a highway, street, or road when the extra shoulder width is constructed to accommodate bicyclists consistent with a comprehensive plan or master plan for bicycle trails or paths adopted by a state or local governmental authority either prior to such construction or prior to January 1, 1980. [1979 ex.s. c 121 § 4.] 47.30.010 47.30.010 Recreational trail interference. (1) No limited access highway shall be constructed that will result in the severance or destruction of an existing recreational trail of substantial usage for pedestrians, equestrians or bicyclists unless an alternative recreational trail, satisfactory to the authority having jurisdiction over the trail being severed or destroyed, either exists or is reestablished at the time the limited access highway is constructed. If a proposed limited access highway will sever a planned recreational trail which is part of a comprehensive plan for trails adopted by a state or local governmental authority, and no alternative route for the planned trail exists which is satisfactory to the authority which adopted the comprehensive plan for trails, the state or local agency proposing to construct the limited access highway shall design the facility and acquire sufficient right of way to accommodate future construction of the portion of the trail which will properly lie within the highway right of way. Thereafter when such trail is developed and constructed by the authority having jurisdiction over the trail, the state or local agency which constructed the limited access highway shall develop and construct the portion of such trail lying within the right of way of the limited access highway. (2) Where a highway other than a limited access highway crosses a recreational trail of substantial usage for pedes[Title 47 RCW—page 117] 47.30.020 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation trians, equestrians, or bicyclists, signing sufficient to insure safety shall be provided. (3) Where the construction or reconstruction of a highway other than a limited access highway would destroy the usefulness of an existing recreational trail of substantial usage for pedestrians, equestrians, or bicyclists or of a planned recreational trail for pedestrians, equestrians, or bicyclists incorporated into the comprehensive plans for trails of the state or any of its political subdivisions, replacement land, space, or facilities shall be provided and where such recreational trails exist at the time of taking, reconstruction of said recreational trails shall be undertaken. [1971 ex.s. c 130 § 1.] 47.30.020 47.30.020 Facilities for nonmotorized traffic—Joint usage of rights of way. Facilities for pedestrians, equestrians, or bicyclists shall be incorporated into the design of highways and freeways along corridors where such facilities do not exist upon a finding that such facilities would be of joint use and conform to the comprehensive plans of public agencies for the development of such facilities, will not duplicate existing or proposed routes, and that safety to both motorists and to pedestrians, equestrians, and bicyclists would be enhanced by the segregation of traffic. In planning and design of all highways, every effort shall be made consistent with safety to promote joint usage of rights of way for trails and paths in accordance with the comprehensive plans of public agencies. [1971 ex.s. c 130 § 2.] 47.30.030 47.30.030 Facilities for nonmotorized traffic— Expenditure of available funds. Where an existing highway severs, or where the right of way of an existing highway accommodates a trail for pedestrians, equestrians, or bicyclists or where the separation of motor vehicle traffic from pedestrians, equestrians, or bicyclists will materially increase the motor vehicle safety, the provision of facilities for pedestrians, equestrians, or bicyclists which are a part of a comprehensive trail plan adopted by federal, state, or local governmental authority having jurisdiction over the trail is hereby authorized. The department of transportation, or the county or city having jurisdiction over the highway, road, or street, or facility is further authorized to expend reasonable amounts out of the funds made available to them, according to the provisions of RCW 46.68.090, as necessary for the planning, accommodation, establishment, and maintenance of such facilities. [1999 c 269 § 10; 1979 ex.s. c 121 § 1; 1974 ex.s. c 141 § 12; 1972 ex.s. c 103 § 2.] Effective date—1999 c 269: See note following RCW 36.78.070. Severability—1972 ex.s. c 103: "If any provision of this 1972 amendatory act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1972 ex.s. c 103 § 8.] 47.30.040 47.30.040 Establishing paths and trails—Factors to be considered. Before establishing paths and trails, the following factors shall be considered: (1) Public safety; (2) The cost of such paths and trails as compared to the need or probable use; [Title 47 RCW—page 118] (3) Inclusion of the trail in a plan for a comprehensive trail system adopted by a city or county in a state or federal trails plan. [1972 ex.s. c 103 § 3.] Severability—1972 ex.s. c 103: See note following RCW 47.30.030. 47.30.050 Expenditures for paths and trails—Minimum amount. (1) The amount expended by a city, town, or county as authorized by RCW 47.30.030 shall never in any one fiscal year be less than 0.42 percent of the total amount of funds received from the motor vehicle fund according to RCW 46.68.090. However, this section does not apply to a city or town in any year in which the 0.42 percent equals five hundred dollars or less, or to a county in any year in which the 0.42 percent equals three thousand dollars or less. Also, a city, town, or county in lieu of expending the funds each year may credit the funds to a financial reserve or special fund, to be held for not more than ten years, and to be expended for the purposes required or permitted by RCW 47.30.030. (2) In each fiscal year the department of transportation shall expend, as a minimum, for the purposes mentioned in RCW 47.30.030 a sum equal to three-tenths of one percent of all funds, both state and federal, expended for the construction of state highways in such year, or in order to more efficiently program trail improvements the department may defer any part of such minimum trail or path expenditures for a fiscal year for a period not to exceed four years after the end of such fiscal year. Any fiscal year in which the department expends for trail or path purposes more than the minimum sum required by this subsection, the amount of such excess expenditure shall constitute a credit which may be carried forward and applied to the minimum trail and path expenditure requirements for any of the ensuing four fiscal years. (3) The department of transportation, a city, or a county in computing the amount expended for trails or paths under their respective jurisdictions may include the cost of improvements consistent with a comprehensive plan or master plan for bicycle trails or paths adopted by a state or local governmental authority either prior to such construction or prior to January 1, 1980. [1999 c 269 § 11; 1979 ex.s. c 121 § 2; 1972 ex.s. c 103 § 4.] 47.30.050 Effective date—1999 c 269: See note following RCW 36.78.070. Severability—1972 ex.s. c 103: See note following RCW 47.30.030. Perpetual advanced six-year plans for coordinated transportation program, expenditures—Nonmotorized transportation—Railroad right-of-way: RCW 36.81.121. 47.30.060 Expenditures deemed to be for highway purposes—Powers and duties of department—Restrictions on use of paths and trails. For the purposes of this chapter, the establishment of paths and trails and the expenditure of funds as authorized by RCW 47.30.030, as now or hereafter amended, shall be deemed to be for highway, road, and street purposes. The department of transportation shall, when requested, and subject to reimbursement of costs, provide technical assistance and advice to cities, towns, and counties in carrying out the purposes of RCW 47.30.030, as now or hereafter amended. The department shall recommend construction standards for paths and trails. The department shall provide a uniform system of signing paths and trails which shall apply to paths and trails under the jurisdiction of the department and of cities, towns, and counties. The depart47.30.060 (2004 Ed.) Obstructions on Right of Way ment and cities, towns, and counties may restrict the use of paths and trails under their respective jurisdictions to pedestrians, equestrians, and nonmotorized vehicles. [1979 ex.s. c 121 § 3; 1972 ex.s. c 103 § 5.] Severability—1972 ex.s. c 103: See note following RCW 47.30.030. 47.30.070 47.30.070 Bicycle, equestrian, pedestrian paths as public highways. For purposes of 43 U.S.C. 912 and related provisions of federal law involving federally granted railroad rights of way, a bicycle, equestrian or pedestrian path shall be deemed to be a public highway under the laws of the state of Washington. [1993 c 224 § 14.] Chapter 47.32 Chapter 47.32 RCW OBSTRUCTIONS ON RIGHT OF WAY Sections 47.32.010 47.32.020 47.32.030 47.32.040 47.32.050 47.32.060 47.32.070 47.32.080 47.32.090 47.32.100 47.32.110 47.32.120 47.32.130 47.32.140 47.32.150 47.32.160 47.32.170 Order to remove obstructions—Removal by state. Notice of order, contents, posting—Return. Proceedings in rem authorized—Records certified. Complaint, contents. Notice, action, service, contents—Proceedings void when. Hearing—Findings—Order—Appellate review. Writ, execution of—Return—Disposition of unsold property. Property reclaimed—Bond. Sureties on bond—Hearing on claim. Procedure when claimant wins or loses. Merchandising structures—Permit—Removal. Business places along highway. Dangerous objects and structures as nuisances—Logs— Abatement—Removal. Railroad crossings, obstructions—Hearing. Approach roads, other appurtenances—Permit. Approach roads, other appurtenances—Rules—Construction, maintenance of approach roads. Approach roads, other appurtenances—Removal of installations from right of way for default. Fences: Chapter 16.60 RCW. Mobile home or park model trailer movement permits and decals: RCW 46.44.170 through 46.44.175. Removal of disabled vehicle: RCW 46.55.113. 47.32.010 47.32.010 Order to remove obstructions—Removal by state. Whenever the department determines and orders that it is necessary for the convenience and safety of public travel and the use of (or construction, alteration, repair, improvement, or maintenance of) any state highway to have the full width of right of way of any such state highway or of any portion of the right of way of any such state highway free from any and all obstructions, encroachments, and occupancy, other than pole lines, pipe lines, or other structures maintained thereon for public or quasi-public utilities by virtue of a valid franchise, and causes due notice of the order to be given as provided by law, the obstructions, encroachments, and means of occupancy, and any structure, building, improvement, or other means of occupancy of any of the right of way of the state highway not removed within the time allowed by law shall become an unlawful property and may be confiscated, removed, and sold or destroyed by the state of Washington according to procedure as provided in this chapter, without any right in anyone to make any claim therefor, either by reason of the removal thereof or otherwise. It is unlawful for any person to keep, maintain, or occupy any such unlawful structure. [1984 c 7 § 176; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.010. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 68; RRS § 6400-68.] (2004 Ed.) 47.32.030 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.32.020 47.32.020 Notice of order, contents, posting— Return. Whenever the department determines that the right of way of any state highway or any portion of the right of way of any state highway shall be made free from any and all obstructions, encroachments, and occupancy it shall forthwith cause to be posted, by a competent person eighteen years of age or over upon any and all structures, buildings, improvements, and other means of occupancy of the state highway or portion thereof, other than property of public or quasi-public utilities, by virtue of a valid franchise, a notice bearing a copy of the order and dated as of the date of posting, to all whom it may concern to vacate the right of way and to remove all property from the right of way within ten days after the posting of the notice, exclusive of the date of posting. The department shall also require the filing of duplicate affidavits in proof of the postings, showing upon what structures, buildings, improvements, or other means of occupancy of the state highway or portions thereof, respectively, copies of the notice were posted and the date of each such posting, sworn to by the person making the posting. [1984 c 7 § 177; 1971 ex.s. c 292 § 46; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.020. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 69; RRS § 6400-69.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Severability—1971 ex.s. c 292: See note following RCW 26.28.010. 47.32.030 47.32.030 Proceedings in rem authorized—Records certified. In case the property or any portion thereof described in the notice is not removed from the right of way within ten days after the date of the posting, exclusive of the date of posting, all such property upon the right of way of the state highway or portion thereof becomes unlawful, and the department shall commence proceedings in the name of the state of Washington for the removal thereof by court action. The department shall thereupon prepare two original copies of the order together with two copies each of the notice posted and of the affidavits in proof of posting thereof and duplicate copies of a certificate by the department describing with reasonable certainty and with due reference to the center line stationing of the state highway and to proper legal subdivisional points, each structure, building, improvement, encroachment, or other means of occupancy, other than pole lines, pipe lines, or other structures maintained for public and quasi-public utilities, on the state highway or portion thereof specified in the order that remain upon the right of way as aforesaid. Thereupon action shall be commenced in rem for the purpose of removal of all such unlawful property, in the superior court of the county in which the state highway or portion thereof containing the structures is situated, entitled and in the name of the state of Washington as plaintiff and describing each unlawful structure, building, improvement, encroachment, or other means of occupancy, which structures, buildings, improvements, encroachments, or other means of occupancy shall be briefly named as defendants. [1984 c 7 § 178; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.030. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 70; RRS § 6400-70; prior: 1925 ex.s. c 131 § 3; RRS § 68373.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. [Title 47 RCW—page 119] 47.32.040 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.32.040 Complaint, contents. The complaint shall, in such action, describe the property unlawfully remaining upon the right of way of the state highway or portion thereof with reasonable certainty by reference to the certificate of the department, which shall be attached to and filed with the complaint, and pray that an order be entered for the removal from the right of way of the state highway or portion thereof of all the described property unlawfully thereon and the disposal thereof. [1984 c 7 § 179; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.040. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 71; RRS § 6400-71; prior: 1925 ex.s. c 131 § 4; RRS § 6837-4.] 47.32.040 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.32.050 Notice, action, service, contents—Proceedings void when. Service of such complaint shall be given by publication of notice thereof once a week for two successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which such action is commenced, which notice shall briefly state the objects of the action and contain a brief description of each structure, building, improvement, encroachment or other means of occupancy sought to be removed from the right of way of the state highway, describe such state highway or portion thereof by number and location and state the time and place when and where the action will come before the court or judge thereof; and a copy of such notice shall also be posted at least ten days before the date of hearing of such action upon each such structure, building, improvement, encroachment or other means of occupancy described therein. Posting may be made by any person qualified to serve legal process. Want of posting upon, or failure to describe any such structure, building, improvement, encroachment or other means of occupancy shall render subsequent proceedings void as to those not posted upon or described but all others described and posted upon shall be bound by the subsequent proceedings. [1961 c 13 § 47.32.050. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 72; RRS 6400-72; prior: 1925 ex.s. c 131 § 5; RRS § 6837-5.] 47.32.050 47.32.060 47.32.060 Hearing—Findings—Order—Appellate review. At the time and place appointed for hearing upon the complaint, which hearing shall be by summary proceedings, if the court or judge thereof finds that due notice has been given by posting and publication and that the order of the department was duly made, and is further satisfied and finds that the state highway or portion thereof described is legally a state highway having the width of right of way specified in the order and that the structure, buildings, improvements, or other means of occupancy of the state highway or portion thereof as stated in the certificate of the department do in fact encroach, or that any portion thereof encroach, upon the state highway right of way, the court or judge thereof shall thereupon make and enter an order establishing that each of the structures, buildings, improvements, and other means of occupancy specified in the order is unlawfully maintained within the right of way and is subject to confiscation and sale and that they be forthwith confiscated, removed from the right of way, and sold, and providing that six days after the entry of the order, a writ shall issue from the court directed to the sheriff of the county, commanding the sheriff to seize and remove from the right of way of the state highway each such structure, building, improvement, or other means of occu[Title 47 RCW—page 120] pancy specified in the order forthwith on receipt of a writ based on the order and to take and hold the property in his custody for a period of ten days, unless redelivered earlier as provided for by law, and if not then so redelivered to sell the property at public or private sale and to pay the proceeds thereof into the registry of the court within sixty days after the issuance of the writ, and further in such action, including costs of posting original notices of the department, the costs of posting and publishing notices of hearing as part thereof and any cost of removal, be paid by the clerk to the state treasurer and credited to the motor vehicle fund. The order shall be filed with the clerk of the court and recorded in the minutes of the court, and is final unless appellate review thereof is sought within five days after filing of the order. [1988 c 202 § 45; 1984 c 7 § 180; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.060. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 73; RRS § 6400-73; prior: 1925 ex.s. c 131 § 7; RRS § 6837-7.] Severability—1988 c 202: See note following RCW 2.24.050. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.32.070 47.32.070 Writ, execution of—Return—Disposition of unsold property. Six days after filing of the order above provided for, if no review thereof be taken to the supreme court or the court of appeals of the state, the clerk of the court shall issue under seal of such court a writ directed to the sheriff of the county in which such court is held commanding him to remove, take into custody and dispose of the property described in such order and make returns thereof as provided for such writ by said order. On receipt of such writ it shall be the duty of such sheriff to obey the command thereof, proceed as therein directed and make return within the time fixed by such writ; and said sheriff shall be liable upon his official bond for the faithful discharge of such duties. Upon filing of such return the clerk of court shall make payments as provided for in the order of court. If by the sheriff's return any of the property seized and removed pursuant to such writ is returned as unsold and as of no sale value, and if the court or judge thereof be satisfied that such is the fact, the court or judge thereof may make further order directing the destruction of such property, otherwise directing the sheriff to give new notice and again offer the same for sale, when, if not sold, the same may on order of court be destroyed. [1971 c 81 § 115; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.070. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 74; RRS § 6400-74; prior: 1925 ex.s. c 131 § 8; RRS § 6837-8.] 47.32.080 47.32.080 Property reclaimed—Bond. At any time within ten days after the removal by virtue of such writ of any such property from the right of way of such state highway any person, firm, association or corporation claiming ownership or right of possession of any such property may have the right to demand and to receive the same from the sheriff upon making an affidavit that such claimant owns such property or is entitled to possession thereof, stating on oath the value thereof satisfactory to said sheriff, or which value shall be raised to a value satisfactory to said sheriff, which value shall be indorsed on said affidavit and signed both by said claimant and said sheriff before such sheriff shall be required to accept the bond hereinafter provided for, and deliver to the sheriff a bond with sureties in double the value of such property, conditioned that such claimant will appear in the superior court (2004 Ed.) Obstructions on Right of Way of such county within ten days after the bond is accepted by the sheriff and make good such claim of title thereto and pay all accrued costs of service of notice to remove, all costs and disbursements to be assessed to such property and the costs of removal and custody thereof and will hold said sheriff and the state of Washington free from any and all claims on account of such property or will return such property or pay its value to said sheriff, and that such claimant will at all times thereafter keep such property off the right of way of the state highway in question. [1961 c 13 § 47.32.080. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 75; RRS § 6400-75; prior: 1925 ex.s. c 131 § 9; RRS § 68379.] 47.32.090 47.32.090 Sureties on bond—Hearing on claim. The sureties on such bond shall justify as in other cases if the sheriff requires it and in case they do not so justify when required, the sheriff shall retain and sell or dispose of the property; and if the sheriff does not require the sureties to justify, he shall stand good for their sufficiency. He shall date and indorse his acceptance upon the bond, and shall return the affidavit, bond and justification, if any, to the office of the clerk of such superior court, whereupon such clerk shall set the hearing thereof as a separate case for trial, in which such claimant shall be the plaintiff and the sheriff and the state of Washington defendants: PROVIDED, That no costs shall, in such case, be assessed against the sheriff or the state of Washington in the event the plaintiff should prevail. [1961 c 13 § 47.32.090. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 76; RRS § 6400-76; prior: 1925 ex.s. c 131 § 10; RRS § 6837-10.] 47.32.100 47.32.100 Procedure when claimant wins or loses. If the claimant makes good the claimant's title to or right to possession of the property, upon payment into the registry of the court of the costs of service or posting of original notice issued by the department with respect to the property, the cost of posting notice of hearing in the court and such proportion of the cost of publication of the notice as the court may fix and direct to be entered and the clerk's fees of filing the affidavit and bond as a separate action and of entry of judgment therein at the amounts provided for in civil actions, judgment shall be entered restoring the property to the claimant without any confirmation of title as to any other claimant thereto, relieving the sheriff from necessity of selling the property and making return thereon, and continuing the effect of the bond for a period of six years thereafter for the benefit of such adverse claimants to the property, if any, as may thereafter make claim to the property. If the claimant does not make good such claim of title to or right to possession of the property, judgment shall be rendered against the claimant and the sureties of the claimant for the value of the property as finally shown by the affidavit as above provided for, together with such fees for filing the affidavit and bond as a separate action and for entry of judgment therein and other costs and disbursements as taxed in any civil action including the statutory attorney fee as part thereof, for all of which execution may accordingly issue, and relieving the sheriff from the necessity of selling the property or making return thereon. [1984 c 7 § 181; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.100. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 77; RRS § 6400-77; prior: 1925 ex.s. c 131 § 11; RRS § 6837-11.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. (2004 Ed.) 47.32.130 47.32.110 47.32.110 Merchandising structures—Permit— Removal. It is unlawful for any person to build, erect, establish, operate, maintain, or conduct along and upon the right of way of any state highway any platform, box, stand, or any other temporary or permanent device or structure used or to be used for the purpose of receiving, vending, or delivering any milk, milk cans, vegetables, fruits, merchandise, produce, or any other thing or commodity of any nature unless a permit therefor has first been obtained from the department. The department shall in each instance determine where any platform, box, stand, or any other temporary or permanent device or structure shall be permitted. Upon the existence of any such device or structure without a permit having been first obtained, it shall be considered an obstruction unlawfully upon the right of way of the state highway, and the department may proceed to effect its removal. [1984 c 7 § 182; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.110. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 78; RRS § 6400-78; 1927 c 309 § 48; RRS § 6362-48; 1923 c 181 § 10; RRS § 6358-1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.32.120 47.32.120 Business places along highway. It is unlawful for any person to erect a structure or establishment or maintain a business, the nature of which requires the use by patrons or customers of property adjoining the structure or establishment unless the structure or establishment is located at a distance from the right of way of any state highway so that none of the right of way thereof is required for the use of the patrons or customers of the establishment. Any such structure erected or business maintained that makes use of or tends to invite patrons to use the right of way or any portion thereof of any state highway by occupying it while a patron is a public nuisance, and the department may fence the right of way of the state highway to prevent such unauthorized use thereof. [1984 c 7 § 183; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.120. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 79; RRS § 6400-79.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.32.130 47.32.130 Dangerous objects and structures as nuisances—Logs—Abatement—Removal. (1) Whenever there exists upon the right of way of any state highway or off the right of way thereof in sufficiently close proximity thereto, any structure, device, or natural or artificial thing that threatens or endangers the state highway or portion thereof, or that tends to endanger persons traveling thereon, or obstructs or tends to obstruct or constitutes a hazard to vehicles or persons traveling thereon, the structure, device, or natural or artificial thing is declared to be a public nuisance, and the department is empowered to take such action as may be necessary to effect its abatement. Any such structure, device, or natural or artificial thing considered by the department to be immediately or eminently dangerous to travel upon a state highway may be forthwith removed, and the removal in no event constitutes a breach of the peace or trespass. (2) Logs dumped on any state highway roadway or in any state highway drainage ditch due to equipment failure or for any other reason shall be removed immediately. Logs remaining within the state highway right of way for a period of thirty days shall be confiscated and removed or disposed of as directed by the department. [1984 c 7 § 184; 1961 c 13 § [Title 47 RCW—page 121] 47.32.140 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.32.130. Prior: 1947 c 206 § 3; 1937 c 53 § 80; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 6400-80.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Obstructing highway, public nuisance: RCW 9.66.010. Placing dangerous substances or devices on highway: RCW 9.66.050, 46.61.645, 70.93.060. approach road or any other facility, thing, or appurtenance not heretofore permitted by law, without first obtaining written permission from the department. [1984 c 7 § 185; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.150. Prior: 1947 c 201 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 6402-50.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.32.160 47.32.140 47.32.140 Railroad crossings, obstructions—Hearing. Each railroad company shall keep its right of way clear of all brush and timber in the vicinity of a railroad grade crossing with a state highway for a distance of one hundred feet from the crossing in such manner as to permit a person upon the highway to obtain an unobstructed view in both directions of an approaching train. The department shall cause brush and timber to be cleared from the right of way of a state highway in the proximity of a railroad grade crossing for a distance of one hundred feet from the crossing in such manner as to permit a person upon the highway to obtain an unobstructed view in both directions of an approaching train. It is unlawful to erect or maintain a sign, signboard, or billboard, except official highway signs and traffic devices and railroad warning or operating signs, outside the corporate limits of any city or town within a distance of one hundred feet from the point of intersection of the highway and railroad grade crossing unless, after thirty days notice to the Washington utilities and transportation commission and the railroad operating the crossing, the department determines that it does not obscure the sight distance of a person operating a vehicle or train approaching the grade crossing. When a person who has erected or who maintains such a sign, signboard, or billboard or when a railroad company permits such brush or timber in the vicinity of a railroad grade crossing with a state highway or permits the surface of a grade crossing to become inconvenient or dangerous for passage and who has the duty to maintain it, fails, neglects, or refuses to remove or cause to be removed such brush, timber, sign, signboard, or billboard, or maintain the surface of the crossing, the utilities and transportation commission upon complaint of the department or upon complaint of any party interested, or upon its own motion, shall enter upon a hearing in the manner now provided for hearings with respect to railroad-highway grade crossings, and make and enforce proper orders for the removal of the brush, timber, sign, signboard or billboard, or maintenance of the crossing. However, nothing in this section prevents the posting or maintaining of any legal notice or sign, signal, or traffic device required or permitted to be posted or maintained, or the placing and maintaining thereon of highway or road signs or traffic devices giving directions or distances for the information of the public when the signs are approved by the department. The department shall inspect highway grade crossings and make complaint of the violation of any provisions of this section. [1983 c 19 § 2; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.140. Prior: 1955 c 310 § 7; 1937 c 53 § 81; RRS § 6400-81; prior: 1923 c 129 §§ 1-6; RRS §§ 10510-1—10510-6.] Railroad grade crossings, obstructions: RCW 36.86.100. 47.32.150 47.32.150 Approach roads, other appurtenances— Permit. No person, firm, or corporation may be permitted to build or construct on state highway rights of way any [Title 47 RCW—page 122] 47.32.160 Approach roads, other appurtenances— Rules—Construction, maintenance of approach roads. The department is hereby authorized and empowered at its discretion to adopt reasonable rules governing the issuance of permits under RCW 47.32.150 for the construction of any approach road, facility, thing, or appurtenance, upon state highway rights of way. The rules shall be designed to achieve and preserve reasonable standards of highway safety and the operational integrity of the state highway facility. Any permit issued may contain such terms and conditions as may be prescribed. All such construction shall be under the supervision of the department and at the expense of the applicant. After completion of the construction of the particular approach road, facility, thing, or appurtenance, it shall be maintained at the expense of the applicant and in accordance with the directions of the department. [1987 c 227 § 1; 1984 c 7 § 186; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.160. Prior: 1947 c 201 § 2; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 6402-51.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.32.170 47.32.170 Approach roads, other appurtenances— Removal of installations from right of way for default. Upon failure of the applicant to construct or maintain the particular approach road, facility, thing, or appurtenance in accordance with the conditions of the permit and in accordance with the rules of the department, the department may, after the expiration of thirty days following transmittal of a written notice to the applicant, remove all installations upon the right of way at the expense of the applicant, which expense may be recovered from the applicant by the department for the state in any court of competent jurisdiction. [1984 c 7 § 187; 1961 c 13 § 47.32.170. Prior: 1947 c 201 § 3; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 6402-52.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Chapter 47.36 Chapter 47.36 RCW TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES Sections 47.36.005 47.36.010 47.36.020 47.36.030 47.36.040 47.36.050 47.36.053 47.36.060 47.36.070 47.36.080 47.36.090 47.36.095 47.36.097 47.36.100 47.36.110 47.36.120 Definitions. Restoration of United States survey markers. Traffic control signals. Traffic control devices—Specifications to be furnished to counties and cities. Furnished by department, paid for by counties and cities. Duty to erect traffic devices on state highways and railroad crossings. General duty to place and maintain traffic devices on state highways and railroad crossings. Traffic devices on county roads and city streets. Failure to erect signs, procedure. Signs at railroad crossings. Cooperation with United States on road markers. Highway designation system—Signs. Highway designation system—Filing. Directional, caution, and stop signs. Stop signs, "Yield" signs—Duties of persons using highway. City limit signs. (2004 Ed.) Traffic Control Devices 47.36.130 47.36.141 47.36.180 47.36.200 47.36.250 47.36.260 47.36.270 47.36.280 47.36.290 47.36.300 47.36.310 47.36.320 47.36.325 47.36.330 47.36.340 47.36.350 47.36.400 Meddling with signs prohibited. Bus shelters—Advertising. Forbidden devices—Penalty. Signs or flagmen at thoroughfare work sites—Penalty. Dangerous road conditions requiring special tires, chains, or traction equipment—Signs or devices—Penalty. Signs indicating proper lane usage. Regional shopping center directional signs. Pavement marking standards. State park directional signs. Supplemental directional signs—Erection by local governments. Motorist information signs—Interstate highways—Contents, placement, fees. Motorist information signs, tourist-oriented directional signs—Primary and scenic roads—Contents, placement, fees. Motorist information signs—Private contractors. Motorist information signs—Maximum number and distance. Motorist information signs—Lodging. Motorist information signs—Installation time. Adopt-a-highway signs. County roads, signs, signals, guideposts—Standards: RCW 36.86.040. Range areas, signs: RCW 16.24.060. Rules of the road: Chapter 46.61 RCW. 47.36.005 47.36.005 Definitions. The definitions set forth in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Erect" means to construct, build, raise, assemble, place, affix, attach, create, paint, draw, or in any other way bring into being or establish. (2) "Interstate system" means a state highway that is or becomes part of the national system of interstate and defense highways as described in section 103(d) of Title 23, United States Code. (3) "Maintain" means to allow to exist. (4) "Primary system" means a state highway that is or becomes part of the federal-aid primary system as described in section 103(b) of Title 23, United States Code. (5) "Scenic system" means (a) a state highway within a public park, federal forest area, public beach, public recreation area, or national monument, (b) a state highway or portion of a highway outside the boundaries of an incorporated city or town designated by the legislature as a part of the scenic system, or (c) a state highway or portion of a highway outside the boundaries of an incorporated city or town designated by the legislature as a part of the scenic and recreational highway system except for the sections of highways specifically excluded in RCW 47.42.025. (6) "Motorist information sign panel" means a panel, rectangular in shape, located in the same manner as other official traffic signs readable from the main traveled ways, and consisting of: (a) The words "GAS," "FOOD," "LODGING," "CAMPING," "RECREATION," or "TOURIST ACTIVITIES" and directional information; and (b) One or more individual business signs mounted on the panel. (7) "Business sign" means a separately attached sign mounted on the motorist information sign panel or roadside area information panel to show the brand or trademark and name, or both, of the motorist service available on the crossroad at or near the interchange. Nationally, regionally, or locally known commercial symbols or trademarks for service stations, restaurants, and motels shall be used when applicable. The brand or trademark identification symbol used on the (2004 Ed.) 47.36.030 business sign shall be reproduced with the colors and general shape consistent with customary use. Messages, trademarks, or brand symbols that interfere with, imitate, or resemble an official warning or regulatory traffic sign, signal, or device are prohibited. (8) "Roadside area information panel or display" means a panel or display located so as not to be readable from the main traveled way, erected in a safety rest area, scenic overlook, or similar roadside area, for providing motorists with information in the specific interest of the traveling public. (9) "Tourist-oriented directional sign" means a sign on a motorist information sign panel on the state highway system to provide directional information to a qualified tourist-oriented business, service, or activity. (10) "Qualified tourist-oriented business" means a lawful cultural, historical, recreational, educational, or entertaining activity or a unique or unusual commercial or nonprofit activity, the major portion of whose income or visitors are derived during its normal business season from motorists not residing in the immediate area of the activity. (11) "Adopt-a-highway sign" means a sign on a state highway right of way referring to the departments' adopt-ahighway litter control program. [1999 c 201 § 1; 1991 c 94 § 3.] 47.36.010 47.36.010 Restoration of United States survey markers. The department shall fix permanent monuments at the original positions of all United States government monuments at township corners, section corners, quarter section corners, meander corners, and witness markers, as originally established by the United States government survey whenever any such original monuments or markers fall within the right of way of any state highway, and aid in the reestablishment of any such corners, monuments, or markers destroyed or obliterated by the construction of any state highway by permitting inspection of the records in the department's office. [1984 c 7 § 188; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.010. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 42; RRS § 6400-42; 1931 c 117 § 1; RRS § 6830-1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.020 47.36.020 Traffic control signals. The secretary of transportation shall adopt specifications for a uniform system of traffic control signals consistent with the provisions of this title for use upon public highways within this state. Such uniform system shall correlate with and so far as possible conform to the system current as approved by the American Association of State Highway Officials and as set out in the manual of uniform traffic control devices for streets and highways. [1977 ex.s. c 151 § 60; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.020. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 50; RRS § 6400-50; prior: 1927 c 309 § 6; RRS § 6362-6.] 47.36.030 47.36.030 Traffic control devices—Specifications to be furnished to counties and cities. The secretary of transportation shall have the power and it shall be its duty to adopt and designate a uniform state standard for the manufacture, display, erection, and location of all signs, signals, signboards, guideposts, and other traffic devices erected or to be erected upon the state highways of the state of Washington for the purpose of furnishing information to persons traveling [Title 47 RCW—page 123] 47.36.040 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation upon such state highways regarding traffic regulations, directions, distances, points of danger, and conditions requiring caution, and for the purpose of imposing restrictions upon persons operating vehicles thereon. Such signs shall conform as nearly as practicable to the manual of specifications for the manufacture, display, and erection of uniform traffic control devices for streets and highways and all amendments, corrections, and additions thereto. The department of transportation shall prepare plans and specifications of the uniform state standard of traffic devices so adopted and designated, showing the materials, colors, and designs thereof, and shall upon the issuance of any such plans and specifications or revisions thereof and upon request, furnish to the boards of county commissioners and the governing body of any incorporated city or town, a copy thereof. Signs, signals, signboards, guideposts, and other traffic devices erected on county roads shall conform in all respects to the specifications of color, design, and location approved by the secretary. Traffic devices hereafter erected within incorporated cities and towns shall conform to such uniform state standard of traffic devices so far as is practicable. The uniform system must allow local transit authority bus shelters located within the right of way of the state highway system to display and maintain commercial advertisements subject to applicable federal regulations, if any. [2003 c 198 § 3; 1977 ex.s. c 151 § 61; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.030. Prior: 1945 c 178 § 1, part; 1937 c 53 § 48, part; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6400-48, part; prior: 1931 c 118 § 1, part; RRS § 6308-1, part; 1923 c 102 § 1, part; 1917 c 78 § 1, part; RRS § 6303, part.] 47.36.040 47.36.040 Furnished by department, paid for by counties and cities. The department, upon written request, shall cause to be manufactured, painted, and printed, and shall furnish to any county legislative authority or the governing body of any incorporated city or town, directional signboards, guide boards, and posts of the uniform state standard of color, shape, and design for the erection and maintenance thereof by the county legislative authority or the governing body of any incorporated city or town upon the roads and streets within their respective jurisdictions. The directional signboards, guide boards, and posts shall be manufactured and furnished, as aforesaid, pursuant to written request showing the number of signs desired and the directional or guide information to be printed thereon. The department shall fix a charge for each signboard, guide board, and post manufactured and furnished as aforesaid, based upon the ultimate cost of the operations to the department, and the county legislative authority, from the county road fund, and the governing body of any incorporated city or town, from the street fund, shall pay the charges so fixed for all signboards, guide boards, and posts so received from the department. [1984 c 7 § 189; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.040. Prior: 1945 c 178 § 1, part; 1937 c 53 § 48, part; Rem. Supp. 1945 § 6400-48, part; prior: 1931 c 118 § 1, part; RRS § 6308-1, part; 1923 c 102 § 1, part; 1917 c 78 § 1, part; RRS § 6303, part.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.050 47.36.050 Duty to erect traffic devices on state highways and railroad crossings. The department shall erect and maintain upon every state highway in the state of Wash[Title 47 RCW—page 124] ington suitable and proper signs, signals, signboards, guideposts, and other traffic devices according to the adopted and designated state standard of design, erection, and location, and in the manner required by law. The department shall erect and maintain upon all state highways appropriate stop signs, warning signs, and school signs. Any person, firm, corporation, or municipal corporation, building, owning, controlling, or operating a railroad that crosses any state highway at grade shall construct, erect, and maintain at or near each point of crossing, or at such point or points as will meet the approval of the department, a sign of the type known as the saw buck crossing sign with the lettering "railroad crossing" inscribed thereon and also a suitable inscription indicating the number of tracks. The sign must be of standard design that will comply with the plans and specifications furnished by the department. Additional safety devices and signs may be installed at any time when required by the utilities and transportation commission as provided by laws regulating railroad-highway grade crossings. [1984 c 7 § 190; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.050. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 49; RRS § 6400-49; prior: 1931 c 118 § 1, part; RRS § 6308-1, part; 1923 c 102 § 1, part; RRS § 6303, part; 1919 c 146 § 1; 1917 c 78 § 2; RRS § 6304. FORMER PART OF SECTION: 1937 c 53 § 51 now in RCW 47.36.053.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.053 47.36.053 General duty to place and maintain traffic devices on state highways and railroad crossings. The department shall place and maintain such traffic devices conforming to the manual and specifications adopted upon all state highways as it deems necessary to carry out the provisions of this title or to regulate, warn, or guide traffic. [1984 c 7 § 191; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.053. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 51; RRS § 6400-51. Formerly RCW 47.36.050, part.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.060 47.36.060 Traffic devices on county roads and city streets. Local authorities in their respective jurisdictions shall place and maintain such traffic devices upon public highways under their jurisdiction as are necessary to carry out the provisions of the law or local traffic ordinances or to regulate, warn, or guide traffic. Cities and towns, which as used in this section mean cities and towns having a population of over fifteen thousand according to the latest federal census, shall adequately equip with traffic devices, streets that are designated as forming a part of the route of a primary or secondary state highway and streets which constitute connecting roads and secondary state highways to such cities and towns. The traffic devices, signs, signals, and markers shall comply with the uniform state standard for the manufacture, display, direction, and location thereof as designated by the department. The design, location, erection, and operation of traffic devices and traffic control signals upon such city or town streets constituting either the route of a primary or secondary state highway to the city or town or connecting streets to the primary or secondary state highways through the city or town shall be under the direction of the department, and if the city or town fails to comply with any such directions, the department shall provide for the design, location, erection, or operation thereof, and any cost incurred therefor shall be (2004 Ed.) Traffic Control Devices charged to and paid from any funds in the motor vehicle fund of the state that have accrued or may accrue to the credit of the city or town, and the state treasurer shall issue warrants therefor upon vouchers submitted and approved by the department. [1984 c 7 § 192; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.060. Prior: 1955 c 179 § 4; 1939 c 81 § 1; 1937 c 53 § 52; RRS § 640052.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.110 highways and branches, or portions thereof, in accord with that system, and to install signs in accord therewith on such state highways and branches, or portions thereof. The system may be changed from time to time and shall be extended to new state highways and branches, or portions thereof, as they are hereafter established by the legislature. [1984 c 7 § 196; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 43; 1963 c 24 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Classification of highways: RCW 47.04.020. 47.36.070 47.36.070 Failure to erect signs, procedure. Whenever any person, firm, corporation, municipal corporation, or local authorities responsible for the erection and maintenance, or either, of signs at any railroad crossing or point of danger upon any state highway fails, neglects, or refuses to erect and maintain, or either, the sign or signs as required by law at highway-railroad grade crossings, the utilities and transportation commission shall upon complaint of the department or upon complaint of any party interested, or upon its own motion, enter upon a hearing in the manner provided by law for hearings with respect to railroad-highway grade crossings and make and enforce proper orders for the erection or maintenance of the signs, or both. [1984 c 7 § 193; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.070. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 54; RRS § 6400-54.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.080 47.36.080 Signs at railroad crossings. Wherever it is considered necessary or convenient the department may erect approach and warning signs upon the approach of any state highway to a highway-railroad grade crossing situated at a sufficient distance therefrom to make the warning effective. The department may further provide such additional or other highway-railroad grade crossing markings as may be considered to serve the interests of highway safety. [1984 c 7 § 194; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.080. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 57; RRS § 640057.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.090 47.36.090 Cooperation with United States on road markers. Standard federal road markers shall be placed on state highways in the manner requested by the department of transportation of the United States. The department of transportation of the state of Washington is authorized and empowered to cooperate with the several states and with the federal government in promoting, formulating, and adopting a standard and uniform system of numbering or designating state highways of an interstate character and in promoting, formulating, and adopting uniform and standard specifications for the manufacture, display, erection, and location of road markers and signs, for the information, direction, and control of persons traveling upon public highways. [1984 c 7 § 195; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.090. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 55; RRS § 6400-55; prior: 1925 c 24 § 1; RRS § 6303-1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.095 47.36.095 Highway designation system—Signs. The department is hereby authorized to establish a continuing system for the designating of state highways and branches or portions thereof, heretofore established by the legislature of the state of Washington, to give designations to such state (2004 Ed.) 47.36.097 47.36.097 Highway designation system—Filing. Designations or redesignations assigned under the system by the department pursuant to RCW 47.36.095 as each is made, shall be filed with the secretary of state and with the auditor of each county. Thereafter such highways shall be so designated for all purposes. [1984 c 7 § 197; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 46.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.100 47.36.100 Directional, caution, and stop signs. Directional signs showing distance and direction to points of importance may be placed at all crossings and intersections of primary and secondary state highways. The department may place such directional signs as it deems necessary upon any city streets designated by it as forming a part of the route of any primary or secondary state highway through any incorporated city or town. Caution and warning signs or signals shall be placed wherever practicable on all primary and secondary state highways in a manner provided by law. Stop signs shall be placed, erected, and maintained by the department as follows: Upon all county roads at the point of intersection with any arterial primary or secondary state highway; upon all primary and secondary state highways at the point of intersection with any county road that has been designated by the department as an arterial having preference over the traffic on the state highway; and upon at least one state highway at the intersection of two state highways. [1984 c 7 § 198; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 38; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.100. Prior: 1947 c 206 § 1; 1937 c 53 § 56; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 6400-56.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.110 47.36.110 Stop signs, "Yield" signs—Duties of persons using highway. In order to provide safety at intersections on the state highway system, the department may require persons traveling upon any portion of such highway to stop before entering the intersection. For this purpose there may be erected a standard stop sign as prescribed in the state department of transportation's "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways." All persons traveling upon the highway shall come to a complete stop at such a sign, and the appearance of any sign so located is sufficient warning to a person that he is required to stop. A person stopping at such a sign shall proceed through that portion of the highway in a careful manner and at a reasonable rate of speed not to exceed twenty miles per hour. It is unlawful to fail to comply with the directions of any such stop sign. When the findings of a traffic engineering study show that the condition of an intersection is such that vehicles may safely enter the major artery without stopping, the department or local authorities in their respective jurisdictions shall install and [Title 47 RCW—page 125] 47.36.120 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation maintain a "Yield" sign. [1984 c 7 § 199; 1963 ex.s. c 3 § 49; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.110. Prior: 1955 c 146 § 6; 1937 c 53 § 59; RRS § 6400-59.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Arterial highways designated—Stopping on entering: RCW 46.61.195. 47.36.120 47.36.120 City limit signs. The department shall erect wherever it deems necessary upon state highways at or near their point of entrance into cities and towns, signs of the standard design designating the city or town limits of the cities or towns. [1984 c 7 § 200; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.120. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 58; RRS § 6400-58.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.130 Meddling with signs prohibited. No person shall without lawful authority attempt to or in fact alter, deface, injure, knock down, or remove any official traffic control signal, traffic device or railroad sign or signal, or any inscription, shield, or insignia thereon, or any other part thereof. [1961 c 13 § 47.36.130. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 53; RRS § 6400-53.] 47.36.130 Defacing, injuring, or destroying signs: RCW 46.61.080. Imitation of signs: RCW 46.61.075. Structures concealing signs prohibited: RCW 46.61.075. Unlawful erection of traffic devices: RCW 46.61.075. 47.36.141 47.36.141 Bus shelters—Advertising. (1) Local transit authority bus shelters within the right of way of the state highway system may display and maintain commercial advertisements subject to applicable federal regulations, if any. Pursuant to RCW 47.12.120, the department may lease state right of way air space to local transit authorities for this purpose, unless there are significant safety concerns regarding the placement of certain advertisements. (2) Advertisements posted on a local transit authority's bus shelter may not exceed twenty-four square feet on each side of the panel. Panels may not be placed on the roof of the shelter or on the forward side of the shelter facing oncoming traffic. [2003 c 198 § 1.] 47.36.180 Forbidden devices—Penalty. (1) It is unlawful to erect or maintain at or near a city street, county road, or state highway any structure, sign, or device: (a) Visible from a city street, county road, or state highway and simulating any directional, warning, or danger sign or light likely to be mistaken for such a sign or bearing any such words as "danger," "stop," "slow," "turn," or similar words, figures, or directions likely to be construed as giving warning to traffic; (b) Visible from a city street, county road, or state highway and displaying any red, green, blue, or yellow light or intermittent or blinking light or rotating light identical or similar in size, shape, and color to that used on any emergency vehicle or road equipment or any light otherwise likely to be mistaken for a warning, danger, directional, or traffic control signal or sign; (c) Visible from a city street, county road, or state highway and displaying any lights tending to blind persons operating vehicles upon the highway, city street, or county road, or any glaring light, or any light likely to be mistaken for a 47.36.180 [Title 47 RCW—page 126] vehicle upon the highway or otherwise to be so mistaken as to constitute a danger; or (d) Visible from a city street, county road, or state highway and flooding or intending to flood or directed across the roadway of the highway with a directed beam or diffused light, whether or not the flood light is shielded against directing its flood beam toward approaching traffic on the highway, city street, or county road. (2) Any structure or device erected or maintained contrary to the provisions of this section is a public nuisance, and the department, the chief of the Washington state patrol, the county sheriff, or the chief of police of any city or town shall notify the owner thereof that it constitutes a public nuisance and must be removed, and if the owner fails to do so, the department, the chief of the Washington state patrol, the county sheriff, or the chief of police of any city or town may abate the nuisance. (3) If the owner fails to remove any structure or device within fifteen days after being notified to remove the structure or device as provided in this section, he or she is guilty of a misdemeanor. [2003 c 53 § 257; 1984 c 7 § 201; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.180. Prior: 1957 c 204 § 1; 1937 c 53 § 62; RRS § 6400-62.] Intent—Effective date—2003 c 53: See notes following RCW 2.48.180. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.200 Signs or flagmen at thoroughfare work sites—Penalty. (1) When construction, repair, or maintenance work is conducted on or adjacent to a public highway, county road, street, bridge, or other thoroughfare commonly traveled and when the work interferes with the normal and established mode of travel on the highway, county road, street, bridge, or thoroughfare, the location shall be properly posted by prominently displayed signs or flagmen or both. Signs used for posting in such an area shall be consistent with the provisions found in the state of Washington "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways" obtainable from the department of transportation. (2) If the construction, repair, or maintenance work includes or uses grooved pavement, abrupt lane edges, steel plates, or gravel or earth surfaces, the construction, repair, or maintenance zone must be posted with signs stating the condition, as required by current law, and in addition, must warn motorcyclists of the potential hazard. For the purposes of this subsection, the department shall adopt by rule a uniform sign or signs for this purpose, including at least the following language, "MOTORCYCLES USE EXTREME CAUTION." (3) Any contractor, firm, corporation, political subdivision, or other agency performing such work shall comply with this section. (4) Each driver of a motor vehicle used in connection with such construction, repair, or maintenance work shall obey traffic signs posted for, and flaggers stationed at such location in the same manner and under the same restrictions as is required for the driver of any other vehicle. (5) A violation of or a failure to comply with this section is a misdemeanor. Each day upon which there is a violation, or there is a failure to comply, constitutes a separate violation. [2003 c 355 § 1; 2003 c 53 § 258; 1984 c 7 § 202; 1961 c 13 § 47.36.200. Prior: 1957 c 95 § 1.] 47.36.200 (2004 Ed.) Traffic Control Devices Reviser's note: This section was amended by 2003 c 53 § 258 and by 2003 c 355 § 1, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1). Effective date—2003 c 355: "This act takes effect January 1, 2004." [2003 c 355 § 3.] Intent—Effective date—2003 c 53: See notes following RCW 2.48.180. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.250 47.36.250 Dangerous road conditions requiring special tires, chains, or traction equipment—Signs or devices—Penalty. (1) If the department or its delegate determines at any time for any part of the public highway system that the unsafe conditions of the roadway require particular tires, tire chains, or traction equipment in addition to or beyond the ordinary pneumatic rubber tires, the department may establish the following recommendations or requirements with respect to the use of such equipment for all persons using such public highway: (a) Traction advisory - oversize vehicles prohibited. (b) Traction advisory - oversize vehicles prohibited. Vehicles over 10,000 GVW - chains required. (c) Traction advisory - oversize vehicles prohibited. All vehicles - chains required, except all wheel drive. (2) Any equipment that may be required by this section shall be approved by the state patrol as authorized under RCW 46.37.420. (3) The department shall place and maintain signs and other traffic control devices on the public highways that indicate the tire, tire chain, or traction equipment recommendation or requirement determined under this section. Such signs or traffic control devices shall in no event prohibit the use of studded tires from November 1st to April 1st, but when the department determines that chains are required and that no other traction equipment will suffice, the requirement is applicable to all types of tires including studded tires. The Washington state patrol or the department may specify different recommendations or requirements for four wheel drive vehicles in gear. (4) Failure to obey a requirement indicated under this section is a traffic infraction under chapter 46.63 RCW subject to a penalty of five hundred dollars including all statutory assessments. [2003 c 356 § 1; 2003 c 53 § 259; 1987 c 330 § 747; 1984 c 7 § 203; 1975 1st ex.s. c 255 § 1; 1969 ex.s. c 7 § 2.] Reviser's note: This section was amended by 2003 c 53 § 259 and by 2003 c 356 § 1, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1). Intent—Effective date—2003 c 53: See notes following RCW 2.48.180. Construction—Application of rules—Severability—1987 c 330: See notes following RCW 28B.12.050. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Restrictions as to tire equipment, metal studs: RCW 46.37.420. 47.36.260 47.36.260 Signs indicating proper lane usage. The department shall erect signs on multilane highways indicating proper lane usage. [1986 c 93 § 6.] Keep right except when passing, etc: RCW 46.61.100. (2004 Ed.) 47.36.290 47.36.270 47.36.270 Regional shopping center directional signs. Regional shopping center directional signs shall be erected and maintained on state highway right of way if they meet each of the following criteria: (1) There shall be at least five hundred thousand square feet of retail floor space available for lease at the regional shopping center; (2) The regional shopping center shall contain at least three major department stores that are owned by a national or regional retail chain organization; (3) The shopping center shall be located within one mile of the roadway; (4) The center shall generate at least nine thousand daily one-way vehicle trips to the center; (5) There is sufficient space available for installation of the directional sign as specified in the Manual On Uniform Traffic Control Devices; (6) Supplemental follow-through directional signing is required at key decision points to direct motorists to the shopping center if it is not clearly visible from the point of exit from the main traveled way. The department shall collect from the regional shopping center a reasonable fee based upon the cost of erection and maintenance of the directional sign. [1987 c 469 § 1.] 47.36.280 47.36.280 Pavement marking standards. The department of transportation shall, by January 1, 1992, adopt minimum pavement marking standards for the area designating the limits of the vehicle driving lane along the right edge for arterials that do not have curbs or sidewalks and are inside urbanized areas. In preparing the standards, the department of transportation shall take into consideration all types of pavement markings, including flat, raised, and recessed markings, and their effect on pedestrians, bicycle, and motor vehicle safety. The standards shall provide that a jurisdiction shall conform to these requirements, at such time thereafter that it undertakes to (1) renew or install permanent markings on the existing or new roadway, and (2) remove existing nonconforming raised pavement markers at the time the jurisdiction prepares to resurface the roadway, or earlier, at its option. These standards shall be in effect, as provided in this section, unless the legislative authority of the local governmental body finds that special circumstances exist affecting vehicle and pedestrian safety that warrant a variance to the standard. For the purposes of this section, "urbanized area" means an area designated as such by the United States bureau of census and having a population of more than fifty thousand. Other jurisdictions that install pavement marking material on the right edge of the roadway shall do so in a manner not in conflict with the minimum state standard. [1991 c 214 § 4.] 47.36.290 47.36.290 State park directional signs. Directional signs for state parks within fifteen miles of an interstate highway shall be erected and maintained on the interstate highway by the department despite the existence of additional directional signs on primary or scenic system highways in closer proximity to such state parks. [1985 c 376 § 7. Formerly RCW 47.42.160.] Legislative intent—1985 c 376: See note following RCW 47.42.020. [Title 47 RCW—page 127] 47.36.300 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.36.300 Supplemental directional signs—Erection by local governments. (1) The legislative authority of any county, city, or town may erect, or permit the erection of, supplemental directional signs directing motorists to motorist service businesses qualified for motorist information sign panels pursuant to RCW 47.36.310 or 47.36.320 in any location on, or adjacent to, the right of way of any roads or streets within their jurisdiction. (2) Appropriate fees may be charged to cover the cost of issuing permits, installation, or maintenance of such signs. (3) Supplemental signs and their locations shall comply with all applicable provisions of this chapter, the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, and such rules as may be adopted by the department. [1999 c 201 § 2; 1986 c 114 § 3. Formerly RCW 47.42.052.] 47.36.300 47.36.310 Motorist information signs—Interstate highways—Contents, placement, fees. The department is authorized to erect and maintain motorist information sign panels within the right of way of the interstate highway system to give the traveling public specific information as to gas, food, lodging, camping, or tourist-oriented business available on a crossroad at or near an interchange. Motorist information sign panels shall include the words "GAS," "FOOD," "LODGING," "CAMPING," or "TOURIST ACTIVITIES" and directional information and may contain one or more individual business signs maintained on the panel. Motorist information sign panels are authorized within the corporate limits of cities and towns and areas zoned for commercial or industrial uses at locations where there is adequate distance between interchanges to ensure compliance with the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. The erection and maintenance of motorist information sign panels shall also conform to the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices and rules adopted by the state department of transportation. A motorist service or tourist-oriented business located within one mile of an interstate highway shall not be permitted to display its name, brand, or trademark on a motorist information sign panel unless its owner has first entered into an agreement with the department limiting the height of its onpremise signs at the site of its service installation to not more than fifteen feet higher than the roof of its main building measured to the bottom of the on-premise sign. The restriction for on-premise signs does not apply if the sign is not visible from the highway. The department may, on a case-by-case basis, waive the height restriction when an on-premise sign is visible from the rural interstate system. The department shall charge reasonable fees for the display of individual business signs to defray the costs of their installation and maintenance, and may charge reasonable fees to recover costs for the erection and maintenance of the motorist information sign panels. [1999 c 201 § 3; 1987 c 469 § 3; 1986 c 114 § 1; 1985 c 142 § 1; 1984 c 7 § 223; 1974 ex.s. c 80 § 2. Formerly RCW 47.42.046.] 47.36.310 public specific information as to gas, food, lodging, recreation, or tourist-oriented businesses accessible by way of highways intersecting the noninterstate highway. The motorist information sign panels are permitted only at locations within the corporate limits of cities and towns and areas zoned for commercial or industrial uses where there is adequate distance between interchanges to ensure compliance with the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. Motorist information sign panels shall include the words "GAS," "FOOD," "LODGING," "RECREATION," or "TOURIST ACTIVITIES" and directional information and may contain one or more individual business signs maintained on the panel. The erection and maintenance of motorist information sign panels along noninterstate highways shall also conform to the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices and rules adopted by the state department of transportation. A motorist service or tourist-oriented business located within one mile of a noninterstate highway shall not be permitted to display its name, brand, or trademark on a motorist information sign panel unless its owner has first entered into an agreement with the department limiting the height of its on-premise signs at the site of its service installation to not more than fifteen feet higher than the roof of its main building measured to the bottom of the on-premise sign. The department shall adopt rules for the erection and maintenance of tourist-oriented directional signs with the following restrictions: (1) Where installed, they shall be placed in advance of the "GAS," "FOOD," "LODGING," or "RECREATION" motorist information sign panels previously described in this section; (2) Signs shall not be placed to direct a motorist to an activity visible from the main traveled roadway; (3) Premises on which the qualified tourist-oriented business is located must be within fifteen miles of the state highway except as provided in RCW 47.36.330(3) (b) and (c), and necessary supplemental signing on local roads must be provided before the installation of the signs on the state highway. The department shall charge reasonable fees for the display of individual business signs to defray the costs of their installation and maintenance, and may charge reasonable fees for the erection and maintenance of the motorist information sign panels. [1999 c 213 § 1; 1999 c 201 § 4; 1986 c 114 § 2; 1985 c 376 § 4; 1985 c 142 § 2; 1984 c 7 § 224; 1974 ex.s. c 80 § 4. Formerly RCW 47.42.047.] Reviser's note: This section was amended by 1999 c 201 § 4 and by 1999 c 213 § 1, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1). Legislative intent—1985 c 376: See note following RCW 47.42.020. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.325 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.36.320 Motorist information signs, tourist-oriented directional signs—Primary and scenic roads—Contents, placement, fees. The department is authorized to erect and maintain motorist information sign panels within the right of way of noninterstate highways to give the traveling 47.36.320 [Title 47 RCW—page 128] 47.36.325 Motorist information signs—Private contractors. (1) When exercising its authority to erect and maintain motorist information sign panels under RCW 47.36.310 and 47.36.320, the department shall contract with a private contractor for a term of ten years. The contractor selected by the department must be incorporated, and must maintain an office, in this state. (2004 Ed.) Roadside Areas—Safety Rest Areas (2) The contractor, at no cost to the department, is solely responsible for marketing, administration, financial management, sign fabrication, installation, and maintenance and is subject to the provisions of this chapter otherwise applicable to the department. The contractor may set the market rate to be charged to businesses advertising on the motorist informational [information] signs. (3) A contract entered into between the department and a contractor must require the contractor to administer, fabricate, install, and maintain community historical signs authorized for placement by the department at no cost to the department. (4) In [The] department may set the contractual terms it deems necessary to guarantee the performance of the contract. The department shall periodically monitor the performance of the contract. (5) In letting a contract under this section the department shall comply with purchasing guidelines adopted by the general services administration. [2002 c 321 § 1.] 47.36.330 47.36.330 Motorist information signs—Maximum number and distance. (1) Not more than six business signs may be permitted on motorist information sign panels authorized by RCW 47.36.310 and 47.36.320. (2) The maximum distance that eligible service facilities may be located on either side of an interchange or intersection to qualify for a business sign are as follows: (a) On interstate highways, gas, food, or lodging activities shall be located within three miles. Camping or touristoriented activities shall be within five miles. (b) On noninterstate highways, gas, food, lodging, recreation, or tourist-oriented activities shall be located within five miles. (3)(a) If no eligible services are located within the distance limits prescribed in subsection (2) of this section, the distance limits shall be increased until an eligible service of a type being considered is reached, up to a maximum of fifteen miles. (b) The department may erect and maintain signs on an alternate route that is longer than fifteen miles if it is safer and still provides reasonable and convenient travel to an eligible service. (c) The department may erect and maintain signs on a route up to a maximum of twenty miles if it qualifies as an eligible service and is within a distressed area under the criteria of chapter 43.165 RCW. [1999 c 213 § 2; 1999 c 201 § 5; 1985 c 142 § 3. Formerly RCW 47.42.0475.] Reviser's note: This section was amended by 1999 c 201 § 5 and by 1999 c 213 § 2, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1). 47.36.340 47.36.340 Motorist information signs—Lodging. To be eligible for placement of a business sign on a motorist information sign panel a lodging activity shall: (1) Be licensed or approved by the department of social and health services or county health authority; (2) Provide adequate sleeping and bathroom accommodations available for rental on a daily basis; and (3) Provide public telephone facilities. [1999 c 201 § 6; 1985 c 376 § 8. Formerly RCW 47.42.170.] (2004 Ed.) 47.38.010 Legislative intent—1985 c 376: See note following RCW 47.42.020. 47.36.350 47.36.350 Motorist information signs—Installation time. The department shall ensure that motorist information sign panels are installed within nine months of receiving the request for installation. [1999 c 201 § 7; 1991 c 94 § 5.] 47.36.400 47.36.400 Adopt-a-highway signs. The department may install adopt-a-highway signs, with the following restrictions: (1) Signs shall be designed by the department and may only include the words "adopt-a-highway litter control facility" or "adopt-a-highway litter control next XX miles" and the name of the litter control area sponsor. The sponsor's name shall not be displayed more predominantly than the remainder of the sign message. Trademarks or business logos may be displayed; (2) Signs may be placed along interstate, primary, and scenic system highways; (3) Signs may be erected at other state-owned transportation facilities in accordance with RCW 47.40.100(1); (4) For each litter control area designated by the department, one sign may be placed visible to traffic approaching from each direction; (5) Signs shall be located so as not to detract from official traffic control signs installed pursuant to the manual on uniform traffic control devices adopted by the department; (6) Signs shall be located so as not to restrict sight distance on approaches to intersections or interchanges; (7) The department may charge reasonable fees to defray the cost of manufacture, installation, and maintenance of adopt-a-highway signs. [1998 c 180 § 1; 1991 c 94 § 4.] Chapter 47.38 RCW ROADSIDE AREAS—SAFETY REST AREAS Chapter 47.38 Sections 47.38.010 47.38.020 47.38.040 47.38.050 47.38.060 Rules governing use and control of rest areas, historic sites, viewpoints, etc.—Penalties. Limitations on use of rest areas. Information centers. Recreational vehicle sanitary disposal systems. Dedication of rest areas. Acquisition of property for safety rest areas, buffers, viewpoints, historic sites: RCW 47.12.250. 47.38.010 47.38.010 Rules governing use and control of rest areas, historic sites, viewpoints, etc.—Penalties. (1) Pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW, the department and the Washington state patrol shall jointly adopt rules governing the conduct and the safety of the traveling public relating to the use and control of rest areas and other areas as designated in RCW 47.12.250. Nothing herein may be construed as limiting the powers of the department as provided by law. (2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, any person violating this section or any rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this section is guilty of a misdemeanor. (3)(a) Except as provided in (b) of this subsection, violation of such a rule or regulation relating to traffic including parking, standing, stopping, and pedestrian offenses is a traffic infraction. [Title 47 RCW—page 129] 47.38.020 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation (b) Violation of such a rule or regulation equivalent to those provisions of Title 46 RCW set forth in RCW 46.63.020 remains a misdemeanor. [2003 c 53 § 260; 1993 c 116 § 1; 1984 c 7 § 204; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 29.] Intent—Effective date—2003 c 53: See notes following RCW 2.48.180. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Roadside areas—Safety rest areas, provisions of scenic and recreational highway act concerning: Chapter 47.39 RCW. 47.38.020 47.38.020 Limitations on use of rest areas. Except where specifically authorized by the department, it is unlawful for any person or persons to stop, stand, or park any vehicle, including but not limited to trailers, campers, and motorcycles, for more than eight hours, or for any person or persons to camp or to maintain a camp, tent, or other sleeping accommodation or facility, in any rest area or safety rest area within the limits of the right of way of interstate highways or other state highways or in other areas of state or interstate highways as designated in RCW 47.12.250. This section does not apply to disabled vehicles. [1984 c 7 § 205; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 30.] 47.38.060 Dedication of rest areas. The transportation commission may designate interstate safety rest areas, as appropriate, as locations for memorial signs to prisoners of war and those missing in action. The commission shall adopt policies for the placement of memorial signs on interstate safety rest areas and may disapprove any memorial sign that it determines to be inappropriate or inconsistent with the policies. The policies shall include, but are not limited to, guidelines for the size and location of and inscriptions on memorial signs. The secretary shall adopt rules for administering this program. Nonprofit associations may have their name identified on a memorial sign if the association bears the cost of supplying and maintaining the memorial sign. [1996 c 172 § 1.] 47.38.060 Chapter 47.39 RCW SCENIC AND RECREATIONAL HIGHWAY ACT OF 1967 Chapter 47.39 Sections 47.39.010 47.39.020 47.39.030 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.39.040 47.38.040 47.38.040 Information centers. In order to provide information in the specific interest of the traveling public, the department may establish information centers at safety rest areas and permit maps, informational directories, and advertising pamphlets to be made available there for the purpose of informing the public of places of interest within the state and providing such other information as the department deems desirable. [1984 c 7 § 206; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 32.] 47.39.050 47.39.060 47.39.069 47.39.075 47.39.080 47.39.090 47.39.100 47.39.900 47.39.910 System created—Standards. Designation of portions of existing highways as part of system. Development and maintenance of system by department of transportation and parks and recreation commission—Allocation of costs. Planning and design standards established by department of community, trade, and economic development. Planning and design standards—Facilities and factors considered. Designation of system on maps or other descriptive material. Designation and removal criteria. Corridor management plan. Funding priorities—Signage. Consultation with other agencies and parties—Identification of tourist routes. Removal of designation. Short title. Severability—1967 ex.s. c 85. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.39.010 System created—Standards. There is hereby created a scenic and recreational highway system. Highways in this system shall be developed and maintained in accordance with general standards for state highways of comparable classification and usage. Recognizing that the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century establishes a national "scenic byway" program that could benefit state and local roadways, the Washington state scenic byway designation program is revised to address state and local transportation routes. Byways in this program must be designated and maintained in accordance with the criteria developed by the department under this chapter. However, a highway so designated under RCW 47.39.069 does not become part of the scenic and recreational highway system unless approved by the legislature. [1999 c 218 § 1; 1967 ex.s. c 85 § 1.] 47.39.010 47.38.050 47.38.050 Recreational vehicle sanitary disposal systems. The department of transportation shall construct and maintain recreational vehicle sanitary disposal systems in the following safety rest areas lying along highways which are a part of the interstate highway system: (1) Gee Creek safety rest area, northbound and southbound on Interstate 5 in Clark county; (2) Sea-Tac safety rest area, northbound on Interstate 5 in King county; (3) Silver Lake safety rest area, southbound on Interstate 5 in Snohomish county; (4) Winchester Wasteway safety rest area, eastbound and westbound on Interstate 90 in Grant county; (5) Sprague safety rest area, eastbound on Interstate 90 in Lincoln county; (6) Selah Creek safety rest area, northbound and southbound on Interstate 82 in Yakima county; (7) Indian John Hill safety rest area, eastbound and westbound on Interstate 90 in Kittitas county; (8) Smokey Point safety rest area, northbound and southbound on Interstate 5 in Snohomish county; (9) Schrag safety rest area, westbound on Interstate 90 in Adams county. [1996 c 237 § 3; 1980 c 60 § 1.] Effective date—1980 c 60: "This act shall take effect July 1, 1980." [1980 c 60 § 4.] [Title 47 RCW—page 130] Effective date—1999 c 218: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect immediately [May 7, 1999]." [1999 c 218 § 9.] 47.39.020 Designation of portions of existing highways as part of system. The following portions of highways are designated as part of the scenic and recreational highway system: (1) State route number 2, beginning at the crossing of Woods creek at the east city limits of Monroe, thence in an 47.39.020 (2004 Ed.) Scenic and Recreational Highway Act of 1967 easterly direction by way of Stevens pass to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Peshastin; also Beginning at the junction with state route number 17, in the vicinity of Coulee City, thence easterly to the junction with state route number 155; (2) State route number 3, beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity of Shelton, thence northeasterly and northerly to a junction with state route number 104 in the vicinity of Port Gamble; (3) State route number 4, beginning at the junction with state route number 101, thence easterly through Cathlamet to Coal Creek road, approximately .5 miles west of the Longview city limits; (4) State route number 6, beginning at the junction with state route number 101 in Raymond, thence easterly to the junction with state route number 5, in the vicinity of Chehalis; (5) State route number 7, beginning at the junction with state route number 12 in Morton, thence northerly to the junction with state route number 507; (6) State route number 8, beginning at a junction with state route number 12 in the vicinity of Elma, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 101 near Tumwater; (7) State route number 9, beginning at the junction with state route number 530 in Arlington, thence northerly to the end of the route at the Canadian border; (8) State route number 10, beginning at Teanaway junction, thence easterly to a junction with state route number 97 west of Ellensburg; (9) State route number 11, beginning at the junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Burlington, thence in a northerly direction to the junction with state route number 5; (10) State route number 12, beginning at a junction with a county road approximately 2.8 miles west of the crossing of the Wynoochee river which is approximately 1.2 miles west of Montesano, thence in an easterly direction to a junction with state route number 8 in the vicinity of Elma; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 5, thence easterly by way of Morton, Randle, and Packwood to the junction with state route number 410, approximately 3.5 miles west of Naches; also Beginning at the junction with state route number 124 in the vicinity of the Tri-Cities, thence easterly through Wallula and Touchet to a junction with a county road approximately 2.4 miles west of a junction with state route number 129 at Clarkston; (11) State route number 14, beginning at the crossing of Gibbons creek approximately 0.9 miles east of Washougal, thence easterly along the north bank of the Columbia river to a point in the vicinity of Plymouth; (12) State route number 17, beginning at a junction with state route number 395 in the vicinity of Mesa, thence northerly to the junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Brewster; (13) State route number 19, the Chimacum-Beaver Valley road, beginning at the junction with state route number 104, thence northerly to the junction with state route number 20; (14) State route number 20, beginning at the junction with state route number 101 to the ferry zone in Port Townsend; also (2004 Ed.) 47.39.020 Beginning at the Keystone ferry slip on Whidbey Island, thence northerly and easterly to a junction with state route number 153 southeast of Twisp; also Beginning at the junction of state route number 97 in the vicinity of Okanogan, thence westerly across the Okanogan river to the junction with state route number 215; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 97 near Tonasket, thence easterly and southerly to a junction with state route number 2 at Newport; (15) State route number 25, beginning at the Spokane river bridge, thence northerly through Cedonia, Gifford, Kettle Falls, and Northport, to the Canadian border; (16) State route number 26, beginning at the Whitman county boundary line, thence easterly by way of the vicinities of La Crosse and Dusty to a junction with state route number 195 in the vicinity of Colfax; (17) State route number 27, beginning at a junction with state route number 195 in the vicinity of Pullman, thence northerly by way of the vicinities of Palouse and Garfield to a junction with state route number 271 in the vicinity of Oakesdale; also From a junction with state route number 271 at Oakesdale, thence northerly to the vicinity of Tekoa; (18) State route number 31, beginning at the junction with state route number 20 in Tiger, thence northerly to the Canadian border; (19) State route number 82, beginning at the junction with state route number 395 south of the Tri-Cities area, thence southerly to the end of the route at the Oregon border; (20) State route number 90, beginning at the junction with East Sunset Way in the vicinity east of Issaquah, thence easterly to Thorp road 9.0 miles west of Ellensburg; (21) State route number 97, beginning at the Oregon border, in a northerly direction through Toppenish and Wapato to the junction with state route number 82 at Union Gap; also Beginning at the junction with state route number 10, 2.5 miles north of Ellensburg, in a northerly direction to the junction with state route number 2, 4.0 miles east of Leavenworth; also Beginning at the junction of state route number 153 in the vicinity south of Pateros, thence northerly by way of the vicinities of Brewster, Okanogan, Omak, Riverside, Tonasket, and Oroville to the international boundary line; (22) State route number 97 alternate, beginning at the junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity of Monitor, thence northerly to the junction with state route number 97, approximately 5.0 miles north of Chelan; (23) State route number 101, beginning at the AstoriaMegler bridge, thence north to Fowler street in Raymond; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 109 in the vicinity of Queets, thence in a northerly, northeasterly, and easterly direction by way of Forks to the junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Olympia; (24) State route number 104, beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity south of Discovery bay, thence in a southeasterly direction to the Kingston ferry crossing; (25) State route number 105, beginning at a junction with state route number 101 at Raymond, thence westerly and [Title 47 RCW—page 131] 47.39.020 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation northerly by way of Tokeland and North Cove to the shore of Grays Harbor north of Westport; also Beginning at a junction with state route number 105 in the vicinity south of Westport, thence northeasterly to a junction with state route number 101 at Aberdeen; (26) State route number 109, beginning at a junction with state route number 101 in Hoquiam to a junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity of Queets; (27) State route number 112, beginning at the easterly boundary of the Makah Indian reservation, thence in an easterly direction to the vicinity of Laird's corner on state route number 101; (28) State route number 116, beginning at the junction with the Chimacum-Beaver Valley road, thence in an easterly direction to Fort Flagler State Park; (29) State route number 119, beginning at the junction with state route number 101 at Hoodsport, thence northwesterly to the Mount Rose development intersection; (30) State route number 122, Harmony road, between the junction with state route number 12 near Mayfield dam and the junction with state route number 12 in Mossyrock; (31) State route number 123, beginning at the junction with state route number 12 in the vicinity of Morton, thence northerly to the junction with state route number 410; (32) State route number 129, beginning at the Oregon border, thence northerly to the junction with state route number 12 in Clarkston; (33) State route number 141, beginning at the junction with state route number 14 in Bingen, thence northerly to the end of the route at the Skamania county line; (34) State route number 142, beginning at the junction with state route number 14 in Lyle, thence northeasterly to the junction with state route number 97, .5 miles from Goldendale; (35) State route number 153, beginning at a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Pateros, thence in a northerly direction to a junction with state route number 20 in the vicinity south of Twisp; (36) State route number 155, beginning at a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity north of Coulee City, thence northerly and westerly to the junction with state route number 215; (37) State route number 194, beginning at the Port of Almota to the junction with state route number 195 in the vicinity of Pullman; (38) State route number 195, beginning at the Washington-Idaho boundary line southeast of Uniontown, thence northwesterly and northerly by way of the vicinity of Colton, Pullman, Colfax, Steptoe, and Rosalia to the Whitman county boundary line; (39) State route number 202, beginning at the junction with state route number 522, thence in an easterly direction to the junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of North Bend; (40) State route number 211, beginning at the junction with state route number 2, thence northerly to the junction with state route number 20 in the vicinity of Usk; (41) State route number 215, beginning at the junction of state route number 20 in the vicinity of Okanogan, thence northeasterly on the west side of the Okanogan river to a junction with state route number 97 north of Omak; [Title 47 RCW—page 132] (42) State route number 231, beginning at the junction with state route number 23, in the vicinity of Sprague, thence in a northerly direction to the junction with state route number 2, approximately 2.5 miles west of Reardan; (43) State route number 261, beginning at the junction with state route number 12 in the vicinity of Delaney, thence northwesterly to the junction with state route number 260; (44) State route number 262, beginning at the junction with state route number 26, thence northeasterly to the junction with state route number 17 between Moses Lake and Othello; (45) State route number 271, beginning at a junction with state route number 27 in the vicinity of Oakesdale, thence northwesterly to a junction with state route number 195 in the vicinity south of Rosalia; (46) State route number 272, beginning at the junction with state route number 195 in Colfax, thence easterly to the Idaho state line, approximately 1.5 miles east of Palouse; (47) State route number 305, beginning at the Winslow ferry dock to the junction with state route number 3 approximately 1.0 mile north of Poulsbo; (48) State route number 395, beginning at the north end of the crossing of Mill creek in the vicinity of Colville, thence in a northwesterly direction to a junction with state route number 20 at the west end of the crossing over the Columbia river at Kettle Falls; (49) State route number 401, beginning at a junction with state route number 101 at Point Ellice, thence easterly and northerly to a junction with state route number 4 in the vicinity north of Naselle; (50) State route number 410, beginning 4.0 miles east of Enumclaw, thence in an easterly direction to the junction with state route number 12, approximately 3.5 miles west of Naches; (51) State route number 501, beginning at the junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Vancouver, thence northwesterly on the New Lower River road around Vancouver Lake; (52) State route number 503, beginning at the junction with state route number 500, thence northerly by way of Battle Ground and Yale to the junction with state route number 5 in the vicinity of Woodland; (53) State route number 504, beginning at a junction with state route number 5 at Castle Rock, to the end of the route on Johnston Ridge, approximately milepost 52; (54) State route number 505, beginning at the junction with state route number 504, thence northwesterly by way of Toledo to the junction with state route number 5; (55) State route number 508, beginning at the junction with state route number 5, thence in an easterly direction to the junction with state route number 7 in Morton; (56) State route number 525, beginning at the ferry toll booth on Whidbey Island to a junction with state route number 20 east of the Keystone ferry slip; (57) State route number 542, beginning at the junction with state route number 5, thence easterly to the vicinity of Austin pass in Whatcom county; (58) State route number 547, beginning at the junction with state route number 542 in Kendall, thence northwesterly to the junction with state route number 9 in the vicinity of the Canadian border; (2004 Ed.) Scenic and Recreational Highway Act of 1967 (59) State route number 706, beginning at the junction with state route number 7 in Elbe, in an easterly direction to the end of the route at Mt. Rainier National Park; (60) State route number 821, beginning at a junction with state route number 82 at the Yakima firing center interchange, thence in a northerly direction to a junction with state route number 82 at the Thrall road interchange; (61) State route number 971, Navarre Coulee road, between the junction with state route number 97 and the junction with South Lakeshore road. [2003 c 55 § 1; 1993 c 430 § 7; 1992 c 26 § 2; 1991 c 342 § 54; 1990 c 240 § 3; 1975 c 63 § 8; 1973 1st ex.s. c 151 § 10; 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 29; 1970 ex.s. c 51 § 177; 1969 ex.s. c 281 § 6; 1967 ex.s. c 85 § 2.] Effective dates—1991 c 342: See note following RCW 47.26.167. Legislative finding—1990 c 240: "The legislature finds that scenic and recreational highways are designated because of a need to develop management plans that will protect and preserve the scenic and recreational resources from loss through inappropriate development. Protection of scenic and recreational resources includes managing land use outside normal highway rights of way. The legislature recognizes that scenic and recreational highways are typically located in areas that are natural in character, along watercourses or through mountainous areas, or in areas with a view of such scenery." [1990 c 240 § 1.] 47.39.030 47.39.030 Development and maintenance of system by department of transportation and parks and recreation commission—Allocation of costs. (1) The department shall pay from motor vehicle funds appropriated for construction of state highways, the following costs of developing and constructing scenic and recreational highways: (a) Acquisition of the right of way necessary for state highway purposes; (b) construction of the portion of the highway designed primarily for motor vehicle travel; (c) exit and entrance roadways providing access to scenic observation points; (d) safety rest areas; (e) roadside landscaping within the portion of the highway right of way acquired by the department for state highway purposes; (f) the uniform signs and markers designating the various features and facilities of the scenic and recreational highways; and (g) any additional costs of constructing and developing the scenic and recreational highways, including property acquisition adjacent to highways as authorized by RCW 47.12.250, for which the department shall receive reimbursement from the federal government or any other source. (2) The parks and recreation commission shall pay the costs of developing and constructing the scenic and recreational highways not provided for in subsection (1) of this section from any funds appropriated for such purposes. (3) The costs of maintaining the scenic and recreational highway system shall be allocated between the department and the parks and recreation commission in the same manner that costs of developing and constructing such highways are allocated in subsections (1) and (2) of this section. (4) The city, town, county, regional transportation planning organization, federal agency, federally recognized tribe, or any other such party that nominates a roadway not located on a state-owned right of way for designation as a scenic byway shall bear all costs relating to the nomination and designation of the byway, such as costs for developing, maintaining, planning, designing, and constructing the scenic byway. [1999 c 218 § 2; 1984 c 7 § 207; 1967 ex.s. c 85 § 3.] Effective date—1999 c 218: See note following RCW 47.39.010. (2004 Ed.) 47.39.050 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Safety rest areas: Chapter 47.38 RCW. 47.39.040 47.39.040 Planning and design standards established by department of community, trade, and economic development. The establishment of planning and design standards for items provided for in RCW 47.39.050 shall be coordinated by the department of community, trade, and economic development. The department of transportation, parks and recreation commission, and any other departments or commissions whose interests are affected shall prepare, submit, and file with the department of community, trade, and economic development standards relating to the scenic and recreational highway system. If varying planning and design standards are filed, the department of community, trade, and economic development shall consult with the submitting agencies on the merits of the several proposals and, based upon such consultation, establish a set of standards. Pursuant to the planning and design standards so established, the department of transportation and the parks and recreation commission shall develop the highways and areas adjacent thereto to accomplish the purposes of this chapter, but the department shall retain exclusive authority over the highway right of way. Responsibility for construction and maintenance is hereby established between the department and the parks and recreation commission with the department responsible for activities financed with funds provided for under RCW 47.39.030(1) and the parks and recreation commission responsible for activities financed from other sources of funds. By mutual consent, responsibility for development and/ or maintenance may be transferred between the two agencies. [1995 c 399 § 122; 1985 c 6 § 16; 1984 c 7 § 208; 1967 ex.s. c 85 § 4.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Department of community, trade, and economic development: Chapter 43.330 RCW. 47.39.050 47.39.050 Planning and design standards—Facilities and factors considered. Planning and design standards established for highways falling within the scenic and recreational highways system may include, but shall not be limited to, provision for the following: (1) Hiking, bicycle, and bridle trails, including regulations for their use; (2) Campsites and shelters; (3) Boat launching sites; (4) Access trails to lakes, rivers and streams, and easements along their shores; (5) Safety rest areas; (6) Historic and geologic interpretative facilities; (7) Scenic observation facilities; (8) Roadside landscaping, restoration and aesthetic enhancement; (9) Specifically delineated highway corridors and means for the preservation of natural beauty, historic sites, or viewpoints; (10) A uniform system of signs and markers designating the various features and facilities of the scenic and recreational highway systems. [1967 ex.s. c 85 § 5.] [Title 47 RCW—page 133] 47.39.060 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.39.060 47.39.060 Designation of system on maps or other descriptive material. The department and the parks and recreation commission may include, where appropriate, on any maps, or in any relevant descriptive material they may prepare at state expense, references to those portions of highways designated in RCW 47.39.020, and may include those designated byways by appropriate color or code designation. [1999 c 218 § 3; 1984 c 7 § 209; 1967 ex.s. c 85 § 6.] Effective date—1999 c 218: See note following RCW 47.39.010. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.39.069 47.39.069 Designation and removal criteria. (1) The department, in consultation with the department of community, trade, and economic development, the department of natural resources, the parks and recreation commission, affected cities, towns, and counties, federally recognized tribes, regional transportation planning organizations, Washington-based automobile clubs, statewide bicycling organizations, and other interested parties, shall develop by December 31, 1999, criteria for assessing scenic byways and heritage tour routes and an appropriate method of nomination and application for the designation and removal of the designation of the byways. Factors the department may take into consideration, but is not limited by, are: (a) Scenic quality of the byway; (b) natural aspects, such as geological formations, water bodies, vegetation, and wildlife; (c) historic elements; (d) cultural features such as the arts, crafts, music, customs, or traditions of a distinct group of people; (e) archaeological features; (f) recreational activities; (g) roadway safety including accommodations for bicycle and pedestrian travel, tour buses, and automobiles; (h) scenic byway and local and regional byway management plans; and (i) local public involvement and support for the byway. (2) The criteria developed in subsection (1) of this section must not impose nor require regulation of privately owned lands or property rights. (3) Any person may nominate a roadway, path, or trail for inclusion in the scenic byway program. The department shall assess nominations in accordance with the criteria developed under subsection (1) of this section. The department shall submit its recommendations for scenic byway and heritage tour route designations to the commission for its approval and official designation of the roadway, path, or trail as a scenic byway or a heritage tour route. All decisions made by the commission relating to scenic byway and heritage tour route designations are final. (4) The department shall apply the criteria in subsection (1) of this section to state highways that are currently not a part of the designated scenic and recreational highway system. The department shall respond to local requests for route evaluation as defined in subsection (3) of this section. (5) Once the commission has designated a roadway as a scenic byway, the department may submit an individual nomination to the Federal Highway Administration for its consideration of whether the roadway qualifies to be designated as a national scenic byway or an All-American Roadway. [1999 c 218 § 4.] Effective date—1999 c 218: See note following RCW 47.39.010. [Title 47 RCW—page 134] 47.39.075 47.39.075 Corridor management plan. The department shall participate with local communities to develop a corridor management plan for a state highway nominated to be part of the scenic byway program. Local, regional, or other governmental bodies shall develop a corridor management plan for nominated routes that are under their jurisdiction. [1999 c 218 § 5.] Effective date—1999 c 218: See note following RCW 47.39.010. 47.39.080 47.39.080 Funding priorities—Signage. Recognizing that the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century establishes a national "Scenic Byways" grant program and a new apportionment program called "Transportation Enhancement Activities," the department of transportation shall place high priority on obtaining funds from those sources for further development of a scenic and recreational highways program, including enhancement projects on the designated scenic and recreational highway system. The department shall consider the use of the designated system by bicyclists and pedestrians in connection with nonmotorized routes in the state trail plan, and the state bicycle plan which are also eligible for TEA-21 funding. Appropriate signage may be used at intersections of nonmotorized and motorized systems to demonstrate the access, location, and the interconnectivity of various modes of travel for transportation and recreation. For the purposes of leveraging national scenic byway planning grant funds, the commission may designate eligible state highways as scenic byways on an interim basis. [1999 c 218 § 6; 1993 c 430 § 8.] Effective date—1999 c 218: See note following RCW 47.39.010. 47.39.090 47.39.090 Consultation with other agencies and parties—Identification of tourist routes. In developing the scenic and recreational highways program, the department shall consult with the department of community, trade, and economic development, the department of natural resources, the parks and recreation commission, affected cities, towns, and counties, regional transportation planning organizations, statewide bicycling organizations, and other interested parties. The scenic and recreational highways program may identify entire highway loops or similar tourist routes that could be developed to promote tourist activity and provide concurrent economic growth while protecting the scenic and recreational quality surrounding state highways. [1995 c 399 § 123; 1993 c 430 § 9.] 47.39.100 47.39.100 Removal of designation. (1) The commission may remove the designation of a route if it no longer possesses the intrinsic qualities or fails to meet the criteria that supported its designation. (2) The department shall determine whether a roadway designated as a national scenic byway or an All-American Roadway is being properly maintained in accordance with the roadway's byway management plan, including preserving the intrinsic qualities that originally supported the designation. When the department determines that the intrinsic qualities of a national scenic byway or All-American Roadway have not been maintained sufficiently to retain its designation, the department shall notify the party responsible for maintaining the designation of the finding and allow the party an opportunity, under federal regulations, for corrective (2004 Ed.) Roadside Improvement and Beautification action before formal removal of the designation of the roadway. (3) Local, regional, or other governmental bodies may notify the commission of the removal of a designated route if they determine it no longer meets the designation criteria, or community support for the designation no longer exists, or it no longer possesses the intrinsic qualities that supported its original designation. (4) State or local removal of a designated route will result in discontinued state support of the designated route and can include, but is not limited to, state matching assistance for grant applications, the removal of signs directly related to the byway, free promotional information in the state-owned safety rest areas, and inclusion in maps, brochures, and electronic media. [1999 c 218 § 7.] Effective date—1999 c 218: See note following RCW 47.39.010. 47.39.900 47.39.900 Short title. RCW 47.39.010 through 47.39.910 shall constitute a new chapter in Title 47 RCW and shall be known and may be cited as the "Scenic and Recreational Highway Act of 1967." [1967 ex.s. c 85 § 7.] 47.39.910 47.39.910 Severability—1967 ex.s. c 85. If any provision of this act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1967 ex.s. c 85 § 8.] 47.40.050 correction of unsightly conditions upon the right of way of any state highway, and for roadside development and beautification, the department is empowered to expend such funds, either independently or in conjunction with the funds of any county, political subdivision, or any person, firm, corporation, association, or organization. [1984 c 7 § 210; 1961 c 13 § 47.40.020. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 89; RRS § 6400-89.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.40.030 47.40.030 Permit to private persons. Any person, firm, corporation, association, or organization owning lands abutting upon any state highway and desiring to plant, cultivate, and grow any hedge, shade trees, or ornamental trees or shrubs along the right of way thereof, or to clear and cultivate a portion of the state highway right of way for the purpose of growing crops and destroying noxious weeds, or any person, firm, corporation, association, or organization interested in public improvement and desiring to improve and beautify any state highway right of way or any portion thereof by planting, cultivating, or growing any hedge or shade or ornamental trees or cultivate along or upon the right of way thereof, may upon application to the department, be granted a permit therefor as provided by law. [1984 c 7 § 211; 1961 c 13 § 47.40.030. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 90; RRS § 6400-90; prior: 1927 c 242 § 1; RRS § 6437-1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.40.040 Chapter 47.40 Chapter 47.40 RCW ROADSIDE IMPROVEMENT AND BEAUTIFICATION Sections 47.40.010 47.40.020 47.40.030 47.40.040 47.40.050 47.40.060 47.40.070 47.40.080 47.40.090 47.40.100 47.40.105 Improvement and beautification a highway purpose. Use of funds authorized. Permit to private persons. Application for permit, contents. Survey—Report—Permit. Agreement to maintain project. Damaging project unlawful. Penalty for destroying native flora on state lands, highways, parks. Glass bottles along highways—Collection and removal. State adopt-a-highway program. Local adopt-a-highway programs. City streets, parkways, boulevards, etc.: Title 35 RCW. State parks and recreation commission may plant trees along highway: RCW 79A.05.030. Withdrawal of public lands abutting highway: RCW 79A.05.105. 47.40.010 47.40.010 Improvement and beautification a highway purpose. The planting and cultivating of any shrubs, trees, hedges or other domestic or native ornamental growth, the improvement of roadside facilities and view points, and the correction of unsightly conditions, upon the right of way of any state highway is hereby declared to be a proper state highway purpose. [1961 c 13 § 47.40.010. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 88; RRS § 6400-88.] 47.40.020 47.40.020 Use of funds authorized. Whenever funds are available for the planting or cultivation of any shrubs, trees, hedges, or other domestic or native ornamental growth, the improvement of roadside facilities and view points, the (2004 Ed.) 47.40.040 Application for permit, contents. Each application for a permit to plant, cultivate and grow any hedge, shade or ornamental trees or shrubbery along or upon the right of way of any state highway or improve such right of way shall be in writing, signed by the applicant, and shall describe the state highway or portion thereof along or upon the right of way of which permit to plant, cultivate, grow or improve is sought, by name, number, or other reasonable description, and the lands bordering thereon by governmental subdivisions, and shall state the names, places or residence and post office addresses of the applicant or applicants owning the land abutting upon such state highway or the name of the person, firm, corporation, association or organization applying for the permit and the names of its officers and their places of residence and their post office addresses, and shall state definitely the purpose for which the permit is sought, giving a description of the kind of hedge, or variety of shrubbery or trees desired to be planted or the kinds of crops to be grown, or improvement to be made, with a diagram illustrating the location and number of hedges, trees or shrubs or the area of cultivation desired or plans of the improvement proposed to be made. [1961 c 13 § 47.40.040. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 91; RRS § 6400-91; prior: 1927 c 242 § 2; RRS § 6437-2.] 47.40.050 47.40.050 Survey—Report—Permit. Upon the filing of such application, the department shall cause a survey of the state highway to be made with reference to the application and a report of the findings and recommendations as to the granting of the permit, and if it appears to the satisfaction of the department that the use of a portion of the state highway for the purpose set out in the application will not interfere with the use of the state highway for public travel and will beautify and improve the state highway, a permit may be [Title 47 RCW—page 135] 47.40.060 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation granted and issued to the applicant to plant, cultivate, and grow any hedge, shade or ornamental trees, shrubbery, or crops, or make such improvement along or upon the right of way of such portion of the state highway as is definitely described in the permit, and to construct and maintain such temporary and substantial fence on and along the portion of the right of way of the state highway described in the permit as is specified in the permit. The permit shall specify the exact location of all hedges, shade or ornamental trees, or shrubbery to be planted and grown, or the area to be cultivated under the permit, or the area to be improved to which specified location the person, firm, corporation, association, or organization receiving the permit shall specifically conform. The department may in its discretion refuse to issue the permit, and any such permit that is granted is revocable at the will of the department and nothing in this title may be construed as in anywise affecting the title of the state to the lands included in the state highway, or the right to use the lands for state highway purposes, or to remove or destroy any of such hedges, trees, shrubbery, or crops for the purpose of construction, alteration, repair, improvement, or maintenance of the state highway, or for any other purpose and at any time. [1984 c 7 § 212; 1961 c 13 § 47.40.050. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 92; RRS § 6400-92; prior: 1927 c 242 § 3, part; RRS § 6437, part.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.40.060 47.40.060 Agreement to maintain project. If any such permit is granted, the department shall enter into an agreement with the person, firm, corporation, association, or organization agreeing that such roadside development or beautification shall be maintained and kept up by the state through the department or by the person, firm, corporation, association, or organization. If any such person, firm, corporation, association, or organization so agreeing fails or neglects to maintain the roadside development or beautification, the department is empowered to do so, and the expense thereof shall be a charge against the person, firm, corporation, association, or organization. [1984 c 7 § 213; 1961 c 13 § 47.40.060. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 93; RRS § 6400-93; prior: 1927 c 242 § 3, part; RRS § 6437-3, part.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.40.070 47.40.070 Damaging project unlawful. It is unlawful for any person to injure, destroy, or remove any hedge, shade or ornamental trees, shrubbery, or crops, planted, cultivated, and grown or improvement made upon or along any portion of any state highway under permit from the department or otherwise, or to injure, destroy, or remove any fence erected under any such permit or otherwise. However, nothing in this section may be construed to prevent any person with the department to do so or the officers of the state charged with the duty of constructing and maintaining any such state highway, from removing any hedges, trees, shrubbery, or crops planted or improvements or fences built under permit, where in their judgment they interfere with or are detrimental to, the use of the state highway for public travel, or such removal is necessary for the construction, alteration, repair, improvement, or maintenance of the state highway. [1984 c 7 § 214; [Title 47 RCW—page 136] 1961 c 13 § 47.40.070. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 94; RRS § 640094; prior: 1927 c 242 § 4; RRS § 6437-4.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.40.080 47.40.080 Penalty for destroying native flora on state lands, highways, parks. Any person who shall break or cut from any lands owned by the state of Washington or shall cut down, remove, destroy or uproot any rhododendron, evergreen, huckleberry, native dogwood or any other native tree, shrub, fern, herb, bulb or wild plants, or any part thereof, within three hundred feet of the center line of any state or county road, or who shall cut down, remove or destroy any flowering or ornamental tree or shrub, or any native flowering plant, fern, herb or bulb, either perennial or annual, situate, growing or being on any public street or highway, state or city park, in the state of Washington, unless such person be engaged in the work of constructing or repairing such highway or street under authority and direction of the legally constituted public officials being charged by law with the duty of constructing or repairing such highways or streets, state or city parks, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. [1961 c 13 § 47.40.080. Prior: 1933 c 133 § 1; 1925 ex.s. c 59 § 1; RRS § 2787-1.] 47.40.090 47.40.090 Glass bottles along highways—Collection and removal. The department and any other governmental subdivision shall, with the staff, equipment, and material under their control, or by contract with others, take all necessary actions to collect and remove any or all glass bottles or glass containers along the right of way of any public road or public highway. [1984 c 7 § 215; 1969 ex.s. c 281 § 48.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Deposit of unwholesome substance: RCW 9.66.050. Removal of glass after accident: RCW 46.61.645. Throwing glass on highway: RCW 46.61.645, 70.93.060. 47.40.100 47.40.100 State adopt-a-highway program. (1) The department of transportation shall establish a statewide adopt-a-highway program. The purpose of the program is to provide volunteers and businesses an opportunity to contribute to a cleaner environment, enhanced roadsides, and protection of wildlife habitats. Participating volunteers and businesses shall adopt department-designated sections of state highways, rest areas, park and ride lots, intermodal facilities, and any other facilities the department deems appropriate, in accordance with rules adopted by the department. The department may elect to coordinate a consortium of participants for adopt-a-highway projects. The adopt-a-highway program shall include, at a minimum, litter control for the adopted section, and may include additional responsibilities such as planting and maintaining vegetation, controlling weeds, graffiti removal, and any other roadside improvement or clean-up activities the department deems appropriate. The department shall not accept adopt-ahighway proposals that would have the effect of terminating classified employees or classified employee positions. (2) A volunteer group or business choosing to participate in the adopt-a-highway program must submit a proposal to the department. The department shall review the proposal for (2004 Ed.) Junkyards Adjacent to Interstate and Primary Highways consistency with departmental policy and rules. The department may accept, reject, or modify an applicant's proposal. (3) The department shall seek partnerships with volunteer groups and businesses to facilitate the goals of this section. The department may solicit funding for the adopt-ahighway program that allows private entities to undertake all or a portion of financing for the initiatives. The department shall develop guidelines regarding the cash, labor, and inkind contributions to be performed by the participants. (4) An organization whose name: (a) Endorses or opposes a particular candidate for public office, (b) advocates a position on a specific political issue, initiative, referendum, or piece of legislation, or (c) includes a reference to a political party shall not be eligible to participate in the adopt-a-highway program. (5) In administering the adopt-a-highway program, the department shall: (a) Provide a standardized application form, registration form, and contractual agreement for all participating groups. The forms shall notify the prospective participants of the risks and responsibilities to be assumed by the department and the participants; (b) Require all participants to be at least fifteen years of age; (c) Require parental consent for all minors; (d) Require at least one adult supervisor for every eight minors; (e) Require one designated leader for each participating organization, unless the department chooses to coordinate a consortium of participants; (f) Assign each participating organization a section or sections of state highway, or other state-owned transportation facilities, for a specified period of time; (g) Recognize the efforts of a participating organization by erecting and maintaining signs with the organization's name on both ends of the organization's section of highway; (h) Provide appropriate safety equipment. Safety equipment issued to participating groups must be returned to the department upon termination of the applicable adopt-a-highway agreement; (i) Provide safety training for all participants; (j) Pay any and all premiums or assessments required under RCW 51.12.035 to secure medical aid benefits under chapter 51.36 RCW for all volunteers participating in the program; (k) Require participating businesses to pay all employer premiums or assessments required to secure medical aid benefits under chapter 51.36 RCW for all employees or agents participating in the program; (l) Maintain records of all injuries and accidents that occur; (m) Adopt rules that establish a process to resolve any question of an organization's eligibility to participate in the adopt-a-highway program; (n) Obtain permission from property owners who lease right of way before allowing an organization to adopt a section of highway on such leased property; and (o) Establish procedures and guidelines for the adopt-ahighway program. (6) Nothing in this section affects the rights or activities of, or agreements with, adjacent landowners, including the (2004 Ed.) 47.41.020 use of rights of way and crossings, nor impairs these rights and uses by the placement of signs. [1995 c 106 § 1; 1990 c 258 § 5.] Legislative findings and intent—1990 c 258: "The legislature finds that despite the efforts of the department of transportation, the department of ecology, and the ecology youth corps to pick up litter along state highways, roadside litter in Washington state has increased by thirty-six percent since 1983. The legislature further finds that in twenty-seven states, volunteer organizations are able to give of their time and energy, demonstrate commitment to a clean environment, and discourage would-be litterers by keeping sections of highway litter free because those states have established programs to encourage and recognize such voluntary efforts. Therefore, it is the legislature's intent to establish an "adopt-a-highway" litter control program as a partnership between citizen volunteers and the state to reduce roadside litter and build civic pride in a litter-free Washington." [1990 c 258 § 4.] 47.40.105 Local adopt-a-highway programs. Local government legislative authorities may enact local "adopt-ahighway sign" programs which are not inconsistent with state or federal law. [1990 c 258 § 3.] 47.40.105 Legislative findings and intent—1990 c 258: See note following RCW 47.40.100. Chapter 47.41 RCW JUNKYARDS ADJACENT TO INTERSTATE AND PRIMARY HIGHWAYS Chapter 47.41 Sections 47.41.010 47.41.020 47.41.030 47.41.040 47.41.050 47.41.060 47.41.070 47.41.080 47.41.900 Legislative declaration—Purpose. Definitions. Junkyards adjacent to highways prohibited—Exceptions. Screening or removal of junkyard. Administrative rules—Review of action. Other laws not affected. Violations—Penalty—Abatement as public nuisance. Agreements with United States secretary of transportation. Severability—1971 ex.s. c 101. Vehicle wreckers: Chapter 46.80 RCW. 47.41.010 Legislative declaration—Purpose. For the purpose of promoting the public safety, health, welfare, convenience, and enjoyment of public travel, to protect the public investment in public highways, and to preserve and enhance the scenic beauty of lands bordering public highways, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest to regulate and restrict the establishment, operation, and maintenance of junkyards in areas adjacent to the interstate and federal-aid primary systems within this state. The legislature hereby finds and declares that junkyards which do not conform to the requirements of this chapter are public nuisances. [1971 ex.s. c 101 § 1.] 47.41.010 47.41.020 Definitions. The definitions set forth in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Junk" means old or scrap copper, brass, rope, rags, batteries, paper, trash, rubber debris, waste, or junked, dismantled, or wrecked automobiles, or parts thereof, iron, steel, and other old or scrap ferrous or nonferrous material. (2) "Automobile graveyard" means any establishment or place of business that is maintained, used, or operated by storing, keeping, buying, or selling wrecked, scrapped, ruined, or dismantled motor vehicles or motor vehicle parts. (3) "Junkyard" means an establishment or place of business that is maintained, operated, or used for storing, keeping, buying, or selling junk or for the maintenance or opera47.41.020 [Title 47 RCW—page 137] 47.41.030 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation tion of an automobile graveyard, and the term includes garbage dumps and sanitary fills. (4) "Interstate system" means that portion of the national system of interstate and defense highways located within this state, as officially designated or as may hereafter be so designated by the department and approved by the United States secretary of transportation under Title 23 United States Code. (5) "Federal-aid primary system" means that portion of connected main highways as officially designated or as may hereafter be so designated by the department and approved by the United States secretary of transportation as the federal-aid primary system pursuant to the provisions of Title 23 United States Code. (6) "Department" means the Washington state department of transportation. [1984 c 7 § 216; 1971 ex.s. c 101 § 2.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.41.030 47.41.030 Junkyards adjacent to highways prohibited—Exceptions. No person may establish, operate, or maintain a junkyard any portion of which is within one thousand feet of the nearest edge of the right of way of any interstate or federal-aid primary highway, except the following: (1) Those which are screened by natural objects, plantings, fences, or other appropriate means so as not to be visible from the main-traveled way of the system or otherwise removed from sight; (2) Those located within areas which are zoned for industrial use under authority of law; (3) Those located within unzoned industrial areas, which areas shall be determined from actual land uses and defined by rules adopted by the department and approved by the United States secretary of transportation; and (4) Those which are not visible from the main-traveled way of the system. [1984 c 7 § 217; 1971 ex.s. c 101 § 3.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.41.040 47.41.040 Screening or removal of junkyard. Before July 1, 1971, the department shall determine whether or not the topography of the land adjoining the highway will permit adequate screening of any junkyard lawfully in existence located outside of a zoned industrial area or an unzoned industrial area as defined under RCW 47.41.030 on August 9, 1971, that is within one thousand feet of the nearest edge of the right of way and visible from the main traveled way of any highway on the interstate and primary system and whether screening of the junkyard would be economically feasible. Within thirty days thereafter the department shall notify by certified mail the record owner of the land upon which the junkyard is located, or the operator thereof, of its determination. If it is economically feasible to screen the junkyard, the department shall screen the junkyard so that it will not be visible from the main-traveled way of the highway. The department is authorized to acquire by gift, purchase, exchange, or condemnation such lands or interest in lands as may be required for these purposes. If it is not economically feasible to screen the junkyard, the department shall acquire by purchase, gift, or condemnation an interest in the real property used for junkyard pur[Title 47 RCW—page 138] poses that is visible from the main traveled way of the highway, restricting any owner of the remaining interest to use of the real estate for purposes other than a junkyard. In addition to compensation for the real property interest, the operator of a junkyard shall receive the actual reasonable expenses in moving his business personal property to a location within the same general area where a junkyard may be lawfully established, operated, and maintained. This section shall be interpreted as being in addition to all other rights and remedies of a junkyard owner or operator and shall not be interpreted as a limitation on or alteration of the law of compensation in eminent domain. [1984 c 7 § 218; 1971 ex.s. c 101 § 4.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.41.050 47.41.050 Administrative rules—Review of action. The department shall adopt rules for the administration of this chapter consistent with the policy of this chapter and the national policy set forth in 23 U.S.C. Sec. 136, and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the United States secretary of transportation. Proceedings for review of any action taken by the department pursuant to this chapter shall be instituted by filing a petition only in the superior court of Thurston county. [1984 c 7 § 219; 1971 ex.s. c 101 § 5.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.41.060 47.41.060 Other laws not affected. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to permit a person to maintain any junkyard that is otherwise prohibited by statute or by the resolution or ordinance of any county, city, or town, nor to abrogate or affect the lawful provisions of any statute, ordinance, regulation, or resolution which are more restrictive than the provisions of this chapter. [1971 ex.s. c 101 § 6.] 47.41.070 47.41.070 Violations—Penalty—Abatement as public nuisance. (1) If the owner of the land upon which any such junkyard is located, or the operator thereof, as the case may be, fails to comply with the notice or remove any such junk within the time provided in this chapter after being so notified, he or she is guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition to the penalties imposed by law upon conviction, an order may be entered compelling compliance with this chapter. Each day the junkyard is maintained in a manner so as not to comply with this chapter constitutes a separate offense. (2) If the operator of the junkyard or the owner of the property upon which it is located, as the case may be, is not found or refuses receipt of the notice, the department, the chief of the Washington state patrol, the county sheriff, or the chief of police of any city or town shall post the property upon which it is located with a notice that the junkyard constitutes a public nuisance and that the junk thereon must be removed as provided in this chapter. If the notice is not complied with, the department, the chief of the Washington state patrol, the county sheriff, or the chief of police of any city or town shall abate the nuisance and remove the junk, and for that purpose may enter upon private property without incurring liability for doing so. [2003 c 53 § 261; 1984 c 7 § 220; 1971 ex.s. c 101 § 7.] Intent—Effective date—2003 c 53: See notes following RCW 2.48.180. (2004 Ed.) Highway Advertising Control Act—Scenic Vistas Act Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.41.080 47.41.080 Agreements with United States secretary of transportation. The department is authorized to enter into agreements with the United States secretary of transportation as provided in Title 23 United States Code, relating to the control of junkyards in areas adjacent to the interstate and primary systems, and to take action in the name of the state to comply with the terms of the agreement. [1984 c 7 § 221; 1971 ex.s. c 101 § 8.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.41.900 Severability—1971 ex.s. c 101. If any provision of this act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1971 ex.s. c 101 § 9.] 47.41.900 Chapter 47.42 RCW HIGHWAY ADVERTISING CONTROL ACT— SCENIC VISTAS ACT Chapter 47.42 Sections 47.42.010 47.42.020 47.42.025 47.42.030 47.42.040 47.42.045 47.42.048 47.42.050 47.42.055 47.42.060 47.42.062 47.42.063 47.42.065 47.42.070 47.42.080 47.42.090 47.42.100 47.42.102 47.42.103 47.42.104 47.42.105 47.42.107 47.42.110 47.42.120 47.42.130 47.42.140 47.42.900 47.42.901 47.42.902 47.42.910 47.42.911 47.42.920 47.42.010 Declaration of purpose. Definitions. Exclusions from scenic system. Signs visible from interstate, primary, or scenic systems restricted. Permissible signs classified. Number of signs—Spacing—Tourist facility, business or agricultural signs. State and local prohibitions. Information signs by governmental units. Roadside area information panels or displays. Rules for signs visible from interstate and scenic systems— Judicial review. Signs visible from primary system in commercial and industrial areas—Requirements, restrictions, and prohibitions. Signs visible from primary system in commercial and industrial areas—Preexisting signs—Permissible signs—Spacing. Signs viewable from other highways or streets—Requirements. State and local prohibitions. Public nuisance—Abatement—Penalty. Revocation of permit. Preexisting signs—Moratorium. Compensation for removal of signs—Authorized—Applicability. Compensation for removal—Action determining amount— Payment—State's share. Compensation for removal—Federal share—Acceptance. Unavailability of federal share. Compensation for removal under local authority. Agreements for federal aid. Permits—Fees—Renewal—Permissible acts—Revocation. Permit identification number. Scenic areas designated. Severability—1961 c 96. Severability—1963 ex.s. c 3. Severability—1971 ex.s. c 62. Short title—1961 c 96. Short title—1971 ex.s. c 62. Federal requirements—Conflict and accord. 47.42.010 Declaration of purpose. The control of signs in areas adjacent to state highways of this state is hereby declared to be necessary to promote the public health, safety, welfare, convenience and enjoyment of public travel, to protect the public investment in the interstate system and other state highways, and to attract visitors to this state by conserving the natural beauty of areas adjacent to the inter(2004 Ed.) 47.42.020 state system, and of scenic areas adjacent to state highways upon which they travel in great numbers, and to insure that information in the specific interest of the traveling public is presented safely and effectively. [1961 c 96 § 1.] 47.42.020 Definitions. The definitions set forth in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Department" means the Washington state department of transportation. (2) "Erect" means to construct, build, raise, assemble, place, affix, attach, create, paint, draw, or in any other way bring into being or establish. (3) "Interstate system" means any state highway which is or does become part of the national system of interstate and defense highways as described in section 103(d) of title 23, United States Code. (4) "Maintain" means to allow to exist. (5) "Person" means this state or any public or private corporation, firm, partnership, association, as well as any individual or individuals. (6) "Primary system" means any state highway which is or does become part of the federal-aid primary system as described in section 103(b) of title 23, United States Code. (7) "Scenic system" means (a) any state highway within any public park, federal forest area, public beach, public recreation area, or national monument, (b) any state highway or portion thereof outside the boundaries of any incorporated city or town designated by the legislature as a part of the scenic system, or (c) any state highway or portion thereof outside the boundaries of any incorporated city or town designated by the legislature as a part of the scenic and recreational highway system except for the sections of highways specifically excluded in RCW 47.42.025 or located within areas zoned by the governing county for predominantly commercial and industrial uses, and having development visible to the highway, as determined by the department. (8) "Sign" means any outdoor sign, display, device, figure, painting, drawing, message, placard, poster, billboard, or other thing that is designed, intended, or used to advertise or inform, any part of the advertising or informative contents of which is visible from any place on the main-traveled way of the interstate system or other state highway. (9) "Commercial and industrial areas" means any area zoned commercial or industrial by a county or municipal code, or if unzoned or zoned for general uses by a county or municipal code, that area occupied by three or more separate and distinct commercial or industrial activities, or any combination thereof, within a space of five hundred feet and the area within five hundred feet of such activities on both sides of the highway. The area shall be measured from the outer edges of the regularly used buildings, parking lots, or storage or processing areas of the commercial or industrial activity and not from the property lines of the parcels upon which the activities are located. Measurements shall be along or parallel to the edge of the main traveled way of the highway. The following shall not be considered commercial or industrial activities: (a) Agricultural, forestry, grazing, farming, and related activities, including, but not limited to, wayside fresh produce stands; (b) Transient or temporary activities; 47.42.020 [Title 47 RCW—page 139] 47.42.025 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation (c) Railroad tracks and minor sidings; (d) Signs; (e) Activities more than six hundred and sixty feet from the nearest edge of the right of way; (f) Activities conducted in a building principally used as a residence. If any commercial or industrial activity that has been used in defining or delineating an unzoned area ceases to operate for a period of six continuous months, any signs located within the former unzoned area become nonconforming and shall not be maintained by any person. (10) "Roadside area information panel or display" means a panel or display located so as not to be readable from the main traveled way, erected in a safety rest area, scenic overlook, or similar roadside area, for providing motorists with information in the specific interest of the traveling public. (11) "Temporary agricultural directional sign" means a sign on private property adjacent to state highway right of way to provide directional information to places of business offering for sale seasonal agricultural products on the property where the sale is taking place. [1993 c 430 § 10; 1991 c 94 § 1; 1990 c 258 § 1; 1987 c 469 § 2; 1985 c 376 § 2; 1984 c 7 § 222; 1977 ex.s. c 258 § 1; 1974 ex.s. c 80 § 1; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 1; 1961 c 96 § 2.] Legislative findings and intent—1990 c 258: See note following RCW 47.40.100. Legislative intent—1985 c 376: "It is the intent of the legislature that state highway information and directional signs provide appropriate guidance to all motorists traveling throughout the state. Such guidance should include the identity, location, and types of recreational, cultural, educational, entertainment, or unique or unusual commercial activities whose principle source of visitation is derived from motorists not residing in the immediate locale of the activity. Such informational and directional signs shall comply with Title 23, United States Code and the rules adopted by the department under RCW 47.42.060." [1985 c 376 § 1.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.42.025 47.42.025 Exclusions from scenic system. The following sections of the scenic and recreational highway system are excluded from the scenic system as defined in subsection (7) of RCW 47.42.020: (1) Beginning on state route number 101 at the junction with Airport Road north of Shelton, thence north to a point two thousand feet north of Airport Road. (2) Beginning on state route number 101 at the junction with Mill Creek Road south of Forks, thence north two and four-tenths miles to the Calawah River bridge. (3) Beginning on state route number 105 at a point onehalf mile southwest of the boundary of Aberdeen, thence northeast to the boundary of Aberdeen. (4) Beginning on state route number 17 at a point ninetenths of a mile west of Grape Drive in the vicinity of Moses Lake, thence easterly to a junction of Grape Drive. (5) Beginning on state route number 12 at a point onehalf mile south of the south boundary of Dayton, thence northerly to the south boundary of Dayton. (6) Beginning on state route number 14 one-half mile west of the west boundary of Bingen, thence east to a point one-half mile east of the east boundary of Bingen. [1971 ex.s. c 62 § 2.] [Title 47 RCW—page 140] 47.42.030 47.42.030 Signs visible from interstate, primary, or scenic systems restricted. Except as permitted under this chapter, no person shall erect or maintain a sign which is visible from the main traveled way of the interstate system, the primary system, or the scenic system. In case a highway or a section of highway is both a part of the primary system and the scenic system, only those signs permitted along the scenic system shall be erected or maintained. [1971 ex.s. c 62 § 3; 1961 c 96 § 3.] 47.42.040 47.42.040 Permissible signs classified. It is declared to be the policy of the state that no signs which are visible from the main traveled way of the interstate system, primary system, or scenic system shall be erected or maintained except the following types: (1) Directional or other official signs or notices that are required or authorized by law including signs with the Crime Stoppers name, logo, and telephone number; (2) Signs advertising the sale or lease of the property upon which they are located; (3) Signs advertising activities conducted on the property on which they are located; (4) Signs, not inconsistent with the policy of this chapter and the national policy set forth in section 131 of title 23, United States Code as codified and enacted by Public Law 85-767 and amended only by section 106, Public Law 86-342, and the national standards promulgated thereunder by the secretary of commerce or the secretary of transportation, advertising activities being conducted at a location within twelve miles of the point at which such signs are located: PROVIDED, That no sign lawfully erected pursuant to this subsection adjacent to the interstate system and outside commercial and industrial areas shall be maintained by any person after three years from May 10, 1971; (5) Signs, not inconsistent with the policy of this chapter and the national policy set forth in section 131 of title 23, United States Code as codified and enacted by Public Law 85-767 and amended only by section 106, Public Law 86-342, and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the secretary of commerce or the secretary of transportation, designed to give information in the specific interest of the traveling public: PROVIDED, That no sign lawfully erected pursuant to this subsection adjacent to the interstate system and outside commercial and industrial areas shall be maintained by any person after three years from May 10, 1971; (6) Signs lawfully in existence on October 22, 1965, determined by the commission, subject to the approval of the United States secretary of transportation, to be landmark signs, including signs on farm structures or natural surfaces, of historic or artistic significance the preservation of which would be consistent with the purposes of chapter 47.42 RCW; (7) Public service signs, located on school bus stop shelters, which: (a) Identify the donor, sponsor, or contributor of said shelters; (b) Contain safety slogans or messages which occupy not less than sixty percent of the area of the sign; (c) Contain no other message; (d) Are located on school bus shelters which are authorized or approved by city, county, or state law, regulation, or (2004 Ed.) Highway Advertising Control Act—Scenic Vistas Act ordinance, and at places approved by the city, county, or state agency controlling the highway involved; and (e) Do not exceed thirty-two square feet in area. Not more than one sign on each shelter may face in any one direction. Subsection (7) of this section notwithstanding, the department of transportation shall adopt regulations relating to the appearance of school bus shelters, the placement, size, and public service content of public service signs located thereon, and the prominence of the identification of the donors, sponsors, or contributors of the shelters; (8) Temporary agricultural directional signs, with the following restrictions: (a) Signs shall be posted only during the period of time the seasonal agricultural product is being sold; (b) Signs shall not be placed adjacent to the interstate highway system unless the sign qualifies as an on-premise sign; (c) Signs shall not be placed within an incorporated city or town; (d) Premises on which the seasonal agricultural products are sold must be within fifteen miles of the state highway, and necessary supplemental signing on local roads must be provided before the installation of the signs on the state highway; (e) Signs must be located so as not to restrict sight distances on approaches to intersections; (f) The department shall establish a permit system and fee schedule and rules for the manufacturing, installation, and maintenance of these signs in accordance with the policy of this chapter; (g) Signs in violation of these provisions shall be removed in accordance with the procedures in RCW 47.42.080; Only signs of types 1, 2, 3, 7, and 8 may be erected or maintained within view of the scenic system. Signs of types 7 and 8 may also be erected or maintained within view of the federal aid primary system. [2001 c 107 § 1; 1991 c 94 § 2; 1990 c 258 § 2; 1985 c 376 § 3; 1979 c 69 § 1; 1975 1st ex.s. c 271 § 1; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 4; 1961 c 96 § 4.] Legislative findings and intent—1990 c 258: See note following RCW 47.40.100. Legislative intent—1985 c 376: See note following RCW 47.42.020. 47.42.045 Number of signs—Spacing—Tourist facility, business or agricultural signs. (1) Not more than one type 3 sign visible to traffic proceeding in any one direction on an interstate system, primary system outside an incorporated city or town or commercial or industrial area, or scenic system highway may be permitted more than fifty feet from the advertised activity; (2) A type 3 sign, other than one along any portion of the primary system within an incorporated city or town or within any commercial or industrial area, permitted more than fifty feet from the advertised activity pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall not be erected or maintained a greater distance from the advertised activity than one of the following options selected by the owner of the business being advertised: (a) One hundred fifty feet measured along the edge of the protected highway from the main entrance to the activity advertised (when applicable); 47.42.045 (2004 Ed.) 47.42.060 (b) One hundred fifty feet from the main building of the advertised activity; or (c) Fifty feet from a regularly used parking lot maintained by and contiguous to the advertised activity. (3) In addition to signs permitted by subsections (1) and (2) of this section, the commission may adopt regulations permitting one type 3 sign visible to traffic proceeding in any one direction on an interstate, primary or scenic system highway on premises which, on June 25, 1976, are used wholly or in part as an operating business, farm, ranch or orchard which sign bears only the name of the business, farm, ranch or orchard and a directional arrow or short directional message. Regulations adopted under this subsection shall prohibit the erection or maintenance of such type 3 signs on narrow strips of land a substantial distance from but connected with a business, farm, ranch or orchard. Signs permitted under this subsection shall not exceed fifty square feet in area. (4) The commission with advice from the parks and recreation commission shall adopt specifications for a uniform system of official tourist facility directional signs to be used on the scenic system highways. Official directional signs shall be posted by the commission to inform motorists of types of tourist and recreational facilities available off the scenic system which are accessible by way of public or private roads intersecting scenic system highways. [1975-'76 2nd ex.s. c 55 § 2; 1974 ex.s. c 154 § 1; 1974 ex.s. c 138 § 1; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 5.] 47.42.048 47.42.048 State and local prohibitions. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to permit a person to erect or maintain a sign that is otherwise prohibited by statute or by the resolution or ordinance of any county, city or town of the state of Washington. [1974 ex.s. c 80 § 3.] 47.42.050 47.42.050 Information signs by governmental units. Information signs may be erected and maintained by the state, any county, city, or town. [1961 c 96 § 5.] 47.42.055 47.42.055 Roadside area information panels or displays. The department is authorized to erect roadside area information panels or displays adjacent to the state highway system within this state. The department may contract with private persons for the erection and operation of the information panels or displays. Compensation to the contractors shall be derived solely from the reasonable fees that the contractors will be permitted to charge participating businesses for making and exhibiting business signs and displays and for rendering services to tourists. [1985 c 376 § 5; 1984 c 7 § 225; 1977 ex.s. c 258 § 2.] Legislative intent—1985 c 376: See note following RCW 47.42.020. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.42.060 47.42.060 Rules for signs visible from interstate and scenic systems—Judicial review. The department shall adopt rules for the erection and maintenance of signs that are visible from the main traveled way of the interstate system and the scenic system and that are permitted by this chapter and other rules for the administration of this chapter consistent with the policy of this chapter and the national policy set forth in section 131, title 23, United States Code as codified [Title 47 RCW—page 141] 47.42.062 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation and enacted by Public Law 85-767 and amended only by section 106, Public Law 86-342 and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the secretary of commerce or the secretary of transportation. Proceedings for review of any action taken by the department pursuant to this chapter shall be instituted by filing a petition only in the superior court of Thurston county. [1984 c 7 § 226; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 6; 1961 c 96 § 6.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.42.062 47.42.062 Signs visible from primary system in commercial and industrial areas—Requirements, restrictions, and prohibitions. Signs within six hundred and sixty feet of the nearest edge of the right of way which are visible from the main traveled way of the primary system within commercial and industrial areas and whose size, lighting, and spacing are consistent with the customary use of property for the effective display of outdoor advertising as set forth in this section may be erected and maintained: PROVIDED, That this section shall not serve to restrict type 3 signs located along any portion of the primary system within an incorporated city or town or within any commercial or industrial area. (1) General: Signs shall not be erected or maintained which (a) imitate or resemble any official traffic sign, signal, or device; (b) are erected or maintained upon trees or painted or drawn upon rocks or other natural features and which are structurally unsafe or in disrepair; or (c) have any visible moving parts. (2) Size of signs: (a) The maximum area for any one sign shall be six hundred seventy-two square feet with a maximum height of twenty-five feet and maximum length of fifty feet inclusive of any border and trim but excluding the base or apron, supports and other structural members: PROVIDED, That cutouts and extensions may add up to twenty percent of additional sign area. (b) For the purposes of this subsection, double-faced, back-to-back, or V-type signs shall be considered as two signs. (c) Signs which exceed three hundred twenty-five square feet in area may not be double-faced (abutting and facing the same direction). (3) Spacing of signs: (a) Signs may not be located in such a manner as to obscure, or otherwise physically interfere with the effectiveness of an official traffic sign, signal, or device, obstruct or physically interfere with the driver's view of approaching, merging, or intersecting traffic. (b) On limited access highways established pursuant to chapter 47.52 RCW no two signs shall be spaced less than one thousand feet apart, and no sign may be located within three thousand feet of the center of an interchange, a safety rest area, or information center, or within one thousand feet of an intersection at grade. Double-faced signs shall be prohibited. Not more than a total of five sign structures shall be permitted on both sides of the highway per mile. (c) On noncontrolled access highways inside the boundaries of incorporated cities and towns not more than a total of four sign structures on both sides of the highway within a space of six hundred sixty feet shall be permitted with a min[Title 47 RCW—page 142] imum of one hundred feet between sign structures. In no event, however, shall more than four sign structures be permitted between platted intersecting streets or highways. On noncontrolled access highways outside the boundaries of incorporated cities and towns minimum spacing between sign structures on each side of the highway shall be five hundred feet. (d) For the purposes of this subsection, a back-to-back sign and a V-type sign shall be considered one sign structure. (e) Official signs, and signs advertising activities conducted on the property on which they are located shall not be considered in determining compliance with the above spacing requirements. The minimum space between structures shall be measured along the nearest edge of the pavement between points directly opposite the signs along each side of the highway and shall apply to signs located on the same side of the highway. (4) Lighting: Signs may be illuminated, subject to the following restrictions: (a) Signs which contain, include, or are illuminated by any flashing, intermittent, or moving light or lights are prohibited, except those giving public service information such as time, date, temperature, weather, or similar information. (b) Signs which are not effectively shielded as to prevent beams or rays of light from being directed at any portion of the traveled ways of the highway and which are of such intensity or brilliance as to cause glare or to impair the vision of the driver of any motor vehicle, or which otherwise interfere with any driver's operation of a motor vehicle are prohibited. (c) No sign shall be so illuminated that it interferes with the effectiveness of, or obscures an official traffic sign, device, or signal. (d) All such lighting shall be subject to any other provisions relating to lighting of signs presently applicable to all highways under the jurisdiction of the state. [1975 1st ex.s. c 271 § 3; 1974 ex.s. c 154 § 2; 1974 ex.s. c 138 § 2; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 7.] 47.42.063 47.42.063 Signs visible from primary system in commercial and industrial areas—Preexisting signs—Permissible signs—Spacing. (1) Signs within six hundred and sixty feet of the nearest edge of the right of way lawfully erected and maintained which are visible from the main traveled way of the primary system within commercial and industrial areas on June 1, 1971 shall be permitted to remain and be maintained. (2) Signs within six hundred and sixty feet of the nearest edge of the right of way which are visible from the main traveled way of the primary system within commercial and industrial areas whose size, lighting, and spacing are consistent with customary use as set forth in RCW 47.42.062 may be erected and maintained. Signs lawfully erected and maintained on June 1, 1971 shall be included in the determination of spacing requirements for additional signs. [1975 1st ex.s. c 271 § 4; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 8.] 47.42.065 47.42.065 Signs viewable from other highways or streets—Requirements. Notwithstanding any other provision of chapter 47.42 RCW, signs may be erected and maintained more than six hundred and sixty feet from the nearest (2004 Ed.) Highway Advertising Control Act—Scenic Vistas Act edge of the right of way which are visible from the main traveled way of the interstate system, primary system, or scenic system when designed and oriented to be viewed from highways or streets other than the interstate system, primary system, or the scenic system and the advertising or informative contents of which may not be clearly comprehended by motorists using the main traveled way of the interstate system, primary system or scenic system. [1975 1st ex.s. c 271 § 5; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 9.] 47.42.070 47.42.070 State and local prohibitions. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to permit a person to erect or maintain any sign that is otherwise prohibited by statute or by the resolution or ordinance of any county, city, or town of the state of Washington. [1961 c 96 § 7.] 47.42.080 47.42.080 Public nuisance—Abatement—Penalty. (1) Any sign erected or maintained contrary to the provisions of this chapter or rules adopted hereunder that is designed to be viewed from the interstate system, the primary system, or the scenic system is a public nuisance, and the department, the chief of the Washington state patrol, the county sheriff, or the chief of police of any city or town shall notify the permittee or, if there is no permittee, the owner of the property on which the sign is located, by certified mail at his last known address, that it constitutes a public nuisance and must comply with the chapter or be removed. (2) If the permittee or owner, as the case may be, fails to comply with the chapter or remove any such sign within fifteen days after being notified to remove the sign he is guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition to the penalties imposed by law upon conviction, an order may be entered compelling removal of the sign. Each day the sign is maintained constitutes a separate offense. (3) If the permittee or the owner of the property upon which it is located, as the case may be, is not found or refuses receipt of the notice, the department, the chief of the Washington state patrol, the county sheriff, or the chief of police of any city or town shall post the sign and property upon which it is located with a notice that the sign constitutes a public nuisance and must be removed. If the sign is not removed within fifteen days after such posting, the department, the chief of the Washington state patrol, the county sheriff, or the chief of police of any city or town shall abate the nuisance and destroy the sign, and for that purpose may enter upon private property without incurring liability for doing so. (4) Nothing in this section may be construed to affect the provisions contained in RCW 47.42.102 requiring the payment of compensation upon the removal of any signs compensable under state law. (5) Any sign erected or maintained on state highway right of way contrary to this chapter or rules adopted under it is a public nuisance, and the department is authorized to remove any such sign without notice. [1985 c 376 § 6; 1984 c 7 § 227; 1975-'76 2nd ex.s. c 55 § 1; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 10; 1961 c 96 § 8.] Legislative intent—1985 c 376: See note following RCW 47.42.020. Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. (2004 Ed.) 47.42.102 47.42.090 Revocation of permit. If any person is convicted of a violation of this chapter, or any rule adopted hereunder, the department may revoke any permit issued to that person under this chapter. [1984 c 7 § 228; 1961 c 96 § 9.] 47.42.090 Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.42.100 Preexisting signs—Moratorium. (1) No sign lawfully erected in a protected area as defined by section 2, chapter 96, Laws of 1961 (before the amendment thereof), prior to March 11, 1961, within a commercial or industrial zone within the boundaries of any city or town, as such boundaries existed on September 21, 1959, wherein the use of real property adjacent to the interstate system is subject to municipal regulation or control but which does not comply with the provisions of this chapter or any regulations promulgated hereunder, shall be maintained by any person after March 11, 1965. (2) No sign lawfully erected in a protected area as defined by section 2, chapter 96, Laws of 1961 (before the amendment thereof), prior to March 11, 1961, other than within a commercial or industrial zone within the boundaries of a city or town as such boundaries existed on September 21, 1959, wherein the use of real property adjacent to the interstate system is subject to municipal regulation or control but which does not comply with the provisions of this chapter or any regulations promulgated hereunder, shall be maintained by any person after three years from March 11, 1961. (3) No sign lawfully erected in a scenic area as defined by section 2, chapter 96, Laws of 1961 (before the amendment thereof), prior to the effective date of the designation of such area as a scenic area shall be maintained by any person after three years from the effective date of the designation of any such area as a scenic area. (4) No sign visible from the main traveled way of the interstate system, the primary system (other than type 3 signs along any portion of the primary system within an incorporated city or town or within a commercial or industrial area), or the scenic system which was there lawfully maintained immediately prior to May 10, 1971, but which does not comply with the provisions of chapter 47.42 RCW as now or hereafter amended, shall be maintained by any person (a) after three years from May 10, 1971, or (b) with respect to any highway hereafter designated by the legislature as a part of the scenic system, after three years from the effective date of the designation. Signs located in areas zoned by the governing county for predominantly commercial or industrial uses, that do not have development visible to the highway, as determined by the department, and that were lawfully installed after May 10, 1971, visible to any highway now or hereafter designated by the legislature as part of the scenic system, shall be allowed to be maintained. [1993 c 430 § 11; 1974 ex.s. c 154 § 3; 1974 ex.s. c 138 § 3; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 11; 1963 ex.s. c 3 § 55; 1961 c 96 § 10.] 47.42.100 47.42.102 Compensation for removal of signs— Authorized—Applicability. (1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (3) of this section, just compensation shall be paid upon the removal of any sign (pursuant to the provisions of chapter 47.42 RCW), lawfully erected under state law, which is visible from the main traveled way of the interstate system or the primary system. 47.42.102 [Title 47 RCW—page 143] 47.42.103 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation (2) Such compensation shall be paid for the following: (a) The taking from the owner of such sign, display, or device of all right, title, leasehold, and interest in such sign, display, or device; and (b) The taking from the owner of the real property on which the sign, display, or device is located, of the right to erect and maintain such signs, displays, and devices thereon. (3) In no event, however, shall compensation be paid for the taking or removal of signs adjacent to the interstate system and the scenic system which became subject to removal pursuant to chapter 96, Laws of 1961 as amended by section 55, chapter 3, Laws of 1963 ex. sess. prior to May 10, 1971. [1975 1st ex.s. c 271 § 2; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 12.] 47.42.103 47.42.103 Compensation for removal—Action determining amount—Payment—State's share. (1) Compensation as required by RCW 47.42.102 shall be paid to the person or persons entitled thereto for the removal of such signs. If no agreement is reached on the amount of compensation to be paid, the department may institute an action by summons and complaint in the superior court for the county in which the sign is located to obtain a determination of the compensation to be paid. If the owner of the sign is unknown and cannot be ascertained after diligent efforts to do so, the department may remove the sign upon the payment of compensation only to the owner of the real property on which the sign is located. Thereafter the owner of the sign may file an action at any time within one year after the removal of the sign to obtain a determination of the amount of compensation he should receive for the loss of the sign. If either the owner of the sign or the owner of the real property on which the sign is located cannot be found within the state, service of the summons and complaint on such person for the purpose of obtaining a determination of the amount of compensation to be paid may be by publication in the manner provided by RCW 4.28.100. (2) If compensation is determined by judicial proceedings, the sum so determined shall be paid into the registry of the court to be disbursed upon removal of the sign by its owner or by the owner of the real property on which the sign is located. If the amount of compensation is agreed upon, the department may pay the agreed sum into escrow to be released upon the removal of the sign by its owner or the owner of the real property on which the sign is located. (3) The state's share of compensation shall be paid from the motor vehicle fund, or if a court having jurisdiction enters a final judgment declaring that motor vehicle funds may not be used, then from the general fund. [1984 c 7 § 229; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 13.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.42.104 47.42.104 Compensation for removal—Federal share—Acceptance. The department may accept any allotment of funds by the United States, or any agency thereof, appropriated to carry out the purposes of section 131 of title 23, United States Code, as now or hereafter amended. The department shall take such steps as may be necessary from time to time to obtain from the United States, or the appropriate agency thereof, funds allotted and appropriated, pursuant to section 131, for the purpose of paying the federal share of [Title 47 RCW—page 144] the just compensation to be paid to sign owners and owners of real property under the terms of subsection (g) of section 131 and RCW 47.42.102, 47.42.103, and 47.42.104. [1984 c 7 § 230; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 14.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.42.105 Unavailability of federal share. No sign, display, or device shall be required to be removed if the federal share of the just compensation to be paid upon the removal of such sign, display, or device is not available to make such payment. [1971 ex.s. c 62 § 15.] 47.42.105 47.42.107 Compensation for removal under local authority. (1) Just compensation shall be paid upon the removal of any existing sign pursuant to the provisions of any resolution or ordinance of any county, city, or town of the state of Washington by such county, city, or town if: (a) Such sign was lawfully in existence on May 10, 1971 (the effective date of the Scenic Vistas Act of 1971); or (b) Such sign was erected subsequent to May 10, 1971 (the effective date of the Scenic Vistas Act of 1971), in compliance with existing state and local law. (2) Such compensation shall be paid in the same manner as specified in RCW 47.42.102(2) for the following: (a) The taking from the owner of such sign, display, or device of all right, title, leasehold, and interest in such sign, display, or device; and (b) The taking from the owner of the real property on which the sign, display, or device is located, of the right to erect and maintain such signs, displays, and devices thereon. [1977 ex.s. c 141 § 1.] 47.42.107 Severability—1977 ex.s. c 141: "If any provision of this 1977 amendatory act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1977 ex.s. c 141 § 2.] 47.42.110 47.42.110 Agreements for federal aid. The department is authorized to enter into agreements (and such supplementary agreements as may be necessary) consistent with this chapter, with the secretary of commerce or the secretary of transportation authorized under section 131(b) of title 23, United States Code, as codified and enacted by Public Law 85-767 and amended only by section 106, Public Law 86342, in order that the state may become eligible for increased federal aid as provided for in section 131 of title 23, United States Code, as codified and enacted by Public Law 85-767 and amended only by section 106, Public Law 86-342. [1984 c 7 § 231; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 16; 1961 c 96 § 11.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.42.120 Permits—Fees—Renewal—Permissible acts—Revocation. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, no sign except a sign of type 1 or 2 or those type 3 signs that advertise activities conducted upon the properties where the signs are located, may be erected or maintained without a permit issued by the department. Application for a permit shall be made to the department on forms furnished by it. The forms shall contain a statement that the owner or lessee of the land in question has consented thereto. The application shall be accompanied by a fee established by department rule to be deposited with the state treasurer to the credit 47.42.120 (2004 Ed.) Highway Advertising Control Act—Scenic Vistas Act of the motor vehicle fund. Permits shall be for the remainder of the calendar year in which they are issued, and accompanying fees shall not be prorated for fractions of the year. Permits must be renewed annually through a certification process established by department rule. Advertising copy may be changed at any time without the payment of an additional fee. Assignment of permits in good standing is effective only upon receipt of written notice of assignment by the department. A permit may be revoked after hearing if the department finds that any statement made in the application or annual certification process was false or misleading, or that the sign covered is not in good general condition and in a reasonable state of repair, or is otherwise in violation of this chapter, if the false or misleading information has not been corrected and the sign has not been brought into compliance with this chapter or rules adopted under it within thirty days after written notification. [1999 c 276 § 1; 1984 c 7 § 232; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 17; 1961 c 96 § 12.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.42.130 47.42.130 Permit identification number. Every permit issued by the department shall be assigned a separate identification number, and each permittee shall fasten to each sign a weatherproof label, not larger than sixteen square inches, that shall be furnished by the department and on which shall be plainly visible the permit number. The permittee shall also place his or her name in a conspicuous position on the front or back of each sign. The failure of a sign to have such a label affixed to it is prima facie evidence that it is not in compliance with the provisions of this chapter. [1999 c 276 § 2; 1984 c 7 § 233; 1961 c 96 § 13.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.42.140 47.42.140 Scenic areas designated. The following portions of state highways are designated as a part of the scenic system: (1) State route number 2 beginning at the crossing of Woods creek at the east city limits of Monroe, thence in an easterly direction by way of Stevens pass to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Peshastin. (2) State route number 7 beginning at a junction with state route number 706 at Elbe, thence in a northerly direction to a junction with state route number 507 south of Spanaway. (3) State route number 11 beginning at the Blanchard overcrossing, thence in a northerly direction to the limits of Larabee state park (north line of section 36, township 37 north, range 2 east). (4) State route number 12 beginning at Kosmos southeast of Morton, thence in an easterly direction across White pass to the Oak Flat junction with state route number 410 northwest of Yakima. (5) State route number 90 beginning at the westerly junction with West Lake Sammamish parkway in the vicinity of Issaquah, thence in an easterly direction by way of North Bend and Snoqualmie pass to a junction with state route number 970 at Cle Elum. (6) State route number 97 beginning at a junction with state route number 970 at Virden, thence via Blewett pass to a junction with state route number 2 in the vicinity of Peshastin. (2004 Ed.) 47.42.902 (7) State route number 106 beginning at the junction with state route number 101 in the vicinity of Union, thence northeasterly to the junction with state route number 3 in the vicinity of Belfair. (8) State route number 123 beginning at a junction with state route number 12 at Ohanapecosh junction in the vicinity west of White pass, thence in a northerly direction to a junction with state route number 410 at Cayuse junction in the vicinity west of Chinook pass. (9) State route number 165 beginning at the northwest entrance to Mount Rainier national park, thence in a northerly direction to a junction with state route number 162 east of the town of South Prairie. (10) State route number 206, Mt. Spokane Park Drive, beginning at the junction with state route number 2 near the north line section 3, township 26 N, range 43 E, thence northeasterly to a point in section 28, township 28 N, range 45 E at the entrance to Mt. Spokane state park. (11) State route number 305, beginning at the ferry slip at Winslow on Bainbridge Island, thence northwesterly by way of Agate Pass bridge to a junction with state route number 3 approximately four miles northwest of Poulsbo. (12) State route number 410 beginning at the crossing of Scatter creek approximately six miles east of Enumclaw, thence in an easterly direction by way of Chinook pass to a junction of state route number 12 and state route number 410. (13) State route number 706 beginning at a junction with state route number 7 at Elbe thence in an easterly direction to the southwest entrance to Mount Rainier national park. (14) State route number 970 beginning at a junction with state route number 90 in the vicinity of Cle Elum thence via Teanaway to a junction with state route number 97 in the vicinity of Virden. [1993 c 430 § 12; 1992 c 26 § 3; 1975 c 63 § 9; 1974 ex.s. c 138 § 4. Prior: 1971 ex.s. c 73 § 28; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 18; 1961 c 96 § 14. Cf. 1974 ex.s. c 154 § 4.] 47.42.900 47.42.900 Severability—1961 c 96. If any provision of this chapter or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1961 c 96 § 16.] 47.42.901 47.42.901 Severability—1963 ex.s. c 3. If any provision of *section 55 of this amendatory act shall be held to be invalid or shall be held to invalidate any provision of chapter 96, Laws of 1961 (chapter 47.42 RCW), then that provision of this amendatory act shall be of no force and effect and the provisions of chapter 96, Laws of 1961 (chapter 47.42 RCW) shall continue in effect. [1963 ex.s. c 3 § 56.] *Reviser's note: The reference to "section 55 of this amendatory act" is to the 1963 amendment of RCW 47.42.100. 47.42.902 47.42.902 Severability—1971 ex.s. c 62. If any provision of this act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1971 ex.s. c 62 § 20.] [Title 47 RCW—page 145] 47.42.910 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation 47.42.910 47.42.910 Short title—1961 c 96. This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the highway advertising control act of 1961. [1961 c 96 § 17.] 47.42.911 47.42.911 Short title—1971 ex.s. c 62. This chapter may be cited as the "Scenic Vistas Act." [1999 c 276 § 3; 1971 ex.s. c 62 § 19.] 47.42.920 47.42.920 Federal requirements—Conflict and accord. If the secretary of the United States department of transportation finds any part of this chapter to be in conflict with federal requirements that are a prescribed condition to the allocation of federal funds to the state, the conflicting part of this chapter is hereby declared to be inoperative solely to the extent of the conflict and with respect to the agencies directly affected, and such finding or determination shall not affect the operation of the remainder of this chapter in its application to the agencies concerned. The rules under this chapter shall meet federal requirements that are a necessary condition to the receipt of federal funds by the state. [1985 c 142 § 4.] Chapter 47.44 Chapter 47.44 RCW FRANCHISES ON STATE HIGHWAYS Sections 47.44.010 47.44.020 47.44.030 47.44.031 47.44.040 47.44.050 47.44.060 47.44.070 47.44.081 47.44.150 Wire and pipe line and tram and railway franchises—Application—Rules on hearing and notice. Grant of franchise—Conditions—Hearing. Removal of facilities—Notice—Reimbursement, when. Removal of facilities—Limitation. Franchises across joint bridges. Permit for short distances. Penalties. Franchises to use toll facility property. Exception—Leases for deployment of personal wireless service facilities. Measure of damages. 47.44.010 47.44.010 Wire and pipe line and tram and railway franchises—Application—Rules on hearing and notice. (1) The department of transportation may grant franchises to persons, associations, private or municipal corporations, the United States government, or any agency thereof, to use any state highway for the construction and maintenance of water pipes, flume, gas, oil or coal pipes, telephone, telegraph and electric light and power lines and conduits, trams or railways, and any structures or facilities that are part of an urban public transportation system owned or operated by a municipal corporation, agency, or department of the state of Washington other than the department of transportation, and any other such facilities. In order to minimize the disruption to traffic and damage to the roadway, the department is encouraged to develop a joint trenching policy with other affected jurisdictions so that all permittees and franchisees requiring access to ground under the roadway may do so at one time. (2) All applications for the franchise must be made in writing and subscribed by the applicant, and describe the state highway or portion thereof over which franchise is desired and the nature of the franchise. The application must also include the identification of all jurisdictions affected by the franchise and the names of other possible franchisees who should receive notice of the application for a franchise. [Title 47 RCW—page 146] (3) The department of transportation shall adopt rules providing for a hearing or an opportunity for a hearing with reasonable public notice thereof with respect to any franchise application involving the construction and maintenance of utilities or other facilities within the highway right of way which the department determines may (a) during construction, significantly disrupt the flow of traffic or use of driveways or other facilities within the right of way, or (b) during or following construction, cause a significant and adverse effect upon the surrounding environment. [2001 c 201 § 5; 1980 c 28 § 1; 1975 1st ex.s. c 46 § 1; 1967 c 108 § 7; 1963 c 70 § 1; 1961 ex.s. c 21 § 26; 1961 c 13 § 47.44.010. Prior: 1943 c 265 § 2; 1937 c 53 § 83; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6400-83.] Urban public transportation system defined: RCW 47.04.082. 47.44.020 47.44.020 Grant of franchise—Conditions—Hearing. (1) If the department of transportation deems it to be for the public interest, the franchise may be granted in whole or in part, with or without hearing under such regulations and conditions as the department may prescribe, with or without compensation, but not in excess of the reasonable cost for investigating, handling, and granting the franchise. The department may require that the utility and appurtenances be so placed on the highway that they will, in its opinion, least interfere with other uses of the highway. (2) If a hearing is held, it must be conducted by the department, and may be adjourned from time to time until completed. The applicant may be required to produce all facts pertaining to the franchise, and evidence may be taken for and against granting it. (3) The facility must be made subject to removal when necessary for the construction, alteration, repair, or improvement of the highway and at the expense of the franchise holder, except that the state shall pay the cost of the removal whenever the state is entitled to receive proportionate reimbursement therefor from the United States in the cases and in the manner set forth in RCW 47.44.030. Renewal upon expiration of a franchise must be by application. (4) A person constructing or operating such a utility on a state highway is liable to any person injured thereby for any damages incident to the work of installation or the continuation of the occupancy of the highway by the utility, and except as provided above, is liable to the state for all necessary expenses incurred in restoring the highway to a permanent suitable condition for travel. A person constructing or operating such a utility on a state highway is also liable to the state for all necessary expenses incurred in inspecting the construction and restoring the pavement or other related transportation equipment or facilities to a permanent condition suitable for travel and operation in accordance with requirements set by the department. Permit and franchise holders are also financially responsible to the department for trenching work not completed within the contractual period and for compensating for the loss of useful pavement life caused by trenching. No franchise may be granted for a longer period than fifty years, and no exclusive franchise or privilege may be granted. (5) The holder of a franchise granted under this section is financially responsible to the department for trenching work not completed within the period of the permit and for com(2004 Ed.) Franchises on State Highways pensating for the loss of useful pavement life caused by trenching. In the case of common trenching operations, liability under this subsection will be assessed equally between the franchisees. The assessed parties may thereafter pursue claims of contribution or indemnity in accord with such fault as may be determined by arbitration or other legal action. [2001 c 201 § 6; 1980 c 28 § 2; 1975 1st ex.s. c 46 § 2; 1961 c 13 § 47.44.020. Prior: 1959 c 330 § 1; 1937 c 53 § 84; RRS § 6400-84.] 47.44.030 47.44.030 Removal of facilities—Notice—Reimbursement, when. If the department deems it necessary that a facility be removed from the highway for the safety of persons traveling thereon or for construction, alteration, improvement, or maintenance purposes, it shall give notice to the franchise holder to remove the facility at his or her expense and as the department orders. However, notwithstanding any contrary provision of law or of any existing or future franchise held by a public utility, the department shall pay or reimburse the owner for relocation or removal of any publicly, privately, or cooperatively owned public utility facilities when necessitated by the construction, reconstruction, relocation, or improvement of a highway that is part of the national system of interstate and defense highways for each item of cost for which the state is entitled to be reimbursed by the United States in an amount equal to at least ninety percent thereof under the provisions of section 123 of the federal aid highway act of 1958 and any other subsequent act of congress under which the state is entitled to be reimbursed by the United States in an amount equal to at least ninety percent of the cost of relocation of utility facilities on the national system of interstate and defense highways. [1984 c 7 § 234; 1961 c 13 § 47.44.030. Prior: 1959 c 330 § 2; 1937 c 53 § 85; RRS § 6400-85.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.44.031 47.44.031 Removal of facilities—Limitation. The provisions of RCW 47.44.030 authorizing the department to pay or reimburse the owner of a utility apply only to relocation or removal of utility facilities required by state construction contracts which are advertised for bids by the department after June 30, 1959. [1984 c 7 § 235; 1961 c 13 § 47.44.031. Prior: 1959 c 330 § 3.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.44.040 47.44.040 Franchises across joint bridges. Whenever any bridge exists on the route of any state highway and crosses any stream, body of water, gulch, navigable water, swamp, or other topographical formation constituting the boundary of this state or the boundary of a county, city, or town of this state and the bridge is owned or operated by this state jointly with any such county, city, or town, or with any municipal corporation of this state, or with such other state or with any county, city, or town of such other state, the department is empowered to join with the proper officials of the county, city, or town, or the municipal corporation of this state or of such other state or of such county, city, or town of such other state in granting franchises to persons or private or municipal corporations for the construction and maintenance on the bridge of water pipes, flumes, gas pipes, telephone, (2004 Ed.) 47.44.060 telegraph, and electric light and power lines and conduits, trams and railways, and any structures or facilities that are part of an urban public transportation system owned or operated by a municipal corporation, agency, or department of the state of Washington other than the department, or any other such facilities. All such franchises shall be granted in the same manner as provided for the granting of like franchises on state highways. Any revenue accruing to the state of Washington from the franchises shall be paid to the state treasurer and deposited to the credit of the fund from which this state's share of the cost of joint operation of the bridge is paid. [1984 c 7 § 236; 1967 c 108 § 8; 1961 c 13 § 47.44.040. Prior: 1937 c 53 § 86; RRS § 6400-86.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. Urban public transportation system defined: RCW 47.04.082. 47.44.050 47.44.050 Permit for short distances. (1) The department may grant a permit to construct or maintain on, over, across, or along any state highway any water, gas, telephone, telegraph, light, power, or other such facilities when they do not extend along the state highway for a distance greater than three hundred feet. The department may require such information as it deems necessary in the application for any such permit, and may grant or withhold the permit within its discretion. Any permit granted may be canceled at any time, and any facilities remaining upon the right of way of the state highway after thirty days written notice of the cancellation are an unlawful obstruction and may be removed in the manner provided by law. (2) The holder of a permit granted under this section is financially responsible to the department for trenching work not completed within the period of the permit and for compensating for the loss of useful pavement life caused by trenching. In the case of common trenching operations, liability under this subsection will be assessed equally between the permit holders. The assessed parties may thereafter pursue claims of contribution or indemnity in accord with such fault as may be determined by arbitration or other legal action. [2001 c 201 § 7; 1984 c 7 § 237; 1961 c 13 § 47.44.050. Prior: 1943 c 265 § 3; 1937 c 53 § 87; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6400-87.] Severability—1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141. 47.44.060 47.44.060 Penalties. (1) Any person, firm, or corporation who constructs or maintains on, over, across, or along any state highway any water pipe, flume, gas pipe, telegraph, telephone, electric light, or power lines, or tram or railway, or any other such facilities, without having first obtained and having at all times in full force and effect a franchise or permit to do so in the manner provided by law is guilty of a misdemeanor. Each day of violation is a separate and distinct offense. (2) Any person, firm, or corporation who constructs or maintains on, over, across, or along any state highway any water pipe, flume, gas pipe, telegraph, telephone, electric light or power lines, or tram or railway, or any other such facilities, without having first obtained and having at all times in full force and effect a franchise or permit to do so in the manner provided by law is liable for a civil penalty of one hundred dollars per calendar day beginning forty-five days from the date notice is given and until application is made for [Title 47 RCW—page 147] 47.44.070 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation a franchise or permit or until the facility is removed as required by notice. The state shall give notice by certified mail that a franchise or permit is required or the facility must be removed and shall include in the notice sufficient information to identify the portion of right of way in question. Notice is effective upon delivery. (3) If a person, firm or corporation does not apply for a permit or franchise within forty-five days of notice given in accordance with subsection (2) of this section or the state determines that the facility constructed or maintained without a permit or franchise would not be granted a permit or franchise, the state may order the facility to be removed within such time period as the state may specify. If the facility is not removed, the state, in addition to any other remedy, may remove the facility at the expense of the owner. [1989 c 224 § 1; 1961 c 13 § 47.44.060. Prior: 1943 c 265 § 1; 1937 c 53 § 82; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6400-82.] 47.44.070 Franchises to use toll facility property. See RCW 47.56.256. 47.44.070 47.44.081 Exception—Leases for deployment of personal wireless service facilities. This chapter does not apply to leases issued for the deployment of personal wireless service facilities as provided in RCW 47.04.045. [2003 c 244 § 3.] 47.44.081 47.44.150 Measure of damages. In any action for damages against the state of Washington, its agents, contractors, or employees by reason of damages to a utility or other facility located on a state highway, the damages are limited to the cost of repair of the utility or facility and are recoverable only in those instances where the utility or facility is authorized to be located on the state highway. However, the state is subject to the penalties provided in RCW 19.122.070 (1) and (2) only if the state has failed to give a notice meeting the requirements of RCW 19.122.030 to utilities or facilities that are authorized to be located on the state highway. [1989 c 196 § 1.] 47.44.150 Chapter 47.46 Chapter 47.46 RCW PUBLIC-PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION INITIATIVES Sections 47.46.010 47.46.011 47.46.020 47.46.030 47.46.040 47.46.050 47.46.060 47.46.070 47.46.080 47.46.090 47.46.100 47.46.105 47.46.110 47.46.120 47.46.130 47.46.140 47.46.150 47.46.160 47.46.170 47.46.180 Finding. Finding—Intent—2002 c 114. Definition. Demonstration projects—Selection—Public involvement. Demonstration projects—Terms of agreements—Public participation. Financial arrangements. Deferral of taxes—Application—Repayment. Use of state bonds on certain projects. State toll facilities authorized for projects. Citizen advisory committee—Tolls. Tolls—Setting—Lien on. Tolls—Collection. Tolls—Term, use. Toll increases in excess of fiscal growth factor. Use of state bond proceeds. Repayment of motor vehicle fund from toll charges. Alteration not a new proposal. Applicable rules and statutes. Application of RCW 47.46.040 and 47.46.050. Legislative oversight committee. [Title 47 RCW—page 148] 47.46.900 Effective date—1993 c 370. 47.46.010 47.46.010 Finding. The legislature finds and declares: It is essential for the economic, social, and environmental well-being of the state and the maintenance of a high quality of life that the people of the state have an efficient transportation system. The ability of the state to provide an efficient transportation system will be enhanced by a public-private sector program providing for private entities to undertake all or a portion of the study, planning, design, development, financing, acquisition, installation, construction or improvement, operation, and maintenance of transportation systems and facility projects. A public-private initiatives program will provide benefits to both the public and private sectors. Public-private initiatives provide a sound economic investment opportunity for the private sector. Such initiatives will provide the state with increased access to property development and project opportunities, financial and development expertise, and will supplement state transportation revenues, allowing the state to use its limited resources for other needed projects. The public-private initiatives program, to the fullest extent possible, should encourage and promote business and employment opportunities for Washington state citizens. The public-private initiatives program shall be implemented in cooperation, consultation, and with the support of the affected communities and local jurisdictions. The secretary of transportation should be permitted and encouraged to test the feasibility of building privately funded transportation systems and facilities or segments thereof through the use of innovative agreements with the private sector. The secretary of transportation should be vested with the authority to solicit, evaluate, negotiate, and administer public-private agreements with the private sector relating to the planning, construction, upgrading, or reconstruction of transportation systems and facilities. Agreements negotiated under a public-private initiatives program will not bestow on private entities an immediate right to construct and operate the proposed transportation facilities. Rather, agreements will grant to private entities the opportunity to design the proposed facilities, demonstrate public support for proposed facilities, and complete the planning processes required in order to obtain a future decision by the department of transportation and other state and local lead agencies on whether the facilities should be permitted and built. Agreements negotiated under the public-private initiatives program should establish the conditions under which the private developer may secure the approval necessary to develop and operate the proposed transportation facilities; create a framework to attract the private capital necessary to finance their development; ensure that the transportation facilities will be designed, constructed, and operated in accordance with applicable local, regional, state, and federal laws and the applicable standards and policies of the department of transportation; and require a demonstration that the proposed transportation facility has the support of the affected communities and local jurisdictions. The legislature finds that the Puget Sound congestion pricing project, selected under this chapter, raises major (2004 Ed.) Public-Private Transportation Initiatives transportation policy, economic, and equity concerns. These relate to the integrity of the state's high-occupancy vehicle program; the cost-effective movement of freight and goods; the diversion of traffic to local streets and arterials; and possible financial hardship to commuters. The legislature further finds that these potential economic and social impacts require comprehensive legislative review prior to advancement of the project and directs that the secretary not proceed with the implementation of the project without prior approval of the legislature. The department of transportation should be encouraged to take advantage of new opportunities provided by federal legislation under section 1012 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA). That section establishes a new program authorizing federal participation in construction or improvement or improvement of publicly or privately owned toll roads, bridges, and tunnels, and allows states to leverage available federal funds as a means for attracting private sector capital. [1995 2nd sp.s. c 19 § 1; 1993 c 370 § 1.] Effective date—1995 2nd sp.s. c 19: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately [June 16, 1995]." [1995 2nd sp.s. c 19 § 5.] 47.46.011 47.46.011 Finding—Intent—2002 c 114. The legislature finds that greater flexibility to provide state financing for projects developed under chapter 47.46 RCW will result in better use of public resources, lower financing costs, and potential savings to taxpayers. The legislature intends to: Clarify the ability of the department of transportation to use public and private financing for projects selected and developed under chapter 47.46 RCW; provide the department with specific means of state financing where that financing is in the public's best interest; provide citizens living in the impacted areas a statutory mechanism to review proposed toll rates and provide input before adoption of toll schedules by the toll authority; and prevent unreasonable delay of critical transportation projects that are essential for public safety and welfare. [2002 c 114 § 1.] Captions not law—2002 c 114: "Captions used in this act do not constitute any part of the law." [2002 c 114 § 26.] 47.46.020 47.46.020 Definition. As used in this chapter, "transportation systems and facilities" means capital-related improvements and additions to the state's transportation infrastructure, including but not limited to highways, roads, bridges, vehicles, and equipment, marine-related facilities, vehicles, and equipment, park and ride lots, transit stations and equipment, transportation management systems, and other transportation-related investments. [1993 c 370 § 2.] 47.46.030 47.46.030 Demonstration projects—Selection—Public involvement. (1) The secretary or a designee shall solicit proposals from, and negotiate and enter into agreements with, private entities to undertake as appropriate, together with the department and other public entities, all or a portion of the study, planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of transportation systems and facilities, using in whole or in part public or private sources of financing. (2004 Ed.) 47.46.030 The public-private initiatives program may develop up to six demonstration projects. Each proposal shall be weighed on its own merits, and each of the six agreements shall be negotiated individually, and as a stand-alone project. (2) If project proposals selected prior to September 1, 1994, are terminated by the public or private sectors, the department shall not select any new projects, including project proposals submitted to the department prior to September 1, 1994, and designated by the transportation commission as placeholder projects, after June 16, 1995, until June 30, 1997. The department, in consultation with the legislative transportation committee, shall conduct a program and fiscal audit of the public-private initiatives program for the biennium ending June 30, 1997. The department shall submit a progress report to the legislative transportation committee on the program and fiscal audit by June 30, 1996, with preliminary and final audit reports due December 1, 1996, and June 30, 1997, respectively. The department shall develop and submit a proposed public involvement plan to the 1997 legislature to identify the process for selecting new potential projects and the associated costs of implementing the plan. The legislature must adopt the public involvement plan before the department may proceed with any activity related to project identification and selection. Following legislative adoption of the public involvement plan, the department is authorized to implement the plan and to identify potential new projects. The public involvement plan for projects selected after June 30, 1997, shall, at a minimum, identify projects that: (a) Have the potential of achieving overall public support among users of the projects, residents of communities in the vicinity of the projects, and residents of communities impacted by the projects; (b) meet a state transportation need; (c) provide a significant state benefit; and (d) provide competition among proposers and maximum cost benefits to users. Prospective projects may include projects identified by the department or submitted by the private sector. Projects that meet the minimum criteria established under this section and the requirements of the public involvement plan developed by the department and approved by the legislature shall be submitted to the Washington state transportation commission for its review. The commission, in turn, shall submit a list of eligible projects to the legislative transportation committee for its consideration. Forty-five days after the submission to the legislative transportation committee of the list of eligible projects, the secretary is authorized to solicit proposals for the eligible project. (3) Prior to entering into agreements with private entities under the requirements of RCW 47.46.040 for any project proposal selected before September 1, 1994, or after June 30, 1997, except as provided for in subsections (12) and (13) of this section, the department shall require an advisory vote as provided under subsections (5) through (10) of this section. (4) The advisory vote shall apply to project proposals selected prior to September 1, 1994, or after June 30, 1997, that receive public opposition as demonstrated by the submission to the department of original petitions bearing at least five thousand signatures of individuals opposing the project collected and submitted in accordance with the dates established in subsections (12) and (13) of this section. The advi[Title 47 RCW—page 149] 47.46.030 Title 47 RCW: Public Highways and Transportation sory vote shall be on the preferred alternative identified under the requirements of chapter 43.21C RCW and, if applicable, the national environmental policy act, 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq. The execution by the department of the advisory vote process established in this section is subject to the prior appropriation of funds by the legislature for the purpose of conducting environmental impact studies, a public involvement program, local involvement committee activities, traffic and economic impact analyses, engineering and technical studies, and the advisory vote. (5) In preparing for the advisory vote, the department shall conduct a comprehensive analysis of traffic patterns and economic impact to define the geographical boundary of the project area that is affected by the imposition of tolls or user fees authorized under this chapter. The area so defined is referred to in this section as the affected project area. In defining the affected project area, the department shall, at a minimum, undertake: (a) A comparison of the estimated percentage of residents of communities in the vicinity of the project and in other communities impacted by the project who could be subject to tolls or user fees and the estimated percentage of other users and transient traffic that could be subject to tolls or user fees; (b) an analysis of the anticipated traffic diversion patterns; (c) an analysis of the potential economic impact resulting from proposed toll rates or user fee rates imposed on residents, commercial traffic, and commercial entities in communities in the vicinity of and impacted by the project; (d) an analysis of the economic impact of tolls or user fees on the price of goods and services generally; and (e) an analysis of the relationship of the project to state transportation needs and benefits. (6)(a) After determining the definition of the affected project area, the department shall establish a committee comprised of individuals who represent cities and counties in the affected project area; organizations formed to support or oppose the project; and users of the project. The committee shall be named the public-private local involvement committee, and be known as the local involvement committee. (b) The members of the local involvement committee shall be: (i) An elected official from each city within the affected project area; (ii) an elected official from each county within the affected project area; (iii) two persons from each county within the affected project area who represent an organization formed in support of the project, if the organization exists; (iv) two persons from each county within the affected project area who represent an organization formed to oppose the project, if the organization exists; and (v) four public members active in a statewide transportation organization. If the committee makeup results in an even number of committee members, there shall be an additional appointment of an elected official from the county in which all, or the greatest portion of the project is located. (c) City and county elected officials shall be appointed by a majority of the members of the city or county legislative authorities of each city or county within the affected project area, respectively. The county legislative authority of each county within the affected project area shall identify and validate organizations officially formed in support of or in opposition to the project and shall make the appointments required under this section from a list submitted by the chair of the organizations. Public members shall be appointed by the gov[Title 47 RCW—page 150] ernor. All appointments to the local involvement committee shall be made and submitted to the department of transportation no later than January 1, 1996, for projects selected prior to September 1, 1994, and no later than thirty days after the affected project area is defined for projects selected after June 30, 1997. Vacancies in the membership of the local involvement committee shall be filled by the appointing authority under (b)(i) through (v) of this subsection for each position on the committee. (d) The local involvement committee shall serve in an advisory capacity to the department on all matters related to the execution of the advisory vote. (e) Members of the local involvement committee serve without compensation and may not receive subsistence, lodging expenses, or travel expenses. (7) The department shall conduct a minimum thirty-day public comment period on the definition of the geographical boundary of the project area. The department, in consultation with the local involvement committee, shall make adjustments, if required, to the definition of the geographical boundary of the affected project area, based on comments received from the public. Within fourteen calendar days after the public comment period, the department shall set the boundaries of the affected project area in units no smaller than a precinct as defined in *RCW 29.01.120. (8) The department, in consultation with the local involvement committee, shall develop a description for selected project proposals. After developing the description of the project proposal, the department shall publish the project proposal description in newspapers of general circulation for seven calendar days in the affected project area. Within fourteen calendar days after the last day of the publication of the project proposal description, the department shall transmit a copy of the map depicting the affected project area and the description of the project proposal to the county auditor of the county in which any portion of the affected project area is located. (9) The department shall provide the legislative transportation committee with progress reports on the status of the definition of the affected project area and the description of the project proposal. (10) Upon receipt of the map and the description of the project proposal, the county auditor shall, within thirty days, verify the precincts that are located within the affected project area. The county auditor shall prepare the text identifying and describing the affected project area and the project proposal using the definition of the geographical boundary of the affected project area and the project description submitted by the department and shall set an election date for the submission of a ballot proposition authorizing the imposition of tolls or user fees to implement the proposed project within the affected project area, which date may be the next succeeding general election to be held in the state, or at a special election, if requested by the department. The text of the project proposal must appear in a voter's pamphlet for the affected project area. The department shall pay the costs of publication and distribution. The special election date must be the next date for a special election provided under *RCW 29.13.020 that is at least sixty days but, if authorized under *RCW 29.13.020, no more than ninety days after the receipt of the final map and project description by the auditor. The (2004 Ed.) Public-Private Transportation Initiatives department shall pay the cost of an election held under this section. (11) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the department may contract with a private developer of a selected project proposal to conduct environmental impact studies, a public involvement program, and engineering and technical studies funded by the legislature. For projects subject to this subsection, the department shall not enter into an agreement under RCW 47.46.040 prior to the advisory vote on the preferred alternative. (12) Subsections (5) through (10) of this section shall not apply to project proposals selected prior to September 1, 1994, that have no organized public opposition as demonstrated by the submission to the department of original petitions bearing at least five thousand signatures of individuals opposing the project, collected and submitted after September 1, 1994, and by thirty calendar days after June 16, 1995. (13) Subsections (5) through (10) of this section shall not apply to project proposals selected after June 30, 1997, that have no organized public opposition as demonstrated by the submission to the department of original petitions bearing at least five thousand signatures of individuals opposing the project, collected and submitted by ninety calendar days after project selection. [2002 c 114 § 3; 1996 c 280 § 1; 1995 2nd sp.s. c 19 § 2; 1993 c 370 § 3.] *Reviser's note: RCW 29.01.120 and 29.13.020 were recodified as RCW 29A.04.121 and 29A.04.330, respectively, pursuant to 2003 c 111 § 2401, effective July 1, 2004. Finding—Intent—2002 c 114: See RCW 47.46.011. Captions not law—2002 c 114: See note following RCW 47.46.011. Effective date—1996 c 280: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately [March 29, 1996]." [1996 c 280 § 2.] Effective date—1995 2nd sp.s. c 19: See note following RCW 47.46.010. 47.46.040 47.46.040 Demonstration projects—Terms of agreements—Public participation. (1) The secretary or a designee shall consult with legal, financial, and other experts within and outside state government in the negotiation and development of the agreements. (2) Agreements may provide for private ownership of the projects during the construction period. After completion and final acceptance of each project or discrete segment thereof, the agreement may provide for state ownership of the transportation systems and facilities and lease to the private entity unless the state elects to provide for ownership of the facility by the private entity during the term of the agreement. The state may lease each of the demonstration projects, or applicable project segments, to the private entities for operating purposes for up to fifty years. (3) The department may exercise any power possessed by it to facilitate the development, construction, financing operation, and maintenance of transportation projects under this section. Agreements for maintenance services entered into under this section shall provide for full reimbursement for services rendered by the department or other state agencies. Agreements for police services for projects, involving state highway routes, developed under agreements shall be entered into with the Washington state patrol. The agreement (2004 Ed.) 47.46.040 for police services shall provide that the state patrol will be reimbursed