2002 Revised Code of Washington
Volume 2: Titles 18 through 28A


Download as PDF VOLUME 2 Titles 18 through 28A 2002 REVISED CODE OF WASHINGTON Published under the authority of chapter 1.08 RCW. Containing all laws of a general and permanent nature through the 2002 regular session, which adjourned sine die March 14, 2002. (2002 Ed.) [Preface—p i] REVISED CODE OF WASHINGTON 2002 Edition © 2002 State of Washington CERTIFICATE The 2002 edition of the Revised Code of Washington, published officially by the Statute Law Committee, is, in accordance with RCW 1.08.037, certified to comply with the current specifications of the committee. JOHN G. SCHULTZ, Chair, STATUTE LAW COMMITTEE [Preface—p ii] (2002 Ed.) PREFACE Numbering system: The number of each section of this code is made up of three parts, in sequence as follows: Number of title; number of chapter within the title; number of section within the chapter. Thus RCW 1.04.020 is Title 1, chapter 4, section 20. The section part of the number (.020) is initially made up of three digits, constitutes a true decimal, and provides a facility for numbering new sections to be inserted between old sections already consecutively numbered, merely by adding one or more digits at the end of the number. In most chapters of the code, sections have been numbered by tens (.010, .020, .030, .040, etc.), leaving nine vacant numbers between original sections so that for a time new sections may be inserted without extension of the section number beyond three digits. Citation to the Revised Code of Washington: The code should be cited as RCW; see RCW 1.04.040. An RCW title should be cited Title 7 RCW. An RCW chapter should be cited chapter 7.24 RCW. An RCW section should be cited RCW 7.24.010. Through references should be made as RCW 7.24.010 through 7.24.100. Series of sections should be cited as RCW 7.24.010, 7.24.020, and 7.24.030. History of the Revised Code of Washington; Source notes: The Revised Code of Washington was adopted by the legislature in 1950; see chapter 1.04 RCW. The original publication (1951) contained material variances from the language and organization of the session laws from which it was derived, including a variety of divisions and combinations of the session law sections. During 1953 through 1959, the Statute Law Committee, in exercise of the powers contained in chapter 1.08 RCW, completed a comprehensive study of these variances and, by means of a series of administrative orders or reenactment bills, restored each title of the code to reflect its session law source, but retaining the general codification scheme originally adopted. An audit trail of this activity has been preserved in the concluding segments of the source note of each section of the code so affected. The legislative source of each section is enclosed in brackets [ ] at the end of the section. Reference to session laws is abbreviated; thus "1891 c 23 § 1; 1854 p 99 § 135" refers to section 1, chapter 23, Laws of 1891 and section 135, page 99, Laws of 1854. "Prior" indicates a break in the statutory chain, usually a repeal and reenactment. "RRS or Rem. Supp.——" indicates the parallel citation in Remington’s Revised Code, last published in 1949. Where, before restoration, a section of this code constituted a consolidation of two or more sections of the session laws, or of sections separately numbered in Remington’s, the line of derivation is shown for each component section, with each line of derivation being set off from the others by use of small Roman numerals, "(i)," "(ii)," etc. Where, before restoration, only a part of a session law section was reflected in a particular RCW section the history note reference is followed by the word "part." "Formerly" and its correlative form "FORMER PART OF SECTION" followed by an RCW citation preserves the record of original codification. Double amendments: Some double or other multiple amendments to a section made without reference to each other are set out in the code in smaller (8-point) type. See RCW 1.12.025. Index: Titles 1 through 91 are indexed in the RCW General Index. Separate indexes are provided for the Rules of Court and the State Constitution. Sections repealed or decodified; Disposition table: Memorials to RCW sections repealed or decodified are tabulated in numerical order in the table entitled "Disposition of former RCW sections." Codification tables: To convert a session law citation to its RCW number (for Laws of 1951 or later) consult the codification tables. A similar table is included to relate the disposition in RCW of sections of Remington’s Revised Statutes. Errors or omissions: (1) Where an obvious clerical error has been made in the law during the legislative process, the code reviser adds a corrected word, phrase, or punctuation mark in [brackets] for clarity. These additions do not constitute any part of the law. (2) Although considerable care has been taken in the production of this code, within the limits of available time and facilities it is inevitable that in so large a work that there will be errors, both mechanical and of judgment. When those who use this code detect errors in particular sections, a note citing the section involved and the nature of the error may be sent to: Code Reviser, Box 40551, Legislative Building, Olympia, WA 98504-0551, so that correction may be made in a subsequent publication. (2002 Ed.) [Preface—p iii] TITLES OF THE REVISED CODE OF WASHINGTON 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9A 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 23B 24 25 26 27 28A 28B 28C 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 35A 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 46 General provisions Judicial Courts of record District courts—Courts of limited jurisdiction Civil procedure Evidence Enforcement of judgments Special proceedings and actions Eminent domain Crimes and punishments Washington Criminal Code Criminal procedure Probate and trust law District courts—Civil procedure Juvenile courts and juvenile offenders Aeronautics Agriculture Agriculture and marketing Animals and livestock Weeds, rodents, and pests Businesses and professions Businesses and professions Business regulations—Miscellaneous Commission merchants—Agricultural products Securities and investments Warehousing and deposits Corporations, associations, and partnerships Corporations and associations (Profit) Washington business corporation act Corporations and associations (Nonprofit) Partnerships Domestic relations Education Libraries, museums, and historical activities Common school provisions Higher education Vocational education Elections Financial institutions Banks and trust companies Miscellaneous loan agencies Mutual savings banks Savings and loan associations Government Administrative law Cities and towns Optional Municipal Code Counties Federal areas—Indians Militia and military affairs Public contracts and indebtedness Public documents, records, and publications Public employment, civil service, and pensions Public officers and agencies State government—Executive State government—Legislative Highways and motor vehicles Motor vehicles [Preface—p iv] 47 48 Public highways and transportation Insurance Labor 49 Labor regulations 50 Unemployment compensation 51 Industrial insurance Local service districts 52 Fire protection districts 53 Port districts 54 Public utility districts 55 Sanitary districts 57 Water-sewer districts Property rights and incidents 58 Boundaries and plats 59 Landlord and tenant 60 Liens 61 Mortgages, deeds of trust, and real estate contracts 62A Uniform Commercial Code 63 Personal property 64 Real property and conveyances 65 Recording, registration, and legal publication Public health, safety, and welfare 66 Alcoholic beverage control 67 Sports and recreation—Convention facilities 68 Cemeteries, morgues, and human remains 69 Food, drugs, cosmetics, and poisons 70 Public health and safety 71 Mental illness 71A Developmental disabilities 72 State institutions 73 Veterans and veterans’ affairs 74 Public assistance Public resources 76 Forests and forest products 77 Fish and wildlife 78 Mines, minerals, and petroleum 79 Public lands 79A Public recreational lands Public service 80 Public utilities 81 Transportation Taxation 82 Excise taxes 83 Estate taxation 84 Property taxes Waters 85 Diking and drainage 86 Flood control 87 Irrigation 88 Navigation and harbor improvements 89 Reclamation, soil conservation, and land settlement 90 Water rights—Environment 91 Waterways (2002 Ed.) Title 18 BUSINESSES AND PROFESSIONS Chapters 18.04 18.06 18.08 18.09 18.11 18.16 18.19 18.20 18.22 18.25 18.27 18.28 18.29 18.30 18.32 18.34 18.35 18.36 18.36A 18.39 18.43 18.44 18.46 18.50 18.51 18.52 18.52C 18.53 18.54 18.55 18.57 18.57A 18.59 18.64 18.64A 18.71 18.71A 18.73 18.74 18.76 18.79 18.83 18.84 18.85 18.86 18.88A 18.89 18.92 18.96 18.100 (2002 Ed.) Accountancy. Acupuncture. Architects. Attorneys at law. Auctioneers. Cosmetologists, barbers, and manicurists. Counselors. Boarding homes. Podiatric medicine and surgery. Chiropractic. Registration of contractors. Debt adjusting. Dental hygienists. Denturists. Dentistry. Dispensing opticians. Hearing and speech services. Drugless healing. Naturopathy. Embalmers—Funeral directors. Engineers and land surveyors. Escrow agent registration act. Birthing centers. Midwifery. Nursing homes. Nursing home administrators. Nursing pools. Optometry. Optometry board. Ocularists. Osteopathy—Osteopathic medicine and surgery. Osteopathic physicians’ assistants. Occupational therapy. Pharmacists. Pharmacy assistants. Physicians. Physician assistants. Emergency medical care and transportation services. Physical therapy. Poison information centers. Nursing care. Psychologists. Radiologic technologists. Real estate brokers and salespersons. Real estate brokerage relationships. Nursing assistants. Respiratory care practitioners. Veterinary medicine, surgery, and dentistry. Landscape architects. Professional service corporations. 18.104 18.106 18.108 18.110 18.118 18.120 18.122 18.130 18.135 18.138 18.140 18.145 18.155 18.160 18.165 18.170 18.180 18.185 18.190 18.195 18.200 18.205 18.210 18.215 18.220 18.225 18.230 18.235 Water well construction. Plumbers. Massage practitioners. Art dealers—Artists. Regulation of business professions. Regulation of health professions—Criteria. Regulation of health professions—Uniform administrative provisions. Regulation of health professions—Uniform disciplinary act. Health care assistants. Dietitians and nutritionists. Certified real estate appraiser act. Court reporting practice act. Sex offender treatment providers. Fire sprinkler system contractors. Private investigators. Security guards. Process servers. Bail bond agents. Operation as limited liability company. Consumer Access to Vision Care Act. Orthotic and prosthetic services. Chemical dependency professionals. On-site wastewater treatment systems— Designer licensing. Surgical technologists. Geologists. Mental health counselors, marriage and family therapists, social workers. Recreation therapy. Uniform regulation of business and professions act. Alcoholic beverage control: Title 66 RCW. Appointment of temporary additional members of boards and committees for administration and grading of examinations: RCW 43.24.065. Attorneys: Chapter 2.44 RCW. Automobiles dealers licenses: Chapter 46.70 RCW. drivers schools licensing: Chapter 46.82 RCW. "Lemon Law": Chapter 19.118 RCW. repair: Chapter 46.71 RCW. service contracts: Chapter 48.96 RCW. tow truck operators: Chapter 46.55 RCW. transportation companies: Title 81 RCW. warranties, express: Chapter 19.118 RCW. Business corporations and cooperative associations: Titles 23, 23B RCW. Cities and towns, powers to regulate business: Title 35 RCW. Coal mining: Title 78 RCW. Collection agencies and out-of-state collection agencies: Chapter 19.16 RCW. Consumer loan act: Chapter 31.04 RCW. Credit unions: Chapter 31.12 RCW. Discrimination: Chapter 49.60 RCW. Drugs and cosmetics: Chapter 69.04 RCW. [Title 18 RCW—page 1] Title 18 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions Electricians: Chapter 19.28 RCW. Farm labor contractors: Chapter 19.30 RCW. Fishermen, commercial: Title 77 RCW. Food products: Title 69 RCW. Forests and forest products: Title 76 RCW. Health care services: Chapter 48.44 RCW. Mines, mineral and petroleum: Title 78 RCW. Monopolies and trusts prohibited: State Constitution Art. 12 § 22. Motor vehicles businesses involving: Title 46 RCW. "Lemon Law": Chapter 19.118 RCW. Pawnbrokers: Chapter 19.60 RCW. Regulatory fairness act: Chapter 19.85 RCW. Retail installment sales of goods and services: Chapter 63.14 RCW. Sales of personal property: Article 62A.2 RCW. Student loan contracts: Chapter 26.30 RCW. Suretyship: Chapter 19.72 RCW. Vehicle wreckers: Chapter 46.80 RCW. Chapter 18.04 ACCOUNTANCY Sections 18.04.015 18.04.025 18.04.035 18.04.045 18.04.055 18.04.065 18.04.080 18.04.105 18.04.180 18.04.183 18.04.185 18.04.195 18.04.205 18.04.215 18.04.295 18.04.305 18.04.320 18.04.335 18.04.345 18.04.350 18.04.360 18.04.370 18.04.380 18.04.390 18.04.405 18.04.420 18.04.430 18.04.901 18.04.910 18.04.911 18.04.920 Falsifying Purpose. Definitions. Board of accountancy—Members—Terms—Vacancies— Removal. Board—Officers and staff—Powers and duties. Board—Rules. Board—Fees—Disposition. Compensation and travel expenses of members. Issuance of license—Requirements—Examination—Fees— Certified public accountants’ account—Valid certificates previously issued under chapter—Continuing professional education—Inactive certificates. Reciprocity. Accountants from foreign countries. Application for license—Secretary of state agent for service of process. License required—Requirements—Application—Fees. Registration of offices—Requirements—Rules—Fees. Licenses—Issuance—Renewal and reinstatement— Continuing professional education—Fees. Actions against CPA license. Actions against firm license. Actions against license—Procedures. Reissuance or modification of suspension of license or certificate. Prohibited practices. Practices not prohibited. Practices may be enjoined. Penalty. Advertising falsely—Effect. Papers, records, schedules, etc., property of the licensee or licensed firm—Prohibited practices—Rights of client. Confidential information—Disclosure, when—Subpoenas. License or certificate suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. License or certificate suspension—Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. Severability. Effective date—1983 c 234. Effective date—1986 c 295. Short title. accounts: Chapter 9A.60 RCW. (a) To promote the dependability of information which is used for guidance in financial transactions or for accounting for or assessing the status or performance of commercial and noncommercial enterprises, whether public, private or governmental; and (b) To protect the public interest by requiring that: (i) Persons who hold themselves out as licensees or certificate holders conduct themselves in a competent, ethical, and professional manner; (ii) A public authority be established that is competent to prescribe and assess the qualifications of certified public accountants, including certificate holders who are not licensed for the practice of public accounting; (iii) Persons other than licensees refrain from using the words "audit," "review," and "compilation" when designating a report customarily prepared by someone knowledgeable in accounting; (iv) A public authority be established to provide for consumer alerts and public protection information to be published regarding persons or firms who violate the provisions of chapter 294, Laws of 2001 or board rule and to provide general consumer protection information to the public; and (v) The use of accounting titles likely to confuse the public be prohibited. (2) The purpose of chapter 294, Laws of 2001 is to make revisions to chapter 234, Laws of 1983 and chapter 103, Laws of 1992 to: Fortify the public protection provisions of chapter 294, Laws of 2001; establish one set of qualifications to be a licensee; revise the regulations of certified public accountants; make revisions in the ownership of certified public accounting firms; assure to the greatest extent possible that certified public accountants from Washington state are substantially equivalent with certified public accountants in other states and can therefore perform the duties of certified public accountants in as many states and countries as possible; assure certified public accountants from other states and countries have met qualifications that are substantially equivalent to the certified public accountant qualifications of this state; and clarify the authority of the board of accountancy with respect to the activities of persons holding licenses and certificates under this chapter. It is not the intent of chapter 294, Laws of 2001 to in any way restrict or limit the activities of persons not holding licenses or certificates under this chapter except as otherwise specifically restricted or limited by chapter 234, Laws of 1983 and chapter 103, Laws of 1992. (3) A purpose of chapter 103, Laws of 1992, revising provisions of chapter 234, Laws of 1983, is to clarify the authority of the board of accountancy with respect to the activities of persons holding certificates under this chapter. Furthermore, it is not the intent of chapter 103, Laws of 1992 to in any way restrict or limit the activities of persons not holding certificates under this chapter except as otherwise specifically restricted or limited by chapter 234, Laws of 1983. [2001 c 294 § 1; 1992 c 103 § 1; 1983 c 234 § 2.] Effective date—2001 c 294: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect July 1, 2001." [2001 c 294 § 24.] 18.04.015 Purpose. (1) It is the policy of this state and the purpose of this chapter: [Title 18 RCW—page 2] (2002 Ed.) Accountancy 18.04.025 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Board" means the board of accountancy created by RCW 18.04.035. (2) "Certificate holder" means the holder of a certificate as a certified public accountant who has not become a licensee, has maintained CPE requirements, and who does not practice public accounting. (3) "Certified public accountant" or "CPA" means a person holding a certified public accountant license or certificate. (4) "State" includes the states of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands. (5) "Reports on financial statements" means any reports or opinions prepared by licensees, based on services performed in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, standards for attestation engagements, or standards for accounting and review services as to whether the presentation of information used for guidance in financial transactions or for accounting for or assessing the status or performance of commercial and noncommercial enterprises, whether public, private, or governmental, conforms with generally accepted accounting principles or other comprehensive bases of accounting. "Reports on financial statements" does not include services referenced in RCW 18.04.350(6) provided by persons not holding a license under this chapter. (6) The "practice of public accounting" means performing or offering to perform by a person or firm holding itself out to the public as a licensee, for a client or potential client, one or more kinds of services involving the use of accounting or auditing skills, including the issuance of "audit reports," "review reports," or "compilation reports" on financial statements, or one or more kinds of management advisory, or consulting services, or the preparation of tax returns, or the furnishing of advice on tax matters. The "practice of public accounting" shall not include practices that are permitted under the provisions of RCW 18.04.350(6) by persons or firms not required to be licensed under this chapter. (7) "Firm" means a sole proprietorship, a corporation, or a partnership. "Firm" also means a limited liability company formed under chapter 25.15 RCW. (8) "CPE" means continuing professional education. (9) "Certificate" means a certificate as a certified public accountant issued prior to July 1, 2001, as authorized under the provisions of this chapter. (10) "Licensee" means the holder of a license to practice public accountancy issued under this chapter. (11) "License" means a license to practice public accountancy issued to an individual under this chapter, or a license issued to a firm under this chapter. (12) "Manager" means a manager of a limited liability company licensed as a firm under this chapter. (13) "NASBA" means the national association of state boards of accountancy. (14) "Quality assurance review" means a process established by and conducted at the direction of the board of study, appraisal, or review of one or more aspects of the attest work of a licensee or licensed firm in the practice of public accountancy, by a person or persons who hold (2002 Ed.) 18.04.025 licenses and who are not affiliated with the person or firm being reviewed. (15) "Peer review" means a study, appraisal, or review of one or more aspects of the attest work of a licensee or licensed firm in the practice of public accountancy, by a person or persons who hold licenses and who are not affiliated with the person or firm being reviewed, including a peer review, or any internal review or inspection intended to comply with quality control policies and procedures, but not including the "quality assurance review" under subsection (14) of this section. (16) "Review committee" means any person carrying out, administering or overseeing a peer review authorized by the reviewee. (17) "Rule" means any rule adopted by the board under authority of this chapter. (18) "Holding out" means any representation to the public by the use of restricted titles as set forth in RCW 18.04.345 by a person or firm that the person or firm holds a license under this chapter and that the person or firm offers to perform any professional services to the public as a licensee. "Holding out" shall not affect or limit a person or firm not required to hold a license under this chapter from engaging in practices identified in RCW 18.04.350. (19) "Natural person" means a living, human being. (20) "Inactive" means the certificate is in an inactive status because a person who held a valid certificate before July 1, 2001, has not met the current requirements of licensure and has been granted inactive certificate holder status through an approval process established by the board. [2001 c 294 § 2; 1999 c 378 § 1; 1994 c 211 § 1401; 1992 c 103 § 2; 1986 c 295 § 1; 1983 c 234 § 3.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. Effective date—Severability—1994 c 211: See RCW 25.15.900 and 25.15.902. 18.04.035 Board of accountancy—Members— Terms—Vacancies—Removal. (1) There is created a board of accountancy for the state of Washington to be known as the Washington state board of accountancy. Effective June 30, 2001, the board shall consist of nine members appointed by the governor. Members of the board shall include six persons who have been licensed in this state continuously for the previous ten years. Three members shall be public members qualified to judge whether the qualifications, activities, and professional practice of those regulated under this chapter conform with standards to protect the public interest, including one public member qualified to represent the interests of clients of individuals and firms licensed under this chapter. (2) The members of the board shall be appointed by the governor to a term of three years. Vacancies occurring during a term shall be filled by appointment for the unexpired term. Upon the expiration of a member’s term of office, the member shall continue to serve until a successor has been appointed and has assumed office. The governor shall remove from the board any member whose license to practice has been revoked or suspended and may, after hearing, remove any member of the board for neglect of duty or other just cause. No person who has served two successive complete terms is eligible for reappointment. Ap[Title 18 RCW—page 3] 18.04.035 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions pointment to fill an unexpired term is not considered a complete term. In order to stagger their terms, of the two new appointments made to the board upon June 11, 1992, the first appointed member shall serve a term of two years initially. [2001 c 294 § 3; 1992 c 103 § 3; 1986 c 295 § 2; 1983 c 234 § 4.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.045 Board—Officers and staff—Powers and duties. (1) The board shall annually elect a chair, a vicechair, and a secretary from its members. (2) A majority of the board constitutes a quorum for the transaction of business. (3) The board shall have a seal which shall be judicially noticed. (4) The board shall keep records of its proceedings, and of any proceeding in court arising from or founded upon this chapter. Copies of these records certified as correct under the seal of the board are admissible in evidence as tending to prove the content of the records. (5) The governor shall appoint an executive director of the board, who shall serve at the pleasure of the governor. The executive director may employ such personnel as is appropriate for carrying out the purposes of this chapter. The executive director shall hold a valid Washington license. The board may arrange for such volunteer assistance as it requires to perform its duties. Individuals or committees assisting the board constitute volunteers for purposes of chapter 4.92 RCW. (6) The board shall file an annual report of its activities with the governor. The report shall include, but not be limited to, a statement of all receipts and disbursements. Upon request, the board shall mail a copy of each annual report to any member of the public. (7) In making investigations concerning alleged violations of the provisions of this chapter and in all proceedings under RCW 18.04.295 or chapter 34.05 RCW, the board chair, or a member of the board, or a board designee acting in the chair’s place, may administer oaths or affirmations to witnesses appearing before the board, subpoena witnesses and compel their attendance, take testimony, and require that documentary evidence be submitted. (8) The board may review the publicly available professional work of licensees on a general and random basis, without any requirement of a formal complaint or suspicion of impropriety on the part of any particular licensee. If as a result of such review the board discovers reasonable grounds for a more specific investigation, the board may proceed under its investigative and disciplinary rules. (9) The board may provide for consumer alerts and public protection information to be published regarding persons or firms who violate the provisions of this chapter or board rule and may provide general consumer protection information to the public. (10) As provided in RCW 18.04.370, the board may enter into stipulated agreements and orders of assurance with persons who have violated the provisions of RCW 18.04.345 or certify the facts to the prosecuting attorney of the county in which such person resides for criminal prosecution. [2001 c 294 § 4; 1992 c 103 § 4; 1986 c 295 § 3; 1983 c 234 § 5.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. [Title 18 RCW—page 4] 18.04.055 Board—Rules. The board may adopt and amend rules under chapter 34.05 RCW for the orderly conduct of its affairs. The board shall prescribe rules consistent with this chapter as necessary to implement this chapter. Included may be: (1) Rules of procedure to govern the conduct of matters before the board; (2) Rules of professional conduct for all licensees, certificate holders, and nonlicensee owners of licensed firms, in order to establish and maintain high standards of competence and ethics including rules dealing with independence, integrity, objectivity, and freedom from conflicts of interest; (3) Rules specifying actions and circumstances deemed to constitute holding oneself out as a licensee in connection with the practice of public accountancy; (4) Rules specifying the manner and circumstances of the use of the titles "certified public accountant" and "CPA," by holders of certificates who do not also hold licenses under this chapter; (5) Rules specifying the educational requirements to take the certified public accountant examination; (6) Rules designed to ensure that licensees’ "reports on financial statements" meet the definitional requirements for that term as specified in RCW 18.04.025; (7) Requirements for CPE to maintain or improve the professional competence of licensees as a condition to maintaining their license and certificate holders as a condition to maintaining their certificate under RCW 18.04.215; (8) Rules governing firms issuing or offering to issue reports on financial statements or using the title "certified public accountant" or "CPA" including, but not limited to, rules concerning their style, name, title, and affiliation with any other organization, and establishing reasonable practice and ethical standards to protect the public interest; (9) The board may by rule implement a quality assurance review program as a means to monitor licensees’ quality of practice and compliance with professional standards. The board may exempt from such program, licensees who undergo periodic peer reviews in programs of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, NASBA, or other programs recognized and approved by the board; (10) The board may by rule require licensed firms to obtain professional liability insurance if in the board’s discretion such insurance provides additional and necessary protection for the public; (11) Rules specifying the experience requirements in order to qualify for a license; (12) Rules specifying the requirements for certificate holders to qualify for a license under this chapter which must include provisions for meeting CPE and experience requirements prior to application for licensure; (13) Rules specifying the registration requirements, including ethics examination and fee requirements, for resident nonlicensee partners, shareholders, and managers of licensed firms; (14) Rules specifying the ethics CPE requirements for certificate holders and owners of licensed firms, including the process for reporting compliance with those requirements; (15) Rules specifying the experience and CPE requirements for licensees offering or issuing reports on financial statements; and (2002 Ed.) Accountancy (16) Any other rule which the board finds necessary or appropriate to implement this chapter. [2001 c 294 § 5; 1992 c 103 § 5; 1986 c 295 § 4; 1983 c 234 § 6.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.065 Board—Fees—Disposition. The board shall set its fees at a level adequate to pay the costs of administering this chapter. All fees for licenses, registrations of nonlicensee partners, shareholders, and managers of licensed firms, renewals of licenses, renewals of registrations of nonlicensee partners, shareholders, and managers of licensed firms, renewals of certificates, reinstatements of lapsed licenses, reinstatements of lapsed certificates, reinstatements of lapsed registrations of nonlicensee partners, shareholders, and managers of licensed firms, practice privileges under RCW 18.04.350, and delinquent filings received under the authority of this chapter shall be deposited in the certified public accountants’ account created by RCW 18.04.105. Appropriation from such account shall be made only for the cost of administering the provisions of this chapter. [2001 c 294 § 6; 1992 c 103 § 6; 1983 c 234 § 24.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.080 Compensation and travel expenses of members. Each member of the board shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 and shall be reimbursed for travel expenses incurred in the discharge of such duties in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. [1984 c 287 § 20; 1983 c 234 § 22; 1975-’76 2nd ex.s. c 34 § 25; 1949 c 226 § 7; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 8269-14.] Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. Effective date—Severability—1975-’76 2nd ex.s. c 34: See notes following RCW 2.08.115. 18.04.105 Issuance of license—Requirements— Examination—Fees—Certified public accountants’ account—Valid certificates previously issued under chapter—Continuing professional education—Inactive certificates. (1) A license to practice public accounting shall be granted by the board to any person: (a) Who is of good character. Good character, for purposes of this section, means lack of a history of dishonest or felonious acts. The board may refuse to grant a license on the ground of failure to satisfy this requirement only if there is a substantial connection between the lack of good character of the applicant and the professional and ethical responsibilities of a licensee and if the finding by the board of lack of good character is supported by a preponderance of evidence. When an applicant is found to be unqualified for a license because of a lack of good character, the board shall furnish the applicant a statement containing the findings of the board and a notice of the applicant’s right of appeal; (b) Who has met the educational standards established by rule as the board determines to be appropriate; (c) Who has passed an examination; (d) Who has had one year of experience which is gained: (2002 Ed.) 18.04.055 (i) Through the use of accounting, issuing reports on financial statements, management advisory, financial advisory, tax, tax advisory, or consulting skills; (ii) While employed in government, industry, academia, or public practice; and (iii) Meeting the competency requirements in a manner as determined by the board to be appropriate and established by board rule; and (e) Who has paid appropriate fees as established by rule by the board. (2) The examination described in subsection (1)(c) of this section shall test the applicant’s knowledge of the subjects of accounting and auditing, and other related fields the board may specify by rule. The time for holding the examination is fixed by the board and may be changed from time to time. The board shall prescribe by rule the methods of applying for and taking the examination, including methods for grading examinations and determining a passing grade required of an applicant for a license. The board shall to the extent possible see to it that the grading of the examination, and the passing grades, are uniform with those applicable to all other states. The board may make use of all or a part of the uniform certified public accountant examination and advisory grading service of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and may contract with third parties to perform administrative services with respect to the examination as the board deems appropriate to assist it in performing its duties under this chapter. The board shall establish by rule provisions for transitioning to a new examination structure or to a new media for administering the examination. (3) The board shall charge each applicant an examination fee for the initial examination or for reexamination. The applicable fee shall be paid by the person at the time he or she applies for examination, reexamination, or evaluation of educational qualifications. Fees for examination, reexamination, or evaluation of educational qualifications shall be determined by the board under chapter 18.04 RCW. There is established in the state treasury an account to be known as the certified public accountants’ account. All fees received from candidates to take any or all sections of the certified public accountant examination shall be used only for costs related to the examination. (4) Persons who on June 30, 2001, held valid certificates previously issued under this chapter shall be deemed to be certificate holders, subject to the following: (a) Certificate holders may, prior to June 30, 2004, petition the board to become licensees by documenting to the board that they have gained one year of experience through the use of accounting, issuing reports on financial statements, management advisory, financial advisory, tax, tax advisory, or consulting skills, without regard to the eight-year limitation set forth in (b) of this subsection, while employed in government, industry, academia, or public practice. (b) Certificate holders who do not petition to become licensees prior to June 30, 2004, may after that date petition the board to become licensees by documenting to the board that they have one year of experience acquired within eight years prior to applying for a license through the use of accounting, issuing reports on financial statements, management advisory, financial advisory, tax, tax advisory, or [Title 18 RCW—page 5] 18.04.105 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions consulting skills in government, industry, academia, or public practice. (c) Certificate holders who petition the board pursuant to (a) or (b) of this subsection must also meet competency requirements in a manner as determined by the board to be appropriate and established by board rule. (d) Any certificate holder petitioning the board pursuant to (a) or (b) of this subsection to become a licensee must submit to the board satisfactory proof of having completed an accumulation of one hundred twenty hours of CPE during the thirty-six months preceding the date of filing the petition. (e) Any certificate holder petitioning the board pursuant to (a) or (b) of this subsection to become a licensee must pay the appropriate fees established by rule by the board. (5) Certificate holders shall comply with the prohibition against the practice of public accounting in RCW 18.04.345. (6) Persons who on June 30, 2001, held valid certificates previously issued under this chapter are deemed to hold inactive certificates, subject to renewal as inactive certificates, until they have petitioned the board to become licensees and have met the requirements of subsection (4) of this section. No individual who did not hold a valid certificate before July 1, 2001, is eligible to obtain an inactive certificate. (7) Persons deemed to hold inactive certificates under subsection (6) of this section shall comply with the prohibition against the practice of public accounting in subsection (8)(b) of this section and RCW 18.04.345, but are not required to display the term inactive as part of their title, as required by subsection (8)(a) of this section until renewal. Certificates renewed to any persons after June 30, 2001, are inactive certificates and the inactive certificate holders are subject to the requirements of subsection (8) of this section. (8) Persons holding an inactive certificate: (a) Must use or attach the term "inactive" whenever using the title CPA or certified public accountant or referring to the certificate, and print the word "inactive" immediately following the title, whenever the title is printed on a business card, letterhead, or any other document, including documents published or transmitted through electronic media, in the same font and font size as the title; and (b) Are prohibited from practicing public accounting. [2001 c 294 § 7; 2000 c 171 § 2; 1999 c 378 § 2; 1992 c 103 § 7; 1991 sp.s. c 13 § 20; 1986 c 295 § 6; 1985 c 57 § 3; 1983 c 234 § 7.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. Effective dates—Severability—1991 sp.s. c 13: See notes following RCW 18.08.240. Effective date—1985 c 57: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, 1985." [1985 c 57 § 91.] 18.04.180 Reciprocity. (1) The board shall issue a license to a holder of a certificate/valid license issued by another state that entitles the holder to practice public accountancy, provided that: (a) Such state makes similar provision to grant reciprocity to a holder of a valid certificate or license in this state; (b) The applicant meets the CPE requirements of RCW 18.04.215(5); [Title 18 RCW—page 6] (c) The applicant meets the good character requirements of RCW 18.04.105(1)(a); and (d) The applicant passed the examination required for issuance of his or her certificate or license with grades that would have been passing grades at that time in this state and meets all current requirements in this state for issuance of a license at the time application is made; or at the time of the issuance of the applicant’s license in the other state, met all the requirements then applicable in this state; or has had five years of experience within the ten years immediately preceding application in the practice of public accountancy that meets the requirements prescribed by the board. (2) The board may accept NASBA’s designation of the applicant as substantially equivalent to national standards as meeting the requirement of subsection (1)(d) of this section. (3) A licensee who has been granted a license under the reciprocity provisions of this section shall notify the board within thirty days if the license or certificate issued in the other jurisdiction has lapsed or if the status of the license or certificate issued in the other jurisdiction becomes otherwise invalid. [2001 c 294 § 8; 1992 c 103 § 8; 1949 c 226 § 17; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 8269-24.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.183 Accountants from foreign countries. The board shall grant a license as a certified public accountant to a holder of a permit, license, or certificate issued by a foreign country’s board, agency, or institute, provided that: (1) The foreign country where the foreign permit, license, or certificate was issued is a party to an agreement on trade with the United States that encourages the mutual recognition of licensing and certification requirements for the provision of covered services by the parties under the trade agreement; (2) Such foreign country’s board, agency, or institute makes similar provision to allow a person who holds a valid license issued by this state to obtain such foreign country’s comparable permit, license, or certificate; (3) The foreign permit, license, or certificate: (a) Was duly issued by such foreign country’s board, agency, or institute that regulates the practice of public accountancy; and (b) Is in good standing at the time of the application; and (c) Was issued upon the basis of educational, examination, experience, and ethical requirements substantially equivalent currently or at the time of issuance of the foreign permit, license, or certificate to those in this state; (4) The applicant has within the thirty-six months prior to application completed an accumulation of one hundred twenty hours of CPE as required under RCW 18.04.215(5). The board shall provide for transition from existing to new CPE requirements; (5) The applicant’s foreign permit, license, or certificate was the type of permit, license, or certificate requiring the most stringent qualifications if, in the foreign country, more than one type of permit, license, or certificate is issued. This state’s board shall decide which are the most stringent qualifications; (6) The applicant has passed a written examination or its equivalent, approved by the board, that tests knowledge in (2002 Ed.) Accountancy the areas of United States accounting principles, auditing standards, commercial law, income tax law, and Washington state rules of professional ethics; and (7) The applicant has within the eight years prior to applying for a license under this section, demonstrated, in accordance with the rules issued by the board, one year of public accounting experience, within the foreign country where the foreign permit, license, or certificate was issued, equivalent to the experience required under RCW 18.04.105(1)(d) or such other experience or employment which the board in its discretion regards as substantially equivalent. The board may adopt by rule new CPE standards that differ from those in subsection (4) of this section or RCW 18.04.215 if the new standards are consistent with the CPE standards of other states so as to provide to the greatest extent possible, consistent national standards. A licensee who has been granted a license under the reciprocity provisions of this section shall notify the board within thirty days if the permit, license, or certificate issued in the other jurisdiction has lapsed or if the status of the permit, license, or certificate issued in the other jurisdiction becomes otherwise invalid. [2001 c 294 § 9; 1999 c 378 § 3; 1992 c 103 § 18.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.185 Application for license—Secretary of state agent for service of process. Application for a license to practice public accounting in this state by a certified public accountant or CPA firm who holds a license or permit to practice issued by another state constitutes the appointment of the secretary of state as an agent for service of process in any action or proceeding against the applicant arising from any transaction or operation connected with or incidental to the practice of public accounting in this state by the holder of the license to practice. [2001 c 294 § 10; 1999 c 378 § 4; 1986 c 295 § 7; 1983 c 234 § 8.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.195 License required—Requirements— Application—Fees. (1) A sole proprietorship engaged in business in this state and offering to issue or issuing reports on financial statements or using the title CPA or certified public accountant shall license, as a firm, every three years with the board. (a) The sole proprietor shall hold a license to practice under RCW 18.04.215; (b) Each resident person in charge of an office located in this state shall hold a license to practice under RCW 18.04.215; and (c) The licensed firm must meet competency requirements established by rule by the board. (2) A partnership engaged in business in this state and offering to issue or issuing reports on financial statements or using the title CPA or certified public accountant shall license as a firm every three years with the board, and shall meet the following requirements: (a) At least one general partner of the partnership shall hold a license to practice under RCW 18.04.215; (b) Each resident person in charge of an office in this state shall hold a license to practice under RCW 18.04.215; (2002 Ed.) 18.04.183 (c) A simple majority of the ownership of the licensed firm in terms of financial interests and voting rights of all partners or owners shall be held by natural persons who are licensees or holders of a valid license issued under this chapter or by another state that entitles the holder to practice public accounting in this state. The principal partner of the partnership and any partner having authority over issuing reports on financial statements shall hold a license under this chapter or issued by another state that entitles the holder to practice public accounting in this state; and (d) The licensed firm must meet competency requirements established by rule by the board. (3) A corporation engaged in business in this state and offering to issue or issuing reports on financial statements or using the title CPA or certified public accountant shall license as a firm every three years with the board and shall meet the following requirements: (a) A simple majority of the ownership of the licensed firm in terms of financial interests and voting rights of all shareholders or owners shall be held by natural persons who are licensees or holders of a valid license issued under this chapter or by another state that entitles the holder to practice public accounting in this state and is principally employed by the corporation or actively engaged in its business. The principal officer of the corporation and any officer or director having authority over issuing reports on financial statements shall hold a license under this chapter or issued by another state that entitles the holder to practice public accounting in this state; (b) At least one shareholder of the corporation shall hold a license under RCW 18.04.215; (c) Each resident person in charge of an office located in this state shall hold a license under RCW 18.04.215; (d) A written agreement shall bind the corporation or its shareholders to purchase any shares offered for sale by, or not under the ownership or effective control of, a qualified shareholder, and bind any holder not a qualified shareholder to sell the shares to the corporation or its qualified shareholders. The agreement shall be noted on each certificate of corporate stock. The corporation may purchase any amount of its stock for this purpose, notwithstanding any impairment of capital, as long as one share remains outstanding; (e) The corporation shall comply with any other rules pertaining to corporations practicing public accounting in this state as the board may prescribe; and (f) The licensed firm must meet competency requirements established by rule by the board. (4) A limited liability company engaged in business in this state and offering to issue or issuing reports on financial statements or using the title CPA or certified public accountant shall license as a firm every three years with the board, and shall meet the following requirements: (a) At least one member of the limited liability company shall hold a license under RCW 18.04.215; (b) Each resident manager or member in charge of an office located in this state shall hold a license under RCW 18.04.215; (c) A simple majority of the ownership of the licensed firm in terms of financial interests and voting rights of all owners shall be held by natural persons who are licensees or holders of a valid license issued under this chapter or by another state that entitles the holder to practice public ac[Title 18 RCW—page 7] 18.04.195 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions counting in this state. The principal member or manager of the limited liability company and any member having authority over issuing reports on financial statements shall hold a license under this chapter or issued by another state that entitles the holder to practice public accounting in this state; and (d) The licensed firm must meet competency requirements established by rule by the board. (5) Application for a license as a firm shall be made upon the affidavit of the proprietor or person designated as managing partner, member, or shareholder for Washington. This person shall hold a license under RCW 18.04.215. The board shall determine in each case whether the applicant is eligible for a license. A partnership, corporation, or limited liability company which is licensed to practice under RCW 18.04.215 may use the designation "certified public accountants" or "CPAs" in connection with its partnership, limited liability company, or corporate name. The board shall be given notification within ninety days after the admission or withdrawal of a partner, shareholder, or member engaged in this state in the practice of public accounting from any partnership, corporation, or limited liability company so licensed. (6) Licensed firms which fall out of compliance with the provisions of this section due to changes in firm ownership or personnel, after receiving or renewing a license, shall notify the board in writing within thirty days of its falling out of compliance and propose a time period in which they will come back into compliance. The board may grant a reasonable period of time for a firm to be in compliance with the provisions of this section. Failure to bring the firm into compliance within a reasonable period of time, as determined by the board, may result in suspension, revocation, or imposition of conditions on the firm’s license. (7) Fees for the license as a firm and for notification of the board of the admission or withdrawal of a partner, shareholder, or member shall be determined by the board. Fees shall be paid by the firm at the time the license application form or notice of admission or withdrawal of a partner, shareholder, or member is filed with the board. (8) Nonlicensee owners of licensed firms are: (a) Required to fully comply with the provisions of this chapter and board rules; (b) Required to be a natural person; (c) Required to be an active individual participant in the licensed firm or affiliated entities as these terms are defined by board rule; and (d) Subject to discipline by the board for violation of this chapter. (9) Resident nonlicensee owners of licensed firms are required to meet: (a) The ethics examination, registration, and fee requirements as established by the board rules; and (b) The ethics CPE requirements established by the board rules. [2001 c 294 § 11; 1999 c 378 § 5; 1994 c 211 § 1402; 1986 c 295 § 8; 1983 c 234 § 9.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. Effective date—Severability—1994 c 211: See RCW 25.15.900 and 25.15.902. [Title 18 RCW—page 8] 18.04.205 Registration of offices—Requirements— Rules—Fees. (1) Each office established or maintained in this state for the purpose of offering to issue or issuing reports on financial statements in this state or that uses the title "certified public accountant" or "CPA," shall register with the board under this chapter every three years. (2) Each office shall be under the direct supervision of a resident licensee holding a license under RCW 18.04.215. (3) The board shall by rule prescribe the procedure to be followed to register and maintain offices established in this state for the purpose of offering to issue or issuing reports on financial statements or that use the title "certified public accountant" or "CPA." (4) Fees for the registration of offices shall be determined by the board. Fees shall be paid by the applicant at the time the registration form is filed with the board. [2001 c 294 § 12; 1999 c 378 § 6; 1992 c 103 § 9; 1986 c 295 § 9; 1983 c 234 § 10.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.215 Licenses—Issuance—Renewal and reinstatement—Continuing professional education—Fees. (1) Three-year licenses shall be issued by the board: (a) To persons meeting the requirements of RCW 18.04.105(1), 18.04.180, or 18.04.183. (b) To certificate holders meeting the requirements of RCW 18.04.105(4). (c) To firms under RCW 18.04.195, meeting the requirements of RCW 18.04.205. (2) The board shall, by rule, provide for a system of certificate and license renewal and reinstatement. Applicants for renewal or reinstatement shall, at the time of filing their applications, list with the board all states and foreign jurisdictions in which they hold or have applied for certificates, permits or licenses to practice. (3) An inactive certificate is renewed every three years with renewal subject to the requirements of ethics CPE and the payment of fees, prescribed by the board. Failure to renew the inactive certificate shall cause the inactive certificate to lapse and be subject to reinstatement. The board shall adopt rules providing for fees and procedures for renewal and reinstatement of inactive certificates. (4) A license is issued every three years with renewal subject to requirements of CPE and payment of fees, prescribed by the board. Failure to renew the license shall cause the license to lapse and become subject to reinstatement. Persons holding a lapsed license are prohibited from using the title "CPA" or "certified public accountant." Persons holding a lapsed license are prohibited from practicing public accountancy. The board shall adopt rules providing for fees and procedures for issuance, renewal, and reinstatement of licenses. (5) The board shall adopt rules providing for CPE for licensees and certificate holders. The rules shall: (a) Provide that a licensee shall verify to the board that he or she has completed at least an accumulation of one hundred twenty hours of CPE during the last three-year period to maintain the license; (b) Establish CPE requirements; and (c) Establish when new licensees shall verify that they have completed the required CPE. (2002 Ed.) Accountancy (6) A certified public accountant who holds a license issued by another state, and applies for a license in this state, may practice in this state from the date of filing a completed application with the board, until the board has acted upon the application provided the application is made prior to holding out as a certified public accountant in this state and no sanctions or investigations, deemed by the board to be pertinent to public accountancy, by other jurisdictions or agencies are in process. (7) A licensee shall submit to the board satisfactory proof of having completed an accumulation of one hundred twenty hours of CPE recognized and approved by the board during the preceding three years. Failure to furnish this evidence as required shall make the license lapse and subject to reinstatement procedures, unless the board determines the failure to have been due to retirement or reasonable cause. The board in its discretion may renew a certificate or license despite failure to furnish evidence of compliance with requirements of CPE upon condition that the applicant follow a particular program of CPE. In issuing rules and individual orders with respect to CPE requirements, the board, among other considerations, may rely upon guidelines and pronouncements of recognized educational and professional associations, may prescribe course content, duration, and organization, and may take into account the accessibility of CPE to licensees and certificate holders and instances of individual hardship. (8) Fees for renewal or reinstatement of certificates and licenses in this state shall be determined by the board under this chapter. Fees shall be paid by the applicant at the time the application form is filed with the board. The board, by rule, may provide for proration of fees for licenses or certificates issued between normal renewal dates. [2001 c 294 § 13; 1999 c 378 § 7; 1992 c 103 § 10; 1986 c 295 § 10; 1983 c 234 § 11.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.295 Actions against CPA license. The board shall have the power to: Revoke, suspend, refuse to renew, or reinstate a license or certificate; impose a fine in an amount not to exceed ten thousand dollars plus the board’s investigative and legal costs in bringing charges against a certified public accountant, a certificate holder, a licensee, a licensed firm, or a nonlicensee holding an ownership interest in a licensed firm; may impose full restitution to injured parties; may impose conditions precedent to renewal of a certificate or a license; or may prohibit a nonlicensee from holding an ownership interest in a licensed firm, for any of the following causes: (1) Fraud or deceit in obtaining a license, or in any filings with the board; (2) Dishonesty, fraud, or negligence while representing oneself as a nonlicensee owner holding an ownership interest in a licensed firm, a licensee, or a certificate holder; (3) A violation of any provision of this chapter; (4) A violation of a rule of professional conduct promulgated by the board under the authority granted by this chapter; (5) Conviction of a crime or an act constituting a crime under: (a) The laws of this state; (2002 Ed.) 18.04.215 (b) The laws of another state, and which, if committed within this state, would have constituted a crime under the laws of this state; or (c) Federal law; (6) Cancellation, revocation, suspension, or refusal to renew the authority to practice as a certified public accountant by any other state for any cause other than failure to pay a fee or to meet the requirements of CPE in the other state; (7) Suspension or revocation of the right to practice matters relating to public accounting before any state or federal agency; For purposes of subsections (6) and (7) of this section, a certified copy of such revocation, suspension, or refusal to renew shall be prima facie evidence; (8) Failure to maintain compliance with the requirements for issuance, renewal, or reinstatement of a certificate or license, or to report changes to the board; (9) Failure to cooperate with the board by: (a) Failure to furnish any papers or documents requested or ordered by the board; (b) Failure to furnish in writing a full and complete explanation covering the matter contained in the complaint filed with the board or the inquiry of the board; (c) Failure to respond to subpoenas issued by the board, whether or not the recipient of the subpoena is the accused in the proceeding; (10) Failure by a nonlicensee owner of a licensed firm to comply with the requirements of this chapter or board rule; and (11) Failure to comply with an order of the board. [2001 c 294 § 14; 2000 c 171 § 1; 1992 c 103 § 11; 1986 c 295 § 11; 1983 c 234 § 12.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.305 Actions against firm license. The board may revoke, suspend, or refuse to renew the license issued to a firm if at any time the firm does not meet the requirements of this chapter for licensing, or for any of the causes enumerated in RCW 18.04.295, or for any of the following additional causes: (1) The revocation or suspension of the solepractitioner’s license or the revocation or suspension or refusal to renew the license of any partner, manager, member, or shareholder; (2) The revocation, suspension, or refusal to renew the license of the firm, or any partner, manager, member, or shareholder thereof, to practice public accounting in any other state or foreign jurisdiction for any cause other than failure to pay a fee or to meet the CPE requirements of the other state or foreign jurisdiction; (3) Failure by a nonlicensee owner of a licensed firm to comply with the requirements of this chapter or board rule; or (4) Failure of the firm to comply with the requirements of this chapter or board rule. [2001 c 294 § 15; 1992 c 103 § 12; 1986 c 295 § 12; 1983 c 234 § 13.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.320 Actions against license—Procedures. In the case of the refusal, revocation, or suspension of a certificate or a license by the board under the provisions of [Title 18 RCW—page 9] 18.04.320 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions this chapter, such proceedings and any appeal therefrom shall be taken in accordance with the administrative procedure act, chapter 34.05 RCW. [1986 c 295 § 13; 1983 c 234 § 14; 1949 c 226 § 31; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 8269-38.] 18.04.335 Reissuance or modification of suspension of license or certificate. (1) Upon application in writing and after hearing pursuant to notice, the board may: (a) Modify the suspension of, or reissue a certificate or a license to, an individual whose certificate or license has been revoked or suspended; or (b) Modify the suspension of, or reissue a license to a firm whose license has been revoked, suspended, or which the board has refused to renew. (2) In the case of suspension for failure to comply with a support order under chapter 74.20A RCW, if the person has continued to meet all other requirements for reinstatement during the suspension, reissuance of a certificate or a license shall be automatic upon the board’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the individual is in compliance with the order. [2001 c 294 § 16; 1997 c 58 § 812; 1992 c 103 § 13; 1986 c 295 § 14; 1983 c 234 § 15.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.04.345 Prohibited practices. (1) No person may assume or use the designation "certified public accountantinactive" or "CPA-inactive" or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the person is a certified public accountantinactive or CPA-inactive unless the person holds a certificate. Persons holding only a certificate may not practice public accounting. (2) No person may hold himself or herself out to the public or assume or use the designation "certified public accountant" or "CPA" or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the person is a certified public accountant or CPA unless the person holds a license under RCW 18.04.215. (3) No firm may hold itself out to the public as offering to issue or issuing reports on financial statements, or assume or use the designation "certified public accountant" or "CPA" or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviation, sign, card, or device tending to indicate that the firm is composed of certified public accountants or CPAs, unless the firm is licensed under RCW 18.04.195 and all offices of the firm in this state are maintained and registered under RCW 18.04.205. (4) No person, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation offering accounting services to the public may hold himself, herself, or itself out to the public, or assume or use along, or in connection with his, hers, or its name, or any other name the title or designation "certified accountant," "chartered accountant," "licensed accountant," "licensed public accountant," "public accountant," or any other title or designation likely to be confused with "certified public [Title 18 RCW—page 10] accountant" or any of the abbreviations "CA," "LA," "LPA," or "PA," or similar abbreviations likely to be confused with "CPA." (5) No licensed firm may operate under an alias, a firm name, title, or "DBA" that differs from the firm name that is registered with the board. (6) No person may sign, affix, or associate his or her name or any trade or assumed name used by the person in his or her business to any report designated as an "audit," "review," or "compilation," unless the person holds a license to practice under RCW 18.04.215 and a firm license under RCW 18.04.195, and all of the person’s offices in this state are licensed under RCW 18.04.205. (7) No person may sign, affix, or associate a firm name to any report designated as an "audit," "review," or "compilation," unless the firm is licensed under RCW 18.04.195 and 18.04.215, and all of its offices in this state are maintained and registered under RCW 18.04.205. (8) No person, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation not holding a license to practice under RCW 18.04.215 may hold himself, herself, or itself out to the public as an "auditor" with or without any other description or designation by use of such word on any sign, card, letterhead, or in any advertisement or directory. [2001 c 294 § 17; 1999 c 378 § 8; 1992 c 103 § 14; 1986 c 295 § 15; 1983 c 234 § 16.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.350 Practices not prohibited. (1) Nothing in this chapter prohibits any person not holding a license from serving as an employee of a firm licensed under RCW 18.04.215. However, the employee or assistant shall not issue any accounting or financial statement over his or her name. (2)(a) An individual, whose principal place of business is not in this state, who has a valid certificate or license as a certified public accountant from another state, and (i) whose state of licensure has education, examination, and experience requirements that are deemed by the board to be substantially equivalent to this state’s requirements or (ii) who, as an individual, has education, examination, and experience that are deemed by the board to be substantially equivalent to this state’s requirement shall have all the privileges of license holders of this state without the need to obtain a license under RCW 18.04.105 or 18.04.195. However, such individuals shall notify the board, under such circumstances and in such manner as the board determines by rule, of their intent to enter the state under this section. The board shall have the authority to establish a fee for the practice privilege granted under this section by rule. (b) An individual that enters the state under this section and is granted this practice privilege shall abide by this chapter and the rules adopted under this chapter and shall be subject to discipline for violation of this chapter. However, such individual is exempt from the continuing education requirements of this chapter provided the individual has met the continuing education requirements of the state in which the individual holds a valid certificate or license. The board may accept NASBA’s designation of the individual’s state as substantially equivalent to national standards, or NASBA’s designation of the applicant as substantially equivalent to (2002 Ed.) Accountancy national standards, as meeting the requirement for a certified public accountant to be substantially equivalent to this state’s requirements. (c) Any certificate or license holder of another state exercising the privilege afforded under this section consents, as a condition of the grant of this privilege: (i) To the personal and subject matter jurisdiction of the board; (ii) To the appointment of the state board which issued the certificate or license as their agent upon whom process may be served in any action or proceeding by this state’s board against the certificate holder or licensee. (d) A licensee of this state offering or rendering services or using their certified public accountant title in another state shall be subject to disciplinary action in this state for an act committed in another state for which the certificate or permit holder would be subject to discipline for an act committed in the other state provided the board receives timely notification of the act. Notwithstanding RCW 18.04.295, the board may investigate any complaint made by the board of accountancy of another state. (3) Nothing in this chapter prohibits a licensee, a licensed firm, or any of their employees from disclosing any data in confidence to other certified public accountants, quality assurance or peer review teams, partnerships, limited liability companies, or corporations of public accountants or to the board or any of its employees engaged in conducting quality assurance or peer reviews, or any one of their employees in connection with quality or peer reviews of that accountant’s accounting and auditing practice conducted under the auspices of recognized professional associations. (4) Nothing in this chapter prohibits a licensee, a licensed firm, or any of their employees from disclosing any data in confidence to any employee, representative, officer, or committee member of a recognized professional association, or to the board, or any of its employees or committees in connection with a professional investigation held under the auspices of recognized professional associations or the board. (5) Nothing in this chapter prohibits any officer, employee, partner, or principal of any organization: (a) From affixing his or her signature to any statement or report in reference to the affairs of the organization with any wording designating the position, title, or office which he or she holds in the organization; or (b) From describing himself or herself by the position, title, or office he or she holds in such organization. (6) Nothing in this chapter prohibits any person or firm composed of persons not holding a license under RCW 18.04.215 from offering or rendering to the public bookkeeping, accounting, tax services, the devising and installing of financial information systems, management advisory, or consulting services, the preparation of tax returns, or the furnishing of advice on tax matters, the preparation of financial statements, written statements describing how such financial statements were prepared, or similar services, provided that persons, partnerships, limited liability companies, or corporations not holding a license under RCW 18.04.215 who offer or render these services do not designate any written statement as an "audit report," "review report," or "compilation report," do not issue any written statement which purports to express or disclaim an opinion (2002 Ed.) 18.04.350 on financial statements which have been audited, and do not issue any written statement which expresses assurance on financial statements which have been reviewed. (7) Nothing in this chapter prohibits any act of or the use of any words by a public official or a public employee in the performance of his or her duties. (8) Nothing contained in this chapter prohibits any person who holds only a valid certificate from assuming or using the designation "certified public accountant-inactive" or "CPA-inactive" or any other title, designation, words, letters, sign, card, or device tending to indicate the person is a certificate holder, provided, that such person does not perform or offer to perform for the public one or more kinds of services involving the use of accounting or auditing skills, including issuance of reports on financial statements or of one or more kinds of management advisory, financial advisory, consulting services, the preparation of tax returns, or the furnishing of advice on tax matters. (9) Nothing in this chapter prohibits the use of the title "accountant" by any person regardless of whether the person has been granted a certificate or holds a license under this chapter. Nothing in this chapter prohibits the use of the title "enrolled agent" or the designation "EA" by any person regardless of whether the person has been granted a certificate or holds a license under this chapter if the person is properly authorized at the time of use to use the title or designation by the United States department of the treasury. The board shall by rule allow the use of other titles by any person regardless of whether the person has been granted a certificate or holds a license under this chapter if the person using the titles or designations is authorized at the time of use by a nationally recognized entity sanctioning the use of board authorized titles. [2001 c 294 § 18; 1992 c 103 § 15; 1986 c 295 § 16; 1983 c 234 § 17; 1969 c 114 § 7; 1949 c 226 § 34; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 8269-41.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.360 Practices may be enjoined. If, in the judgment of the board any person has engaged, or is about to engage, in any acts or practices which constitute, or will constitute, a violation of this chapter, the board may make application to the appropriate court for an order enjoining such acts or practices and upon a showing by the board that such person has engaged, or is about to engage, in any such acts or practices, an injunction, restraining order, or such other order as may be appropriate may be granted by such court. [1983 c 234 § 18; 1949 c 226 § 35; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 8269-42.] Injunctions: Chapter 7.40 RCW. 18.04.370 Penalty. (1) Any person who violates any provision of this chapter, shall be guilty of a crime, as follows: (a) Any person who violates any provision of this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be subject to a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars, or to imprisonment for not more than six months, or to both such fine and imprisonment. (b) Notwithstanding (a) of this subsection, any person who uses a professional title intended to deceive the public, in violation of RCW 18.04.345, having previously entered [Title 18 RCW—page 11] 18.04.370 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions into a stipulated agreement and order of assurance with the board, is guilty of a felony, and upon conviction thereof, is subject to a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars, or to imprisonment for not more than two years, or to both such fine and imprisonment. (2) With the exception of first time violations of RCW 18.04.345, subject to subsection (3) of this section whenever the board has reason to believe that any person is violating the provisions of this chapter it shall certify the facts to the prosecuting attorney of the county in which such person resides or may be apprehended and the prosecuting attorney shall cause appropriate proceedings to be brought against such person. (3) The board may elect to enter into a stipulated agreement and orders of assurance with persons in violation of RCW 18.04.345 who have not previously been found to have violated the provisions of this chapter. The board may order full restitution to injured parties as a condition of a stipulated agreement and order of assurance. (4) Nothing herein contained shall be held to in any way affect the power of the courts to grant injunctive or other relief as above provided. [2001 c 294 § 19; 1983 c 234 § 19; 1949 c 226 § 36; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 8269-43.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.380 Advertising falsely—Effect. (1) The display or presentation by a person of a card, sign, advertisement, or other printed, engraved, or written instrument or device, bearing a person’s name in conjunction with the words "certified public accountant" or any abbreviation thereof shall be prima facie evidence in any action brought under this chapter that the person whose name is so displayed, caused or procured the display or presentation of the card, sign, advertisement, or other printed, engraved, or written instrument or device, and that the person is holding himself or herself out to be a licensee, a certified public accountant, or a person holding a certificate under this chapter. (2) The display or presentation by a person of a card, sign, advertisement, or other printed, engraved, or written instrument or device, bearing a person’s name in conjunction with the words certified public accountant-inactive or any abbreviation thereof is prima facie evidence in any action brought under this chapter that the person whose name is so displayed caused or procured the display or presentation of the card, sign, advertisement, or other printed, engraved, or written instrument or device, and that the person is holding himself or herself out to be a certified public accountantinactive under this chapter. (3) In any action under subsection (1) or (2) of this section, evidence of the commission of a single act prohibited by this chapter is sufficient to justify an injunction or a conviction without evidence of a general course of conduct. [2001 c 294 § 20; 1986 c 295 § 17; 1983 c 234 § 20; 1949 c 226 § 37; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 8269-44.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. False advertising: Chapter 9.04 RCW. 18.04.390 Papers, records, schedules, etc., property of the licensee or licensed firm—Prohibited practices— Rights of client. (1) In the absence of an express agreement [Title 18 RCW—page 12] between the licensee or licensed firm and the client to the contrary, all statements, records, schedules, working papers, and memoranda made by a licensee or licensed firm incident to or in the course of professional service to clients, except reports submitted by a licensee or licensed firm, are the property of the licensee or licensed firm. (2) No statement, record, schedule, working paper, or memorandum may be sold, transferred, or bequeathed without the consent of the client or his or her personal representative or assignee, to anyone other than one or more surviving partners, shareholders, or new partners or new shareholders of the licensee, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation, or any combined or merged partnership, limited liability company, or corporation, or successor in interest. (3) A licensee shall furnish to the board or to his or her client or former client, upon request and reasonable notice: (a) A copy of the licensee’s working papers or electronic documents, to the extent that such working papers or electronic documents include records that would ordinarily constitute part of the client’s records and are not otherwise available to the client; and (b) Any accounting or other records belonging to, or obtained from or on behalf of, the client that the licensee removed from the client’s premises or received for the client’s account; the licensee may make and retain copies of such documents of the client when they form the basis for work done by him or her. (4) Nothing in this section shall require a licensee to keep any work paper or electronic document beyond the period prescribed in any other applicable statute. (5) Nothing in this section should be construed as prohibiting any temporary transfer of workpapers or other material necessary in the course of carrying out peer reviews or as otherwise interfering with the disclosure of information pursuant to RCW 18.04.405. [2001 c 294 § 21; 1992 c 103 § 16; 1986 c 295 § 18; 1983 c 234 § 21; 1949 c 226 § 38; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 8269-45.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.405 Confidential information—Disclosure, when—Subpoenas. (1) A licensee, certificate holder, or licensed firm, or any of their employees shall not disclose any confidential information obtained in the course of a professional transaction except with the consent of the client or former client or as disclosure may be required by law, legal process, the standards of the profession, or as disclosure of confidential information is permitted by RCW 18.04.350 (3) and (4), 18.04.295(8), 18.04.390, and this section in connection with quality assurance, or peer reviews, investigations, and any proceeding under chapter 34.05 RCW. (2) This section shall not be construed as limiting the authority of this state or of the United States or an agency of this state, the board, or of the United States to subpoena and use such confidential information obtained by a licensee, or any of their employees in the course of a professional transaction in connection with any investigation, public hearing, or other proceeding, nor shall this section be construed as prohibiting a licensee or certified public accountant whose professional competence has been chal(2002 Ed.) Accountancy lenged in a court of law or before an administrative agency from disclosing confidential information as a part of a defense to the court action or administrative proceeding. (3) The proceedings, records, and work papers of a review committee shall be privileged and shall not be subject to discovery, subpoena, or other means of legal process or introduction into evidence in any civil action, arbitration, administrative proceeding, or board proceeding and no member of the review committee or person who was involved in the peer review process shall be permitted or required to testify in any such civil action, arbitration, administrative proceeding, or board proceeding as to any matter produced, presented, disclosed, or discussed during or in connection with the peer review process, or as to any findings, recommendations, evaluations, opinions, or other actions of such committees, or any members thereof. Information, documents, or records that are publicly available are not to be construed as immune from discovery or use in any civil action, arbitration, administrative proceeding, or board proceeding merely because they were presented or considered in connection with the quality assurance or peer review process. [2001 c 294 § 22; 1992 c 103 § 17; 1986 c 295 § 19; 1983 c 234 § 23.] 18.04.405 *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.04.901 Severability. If any provision of this chapter or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1986 c 295 § 20; 1983 c 234 § 34.] 18.04.910 Effective date—1983 c 234. This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect on July 1, 1983. [1983 c 234 § 35.] Effective date—2001 c 294: See note following RCW 18.04.015. 18.04.420 License or certificate suspension— Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. The board shall suspend the license or certificate of any person who has been certified by a lending agency and reported to the board for nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or serviceconditional scholarship. Prior to the suspension, the agency must provide the person an opportunity for a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW 34.05.485 through 34.05.494 and issue a finding of nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. The person’s license or certificate shall not be reissued until the person provides the board a written release issued by the lending agency stating that the person is making payments on the loan in accordance with a repayment agreement approved by the lending agency. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for licensure or certification during the suspension, reinstatement shall be automatic upon receipt of the notice and payment of any reinstatement fee the board may impose. [1996 c 293 § 2.] Severability—1996 c 293: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1996 c 293 § 28.] 18.04.430 License or certificate suspension— Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. The board shall immediately suspend the certificate or license of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order or a *residential or visitation order. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for reinstatement during the suspension, reissuance of the license or certificate shall be automatic upon the board’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the licensee is in compliance with the order. [1997 c 58 § 811.] (2002 Ed.) 18.04.911 Effective date—1986 c 295. This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect on July 1, 1986, except as provided in this section. *Section 5 of this act shall not become effective if sections 90(1) and 4 of Engrossed Substitute House Bill No. 1758 become law. [1986 c 295 § 24.] *Reviser’s note: Section 5 of this act was vetoed by the governor. 18.04.920 Short title. This chapter may be cited as the public accountancy act. [1986 c 295 § 22; 1983 c 234 § 1.] Chapter 18.06 ACUPUNCTURE Sections 18.06.010 18.06.020 18.06.045 18.06.050 18.06.060 18.06.070 18.06.080 18.06.090 18.06.100 18.06.110 18.06.120 18.06.130 18.06.140 18.06.150 18.06.160 18.06.180 18.06.190 18.06.200 18.06.210 Definitions. Practice without license unlawful. Exemptions from chapter. Applications for examination—Qualifications. Approval of educational programs. Approval of applications—Examination fee. Authority of secretary—Examination—Contents—Ad hoc committee—Immunity. Fluency in English required. Investigation of applicant’s background. Application of Uniform Disciplinary Act. Compliance with administrative procedures—Fees. Patient information form. Consultation and referral to other health care practitioners. Violations of RCW 18.06.130 or 18.06.140—Penalty. Adoption of rules. Application of chapter to previously registered acupuncture assistants. Licensing by endorsement. Health care insurance benefits not mandatory. Prescription of drugs and practice of medicine not authorized. [Title 18 RCW—page 13] Chapter 18.06 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions Performance of acupuncture by physician assistants and osteopathic physician assistants: RCW 18.57A.070. 18.06.010 Definitions. The following terms in this chapter shall have the meanings set forth in this section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise: (1) "Acupuncture" means a health care service based on an Oriental system of medical theory utilizing Oriental diagnosis and treatment to promote health and treat organic or functional disorders by treating specific acupuncture points or meridians. Acupuncture includes the following techniques: (a) Use of acupuncture needles to stimulate acupuncture points and meridians; (b) Use of electrical, mechanical, or magnetic devices to stimulate acupuncture points and meridians; (c) Moxibustion; (d) Acupressure; (e) Cupping; (f) Dermal friction technique; (g) Infra-red; (h) Sonopuncture; (i) Laserpuncture; (j) Point injection therapy (aquapuncture); and (k) Dietary advice based on Oriental medical theory provided in conjunction with techniques under (a) through (j) of this subsection. (2) "Acupuncturist" means a person licensed under this chapter. (3) "Department" means the department of health. (4) "Secretary" means the secretary of health or the secretary’s designee. [1995 c 323 § 4; 1992 c 110 § 1; 1991 c 3 § 4; 1985 c 326 § 1.] 18.06.020 Practice without license unlawful. (1) No one may hold themselves out to the public as an acupuncturist or licensed acupuncturist or any derivative thereof which is intended to or is likely to lead the public to believe such a person is an acupuncturist or licensed acupuncturist unless licensed as provided for in this chapter. (2) A person may not practice acupuncture if the person is not licensed under this chapter. (3) No one may use any configuration of letters after their name (including Ac.) which indicates a degree or formal training in acupuncture unless licensed as provided for in this chapter. (4) The secretary may by rule proscribe or regulate advertising and other forms of patient solicitation which are likely to mislead or deceive the public as to whether someone is licensed under this chapter. [1995 c 323 § 5; 1991 c 3 § 5; 1985 c 326 § 2.] 18.06.045 Exemptions from chapter. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit or restrict: (1) The practice by an individual credentialed under the laws of this state and performing services within such individual’s authorized scope of practice; (2) The practice by an individual employed by the government of the United States while engaged in the performance of duties prescribed by the laws of the United States; [Title 18 RCW—page 14] (3) The practice by a person who is a regular student in an educational program approved by the secretary, and whose performance of services is pursuant to a regular course of instruction or assignments from an instructor and under the general supervision of the instructor; (4) The practice of acupuncture by any person credentialed to perform acupuncture in any other jurisdiction where such person is doing so in the course of regular instruction of a school of acupuncture approved by the secretary or in an educational seminar by a professional organization of acupuncture, provided that in the latter case, the practice is supervised directly by a person licensed under this chapter or licensed under any other healing art whose scope of practice includes acupuncture. [1995 c 323 § 6; 1992 c 110 § 2.] 18.06.050 Applications for examination— Qualifications. Any person seeking to be examined shall present to the secretary at least forty-five days before the commencement of the examination: (1) A written application on a form or forms provided by the secretary setting forth under affidavit such information as the secretary may require; and (2) Proof that the candidate has: (a) Successfully completed a course, approved by the secretary, of didactic training in basic sciences and acupuncture over a minimum period of two academic years. The training shall include such subjects as anatomy, physiology, bacteriology, biochemistry, pathology, hygiene, and a survey of western clinical sciences. The basic science classes must be equivalent to those offered at the collegiate level. However, if the applicant is a licensed chiropractor under chapter 18.25 RCW or a naturopath licensed under chapter 18.36A RCW, the requirements of this subsection relating to basic sciences may be reduced by up to one year depending upon the extent of the candidate’s qualifications as determined under rules adopted by the secretary; (b) Successfully completed a course, approved by the secretary, of clinical training in acupuncture over a minimum period of one academic year. The training shall include a minimum of: (i) Twenty-nine quarter credits of supervised practice, consisting of at least four hundred separate patient treatments involving a minimum of one hundred different patients, and (ii) one hundred hours or nine quarter credits of observation which shall include case presentation and discussion. [1991 c 3 § 7; 1987 c 447 § 15; 1985 c 326 § 5.] Severability—1987 c 447: See RCW 18.36A.901. 18.06.060 Approval of educational programs. The department shall consider for approval any school, program, apprenticeship, or tutorial which meets the requirements outlined in this chapter and provides the training required under RCW 18.06.050. Clinical and didactic training may be approved as separate programs or as a joint program. The process for approval shall be established by the secretary by rule. [1991 c 3 § 8; 1985 c 326 § 6.] 18.06.070 Approval of applications—Examination fee. No applicant may be permitted to take an examination under this chapter until the secretary has approved his or her (2002 Ed.) Acupuncture application and the applicant has paid an examination fee as prescribed under RCW 43.70.250. The examination fee shall accompany the application. [1991 c 3 § 9; 1985 c 326 § 7.] 18.06.080 Authority of secretary—Examination— Contents—Ad hoc committee—Immunity. (1) The secretary is hereby authorized and empowered to execute the provisions of this chapter and shall offer examinations in acupuncture at least twice a year at such times and places as the secretary may select. The examination shall be a written examination and may include a practical examination. (2) The secretary shall develop or approve a licensure examination in the subjects that the secretary determines are within the scope of and commensurate with the work performed by licensed acupuncturists and shall include but not necessarily be limited to anatomy, physiology, microbiology, biochemistry, pathology, hygiene, and acupuncture. All application papers shall be deposited with the secretary and there retained for at least one year, when they may be destroyed. (3) If the examination is successfully passed, the secretary shall confer on such candidate the title of Licensed Acupuncturist. (4) The secretary may appoint members of the profession to serve in an ad hoc advisory capacity to the secretary in carrying out this chapter. The members will serve for designated times and provide advice on matters specifically identified and requested by the secretary. The members shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.220 and reimbursed for travel expenses under RCW 43.03.040 and 43.03.060. (5) The secretary, ad hoc committee members, or individuals acting in their behalf are immune from suit in a civil action based on any certification or disciplinary proceedings or other official acts performed in the course of their duties. [1995 c 323 § 7; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 502; 1992 c 110 § 3; 1991 c 3 § 10; 1985 c 326 § 8.] Severability—Headings and captions not law—Effective date— 1994 sp.s. c 9: See RCW 18.79.900 through 18.79.902. 18.06.090 Fluency in English required. Before licensure, each applicant shall demonstrate sufficient fluency in reading, speaking, and understanding the English language to enable the applicant to communicate with other health care providers and patients concerning health care problems and treatment. [1995 c 323 § 8; 1985 c 326 § 9.] 18.06.100 Investigation of applicant’s background. Each applicant shall, as part of his or her application, furnish written consent to an investigation of his or her personal background, professional training, and experience by the department or any person acting on its behalf. [1985 c 326 § 10.] 18.06.110 Application of Uniform Disciplinary Act. The Uniform Disciplinary Act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs uncertified practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the disciplining of license holders under this chapter. The secretary shall be the disciplining authority under this chapter. [1995 c 323 § 9; 1991 c 3 § 11; 1987 c 150 § 9; 1985 c 326 § 11.] (2002 Ed.) 18.06.070 Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.06.120 Compliance with administrative procedures—Fees. (1) Every person licensed in acupuncture shall comply with the administrative procedures and administrative requirements for registration and renewal set by the secretary under RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. (2) All fees collected under this section and RCW 18.06.070 shall be credited to the health professions account as required under RCW 43.70.320. [1996 c 191 § 3; 1995 c 323 § 10; 1992 c 110 § 4; 1991 c 3 § 12; 1985 c 326 § 12.] 18.06.130 Patient information form. The secretary shall develop a form to be used by an acupuncturist to inform the patient of the acupuncturist’s scope of practice and qualifications. All license holders shall bring the form to the attention of the patients in whatever manner the secretary, by rule, provides. [1995 c 323 § 11; 1991 c 3 § 13; 1985 c 326 § 13.] 18.06.140 Consultation and referral to other health care practitioners. Every licensed acupuncturist shall develop a written plan for consultation, emergency transfer, and referral to other health care practitioners operating within the scope of their authorized practices. The written plan shall be submitted with the initial application for licensure as well as annually thereafter with the license renewal fee to the department. The department may withhold licensure or renewal of licensure if the plan fails to meet the standards contained in rules adopted by the secretary. When the acupuncturist sees patients with potentially serious disorders such as cardiac conditions, acute abdominal symptoms, and such other conditions, the acupuncturist shall immediately request a consultation or recent written diagnosis from a physician licensed under chapter 18.71 or 18.57 RCW. In the event that the patient with the disorder refuses to authorize such consultation or provide a recent diagnosis from such physician, acupuncture treatment shall not be continued. [1995 c 323 § 12; 1991 c 3 § 14; 1985 c 326 § 14.] 18.06.150 Violations of RCW 18.06.130 or 18.06.140—Penalty. Any person violating the provisions of RCW 18.06.130 or 18.06.140 shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished as provided in RCW 9.92.030. [1985 c 326 § 15.] 18.06.160 Adoption of rules. The secretary shall adopt rules in the manner provided by chapter 34.05 RCW as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter. [1991 c 3 § 15; 1985 c 326 § 16.] 18.06.180 Application of chapter to previously registered acupuncture assistants. All persons registered as acupuncture assistants pursuant to chapter 18.71A or 18.57A RCW on July 28, 1985, shall be certified under this chapter by the secretary without examination if they otherwise would qualify for certification under this chapter and [Title 18 RCW—page 15] 18.06.180 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions apply for certification within one hundred twenty days of July 28, 1985. [1991 c 3 § 17; 1985 c 326 § 18.] property and to promote the public welfare, it is necessary to regulate the practice of architecture. [1985 c 37 § 1.] 18.06.190 Licensing by endorsement. The secretary may license a person without examination if such person is credentialed as an acupuncturist in another jurisdiction if, in the secretary’s judgment, the requirements of that jurisdiction are equivalent to or greater than those of Washington state. [1995 c 323 § 13; 1991 c 3 § 18; 1985 c 326 § 19.] 18.08.240 Architects’ license account. There is established in the state treasury the architects’ license account, into which all fees paid pursuant to this chapter shall be paid. [1991 sp.s. c 13 § 2; 1985 c 57 § 4; 1959 c 323 § 15.] 18.06.200 Health care insurance benefits not mandatory. Nothing in this chapter may be construed to require that individual or group policies or contracts of an insurance carrier, health care service contractor, or health maintenance organization provide benefits or coverage for services and supplies provided by a person licensed under this chapter. [1995 c 323 § 14; 1985 c 326 § 20.] 18.06.210 Prescription of drugs and practice of medicine not authorized. This chapter shall not be construed as permitting the administration or prescription of drugs or in any way infringing upon the practice of medicine and surgery as defined in chapter 18.71 or 18.57 RCW, except as authorized in this chapter. [1985 c 326 § 21.] Chapter 18.08 ARCHITECTS Sections 18.08.235 18.08.240 18.08.310 18.08.320 18.08.330 Legislative findings—1985 c 37. Architects’ license account. Registration or authorization to practice required. Definitions. Board of registration—Appointment, terms, vacancies, removal—Officers—Travel expenses. 18.08.340 Board of registration—Rules—Executive secretary—Staff support—Investigations—Subpoenas. 18.08.350 Certificate of registration—Application—Qualifications. 18.08.360 Examinations. 18.08.370 Issuance of certificates of registration—Seal, use. 18.08.380 Reinstatement of revoked certificates of registration— Replacement of lost, destroyed, or mutilated certificates. 18.08.390 Registration of prior registrants. 18.08.400 Registration of out-of-state registrants. 18.08.410 Application of chapter. 18.08.420 Organization as corporation or joint stock association— Procedure—Requirements. 18.08.430 Renewal of certificates of registration—Withdrawal. 18.08.440 Actions against certificate—Grounds—Penalties. 18.08.450 Actions against certificate—Discipline—Board’s authority— Procedure. 18.08.460 Violation of chapter—Penalties—Enforcement— Injunctions—Persons who may initiate proceedings. 18.08.470 Certificate or registration suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. 18.08.480 Certificate of registration or authorization suspension— Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. 18.08.490 Uniform regulation of business and professions act. 18.08.900 Severability—1985 c 37. Public contracts for architectural services: Chapter 39.80 RCW. Safety requirements as to doors, public buildings, and places of entertainment: RCW 70.54.070. 18.08.235 Legislative findings—1985 c 37. The legislature finds that in order to safeguard life, health, and [Title 18 RCW—page 16] Effective dates—1991 sp.s. c 13: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions. (1) On or before June 30, 1991, the balances remaining in the local jail improvement and construction account, the 1979 handicapped facilities construction account, the salmon enhancement construction account, the community college capital improvements accounts, and the fisheries capital projects account shall be transferred to the state building construction account and the balance remaining in the Washington State University construction account shall be transferred to the Washington State University building account. (2) Except for subsection (1) of this section, sections 1 through 47, 49 through 64, 66 through 108, and 110 through 122 of this act shall take effect July 1, 1991, but shall not be effective for earnings on balances prior to July 1, 1991, regardless of when a distribution is made. (3) Sections 48 and 109 of this act shall take effect September 1, 1991. (4) Section 65 of this act shall take effect January 1, 1992. (5) *Sections 123 through 139 of this act shall take effect July 1, 1993, and shall be effective for earnings on balances beginning July 1, 1993, regardless of when a distribution is made." [1991 sp.s. c 13 § 141.] *Reviser’s note: "Sections 123 through 139 of this act" [1991 sp.s. c 13] were vetoed by the governor. Severability—1991 sp.s. c 13: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1991 sp.s. c 13 § 140.] Effective date—1985 c 57: See note following RCW 18.04.105. 18.08.310 Registration or authorization to practice required. It is unlawful for any person to practice or offer to practice in this state, architecture, or to use in connection with his or her name or otherwise assume, use, or advertise any title or description including the word "architect," "architecture," "architectural," or language tending to imply that he or she is an architect, unless the person is registered or authorized to practice in the state of Washington under this chapter. The provisions of this section shall not affect the use of the words "architect," "architecture," or "architectural" where a person does not practice or offer to practice architecture. [1985 c 37 § 2.] 18.08.320 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Administration of the construction contract" means the periodic observation of materials and work to observe the general compliance with the construction contract documents, and does not include responsibility for supervising construction methods and processes, site conditions, equipment operations, personnel, or safety on the work site. (2) "Architect" means an individual who is registered under this chapter to practice architecture. (3) "Board" means the state board of registration for architects. (2002 Ed.) Architects (4) "Certificate of authorization" means a certificate issued by the director to a corporation or partnership that authorizes the entity to practice architecture. (5) "Certificate of registration" means the certificate issued by the director to newly registered architects. (6) "Department" means the department of licensing. (7) "Director" means the director of licensing. (8) "Engineer" means an individual who is registered as an engineer under chapter 18.43 RCW. (9) "Person" means any individual, partnership, professional service corporation, corporation, joint stock association, joint venture, or any other entity authorized to do business in the state. (10) "Practice of architecture" means the rendering of services in connection with the art and science of building design for construction of any structure or grouping of structures and the use of space within and surrounding the structures or the design for construction of alterations or additions to the structures, including but not specifically limited to schematic design, design development, preparation of construction contract documents, and administration of the construction contract. (11) "Registered" means holding a currently valid certificate of registration or certificate of authorization issued by the director authorizing the practice of architecture. (12) "Structure" means any construction consisting of load-bearing members such as the foundation, roof, floors, walls, columns, girders, and beams or a combination of any number of these parts, with or without other parts or appurtenances. [1985 c 37 § 3.] 18.08.330 Board of registration—Appointment, terms, vacancies, removal—Officers—Travel expenses. There is hereby created a state board of registration for architects consisting of seven members who shall be appointed by the governor. Six members shall be registered architects who are residents of the state and have at least eight years’ experience in the practice of architecture as registered architects in responsible charge of architectural work or responsible charge of architectural teaching. One member shall be a public member, who is not and has never been a registered architect and who does not employ and is not employed by or professionally or financially associated with an architect. The terms of each newly appointed member shall be six years. The members of the board of registration for architects serving on July 28, 1985, shall serve out the remainders of their existing five-year terms. The term of the public member shall coincide with the term of an architect. Every member of the board shall receive a certificate of appointment from the governor. On the expiration of the term of each member, the governor shall appoint a successor to serve for a term of six years or until the next successor has been appointed. The governor may remove any member of the board for cause. Vacancies in the board for any reason shall be filled by appointment for the unexpired term. The board shall elect a chairman, a vice-chairman, and a secretary. The secretary may delegate his or her authority to the executive secretary. (2002 Ed.) 18.08.320 Members of the board shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 and shall be reimbursed for travel expenses in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. [1985 c 37 § 4.] 18.08.340 Board of registration—Rules—Executive secretary—Staff support—Investigations—Subpoenas. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) The board may adopt such rules under chapter 34.05 RCW as are necessary for the proper performance of its duties under this chapter. (2) The director shall employ an executive secretary subject to approval by the board. The director shall provide such secretarial and administrative support as may be required to carry out the purposes of this chapter. (3) The board or the director may conduct investigations concerning alleged violations of this chapter. In making such investigations and in all proceedings of the board under this chapter, the chairman or any member of the board acting in place of the chairman may administer oaths or affirmations to witnesses appearing before the board, subpoena witnesses and compel their attendance, and require the production of books, records, papers, and documents. If any person refuses to obey a subpoena so issued, or refuses to testify or produce any books, records, papers, or documents so required to be produced, the board may present its petition in the superior court of Thurston county or the county in which the person resides, setting forth the facts, and thereupon the court shall, in a proper case, enter a suitable order compelling compliance with this chapter and imposing such other terms and conditions as the court finds equitable. [1985 c 37 § 5.] 18.08.340 Board of registration—Rules—Executive secretary. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) The board may adopt such rules under chapter 34.05 RCW as are necessary for the proper performance of its duties under this chapter. (2) The director shall employ an executive secretary subject to approval by the board. [2002 c 86 § 201; 1985 c 37 § 5.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: "(1) Sections 201 through 240 and 242 through 401 of this act take effect January 1, 2003. (2) Section 241 of this act takes effect July 1, 2003." [2002 c 86 § 403.] Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.08.350 Certificate of registration—Application— Qualifications. (1) A certificate of registration shall be granted by the director to all qualified applicants who are certified by the board as having passed the required examination and as having given satisfactory proof of completion of the required experience. (2) Applications for examination shall be filed as the board prescribes by rule. The application and examination fees shall be determined by the director under RCW 43.24.086. (3) An applicant for registration as an architect shall be of a good moral character, at least eighteen years of age, and shall possess either of the following qualifications: (a) Have an accredited architectural degree and three years’ practical architectural work experience and have [Title 18 RCW—page 17] 18.08.350 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions completed the requirements of a structured intern training program approved by the board; or (b) Have eight years’ practical architectural work experience, which may include designing buildings as a principal activity, and have completed the requirements of a structured intern training program approved by the board. Each year spent in an accredited architectural education program approved by the board shall be considered one year of practical experience. At least four years’ practical work experience shall be under the direct supervision of an architect. [1997 c 169 § 1; 1993 c 475 § 2; 1993 c 475 § 1; 1985 c 37 § 6.] Effective date—1997 c 169 § 1: "Section 1 of this act takes effect July 29, 2001." [1997 c 169 § 2.] Effective date—1993 c 475 § 2: "Section 2 of this act shall take effect July 29, 2001." [1993 c 475 § 3.] 18.08.360 Examinations. (1) The examination for an architect’s certificate of registration shall be held at least annually at such time and place as the board determines. (2) The board shall determine the content, scope, and grading process of the examination. The board may adopt an appropriate national examination and grading procedure. (3) Applicants who fail to pass any section of the examination shall be permitted to retake the parts failed as prescribed by the board. If the entire examination is not successfully completed within five years, a retake of the entire examination shall be required. [1985 c 37 § 7.] 18.08.370 Issuance of certificates of registration— Seal, use. (1) The director shall issue a certificate of registration to any applicant who has, to the satisfaction of the board, met all the requirements for registration upon payment of the registration fee as provided in this chapter. All certificates of registration shall show the full name of the registrant, have the registration number, and shall be signed by the chairman of the board and by the director. The issuance of a certificate of registration by the director is prima facie evidence that the person named therein is entitled to all the rights and privileges of a registered architect. (2) Each registrant shall obtain a seal of the design authorized by the board bearing the architect’s name, registration number, the legend "Registered Architect," and the name of this state. Drawings prepared by the registrant shall be sealed and signed by the registrant when filed with public authorities. It is unlawful to seal and sign a document after a registrant’s certificate of registration or authorization has expired, been revoked, or is suspended. [1985 c 37 § 8.] 18.08.380 Reinstatement of revoked certificates of registration—Replacement of lost, destroyed, or mutilated certificates. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) The director may reinstate a certificate of registration to any person or a certificate of authorization to any corporation or joint stock association whose certificate has been revoked, if a majority of the board vote in favor of such reissuance, if the board finds that the circumstances or conditions that brought about the revocation are not likely to recur and that the person, corporation, or joint stockholders’ association is then sufficiently trustworthy and reliable at the time rein[Title 18 RCW—page 18] statement is sought, and that the best interests of the public will be served by reinstatement of the registration. (2) A new certificate of registration or certificate of authorization to replace any certificate lost, destroyed, or mutilated may be issued by the director. A charge, determined as provided in RCW 43.24.086, shall be made for such issuance. [1985 c 37 § 9.] 18.08.380 Certificates of registration, authorization—Replacement of lost, destroyed, or mutilated certificates. (Effective January 1, 2003.) A new certificate of registration or certificate of authorization to replace any certificate lost, destroyed, or mutilated may be issued by the director. A charge, determined as provided in RCW 43.24.086, shall be made for such issuance. [2002 c 86 § 202; 1985 c 37 § 9.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.08.390 Registration of prior registrants. All persons registered as architects under chapter 205, Laws of 1919, or registered as architects under chapter 323, Laws of 1959, as amended, before July 28, 1985, shall be registered as architects without examination. [1985 c 37 § 10.] 18.08.400 Registration of out-of-state registrants. The director may, upon receipt of the current registration fee, grant a certificate of registration to an applicant who is a registered architect in another state or territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, or another country, if that individual’s qualifications and experience are determined by the board to be equivalent to the qualifications and experience required of a person registered under RCW 18.08.350. [1985 c 37 § 11.] 18.08.410 Application of chapter. This chapter shall not affect or prevent: (1) The practice of naval architecture, landscape architecture, engineering, space planning, interior design, or any legally recognized profession or trade by persons not registered as architects; (2) Drafters, clerks, project managers, superintendents, and other employees of architects, engineers, naval architects, or landscape architects from acting under the instructions, control, or supervision of their employers; (3) The construction, alteration, or supervision of construction of buildings or structures by contractors or superintendents employed by contractors or the preparation of shop drawings in connection therewith; (4) Owners or contractors from engaging persons who are not architects to observe and supervise construction of a project; (5) Any person from doing design work including preparing construction contract documents and administration of the construction contract for the erection, enlargement, repair, or alteration of a structure or any appurtenance to a structure, if the structure is to be used for a residential building of up to and including four dwelling units or a farm building or is a structure used in connection with or auxiliary (2002 Ed.) Architects to such residential building or farm building such as a garage, barn, shed, or shelter for animals or machinery; (6) Any person from doing design work including preparing construction contract documents and administering the contract for construction, erection, enlargement, alteration, or repairs of or to a building of any occupancy up to four thousand square feet of construction; (7) Design-build construction by registered general contractors if the structural design services are performed by a registered engineer; (8) Any person from designing buildings or doing other design work for any structure prior to the time of filing for a building permit; or (9) Any person from designing buildings or doing other design work for structures larger than those exempted under subsections (5) and (6) of this section, if the plans, which may include such design work, are stamped by a registered engineer or architect. [1985 c 37 § 12.] 18.08.420 Organization as corporation or joint stock association—Procedure—Requirements. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) An architect or architects may organize a corporation formed either as a business corporation under the provisions of Title 23B RCW or as a professional corporation under the provisions of chapter 18.100 RCW. For an architect or architects to practice architecture through a corporation or joint stock association organized by any person under Title 23B RCW, the corporation or joint stock association shall file with the board: (a) The application for certificate of authorization upon a form to be prescribed by the board and containing information required to enable the board to determine whether the corporation is qualified under this chapter to practice architecture in this state; (b) Its notices of incorporation and bylaws and a certified copy of a resolution of the board of directors of the corporation that designates individuals registered under this chapter as responsible for the practice of architecture by the corporation in this state and that provides that full authority to make all final architectural decisions on behalf of the corporation with respect to work performed by the corporation in this state shall be granted and delegated by the board of directors to the individuals designated in the resolution. The filing of the resolution shall not relieve the corporation of any responsibility or liability imposed upon it by law or by contract; and (c) A designation in writing setting forth the name or names of the person or persons registered under this chapter who are responsible for the architecture of the firm. If there is a change in the person or persons responsible for the architecture of the firm, the changes shall be designated in writing and filed with the board within thirty days after the effective date of the changes. (2) Upon the filing with the board of the application for certificate of authorization, the certified copy of the resolution, and the information specified in subsection (1) of this section, the board shall authorize the director to issue to the corporation a certificate of authorization to practice architecture in this state upon a determination by the board that: (a) The bylaws of the corporation contain provisions that all architectural decisions pertaining to any project or (2002 Ed.) 18.08.410 architectural activities in this state shall be made by the specified architects responsible for the project or architectural activities, or other responsible architects under the direction or supervision of the architects responsible for the project or architectural activities; (b) The applicant corporation has the ability to provide, through qualified personnel, professional services or creative work requiring architectural experience, and with respect to the architectural services that the corporation undertakes or offers to undertake, the personnel have the ability to apply special knowledge to the professional services or creative work such as consultation, investigation, evaluation, planning, design, and administration of the construction contract in connection with any public or private structures, buildings, equipment, processes, works, or projects; (c) The application for certificate of authorization contains the professional records of the designated person or persons who are responsible; (d) The application for certificate of authorization states the experience of the corporation, if any, in furnishing architectural services during the preceding five-year period; (e) The applicant corporation meets such other requirements related to professional competence in the furnishing of architectural services as may be established and promulgated by the board in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter; and (f) The applicant corporation is possessed of the ability and competence to furnish architectural services in the public interest. (3) Upon recommendation of the board, the director shall refuse to issue or may suspend or revoke a certificate of authorization to a corporation if the board finds that any of the officers, directors, incorporators, or the stockholders holding a majority of stock of the corporation have committed an act prohibited under RCW 18.08.440 or have been found personally responsible for misconduct under subsection (6) or (7) of this section. (4) In the event a corporation, organized solely by a group of architects each registered under this chapter, applies for a certificate of authorization, the board may, in its discretion, grant a certificate of authorization to that corporation based on a review of the professional records of such incorporators, in lieu of the required qualifications set forth in subsections (1) and (2) of this section. In the event the ownership of such corporation is altered, the corporation shall apply for a revised certificate of authorization, based upon the professional records of the owners if exclusively architects, under the qualifications required by subsections (1) and (2) of this section. (5) Any corporation authorized to practice architecture under this chapter, together with its directors and officers for their own individual acts, are responsible to the same degree as an individual registered architect and shall conduct their business without misconduct or malpractice in the practice of architecture as defined in this chapter. (6) Any corporation that has been certified under this chapter and has engaged in the practice of architecture shall have its certificate of authorization either suspended or revoked by the board if, after a proper hearing, the board finds that the corporation has committed misconduct or malpractice under RCW 18.08.440. In such a case, any individual architect registered under this chapter who is [Title 18 RCW—page 19] 18.08.420 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions involved in such misconduct is also subject to disciplinary measures provided in this chapter. (7) All plans, specifications, designs, and reports when issued in connection with work performed by a corporation under its certificate of authorization shall be prepared by or under the direction of the designated architects and shall be signed by and stamped with the official seal of the designated architects in the corporation authorized under this chapter. (8) For each certificate of authorization issued under this section there shall be paid a certification fee and an annual certification renewal fee as prescribed by the director under RCW 43.24.086. (9) This chapter shall not affect the practice of architecture as a professional service corporation under chapter 18.100 RCW. [1991 c 72 § 2; 1985 c 37 § 13.] 18.08.420 Organization as corporation or joint stock association—Procedure—Requirements. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) An architect or architects may organize a corporation formed either as a business corporation under the provisions of Title 23B RCW or as a professional corporation under the provisions of chapter 18.100 RCW. For an architect or architects to practice architecture through a corporation or joint stock association organized by any person under Title 23B RCW, the corporation or joint stock association shall file with the board: (a) The application for certificate of authorization upon a form to be prescribed by the board and containing information required to enable the board to determine whether the corporation is qualified under this chapter to practice architecture in this state; (b) Its notices of incorporation and bylaws and a certified copy of a resolution of the board of directors of the corporation that designates individuals registered under this chapter as responsible for the practice of architecture by the corporation in this state and that provides that full authority to make all final architectural decisions on behalf of the corporation with respect to work performed by the corporation in this state shall be granted and delegated by the board of directors to the individuals designated in the resolution. The filing of the resolution shall not relieve the corporation of any responsibility or liability imposed upon it by law or by contract; and (c) A designation in writing setting forth the name or names of the person or persons registered under this chapter who are responsible for the architecture of the firm. If there is a change in the person or persons responsible for the architecture of the firm, the changes shall be designated in writing and filed with the board within thirty days after the effective date of the changes. (2) Upon the filing with the board of the application for certificate of authorization, the certified copy of the resolution, and the information specified in subsection (1) of this section, the board shall authorize the director to issue to the corporation a certificate of authorization to practice architecture in this state upon a determination by the board that: (a) The bylaws of the corporation contain provisions that all architectural decisions pertaining to any project or architectural activities in this state shall be made by the specified architects responsible for the project or architectural activities, or other responsible architects under the [Title 18 RCW—page 20] direction or supervision of the architects responsible for the project or architectural activities; (b) The applicant corporation has the ability to provide, through qualified personnel, professional services or creative work requiring architectural experience, and with respect to the architectural services that the corporation undertakes or offers to undertake, the personnel have the ability to apply special knowledge to the professional services or creative work such as consultation, investigation, evaluation, planning, design, and administration of the construction contract in connection with any public or private structures, buildings, equipment, processes, works, or projects; (c) The application for certificate of authorization contains the professional records of the designated person or persons who are responsible; (d) The application for certificate of authorization states the experience of the corporation, if any, in furnishing architectural services during the preceding five-year period; (e) The applicant corporation meets such other requirements related to professional competence in the furnishing of architectural services as may be established and promulgated by the board in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter; and (f) The applicant corporation is possessed of the ability and competence to furnish architectural services in the public interest. (3) Upon recommendation of the board to impose action as authorized in RCW 18.235.110, the director may impose the recommended action upon a certificate of authorization to a corporation if the board finds that any of the officers, directors, incorporators, or the stockholders holding a majority of stock of the corporation have committed an act prohibited under RCW 18.08.440 or 18.235.130 or have been found personally responsible for misconduct under subsection (6) or (7) of this section. (4) In the event a corporation, organized solely by a group of architects each registered under this chapter, applies for a certificate of authorization, the board may, in its discretion, grant a certificate of authorization to that corporation based on a review of the professional records of such incorporators, in lieu of the required qualifications set forth in subsections (1) and (2) of this section. In the event the ownership of such corporation is altered, the corporation shall apply for a revised certificate of authorization, based upon the professional records of the owners if exclusively architects, under the qualifications required by subsections (1) and (2) of this section. (5) Any corporation authorized to practice architecture under this chapter, together with its directors and officers for their own individual acts, are responsible to the same degree as an individual registered architect and shall conduct their business without misconduct or malpractice in the practice of architecture as defined in this chapter. (6) Any corporation that has been certified under this chapter and has engaged in the practice of architecture may have its certificate of authorization either suspended or revoked by the board if, after a proper hearing, the board finds that the corporation has committed misconduct or malpractice under RCW 18.08.440 or 18.235.130. In such a case, any individual architect registered under this chapter who is involved in such misconduct is also subject to dis(2002 Ed.) Architects ciplinary measures provided in this chapter and RCW 18.235.110. (7) All plans, specifications, designs, and reports when issued in connection with work performed by a corporation under its certificate of authorization shall be prepared by or under the direction of the designated architects and shall be signed by and stamped with the official seal of the designated architects in the corporation authorized under this chapter. (8) For each certificate of authorization issued under this section there shall be paid a certification fee and an annual certification renewal fee as prescribed by the director under RCW 43.24.086. (9) This chapter shall not affect the practice of architecture as a professional service corporation under chapter 18.100 RCW. [2002 c 86 § 203; 1991 c 72 § 2; 1985 c 37 § 13.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.08.430 Renewal of certificates of registration— Withdrawal. (1) The renewal date for certificates of registration shall be set by the director in accordance with RCW 43.24.086. Registrants who fail to pay the renewal fee within thirty days of the due date shall pay all delinquent fees plus a penalty fee equal to one-third of the renewal fee. A registrant who fails to pay a renewal fee for a period of five years may be reinstated under such circumstances as the board determines. The renewal and penalty fees and the frequency of renewal assessment shall be authorized under this chapter. Renewal date for certificates of authorization shall be the anniversary of the date of authorization. (2) Any registrant in good standing may withdraw from the practice of architecture by giving written notice to the director, and may within five years thereafter resume active practice upon payment of the then-current renewal fee. A registrant may be reinstated after a withdrawal of more than five years under such circumstances as the board determines. [1985 c 37 § 14.] 18.08.440 Actions against certificate—Grounds— Penalties. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The board shall have the power to impose fines on any person practicing architecture in an amount not to exceed one thousand dollars for each offense and may reprimand a registrant and may suspend, revoke, or refuse to issue or renew a certificate of registration or authorization to practice architecture in this state upon the following grounds: (1) Offering to pay, paying, or accepting, either directly or indirectly, any substantial gift, bribe, or other consideration to influence the award of professional work; (2) Being wilfully untruthful or deceptive in any professional report, statement, or testimony; (3) Having conviction in any court of any offense involving moral turpitude or fraud; (4) Having a financial interest in the bidding for or the performance of a contract to supply labor or materials for or to construct a project for which employed or retained as an architect except with the consent of the client or employer after disclosure of such facts; or allowing an interest in any (2002 Ed.) 18.08.420 business to affect a decision regarding architectural work for which retained, employed, or called upon to perform; (5) Signing or permitting a seal to be affixed to any drawings or specifications that were not prepared or reviewed by the architect or under the architect’s personal supervision by persons subject to the architect’s direction and control; (6) Aiding or abetting any person not authorized to practice architecture under this chapter; (7) Wilfully evading or trying to evade any law, ordinance, code, or regulation governing construction of buildings; or (8) Violating any provision of this chapter or any regulation adopted under it. [1985 c 37 § 15.] 18.08.440 Powers under RCW 18.235.110— Grounds. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The board shall have the power to impose any action listed under RCW 18.235.110 upon the following grounds: (1) Offering to pay, paying, or accepting, either directly or indirectly, any substantial gift, bribe, or other consideration to influence the award of professional work; (2) Being willfully untruthful or deceptive in any professional report, statement, or testimony; (3) Having a financial interest in the bidding for or the performance of a contract to supply labor or materials for or to construct a project for which employed or retained as an architect except with the consent of the client or employer after disclosure of such facts; or allowing an interest in any business to affect a decision regarding architectural work for which retained, employed, or called upon to perform; (4) Signing or permitting a seal to be affixed to any drawings or specifications that were not prepared or reviewed by the architect or under the architect’s personal supervision by persons subject to the architect’s direction and control; or (5) Willfully evading or trying to evade any law, ordinance, code, or regulation governing construction of buildings. [2002 c 86 § 204; 1985 c 37 § 15.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.08.450 Actions against certificate—Discipline— Board’s authority—Procedure. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) The board may revoke or suspend a certificate of registration or a certificate of authorization to practice architecture in this state, or otherwise discipline a registrant or person authorized to practice architecture, as provided in this chapter. (2) Proceedings for the revocation, suspension, refusal to issue, or imposition of a monetary fine may be initiated by the board on its own motion based on the complaint of any person. A copy of the charge or charges, along with a notice of the time and place of the hearing before the board shall be served on the registrant as provided for in chapter 34.05 RCW. (3) All procedures related to hearings on such charges shall be in accordance with provisions relating to adjudicative proceedings in chapter 34.05 RCW, the Administrative Procedure Act. [Title 18 RCW—page 21] 18.08.450 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions (4) If, after such hearing, the majority of the board vote in favor of finding the registrant guilty, the board shall take such disciplinary action as it deems appropriate under this chapter. (5) The provisions of this section are in addition to and not in lieu of any other penalty or sanction provided by law. [1989 c 175 § 59; 1985 c 37 § 16.] Effective date—1989 c 175: See note following RCW 34.05.010. 18.08.460 Violation of chapter—Penalties— Enforcement—Injunctions—Persons who may initiate proceedings. Any person who violates any provision of this chapter or any rule promulgated under it is guilty of a misdemeanor and may also be subject to a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed one thousand dollars for each offense. (1) It shall be the duty of all officers in the state or any political subdivision thereof to enforce this chapter. Any public officer may initiate an action before the board to enforce the provisions of this chapter. (2) The board may apply for relief by injunction without bond to restrain a person from committing any act that is prohibited by this chapter. In such proceedings, it is not necessary to allege or prove either that an adequate remedy at law does not exist or that substantial irreparable damage would result from the continued violation thereof. The members of the board shall not be personally liable for their actions in any such proceeding or in any other proceeding instituted by the board under this chapter. The board in any proper case shall cause prosecution to be instituted in any county or counties where any violation of this chapter occurs, and shall aid the prosecution of the violator. (3) No person practicing architecture is entitled to maintain a proceeding in any court of this state relating to services in the practice of architecture unless it is alleged and proved that the person was registered or authorized under this chapter to practice or offer to practice architecture at the time the architecture services were offered or provided. [1985 c 37 § 17.] 18.08.470 Certificate or registration suspension— Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. The board shall suspend the certificate or registration of any person who has been certified by a lending agency and reported to the board for nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or serviceconditional scholarship. Prior to the suspension, the agency must provide the person an opportunity for a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW 34.05.485 through 34.05.494 and issue a finding of nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. The person’s certificate or registration shall not be reissued until the person provides the board a written release issued by the lending agency stating that the person is making payments on the loan in accordance with a repayment agreement approved by the lending agency. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for certification or registration during the suspension, reinstatement shall be automatic upon receipt of the notice and payment of any reinstatement fee the board may impose. [1996 c 293 § 3.] 18.08.480 Certificate of registration or authorization suspension—Noncompliance with support order— Reissuance. The board shall immediately suspend the certificate of registration or certificate of authorization to practice architecture of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order or a *residential or visitation order. If the person has continued to meet other requirements for reinstatement during the suspension, reissuance of the certificate shall be automatic upon the board’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the individual is in compliance with the order. [1997 c 58 § 813.] *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.08.490 Uniform regulation of business and professions act. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The uniform regulation of business and professions act, chapter 18.235 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [2002 c 86 § 205.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.08.900 Severability—1985 c 37. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1985 c 37 § 20.] Chapter 18.09 ATTORNEYS AT LAW See chapter 2.44 RCW, attorneys at law. Chapter 18.11 AUCTIONEERS Sections 18.11.050 18.11.060 18.11.070 18.11.075 18.11.085 18.11.095 18.11.100 18.11.121 18.11.130 18.11.140 Definitions. Administration of chapter—Fees. License required—Exceptions. Second-hand property, when exempt. Auctioneer certificate of registration—Requirements. Auction company certificate of registration—Requirements. Nonresident auctioneers and auction companies. Surety bond or security required. Written contract required—Penalty. Written records required—Penalty. Severability—1996 c 293: See note following RCW 18.04.420. [Title 18 RCW—page 22] (2002 Ed.) Auctioneers 18.11.150 Display of certificate of registration or renewal card required—Penalty. 18.11.160 Actions against license—Grounds. 18.11.170 Unauthorized practice—Penalties. 18.11.180 Compensation of nonlicensed person—Penalties. 18.11.190 Actions for compensation for services. 18.11.200 Director—Authority to adopt rules. 18.11.205 Director—Authority to impose administrative fines. 18.11.210 Newspaper advertisements—Name and license number required—Penalty. 18.11.220 Rights of clients. 18.11.230 Trust account required for client funds. 18.11.240 Bidding—Prohibited practices—Penalty. 18.11.250 Limitation on real estate auctions. 18.11.260 Application of Consumer Protection Act. 18.11.270 License, certificate, or registration suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. 18.11.280 Uniform regulation of business and professions act. 18.11.901 Short title. 18.11.902 Severability—1986 c 324. 18.11.903 Effective date—1986 c 324. 18.11.920 Severability—1982 c 205. Limitations on power of cities and towns to regulate auctioneers: RCW 35.21.690. counties to regulate auctioneers: RCW 36.71.070. Mock auctions: RCW 9.45.070. Motor vehicle auction companies, place of business: RCW 46.70.023. Pawnbrokers and second-hand dealers: Chapter 19.60 RCW. 18.11.050 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Auctioneer" means an individual who calls bids at an auction. (2) "Auction" means a transaction conducted by means of exchanges between an auctioneer and the members of his or her audience, constituting a series of invitations for offers for the purchase of goods or real property made by the auctioneer, offers by members of the audience, and the acceptance of the highest or most favorable offer. (3) "Auction mart" means any fixed or established place designed, intended, or used for the conduct of auctions. (4) "Auction company" means a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, or other legal or commercial entity that sells or offers to sell goods or real estate at auction or arranges, sponsors, or manages auctions. The term "auction company" shall exclude any sole proprietorship owned by an auctioneer licensed under this chapter whose gross annual sales do not exceed twenty-five thousand dollars. (5) "Department" means the department of licensing. (6) "Director" means the director of licensing. (7) "Person" means an individual, partnership, association, corporation, or any other form of business enterprise. (8) "Goods" mean wares, chattels, merchandise, or personal property owned or consigned, which may be lawfully kept or offered for sale. (9) "License" means state authority to operate as an auctioneer or auction company, which authority is conferred by issuance of a certificate of registration subject to annual renewal. (10) "Licensee" means an auctioneer or auction company registered under this chapter. [1986 c 324 § 2; 1982 c 205 § 5.] (2002 Ed.) Chapter 18.11 18.11.060 Administration of chapter—Fees. This chapter shall be administered under chapter 43.24 RCW. The director shall set registration and renewal fees in accordance with RCW 43.24.086. If an auctioneer or auction company does not renew a license before it expires, the renewal shall be subject to payment of a penalty fee. [1986 c 324 § 3; 1982 c 205 § 2.] 18.11.070 License required—Exceptions. (1) It is unlawful for any person to act as an auctioneer or for an auction company to engage in any business in this state without a license. (2) This chapter does not apply to: (a) An auction of goods conducted by an individual who personally owns those goods and who did not acquire those goods for resale; (b) An auction conducted by or under the direction of a public authority; (c) An auction held under judicial order in the settlement of a decedent’s estate; (d) An auction which is required by law to be at auction; (e) An auction conducted by or on behalf of a political organization or a charitable corporation or association if the person conducting the sale receives no compensation; (f) An auction of livestock or agricultural products which is conducted under chapter 16.65 or 20.01 RCW. Auctions not regulated under chapter 16.65 or 20.01 RCW shall be fully subject to the provisions of this chapter; (g) An auction held under chapter 19.150 RCW; (h) An auction of an abandoned vehicle under chapter 46.55 RCW; or (i) An auction of fur pelts conducted by any cooperative association organized under chapter 23.86 RCW or its wholly owned subsidiary. In order to qualify for this exemption, the fur pelts must be from members of the association. However, the association, without loss of the exemption, may auction pelts that it purchased from nonmembers for the purpose of completing lots or orders, so long as the purchased pelts do not exceed fifteen percent of the total pelts auctioned. [1999 c 398 § 1; 1989 c 307 § 43; 1988 c 240 § 19; 1986 c 324 § 4; 1982 c 205 § 6.] Legislative finding—1989 c 307: See note following RCW 23.86.007. Application—1989 c 307: See RCW 23.86.900. Severability—1988 c 240: See RCW 19.150.904. 18.11.075 Second-hand property, when exempt. The department of licensing may exempt, by rule, secondhand property bought or received on consignment or sold at an auction conducted by a licensed auctioneer or auction company from RCW 19.60.050 or 19.60.055. [1993 c 348 § 1.] 18.11.085 Auctioneer certificate of registration— Requirements. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) Every individual, before acting as an auctioneer, shall obtain an auctioneer certificate of registration. To be licensed as an auctioneer, an individual shall meet all of the following requirements: [Title 18 RCW—page 23] 18.11.085 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions (1) Be at least eighteen years of age or sponsored by a licensed auctioneer. (2) File with the department a completed application on a form prescribed by the director. (3) Show that the proper tax registration certificate required by RCW 82.32.030 has been obtained from the department of revenue. (4) Pay the auctioneer registration fee required under the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. (5) Except as otherwise provided under RCW 18.11.121, file with the department an auctioneer surety bond in the amount and form required by RCW 18.11.121 and the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. (6) Have no disqualifications under RCW 18.11.160. [1987 c 336 § 1; 1986 c 324 § 5.] 18.11.085 Auctioneer certificate of registration— Requirements. (Effective January 1, 2003.) Every individual, before acting as an auctioneer, shall obtain an auctioneer certificate of registration. To be licensed as an auctioneer, an individual shall meet all of the following requirements: (1) Be at least eighteen years of age or sponsored by a licensed auctioneer. (2) File with the department a completed application on a form prescribed by the director. (3) Show that the proper tax registration certificate required by RCW 82.32.030 has been obtained from the department of revenue. (4) Pay the auctioneer registration fee required under the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. (5) Except as otherwise provided under RCW 18.11.121, file with the department an auctioneer surety bond in the amount and form required by RCW 18.11.121 and the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. (6) Have no disqualifications under RCW 18.11.160 or 18.235.130. [2002 c 86 § 206; 1987 c 336 § 1; 1986 c 324 § 5.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.11.095 Auction company certificate of registration—Requirements. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) Every person, before operating an auction company as defined in RCW 18.11.050, shall obtain an auction company certificate of registration. (1) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, to be licensed as an auction company, a person shall meet all of the following requirements: (a) File with the department a completed application on a form prescribed by the director. (b) Sign a notarized statement included on the application form that all auctioneers hired by the auction company to do business in the state shall be properly registered under this chapter. (c) Show that the proper tax registration certificate required by RCW 82.32.030 has been obtained from the department of revenue. (d) Pay the auction company registration fee required under the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. [Title 18 RCW—page 24] (e) File with the department an auction company surety bond in the amount and form required by RCW 18.11.121 and the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. (f) Have no disqualifications under RCW 18.11.160. (2) An auction company shall not be charged a license fee if it is a sole proprietorship or a partnership owned by an auctioneer or auctioneers, each of whom is licensed under this chapter, and if it has in effect a surety bond or bonds or other security approved by the director in the amount that would otherwise be required for an auction company to be granted or to retain a license under RCW 18.11.121. [1987 c 336 § 5; 1986 c 324 § 6.] 18.11.095 Auction company certificate of registration—Requirements. (Effective January 1, 2003.) Every person, before operating an auction company as defined in RCW 18.11.050, shall obtain an auction company certificate of registration. (1) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, to be licensed as an auction company, a person shall meet all of the following requirements: (a) File with the department a completed application on a form prescribed by the director. (b) Sign a notarized statement included on the application form that all auctioneers hired by the auction company to do business in the state shall be properly registered under this chapter. (c) Show that the proper tax registration certificate required by RCW 82.32.030 has been obtained from the department of revenue. (d) Pay the auction company registration fee required under the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. (e) File with the department an auction company surety bond in the amount and form required by RCW 18.11.121 and the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. (f) Have no disqualifications under RCW 18.11.160 or 18.235.130. (2) An auction company shall not be charged a license fee if it is a sole proprietorship or a partnership owned by an auctioneer or auctioneers, each of whom is licensed under this chapter, and if it has in effect a surety bond or bonds or other security approved by the director in the amount that would otherwise be required for an auction company to be granted or to retain a license under RCW 18.11.121. [2002 c 86 § 207; 1987 c 336 § 5; 1986 c 324 § 6.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.11.100 Nonresident auctioneers and auction companies. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) Nonresident auctioneers and auction companies are required to comply with the provisions of this chapter and the rules of the department as a condition of conducting business in the state. (2) The application of a nonresident under this chapter shall constitute the appointment of the secretary of state as the applicant’s agent upon whom process may be served in any action or proceeding against the applicant arising out of a transaction or operation connected with or incidental to the (2002 Ed.) Auctioneers business of an auctioneer or an auction company. [1986 c 324 § 7; 1985 c 7 § 9; 1982 c 205 § 8.] 18.11.100 Nonresident auctioneers and auction companies. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) Nonresident auctioneers and auction companies are required to comply with the provisions of this chapter, chapter 18.235 RCW, and the rules of the department as a condition of conducting business in the state. (2) The application of a nonresident under this chapter shall constitute the appointment of the secretary of state as the applicant’s agent upon whom process may be served in any action or proceeding against the applicant arising out of a transaction or operation connected with or incidental to the business of an auctioneer or an auction company. [2002 c 86 § 208; 1986 c 324 § 7; 1985 c 7 § 9; 1982 c 205 § 8.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.11.121 Surety bond or security required. (1) Except as provided in this section, each auctioneer and each auction company shall as a condition to the granting and retention of a license have on file with the department an approved surety bond or other security in lieu of a bond. However, if an auction company is a sole proprietorship or a partnership and has on file with the department a surety bond or other security approved by the director in the amount that would otherwise be required for an auction company to be granted or to retain a license under this section, then no separate bond or bonds shall be required for the sole proprietor or any individual partner to act as an auctioneer for the sole proprietorship or partnership. The bond or other security of an auctioneer shall be in the amount of five thousand dollars. (2) The bond or other security of an auction company shall be in an amount not less than five thousand dollars and not more than twenty-five thousand dollars. The amount shall be based on the value of the goods and real estate sold at auctions conducted, supervised, arranged, sponsored, or managed by the auction company during the previous calendar year or, for a new auction company, the estimated value of the goods and real estate to be sold at auction during the current calendar year. The director shall establish by rule the procedures to be used for determining the amount of auction company bonds or other security. (3) In lieu of a surety bond, an auctioneer or auction company may deposit with the department any of the following: (a) Savings accounts assigned to the director; (b) Certificates of deposit payable to the director; (c) Investment certificates or share accounts assigned to the director; or (d) Any other security acceptable to the director. All obligations and remedies relating to surety bonds authorized by this section shall apply to deposits filed with the director. (4) Each bond shall comply with all of the following: (a) Be executed by the person seeking the license as principal and by a corporate surety licensed to do business in the state; (2002 Ed.) 18.11.100 (b) Be payable to the state; (c) Be conditioned on compliance with all provisions of this chapter and the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter, including payment of any administrative fines assessed against the licensee; and (d) Remain in effect for one year after expiration, revocation, or suspension of the license. (5) If any licensee fails or is alleged to have failed to comply with the provisions of this chapter or the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter, the director may hold a hearing in accordance with chapter 34.05 RCW, determine those persons who are proven claimants under the bond, and, if appropriate, distribute the bond proceeds to the proven claimants. The state or an injured person may also bring an action against the bond in superior court. The liability of the surety shall be only for actual damages and shall not exceed the amount of the bond. (6) Damages that exceed the amount of the bond may be remedied by actions against the auctioneer or the auction company under RCW 18.11.260 or other available remedies at law. [1987 c 336 § 2; 1986 c 324 § 8.] 18.11.130 Written contract required—Penalty. No goods or real estate shall be sold at auction until the auctioneer or auction company has entered into a written contract or agreement with the owner or consignor in duplicate which contains the terms and conditions upon which the licensee receives or accepts the property for sale at auction. A person who violates this section shall be subject to an administrative fine in a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars for each violation. [1986 c 324 § 9; 1982 c 205 § 11.] 18.11.140 Written records required—Penalty. Every person engaged in the business of selling goods or real estate at auction shall keep written records for a period of three years available for inspection which indicate clearly the name and address of the owner or consignor of the goods or real estate, the terms of acceptance and sale, and a copy of the signed written contract required by RCW 18.11.130. A person who violates this section shall be subject to an administrative fine in a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars for each violation. [1986 c 324 § 10; 1982 c 205 § 12.] 18.11.150 Display of certificate of registration or renewal card required—Penalty. All auctioneers and auction companies shall have their certificates of registration prominently displayed in their offices and the current renewal card or a facsimile available on demand at all auctions conducted or supervised by the licensee. A person who violates this section shall be subject to an administrative fine in a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars for each violation. [1986 c 324 § 11; 1982 c 205 § 13.] 18.11.160 Actions against license—Grounds. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) No license shall be issued by the department to any person who has been convicted of forgery, embezzlement, obtaining money under false pretenses, extortion, criminal conspiracy, fraud, theft, [Title 18 RCW—page 25] 18.11.160 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions receiving stolen goods, unlawful issuance of checks or drafts, or other similar offense, or to any partnership of which the person is a member, or to any association or corporation of which the person is an officer or in which as a stockholder the person has or exercises a controlling interest either directly or indirectly. (2) The following shall be grounds for denial, suspension, or revocation of a license, or imposition of an administrative fine by the department: (a) Misrepresentation or concealment of material facts in obtaining a license; (b) Underreporting to the department of sales figures so that the auctioneer or auction company surety bond is in a lower amount than required by law; (c) Revocation of a license by another state; (d) Misleading or false advertising; (e) A pattern of substantial misrepresentations related to auctioneering or auction company business; (f) Failure to cooperate with the department in any investigation or disciplinary action; (g) Nonpayment of an administrative fine prior to renewal of a license; (h) Aiding an unlicensed person to practice as an auctioneer or as an auction company; and (i) Any other violations of this chapter. (3) The department shall immediately suspend the license of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order or a *residential or visitation order. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for reinstatement during the suspension, reissuance of the license shall be automatic upon the department’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the licensee is in compliance with the order. [1997 c 58 § 814; 1986 c 324 § 12; 1982 c 205 § 14.] *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.11.160 License—Prohibition on issuance— Disciplinary action—License suspension. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) No license shall be issued by the department to any person who has been convicted of forgery, embezzlement, obtaining money under false pretenses, extortion, criminal conspiracy, fraud, theft, receiving stolen goods, unlawful issuance of checks or drafts, or other similar offense, or to any partnership of which the person is a member, or to any association or corporation of which the person is an officer or in which as a stockholder the person has or exercises a controlling interest either directly or indirectly. (2) In addition to the unprofessional conduct described in RCW 18.235.130, the director has the authority to take [Title 18 RCW—page 26] disciplinary action for any of the following conduct, acts, or conditions: (a) Underreporting to the department of sales figures so that the auctioneer or auction company surety bond is in a lower amount than required by law; (b) Nonpayment of an administrative fine prior to renewal of a license; and (c) Any other violations of this chapter. (3) The department shall immediately suspend the license of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for reinstatement during the suspension, reissuance of the license shall be automatic upon the department’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the licensee is in compliance with the order. [2002 c 86 § 209; 1997 c 58 § 814; 1986 c 324 § 12; 1982 c 205 § 14.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.11.170 Unauthorized practice—Penalties. Any auctioneer and any auction company that conducts business within this state without a license or after the suspension or revocation of his or her license shall be fined by the department five hundred dollars for the first offense and one thousand dollars for the second or subsequent offense. [1986 c 324 § 13; 1982 c 205 § 15.] 18.11.180 Compensation of nonlicensed person— Penalties. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) It shall be unlawful for a licensed auctioneer or licensed auction company to pay compensation in money or otherwise to anyone not licensed under this chapter to render any service or to do any act forbidden under this chapter to be rendered or performed except by licensees. The department shall fine any person who violates this section five hundred dollars for the first offense and one thousand dollars for the second or subsequent offense. Furthermore, the violation of this section by any licensee shall be, in the discretion of the department, sufficient cause for license suspension or revocation. [1986 c 324 § 14; 1982 c 205 § 16.] 18.11.180 Compensation of nonlicensed person— Penalties. (Effective January 1, 2003.) It shall be unlawful for a licensed auctioneer or licensed auction company to pay compensation in money or otherwise to anyone not licensed under this chapter to render any service or to do any act forbidden under this chapter to be rendered or performed except by licensees. The department may fine any person who violates this section five hundred dollars for the first offense and one thousand dollars for the second or subsequent offense. Furthermore, the violation of this section by any licensee shall be, in the discretion of the department, (2002 Ed.) Auctioneers 18.11.180 sufficient cause for taking any actions listed under RCW 18.235.110. [2002 c 86 § 210; 1986 c 324 § 14; 1982 c 205 § 16.] violation of this chapter or the rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. [1987 c 336 § 3; 1986 c 324 § 20.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.11.230 Trust account required for client funds. Auction proceeds due to a client that are received by the auctioneer or auction company and not paid to the client within twenty-four hours of the sale shall be deposited no later than the next business day by the auctioneer or auction company in a trust account for clients in a bank, savings and loan association, mutual savings bank, or licensed escrow agent located in the state. The auctioneer or auction company shall draw on the trust account only to pay proceeds to clients, or such other persons who are legally entitled to such proceeds, and to obtain the sums due to the auctioneer or auction company for services as set out in the written contract required under RCW 18.11.130. Funds in the trust account shall not be subject to the debt of the auctioneer or auction company and shall not be used for personal reasons or other business reasons. [1987 c 336 § 4; 1986 c 324 § 21.] 18.11.190 Actions for compensation for services. No action or suit may be instituted in any court of this state by any person, partnership, association, or corporation not licensed as an auctioneer and as an auction company to recover compensation for an act done or service rendered which is prohibited under this chapter. [1986 c 324 § 15; 1982 c 205 § 17.] 18.11.200 Director—Authority to adopt rules. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The director shall adopt rules for the purpose of carrying out and developing this chapter, including rules governing the conduct of investigations and inspections and the imposition of administrative penalties. [1986 c 324 § 16; 1982 c 205 § 18.] 18.11.200 Director—Authority to adopt rules. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The director shall adopt rules for the purpose of carrying out and developing this chapter, including rules governing the conduct of inspections. [2002 c 86 § 211; 1986 c 324 § 16; 1982 c 205 § 18.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.11.205 Director—Authority to impose administrative fines. The director shall impose and collect the administrative fines authorized by this chapter. Any administrative fine imposed under this chapter or the agency rules adopted pursuant to this chapter may be appealed under chapter 34.05 RCW, the administrative procedure act. Assessment of an administrative fine shall not preclude the initiation of any disciplinary, civil, or criminal action for the same or similar violations. [1986 c 324 § 17.] 18.11.210 Newspaper advertisements—Name and license number required—Penalty. All newspaper advertising regarding auctions that is purchased by an auctioneer or an auction company licensed under this chapter shall include the auctioneer’s or auction company’s name and license number. Any auctioneer or auction company that violates this section is subject to an administrative fine of one hundred dollars per violation. [1986 c 324 § 19; 1984 c 189 § 1.] 18.11.220 Rights of clients. The client of an auctioneer or auction company has a right to (1) an accounting for any money that the auctioneer or auction company receives from the sale of the client’s goods, (2) payment of all money due to the client within twenty-one calendar days unless the parties have mutually agreed in writing to another time of payment, and (3) bring an action against the surety bond or other security filed in lieu of the surety bond for any (2002 Ed.) 18.11.240 Bidding—Prohibited practices—Penalty. The following requirements shall apply to bidding at auctions: (1) An auctioneer conducting an auction and an auction company where an auction is being held shall not bid on or offer to buy any goods or real property at the auction unless the auctioneer or the auction company discloses the name of the person on whose behalf the bid or offer is being made. (2) An auctioneer and an auction company shall not use any method of bidding at an auction that will allow goods or real property to be purchased in an undisclosed manner on behalf of the auctioneer or auction company. (3) At a public auction conducted or supervised by an auctioneer or auction company, the auctioneer or auction company shall not fictitiously raise any bid, knowingly permit any person to make a fictitious bid, or employ or use another person to act as a bidder or buyer. (4) All goods or real property offered for sale at an auction shall be subject to a reserve or a confirmation from the owner or consignor unless otherwise indicated by the auctioneer or auction company. Except as provided in this subsection, an auctioneer or auction company shall not use any method of bidding at an auction that allows the auctioneer or auction company to avoid selling any property offered for sale at auction. (5) A licensee who violates any provision of this section shall be subject to an administrative fine in a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars for each violation. [1986 c 324 § 22.] 18.11.250 Limitation on real estate auctions. Auctioneers and auction companies may call for bids on real estate but only persons licensed under chapter 18.85 RCW may perform activities regulated under that chapter. [1986 c 324 § 23.] 18.11.260 Application of Consumer Protection Act. A violation of this chapter is hereby declared to affect the public interest and to offend public policy. Any violation, act, or practice by an auctioneer or auction company which [Title 18 RCW—page 27] 18.11.260 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions is unfair or deceptive, shall constitute an unfair or deceptive act or practice in violation of RCW 19.86.020. The remedies and sanctions provided in this section shall not preclude application of other available remedies and sanctions. [1986 c 324 § 25.] 18.11.270 License, certificate, or registration suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. The director shall suspend the license, certificate, or registration of any person who has been certified by a lending agency and reported to the director for nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. Prior to the suspension, the agency must provide the person an opportunity for a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW 34.05.485 through 34.05.494 and issue a finding of nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. The person’s license, certificate, or registration shall not be reissued until the person provides the director a written release issued by the lending agency stating that the person is making payments on the loan in accordance with a repayment agreement approved by the lending agency. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for licensure, certification, or registration during the suspension, reinstatement shall be automatic upon receipt of the notice and payment of any reinstatement fee the director may impose. [1996 c 293 § 4.] Severability—1996 c 293: See note following RCW 18.04.420. 18.11.280 Uniform regulation of business and professions act. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The uniform regulation of business and professions act, chapter 18.235 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [2002 c 86 § 212.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.11.901 Short title. This chapter may be known and cited as the "auctioneer registration act." [1986 c 324 § 1.] 18.11.902 Severability—1986 c 324. If any provision of this chapter or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1986 c 324 § 27.] 18.11.903 Effective date—1986 c 324. This act shall take effect on July 1, 1986. [1986 c 324 § 29.] 18.11.920 Severability—1982 c 205. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1982 c 205 § 20.] Chapter 18.16 COSMETOLOGISTS, BARBERS, AND MANICURISTS Sections 18.16.010 18.16.020 18.16.030 18.16.030 18.16.030 18.16.050 18.16.060 18.16.060 18.16.060 18.16.070 18.16.080 18.16.090 18.16.100 18.16.110 18.16.130 18.16.140 18.16.150 18.16.160 18.16.165 18.16.170 18.16.175 18.16.180 18.16.190 18.16.200 18.16.200 18.16.200 18.16.210 18.16.220 18.16.230 18.16.240 18.16.250 18.16.260 18.16.270 18.16.900 18.16.905 18.16.907 18.16.910 Intent. Definitions. Director—Powers and duties. Director—Powers and duties (as amended by 2002 c 86). Director—Powers and duties (as amended by 2002 c 111). Advisory board—Members—Compensation. Licenses required—Penalty—Exemptions. Licenses required—Penalty—Exemptions (as amended by 2002 c 86). Licenses required—Penalty—Exemptions (as amended by 2002 c 111). Licensing—Persons to whom chapter inapplicable. Licensing—Other persons to whom chapter inapplicable. Examinations. Issuance of licenses—Requirements. Issuance of licenses—Renewals—Duplicates. Issuance of licenses—Persons licensed in other jurisdictions. School licenses—Application—Approved security— Issuance—Changes in application information—Changes in controlling interest. Schools—Compliance with chapter. Schools—Claims against—Procedure. Licenses issued, students enrolled before January 1, 1992— Curricula updates. Expiration of licenses. Salon/shop requirements—Complaints—Inspection— Registration—Use of motor homes. Salon/shop—Notice required. Location of practice—Penalty—Placebound clients. Disciplinary action—Grounds. Disciplinary action—Grounds (as amended by 2002 c 86). Disciplinary action—Grounds (as amended by 2002 c 111). Violations—Penalties. Appeal—Procedure. License suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. License suspension—Noncompliance with support order— Reissuance. Finding—Consumer protection act. License renewal—Fee—Examination—Fee. Uniform regulation of business and professions act. Short title—1984 c 208. Severability—1984 c 208. Effective date—1984 c 208. Severability—1991 c 324. 18.16.010 Intent. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) The legislature recognizes that the practice of cosmetology involves the use of tools and chemicals which may be dangerous when mixed or applied improperly, and therefore finds it necessary in the interest of the public health, safety, and welfare to regulate the practice of cosmetology in this state. [1984 c 208 § 1.] 18.16.010 Intent. (Effective June 1, 2003.) The legislature recognizes that the practices of cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, and esthetics involve the use of tools and chemicals which may be dangerous when mixed or applied improperly, and therefore finds it necessary in the interest of the public health, safety, and welfare to regulate those practices in this state. [2002 c 111 § 1; 1984 c 208 § 1.] Effective date—2002 c 111: "This act takes effect June 1, 2003." [2002 c 111 § 18.] [Title 18 RCW—page 28] (2002 Ed.) Cosmetologists, Barbers, and Manicurists 18.16.020 Definitions. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) As used in this chapter, the following terms have the meanings indicated unless the context clearly requires otherwise: (1) "Board" means the cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, and manicuring advisory board. (2) "Director" means the director of the department of licensing or the director’s designee. (3) "The practice of cosmetology" means the practice of cutting, trimming, styling, shampooing, permanent waving, chemical relaxing or straightening, bleaching, or coloring of the hair of the face, neck, and scalp and manicuring and esthetics. (4) "Cosmetologist" means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the practice of cosmetology and who has completed sixteen hundred hours of instruction at a school licensed under this chapter. (5) "The practice of barbering" means the cutting, trimming, arranging, dressing, curling, waving and shampooing hair of the face, neck and scalp. (6) "Barber" means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the practice of barbering. (7) "Practice of manicuring" means the cleaning, shaping, or polishing of the nails of the hands or feet, and the application and removal of artificial nails. (8) "Manicurist" means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the practice of manicuring. (9) "Practice of esthetics" means skin care of the face, neck, and hands involving hot compresses, massage, or the use of approved electrical appliances or nonabrasive chemical compounds formulated for professional application only, and the temporary removal of superfluous hair by means of lotions, creams, or mechanical or electrical apparatus or appliance on another person. (10) "Esthetician" means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the practice of esthetics. (11) "Instructor-trainee" means a person who is currently licensed in this state as a cosmetologist, barber, manicurist, or esthetician, and is enrolled in an approved instructortrainee program in a school licensed under this chapter. (12) "School" means any establishment offering instruction in the practice of cosmetology, or barbering, or esthetics, or manicuring, or instructor-trainee to students and licensed under this chapter. (13) "Student" means a person sixteen years of age or older who is enrolled in a school licensed under this chapter and receives any phase of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics or manicuring instruction with or without tuition, fee, or cost, and who does not receive any wage or commission. (14) "Instructor-operator-cosmetology" means a person who gives instruction in the practice of cosmetology and instructor-training in a school and who has the same qualifications as a cosmetologist, has completed at least five hundred hours of instruction in teaching techniques and lesson planning in a school, and has passed an examination prepared or selected by the board and administered by the director. An applicant who holds a degree in education from an accredited postsecondary institution and who is otherwise qualified shall upon application be licensed as an instructoroperator with a cosmetology endorsement. (15) "Instructor-operator-barber" means a person who gives instruction in the practice of barbering and instructor (2002 Ed.) 18.16.020 training in a school, has the same qualifications as a barber, has completed at least five hundred hours of instruction in teaching techniques and lesson planning in a school, and has passed an examination prepared or selected by the board and administered by the director. An applicant who holds a degree in education from an accredited postsecondary institution and who is otherwise qualified shall upon application be licensed as an instructor-operator with a barber endorsement. (16) "Instructor-operator-manicure" means a person who gives instruction in the practice of manicuring and instructor training in a school, has the same qualifications as a manicurist, has completed at least five hundred hours of instruction in teaching techniques and lesson planning in a school, and has passed an examination prepared or selected by the board and administered by the director. An applicant who holds a degree in education from an accredited postsecondary institution and who is otherwise qualified shall upon application be licensed as an instructor-operator with a manicurist endorsement. (17) "Instructor-operator-esthetics" means a person who gives instruction in the practice of esthetics and instructor training in a school, has the same qualifications as an esthetician, has completed at least five hundred hours of instruction in teaching techniques and lesson planning in a school, and has passed an examination prepared or selected by the board and administered by the director. An applicant who holds a degree in education from an accredited postsecondary institution and who is otherwise qualified shall upon application be licensed as an instructor-operator with an esthetics endorsement. (18) "Vocational student" is a person who in cooperation with any senior high, vocational technical institute, community college, or prep school, attends a cosmetology school and participates in its student course of instruction and has the same rights and duties as a student as defined in this chapter. The person must have academically completed the eleventh grade of high school. Every such vocational student shall receive credit for all creditable hours of the approved course of instruction received in the school of cosmetology upon graduation from high school. Hours shall be credited to a vocational student if the student graduates from an accredited high school or receives a certificate of educational competence. (19) "Booth renter" means a person who performs cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, or manicuring services where the use of the salon/shop facilities is contingent upon compensation to the owner of the salon/shop facilities and the person receives no compensation or other consideration from the owner for the services performed. (20) "Person" means any individual, partnership, professional service corporation, joint stock association, joint venture, or any other entity authorized to do business in this state. (21) "Salon/shop" means any building, structure, or motor home or any part thereof, other than a school, where the commercial practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, or manicuring is conducted. (22) "Crossover training" means training approved by the director as training hours that may be credited to current licensees for similar training received in another profession licensed under this chapter. [Title 18 RCW—page 29] 18.16.020 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions (23) "Approved security" means surety bond, savings assignment, or irrevocable letter of credit. (24) "Mobile operator" means any person possessing a valid cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, or esthetician’s license that provides services in a mobile salon/shop. (25) "Personal service operator" means any person possessing a valid cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, or esthetician’s license that provides services for clients in the client’s home, office, or other location that is convenient for the client. [1991 c 324 § 1; 1984 c 208 § 2.] 18.16.020 Definitions. (Effective June 1, 2003.) As used in this chapter, the following terms have the meanings indicated unless the context clearly requires otherwise: (1) "Department" means the department of licensing. (2) "Board" means the cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, and manicuring advisory board. (3) "Director" means the director of the department of licensing or the director’s designee. (4) "The practice of cosmetology" means arranging, dressing, cutting, trimming, styling, shampooing, permanent waving, chemical relaxing, straightening, curling, bleaching, lightening, coloring, waxing, tweezing, shaving, and mustache and beard design of the hair of the face, neck, and scalp; temporary removal of superfluous hair by use of depilatories, waxing, or tweezing; manicuring and pedicuring, limited to cleaning, shaping, polishing, decorating, and caring for and treatment of the cuticles and nails of the hands and feet, excluding the application and removal of sculptured or otherwise artificial nails; esthetics limited to toning the skin of the scalp, stimulating the skin of the body by the use of preparations, tonics, lotions, or creams; and tinting eyelashes and eyebrows. (5) "Cosmetologist" means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the practice of cosmetology. (6) "The practice of barbering" means the cutting, trimming, arranging, dressing, curling, shampooing, shaving, and mustache and beard design of the hair of the face, neck, and scalp. (7) "Barber" means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the practice of barbering. (8) "Practice of manicuring" means the cleaning, shaping, polishing, decorating, and caring for and treatment of the cuticles and the nails of the hands or feet, and the application and removal of sculptured or otherwise artificial nails by hand or with mechanical or electrical apparatus or appliances. (9) "Manicurist" means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the practice of manicuring. (10) "Practice of esthetics" means care of the skin by application and use of preparations, antiseptics, tonics, essential oils, or exfoliants, or by any device or equipment, electrical or otherwise, or by wraps, compresses, cleansing, conditioning, stimulation, pore extraction, or product application and removal; the temporary removal of superfluous hair by means of lotions, creams, mechanical or electrical apparatus, appliance, waxing, tweezing, or depilatories; tinting of eyelashes and eyebrows; and lightening the hair, except the scalp, on another person. (11) "Esthetician" means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the practice of esthetics. [Title 18 RCW—page 30] (12) "Instructor-trainee" means a person who is currently licensed in this state as a cosmetologist, barber, manicurist, or esthetician, and is enrolled in an instructor-trainee curriculum in a school licensed under this chapter. (13) "School" means any establishment that offers curriculum of instruction in the practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, manicuring, or instructor-trainee to students and is licensed under this chapter. (14) "Student" means a person sixteen years of age or older who is enrolled in a school licensed under this chapter and receives instruction in any of the curricula of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, manicuring, or instructor-training with or without tuition, fee, or cost, and who does not receive any wage or commission. (15) "Instructor" means a person who gives instruction in a school in a curriculum in which he or she holds a license under this chapter, has completed at least five hundred hours of instruction in teaching techniques and lesson planning in a school, and has passed a licensing examination approved or administered by the director. An applicant who holds a degree in education from an accredited postsecondary institution shall upon application be licensed as an instructor to give instruction in a school in a curriculum in which he or she holds a license under this chapter. An applicant who holds an instructional credential from an accredited community or technical college and who has passed a licensing examination approved or administered by the director shall upon application be licensed as an instructor to give instruction in a school in a curriculum in which he or she holds a license under this chapter. (16) "Person" means any individual, partnership, professional service corporation, joint stock association, joint venture, or any other entity authorized to do business in this state. (17) "Salon/shop" means any building, structure, or any part thereof, other than a school, where the commercial practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, or manicuring is conducted; provided that any person, except employees of a salon/shop, who operates from a salon/shop is required to meet all salon/shop licensing requirements. (18) "Crossover training" means training approved by the director as training hours that may be credited to current licensees for similar training received in another profession licensed under this chapter. (19) "Approved security" means surety bond. (20) "Personal services" means a location licensed under this chapter where the practice of cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, or esthetics is performed for clients in the client’s home, office, or other location that is convenient for the client. (21) "Individual license" means a cosmetology, barber, manicurist, esthetician, or instructor license issued under this chapter. (22) "Location license" means a license issued under this chapter for a salon/shop, school, personal services, or mobile unit. (23) "Mobile unit" is a location license under this chapter where the practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, or manicuring is conducted in a mobile structure. Mobile units must conform to the health and safety standards set by rule under this chapter. (2002 Ed.) Cosmetologists, Barbers, and Manicurists (24) "Curriculum" means the courses of study taught at a school, set by rule under this chapter, and approved by the department. After consulting with the board, the director may set by rule a percentage of hours in a curriculum, up to a maximum of ten percent, that could include hours a student receives while training in a salon/shop under a contract approved by the department. Each curriculum must include at least the following required hours: (a) Cosmetologist, one thousand six hundred hours; (b) Barber, one thousand hours; (c) Manicurist, six hundred hours; (d) Esthetician, six hundred hours; (e) Instructor-trainee, five hundred hours. (25) "Student monthly report" means the student record of daily activities and the number of hours completed in each course of a curriculum that is prepared monthly by the school and provided to the student, audited annually by the department, and kept on file by the school for three years. [2002 c 111 § 2; 1991 c 324 § 1; 1984 c 208 § 2.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.030 Director—Powers and duties. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) In addition to any other duties imposed by law, the director shall have the following powers and duties: (1) To set all license, examination, and renewal fees in accordance with RCW 43.24.086; (2) To adopt rules necessary to implement this chapter; (3) To investigate alleged violations of this chapter and consumer complaints involving the practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, or manicuring, schools offering training in these areas, and salons/shops and booth renters offering these services; (4) To issue subpoenas, statements of charges, statements of intent, final orders, stipulated agreements, and any other legal remedies necessary to enforce this chapter; (5) To issue cease and desist letters and letters of warning for infractions of this chapter; (6) To conduct all disciplinary proceedings, impose sanctions, and assess fines for violations of this chapter or any rules adopted under it; (7) To prepare and administer or approve the preparation and administration of licensing examinations; (8) To establish minimum safety and sanitation standards for schools, cosmetologists, barbers, manicurists, estheticians, and salons/shops; (9) To establish minimum instruction guidelines for the training of students; (10) To maintain the official department record of applicants and licensees; (11) To delegate in writing to a designee the authority to issue subpoenas, statements of charges, and any other documents necessary to enforce this chapter; (12) To establish by rule the procedures for an appeal of an examination failure; (13) To employ such administrative, investigative, and clerical staff as needed to implement this chapter; (14) To set license expiration dates and renewal periods for all licenses consistent with this chapter; and (15) To make information available to the department of revenue to assist in collecting taxes from persons required to (2002 Ed.) 18.16.020 be licensed under this chapter. [1991 c 324 § 2; 1984 c 208 § 7.] 18.16.030 Director—Powers and duties (as amended by 2002 c 86). (Effective January 1, 2003.) In addition to any other duties imposed by law, including RCW 18.235.030 and 18.235.040, the director shall have the following powers and duties: (1) To set all license, examination, and renewal fees in accordance with RCW 43.24.086; (2) To adopt rules necessary to implement this chapter; (3) ((To investigate alleged violations of this chapter and consumer complaints involving the practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, or manicuring, schools offering training in these areas, and salons/shops and booth renters offering these services; (4) To issue subpoenas, statements of charges, statements of intent, final orders, stipulated agreements, and any other legal remedies necessary to enforce this chapter; (5) To issue cease and desist letters and letters of warning for infractions of this chapter; (6) To conduct all disciplinary proceedings, impose sanctions, and assess fines for violations of this chapter or any rules adopted under it; (7))) To prepare and administer or approve the preparation and administration of licensing examinations; (((8))) (4) To establish minimum safety and sanitation standards for schools, cosmetologists, barbers, manicurists, estheticians, and salons/shops; (((9))) (5) To establish minimum instruction guidelines for the training of students; (((10))) (6) To maintain the official department record of applicants and licensees; (((11) To delegate in writing to a designee the authority to issue subpoenas, statements of charges, and any other documents necessary to enforce this chapter; (12))) (7) To establish by rule the procedures for an appeal of an examination failure; (((13) To employ such administrative, investigative, and clerical staff as needed to implement this chapter; (14))) (8) To set license expiration dates and renewal periods for all licenses consistent with this chapter; and (((15))) (9) To make information available to the department of revenue to assist in collecting taxes from persons required to be licensed under this chapter. [2002 c 86 § 213; 1991 c 324 § 2; 1984 c 208 § 7.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.16.030 Director—Powers and duties (as amended by 2002 c 111). (Effective June 1, 2003.) In addition to any other duties imposed by law, the director shall have the following powers and duties: (1) To set all license, examination, and renewal fees in accordance with RCW 43.24.086; (2) To adopt rules necessary to implement this chapter; (3) To investigate alleged violations of this chapter and consumer complaints involving the practice under this chapter of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, ((or)) manicuring, or instructing, and schools offering ((training)) course curricula in these ((areas)) practices, and salons/shops ((and booth renters offering)), personal services, or mobile units where these ((services)) practices are conducted; (4) To issue subpoenas, statements of charges, statements of intent, final orders, stipulated agreements, and any other legal remedies necessary to enforce this chapter; (5) To issue cease and desist ((letters)) orders and ((letters of warning)) notices of correction for infractions of this chapter; (6) To conduct all disciplinary proceedings, impose sanctions, and assess fines for violations of this chapter or any rules adopted under it; (7) To prepare and administer or approve the preparation and administration of licensing examinations; (8) To establish minimum safety and sanitation standards for schools, instructors, cosmetologists, barbers, manicurists, estheticians, ((and)) salons/ shops, personal services, and mobile units; (9) To establish ((minimum instruction guidelines)) curricula for the training of students under this chapter; (10) To maintain the official department record of applicants and licensees; [Title 18 RCW—page 31] 18.16.030 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions (11) To delegate in writing to a designee the authority to issue subpoenas, statements of charges, cease and desist orders, and any other documents necessary to enforce this chapter; (12) To establish by rule the procedures for an appeal of an examination failure; (13) To employ such administrative, investigative, inspection, audit, and clerical staff as needed to implement this chapter; (14) To set license expiration dates and renewal periods for all licenses consistent with this chapter; and (15) To make information available to the department of revenue to assist in collecting taxes from persons required to be licensed under this chapter. [2002 c 111 § 3; 1991 c 324 § 2; 1984 c 208 § 7.] Reviser’s note: RCW 18.16.030 was amended twice during the 2002 legislative session, each without reference to the other. For rule of construction concerning sections amended more than once during the same legislative session, see RCW 1.12.025. Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.050 Advisory board—Members— Compensation. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) (1) There is created a state cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, and manicuring advisory board consisting of nine members appointed by the director. These members of the board shall include: A representative of a private cosmetology school; a representative of a public vocational technical school involved in cosmetology training; a consumer who is unaffiliated with the cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, or manicuring industry; and six members who are currently practicing licensees who have been engaged in the practice of manicuring, esthetics, barbering, or cosmetology for at least three years. Members shall serve a term of three years. Any board member may be removed for just cause. The director may appoint a new member to fill any vacancy on the board for the remainder of the unexpired term. (2) Board members shall be entitled to compensation pursuant to RCW 43.03.240 for each day spent conducting official business and to reimbursement for travel expenses as provided by RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. (3) The board may seek the advice and input of officials from the following state agencies: (a) The work force training and education coordinating board; (b) the department of employment security; (c) the department of labor and industries; (d) the department of health; (e) the department of licensing; and (f) the department of revenue. [1998 c 245 § 5; 1998 c 20 § 1; 1997 c 179 § 1; 1995 c 269 § 402; 1991 c 324 § 3; 1984 c 208 § 9.] Reviser’s note: This section was amended by 1998 c 20 § 1 and by 1998 c 245 § 5, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1). Findings—1995 c 269: "The legislature finds that the economic opportunities for cosmetologists, barbers, estheticians, and manicurists have deteriorated in this state as a result of the lack of skilled practitioners, inadequate licensing controls, and inadequate enforcement of health standards. To increase the opportunities for individuals to earn viable incomes in these professions and to protect the general health of the public, the state cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, and manicuring advisory board should be reconstituted and given a new charge to develop appropriate responses to this situation, including legislative proposals." [1995 c 269 § 401.] Effective date—1995 c 269: See note following RCW 9.94A.850. Part headings not law—Severability—1995 c 269: See notes following RCW 13.40.005. 18.16.050 Advisory board—Members— Compensation. (Effective June 1, 2003.) (1) There is [Title 18 RCW—page 32] created a state cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, and manicuring advisory board consisting of nine members appointed by the director. These members of the board shall include: A representative of private schools licensed under this chapter; a representative of public vocational technical schools licensed under this chapter; a consumer who is unaffiliated with the cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, or manicuring industry; and six members who are currently practicing licensees who have been engaged in the practice of manicuring, esthetics, barbering, or cosmetology for at least three years. Members shall serve a term of three years. Any board member may be removed for just cause. The director may appoint a new member to fill any vacancy on the board for the remainder of the unexpired term. (2) Board members shall be entitled to compensation pursuant to RCW 43.03.240 for each day spent conducting official business and to reimbursement for travel expenses as provided by RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. (3) The board may seek the advice and input of officials from the following state agencies: (a) The work force training and education coordinating board; (b) the department of employment security; (c) the department of labor and industries; (d) the department of health; (e) the department of licensing; and (f) the department of revenue. [2002 c 111 § 4. Prior: 1998 c 245 § 5; 1998 c 20 § 1; 1997 c 179 § 1; 1995 c 269 § 402; 1991 c 324 § 3; 1984 c 208 § 9.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. Findings—1995 c 269: "The legislature finds that the economic opportunities for cosmetologists, barbers, estheticians, and manicurists have deteriorated in this state as a result of the lack of skilled practitioners, inadequate licensing controls, and inadequate enforcement of health standards. To increase the opportunities for individuals to earn viable incomes in these professions and to protect the general health of the public, the state cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, and manicuring advisory board should be reconstituted and given a new charge to develop appropriate responses to this situation, including legislative proposals." [1995 c 269 § 401.] Effective date—1995 c 269: See note following RCW 9.94A.850. Part headings not law—Severability—1995 c 269: See notes following RCW 13.40.005. 18.16.060 Licenses required—Penalty—Exemptions. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) The director shall impose a fine of one thousand dollars on any person who does any of the following without first obtaining the license required by this chapter: (a) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, commercial practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, manicuring, or instructing; (b) Instructs in a school; (c) Operates a school; or (d) Operates a salon/shop. Each booth renter shall be considered to be operating an independent salon/shop and shall obtain a separate salon/shop license. (2) A person licensed as a cosmetology instructoroperator may engage in the commercial practice of cosmetology without maintaining a cosmetologist license. A person licensed as a barbering instructor-operator may engage in the commercial practice of barbering without maintaining a barber license. A person licensed as a manicuring instructoroperator may engage in the commercial practice of manicuring without maintaining a manicurist license. A person licensed as an esthetician instructor-operator may engage in (2002 Ed.) Cosmetologists, Barbers, and Manicurists the commercial practice of esthetics without maintaining an esthetician license. [1991 c 324 § 4; 1984 c 208 § 3.] 18.16.060 Licenses required—Penalty—Exemptions (as amended by 2002 c 86). (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) The director ((shall impose a fine of one thousand dollars on)) may take action under RCW 18.235.150 and 18.235.160 against any person who does any of the following without first obtaining the license required by this chapter: (a) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, commercial practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, manicuring, or instructing; (b) Instructs in a school; (c) Operates a school; or (d) Operates a salon/shop. Each booth renter shall be considered to be operating an independent salon/shop and shall obtain a separate salon/ shop license. (2) A person licensed as a cosmetology instructor-operator may engage in the commercial practice of cosmetology without maintaining a cosmetologist license. A person licensed as a barbering instructor-operator may engage in the commercial practice of barbering without maintaining a barber license. A person licensed as a manicuring instructor-operator may engage in the commercial practice of manicuring without maintaining a manicurist license. A person licensed as an esthetician instructor-operator may engage in the commercial practice of esthetics without maintaining an esthetician license. [2002 c 86 § 214; 1991 c 324 § 4; 1984 c 208 § 3.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.16.060 Licenses required—Penalty—Exemptions (as amended by 2002 c 111). (Effective June 1, 2003.) (1) The director shall impose a fine of one thousand dollars on any person who ((does)), after a hearing provided for in RCW 18.16.210, has been found to have done any of the following without first obtaining the license required by this chapter: (a) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, commercial practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, manicuring, or instructing; (b) Instructs in a school; (c) Operates a school; or (d) Operates a salon/shop, personal services, or mobile unit. ((Each booth renter shall be considered to be operating an independent salon/shop and shall obtain a separate salon/shop license.)) (2) A person who receives a license((d)) as ((a cosmetology instructoroperator)) an instructor may engage in the commercial practice ((of cosmetology)) for which he or she held a license when applying for the instructor license without ((maintaining a cosmetologist)) renewing the previously held license. ((A person licensed as a barbering instructoroperator may engage in the commercial practice of barbering without maintaining a barber license. A person licensed as a manicuring instructoroperator may engage in the commercial practice of manicuring without maintaining a manicurist license. A person licensed as an esthetician instructor-operator may engage in the commercial practice of esthetics without maintaining an esthetician license.)) A person whose license is not or at any time was not renewed cannot engage in the commercial practice previously permitted under that license unless that person renews the previously held license. [2002 c 111 § 5; 1991 c 324 § 4; 1984 c 208 § 3.] Reviser’s note: RCW 18.16.060 was amended twice during the 2002 legislative session, each without reference to the other. For rule of construction concerning sections amended more than once during the same legislative session, see RCW 1.12.025. Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.070 Licensing—Persons to whom chapter inapplicable. This chapter shall not apply to persons licensed under other laws of this state who are performing services within their authorized scope of practice and shall not be construed to require a license for students enrolled in a school. [1984 c 208 § 4.] 18.16.080 Licensing—Other persons to whom chapter inapplicable. Nothing in this chapter prohibits any person authorized under the laws of this state from per(2002 Ed.) 18.16.060 forming any service for which the person may be licensed, nor prohibits any person from performing services as an electrologist if that person has been otherwise certified, registered, or trained as an electrologist. This chapter does not apply to persons employed in the care or treatment of patients in hospitals or employed in the care of residents of nursing homes and similar residential care facilities. [1984 c 208 § 19.] 18.16.090 Examinations. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) Examinations for licensure under this chapter shall be conducted monthly at such times and places as the director determines appropriate. Examinations shall consist of tests designed to reasonably measure the applicant’s knowledge of safe and sanitary practice. The director shall establish by rule the minimum passing score for all examinations and the requirements for reexamination of applicants who fail the examination or examinations. The director shall take steps to ensure that after completion of the required course, applicants may promptly take the examination and receive the results of the examination. [1991 c 324 § 5; 1984 c 208 § 10.] 18.16.090 Examinations. (Effective June 1, 2003.) Examinations for licensure under this chapter shall be conducted at such times and places as the director determines appropriate. Examinations shall consist of tests designed to reasonably measure the applicant’s knowledge of safe and sanitary practices and may also include the applicant’s knowledge of this chapter and rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. The director may establish by rule a performance examination in addition to any other examination. The director shall establish by rule the minimum passing score for all examinations and the requirements for reexamination of applicants who fail the examination or examinations. The director may allow an independent person to conduct the examinations at the expense of the applicants. The director shall take steps to ensure that after completion of the required course, applicants may promptly take the examination and receive the results of the examination. [2002 c 111 § 6; 1991 c 324 § 5; 1984 c 208 § 10.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.100 Issuance of licenses—Requirements. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) (1) Upon payment of the proper fee, the director shall issue the appropriate license to any person who: (a) Is at least seventeen years of age or older; (b) Has completed and graduated from a course approved by the director of sixteen hundred hours of training in cosmetology, one thousand hours of training in barbering, five hundred hours of training in manicuring, five hundred hours of training in esthetics, and/or five hundred hours of training as an instructor-trainee; and (c) Has received a passing grade on the appropriate licensing examination approved or administered by the director. (2) A person currently licensed under this chapter may qualify for examination and licensure, after the required examination is passed, in another category if he or she has [Title 18 RCW—page 33] 18.16.100 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions completed the crossover training course approved by the director. (3) Upon payment of the proper fee, the director shall issue a salon/shop license to the operator of a salon/shop if the salon/shop meets the other requirements of this chapter as demonstrated by information submitted by the operator. (4) The director may consult with the state board of health and the department of labor and industries in establishing training and examination requirements. [1991 c 324 § 6; 1984 c 208 § 5.] 18.16.100 Issuance of licenses—Requirements. (Effective June 1, 2003.) (1) Upon completion of an application approved by the department and payment of the proper fee, the director shall issue the appropriate license to any person who: (a) Is at least seventeen years of age or older; (b) Has completed and graduated from a school licensed under this chapter in a curriculum approved by the director of sixteen hundred hours of training in cosmetology, one thousand hours of training in barbering, six hundred hours of training in manicuring, six hundred hours of training in esthetics, and/or five hundred hours of training as an instructor-trainee, or has met the requirements in RCW 18.16.020 or 18.16.130; and (c) Has received a passing grade on the appropriate licensing examination approved or administered by the director. (2) A person currently licensed under this chapter may qualify for examination and licensure, after the required examination is passed, in another category if he or she has completed the crossover training course. (3) Upon completion of an application approved by the department, certification of insurance, and payment of the proper fee, the director shall issue a location license to the applicant. (4) The director may consult with the state board of health and the department of labor and industries in establishing training and examination requirements. [2002 c 111 § 7; 1991 c 324 § 6; 1984 c 208 § 5.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.110 Issuance of licenses—Renewals— Duplicates. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) (1) The director shall issue the appropriate license to any applicant who meets the requirements as outlined in this chapter. Failure to renew a license before its expiration date subjects the holder to a penalty fee and payment of each year’s renewal fee, at the current rate, up to a maximum of four years as established by the director in accordance with RCW 43.24.086. A person whose license has not been renewed for four years shall be required to submit an application, fee, meet current licensing requirements, and pass the applicable examination or examinations before the license may be reinstated: PROVIDED, That the director may waive this requirement for good cause shown. To renew a salon/shop license, the licensee shall provide proof of insurance as required by RCW 18.16.175(1)(h). (2) Upon request and payment of an additional fee to be established by the director, the director shall issue a dupli[Title 18 RCW—page 34] cate license to an applicant. [1991 c 324 § 7; 1984 c 208 § 12.] 18.16.110 Issuance of licenses—Renewals— Duplicates. (Effective June 1, 2003.) (1) The director shall issue the appropriate license to any applicant who meets the requirements as outlined in this chapter. (2) Failure to renew a license before its expiration date subjects the holder to a penalty fee and payment of each year’s renewal fee, at the current rate. A person whose license has not been renewed within one year after its expiration date shall have the license canceled and shall be required to submit an application, pay the license fee, meet current licensing requirements, and pass any applicable examination or examinations, in addition to the other requirements of this chapter, before the license may be reinstated. (3) Upon request and payment of an additional fee to be established by rule by the director, the director shall issue a duplicate license to an applicant. [2002 c 111 § 8; 1991 c 324 § 7; 1984 c 208 § 12.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.130 Issuance of licenses—Persons licensed in other jurisdictions. Any person who is properly licensed in any state, territory, or possession of the United States, or foreign country shall be eligible for examination if the applicant submits the approved application and fee and provides proof to the director that he or she is currently licensed in good standing as a cosmetologist, barber, manicurist, esthetician, instructor, or the equivalent in that jurisdiction. Upon passage of the required examinations the appropriate license will be issued. [1991 c 324 § 10; 1984 c 208 § 11.] 18.16.140 School licenses—Application—Approved security—Issuance—Changes in application information—Changes in controlling interest. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) (1) Any person wishing to operate a school shall, before opening such a school, file with the director for approval a license application and fee containing the following information: (a) The names and addresses of all owners, managers, and instructors; (b) A copy of the school’s curriculum satisfying the training guidelines established by the director; (c) A sample copy of the school’s catalog, brochure, enrollment contract, and cancellation and refund policies that will be used or distributed by the school to students and the public; (d) A description and floor plan of the school’s physical equipment and facilities; (e) A surety bond, irrevocable letter of credit, or savings assignment in an amount not less than ten thousand dollars, or ten percent of the annual gross tuition collected by the school, whichever is greater. The approved security shall not exceed fifty thousand dollars and shall run to the state of Washington for the protection of unearned prepaid student tuition. The school shall attest to its gross tuition at least annually on forms provided by the department. When a new school license is being applied for, the applicant will (2002 Ed.) Cosmetologists, Barbers, and Manicurists estimate its annual gross tuition to establish a bond amount. This subsection shall not apply to community colleges and vocational technical schools. Upon approval of the application and documents, the director shall issue a license to operate a school with the appropriate certification or certifications. (2) Changes to the information provided by schools shall be submitted to the department within fifteen days of the implementation date. (3) A change involving the controlling interest of the school requires a new license application and fee. The new application shall include all required documentation, proof of ownership change, and be approved prior to a license being issued. [1991 c 324 § 11; 1987 c 445 § 1; 1984 c 208 § 6.] 18.16.140 School licenses—Application—Approved security—Issuance—Changes in application information—Changes in controlling interest—Posting of licenses. (Effective June 1, 2003.) (1) Any person wishing to operate a school shall, before opening such a school, pay the license fee and file with the director for approval a license application containing the following information: (a) The names and addresses of all owners, managers, and instructors; (b) A copy of the school’s curriculum satisfying the curriculum requirements established by the director; (c) A sample copy of the school’s catalog, brochure, enrollment contract, and cancellation and refund policies that will be used or distributed by the school to students and the public; (d) A surety bond in an amount not less than ten thousand dollars, or ten percent of the annual gross tuition collected by the school, whichever is greater. The approved security shall not exceed fifty thousand dollars and shall run to the state of Washington for the protection of unearned prepaid student tuition. The school shall attest to its gross tuition at least annually on forms provided by the department. When a new school license is being applied for, the applicant will estimate its annual gross tuition to establish a bond amount. This subsection shall not apply to community colleges and vocational technical schools. Upon approval of the application and documents, the director shall issue a license to operate a school. (2) Changes to the information provided by schools shall be submitted to the department within fifteen days of the implementation date. (3) A change involving the controlling interest of the school requires a new license application and fee. The new application shall include all required documentation, proof of ownership change, and be approved prior to a license being issued. (4) School and instructor licenses issued by the department shall be posted in the reception area of the school. [2002 c 111 § 9; 1991 c 324 § 11; 1987 c 445 § 1; 1984 c 208 § 6.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.150 Schools—Compliance with chapter. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) Schools shall be audited and inspected by the director or the director’s designee for compliance with this chapter at least once a year. If the (2002 Ed.) 18.16.140 director determines that a licensed school is not maintaining the standards required according to this chapter, written notice thereof shall be given to the school. A school which fails to correct these conditions to the satisfaction of the director within a reasonable time shall be subject to penalties imposed under RCW 18.16.210. [1997 c 178 § 1; 1991 c 324 § 12; 1984 c 208 § 8.] 18.16.150 Schools—Compliance with chapter. (Effective January 1, 2003.) Schools shall be audited and inspected by the director or the director’s designee for compliance with this chapter at least once a year. If the director determines that a licensed school is not maintaining the standards required according to this chapter, written notice thereof shall be given to the school. A school which fails to correct these conditions to the satisfaction of the director within a reasonable time may be subject to penalties imposed under RCW 18.235.110. [2002 c 86 § 215; 1997 c 178 § 1; 1991 c 324 § 12; 1984 c 208 § 8.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.16.160 Schools—Claims against—Procedure. In addition to any other legal remedy, any student or instructortrainee having a claim against a school may bring suit upon the approved security required in *RCW 18.16.140(1)(e) in the superior or district court of Thurston county or the county in which the educational services were offered by the school. Action upon the approved security shall be commenced by filing the complaint with the clerk of the appropriate superior or district court within one year from the date of the cancellation of the approved security: PROVIDED, That no action shall be maintained upon the approved security for any claim which has been barred by any nonclaim statute or statute of limitations of this state. Service of process in an action upon the approved security shall be exclusively by service upon the director. Two copies of the complaint shall be served by registered or certified mail upon the director at the time the suit is started. Such service shall constitute service on the approved security and the school. The director shall transmit the complaint or a copy thereof to the school at the address listed in the director’s records and to the surety within forty-eight hours after it has been received. The approved security shall not be liable in an aggregate amount in excess of the amount named in the approved security. In any action on an approved security, the prevailing party is entitled to reasonable attorney’s fees and costs. The director shall maintain a record, available for public inspection, of all suits commenced under this chapter upon approved security. [1991 c 324 § 13; 1984 c 208 § 16.] *Reviser’s note: RCW 18.16.140 was amended by 2002 c 111 § 9, changing subsection (1)(e) to subsection (1)(d). 18.16.165 Licenses issued, students enrolled before January 1, 1992—Curricula updates. (1) All licenses issued prior to January 1, 1992, shall remain in effect until renewal or January 1, 1993, whichever is earlier. (a) On or before renewal of each individual’s license the licensee will be allowed to designate the license to be issued. [Title 18 RCW—page 35] 18.16.165 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions A licensed cosmetologist may request licenses in cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, and esthetics. A manicurist may request licenses in manicuring and esthetics. An instructor may request endorsements in cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, and esthetics. (b) A renewal fee is required for each license type requested. A licensed cosmetologist requesting all four licenses shall pay four renewal fees. An instructor shall be issued one license with endorsements for the multiple areas that they teach with only one renewal fee required. (c) After January 1, 1993, any licensee wishing to obtain additional licenses or endorsements to their licenses shall meet the training and examination requirements of this chapter. (2) Students currently enrolled in a licensed school in an approved course as of January 1, 1992, may apply for the examination or examinations in any type or any combination of types of licenses when they complete the appropriate course. (3) Schools must update their curricula to comply with this chapter by July 1, 1992. No students may be enrolled in the programs under the previous law if they cannot complete their training prior to January 1, 1993, to allow them to apply for examination under subsection (2) of this section. [1991 c 324 § 8.] 18.16.170 Expiration of licenses. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) (1) Subject to subsection (2) of this section, licenses issued under this chapter expire as follows: (a) A salon/shop license expires one year from issuance or when the insurance required by RCW 18.16.175(1)(h) expires, whichever occurs first; (b) A school license expires one year from issuance; and (c) Cosmetologist, barber, manicurist, and instructor licenses expire two years from issuance. (2) The director may provide for expiration dates other than those set forth in subsection (1) of this section for the purpose of establishing staggered renewal periods. [1991 c 324 § 9.] 18.16.170 Expiration of licenses. (Effective June 1, 2003.) (1) Subject to subsection (2) of this section, licenses issued under this chapter expire as follows: (a) A salon/shop, personal services, or mobile unit license expires one year from issuance or when the insurance required by RCW 18.16.175(1)(g) expires, whichever occurs first; (b) A school license expires one year from issuance; and (c) Cosmetologist, barber, manicurist, esthetician, and instructor licenses expire two years from issuance. (2) The director may provide for expiration dates other than those set forth in subsection (1) of this section for the purpose of establishing staggered renewal periods. [2002 c 111 § 10; 1991 c 324 § 9.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.175 Salon/shop requirements—Complaints— Inspection—Registration—Use of motor homes. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) A salon/shop shall meet the following minimum requirements: [Title 18 RCW—page 36] (a) Maintain an outside entrance separate from any rooms used for sleeping or residential purposes; (b) Provide and maintain for the use of its customers adequate toilet facilities located within or adjacent to the salon/shop; (c) Be operated under the direct supervision of a licensed cosmetologist except that a salon/shop that is limited to barbering may be directly supervised by a barber, a salon/shop that is limited to manicuring may be directly supervised by a manicurist, and a salon/shop that is limited to esthetics may be directly supervised by an esthetician; (d) Any room used wholly or in part as a salon/shop shall not be used for residential purposes, except that toilet facilities may be used jointly for residential and business purposes; (e) Meet the zoning requirements of the county, city, or town, as appropriate; (f) Provide for safe storage and labeling of chemicals used in the practice of cosmetology; (g) Meet all applicable local and state fire codes; (h) Provide proof that the salon/shop is covered by a public liability insurance policy in an amount not less than one hundred thousand dollars for combined bodily injury and property damage liability; and (i) Other requirements which the director determines are necessary for safety and sanitation of salons/shops. The director may consult with the state board of health and the department of labor and industries in establishing minimum salon/shop safety requirements. (2) A salon/shop shall post the notice to customers described in RCW 18.16.180. (3) Upon receipt of a written complaint that a salon/shop has violated any provisions of this chapter or the rules adopted under this chapter or at least once every two years, the director or the director’s designee shall inspect each salon/shop. If the director determines that any salon/shop is not in compliance with this chapter, the director shall send written notice to the salon/shop. A salon/shop which fails to correct the conditions to the satisfaction of the director within a reasonable time shall, upon due notice, be subject to the penalties imposed by the director under RCW 18.16.210. The director may enter any salon/shop during business hours for the purpose of inspection. The director may contract with health authorities of local governments to conduct the inspections under this subsection. (4) A salon/shop, including a salon/shop operated by a booth renter, shall obtain a certificate of registration from the department of revenue. (5) This section does not prohibit the use of motor homes as mobile salon/shops if the motor home meets the health and safety standards of this section. [1997 c 178 § 2; 1991 c 324 § 15.] 18.16.175 Salon/shop requirements—Complaints— Inspection—Registration—Use of motor homes. (Effective January 1, 2003, until June 1, 2003.) (1) A salon/shop shall meet the following minimum requirements: (a) Maintain an outside entrance separate from any rooms used for sleeping or residential purposes; (2002 Ed.) Cosmetologists, Barbers, and Manicurists (b) Provide and maintain for the use of its customers adequate toilet facilities located within or adjacent to the salon/shop; (c) Be operated under the direct supervision of a licensed cosmetologist except that a salon/shop that is limited to barbering may be directly supervised by a barber, a salon/shop that is limited to manicuring may be directly supervised by a manicurist, and a salon/shop that is limited to esthetics may be directly supervised by an esthetician; (d) Any room used wholly or in part as a salon/shop shall not be used for residential purposes, except that toilet facilities may be used jointly for residential and business purposes; (e) Meet the zoning requirements of the county, city, or town, as appropriate; (f) Provide for safe storage and labeling of chemicals used in the practice of cosmetology; (g) Meet all applicable local and state fire codes; (h) Provide proof that the salon/shop is covered by a public liability insurance policy in an amount not less than one hundred thousand dollars for combined bodily injury and property damage liability; and (i) Other requirements which the director determines are necessary for safety and sanitation of salons/shops. The director may consult with the state board of health and the department of labor and industries in establishing minimum salon/shop safety requirements. (2) A salon/shop shall post the notice to customers described in RCW 18.16.180. (3) Upon receipt of a written complaint that a salon/shop has violated any provisions of this chapter, chapter 18.235 RCW, or the rules adopted under either chapter, or at least once every two years, the director or the director’s designee shall inspect each salon/shop. If the director determines that any salon/shop is not in compliance with this chapter, the director shall send written notice to the salon/shop. A salon/shop which fails to correct the conditions to the satisfaction of the director within a reasonable time shall, upon due notice, be subject to the penalties imposed by the director under RCW 18.235.110. The director may enter any salon/shop during business hours for the purpose of inspection. The director may contract with health authorities of local governments to conduct the inspections under this subsection. (4) A salon/shop, including a salon/shop operated by a booth renter, shall obtain a certificate of registration from the department of revenue. (5) This section does not prohibit the use of motor homes as mobile salon/shops if the motor home meets the health and safety standards of this section. [2002 c 86 § 216; 1997 c 178 § 2; 1991 c 324 § 15.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.16.175 Salon/shop or mobile unit requirements— Liability insurance—Complaints—Inspection— Registration—Use of motor homes—Posting of licenses. (Effective June 1, 2003.) (1) A salon/shop or mobile unit shall meet the following minimum requirements: (2002 Ed.) 18.16.175 (a) Maintain an outside entrance separate from any rooms used for sleeping or residential purposes; (b) Provide and maintain for the use of its customers adequate toilet facilities located within or adjacent to the salon/shop or mobile unit; (c) Any room used wholly or in part as a salon/shop or mobile unit shall not be used for residential purposes, except that toilet facilities may be used jointly for residential and business purposes; (d) Meet the zoning requirements of the county, city, or town, as appropriate; (e) Provide for safe storage and labeling of chemicals used in the practices under this chapter; (f) Meet all applicable local and state fire codes; and (g) Certify that the salon/shop or mobile unit is covered by a public liability insurance policy in an amount not less than one hundred thousand dollars for combined bodily injury and property damage liability. (2) The director may by rule determine other requirements that are necessary for safety and sanitation of salons/shops, personal services, or mobile units. The director may consult with the state board of health and the department of labor and industries in establishing minimum salon/shop, personal services, and mobile unit safety requirements. (3) Personal services license holders shall certify coverage of a public liability insurance policy in an amount not less than one hundred thousand dollars for combined bodily injury and property damage liability. (4) Upon receipt of a written complaint that a salon/shop or mobile unit has violated any provisions of this chapter, chapter 18.235 RCW, or the rules adopted under either chapter, or at least once every two years for an existing salon/shop or mobile unit, the director or the director’s designee shall inspect each salon/shop or mobile unit. If the director determines that any salon/shop or mobile unit is not in compliance with this chapter, the director shall send written notice to the salon/shop or mobile unit. A salon/shop or mobile unit which fails to correct the conditions to the satisfaction of the director within a reasonable time shall, upon due notice, be subject to the penalties imposed by the director under RCW 18.235.110. The director may enter any salon/shop or mobile unit during business hours for the purpose of inspection. The director may contract with health authorities of local governments to conduct the inspections under this subsection. (5) A salon/shop, personal services, or mobile unit shall obtain a certificate of registration from the department of revenue. (6) This section does not prohibit the use of motor homes as mobile units if the motor home meets the health and safety standards of this section. (7) Salon/shop or mobile unit licenses issued by the department must be posted in the salon/shop or mobile unit’s reception area. (8) Cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, and manicuring licenses issued by the department must be posted at the licensed person’s work station. [2002 c 111 § 11; 2002 c 86 § 216; 1997 c 178 § 2; 1991 c 324 § 15.] Reviser’s note: This section was amended by 2002 c 86 § 216 and by 2002 c 111 § 11, each without reference to the other. Both amendments [Title 18 RCW—page 37] 18.16.175 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1). Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.16.180 Salon/shop—Notice required. The director shall prepare and provide to all licensed salons/shops a notice to consumers. At a minimum, the notice shall state that cosmetology, barber, esthetics, and manicure salons/shops are required to be licensed, that salons/shops are required to maintain minimum safety and sanitation standards, that customer complaints regarding salons/shops may be reported to the department, and a telephone number and address where complaints may be made. [1991 c 324 § 16.] 18.16.190 Location of practice—Penalty— Placebound clients. It is a violation of this chapter for any person to engage in the commercial practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, or manicuring, except in a licensed salon/shop or the home, office, or other location selected by the client for obtaining the services of a personal service operator, or with the appropriate individual license when delivering services to placebound clients. Placebound clients are defined as persons who are ill, disabled, or otherwise unable to travel to a salon/shop. [1991 c 324 § 20.] 18.16.200 Disciplinary action—Grounds. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) Any applicant or licensee under this chapter may be subject to disciplinary action by the director if the licensee or applicant: (1) Has been found guilty of a crime related to the practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, manicuring, or instructing; (2) Has made a material misstatement or omission in connection with an original application or renewal; (3) Has engaged in false or misleading advertising; (4) Has performed services in an unsafe or unsanitary manner; (5) Has aided and abetted unlicensed activity; (6) Has engaged in the commercial practice of cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, esthetics, or instructed in or operated a school without first obtaining the license required by this chapter; (7) Has engaged in the commercial practice of cosmetology in a school; (8) Has not provided a safe, sanitary, and good moral environment for students and public; (9) Has not provided records as required by this chapter; (10) Has not cooperated with the department in supplying records or assisting in an investigation or disciplinary procedure; or (11) Has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule adopted under it. [1991 c 324 § 14; 1984 c 208 § 13.] 18.16.200 Disciplinary action—Grounds (as amended by 2002 c 86). (Effective January 1, 2003.) Any applicant or licensee under this chapter may be subject to disciplinary action by the director if the licensee or applicant: (1) ((Has been found guilty of a crime related to the practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, manicuring, or instructing; [Title 18 RCW—page 38] (2) Has made a material misstatement or omission in connection with an original application or renewal; (3) Has engaged in false or misleading advertising; (4) Has performed services in an unsafe or unsanitary manner; (5) Has aided and abetted unlicensed activity; (6))) Has engaged in the commercial practice of cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, esthetics, or instructed in or operated a school without first obtaining the license required by this chapter; (((7))) (2) Has engaged in the commercial practice of cosmetology in a school; (((8))) (3) Has not provided a safe, sanitary, and good moral environment for students and the public((; (9) Has not provided records as required by this chapter; (10) Has not cooperated with the department in supplying records or assisting in an investigation or disciplinary procedure)); or (((11))) (4) Has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule adopted under it. [2002 c 86 § 217; 1991 c 324 § 14; 1984 c 208 § 13.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.16.200 Disciplinary action—Grounds (as amended by 2002 c 111). (Effective June 1, 2003.) Any applicant or licensee under this chapter may be subject to disciplinary action by the director if the licensee or applicant: (1) Has been found guilty of a crime ((related to the practice of cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, manicuring, or instructing)) within the prior ten years involving moral turpitude or has been found to have violated any provision of chapter 19.86 RCW; (2) Has made a material misstatement or omission in connection with an original application or renewal; (3) Has engaged in false or misleading advertising; (4) Has performed services in an unsafe or unsanitary manner; (5) Has aided and abetted unlicensed activity; (6) Has engaged in the commercial practice of cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, or esthetics, or has instructed in or operated a school, salon/ shop, personal services, or mobile unit, without first obtaining the license required by this chapter; (7) Has engaged in the commercial practice of cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, or esthetics in a school; (8) Has not provided a safe, sanitary, and good moral environment for students and public; (9) Has not provided records as required by this chapter; (10) Has not cooperated with the department in supplying records or assisting in an inspection, investigation, or disciplinary procedure; ((or)) (11) Failed to display licenses required in this chapter; or (12) Has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule adopted under it. [2002 c 111 § 12; 1991 c 324 § 14; 1984 c 208 § 13.] Reviser’s note: RCW 18.16.200 was amended twice during the 2002 legislative session, each without reference to the other. For rule of construction concerning sections amended more than once during the same legislative session, see RCW 1.12.025. Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.210 Violations—Penalties. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) If, following a hearing, the director finds that an applicant or licensee has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule adopted under it, the director may impose one or more of the following penalties: (1) Denial of a license or renewal; (2) Revocation or suspension of a license; (3) A fine of not more than five hundred dollars per violation; (4) Issuance of a reprimand or letter of censure; (5) Placement of the licensee on probation for a fixed period of time; (6) Restriction of the licensee’s authorized scope of practice; (2002 Ed.) Cosmetologists, Barbers, and Manicurists (7) Requiring the licensee to make restitution or a refund as determined by the director to any individual injured by the violation; or (8) Requiring the licensee to obtain additional training or instruction. [1984 c 208 § 14.] 18.16.210 Violations—Penalties. (Effective June 1, 2003.) If, following a hearing, the director finds that any person or an applicant or licensee has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule adopted under it, the director may impose one or more of the following penalties: (1) Denial of a license or renewal; (2) Revocation or suspension of a license; (3) A fine of not more than five hundred dollars per violation; (4) Issuance of a reprimand or letter of censure; (5) Placement of the licensee on probation for a fixed period of time; (6) Restriction of the licensee’s authorized scope of practice; (7) Requiring the licensee to make restitution or a refund as determined by the director to any individual injured by the violation; or (8) Requiring the licensee to obtain additional training or instruction. [2002 c 111 § 13; 1984 c 208 § 14.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.220 Appeal—Procedure. Any person aggrieved by the refusal of the director to issue any license provided for in this chapter, or to renew the same, or by the revocation or suspension of any license issued under this chapter or by the application of any penalty under RCW 18.16.210, shall have the right to appeal the decision of the director to the superior court of the county in which the person maintains his or her place of business. Such appeal shall be filed within thirty days of the director’s decision. [1984 c 208 § 15.] 18.16.230 License suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. The director shall suspend the license of any person who has been certified by a lending agency and reported to the director for nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. Prior to the suspension, the agency must provide the person an opportunity for a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW 34.05.485 through 34.05.494 and issue a finding of nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. The person’s license shall not be reissued until the person provides the director a written release issued by the lending agency stating that the person is making payments on the loan in accordance with a repayment agreement approved by the lending agency. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for licensure during the suspension, reinstatement shall be automatic upon receipt of the notice and payment of any reinstatement fee the director may impose. [1996 c 293 § 5.] Severability—1996 c 293: See note following RCW 18.04.420. (2002 Ed.) 18.16.210 18.16.240 License suspension—Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) The department shall immediately suspend the license of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order or a *residential or visitation order. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for reinstatement during the suspension, reissuance of the license shall be automatic upon the department’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the licensee is in compliance with the order. [1997 c 58 § 815.] *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.16.240 License suspension—Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. (Effective June 1, 2003.) The department shall immediately suspend the license of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for reinstatement during the suspension, reissuance of the license shall be automatic upon the department’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the licensee is in compliance with the order. [2002 c 111 § 15; 1997 c 58 § 815.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.16.250 Finding—Consumer protection act. (Effective June 1, 2003.) The legislature finds that the practices covered by this chapter are matters vitally affecting the public interest for the purpose of applying the consumer protection act, chapter 19.86 RCW. A violation of this chapter is not reasonable in relation to the development and preservation of business and is an unfair or deceptive act in trade or commerce and an unfair method of competition for the purpose of applying the consumer protection act, chapter 19.86 RCW. [2002 c 111 § 14.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.260 License renewal—Fee—Examination— Fee. (Effective June 1, 2003.) (1) Prior to July 1, 2003, cosmetology licensees may request a license in manicuring and esthetics. A license renewal fee must be paid prior to issuance of each type of license requested. After June 30, 2003, any cosmetology licensee wishing to obtain additional [Title 18 RCW—page 39] 18.16.260 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions licenses must meet the training and examination requirements of this chapter. (2) Prior to July 1, 2003, students enrolled in a licensed school in an approved cosmetology curriculum may apply for the examination in cosmetology, manicuring, and esthetics. An examination fee must be paid for each examination selected. After June 30, 2003, students enrolled in a licensed school in an approved cosmetology curriculum may not apply for examination in manicuring and esthetics without meeting the training requirements of this chapter. [2002 c 111 § 16.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.270 Uniform regulation of business and professions act. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The uniform regulation of business and professions act, chapter 18.235 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [2002 c 86 § 218.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.16.900 Short title—1984 c 208. (Effective until June 1, 2003.) This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Washington cosmetologists, barbers, and manicurists act". [1984 c 208 § 20.] 18.16.900 Short title—1984 c 208. (Effective June 1, 2003.) This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Washington cosmetologists, barbers, manicurists, and estheticians act". [2002 c 111 § 17; 1984 c 208 § 20.] Effective date—2002 c 111: See note following RCW 18.16.010. 18.16.905 Severability—1984 c 208. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1984 c 208 § 22.] 18.16.907 Effective date—1984 c 208. This act shall take effect July 1, 1984. [1984 c 208 § 23.] 18.16.910 Severability—1991 c 324. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1991 c 324 § 22.] 18.19.090 18.19.100 18.19.180 18.19.190 18.19.900 18.19.901 Registration of counselors and hypnotherapists. Registration renewal. Confidential communications. Other professions not affected. Short title. Severability—1987 c 512. 18.19.010 Legislative findings—Insurance benefits not mandated. The qualifications and practices of counselors in this state are virtually unknown to potential clients. Beyond the regulated practices of psychiatry and psychology, there are a considerable variety of disciplines, theories, and techniques employed by other counselors under a number of differing titles. The legislature recognizes the right of all counselors to practice their skills freely, consistent with the requirements of the public health and safety, as well as the right of individuals to choose which counselors best suit their needs and purposes. This chapter shall not be construed to require or prohibit that individual or group policies or contracts of an insurance carrier, health care service contractor, or health maintenance organization provide benefits or coverage for services and supplies provided by a person registered under this chapter. [2001 c 251 § 17; 1987 c 512 § 1.] Severability—2001 c 251: See RCW 18.225.900. 18.19.020 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Client" means an individual who receives or participates in counseling or group counseling. (2) "Counseling" means employing any therapeutic techniques, including but not limited to social work, mental health counseling, marriage and family therapy, and hypnotherapy, for a fee that offer, assist or attempt to assist an individual or individuals in the amelioration or adjustment of mental, emotional, or behavioral problems, and includes therapeutic techniques to achieve sensitivity and awareness of self and others and the development of human potential. For the purposes of this chapter, nothing may be construed to imply that the practice of hypnotherapy is necessarily limited to counseling. (3) "Counselor" means an individual, practitioner, therapist, or analyst who engages in the practice of counseling to the public for a fee, including for the purposes of this chapter, hypnotherapists. (4) "Department" means the department of health. (5) "Secretary" means the secretary of the department or the secretary’s designee. [2001 c 251 § 18; 1991 c 3 § 19; 1987 c 512 § 3.] Severability—2001 c 251: See RCW 18.225.900. Chapter 18.19 COUNSELORS Sections 18.19.010 18.19.020 18.19.030 18.19.040 18.19.050 18.19.060 18.19.080 Legislative findings—Insurance benefits not mandated. Definitions. Registration required. Exemptions. Powers of secretary—Application of uniform disciplinary act—Public education program. Information disclosure to clients. Official records. [Title 18 RCW—page 40] 18.19.030 Registration required. No person may, for a fee or as a part of his or her position as an employee of a state agency, practice counseling without being registered to practice by the department under this chapter unless exempt under RCW 18.19.040. [2001 c 251 § 19; 1991 c 3 § 20; 1987 c 512 § 2.] Severability—2001 c 251: See RCW 18.225.900. 18.19.040 Exemptions. Nothing in this chapter may be construed to prohibit or restrict: (2002 Ed.) Counselors (1) The practice of a profession by a person who is either registered, certified, licensed, or similarly regulated under the laws of this state and who is performing services within the person’s authorized scope of practice, including any attorney admitted to practice law in this state when providing counseling incidental to and in the course of providing legal counsel; (2) The practice of counseling by an employee or trainee of any federal agency, or the practice of counseling by a student of a college or university, if the employee, trainee, or student is practicing solely under the supervision of and accountable to the agency, college, or university, through which he or she performs such functions as part of his or her position for no additional fee other than ordinary compensation; (3) The practice of counseling by a person without a mandatory charge; (4) The practice of counseling by persons offering services for public and private nonprofit organizations or charities not primarily engaged in counseling for a fee when approved by the organizations or agencies for whom they render their services; (5) Evaluation, consultation, planning, policy-making, research, or related services conducted by social scientists for private corporations or public agencies; (6) The practice of counseling by a person under the auspices of a religious denomination, church, or organization, or the practice of religion itself; (7) Counselors whose residency is not Washington state from providing up to ten days per quarter of training or workshops in the state, as long as they don’t hold themselves out to be registered in Washington state. [2001 c 251 § 20; 1987 c 512 § 4.] Severability—2001 c 251: See RCW 18.225.900. 18.19.050 Powers of secretary—Application of uniform disciplinary act—Public education program. (1) In addition to any other authority provided by law, the secretary has the following authority: (a) To adopt rules, in accordance with chapter 34.05 RCW, necessary to implement this chapter; (b) To set all registration and renewal fees in accordance with RCW 43.70.250 and to collect and deposit all such fees in the health professions account established under RCW 43.70.320; (c) To establish forms and procedures necessary to administer this chapter; (d) To hire clerical, administrative, and investigative staff as needed to implement this chapter; (e) To issue a registration to any applicant who has met the requirements for registration; and (f) To develop a dictionary of recognized professions and occupations providing counseling services to the public included under this chapter. (2) The uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs the issuance and denial of registrations and the discipline of registrants under this chapter. The secretary shall be the disciplining authority under this chapter. The absence of educational or training requirements for counselors registered under this chapter or the counselor’s use of nontraditional nonabusive therapeutic techniques shall not, in (2002 Ed.) 18.19.040 and of itself, give the secretary authority to unilaterally determine the training and competence or to define or restrict the scope of practice of such individuals. (3) The department shall publish and disseminate information in order to educate the public about the responsibilities of counselors and the rights and responsibilities of clients established under this chapter. Solely for the purposes of administering this education requirement, the secretary shall assess an additional fee for each application and renewal, equal to five percent of the fee. The revenue collected from the assessment fee may be appropriated by the legislature for the department’s use in educating consumers pursuant to this section. The authority to charge the assessment fee shall terminate on June 30, 1994. [2001 c 251 § 21; 1991 c 3 § 21; 1987 c 512 § 5.] Severability—2001 c 251: See RCW 18.225.900. 18.19.060 Information disclosure to clients. Persons registered under this chapter shall provide clients at the commencement of any program of treatment with accurate disclosure information concerning their practice, in accordance with guidelines developed by the department, that will inform clients of the purposes of and resources available under this chapter, including the right of clients to refuse treatment, the responsibility of clients for choosing the provider and treatment modality which best suits their needs, and the extent of confidentiality provided by this chapter. The disclosure information provided by the counselor, the receipt of which shall be acknowledged in writing by the counselor and client, shall include any relevant education and training, the therapeutic orientation of the practice, the proposed course of treatment where known, any financial requirements, and such other information as the department may require by rule. The disclosure information shall also include a statement that registration of an individual under this chapter does not include a recognition of any practice standards, nor necessarily imply the effectiveness of any treatment. [2001 c 251 § 22; 1987 c 512 § 6.] Severability—2001 c 251: See RCW 18.225.900. 18.19.080 Official records. The secretary shall keep an official record of all proceedings, a part of which record shall consist of a register of all applicants for registration under this chapter, with the result of each application. [2001 c 251 § 23; 1991 c 3 § 23; 1987 c 512 § 8.] Severability—2001 c 251: See RCW 18.225.900. 18.19.090 Registration of counselors and hypnotherapists. The secretary shall issue a registration to any applicant who submits, on forms provided by the secretary, the applicant’s name, address, occupational title, name and location of business, and other information as determined by the secretary, including information necessary to determine whether there are grounds for denial of registration or issuance of a conditional registration under this chapter or chapter 18.130 RCW. Applicants for registration shall register as counselors or may register as hypnotherapists if employing hypnosis as a modality. Applicants shall, in addition, provide in their titles a description of their therapeutic orientation, discipline, theory, or technique. Each applicant shall pay a fee determined by the secretary as [Title 18 RCW—page 41] 18.19.090 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions provided in RCW 43.70.250, which shall accompany the application. [1991 c 3 § 24; 1987 c 512 § 9.] Chapter 18.20 BOARDING HOMES 18.19.100 Registration renewal. The secretary shall establish administrative procedures, administrative requirements, and fees for renewal of registrations as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 5; 1991 c 3 § 25; 1987 c 512 § 10.] Sections 18.20.010 18.20.020 18.20.030 18.20.040 18.20.050 18.19.180 Confidential communications. An individual registered under this chapter shall not disclose the written acknowledgment of the disclosure statement pursuant to RCW 18.19.060 nor any information acquired from persons consulting the individual in a professional capacity when that information was necessary to enable the individual to render professional services to those persons except: (1) With the written consent of that person or, in the case of death or disability, the person’s personal representative, other person authorized to sue, or the beneficiary of an insurance policy on the person’s life, health, or physical condition; (2) That a person registered under this chapter is not required to treat as confidential a communication that reveals the contemplation or commission of a crime or harmful act; (3) If the person is a minor, and the information acquired by the person registered under this chapter indicates that the minor was the victim or subject of a crime, the person registered may testify fully upon any examination, trial, or other proceeding in which the commission of the crime is the subject of the inquiry; (4) If the person waives the privilege by bringing charges against the person registered under this chapter; (5) In response to a subpoena from a court of law or the secretary. The secretary may subpoena only records related to a complaint or report under chapter 18.130 RCW; or (6) As required under chapter 26.44 RCW. [2001 c 251 § 24; 1991 c 3 § 33; 1987 c 512 § 11.] 18.20.090 18.20.110 Severability—2001 c 251: See RCW 18.225.900. 18.19.190 Other professions not affected. This chapter shall not be construed as permitting the administration or prescription of drugs or in any way infringing upon the practice of medicine and surgery as defined in chapter 18.71 RCW, or in any way infringing upon the practice of psychology as defined in chapter 18.83 RCW, or restricting the scope of the practice of counseling for those registered under this chapter. [2001 c 251 § 25; 1987 c 512 § 18.] Severability—2001 c 251: See RCW 18.225.900. 18.19.900 Short title. This chapter shall be known as the omnibus credentialing act for counselors. [1987 c 512 § 20.] 18.19.901 Severability—1987 c 512. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1987 c 512 § 28.] [Title 18 RCW—page 42] 18.20.115 18.20.120 18.20.125 18.20.130 18.20.140 18.20.150 18.20.160 18.20.170 18.20.180 18.20.185 18.20.190 18.20.195 18.20.200 18.20.210 18.20.220 18.20.230 18.20.250 18.20.260 18.20.270 18.20.900 Purpose. Definitions. License required. Application for license. Licenses—Issuance—Renewal—Provisional licenses— Fees—Display—Surrender, relinquishment. Rules, regulations, and standards. Inspection of boarding homes—Approval of changes or new facilities. Quality improvement consultation program—Principles. Information disclosure. Monitoring—Enforcement remedies—Screening—Access to vulnerable adults/limitation. Fire protection—Duties of chief of the Washington state patrol. Operating without license—Penalty. Operating without license—Injunction. Persons requiring medical or nursing care. Homes operated by religious organizations. Resident rights. Complaints—Toll-free telephone number—Investigation and referral—Rules—Retaliation prohibited. Department response to noncompliance or violations. Disputed violations, enforcement remedies—Informal dispute resolution process. License suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. License suspension—Noncompliance with support order— Reissuance. Residential care contracted services, conversion to— Requirements. Training standards review—Proposed enhancements. Federal funding programs, opportunities—Secretary’s duty to comply. Advisory board. Long-term caregiver training. Severability—1957 c 253. 18.20.010 Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to provide for the development, establishment, and enforcement of standards for the maintenance and operation of boarding homes, which, in the light of advancing knowledge, will promote safe and adequate care of the individuals therein. It is further the intent of the legislature that boarding homes be available to meet the needs of those for whom they care by recognizing the capabilities of individuals to direct their self-medication or to use supervised self-medication techniques when ordered and approved by a physician licensed under chapter 18.57 or 18.71 RCW or a podiatric physician and surgeon licensed under chapter 18.22 RCW. The legislature finds that many residents of communitybased long-term care facilities are vulnerable and their health and well-being are dependent on their caregivers. The quality, skills, and knowledge of their caregivers are often the key to good care. The legislature finds that the need for well-trained caregivers is growing as the state’s population ages and residents’ needs increase. The legislature intends that current training standards be enhanced. [2000 c 171 § 3; 2000 c 121 § 1; 1985 c 297 § 1; 1957 c 253 § 1.] Reviser’s note: This section was amended by 2000 c 121 § 1 and by 2000 c 171 § 3, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1). (2002 Ed.) Boarding Homes 18.20.020 Definitions. As used in this chapter: (1) "Aged person" means a person of the age sixty-five years or more, or a person of less than sixty-five years who by reason of infirmity requires domiciliary care. (2) "Boarding home" means any home or other institution, however named, which is advertised, announced, or maintained for the express or implied purpose of providing board and domiciliary care to seven or more aged persons not related by blood or marriage to the operator. However, a boarding home that is licensed to provide board and domiciliary care to three to six persons on July 1, 2000, may maintain its boarding home license as long as it is continually licensed as a boarding home. "Boarding home" shall not include facilities certified as group training homes pursuant to RCW 71A.22.040, nor any home, institution or section thereof which is otherwise licensed and regulated under the provisions of state law providing specifically for the licensing and regulation of such home, institution or section thereof. Nor shall it include any independent senior housing, independent living units in continuing care retirement communities, or other similar living situations including those subsidized by the department of housing and urban development. (3) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, or joint stock association, and the legal successor thereof. (4) "Secretary" means the secretary of social and health services. (5) "Department" means the state department of social and health services. [2000 c 47 § 1; 1998 c 272 § 14; 1991 c 3 § 34; 1989 c 329 § 1; 1985 c 213 § 4; 1979 c 141 § 25; 1957 c 253 § 2.] Effective date—2000 c 47: "This act takes effect July 1, 2000." [2000 c 47 § 11.] Findings—Severability—Effective date—1998 c 272: See notes following RCW 18.20.230. Savings—Effective date—1985 c 213: See notes following RCW 43.20.050. 18.20.030 License required. After January 1, 1958, no person shall operate or maintain a boarding home as defined in this chapter within this state without a license under this chapter. [1957 c 253 § 3.] 18.20.040 Application for license. An application for a license shall be made to the department upon forms provided by the department and shall contain such information as the department reasonably requires, which shall include affirmative evidence of ability to comply with such rules as are lawfully adopted by the department. [2000 c 47 § 2; 1957 c 253 § 4.] Effective date—2000 c 47: See note following RCW 18.20.020. 18.20.050 Licenses—Issuance—Renewal— Provisional licenses—Fees—Display—Surrender, relinquishment. Upon receipt of an application for license, if the applicant and the boarding home facilities meet the requirements established under this chapter, the department shall issue a license. If there is a failure to comply with the provisions of this chapter or the standards and rules adopted pursuant thereto, the department may in its discretion issue (2002 Ed.) 18.20.020 to an applicant for a license, or for the renewal of a license, a provisional license which will permit the operation of the boarding home for a period to be determined by the department, but not to exceed twelve months, which provisional license shall not be subject to renewal. At the time of the application for or renewal of a license or provisional license the licensee shall pay a license fee as established by the department under RCW 43.20B.110. All licenses issued under the provisions of this chapter shall expire on a date to be set by the department, but no license issued pursuant to this chapter shall exceed twelve months in duration. However, when the annual license renewal date of a previously licensed boarding home is set by the department on a date less than twelve months prior to the expiration date of a license in effect at the time of reissuance, the license fee shall be prorated on a monthly basis and a credit be allowed at the first renewal of a license for any period of one month or more covered by the previous license. All applications for renewal of a license shall be made not later than thirty days prior to the date of expiration of the license. Each license shall be issued only for the premises and persons named in the application, and no license shall be transferable or assignable. Licenses shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the licensed premises. A licensee who receives notification of the department’s initiation of a denial, suspension, nonrenewal, or revocation of a boarding home license may, in lieu of appealing the department’s action, surrender or relinquish the license. The department shall not issue a new license to or contract with the licensee, for the purposes of providing care to vulnerable adults or children, for a period of twenty years following the surrendering or relinquishment of the former license. The licensing record shall indicate that the licensee relinquished or surrendered the license, without admitting the violations, after receiving notice of the department’s initiation of a denial, suspension, nonrenewal, or revocation of a license. [2001 c 193 § 10; 2000 c 47 § 3; 1987 c 75 § 3; 1982 c 201 § 4; 1971 ex.s. c 247 § 1; 1957 c 253 § 5.] Effective date—2000 c 47: See note following RCW 18.20.020. Savings—Severability—1987 c 75: See RCW 43.20B.900 and 43.20B.901. 18.20.090 Rules, regulations, and standards. The department shall adopt, amend, and promulgate such rules, regulations, and standards with respect to all boarding homes and operators thereof to be licensed hereunder as may be designed to further the accomplishment of the purposes of this chapter in promoting safe and adequate care of individuals in boarding homes and the sanitary, hygienic and safe conditions of the boarding home in the interest of public health, safety, and welfare. [1985 c 213 § 6; 1971 ex.s. c 189 § 3; 1957 c 253 § 9.] Savings—Effective date—1985 c 213: See notes following RCW 43.20.050. 18.20.110 Inspection of boarding homes—Approval of changes or new facilities. The department shall make or cause to be made at least a yearly inspection and investigation of all boarding homes. Every inspection shall focus primarily on actual or potential resident outcomes, and may include an inspection of every part of the premises and an [Title 18 RCW—page 43] 18.20.110 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions examination of all records (other than financial records), methods of administration, the general and special dietary, and the stores and methods of supply. Following such an inspection or inspections, written notice of any violation of this law or the rules adopted hereunder shall be given to the applicant or licensee and the department. The department may prescribe by rule that any licensee or applicant desiring to make specified types of alterations or additions to its facilities or to construct new facilities shall, before commencing such alteration, addition, or new construction, submit plans and specifications therefor to the agencies responsible for plan reviews for preliminary inspection and approval or recommendations with respect to compliance with the rules and standards herein authorized. [2000 c 47 § 4; 1985 c 213 § 7; 1957 c 253 § 11.] Effective date—2000 c 47: See note following RCW 18.20.020. Savings—Effective date—1985 c 213: See notes following RCW 43.20.050. 18.20.115 Quality improvement consultation program—Principles. The department shall, within available funding for this purpose, develop and make available to boarding homes a quality improvement consultation program using the following principles: (1) The system shall be resident-centered and promote privacy, independence, dignity, choice, and a home or homelike environment for residents consistent with chapter 70.129 RCW. (2) The goal of the system is continuous quality improvement with the focus on resident satisfaction and outcomes for residents. The quality improvement consultation program shall be offered to boarding homes on a voluntary basis. Based on requests for the services of the quality improvement consultation program, the department may establish a process for prioritizing service availability. (3) Boarding homes should be supported in their efforts to improve quality and address problems, as identified by the licensee, initially through training, consultation, and technical assistance. At a minimum, the department may, within available funding, at the request of the boarding home, conduct on-site visits and telephone consultations. (4) To facilitate collaboration and trust between the boarding homes and the department’s quality improvement consultation program staff, the consultation program staff shall not simultaneously serve as department licensors, complaint investigators, or participate in any enforcementrelated decisions, within the region in which they perform consultation activities; except such staff may investigate on an emergency basis, complaints anywhere in the state when the complaint indicates high risk to resident health or safety. Any records or information gained as a result of their work under the quality improvement consultation program shall not be disclosed to or shared with nonmanagerial department licensing or complaint investigation staff, unless necessary to carry out duties described under chapter 74.34 RCW. The emphasis should be on problem prevention. Nothing in this section shall limit or interfere with the consultant’s mandated reporting duties under chapter 74.34 RCW. (5) The department shall promote the development of a training system that is practical and relevant to the needs of residents and staff. To improve access to training, especially [Title 18 RCW—page 44] for rural communities, the training system may include, but is not limited to, the use of satellite technology distance learning that is coordinated through community colleges or other appropriate organizations. [2001 c 85 § 1; 1997 c 392 § 213.] Effective date—2001 c 85: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect immediately [April 19, 2001]." [2001 c 85 § 3.] Short title—Findings—Construction—Conflict with federal requirements—Part headings and captions not law—1997 c 392: See notes following RCW 74.39A.009. 18.20.120 Information disclosure. All information received by the department through filed reports, inspections, or as otherwise authorized under this chapter shall not be disclosed publicly in any manner as to identify individuals or boarding homes, except at the specific request of a member of the public and disclosure is consistent with RCW 42.17.260(1). [2000 c 47 § 5; 1994 c 214 § 25; 1957 c 253 § 12.] Effective date—2000 c 47: See note following RCW 18.20.020. Severability—Conflict with federal requirements—Captions not law—1994 c 214: See RCW 70.129.900 through 70.129.902. 18.20.125 Monitoring—Enforcement remedies— Screening—Access to vulnerable adults/limitation. (1) Monitoring should be outcome based and responsive to resident complaints and a clear set of health, quality of care, and safety standards that are easily understandable and have been made available to facilities. This includes that when conducting licensing inspections, the department shall interview an appropriate percentage of residents, family members, and advocates in addition to interviewing appropriate staff. (2) Prompt and specific enforcement remedies shall also be implemented without delay, consistent with RCW 18.20.190, for facilities found to have delivered care or failed to deliver care resulting in problems that are serious, recurring, or uncorrected, or that create a hazard that is causing or likely to cause death or serious harm to one or more residents. These enforcement remedies may also include, when appropriate, reasonable conditions on a license. In the selection of remedies, the safety, health, and well-being of residents shall be of paramount importance. (3) To the extent funding is available, the licensee, administrator, and their staff should be screened through background checks in a uniform and timely manner to ensure that they do not have a criminal history that would disqualify them from working with vulnerable adults. Employees may be provisionally hired pending the results of the background check if they have been given three positive references. (4) No licensee, administrator, or staff, or prospective licensee, administrator, or staff, with a stipulated finding of fact, conclusion of law, and agreed order, or finding of fact, conclusion of law, or final order issued by a disciplining authority, a court of law, or entered into the state registry finding him or her guilty of abuse, neglect, exploitation, or abandonment of a minor or a vulnerable adult as defined in chapter 74.34 RCW shall be employed in the care of and have unsupervised access to vulnerable adults. [2001 c 85 § 2.] (2002 Ed.) Boarding Homes Effective date—2001 c 85: See note following RCW 18.20.115. 18.20.130 Fire protection—Duties of chief of the Washington state patrol. Standards for fire protection and the enforcement thereof, with respect to all boarding homes to be licensed hereunder, shall be the responsibility of the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, who shall adopt such recognized standards as may be applicable to boarding homes for the protection of life against the cause and spread of fire and fire hazards. The department, upon receipt of an application for a license, shall submit to the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, in writing, a request for an inspection, giving the applicant’s name and the location of the premises to be licensed. Upon receipt of such a request, the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, or his or her deputy, shall make an inspection of the boarding home to be licensed, and if it is found that the premises do not comply with the required safety standards and fire rules as adopted by the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, he or she shall promptly make a written report to the boarding home and the department as to the manner and time allowed in which the premises must qualify for a license and set forth the conditions to be remedied with respect to fire rules. The department, applicant, or licensee shall notify the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, upon completion of any requirements made by him or her, and the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, or his or her deputy, shall make a reinspection of such premises. Whenever the boarding home to be licensed meets with the approval of the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, he or she shall submit to the department a written report approving same with respect to fire protection before a full license can be issued. The chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, shall make or cause to be made inspections of such homes at least annually. In cities which have in force a comprehensive building code, the provisions of which are determined by the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, to be equal to the minimum standards of the code for boarding homes adopted by the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, the chief of the fire department, provided the latter is a paid chief of a paid fire department, shall make the inspection with the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, or his or her deputy, and they shall jointly approve the premises before a full license can be issued. [2000 c 47 § 6; 1995 c 369 § 4; 1986 c 266 § 81; 1957 c 253 § 13.] Effective date—2000 c 47: See note following RCW 18.20.020. Effective date—1995 c 369: See note following RCW 43.43.930. Severability—1986 c 266: See note following RCW 38.52.005. State fire protection: Chapter 48.48 RCW. 18.20.140 Operating without license—Penalty. Any person operating or maintaining any boarding home without a license under this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor (2002 Ed.) 18.20.125 and each day of a continuing violation shall be considered a separate offense. [1957 c 253 § 14.] 18.20.150 Operating without license—Injunction. Notwithstanding the existence or use of any other remedy, the department, may, in the manner provided by law, upon the advice of the attorney general who shall represent the department in the proceedings, maintain an action in the name of the state for an injunction or other process against any person to restrain or prevent the operation or maintenance of a boarding home without a license under this chapter. [1957 c 253 § 15.] 18.20.160 Persons requiring medical or nursing care. No person operating a boarding home licensed under this chapter shall admit to or retain in the boarding home any aged person requiring nursing or medical care of a type provided by institutions licensed under chapters 18.51, 70.41 or 71.12 RCW, except that when registered nurses are available, and upon a doctor’s order that a supervised medication service is needed, it may be provided. Supervised medication services, as defined by the department, may include an approved program of self-medication or selfdirected medication. Such medication service shall be provided only to boarders who otherwise meet all requirements for residency in a boarding home. [1985 c 297 § 2; 1975 1st ex.s. c 43 § 1; 1957 c 253 § 16.] 18.20.170 Homes operated by religious organizations. Nothing in this chapter or the rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto shall be construed as authorizing the supervision, regulation, or control of the remedial care or treatment of residents in any boarding home conducted for those who rely upon treatment by prayer or spiritual means in accordance with the creed or tenets of any well-recognized church or religious denomination. [1957 c 253 § 17.] 18.20.180 Resident rights. RCW 70.129.005 through 70.129.030, 70.129.040(1), and 70.129.050 through 70.129.170 apply to this chapter and persons regulated under this chapter. [1994 c 214 § 21.] Severability—Conflict with federal requirements—Captions not law—1994 c 214: See RCW 70.129.900 through 70.129.902. 18.20.185 Complaints—Toll-free telephone number—Investigation and referral—Rules—Retaliation prohibited. (1) The department shall establish and maintain a toll-free telephone number for receiving complaints regarding a facility that the department licenses. (2) All facilities that are licensed under this chapter shall post in a place and manner clearly visible to residents and visitors the department’s toll-free complaint telephone number and the toll-free number and program description of the long-term care ombudsman as provided by RCW 43.190.050. (3) The department shall investigate complaints if the subject of the complaint is within its authority unless the department determines that: (a) The complaint is intended to willfully harass a licensee or employee of the licensee; or (b) there is no reasonable basis for investigation; or (c) [Title 18 RCW—page 45] 18.20.185 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions corrective action has been taken as determined by the ombudsman or the department. (4) The department shall refer complaints to appropriate state agencies, law enforcement agencies, the attorney general, the long-term care ombudsman, or other entities if the department lacks authority to investigate or if its investigation reveals that a follow-up referral to one or more of these entities is appropriate. (5) The department shall adopt rules that include the following complaint investigation protocols: (a) Upon receipt of a complaint, the department shall make a preliminary review of the complaint, assess the severity of the complaint, and assign an appropriate response time. Complaints involving imminent danger to the health, safety, or well-being of a resident must be responded to within two days. When appropriate, the department shall make an on-site investigation within a reasonable time after receipt of the complaint or otherwise ensure that complaints are responded to. (b) The complainant must be: Promptly contacted by the department, unless anonymous or unavailable despite several attempts by the department, and informed of the right to discuss alleged violations with the inspector and to provide other information the complainant believes will assist the inspector; informed of the department’s course of action; and informed of the right to receive a written copy of the investigation report. (c) In conducting the investigation, the department shall interview the complainant, unless anonymous, and shall use its best efforts to interview the resident or residents allegedly harmed by the violations, and, in addition to facility staff, any available independent sources of relevant information, including if appropriate the family members of the resident. (d) Substantiated complaints involving harm to a resident, if an applicable law or regulation has been violated, shall be subject to one or more of the actions provided in RCW 18.20.190. Whenever appropriate, the department shall also give consultation and technical assistance to the facility. (e) After a department finding of a violation for which a stop placement has been imposed, the department shall make an on-site revisit of the provider within fifteen working days from the request for revisit, to ensure correction of the violation. For violations that are serious or recurring or uncorrected following a previous citation, and create actual or threatened harm to one or more residents’ well-being, including violations of residents’ rights, the department shall make an on-site revisit as soon as appropriate to ensure correction of the violation. Verification of correction of all other violations may be made by either a department on-site revisit or by written or photographic documentation found by the department to be credible. This subsection does not prevent the department from enforcing license suspensions or revocations. Nothing in this subsection shall interfere with or diminish the department’s authority and duty to ensure that the provider adequately cares for residents, including to make departmental on-site revisits as needed to ensure that the provider protects residents, and to enforce compliance with this chapter. (f) Substantiated complaints of neglect, abuse, exploitation, or abandonment of residents, or suspected criminal violations, shall also be referred by the department to the [Title 18 RCW—page 46] appropriate law enforcement agencies, the attorney general, and appropriate professional disciplining authority. (6) The department may provide the substance of the complaint to the licensee before the completion of the investigation by the department unless such disclosure would reveal the identity of a complainant, witness, or resident who chooses to remain anonymous. Neither the substance of the complaint provided to the licensee or contractor nor any copy of the complaint or related report published, released, or made otherwise available shall disclose, or reasonably lead to the disclosure of, the name, title, or identity of any complainant, or other person mentioned in the complaint, except that the name of the provider and the name or names of any officer, employee, or agent of the department conducting the investigation shall be disclosed after the investigation has been closed and the complaint has been substantiated. The department may disclose the identity of the complainant if such disclosure is requested in writing by the complainant. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to interfere with the obligation of the long-term care ombudsman program to monitor the department’s licensing, contract, and complaint investigation files for long-term care facilities. (7) The resident has the right to be free of interference, coercion, discrimination, and reprisal from a facility in exercising his or her rights, including the right to voice grievances about treatment furnished or not furnished. A facility licensed under this chapter shall not discriminate or retaliate in any manner against a resident, employee, or any other person on the basis or for the reason that such resident or any other person made a complaint to the department, the attorney general, law enforcement agencies, or the long-term care ombudsman, provided information, or otherwise cooperated with the investigation of such a complaint. Any attempt to discharge a resident against the resident’s wishes, or any type of retaliatory treatment of a resident by whom or upon whose behalf a complaint substantiated by the department has been made to the department, the attorney general, law enforcement agencies, or the long-term care ombudsman, within one year of the filing of the complaint, raises a rebuttable presumption that such action was in retaliation for the filing of the complaint. "Retaliatory treatment" means, but is not limited to, monitoring a resident’s phone, mail, or visits; involuntary seclusion or isolation; transferring a resident to a different room unless requested or based upon legitimate management reasons; withholding or threatening to withhold food or treatment unless authorized by a terminally ill resident or his or her representative pursuant to law; or persistently delaying responses to a resident’s request for service or assistance. A facility licensed under this chapter shall not willfully interfere with the performance of official duties by a long-term care ombudsman. The department shall sanction and may impose a civil penalty of not more than three thousand dollars for a violation of this subsection. [2001 c 193 § 2; 1997 c 392 § 214.] Short title—Findings—Construction—Conflict with federal requirements—Part headings and captions not law—1997 c 392: See notes following RCW 74.39A.009. 18.20.190 Department response to noncompliance or violations. (1) The department of social and health services is authorized to take one or more of the actions (2002 Ed.) Boarding Homes listed in subsection (2) of this section in any case in which the department finds that a boarding home provider has: (a) Failed or refused to comply with the requirements of this chapter or the rules adopted under this chapter; (b) Operated a boarding home without a license or under a revoked license; (c) Knowingly, or with reason to know, made a false statement of material fact on his or her application for license or any data attached thereto, or in any matter under investigation by the department; or (d) Willfully prevented or interfered with any inspection or investigation by the department. (2) When authorized by subsection (1) of this section, the department may take one or more of the following actions: (a) Refuse to issue a license; (b) Impose reasonable conditions on a license, such as correction within a specified time, training, and limits on the type of clients the provider may admit or serve; (c) Impose civil penalties of not more than one hundred dollars per day per violation; (d) Suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew a license; or (e) Suspend admissions to the boarding home by imposing stop placement. (3) When the department orders stop placement, the facility shall not admit any new resident until the stop placement order is terminated. The department may approve readmission of a resident to the facility from a hospital or nursing home during the stop placement. The department shall terminate the stop placement when: (a) The violations necessitating the stop placement have been corrected; and (b) the provider exhibits the capacity to maintain correction of the violations previously found deficient. However, if upon the revisit the department finds new violations that the department reasonably believes will result in a new stop placement, the previous stop placement shall remain in effect until the new stop placement is imposed. (4) After a department finding of a violation for which a stop placement has been imposed, the department shall make an on-site revisit of the provider within fifteen working days from the request for revisit, to ensure correction of the violation. For violations that are serious or recurring or uncorrected following a previous citation, and create actual or threatened harm to one or more residents’ well-being, including violations of residents’ rights, the department shall make an on-site revisit as soon as appropriate to ensure correction of the violation. Verification of correction of all other violations may be made by either a department on-site revisit or by written or photographic documentation found by the department to be credible. This subsection does not prevent the department from enforcing license suspensions or revocations. Nothing in this subsection shall interfere with or diminish the department’s authority and duty to ensure that the provider adequately cares for residents, including to make departmental on-site revisits as needed to ensure that the provider protects residents, and to enforce compliance with this chapter. (5) RCW 43.20A.205 governs notice of a license denial, revocation, suspension, or modification. Chapter 34.05 RCW applies to department actions under this section, except that orders of the department imposing license suspension, stop placement, or conditions for continuation of a license (2002 Ed.) 18.20.190 are effective immediately upon notice and shall continue pending any hearing. [2001 c 193 § 4; 2000 c 47 § 7; 1998 c 272 § 15; 1995 1st sp.s. c 18 § 18.] Effective date—2000 c 47: See note following RCW 18.20.020. Findings—Severability—Effective date—1998 c 272: See notes following RCW 18.20.230. Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—Effective date— 1995 1st sp.s. c 18: See notes following RCW 74.39A.030. 18.20.195 Disputed violations, enforcement remedies—Informal dispute resolution process. (1) The licensee or its designee has the right to an informal dispute resolution process to dispute any violation found or enforcement remedy imposed by the department during a licensing inspection or complaint investigation. The purpose of the informal dispute resolution process is to provide an opportunity for an exchange of information that may lead to the modification, deletion, or removal of a violation, or parts of a violation, or enforcement remedy imposed by the department. (2) The informal dispute resolution process provided by the department shall include, but is not necessarily limited to, an opportunity for review by a department employee who did not participate in, or oversee, the determination of the violation or enforcement remedy under dispute. The department shall develop, or further develop, an informal dispute resolution process consistent with this section. (3) A request for an informal dispute resolution shall be made to the department within ten working days from the receipt of a written finding of a violation or enforcement remedy. The request shall identify the violation or violations and enforcement remedy or remedies being disputed. The department shall convene a meeting, when possible, within ten working days of receipt of the request for informal dispute resolution, unless by mutual agreement a later date is agreed upon. (4) If the department determines that a violation or enforcement remedy should not be cited or imposed, the department shall delete the violation or immediately rescind or modify the enforcement remedy. Upon request, the department shall issue a clean copy of the revised report, statement of deficiencies, or notice of enforcement action. (5) The request for informal dispute resolution does not delay the effective date of any enforcement remedy imposed by the department, except that civil monetary fines are not payable until the exhaustion of any formal hearing and appeal rights provided under this chapter. The licensee shall submit to the department, within the time period prescribed by the department, a plan of correction to address any undisputed violations, and including any violations that still remain following the informal dispute resolution. [2001 c 193 § 7.] 18.20.200 License suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. The secretary shall suspend the license of any person who has been certified by a lending agency and reported to the secretary for nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. Prior to the suspension, the agency must provide the person an opportunity for a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW [Title 18 RCW—page 47] 18.20.200 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 34.05.485 through 34.05.494 and issue a finding of nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. The person’s license shall not be reissued until the person provides the secretary a written release issued by the lending agency stating that the person is making payments on the loan in accordance with a repayment agreement approved by the lending agency. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for licensure during the suspension, reinstatement shall be automatic upon receipt of the notice and payment of any reinstatement fee the secretary may impose. [1996 c 293 § 6.] Severability—1996 c 293: See note following RCW 18.04.420. 18.20.210 License suspension—Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. The department shall immediately suspend the license of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order or a *residential or visitation order. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for reinstatement during the suspension, reissuance of the license shall be automatic upon the department’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the licensee is in compliance with the order. [1997 c 58 § 816.] *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.20.220 Residential care contracted services, conversion to—Requirements. For the purpose of encouraging a nursing home licensed under chapter 18.51 RCW to convert a portion or all of its licensed bed capacity to provide enhanced adult residential care contracted services under chapter 74.39A RCW, the department shall: (1) Find the nursing home to be in satisfactory compliance with RCW 18.20.110 and 18.20.130, upon application for boarding home licensure and the production of copies of its most recent nursing home inspection reports demonstrating compliance with the safety standards and fire regulations, as required by RCW 18.51.140, and the state building code, as required by RCW 18.51.145, including any waivers that may have been granted. However, boarding home licensure requirements pertaining to resident to bathing fixture/toilet ratio, corridor call system, resident room door closures, and resident room windows may require modification, unless determined to be functionally equivalent, based upon a prelicensure survey inspection. (2) Allow residents receiving enhanced adult residential care services to make arrangements for on-site health care services, consistent with Title 18 RCW regulating health care professions, to the extent that such services can be provided while maintaining the resident’s right to privacy and safety [Title 18 RCW—page 48] in treatment, but this in no way means that such services may only be provided in a private room. The provision of on-site health care services must otherwise be consistent with RCW 18.20.160 and the rules adopted under RCW 18.20.160. [1997 c 164 § 1.] 18.20.230 Training standards review—Proposed enhancements. (1) The department of social and health services shall review, in coordination with the department of health, the nursing care quality assurance commission, adult family home providers, boarding home providers, in-home personal care providers, and long-term care consumers and advocates, training standards for administrators and resident caregiving staff. Any proposed enhancements shall be consistent with this section, shall take into account and not duplicate other training requirements applicable to boarding homes and staff, and shall be developed with the input of boarding home and resident representatives, health care professionals, and other vested interest groups. Training standards and the delivery system shall be relevant to the needs of residents served by the boarding home and recipients of long-term in-home personal care services and shall be sufficient to ensure that administrators and caregiving staff have the skills and knowledge necessary to provide high quality, appropriate care. (2) The recommendations on training standards and the delivery system developed under subsection (1) of this section shall be based on a review and consideration of the following: Quality of care; availability of training; affordability, including the training costs incurred by the department of social and health services and private providers; portability of existing training requirements; competency testing; practical and clinical course work; methods of delivery of training; standards for management and caregiving staff training; and necessary enhancements for special needs populations and resident rights training. Residents with special needs include, but are not limited to, residents with a diagnosis of mental illness, dementia, or developmental disability. [1999 c 372 § 3; 1998 c 272 § 2.] Findings—1998 c 272: "The legislature finds that many residents of long-term care facilities and recipients of in-home personal care services are exceptionally vulnerable and their health and well-being are heavily dependent on their caregivers. The legislature further finds that the quality of staff in long-term care facilities is often the key to good care. The need for well-trained staff and well-managed facilities is growing as the state’s population ages and the acuity of the health care problems of residents increases. In order to better protect and care for residents, the legislature directs that the minimum training standards be reviewed for management and caregiving staff, including those serving residents with special needs, such as mental illness, dementia, or a developmental disability, that management and caregiving staff receive appropriate training, and that the training delivery system be improved." [1998 c 272 § 1.] Severability—1998 c 272: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1998 c 272 § 25.] Effective date—1998 c 272: "Except for section 5 of this act, this act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect immediately [April 1, 1998]." [1998 c 272 § 26.] 18.20.250 Federal funding programs, opportunities—Secretary’s duty to comply. The secretary may adopt rules and policies as necessary to entitle the state to par(2002 Ed.) Boarding Homes ticipate in federal funding programs and opportunities and to facilitate state and federal cooperation in programs under the department’s jurisdiction. The secretary shall ensure that any internal reorganization carried out under the terms of this chapter complies with prerequisites for the receipt of federal funding for the various programs under the department’s control. When interpreting any departmentrelated section or provision of law susceptible to more than one interpretation, the secretary shall construe that section or provision in the manner most likely to comply with federal laws and rules entitling the state to receive federal funds for the various programs of the department. If any law or rule dealing with the department is ruled to be in conflict with federal prerequisites to the allocation of federal funding to the state, the department, or its agencies, the secretary shall declare that law or rule inoperative solely to the extent of the conflict. [1998 c 272 § 16.] Findings—Severability—Effective date—1998 c 272: See notes following RCW 18.20.230. 18.20.260 Advisory board. (1) In an effort to ensure a cooperative process among the department, boarding home provider representatives, and resident and family representatives on matters pertaining to the boarding home program, the secretary, or his or her designee, shall designate an advisory board. The advisory board must include representatives of the statewide boarding home associations, the state longterm care ombudsman program, the statewide resident council program, consumers, and family representatives. Depending on the topic to be discussed, the department may invite other representatives in addition to the named members of the advisory board. The secretary, or his or her designee, shall periodically, but not less than quarterly, convene a meeting of the advisory board to encourage open dialogue on matters affecting the boarding home program. It is, minimally, expected that the department will discuss with the advisory board the department’s inspection, enforcement, and quality improvement activities, in addition to seeking their comments and recommendations on matters described under subsection (2) of this section. (2) The secretary, or his or her designee, shall seek comments and recommendations from the advisory board prior to the adoption of rules and standards, implementation of boarding home provider programs, or development of methods and rates of payment. (3) For the purpose of implementing this section, "department" means either the department of health or the department of social and health services, depending on which department has the licensing authority under this chapter. [2000 c 47 § 8.] Effective date—2000 c 47: See note following RCW 18.20.020. 18.20.270 Long-term caregiver training. (1) The definitions in this subsection apply throughout this section unless the context clearly requires otherwise. (a) "Caregiver" includes any person who provides residents with hands-on personal care on behalf of a boarding home, except volunteers who are directly supervised. (b) "Direct supervision" means oversight by a person who has demonstrated competency in the core areas or has been fully exempted from the training requirements pursuant (2002 Ed.) 18.20.250 to this section, is on the premises, and is quickly and easily available to the caregiver. (2) Training must have the following components: Orientation, basic training, specialty training as appropriate, and continuing education. All boarding home employees or volunteers who routinely interact with residents shall complete orientation. Boarding home administrators, or their designees, and caregivers shall complete orientation, basic training, specialty training as appropriate, and continuing education. (3) Orientation consists of introductory information on residents’ rights, communication skills, fire and life safety, and universal precautions. Orientation must be provided at the facility by appropriate boarding home staff to all boarding home employees before the employees have routine interaction with residents. (4) Basic training consists of modules on the core knowledge and skills that caregivers need to learn and understand to effectively and safely provide care to residents. Basic training must be outcome-based, and the effectiveness of the basic training must be measured by demonstrated competency in the core areas through the use of a competency test. Basic training must be completed by caregivers within one hundred twenty days of the date on which they begin to provide hands-on care or within one hundred twenty days of September 1, 2002, whichever is later. Until competency in the core areas has been demonstrated, caregivers shall not provide hands-on personal care to residents without direct supervision. Boarding home administrators, or their designees, must complete basic training and demonstrate competency within one hundred twenty days of employment or within one hundred twenty days of September 1, 2002, whichever is later. (5) For boarding homes that serve residents with special needs such as dementia, developmental disabilities, or mental illness, specialty training is required of administrators, or designees, and caregivers. Specialty training consists of modules on the core knowledge and skills that caregivers need to effectively and safely provide care to residents with special needs. Specialty training should be integrated into basic training wherever appropriate. Specialty training must be outcome-based, and the effectiveness of the specialty training measured by demonstrated competency in the core specialty areas through the use of a competency test. Specialty training must be completed by caregivers within one hundred twenty days of the date on which they begin to provide hands-on care to a resident having special needs or within one hundred twenty days of September 1, 2002, whichever is later. However, if specialty training is not integrated with basic training, the specialty training must be completed within ninety days of completion of basic training. Until competency in the core specialty areas has been demonstrated, caregivers shall not provide hands-on personal care to residents with special needs without direct supervision. Boarding home administrators, or their designees, must complete specialty training and demonstrate competency within one hundred twenty days of September 1, 2002, or one hundred twenty days from the date on which the administrator or his or her designee is hired, whichever is later, if the boarding home serves one or more residents with special needs. [Title 18 RCW—page 49] 18.20.270 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions (6) Continuing education consists of ongoing delivery of information to caregivers on various topics relevant to the care setting and care needs of residents. Competency testing is not required for continuing education. Continuing education is not required in the same calendar year in which basic or modified basic training is successfully completed. Continuing education is required in each calendar year thereafter. If specialty training is completed, the specialty training applies toward any continuing education requirement for up to two years following the completion of the specialty training. (7) Persons who successfully challenge the competency test for basic training are fully exempt from the basic training requirements of this section. Persons who successfully challenge the specialty training competency test are fully exempt from the specialty training requirements of this section. (8) Licensed persons who perform the tasks for which they are licensed are fully or partially exempt from the training requirements of this section, as specified by the department in rule. (9) In an effort to improve access to training and education and reduce costs, especially for rural communities, the coordinated system of long-term care training and education must include the use of innovative types of learning strategies such as internet resources, videotapes, and distance learning using satellite technology coordinated through community colleges or other entities, as defined by the department. (10) The department shall develop criteria for the approval of orientation, basic training, and specialty training programs. (11) Boarding homes that desire to deliver facility-based training with facility designated trainers, or boarding homes that desire to pool their resources to create shared training systems, must be encouraged by the department in their efforts. The department shall develop criteria for reviewing and approving trainers and training materials that are substantially similar to or better than the materials developed by the department. The department may approve a curriculum based upon attestation by a boarding home administrator that the boarding home’s training curriculum addresses basic and specialty training competencies identified by the department, and shall review a curriculum to verify that it meets these requirements. The department may conduct the review as part of the next regularly scheduled yearly inspection and investigation required under RCW 18.20.110. The department shall rescind approval of any curriculum if it determines that the curriculum does not meet these requirements. (12) The department shall adopt rules by September 1, 2002, for the implementation of this section. (13) The orientation, basic training, specialty training, and continuing education requirements of this section commence September 1, 2002, or one hundred twenty days from the date of employment, whichever is later, and shall be applied to (a) employees hired subsequent to September 1, 2002; and (b) existing employees that on September 1, 2002, have not successfully completed the training requirements under RCW 74.39A.010 or 74.39A.020 and this section. Existing employees who have not successfully completed the training requirements under RCW 74.39A.010 or 74.39A.020 shall be subject to all applicable requirements of [Title 18 RCW—page 50] this section. However, prior to September 1, 2002, nothing in this section affects the current training requirements under RCW 74.39A.010. [2002 c 233 § 1; 2000 c 121 § 2.] Effective date—2002 c 233: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect immediately [March 28, 2002]." [2002 c 233 § 5.] 18.20.900 Severability—1957 c 253. If any part, or parts, of this chapter shall be held unconstitutional, the remaining provisions shall be given full force and effect, as completely as if the part held unconstitutional had not been included herein, if any such remaining part can then be administered for the purpose of establishing and maintaining standards for boarding homes. [1957 c 253 § 20.] Chapter 18.22 PODIATRIC MEDICINE AND SURGERY (Formerly: Podiatry) Sections 18.22.003 18.22.005 18.22.010 18.22.013 18.22.014 Regulation of health care professions—Criteria. Legislative finding—Purpose. Definitions. Podiatric medical board—Membership. Board—Officers—Members’ compensation and travel expenses. 18.22.015 Board—Duties—Rules. 18.22.018 Application of uniform disciplinary act. 18.22.021 License required. 18.22.025 License required to practice podiatric medicine and surgery. 18.22.035 Practice of podiatric medicine and surgery—Quality— Definition—Prescriptions—Limitations. 18.22.040 Applicants—Fee—Eligibility. 18.22.045 Postgraduate training license. 18.22.060 Examination—Date, location, and application— Reexamination. 18.22.082 License—Reciprocity. 18.22.083 License—Examination to determine professional qualifications. 18.22.110 License—Display. 18.22.120 License renewal. 18.22.125 License—Inactive status. 18.22.191 Rules and regulations. 18.22.210 Unlawful practice—Evidence of. 18.22.220 Violations—Penalty. 18.22.230 Exemptions. 18.22.900 Severability—1917 c 38. 18.22.910 Severability—1955 c 149. 18.22.911 Severability—1982 c 21. 18.22.950 Short title. Actions for negligence against, evidence and proof required to prevail: RCW 4.24.290. Health care assistants: Chapter 18.135 RCW. Health professions account—Fees credited—Requirements for biennial budget request: RCW 43.70.320. Rebating by practitioners of healing professions prohibited: Chapter 19.68 RCW. 18.22.003 Regulation of health care professions— Criteria. See chapter 18.120 RCW. 18.22.005 Legislative finding—Purpose. The legislature finds that the conduct of podiatric physicians and surgeons licensed to practice in this state plays a vital role in preserving the public health and well-being. The purpose of this chapter is to establish an effective public agency to (2002 Ed.) Podiatric Medicine and Surgery regulate the practice of podiatric medicine and surgery for the protection and promotion of the public health, safety, and welfare and to act as a disciplinary body for the licensed podiatric physicians and surgeons of this state and to ensure that only individuals who meet and maintain minimum standards of competence and conduct may obtain a license to provide podiatric services to the public. [1990 c 147 § 1; 1982 c 21 § 1.] 18.22.010 Definitions. As used in this chapter, the following terms have the meanings indicated unless the context clearly requires otherwise. (1) "Podiatric physician and surgeon" means an individual licensed under this chapter. (2) "Board" means the Washington state podiatric medical board. (3) "Department" means the department of health. (4) "Secretary" means the secretary of health or the secretary’s designee. (5) "Approved school of podiatric medicine and surgery" means a school approved by the board, which may consider official recognition of the Council of Education of the American Podiatric Medical Association in determining the approval of schools of podiatric medicine and surgery. [1990 c 147 § 2; 1982 c 21 § 2; 1973 c 77 § 1; 1955 c 149 § 1; 1941 c 31 § 1; 1921 c 120 § 1; 1917 c 38 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1941 § 10074.] 18.22.013 Podiatric medical board—Membership. There is created the Washington state podiatric medical board consisting of five members to be appointed by the governor. All members shall be residents of the state. One member shall be a consumer whose occupation does not include the administration of health activities or the providing of health services and who has no material financial interest in providing health care services. Four members shall be podiatric physicians and surgeons who at the time of appointment have been licensed under the laws of this state for at least five consecutive years immediately preceding appointment and shall at all times during their terms remain licensed podiatric physicians and surgeons. Board members shall serve five-year terms. No person may serve more than two consecutive terms on the board. Each member shall take the usual oath of a state officer, which shall be filed with the secretary of state, and each member shall hold office for the term of appointment and until a successor is appointed and sworn. Each member is subject to removal at the pleasure of the governor. If a vacancy on the board occurs from any cause, the governor shall appoint a successor for the unexpired term. [1990 c 147 § 3; 1982 c 21 § 8.] Secretary of health or designee ex officio member of health professional licensure and disciplinary boards: RCW 43.70.300. 18.22.014 Board—Officers—Members’ compensation and travel expenses. The board shall meet at the places and times it determines and as often as necessary to discharge its duties. The board shall elect a chairperson, vice-chairperson, and secretary from among its members. Members shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 in addition to travel expenses provided by RCW (2002 Ed.) 18.22.005 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. A simple majority of the board members currently serving constitutes a quorum of the board. [1990 c 147 § 4; 1984 c 287 § 26; 1982 c 21 § 9.] Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. 18.22.015 Board—Duties—Rules. The board shall: (1) Administer all laws placed under its jurisdiction; (2) Prepare, grade, and administer or determine the nature, grading, and administration of examinations for applicants for podiatric physician and surgeon licenses; (3) Examine and investigate all applicants for podiatric physician and surgeon licenses and certify to the secretary all applicants it judges to be properly qualified; (4) Adopt any rules which it considers necessary or proper to carry out the purposes of this chapter; (5) Determine which schools of podiatric medicine and surgery will be approved. [1990 c 147 § 5; 1986 c 259 § 18; 1982 c 21 § 10.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Director of licensing or director’s designee ex officio member of health professional licensure and disciplinary boards: RCW 43.70.300. 18.22.018 Application of uniform disciplinary act. The uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [1987 c 150 § 10; 1986 c 259 § 17.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.22.021 License required. It is a violation of RCW 18.130.190 for any person to practice podiatry in this state unless the person first has obtained a license therefor. [1987 c 150 § 11.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.22.025 License required to practice podiatric medicine and surgery. No person may practice or represent himself or herself as a podiatric physician and surgeon without first applying for and receiving a license under this chapter to practice podiatric medicine and surgery. [1990 c 147 § 7.] 18.22.035 Practice of podiatric medicine and s u r g e r y — Q uality—Definition—Prescriptions— Limitations. (1) A podiatric physician and surgeon is responsible for the quality of podiatric care. (2) The practice of podiatric medicine and surgery is the diagnosis and the medical, surgical, mechanical, manipulative, and electrical treatments of ailments of the human foot. (3) Podiatric physicians and surgeons may issue prescriptions valid at any pharmacy for any drug, including narcotics, necessary in the practice of podiatry. (4) Podiatrists shall not: (a) Amputate the foot; (b) Administer spinal anesthetic or any anesthetic that renders the patient unconscious; or (c) Treat systemic conditions. [1990 c 147 § 6.] [Title 18 RCW—page 51] 18.22.040 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.22.040 Applicants—Fee—Eligibility. Before any person may take an examination for the issuance of a podiatric physician and surgeon license, the applicant shall submit a completed application and a fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250. The applicant shall also furnish the secretary and the board with satisfactory proof that: (1) The applicant has not engaged in unprofessional conduct as defined in chapter 18.130 RCW and is not unable to practice with reasonable skill and safety as a result of a physical or mental impairment; (2) The applicant has satisfactorily completed a course in an approved school of podiatric medicine and surgery; (3) The applicant has completed one year of postgraduate podiatric medical training in a program approved by the board, provided that applicants graduating before July 1, 1993, shall be exempt from the postgraduate training requirement. [2000 c 171 § 4; 1993 c 29 § 2; 1990 c 147 § 8; 1982 c 21 § 5; 1979 c 158 § 18; 1973 c 77 § 4; 1971 ex.s. c 292 § 19; 1955 c 149 § 2; 1935 c 48 § 3; 1921 c 120 § 3; 1917 c 38 § 6; RRS § 10079.] Severability—1971 ex.s. c 292: See note following RCW 26.28.010. 18.22.045 Postgraduate training license. The board may grant approval to issue a license without examination to a podiatric physician and surgeon in a board-approved postgraduate training program in this state if the applicant files an application and meets all the requirements for licensure set forth in RCW 18.22.040 except for completion of one year of postgraduate training. The secretary shall issue a postgraduate podiatric medicine and surgery license that permits the physician to practice podiatric medicine and surgery only in connection with his or her duties in the postgraduate training program. The postgraduate training license does not authorize the podiatric physician to engage in any other form of practice. Each podiatric physician and surgeon in postgraduate training shall practice podiatric medicine and surgery under the supervision of a physician licensed in this state under this chapter, or chapter 18.71 or 18.57 RCW, but such supervision shall not be construed to necessarily require the personal presence of the supervising physician at the place where services are rendered. All persons licensed under this section shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the podiatric medical board as set forth in this chapter and chapter 18.130 RCW. Persons applying for licensure pursuant to this section shall pay an application and renewal fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250. Postgraduate training licenses may be renewed annually. Any person who obtains a license pursuant to this section may apply for licensure under this chapter but shall submit a new application form and comply with all other licensing requirements of this chapter. [1993 c 29 § 1.] 18.22.060 Examination—Date, location, and application—Reexamination. (1) The date and location of the examination shall be established by the board. Applicants who have met the requirements for examination under RCW 18.22.040 will be scheduled for the next examination after the filing of the complete application. The board shall establish by rule the examination application deadline. [Title 18 RCW—page 52] (2) An applicant who fails to pass an examination satisfactorily is entitled to reexamination upon the payment of a fee for each reexamination determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250. [1990 c 147 § 9; 1985 c 7 § 11; 1982 c 21 § 7; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 16; 1973 c 77 § 6; 1965 c 97 § 1; 1957 c 52 § 14. Prior: (i) 1921 c 120 § 5; 1917 c 38 § 9; RRS § 10082. (ii) 1921 c 120 § 4; 1917 c 38 § 7; RRS § 10080.] 18.22.082 License—Reciprocity. An applicant holding a license to practice podiatric medicine and surgery in another state may be licensed without examination if the secretary determines that the other state’s licensing standards are substantively equivalent to the standards in this state. [1990 c 147 § 10.] 18.22.083 License—Examination to determine professional qualifications. Before being issued a license to practice podiatric medicine and surgery, applicants must successfully pass the examinations administered by the national board of podiatry examiners and an examination administered or approved by the board to determine their professional qualifications. The examination administered by the board shall include the subject areas as the board may require by rule. The board may approve an examination prepared or administered, or both, by a private testing agency, other licensing authority, or association of licensing authorities. The board may by rule establish the passing grade for the examination. [1990 c 147 § 11; 1982 c 21 § 13.] 18.22.110 License—Display. Every holder of a podiatric physician and surgeon license shall keep the license on exhibition in a conspicuous place in the holder’s office or place of business. [1990 c 147 § 12; 1973 c 77 § 9; 1957 c 52 § 15. Prior: 1917 c 38 § 2, part; RRS § 10075, part.] 18.22.120 License renewal. The board shall establish by rule the requirements for renewal of licenses and relicensing. Administrative procedures, administrative requirements, and fees shall be established as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 7; 1990 c 147 § 13; 1985 c 7 § 13; 1982 c 21 § 14; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 18; 1973 c 77 § 10; 1971 ex.s. c 266 § 4; 1965 c 97 § 2; 1955 c 149 § 6. Prior: (i) 1921 c 120 § 5, part; 1917 c 38 § 9, part; RRS § 10082, part. (ii) 1921 c 120 § 9; RRS § 10096.] 18.22.125 License—Inactive status. (1) An individual may place his or her license on inactive status. The holder of an inactive license shall not practice podiatric medicine and surgery in this state without first activating the license. (2) The inactive renewal fee shall be established by the secretary under RCW 43.70.250, but may not exceed twentyfive percent of the active license renewal fee. Failure to renew an inactive license results in cancellation in the same manner as an active license. (3) An inactive license may be placed in an active status upon compliance with the rules established by the board. (4) The provisions of this chapter relating to the denial, suspension, and revocation of a license are applicable to an (2002 Ed.) Podiatric Medicine and Surgery inactive license, except that when proceedings to suspend or revoke an inactive license have been initiated, the license remains inactive until the proceedings have been completed. [1990 c 147 § 14.] 18.22.191 Rules and regulations. The secretary shall have the power and duty to formulate and prescribe such rules and regulations as may be reasonable in the proper administration of this chapter. In addition to any other authority provided by law, the secretary may: (1) Set all fees required in this chapter in accordance with RCW 43.70.250; (2) Establish forms necessary to administer this chapter; (3) Maintain the official department record of all applicants and licensees. [1990 c 147 § 15; 1955 c 149 § 13.] 18.22.210 Unlawful practice—Evidence of. It is prima facie evidence of the practice of podiatric medicine and surgery or of holding oneself out as a practitioner of podiatric medicine and surgery within the meaning of this chapter for any person to treat in any manner ailments of the human foot by medical, surgical, or mechanical means or appliances, or to use the title "podiatrist," "podiatric physician and surgeon," or any other words or letters which designate or tend to designate to the public that the person so treating or holding himself or herself out to treat, is a podiatric physician and surgeon. [1990 c 147 § 16; 1982 c 21 § 17; 1973 c 77 § 17; 1935 c 48 § 4; 1921 c 120 § 6; 1917 c 38 § 10; RRS § 10083.] 18.22.220 Violations—Penalty. Every person violating, or failing to comply with, the provisions of this chapter shall be guilty of a gross misdemeanor. [1955 c 149 § 10; 1917 c 38 § 21; RRS § 10094.] 18.22.230 Exemptions. The following practices, acts, and operations are excepted from the operation of the provisions of this chapter: (1) The practice of podiatric medicine and surgery by an individual employed by the government of the United States while the individual is engaged in the performance of duties prescribed by the laws and regulations of the United States; (2) The practice of podiatric medicine and surgery by students enrolled in a school approved by the board. The performance of services must be pursuant to a course of instruction or assignments from an instructor and under the supervision of the instructor; (3) The practice of podiatric medicine and surgery by licensed podiatric physicians and surgeons of other states or countries while appearing at educational seminars; (4) The use of roentgen and other rays for making radiograms or similar records of the feet or portions thereof, under the supervision of a licensed podiatric physician and surgeon or a physician; (5) The practice of podiatric medicine and surgery by externs, interns, and residents in training programs approved by the American Podiatric Medical Association; (6) The performing of podiatric services by persons not licensed under this chapter when performed under the (2002 Ed.) 18.22.125 supervision of a licensed podiatrist if those services are authorized by board rule or other law to be so performed; (7) The treatment of ailments of the feet by physicians licensed under chapter 18.57 or 18.71 RCW, or other licensed health professionals practicing within the scope of their licenses; (8) The domestic administration of family remedies or treatment by prayer or spiritual means in accordance with the creed or tenets of any well recognized church or religious denomination. [1990 c 147 § 17; 1982 c 21 § 19; 1973 c 77 § 19; 1955 c 149 § 12.] 18.22.900 Severability—1917 c 38. If any provision of this act shall be held void or unconstitutional, all other provisions and all other sections of the act which are not expressly held to be void or unconstitutional shall continue in full force and effect. [1917 c 38 § 19.] 18.22.910 Severability—1955 c 149. If any provision of this act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances shall be held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the provisions or application of this act which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or applications, and to this end the provisions of this act are declared to be severable. [1955 c 149 § 16.] 18.22.911 Severability—1982 c 21. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1982 c 21 § 20.] 18.22.950 Short title. This chapter shall be known as the Podiatric Physician and Surgeon Practice Act. [1990 c 147 § 19.] Chapter 18.25 CHIROPRACTIC Sections 18.25.002 18.25.003 18.25.005 18.25.006 18.25.011 18.25.0151 18.25.0161 18.25.0165 18.25.0171 18.25.0172 18.25.019 18.25.0192 18.25.0193 18.25.0194 18.25.0195 18.25.0196 18.25.0197 18.25.020 18.25.025 18.25.030 18.25.035 18.25.040 Purpose. Regulation of health care professions—Criteria. "Chiropractic" defined. Definitions. License required. Commission established—Membership. Commission—Removal of member—Order of removal— Vacancy. Commission—Qualifications of members. Commission—Duties and powers—Compensation—Rules. Commission successor to other boards, committee. Application of Uniform Disciplinary Act. Discrimination—Legislative finding and declaration. Discrimination—Acceptance of services required. Discrimination by governments prohibited. Discriminatory government contracts prohibited. Discrimination—Policy costs as additional compensation. Discrimination—Application of RCW 18.25.0192 through 18.25.0196. Applications—Qualifications—Fees. Accreditation of schools and colleges—Standards— Assistants for examinations authorized. Examinations—Subjects—Grades. Waiver of examination. Licensure by endorsement. [Title 18 RCW—page 53] Chapter 18.25 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.25.070 18.25.075 18.25.080 18.25.090 License renewal—Continuing education—Rules. Inactive status. Health regulations. Use of credentials in written materials—Treatment by prayer not regulated. 18.25.100 Prosecutions for violations. 18.25.112 "Unprofessional conduct"—Additional definition— Prosecution. 18.25.180 Employment of x-ray technicians—Rules. 18.25.190 Exemptions—Jurisdiction of commission. 18.25.200 Service and fee limitations by health care purchasers—Pilot projects. 18.25.900 Severability—Headings and captions not law—Effective date—1994 sp.s. c 9. Actions against, limitation of: RCW 4.16.350. Actions for negligence against, evidence and proof required to prevail: RCW 4.24.290. Health professions account—Fees credited—Requirements for biennial budget request: RCW 43.70.320. Lien of doctors: Chapter 60.44 RCW. Rebating by practitioners of healing professions prohibited: Chapter 19.68 RCW. 18.25.002 Purpose. This chapter is enacted: (1) In the exercise of the police power of the state and to provide an adequate public agency to act as a disciplinary body for the members of the chiropractic profession licensed to practice chiropractic in this state; (2) Because the health and well-being of the people of this state are of paramount importance; (3) Because the conduct of members of the chiropractic profession licensed to practice chiropractic in this state plays a vital role in preserving the health and well-being of the people of the state; and (4) Because practicing other healing arts while licensed to practice chiropractic and while holding one’s self out to the public as a chiropractor affects the health and welfare of the people of the state. It is the purpose of the commission established under RCW 18.25.0151 to regulate the competency and quality of professional health care providers under its jurisdiction by establishing, monitoring, and enforcing qualifications for licensing, consistent standards of practice, continuing competency mechanisms, and discipline. Rules, policies, and procedures developed by the commission must promote the delivery of quality health care to the residents of the state. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 101.] 18.25.003 Regulation of health care professions— Criteria. See chapter 18.120 RCW. 18.25.005 "Chiropractic" defined. (1) Chiropractic is the practice of health care that deals with the diagnosis or analysis and care or treatment of the vertebral subluxation complex and its effects, articular dysfunction, and musculoskeletal disorders, all for the restoration and maintenance of health and recognizing the recuperative powers of the body. (2) Chiropractic treatment or care includes the use of procedures involving spinal adjustments and extremity manipulation. Chiropractic treatment also includes the use of heat, cold, water, exercise, massage, trigger point therapy, dietary advice and recommendation of nutritional supplementation, the normal regimen and rehabilitation of the patient, first aid, and counseling on hygiene, sanitation, and preven[Title 18 RCW—page 54] tive measures. Chiropractic care also includes such physiological therapeutic procedures as traction and light, but does not include procedures involving the application of sound, diathermy, or electricity. (3) As part of a chiropractic differential diagnosis, a chiropractor shall perform a physical examination, which may include diagnostic x-rays, to determine the appropriateness of chiropractic care or the need for referral to other health care providers. The chiropractic quality assurance commission shall provide by rule for the type and use of diagnostic and analytical devices and procedures consistent with this chapter. (4) Chiropractic care shall not include the prescription or dispensing of any medicine or drug, the practice of obstetrics or surgery, the use of x-rays or any other form of radiation for therapeutic purposes, colonic irrigation, or any form of venipuncture. (5) Nothing in this chapter prohibits or restricts any other practitioner of a "health profession" defined in RCW 18.120.020(4) from performing any functions or procedures the practitioner is licensed or permitted to perform, and the term "chiropractic" as defined in this chapter shall not prohibit a practitioner licensed under chapter 18.71 RCW from performing medical procedures, except such procedures shall not include the adjustment by hand of any articulation of the spine. [2002 c 225 § 1; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 102; 1992 c 241 § 2; 1974 ex.s. c 97 § 7.] Intent—1992 c 241: "This act is intended to expand the scope of practice of chiropractic only with regard to adjustment of extremities in connection with a spinal adjustment." [1992 c 241 § 1.] Severability—1974 ex.s. c 97: See note following RCW 18.25.0192. 18.25.006 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Department" means the department of health. (2) "Secretary" means the secretary of the department of health or the secretary’s designee. (3) "Chiropractor" means an individual licensed under this chapter. (4) "Commission" means the Washington state chiropractic quality assurance commission. (5) "Vertebral subluxation complex" means a functional defect or alteration of the biomechanical and physiological dynamics in a joint that may cause neuronal disturbances, with or without displacement detectable by x-ray. The effects of the vertebral subluxation complex may include, but are not limited to, any of the following: Fixation, hypomobility, hypermobility, periarticular muscle spasm, edema, or inflammation. (6) "Articular dysfunction" means an alteration of the biomechanical and physiological dynamics of a joint of the axial or appendicular skeleton. (7) "Musculoskeletal disorders" means abnormalities of the muscles, bones, and connective tissue. (8) "Chiropractic differential diagnosis" means a diagnosis to determine the existence of a vertebral subluxation complex, articular dysfunction, or musculoskeletal disorder, and the appropriateness of chiropractic care or the need for referral to other health care providers. (9) "Chiropractic adjustment" means chiropractic care of a vertebral subluxation complex, articular dysfunction, or (2002 Ed.) Chiropractic musculoskeletal disorder. Such care includes manual or mechanical adjustment of any vertebral articulation and contiguous articulations beyond the normal passive physiological range of motion. (10) "Extremity manipulation" means a corrective thrust or maneuver applied to a joint of the appendicular skeleton. [2002 c 225 § 2; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 103; 1992 c 241 § 3; 1991 c 3 § 36; 1989 c 258 § 12.] Intent—1992 c 241: See note following RCW 18.25.005. 18.25.011 License required. It is a violation of RCW 18.130.190 for any person to practice chiropractic in this state unless the person has obtained a license as provided in this chapter. [1987 c 150 § 14.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.25.0151 Commission established—Membership. The Washington state chiropractic quality assurance commission is established, consisting of fourteen members appointed by the governor to four-year terms, and including eleven practicing chiropractors and three public members. No member may serve more than two consecutive full terms. In appointing the initial members of the commission, it is the intent of the legislature that, to the extent possible, the governor appoint members of the previous boards and committees regulating this profession to the commission. Members of the commission hold office until their successors are appointed. The governor may appoint the members of the initial commission to staggered terms of from one to four years. Thereafter, all members shall be appointed to full four-year terms. The governor may consider persons who are recommended for appointment by chiropractic associations of this state. [2000 c 171 § 5; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 104.] 18.25.0161 Commission—Removal of member— Order of removal—Vacancy. The governor may remove a member of the commission for neglect of duty, misconduct, or malfeasance or misfeasance in office. Whenever the governor is satisfied that a member of the commission has been guilty of neglect of duty, misconduct, or malfeasance or misfeasance in office, the governor shall file with the secretary of state a statement of the causes for and the order of removal from office, and the secretary shall forthwith send a certified copy of the order of removal and statement of causes by certified mail to the last known post office address of the member. If a vacancy occurs on the commission, the governor shall appoint a replacement to fill the remainder of the unexpired term. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 105.] 18.25.0165 Commission—Qualifications of members. Members must be citizens of the United States and residents of this state. Members must be licensed chiropractors for a period of five years before appointment. Public members of the commission may not be a member of any other health care licensing board or commission, or have a fiduciary obligation to a facility rendering health services regulated by the commission, or have a material or financial interest in the rendering of health services regulated by the commission. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 106.] (2002 Ed.) 18.25.006 18.25.0171 Commission—Duties and powers— Compensation—Rules. The commission shall elect officers each year. Meetings of the commission are open to the public, except that the commission may hold executive sessions to the extent permitted by chapter 42.30 RCW. The secretary of health shall furnish such secretarial, clerical, and other assistance as the commission may require. Each member of the commission shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.265. Members shall be reimbursed for travel expenses incurred in the actual performance of their duties, as provided in RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. A majority of the commission members appointed and serving constitutes a quorum for the transaction of commission business. The affirmative vote of a majority of a quorum of the commission is required to carry a motion or resolution, to adopt a rule, or to pass a measure. The commission may appoint members of panels of at least three members. A quorum for transaction of any business by a panel is a minimum of three members. A majority vote of a quorum of the panel is required to transact business delegated to it by the commission. The members of the commission are immune from suit in an action, civil or criminal, based upon its disciplinary proceedings or other official acts performed in good faith as members of the commission. The commission may, whenever the workload of the commission requires, request that the secretary appoint pro tempore members. While serving as members pro tempore persons have all the powers, duties, and immunities, and are entitled to the emoluments, including travel expenses, of the commission. The commission shall prepare or determine the nature of the examinations for applicants to practice chiropractic. The commission may adopt such rules as are consistent with this chapter as may be deemed necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of this chapter. [1999 c 366 § 2; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 107.] 18.25.0172 Commission successor to other boards, committee. The commission is the successor in interest of the board of chiropractic examiners, the chiropractic disciplinary board, and the chiropractic peer review committee. All contracts, undertakings, agreements, rules, regulations, and policies of those bodies continue in full force and effect on July 1, 1994, unless otherwise repealed or rejected by chapter 9, Laws of 1994 sp. sess. or by the commission. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 119.] 18.25.019 Application of Uniform Disciplinary Act. The Uniform Disciplinary Act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 108; 1987 c 150 § 12; 1986 c 259 § 21.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.25.0192 Discrimination—Legislative finding and declaration. The legislature finds and declares that the costs of health care to the people are rising disproportionately to [Title 18 RCW—page 55] 18.25.0192 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions other costs and that there is a paramount concern that the right of the people to obtain access to health care in all its facets is being impaired thereby. For this reason, the reliance on the mechanism of health care service contractors, whether profit or nonprofit, is the only effective manner in which the large majority of the people can attain access to quality health care, and it is therefore declared to be in the public interest that health care service contractors be regulated to assure that all the people have access to health care to the greatest extent possible. Chapter 97, Laws of 1974 ex. sess., prohibiting discrimination against the legally recognized and licensed profession of chiropractic, is necessary in the interest of the public health, welfare, and safety. [1974 ex.s. c 97 § 1. Formerly RCW 18.25.120.] Severability—1974 ex.s. c 97: "If any provision of this 1974 amendatory act, or its application to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1974 ex.s. c 97 § 16.] 18.25.0193 Discrimination—Acceptance of services required. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the state and its political subdivisions shall accept the services of licensed chiropractors for any service covered by their licenses with relation to any person receiving benefits, salaries, wages, or any other type of compensation from the state, its agencies or subdivisions. [1974 ex.s. c 97 § 2. Formerly RCW 18.25.130.] Severability—1974 ex.s. c 97: See note following RCW 18.25.0192. 18.25.0194 Discrimination by governments prohibited. The state and its political subdivisions, and all officials, agents, employees, or representatives thereof, are prohibited from in any way discriminating against licensed chiropractors in performing and receiving compensation for services covered by their licenses. [1974 ex.s. c 97 § 3. Formerly RCW 18.25.140.] Severability—1974 ex.s. c 97: See note following RCW 18.25.0192. 18.25.0195 Discriminatory government contracts prohibited. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the state and its political subdivisions, and all officials, agents, employees, or representatives thereof, are prohibited from entering into any agreement or contract with any individual, group, association, or corporation which in any way, directly or indirectly, discriminates against licensed chiropractors in performing and receiving compensation for services covered by their licenses. [1974 ex.s. c 97 § 4. Formerly RCW 18.25.150.] Severability—1974 ex.s. c 97: See note following RCW 18.25.0192. 18.25.0196 Discrimination—Policy costs as additional compensation. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the purpose of RCW 18.25.0192 through 18.25.0195 and 18.25.0197 it is immaterial whether the cost of any policy, plan, agreement, or contract be deemed additional compensation for services, or otherwise. [2000 c 171 § 6; 1974 ex.s. c 97 § 5. Formerly RCW 18.25.160.] Severability—1974 ex.s. c 97: See note following RCW 18.25.0192. 18.25.0197 Discrimination—Application of RCW 18.25.0192 through 18.25.0196. RCW 18.25.0192 through [Title 18 RCW—page 56] 18.25.0196 shall apply to all agreements, renewals, or contracts issued on or after July 24, 1974. [2000 c 171 § 7; 1974 ex.s. c 97 § 6. Formerly RCW 18.25.170.] Severability—1974 ex.s. c 97: See note following RCW 18.25.0192. 18.25.020 Applications—Qualifications—Fees. (1) Any person not now licensed to practice chiropractic in this state and who desires to practice chiropractic in this state, before it shall be lawful for him or her to do so, shall make application therefor to the secretary, upon such form and in such manner as may be adopted and directed by the secretary. Each applicant who matriculates to a chiropractic college after January 1, 1975, shall have completed not less than one-half of the requirements for a baccalaureate degree at an accredited and approved college or university and shall be a graduate of a chiropractic school or college accredited and approved by the commission and shall show satisfactory evidence of completion by each applicant of a resident course of study of not less than four thousand classroom hours of instruction in such school or college. Applications shall be in writing and shall be signed by the applicant in his or her own handwriting and shall be sworn to before some officer authorized to administer oaths, and shall recite the history of the applicant as to his or her educational advantages, his or her experience in matters pertaining to a knowledge of the care of the sick, how long he or she has studied chiropractic, under what teachers, what collateral branches, if any, he or she has studied, the length of time he or she has engaged in clinical practice; accompanying the same by reference therein, with any proof thereof in the shape of diplomas, certificates, and shall accompany said application with satisfactory evidence of good character and reputation. (2) Applicants shall follow administrative procedures and administrative requirements and pay fees as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 8; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 109; 1991 c 3 § 38; 1989 c 258 § 3; 1985 c 7 § 14; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 19; 1974 ex.s. c 97 § 9; 1959 c 53 § 3; 1919 c 5 § 5; RRS § 10100.] Severability—1974 ex.s. c 97: See note following RCW 18.25.0192. 18.25.025 Accreditation of schools and colleges— Standards—Assistants for examinations authorized. The commission shall have authority to grant accreditation to chiropractic schools and colleges. The commission shall have authority to adopt educational standards which may include standards of any accreditation agency recognized by the office of education of the department of health and human services or its successor agency, or any portion of such standards, as the commission’s standards: PROVIDED, That such standards, so adopted, shall contain, as a minimum of on-campus instruction in chiropractic, the following: Principles of chiropractic, two hundred hours; adjustive technique, four hundred hours; spinal roentgenology, one hundred seventyfive hours; symptomatology and diagnosis, four hundred twenty-five hours; clinic, six hundred twenty-five hours: PROVIDED FURTHER, That such standards shall not mandate, as a requirement for either graduation or accreditation, or include in the computation of hours of chiropractic instruction required by this section, instruction in the follow(2002 Ed.) Chiropractic ing: Mechanotherapy, physiotherapy, acupuncture, acupressure, or any other therapy. The commission shall approve and accredit chiropractic colleges and schools which apply for commission accreditation and approval and which meet to the commission’s satisfaction the educational standards adopted by the commission. It shall be the responsibility of the college to apply for accreditation and approval, and of a student to ascertain whether a college or school has been accredited or approved by the commission. The commission shall have authority to engage assistants in the giving of examinations called for under this chapter. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 110; 1980 c 51 § 3.] Severability—1980 c 51: "If any provision of this 1980 act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1980 c 51 § 6.] 18.25.030 Examinations—Subjects—Grades. Examinations for license to practice chiropractic shall be developed and administered, or approved, or both, by the commission according to the method deemed by it to be the most practicable and expeditious to test the applicant’s qualifications. The commission may approve an examination prepared or administered by a private testing agency or association of licensing authorities. The applicant shall be designated by a number instead of his or her name, so that the identity shall not be discovered or disclosed to the members of the commission until after the examination papers are graded. Examination subjects may include the following: Anatomy, physiology, spinal anatomy, microbiology-public health, general diagnosis, neuromuscularskeletal diagnosis, X-ray, principles of chiropractic and adjusting, as taught by chiropractic schools and colleges, and any other subject areas consistent with chapter 18.25 RCW. The commission shall set the standards for passing the examination. The commission may enact additional requirements for testing administered by the national board of chiropractic examiners. [1995 c 198 § 1; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 111; 1989 c 258 § 4; 1974 ex.s. c 97 § 10; 1959 c 53 § 4; 1919 c 5 § 6; RRS § 10101.] Severability—1974 ex.s. c 97: See note following RCW 18.25.0192. Hiring assistants for examinations: RCW 18.25.025. 18.25.035 Waiver of examination. The commission may, in its discretion, waive any examination required by this chapter of persons applying for a license to practice chiropractic if, in its opinion, the applicant has successfully passed an examination conducted by the national board of chiropractic examiners of the United States that is of equal or greater difficulty than the examination being waived by the commission. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 112; 1971 ex.s. c 227 § 5.] 18.25.040 Licensure by endorsement. Persons licensed to practice chiropractic under the laws of any other state, territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, or province of Canada, having qualifications substantially equivalent to those required by this chapter, may, in the discretion of the commission, and after such examination as may be required by rule of the commission, (2002 Ed.) 18.25.025 be issued a license to practice in this state without further examination, upon payment of a fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 113; 1991 c 320 § 8; 1991 c 3 § 39; 1985 c 7 § 15; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 20; 1971 ex.s. c 227 § 6; 1919 c 5 § 14; RRS § 10108.] 18.25.070 License renewal—Continuing education— Rules. Every person practicing chiropractic shall, as a prerequisite to renewal of license, submit to the secretary at the time of application therefor, satisfactory proof showing attendance of at least twenty-five hours per year during the preceding credential period, at one or more chiropractic symposiums which are recognized and approved by the commission. The commission may, for good cause shown, waive said attendance. The following guidelines for such symposiums shall apply: (1) The commission shall set criteria for the course content of educational symposia concerning matters which are recognized by the state of Washington chiropractic licensing laws; it shall be the licensee’s responsibility to determine whether the course content meets these criteria; (2) The commission shall adopt standards for distribution of annual continuing education credit requirements; (3) Rules shall be adopted by the commission for licensees practicing and residing outside the state who shall meet all requirements established by rule of the commission. [1996 c 191 § 9; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 114; 1991 c 3 § 40; 1989 c 258 § 5; 1985 c 7 § 17; 1980 c 51 § 2; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 22; 1974 ex.s. c 97 § 11; 1971 ex.s. c 266 § 5; 1959 c 53 § 5; 1919 c 5 § 10; RRS § 10105.] Severability—1980 c 51: See note following RCW 18.25.025. Severability—1974 ex.s. c 97: See note following RCW 18.25.0192. 18.25.075 Inactive status. (1) An individual may place his or her license on inactive status. The holder of an inactive license shall not practice chiropractic in this state without first activating the license. (2) The inactive renewal fee shall be established by the secretary pursuant to RCW 43.70.250. Failure to renew an inactive license shall result in cancellation in the same manner as an active license. (3) An inactive license may be placed in an active status upon compliance with the rules established by the commission. (4) The provisions relating to the denial, suspension, and revocation of a license shall be applicable to an inactive license, except that when proceedings to suspend or revoke an inactive license have been initiated, the license shall remain inactive until the proceedings have been completed. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 115; 1991 c 3 § 41; 1989 c 258 § 14.] 18.25.080 Health regulations. Chiropractic practitioners shall observe and be subject to all state and municipal regulations relating to the control of contagious and infectious diseases, sign death certificates and any and all matters pertaining to public health, reporting to the proper health officers the same as other practitioners. [1919 c 5 § 12; RRS § 10107.] [Title 18 RCW—page 57] 18.25.090 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.25.090 Use of credentials in written materials— Treatment by prayer not regulated. On all cards, books, papers, signs or other written or printed means of giving information to the public, used by those licensed by this chapter to practice chiropractic, the practitioner shall use after or below his or her name the term chiropractor, chiropractic physician, D.C., or D.C.Ph.C., designating his or her line of drugless practice, and shall not use the letters M.D. or D.O.: PROVIDED, That the word doctor or "Dr." or physician may be used only in conjunction with the word "chiropractic" or "chiropractor". Nothing in this chapter shall be held to apply to or to regulate any kind of treatment by prayer. [1991 c 320 § 9; 1989 c 258 § 6; 1986 c 259 § 24; 1981 c 277 § 3; 1971 ex.s. c 227 § 7; 1919 c 5 § 15; RRS § 10109.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.25.100 Prosecutions for violations. It shall be the duty of the several prosecuting attorneys of this state to prosecute all persons charged with the violation of any of the provisions of this chapter. It shall be the duty of the secretary to aid said attorneys of this state in the enforcement of this chapter. [1991 c 3 § 42; 1919 c 5 § 16; RRS § 10110.] 18.25.112 "Unprofessional conduct"—Additional definition—Prosecution. (1) In addition to those acts defined in chapter 18.130 RCW, the term "unprofessional conduct" as used in this chapter includes failing to differentiate chiropractic care from any and all other methods of healing at all times. (2) Proceedings involving alleged unprofessional conduct shall be prosecuted by the attorney general upon the direction of the commission. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 116.] 18.25.180 Employment of x-ray technicians—Rules. (1) A chiropractor may employ a technician to operate x-ray equipment after the technician has registered with the commission. (2) The commission may adopt rules necessary and appropriate to carry out the purposes of this section. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 117; 1991 c 222 § 9.] regular course of instruction offered by the school and the student is under the direct supervision and control of a chiropractor duly licensed pursuant to this chapter and approved by the commission. (3) The practice of chiropractic by a person serving a period of postgraduate chiropractic training in a program of clinical chiropractic training sponsored by a school of chiropractic accredited in this state if the practice is part of his or her duties as a clinical postgraduate trainee and the trainee is under the direct supervision and control of a chiropractor duly licensed pursuant to this chapter and approved by the commission. (4) The practice of chiropractic by a person who is eligible and has applied to take the next available examination for licensing offered by the commission, except that the unlicensed chiropractor must provide all services under the direct control and supervision of a licensed chiropractor approved by the commission. The unlicensed chiropractor may continue to practice as provided by this subsection until the results of the next available examination are published, but in no case for a period longer than six months. The commission shall adopt rules necessary to effectuate the intent of this subsection. Any provision of chiropractic services by any individual under subsection (1), (2), (3), or (4) of this section shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the commission as provided in chapter 18.130 RCW. [2000 c 171 § 8; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 118; 1991 c 320 § 10.] 18.25.200 Service and fee limitations by health care purchasers—Pilot projects. All state health care purchasers shall have the authority to set service and fee limitations on chiropractic costs. The health care authority shall establish pilot projects in defined geographic regions of the state to contract with organizations of chiropractors for a prepaid capitated amount. [1992 c 241 § 4.] Intent—1992 c 241: See note following RCW 18.25.005. 18.25.900 Severability—Headings and captions not law—Effective date—1994 sp.s. c 9. See RCW 18.79.900 through 18.79.902. Effective date—1991 c 222: See RCW 18.84.903. 18.25.190 Exemptions—Jurisdiction of commission. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit: (1) The temporary practice in this state of chiropractic by any chiropractor licensed by another state, territory, or country in which he or she resides. However, the chiropractor shall not establish a practice open to the general public and shall not engage in temporary practice under this section for a period longer than thirty days. The chiropractor shall register his or her intention to engage in the temporary practice of chiropractic in this state with the commission before engaging in the practice of chiropractic, and shall agree to be bound by such conditions as may be prescribed by rule by the commission. (2) The practice of chiropractic, except the administration of a chiropractic adjustment, by a person who is a regular senior student in an accredited school of chiropractic approved by the commission if the practice is part of a [Title 18 RCW—page 58] Chapter 18.27 REGISTRATION OF CONTRACTORS Sections 18.27.005 18.27.010 18.27.020 18.27.030 18.27.040 18.27.050 18.27.060 18.27.065 18.27.070 18.27.075 18.27.080 18.27.090 18.27.100 18.27.102 Strict enforcement. Definitions. Registration required—Prohibited acts—Criminal penalty— Monitoring program. Application for registration—Grounds for denial. Bond or other security required—Actions against— Suspension of registration upon impairment. Insurance or financial responsibility required—Suspension of registration upon impairment. Certificate of registration—Issuance, duration, renewal— Suspension. Partnership or joint venture deemed registered, when. Fees. Fees for issuing or renewing certificate of registration. Registration prerequisite to suit. Exemptions. Business practices—Advertising—Penalty. Unlawful advertising—Liability. (2002 Ed.) Registration of Contractors 18.27.104 18.27.110 Unlawful advertising—Citations. Building permits—Verification of registration required— Responsibilities of issuing entity—Penalties. 18.27.111 Public works, contracts with unregistered contractors prohibited. 18.27.114 Disclosure statement required—Prerequisite to lien claim. 18.27.117 Violations relating to mobile/manufactured homes. 18.27.120 List of registered contractors—Availability, fee. 18.27.125 Rules. 18.27.130 Chapter exclusive—Certain authority of cities and towns not limited or abridged. 18.27.140 Purpose. 18.27.200 Violation—Infraction. 18.27.210 Violations—Investigations—Evidence. 18.27.220 Investigations—Penalty for failure to identify contractor. 18.27.225 Violations—Restraining orders—Injunctions. 18.27.230 Notice of infraction—Service. 18.27.240 Notice—Form—Contents. 18.27.250 Notice—Filing—Administrative hearing—Appeal. 18.27.260 Notice—Determination infraction committed. 18.27.270 Notice—Response—Failure to respond, appear, pay penalties, or register. 18.27.280 Notice—Penalty for person refusing to promise to respond. 18.27.290 Notice—Penalty for contractor failing to respond. 18.27.300 Representation by attorney, attorney general. 18.27.310 Infraction—Administrative hearing—Procedure—Burden of proof—Order—Appeal. 18.27.320 Infraction—Dismissal, when. 18.27.340 Infraction—Monetary penalty. 18.27.342 Report to the legislature. 18.27.350 Violations—Consumer Protection Act. 18.27.360 Certificate of registration suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. 18.27.370 Unregistered contractor—Defaults in payment—Notice of assessment—Warrant—Notice and order, withhold property—Service—Civil penalties. 18.27.380 Consumer/contractor awareness of chapter. 18.27.390 Finding—Unregistered contractors enforcement team. 18.27.900 Severability—1963 c 77. Actions or claims for construction of improvements upon real property, accrual and limitations upon: RCW 4.16.300 through 4.16.320. 18.27.005 Strict enforcement. This chapter shall be strictly enforced. Therefore, the doctrine of substantial compliance shall not be used by the department in the application and construction of this chapter. Anyone engaged in the activities of a contractor is presumed to know the requirements of this chapter. [1997 c 314 § 1.] 18.27.010 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Contractor" means any person, firm, or corporation who or which, in the pursuit of an independent business undertakes to, or offers to undertake, or submits a bid to, construct, alter, repair, add to, subtract from, improve, move, wreck or demolish, for another, any building, highway, road, railroad, excavation or other structure, project, development, or improvement attached to real estate or to do any part thereof including the installation of carpeting or other floor covering, the erection of scaffolding or other structures or works in connection therewith or who installs or repairs roofing or siding; or, who, to do similar work upon his or her own property, employs members of more than one trade upon a single job or project or under a single building permit except as otherwise provided herein. "Contractor" includes any person, firm, corporation, or other entity covered by this subsection, whether or not registered as required under this chapter. (2002 Ed.) Chapter 18.27 (2) "Department" means the department of labor and industries. (3) "Director" means the director of the department of labor and industries or designated representative employed by the department. (4) "General contractor" means a contractor whose business operations require the use of more than two unrelated building trades or crafts whose work the contractor shall superintend or do in whole or in part. "General contractor" shall not include an individual who does all work personally without employees or other "specialty contractors" as defined in this section. The terms "general contractor" and "builder" are synonymous. (5) "Partnership" means a business formed under Title 25 RCW. (6) "Registration cancellation" means a written notice from the department that a contractor’s action is in violation of this chapter and that the contractor’s registration has been revoked. (7) "Registration suspension" means a written notice from the department that a contractor’s action is a violation of this chapter and that the contractor’s registration has been suspended for a specified time, or until the contractor shows evidence of compliance with this chapter. (8) "Residential homeowner" means an individual person or persons owning or leasing real property: (a) Upon which one single-family residence is to be built and in which the owner or lessee intends to reside upon completion of any construction; or (b) Upon which there is a single-family residence to which improvements are to be made and in which the owner or lessee intends to reside upon completion of any construction. (9) "Specialty contractor" means a contractor whose operations do not fall within the definition of "general contractor". (10) "Unregistered contractor" means a person, firm, corporation, or other entity doing work as a contractor without being registered in compliance with this chapter. "Unregistered contractor" includes contractors whose registration is expired, revoked, or suspended. "Unregistered contractor" does not include a contractor who has maintained a valid bond and the insurance or assigned account required by RCW 18.27.050, and whose registration has lapsed for thirty or fewer days. (11) "Unsatisfied final judgment" means a judgment that has not been satisfied either through payment, court approved settlement, discharge in bankruptcy, or assignment under RCW 19.72.070. (12) "Verification" means the receipt and duplication by the city, town, or county of a contractor registration card that is current on its face, checking the department’s contractor registration data base, or calling the department to confirm that the contractor is registered. [2001 c 159 § 1; 1997 c 314 § 2; 1993 c 454 § 2; 1973 1st ex.s. c 153 § 1; 1972 ex.s. c 118 § 1; 1967 c 126 § 5; 1963 c 77 § 1.] Finding—1993 c 454: "The legislature finds that unregistered contractors are a serious threat to the general public and are costing the state millions of dollars each year in lost revenue. To assist in solving this problem, the department of labor and industries and the department of revenue should coordinate and communicate with each other to identify unregistered contractors." [1993 c 454 § 1.] [Title 18 RCW—page 59] 18.27.010 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions Effective date—1963 c 77: "This act shall take effect August 1, 1963." [1963 c 77 § 12.] 18.27.020 Registration required—Prohibited acts— Criminal penalty—Monitoring program. (1) Every contractor shall register with the department. (2) It is a misdemeanor for any contractor to: (a) Advertise, offer to do work, submit a bid, or perform any work as a contractor without being registered as required by this chapter; (b) Advertise, offer to do work, submit a bid, or perform any work as a contractor when the contractor’s registration is suspended or revoked; (c) Use a false or expired registration number in purchasing or offering to purchase an advertisement for which a contractor registration number is required; or (d) Transfer a valid registration to an unregistered contractor or allow an unregistered contractor to work under a registration issued to another contractor. (3) It is not unlawful for a general contractor to employ an unregistered contractor who was registered at the time he or she entered into a contract with the general contractor, unless the general contractor or his or her representative has been notified in writing by the department of labor and industries that the contractor has become unregistered. (4) All misdemeanor actions under this chapter shall be prosecuted in the county where the infraction occurs. (5) A person is guilty of a separate misdemeanor for each day worked if, after the person receives a citation from the department, the person works while unregistered, or while his or her registration is suspended or revoked, or works under a registration issued to another contractor. A person is guilty of a separate misdemeanor for each worksite on which he or she violates subsection (2) of this section. Nothing in this subsection applies to a registered contractor. (6) The director by rule shall establish a two-year audit and monitoring program for a contractor not registered under this chapter who becomes registered after receiving an infraction or conviction under this chapter as an unregistered contractor. The director shall notify the departments of revenue and employment security of the infractions or convictions and shall cooperate with these departments to determine whether any taxes or registration, license, or other fees or penalties are owed the state. [1997 c 314 § 3; 1993 c 454 § 6; 1987 c 362 § 1; 1986 c 197 § 1; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 17; 1973 1st ex.s. c 153 § 2; 1963 c 77 § 2.] Finding—1993 c 454: See note following RCW 18.27.010. Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. Violations as infractions: RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.030 Application for registration—Grounds for denial. (1) An applicant for registration as a contractor shall submit an application under oath upon a form to be prescribed by the director and which shall include the following information pertaining to the applicant: (a) Employer social security number. (b) Unified business identifier number, if required by the department of revenue. (c) Evidence of workers’ compensation coverage for the applicant’s employees working in Washington, as follows: [Title 18 RCW—page 60] (i) The applicant’s industrial insurance account number issued by the department; (ii) The applicant’s self-insurer number issued by the department; or (iii) For applicants domiciled in a state or province of Canada subject to an agreement entered into under RCW 51.12.120(7), as permitted by the agreement, filing a certificate of coverage issued by the agency that administers the workers’ compensation law in the applicant’s state or province of domicile certifying that the applicant has secured the payment of compensation under the other state’s or province’s workers’ compensation law. (d) Employment security department number. (e) State excise tax registration number. (f) Unified business identifier (UBI) account number may be substituted for the information required by (c) of this subsection if the applicant will not employ employees in Washington, and by (d) and (e) of this subsection. (g) Type of contracting activity, whether a general or a specialty contractor and if the latter, the type of specialty. (h) The name and address of each partner if the applicant is a firm or partnership, or the name and address of the owner if the applicant is an individual proprietorship, or the name and address of the corporate officers and statutory agent, if any, if the applicant is a corporation or the name and address of all members of other business entities. The information contained in such application is a matter of public record and open to public inspection. (2) The department may verify the workers’ compensation coverage information provided by the applicant under subsection (1)(c) of this section, including but not limited to information regarding the coverage of an individual employee of the applicant. If coverage is provided under the laws of another state, the department may notify the other state that the applicant is employing employees in Washington. (3)(a) The department shall deny an application for registration if: (i) The applicant has been previously performing work subject to this chapter as a sole proprietor, partnership, corporation, or other entity and the department has notice that the applicant has an unsatisfied final judgment against him or her in an action based on this chapter or the applicant owes the department money for penalties assessed or fees due under this chapter as a result of a final judgment; (ii) the applicant was a principal or officer of a partnership, corporation, or other entity that either has an unsatisfied final judgment against it in an action that was incurred for work performed subject to this chapter or owes the department money for penalties assessed or fees due under this chapter as a result of a final judgment; or (iii) the applicant does not have a valid unified business identifier number, if required by the department of revenue. (b) The department shall suspend an active registration if (i) the department has notice that the registrant is a sole proprietor or a principal or officer of a registered contractor that has an unsatisfied final judgment against it for work within the scope of this chapter; or (ii) the applicant does not maintain a valid unified business identifier number, if required by the department of revenue. (4) The department shall not deny an application or suspend a registration because of an unsatisfied final judgment if the applicant’s or registrant’s unsatisfied final (2002 Ed.) Registration of Contractors judgment was determined by the director to be the result of the fraud or negligence of another party. [2001 c 159 § 2; 1998 c 279 § 3; 1997 c 314 § 4; 1996 c 147 § 1; 1992 c 217 § 1; 1988 c 285 § 1. Prior: 1987 c 362 § 2; 1987 c 111 § 9; 1973 1st ex.s. c 153 § 3; 1963 c 77 § 3.] Finding—Intent—1998 c 279: See note following RCW 51.12.120. Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—Effective date— 1987 c 111: See notes following RCW 50.12.220. 18.27.040 Bond or other security required—Actions against—Suspension of registration upon impairment. (1) Each applicant shall file with the department a surety bond issued by a surety insurer who meets the requirements of chapter 48.28 RCW in the sum of twelve thousand dollars if the applicant is a general contractor and six thousand dollars if the applicant is a specialty contractor. If no valid bond is already on file with the department at the time the application is filed, a bond must accompany the registration application. The bond shall have the state of Washington named as obligee with good and sufficient surety in a form to be approved by the department. The bond shall be continuous and may be canceled by the surety upon the surety giving written notice to the director. A cancellation or revocation of the bond or withdrawal of the surety from the bond automatically suspends the registration issued to the registrant until a new bond or reinstatement notice has been filed and approved as provided in this section. The bond shall be conditioned that the applicant will pay all persons performing labor, including employee benefits, for the contractor, will pay all taxes and contributions due to the state of Washington, and will pay all persons furnishing labor or material or renting or supplying equipment to the contractor and will pay all amounts that may be adjudged against the contractor by reason of breach of contract including negligent or improper work in the conduct of the contracting business. A change in the name of a business or a change in the type of business entity shall not impair a bond for the purposes of this section so long as one of the original applicants for such bond maintains partial ownership in the business covered by the bond. (2) At the time of initial registration or renewal, the contractor shall provide a bond or other security deposit as required by this chapter and comply with all of the other provisions of this chapter before the department shall issue or renew the contractor’s certificate of registration. Any contractor registered as of July 1, 2001, who maintains that registration in accordance with this chapter is in compliance with this chapter until the next renewal of the contractor’s certificate of registration. (3) Any person, firm, or corporation having a claim against the contractor for any of the items referred to in this section may bring suit upon the bond or deposit in the superior court of the county in which the work was done or of any county in which jurisdiction of the contractor may be had. The surety issuing the bond shall be named as a party to any suit upon the bond. Action upon the bond or deposit brought by a residential homeowner for breach of contract by a party to the construction contract shall be commenced by filing the summons and complaint with the clerk of the appropriate superior court within two years from the date the claimed contract work was substantially completed or aban(2002 Ed.) 18.27.030 doned. Action upon the bond or deposit brought by any other authorized party shall be commenced by filing the summons and complaint with the clerk of the appropriate superior court within one year from the date the claimed labor was performed and benefits accrued, taxes and contributions owing the state of Washington became due, materials and equipment were furnished, or the claimed contract work was substantially completed or abandoned. Service of process in an action against the contractor, the contractor’s bond, or the deposit shall be exclusively by service upon the department. Three copies of the summons and complaint and a fee adopted by rule of not less than twenty dollars to cover the costs shall be served by registered or certified mail, or other delivery service requiring notice of receipt, upon the department at the time suit is started and the department shall maintain a record, available for public inspection, of all suits so commenced. Service is not complete until the department receives the fee and three copies of the summons and complaint. The service shall constitute service on the registrant and the surety for suit upon the bond or deposit and the department shall transmit the summons and complaint or a copy thereof to the registrant at the address listed in the registrant’s application and to the surety within two days after it shall have been received. (4) The surety upon the bond shall not be liable in an aggregate amount in excess of the amount named in the bond nor for any monetary penalty assessed pursuant to this chapter for an infraction. The liability of the surety shall not cumulate where the bond has been renewed, continued, reinstated, reissued or otherwise extended. The surety upon the bond may, upon notice to the department and the parties, tender to the clerk of the court having jurisdiction of the action an amount equal to the claims thereunder or the amount of the bond less the amount of judgments, if any, previously satisfied therefrom and to the extent of such tender the surety upon the bond shall be exonerated but if the actions commenced and pending at any one time exceed the amount of the bond then unimpaired, claims shall be satisfied from the bond in the following order: (a) Employee labor and claims of laborers, including employee benefits; (b) Claims for breach of contract by a party to the construction contract; (c) Registered or licensed subcontractors, material, and equipment; (d) Taxes and contributions due the state of Washington; (e) Any court costs, interest, and attorney’s [attorneys’] fees plaintiff may be entitled to recover. The surety is not liable for any amount in excess of the penal limit of its bond. A payment made by the surety in good faith exonerates the bond to the extent of any payment made by the surety. (5) The total amount paid from a bond or deposit required of a general contractor by this section to claimants other than residential homeowners must not exceed one-half of the bond amount. The total amount paid from a bond or deposit required of a specialty contractor by this section to claimants other than residential homeowners must not exceed one-half of the bond amount or four thousand dollars, whichever is greater. [Title 18 RCW—page 61] 18.27.040 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions (6) The prevailing party in an action filed under this section against the contractor and contractor’s bond or deposit, for breach of contract by a party to a construction contract, is entitled to costs, interest, and reasonable attorneys’ fees. The surety upon the bond is not liable in an aggregate amount in excess of the amount named in the bond nor for any monetary penalty assessed pursuant to this chapter for an infraction. (7) If a final judgment impairs the liability of the surety upon the bond so furnished that there is not in effect a bond in the full amount prescribed in this section, the registration of the contractor is automatically suspended until the bond liability in the required amount unimpaired by unsatisfied judgment claims is furnished. (8) In lieu of the surety bond required by this section the contractor may file with the department a deposit consisting of cash or other security acceptable to the department. (9) Any person having filed and served a summons and complaint as required by this section having an unsatisfied final judgment against the registrant for any items referred to in this section may execute upon the security held by the department by serving a certified copy of the unsatisfied final judgment by registered or certified mail upon the department within one year of the date of entry of such judgment. Upon the receipt of service of such certified copy the department shall pay or order paid from the deposit, through the registry of the superior court which rendered judgment, towards the amount of the unsatisfied judgment. The priority of payment by the department shall be the order of receipt by the department, but the department shall have no liability for payment in excess of the amount of the deposit. (10) The director may require an applicant applying to renew or reinstate a registration or applying for a new registration to file a bond of up to three times the normally required amount, if the director determines that an applicant, or a previous registration of a corporate officer, owner, or partner of a current applicant, has had in the past five years a total of six final judgments in actions under this chapter involving a residential single-family dwelling on two or more different structures. (11) The director may adopt rules necessary for the proper administration of the security. [2001 c 159 § 3; 1997 c 314 § 5; 1988 c 139 § 1; 1987 c 362 § 6; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 18; 1977 ex.s. c 11 § 1; 1973 1st ex.s. c 153 § 4; 1972 ex.s. c 118 § 2; 1967 c 126 § 1; 1963 c 77 § 4.] Unpaid wages by public works contractor constitute lien against bond: RCW 39.12.050. 18.27.050 Insurance or financial responsibility required—Suspension of registration upon impairment. (1) At the time of registration and subsequent reregistration, the applicant shall furnish insurance or financial responsibility in the form of an assigned account in the amount of fifty thousand dollars for injury or damages to property, and one hundred thousand dollars for injury or damage including death to any one person, and two hundred thousand dollars for injury or damage including death to more than one person. (2) An expiration, cancellation, or revocation of the insurance policy or withdrawal of the insurer from the [Title 18 RCW—page 62] insurance policy automatically suspends the registration issued to the registrant until a new insurance policy or reinstatement notice has been filed and approved as provided in this section. (3)(a) Proof of financial responsibility authorized in this section may be given by providing, in the amount required by subsection (1) of this section, an assigned account acceptable to the department. The assigned account shall be held by the department to satisfy any execution on a judgment issued against the contractor for damage to property or injury or death to any person occurring in the contractor’s contracting operations, according to the provisions of the assigned account agreement. The department shall have no liability for payment in excess of the amount of the assigned account. (b) The assigned account filed with the director as proof of financial responsibility shall be canceled at the expiration of three years after: (i) The contractor’s registration has expired or been revoked; or (ii) The contractor has furnished proof of insurance as required by subsection (1) of this section; if, in either case, no legal action has been instituted against the contractor or on the account at the expiration of the three-year period. (c) If a contractor chooses to file an assigned account as authorized in this section, the contractor shall, on any contracting project, notify each person with whom the contractor enters into a contract or to whom the contractor submits a bid that the contractor has filed an assigned account in lieu of insurance and that recovery from the account for any claim against the contractor for property damage or personal injury or death occurring in the project requires the claimant to obtain a court judgment. [2001 c 159 § 4; 1987 c 303 § 1; 1963 c 77 § 5.] 18.27.060 Certificate of registration—Issuance, duration, renewal—Suspension. (1) A certificate of registration shall be valid for two years and shall be renewed on or before the expiration date. The department shall issue to the applicant a certificate of registration upon compliance with the registration requirements of this chapter. (2) If the department approves an application, it shall issue a certificate of registration to the applicant. (3) If a contractor’s surety bond or other security has an unsatisfied judgment against it or is canceled, or if the contractor’s insurance policy is canceled, the contractor’s registration shall be automatically suspended on the effective date of the impairment or cancellation. The department shall mail notice of the suspension to the contractor’s address on the certificate of registration by certified and by first class mail within two days after suspension. (4) Renewal of registration is valid on the date the department receives the required fee and proof of bond and liability insurance, if sent by certified mail or other means requiring proof of delivery. The receipt or proof of delivery shall serve as the contractor’s proof of renewed registration until he or she receives verification from the department. (5) The department shall immediately suspend the certificate of registration of a contractor who has been certified by the department of social and health services as (2002 Ed.) Registration of Contractors a person who is not in compliance with a support order or a *residential or visitation order as provided in RCW 74.20A.320. The certificate of registration shall not be reissued or renewed unless the person provides to the department a release from the department of social and health services stating that he or she is in compliance with the order and the person has continued to meet all other requirements for certification during the suspension. [2001 c 159 § 5. Prior: 1997 c 314 § 6; 1997 c 58 § 817; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 19; 1977 ex.s. c 61 § 1; 1963 c 77 § 6.] *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.27.065 Partnership or joint venture deemed registered, when. A partnership or joint venture shall be deemed registered under this chapter if any one of the general partners or venturers whose name appears in the name under which the partnership or venture does business is registered. [1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 16.] Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.070 Fees. The department shall charge fees for issuance, renewal, and reinstatement of certificates of registration; and changes of name, address, or business structure. The department shall set the fees by rule. The entire amount of the fees are to be used solely to cover the full cost of issuing certificates, filing papers and notices, and administering and enforcing this chapter. The costs shall include reproduction, travel, per diem, and administrative and legal support costs. [1997 c 314 § 7; 1983 c 74 § 1; 1977 ex.s. c 66 § 1; 1973 1st ex.s. c 153 § 5; 1967 c 126 § 2; 1963 c 77 § 7.] Effective date—1977 ex.s. c 66: "This 1977 amendatory act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect on July 1, 1977." [1977 ex.s. c 66 § 2.] 18.27.075 Fees for issuing or renewing certificate of registration. The department shall charge a fee of one hundred dollars for issuing or renewing a certificate of registration during the 2001-2003 biennium. The department shall revise this amount at least once every two years for the purpose of recognizing economic changes as reflected by the fiscal growth factor under chapter 43.135 RCW. [2001 c 159 § 14; 1983 c 74 § 2.] 18.27.080 Registration prerequisite to suit. No person engaged in the business or acting in the capacity of a contractor may bring or maintain any action in any court of this state for the collection of compensation for the performance of any work or for breach of any contract for which registration is required under this chapter without (2002 Ed.) 18.27.060 alleging and proving that he was a duly registered contractor and held a current and valid certificate of registration at the time he contracted for the performance of such work or entered into such contract. For the purposes of this section, the court shall not find a contractor in substantial compliance with the registration requirements of this chapter unless: (1) The department has on file the information required by RCW 18.27.030; (2) the contractor has a current bond or other security as required by RCW 18.27.040; and (3) the contractor has current insurance as required by RCW 18.27.050. In determining under this section whether a contractor is in substantial compliance with the registration requirements of this chapter, the court shall take into consideration the length of time during which the contractor did not hold a valid certificate of registration. [1988 c 285 § 2; 1972 ex.s. c 118 § 3; 1963 c 77 § 8.] 18.27.090 Exemptions. The registration provisions of this chapter do not apply to: (1) An authorized representative of the United States government, the state of Washington, or any incorporated city, town, county, township, irrigation district, reclamation district, or other municipal or political corporation or subdivision of this state; (2) Officers of a court when they are acting within the scope of their office; (3) Public utilities operating under the regulations of the utilities and transportation commission in construction, maintenance, or development work incidental to their own business; (4) Any construction, repair, or operation incidental to the discovering or producing of petroleum or gas, or the drilling, testing, abandoning, or other operation of any petroleum or gas well or any surface or underground mine or mineral deposit when performed by an owner or lessee; (5) The sale or installation of any finished products, materials, or articles of merchandise that are not actually fabricated into and do not become a permanent fixed part of a structure; (6) Any construction, alteration, improvement, or repair of personal property performed by the registered or legal owner, or by a mobile/manufactured home retail dealer or manufacturer licensed under chapter 46.70 RCW who shall warranty service and repairs under chapter 46.70 RCW; (7) Any construction, alteration, improvement, or repair carried on within the limits and boundaries of any site or reservation under the legal jurisdiction of the federal government; (8) Any person who only furnished materials, supplies, or equipment without fabricating them into, or consuming them in the performance of, the work of the contractor; (9) Any work or operation on one undertaking or project by one or more contracts, the aggregate contract price of which for labor and materials and all other items is less than five hundred dollars, such work or operations being considered as of a casual, minor, or inconsequential nature. The exemption prescribed in this subsection does not apply in any instance wherein the work or construction is only a part of a larger or major operation, whether undertaken by the same or a different contractor, or in which a division of the operation is made into contracts of amounts less than five [Title 18 RCW—page 63] 18.27.090 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions hundred dollars for the purpose of evasion of this chapter or otherwise. The exemption prescribed in this subsection does not apply to a person who advertises or puts out any sign or card or other device which might indicate to the public that he or she is a contractor, or that he or she is qualified to engage in the business of contractor; (10) Any construction or operation incidental to the construction and repair of irrigation and drainage ditches of regularly constituted irrigation districts or reclamation districts; or to farming, dairying, agriculture, viticulture, horticulture, or stock or poultry raising; or to clearing or other work upon land in rural districts for fire prevention purposes; except when any of the above work is performed by a registered contractor; (11) An owner who contracts for a project with a registered contractor, except that this exemption shall not deprive the owner of the protections of this chapter against registered and unregistered contractors; (12) Any person working on his or her own property, whether occupied by him or her or not, and any person working on his or her personal residence, whether owned by him or her or not but this exemption shall not apply to any person otherwise covered by this chapter who constructs an improvement on his or her own property with the intention and for the purpose of selling the improved property; (13) Owners of commercial properties who use their own employees to do maintenance, repair, and alteration work in or upon their own properties; (14) A licensed architect or civil or professional engineer acting solely in his or her professional capacity, an electrician licensed under the laws of the state of Washington, or a plumber licensed under the laws of the state of Washington or licensed by a political subdivision of the state of Washington while operating within the boundaries of such political subdivision. The exemption provided in this subsection is applicable only when the licensee is operating within the scope of his or her license; (15) Any person who engages in the activities herein regulated as an employee of a registered contractor with wages as his or her sole compensation or as an employee with wages as his or her sole compensation; (16) Contractors on highway projects who have been prequalified as required by RCW 47.28.070, with the department of transportation to perform highway construction, reconstruction, or maintenance work; (17) A mobile/manufactured home dealer or manufacturer who subcontracts the installation, set-up, or repair work to actively registered contractors. This exemption only applies to the installation, set-up, or repair of the mobile/manufactured homes that were manufactured or sold by the mobile/manufactured home dealer or manufacturer. [2001 c 159 § 7; 1997 c 314 § 8; 1987 c 313 § 1; 1983 c 4 § 1; 1980 c 68 § 2; 1974 ex.s. c 25 § 2. Prior: 1973 1st ex.s. c 161 § 1; 1973 1st ex.s. c 153 § 6; 1967 c 126 § 3; 1965 ex.s. c 170 § 50; 1963 c 77 § 9.] 18.27.100 Business practices—Advertising—Penalty. (1) Except as provided in RCW 18.27.065 for partnerships and joint ventures, no person who has registered under one name as provided in this chapter shall engage in the busi- [Title 18 RCW—page 64] ness, or act in the capacity, of a contractor under any other name unless such name also is registered under this chapter. (2) All advertising and all contracts, correspondence, cards, signs, posters, papers, and documents which show a contractor’s name or address shall show the contractor’s name or address as registered under this chapter. (3)(a) All advertising that shows the contractor’s name or address shall show the contractor’s current registration number. The registration number may be omitted in an alphabetized listing of registered contractors stating only the name, address, and telephone number: PROVIDED, That signs on motor vehicles subject to RCW 46.16.010 and onpremise signs shall not constitute advertising as provided in this section. All materials used to directly solicit business from retail customers who are not businesses shall show the contractor’s current registration number. A contractor shall not use a false or expired registration number in purchasing or offering to purchase an advertisement for which a contractor registration number is required. Advertising by airwave transmission shall not be subject to this subsection (3)(a). (b) The director may issue a subpoena to any person or entity selling any advertising subject to this section for the name, address, and telephone number provided to the seller of the advertising by the purchaser of the advertising. The subpoena must have enclosed a stamped, self-addressed envelope and blank form to be filled out by the seller of the advertising. If the seller of the advertising has the information on file, the seller shall, within a reasonable time, return the completed form to the department. The subpoena must be issued no more than two days after the expiration of the issue or publication containing the advertising or after the broadcast of the advertising. The good-faith compliance by a seller of advertising with a written request of the department for information concerning the purchaser of advertising shall constitute a complete defense to any civil or criminal action brought against the seller of advertising arising from such compliance. Advertising by airwave or electronic transmission is subject to this subsection (3)(b). (4) No contractor shall advertise that he or she is bonded and insured because of the bond required to be filed and sufficiency of insurance as provided in this chapter. (5) A contractor shall not falsify a registration number and use it, or use an expired registration number, in connection with any solicitation or identification as a contractor. All individual contractors and all partners, associates, agents, salesmen, solicitors, officers, and employees of contractors shall use their true names and addresses at all times while engaged in the business or capacity of a contractor or activities related thereto. (6) Any advertising by a person, firm, or corporation soliciting work as a contractor when that person, firm, or corporation is not registered pursuant to this chapter is a violation of this chapter. (7)(a) The finding of a violation of this section by the director at a hearing held in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act, chapter 34.05 RCW, shall subject the person committing the violation to a penalty of not more than ten thousand dollars as determined by the director. (b) Penalties under this section shall not apply to a violation determined to be an inadvertent error. [2001 c 159 § 8; 1997 c 314 § 9; 1996 c 147 § 2; 1993 c 454 § 3; 1990 (2002 Ed.) Registration of Contractors c 46 § 1; 1987 c 362 § 3; 1980 c 68 § 1; 1979 ex.s. c 116 § 1; 1963 c 77 § 10.] Effective date—1996 c 147 § 2: "Section 2 of this act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately [March 25, 1996]." [1996 c 147 § 10.] Finding—1993 c 454: See note following RCW 18.27.010. Effective date—1979 ex.s. c 116: "The provisions of this 1979 amendatory act shall become effective on January 1, 1980." [1979 ex.s. c 116 § 2.] 18.27.102 Unlawful advertising—Liability. When determining a violation of RCW 18.27.100, the director and administrative law judge shall hold responsible the person who purchased or offered to purchase the advertising. [1993 c 454 § 4; 1987 c 362 § 4.] Finding—1993 c 454: See note following RCW 18.27.010. 18.27.104 Unlawful advertising—Citations. (1) If, upon investigation, the director or the director’s designee has probable cause to believe that a person holding a registration, an applicant for registration, or a person acting in the capacity of a contractor who is not otherwise exempted from this chapter, has violated RCW 18.27.100 by unlawfully advertising for work covered by this chapter, the department may issue a citation containing an order of correction. Such order shall require the violator to cease the unlawful advertising. (2) If the person to whom a citation is issued under subsection (1) of this section notifies the department in writing that he or she contests the citation, the department shall afford an opportunity for an adjudicative proceeding under chapter 34.05 RCW within thirty days after receiving the notification. [1997 c 314 § 10; 1989 c 175 § 61; 1987 c 362 § 5.] Effective date—1989 c 175: See note following RCW 34.05.010. 18.27.110 Building permits—Verification of registration required—Responsibilities of issuing entity— Penalties. (1) No city, town or county shall issue a construction building permit for work which is to be done by any contractor required to be registered under this chapter without verification that such contractor is currently registered as required by law. When such verification is made, nothing contained in this section is intended to be, nor shall be construed to create, or form the basis for any liability under this chapter on the part of any city, town or county, or its officers, employees or agents. However, failure to verify the contractor registration number results in liability to the city, town, or county to a penalty to be imposed according to RCW 18.27.100(7)(a). (2) At the time of issuing the building permit, all cities, towns, or counties are responsible for: (a) Printing the contractor registration number on the building permit; and (b) Providing a written notice to the building permit applicant informing them of contractor registration laws and the potential risk and monetary liability to the homeowner for using an unregistered contractor. (3) If a building permit is obtained by an applicant or contractor who falsifies information to obtain an exemption provided under RCW 18.27.090, the building permit shall be (2002 Ed.) 18.27.100 forfeited. [1997 c 314 § 11; 1993 c 454 § 5; 1986 c 197 § 14; 1967 c 126 § 4.] Finding—1993 c 454: See note following RCW 18.27.010. 18.27.111 Public works, contracts with unregistered contractors prohibited. See RCW 39.06.010. 18.27.114 Disclosure statement required— Prerequisite to lien claim. (1) Any contractor agreeing to perform any contracting project: (a) For the repair, alteration, or construction of four or fewer residential units or accessory structures on such residential property when the bid or contract price totals one thousand dollars or more; or (b) for the repair, alteration, or construction of a commercial building when the bid or contract price totals one thousand dollars or more but less than sixty thousand dollars, must provide the customer with the following disclosure statement in substantially the following form using lower case and upper case twelve-point and bold type where appropriate, prior to starting work on the project: "NOTICE TO CUSTOMER This contractor is registered with the state of Washington, registration no. . . ., and has posted with the state a bond or deposit of . . . . . for the purpose of satisfying claims against the contractor for breach of contract including negligent or improper work in the conduct of the contractor’s business. The expiration date of this contractor’s registration is . . . . .. THIS BOND OR DEPOSIT MIGHT NOT BE SUFFICIENT TO COVER A CLAIM THAT MIGHT ARISE FROM THE WORK DONE UNDER YOUR CONTRACT. This bond or deposit is not for your exclusive use because it covers all work performed by this contractor. The bond or deposit is intended to pay valid claims up to . . . . . that you and other customers, suppliers, subcontractors, or taxing authorities may have. FOR GREATER PROTECTION YOU MAY WITHHOLD A PERCENTAGE OF YOUR CONTRACT. You may withhold a contractually defined percentage of your construction contract as retainage for a stated period of time to provide protection to you and help insure that your project will be completed as required by your contract. YOUR PROPERTY MAY BE LIENED. If a supplier of materials used in your construction project or an employee or subcontractor of your contractor or subcontractors is not paid, your property may be liened to force payment and you could pay twice for the same work. FOR ADDITIONAL PROTECTION, YOU MAY REQUEST THE CONTRACTOR TO PROVIDE YOU WITH ORIGINAL "LIEN RELEASE" DOCUMENTS FROM EACH [Title 18 RCW—page 65] 18.27.114 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions SUPPLIER OR SUBCONTRACTOR ON YOUR PROJECT. The contractor is required to provide you with further information about lien release documents if you request it. General information is also available from the state Department of Labor and Industries." (2) A contractor subject to this section shall notify any consumer to whom notice is required under subsection (1) of this section if the contractor’s registration has expired or is revoked or suspended by the department prior to completion or other termination of the contract with the consumer. (3) No contractor subject to this section may bring or maintain any lien claim under chapter 60.04 RCW based on any contract to which this section applies without alleging and proving that the contractor has provided the customer with a copy of the disclosure statement as required in subsection (1) of this section. (4) This section does not apply to contracts authorized under chapter 39.04 RCW or to contractors contracting with other contractors. (5) Failure to comply with this section shall constitute an infraction under the provisions of this chapter. (6) The department shall produce model disclosure statements, and public service announcements detailing the information needed to assist contractors and contractors’ customers to comply under this section. As necessary, the department shall periodically update these education materials. [2001 c 159 § 9; 1997 c 314 § 12; 1988 c 182 § 1; 1987 c 419 § 1.] Voluntary compliance with notification requirements: "Nothing in RCW 18.27.114 shall be construed to prohibit a contractor from voluntarily complying with the notification requirements of that section which take effect July 1, 1989, prior to that date." [1988 c 182 § 2.] 18.27.117 Violations relating to mobile/manufactured homes. The legislature finds that setting up and siting mobile/manufactured homes must be done properly for the health, safety, and enjoyment of the occupants. Therefore, when any of the following cause a health and safety risk to the occupants of a mobile/manufactured home, or severely hinder the use and enjoyment of the mobile/manufactured home, a violation of RCW 19.86.020 shall have occurred: (1) The mobile/manufactured home has been improperly installed by a contractor registered under chapter 18.27 RCW, or a mobile/manufactured dealer or manufacturer licensed under chapter 46.70 RCW; (2) A warranty given under chapter 18.27 RCW or chapter 46.70 RCW has not been fulfilled by the person or business giving the warranty; and (3) A bonding company that issues a bond under chapter 18.27 RCW or chapter 46.70 RCW does not reasonably and professionally investigate and resolve claims made by injured parties. [1997 c 314 § 13; 1987 c 313 § 2.] 18.27.120 List of registered contractors— Availability, fee. (1) The department shall compile a list of all contractors registered under this chapter and update the list at least bimonthly. The list shall be considered as public record information and shall be available to the public upon [Title 18 RCW—page 66] request: PROVIDED, That the department may charge a reasonable fee under RCW 42.17.300. (2) The department shall inform any person, firm, or corporation, if a contractor is registered, and if a contractor is bonded or insured, without charge except for a reasonable fee under RCW 42.17.300 for copies made. [1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 20; 1973 1st ex.s. c 153 § 7; 1972 ex.s. c 118 § 5.] Fees, generally: RCW 18.27.070. 18.27.125 Rules. The director shall adopt rules in compliance with chapter 34.05 RCW to effect the purposes of this chapter. [1986 c 197 § 12.] 18.27.130 Chapter exclusive—Certain authority of cities and towns not limited or abridged. The provisions of this chapter relating to the registration or licensing of any person, firm, or corporation, including the requirement of a bond with the state of Washington named as obligee therein and the collection of a fee therefor, shall be exclusive and no political subdivision of the state of Washington shall require or issue any registrations, licenses, or bonds nor charge any fee for the same or a similar purpose: PROVIDED, That nothing herein shall limit or abridge the authority of any city or town to levy and collect a general and nondiscriminatory license fee levied upon all businesses, or to levy a tax based upon gross business conducted by any firm within said city: PROVIDED, FURTHER, That nothing herein shall limit the authority of any city or town with respect to contractors not required to be registered under this chapter. [1972 ex.s. c 118 § 4.] 18.27.140 Purpose. It is the purpose of this chapter to afford protection to the public including all persons, firms, and corporations furnishing labor, materials, or equipment to a contractor from unreliable, fraudulent, financially irresponsible, or incompetent contractors. [1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 21; 1973 1st ex.s. c 161 § 2.] 18.27.200 Violation—Infraction. (1) It is a violation of this chapter and an infraction for any contractor to: (a) Advertise, offer to do work, submit a bid, or perform any work as a contractor without being registered as required by this chapter; (b) Advertise, offer to do work, submit a bid, or perform any work as a contractor when the contractor’s registration is suspended or revoked; (c) Transfer a valid registration to an unregistered contractor or allow an unregistered contractor to work under a registration issued to another contractor; or (d) If the contractor is a contractor as defined in RCW 18.106.010, violate RCW 18.106.320. (2) Each day that a contractor works without being registered as required by this chapter, works while the contractor’s registration is suspended or revoked, or works under a registration issued to another contractor is a separate infraction. Each worksite at which a contractor works without being registered as required by this chapter, works while the contractor’s registration is suspended or revoked, or works under a registration issued to another contractor is a separate infraction. [2002 c 82 § 6; 1997 c 314 § 14; 1993 c 454 § 7; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 1.] (2002 Ed.) Registration of Contractors Finding—1993 c 454: See note following RCW 18.27.010. Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: "Sections 1 through 17 of this act shall take effect January 1, 1984." [1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 24.] Prohibited acts—Criminal penalties: RCW 18.27.020. 18.27.210 Violations—Investigations—Evidence. (1) The director shall appoint compliance inspectors to investigate alleged or apparent violations of this chapter. The director, or authorized compliance inspector, upon presentation of appropriate credentials, may inspect and investigate job sites at which a contractor had bid or presently is working to determine whether the contractor is registered in accordance with this chapter or the rules adopted under this chapter or whether there is a violation of RCW 18.27.200. Upon request of the compliance inspector of the department, a contractor or an employee of the contractor shall provide information identifying the contractor. (2) If the employee of an unregistered contractor is cited by a compliance inspector, that employee is cited as the agent of the employer-contractor, and issuance of the infraction to the employee is notice to the employer-contractor that the contractor is in violation of this chapter. An employee who is cited by a compliance inspector shall not be liable for any of the alleged violations contained in the citation unless the employee is also the contractor. [1993 c 454 § 8; 1987 c 419 § 2; 1986 c 197 § 2; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 2.] Finding—1993 c 454: See note following RCW 18.27.010. Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.220 Investigations—Penalty for failure to identify contractor. Wilful refusal to provide information identifying a contractor as required by RCW 18.27.210 is a misdemeanor. [1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 12.] Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.225 Violations—Restraining orders— Injunctions. (1) If, upon inspection or investigation, the director or authorized compliance inspector reasonably believes that a contractor has failed to register in accordance with this chapter or the rules adopted under this chapter, the director shall issue an order immediately restraining further construction work at the job site by the contractor. The order shall describe the specific violation that necessitated issuance of the restraining order. The contractor or representative to whom the restraining order is directed may request a hearing before an administrative law judge, such hearing to be conducted pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW. A request for hearing shall not stay the effect of the restraining order. (2) In addition to and after having invoked the powers of restraint vested in the director as provided in subsection (1) of this section, the director, through the attorney general, may petition the superior court of the state of Washington to enjoin any activity in violation of this chapter. A prima facie case for issuance of an injunction shall be established by affidavits and supporting documentation demonstrating that a restraining order was served upon the contractor and that the contractor continued to work after service of the order. Upon the filing of the petition, the superior court (2002 Ed.) 18.27.200 shall have jurisdiction to grant injunctive or other appropriate relief, pending the outcome of enforcement proceedings under this chapter, or to enforce restraining orders issued by the director. If the contractor fails to comply with any court order, the director shall request the attorney general to petition the superior court for an order holding the contractor in contempt of court and for any other appropriate relief. [1987 c 419 § 3.] 18.27.230 Notice of infraction—Service. The department may issue a notice of infraction if the department reasonably believes that the contractor has committed an infraction under this chapter. A notice of infraction issued under this section shall be personally served on the contractor named in the notice by the department’s compliance inspectors or service can be made by certified mail directed to the contractor named in the notice of infraction. If the contractor named in the notice of infraction is a firm or corporation, the notice may be personally served on any employee of the firm or corporation. If a notice of infraction is personally served upon an employee of a firm or corporation, the department shall within four days of service send a copy of the notice by certified mail to the contractor if the department is able to obtain the contractor’s address. [1997 c 314 § 15; 1993 c 454 § 9; 1986 c 197 § 3; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 3.] Finding—1993 c 454: See note following RCW 18.27.010. Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.240 Notice—Form—Contents. The form of the notice of infraction issued under this chapter shall include the following: (1) A statement that the notice represents a determination that the infraction has been committed by the contractor named in the notice and that the determination shall be final unless contested as provided in this chapter; (2) A statement that the infraction is a noncriminal offense for which imprisonment shall not be imposed as a sanction; (3) A statement of the specific violation which necessitated issuance of the infraction; (4) A statement of penalty involved if the infraction is established; (5) A statement of the options provided in this chapter for responding to the notice and the procedures necessary to exercise these options; (6) A statement that at any hearing to contest the notice of infraction the state has the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the infraction was committed; and that the contractor may subpoena witnesses, including the compliance inspector of the department who issued and served the notice of infraction; (7) A statement, which the person who has been served with the notice of infraction shall sign, that the contractor promises to respond to the notice of infraction in one of the ways provided in this chapter; (8) A statement that refusal to sign the infraction as directed in subsection (7) of this section is a misdemeanor and may be punished by a fine or imprisonment in jail; and [Title 18 RCW—page 67] 18.27.240 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions (9) A statement that a contractor’s failure to respond to a notice of infraction as promised is a misdemeanor and may be punished by a fine or imprisonment in jail. [1986 c 197 § 4; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 5.] Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.250 Notice—Filing—Administrative hearing— Appeal. A violation designated as an infraction under this chapter shall be heard and determined by an administrative law judge of the office of administrative hearings. If a party desires to contest the notice of infraction, the party shall file a notice of appeal with the department, within twenty days of issuance of the infraction. The administrative law judge shall conduct hearings in these cases at locations in the county where the infraction occurred. [1986 c 197 § 5; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 4.] Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. (7) If a contractor who is issued a notice of infraction is a contractor who has failed to register as a contractor under this chapter, the contractor is subject to a monetary penalty per infraction as provided in the schedule of penalties established by the department, and each day the person works without becoming registered is a separate infraction. [2000 c 171 § 9; 1997 c 314 § 16; 1986 c 197 § 6; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 7.] Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.280 Notice—Penalty for person refusing to promise to respond. It is a misdemeanor for any person who has been personally served with a notice of infraction to refuse to sign a written promise to respond to the notice. [1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 10.] Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.260 Notice—Determination infraction committed. Unless contested in accordance with this chapter, the notice of infraction represents a determination that the contractor to whom the notice was issued committed the infraction. [1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 6.] 18.27.290 Notice—Penalty for contractor failing to respond. It is a misdemeanor for a contractor who has been personally served with a notice of infraction to wilfully violate the written promise to respond to a notice of infraction as provided in this chapter, regardless of the ultimate disposition of the infraction. [1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 11.] Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.270 Notice—Response—Failure to respond, appear, pay penalties, or register. (1) A contractor who is issued a notice of infraction shall respond within twenty days of the date of issuance of the notice of infraction. (2) If the contractor named in the notice of infraction does not elect to contest the notice of infraction, then the contractor shall pay to the department, by check or money order, the amount of the penalty prescribed for the infraction. When a response which does not contest the notice of infraction is received by the department with the appropriate penalty, the department shall make the appropriate entry in its records. (3) If the contractor named in the notice of infraction elects to contest the notice of infraction, the contractor shall respond by filing an answer of protest with the department specifying the grounds of protest. (4) If any contractor issued a notice of infraction fails to respond within the prescribed response period, the contractor shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and prosecuted in the county where the infraction occurred. (5) After final determination by an administrative law judge that an infraction has been committed, a contractor who fails to pay a monetary penalty within thirty days, that is not waived pursuant to RCW 18.27.340(2), and who fails to file an appeal pursuant to RCW 18.27.310(4), shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and be prosecuted in the county where the infraction occurred. (6) A contractor who fails to pay a monetary penalty within thirty days after exhausting appellate remedies pursuant to RCW 18.27.310(4), shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and be prosecuted in the county where the infraction occurred. 18.27.300 Representation by attorney, attorney general. A contractor subject to proceedings under this chapter may appear or be represented by counsel. The department shall be represented by the attorney general in administrative proceedings and any subsequent appeals under this chapter. [1986 c 197 § 7; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 8.] [Title 18 RCW—page 68] Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.310 Infraction—Administrative hearing— Procedure—Burden of proof—Order—Appeal. (1) The administrative law judge shall conduct contractors’ notice of infraction cases pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW. (2) The burden of proof is on the department to establish the commission of the infraction by a preponderance of the evidence. The notice of infraction shall be dismissed if the defendant establishes that, at the time the work was performed, the defendant was registered by the department, without suspension, or was exempt from registration. (3) After consideration of the evidence and argument, the administrative law judge shall determine whether the infraction was committed. If it has not been established that the infraction was committed, an order dismissing the notice shall be entered in the record of the proceedings. If it has been established that the infraction was committed, the administrative law judge shall issue findings of fact and conclusions of law in its decision and order determining whether the infraction was committed. (4) An appeal from the administrative law judge’s determination or order shall be to the superior court. The decision of the superior court is subject only to discretionary review pursuant to Rule 2.3 of the Rules of Appellate Proce- (2002 Ed.) Registration of Contractors dure. [2001 c 159 § 10; 1993 c 454 § 10; 1986 c 197 § 8; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 9.] Finding—1993 c 454: See note following RCW 18.27.010. Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.320 Infraction—Dismissal, when. The administrative law judge shall dismiss the notice of infraction at any time upon written notification from the department that the contractor named in the notice of infraction was registered, without suspension, at the time the work was performed. [2001 c 159 § 11; 1993 c 454 § 11; 1986 c 197 § 9; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 13.] Finding—1993 c 454: See note following RCW 18.27.010. Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.340 Infraction—Monetary penalty. (1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (3) of this section, a contractor found to have committed an infraction under RCW 18.27.200 shall be assessed a monetary penalty of not less than two hundred dollars and not more than five thousand dollars. (2) The director may waive collection in favor of payment of restitution to a consumer complainant. (3) A contractor found to have committed an infraction under RCW 18.27.200 for failure to register shall be assessed a fine of not less than one thousand dollars, nor more than five thousand dollars. The director may reduce the penalty for failure to register, but in no case below five hundred dollars, if the person becomes registered within ten days of receiving a notice of infraction and the notice of infraction is for a first offense. (4) Monetary penalties collected under this chapter shall be deposited in the general fund. [1997 c 314 § 17; 1986 c 197 § 10; 1983 1st ex.s. c 2 § 15.] Effective date—1983 1st ex.s. c 2: See note following RCW 18.27.200. 18.27.342 Report to the legislature. Beginning December 1, 1997, the department shall report by December 1st each year to the commerce and labor committees of the senate and house of representatives and the ways and means committee of the senate and the appropriations committee of the house of representatives, or successor committees, the following information for the previous three fiscal years: (1) The number of contractors found to have committed an infraction for failure to register; (2) The number of contractors identified in subsection (1) of this section who were assessed a monetary penalty and the amount of the penalties assessed; (3) The amount of the penalties reported in subsection (2) of this section that was collected; and (4) The amount of the penalties reported in subsection (2) of this section that was waived. [1997 c 314 § 19.] 18.27.350 Violations—Consumer Protection Act. The consumers of this state have a right to be protected from unfair or deceptive acts or practices when they enter into contracts with contractors. The fact that a contractor is found to have committed a misdemeanor or infraction under (2002 Ed.) 18.27.310 this chapter shall be deemed to affect the public interest and shall constitute a violation of chapter 19.86 RCW. The surety bond shall not be liable for monetary penalties or violations of chapter 19.86 RCW. [1986 c 197 § 11.] 18.27.360 Certificate of registration suspension— Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. The director shall suspend the certificate of registration of any person who has been certified by a lending agency and reported to the director for nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. Prior to the suspension, the agency must provide the person an opportunity for a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW 34.05.485 through 34.05.494 and issue a finding of nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or serviceconditional scholarship. The person’s certificate of registration shall not be reissued until the person provides the director a written release issued by the lending agency stating that the person is making payments on the loan in accordance with a repayment agreement approved by the lending agency. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for certification of registration during the suspension, reinstatement shall be automatic upon receipt of the notice and payment of any reinstatement fee the director may impose. [1996 c 293 § 7.] Severability—1996 c 293: See note following RCW 18.04.420. 18.27.370 Unregistered contractor—Defaults in payment—Notice of assessment—Warrant—Notice and order, withhold property—Service—Civil penalties. (1) If an unregistered contractor defaults in a payment, penalty, or fine due to the department, the director or the director’s designee may issue a notice of assessment certifying the amount due. The notice must be served upon the unregistered contractor by mailing the notice to the unregistered contractor by certified mail to the unregistered contractor’s last known address or served in the manner prescribed for the service of a summons in a civil action. (2) A notice of assessment becomes final thirty days from the date the notice was served upon the unregistered contractor unless a written request for reconsideration is filed with the department or an appeal is filed in a court of competent jurisdiction in the manner specified in RCW 34.05.510 through 34.05.598. The request for reconsideration must set forth with particularity the reason for the unregistered contractor’s request. The department, within thirty days after receiving a written request for reconsideration, may modify or reverse a notice of assessment, or may hold a notice of assessment in abeyance pending further investigation. If a final decision of a court in favor of the department is not appealed within the time allowed by law, then the amount of the unappealed assessment, or such amount of the assessment as is found due by the final decision of the court, is final. (3) The director or the director’s designee may file with the clerk of any county within the state, a warrant in the amount of the notice of assessment, plus interest, penalties, and a filing fee of twenty dollars. The clerk of the county in which the warrant is filed shall immediately designate a superior court cause number for the warrant, and the clerk [Title 18 RCW—page 69] 18.27.370 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions shall cause to be entered in the judgment docket under the superior court cause number assigned to the warrant, the name of the unregistered contractor mentioned in the warrant, the amount of payment, penalty, fine due on it, or filing fee, and the date when the warrant was filed. The aggregate amount of the warrant as docketed shall become a lien upon the title to, and interest in, all real and personal property of the unregistered contractor against whom the warrant is issued, the same as a judgment in a civil case docketed in the office of the clerk. The sheriff shall proceed upon the warrant in all respects and with like effect as prescribed by law with respect to execution or other process issued against rights or property upon judgment in a court of competent jurisdiction. The warrant so docketed is sufficient to support the issuance of writs of garnishment in favor of the state in a manner provided by law in case of judgment, wholly or partially unsatisfied. The clerk of the court is entitled to a filing fee which will be added to the amount of the warrant. A copy of the warrant shall be mailed to the unregistered contractor within three days of filing with the clerk. (4) The director or the director’s designee may issue to any person, firm, corporation, other entity, municipal corporation, political subdivision of the state, a public corporation, or any agency of the state, a notice and order to withhold and deliver property of any kind whatsoever when he or she has reason to believe that there is in the possession of the person, firm, corporation, other entity, municipal corporation, political subdivision of the state, public corporation, or agency of the state, property that is or will become due, owing, or belonging to an unregistered contractor upon whom a notice of assessment has been served by the department for payments, penalties, or fines due to the department. The effect of a notice and order is continuous from the date the notice and order is first made until the liability out of which the notice and order arose is satisfied or becomes unenforceable because of lapse of time. The department shall release the notice and order when the liability out of which the notice and order arose is satisfied or becomes unenforceable by reason of lapse of time and shall notify the person against whom the notice and order was made that the notice and order has been released. The notice and order to withhold and deliver must be served by the sheriff of the county or by the sheriff’s deputy, by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by an authorized representative of the director. A person, firm, corporation, other entity, municipal corporation, political subdivision of the state, public corporation, or agency of the state upon whom service has been made shall answer the notice within twenty days exclusive of the day of service, under oath and in writing, and shall make true answers to the matters inquired of in the notice and order. Upon service of the notice and order, if the party served possesses any property that may be subject to the claim of the department, the party shall promptly deliver the property to the director or the director’s authorized representative. The director shall hold the property in trust for application on the unregistered contractor’s indebtedness to the department, or for return without interest, in accordance with a final determination of a petition for review. In the alternative, the party shall furnish a good and sufficient surety bond satisfactory to the director conditioned upon final determination of liability. If [Title 18 RCW—page 70] a party served and named in the notice fails to answer the notice within the time prescribed in this section, the court may render judgment by default against the party for the full amount claimed by the director in the notice, together with costs. If a notice is served upon an unregistered contractor and the property subject to it is wages, the unregistered contractor may assert in the answer all exemptions provided for by chapter 6.27 RCW to which the wage earner is entitled. (5) In addition to the procedure for collection of a payment, penalty, or fine due to the department as set forth in this section, the department may recover civil penalties imposed under this chapter in a civil action in the name of the department brought in a court of competent jurisdiction of the county where the violation is alleged to have occurred. [2001 c 159 § 6.] 18.27.380 Consumer/contractor awareness of chapter. (1) The department shall use reasonable means, including working cooperatively with construction industry, financial institution, local government, consumer, media, and other interested organizations and individuals, to increase: (a) Consumer awareness of the requirements of this chapter and the methods available to consumers to protect themselves against loss; and (b) Contractor awareness of the obligations imposed on contractors by this chapter. (2) The department shall accomplish the tasks listed in this section within existing resources, including but not limited to fees charged under RCW 18.27.075. [2001 c 159 § 12.] 18.27.390 Finding—Unregistered contractors enforcement team. (1) The legislature finds that it is contrary to public policy to allow unregistered contractors to continue doing business illegally. (2) The department of labor and industries, the employment security department, and the department of revenue shall establish an unregistered contractors enforcement team. The team shall develop a written plan to coordinate the activities of the participating agencies to enforce the state’s contractor registration laws and rules and other state laws and rules deemed appropriate by the team. In developing the plan, the team shall seek the input and advice of interested stakeholders who support the work of the team. (3) The director or the director’s designee shall call the initial meeting of the unregistered contractors enforcement team by September 1, 2001. The team shall complete the plan and forward it to the appropriate standing committees of the legislature and to the departments that contribute members to the team by December 1, 2001. (4) The department of labor and industries, the employment security department, and the department of revenue shall accomplish the tasks listed in this section within existing resources, including but not limited to fees charged under RCW 18.27.075. [2001 c 159 § 13.] 18.27.900 Severability—1963 c 77. If any provision of this chapter is declared unconstitutional, or the applicability thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the constitutionality of the remainder of the chapter and the (2002 Ed.) Registration of Contractors applicability thereof to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby. [1963 c 77 § 11.] Chapter 18.28 DEBT ADJUSTING Sections 18.28.010 18.28.080 18.28.090 18.28.100 18.28.110 18.28.120 18.28.130 18.28.140 18.28.150 18.28.165 18.28.180 18.28.185 18.28.190 18.28.200 18.28.210 18.28.220 18.28.900 18.28.910 Definitions. Fees for debt adjusting services—Limitations— Requirements. Excess charges—Contract void—Return of payments. Contract requirements. Debt adjuster—Functions required to be performed. Debt adjuster—Prohibited acts. Legal services—Rendering or obtaining—Using name of attorney—Prohibited. Assignment of wages not prohibited. Trust account for payments by debtor—Disbursements. Investigations. Administrative procedure act to govern administration. Violations—Unfair practice under chapter 19.86 RCW. Violations—Penalty. Violations—Injunctions. Violations—Assurance of discontinuance—Effect. Violation of injunction—Civil penalty. Saving prior contracts. Severability—1967 c 201. 18.28.010 Definitions. Unless a different meaning is plainly required by the context, the following words and phrases as hereinafter used in this chapter shall have the following meanings: (1) "Debt adjusting" means the managing, counseling, settling, adjusting, prorating, or liquidating of the indebtedness of a debtor, or receiving funds for the purpose of distributing said funds among creditors in payment or partial payment of obligations of a debtor. (2) "Debt adjuster", which includes any person known as a debt pooler, debt manager, debt consolidator, debt prorater, or credit counselor, is any person engaging in or holding himself or herself out as engaging in the business of debt adjusting for compensation. The term shall not include: (a) Attorneys at law, escrow agents, accountants, brokerdealers in securities, or investment advisors in securities, while performing services solely incidental to the practice of their professions; (b) Any person, partnership, association, or corporation doing business under and as permitted by any law of this state or of the United States relating to banks, consumer finance businesses, consumer loan companies, trust companies, mutual savings banks, savings and loan associations, building and loan associations, credit unions, crop credit associations, development credit corporations, industrial development corporations, title insurance companies, or insurance companies; (c) Persons who, as employees on a regular salary or wage of an employer not engaged in the business of debt adjusting, perform credit services for their employer; (d) Public officers while acting in their official capacities and persons acting under court order; (e) Any person while performing services incidental to the dissolution, winding up or liquidation of a partnership, corporation, or other business enterprise; (2002 Ed.) 18.27.900 (f) Nonprofit organizations dealing exclusively with debts owing from commercial enterprises to business creditors; (g) Nonprofit organizations engaged in debt adjusting and which do not assess against the debtor a service charge in excess of fifteen dollars per month. (3) "Debt adjusting agency" is any partnership, corporation, or association engaging in or holding itself out as engaging in the business of debt adjusting. [1999 c 151 § 101; 1979 c 156 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 97 § 1; 1967 c 201 § 1.] Part headings not law—1999 c 151: "Part headings used in this act are not any part of the law." [1999 c 151 § 2401.] Effective date—1999 c 151: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect July 1, 1999." [1999 c 151 § 2402.] Effective date—1979 c 156: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect June 30, 1979." [1979 c 156 § 14.] Severability—1979 c 156: "If any provision of this act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1979 c 156 § 13.] 18.28.080 Fees for debt adjusting services— Limitations—Requirements. (1) By contract a debt adjuster may charge a reasonable fee for debt adjusting services. The total fee for debt adjusting services may not exceed fifteen percent of the total debt listed by the debtor on the contract. The fee retained by the debt adjuster from any one payment made by or on behalf of the debtor may not exceed fifteen percent of the payment. The debt adjuster may make an initial charge of up to twenty-five dollars which shall be considered part of the total fee. If an initial charge is made, no additional fee may be retained which will bring the total fee retained to date to more than fifteen percent of the total payments made to date. No fee whatsoever shall be applied against rent and utility payments for housing. In the event of cancellation or default on performance of the contract by the debtor prior to its successful completion, the debt adjuster may collect in addition to fees previously received, six percent of that portion of the remaining indebtedness listed on said contract which was due when the contract was entered into, but not to exceed twenty-five dollars. (2) A debt adjuster shall not be entitled to retain any fee until notifying all creditors listed by the debtor that the debtor has engaged the debt adjuster in a program of debt adjusting. [1999 c 151 § 102; 1979 c 156 § 4; 1967 ex.s. c 141 § 2; 1967 c 201 § 8.] Part headings not law—Effective date—1999 c 151: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. Effective date—Severability—1979 c 156: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. 18.28.090 Excess charges—Contract void—Return of payments. If a debt adjuster contracts for, receives or makes any charge in excess of the maximums permitted by this chapter, except as the result of an accidental and bona fide error, the debt adjuster’s contract with the debtor shall be void and the debt adjuster shall return to the debtor the [Title 18 RCW—page 71] 18.28.090 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions amount of all payments received from the debtor or on the debtor’s behalf and not distributed to creditors. [1999 c 151 § 103; 1967 c 201 § 9.] Part headings not law—Effective date—1999 c 151: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. 18.28.100 Contract requirements. Every contract between a debt adjuster and a debtor shall: (1) List every debt to be handled with the creditor’s name and disclose the approximate total of all known debts; (2) Provide in precise terms payments reasonably within the ability of the debtor to pay; (3) Disclose in precise terms the rate and amount of all of the debt adjuster’s charges and fees; (4) Disclose the approximate number and amount of installments required to pay the debts in full; (5) Disclose the name and address of the debt adjuster and of the debtor; (6) Provide that the debt adjuster shall notify the debtor, in writing, within five days of notification to the debt adjuster by a creditor that the creditor refuses to accept payment pursuant to the contract between the debt adjuster and the debtor; (7) Contain the following notice in ten point boldface type or larger directly above the space reserved in the contract for the signature of the buyer: NOTICE TO DEBTOR: (a) Do not sign this contract before you read it or if any spaces intended for the agreed terms are left blank. (b) You are entitled to a copy of this contract at the time you sign it. (c) You may cancel this contract within three days of signing by sending notice of cancellation by certified mail return receipt requested to the debt adjuster at his or her address shown on the contract, which notice shall be posted not later than midnight of the third day (excluding Sundays and holidays) following your signing of the contract; and (8) Contain such other and further provisions or disclosures as are necessary for the protection of the debtor and the proper conduct of business by the debt adjuster. [1999 c 151 § 104; 1979 c 156 § 5; 1967 c 201 § 10.] Part headings not law—Effective date—1999 c 151: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. Effective date—Severability—1979 c 156: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. 18.28.110 Debt adjuster—Functions required to be performed. Every debt adjuster shall perform the following functions: (1) Make a permanent record of all payments by debtors, or on the debtors’ behalf, and of all disbursements to creditors of such debtors, and shall keep and maintain in this state all such records, and all payments not distributed to creditors. No person shall intentionally make any false entry in any such record, or intentionally mutilate, destroy or otherwise dispose of any such record. Such records shall at all times be open for inspection by the attorney general or the attorney general’s authorized agent, and shall be preserved as original records or by microfilm or other methods of duplication for at least six years after making the final entry therein. [Title 18 RCW—page 72] (2) Deliver a completed copy of the contract between the debt adjuster and a debtor to the debtor immediately after the debtor executes the contract, and sign the debtor’s copy of such contract. (3) Unless paid by check or money order, deliver a receipt to a debtor for each payment within five days after receipt of such payment. (4) Distribute to the creditors of the debtor at least once each forty days after receipt of payment during the term of the contract at least eighty-five percent of each payment received from the debtor. (5) At least once every month render an accounting to the debtor which shall indicate the total amount received from or on behalf of the debtor, the total amount paid to each creditor, the total amount which any creditor has agreed to accept as payment in full on any debt owed the creditor by the debtor, the amount of charges deducted, and any amount held in trust. The debt adjuster shall in addition render such an account to a debtor within ten days after written demand. (6) Notify the debtor, in writing, within five days of notification to the debt adjuster by a creditor that the creditor refuses to accept payment pursuant to the contract between the debt adjuster and the debtor. [1999 c 151 § 105; 1979 c 156 § 6; 1967 c 201 § 11.] Part headings not law—Effective date—1999 c 151: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. Effective date—Severability—1979 c 156: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. 18.28.120 Debt adjuster—Prohibited acts. A debt adjuster shall not: (1) Take any contract, or other instrument which has any blank spaces when signed by the debtor; (2) Receive or charge any fee in the form of a promissory note or other promise to pay or receive or accept any mortgage or other security for any fee, whether as to real or personal property; (3) Lend money or credit; (4) Take any confession of judgment or power of attorney to confess judgment against the debtor or appear as the debtor in any judicial proceedings; (5) Take, concurrent with the signing of the contract or as a part of the contract or as part of the application for the contract, a release of any obligation to be performed on the part of the debt adjuster; (6) Advertise services, display, distribute, broadcast or televise, or permit services to be displayed, advertised, distributed, broadcasted or televised in any manner whatsoever wherein any false, misleading or deceptive statement or representation with regard to the services to be performed by the debt adjuster, or the charges to be made therefor, is made; (7) Offer, pay, or give any cash, fee, gift, bonus, premiums, reward, or other compensation to any person for referring any prospective customer to the debt adjuster; (8) Receive any cash, fee, gift, bonus, premium, reward, or other compensation from any person other than the debtor or a person in the debtor’s behalf in connection with his or her activities as a debt adjuster; or (9) Disclose to anyone the debtors who have contracted with the debt adjuster; nor shall the debt adjuster disclose the (2002 Ed.) Debt Adjusting creditors of a debtor to anyone other than: (a) The debtor; or (b) another creditor of the debtor and then only to the extent necessary to secure the cooperation of such a creditor in a debt adjusting plan. [1999 c 151 § 106; 1967 c 201 § 12.] Part headings not law—Effective date—1999 c 151: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. 18.28.130 Legal services—Rendering or obtaining— Using name of attorney—Prohibited. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing and other applicable laws, the debt adjuster, manager or an employee of the debt adjuster shall not: (1) Prepare, advise, or sign a release of attachment or garnishment, stipulation, affidavit for exemption, compromise agreement or other legal or court document, nor furnish legal advice or perform legal services of any kind; (2) Represent that he or she is authorized or competent to furnish legal advice or perform legal services; (3) Assume authority on behalf of creditors or a debtor or accept a power of attorney authorizing it to employ or terminate the services of any attorney or to arrange the terms of or compensate for such services; or (4) Communicate with the debtor or creditor or any other person in the name of any attorney or upon the stationery of any attorney or prepare any form or instrument which only attorneys are authorized to prepare. [1999 c 151 § 107; 1967 c 201 § 13.] Part headings not law—Effective date—1999 c 151: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. 18.28.120 make the demand, then the debt adjuster shall make the distribution within thirty days of the date of cancellation or default. [1999 c 151 § 109; 1979 c 156 § 8; 1967 c 201 § 15.] Part headings not law—Effective date—1999 c 151: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. Effective date—Severability—1979 c 156: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. 18.28.165 Investigations. For the purpose of discovering violations of this chapter or securing information lawfully required under this chapter, the office of the attorney general may at any time: Investigate the debt adjusting business and examine the books, accounts, records, and files used; have free access to the offices and places of business, books, accounts, papers, records, files, safes, and vaults of debt adjusters; and require the attendance of and examine under oath all persons whomsoever whose testimony might be required relative to such debt adjusting business or to the subject matter of any examination, investigation, or hearing. [1999 c 151 § 110; 1979 c 156 § 7.] Part headings not law—Effective date—1999 c 151: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. Effective date—Severability—1979 c 156: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. 18.28.180 Administrative procedure act to govern administration. The administrative procedure act, chapter 34.05 RCW, shall wherever applicable herein, govern the rights, remedies, and procedures respecting the administration of this chapter. [1967 c 201 § 18.] 18.28.140 Assignment of wages not prohibited. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as prohibiting the assignment of wages by a debtor to a debt adjuster, if such assignment is otherwise in accordance with the law of this state. [1999 c 151 § 108; 1967 c 201 § 14.] 18.28.185 Violations—Unfair practice under chapter 19.86 RCW. A violation of this chapter constitutes an unfair or deceptive act or practice in the conduct of trade or commerce under chapter 19.86 RCW. [1979 c 156 § 10.] Part headings not law—Effective date—1999 c 151: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. Effective date—Severability—1979 c 156: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. 18.28.150 Trust account for payments by debtor— Disbursements. (1) Any payment received by a debt adjuster from or on behalf of a debtor shall be held in trust by the debt adjuster from the moment it is received. The debt adjuster shall not commingle such payment with the debt adjuster’s own property or funds, but shall maintain a separate trust account and deposit in such account all such payments received. All disbursements whether to the debtor or to the creditors of the debtor, or to the debt adjuster, shall be made from such account. (2) In the event that the debtor cancels or defaults on the contract between the debtor and the debt adjuster, the debt adjuster shall close out the debtor’s trust account in the following manner: (a) The debt adjuster may take from the account that amount necessary to satisfy any fees, other than any cancellation or default fee, authorized by this chapter. (b) After deducting the fees provided in subsection (2)(a) of this section, the debt adjuster shall distribute the remaining amount in the account to the creditors of the debtor. The distribution shall be made within five days of the demand therefor by the debtor, but if the debtor fails to 18.28.190 Violations—Penalty. Any person who violates any provision of this chapter or aids or abets such violation, or any rule lawfully adopted under this chapter or any order made under this chapter, is guilty of a misdemeanor. [1999 c 151 § 111; 1967 c 201 § 19.] (2002 Ed.) Part headings not law—Effective date—1999 c 151: See notes following RCW 18.28.010. 18.28.200 Violations—Injunctions. Notwithstanding any other actions which may be brought under the laws of this state, the attorney general or the prosecuting attorney of any county within the state may bring an action in the name of the state against any person to restrain and prevent any violation of this chapter. [1967 c 201 § 20.] 18.28.210 Violations—Assurance of discontinuance—Effect. The attorney general may accept an assurance of discontinuance of any act or practice deemed in violation of this chapter in the enforcement thereof from any person engaging in or who has engaged in such act or practice. Any such assurance shall be in writing and be filed with and subject to the approval of the superior court of the [Title 18 RCW—page 73] 18.28.210 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions county in which the alleged violator resides or has his principal place of business, or in the alternative, in Thurston county. Failure to perform the terms of any such assurance shall constitute prima facie proof of a violation of this chapter for the purpose of securing any injunction as provided for in RCW 18.28.200: PROVIDED, That after commencement of any action by a prosecuting attorney, as provided therein, the attorney general may not accept an assurance of discontinuance without the consent of said prosecuting attorney. [1967 c 201 § 21.] 18.28.220 Violation of injunction—Civil penalty. Any person who violates any injunction issued pursuant to this chapter shall forfeit and pay a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars. For the purpose of this section the superior court issuing any injunction shall retain jurisdiction, and the cause shall be continued, and in such cases the attorney general acting in the name of the state may petition for the recovery of civil penalties. [1967 c 201 § 22.] 18.28.900 Saving prior contracts. The provisions of this chapter shall not invalidate or make unlawful contracts between debt adjusters and debtors executed prior to the effective date of this chapter. [1967 c 201 § 23.] Effective date—1967 c 201: June 8, 1967, see preface to 1967 session laws. 18.28.910 Severability—1967 c 201. If any provision of this act, or its application to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances, is not affected. [1967 c 201 § 24.] Chapter 18.29 DENTAL HYGIENISTS Sections 18.29.003 18.29.005 18.29.011 18.29.021 18.29.045 18.29.050 18.29.056 18.29.060 18.29.071 18.29.076 18.29.100 18.29.110 18.29.120 18.29.130 18.29.140 18.29.150 18.29.160 18.29.170 18.29.180 18.29.190 18.29.200 18.29.210 18.29.220 18.29.900 18.29.910 18.29.915 Regulation of health care professions—Criteria. "Surfaces of the teeth" defined. License required. Requirements for licensing. Licensure by endorsement. Scope of licensee’s functions—Employment—Supervision. Employment by health care facilities authorized— Limitations. License issuance—Display. Renewals. Application of uniform disciplinary act. Violations—Penalty—Prosecutions. Dental hygiene examining committee—Generally. Examinations—Secretary’s authority—Consultation with examining authority. Secretary’s authority—Generally—Continuing education. Approval of educational programs. Examinations. Immunity. Committee meetings—Quorum—Effect of vacancy. Exemptions from chapter. Temporary licenses. Temporary licensees—Requirements for regular examination. Rules. Community-based sealant programs in schools. Construction—1923 c 16. Severability—1923 c 16. Captions not law—1989 c 202. [Title 18 RCW—page 74] Reviser’s note: Powers and duties of the department of licensing and the director of licensing transferred to the department of health and the secretary of health. See RCW 43.70.220. Dentistry: Chapter 18.32 RCW. Health professions account—Fees credited—Requirements for biennial budget request: RCW 43.70.320. Rebating by practitioners of healing professions prohibited: Chapter 19.68 RCW. Secretary of health or designee ex officio member of health professional licensure and disciplinary boards: RCW 43.70.300. 18.29.003 Regulation of health care professions— Criteria. See chapter 18.120 RCW. 18.29.005 "Surfaces of the teeth" defined. The term "surfaces of the teeth" as used in this chapter means the portions of the crown and root surface to which there is no periodontal membrane attached. [1969 c 47 § 6.] 18.29.011 License required. No person may practice as a dental hygienist in this state without having a license as such and, after the first year, an unexpired license renewal certificate. [1987 c 150 § 16.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.29.021 Requirements for licensing. (1) The department shall issue a license to any applicant who, as determined by the secretary: (a) Has successfully completed an educational program approved by the secretary. This educational program shall include course work encompassing the subject areas within the scope of the license to practice dental hygiene in the state of Washington; (b) Has successfully completed an examination administered or approved by the dental hygiene examining committee; and (c) Has not engaged in unprofessional conduct or is not unable to practice with reasonable skill and safety as a result of a physical or mental impairment. (2) Applications for licensure must comply with administrative procedures, administrative requirements, and fees established according to RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 10; 1995 c 198 § 4; 1991 c 3 § 46; 1989 c 202 § 1.] 18.29.045 Licensure by endorsement. An applicant holding a valid license and currently engaged in practice in another state may be granted a license without examination required by this chapter, on the payment of any required fees, if the secretary in consultation with the advisory committee determines that the other state’s licensing standards are substantively equivalent to the standards in this state: PROVIDED, That the secretary in consultation with the advisory committee may require the applicant to: (1) File with the secretary documentation certifying the applicant is licensed to practice in another state; and (2) provide information as the secretary deems necessary pertaining to the conditions and criteria of the uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW and to demonstrate to the secretary a knowledge of Washington law pertaining to the practice of dental hygiene. [1991 c 3 § 47; 1989 c 202 § 29.] (2002 Ed.) Dental Hygienists 18.29.050 Scope of licensee’s functions— Employment—Supervision. Any person licensed as a dental hygienist in this state may remove deposits and stains from the surfaces of the teeth, may apply topical preventive or prophylactic agents, may polish and smooth restorations, may perform root planing and soft-tissue curettage, and may perform other dental operations and services delegated to them by a licensed dentist: PROVIDED HOWEVER, That licensed dental hygienists shall in no event perform the following dental operations or services: (1) Any surgical removal of tissue of the oral cavity; (2) Any prescription of drugs or medications requiring the written order or prescription of a licensed dentist or physician; (3) Any diagnosis for treatment or treatment planning; or (4) The taking of any impression of the teeth or jaw, or the relationships of the teeth or jaws, for the purpose of fabricating any intra-oral restoration, appliance, or prosthesis. Such licensed dental hygienists may perform dental operations and services only under the supervision of a licensed dentist, and under such supervision may be employed by hospitals, boards of education of public or private schools, county boards, boards of health, or public or charitable institutions, or in dental offices. [1997 c 37 § 1; 1971 ex.s. c 235 § 1; 1969 c 47 § 4; 1923 c 16 § 27; RRS § 10030-27.] 18.29.056 Employment by health care facilities authorized—Limitations. (1) Dental hygienists licensed under this chapter with two years’ practical clinical experience with a licensed dentist within the preceding five years may be employed or retained by health care facilities to perform authorized dental hygiene operations and services without dental supervision, limited to removal of deposits and stains from the surfaces of the teeth, application of topical preventive or prophylactic agents, polishing and smoothing restorations, and performance of root planing and soft-tissue curettage, but shall not perform injections of anesthetic agents, administration of nitrous oxide, or diagnosis for dental treatment. The performance of dental hygiene operations and services in health care facilities shall be limited to patients, students, and residents of the facilities. For dental planning and dental treatment, dental hygienists shall refer patients to licensed dentists. (2) For the purposes of this section, "health care facilities" are limited to hospitals; nursing homes; home health agencies; group homes serving the elderly, handicapped, and juveniles; state-operated institutions under the jurisdiction of the department of social and health services or the department of corrections; and federal, state, and local public health facilities, state or federally funded community and migrant health centers, and tribal clinics. [1997 c 37 § 2; 1984 c 279 § 63.] Severability—1984 c 279: See RCW 18.130.901. 18.29.060 License issuance—Display. Upon passing an examination and meeting the requirements as provided in RCW 18.29.021, the secretary of health shall issue to the successful applicant a license as dental hygienist. The license shall be displayed in a conspicuous place in the (2002 Ed.) 18.29.050 operation room where such licensee shall practice. [1991 c 3 § 48; 1989 c 202 § 12; 1985 c 7 § 21; 1981 c 277 § 4; 1979 c 158 § 32; 1923 c 16 § 31; RRS § 10030-31.] 18.29.071 Renewals. The secretary shall establish the administrative procedures, administrative requirements, and fees for renewal of licenses as provided in this chapter and in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 11; 1991 c 3 § 49; 1989 c 202 § 2.] 18.29.076 Application of uniform disciplinary act. The uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [1987 c 150 § 15; 1986 c 259 § 31.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.29.100 Violations—Penalty—Prosecutions. Any person who shall violate any provision of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. It shall be the duty of the prosecuting attorney of each county to prosecute all cases involving a violation of this chapter arising within his or her county. The attorney general may assist in such prosecutions and shall appear at all hearings when requested to do so by the secretary of health. [1991 c 3 § 50; 1979 c 158 § 34; 1923 c 16 § 36; RRS § 10030-36.] Violation of chapter 69.50 RCW, the Uniform Controlled Substances Act— Suspension of license: RCW 69.50.413. 18.29.110 Dental hygiene examining committee— Generally. There shall be a dental hygiene examining committee consisting of three practicing dental hygienists and one public member appointed by the secretary, to be known as the Washington dental hygiene examining committee. Each dental hygiene member shall be licensed and have been actively practicing dental hygiene for a period of not less than five years immediately before appointment and shall not be connected with any dental hygiene school. The public member shall not be connected with any dental hygiene program or engaged in any practice or business related to dental hygiene. Members of the committee shall be appointed by the secretary to prepare and conduct examinations for dental hygiene licensure. Members shall be appointed to serve for terms of three years from October 1 of the year in which they are appointed. Terms of the members shall be staggered. Each member shall hold office for the term of his or her appointment and until his or her successor is appointed and qualified. Any member of the committee may be removed by the secretary for neglect of duty, misconduct, malfeasance, or misfeasance in office, after being given a written statement of the charges against him or her and sufficient opportunity to be heard thereon. Members of the committee shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 and shall be reimbursed for travel expenses in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. [1991 c 3 § 51; 1989 c 202 § 3.] 18.29.120 Examinations—Secretary’s authority— Consultation with examining authority. The secretary in [Title 18 RCW—page 75] 18.29.120 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions consultation with the Washington dental hygiene examining committee shall: (1) Adopt rules in accordance with chapter 34.05 RCW necessary to prepare and conduct examinations for dental hygiene licensure; (2) Require an applicant for licensure to pass an examination consisting of written and practical tests upon such subjects and of such scope as the committee determines; (3) Set the standards for passage of the examination; (4) Administer at least two examinations each calendar year. Additional examinations may be given as necessary; and (5) Establish by rule the procedures for an appeal of an examination failure. [1995 c 198 § 5; 1991 c 3 § 52; 1989 c 202 § 4.] (2) The examination shall contain subjects appropriate to the scope of practice and on laws in the state of Washington regulating dental hygiene practice. (3) The committee shall establish by rule the requirements for a reexamination if the applicant has failed the examination. (4) The committee may approve an examination prepared or administered by a private testing agency or association of licensing authorities. [1991 c 3 § 55; 1989 c 202 § 7.] 18.29.130 Secretary’s authority—Generally— Continuing education. In addition to any other authority provided by law, the secretary may: (1) Adopt rules in accordance with chapter 34.05 RCW necessary to implement this chapter; (2) Establish forms necessary to administer this chapter; (3) Issue a license to any applicant who has met the education and examination requirements for licensure and deny a license to applicants who do not meet the minimum qualifications for licensure. Proceedings concerning the denial of licenses based on unprofessional conduct or impaired practice shall be governed by the uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW; (4) Employ clerical, administrative, and investigative staff as needed to implement and administer this chapter and hire individuals, including those licensed under this chapter, to serve as examiners or consultants as necessary to implement and administer this chapter; (5) Maintain the official departmental record of all applicants and licensees; (6) Establish, by rule, the minimum education requirements for licensure, including but not limited to approval of educational programs; and (7) Establish and implement by rule a continuing education program. [1991 c 3 § 53; 1989 c 202 § 5.] 18.29.170 Committee meetings—Quorum—Effect of vacancy. The committee shall meet at least once a year and at such times as may be necessary for the transaction of business. A majority of the committee shall constitute a quorum. A vacancy in the committee membership shall not impair the right of the remaining members of the committee to exercise any power or to perform any duty of the committee, so long as the power is exercised or the duty performed by a quorum of the committee. [1989 c 202 § 9.] 18.29.140 Approval of educational programs. The secretary shall establish by rule the standards and procedures for approval of educational programs and may contract with individuals or organizations having expertise in the profession or in education to report to the secretary information necessary for the secretary to evaluate the educational programs. The secretary may establish a fee for educational program evaluation. The fee shall be set to defray the administrative costs for evaluating the educational program, including, but not limited to, costs for site evaluation. [1991 c 3 § 54; 1989 c 202 § 6.] 18.29.150 Examinations. (1) The secretary shall establish the date and location of the examination. Applicants who meet the education requirements for licensure shall be scheduled for the next examination following the filing of the application. The secretary shall establish by rule the examination application deadline. [Title 18 RCW—page 76] 18.29.160 Immunity. The secretary, members of the committee, and individuals acting on their behalf are immune from suit in any action, civil or criminal, based on any acts performed in the course of their duties. [1991 c 3 § 56; 1989 c 202 § 8.] 18.29.180 Exemptions from chapter. The following practices, acts, and operations are excepted from the operation of this chapter: (1) The practice of dental hygiene in the discharge of official duties by dental hygienists in the United States armed services, coast guard, public health services, veterans’ bureau, or bureau of Indian affairs; (2) Dental hygiene programs approved by the secretary and the practice of dental hygiene by students in dental hygiene programs approved by the secretary, when acting under the direction and supervision of persons licensed under chapter 18.29 or 18.32 RCW acting as instructors. [1991 c 3 § 57; 1989 c 202 § 10.] 18.29.190 Temporary licenses. (1) The department shall issue a temporary license without the examination required by this chapter to any applicant who, as determined by the secretary: (a) Holds a valid license in another state that allows the scope of practice in subsection (3) (a) through (j) of this section; (b) Is currently engaged in active practice in another state. For the purposes of this section, "active practice" means five hundred sixty hours of practice in the preceding twenty-four months; (c) Files with the secretary documentation certifying that the applicant: (i) Has graduated from an accredited dental hygiene school approved by the secretary; (ii) Has successfully completed the dental hygiene national board examination; and (iii) Is licensed to practice in another state; (2002 Ed.) Dental Hygienists (d) Provides information as the secretary deems necessary pertaining to the conditions and criteria of the uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW; (e) Demonstrates to the secretary a knowledge of Washington state law pertaining to the practice of dental hygiene, including the administration of legend drugs; (f) Pays any required fees; and (g) Meets requirements for AIDS education. (2) The term of the temporary license issued under this section is eighteen months and it is nonrenewable. (3) A person practicing with a temporary license granted under this section has the authority to perform hygiene procedures that are limited to: (a) Oral inspection and measuring of periodontal pockets; (b) Patient education in oral hygiene; (c) Taking intra-oral and extra-oral radiographs; (d) Applying topical preventive or prophylactic agents; (e) Polishing and smoothing restorations; (f) Oral prophylaxis and removal of deposits and stains from the surface of the teeth; (g) Recording health histories; (h) Taking and recording blood pressure and vital signs; (i) Performing subgingival and supragingival scaling; and (j) Performing root planing. (4)(a) A person practicing with a temporary license granted under this section may not perform the following dental hygiene procedures unless authorized in (b) or (c) of this subsection: (i) Give injections of local anesthetic; (ii) Place restorations into the cavity prepared by a licensed dentist and afterwards carve, contour, and adjust contacts and occlusion of the restoration; (iii) Soft tissue curettage; or (iv) Administer nitrous oxide/oxygen analgesia. (b) A person licensed in another state who can demonstrate substantively equivalent licensing standards in the administration of local anesthetic may receive a temporary endorsement to administer local anesthesia. (c) A person licensed in another state who can demonstrate substantively equivalent licensing standards in restorative procedures may receive a temporary endorsement for restorative procedures. [1993 c 323 § 2.] 18.29.200 Temporary licensees—Requirements for regular examination. A person granted a temporary license under this chapter who does not meet the requirements for substantively equivalent licensing standards in restorative or local anesthetic must submit proof of completion of approved education in these procedures before being eligible to take the dental hygiene examination. [1993 c 323 § 3.] 18.29.210 Rules. The secretary in consultation with the dental hygiene examining committee shall develop rules and definitions to implement this chapter. [1993 c 323 § 4.] 18.29.220 Community-based sealant programs in schools. (1) For low-income, rural, and other at-risk populations and in coordination with local public health jurisdictions and local oral health coalitions, a dental (2002 Ed.) 18.29.190 hygienist licensed in this state as of April 19, 2001, may assess for and apply sealants and apply fluoride varnishes in community-based sealant programs carried out in schools without attending the department’s school sealant endorsement program. (2) For low-income, rural, and other at-risk populations and in coordination with local public health jurisdictions and local oral health coalitions, dental hygienists who are school sealant endorsed under RCW 43.70.650 may assess for and apply sealants and fluoride varnishes in community-based sealant programs carried out in schools. [2001 c 93 § 3.] Findings—Intent—Effective date—2001 c 93: See notes following RCW 43.70.650. 18.29.900 Construction—1923 c 16. Words used in this chapter importing the singular number may also be applied to the plural of persons and things. Words importing the plural may be applied to the singular, and words importing the masculine gender may be extended to females also. [1923 c 16 § 37.] Number and gender: RCW 1.12.050. 18.29.910 Severability—1923 c 16. Should any section of this chapter, or any portion of any section be for any reason held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this chapter. [1923 c 16 § 38.] 18.29.915 Captions not law—1989 c 202. Section headings as used in this act do not constitute any part of the law. [1989 c 202 § 11.] Chapter 18.30 DENTURISTS Sections 18.30.005 18.30.010 18.30.020 18.30.030 18.30.040 18.30.050 18.30.060 18.30.065 18.30.090 18.30.100 18.30.120 18.30.130 18.30.135 18.30.140 18.30.150 18.30.900 18.30.901 Finding, intent. Definitions. Examination of patient—Sanctions—Training and licensing examination. Licensing required. Exclusions from chapter. Board of denturists—Members, terms, travel expenses, removal. Board—Officers, quorum. Duties of board. Licensing requirements. Licensing examinations. Requirements determined by secretary—License content. License renewal. Discipline. Inactive licenses. Partnerships with dentists. Short title—1995 c 1 (Initiative Measure No. 607). Severability—1995 c 1 (Initiative Measure No. 607). 18.30.005 Finding, intent. The state of Washington finds that to realize the state’s current statutory policy of regulating health professions at the least restrictive level consistent with the public interest, a program of licensure for denturists should be established. The intent of the legislature is to help assure the public’s health, provide a mechanism for consumer protection, and offer cost-effective alternatives for denture care services and products to individual consum[Title 18 RCW—page 77] 18.30.005 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions ers and the state. [1995 c 1 § 1 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] 18.30.010 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Board" means the Washington state board of denturists. (2) "Denture" means a removable full or partial upper or lower dental appliance to be worn in the mouth to replace missing natural teeth. (3) "Denturist" means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the practice of denturism. (4) "Department" means the department of health. (5) "Practice of denturism" means: (a) Making, placing, constructing, altering, reproducing, or repairing a denture; and (b) Taking impressions and furnishing or supplying a denture directly to a person or advising the use of a denture, and maintaining a facility for the same. (6) "Secretary" means the secretary of health or the secretary’s designee. [2002 c 160 § 1; 1995 c 1 § 2 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] 18.30.020 Examination of patient—Sanctions— Training and licensing examination. (1) Before making and fitting a denture, a denturist shall examine the patient’s oral cavity. (a) If the examination gives the denturist reasonable cause to believe that there is an abnormality or disease process that requires medical or dental treatment, the denturist shall immediately refer the patient to a dentist or physician. In such cases, the denturist shall take no further action to manufacture or place a denture until the patient has been examined by a dentist or physician and the dentist or physician gives written clearance that the denture will pose no threat to the patient’s health. (b) If the examination reveals the need for tissue or teeth modification in order to assure proper fit of a full or partial denture, the denturist shall refer the patient to a dentist and assure that the modification has been completed before taking an impression for the completion of the denture. (2) A denturist who makes or places a denture in a manner not consistent with this section is subject to the sanctions provided in chapter 18.130 RCW, the uniform disciplinary act. (3) A denturist must successfully complete special training in oral pathology prescribed by the board, whether as part of an approved associate degree program or equivalent training, and pass an examination prescribed by the board, which may be a part of the examination for licensure to become a licensed denturist. [2002 c 160 § 2; 1995 c 198 § 18; 1995 c 1 § 3 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] Effective date—1995 c 198 §§ 18-25: "Sections 18 through 25 of this act are necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately [May 1, 1995]." [1995 c 198 § 27.] [Title 18 RCW—page 78] 18.30.030 Licensing required. No person may represent himself or herself as a licensed denturist or use any title or description of services without applying for licensure, meeting the required qualifications, and being licensed as a denturist by the department, unless otherwise exempted by this chapter. [1995 c 1 § 4 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] 18.30.040 Exclusions from chapter. Nothing in this chapter prohibits or restricts: (1) The practice of a profession by an individual who is licensed, certified, or registered under other laws of this state and who is performing services within the authorized scope of practice; (2) The practice of denturism by an individual employed by the government of the United States while the individual is engaged in the performance of duties prescribed by the laws and regulations of the United States; (3) The practice of denturism by students enrolled in a school approved by the board. The performance of services must be pursuant to a course of instruction or an assignment from an instructor and under the supervision of an instructor; or (4) Work performed by dental labs and dental technicians under the written prescription of a dentist. [2002 c 160 § 3; 1995 c 1 § 5 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] 18.30.050 Board of denturists—Members, terms, travel expenses, removal. (1) The Washington state board of denturists is created. The board shall consist of seven members appointed by the secretary as follows: (a) Four members of the board must be denturists licensed under this chapter, except initial appointees, who must have five years’ experience in the field of denturism or a related field. (b) Two members shall be selected from persons who are not affiliated with any health care profession or facility, at least one of whom must be over sixty-five years of age representing the elderly. (c) One member must be a dentist licensed in the state of Washington. (2) The members of the board shall serve for terms of three years. The terms of the initial members shall be staggered, with the members appointed under subsection (1)(a) of this section serving two-year and three-year terms initially and the members appointed under subsection (1)(b) and (c) of this section serving one-year, two-year, and threeyear terms initially. Vacancies shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointments are made. Appointments to fill vacancies shall be for the remainder of the unexpired term of the vacant position. (3) No appointee may serve more than two consecutive terms. (4) Members of the board shall be reimbursed for travel expenses under RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. (5) A member of the board may be removed for just cause by the secretary. [2002 c 160 § 4; 1995 c 1 § 6 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] (2002 Ed.) Denturists 18.30.060 Board—Officers, quorum. (1) The board shall elect a chairperson of the board annually. The same person may not hold the office of chairperson for more than three years in succession. (2) A majority of the board constitutes a quorum for all purposes, and a majority vote of the members voting governs the decisions of the board. [1995 c 1 § 7 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] 18.30.065 Duties of board. The board shall: (1) Determine the qualifications of persons applying for licensure under this chapter; (2) Prescribe, administer, and determine the requirements for examinations under this chapter and establish a passing grade for licensure under this chapter; (3) Adopt rules under chapter 34.05 RCW to carry out the provisions of this chapter in consultation and in agreement with the secretary; (4) Have authority to provide requirements for continuing competency as a condition of license renewal by rule in agreement with the secretary; and (5) Evaluate and approve those schools from which graduation is accepted as proof of an applicant’s completion of coursework requirements for licensure. [2002 c 160 § 5.] 18.30.090 Licensing requirements. The secretary shall issue a license to practice denturism to an applicant who submits a completed application, pays the appropriate fees, and meets the following requirements: (1) A person currently licensed to practice denturism under statutory provisions of another state, territory of the United States, District of Columbia, or Puerto Rico, with substantially equivalent licensing standards to this chapter shall be licensed without examination upon providing the department with the following: (a) Proof of successfully passing a written and clinical examination for denturism in a state, territory of the United States, District of Columbia, or Puerto Rico, that the board has determined has substantially equivalent licensing standards as those in this chapter, including but not limited to both the written and clinical examinations; and (b) An affidavit from the licensing agency where the person is licensed or certified attesting to the fact of the person’s licensure or certification. (2) A person graduating from a formal denturism program shall be licensed if he or she: (a) Documents successful completion of formal training with a major course of study in denturism of not less than two years in duration at an educational institution approved by the board; and (b) Passes a written and clinical examination approved by the board. [2002 c 160 § 6; 1995 c 198 § 20; 1995 c 1 § 10 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] Effective date—1995 c 198 §§ 18-25: See note following RCW 18.30.020. 18.30.100 Licensing examinations. The board shall administer the examinations for licensing under this chapter, subject to the following requirements: (2002 Ed.) 18.30.060 (1) Examinations shall determine the qualifications, fitness, and ability of the applicant to practice denturism. The test shall include a written examination and a practical demonstration of skills. (2) Examinations shall be held at least annually. (3) The first examination shall be conducted not later than July 1, 1995. (4) The written examination shall cover the following subjects: (a) Head and oral anatomy and physiology; (b) oral pathology; (c) partial denture construction and design; (d) microbiology; (e) clinical dental technology; (f) dental laboratory technology; (g) clinical jurisprudence; (h) asepsis; (i) medical emergencies; and (j) cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (5) Upon payment of the appropriate fee, an applicant who fails either the written or practical examination may have additional opportunities to take the portion of the examination that he or she failed. The secretary may hire trained persons licensed under this chapter to prepare, administer, and grade the examinations or may contract with regional examiners who meet qualifications adopted by the board. [2002 c 160 § 7; 1995 c 198 § 21; 1995 c 1 § 11 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] Effective date—1995 c 198 §§ 18-25: See note following RCW 18.30.020. 18.30.120 Requirements determined by secretary— License content. (1) The licensing period, administrative procedures, administrative requirements, and fees shall be determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. (2) The license shall contain, on its face, the address or addresses where the license holder will perform the denturist services. [1996 c 191 § 12; 1995 c 1 § 13 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] 18.30.130 License renewal. The secretary shall establish by rule the requirements for renewal of licenses to practice denturism, but shall not increase the licensure requirements provided in this chapter. The secretary shall establish administrative procedures, administrative requirements, and fees for license periods and renewals as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 13; 1995 c 198 § 23; 1995 c 1 § 14 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] Effective date—1995 c 198 §§ 18-25: See note following RCW 18.30.020. 18.30.135 Discipline. The Uniform Disciplinary Act, chapter 18.130 RCW, shall govern the issuance and denial of licenses, unauthorized practice, and the discipline of persons licensed under this chapter. The secretary shall be the disciplinary authority under this chapter. [1995 c 336 § 3.] Effective date—1995 c 336 §§ 2 and 3: See note following RCW 18.130.040. 18.30.140 Inactive licenses. (1) An individual may place his or her license on inactive status. The holder of an [Title 18 RCW—page 79] 18.30.140 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions inactive license shall not practice denturism in this state without first activating the license. (2) An inactive license may be placed in an active status upon compliance with rules established by the board. (3) The provisions relating to denial, suspension, and revocation of a license are applicable to an inactive license, except that when proceedings to suspend or revoke an inactive license have been initiated, the license shall remain inactive until the proceedings have been completed. [2002 c 160 § 8; 1995 c 198 § 24; 1995 c 1 § 15 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] Effective date—1995 c 198 §§ 18-25: See note following RCW 18.30.020. 18.30.150 Partnerships with dentists. Notwithstanding any other provision of state law, a licensed denturist may enter into a partnership or other business association with a dentist, provided that such association does not impede the independent professional judgment of either party. [1995 c 1 § 16 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] 18.30.900 Short title—1995 c 1 (Initiative Measure No. 607). This chapter may be known and cited as the Washington state denturist act. [1995 c 1 § 17 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] 18.30.901 Severability—1995 c 1 (Initiative Measure No. 607). If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1995 c 1 § 26 (Initiative Measure No. 607, approved November 8, 1994).] Chapter 18.32 DENTISTRY Sections 18.32.002 18.32.005 18.32.010 18.32.020 18.32.030 18.32.0351 18.32.0353 18.32.0355 18.32.0357 18.32.0358 18.32.0361 18.32.0363 18.32.0365 18.32.039 18.32.040 18.32.050 18.32.091 18.32.100 18.32.110 18.32.160 18.32.170 18.32.180 18.32.185 18.32.190 Findings—Purpose. Regulation of health care professions—Criteria. Words defined. Practice of dentistry defined. Exemptions from chapter. Commission established—Membership. Commission—Removal of member—Order of removal— Vacancy. Commission—Qualifications of members. Commission—Duties and powers—Attorney general to advise, represent. Commission successor to other boards. Compensation of commission members. Examinations—Contracts for administration—Multistate. Rules. Application of uniform disciplinary act. Requirements for licensure. Compensation and reimbursement for administering examination. License required. Applications. Application fee. Licenses—Who shall sign. Duplicate licenses—Fee. License renewal. Inactive license status. Licenses display—Notification of address. [Title 18 RCW—page 80] 18.32.195 University of Washington dental school faculty and residents—Licenses. 18.32.215 Licensure without examination—Licensed in another state. 18.32.220 Certificate available for dentists going out-of-state. 18.32.226 Community-based sealant programs in schools. 18.32.390 Penalty—General. 18.32.400 Dentist members of committees to evaluate credentials and qualifications of dentists—Immunity from civil suit. 18.32.410 Dentists filing charges or presenting evidence before dental society committee or board—Immunity from civil suit. 18.32.420 Records of dental society committees or boards not subject to civil process. 18.32.530 "Unprofessional conduct." 18.32.533 Unprofessional conduct—Abrogation of copayment provisions. 18.32.534 Impaired dentist program—Content—License surcharge. 18.32.640 Rules—Administration of sedation and general anesthesia. 18.32.655 Commission—Supervision of records—Rules. 18.32.665 Advertising—False—Credit terms. 18.32.675 Practice or solicitation by corporations prohibited—Penalty. 18.32.685 Prescriptions—Filled by druggists. 18.32.695 Identification of new dental prostheses. 18.32.705 Identification of previously fabricated prostheses. 18.32.715 Identification of dental prostheses—Violation. 18.32.725 Sanitary regulations. 18.32.735 Unlawful practice—Hygienists—Penalty. 18.32.745 Unlawful practice—Employing unlicensed dentist—Penalty. 18.32.755 Advertising—Names used—Penalty. 18.32.900 Severability—1935 c 112. 18.32.910 Severability—1953 c 93. 18.32.915 Severability—1977 ex.s. c 5. 18.32.916 Severability—1979 c 38. 18.32.917 Severability—Headings and captions not law—Effective date—1994 sp.s. c 9. Anesthesia, administration for nondental purposes: RCW 18.71.030. Dental hygienists: Chapter 18.29 RCW. Dentists, actions against, limitation of: RCW 4.16.350. Health professions account—Fees credited—Requirements for biennial budget request: RCW 43.70.320. Lien of doctors: Chapter 60.44 RCW. Rebating by practitioners of healing professions prohibited: Chapter 19.68 RCW. 18.32.002 Findings—Purpose. The legislature finds that the health and well-being of the people of this state are of paramount importance. The legislature further finds that the conduct of members of the dental profession licensed to practice dentistry in this state plays a vital role in preserving the health and wellbeing of the people of the state. The legislature further finds that requiring continuing dental education for all licensed dentists in the state is an important component of providing high quality dentistry for the people of this state. The legislature further finds that there is no effective means of handling disciplinary proceedings against members of the dental profession licensed in this state when such proceedings are necessary for the protection of the public health. Therefore, the legislature declares its intention to exercise the police power of the state to protect the public health, to promote the welfare of the state, and to provide a commission to act as a disciplinary and regulatory body for the members of the dental profession licensed to practice dentistry in this state. It is the purpose of the commission established in RCW 18.32.0351 to regulate the competency and quality of professional health care providers under its jurisdiction by (2002 Ed.) Dentistry establishing, monitoring, and enforcing qualifications for licensure, continuing education, consistent standards of practice, continuing competency mechanisms, and discipline. Rules, policies, and procedures developed by the commission must promote the delivery of quality health care to the residents of the state. [1999 c 364 § 1; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 201.] 18.32.005 Regulation of health care professions— Criteria. See chapter 18.120 RCW. 18.32.010 Words defined. Words used in the singular in this chapter may also be applied to the plural of the persons and things; words importing the plural may be applied to the singular; words importing the masculine gender may be extended to females also; the term "commission" used in this chapter shall mean the Washington state dental quality assurance commission; and the term "secretary" shall mean the secretary of health of the state of Washington. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 202; 1991 c 3 § 58; 1935 c 112 § 1; RRS § 10031-1.] Number and gender: RCW 1.12.050. 18.32.020 Practice of dentistry defined. A person practices dentistry, within the meaning of this chapter, who (1) represents himself as being able to diagnose, treat, remove stains and concretions from teeth, operate or prescribe for any disease, pain, injury, deficiency, deformity, or physical condition of the human teeth, alveolar process, gums, or jaw, or (2) offers or undertakes by any means or methods to diagnose, treat, remove stains or concretions from teeth, operate or prescribe for any disease, pain, injury, deficiency, deformity, or physical condition of the same, or take impressions of the teeth or jaw, or (3) owns, maintains or operates an office for the practice of dentistry, or (4) engages in any of the practices included in the curricula of recognized and approved dental schools or colleges, or (5) professes to the public by any method to furnish, supply, construct, reproduce, or repair any prosthetic denture, bridge, appliance, or other structure to be worn in the human mouth. The fact that a person uses any dental degree, or designation, or any card, device, directory, poster, sign, or other media whereby he represents himself to be a dentist, shall be prima facie evidence that such person is engaged in the practice of dentistry. X-ray diagnosis as to the method of dental practice in which the diagnosis and examination is made of the normal and abnormal structures, parts or functions of the human teeth, the alveolar process, maxilla, mandible or soft tissues adjacent thereto, is hereby declared to be the practice of dentistry. Any person other than a regularly licensed physician or surgeon who makes any diagnosis or interpretation or explanation, or attempts to diagnose or to make any interpretation or explanation of the registered shadow or shadows of any part of the human teeth, alveolar process, maxilla, mandible or soft tissues adjacent thereto by the use of x-ray is declared to be engaged in the practice of dentistry, medicine or surgery. The practice of dentistry includes the performance of any dental or oral and maxillofacial surgery. "Oral and maxillofacial surgery" means the specialty of dentistry that (2002 Ed.) 18.32.002 includes the diagnosis and surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. [1996 c 259 § 1; 1957 c 98 § 1; 1957 c 52 § 20. Prior: (i) 1935 c 112 § 6; RRS § 10031-6. (ii) 1943 c 240 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 100316a.] 18.32.030 Exemptions from chapter. The following practices, acts, and operations are excepted from the operation of the provisions of this chapter: (1) The rendering of dental relief in emergency cases in the practice of his or her profession by a physician or surgeon, licensed as such and registered under the laws of this state, unless the physician or surgeon undertakes to or does reproduce lost parts of the human teeth in the mouth or to restore or to replace in the human mouth lost or missing teeth; (2) The practice of dentistry in the discharge of official duties by dentists in the United States federal services on federal reservations, including but not limited to the armed services, coast guard, public health service, veterans’ bureau, or bureau of Indian affairs; (3) Dental schools or colleges approved under RCW 18.32.040, and the practice of dentistry by students in Washington state dental schools or colleges approved by the commission, when acting under the direction and supervision of Washington state-licensed dental school faculty; (4) The practice of dentistry by licensed dentists of other states or countries while appearing as clinicians at meetings of the Washington state dental association, or component parts thereof, or at meetings sanctioned by them, or other groups approved by the commission; (5) The use of roentgen and other rays for making radiographs or similar records of dental or oral tissues, under the supervision of a licensed dentist or physician; (6) The making, repairing, altering, or supplying of artificial restorations, substitutions, appliances, or materials for the correction of disease, loss, deformity, malposition, dislocation, fracture, injury to the jaws, teeth, lips, gums, cheeks, palate, or associated tissues or parts; providing the same are made, repaired, altered, or supplied pursuant to the written instructions and order of a licensed dentist which may be accompanied by casts, models, or impressions furnished by the dentist, and the prescriptions shall be retained and filed for a period of not less than three years and shall be available to and subject to the examination of the secretary or the secretary’s authorized representatives; (7) The removal of deposits and stains from the surfaces of the teeth, the application of topical preventative or prophylactic agents, and the polishing and smoothing of restorations, when performed or prescribed by a dental hygienist licensed under the laws of this state; (8) A qualified and licensed physician and surgeon or osteopathic physician and surgeon extracting teeth or performing oral surgery pursuant to the scope of practice under chapter 18.71 or 18.57 RCW; (9) The performing of dental operations or services by persons not licensed under this chapter when performed under the supervision of a licensed dentist: PROVIDED HOWEVER, That such nonlicensed person shall in no event perform the following dental operations or services unless [Title 18 RCW—page 81] 18.32.030 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions permitted to be performed by the person under this chapter or chapters 18.29, 18.57, 18.71, and 18.79 RCW as it applies to registered nurses and advanced registered nurse practitioners: (a) Any removal of or addition to the hard or soft tissue of the oral cavity; (b) Any diagnosis of or prescription for treatment of disease, pain, deformity, deficiency, injury, or physical condition of the human teeth or jaws, or adjacent structure; (c) Any administration of general or injected local anaesthetic of any nature in connection with a dental operation, including intravenous sedation; (d) Any oral prophylaxis; (e) The taking of any impressions of the teeth or jaw or the relationships of the teeth or jaws, for the purpose of fabricating any intra-oral restoration, appliance, or prosthesis. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 203; 1991 c 3 § 59; 1989 c 202 § 13; 1979 c 158 § 35; 1971 ex.s. c 236 § 1; 1969 c 47 § 7; 1957 c 52 § 21; 1953 c 93 § 1; 1951 c 130 § 1. Prior: (i) 1941 c 92 § 3; 1935 c 112 § 25; Rem. Supp. 1941 § 10031-25; prior: 1923 c 16 § 23. (ii) 1935 c 112 § 6; RRS § 10031-6; prior: 1923 c 16 § 1; 1901 c 152 § 5; 1893 c 55 § 11.] 18.32.0351 Commission established—Membership. The Washington state dental quality assurance commission is established, consisting of fourteen members each appointed by the governor to a four-year term. No member may serve more than two consecutive full terms. In appointing the initial members of the commission, it is the intent of the legislature that, to the extent possible, members of the previous boards and committees regulating these professions be appointed to the commission. Members of the commission hold office until their successors are appointed. The governor may appoint members of the initial commission to staggered terms of from one to four years. Thereafter, all members shall be appointed to full four-year terms. Twelve members of the commission must be dentists and two members must be public members. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 204.] 18.32.0353 Commission—Removal of member— Order of removal—Vacancy. The governor may remove a member of the commission for neglect of duty, misconduct, or malfeasance or misfeasance in office. Whenever the governor is satisfied that a member of the commission has been guilty of neglect of duty, misconduct, or malfeasance or misfeasance in office, the governor shall file with the secretary of state a statement of the causes for and the order of removal from office, and the secretary shall forthwith send a certified copy of the order of removal and statement of causes by certified mail to the last known post office address of the member. If a vacancy occurs on the commission, the governor shall appoint a replacement to fill the remainder of the unexpired term. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 205.] 18.32.0355 Commission—Qualifications of members. Members must be citizens of the United States and residents of this state. Dentist members must be licensed dentists in the active practice of dentistry for a period of five years before appointment. Of the twelve dentists appointed to the commission, at least four must reside and engage in the active practice of dentistry east of the summit of the [Title 18 RCW—page 82] Cascade mountain range. Public members of the commission may not be a member of any other health care licensing board or commission, or have a fiduciary obligation to a facility rendering health services regulated by the commission, or have a material or financial interest in the rendering of health services regulated by the commission. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 206.] 18.32.0357 Commission—Duties and powers— Attorney general to advise, represent. The commission shall elect officers each year. Meetings of the commission are open to the public, except the commission may hold executive sessions to the extent permitted by chapter 42.30 RCW. The secretary of health shall furnish such secretarial, clerical, and other assistance as the commission may require. A majority of the commission members appointed and serving constitutes a quorum for the transaction of commission business. The affirmative vote of a majority of a quorum of the commission is required to carry a motion or resolution, to adopt a rule, or to pass a measure. The commission may appoint members of panels consisting of not less than three members. A quorum for transaction of any business shall be a minimum of three members. A majority vote of a quorum of the panel is required to transact business delegated to it by the commission. The members of the commission are immune from suit in an action, civil or criminal, based upon its disciplinary proceedings or other official acts performed in good faith as members of the commission. The commission may, whenever the workload of the commission requires, request that the secretary appoint pro tempore members. While serving as members pro tempore persons have all the powers, duties, and immunities, and are entitled to the emoluments, including travel expenses, of the commission. The commission shall prepare or determine the nature of the examinations for applicants to practice dentistry. The commission shall establish continuing dental education requirements. The attorney general shall advise the commission and represent it in all legal proceedings. [1999 c 364 § 2; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 207.] 18.32.0358 Commission successor to other boards. The commission is the successor in interest of the board of dental examiners and the dental disciplinary board. All contracts, undertakings, agreements, rules, regulations, and policies continue in full force and effect on July 1, 1994, unless otherwise repealed or rejected by chapter 9, Laws of 1994 sp. sess. or by the commission. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 226.] 18.32.0361 Compensation of commission members. Each member of the commission shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.265. Members shall be reimbursed for travel expenses incurred in the actual performance of their duties, as provided in RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. Commission members shall be compensated and reimbursed for their activities in developing or administering a multistate licensing examination, as provided in this chapter. [1999 c 366 § 3; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 208.] (2002 Ed.) Dentistry 18.32.0363 Examinations—Contracts for administration—Multistate. The commission may contract with competent persons on a temporary basis to assist in developing or administering examinations for licensure. The commission may enter into compacts and agreements with other states and with organizations formed by several states, for the purpose of conducting multistate licensing examinations. The commission may enter into the compacts and agreements even though they would result in the examination of a candidate for a license in this state by an examiner or examiners from another state or states, and even though the compacts and agreements would result in the examination of a candidate or candidates for a license in another state or states by an examiner or examiners from this state. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 209.] 18.32.0365 Rules. The commission may adopt rules in accordance with chapter 34.05 RCW to implement this chapter and chapter 18.130 RCW. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 210.] 18.32.039 Application of uniform disciplinary act. The uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [1987 c 150 § 17; 1986 c 259 § 34.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.32.040 Requirements for licensure. The commission shall require that every applicant for a license to practice dentistry shall: (1) Present satisfactory evidence of graduation from a dental college, school, or dental department of an institution approved by the commission; (2) Submit, for the files of the commission, a recent picture duly identified and attested; and (3) Pass an examination prepared or approved by and administered under the direction of the commission. The dentistry licensing examination shall consist of practical and written tests upon such subjects and of such scope as the commission determines. The commission may accept, in lieu of all or part of a written examination, a certificate granted by a national or regional testing organization approved by the commission. The commission shall set the standards for passing the examination. The secretary shall keep on file the examination papers and records of examination for at least one year. This file shall be open for inspection by the applicant or the applicant’s agent unless the disclosure will compromise the examination process as determined by the commission or is exempted from disclosure under RCW 42.17.250 through 42.17.340. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 211; 1991 c 3 § 61; 1989 c 202 § 16; 1979 c 38 § 2; 1935 c 112 § 5; RRS § 10031-5. Prior: 1923 c 16 §§ 4, 5. Formerly RCW 18.32.040 and 18.32.130 through 18.32.150.] 18.32.050 Compensation and reimbursement for administering examination. Commission members shall be compensated and reimbursed pursuant to this section for their activities in administering a multi-state licensing examination pursuant to the commission’s compact or agreement with another state or states or with organizations (2002 Ed.) 18.32.0363 formed by several states. [1995 c 198 § 2; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 212; 1984 c 287 § 30; 1979 c 38 § 3; 1975-’76 2nd ex.s. c 34 § 34; 1967 c 188 § 2; 1957 c 52 § 23; 1953 c 93 § 3. Prior: 1935 c 112 § 11, part; RRS § 10031-11, part.] Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. Effective date—Severability—1975-’76 2nd ex.s. c 34: See notes following RCW 2.08.115. 18.32.091 License required. No person, unless previously licensed to practice dentistry in this state, shall begin the practice of dentistry without first applying to, and obtaining a license. [1987 c 150 § 18.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.32.100 Applications. The applicant for a dentistry license shall file an application on a form furnished by the secretary, stating the applicant’s name, age, place of residence, the name of the school or schools attended by the applicant, the period of such attendance, the date of the applicant’s graduation, whether the applicant has ever been the subject of any disciplinary action related to the practice of dentistry, and shall include a statement of all of the applicant’s dental activities. This shall include any other information deemed necessary by the commission. The application shall be signed by the applicant and sworn to by the applicant before some person authorized to administer oaths, and shall be accompanied by proof of the applicant’s school attendance and graduation. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 213; 1991 c 3 § 62; 1989 c 202 § 18; 1957 c 52 § 28; 1953 c 93 § 4; 1951 c 130 § 2; 1941 c 92 § 2; 1935 c 112 § 4; Rem. Supp. 1941 § 10031-4, part. Prior: 1923 c 16 §§ 2, 3, 6, 7; 1901 c 152 § 1; 1893 c 55 § 4.] 18.32.110 Application fee. Each applicant shall pay a fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 14; 1991 c 3 § 63; 1989 c 202 § 19; 1985 c 7 § 23; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 27; 1969 c 49 § 1; 1957 c 52 § 29. Prior: 1941 c 92 § 2, part; 1935 c 112 § 4; Rem. Supp. 1941 § 10031-4, part.] 18.32.160 Licenses—Who shall sign. All licenses issued by the secretary on behalf of the commission shall be signed by the secretary or chairperson and secretary of the commission. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 215; 1991 c 3 § 65; 1989 c 202 § 21; 1951 c 130 § 3; 1935 c 112 § 17; RRS § 10031-17.] 18.32.170 Duplicate licenses—Fee. A fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280 shall be charged for every duplicate license issued by the secretary. [1996 c 191 § 15; 1991 c 3 § 66; 1985 c 7 § 25; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 29; 1957 c 52 § 25. Prior: 1935 c 112 § 11, part; RRS § 10031-11, part.] 18.32.180 License renewal. Every person licensed to practice dentistry in this state shall renew his or her license and comply with administrative procedures, administrative requirements, continuing education requirements, and fees as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. The commission, in its sole discretion, may permit the applicant to be [Title 18 RCW—page 83] 18.32.180 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions licensed without examination, and with or without conditions, if it is satisfied that the applicant meets all the requirements for licensure in this state and is competent to engage in the practice of dentistry. [1999 c 364 § 3; 1996 c 191 § 16; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 216; 1991 c 3 § 67; 1989 c 202 § 22; 1985 c 7 § 26; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 30; 1969 c 49 § 3; 1951 c 130 § 4; 1935 c 112 § 24; RRS § 10031-24.] Application—1999 c 364: "The continuing education requirements of RCW 18.32.180 apply to licenses renewed after July 1, 2001." [1999 c 364 § 4.] 18.32.185 Inactive license status. The commission may adopt rules under this section authorizing an inactive license status. (1) An individual licensed under chapter 18.32 RCW may place his or her license on inactive status. The holder of an inactive license must not practice dentistry in this state without first activating the license. (2) The inactive renewal fee must be established by the secretary under RCW 43.70.250. Failure to renew an inactive license shall result in cancellation of the inactive license in the same manner as an active license. (3) An inactive license may be placed in an active status upon compliance with rules established by the commission. (4) Provisions relating to disciplinary action against a person with a license are applicable to a person with an inactive license, except that when disciplinary proceedings against a person with an inactive license have been initiated, the license will remain inactive until the proceedings have been completed. [1996 c 187 § 1.] 18.32.190 Licenses display—Notification of address. Every person who engages in the practice of dentistry in this state shall cause his or her license to be, at all times, displayed in a conspicuous place, in his or her office wherein he or she shall practice such profession, and shall further, whenever requested, exhibit such license to any of the members of the commission, or its authorized agent, and to the secretary or his or her authorized agent. Every licensee shall notify the secretary of the address or addresses, and of every change thereof, where the licensee shall engage in the practice of dentistry. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 217; 1991 c 3 § 68; 1981 c 277 § 7; 1935 c 112 § 7; RRS § 10031-7. Prior: 1923 c 16 § 15; 1893 c 55 § 5.] 18.32.195 University of Washington dental school faculty and residents—Licenses. The commission may, without examination, issue a license to persons who possess the qualifications set forth in this section. (1) The commission may, upon written request of the dean of the school of dentistry of the University of Washington, issue a license to practice dentistry in this state to persons who have been licensed or otherwise authorized to practice dentistry in another state or country and who have been accepted for employment by the school of dentistry as full-time faculty members. For purposes of this subsection, this means teaching members of the faculty of the school of dentistry of the University of Washington who are so employed on a one hundred percent of work time basis. Such license shall permit the holder thereof to practice dentistry within the confines of the university facilities for a [Title 18 RCW—page 84] period of one year while he or she is so employed as a fulltime faculty member by the school of dentistry of the University of Washington. It shall terminate whenever the holder ceases to be such a full-time faculty member. Such license shall permit the holder thereof to practice dentistry only in connection with his or her duties in employment with the school of dentistry of the University of Washington. This limitation shall be stated on the license. (2) The commission may, upon written request of the dean of the school of dentistry of the University of Washington, issue a limited license to practice dentistry in this state to university residents in postgraduate dental education. The license shall permit the resident dentist to provide dental care only in connection with his or her duties as a university resident. (3) The commission may condition the granting of a license under this section with terms the commission deems appropriate. All persons licensed under this section shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the commission to the same extent as other members of the dental profession, in accordance with this chapter, and in addition the licensee may be disciplined by the commission after a hearing has been held in accordance with the provisions set forth in this chapter, and determination by the commission that such licensee has violated any of the restrictions set forth in this section. (4) Persons applying for licensure pursuant to this section shall pay the application fee determined by the secretary and, in the event the license applied for is issued, a license fee at the rate provided for licenses generally. After review by the commission, licenses issued under this section may be renewed annually if the licensee continues to be employed as a full-time faculty member of the school of dentistry of the University of Washington, or a university resident in postgraduate dental education, and otherwise meets the requirements of the provisions and conditions deemed appropriate by the commission. Any person who obtains a license pursuant to this section may, without an additional application fee, apply for licensure under this chapter, in which case the applicant shall be subject to examination and the other requirements of this chapter. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 218; 1992 c 59 § 1; 1991 c 3 § 69; 1985 c 111 § 1.] 18.32.215 Licensure without examination—Licensed in another state. An applicant holding a valid license and currently engaged in practice in another state may be granted a license without examination required by this chapter, on the payment of any required fees, if the commission determines that the other state’s licensing standards are substantively equivalent to the standards in this state. The commission may also require the applicant to: (1) File with the commission documentation certifying the applicant is licensed to practice in another state; and (2) provide information as the commission deems necessary pertaining to the conditions and criteria of the Uniform Disciplinary Act, chapter 18.130 RCW, and to demonstrate to the commission a knowledge of Washington law pertaining to the practice of dentistry. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 219; 1989 c 202 § 30.] 18.32.220 Certificate available for dentists going out-of-state. Anyone who is a licensed dentist in the state (2002 Ed.) Dentistry of Washington who desires to change residence to another state or territory, shall, upon application to the secretary and payment of a fee as determined by the secretary under RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280, receive a certificate over the signature of the secretary or his or her designee, which shall attest to the facts mentioned in this section, and giving the date upon which the dentist was licensed. [1996 c 191 § 17; 1991 c 3 § 70; 1989 c 202 § 23; 1935 c 112 § 14; RRS § 10031-14. FORMER PART OF SECTION: 1935 c 112 § 15; RRS § 10031-15, now codified as RCW 18.32.225.] 18.32.226 Community-based sealant programs in schools. (1) For low-income, rural, and other at-risk populations and in coordination with local public health jurisdictions and local oral health coalitions, a dental assistant working as of April 19, 2001, under the supervision of a licensed dentist may apply sealants and fluoride varnishes under the general supervision of a dentist in communitybased sealant programs carried out in schools without attending the department’s school sealant endorsement program. (2) For low-income, rural, and other at-risk populations and in coordination with local public health jurisdictions and local oral health coalitions, dental assistants who are school sealant endorsed under RCW 43.70.650 may apply sealants and fluoride varnishes under the general supervision of a dentist in community-based sealant programs carried out in schools. [2001 c 93 § 4.] Findings—Intent—Effective date—2001 c 93: See notes following RCW 43.70.650. 18.32.390 Penalty—General. Any person who violates any of the provisions of the chapter for which no specific penalty has been provided herein, shall be subject to prosecution before any court of competent jurisdiction, and shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a gross misdemeanor. [1986 c 259 § 38; 1935 c 112 § 16; RRS § 10031-16. Prior: 1901 c 152 § 4; 1893 c 55 § 8.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.32.400 Dentist members of committees to evaluate credentials and qualifications of dentists— Immunity from civil suit. See RCW 4.24.240. 18.32.410 Dentists filing charges or presenting evidence before dental society committee or board— Immunity from civil suit. See RCW 4.24.250. 18.32.420 Records of dental society committees or boards not subject to civil process. See RCW 4.24.250. 18.32.530 "Unprofessional conduct." In addition to those acts defined in chapter 18.130 RCW, the term "unprofessional conduct" as used in RCW 18.32.530 through 18.32.755 includes gross, willful, or continued overcharging for professional services. [1989 c 202 § 26; 1986 c 259 § 41; 1977 ex.s. c 5 § 3.] Savings—1986 c 259 §§ 36, 37, 41, 43: See note following RCW 18.32.665. Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. (2002 Ed.) 18.32.220 Violation of chapter 69.50 RCW, the Uniform Controlled Substances Act— Suspension of license: RCW 69.50.413. 18.32.533 Unprofessional conduct—Abrogation of copayment provisions. It is unprofessional conduct under this chapter and chapter 18.130 RCW for a dentist to abrogate the copayment provisions of a contract by accepting the payment received from a third party payer as full payment. [1985 c 202 § 1.] 18.32.534 Impaired dentist program—Content— License surcharge. (1) To implement an impaired dentist program as authorized by RCW 18.130.175, the commission shall enter into a contract with a voluntary substance abuse monitoring program. The impaired dentist program may include any or all of the following: (a) Contracting with providers of treatment programs; (b) Receiving and evaluating reports of suspected impairment from any source; (c) Intervening in cases of verified impairment; (d) Referring impaired dentists to treatment programs; (e) Monitoring the treatment and rehabilitation of impaired dentists including those ordered by the commission; (f) Providing education, prevention of impairment, posttreatment monitoring, and support of rehabilitated impaired dentists; and (g) Performing other related activities as determined by the commission. (2) A contract entered into under subsection (1) of this section shall be financed by a surcharge of up to twenty-five dollars on each license issuance or renewal to be collected by the department of health from every dentist licensed under chapter 18.32 RCW. These moneys shall be placed in the health professions account to be used solely for the implementation of the impaired dentist program. [1999 c 179 § 1; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 220; 1991 c 3 § 72; 1989 c 125 § 1.] 18.32.640 Rules—Administration of sedation and general anesthesia. (1) The commission may adopt such rules as it deems necessary to carry out this chapter. (2) The commission may adopt rules governing administration of sedation and general anesthesia by persons licensed under this chapter, including necessary training, education, equipment, and the issuance of any permits, certificates, or registration as required. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 221; 1988 c 217 § 1; 1986 c 259 § 42; 1977 ex.s. c 5 § 14.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.32.655 Commission—Supervision of records— Rules. The commission shall: (1) Require licensed dentists to keep and maintain a copy of each laboratory referral instruction, describing detailed services rendered, for a period to be determined by the commission but not more than three years, and may require the production of all such records for examination by the commission or its authorized representatives; and (2) Adopt reasonable rules requiring licensed dentists to make, maintain, and produce for examination by the commission or its authorized representatives such other records as may be reasonable and proper in the performance of its [Title 18 RCW—page 85] 18.32.655 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions duties and enforcing the provisions of this chapter. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 222; 1986 c 259 § 35; 1953 c 93 § 8. Formerly RCW 18.32.085.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.32.665 Advertising—False—Credit terms. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to publish, directly or indirectly, or circulate any fraudulent, false, or misleading statements within the state of Washington as to the skill or method of practice of any person or operator; or in any way to advertise in print any matter with a view of deceiving the public, or in any way that will tend to deceive or defraud the public; or to claim superiority over neighboring dental practitioners; or to publish reports of cases or certificates of same in any public advertising media; or to advertise as using any anesthetic, drug, formula, medicine, which is either falsely advertised or misnamed; or to employ "capper" or "steerers" to obtain patronage; and any person committing any offense against any of the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction, be subjected to such penalties as are provided in this chapter: PROVIDED, That any person licensed under this chapter may announce credit, terms of credit or installment payments that may be made at periodical intervals to apply on account of any dental service rendered. The commission may adopt such rules as are necessary to carry out the intent of this section. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 223; 1986 c 259 § 36; 1935 c 112 § 20; RRS § 10031-20. Formerly RCW 18.32.290.] Savings—1986 c 259 §§ 36, 37, 41, 43: "The repeal of RCW 18.32.090 and 18.32.550 and the amendment of RCW 18.32.290, 18.32.360, and 18.32.530 by this act shall not be construed as affecting any rights and duties which matured, penalties which were incurred, and proceedings which were begun before June 11, 1986." [1986 c 259 § 44.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. False advertising: RCW 9.04.010. 18.32.675 Practice or solicitation by corporations prohibited—Penalty. No corporation shall practice dentistry or shall solicit through itself, or its agent, officers, employees, directors or trustees, dental patronage for any dentists or dental surgeon employed by any corporation: PROVIDED, That nothing contained in this chapter shall prohibit a corporation from employing a dentist or dentists to render dental services to its employees: PROVIDED, FURTHER, That such dental services shall be rendered at no cost or charge to the employees; nor shall it apply to corporations or associations in which the dental services were originated and are being conducted upon a purely charitable basis for the worthy poor, nor shall it apply to corporations or associations furnishing information or clerical services which can be furnished by persons not licensed to practice dentistry, to any person lawfully engaged in the practice of dentistry, when such dentist assumes full responsibility for such information and services. Any corporation violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a gross misdemeanor, and each day that this chapter is violated shall be considered a separate offense. [1935 c 112 § 19; RRS § 10031-19. Formerly RCW 18.32.310.] 18.32.685 Prescriptions—Filled by druggists. Registered pharmacists of this state may fill prescriptions of legally licensed dentists of this state for any drug necessary [Title 18 RCW—page 86] in the practice of dentistry. [1935 c 112 § 26; RRS § 10031-26. Prior: 1923 c 16 § 24. Formerly RCW 18.32.320.] Pharmacists: Chapter 18.64 RCW. 18.32.695 Identification of new dental prostheses. Every complete upper and lower denture and removable dental prosthesis fabricated by a dentist licensed under this chapter, or fabricated pursuant to the dentist’s work order or under the dentist’s direction or supervision, shall be marked with the name of the patient for whom the prosthesis is intended. The markings shall be done during fabrication and shall be permanent, legible, and cosmetically acceptable. The exact location of the markings and the methods used to apply or implant them shall be determined by the dentist or dental laboratory fabricating the prosthesis. If, in the professional judgment of the dentist or dental laboratory, this identification is not practical, identification shall be provided as follows: (1) The initials of the patient may be shown alone, if use of the name of the patient is impracticable; or (2) The identification marks may be omitted in their entirety if none of the forms of identification specified in subsection (1) of this section is practicable or clinically safe. [1987 c 252 § 1. Formerly RCW 18.32.322.] Severability—1987 c 252: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1987 c 252 § 5.] 18.32.705 Identification of previously fabricated prostheses. Any removable prosthesis in existence before July 26, 1987, that was not marked in accordance with RCW 18.32.695 at the time of its fabrication, shall be so marked at the time of any subsequent rebasing. [1987 c 252 § 2. Formerly RCW 18.32.324.] Severability—1987 c 252: See note following RCW 18.32.695. 18.32.715 Identification of dental prostheses— Violation. Failure of any dentist to comply with RCW 18.32.695 and 18.32.705 is a violation for which the dentist may be subject to proceedings if the dentist is charged with the violation within two years of initial insertion of the dental prosthetic device. [1987 c 252 § 4. Formerly RCW 18.32.328.] Severability—1987 c 252: See note following RCW 18.32.695. 18.32.725 Sanitary regulations. It shall be the duty of every person engaged in the practice of dentistry or who shall own, operate, or manage any dental office to keep said office and dental equipment in a thoroughly clean and sanitary condition. [1935 c 112 § 27; RRS § 10031-27. Prior: 1923 c 16 § 25. Formerly RCW 18.32.330.] 18.32.735 Unlawful practice—Hygienists—Penalty. Any licensed dentist who shall permit any dental hygienist operating under his supervision to perform any operation required to be performed by a dentist under the provisions of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. [1935 c 112 § 28; RRS § 10031-28. Formerly RCW 18.32.340.] (2002 Ed.) Dentistry 18.32.745 Unlawful practice—Employing unlicensed dentist—Penalty. No manager, proprietor, partnership, or association owning, operating, or controlling any room, office, or dental parlors, where dental work is done, provided, or contracted for, shall employ or retain any unlicensed person or dentist as an operator; nor shall fail, within ten days after demand made by the secretary of health or the commission in writing sent by certified mail, addressed to any such manager, proprietor, partnership, or association at the room, office, or dental parlor, to furnish the secretary of health or the commission with the names and addresses of all persons practicing or assisting in the practice of dentistry in his or her place of business or under his or her control, together with a sworn statement showing by what license or authority the persons are practicing dentistry. The sworn statement shall not be used as evidence in any subsequent court proceedings, except in a prosecution for perjury connected with its execution. Any violation of the provisions of this section is improper, unprofessional, and dishonorable conduct; it also is grounds for injunction proceedings as provided by this chapter, and in addition is a gross misdemeanor, except that the failure to furnish the information as may be requested in accordance with this section is a misdemeanor. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 224; 1991 c 3 § 73; 1977 ex.s. c 5 § 31; 1957 c 52 § 38; 1953 c 93 § 7. Prior: 1937 c 45 § 1, part; 1935 c 112 § 18, part; RRS § 10031-18, part. Formerly RCW 18.32.350.] 18.32.755 Advertising—Names used—Penalty. Any advertisement or announcement for dental services must include for each office location advertised the names of all persons practicing dentistry at that office location. Any violation of the provisions of this section is improper, unprofessional, and dishonorable conduct; it also is grounds for injunction proceedings as provided by RCW 18.130.190(4), and in addition is a gross misdemeanor. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 225; 1986 c 259 § 37; 1957 c 52 § 39. Prior: 1937 c 45 § 1, part; 1935 c 112 § 18, part; RRS § 10031-18, part. Formerly RCW 18.32.360.] Savings—1986 c 259 §§ 36, 37, 41, 43: See note following RCW 18.32.660. Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.32.900 Severability—1935 c 112. Should any section of this act for any reason be held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of the act. [1935 c 112 § 29.] 18.32.910 Severability—1953 c 93. If any provision of this act or the application thereof to any person or circumstance shall be held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the provisions or applications of this act which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or application, and to this end the provisions of this act are declared to be severable. [1953 c 93 § 9.] 18.32.915 Severability—1977 ex.s. c 5. If any provision of this 1977 amendatory act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of (2002 Ed.) 18.32.745 the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1977 ex.s. c 5 § 36.] 18.32.916 Severability—1979 c 38. If any provision of this amendatory act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1979 c 38 § 4.] 18.32.917 Severability—Headings and captions not law—Effective date—1994 sp.s. c 9. See RCW 18.79.900 through 18.79.902. Chapter 18.34 DISPENSING OPTICIANS Sections 18.34.005 Regulation of health care professions—Criteria. 18.34.010 Licensing—Exemptions—Limitations. 18.34.020 Definitions. 18.34.030 Apprentices. 18.34.050 Examining committee—Compensation and travel expenses. 18.34.060 Dispensing optician. 18.34.070 Applicants—Eligibility for examination—Fee. 18.34.080 Examination—Issuance and display of license. 18.34.110 Existing practitioner—Fee. 18.34.115 Credentialing by endorsement. 18.34.120 Renewal registration fee—Continuing education. 18.34.136 Application of uniform disciplinary act. 18.34.141 License required. 18.34.900 Severability—1957 c 43. Health professions account—Fees credited—Requirements for biennial budget request: RCW 43.70.320. Homeless person vision services: RCW 43.20A.800 through 43.20A.850. 18.34.005 Regulation of health care professions— Criteria. See chapter 18.120 RCW. 18.34.010 Licensing—Exemptions—Limitations. Nothing in this chapter shall: (1) Be construed to limit or restrict a duly licensed physician or optometrist or employees working under the personal supervision of a duly licensed physician or optometrist from the practices enumerated in this chapter, and each such licensed physician and optometrist shall have all the rights and privileges which may accrue under this chapter to dispensing opticians licensed hereunder; (2) Be construed to prohibit an unlicensed person from performing mechanical work upon inert matter in an optical office, laboratory or shop; (3) Be construed to prohibit an unlicensed person from engaging in the sale of spectacles, eyeglasses, magnifying glasses, goggles, sunglasses, telescopes, binoculars, or any such articles which are completely preassembled and sold only as merchandise; (4) Be construed to authorize or permit a licensee hereunder to hold himself out as being able to, or to offer to, or to undertake to attempt, by any manner of means, to examine or exercise eyes, diagnose, treat, correct, relieve, operate or prescribe for any human ailment, deficiency, deformity, disease or injury. [1957 c 43 § 1.] [Title 18 RCW—page 87] 18.34.020 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.34.020 Definitions. The term "secretary" wherever used in this chapter shall mean the secretary of health of the state of Washington. The term "apprentice" wherever used in this chapter shall mean a person who shall be designated an apprentice in the records of the secretary at the request of a physician, registered optometrist, or licensee hereunder, who shall thereafter be the primary supervisor of the apprentice. The apprentice may thereafter receive from a physician, registered optometrist, or licensee hereunder training and direct supervision in the work of a dispensing optician. [1995 c 178 § 1; 1991 c 3 § 74; 1979 c 158 § 37; 1957 c 43 § 2.] 18.34.030 Apprentices. No licensee hereunder may have more than two apprentices in training or under their direct supervision at any one time. However, the primary supervisor shall be responsible for the acts of his or her apprentices in the performance of their work in the apprenticeship program and provide the majority of the training and direct supervision received by the apprentice. Apprentices shall complete their apprenticeship in six years and shall not work longer as an apprentice unless the secretary determines, after a hearing, that the apprentice was prevented by causes beyond his or her control from completing his or her apprenticeship and becoming a licensee hereunder in six years. [1995 c 178 § 2; 1991 c 3 § 75; 1957 c 43 § 3.] 18.34.050 Examining committee—Compensation and travel expenses. The examining committee shall consist of three persons primarily engaged in the business of dispensing opticians and who currently hold a valid license under this chapter. Members of the committee shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 and shall be reimbursed for travel expenses in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. [1984 c 287 § 32; 1957 c 43 § 5.] Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. 18.34.060 Dispensing optician. A dispensing optician is a person who prepares duplications of, or prepares and dispenses lenses, spectacles, eyeglasses and/or appurtenances thereto to the intended wearers thereof on written prescriptions from physicians or optometrists, and in accordance with such prescriptions, measures, adapts, adjusts and fabricates such lenses, spectacles, eyeglasses and/or appurtenances thereto to the human face for the aid or correction of visual or ocular anomalies of the human eye: PROVIDED, HOWEVER, That contact lenses may be fitted only upon a written prescription of a physician or optometrist. [1957 c 43 § 6.] 18.34.070 Applicants—Eligibility for examination— Fee. Any applicant for a license shall be examined if he or she pays an examination fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and certifies under oath that he or she: (1) Is eighteen years or more of age; and (2) Has graduated from an accredited high school; and (3) Is a citizen of the United States or has declared his or her intention of becoming such citizen in accordance with law; and [Title 18 RCW—page 88] (4) Is of good moral character; and (5) Has either: (a) Had at least three years of apprenticeship training; or (b) Successfully completed a prescribed course in opticianry in a college or university approved by the secretary; or (c) Been principally engaged in practicing as a dispensing optician not in the state of Washington for five years. [1991 c 3 § 76; 1985 c 7 § 29; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 34; 1971 ex.s. c 292 § 22; 1957 c 43 § 7.] Severability—1971 ex.s. c 292: See note following RCW 26.28.010. 18.34.080 Examination—Issuance and display of license. The examination shall determine whether the applicant has a thorough knowledge of the principles governing the practice of a dispensing optician which is hereby declared necessary for the protection of the public health. The examining committee may approve an examination prepared or administered by a private testing agency or association of licensing authorities. The secretary shall license successful examinees and the license shall be conspicuously displayed in the place of business of the licensee. [1995 c 198 § 3; 1991 c 3 § 77; 1957 c 43 § 8.] 18.34.110 Existing practitioner—Fee. The secretary shall issue a license without examination to any person who makes application therefor within six months after June 12, 1957, pays a fee of fifty dollars and certifies under oath that he or she is of good moral character and has been actually and principally engaged in the practice of a dispensing optician in the state of Washington for a period of not less than six months immediately preceding June 12, 1957. [1991 c 3 § 78; 1957 c 43 § 11.] 18.34.115 Credentialing by endorsement. An applicant holding a credential in another state may be credentialed to practice in this state without examination if the secretary determines that the other state’s credentialing standards are substantially equivalent to the standards in this state. [1991 c 332 § 33.] Application to scope of practice—Captions not law—1991 c 332: See notes following RCW 18.130.010. 18.34.120 Renewal registration fee—Continuing education. Each licensee hereunder shall pay a renewal registration fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. The secretary may adopt rules establishing mandatory continuing education requirements to be met by persons applying for license renewal. [1996 c 191 § 18; 1991 c 3 § 79; 1984 c 279 § 52; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 35; 1957 c 43 § 12.] Severability—1984 c 279: See RCW 18.130.901. 18.34.136 Application of uniform disciplinary act. The uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [1987 c 150 § 19; 1986 c 259 § 45.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. (2002 Ed.) Dispensing Opticians Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.34.141 License required. No person may practice or represent himself or herself as a dispensing optician without first having a valid license to do so. [1987 c 150 § 20.] 18.34.136 18.35.008 Intent. It is the intent of this chapter to protect the public health, safety, and welfare; to protect the public from being misled by incompetent, unethical, and unauthorized persons; and to assure the availability of hearing and speech services of high quality to persons in need of such services. [1996 c 200 § 1.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.34.900 Severability—1957 c 43. If any provisions of this chapter or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1957 c 43 § 16.] Chapter 18.35 HEARING AND SPEECH SERVICES (Formerly: Hearing aids) Sections 18.35.005 18.35.008 18.35.010 18.35.020 Regulation of health care professions—Criteria. Intent. Definitions. Hearing instruments—Dispensing—License, certificate, permit required. 18.35.030 Receipt required—Contents. 18.35.040 Applicants—Generally. 18.35.050 Examination—Required—When offered—Review. 18.35.060 Hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit. 18.35.070 Examination—Contents—Tests. 18.35.080 License—Certification—Generally. 18.35.085 Credentialing by endorsement. 18.35.090 Compliance with administrative procedures, requirements— Display of license—Continuing education, competency standards. 18.35.095 Licensees—Inactive status. 18.35.100 Place of business. 18.35.105 Records—Contents. 18.35.110 Disciplinary action—Grounds. 18.35.120 Disciplinary action—Additional grounds. 18.35.140 Powers and duties of department. 18.35.150 Board of hearing and speech—Created—Membership— Qualifications—Terms—Vacancies—Meetings— Compensation—Travel expenses. 18.35.161 Board—Powers and duties. 18.35.162 Unprofessional conduct. 18.35.172 Application of uniform disciplinary act. 18.35.175 Unlawful sales practices. 18.35.180 Application of Consumer Protection Act and False Advertising Act. 18.35.185 Rescission of transaction—Requirements—Notice. 18.35.190 Valid license prerequisite to suits. 18.35.195 Exemptions. 18.35.200 Other laws unaffected. 18.35.205 Chapter exclusive. 18.35.220 Violations—Cease and desist orders—Notice—Injunctions. 18.35.230 Violations—Registered agent—Service. 18.35.240 Violations—Surety bond or security in lieu of surety bonds. 18.35.250 Violations—Remedies—Actions on bond or security. 18.35.260 Misrepresentation of credentials. 18.35.270 Assistant ratios—Data collection. 18.35.900 Severability—1973 1st ex.s. c 106. 18.35.901 Severability—1983 c 39. 18.35.902 Severability—1996 c 200. Health professions account—Fees credited—Requirements for biennial budget request: RCW 43.70.320. 18.35.005 Regulation of health care professions— Criteria. See chapter 18.120 RCW. (2002 Ed.) 18.35.010 Definitions. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise: (1) "Assistive listening device or system" means an amplification system that is specifically designed to improve the signal to noise ratio for the listener, reduce interference from noise in the background, and enhance hearing levels at a distance by picking up sound from as close to source as possible and sending it directly to the ear of the listener, excluding hearing instruments as defined in this chapter. (2) "Certified audiologist" means a person who is certified by the department to engage in the practice of audiology and meets the qualifications in this chapter. (3) "Audiology" means the application of principles, methods, and procedures related to hearing and the disorders of hearing and to related language and speech disorders, whether of organic or nonorganic origin, peripheral or central, that impede the normal process of human communication including, but not limited to, disorders of auditory sensitivity, acuity, function, processing, or vestibular function, the application of aural habilitation, rehabilitation, and appropriate devices including fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments, and cerumen management to treat such disorders. (4) "Board" means the board of hearing and speech. (5) "Department" means the department of health. (6) "Direct supervision" means that the supervisor is physically present and in the same room with the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder, observing the nondiagnostic testing, fitting, and dispensing activities of the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder at all times. (7) "Establishment" means any permanent site housing a person engaging in the practice of fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments by a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or audiologist; where the client can have personal contact and counsel during the firm’s business hours; where business is conducted; and the address of which is given to the state for the purpose of bonding. (8) "Facility" means any permanent site housing a person engaging in the practice of speech-language pathology and/or audiology, excluding the sale, lease, or rental of hearing instruments. (9) "Fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments" means the sale, lease, or rental or attempted sale, lease, or rental of hearing instruments together with the selection and modification of hearing instruments and the administration of nondiagnostic tests as specified by RCW 18.35.110 and the use of procedures essential to the performance of these functions; and includes recommending specific hearing instrument systems, specific hearing instruments, or specific hearing instrument characteristics, the taking of impressions for ear molds for these purposes, the use of nondiagnostic procedures and equipment to verify the appropriateness of [Title 18 RCW—page 89] 18.35.010 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions the hearing instrument fitting, and hearing instrument orientation. The fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments as defined by this chapter may be equally provided by a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or certified audiologist. (10) "Good standing" means a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or certified audiologist or speechlanguage pathologist whose license or certificate has not been subject to sanctions pursuant to chapter 18.130 RCW or sanctions by other states, territories, or the District of Columbia in the last two years. (11) "Hearing instrument" means any wearable prosthetic instrument or device designed for or represented as aiding, improving, compensating for, or correcting defective human hearing and any parts, attachments, or accessories of such an instrument or device, excluding batteries and cords, ear molds, and assistive listening devices. (12) "Hearing instrument fitter/dispenser" means a person who is licensed to engage in the practice of fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments and meets the qualifications of this chapter. (13) "Hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder" means a person who practices under the direct supervision of a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or certified audiologist. (14) "Secretary" means the secretary of health. (15) "Certified speech-language pathologist" means a person who is certified by the department to engage in the practice of speech-language pathology and meets the qualifications of this chapter. (16) "Speech-language pathology" means the application of principles, methods, and procedures related to the development and disorders, whether of organic or nonorganic origin, that impede oral, pharyngeal, or laryngeal sensorimotor competencies and the normal process of human communication including, but not limited to, disorders and related disorders of speech, articulation, fluency, voice, verbal and written language, auditory comprehension, cognition/communication, and the application of augmentative communication treatment and devices for treatment of such disorders. [1996 c 200 § 2; 1993 c 313 § 1; 1991 c 3 § 80; 1983 c 39 § 1; 1979 c 158 § 38; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 1.] 18.35.010 Definitions. (Effective January 1, 2003.) As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise: (1) "Assistive listening device or system" means an amplification system that is specifically designed to improve the signal to noise ratio for the listener, reduce interference from noise in the background, and enhance hearing levels at a distance by picking up sound from as close to source as possible and sending it directly to the ear of the listener, excluding hearing instruments as defined in this chapter. (2) "Licensed audiologist" means a person who is licensed by the department to engage in the practice of audiology and meets the qualifications in this chapter. (3) "Audiology" means the application of principles, methods, and procedures related to hearing and the disorders of hearing and to related language and speech disorders, whether of organic or nonorganic origin, peripheral or central, that impede the normal process of human communica[Title 18 RCW—page 90] tion including, but not limited to, disorders of auditory sensitivity, acuity, function, processing, or vestibular function, the application of aural habilitation, rehabilitation, and appropriate devices including fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments, and cerumen management to treat such disorders. (4) "Board" means the board of hearing and speech. (5) "Department" means the department of health. (6) "Direct supervision" means that the supervisor is physically present and in the same room with the interim permit holder, observing the nondiagnostic testing, fitting, and dispensing activities at all times. (7) "Establishment" means any permanent site housing a person engaging in the practice of fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments by a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or audiologist; where the client can have personal contact and counsel during the firm’s business hours; where business is conducted; and the address of which is given to the state for the purpose of bonding. (8) "Facility" means any permanent site housing a person engaging in the practice of speech-language pathology and/or audiology, excluding the sale, lease, or rental of hearing instruments. (9) "Fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments" means the sale, lease, or rental or attempted sale, lease, or rental of hearing instruments together with the selection and modification of hearing instruments and the administration of nondiagnostic tests as specified by RCW 18.35.110 and the use of procedures essential to the performance of these functions; and includes recommending specific hearing instrument systems, specific hearing instruments, or specific hearing instrument characteristics, the taking of impressions for ear molds for these purposes, the use of nondiagnostic procedures and equipment to verify the appropriateness of the hearing instrument fitting, and hearing instrument orientation. The fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments as defined by this chapter may be equally provided by a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or licensed audiologist. (10) "Good standing" means a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or licensed speech-language pathologist whose license has not been subject to sanctions pursuant to chapter 18.130 RCW or sanctions by other states, territories, or the District of Columbia in the last two years. (11) "Hearing instrument" means any wearable prosthetic instrument or device designed for or represented as aiding, improving, compensating for, or correcting defective human hearing and any parts, attachments, or accessories of such an instrument or device, excluding batteries and cords, ear molds, and assistive listening devices. (12) "Hearing instrument fitter/dispenser" means a person who is licensed to engage in the practice of fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments and meets the qualifications of this chapter. (13) "Interim permit holder" means a person who holds the permit created under RCW 18.35.060 and who practices under the direct supervision of a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed speech-language pathologist, or licensed audiologist. (14) "Secretary" means the secretary of health. (2002 Ed.) Hearing and Speech Services (15) "Licensed speech-language pathologist" means a person who is licensed by the department to engage in the practice of speech-language pathology and meets the qualifications of this chapter. (16) "Speech-language pathology" means the application of principles, methods, and procedures related to the development and disorders, whether of organic or nonorganic origin, that impede oral, pharyngeal, or laryngeal sensorimotor competencies and the normal process of human communication including, but not limited to, disorders and related disorders of speech, articulation, fluency, voice, verbal and written language, auditory comprehension, cognition/communication, and the application of augmentative communication treatment and devices for treatment of such disorders. [2002 c 310 § 1; 1998 c 142 § 1; 1996 c 200 § 2; 1993 c 313 § 1; 1991 c 3 § 80; 1983 c 39 § 1; 1979 c 158 § 38; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 1.] Effective date—2002 c 310: "This act takes effect January 1, 2003." [2002 c 310 § 27.] Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: "Sections 1 through 14 and 16 through 20 of this act take effect January 1, 2003." [1998 c 142 § 21.] 18.35.020 Hearing instruments—Dispensing— License, certificate, permit required. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) No person shall engage in the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments or imply or represent that he or she is engaged in the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments unless he or she is a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or a certified audiologist or holds a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit or audiology interim permit issued by the department as provided in this chapter and is an owner or employee of an establishment that is bonded as provided by RCW 18.35.240. The owner or manager of an establishment that dispenses hearing instruments is responsible under this chapter for all transactions made in the establishment name or conducted on its premises by agents or persons employed by the establishment engaged in fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments. Every establishment that fits and dispenses shall have in its employ at least one licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or certified audiologist at all times, and shall annually submit proof that all testing equipment at that establishment that is required by the board to be calibrated has been properly calibrated. [1996 c 200 § 3; 1989 c 198 § 1; 1983 c 39 § 2; 1973 1st ex.s c 106 § 2.] 18.35.020 Hearing instruments—Dispensing— License, certificate, permit required. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) No person shall engage in the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments or imply or represent that he or she is engaged in the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments unless he or she is a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or a licensed audiologist or holds an interim permit issued by the department as provided in this chapter and is an owner or employee of an establishment that is bonded as provided by RCW 18.35.240. The owner or manager of an establishment that dispenses hearing instruments is responsible under this chapter for all transactions made in the establishment name or conducted on its premises by agents or persons employed by the establishment engaged in fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments. Every (2002 Ed.) 18.35.010 establishment that fits and dispenses shall have in its employ at least one licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or licensed audiologist at all times, and shall annually submit proof that all testing equipment at that establishment that is required by the board to be calibrated has been properly calibrated. (2) Effective January 1, 2003, no person shall engage in the practice of audiology or imply or represent that he or she is engaged in the practice of audiology unless he or she is a licensed audiologist or holds an audiology interim permit issued by the department as provided in this chapter. Audiologists who are certified as educational staff associates by the state board of education are excluded unless they elect to become licensed under this chapter. (3) Effective January 1, 2003, no person shall engage in the practice of speech-language pathology or imply or represent that he or she is engaged in the practice of speechlanguage pathology unless he or she is a licensed speech-language pathologist or holds a speech-language pathology interim permit issued by the department as provided in this chapter. Speech-language pathologists who are certified as educational staff associates by the state board of education are excluded unless they elect to become licensed under this chapter. [2002 c 310 § 2; 1998 c 142 § 2; 1996 c 200 § 3; 1989 c 198 § 1; 1983 c 39 § 2; 1973 1st ex.s c 106 § 2.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.030 Receipt required—Contents. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) Any person who engages in fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments shall provide to each person who enters into an agreement to purchase a hearing instrument a receipt at the time of the agreement containing the following information: (1) The seller’s name, signature, license, certificate, or permit number, address, and phone number of his or her regular place of business; (2) A description of the instrument furnished, including make, model, circuit options, and the term "used" or "reconditioned" if applicable; (3) A disclosure of the cost of all services including but not limited to the cost of testing and fitting, the actual cost of the hearing instrument furnished, the cost of ear molds if any, and the terms of the sale. These costs, including the cost of ear molds, shall be known as the total purchase price. The receipt shall also contain a statement of the purchaser’s recision rights under this chapter and an acknowledgment that the purchaser has read and understands these rights. Upon request, the purchaser shall also be supplied with a signed and dated copy of any hearing evaluation performed by the seller. (4) At the time of delivery of the hearing instrument, the purchaser shall also be furnished with the serial number of the hearing instrument supplied. [1996 c 200 § 4; 1983 c 39 § 3; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 3.] 18.35.030 Receipt required—Contents. (Effective January 1, 2003.) Any person who engages in fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments shall provide to each person who enters into an agreement to purchase a hearing [Title 18 RCW—page 91] 18.35.030 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions instrument a receipt at the time of the agreement containing the following information: (1) The seller’s name, signature, license, or permit number, address, and phone number of his or her regular place of business; (2) A description of the instrument furnished, including make, model, circuit options, and the term "used" or "reconditioned" if applicable; (3) A disclosure of the cost of all services including but not limited to the cost of testing and fitting, the actual cost of the hearing instrument furnished, the cost of ear molds if any, and the terms of the sale. These costs, including the cost of ear molds, shall be known as the total purchase price. The receipt shall also contain a statement of the purchaser’s recision rights under this chapter and an acknowledgment that the purchaser has read and understands these rights. Upon request, the purchaser shall also be supplied with a signed and dated copy of any hearing evaluation performed by the seller. (4) At the time of delivery of the hearing instrument, the purchaser shall also be furnished with the serial number of the hearing instrument supplied. [2002 c 310 § 3; 1996 c 200 § 4; 1983 c 39 § 3; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 3.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.040 Applicants—Generally. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) An applicant for licensure as a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser must have the following minimum qualifications and shall pay a fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250. An applicant shall be issued a license under the provisions of this chapter if the applicant: (a)(i) Satisfactorily completes the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser examination required by this chapter; or (ii) Holds a current, unsuspended, unrevoked license from another jurisdiction if the standards for licensing in such other jurisdiction are substantially equivalent to those prevailing in this state; (b) After December 31, 1996, has at least six months of apprenticeship training that meets requirements established by the board. The board may waive part or all of the apprenticeship training in recognition of formal education in fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments or in recognition of previous licensure in Washington or in another state, territory, or the District of Columbia; (c) Is at least twenty-one years of age; and (d) Has not committed unprofessional conduct as specified by the uniform disciplinary act. The applicant must present proof of qualifications to the board in the manner and on forms prescribed by the secretary and proof of completion of a minimum of four clock hours of AIDS education and training pursuant to rules adopted by the board. (2) An applicant for certification as a speech-language pathologist or audiologist must have the following minimum qualifications: (a) Has not committed unprofessional conduct as specified by the uniform disciplinary act; (b) Has a master’s degree or the equivalent, or a doctorate degree or the equivalent, from a program at a board-approved institution of higher learning, which includes [Title 18 RCW—page 92] completion of a supervised clinical practicum experience as defined by rules adopted by the board; and (c) Has completed postgraduate professional work experience approved by the board. All qualified applicants must satisfactorily complete the speech-language pathology or audiology examinations required by this chapter. The applicant must present proof of qualifications to the board in the manner and on forms prescribed by the secretary and proof of completion of a minimum of four clock hours of AIDS education and training pursuant to rules adopted by the board. [1996 c 200 § 5; 1991 c 3 § 81; 1989 c 198 § 2; 1985 c 7 § 30; 1983 c 39 § 4; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 36; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 4.] 18.35.040 Applicants—Generally. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) An applicant for licensure as a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser must have the following minimum qualifications and shall pay a fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250. An applicant shall be issued a license under the provisions of this chapter if the applicant: (a)(i) Satisfactorily completes the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser examination required by this chapter; or (ii) Holds a current, unsuspended, unrevoked license from another jurisdiction if the standards for licensing in such other jurisdiction are substantially equivalent to those prevailing in this state; (b) Satisfactorily completes a minimum of a two-year degree program in hearing instrument fitter/dispenser instruction. The program must be approved by the board; and (c) Has not committed unprofessional conduct as specified by the uniform disciplinary act. The applicant must present proof of qualifications to the board in the manner and on forms prescribed by the secretary and proof of completion of a minimum of four clock hours of AIDS education and training pursuant to rules adopted by the board. (2) An applicant for licensure as a speech-language pathologist or audiologist must have the following minimum qualifications: (a) Has not committed unprofessional conduct as specified by the uniform disciplinary act; (b) Has a master’s degree or the equivalent, or a doctorate degree or the equivalent, from a program at a board-approved institution of higher learning, which includes completion of a supervised clinical practicum experience as defined by rules adopted by the board; and (c) Has completed postgraduate professional work experience approved by the board. All qualified applicants must satisfactorily complete the speech-language pathology or audiology examinations required by this chapter. The applicant must present proof of qualifications to the board in the manner and on forms prescribed by the secretary and proof of completion of a minimum of four clock hours of AIDS education and training pursuant to rules adopted by the board. [2002 c 310 § 4; 1998 c 142 § 3; 1996 c 200 § 5; 1991 c 3 § 81; 1989 c 198 § 2; 1985 c 7 § (2002 Ed.) Hearing and Speech Services 30; 1983 c 39 § 4; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 36; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 4.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.050 Examination—Required—When offered—Review. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter an applicant for license or certification shall appear at a time and place and before such persons as the department may designate to be examined by written or practical tests, or both. Examinations in hearing instrument fitting/dispensing, speech-language pathology, and audiology shall be held within the state at least once a year. The examinations shall be reviewed annually by the board and the department, and revised as necessary. The examinations shall include appropriate subject matter to ensure the competence of the applicant. Nationally recognized examinations in the fields of fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments, speech-language pathology, and audiology may be used to determine if applicants are qualified for licensure or certification. An applicant who fails an examination may apply for reexamination upon payment of a reexamination fee. The hearing instrument fitting/dispensing reexamination fee for hearing instrument fitter/dispensers and audiologists shall be set by the secretary under RCW 43.70.250. [1996 c 200 § 6; 1993 c 313 § 2; 1989 c 198 § 3; 1983 c 39 § 5; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 5.] 18.35.050 Examination—Required—When offered—Review. (Effective January 1, 2003.) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter an applicant for license shall appear at a time and place and before such persons as the department may designate to be examined by written or practical tests, or both. Examinations in hearing instrument fitting/dispensing, speech-language pathology, and audiology shall be held within the state at least once a year. The examinations shall be reviewed annually by the board and the department, and revised as necessary. The examinations shall include appropriate subject matter to ensure the competence of the applicant. Nationally recognized examinations in the fields of fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments, speech-language pathology, and audiology may be used to determine if applicants are qualified for licensure. An applicant who fails an examination may apply for reexamination upon payment of a reexamination fee. The hearing instrument fitting/dispensing reexamination fee for hearing instrument fitter/dispensers and audiologists shall be set by the secretary under RCW 43.70.250. [2002 c 310 § 5; 1996 c 200 § 6; 1993 c 313 § 2; 1989 c 198 § 3; 1983 c 39 § 5; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 5.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.060 Hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) The department shall issue a hearing instrument fitting/dispensing permit to any applicant who has shown to the satisfaction of the department that the applicant: (a) Is at least twenty-one years of age; (2002 Ed.) 18.35.040 (b) If issued a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit, would be employed and directly supervised in the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments by a person licensed or certified in good standing as a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or audiologist for at least two years unless otherwise approved by the board; (c) Has complied with administrative procedures, administrative requirements, and fees determined as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280; (d) Has not committed unprofessional conduct as specified by the uniform disciplinary act; and (e) Is a high school graduate or the equivalent. The provisions of RCW 18.35.030, 18.35.110, and 18.35.120 shall apply to any person issued a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit. Pursuant to the provisions of this section, a person issued a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit may engage in the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments without having first passed the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser examination provided under this chapter. (2) The hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit shall contain the names of the employer and the licensed or certified supervisor under this chapter who are employing and supervising the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder and those persons shall execute an acknowledgment of responsibility for all acts of the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder in connection with the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments. (3) A hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder may fit and dispense hearing instruments, but only if the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder is under the direct supervision of a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or certified audiologist under this chapter in a capacity other than as a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder. Direct supervision by a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or certified audiologist shall be required whenever the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder is engaged in the fitting or dispensing of hearing instruments during the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder’s employment. The board shall develop and adopt guidelines on any additional supervision or training it deems necessary. (4) The hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit expires one year from the date of its issuance except that on recommendation of the board the permit may be reissued for one additional year only. (5) No certified audiologist or licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser under this chapter may assume the responsibility for more than one hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder at any one time. (6) The department, upon approval by the board, shall issue an interim permit authorizing an applicant for speechlanguage pathologist certification or audiologist certification who, except for the postgraduate professional experience and the examination requirements, meets the academic and practicum requirements of RCW 18.35.040 to practice under interim permit supervision by a certified speech-language pathologist or certified audiologist. The interim permit is valid for a period of one year from date of issuance. The board shall determine conditions for the interim permit. [1997 c 275 § 3. Prior: 1996 c 200 § 7; 1996 c 191 § 19; [Title 18 RCW—page 93] 18.35.060 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 1993 c 313 § 3; 1991 c 3 § 82; 1985 c 7 § 31; 1983 c 39 § 6; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 37; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 6.] 18.35.060 Interim permit—Issuance. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The department, upon approval by the board, shall issue an interim permit authorizing an applicant for speech-language pathologist licensure or audiologist licensure who, except for the postgraduate professional experience and the examination requirements, meets the academic and practicum requirements of RCW 18.35.040(2) to practice under direct supervision. The interim permit is valid for a period of one year from date of issuance. The board shall determine conditions for the interim permit. [2002 c 310 § 6; 1998 c 142 § 4; 1997 c 275 § 3. Prior: 1996 c 200 § 7; 1996 c 191 § 19; 1993 c 313 § 3; 1991 c 3 § 82; 1985 c 7 § 31; 1983 c 39 § 6; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 37; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 6.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.070 Examination—Contents—Tests. The hearing instrument fitter/dispenser written or practical examination, or both, provided in RCW 18.35.050 shall consist of: (1) Tests of knowledge in the following areas as they pertain to the fitting of hearing instruments: (a) Basic physics of sound; (b) The human hearing mechanism, including the science of hearing and the causes and rehabilitation of abnormal hearing and hearing disorders; and (c) Structure and function of hearing instruments. (2) Tests of proficiency in the following areas as they pertain to the fitting of hearing instruments: (a) Pure tone audiometry, including air conduction testing and bone conduction testing; (b) Live voice or recorded voice speech audiometry, including speech reception threshold testing and speech discrimination testing; (c) Effective masking; (d) Recording and evaluation of audiograms and speech audiometry to determine hearing instrument candidacy; (e) Selection and adaptation of hearing instruments and testing of hearing instruments; and (f) Taking ear mold impressions. (3) Evidence of knowledge regarding the medical and rehabilitation facilities for children and adults that are available in the area served. (4) Evidence of knowledge of grounds for revocation or suspension of license under the provisions of this chapter. (5) Any other tests as the board may by rule establish. [1996 c 200 § 8; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 7.] 18.35.080 License—Certification—Generally. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) The department shall license or certify each qualified applicant who satisfactorily completes the required examinations for his or her profession and complies with administrative procedures and administrative requirements established pursuant to RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. (2) The board shall waive the examination and grant a speech-language pathology certificate to a person engaged in the profession of speech-language pathology in this state on June 6, 1996, if the board determines that the person meets commonly accepted standards for the profession, as defined by rules adopted by the board. Persons eligible for certification under this subsection must apply for a certificate before July 1, 1997. (3) The board shall waive the examinations and grant an audiology certificate to a person engaged in the profession of audiology in this state on June 6, 1996, if the board determines that the person meets the commonly accepted standards for the profession and has passed the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser examination. Persons eligible for certification under this subsection must apply for a certificate before July 1, 1997. (4) The board shall grant an audiology certificate to a person engaged in the profession of audiology, who has not been licensed as a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, but who meets the commonly accepted standards for the profession of audiology and graduated from a board-approved program after January 1, 1993, and has passed sections of the examination pertaining to RCW 18.35.070 (3), (4), and (5). Persons eligible for certification under this subsection must apply for a certificate before July 1, 1997. (5) Persons engaged in the profession of audiology who meet the commonly accepted standards for the profession of audiology and graduated from a board-approved program prior to January 1, 1993, and who have not passed the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser examination shall be granted a temporary audiology certificate (nondispensing) for a period of two years from June 6, 1996, during which time they must pass sections of the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser examination pertaining to RCW 18.35.070 (1)(c), (2)(e) and (f), (3), (4), and (5). The board may extend the term of the temporary certificate upon review. Persons eligible for certification under this subsection must apply for a certificate before July 1, 1997. [1997 c 275 § 4. Prior: 1996 c 200 § 9; 1996 c 191 § 20; 1991 c 3 § 83; 1989 c 198 § 4; 1985 c 7 § 32; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 38; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 8.] 18.35.080 License—Generally. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) The department shall license each qualified applicant who satisfactorily completes the required examinations for his or her profession and complies with administrative procedures and administrative requirements established pursuant to RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. (2) The board shall waive the requirements of RCW 18.35.040 and 18.35.050 and grant an audiology license to a person who on January 1, 2003, holds a current audiology certificate issued by the department. (3) The board shall waive the requirements of RCW 18.35.040 and 18.35.050 and grant a speech-language pathology license to a person who on January 1, 2003, holds a current speech-language pathology certificate issued by the department. [2002 c 310 § 7; 1997 c 275 § 4. Prior: 1996 c 200 § 9; 1996 c 191 § 20; 1991 c 3 § 83; 1989 c 198 § 4; 1985 c 7 § 32; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 38; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 8.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. [Title 18 RCW—page 94] (2002 Ed.) Hearing and Speech Services 18.35.085 Credentialing by endorsement. An applicant holding a credential in another state, territory, or the District of Columbia may be credentialed to practice in this state without examination if the board determines that the other state’s credentialing standards are substantially equivalent to the standards in this state. [1996 c 200 § 10; 1991 c 332 § 31.] Application to scope of practice—Captions not law—1991 c 332: See notes following RCW 18.130.010. 18.35.090 Compliance with administrative procedures, requirements—Display of license—Continuing education, competency standards. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) Each person who engages in practice under this chapter shall comply with administrative procedures and administrative requirements established under RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280 and shall keep the license, certificate, or permit conspicuously posted in the place of business at all times. The secretary may establish mandatory continuing education requirements and/or continued competency standards to be met by licensees or certificate or permit holders as a condition for license, certificate, or permit renewal. [1997 c 275 § 5. Prior: 1996 c 200 § 11; 1996 c 191 § 21; 1991 c 3 § 84; 1989 c 198 § 5; 1985 c 7 § 33; 1983 c 39 § 7; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 9.] 18.35.090 Compliance with administrative procedures, requirements—Display of license—Continuing education, competency standards. (Effective January 1, 2003.) Each person who engages in practice under this chapter shall comply with administrative procedures and administrative requirements established under RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280 and shall keep the license or interim permit conspicuously posted in the place of business at all times. The secretary may establish mandatory continuing education requirements and/or continued competency standards to be met by licensees or interim permit holders as a condition for license or interim permit renewal. [2002 c 310 § 8; 1998 c 142 § 5; 1997 c 275 § 5. Prior: 1996 c 200 § 11; 1996 c 191 § 21; 1991 c 3 § 84; 1989 c 198 § 5; 1985 c 7 § 33; 1983 c 39 § 7; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 9.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.095 Licensees—Inactive status. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) A hearing instrument fitter/dispenser licensed under this chapter and not actively practicing may be placed on inactive status by the department at the written request of the licensee. The board shall define by rule the conditions for inactive status licensure. In addition to the requirements of RCW 43.24.086, the licensing fee for a licensee on inactive status shall be directly related to the costs of administering an inactive license by the department. A hearing instrument fitter/dispenser on inactive status may be voluntarily placed on active status by notifying the department in writing, paying the remainder of the licensing fee for the licensing year, and complying with subsection (2) of this section. (2) Hearing instrument fitter/dispenser inactive licensees applying for active licensure shall comply with the follow(2002 Ed.) 18.35.085 ing: A licensee who has not fitted or dispensed hearing instruments for more than five years from the expiration of the licensee’s full fee license shall retake the practical or the written, or both, hearing instrument fitter/dispenser examinations required under this chapter and other requirements as determined by the board. Persons who have inactive status in this state but who are actively licensed and in good standing in any other state shall not be required to take the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser practical examination, but must submit an affidavit attesting to their knowledge of the current Washington Administrative Code rules and Revised Code of Washington statutes pertaining to the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments. (3) A speech-language pathologist or audiologist certified under this chapter and not actively practicing either speech-language pathology or audiology may be placed on inactive status by the department at the written request of the certificate holder. The board shall define by rule the conditions for inactive status certification. In addition to the requirements of RCW 43.24.086, the fee for a certificate on inactive status shall be directly related to the cost of administering an inactive certificate by the department. A person on inactive status may be voluntarily placed on active status by notifying the department in writing, paying the remainder of the fee for the year, and complying with subsection (4) of this section. (4) Speech-language pathologist or audiologist inactive certificate holders applying for active certification shall comply with requirements set forth by the board, which may include completion of continuing competency requirements and taking an examination. [1996 c 200 § 12; 1993 c 313 § 12.] 18.35.095 Licensees—Inactive status. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) A hearing instrument fitter/dispenser licensed under this chapter and not actively practicing may be placed on inactive status by the department at the written request of the licensee. The board shall define by rule the conditions for inactive status licensure. In addition to the requirements of RCW 43.24.086, the licensing fee for a licensee on inactive status shall be directly related to the costs of administering an inactive license by the department. A hearing instrument fitter/dispenser on inactive status may be voluntarily placed on active status by notifying the department in writing, paying the remainder of the licensing fee for the licensing year, and complying with subsection (2) of this section. (2) Hearing instrument fitter/dispenser inactive licensees applying for active licensure shall comply with the following: A licensee who has not fitted or dispensed hearing instruments for more than five years from the expiration of the licensee’s full fee license shall retake the practical or the written, or both, hearing instrument fitter/dispenser examinations required under this chapter and other requirements as determined by the board. Persons who have inactive status in this state but who are actively licensed and in good standing in any other state shall not be required to take the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser practical examination, but must submit an affidavit attesting to their knowledge of the [Title 18 RCW—page 95] 18.35.095 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions current Washington Administrative Code rules and Revised Code of Washington statutes pertaining to the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments. (3) A speech-language pathologist or audiologist licensed under this chapter and not actively practicing either speech-language pathology or audiology may be placed on inactive status by the department at the written request of the license holder. The board shall define by rule the conditions for inactive status licensure. In addition to the requirements of RCW 43.24.086, the fee for a license on inactive status shall be directly related to the cost of administering an inactive license by the department. A person on inactive status may be voluntarily placed on active status by notifying the department in writing, paying the remainder of the fee for the year, and complying with subsection (4) of this section. (4) Speech-language pathologist or audiologist inactive license holders applying for active licensure shall comply with requirements set forth by the board, which may include completion of continuing competency requirements and taking an examination. [2002 c 310 § 9; 1996 c 200 § 12; 1993 c 313 § 12.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.100 Place of business. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) Every hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, audiologist, speech-language pathologist, hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder, or interim permit holder, who is regulated under this chapter, shall notify the department in writing of the regular address of the place or places in the state of Washington where the person practices or intends to practice more than twenty consecutive business days and of any change thereof within ten days of such change. Failure to notify the department in writing shall be grounds for suspension or revocation of license, certificate, or permit. (2) The department shall keep a record of the places of business of persons who hold licenses, certificates, or permits. (3) Any notice required to be given by the department to a person who holds a license, certificate, or permit may be given by mailing it to the address of the last establishment or facility of which the person has notified the department, except that notice to a licensee or certificate or permit holder of proceedings to deny, suspend, or revoke the license, certificate, or permit shall be by certified or registered mail or by means authorized for service of process. [1996 c 200 § 13; 1983 c 39 § 8; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 10.] 18.35.100 Place of business. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) Every hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, audiologist, speech-language pathologist, or interim permit holder, who is regulated under this chapter, shall notify the department in writing of the regular address of the place or places in the state of Washington where the person practices or intends to practice more than twenty consecutive business days and of any change thereof within ten days of such change. Failure to notify the department in writing shall be grounds for suspension or revocation of the license or interim permit. (2) The department shall keep a record of the places of business of persons who hold licenses or interim permits. [Title 18 RCW—page 96] (3) Any notice required to be given by the department to a person who holds a license or interim permit may be given by mailing it to the address of the last establishment or facility of which the person has notified the department, except that notice to a licensee or interim permit holder of proceedings to deny, suspend, or revoke the license or interim permit shall be by certified or registered mail or by means authorized for service of process. [2002 c 310 § 10; 1998 c 142 § 6; 1996 c 200 § 13; 1983 c 39 § 8; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 10.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.105 Records—Contents. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) Each licensee and certificate and permit holder under this chapter shall keep records of all services rendered for a minimum of three years. These records shall contain the names and addresses of all persons to whom services were provided. Hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, audiologists, and permit holders shall also record the date the hearing instrument warranty expires, a description of the services and the dates the services were provided, and copies of any contracts and receipts. All records, as required pursuant to this chapter or by rule, shall be owned by the establishment or facility and shall remain with the establishment or facility in the event the licensee or certificate holder changes employment. If a contract between the establishment or facility and the licensee or certificate holder provides that the records are to remain with the licensee or certificate holder, copies of such records shall be provided to the establishment or facility. [1996 c 200 § 14; 1989 c 198 § 6; 1983 c 39 § 16.] 18.35.105 Records—Contents. (Effective January 1, 2003.) Each licensee and interim permit holder under this chapter shall keep records of all services rendered for a minimum of three years. These records shall contain the names and addresses of all persons to whom services were provided. Hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, audiologists, and interim permit holders shall also record the date the hearing instrument warranty expires, a description of the services and the dates the services were provided, and copies of any contracts and receipts. All records, as required pursuant to this chapter or by rule, shall be owned by the establishment or facility and shall remain with the establishment or facility in the event the licensee changes employment. If a contract between the establishment or facility and the licensee provides that the records are to remain with the licensee, copies of such records shall be provided to the establishment or facility. [2002 c 310 § 11; 1998 c 142 § 7; 1996 c 200 § 14; 1989 c 198 § 6; 1983 c 39 § 16.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.110 Disciplinary action—Grounds. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) In addition to causes specified under RCW 18.130.170 and 18.130.180, any person licensed or holding a permit or certificate under this chapter may be (2002 Ed.) Hearing and Speech Services subject to disciplinary action by the board for any of the following causes: (1) For unethical conduct in dispensing hearing instruments. Unethical conduct shall include, but not be limited to: (a) Using or causing or promoting the use of, in any advertising matter, promotional literature, testimonial, guarantee, warranty, label, brand, insignia, or any other representation, however disseminated or published, which is false, misleading or deceptive; (b) Failing or refusing to honor or to perform as represented any representation, promise, agreement, or warranty in connection with the promotion, sale, dispensing, or fitting of the hearing instrument; (c) Advertising a particular model, type, or kind of hearing instrument for sale which purchasers or prospective purchasers responding to the advertisement cannot purchase or are dissuaded from purchasing and where it is established that the purpose of the advertisement is to obtain prospects for the sale of a different model, type, or kind than that advertised; (d) Falsifying hearing test or evaluation results; (e)(i) Whenever any of the following conditions are found or should have been found to exist either from observations by the licensee or certificate or permit holder or on the basis of information furnished by the prospective hearing instrument user prior to fitting and dispensing a hearing instrument to any such prospective hearing instrument user, failing to advise that prospective hearing instrument user in writing that the user should first consult a licensed physician specializing in diseases of the ear or if no such licensed physician is available in the community then to any duly licensed physician: (A) Visible congenital or traumatic deformity of the ear, including perforation of the eardrum; (B) History of, or active drainage from the ear within the previous ninety days; (C) History of sudden or rapidly progressive hearing loss within the previous ninety days; (D) Acute or chronic dizziness; (E) Any unilateral hearing loss; (F) Significant air-bone gap when generally acceptable standards have been established as defined by the food and drug administration; (G) Visible evidence of significant cerumen accumulation or a foreign body in the ear canal; (H) Pain or discomfort in the ear; or (I) Any other conditions that the board may by rule establish. It is a violation of this subsection for any licensee or certificate holder or that licensee’s or certificate holder’s employees and putative agents upon making such required referral for medical opinion to in any manner whatsoever disparage or discourage a prospective hearing instrument user from seeking such medical opinion prior to the fitting and dispensing of a hearing instrument. No such referral for medical opinion need be made by any licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder in the instance of replacement only of a hearing instrument which has been lost or damaged beyond repair within twelve months of the date of purchase. The licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder or their employees or putative agents shall (2002 Ed.) 18.35.110 obtain a signed statement from the hearing instrument user documenting the waiver of medical clearance and the waiver shall inform the prospective user that signing the waiver is not in the user’s best health interest: PROVIDED, That the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder shall maintain a copy of either the physician’s statement showing that the prospective hearing instrument user has had a medical evaluation within the previous six months or the statement waiving medical evaluation, for a period of three years after the purchaser’s receipt of a hearing instrument. Nothing in this section required to be performed by a licensee or certificate or permit holder shall mean that the licensee or certificate or permit holder is engaged in the diagnosis of illness or the practice of medicine or any other activity prohibited under the laws of this state; (ii) Fitting and dispensing a hearing instrument to any person under eighteen years of age who has not been examined and cleared for hearing instrument use within the previous six months by a physician specializing in otolaryngology except in the case of replacement instruments or except in the case of the parents or guardian of such person refusing, for good cause, to seek medical opinion: PROVIDED, That should the parents or guardian of such person refuse, for good cause, to seek medical opinion, the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or certified audiologist shall obtain from such parents or guardian a certificate to that effect in a form as prescribed by the department; (iii) Fitting and dispensing a hearing instrument to any person under eighteen years of age who has not been examined by an audiologist who holds at least a master’s degree in audiology for recommendations during the previous six months, without first advising such person or his or her parents or guardian in writing that he or she should first consult an audiologist who holds at least a master’s degree in audiology, except in cases of hearing instruments replaced within twelve months of their purchase; (f) Representing that the services or advice of a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery under chapter 18.71 RCW or osteopathic medicine and surgery under chapter 18.57 RCW or of a clinical audiologist will be used or made available in the selection, fitting, adjustment, maintenance, or repair of hearing instruments when that is not true, or using the word "doctor," "clinic," or other like words, abbreviations, or symbols which tend to connote a medical or osteopathic medicine and surgery profession when such use is not accurate; (g) Permitting another to use his or her license, certificate, or permit; (h) Stating or implying that the use of any hearing instrument will restore normal hearing, preserve hearing, prevent or retard progression of a hearing impairment, or any other false, misleading, or medically or audiologically unsupportable claim regarding the efficiency of a hearing instrument; (i) Representing or implying that a hearing instrument is or will be "custom-made," "made to order," "prescription made," or in any other sense specially fabricated for an individual when that is not the case; or (j) Directly or indirectly offering, giving, permitting, or causing to be given, money or anything of value to any person who advised another in a professional capacity as an [Title 18 RCW—page 97] 18.35.110 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions inducement to influence that person, or to have that person influence others to purchase or contract to purchase any product sold or offered for sale by the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, audiologist, or permit holder, or to influence any person to refrain from dealing in the products of competitors. (2) Engaging in any unfair or deceptive practice or unfair method of competition in trade within the meaning of RCW 19.86.020. (3) Aiding or abetting any violation of the rebating laws as stated in chapter 19.68 RCW. [1996 c 200 § 15; 1996 c 178 § 1; 1993 c 313 § 4; 1987 c 150 § 22; 1983 c 39 § 9; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 11.] Reviser’s note: This section was amended by 1996 c 178 § 1 and by 1996 c 200 § 15, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1). Effective date—1996 c 178: "This act shall take effect July 1, 1996." [1996 c 178 § 25.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. Violation of chapter 69.50 RCW, the Uniform Controlled Substances Act— Suspension of license: RCW 69.50.413. 18.35.110 Disciplinary action—Grounds. (Effective January 1, 2003.) In addition to causes specified under RCW 18.130.170 and 18.130.180, any person licensed or holding an interim permit under this chapter may be subject to disciplinary action by the board for any of the following causes: (1) For unethical conduct in dispensing hearing instruments. Unethical conduct shall include, but not be limited to: (a) Using or causing or promoting the use of, in any advertising matter, promotional literature, testimonial, guarantee, warranty, label, brand, insignia, or any other representation, however disseminated or published, which is false, misleading or deceptive; (b) Failing or refusing to honor or to perform as represented any representation, promise, agreement, or warranty in connection with the promotion, sale, dispensing, or fitting of the hearing instrument; (c) Advertising a particular model, type, or kind of hearing instrument for sale which purchasers or prospective purchasers responding to the advertisement cannot purchase or are dissuaded from purchasing and where it is established that the purpose of the advertisement is to obtain prospects for the sale of a different model, type, or kind than that advertised; (d) Falsifying hearing test or evaluation results; (e)(i) Whenever any of the following conditions are found or should have been found to exist either from observations by the licensee or interim permit holder or on the basis of information furnished by the prospective hearing instrument user prior to fitting and dispensing a hearing instrument to any such prospective hearing instrument user, failing to advise that prospective hearing instrument user in writing that the user should first consult a licensed physician specializing in diseases of the ear or if no such licensed physician is available in the community then to any duly licensed physician: (A) Visible congenital or traumatic deformity of the ear, including perforation of the eardrum; [Title 18 RCW—page 98] (B) History of, or active drainage from the ear within the previous ninety days; (C) History of sudden or rapidly progressive hearing loss within the previous ninety days; (D) Acute or chronic dizziness; (E) Any unilateral hearing loss; (F) Significant air-bone gap when generally acceptable standards have been established as defined by the food and drug administration; (G) Visible evidence of significant cerumen accumulation or a foreign body in the ear canal; (H) Pain or discomfort in the ear; or (I) Any other conditions that the board may by rule establish. It is a violation of this subsection for any licensee or that licensee’s employees and putative agents upon making such required referral for medical opinion to in any manner whatsoever disparage or discourage a prospective hearing instrument user from seeking such medical opinion prior to the fitting and dispensing of a hearing instrument. No such referral for medical opinion need be made by any licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder in the instance of replacement only of a hearing instrument which has been lost or damaged beyond repair within twelve months of the date of purchase. The licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder or their employees or putative agents shall obtain a signed statement from the hearing instrument user documenting the waiver of medical clearance and the waiver shall inform the prospective user that signing the waiver is not in the user’s best health interest: PROVIDED, That the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder shall maintain a copy of either the physician’s statement showing that the prospective hearing instrument user has had a medical evaluation within the previous six months or the statement waiving medical evaluation, for a period of three years after the purchaser’s receipt of a hearing instrument. Nothing in this section required to be performed by a licensee or interim permit holder shall mean that the licensee or interim permit holder is engaged in the diagnosis of illness or the practice of medicine or any other activity prohibited under the laws of this state; (ii) Fitting and dispensing a hearing instrument to any person under eighteen years of age who has not been examined and cleared for hearing instrument use within the previous six months by a physician specializing in otolaryngology except in the case of replacement instruments or except in the case of the parents or guardian of such person refusing, for good cause, to seek medical opinion: PROVIDED, That should the parents or guardian of such person refuse, for good cause, to seek medical opinion, the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser or licensed audiologist shall obtain from such parents or guardian a certificate to that effect in a form as prescribed by the department; (iii) Fitting and dispensing a hearing instrument to any person under eighteen years of age who has not been examined by an audiologist who holds at least a master’s degree in audiology for recommendations during the previous six months, without first advising such person or his or her parents or guardian in writing that he or she should first consult an audiologist who holds at least a master’s degree (2002 Ed.) Hearing and Speech Services in audiology, except in cases of hearing instruments replaced within twelve months of their purchase; (f) Representing that the services or advice of a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery under chapter 18.71 RCW or osteopathic medicine and surgery under chapter 18.57 RCW or of a clinical audiologist will be used or made available in the selection, fitting, adjustment, maintenance, or repair of hearing instruments when that is not true, or using the word "doctor," "clinic," or other like words, abbreviations, or symbols which tend to connote a medical or osteopathic medicine and surgery profession when such use is not accurate; (g) Permitting another to use his or her license or interim permit; (h) Stating or implying that the use of any hearing instrument will restore normal hearing, preserve hearing, prevent or retard progression of a hearing impairment, or any other false, misleading, or medically or audiologically unsupportable claim regarding the efficiency of a hearing instrument; (i) Representing or implying that a hearing instrument is or will be "custom-made," "made to order," "prescription made," or in any other sense specially fabricated for an individual when that is not the case; or (j) Directly or indirectly offering, giving, permitting, or causing to be given, money or anything of value to any person who advised another in a professional capacity as an inducement to influence that person, or to have that person influence others to purchase or contract to purchase any product sold or offered for sale by the hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, audiologist, or interim permit holder, or to influence any person to refrain from dealing in the products of competitors. (2) Engaging in any unfair or deceptive practice or unfair method of competition in trade within the meaning of RCW 19.86.020. (3) Aiding or abetting any violation of the rebating laws as stated in chapter 19.68 RCW. [2002 c 310 § 12; 1998 c 142 § 8. Prior: 1996 c 200 § 15; 1996 c 178 § 1; 1993 c 313 § 4; 1987 c 150 § 22; 1983 c 39 § 9; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 11.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1996 c 178: "This act shall take effect July 1, 1996." [1996 c 178 § 25.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. Violation of chapter 69.50 RCW, the Uniform Controlled Substances Act— Suspension of license: RCW 69.50.413. 18.35.120 Disciplinary action—Additional grounds. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) A licensee or certificate or permit holder under this chapter may also be subject to disciplinary action if the licensee or certificate or permit holder: (1) Is found guilty in any court of any crime involving forgery, embezzlement, obtaining money under false pretenses, larceny, extortion, or conspiracy to defraud and ten years have not elapsed since the date of the conviction; or (2) Has a judgment entered against him or her in any civil action involving forgery, embezzlement, obtaining money under false pretenses, larceny, extortion, or conspira(2002 Ed.) 18.35.110 cy to defraud and five years have not elapsed since the date of the entry of the final judgment in the action, but a license or certificate shall not be issued unless the judgment debt has been discharged; or (3) Has a judgment entered against him or her under chapter 19.86 RCW and two years have not elapsed since the entry of the final judgment; but a license or certificate shall not be issued unless there has been full compliance with the terms of such judgment, if any. The judgment shall not be grounds for denial, suspension, nonrenewal, or revocation of a license or certificate unless the judgment arises out of and is based on acts of the applicant, licensee, certificate holder, or employee of the licensee or certificate holder; or (4) Commits unprofessional conduct as defined in RCW 18.130.180 of the uniform disciplinary act. [1996 c 200 § 17; 1983 c 39 § 10; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 12.] Penalties authorized: RCW 18.35.161. 18.35.120 Disciplinary action—Additional grounds. (Effective January 1, 2003.) A licensee or interim permit holder under this chapter may also be subject to disciplinary action if the licensee or interim permit holder: (1) Is found guilty in any court of any crime involving forgery, embezzlement, obtaining money under false pretenses, larceny, extortion, or conspiracy to defraud and ten years have not elapsed since the date of the conviction; or (2) Has a judgment entered against him or her in any civil action involving forgery, embezzlement, obtaining money under false pretenses, larceny, extortion, or conspiracy to defraud and five years have not elapsed since the date of the entry of the final judgment in the action, but a license shall not be issued unless the judgment debt has been discharged; or (3) Has a judgment entered against him or her under chapter 19.86 RCW and two years have not elapsed since the entry of the final judgment; but a license shall not be issued unless there has been full compliance with the terms of such judgment, if any. The judgment shall not be grounds for denial, suspension, nonrenewal, or revocation of a license unless the judgment arises out of and is based on acts of the applicant, licensee, or employee of the licensee; or (4) Commits unprofessional conduct as defined in RCW 18.130.180 of the uniform disciplinary act. [2002 c 310 § 13; 1998 c 142 § 9; 1996 c 200 § 17; 1983 c 39 § 10; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 12.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Penalties authorized: RCW 18.35.161. 18.35.140 Powers and duties of department. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The powers and duties of the department, in addition to the powers and duties provided under other sections of this chapter, are as follows: (1) To provide space necessary to carry out the examination set forth in RCW 18.35.070 of applicants for hearing instrument fitter/dispenser licenses or audiology certification. (2) To authorize all disbursements necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. (3) To require the periodic examination of testing equipment, as defined by the board, and to carry out the [Title 18 RCW—page 99] 18.35.140 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions periodic inspection of facilities or establishments of persons who are licensed or certified under this chapter, as reasonably required within the discretion of the department. (4) To appoint advisory committees as necessary. (5) To keep a record of proceedings under this chapter and a register of all persons licensed, certified, or holding permits under this chapter. The register shall show the name of every living licensee or permit holder for hearing instrument fitting/dispensing, every living certificate or interim permit holder for speech-language pathology, every living certificate or interim permit holder for audiology, with his or her last known place of residence and the date and number of his or her license, permit, or certificate. [1996 c 200 § 18; 1993 c 313 § 5; 1983 c 39 § 11; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 14.] 18.35.140 Powers and duties of department. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The powers and duties of the department, in addition to the powers and duties provided under other sections of this chapter, are as follows: (1) To provide space necessary to carry out the examination set forth in RCW 18.35.070 of applicants for hearing instrument fitter/dispenser licenses or audiology licenses. (2) To authorize all disbursements necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. (3) To require the periodic examination of testing equipment, as defined by the board, and to carry out the periodic inspection of facilities or establishments of persons who are licensed under this chapter, as reasonably required within the discretion of the department. (4) To appoint advisory committees as necessary. (5) To keep a record of proceedings under this chapter and a register of all persons licensed or holding interim permits under this chapter. The register shall show the name of every living licensee or interim permit holder for hearing instrument fitting/dispensing, every living licensee or interim permit holder for speech-language pathology, every living licensee or interim permit holder for audiology, with his or her last known place of residence and the date and number of his or her license or interim permit. [2002 c 310 § 14; 1998 c 142 § 10; 1996 c 200 § 18; 1993 c 313 § 5; 1983 c 39 § 11; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 14.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.150 Board of hearing and speech—Created— Membership—Qualifications—Terms—Vacancies— Meetings—Compensation—Travel expenses. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) There is created hereby the board of hearing and speech to govern the three separate professions: Hearing instrument fitting/dispensing, audiology, and speech-language pathology. The board shall consist of ten members to be appointed by the governor. (2) Members of the board shall be residents of this state. Three members shall represent the public and shall have an interest in the rights of consumers of health services, and shall not be or have been a member of, or married to a member of, another licensing board, a licensee of a health occupation board, an employee of a health facility, nor derive his or her primary livelihood from the provision of [Title 18 RCW—page 100] health services at any level of responsibility. Two members shall be hearing instrument fitter/dispensers who are licensed under this chapter, have at least five years of experience in the practice of hearing instrument fitting and dispensing, and must be actively engaged in fitting and dispensing within two years of appointment. Two members of the board shall be audiologists certified under this chapter who have at least five years of experience in the practice of audiology and must be actively engaged in practice within two years of appointment. Two members of the board shall be speechlanguage pathologists certified under this chapter who have at least five years of experience in the practice of speechlanguage pathology and must be actively engaged in practice within two years of appointment. One advisory nonvoting member shall be a medical physician licensed in the state of Washington. (3) The term of office of a member is three years. Of the initial appointments, one hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, one speech-language pathologist, one audiologist, and one consumer shall be appointed for a term of two years, and one hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, one speech-language pathologist, one audiologist, and two consumers shall be appointed for a term of three years. Thereafter, all appointments shall be made for expired terms. No member shall be appointed to serve more than two consecutive terms. A member shall continue to serve until a successor has been appointed. The governor shall either reappoint the member or appoint a successor to assume the member’s duties at the expiration of his or her predecessor’s term. A vacancy in the office of a member shall be filled by appointment for the unexpired term. (4) The chair shall rotate annually among the hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, speech-language pathologists, audiologists, and public members serving on the board. In the absence of the chair, the board shall appoint an interim chair. In event of a tie vote, the issue shall be brought to a second vote and the chair shall refrain from voting. (5) The board shall meet at least once each year, at a place, day and hour determined by the board, unless otherwise directed by a majority of board members. The board shall also meet at such other times and places as are requested by the department or by three members of the board. A quorum is a majority of the board. A hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, speech-language pathologist, and audiologist must be represented. Meetings of the board shall be open and public, except the board may hold executive sessions to the extent permitted by chapter 42.30 RCW. (6) Members of the board shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 and shall be reimbursed for their travel expenses in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. (7) The governor may remove a member of the board for cause at the recommendation of a majority of the board. [1996 c 200 § 19; 1993 c 313 § 6; 1989 c 198 § 7; 1984 c 287 § 33; 1983 c 39 § 12; 1975-’76 2nd ex.s. c 34 § 35; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 15.] Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. Effective date—Severability—1975-’76 2nd ex.s. c 34: See notes following RCW 2.08.115. Secretary of health or designee as ex officio member of health professional licensure and disciplinary boards: RCW 43.70.300. (2002 Ed.) Hearing and Speech Services 18.35.150 Board of hearing and speech—Created— Membership—Qualifications—Terms—Vacancies— Meetings—Compensation—Travel expenses. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) There is created hereby the board of hearing and speech to govern the three separate professions: Hearing instrument fitting/dispensing, audiology, and speechlanguage pathology. The board shall consist of ten members to be appointed by the governor. (2) Members of the board shall be residents of this state. Three members shall represent the public and shall have an interest in the rights of consumers of health services, and shall not be or have been a member of, or married to a member of, another licensing board, a licensee of a health occupation board, an employee of a health facility, nor derive his or her primary livelihood from the provision of health services at any level of responsibility. Two members shall be hearing instrument fitter/dispensers who are licensed under this chapter, have at least five years of experience in the practice of hearing instrument fitting and dispensing, and must be actively engaged in fitting and dispensing within two years of appointment. Two members of the board shall be audiologists licensed under this chapter who have at least five years of experience in the practice of audiology and must be actively engaged in practice within two years of appointment. Two members of the board shall be speechlanguage pathologists licensed under this chapter who have at least five years of experience in the practice of speechlanguage pathology and must be actively engaged in practice within two years of appointment. One advisory nonvoting member shall be a medical physician licensed in the state of Washington. (3) The term of office of a member is three years. Of the initial appointments, one hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, one speech-language pathologist, one audiologist, and one consumer shall be appointed for a term of two years, and one hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, one speech-language pathologist, one audiologist, and two consumers shall be appointed for a term of three years. Thereafter, all appointments shall be made for expired terms. No member shall be appointed to serve more than two consecutive terms. A member shall continue to serve until a successor has been appointed. The governor shall either reappoint the member or appoint a successor to assume the member’s duties at the expiration of his or her predecessor’s term. A vacancy in the office of a member shall be filled by appointment for the unexpired term. (4) The chair shall rotate annually among the hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, speech-language pathologists, audiologists, and public members serving on the board. In the absence of the chair, the board shall appoint an interim chair. In event of a tie vote, the issue shall be brought to a second vote and the chair shall refrain from voting. (5) The board shall meet at least once each year, at a place, day and hour determined by the board, unless otherwise directed by a majority of board members. The board shall also meet at such other times and places as are requested by the department or by three members of the board. A quorum is a majority of the board. A hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, speech-language pathologist, and audiologist must be represented. Meetings of the board shall be open and public, except the board may hold executive sessions to the extent permitted by chapter 42.30 RCW. (2002 Ed.) 18.35.150 (6) Members of the board shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 and shall be reimbursed for their travel expenses in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. (7) The governor may remove a member of the board for cause at the recommendation of a majority of the board. [2002 c 310 § 15; 1996 c 200 § 19; 1993 c 313 § 6; 1989 c 198 § 7; 1984 c 287 § 33; 1983 c 39 § 12; 1975-’76 2nd ex.s. c 34 § 35; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 15.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. Effective date—Severability—1975-’76 2nd ex.s. c 34: See notes following RCW 2.08.115. Secretary of health or designee as ex officio member of health professional licensure and disciplinary boards: RCW 43.70.300. 18.35.161 Board—Powers and duties. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The board shall have the following powers and duties: (1) To establish by rule such minimum standards and procedures in the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments as deemed appropriate and in the public interest; (2) To develop guidelines on the training and supervision of hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holders and to establish requirements regarding the extent of apprenticeship training and certification to the department; (3) To adopt any other rules necessary to implement this chapter and which are not inconsistent with it; (4) To develop, approve, and administer or supervise the administration of examinations to applicants for licensure and certification under this chapter; (5) To require a licensee or certificate or permit holder to make restitution to any individual injured by a violation of this chapter or chapter 18.130 RCW, the uniform disciplinary act. The authority to require restitution does not limit the board’s authority to take other action deemed appropriate and provided for in this chapter or chapter 18.130 RCW; (6) To pass upon the qualifications of applicants for licensure, certification, or permits and to certify to the secretary; (7) To recommend requirements for continuing education and continuing competency requirements as a prerequisite to renewing a license or certificate under this chapter; (8) To keep an official record of all its proceedings. The record is evidence of all proceedings of the board that are set forth in this record; (9) To adopt rules, if the board finds it appropriate, in response to questions put to it by professional health associations, hearing instrument fitter/dispensers or audiologists, speech-language pathologists, permit holders, and consumers in this state; and (10) To adopt rules relating to standards of care relating to hearing instrument fitter/dispensers or audiologists, including the dispensing of hearing instruments, and relating to speech-language pathologists, including dispensing of communication devices. [1996 c 200 § 20; 1993 c 313 § 7; 1987 c 150 § 23; 1983 c 39 § 13.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. [Title 18 RCW—page 101] 18.35.161 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.35.161 Board—Powers and duties. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The board shall have the following powers and duties: (1) To establish by rule such minimum standards and procedures in the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments as deemed appropriate and in the public interest; (2) To adopt any other rules necessary to implement this chapter and which are not inconsistent with it; (3) To develop, approve, and administer or supervise the administration of examinations to applicants for licensure under this chapter; (4) To require a licensee or interim permit holder to make restitution to any individual injured by a violation of this chapter or chapter 18.130 RCW, the uniform disciplinary act. The authority to require restitution does not limit the board’s authority to take other action deemed appropriate and provided for in this chapter or chapter 18.130 RCW; (5) To pass upon the qualifications of applicants for licensure or interim permits and to certify to the secretary; (6) To recommend requirements for continuing education and continuing competency requirements as a prerequisite to renewing a license under this chapter; (7) To keep an official record of all its proceedings. The record is evidence of all proceedings of the board that are set forth in this record; (8) To adopt rules, if the board finds it appropriate, in response to questions put to it by professional health associations, hearing instrument fitter/dispensers or audiologists, speech-language pathologists, interim permit holders, and consumers in this state; and (9) To adopt rules relating to standards of care relating to hearing instrument fitter/dispensers or audiologists, including the dispensing of hearing instruments, and relating to speech-language pathologists, including dispensing of communication devices. [2002 c 310 § 16; 1998 c 142 § 11; 1996 c 200 § 20; 1993 c 313 § 7; 1987 c 150 § 23; 1983 c 39 § 13.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.35.162 Unprofessional conduct. Violation of the standards adopted by rule under RCW 18.35.161 is unprofessional conduct under this chapter and chapter 18.130 RCW. [1996 c 200 § 21.] 18.35.172 Application of uniform disciplinary act. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, certificates, and permits, and the discipline of licensees and certificate and permit holders under this chapter. [1996 c 200 § 22; 1987 c 150 § 21.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.35.172 Application of uniform disciplinary act. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses and interim permits, and the discipline of licensees and permit holders under this chapter. [Title 18 RCW—page 102] [2002 c 310 § 17; 1998 c 142 § 12; 1996 c 200 § 22; 1987 c 150 § 21.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.35.175 Unlawful sales practices. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) It is unlawful to fit or dispense a hearing instrument to a resident of this state if the attempted sale or purchase is offered or made by telephone or mail order and there is no face-to-face contact to test or otherwise determine the needs of the prospective purchaser. This section does not apply to the sale of hearing instruments by wholesalers to licensees or certificate holders under this chapter. [1996 c 200 § 23; 1983 c 39 § 21.] 18.35.175 Unlawful sales practices. (Effective January 1, 2003.) It is unlawful to fit or dispense a hearing instrument to a resident of this state if the attempted sale or purchase is offered or made by telephone or mail order and there is no face-to-face contact to test or otherwise determine the needs of the prospective purchaser. This section does not apply to the sale of hearing instruments by wholesalers to licensees under this chapter. [2002 c 310 § 18; 1996 c 200 § 23; 1983 c 39 § 21.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.180 Application of Consumer Protection Act and False Advertising Act. Acts and practices in the course of trade in the promoting, advertising, selling, fitting, and dispensing of hearing instruments shall be subject to the provisions of chapter 19.86 RCW (Consumer Protection Act) and RCW 9.04.050 (False Advertising Act) and any violation of the provisions of this chapter shall constitute violation of RCW 19.86.020. [1996 c 200 § 24; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 18.] 18.35.185 Rescission of transaction— Requirements—Notice. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) In addition to any other rights and remedies a purchaser may have, the purchaser of a hearing instrument shall have the right to rescind the transaction for other than the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder’s breach if: (a) The purchaser, for reasonable cause, returns the hearing instrument or holds it at the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder’s disposal, if the hearing instrument is in its original condition less normal wear and tear. "Reasonable cause" shall be defined by the board but shall not include a mere change of mind on the part of the purchaser or a change of mind related to cosmetic concerns of the purchaser about wearing a hearing instrument; and (b) The purchaser sends notice of the cancellation by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the establishment employing the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder at the time the hearing instrument was originally purchased, and the notice is posted not later than thirty days following the date of delivery, but the purchaser and the licensed hearing instrument fit(2002 Ed.) Hearing and Speech Services ter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder may extend the deadline for posting of the notice of rescission by mutual, written agreement. In the event the hearing instrument develops a problem which qualifies as a reasonable cause for recision or which prevents the purchaser from evaluating the hearing instrument, and the purchaser notifies the establishment employing the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist or permit holder of the problem during the thirty days following the date of delivery and documents such notification, the deadline for posting the notice of rescission shall be extended by an equal number of days as those between the date of the notification of the problem to the date of notification of availability for redeliveries. Where the hearing instrument is returned to the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder for any inspection for modification or repair, and the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder has notified the purchaser that the hearing instrument is available for redelivery, and where the purchaser has not responded by either taking possession of the hearing instrument or instructing the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder to forward it to the purchaser, then the deadline for giving notice of the recision shall extend no more than seven working days after this notice of availability. (2) If the transaction is rescinded under this section or as otherwise provided by law and the hearing instrument is returned to the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder, the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder shall refund to the purchaser any payments or deposits for that hearing instrument. However, the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder may retain, for each hearing instrument, fifteen percent of the total purchase price or one hundred twentyfive dollars, whichever is less. After December 31, 1996, the recision amount shall be determined by the board. The licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder shall also return any goods traded in contemplation of the sale, less any costs incurred by the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, certified audiologist, or permit holder in making those goods ready for resale. The refund shall be made within ten business days after the rescission. The buyer shall incur no additional liability for such rescission. (3) For the purposes of this section, the purchaser shall have recourse against the bond held by the establishment entering into a purchase agreement with the buyer, as provided by RCW 18.35.240. [1996 c 200 § 25; 1993 c 313 § 9; 1989 c 198 § 12.] 18.35.185 Rescission of transaction— Requirements—Notice. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) In addition to any other rights and remedies a purchaser may have, the purchaser of a hearing instrument shall have the right to rescind the transaction for other than the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder’s breach if: (a) The purchaser, for reasonable cause, returns the hearing instrument or holds it at the licensed hearing (2002 Ed.) 18.35.185 instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder’s disposal, if the hearing instrument is in its original condition less normal wear and tear. "Reasonable cause" shall be defined by the board but shall not include a mere change of mind on the part of the purchaser or a change of mind related to cosmetic concerns of the purchaser about wearing a hearing instrument; and (b) The purchaser sends notice of the cancellation by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the establishment employing the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder at the time the hearing instrument was originally purchased, and the notice is posted not later than thirty days following the date of delivery, but the purchaser and the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder may extend the deadline for posting of the notice of rescission by mutual, written agreement. In the event the hearing instrument develops a problem which qualifies as a reasonable cause for recision or which prevents the purchaser from evaluating the hearing instrument, and the purchaser notifies the establishment employing the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder of the problem during the thirty days following the date of delivery and documents such notification, the deadline for posting the notice of rescission shall be extended by an equal number of days as those between the date of the notification of the problem to the date of notification of availability for redeliveries. Where the hearing instrument is returned to the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder for any inspection for modification or repair, and the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder has notified the purchaser that the hearing instrument is available for redelivery, and where the purchaser has not responded by either taking possession of the hearing instrument or instructing the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder to forward it to the purchaser, then the deadline for giving notice of the recision shall extend no more than seven working days after this notice of availability. (2) If the transaction is rescinded under this section or as otherwise provided by law and the hearing instrument is returned to the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder, the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder shall refund to the purchaser any payments or deposits for that hearing instrument. However, the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder may retain, for each hearing instrument, fifteen percent of the total purchase price or one hundred twenty-five dollars, whichever is less. After December 31, 1996, the recision amount shall be determined by the board. The licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder shall also return any goods traded in contemplation of the sale, less any costs incurred by the licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, licensed audiologist, or interim permit holder in making those goods ready for resale. The refund shall be made within ten business days after the rescission. The buyer shall incur no additional liability for such rescission. [Title 18 RCW—page 103] 18.35.185 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions (3) For the purposes of this section, the purchaser shall have recourse against the bond held by the establishment entering into a purchase agreement with the buyer, as provided by RCW 18.35.240. [2002 c 310 § 19; 1998 c 142 § 13; 1996 c 200 § 25; 1993 c 313 § 9; 1989 c 198 § 12.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.190 Valid license prerequisite to suits. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) In addition to remedies otherwise provided by law, in any action brought by or on behalf of a person required to be licensed or certified or to hold a permit hereunder, or by any assignee or transferee, it shall be necessary to allege and prove that the licensee or certificate or permit holder at the time of the transaction held a valid license, certificate, or permit as required by this chapter, and that such license, certificate, or permit has not been suspended or revoked pursuant to RCW 18.35.110, 18.35.120, or 18.130.160. [1996 c 200 § 26; 1989 c 198 § 8; 1987 c 150 § 24; 1983 c 39 § 14; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 19.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.35.195 Exemptions. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) This chapter shall not apply to military or federal government employees. (2) This chapter does not prohibit or regulate: (a) Fitting or dispensing by students enrolled in a boardapproved program who are directly supervised by a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, a licensed audiologist under the provisions of this chapter, or an instructor at a two-year hearing instrument fitter/dispenser degree program that is approved by the board; (b) Hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, speech-language pathologists, or audiologists of other states, territories, or countries, or the District of Columbia while appearing as clinicians of bona fide educational seminars sponsored by speech-language pathology, audiology, hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, medical, or other healing art professional associations so long as such activities do not go beyond the scope of practice defined by this chapter; and (c) The practice of audiology or speech-language pathology by persons certified by the state board of education as educational staff associates, except for those persons electing to be licensed under this chapter. [2002 c 310 § 21; 1998 c 142 § 15; 1996 c 200 § 27; 1983 c 39 § 22.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.190 Valid license prerequisite to suits. (Effective January 1, 2003.) In addition to remedies otherwise provided by law, in any action brought by or on behalf of a person required to be licensed or to hold an interim permit under this chapter, or by any assignee or transferee, it shall be necessary to allege and prove that the licensee or interim permit holder at the time of the transaction held a valid license or interim permit as required by this chapter, and that such license or interim permit has not been suspended or revoked pursuant to RCW 18.35.110, 18.35.120, or 18.130.160. [2002 c 310 § 20; 1998 c 142 § 14; 1996 c 200 § 26; 1989 c 198 § 8; 1987 c 150 § 24; 1983 c 39 § 14; 1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 19.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.35.195 Exemptions. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) This chapter shall not apply to military or federal government employees. (2) This chapter does not prohibit or regulate: (a) Fitting or dispensing by students enrolled in a boardapproved program who are directly supervised by a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, a certified audiologist under the provisions of this chapter, or an instructor at a two-year hearing instrument fitter/dispenser degree program that is approved by the board; and (b) Hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, speech-language pathologists, or audiologists of other states, territories, or countries, or the District of Columbia while appearing as clinicians of bona fide educational seminars sponsored by speech-language pathology, audiology, hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, medical, or other healing art professional associations so long as such activities do not go beyond the scope of practice defined by this chapter. [1998 c 142 § 15; 1996 c 200 § 27; 1983 c 39 § 22.] [Title 18 RCW—page 104] 18.35.200 Other laws unaffected. The provisions of this chapter shall not exclude the application of any other law to persons or circumstances covered under this chapter. [1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 20.] 18.35.205 Chapter exclusive. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The legislature finds that the public health, safety, and welfare would best be protected by uniform regulation of hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, speech-language pathologists, audiologists, and permit holders throughout the state. Therefore, the provisions of this chapter relating to the licensing or certification of hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, speech-language pathologists, and audiologists and regulation of permit holders and their respective establishments or facilities is exclusive. No political subdivision of the state of Washington within whose jurisdiction a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, audiologist, or speech-language pathologist establishment or facility is located may require any registrations, bonds, licenses, certificates, or permits of the establishment or facility or its employees or charge any fee for the same or similar purposes: PROVIDED, HOWEVER, That nothing herein shall limit or abridge the authority of any political subdivision to levy and collect a general and nondiscriminatory license fee levied on all businesses, or to levy a tax based upon the gross business conducted by any firm within the political subdivision. [1996 c 200 § 28; 1983 c 39 § 24.] 18.35.205 Chapter exclusive. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The legislature finds that the public health, safety, and welfare would best be protected by uniform regulation of hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, speech-language pathologists, audiologists, and interim permit holders throughout the state. Therefore, the provisions of this chapter relating to the licensing of hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, speech-language pathologists, and audiolo(2002 Ed.) Hearing and Speech Services gists and regulation of interim permit holders and their respective establishments or facilities is exclusive. No political subdivision of the state of Washington within whose jurisdiction a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser, audiologist, or speech-language pathologist establishment or facility is located may require any registrations, bonds, licenses, certificates, or interim permits of the establishment or facility or its employees or charge any fee for the same or similar purposes: PROVIDED, HOWEVER, That nothing herein shall limit or abridge the authority of any political subdivision to levy and collect a general and nondiscriminatory license fee levied on all businesses, or to levy a tax based upon the gross business conducted by any firm within the political subdivision. [2002 c 310 § 22; 1998 c 142 § 16; 1996 c 200 § 28; 1983 c 39 § 24.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.220 Violations—Cease and desist orders— Notice—Injunctions. (1) If the board determines following notice and hearing, or following notice if no hearing was timely requested, that a person has: (a) Violated any provisions of this chapter or chapter 18.130 RCW; or (b) Violated any lawful order, or rule of the board an order may be issued by the board requiring the person to cease and desist from the unlawful practice. The board shall then take affirmative action as is necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter. (2) If the board makes a written finding of fact that the public interest will be irreparably harmed by delay in issuing an order, a temporary cease and desist order may be issued. Prior to issuing a temporary cease and desist order, the board, whenever possible, shall give notice by telephone or otherwise of the proposal to issue a temporary cease and desist order to the person to whom the order would be directed. Every temporary cease and desist order shall include in its terms a provision that upon request a hearing will be held to determine whether the order becomes permanent. (3) The department, with or without prior administrative proceedings, may bring an action in the superior court to enjoin the acts or practices and to enforce compliance with this chapter, or rule or order under this chapter. Upon proper showing, injunctive relief or temporary restraining orders shall be granted and a receiver or conservator may be appointed. The department shall not be required to post a bond in any court proceedings. [1993 c 313 § 10; 1987 c 150 § 25; 1983 c 39 § 17.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.35.230 Violations—Registered agent—Service. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) Each licensee or certificate or permit holder shall name a registered agent to accept service of process for any violation of this chapter or rule adopted under this chapter. (2) The registered agent may be released at the expiration of one year after the license, certificate, or permit issued under this chapter has expired or been revoked. (2002 Ed.) 18.35.205 (3) Failure to name a registered agent for service of process for violations of this chapter or rules adopted under this chapter may be grounds for disciplinary action. [1996 c 200 § 29; 1989 c 198 § 9; 1983 c 39 § 19.] 18.35.230 Violations—Registered agent—Service. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) Each licensee or interim permit holder shall name a registered agent to accept service of process for any violation of this chapter or rule adopted under this chapter. (2) The registered agent may be released at the expiration of one year after the license or interim permit issued under this chapter has expired or been revoked. (3) Failure to name a registered agent for service of process for violations of this chapter or rules adopted under this chapter may be grounds for disciplinary action. [2002 c 310 § 23; 1998 c 142 § 17; 1996 c 200 § 29; 1989 c 198 § 9; 1983 c 39 § 19.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.240 Violations—Surety bond or security in lieu of surety bonds. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) Every individual engaged in the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments shall be covered by a surety bond of ten thousand dollars or more, for the benefit of any person injured or damaged as a result of any violation by the licensee, certificate or permit holder, or their employees or agents of any of the provisions of this chapter or rules adopted by the secretary. (2) In lieu of the surety bond required by this section, the licensee or certificate or permit holder may deposit cash or other negotiable security in a banking institution as defined in chapter 30.04 RCW or a credit union as defined in chapter 31.12 RCW. All obligations and remedies relating to surety bonds shall apply to deposits and security filed in lieu of surety bonds. (3) If a cash deposit or other negotiable security is filed, the licensee or certificate or permit holder shall maintain such cash or other negotiable security for one year after discontinuing the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments. (4) Each invoice for the purchase of a hearing instrument provided to a customer must clearly display on the first page the bond number covering the licensee or certificate or permit holder responsible for fitting/dispensing the hearing instrument. (5) All licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, certified audiologists, and permit holders must verify compliance with the requirement to hold a surety bond or cash or other negotiable security by submitting a signed declaration of compliance upon annual renewal of their license, certificate, or permit. Up to twenty-five percent of the credential holders may be randomly audited for surety bond compliance after the credential is renewed. It is the credential holder’s responsibility to submit a copy of the original surety bond or bonds, or documentation that cash or other negotiable security is held in a banking institution during the time period being audited. Failure to comply with the audit documentation request or failure to supply accept[Title 18 RCW—page 105] 18.35.240 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions able documentation within thirty days may result in disciplinary action. [2000 c 93 § 1; 1996 c 200 § 30; 1993 c 313 § 11; 1991 c 3 § 85; 1989 c 198 § 10; 1983 c 39 § 18.] Expiration date—2000 c 93 §§ 1 and 3: "Sections 1 and 3 of this act expire January 1, 2003." [2000 c 93 § 45.] 18.35.240 Violations—Surety bond or security in lieu of surety bonds. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) Every individual engaged in the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments shall be covered by a surety bond of ten thousand dollars or more, for the benefit of any person injured or damaged as a result of any violation by the licensee or permit holder, or their employees or agents, of any of the provisions of this chapter or rules adopted by the secretary. (2) In lieu of the surety bond required by this section, the licensee or permit holder may deposit cash or other negotiable security in a banking institution as defined in chapter 30.04 RCW or a credit union as defined in chapter 31.12 RCW. All obligations and remedies relating to surety bonds shall apply to deposits and security filed in lieu of surety bonds. (3) If a cash deposit or other negotiable security is filed, the licensee or permit holder shall maintain such cash or other negotiable security for one year after discontinuing the fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments. (4) Each invoice for the purchase of a hearing instrument provided to a customer must clearly display on the first page the bond number covering the licensee or interim permit holder responsible for fitting/dispensing the hearing instrument. (5) All licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispensers, licensed audiologists, and permit holders must verify compliance with the requirement to hold a surety bond or cash or other negotiable security by submitting a signed declaration of compliance upon annual renewal of their license or permit. Up to twenty-five percent of the credential holders may be randomly audited for surety bond compliance after the credential is renewed. It is the credential holder’s responsibility to submit a copy of the original surety bond or bonds, or documentation that cash or other negotiable security is held in a banking institution during the time period being audited. Failure to comply with the audit documentation request or failure to supply acceptable documentation within thirty days may result in disciplinary action. [2002 c 310 § 24; 2000 c 93 § 2; 1998 c 142 § 18; 1996 c 200 § 30; 1993 c 313 § 11; 1991 c 3 § 85; 1989 c 198 § 10; 1983 c 39 § 18.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—2000 c 93 §§ 2 and 4: "Sections 2 and 4 of this act take effect January 1, 2003." [2000 c 93 § 46.] Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.250 Violations—Remedies—Actions on bond or security. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) In addition to any other legal remedies, an action may be brought in any court of competent jurisdiction upon the bond, cash deposit, or security in lieu of a surety bond required by this chapter, by any person having a claim against a licensee or certificate or permit holder, agent, or employee for any violation of this chapter or any rule [Title 18 RCW—page 106] adopted under this chapter. The aggregate liability of the surety, cash deposit, or other negotiable security to all claimants shall in no event exceed the sum of the bond. Claims shall be satisfied in the order of judgment rendered. (2) An action upon the bond, cash deposit, or other negotiable security shall be commenced by serving and filing a complaint. [2000 c 93 § 3; 1996 c 200 § 31; 1991 c 3 § 86; 1989 c 198 § 11; 1983 c 39 § 20.] Expiration date—2000 c 93 §§ 1 and 3: See note following RCW 18.35.240. 18.35.250 Violations—Remedies—Actions on bond or security. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) In addition to any other legal remedies, an action may be brought in any court of competent jurisdiction upon the bond, cash deposit, or security in lieu of a surety bond required by this chapter, by any person having a claim against a licensee or interim permit holder, agent, or employee for any violation of this chapter or any rule adopted under this chapter. The aggregate liability of the surety, cash deposit, or other negotiable security to all claimants shall in no event exceed the sum of the bond. Claims shall be satisfied in the order of judgment rendered. (2) An action upon the bond, cash deposit, or other negotiable security shall be commenced by serving and filing a complaint. [2002 c 310 § 25; 2000 c 93 § 4; 1998 c 142 § 19; 1996 c 200 § 31; 1991 c 3 § 86; 1989 c 198 § 11; 1983 c 39 § 20.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—2000 c 93 §§ 2 and 4: See note following RCW 18.35.240. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.260 Misrepresentation of credentials. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) A person who is not licensed with the secretary as a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser under the requirements of this chapter may not represent himself or herself as being so licensed and may not use in connection with his or her name the words "licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser," "hearing instrument specialist," or "hearing aid fitter/dispenser," or a variation, synonym, word, sign, number, insignia, coinage, or whatever expresses, employs, or implies these terms, names, or functions of a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser. (2) A person who is not certified with the secretary as a speech-language pathologist under the requirements of this chapter may not represent himself or herself as being so certified and may not use in connection with his or her name the words including "certified speech-language pathologist" or a variation, synonym, word, sign, number, insignia, coinage, or whatever expresses, employs, or implies these terms, names, or functions as a certified speech-language pathologist. (3) A person who is not certified with the secretary as an audiologist under the requirements of this chapter may not represent himself or herself as being so certified and may not use in connection with his or her name the words "certified audiologist" or a variation, synonym, letter, word, sign, number, insignia, coinage, or whatever expresses, employs, or implies these terms, names, or functions of a certified audiologist. (2002 Ed.) Hearing and Speech Services (4) A person who does not hold a permit issued by the secretary as a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permittee under the requirements of this chapter may not represent himself or herself as being so permitted and may not use in connection with his or her name the words "hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder" or a variation, synonym, word, sign, number, insignia, coinage, or whatever expresses, employs, or implies these terms, names, or functions of a hearing instrument fitter/dispenser permit holder. (5) Nothing in this chapter prohibits a person credentialed in this state under another act from engaging in the practice for which he or she is credentialed. [1996 c 200 § 16.] 18.35.260 Misrepresentation of credentials. (Effective January 1, 2003.) (1) A person who is not a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser may not represent himself or herself as being so licensed and may not use in connection with his or her name the words "licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser," "hearing instrument specialist," or "hearing aid fitter/dispenser," or a variation, synonym, word, sign, number, insignia, coinage, or whatever expresses, employs, or implies these terms, names, or functions of a licensed hearing instrument fitter/dispenser. (2) A person who is not a licensed speech-language pathologist may not represent himself or herself as being so licensed and may not use in connection with his or her name the words including "licensed speech-language pathologist" or a variation, synonym, word, sign, number, insignia, coinage, or whatever expresses, employs, or implies these terms, names, or functions as a licensed speech-language pathologist. (3) A person who is not a licensed audiologist may not represent himself or herself as being so licensed and may not use in connection with his or her name the words "licensed audiologist" or a variation, synonym, letter, word, sign, number, insignia, coinage, or whatever expresses, employs, or implies these terms, names, or functions of a licensed audiologist. (4) Nothing in this chapter prohibits a person credentialed in this state under another act from engaging in the practice for which he or she is credentialed. [2002 c 310 § 26; 1998 c 142 § 20; 1996 c 200 § 16.] Effective date—2002 c 310: See note following RCW 18.35.010. Effective date—1998 c 142 §§ 1-14 and 16-20: See note following RCW 18.35.010. 18.35.270 Assistant ratios—Data collection. Recognizing the trend in utilization of speech-language pathologist assistants and audiologist assistants across practice settings, the board of hearing and speech shall, on an ongoing basis, collect data on: The number of assistants in specific practice settings; supervisor to speech-language pathologist assistant or audiologist assistant ratios; and the level of education and training of speech-language pathologist assistants and audiologist assistants. [1996 c 200 § 35.] 18.35.900 Severability—1973 1st ex.s. c 106. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the (2002 Ed.) 18.35.260 application of the provisions to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1973 1st ex.s. c 106 § 21.] 18.35.901 Severability—1983 c 39. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1983 c 39 § 23.] 18.35.902 Severability—1996 c 200. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1996 c 200 § 36.] Chapter 18.36 DRUGLESS HEALING Sections 18.36.035 License required. 18.36.035 License required. No person may practice or represent himself or herself as a drugless therapist without first having a valid license to do so. [1987 c 150 § 28.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. Chapter 18.36A NATUROPATHY Sections 18.36A.010 18.36A.020 18.36A.030 18.36A.040 18.36A.050 18.36A.060 18.36A.070 18.36A.080 18.36A.090 18.36A.100 18.36A.110 18.36A.120 18.36A.130 18.36A.140 18.36A.900 18.36A.901 Intent. Definitions. License required. Scope of practice. Application of chapter—Exemptions. Powers of secretary—Application of uniform disciplinary act. Naturopathic advisory committee. Civil immunity. Requirements for licensure. Standards for approval of educational programs. Examination for licensure. License standards for applicants from other jurisdictions— Reciprocity. Compliance with secretary’s determinations. Fee for renewal, late renewal. Effective date—1987 c 447 §§ 1-14. Severability—1987 c 447. 18.36A.010 Intent. The legislature finds that it is necessary to regulate the practice of naturopaths in order to protect the public health, safety, and welfare. It is the legislature’s intent that only individuals who meet and maintain minimum standards of competence and conduct may provide service to the public. [1987 c 447 § 1.] 18.36A.020 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Department" means the department of health. (2) "Secretary" means the secretary of health or the secretary’s designee. [Title 18 RCW—page 107] 18.36A.020 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions (3) "Naturopath" means an individual licensed under this chapter. (4) "Committee" means the Washington state naturopathic practice advisory committee. (5) "Educational program" means a program preparing persons for the practice of naturopathy. (6) "Nutrition and food science" means the prevention and treatment of disease or other human conditions through the use of foods, water, herbs, roots, bark, or natural food elements. (7) "Manual manipulation" or "mechanotherapy" means manipulation of a part or the whole of the body by hand or by mechanical means. (8) "Physical modalities" means use of physical, chemical, electrical, and other noninvasive modalities including, but not limited to heat, cold, air, light, water in any of its forms, sound, massage, and therapeutic exercise. (9) "Homeopathy" means a system of medicine based on the use of infinitesimal doses of medicines capable of producing symptoms similar to those of the disease treated, as listed in the homeopathic pharmacopeia of the United States. (10) "Medicines of mineral, animal, and botanical origin" means medicines derived from animal organs, tissues, and oils, minerals, and plants administered orally and topically, excluding legend drugs with the following exceptions: Vitamins, minerals, whole gland thyroid, and substances as exemplified in traditional botanical and herbal pharmacopoeia, and nondrug contraceptive devices excluding interuterine devices. The use of intermuscular injections are limited to vitamin B-12 preparations and combinations when clinical and/or laboratory evaluation has indicated vitamin B-12 deficiency. The use of controlled substances is prohibited. (11) "Hygiene and immunization" means the use of such preventative techniques as personal hygiene, asepsis, public health, and immunizations, to the extent allowed by rule. (12) "Minor office procedures" means care incident thereto of superficial lacerations and abrasions, and the removal of foreign bodies located in superficial structures, not to include the eye; and the use of antiseptics and topical local anesthetics in connection therewith. (13) "Common diagnostic procedures" means the use of venipuncture to withdraw blood, commonly used diagnostic modalities consistent with naturopathic practice, health history taking, physical examination, radiography, examination of body orifices excluding endoscopy, and laboratory medicine which obtains samples of human tissue products, including superficial scrapings but excluding procedures which would require surgical incision. (14) "Suggestion" means techniques including but not limited to counseling, biofeedback, and hypnosis. (15) "Radiography" means the ordering but not the interpretation of radiographic diagnostic studies and the taking and interpretation of standard radiographs. [1991 c 3 § 87; 1987 c 447 § 4.] 18.36A.030 License required. (1) No person may practice naturopathy or represent himself or herself as a naturopath without first applying for and receiving a license from the secretary to practice naturopathy. [Title 18 RCW—page 108] (2) A person represents himself or herself as a naturopath when that person adopts or uses any title or any description of services that incorporates one or more of the following terms or designations: Naturopath or doctor of naturopathic medicine. [1991 c 3 § 88; 1987 c 447 § 2.] 18.36A.040 Scope of practice. Naturopathic medicine or naturopathy is the practice by naturopaths of the art and science of the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of disorders of the body by stimulation or support, or both, of the natural processes of the human body. A naturopath is responsible and accountable to the consumer for the quality of naturopathic care rendered. The practice of naturopathy includes manual manipulation (mechanotherapy), the prescription, administration, dispensing, and use, except for the treatment of malignancies or neoplastic disease, of nutrition and food science, physical modalities, homeopathy, certain medicines of mineral, animal, and botanical origin, hygiene and immunization, common diagnostic procedures, and suggestion; however, nothing in this chapter shall prohibit consultation and treatment of a patient in concert with a practitioner licensed under chapter 18.57 or 18.71 RCW. No person licensed under this chapter may employ the term "chiropractic" to describe any services provided by a naturopath under this chapter. [1991 c 3 § 89; 1988 c 246 § 1; 1987 c 447 § 3.] 18.36A.050 Application of chapter—Exemptions. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit or restrict: (1) The practice of a profession by individuals who are licensed, certified, or registered under other laws of this state who are performing services within their authorized scope of practice; (2) The practice of naturopathic medicine by an individual employed by the government of the United States while the individual is engaged in the performance of duties prescribed for him or her by the laws and regulations of the United States; (3) The practice of naturopathic medicine by students enrolled in a school approved by the secretary. The performance of services shall be pursuant to a course of instruction or assignments from an instructor and under the supervision of the instructor. The instructor shall be a naturopath licensed pursuant to this chapter; or (4) The practice of oriental medicine or oriental herbology, or the rendering of other dietary or nutritional advice. [1991 c 3 § 90; 1987 c 447 § 5.] 18.36A.060 Powers of secretary—Application of uniform disciplinary act. (1) In addition to any other authority provided by law, the secretary may: (a) Adopt rules, in accordance with chapter 34.05 RCW, necessary to implement this chapter; (b) Set all license, examination, and renewal fees in accordance with RCW 43.70.250; (c) Establish forms and procedures necessary to administer this chapter; (d) Determine the minimum education and experience requirements for licensure in conformance with RCW (2002 Ed.) Naturopathy 18.36A.090, including but not limited to approval of educational programs; (e) Prepare and administer or approve the preparation and administration of examinations for licensure; (f) Issue a license to any applicant who has met the education, training, and examination requirements for licensure and deny a license to applicants who do not meet the minimum qualifications for licensure; except that denial of licenses based on unprofessional conduct or impaired practice shall be governed by the uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW; (g) Hire clerical, administrative, and investigative staff as needed to implement and administer this chapter and to hire individuals, including those licensed under this chapter, to serve as examiners or consultants as necessary to implement and administer this chapter; (h) Maintain the official department record of all applicants and licensees; (i) Determine whether alternative methods of training are equivalent to formal education, and establish forms, procedures, and criteria for evaluation of an applicant’s equivalent alternative training to determine the applicant’s eligibility to take the examination; (j) Establish by rule the procedures for an appeal of examination failure; (k) Conduct a hearing on an appeal of a denial of a license based on the applicant’s failure to meet the minimum qualifications for licensure. The hearing shall be conducted pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW; and (l) Adopt rules implementing a continuing competency program. (2) The uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. The secretary shall be the disciplining authority under this chapter. [1991 c 3 § 91; 1987 c 447 § 6.] 18.36A.070 Naturopathic advisory committee. (1) There is hereby created the Washington state naturopathic advisory committee consisting of five members appointed by the secretary who shall advise the secretary concerning the administration of this chapter. Three members of the initial committee shall be persons who would qualify for licensing under this chapter. Their successors shall be naturopaths who are licensed under this chapter. Two members of the committee shall be individuals who are unaffiliated with the profession. For the initial committee, one unaffiliated member and one naturopath shall serve four-year terms, one unaffiliated member and one naturopath shall serve threeyear terms, and one naturopath shall serve a two-year term. The term of office for committee members after the initial committee is four years. Any committee member may be removed for just cause including a finding of fact of unprofessional conduct, impaired practice, or more than three unexcused absences. The secretary may appoint a new member to fill any vacancy on the committee for the remainder of the unexpired term. No committee member may serve more than two consecutive terms, whether full or partial. (2002 Ed.) 18.36A.060 (2) Committee members shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 and reimbursed for travel expenses in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. (3) The committee may elect annually a chair and vicechair to direct the meetings of the committee. The committee shall meet at least once each year, and may hold additional meetings as called by the secretary or the chair. [1991 c 3 § 92; 1987 c 447 § 7.] 18.36A.080 Civil immunity. The secretary, members of the committee, or individuals acting on their behalf, are immune from suit in any civil action based on any act performed in the course of their duties. [1991 c 3 § 93; 1987 c 447 § 8.] 18.36A.090 Requirements for licensure. The department shall issue a license to any applicant who meets the following requirements: (1) Successful completion of an educational program approved by the secretary, the minimum standard of which shall be the successful completion of a doctorate degree program in naturopathy which includes a minimum of two hundred post-graduate hours in the study of mechanotherapy from an approved educational program, or successful completion of equivalent alternate training that meets the criteria established by the secretary. The requirement for two hundred post-graduate hours in the study of mechanotherapy shall expire June 30, 1989; (2) Successful completion of any equivalent experience requirement established by the secretary; (3) Successful completion of an examination administered or approved by the secretary; (4) Good moral character; and (5) Not having engaged in unprofessional conduct or being unable to practice with reasonable skill and safety as a result of a physical or mental impairment. The secretary shall establish what constitutes adequate proof of meeting the above requirements. Any person holding a valid license to practice drugless therapeutics under chapter 18.36 RCW upon January 1, 1988, shall be deemed licensed pursuant to this chapter. [1991 c 3 § 94; 1987 c 447 § 9.] 18.36A.100 Standards for approval of educational programs. The secretary shall establish by rule the standards for approval of educational programs and alternate training and may contract with individuals or organizations having expertise in the profession and/or in education to report to the secretary the information necessary for the secretary to evaluate the educational programs. The standards for approval shall be based on the minimal competencies necessary for safe practice. The standards and procedures for approval shall apply equally to educational programs and equivalent alternate training within the United States and those in foreign jurisdictions. The secretary may establish a fee for educational program evaluation. The fee shall be determined by the administrative costs for the educational program evaluation, including, but not limited to, costs for site evaluation. [1991 c 3 § 95; 1987 c 447 § 10.] [Title 18 RCW—page 109] 18.36A.110 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.36A.110 Examination for licensure. (1) The date and location of the examination shall be established by the secretary. Applicants who have been found to meet the education and experience requirements for licensure shall be scheduled for the next examination following the filing of the application. The secretary shall establish by rule the examination application deadline. (2) The examination shall contain subjects appropriate to the standards of competency and scope of practice. (3) The secretary shall establish by rule the requirements for a reexamination if the applicant has failed the examination. (4) The committee may recommend to the secretary an examination prepared or administered, or both, by a private testing agency or association of licensing boards. [1991 c 3 § 96; 1987 c 447 § 11.] 18.39.120 18.39.130 18.39.145 18.39.148 18.39.150 18.39.170 18.39.173 18.39.175 18.39.181 18.39.195 18.39.215 18.39.217 18.36A.120 License standards for applicants from other jurisdictions—Reciprocity. The secretary shall establish by rule the standards for licensure of applicants licensed in another jurisdiction. However, the standards for reciprocity of licensure shall not be less than required for licensure in the state of Washington. [1991 c 3 § 97; 1987 c 447 § 12.] 18.36A.130 Compliance with secretary’s determinations. Applicants shall comply with administrative procedures, administrative requirements, and fees determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 22; 1991 c 3 § 98; 1987 c 447 § 13.] 18.36A.140 Fee for renewal, late renewal. The secretary shall establish the administrative procedures, administrative requirements, and fees for renewal and late renewal of licenses as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 23; 1991 c 3 § 99; 1987 c 447 § 14.] 18.36A.900 Effective date—1987 c 447 §§ 1-14. Sections 1 through 14 of this act shall take effect January 1, 1988. [1987 c 447 § 20.] 18.36A.901 Severability—1987 c 447. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1987 c 447 § 25.] Chapter 18.39 EMBALMERS—FUNERAL DIRECTORS Sections 18.39.010 18.39.020 18.39.035 18.39.045 18.39.050 18.39.070 18.39.100 Definitions. License required. Applicant for license as funeral director or embalmer— Eligibility. College course requirements. Application—Renewal—Fees. Examinations—Applications—Notice—Passing grades— Retake of examination. License—Form—Restrictions. [Title 18 RCW—page 110] 18.39.220 18.39.231 18.39.240 18.39.250 18.39.255 18.39.260 18.39.270 18.39.280 18.39.290 18.39.300 18.39.320 18.39.330 18.39.345 18.39.350 18.39.360 18.39.370 18.39.400 18.39.410 18.39.420 18.39.430 18.39.440 18.39.450 18.39.460 18.39.465 18.39.467 18.39.470 18.39.480 18.39.490 18.39.500 18.39.510 18.39.520 18.39.530 18.39.540 18.39.550 18.39.560 18.39.800 18.39.900 18.39.901 Apprentices—Registration—Renewal—Notice of termination—Fees. Licenses—Applicants from other states—Examination. Funeral establishment license—Issuance—Requirements— Transferability—Expiration. Funeral establishment license—Cancellation—Hearing. License lapse—Reinstatement—Fee—Reexamination. Inspector of funeral directors and embalmers— Appointment—Eligibility—Term—Powers and duties. Board of funeral directors and embalmers—Established— Membership—Appointment—Qualifications—Terms— Vacancies—Officers—Quorum. Board—Duties and responsibilities—Compensation—Travel expenses—Rules. Powers and duties of director. Pricing information to be given—Billing "cash advanced" items. Embalmers—Authorization required—Exception— Information required—Immediate care of body— Waiver—Penalty. Permit or endorsement required for cremation—Penalty— Regulation of crematories. Unlawful business practices—Penalty. Prohibited advice and transactions—Exceptions—Rules— Penalty. Prearrangement funeral service contracts—License required. Prearrangement contracts—Trusts—Refunds. Prearrangement contracts—Insurance funded—Requirements. Prearrangement contracts—Certificates of registration required—Exception. Prearrangement contracts—Registration qualifications. Prearrangement contracts—Application for registration. Prearrangement contracts—Registration—Renewal—Fees— Disposition. Prearrangement contracts—Grounds for disciplinary action. Prearrangement contracts—Annual financial statement— Failure to file. Prearrangement contract forms—Approval required— Grounds for disapproval. Prearrangement trust—Examination by board. Violations—Penalty—Consumer protection—Retail installment contracts. Fraternal or benevolent organizations and labor unions excepted. Prearrangement service contracts—Abandoned trusts. Disciplinary authority of board—Rules. Unprofessional conduct. Complaint to board—Submittal—Determination— Investigation—Immunity of complainant. Statement of charge of violation—Notice—Hearing. Hearings—Procedures—Administrative Procedure Act. Findings of fact—Order—Notice—Report. Actions against license—Exceptions. License suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. License suspension—Noncompliance with support order— Reissuance. Order—When effective—Stay. Appeal. Reinstatement—Hearings—Examination. Finding of unprofessional conduct—Order—Sanctions— Stay—Costs. Informal disposal—Statement of allegations—Summary of evidence—Stipulation—Sanctions—Disclosure— Enforcement. Enforcement of fine. Practice without license—Investigation of complaint— Temporary cease and desist order—Injunction— Penalties. Violation of injunction—Penalties. Crime by license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder—Notice by board. Uniform regulation of business and professions act. Funeral directors and embalmers account. Severability—1937 c 108. Severability—1982 c 66. (2002 Ed.) Embalmers—Funeral Directors Burial and removal permits: RCW 70.58.230. Cemeteries, morgues and human remains: Title 68 RCW. Disposal of remains prohibited unless accompanied by proper permit: RCW 70.58.260. Prearrangement contracts for cemeteries: Chapter 68.46 RCW. Undertaker must file death certificate: RCW 70.58.240. 18.39.010 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter. (1) "Funeral director" means a person engaged in the profession or business of conducting funerals and supervising or directing the burial and disposal of dead human bodies. (2) "Embalmer" means a person engaged in the profession or business of disinfecting, preserving or preparing for disposal or transportation of dead human bodies. (3) "Two-year college course" means the completion of sixty semester hours or ninety quarter hours of college credit, including the satisfactory completion of certain college courses, as set forth in this chapter. (4) "Funeral establishment" means a place of business licensed in accordance with RCW 18.39.145, conducted at a specific street address or location, and devoted to the care and preparation for burial or disposal of dead human bodies and includes all areas of such business premises and all tools, instruments, and supplies used in preparation and embalming of dead human bodies for burial or disposal. (5) "Director" means the director of licensing. (6) "Board" means the state board of funeral directors and embalmers created pursuant to RCW 18.39.173. (7) "Prearrangement funeral service contract" means any contract under which, for a specified consideration, a funeral establishment promises, upon the death of the person named or implied in the contract, to furnish funeral merchandise or services. (8) "Funeral merchandise or services" means those services normally performed and merchandise normally provided by funeral establishments, including the sale of burial supplies and equipment, but excluding the sale by a cemetery of lands or interests therein, services incidental thereto, markers, memorials, monuments, equipment, crypts, niches, or vaults. (9) "Qualified public depositary" means a public depositary defined by RCW 39.58.010, a credit union as governed by chapter 31.12 RCW, a mutual savings bank as governed by Title 32 RCW, a savings and loan association as governed by Title 33 RCW, or a federal credit union or a federal savings and loan association organized, operated, and governed by any act of congress, in which prearrangement funeral service contract funds are deposited by any funeral establishment. Words used in this chapter importing the singular may be applied to the plural of the person or thing, words importing the plural may be applied to the singular, and words importing the masculine gender may be applied to the female. [2000 c 171 § 10; 1989 c 390 § 1; 1982 c 66 § 1; 1981 c 43 § 1; 1979 c 158 § 39; 1977 ex.s. c 93 § 1; 1965 ex.s. c 107 § 1; 1937 c 108 § 1; RRS § 8313.] Effective dates—1982 c 66: See note following RCW 18.39.240. Number and gender: RCW 1.12.050. (2002 Ed.) Chapter 18.39 18.39.020 License required. It is a violation of RCW 18.130.190 for any person to act or hold himself out as a funeral director or embalmer or discharge any of the duties of a funeral director or embalmer as defined in this chapter unless the person has a valid license under this chapter. It is unlawful for any person to open up, maintain or operate a funeral establishment without a valid establishment license and without having at all times at least one funeral director to supervise and direct the business conducted therefrom. [1987 c 150 § 30; 1981 c 43 § 2; 1937 c 108 § 2; RRS § 8314-1. Prior: 1909 c 215 § 1. Formerly RCW 18.39.020 and 18.39.110.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. 18.39.035 Applicant for license as funeral director or embalmer—Eligibility. (1) An applicant for a license as a funeral director shall be at least eighteen years of age, of good moral character, and must have obtained an associate of arts degree in mortuary science or completed a course of not less than two years in an accredited college, and a oneyear course of training under a licensed funeral director in this state. The applicant must also pass an examination in the funeral arts and an examination in the laws of this state pertaining to the handling, care, transportation, and disposition of human remains and the contents of this chapter. (2) An applicant for a license as an embalmer must be at least eighteen years of age, of good moral character, and have obtained an associate of arts degree in mortuary science or completed a course of instruction in an accredited mortuary science college program and other college courses that total sixty semester hours or ninety quarter hours, completed a two-year course of training under a licensed embalmer in this state, and have passed an examination in the funeral sciences and an examination in the laws of this state pertaining to the handling, care, transportation, and disposition of human remains, and the contents of this chapter. [1996 c 217 § 1; 1981 c 43 § 3.] 18.39.045 College course requirements. (1) The two-year college course required for funeral directors under this chapter shall consist of sixty semester or ninety quarter hours of instruction at a school, college, or university accredited by the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges or other accrediting association approved by the board, with a minimum 2.0 grade point, or a grade of C or better, in each subject required by subsection (2) of this section. (2) Credits shall include one course in psychology, one in mathematics, two courses in English composition and rhetoric, two courses in social science, and three courses selected from the following subjects: Behavioral sciences, public speaking, counseling, business administration and management, and first aid. (3) This section does not apply to any person registered and in good standing as an apprentice funeral director or embalmer on or before January 1, 1982. [1996 c 217 § 2; 1982 c 66 § 20; 1981 c 43 § 4.] Effective dates—1982 c 66: See note following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.050 Application—Renewal—Fees. Every application for an initial license or a license renewal under [Title 18 RCW—page 111] 18.39.050 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions this chapter shall be made in writing on a form prescribed by the director with such information as the director requires. The director shall set license fees in accordance with RCW 43.24.086. [1985 c 7 § 37; 1982 c 66 § 21; 1981 c 43 § 5; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 42; 1971 ex.s. c 266 § 8; 1937 c 108 § 6; RRS § 8318-1. Formerly RCW 18.39.050, 18.39.060, and 18.39.140.] Effective dates—1982 c 66: See note following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.070 Examinations—Applications—Notice— Passing grades—Retake of examination. (1) License examinations shall be held by the director at least once each year at a time and place to be designated by the director. Application to take an examination shall be filed with the director at least forty-five days prior to the examination date and the department shall give each applicant notice of the time and place of the next examination by written notice mailed to the applicant’s address as given upon his or her application not later than fifteen days before the examination, but no person may take an examination unless his or her application has been on file for at least fifteen days before the examination. The applicant shall be deemed to have passed an examination if the applicant attains a grade of not less than seventy-five percent in each examination. Any applicant who fails an examination shall be entitled, at no additional fee, to one retake of that examination. (2) An applicant for a license hereunder may take his or her written examination after completing the educational requirements and before completing the course of training required under RCW 18.39.035. [1996 c 217 § 3; 1981 c 43 § 6; 1965 ex.s. c 107 § 4; 1937 c 108 § 5; RRS § 8317. Prior: 1909 c 215 §§ 8, 11.] 18.39.100 License—Form—Restrictions. Every license issued hereunder shall specify the name of the person to whom it is issued and shall be displayed conspicuously in his or her place of business. No license shall be assigned, and not more than one person shall carry on the profession or business of funeral directing or embalming under one license. [1996 c 217 § 4; 1937 c 108 § 7; RRS § 8319. Prior: 1909 c 215 § 13.] 18.39.120 Apprentices—Registration—Renewal— Notice of termination—Fees. Every person engaged in the business of funeral directing or embalming, who employs an apprentice to assist in the conduct of the business, shall register the name of each apprentice with the director at the beginning of the apprenticeship, and shall also forward notice of the termination of the apprenticeship. The registration shall be renewed annually and shall expire on the anniversary of the apprentice’s birthdate. Fees determined under RCW 43.24.086 shall be paid for the initial registration of the apprentice, and for each annual renewal. [1985 c 7 § 38; 1981 c 43 § 7; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 43; 1937 c 108 § 10; RRS § 8322.] 18.39.130 Licenses—Applicants from other states— Examination. The board may recognize licenses issued to funeral directors or embalmers from other states if the applicant’s qualifications are comparable to the requirements of this chapter. Five years active experience as a licensee [Title 18 RCW—page 112] may be accepted to make up a deficit in the comparable education requirements. Upon presentation of the license and payment by the holder of a fee determined under RCW 43.24.086, and successful completion of the examination of the laws of this state pertaining to the handling, care, transportation, and disposition of human remains and the contents of this chapter, the board may issue a funeral director’s or embalmer’s license under this chapter. [1996 c 217 § 5. Prior: 1986 c 259 § 60; 1985 c 7 § 39; 1982 c 66 § 22; 1981 c 43 § 8; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 44; 1937 c 108 § 15; RRS § 8325; prior: 1909 c 215 § 16.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Effective dates—1982 c 66: See note following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.145 Funeral establishment license— Issuance—Requirements—Transferability—Expiration. The board shall issue a funeral establishment license to any person, partnership, association, corporation, or other organization to operate a funeral establishment, at specific locations only, which has met the following requirements: (1) The applicant has designated the name under which the funeral establishment will operate and has designated locations for which the general establishment license is to be issued; (2) The applicant is licensed in this state as a funeral director and as an embalmer, or employs at least one person with both such qualifications or one licensed funeral director and one embalmer who will be in service at each designated location; (3) The applicant has filed an application with the director as required by this chapter and paid the required filing fee therefor as fixed by the director pursuant to RCW 43.24.086; (4) As a condition of applying for a new funeral establishment license, the person or entity desiring to acquire such ownership or control shall be bound by all then existing prearrangement funeral service contracts. The board may deny an application for a funeral establishment license, or issue a conditional license, if disciplinary action has previously been taken against the applicant or the applicant’s designated funeral director or embalmer. No funeral establishment license shall be transferable, but an applicant may make application for more than one funeral establishment license so long as all of the requirements are met for each license. All funeral establishment licenses shall expire on June 30, or as otherwise determined by the director. [1986 c 259 § 61; 1985 c 7 § 40; 1977 ex.s. c 93 § 3.] Reviser’s note: This section was amended by 1986 c 259 § 61 without reference to its amendment by 1985 c 7 § 40. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section pursuant to RCW 1.12.025(2). Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.39.148 Funeral establishment license— Cancellation—Hearing. If a licensed funeral establishment does not have a licensed funeral director and embalmer in its employ at its place of business, its license shall be canceled immediately by the board. Upon notification of cancellation of a funeral establishment license, the funeral establishment shall be notified of the opportunity for a hearing, which shall (2002 Ed.) Embalmers—Funeral Directors be conducted pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW. [1986 c 259 § 62; 1981 c 43 § 9; 1977 ex.s. c 93 § 4.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.39.150 License lapse—Reinstatement—Fee— Reexamination. Any licensed funeral director or embalmer whose license has lapsed shall reapply for a license and pay a fee as determined under RCW 43.24.086 before the license may be issued. Applications under this section shall be made within one year after the expiration of the previous license. If the application is not made within one year, the applicant shall be required to take an examination or submit other satisfactory proof of continued competency approved by the board and pay the license fee, as required by this chapter in the case of initial applications, together with all unpaid license fees and penalties. [1986 c 259 § 63; 1985 c 7 § 41; 1981 c 43 § 10; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 45; 1937 c 108 § 8; RRS § 8320.] Reviser’s note: This section was amended by 1986 c 259 § 63 without reference to its amendment by 1985 c 7 § 41. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section pursuant to RCW 1.12.025(2). Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.39.170 Inspector of funeral directors and embalmers—Appointment—Eligibility—Term—Powers and duties. There shall be appointed by said director of licensing an agent whose title shall be "inspector of funeral directors and embalmers of the state of Washington." No person shall be eligible for such appointment unless, at the time of his appointment, he shall have been a duly licensed embalmer in the state of Washington, with a minimum experience of not less than five consecutive years both as an embalmer and as a funeral director in the state of Washington. Said inspector shall hold office during the pleasure of said director of licensing, and the duties of said inspector shall be, and he is hereby authorized, to enter the office, premises, establishment or place of business, where funeral directing or embalming is carried on for the purpose of inspecting said office, premises, establishment or place of business, and the licenses and registrations of embalmers, funeral directors and apprentices operating therein. Such inspector shall serve and execute any papers or process issued by the director of licensing under authority of this chapter, and perform any other duty or duties prescribed or ordered by the director of licensing. Said inspector shall at all times be under the supervision of said director of licensing and he may also assist the state health commissioner in enforcing the provisions of the law relating to health and such rules and regulations as shall have been made and promulgated by the state board of health. [1937 c 108 § 16; RRS § 8325-1.] 18.39.173 Board of funeral directors and embalmers—Established—Membership—Appointment— Qualifications—Terms—Vacancies—Officers—Quorum. There is hereby established a state board of funeral directors and embalmers to be composed of five members appointed by the governor in accordance with this section, one of whom shall be a public member. The three members of the state examining committee for funeral directors and embalm(2002 Ed.) 18.39.148 ers, which was created pursuant to RCW 43.24.060, as of September 21, 1977 are hereby appointed as members of the board to serve for initial terms. The governor shall appoint two additional members of the board. Each professional member of the board shall be licensed in this state as a funeral director and embalmer and a resident of the state of Washington for a period of at least five years next preceding appointment, during which time such member shall have been continuously engaged in the practice as a funeral director or embalmer as defined in this chapter. No person shall be eligible for appointment to the board of funeral directors and embalmers who is financially interested, directly or indirectly, in any embalming college, wholesale funeral supply business, or casket manufacturing business. All members of the board of funeral directors and embalmers shall be appointed to serve for a term of five years, to expire on July 1 of the year of termination of their term, and until their successors have been appointed and qualified: PROVIDED, That the governor is granted the power to fix the terms of office of the members of the board first appointed so that the term of office of not more than one member of the board shall terminate in any one year. In case of a vacancy occurring on the board, the governor shall appoint a qualified member for the remainder of the unexpired term of the vacant office. Any member of the board of funeral directors and embalmers who fails to properly discharge the duties of a member may be removed by the governor. The board shall meet once annually to elect a chairman, vice chairman, and secretary and take official board action on pending matters by majority vote of all the members of the board of funeral directors and embalmers and at other times when called by the director, the chairman, or a majority of the members. A majority of the members of said board shall at all times constitute a quorum. [1977 ex.s. c 93 § 8.] 18.39.175 Board—Duties and responsibilities— Compensation—Travel expenses—Rules. Each member of the board of funeral directors and embalmers shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 and shall be reimbursed for travel expenses in connection with board duties in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. The state board of funeral directors and embalmers shall have the following duties and responsibilities: (1) To be responsible for the preparation, conducting, and grading of examinations of applicants for funeral director and embalmer licenses; (2) To certify to the director the results of examinations of applicants and certify the applicant as having "passed" or "failed"; (3) To make findings and recommendations to the director on any and all matters relating to the enforcement of this chapter; (4) To adopt, promulgate, and enforce reasonable rules. Rules regulating the cremation of human remains and permit requirements shall be adopted in consultation with the cemetery board; (5) To examine or audit or to direct the examination and audit of prearrangement funeral service trust fund records for [Title 18 RCW—page 113] 18.39.175 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions compliance with this chapter and rules adopted by the board; and (6) To adopt rules establishing mandatory continuing education requirements to be met by persons applying for license renewal. [1996 c 217 § 6; 1994 c 17 § 1. Prior: 1986 c 259 § 64; 1985 c 402 § 6; 1984 c 287 § 34; 1984 c 279 § 53; 1981 c 43 § 11; 1977 ex.s. c 93 § 9.] Savings—1986 c 259 §§ 64, 73: "The repeal of RCW 18.39.179 and the amendment of RCW 18.39.175 by this act shall not be construed as affecting any rights and duties which matured, penalties which were incurred, and proceedings which were begun before June 11, 1986." [1986 c 259 § 74.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Legislative finding—1985 c 402: See note following RCW 68.50.165. Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. Severability—1984 c 279: See RCW 18.130.901. 18.39.181 Powers and duties of director. The director shall have the following powers and duties: (1) To issue all licenses provided for under this chapter; (2) To renew licenses under this chapter; (3) To collect all fees prescribed and required under this chapter; (4) To immediately suspend the license of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order or a *residential or visitation order; and (5) To keep general books of record of all official acts, proceedings, and transactions of the department of licensing while acting under this chapter. [1997 c 58 § 819; 1996 c 217 § 7; 1986 c 259 § 65; 1981 c 43 § 13; 1977 ex.s. c 93 § 5.] *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.39.195 Pricing information to be given—Billing "cash advanced" items. (1) Every licensed funeral director, his agent, or his employee shall give, or cause to be given, to the person making funeral arrangements or arranging for shipment, transportation, or other disposition of a deceased person: (a) If requested by telephone, accurate information regarding the retail prices of funeral merchandise and services offered for sale by that funeral director; and (b) At the time such arrangements are completed or prior to the time of rendering the service, a written, itemized statement showing to the extent then known the price of merchandise and service that such person making such arrangements has selected, the price of supplemental items of service and merchandise, if any, and the estimated amount [Title 18 RCW—page 114] of each item for which the funeral service firm will advance money as an accommodation to the person making such funeral arrangements. (2) No such funeral director, his agent, or his employee, shall bill or cause to be billed any item that is referred to as a "cash advanced" item unless the net amount paid for such item by the funeral director is the same amount as is billed to such funeral director. [1979 ex.s. c 62 § 1.] 18.39.215 Embalmers—Authorization required— Exception—Information required—Immediate care of body—Waiver—Penalty. (1) No licensed embalmer shall embalm a deceased body without first having obtained authorization from a family member or representative of the deceased. Notwithstanding the above prohibition a licensee may embalm without such authority when after due diligence no authorized person can be contacted and embalming is in accordance with legal or accepted standards of care in the community, or the licensee has good reason to believe that the family wishes embalming. If embalming is performed under these circumstances, the licensee shall not be deemed to be in violation of the provisions of this subsection. The funeral director or embalmer shall inform the family member or representative of the deceased that embalming is not required by state law, except that embalming is required under certain conditions as determined by rule by the state board of health. (2) Any person authorized to dispose of human remains shall refrigerate or embalm the body within twenty-four hours upon receipt of the body, unless disposition of the body has been made. However, subsection (1) of this section and RCW 68.50.108 shall be complied with before a body is embalmed. Upon written authorization of the proper state or local authority, the provisions of this subsection may be waived for a specified period of time. Violation of this subsection is a gross misdemeanor. [1987 c 331 § 76; 1985 c 402 § 5; 1981 c 43 § 15.] Effective date—1987 c 331: See RCW 68.05.900. Legislative finding—1985 c 402: See note following RCW 68.50.165. 18.39.217 Permit or endorsement required for cremation—Penalty—Regulation of crematories. A permit or endorsement issued by the board or under chapter 68.05 RCW is required in order to operate a crematory or conduct a cremation. Conducting a cremation without a permit or endorsement is a misdemeanor. Each such cremation is a separate violation. Crematories owned or operated by or located on property licensed as a funeral establishment shall be regulated by the board of funeral directors and embalmers. Crematories not affiliated with a funeral establishment shall be regulated by the cemetery board. [1985 c 402 § 7.] Legislative finding—1985 c 402: See note following RCW 68.50.165. 18.39.220 Unlawful business practices—Penalty. Every funeral director or embalmer who pays, or causes to be paid, directly or indirectly, money, or other valuable consideration, for the securing of business, and every person (2002 Ed.) Embalmers—Funeral Directors who accepts money, or other valuable consideration, directly or indirectly, from a funeral director or from an embalmer, in order that the latter may obtain business is guilty of a gross misdemeanor. Every person who sells, or offers for sale, any share, certificate, or interest in the business of any funeral director or embalmer, or in any corporation, firm, or association owning or operating a funeral establishment, which promises or purports to give to the purchaser a right to the services of the funeral director, embalmer, or corporation, firm, or association at a charge or cost less than that offered or given to the public, is guilty of a gross misdemeanor. [1981 c 43 § 16; 1937 c 108 § 13; RRS § 8323-2.] Violations—Penalty—Unfair practice under chapter 19.86 RCW: RCW 18.39.350. 18.39.231 Prohibited advice and transactions— Exceptions—Rules—Penalty. A funeral director or any person under the supervision of a funeral director shall not, in conjunction with any professional services performed for compensation under this chapter, provide financial or investment advice to any person other than a family member, represent any person in a real estate transaction, or act as an agent under a power of attorney for any person. However, this section shall not be deemed to prohibit a funeral establishment from entering into prearrangement funeral service contracts in accordance with this chapter or to prohibit a funeral director from providing advice about government or insurance benefits. A violation of this section is a gross misdemeanor and is grounds for disciplinary action. The board shall adopt such rules as the board deems reasonably necessary to prevent unethical financial dealings between funeral directors and their clients. [1986 c 259 § 66; 1982 c 66 § 15.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Effective dates—1982 c 66: See note following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.240 Prearrangement funeral service contracts—License required. Only a funeral establishment licensed pursuant to this chapter may enter into prearrangement funeral service contracts. [1989 c 390 § 2; 1982 c 66 § 2.] Effective dates—1982 c 66: "This act shall take effect on September 1, 1982, with the exception of sections 20, 21, and 22 of this act, which are necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately [March 26, 1982]." [1982 c 66 § 24.] Transfer of records, files, and pending business—1982 c 66: "(1) All records, files, reports, papers, or other written material in the possession of the insurance commissioner pertaining to the regulation of prepaid funeral expenses shall be delivered to the director of licensing on the effective date of this act. (2) All business or matters concerning prepaid funeral expenses pending before the insurance commissioner shall be transferred to the director of licensing and assumed by the director on the effective date of this act." [1982 c 66 § 17.] Savings—1982 c 66: "The transfer of duties under sections 2 through 14 of this act shall not affect the validity of any rule, action, decision promulgated or held prior to the effective date of this act." [1982 c 66 § 18.] 18.39.250 Prearrangement contracts—Trusts— Refunds. (1) Any funeral establishment selling funeral (2002 Ed.) 18.39.220 merchandise or services by prearrangement funeral service contract and accepting moneys therefore shall establish and maintain one or more prearrangement funeral service trusts under Washington state law with two or more designated trustees, for the benefit of the beneficiary of the prearrangement funeral service contract or may join with one or more other Washington state licensed funeral establishments in a "master trust" provided that each member of the "master trust" shall comply individually with the requirements of this chapter. (2) Up to ten percent of the cash purchase price of each prearrangement funeral service contract, excluding sales tax, may be retained by the funeral establishment unless otherwise provided in this chapter. If the prearrangement funeral service contract is canceled within thirty calendar days of its signing, then the purchaser shall receive a full refund of all moneys paid under the contract. (3) At least ninety percent of the cash purchase price of each prearrangement funeral service contract, paid in advance, excluding sales tax, shall be placed in the trust established or utilized by the funeral establishment. Deposits to the prearrangement funeral service trust shall be made not later than the twentieth day of the month following receipt of each payment made on the last ninety percent of each prearrangement funeral service contract, excluding sales tax. (4) All prearrangement funeral service trust moneys shall be deposited in an insured account in a qualified public depositary or shall be invested in instruments issued or insured by any agency of the federal government if these securities are held in a public depositary. The account shall be designated as the prearrangement funeral service trust of the funeral establishment for the benefit of the beneficiaries named in the prearrangement funeral service contracts. The prearrangement funeral service trust shall not be considered as, nor shall it be used as, an asset of the funeral establishment. (5) After deduction of reasonable fees for the administration of the trust, taxes paid or withheld, or other expenses of the trust, all interest, dividends, increases, or accretions of whatever nature earned by a trust shall be kept unimpaired and shall become a part of the trust. Adequate records shall be maintained to allocate the share of principal and interest to each contract. Fees deducted for the administration of the trust shall not exceed one percent per year of the amount in trust. In no instance shall the administrative charges deducted from the prearrangement funeral service trust reduce, diminish, or in any other way lessen the value of the trust so that the services or merchandise provided for under the contract are reduced, diminished, or in any other way lessened. (6) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the trustees of a prearrangement funeral service trust shall permit withdrawal of all funds deposited under a prearrangement funeral service contract, plus accruals thereon, under the following circumstances and conditions: (a) If the funeral establishment files a verified statement with the trustees that the prearrangement funeral merchandise and services covered by the contract have been furnished and delivered in accordance therewith; or (b) If the funeral establishment files a verified statement with the trustees that the prearrangement funeral merchandise [Title 18 RCW—page 115] 18.39.250 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions and services covered by the contract have been canceled in accordance with its terms. (7) Subsequent to the thirty calendar day cancellation period provided for in this chapter, any purchaser or beneficiary who has a revocable prearrangement funeral service contract has the right to demand a refund of the amount in trust. (8) Prearrangement funeral service contracts which have or should have an account in a prearrangement funeral service trust may be terminated by the board if the funeral establishment goes out of business, becomes insolvent or bankrupt, makes an assignment for the benefit of creditors, has its prearrangement funeral service certificate of registration revoked, or for any other reason is unable to fulfill the obligations under the contract. In such event, or upon demand by the purchaser or beneficiary of the prearrangement funeral service contract, the funeral establishment shall refund to the purchaser or beneficiary all moneys deposited in the trust and allocated to the contract unless otherwise ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction. The purchaser or beneficiary may, in lieu of a refund, elect to transfer the prearrangement funeral service contract and all amounts in trust to another funeral establishment licensed under this chapter which will agree, by endorsement to the contract, to be bound by the contract and to provide the funeral merchandise or services. Election of this option shall not relieve the defaulting funeral establishment of its obligation to the purchaser or beneficiary for any amounts required to be, but not placed, in trust. (9) Prior to the sale or transfer of ownership or control of any funeral establishment which has contracted for prearrangement funeral service contracts, any person, corporation, or other legal entity desiring to acquire such ownership or control shall apply to the director in accordance with RCW 18.39.145. Persons and business entities selling or relinquishing, and persons and business entities purchasing or acquiring ownership or control of such funeral establishments shall each verify and attest to a report showing the status of the prearrangement funeral service trust or trusts on the date of the sale. This report shall be on a form prescribed by the board and shall be considered part of the application for a funeral establishment license. In the event of failure to comply with this subsection, the funeral establishment shall be deemed to have gone out of business and the provisions of subsection (8) of this section shall apply. (10) Prearrangement funeral service trust moneys shall not be used, directly or indirectly, for the benefit of the funeral establishment or any director, officer, agent, or employee of the funeral establishment including, but not limited to, any encumbrance, pledge, or other use of prearrangement funeral service trust moneys as collateral or other security. (11)(a) If, at the time of the signing of the prearrangement funeral service contract, the beneficiary of the trust is a recipient of public assistance as defined in RCW 74.04.005, or reasonably anticipates being so defined, the contract may provide that the trust will be irrevocable. If after the contract is entered into, the beneficiary becomes eligible or seeks to become eligible for public assistance under Title 74 RCW, the contract may provide for an election by the beneficiary, or by the purchaser on behalf of the [Title 18 RCW—page 116] beneficiary, to make the trust irrevocable thereafter in order to become or remain eligible for such assistance. (b) The department of social and health services shall notify the trustee of any prearrangement service trust that the department has a claim on the estate of a beneficiary for long-term care services. Such notice shall be renewed at least every three years. The trustees upon becoming aware of the death of a beneficiary shall give notice to the department of social and health services, office of financial recovery, who shall file any claim there may be within thirty days of the notice. (12) Every prearrangement funeral service contract financed through a prearrangement funeral service trust shall contain language which: (a) Informs the purchaser of the prearrangement funeral service trust and the amount to be deposited in the trust; (b) Indicates if the contract is revocable or not in accordance with subsection (11) of this section; (c) Specifies that a full refund of all moneys paid on the contract will be made if the contract is canceled within thirty calendar days of its signing; (d) Specifies that, in the case of cancellation by a purchaser or beneficiary eligible to cancel under the contract or under this chapter, up to ten percent of the contract amount may be retained by the seller to cover the necessary expenses of selling and setting up the contract; (e) Identifies the trust to be used and contains information as to how the trustees may be contacted. [1996 c 217 § 8; 1995 1st sp.s. c 18 § 62; 1989 c 390 § 3; 1982 c 66 § 3.] Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—Effective date— 1995 1st sp.s. c 18: See notes following RCW 74.39A.030. Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.255 Prearrangement contracts—Insurance funded—Requirements. Prearranged funeral service contracts funded through insurance shall contain language which: (1) States the amount of insurance; (2) Informs the purchaser of the name and address of the insurance company through which the insurance will be provided, the policy number, and the name of the beneficiary; (3) Informs the purchaser that amounts paid for insurance may not be refundable; (4) Informs that any funds from the policy not used for services may be subject to a claim for reimbursement for long-term care services paid for by the state; and (5) States that for purposes of the contract, the procedures in RCW 18.39.250(11)(b) shall control such recoupment. [1995 1st sp.s. c 18 § 63; 1989 c 390 § 4.] Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—Effective date— 1995 1st sp.s. c 18: See notes following RCW 74.39A.030. 18.39.260 Prearrangement contracts—Certificates of registration required—Exception. A funeral establishment shall not enter into prearrangement funeral service contracts in this state unless the funeral establishment has obtained a certificate of registration issued by the board and such certificate is then in force. (2002 Ed.) Embalmers—Funeral Directors Certificates of registration shall be maintained by funeral establishments and the funeral establishment shall comply with all requirements related to the sale of prearrangement contracts until all obligations have been fulfilled. The board may, for just cause, release a funeral establishment from specific registration or reporting requirements. [1989 c 390 § 5; 1986 c 259 § 67; 1982 c 66 § 4.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.270 Prearrangement contracts—Registration qualifications. To qualify for and hold a certificate of registration, a funeral establishment must: (1) Be licensed pursuant to this chapter; and (2) Fully comply with and qualify according to the provisions of this chapter. [1982 c 66 § 5.] Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.280 Prearrangement contracts—Application for registration. To apply for an original certificate of registration, a funeral establishment must: (1) File with the board its request showing: (a) Its name, location, and organization date; (b) The kinds of funeral business it proposes to transact; (c) A statement of its financial condition, management, and affairs on a form satisfactory to or furnished by the board; (d) Documents establishing its trust, or its affiliation with a master trust, and the names and addresses of the trustees if a trust is to be used to finance prearrangement funeral service contracts; (e) Documents establishing its relationship with insurance carriers if insurance is to be used to finance; (f) Documents establishing any other financing relationships; and (g) Such other documents, stipulations, or information as the board may reasonably require to evidence compliance with the provisions of this chapter. (2) Deposit with the director the fees required by this chapter to be paid for filing the accompanying documents, and for the certificate of registration, if granted. [1989 c 390 § 6; 1986 c 259 § 68; 1982 c 66 § 7.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. Fees: RCW 18.39.290. 18.39.290 Prearrangement contracts— Registration—Renewal—Fees—Disposition. All certificates of registration issued pursuant to this chapter shall continue in force until the expiration date unless suspended or revoked. A certificate shall be subject to renewal annually ninety days after the end of its fiscal year, as stated on the original application, by the funeral establishment and payment of the required fees. The director shall determine and collect fees related to certificate of registration licensure. All fees so collected shall be remitted by the director to the state treasurer not later than the first business day (2002 Ed.) 18.39.260 following receipt of such funds and the funds shall be credited to the funeral directors and embalmers account. [1993 c 43 § 1; 1986 c 259 § 69; 1982 c 66 § 8.] Effective date of 1993 c 43—1993 sp.s. c 24: "Chapter 43, Laws of 1993 is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, 1993." [1993 sp.s. c 24 § 931.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.300 Prearrangement contracts—Grounds for disciplinary action. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) In addition to the grounds for action set forth in RCW 18.130.170 and 18.130.180, the board may take the disciplinary action set forth in RCW 18.130.160 against the funeral establishment’s license, the license of any funeral director and/or the funeral establishment’s certificate of registration, if the licensee or registrant: (1) Fails to comply with any provisions of this chapter, chapter 18.130 RCW, or any proper order or regulation of the board; (2) Is found by the board to be in such condition that further execution of prearrangement contracts could be hazardous to purchasers or beneficiaries and the people of this state; (3) Refuses to be examined, or refuses to submit to examination by the board when required; (4) Fails to pay the expense of an examination; or (5) Is found by the board after investigation or receipt of reliable information to be managed by persons who are incompetent or untrustworthy or so lacking in managerial experience as to make the proposed or continued execution or servicing of prearrangement funeral service contracts hazardous to purchasers, beneficiaries, or to the public. [1989 c 390 § 7; 1986 c 259 § 70; 1982 c 66 § 6.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.300 Grounds for disciplinary action. (Effective January 1, 2003.) In addition to the grounds for action set forth in RCW 18.235.130, the board may take the disciplinary action set forth in RCW 18.235.110 against the funeral establishment’s license, the license of any funeral director and/or the funeral establishment’s certificate of registration, if the licensee or registrant: (1) Fails to comply with any provisions of this chapter or any proper order or regulation of the board; (2) Is found by the board to be in such condition that further execution of prearrangement contracts could be hazardous to purchasers or beneficiaries and the people of this state; (3) Refuses to be examined, or refuses to submit to examination by the board when required; (4) Fails to pay the expense of an examination; or (5) Is found by the board after investigation or receipt of reliable information to be managed by persons who are incompetent or untrustworthy or so lacking in managerial experience as to make the proposed or continued execution or servicing of prearrangement funeral service contracts hazardous to purchasers, beneficiaries, or to the public. [Title 18 RCW—page 117] 18.39.300 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions [2002 c 86 § 219; 1989 c 390 § 7; 1986 c 259 § 70; 1982 c 66 § 6.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.320 Prearrangement contracts—Annual financial statement—Failure to file. (1) Each funeral establishment which has prearrangement funeral service contracts outstanding shall annually, as required by the board, file with the board a true and accurate statement of its financial condition and transactions and affairs involving prearrangement funeral service contracts for its preceding fiscal year. The statement shall be on such forms and shall contain such information as required by this chapter and by the board. (2) The board shall take disciplinary action against the certificate of registration of any funeral establishment which fails to file its annual statement when due or after any extension of time which the board has, for good cause, granted. [1989 c 390 § 8; 1986 c 259 § 71; 1982 c 66 § 10.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.330 Prearrangement contract forms— Approval required—Grounds for disapproval. No prearrangement funeral contract forms shall be used without the prior approval of the board. The board shall disapprove any such contract form, or withdraw prior approval, when such form: (1) Violates or does not comply with this chapter; (2) Contains or incorporates by reference any inconsistent, ambiguous or misleading clauses, or exceptions and conditions which unreasonably or deceptively affect the merchandise or service purported to be provided in the general coverage of the contract; (3) Has any title, heading, or other part of its provisions which is misleading; (4) Is being solicited by deceptive advertising; (5) Fails to disclose fully the terms of the funeral service being provided by the contract, including but not limited to, any discounts, guarantees, provisions for merchandise or service substitutions or other significant items; or (6) Is not written in language which the board considers to be easily understood by the purchaser. [1989 c 390 § 9; 1986 c 259 § 72; 1982 c 66 § 11.] Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.345 Prearrangement trust—Examination by board. (1) The board shall examine a prearrangement funeral service trust whenever it deems it necessary, but at least once every three years, or whenever the licensee fails [Title 18 RCW—page 118] after reasonable notice from the board to file the reports required by this chapter or the board. (2) The expense of the prearrangement funeral service trust examination shall be paid by the licensee and shall not be deducted from the earnings of the trust. In the case of a "master trust," the expense of the prearrangement funeral service trust examination shall be shared jointly by all funeral establishments participating in such trust. (3) Such examination shall be conducted in private in the principal office of the licensee and the records relating to prearrangement funeral service contracts and prearrangement funeral service trusts shall be available at such office. [1989 c 390 § 10.] 18.39.350 Violations—Penalty—Consumer protection—Retail installment contracts. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) Any person who violates or fails to comply with, or aids or abets any person in the violation of, or failure to comply with any of the provisions of this chapter is guilty of a class C felony pursuant to chapter 9A.20 RCW. Any such violation constitutes an unfair practice under chapter 19.86 RCW and this chapter and conviction thereunder is grounds for license revocation under this chapter. Retail installment contracts under this chapter shall be governed by chapter 63.14 RCW. [1989 c 390 § 11; 1982 c 66 § 13.] Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. Unlawful business practices—Penalty: RCW 18.39.220. 18.39.350 Violations—Penalty—Consumer protection—Retail installment contracts. (Effective January 1, 2003.) Any person who violates or fails to comply with, or aids or abets any person in the violation of, or failure to comply with any of the provisions of this chapter is guilty of a class C felony pursuant to chapter 9A.20 RCW. Any such violation constitutes an unfair practice under chapter 19.86 RCW and this chapter and conviction thereunder is grounds for license revocation under this chapter and RCW 18.235.110. Retail installment contracts under this chapter shall be governed by chapter 63.14 RCW. [2002 c 86 § 220; 1989 c 390 § 11; 1982 c 66 § 13.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. Unlawful business practices—Penalty: RCW 18.39.220. 18.39.360 Fraternal or benevolent organizations and labor unions excepted. This chapter does not apply to any funeral right or benefit issued or granted as an incident to or by reason of membership in any fraternal or benevolent association or cooperative or society, or labor union not organized for profit. [1989 c 390 § 12; 1982 c 66 § 14.] Effective dates—Transfer of records, files, and pending business— Savings—1982 c 66: See notes following RCW 18.39.240. 18.39.370 Prearrangement service contracts— Abandoned trusts. Any trust which has not matured or been refunded and for which no beneficiary can be located (2002 Ed.) Embalmers—Funeral Directors 18.39.370 fifty years after its creation shall be considered abandoned and will be handled in accordance with the escheat laws of the state of Washington. [1989 c 390 § 13.] endorsements, or permits issued under this chapter. [1994 c 17 § 2.] 18.39.400 Disciplinary authority of board—Rules. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) In addition to the authority specified in this chapter, the board has the following additional authority concerning disciplinary hearings: (1) To issue subpoenas and administer oaths in connection with any investigation, hearing, or proceeding held under this chapter; (2) To take or cause to be taken depositions and use other discovery procedures as needed in any investigation, hearing, or proceeding held under this chapter; (3) To compel attendance of witnesses at hearings; (4) To take emergency action ordering summary suspension of a license, registration, endorsement, or permit, or restriction or limitation of the licensee’s, registrant’s, or endorsement or permit holder’s practice pending proceedings by the board; (5) To use the office of administrative hearings as authorized in chapter 34.12 RCW to conduct hearings. However, the board shall make the final decision regarding disposition of the license, registration, endorsement, or permit; (6) To use individual members of the board to direct investigations. However, a member of the board used to direct an investigation may not subsequently participate in the hearing of the case; (7) To enter into contracts for professional services determined to be necessary for adequate enforcement of this chapter; (8) To contract with licensees, registrants, or endorsement or permit holders, or other persons or organizations to provide services necessary for the monitoring and supervision of licensees, registrants, or endorsement or permit holders who are placed on probation, whose professional activities are restricted, or who are for an authorized purpose subject to monitoring by the board; (9) To adopt rules for standards of professional conduct or practice; (10) To grant or deny license, registration, endorsement, or permit applications, and in the event of a finding of unprofessional conduct by an applicant or license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder, to impose a sanction against a license, registration, endorsement, or permit applicant or license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder provided by this chapter; (11) To enter into an assurance of discontinuance in lieu of issuing a statement of charges or conducting a hearing. The assurance must consist of a statement of the law in question and an agreement to not violate the stated provision. The applicant or license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder may not be required to admit to a violation of the law, nor is the assurance such an admission. Violation of an assurance under this section is grounds for disciplinary action; (12) To designate individuals authorized to sign subpoenas and statements of charges; and (13) To revoke, suspend, or take other action provided for by RCW 18.39.500 against licenses, registrations, 18.39.410 Unprofessional conduct. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The following shall constitute unprofessional conduct: (1) Solicitation of dead human bodies by a licensee, registrant, endorsement, or permit holder, or agent, assistant, or employee of the licensee, registrant, endorsement, or permit holder whether the solicitation occurs after death or while death is impending. This chapter does not prohibit general advertising or the sale of prearrangement funeral service contracts; (2) Solicitation may include employment of solicitors, payment of commission, bonus, rebate, or any form of gratuity or payment of a finders fee, referral fee, or other consideration given for the purpose of obtaining or providing the services for a dead human body or where death is impending; (3) Acceptance by a licensee, registrant, endorsement, or permit holder or other employee of a funeral establishment of a commission, bonus, rebate, or gratuity in consideration of directing business to a cemetery, crematory, mausoleum, columbarium, florist, or other person providing goods and services to the disposition of dead human bodies; (4) Using a casket or part of a casket that has previously been used as a receptacle for, or in connection with, the burial or other disposition of a dead human body without the written consent of the person lawfully entitled to control the disposition of remains of the deceased person in accordance with RCW 68.50.160. This subsection does not prohibit the use of rental caskets, such as caskets of which the outer shell portion is rented and the inner insert that contains the dead human body is purchased and used for the disposition, that are disclosed as such in the statement of funeral goods and services; (5) Violation of a state law, municipal law, or county ordinance or regulation affecting the handling, custody, care, transportation, or disposition of dead human bodies; (6) Refusing to promptly surrender the custody of a dead human body upon the expressed order of the person lawfully entitled to its custody under RCW 68.50.160; (7) Selling, or offering for sale, a share, certificate, or an interest in the business of a funeral establishment, or in a corporation, firm, or association owning or operating a funeral establishment that promises or purports to give to purchasers a right to the services of a licensee, registrant, endorsement, or permit holder at a charge or cost less than offered or given to the public; (8) The commission of an act involving moral turpitude, dishonesty, or corruption relating to the practice of the funeral profession whether or not the act constitutes a crime. If the act constitutes a crime, conviction in a criminal proceeding is not a condition precedent to disciplinary action. Upon such a conviction, however, the judgment and sentence is conclusive evidence at the ensuing disciplinary hearing of the guilt of the license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder, or applicant of the crime described in the indictment or information and of the person’s violation of the statute on which it is based. For the purpose of this section, conviction includes all instances in which a plea of (2002 Ed.) [Title 18 RCW—page 119] 18.39.410 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions guilty or nolo contendere is the basis for the conviction in all proceedings in which the sentence has been deferred or suspended. This section does not abrogate rights guaranteed under chapter 9.96A RCW; (9) Misrepresentation or concealment of a material fact in obtaining a license, registration, endorsement, or permit or in reinstatement thereof; (10) All advertising that is false, fraudulent, or misleading; (11) Suspension or revocation or restriction of the individual’s license, registration, endorsement, or permit to practice the profession by competent authority in any state, federal, or foreign jurisdiction, a certified copy of the order, stipulation, or agreement being conclusive evidence of the revocation, suspension, or restriction; (12) Violation of any state or federal statute or administrative ruling relating to funeral practice; (13) Failure to cooperate with the board by: (a) Not furnishing any papers or documents; (b) Not furnishing in writing a full and complete explanation covering the matters contained in a complaint filed with the board; or (c) Not responding to subpoenas issued by the board whether or not the recipient of the subpoena is the accused in the proceeding; (14) Failure to comply with an order issued by the board or an assurance of discontinuance entered into with the board; (15) Aiding or abetting an unlicensed or unregistered person to practice where a license, registration, endorsement, or permit is required; (16) Misrepresentation or fraud in any aspect of the conduct of funeral practice; (17) Conviction of a gross misdemeanor or felony relating to this title. For the purpose of this subsection, conviction includes all instances in which a plea of guilty or nolo contendere is the basis for conviction and all proceedings in which the sentence has been deferred or suspended. This section does not abrogate rights guaranteed under chapter 9.96A RCW; (18) Interference with an investigation or disciplinary proceeding by willful misrepresentation of facts before the board or its authorized representative or the inspector, or by the use of threats or harassment against a witness to prevent that witness from providing evidence in a disciplinary hearing or other legal action; (19) Diminished capacity or habitual intemperance in the use of alcohol, controlled substances, or prescribed drugs that impairs, interferes, or otherwise prevents the proper performance of licensed, registered, endorsed, or permitted duties or functions; (20) Knowingly concealing information concerning a violation of this title; (21) Incompetence or negligence as a licensee, registrant, endorsement, or permit holder in carrying out the duties of the profession. [1994 c 17 § 3.] 18.39.410 Unprofessional conduct. (Effective January 1, 2003.) In addition to the unprofessional conduct described in RCW 18.235.130, the board may take disciplinary action and may impose any of the sanctions specified in [Title 18 RCW—page 120] RCW 18.235.110 for the following conduct, acts, or conditions: (1) Solicitation of dead human bodies by a licensee, registrant, endorsement, or permit holder, or agent, assistant, or employee of the licensee, registrant, endorsement, or permit holder whether the solicitation occurs after death or while death is impending. This chapter does not prohibit general advertising or the sale of prearrangement funeral service contracts; (2) Solicitation may include employment of solicitors, payment of commission, bonus, rebate, or any form of gratuity or payment of a finders fee, referral fee, or other consideration given for the purpose of obtaining or providing the services for a dead human body or where death is impending; (3) Acceptance by a licensee, registrant, endorsement, or permit holder or other employee of a funeral establishment of a commission, bonus, rebate, or gratuity in consideration of directing business to a cemetery, crematory, mausoleum, columbarium, florist, or other person providing goods and services to the disposition of dead human bodies; (4) Using a casket or part of a casket that has previously been used as a receptacle for, or in connection with, the burial or other disposition of a dead human body without the written consent of the person lawfully entitled to control the disposition of remains of the deceased person in accordance with RCW 68.50.160. This subsection does not prohibit the use of rental caskets, such as caskets of which the outer shell portion is rented and the inner insert that contains the dead human body is purchased and used for the disposition, that are disclosed as such in the statement of funeral goods and services; (5) Violation of a state law, municipal law, or county ordinance or regulation affecting the handling, custody, care, transportation, or disposition of dead human bodies; (6) Refusing to promptly surrender the custody of a dead human body upon the expressed order of the person lawfully entitled to its custody under RCW 68.50.160; (7) Selling, or offering for sale, a share, certificate, or an interest in the business of a funeral establishment, or in a corporation, firm, or association owning or operating a funeral establishment that promises or purports to give to purchasers a right to the services of a licensee, registrant, endorsement, or permit holder at a charge or cost less than offered or given to the public; (8) Violation of any state or federal statute or administrative ruling relating to funeral practice; (9) Knowingly concealing information concerning a violation of this title. [2002 c 86 § 221; 1994 c 17 § 3.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.39.420 Complaint to board—Submittal— Determination—Investigation—Immunity of complainant. A person, including but not limited to a consumer, licensee, corporation, organization, and state and local governmental agency, may submit a written complaint to the board charging a license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder or applicant with unprofessional conduct and specifying the grounds for the complaint. If the board determines (2002 Ed.) Embalmers—Funeral Directors that the complaint merits investigation, or if the board has reason to believe, without a formal complaint, that a license holder or applicant might have engaged in unprofessional conduct, the board shall investigate to determine whether there has been unprofessional conduct. A person who files a complaint under this section in good faith is immune from suit in a civil action related to the filing or contents of the complaint. [1994 c 17 § 4.] 18.39.430 Statement of charge of violation— Notice—Hearing. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) If the board determines, upon investigation, that there is reason to believe a violation of this chapter has occurred, a statement of charge or charges should be prepared and served upon the license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder or applicant at the earliest practical time. The statement of charge or charges must be accompanied by a notice that the license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder or applicant may request a hearing to contest the charge or charges. The license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder or applicant must file a request for hearing with the board within twenty days after being served the statement of charges. The failure to request a hearing constitutes a default, upon which the board may enter a decision on the basis of the facts available to it. (2) If a hearing is requested, the board shall fix the time of the hearing as soon as convenient, but the hearing must not be held earlier than thirty days after service of the charges upon the license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder or applicant. A notice of hearing must be issued at least twenty days before the hearing, specifying the time, date, and place of the hearing. The notice must also notify the license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder or applicant that a record of the proceeding will be kept, that the holder or applicant will have the opportunity to appear personally and to have counsel present, with the right to produce witnesses who will be subject to cross-examination, and evidence in the holder’s or applicant’s own behalf, to cross-examine witnesses testifying against the holder or applicant, to examine such documentary evidence as may be produced against the holder or applicant, to conduct depositions, and to have subpoenas issued by the board. [1994 c 17 § 5.] 18.39.440 Hearings—Procedures—Administrative Procedure Act. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The procedures governing adjudicative proceedings before agencies under chapter 34.05 RCW, the Administrative Procedure Act, govern all hearings before the board. The board has, in addition to the powers and duties set forth in this chapter, all of the powers and duties under chapter 34.05 RCW, that include, without limitation, all powers relating to the administration of oaths, the receipt of evidence, the issuance and enforcing of subpoenas, and the taking of depositions. [1994 c 17 § 6.] 18.39.450 Findings of fact—Order—Notice— Report. (1) In the event of a finding of unprofessional conduct, the board shall prepare and serve findings of fact and an order as provided in chapter 34.05 RCW and the board shall notify the public, which notice must include (2002 Ed.) 18.39.420 press releases to appropriate local news media and the major news wire services. If the license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder or applicant is found to have not committed unprofessional conduct, the board shall immediately prepare and serve findings of fact and an order of dismissal of the charges. The board shall retain the findings of fact and order as a permanent record. (2) The board shall report the issuance of statements of charges and final orders in cases processed by the board to: (a) The person or agency who brought to the board’s attention information that resulted in the initiation of the case; (b) Appropriate organizations, public or private, that serve the professions; and (c) Counterpart licensing boards in other states or associations of state licensing boards. (3) This section does not require the reporting of information that is exempt from public disclosure under chapter 42.17 RCW. [1994 c 17 § 7.] 18.39.460 Actions against license—Exceptions. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The department shall not issue a license, registration, endorsement, or permit to a person whose license, registration, endorsement, or permit has been denied, revoked, or suspended by the board except in conformity with the terms and conditions of the certificate or order of denial, revocation, or suspension; or in conformity with an order of reinstatement issued by the board; or in accordance with the final judgment in a proceeding for review instituted under this chapter. [1994 c 17 § 8.] 18.39.465 License suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. The director shall suspend the license of any person who has been certified by a lending agency and reported to the director for nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. Prior to the suspension, the agency must provide the person an opportunity for a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW 34.05.485 through 34.05.494 and issue a finding of nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. The person’s license shall not be reissued until the person provides the director a written release issued by the lending agency stating that the person is making payments on the loan in accordance with a repayment agreement approved by the lending agency. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for licensure during the suspension, reinstatement shall be automatic upon receipt of the notice and payment of any reinstatement fee the director may impose. [1996 c 293 § 9.] Severability—1996 c 293: See note following RCW 18.04.420. 18.39.467 License suspension—Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. In the case of suspension for failure to comply with a support order under chapter 74.20A RCW or a *residential or visitation order under chapter 26.09 RCW, if the person has continued to meet all other requirements for reinstatement during the suspension, reissuance of a license shall be automatic upon the director’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and [Title 18 RCW—page 121] 18.39.467 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions health services stating that the individual is in compliance with the order. [1997 c 58 § 820.] *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.39.470 Order—When effective—Stay. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) An order under proceedings authorized under this chapter, after due notice and findings in accordance with this chapter and chapter 34.05 RCW, or an order of summary suspension entered under this chapter, takes effect immediately upon its being served. The order, if appealed to the court, may not be stayed pending the appeal unless the board or court to which the appeal is taken enters an order staying the order of the board, which stay must provide for terms necessary to protect the public. [1994 c 17 § 9.] 18.39.480 Appeal. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) An individual who has been disciplined or whose license, registration, endorsement, or permit has been denied by the board may appeal the decision as provided in chapter 34.05 RCW. [1994 c 17 § 10.] 18.39.490 Reinstatement—Hearings—Examination. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) A person whose license, registration, endorsement, or permit has been suspended or revoked under this chapter may petition the board for reinstatement after an interval as determined by the board in the order. The board shall hold hearings on the petition and may deny the petition or may order reinstatement, impose terms and conditions as provided in RCW 18.39.500, and issue an order of reinstatement. The board may require successful completion of an examination as a condition of reinstatement. [1994 c 17 § 11.] 18.39.500 Finding of unprofessional conduct— Order—Sanctions—Stay—Costs. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) Upon a finding that a license holder or applicant has committed unprofessional conduct, the board may issue an order providing for one or any combination of the following: (1) Revocation of the license, registration, endorsement, or permit; (2) Suspension of the license, registration, endorsement, or permit for a fixed or indefinite term; (3) Restriction or limitation of the practice; (4) Requiring the satisfactory completion of a specific program of remedial education or treatment; (5) The monitoring of the practice by a superior approved by the board; (6) Censure or reprimand; [Title 18 RCW—page 122] (7) Compliance with conditions of probation for a designated period of time; (8) Payment of a fine for each violation of this chapter, not to exceed one thousand dollars per violation, that is to be paid to the board’s fund; (9) Denial of the license, registration, endorsement, or permit request; and (10) Corrective action. An action under this section may be totally or partly stayed by the board. In determining what action is appropriate, the board must first consider what sanctions are necessary to protect or compensate the public. Only after the provisions have been made may the board consider and include in the order requirements designed to rehabilitate the license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder or applicant. Costs associated with compliance with orders issued under this section are the obligation of the license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder or applicant. The licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant may enter into a stipulated disposition of charges that includes one or more of the sanctions of this section, but only after a statement of charges has been issued and the licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant has been afforded the opportunity for a hearing and has elected on the record to forego such a hearing. The stipulation shall either contain one or more specific findings of unprofessional conduct or inability to practice, or a statement by the licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant acknowledging that evidence is sufficient to justify one or more specified findings of unprofessional conduct or inability to practice. The stipulation entered into pursuant to this subsection shall be considered formal disciplinary action for all purposes. [1994 c 17 § 12.] 18.39.510 Informal disposal—Statement of allegations—Summary of evidence—Stipulation—Sanctions— Disclosure—Enforcement. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) Prior to serving a statement of charges, the board may furnish a statement of allegations to the licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant along with a detailed summary of the evidence relied upon to establish the allegations and a proposed stipulation for informal resolution of the allegations. These documents shall be exempt from public disclosure until such time as the allegations are resolved either by stipulation or otherwise. (2) The board and the licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant may stipulate that the allegations may be disposed of informally in accordance with this subsection. The stipulation shall contain a statement of the facts leading to the filing of the complaint; the act or acts of unprofessional conduct alleged to have been committed or the alleged basis for determining that the licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant is unable to practice with reasonable skill and safety; a statement that the stipulation is not to be construed as a finding of either unprofessional conduct or inability to practice; an acknowledgement that a finding of unprofessional conduct or inability to practice, if proven, constitutes grounds for discipline under this chapter; an agreement on the part of the licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant that the sanctions set forth in this chapter, except (2002 Ed.) Embalmers—Funeral Directors for revocation, suspension, censure, or reprimand of a licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant may be imposed as part of the stipulation, except that no fine may be imposed but the licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant may agree to reimburse the board the costs of investigation and processing the complaint up to an amount not exceeding one thousand dollars per allegation; and an agreement on the part of the board to forego further disciplinary proceedings concerning the allegations. A stipulation entered into pursuant to this subsection shall not be considered formal disciplinary action. (3) If the licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant declines to agree to disposition of the charges by means of a stipulation pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, the board may proceed to formal disciplinary action pursuant to this chapter. (4) Upon execution of a stipulation under subsection (2) of this section by both the licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant and the board, the complaint is deemed disposed of and shall become subject to public disclosure on the same basis and to the same extent as other records of the board. Should the licensee, registrant, endorsement or permit holder, or applicant fail to pay any agreed reimbursement within thirty days of the date specified in the stipulation for payment, the board may seek collection of the amount agreed to be paid in the same manner as enforcement of a fine under this chapter. [2000 c 171 § 11; 1994 c 17 § 13.] 18.39.520 Enforcement of fine. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) If an order for payment of a fine is made as a result of an order entered under this chapter and timely payment is not made as directed in the final order, the board may enforce the order for payment in the superior court in the county in which the hearing was held. This right of enforcement is in addition to other rights the board may have as to a licensee, registrant, endorsement, or permit holder ordered to pay a fine but does not limit a licensee’s, registrant’s, or endorsement or permit holder’s ability to seek judicial review under this chapter. In an action for enforcement of an order of payment of a fine, the board’s order is conclusive proof of the validity of the order of payment of a fine and the terms of payment. [1994 c 17 § 14.] 18.39.530 Practice without license—Investigation of complaint—Temporary cease and desist order— Injunction—Penalties. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) (1) The director shall investigate a complaint concerning practice by an unlicensed person for which a license, registration, endorsement, or permit is required under this chapter. The director shall issue a cease and desist order to a person after notice and hearing and upon a determination that the person has violated this subsection. If the director makes a written finding of fact that the public interest will be irreparably harmed by delay in issuing an order, the director may issue a temporary cease and desist order. The cease and desist order does not relieve the person practicing or operating a business without a license, registration, permit, or registration from criminal prosecution for the unauthorized practice or operation, but the remedy of a cease and desist order is in addition to criminal liability. The (2002 Ed.) 18.39.510 cease and desist order is conclusive proof of unlicensed practice and may be enforced by civil contempt. This method of enforcement of the cease and desist order may be used in addition to, or as an alternative to, provisions for enforcement or agency orders under chapter 34.05 RCW. (2) The attorney general, a county prosecuting attorney, the director, the board, or a person may, in accordance with the laws of this state governing injunctions, maintain an action in the name of this state to enjoin a person practicing a profession or business for which a license, registration, endorsement, or permit is required under this chapter without a license, registration, endorsement, or permit from engaging in the practice or operation of the business until the required license, registration, endorsement, or permit is secured. However, the injunction does not relieve the person so practicing or operating a business without a license, registration, endorsement, or permit from criminal prosecution for the unauthorized practice or operation, but the remedy by injunction is in addition to criminal liability. (3) Unlicensed practice of a profession or operation of a business for which a license, registration, endorsement, or permit is required under this chapter, unless otherwise exempted by law, is a gross misdemeanor. Fees, fines, forfeitures, and penalties collected or assessed by a court because of a violation of this section must be remitted to the board. [1994 c 17 § 15.] 18.39.530 Practice without license—Penalties. (Effective January 1, 2003.) Unlicensed practice of a profession or operation of a business for which a license, registration, endorsement, or permit is required under this chapter, unless otherwise exempted by law, is a gross misdemeanor. Fees, fines, forfeitures, and penalties collected or assessed by a court because of a violation of this section must be remitted to the board. [2002 c 86 § 222; 1994 c 17 § 15.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.39.540 Violation of injunction—Penalties. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) A person or business that violates an injunction issued under this chapter shall pay a civil penalty, as determined by the court, of not more than twenty-five thousand dollars that must be placed in the board account. For the purpose of this section, the superior court issuing an injunction shall retain jurisdiction and the cause must be continued, and the attorney general acting in the name of the state may petition for the recovery of civil penalties. [1994 c 17 § 16.] 18.39.550 Crime by license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder—Notice by board. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) If the board determines or has cause to believe that a license, registration, endorsement, or permit holder has committed a crime, the board, immediately subsequent to issuing findings of fact and a final order, shall notify the attorney general or the county prosecuting attorney in the county in which the act took place of the facts known to the board. [1994 c 17 § 17.] [Title 18 RCW—page 123] 18.39.560 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.39.560 Uniform regulation of business and professions act. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The uniform regulation of business and professions act, chapter 18.235 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [2002 c 86 § 223.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.39.800 Funeral directors and embalmers account. The funeral directors and embalmers account is created in the state treasury. All fees received by the department for licenses, registrations, renewals, examinations, and audits shall be forwarded to the state treasurer who shall credit the money to the account. All fines and civil penalties ordered by the superior court or fines ordered pursuant to RCW 18.130.160(8) against holders of licenses or registrations issued under the provisions of this chapter shall be paid to the account. All expenses incurred in carrying out the licensing and registration activities of the department and the state funeral directors and embalmers board under this chapter shall be paid from the account as authorized by legislative appropriation. Any residue in the account shall be accumulated and shall not revert to the general fund at the end of the biennium. All earnings of investments of balances in the account shall be credited to the general fund. Any fund balance remaining in the health professions account attributable to the funeral director and embalmer professions as of July 1, 1993, shall be transferred to the funeral directors and embalmers account. [1996 c 217 § 9; 1993 c 43 § 2.] Effective date of 1993 c 43—1993 sp.s. c 24: See note following RCW 18.39.290. 18.39.900 Severability—1937 c 108. If any section, subdivision, sentence or clause of this act shall be held invalid or unconstitutional, such holding shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this act. [1937 c 108 § 18.] 18.39.901 Severability—1982 c 66. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1982 c 66 § 23.] Chapter 18.43 ENGINEERS AND LAND SURVEYORS Sections 18.43.010 18.43.020 18.43.030 18.43.033 18.43.035 18.43.040 18.43.050 18.43.060 18.43.070 18.43.075 General provisions. Definitions. Board of registration—Members—Terms—Qualifications— Compensation and travel expenses. Pro tem board members—Limits—Duties. Bylaws—Employees—Rules—Investigations—Oaths, subpoenas—Periodic reports and roster. Registration requirements. Application—Registration fees. Examinations. Certificates and seals. Retired status certificate. [Title 18 RCW—page 124] 18.43.080 18.43.100 18.43.105 Expiration and renewals of certificates—Fees. Registration of out-of-state applicants. "Misconduct or malpractice in the practice of engineering" defined. 18.43.110 Revocations, fines, reprimands, and suspensions. 18.43.120 Violations and penalties. 18.43.130 Excepted services—Fees. 18.43.140 Injunctive relief, proof—Board’s immunity from liability— Prosecutions. 18.43.150 Disposition of fees. 18.43.160 Certificate of registration or license suspension— Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. 18.43.170 Registration suspension—Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. 18.43.180 Uniform regulation of business and professions act. 18.43.900 Short title. 18.43.910 Severability—1947 c 283. 18.43.920 Severability—1959 c 297. 18.43.930 Severability—1961 c 142. Actions or claims for engineering and surveying services, limitations upon: RCW 4.16.300 through 4.16.320. Noncompliance with surveys and monuments recording law—Grounds for revocation: RCW 58.09.140. Public contracts for engineering services: Chapter 39.80 RCW. Surveys and monuments recording law: Chapter 58.09 RCW. 18.43.010 General provisions. In order to safeguard life, health, and property, and to promote the public welfare, any person in either public or private capacity practicing or offering to practice engineering or land surveying, shall hereafter be required to submit evidence that he is qualified so to practice and shall be registered as hereinafter provided; and it shall be unlawful for any person to practice or to offer to practice in this state, engineering or land surveying, as defined in the provisions of this chapter, or to use in connection with his name or otherwise assume, use, or advertise any title or description tending to convey the impression that he is a professional engineer or a land surveyor, unless such a person has been duly registered under the provisions of this chapter. [1947 c 283 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-21. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 2; RRS § 83062.] False advertising: Chapter 9.04 RCW. 18.43.020 Definitions. (1) Engineer: The term "engineer" as used in this chapter shall mean a professional engineer as hereinafter defined. (2) Professional engineer: The term "professional engineer" within the meaning and intent of this chapter, shall mean a person who, by reason of his or her special knowledge of the mathematical and physical sciences and the principles and methods of engineering analysis and design, acquired by professional education and practical experience, is qualified to practice engineering as hereinafter defined, as attested by his or her legal registration as a professional engineer. (3) Engineer-in-training: The term "engineer-in-training" as used in this chapter means a candidate who has: (a) Satisfied the experience requirements in RCW 18.43.040 for registration; (b) successfully passed the examination in the fundamental engineering subjects; and (c) is enrolled by the board as an engineer-in-training. (2002 Ed.) Engineers and Land Surveyors (4) Engineering: The term "engineering" as used in this chapter shall mean the "practice of engineering" as hereinafter defined. (5) Practice of engineering: The term "practice of engineering" within the meaning and intent of this chapter shall mean any professional service or creative work requiring engineering education, training, and experience and the application of special knowledge of the mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences to such professional services or creative work as consultation, investigation, evaluation, planning, design and supervision of construction for the purpose of assuring compliance with specifications and design, in connection with any public or private utilities, structures, buildings, machines, equipment, processes, works, or projects. A person shall be construed to practice or offer to practice engineering, within the meaning and intent of this chapter, who practices any branch of the profession of engineering; or who, by verbal claim, sign, advertisement, letterhead, card, or in any other way represents himself or herself to be a professional engineer, or through the use of some other title implies that he or she is a professional engineer; or who holds himself or herself out as able to perform, or who does perform, any engineering service or work or any other professional service designated by the practitioner or recognized by educational authorities as engineering. The practice of engineering shall not include the work ordinarily performed by persons who operate or maintain machinery or equipment. (6) Land surveyor: The term "land surveyor" as used in this chapter shall mean a professional land surveyor. (7) Professional land surveyor: The term "professional land surveyor" as used in this chapter means a person who, by reason of his or her special knowledge of the mathematical and physical sciences and principles and practices of land surveying, which is acquired by professional education and practical experience, is qualified to practice land surveying and as attested to by his or her legal registration as a professional land surveyor. (8) Land-surveyor-in-training: The term "land-surveyorin-training" as used in this chapter means a candidate who: (a) Has satisfied the experience requirements in RCW 18.43.040 for registration; (b) successfully passes the examination in the fundamental land surveying subjects; and (c) is enrolled by the board as a land-surveyor-in-training. (9) Practice of land surveying: The term "practice of land surveying" within the meaning and intent of this chapter, shall mean assuming responsible charge of the surveying of land for the establishment of corners, lines, boundaries, and monuments, the laying out and subdivision of land, the defining and locating of corners, lines, boundaries and monuments of land after they have been established, the survey of land areas for the purpose of determining the topography thereof, the making of topographical delineations and the preparing of maps and accurate records thereof, when the proper performance of such services requires technical knowledge and skill. (10) Board: The term "board" as used in this chapter shall mean the state board of registration for professional engineers and land surveyors, provided for by this chapter. (2002 Ed.) 18.43.020 [1995 c 356 § 1; 1991 c 19 § 1; 1947 c 283 § 2; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-22. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 1; RRS § 8306-1.] Effective date—1995 c 356: "This act shall take effect July 1, 1996." [1995 c 356 § 6.] 18.43.030 Board of registration—Members— Terms—Qualifications—Compensation and travel expenses. A state board of registration for professional engineers and land surveyors is hereby created which shall exercise all of the powers and perform all of the duties conferred upon it by this chapter. After July 9, 1986, the board shall consist of seven members, who shall be appointed by the governor and shall have the qualifications as hereinafter required. The terms of board members in office on June 11, 1986, shall not be affected. The first additional member shall be appointed for a four-year term and the second additional member shall be appointed for a three-year term. On the expiration of the term of any member, the governor shall appoint a successor for a term of five years to take the place of the member whose term on said board is about to expire. However, no member shall serve more than two consecutive terms on the board. Each member shall hold office until the expiration of the term for which such member is appointed or until a successor shall have been duly appointed and shall have qualified. Five members of the board shall be registered professional engineers licensed under the provisions of this chapter. Two members shall be registered professional land surveyors licensed under this chapter. Each of the members of the board shall have been actively engaged in the practice of engineering or land surveying for at least ten years subsequent to registration, five of which shall have been immediately prior to their appointment to the board. Each member of the board shall be a citizen of the United States and shall have been a resident of this state for at least five years immediately preceding his appointment. Each member of the board shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 and, in addition thereto, shall be reimbursed for travel expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of this chapter in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. The governor may remove any member of the board for misconduct, incompetency, or neglect of duty. Vacancies in the membership of the board shall be filled for the unexpired term by appointment by the governor as hereinabove provided. [1986 c 102 § 1; 1984 c 287 § 35; 1975-’76 2nd ex.s. c 34 § 37; 1947 c 283 § 3; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 830623.] Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. Effective date—Severability—1975-’76 2nd ex.s. c 34: See notes following RCW 2.08.115. 18.43.033 Pro tem board members—Limits— Duties. Upon request of the board, and with approval of the director, the board chair shall appoint up to two individuals to serve as pro tem members of the board. The appointments are limited, as defined by the board chair, for the purpose of participating as a temporary member of the board on any combination of one or more committees or formal disciplinary hearing panels. An appointed individual must meet the same qualifications as a regular member of the [Title 18 RCW—page 125] 18.43.033 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions board. While serving as a board member pro tem, an appointed person has all the powers, duties, and immunities of a regular member of the board and is entitled to the same compensation, including travel expenses, in accordance with RCW 18.43.030. A pro tem appointment may not last for more than one hundred eighty days unless approved by the director. [1997 c 247 § 1.] 18.43.035 Bylaws—Employees—Rules— Investigations—Oaths, subpoenas—Periodic reports and roster. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The board may adopt and amend bylaws establishing its organization and method of operation, including but not limited to meetings, maintenance of books and records, publication of reports, code of ethics, and rosters, and adoption and use of a seal. Four members of the board shall constitute a quorum for the conduct of any business of the board. The board may employ such persons as are necessary to carry out its duties under this chapter. It may adopt rules reasonably necessary to administer the provisions of this chapter. It may conduct investigations concerning alleged violations of this chapter or the rules adopted by the board. In making such investigations and in all proceedings under RCW 18.43.110, the chairman of the board or any member of the board acting in his place may administer oaths or affirmations to witnesses appearing before the board, subpoena witnesses and compel their attendance, and require the production of books, records, papers and documents. If any person shall refuse to obey any subpoena so issued, or shall refuse to testify or produce any books, records, papers or documents so required to be produced, the board may present its petition to the superior court of the county in which such person resides, setting forth the facts, and thereupon the court shall, in any proper case, enter a suitable order compelling compliance with this chapter and imposing such other terms and conditions as the court may deem equitable. The board shall submit to the governor such periodic reports as may be required. A roster, showing the names and places of business of all registered professional engineers and land surveyors may be published for distribution, upon request, to professional engineers and land surveyors registered under this chapter and to the public. [1997 c 247 § 2; 1986 c 102 § 2; 1977 c 75 § 10; 1961 c 142 § 1; 1959 c 297 § 1.] 18.43.035 Bylaws—Employees—Rules—Periodic reports and roster. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The board may adopt and amend bylaws establishing its organization and method of operation, including but not limited to meetings, maintenance of books and records, publication of reports, code of ethics, and rosters, and adoption and use of a seal. Four members of the board shall constitute a quorum for the conduct of any business of the board. The board may employ such persons as are necessary to carry out its duties under this chapter. It may adopt rules reasonably necessary to administer the provisions of this chapter. The board shall submit to the governor such periodic reports as may be required. A roster, showing the names and places of business of all registered professional engineers and land surveyors may be published for distribution, upon request, to professional engineers and land surveyors registered under this chapter and to the public. [2002 c 86 § 224; 1997 c 247 [Title 18 RCW—page 126] § 2; 1986 c 102 § 2; 1977 c 75 § 10; 1961 c 142 § 1; 1959 c 297 § 1.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.43.040 Registration requirements. The following will be considered as minimum evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant is qualified for registration as a professional engineer, engineer-in-training, professional land surveyor, or land-surveyor-in-training, respectively: As a professional engineer: A specific record of eight years or more of experience in engineering work of a character satisfactory to the board and indicating that the applicant is competent to practice engineering; and successfully passing a written or oral examination, or both, in engineering as prescribed by the board. Graduation in an approved engineering curriculum of four years or more from a school or college approved by the board as of satisfactory standing shall be considered equivalent to four years of such required experience. The satisfactory completion of each year of such an approved engineering course without graduation shall be considered as equivalent to a year of such required experience. Graduation in a curriculum other than engineering from a school or college approved by the board shall be considered as equivalent to two years of such required experience: PROVIDED, That no applicant shall receive credit for more than four years of experience because of undergraduate educational qualifications. The board may, at its discretion, give credit as experience not in excess of one year, for satisfactory postgraduate study in engineering. Structural engineering is recognized as a specialized branch of professional engineering. To receive a certificate of registration in structural engineering, an applicant must hold a current registration in this state in engineering and have at least two years of structural engineering experience, of a character satisfactory to the board, in addition to the eight years’ experience required for registration as a professional engineer. An applicant for registration as a structural engineer must also pass an additional examination as prescribed by the board. Applicants for a certificate of registration in structural engineering who have had their application approved by the board prior to July 1, 2001, are not required to have an additional two years of structural engineering experience if the applicant passes the additional structural examination before January 30, 2002. As an engineer-in-training: An applicant for registration as a professional engineer shall take the prescribed examination in two stages. The first stage of the examination may be taken upon submission of his or her application for registration as an engineer-in-training and payment of the application fee prescribed in RCW 18.43.050 at any time after the applicant has completed four years of the required engineering experience, as defined in this section, or has achieved senior standing in a school or college approved by the board. The first stage of the examination shall test the applicant’s knowledge of appropriate fundamentals of engineering subjects, including mathematics and the basic sciences. (2002 Ed.) Engineers and Land Surveyors At any time after the completion of the required eight years of engineering experience, as defined in this section, the applicant may take the second stage of the examination upon submission of an application for registration and payment of the application fee prescribed in RCW 18.43.050. This stage of the examination shall test the applicant’s ability, upon the basis of his or her greater experience, to apply his or her knowledge and experience in the field of his or her specific training and qualifications. As a professional land surveyor: A specific record of eight years or more of experience in land surveying work of a character satisfactory to the board and indicating that the applicant is competent to practice land surveying, and successfully passing a written or oral examination, or both, in surveying as prescribed by the board. Graduation from a school or college approved by the board as of satisfactory standing, including the completion of an approved course in surveying, shall be considered equivalent to four years of the required experience. Postgraduate college courses approved by the board shall be considered for up to one additional year of the required experience. As a land-surveyor-in-training: An applicant for registration as a professional land surveyor shall take the prescribed examination in two stages. The first stage of the examination may be taken upon submission of his or her application for registration as a land-surveyor-in-training and payment of the application fee prescribed in RCW 18.43.050 at any time after the applicant has completed four years of the required land surveying experience, as defined in this section, or has achieved senior standing in a school or college approved by the board. The first stage of the examination shall test the applicant’s knowledge of appropriate fundamentals of land surveying subjects, including mathematics and the basic sciences. At any time after the completion of the required eight years of land surveying experience, as defined in this section, the applicant may take the second stage of the examination upon submission of an application for registration and payment of the application fee prescribed in RCW 18.43.050. This stage of the examination shall test the applicant’s ability, upon the basis of greater experience, to apply knowledge and experience in the field of land surveying. The first stage shall be successfully completed before the second stage may be attempted. Applicants who have been approved by the board to take the examination based on the requirement for six years of experience under this section before July 1, 1996, are eligible to sit for the examination. No person shall be eligible for registration as a professional engineer, engineer-in-training, professional land surveyor, or land-surveyor-in-training, who is not of good character and reputation. Teaching, of a character satisfactory to the board shall be considered as experience not in excess of two years for the appropriate profession. The mere execution, as a contractor, of work designed by a professional engineer, or the supervision of the construction of such work as a foreman or superintendent shall not be deemed to be practice of engineering. (2002 Ed.) 18.43.040 Any person having the necessary qualifications prescribed in this chapter to entitle him or her to registration shall be eligible for such registration although the person may not be practicing his or her profession at the time of making his or her application. [2000 c 172 § 1; 1995 c 356 § 2; 1991 c 19 § 2; 1947 c 283 § 7; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-24. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 2; RRS § 8306-2.] Effective date—1995 c 356: See note following RCW 18.43.020. 18.43.050 Application—Registration fees. Application for registration shall be on forms prescribed by the board and furnished by the director, shall contain statements made under oath, showing the applicant’s education and detail summary of his or her technical work and shall contain not less than five references, of whom three or more shall be engineers having personal knowledge of the applicant’s engineering experience. The registration fee for professional engineers shall be determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086, which shall accompany the application and shall include the cost of examination and issuance of certificate. The fee for engineer-in-training shall be determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086, which shall accompany the application and shall include the cost of examination and issuance of certificate. The registration fee for professional land surveyors shall be determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086, which shall accompany the application and shall include the cost of examination and issuance of certificate. The fee for land-surveyor-in-training shall be determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086, which shall accompany the application and shall include the cost of examination and issuance of certificate. Should the board find an applicant ineligible for registration, the registration fee shall be retained as an application fee. [1995 c 356 § 3; 1991 c 19 § 3; 1985 c 7 § 42; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 46; 1947 c 283 § 8; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-25. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 6; RRS § 8306-6.] Effective date—1995 c 356: See note following RCW 18.43.020. 18.43.060 Examinations. When oral or written examinations are required, they shall be held at such time and place as the board shall determine. If examinations are required on fundamental engineering subjects (such as ordinarily given in college curricula) the applicant shall be permitted to take this part of the professional examination prior to his or her completion of the requisite years of experience in engineering work. The board shall issue to each applicant upon successfully passing the examination in fundamental engineering subjects a certificate stating that the applicant has passed the examination in fundamental engineering subjects and that his or her name has been recorded as an engineer-in-training. The scope of the examination and the methods of procedure shall be prescribed by the board with special reference to the applicant’s ability to design and supervise engineering works so as to insure the safety of life, health and property. Examinations shall be given for the purpose of determining the qualifications of applicants for registration separately in engineering and in land surveying. A candidate failing an examination may apply for reexamination. [Title 18 RCW—page 127] 18.43.060 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions Subsequent examinations will be granted upon payment of a fee to be determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086. [1991 c 19 § 4; 1961 c 142 § 2; 1947 c 283 § 9; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-26. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 7; RRS § 8306-7.] 18.43.070 Certificates and seals. The director of licensing shall issue a certificate of registration upon payment of a registration fee as provided for in this chapter, to any applicant who, in the opinion of the board, has satisfactorily met all the requirements of this chapter. In case of a registered engineer, the certificate shall authorize the practice of "professional engineering" and specify the branch or branches in which specialized, and in case of a registered land surveyor, the certificate shall authorize the practice of "land surveying". In case of engineer-in-training, the certificate shall state that the applicant has successfully passed the examination in fundamental engineering subjects required by the board and has been enrolled as an "engineer-in-training". In case of land-surveyor-in-training, the certificate shall state that the applicant has successfully passed the examination in fundamental surveying subjects required by the board and has been enrolled as a "land-surveyor-in-training." All certificates of registration shall show the full name of the registrant, shall have a serial number, and shall be signed by the chairman and the secretary of the board and by the director of licensing. The issuance of a certificate of registration by the director of licensing shall be prima facie evidence that the person named therein is entitled to all the rights and privileges of a registered professional engineer or a registered land surveyor, while the said certificate remains unrevoked and unexpired. Each registrant hereunder shall upon registration obtain a seal of the design authorized by the board, bearing the registrant’s name and the legend "registered professional engineer" or "registered land surveyor". Plans, specifications, plats and reports prepared by the registrant shall be signed, dated, and stamped with said seal or facsimile thereof. Such signature and stamping shall constitute a certification by the registrant that the same was prepared by or under his or her direct supervision and that to his or her knowledge and belief the same was prepared in accordance with the requirements of the statute. It shall be unlawful for anyone to stamp or seal any document with said seal or facsimile thereof after the certificate of registrant named thereon has expired or been revoked, unless said certificate shall have been renewed or reissued. [1995 c 356 § 4; 1991 c 19 § 5; 1959 c 297 § 4; 1947 c 283 § 10; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-27. Prior: 1935 c 167 §§ 8, 13; RRS § 8306-8, 13.] Effective date—1995 c 356: See note following RCW 18.43.020. 18.43.075 Retired status certificate. The board may adopt rules under this section authorizing a retired status certificate. An individual certificated under this chapter who has reached the age of sixty-five years and has retired from the active practice of engineering and land surveying may, upon application and at the discretion of the board, be [Title 18 RCW—page 128] exempted from payment of annual renewal fees thereafter. [1995 c 356 § 5.] Effective date—1995 c 356: See note following RCW 18.43.020. 18.43.080 Expiration and renewals of certificates— Fees. Certificates of registration, and certificates of authorization and renewals thereof shall expire on the last day of the month of December following their issuance or renewal and shall become invalid on that date unless renewed. It shall be the duty of the administrator of the division of professional licensing to notify every person, firm or corporation registered under this chapter, of the date of the expiration of his certificate and the amount of the renewal fee that shall be required for its renewal for one year. Such notice shall be mailed at least thirty days before the end of December of each year. Renewal may be effected during the month of December by the payment of a fee determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086. In case any professional engineer and/or land surveyor registered under this chapter shall fail to pay the renewal fee hereinabove provided for, within ninety days from the date when the same shall become due, the renewal fee shall be the current fee plus an amount equal to one year’s fee. [1985 c 7 § 43; 1981 c 260 § 4. Prior: 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 47; 1975 c 23 § 1; 1965 ex.s. c 126 § 1; 1961 c 142 § 3; 1959 c 297 § 5; 1947 c 283 § 11; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-28; prior: 1935 c 167 § 10; RRS § 8306-10.] 18.43.100 Registration of out-of-state applicants. The board may, upon application and the payment of a fee determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086, issue a certificate without further examination as a professional engineer or land surveyor to any person who holds a certificate of qualification of registration issued to the applicant following examination by proper authority, of any state or territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, or of any foreign country, provided: (1) That the applicant’s qualifications meet the requirements of the chapter and the rules established by the board, and (2) that the applicant is in good standing with the licensing agency in said state, territory, possession, district, or foreign country. [1991 c 19 § 7; 1985 c 7 § 44; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 48; 1959 c 297 § 6; 1947 c 283 § 13; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-30. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 5; RRS § 8306-5.] 18.43.105 "Misconduct or malpractice in the practice of engineering" defined. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) As used in this chapter "misconduct or malpractice in the practice of engineering" shall include but not be limited to the following: (1) Offering to pay, paying or accepting, either directly or indirectly, any substantial gift, bribe, or other consideration to influence the award of professional work; (2) Being wilfully untruthful or deceptive in any professional report, statement or testimony; (3) Attempting to injure falsely or maliciously, directly or indirectly, the professional reputation, prospects or business of anyone; (4) Failure to state separately or to charge separately for professional engineering services or land surveying where (2002 Ed.) Engineers and Land Surveyors other services or work are also being performed in connection with the engineering services; (5) Conviction in any court of any offense involving moral turpitude; (6) Violation of any provisions of this chapter; (7) Conflict of interest—Having a financial interest in bidding for or performance of a contract to supply labor or materials for or to construct a project for which employed or retained as an engineer except with the consent of the client or employer after disclosure of such facts; or allowing an interest in any business to affect a decision regarding engineering work for which retained, employed, or called upon to perform; (8) Nondisclosure—Failure to promptly disclose to a client or employer any interest in a business which may compete with or affect the business of the client or employer; (9) Unfair competition—Reducing a fee quoted for prospective employment or retainer as an engineer after being informed of the fee quoted by another engineer for the same employment or retainer; (10) Improper advertising—Soliciting retainer or employment by advertisement which is undignified, selflaudatory, false or misleading, or which makes or invites comparison between the advertiser and other engineers; (11) Committing any other act, or failing to act, which act or failure are customarily regarded as being contrary to the accepted professional conduct or standard generally expected of those practicing professional engineering or land surveying. [1961 c 142 § 4; 1959 c 297 § 2.] 18.43.105 Disciplinary action—Prohibited conduct, acts, conditions. (Effective January 1, 2003.) In addition to the unprofessional conduct described in RCW 18.235.130, the board may take disciplinary action for the following conduct, acts, or conditions: (1) Offering to pay, paying or accepting, either directly or indirectly, any substantial gift, bribe, or other consideration to influence the award of professional work; (2) Being willfully untruthful or deceptive in any professional report, statement or testimony; (3) Attempting to injure falsely or maliciously, directly or indirectly, the professional reputation, prospects or business of anyone; (4) Failure to state separately or to charge separately for professional engineering services or land surveying where other services or work are also being performed in connection with the engineering services; (5) Violation of any provisions of this chapter; (6) Conflict of interest—Having a financial interest in bidding for or performance of a contract to supply labor or materials for or to construct a project for which employed or retained as an engineer except with the consent of the client or employer after disclosure of such facts; or allowing an interest in any business to affect a decision regarding engineering work for which retained, employed, or called upon to perform; (7) Nondisclosure—Failure to promptly disclose to a client or employer any interest in a business which may compete with or affect the business of the client or employer; (2002 Ed.) 18.43.105 (8) Unfair competition—Reducing a fee quoted for prospective employment or retainer as an engineer after being informed of the fee quoted by another engineer for the same employment or retainer; (9) Improper advertising—Soliciting retainer or employment by advertisement which is undignified, self-laudatory, false or misleading, or which makes or invites comparison between the advertiser and other engineers; (10) Committing any other act, or failing to act, which act or failure are customarily regarded as being contrary to the accepted professional conduct or standard generally expected of those practicing professional engineering or land surveying. [2002 c 86 § 225; 1961 c 142 § 4; 1959 c 297 § 2.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.43.110 Revocations, fines, reprimands, and suspensions. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The board shall have the exclusive power to fine and reprimand the registrant and suspend or revoke the certificate of registration of any registrant who is found guilty of: The practice of any fraud or deceit in obtaining a certificate of registration; or Any gross negligence, incompetency, or misconduct in the practice of engineering or land surveying as a registered engineer or land surveyor. Any person may prefer a complaint alleging fraud, deceit, gross negligence, incompetency, or misconduct against any registrant and the complaint shall be in writing and shall be sworn to in writing by the person making the allegation. A registrant against whom a complaint was made must be immediately informed of such complaint by the board. All procedures related to hearings on such charges shall be in accordance with provisions relating to adjudicative proceedings in chapter 34.05 RCW, the Administrative Procedure Act. If, after such hearing, a majority of the board vote in favor of finding the violations had occurred, the board shall revoke or suspend the certificate of registration of such registered professional engineer or land surveyor. The board, for reasons it deems sufficient, may reissue a certificate of registration to any person whose certificate has been revoked or suspended, providing a majority of the board vote in favor of such issuance. A new certificate of registration to replace any certificate revoked, lost, destroyed, or mutilated may be issued, subject to the rules of the board, and a charge determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086 shall be made for such issuance. Any person who shall feel aggrieved by any action of the board in denying or revoking his certificate of registration may appeal therefrom to the superior court of the county in which such person resides, and after full hearing, said court shall make such decree sustaining or revoking the action of the board as it may deem just and proper. Fines imposed by the board shall not exceed one thousand dollars for each offense. In addition to the imposition of civil penalties under this section, the board may refer violations of this chapter to the [Title 18 RCW—page 129] 18.43.110 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions appropriate prosecuting attorney for charges under RCW 18.43.120. [1997 c 247 § 3; 1989 c 175 § 62; 1986 c 102 § 3; 1985 c 7 § 45; 1982 c 37 § 1; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 49; 1947 c 283 § 14; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-31. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 11; RRS § 8306-11.] Effective date—1989 c 175: See note following RCW 34.05.010. 18.43.110 Discipline of registrant—Board’s power— Unprofessional conduct—Reissuance of certificate of registration. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The board shall have the exclusive power to discipline the registrant and sanction the certificate of registration of any registrant. Any person may file a complaint alleging unprofessional conduct, as set out in RCW 18.235.130 and 18.43.105, against any registrant. The complaint shall be in writing and shall be sworn to in writing by the person making the allegation. A registrant against whom a complaint was made must be immediately informed of such complaint by the board. The board, for reasons it deems sufficient, may reissue a certificate of registration to any person whose certificate has been revoked or suspended, providing a majority of the board vote in favor of such issuance. A new certificate of registration to replace any certificate revoked, lost, destroyed, or mutilated may be issued, subject to the rules of the board, and a charge determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086 shall be made for such issuance. In addition to the imposition of disciplinary action under RCW 18.235.110, the board may refer violations of this chapter to the appropriate prosecuting attorney for charges under RCW 18.43.120. [2002 c 86 § 226; 1997 c 247 § 3; 1989 c 175 § 62; 1986 c 102 § 3; 1985 c 7 § 45; 1982 c 37 § 1; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 49; 1947 c 283 § 14; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-31. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 11; RRS § 8306-11.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. Effective date—1989 c 175: See note following RCW 34.05.010. 18.43.120 Violations and penalties. Any person who shall practice, or offer to practice, engineering or land surveying in this state without being registered in accordance with the provisions of the chapter, or any person presenting or attempting to use as his own the certificate of registration or the seal of another, or any person who shall give any false or forged evidence of any kind to the board or to any member thereof in obtaining a certificate of registration, or any person who shall falsely impersonate any other registrant, or any person who shall attempt to use the expired or revoked certificate of registration, or any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this chapter shall be guilty of a gross misdemeanor. It shall be the duty of all officers of the state or any political subdivision thereof, to enforce the provisions of this chapter. The attorney general shall act as legal adviser of the board, and render such legal assistance as may be necessary in carrying out the provisions of this chapter. [1986 c 102 § 4; 1947 c 283 § 15; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 830632. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 14; RRS § 8306-14.] Forgery: RCW 9A.60.020. [Title 18 RCW—page 130] 18.43.130 Excepted services—Fees. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) This chapter shall not be construed to prevent or affect: (1) The practice of any other legally recognized profession or trade; or (2) The practice of a person not a resident and having no established place of business in this state, practicing or offering to practice herein the profession of engineering or land surveying, when such practice does not exceed in the aggregate more than thirty days in any calendar year: PROVIDED, Such person has been determined by the board to be legally qualified by registration to practice the said profession in his or her own state or country in which the requirements and qualifications for obtaining a certificate of registration are not lower than those specified in this chapter. The person shall request such a determination by completing an application prescribed by the board and accompanied by a fee determined by the director. Upon approval of the application, the board shall issue a permit authorizing temporary practice; or (3) The practice of a person not a resident and having no established place of business in this state, or who has recently become a resident thereof, practicing or offering to practice herein for more than thirty days in any calendar year the profession of engineering or land surveying, if he or she shall have filed with the board an application for a certificate of registration and shall have paid the fee required by this chapter: PROVIDED, That such person is legally qualified by registration to practice engineering or land surveying in his or her own state or country in which the requirements and qualifications of obtaining a certificate of registration are not lower than those specified in this chapter. Such practice shall continue only for such time as the board requires for the consideration of the application for registration; or (4) The work of an employee or a subordinate of a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter, or an employee of a person practicing lawfully under provisions of this section: PROVIDED, That such work does not include final design or decisions and is done under the direct responsibility, checking, and supervision of a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter or a person practicing lawfully under the provisions of this section; or (5) The work of a person rendering engineering or land surveying services to a corporation, as an employee of such corporation, when such services are rendered in carrying on the general business of the corporation and such general business does not consist, either wholly or in part, of the rendering of engineering services to the general public: PROVIDED, That such corporation employs at least one person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter or practicing lawfully under the provisions of this chapter; or (6) The practice of officers or employees of the government of the United States while engaged within the state in the practice of the profession of engineering or land surveying for the government of the United States; or (7) Nonresident engineers employed for the purpose of making engineering examinations; or (8) The practice of engineering or land surveying, or both, in this state by a corporation or joint stock association: PROVIDED, That (2002 Ed.) Engineers and Land Surveyors (a) The corporation has filed with the board an application for certificate of authorization upon a form to be prescribed by the board and containing information required to enable the board to determine whether such corporation is qualified in accordance with this chapter to practice engineering or land surveying, or both, in this state; (b) For engineering, the corporation has filed with the board a certified copy of a resolution of the board of directors of the corporation that shall designate a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter as responsible for the practice of engineering by the corporation in this state and shall provide that full authority to make all final engineering decisions on behalf of the corporation with respect to work performed by the corporation in this state shall be granted and delegated by the board of directors to the person so designated in the resolution. For land surveying, the corporation has filed with the board a certified copy of a resolution of the board of directors of the corporation which shall designate a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter as responsible for the practice of land surveying by the corporation in this state and shall provide full authority to make all final land surveying decisions on behalf of the corporation with respect to work performed by the corporation in this state be granted and delegated by the board of directors to the person so designated in the resolution. If a corporation offers both engineering and land surveying services, the board of directors shall designate both a licensed engineer and a licensed land surveyor. If a person is licensed in both engineering and land surveying, the person may be designated for both professions. The resolution shall further state that the bylaws of the corporation shall be amended to include the following provision: "The designated engineer or land surveyor, respectively, named in the resolution as being in responsible charge, or an engineer or land surveyor under the designated engineer or land surveyor’s direct supervision, shall make all engineering or land surveying decisions pertaining to engineering or land surveying activities in the state of Washington." However, the filing of the resolution shall not relieve the corporation of any responsibility or liability imposed upon it by law or by contract; (c) If there is a change in the designated engineer or designated land surveyor, the corporation shall notify the board in writing within thirty days after the effective date of the change. If the corporation changes its name, the corporation shall submit a copy of its amended certificate of authority or amended certificate of incorporation as filed with the secretary of state within thirty days of the filing; (d) Upon the filing with the board the application for certificate for authorization, certified copy of resolution and an affidavit, the designation of a designated engineer or designated land surveyor, or both, specified in (b) of this subsection, a certificate of incorporation or certificate of authorization as filed with the secretary of state, and a copy of the corporation’s current Washington business license, the board shall issue to the corporation a certificate of authorization to practice engineering or land surveying, or both, in this state upon a determination by the board that: (i) The designated engineer or designated land surveyor, or both, hold a certificate of registration in this state in accordance with this chapter and the certificate is in force; (2002 Ed.) 18.43.130 (ii) The designated engineer or designated land surveyor, or both, are not designated in responsible charge for another corporation or a limited liability company; and (iii) The corporation is licensed with the secretary of state and holds a current unified business identification number and the board determines, based on evaluating the findings and information in this section, that the applicant corporation possesses the ability and competence to furnish engineering or land surveying services, or both, in the public interest. The board may exercise its discretion to refuse to issue or it may suspend or revoke a certificate of authorization issued to a corporation if the board finds that any of the officers, directors, incorporators, or the stockholders holding a majority of stock of such corporation has committed misconduct or malpractice as defined in RCW 18.43.105 or has been found personally responsible for misconduct or malpractice under (f) and (g) of this subsection. (e) Engineers or land surveyors organized as a professional service corporation under chapter 18.100 RCW are exempt from applying for a certificate of authorization under this chapter. (f) Any corporation authorized to practice engineering under this chapter, together with its directors and officers for their own individual acts, are responsible to the same degree as an individual registered engineer, and must conduct its business without misconduct or malpractice in the practice of engineering as defined in this chapter. (g) Any corporation that is certified under this chapter is subject to the authority of the board as provided in RCW 18.43.035, 18.43.105, 18.43.110, and 18.43.120. (h) All plans, specifications, designs, and reports when issued in connection with work performed by a corporation under its certificate of authorization shall be prepared by or under the direct supervision of and shall be signed by and shall be stamped with the official seal of a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter. (i) For each certificate of authorization issued under this subsection (8) there shall be paid an initial fee determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086 and an annual renewal fee determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086. (9) The practice of engineering and/or land surveying in this state by a partnership if the partnership employs at least one person holding a valid certificate of registration under this chapter to practice engineering or land surveying, or both. The board shall not issue certificates of authorization to partnerships after July 1, 1998. Partnerships currently registered with the board are not required to pay an annual renewal fee after July 1, 1998. (10) The practice of engineering or land surveying, or both, in this state by limited liability companies: Provided, That (a) The limited liability company has filed with the board an application for certificate of authorization upon a form to be prescribed by the board and containing information required to enable the board to determine whether the limited liability company is qualified under this chapter to practice either or both engineering or land surveying in this state. (b) The limited liability company has filed with the board a certified copy of a resolution by the company [Title 18 RCW—page 131] 18.43.130 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions manager or managers that shall designate a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter as being responsible for the practice of engineering or land surveying, or both, by the limited liability company in this state and that the designated person has full authority to make all final engineering or land surveying decisions on behalf of the limited liability company with respect to work performed by the limited liability company in this state. The resolution shall further state that the limited liability company agreement shall be amended to include the following provision: "The designated engineer or land surveyor, respectively, named in the resolution as being in responsible charge, or an engineer or land surveyor under the designated engineer or land surveyor’s direct supervision, shall make all engineering or land surveying decisions pertaining to engineering or land surveying activities in the state of Washington." However, the filing of the resolution shall not relieve the limited liability company of responsibility or liability imposed upon it by law or by contract. (c) The designated engineer for the limited liability company must hold a current professional engineer license issued by this state. The designated land surveyor for the limited liability company must hold a current professional land surveyor license issued by this state. If a person is licensed as both a professional engineer and as a professional land surveyor in this state, then the limited liability company may designate the person as being in responsible charge for both professions. If there is a change in the designated engineer or designated land surveyor, the limited liability company shall notify the board in writing within thirty days after the effective date of the change. If the limited liability company changes its name, the company shall submit to the board a copy of the certificate of amendment filed with the secretary of state’s office. (d) Upon the filing with the board the application for certificate of authorization, a certified copy of the resolution, an affidavit from the designated engineer or the designated land surveyor, or both, specified in (b) and (c) of this subsection, a copy of the certificate of formation as filed with the secretary of state, and a copy of the company’s current business license, the board shall issue to the limited liability company a certificate of authorization to practice engineering or land surveying, or both, in this state upon determination by the board that: (i) The designated engineer or designated land surveyor, or both, hold a certificate of registration in this state under this chapter and the certificate is in force; (ii) The designated engineer or designated land surveyor, or both, are not designated in responsible charge for another limited liability company or a corporation; (iii) The limited liability company is licensed with the secretary of state and has a current unified business identification number and that the board determines, based on evaluating the findings and information under this subsection, that the applicant limited liability company possesses the ability and competence to furnish either or both engineering or land surveying services in the public interest. The board may exercise its discretion to refuse to issue, or it may suspend or revoke a certificate of authorization issued to a limited liability company if the board finds that [Title 18 RCW—page 132] any of the managers or members holding a majority interest in the limited liability company has committed misconduct or malpractice as defined in RCW 18.43.105 or has been found personally responsible for misconduct or malpractice under the provisions of (f) and (g) of this subsection. (e) Engineers or land surveyors organized as a professional limited liability company are exempt from applying for a certificate of authorization under this chapter. (f) Any limited liability company authorized to practice engineering or land surveying, or both, under this chapter, together with its manager or managers and members for their own individual acts, are responsible to the same degree as an individual registered engineer or registered land surveyor, and must conduct their business without misconduct or malpractice in the practice of engineering or land surveying, or both. (g) A limited liability company that is certified under this chapter is subject to the authority of the board as provided in RCW 18.43.035, 18.43.105, 18.43.110, and 18.43.120. (h) All plans, specifications, designs, and reports when issued in connection with work performed by a limited liability company under its certificate of authorization shall be prepared by or under the direct supervision of and shall be signed by and shall be stamped with the official seal of a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter. (i) For each certificate of authorization issued under this subsection (10) there shall be paid an initial fee determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086 and an annual renewal fee determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086. [1997 c 247 § 4; 1991 c 19 § 6; 1985 c 7 § 46; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 50; 1965 ex.s. c 126 § 2; 1961 c 142 § 5; 1959 c 297 § 7; 1947 c 283 § 16; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-33. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 2; RRS § 8306-2.] Effective date—1997 c 247 § 4: "Section 4 of this act takes effect July 1, 1998." [1997 c 247 § 5.] 18.43.130 Excepted services—Fees. (Effective January 1, 2003.) This chapter shall not be construed to prevent or affect: (1) The practice of any other legally recognized profession or trade; or (2) The practice of a person not a resident and having no established place of business in this state, practicing or offering to practice herein the profession of engineering or land surveying, when such practice does not exceed in the aggregate more than thirty days in any calendar year: PROVIDED, Such person has been determined by the board to be legally qualified by registration to practice the said profession in his or her own state or country in which the requirements and qualifications for obtaining a certificate of registration are not lower than those specified in this chapter. The person shall request such a determination by completing an application prescribed by the board and accompanied by a fee determined by the director. Upon approval of the application, the board shall issue a permit authorizing temporary practice; or (3) The practice of a person not a resident and having no established place of business in this state, or who has recently become a resident thereof, practicing or offering to practice herein for more than thirty days in any calendar year (2002 Ed.) Engineers and Land Surveyors the profession of engineering or land surveying, if he or she shall have filed with the board an application for a certificate of registration and shall have paid the fee required by this chapter: PROVIDED, That such person is legally qualified by registration to practice engineering or land surveying in his or her own state or country in which the requirements and qualifications of obtaining a certificate of registration are not lower than those specified in this chapter. Such practice shall continue only for such time as the board requires for the consideration of the application for registration; or (4) The work of an employee or a subordinate of a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter, or an employee of a person practicing lawfully under provisions of this section: PROVIDED, That such work does not include final design or decisions and is done under the direct responsibility, checking, and supervision of a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter or a person practicing lawfully under the provisions of this section; or (5) The work of a person rendering engineering or land surveying services to a corporation, as an employee of such corporation, when such services are rendered in carrying on the general business of the corporation and such general business does not consist, either wholly or in part, of the rendering of engineering services to the general public: PROVIDED, That such corporation employs at least one person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter or practicing lawfully under the provisions of this chapter; or (6) The practice of officers or employees of the government of the United States while engaged within the state in the practice of the profession of engineering or land surveying for the government of the United States; or (7) Nonresident engineers employed for the purpose of making engineering examinations; or (8) The practice of engineering or land surveying, or both, in this state by a corporation or joint stock association: PROVIDED, That (a) The corporation has filed with the board an application for certificate of authorization upon a form to be prescribed by the board and containing information required to enable the board to determine whether such corporation is qualified in accordance with this chapter to practice engineering or land surveying, or both, in this state; (b) For engineering, the corporation has filed with the board a certified copy of a resolution of the board of directors of the corporation that shall designate a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter as responsible for the practice of engineering by the corporation in this state and shall provide that full authority to make all final engineering decisions on behalf of the corporation with respect to work performed by the corporation in this state shall be granted and delegated by the board of directors to the person so designated in the resolution. For land surveying, the corporation has filed with the board a certified copy of a resolution of the board of directors of the corporation which shall designate a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter as responsible for the practice of land surveying by the corporation in this state and shall provide full authority to make all final land surveying decisions on behalf of the corporation with respect to work performed by the corporation in this state be granted and delegated by the board of directors to the person so designat(2002 Ed.) 18.43.130 ed in the resolution. If a corporation offers both engineering and land surveying services, the board of directors shall designate both a licensed engineer and a licensed land surveyor. If a person is licensed in both engineering and land surveying, the person may be designated for both professions. The resolution shall further state that the bylaws of the corporation shall be amended to include the following provision: "The designated engineer or land surveyor, respectively, named in the resolution as being in responsible charge, or an engineer or land surveyor under the designated engineer or land surveyor’s direct supervision, shall make all engineering or land surveying decisions pertaining to engineering or land surveying activities in the state of Washington." However, the filing of the resolution shall not relieve the corporation of any responsibility or liability imposed upon it by law or by contract; (c) If there is a change in the designated engineer or designated land surveyor, the corporation shall notify the board in writing within thirty days after the effective date of the change. If the corporation changes its name, the corporation shall submit a copy of its amended certificate of authority or amended certificate of incorporation as filed with the secretary of state within thirty days of the filing; (d) Upon the filing with the board the application for certificate for authorization, certified copy of resolution and an affidavit, the designation of a designated engineer or designated land surveyor, or both, specified in (b) of this subsection, a certificate of incorporation or certificate of authorization as filed with the secretary of state, and a copy of the corporation’s current Washington business license, the board shall issue to the corporation a certificate of authorization to practice engineering or land surveying, or both, in this state upon a determination by the board that: (i) The designated engineer or designated land surveyor, or both, hold a certificate of registration in this state in accordance with this chapter and the certificate is in force; (ii) The designated engineer or designated land surveyor, or both, are not designated in responsible charge for another corporation or a limited liability company; and (iii) The corporation is licensed with the secretary of state and holds a current unified business identification number and the board determines, based on evaluating the findings and information in this section, that the applicant corporation possesses the ability and competence to furnish engineering or land surveying services, or both, in the public interest. The board may exercise its discretion to take any of the actions under RCW 18.235.110 with respect to a certificate of authorization issued to a corporation if the board finds that any of the officers, directors, incorporators, or the stockholders holding a majority of stock of such corporation has engaged in unprofessional conduct as defined in RCW 18.43.105 or 18.235.130 or has been found personally responsible for unprofessional conduct under (f) and (g) of this subsection. (e) Engineers or land surveyors organized as a professional service corporation under chapter 18.100 RCW are exempt from applying for a certificate of authorization under this chapter. (f) Any corporation authorized to practice engineering under this chapter, together with its directors and officers for their own individual acts, are responsible to the same degree [Title 18 RCW—page 133] 18.43.130 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions as an individual registered engineer, and must conduct its business without unprofessional conduct in the practice of engineering as defined in this chapter and RCW 18.235.130. (g) Any corporation that is certified under this chapter is subject to the authority of the board as provided in RCW 18.43.035, 18.43.105, 18.43.110, 18.43.120, and chapter 18.235 RCW. (h) All plans, specifications, designs, and reports when issued in connection with work performed by a corporation under its certificate of authorization shall be prepared by or under the direct supervision of and shall be signed by and shall be stamped with the official seal of a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter. (i) For each certificate of authorization issued under this subsection (8) there shall be paid an initial fee determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086 and an annual renewal fee determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086. (9) The practice of engineering and/or land surveying in this state by a partnership if the partnership employs at least one person holding a valid certificate of registration under this chapter to practice engineering or land surveying, or both. The board shall not issue certificates of authorization to partnerships after July 1, 1998. Partnerships currently registered with the board are not required to pay an annual renewal fee after July 1, 1998. (10) The practice of engineering or land surveying, or both, in this state by limited liability companies: Provided, That (a) The limited liability company has filed with the board an application for certificate of authorization upon a form to be prescribed by the board and containing information required to enable the board to determine whether the limited liability company is qualified under this chapter to practice either or both engineering or land surveying in this state. (b) The limited liability company has filed with the board a certified copy of a resolution by the company manager or managers that shall designate a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter as being responsible for the practice of engineering or land surveying, or both, by the limited liability company in this state and that the designated person has full authority to make all final engineering or land surveying decisions on behalf of the limited liability company with respect to work performed by the limited liability company in this state. The resolution shall further state that the limited liability company agreement shall be amended to include the following provision: "The designated engineer or land surveyor, respectively, named in the resolution as being in responsible charge, or an engineer or land surveyor under the designated engineer or land surveyor’s direct supervision, shall make all engineering or land surveying decisions pertaining to engineering or land surveying activities in the state of Washington." However, the filing of the resolution shall not relieve the limited liability company of responsibility or liability imposed upon it by law or by contract. (c) The designated engineer for the limited liability company must hold a current professional engineer license issued by this state. [Title 18 RCW—page 134] The designated land surveyor for the limited liability company must hold a current professional land surveyor license issued by this state. If a person is licensed as both a professional engineer and as a professional land surveyor in this state, then the limited liability company may designate the person as being in responsible charge for both professions. If there is a change in the designated engineer or designated land surveyor, the limited liability company shall notify the board in writing within thirty days after the effective date of the change. If the limited liability company changes its name, the company shall submit to the board a copy of the certificate of amendment filed with the secretary of state’s office. (d) Upon the filing with the board the application for certificate of authorization, a certified copy of the resolution, an affidavit from the designated engineer or the designated land surveyor, or both, specified in (b) and (c) of this subsection, a copy of the certificate of formation as filed with the secretary of state, and a copy of the company’s current business license, the board shall issue to the limited liability company a certificate of authorization to practice engineering or land surveying, or both, in this state upon determination by the board that: (i) The designated engineer or designated land surveyor, or both, hold a certificate of registration in this state under this chapter and the certificate is in force; (ii) The designated engineer or designated land surveyor, or both, are not designated in responsible charge for another limited liability company or a corporation; (iii) The limited liability company is licensed with the secretary of state and has a current unified business identification number and that the board determines, based on evaluating the findings and information under this subsection, that the applicant limited liability company possesses the ability and competence to furnish either or both engineering or land surveying services in the public interest. The board may exercise its discretion to take any of the actions under RCW 18.235.110 with respect to a certificate of authorization issued to a limited liability company if the board finds that any of the managers or members holding a majority interest in the limited liability company has engaged in unprofessional conduct as defined in RCW 18.43.105 or 18.235.130 or has been found personally responsible for unprofessional conduct under the provisions of (f) and (g) of this subsection. (e) Engineers or land surveyors organized as a professional limited liability company are exempt from applying for a certificate of authorization under this chapter. (f) Any limited liability company authorized to practice engineering or land surveying, or both, under this chapter, together with its manager or managers and members for their own individual acts, are responsible to the same degree as an individual registered engineer or registered land surveyor, and must conduct their business without unprofessional conduct in the practice of engineering or land surveying, or both. (g) A limited liability company that is certified under this chapter is subject to the authority of the board as provided in RCW 18.43.035, 18.43.105, 18.43.110, 18.43.120, and chapter 18.235 RCW. (2002 Ed.) Engineers and Land Surveyors (h) All plans, specifications, designs, and reports when issued in connection with work performed by a limited liability company under its certificate of authorization shall be prepared by or under the direct supervision of and shall be signed by and shall be stamped with the official seal of a person holding a certificate of registration under this chapter. (i) For each certificate of authorization issued under this subsection (10) there shall be paid an initial fee determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086 and an annual renewal fee determined by the director as provided in RCW 43.24.086. [2002 c 86 § 227; 1997 c 247 § 4; 1991 c 19 § 6; 1985 c 7 § 46; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 50; 1965 ex.s. c 126 § 2; 1961 c 142 § 5; 1959 c 297 § 7; 1947 c 283 § 16; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 8306-33. Prior: 1935 c 167 § 2; RRS § 8306-2.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. Effective date—1997 c 247 § 4: "Section 4 of this act takes effect July 1, 1998." [1997 c 247 § 5.] 18.43.140 Injunctive relief, proof—Board’s immunity from liability—Prosecutions. (Effective until January 1, 2003.) The board is authorized to apply for relief by injunction without bond, to restrain a person from the commission of any act which is prohibited by this chapter. In such proceedings, it shall not be necessary to allege or prove either that an adequate remedy at law does not exist, or that substantial or irreparable damage would result from the continued violation thereof. The members of the board shall not be personally liable for their action in any such proceeding or in any other proceeding instituted by the board under the provisions of this chapter. The board in any proper case shall cause prosecution to be instituted in any county or counties where any violation of this chapter occurs, and shall aid in the prosecution of the violator. [1959 c 297 § 3.] 18.43.150 Disposition of fees. All fees collected under the provisions of RCW 18.43.050, 18.43.060, 18.43.080, 18.43.100, and 18.43.130 and fines collected under RCW 18.43.110 shall be paid into the professional engineers’ account, which account is hereby established in the state treasury to be used to carry out the purposes and provisions of RCW 18.43.050, 18.43.060, 18.43.080, 18.43.100, 18.43.110, 18.43.120, 18.43.130, *18.43.140 and all other duties required for operation and enforcement of this chapter. [1991 c 277 § 2; 1985 c 57 § 5; 1965 ex.s. c 126 § 3.] *Reviser’s note: RCW 18.43.140 was repealed by 2002 c 86 § 401, effective January 1, 2003. Effective date—1991 c 277: See note following RCW 18.85.220. Effective date—1985 c 57: See note following RCW 18.04.105. 18.43.160 Certificate of registration or license suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. The board shall suspend the certificate of registration or license of any person who has been certified by a lending agency and reported to the board for nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational (2002 Ed.) 18.43.130 loan or service-conditional scholarship. Prior to the suspension, the agency must provide the person an opportunity for a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW 34.05.485 through 34.05.494 and issue a finding of nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. The person’s certificate of registration or license shall not be reissued until the person provides the board a written release issued by the lending agency stating that the person is making payments on the loan in accordance with a repayment agreement approved by the lending agency. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for registration or licensure during the suspension, reinstatement shall be automatic upon receipt of the notice and payment of any reinstatement fee the board may impose. [1996 c 293 § 10.] Severability—1996 c 293: See note following RCW 18.04.420. 18.43.170 Registration suspension—Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. The board shall immediately suspend the registration of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order or a *residential or visitation order. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for membership during the suspension, reissuance of the certificate of registration shall be automatic upon the board’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the person is in compliance with the order. [1997 c 58 § 821.] *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.43.180 Uniform regulation of business and professions act. (Effective January 1, 2003.) The uniform regulation of business and professions act, chapter 18.235 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [2002 c 86 § 228.] Effective dates—2002 c 86: See note following RCW 18.08.340. Part headings not law—Severability—2002 c 86: See RCW 18.235.902 and 18.235.903. 18.43.900 Short title. This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the "Professional Engineers’ Registration Act". [1947 c 283 § 19.] 18.43.910 Severability—1947 c 283. If any section of this chapter shall be declared unconstitutional or invalid, such adjudication shall not invalidate any other provision or provisions thereof. [1947 c 283 § 17.] [Title 18 RCW—page 135] 18.43.920 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.43.920 Severability—1959 c 297. If any section of this act or part thereof shall be declared unconstitutional or invalid, such adjudication shall not invalidate any other provision or provisions thereof. [1959 c 297 § 8.] 18.44.430 18.44.440 18.44.450 18.43.930 Severability—1961 c 142. If any section of this act or part thereof shall be adjudged unconstitutional or invalid, such adjudication shall not invalidate any other provision or provisions thereof. [1961 c 142 § 6.] 18.44.465 18.44.460 18.44.470 18.44.480 18.44.490 Actions against license—Grounds. Violations—Cease and desist orders. Referral fees prohibited—Consumer protection act— Application. License suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. Termination of license—Effect upon preexisting escrows— Notice to principals. Receivership. Remedies—Affecting corporate franchise. Authority to prosecute—Grants of injunctive relief, temporary restraining orders. ESCROW COMMISSION Chapter 18.44 ESCROW AGENT REGISTRATION ACT 18.44.500 18.44.510 Escrow commission—Members—Terms—Compensation and travel expenses. Compensation and travel expenses of commission members. 18.44.901 18.44.902 18.44.903 18.44.904 18.44.905 Construction—1965 c 153. Short title. Severability—1971 ex.s. c 245. Severability—1977 ex.s. c 156. Severability—1979 c 70. Sections MISCELLANEOUS DEFINITIONS 18.44.011 Definitions. LICENSING 18.44.021 18.44.031 18.44.041 18.44.051 18.44.061 18.44.071 18.44.081 18.44.091 18.44.101 18.44.111 18.44.121 18.44.127 18.44.131 18.44.141 18.44.151 18.44.161 18.44.171 18.44.181 18.44.191 18.44.195 License required—Exceptions. License—Application, requisites. Branch offices—Application to establish—Requirements. Branch offices—Issuance of license. Change in business location, office location, business name—Written notice required. Escrow officer required for handling transactions— Responsibility of supervising escrow agent. Escrow officer’s license—Application—Form—Timely filing—Proof of moral character, etc. License—Fees—Renewal. License—Retention and display by agent—Termination— Inactive licenses. Licenses—Form and size—Contents. Fees. Certificate of registration suspension—Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. License application—Issuance. License—Duration—Posting. License—Expiration and renewal—Fee. License—Reinstatement. Engaging in business without license—Penalty. Proof of licensure prerequisite to action for fee. Director—Educational conferences—Examinations. Examination—Content. BONDING 18.44.201 18.44.251 18.44.261 18.44.270 18.44.271 18.44.281 18.44.291 Financial responsibility—Fidelity bond—Errors and omissions policy—Surety bond. Cancellation of fidelity bond or surety bond, or both—New bond required. Waiver of bond or policy where not reasonably available— Determination procedure—Waiver period. Corporation for insuring where bond or policy not reasonably available. Waiver of errors and omissions policy requirement— Criteria. Waiver—Affidavit. Waiver—Determination. Application of Administrative Procedure Act. Waiver—Certificate of waiver. Waiver—Denial. Waiver—Application by escrow license applicant. 18.44.301 Prohibited practices. 18.44.400 Records and accounts—Segregation and disbursements of funds—Violation of section, penalties. Powers of director. Investigation of violations—Procedure—Powers of director. 18.44.211 18.44.221 18.44.231 18.44.241 PROHIBITED PRACTICES ENFORCEMENT 18.44.410 18.44.420 [Title 18 RCW—page 136] DEFINITIONS 18.44.011 Definitions. Unless a different meaning is apparent from the context, terms used in this chapter shall have the following meanings: (1) "Department" means the department of financial institutions. (2) "Director" means the director of financial institutions, or his or her duly authorized representative. (3) "Director of licensing" means the director of the department of licensing, or his or her duly authorized representative. (4) "Escrow" means any transaction, except the acts of a qualified intermediary in facilitating an exchange under section 1031 of the internal revenue code, wherein any person or persons, for the purpose of effecting and closing the sale, purchase, exchange, transfer, encumbrance, or lease of real or personal property to another person or persons, delivers any written instrument, money, evidence of title to real or personal property, or other thing of value to a third person to be held by such third person until the happening of a specified event or the performance of a prescribed condition or conditions, when it is then to be delivered by such third person, in compliance with instructions under which he or she is to act, to a grantee, grantor, promisee, promisor, obligee, obligor, lessee, lessor, bailee, bailor, or any agent or employee thereof. (5) "Split escrow" means a transaction in which two or more escrow agents act to effect and close an escrow transaction. (6) "Escrow agent" means any person engaged in the business of performing for compensation the duties of the third person referred to in subsection (4) of this section. (7) "Licensed escrow agent" means any sole proprietorship, firm, association, partnership, or corporation holding a license as an escrow agent under the provisions of this chapter. (8) "Person" means a natural person, firm, association, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, or the plural thereof, whether resident, nonresident, citizen, or not. (2002 Ed.) Escrow Agent Registration Act (9) "Licensed escrow officer" means any natural person handling escrow transactions and licensed as such by the director. (10) "Designated escrow officer" means any licensed escrow officer designated by a licensed escrow agent and approved by the director as the licensed escrow officer responsible for supervising that agent’s handling of escrow transactions, management of the agent’s trust account, and supervision of all other licensed escrow officers employed by the agent. (11) "Escrow commission" means the escrow commission of the state of Washington created by RCW 18.44.500. (12) "Controlling person" is any person who owns or controls ten percent or more of the beneficial ownership of any escrow agent, regardless of the form of business organization employed and regardless of whether such interest stands in such person’s true name or in the name of a nominee. [1999 c 30 § 1; 1995 c 238 § 1; 1985 c 7 § 47; 1979 c 158 § 42; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 1; 1971 ex.s. c 245 § 1; 1965 c 153 § 1. Formerly RCW 18.44.010.] Effective date—1995 c 238: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, 1995." [1995 c 238 § 10.] LICENSING 18.44.021 License required—Exceptions. It shall be unlawful for any person to engage in business as an escrow agent by performing escrows or any of the functions of an escrow agent as described in RCW 18.44.011(4) within this state or with respect to transactions that involve personal property or real property located in this state unless such person possesses a valid license issued by the director pursuant to this chapter. The licensing requirements of this chapter shall not apply to: (1) Any person doing business under the law of this state or the United States relating to banks, trust companies, mutual savings banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, insurance companies, or any federally approved agency or lending institution under the national housing act (12 U.S.C. Sec. 1703). (2) Any person licensed to practice law in this state while engaged in the performance of his or her professional duties. (3) Any real estate company, broker, or agent subject to the jurisdiction of the director of licensing while performing acts in the course of or incidental to sales or purchases of real or personal property handled or negotiated by such real estate company, broker, or agent: PROVIDED, That no compensation is received for escrow services. (4) Any transaction in which money or other property is paid to, deposited with, or transferred to a joint control agent for disbursal or use in payment of the cost of labor, material, services, permits, fees, or other items of expense incurred in the construction of improvements upon real property. (5) Any receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, executor, administrator, guardian, or other person acting under the supervision or order of any superior court of this state or of any federal court. (2002 Ed.) 18.44.011 (6) Title insurance companies having a valid certificate of authority issued by the insurance commissioner of this state and title insurance agents having a valid license as a title insurance agent issued by the insurance commissioner of this state. [1999 c 30 § 2; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 2; 1971 ex.s. c 245 § 2; 1967 ex.s. c 76 § 1; 1965 c 153 § 2. Formerly RCW 18.44.020.] 18.44.031 License—Application, requisites. An application for an escrow agent license shall be in writing in such form as is prescribed by the director, and shall be verified on oath by the applicant. An application for an escrow agent license shall include fingerprints for all officers, directors, owners, partners, and controlling persons, and, unless waived by the director, the following: (1) The applicant’s form of business organization and place of organization; (2) If the applicant is a corporation or limited liability company, the address of its physical location, a list of officers, controlling persons, and directors of such corporation or company and their residential addresses, telephone numbers, and other identifying information as the director may determine by rule. If the applicant is a sole proprietorship or partnership, the address of its business location, a list of owners, partners, or controlling persons and their residential addresses, telephone numbers, and other identifying information as the director may determine by rule. Any information in the application regarding the personal residential address or telephone number of any officer, director, partner, owner, controlling person, or employee is exempt from the public records disclosure requirements of chapter 42.17 RCW; (3) In the event the applicant is doing business under an assumed name, a copy of the master business license with the registered trade name shown; (4) The qualifications and business history of the applicant and all of its officers, directors, owners, partners, and controlling persons; (5) A personal credit report from a recognized credit reporting bureau satisfactory to the director on all officers, directors, owners, partners, and controlling persons of the applicant; (6) Whether any of the officers, directors, owners, partners, or controlling persons have been convicted of any crime within the preceding ten years which relates directly to the business or duties of escrow agents, or have suffered a judgment within the preceding five years in any civil action involving fraud, misrepresentation, any unfair or deceptive act or practice, or conversion; (7) The identity of the licensed escrow officer designated by the escrow agent as the designated escrow officer responsible for supervising the agent’s escrow activity; (8) Evidence of compliance with the bonding and insurance requirements of RCW 18.44.201; and (9) Any other information the director may require by rule. The director may share any information contained within a license application, including fingerprints, with the federal bureau of investigation and other regulatory or law enforcement agencies. [1999 c 30 § 3; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 3; 1965 c 153 § 3. Formerly RCW 18.44.030.] [Title 18 RCW—page 137] 18.44.041 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.44.041 Branch offices—Application to establish—Requirements. (1) A licensed escrow agent shall not operate an escrow business in a location other than the location set forth on the agent’s license or branch office license issued by the director. The licensed escrow agent may apply to the director for authority to establish one or more branch offices under the same name as the main office. (2) Each branch office operated by a licensed escrow agent shall be supervised by a licensed escrow officer designated by the licensed escrow agent as the designated branch escrow officer for that branch. (3) Any person desiring to operate a branch escrow office shall make application on a form provided by the director and pay a fee as set forth in rule by the director. Such application shall identify the licensed escrow officer designated as the designated branch escrow officer to supervise the agent’s escrow activity at the branch office. (4) No escrow agent branch office license shall be issued until the applicant has satisfied the director that the escrow activity of the branch meets all financial responsibility requirements governing the conduct of escrow activity. [1999 c 30 § 28; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 26. Formerly RCW 18.44.330.] 18.44.051 Branch offices—Issuance of license. Upon the filing of the application for an escrow agent branch office and satisfying the requirements of this chapter, the director shall issue and deliver to the applicant a license to engage in the business of an escrow agent at the branch location set forth on the license. [1999 c 30 § 29; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 27. Formerly RCW 18.44.340.] 18.44.061 Change in business location, office location, business name—Written notice required. A licensed escrow agent shall provide notice in writing to the director and to the insurer providing coverage under RCW 18.44.201 of any change of business location, branch office location, or business name. Such notice shall be given in a form prescribed by the director and shall be delivered at least ten business days prior to the change in business location or name. Upon the surrender of the original license for the agent or the applicable branch office and a payment of a fee, the director shall issue a new license for the new location. [1999 c 30 § 7; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 19. Formerly RCW 18.44.067.] 18.44.071 Escrow officer required for handling transactions—Responsibility of supervising escrow agent. Every licensed escrow agent shall ensure that all escrow transactions are supervised by a licensed escrow officer. In the case of a partnership, the designated escrow officer shall be a partner in the partnership and shall act on behalf of the partnership. In the case of a corporation, the designated escrow officer shall be an officer of the corporation and shall act on behalf of the corporation. The designated escrow officer shall be responsible for that agent’s handling of escrow transactions, management of the agent’s trust account, and supervision of all other licensed escrow officers employed by the agent. Responsibility for the conduct of any licensed escrow officer covered by this chapter shall rest with the designated escrow officer or designated branch [Title 18 RCW—page 138] escrow officer having direct supervision of such person’s escrow activities. The branch designated escrow officer shall bear responsibility for supervision of all other licensed escrow officers or other persons performing escrow transactions at a branch escrow office. [1999 c 30 § 21; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 11; 1971 ex.s. c 245 § 7. Formerly RCW 18.44.200.] 18.44.081 Escrow officer’s license—Application— Form—Timely filing—Proof of moral character, etc. Any person desiring to be a licensed escrow officer shall meet the requirements of RCW 18.44.195 as provided in this chapter. The applicant shall make application endorsed by a licensed escrow agent to the director on a form to be prescribed and furnished by the director. Such application must be received by the director within one year of passing the escrow officer examination. With this application the applicant shall: (1) Pay a license fee as set forth by rule; and (2) Furnish such proof as the director may require concerning his or her honesty, truthfulness, good reputation, and identity, including but not limited to fingerprints, residential address and telephone number, qualifications and employment history, a personal credit report, and any other information required under RCW 18.44.031. [1999 c 30 § 24; 1995 c 238 § 4; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 22. Formerly RCW 18.44.290.] Effective date—1995 c 238: See note following RCW 18.44.011. 18.44.091 License—Fees—Renewal. Every escrow officer license issued under the provisions of this chapter expires on the date one year from the date of issue which date will henceforth be the renewal date. An annual license renewal fee in the same amount must be paid on or before each renewal date: PROVIDED, That licenses issued or renewed prior to September 21, 1977, shall use the existing renewal date as the date of issue. If the application for a license renewal is not received by the director on or before the renewal date such license is expired. The license may be reinstated at any time prior to the next succeeding renewal date following its expiration upon the payment to the director of the annual renewal fee then in default. Acceptance by the director of an application for renewal after the renewal date shall not be a waiver of the delinquency. Licenses not renewed within one year of the renewal date then in default shall be canceled. A new license may be obtained by satisfying the procedures and qualifications for initial licensing, including where applicable successful completion of examinations. [1999 c 30 § 25; 1985 c 340 § 5; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 23. Formerly RCW 18.44.300.] 18.44.101 License—Retention and display by agent—Termination—Inactive licenses. The license of a licensed escrow officer shall be retained and displayed at all times by the licensed escrow agent. When the officer ceases for any reason to represent the agent, the license shall cease to be in force. Within three business days of termination of the licensed escrow officer’s employment, the licensed escrow agent shall notify the director that the terminated escrow officer no longer represents the escrow agent. Within ten business days of termination of the licensed escrow officer’s employment, the licensed escrow agent shall (2002 Ed.) Escrow Agent Registration Act deliver the surrendered escrow officer license to the director. Failure to notify the director within three business days or deliver the surrendered license to the director within ten business days shall, at the discretion of the director, subject the escrow agent to penalties under RCW 18.44.430. The director may hold the licensed escrow officer’s license inactive upon notification of termination by the escrow agent or designated escrow officer. The licensed escrow officer shall pay the renewal fee annually to maintain an inactive license. An inactive license may be activated upon application of a licensed escrow agent on a form provided by the director and the payment of a fee. If the licensed escrow officer continues to meet the requirements of licensing in RCW 18.44.081, the director shall thereupon issue a new license for the unexpired term of the licensed escrow officer. An escrow officer’s first license shall not be issued inactive. [1999 c 30 § 26; 1989 c 51 § 1; 1985 c 340 § 6; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 24. Formerly RCW 18.44.310.] 18.44.111 Licenses—Form and size—Contents. Each escrow agent license, each escrow agent branch office license, and each escrow officer license shall be issued in the form and size prescribed by the director and shall state in addition to any other matter required by the director: (1) The name of the licensee; (2) The name under which the applicant will do business; (3) The address at which the applicant will do business; (4) The expiration date of the license; and (5) In the case of a corporation, partnership, or branch office, the name of the designated escrow officer or designated branch escrow officer. [1999 c 30 § 30; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 28. Formerly RCW 18.44.350.] 18.44.121 Fees. The director shall charge and collect the following fees as established by rule by the director: (1) A fee for filing an original or a renewal application for an escrow agent license, a fee for each application for an additional licensed location, a fee for an application for a change of address for an escrow agent, annual fees for the first office or location and for each additional office or location, and under RCW 43.135.055 the director shall set the annual fee for an escrow agent license up to five hundred sixty-five dollars in fiscal year 2000. (2) A fee for filing an original or a renewal application for an escrow officer license, a fee for an application for a change of address for each escrow officer license being so changed, a fee to activate an inactive escrow officer license or transfer an escrow officer license, and under RCW 43.135.055 the director shall set the annual fee for an escrow officer license up to two hundred thirty-five dollars in fiscal year 2000. (3) A fee for filing an application for a duplicate of an escrow agent license or of an escrow officer license lost, stolen, destroyed, or for replacement. (4) A fee for providing license examinations. (5) An hourly audit fee. In setting this fee, the director shall ensure that every examination and audit, or any part of the examination or audit, of any person licensed or subject to licensing in this state requiring travel and services outside this state by the director or by employees designated by the (2002 Ed.) 18.44.101 director, shall be at the expense of the person examined or audited at the hourly rate established by the director, plus the per diem compensation and actual travel expenses incurred by the director or his or her employees conducting the examination or audit. When making any examination or audit under this chapter, the director may retain attorneys, appraisers, independent certified public accountants, or other professionals and specialists as examiners or auditors, the cost of which shall be borne by the person who is the subject of the examination or audit. In establishing these fees, the director shall set the fees at a sufficient level to defray the costs of administering this chapter. All fees received by the director under this chapter shall be paid into the state treasury to the credit of the financial services regulation fund. [2001 c 177 § 3; 1999 c 30 § 10; 1995 c 238 § 2; 1985 c 340 § 1; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 7; 1971 ex.s. c 245 § 5; 1965 c 153 § 8. Formerly RCW 18.44.080.] Effective date—2001 c 177: See note following RCW 43.320.080. Effective date—1995 c 238: See note following RCW 18.44.011. 18.44.127 Certificate of registration suspension— Noncompliance with support order—Reissuance. The department shall immediately suspend the certificate of registration of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order or a *residential or visitation order. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for certification during the suspension, reissuance of the certificate shall be automatic upon the department’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the person is in compliance with the order. [1997 c 58 § 822.] *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. 18.44.131 License application—Issuance. Upon the filing of the application for an escrow agent license on a form provided by the director and satisfying the requirements as set forth in this chapter, the director shall issue and deliver to the applicant a license to engage in the business of an escrow agent at the location set forth in the license. [1999 c 30 § 11; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 8; 1965 c 153 § 9. Formerly RCW 18.44.090.] 18.44.141 License—Duration—Posting. An escrow agent’s license shall remain in effect until surrendered, revoked, suspended, or until it expires, and shall at all times be kept conspicuously posted in all places of business of the agent. [1999 c 30 § 12; 1965 c 153 § 10. Formerly RCW 18.44.100.] [Title 18 RCW—page 139] 18.44.151 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.44.151 License—Expiration and renewal—Fee. Each escrow agent’s license shall expire at noon on the thirty-first day of December of any calendar year. The license may be renewed by filing an application and paying the annual license fee for the next succeeding calendar year. [1999 c 30 § 13; 1985 c 340 § 2; 1965 c 153 § 11. Formerly RCW 18.44.110.] 18.44.161 License—Reinstatement. An escrow agent’s license which has not been renewed may be reinstated at any time prior to the thirtieth day of January following its expiration, upon the payment to the director of the annual license fees then in default and a penalty equal to one-half of the annual license fees then in default. [1999 c 30 § 14; 1965 c 153 § 12. Formerly RCW 18.44.120.] 18.44.171 Engaging in business without license— Penalty. Any person required by this chapter to obtain a license who engages in business as an escrow agent without applying for and receiving the license required by this chapter, or willfully continues to act as an escrow agent or licensed escrow officer after surrender, expiration, suspension, or revocation of his or her license, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than ninety days, or by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars per day for each day’s violation, or by both such fine and imprisonment. [1999 c 30 § 17; 1965 c 153 § 14. Formerly RCW 18.44.140.] Date for initial compliance: "All persons doing business within this state as an escrow agent as defined in this act, who may be required by this act to register with the department, shall comply with the provisions hereof not later than December 31, 1965." [1965 c 153 § 15.] 18.44.181 Proof of licensure prerequisite to action for fee. No person engaged in the business or acting in the capacity of an escrow agent may bring or maintain any action in any court of this state for the collection or compensation for the performances of any services entered upon after December 31, 1965, for which licensing is required under this chapter without alleging and proving that he or she was a duly licensed escrow agent at the time of commencement of such services. [1999 c 30 § 20; 1965 c 153 § 19. Formerly RCW 18.44.180.] 18.44.191 Director—Educational conferences— Examinations. The director shall have the authority to hold educational conferences for the benefit of the industry and shall conduct examinations for licenses as an escrow officer. [1977 ex.s. c 156 § 15; 1971 ex.s. c 245 § 12. Formerly RCW 18.44.250.] 18.44.195 Examination—Content. (1) Any person desiring to become a licensed escrow officer must successfully pass an examination. (2) The escrow officer examination shall encompass the following: (a) Appropriate knowledge of the English language, including reading, writing, and arithmetic; (b) An understanding of the principles of real estate conveyancing and the general purposes and legal effects of deeds, mortgages, deeds of trust, contracts of sale, exchang[Title 18 RCW—page 140] es, rental and optional agreements, leases, earnest money agreements, personal property transfers, and encumbrances; (c) An understanding of the obligations between principal and agent; (d) An understanding of the meaning and nature of encumbrances upon real property; (e) An understanding of the principles and practice of trust accounting; and (f) An understanding of the escrow agent registration act and other applicable law such as the real estate settlement procedures act, 12 U.S.C. Sec. 2601, and regulation X, 24 C.F.R. Sec. 3500. (3) The examination shall be in such form as prescribed by the director with the advice of the escrow commission, and shall be given at least annually. [1999 c 30 § 4.] BONDING 18.44.201 Financial responsibility—Fidelity bond— Errors and omissions policy—Surety bond. (1) At the time of filing an application for an escrow agent license, or any renewal or reinstatement of an escrow agent license, the applicant shall provide satisfactory evidence to the director of having obtained the following as evidence of financial responsibility: (a) A fidelity bond providing coverage in the aggregate amount of two hundred thousand dollars with a deductible no greater than ten thousand dollars covering each corporate officer, partner, escrow officer, and employee of the applicant engaged in escrow transactions; (b) An errors and omissions policy issued to the escrow agent providing coverage in the minimum aggregate amount of fifty thousand dollars or, alternatively, cash or securities in the principal amount of fifty thousand dollars deposited in an approved depository on condition that they be available for payment of any claim payable under an equivalent errors and omissions policy in that amount and pursuant to rules and regulations adopted by the department for that purpose; and (c) A surety bond in the amount of ten thousand dollars executed by the applicant as obligor and by a surety company authorized to do a surety business in this state as surety, unless the fidelity bond obtained by the licensee to satisfy the requirement in (a) of this subsection does not have a deductible. The bond shall run to the state of Washington as obligee, and shall run to the benefit of the state and any person or persons who suffer loss by reason of the applicant’s or its employee’s violation of this chapter. The bond shall be conditioned that the obligor as licensee will faithfully conform to and abide by this chapter and all rules adopted under this chapter, and shall reimburse all persons who suffer loss by reason of a violation of this chapter or rules adopted under this chapter. The bond shall be continuous and may be canceled by the surety upon the surety giving written notice to the director of its intent to cancel the bond. The cancellation shall be effective thirty days after the notice is received by the director. Whether or not the bond is renewed, continued, reinstated, reissued, or otherwise extended, replaced, or modified, including increases or decreases in the penal sum, it shall be considered one continuous obligation, and the surety upon the bond shall not be (2002 Ed.) Escrow Agent Registration Act liable in an aggregate amount exceeding the penal sum set forth on the face of the bond. In no event shall the penal sum, or any portion thereof, at two or more points in time be added together in determining the surety’s liability. The bond shall not be liable for any penalties imposed on the licensee, including but not limited to, any increased damages or attorneys’ fees, or both, awarded under RCW 19.86.090. (2) For the purposes of this section, a "fidelity bond" shall mean a primary commercial blanket bond or its equivalent satisfactory to the director and written by an insurer authorized to transact this line of business in the state of Washington. Such bond shall provide fidelity coverage for any fraudulent or dishonest acts committed by any one or more of the employees or officers as defined in the bond, acting alone or in collusion with others. This bond shall be for the sole benefit of the escrow agent and under no circumstances whatsoever shall the bonding company be liable under the bond to any other party. The bond shall name the escrow agent as obligee and shall protect the obligee against the loss of money or other real or personal property belonging to the obligee, or in which the obligee has a pecuniary interest, or for which the obligee is legally liable or held by the obligee in any capacity, whether the obligee is legally liable therefor or not. The bond may be canceled by the insurer upon delivery of thirty days’ written notice to the director and to the escrow agent. (3) For the purposes of this section, an "errors and omissions policy" shall mean a group or individual insurance policy satisfactory to the director and issued by an insurer authorized to transact insurance business in the state of Washington. Such policy shall provide coverage for unintentional errors and omissions of the escrow agent and its employees, and may be canceled by the insurer upon delivery of thirty days’ written notice to the director and to the escrow agent. (4) Except as provided in RCW 18.44.221, the fidelity bond, surety bond, and the errors and omissions policy required by this section shall be kept in full force and effect as a condition precedent to the escrow agent’s authority to transact escrow business in this state, and the escrow agent shall supply the director with satisfactory evidence thereof upon request. [1999 c 30 § 5; 1979 c 70 § 1; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 5; 1971 ex.s. c 245 § 4; 1965 c 153 § 5. Formerly RCW 18.44.050.] 18.44.211 Cancellation of fidelity bond or surety bond, or both—New bond required. In the event of cancellation of either the fidelity bond, the surety bond, or both, the director shall require the filing of a new bond or bonds. Failure to provide the director with satisfactory evidence of a new bond after receipt by the director of notification that one is required or by the effective date of the cancellation notice, whichever is later, shall be sufficient grounds for the suspension or revocation of the escrow agent’s license. [1999 c 30 § 6; 1965 c 153 § 6. Formerly RCW 18.44.060.] 18.44.221 Waiver of bond or policy where not reasonably available—Determination procedure—Waiver period. The director shall, within thirty days after the written request of the escrow commission, hold a public (2002 Ed.) 18.44.201 hearing to determine whether the fidelity bond, surety bond, and/or the errors and omissions policy specified in RCW 18.44.201 is reasonably available to a substantial number of licensed escrow agents. If the director determines and the insurance commissioner concurs that such bond or bonds and/or policy is not reasonably available, the director shall waive the requirements for such bond or bonds and/or policy for a fixed period of time. [1999 c 30 § 31; 1988 c 178 § 2; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 30. Formerly RCW 18.44.360.] Severability—1988 c 178: See note following RCW 18.44.400. 18.44.231 Corporation for insuring where bond or policy not reasonably available. After a written determination by the director, with the consent of the insurance commissioner, that the fidelity bond, the surety bond, and/or the errors and omissions policy required under RCW 18.44.201 is cost-prohibitive, or after a determination as provided in RCW 18.44.221 that such bond or policy is not reasonably available, an association comprised of licensed escrow agents, with the consent of the insurance commissioner, may organize a corporation pursuant to chapter 24.06 RCW, exempt from the provisions of Title 48 RCW, for the purpose of insuring or self-insuring against claims arising out of escrow transactions. The insurance commissioner may limit the authority of the corporation to the insuring or selfinsuring of claims which would be within the coverage specified in RCW 18.44.201. The insurance commissioner may revoke the authority of the corporation to transact insurance or self-insurance if he or she determines, pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW, that the corporation is not acting in a financially responsible manner or for the benefit of the public. [1999 c 30 § 32; 1987 c 471 § 4; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 31. Formerly RCW 18.44.370.] Severability—1987 c 471: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1987 c 471 § 11.] Effective date—1987 c 471: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, 1987." [1987 c 471 § 13.] 18.44.241 Waiver of errors and omissions policy requirement—Criteria. The following criteria will be considered by the director when deciding whether to grant a licensed escrow agent a waiver from the errors and omissions policy requirement under RCW 18.44.201: (1) Whether the director has determined pursuant to RCW 18.44.221 that an errors and omissions policy is not reasonably available to a substantial number of licensed escrow agents; (2) Whether purchasing an errors and omissions policy would be cost-prohibitive for the licensed escrow agent requesting the exemption; (3) Whether a licensed escrow agent has wilfully violated the provisions of chapter 18.44 RCW, which violation thereby resulted in the termination of the agent’s certificate, or engaged in any other conduct resulting in the termination of the escrow certificate; (4) Whether a licensed escrow agent has paid claims directly or through an errors and omissions carrier, exclusive of costs and attorney fees, in excess of ten thousand dollars [Title 18 RCW—page 141] 18.44.241 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions in the calendar year preceding the year for which the waiver is requested; (5) Whether a licensed escrow agent has paid claims directly or through an errors or omissions insurance carrier, exclusive of costs and attorney fees, totaling in excess of twenty thousand dollars in the three calendar years preceding the calendar year for which the exemption is requested; and (6) Whether the licensed escrow agent has been convicted of a crime involving honesty or moral turpitude. These criteria are not intended to be a wholly inclusive list of factors to be applied by the director when considering the merits of a licensed escrow agent’s request for a waiver of the required errors and omissions policy. [2000 c 171 § 12; 1987 c 471 § 5. Formerly RCW 18.44.375.] be . . . . . . . . . free and voluntary act for the uses and purposes mentioned in the instrument. Effective date—Severability—1987 c 471: See notes following RCW 18.44.231. 18.44.261 Waiver—Determination. The director shall, within thirty days following submission of a written petition for waiver of the insurance requirements found in RCW 18.44.201, issue a written determination granting or rejecting an applicant’s request for waiver. [2000 c 171 § 13; 1987 c 471 § 6. Formerly RCW 18.44.385.] 18.44.251 Waiver—Affidavit. A request for a waiver of the required errors and omissions policy may be accomplished under the statute by submitting to the director an affidavit that substantially addresses the following: REQUEST FOR WAIVER OF ERRORS AND OMISSIONS POLICY I, . . . . . ., residing at . . . . . ., City of . . . . . ., County of . . . . . ., State of Washington, declare the following: (1) The state escrow commission has determined that an errors and omissions policy is not reasonably available to a substantial number of licensed escrow officers; and (2) Purchasing an errors and omissions policy is costprohibitive at this time; and (3) I have not engaged in any conduct that resulted in the termination of my escrow certificate; and (4) I have not paid, directly or through an errors and omissions policy, claims in excess of ten thousand dollars, exclusive of costs and attorneys’ fees, during the calendar year preceding submission of this affidavit; and (5) I have not paid, directly or through an errors and omissions policy, claims, exclusive of costs and attorneys’ fees, totaling in excess of twenty thousand dollars in the three calendar years immediately preceding submission of this affidavit; and (6) I have not been convicted of a crime involving honesty or moral turpitude during the calendar year preceding submission of this application. THEREFORE, in consideration of the above, I, . . . . . ., respectfully request that the director of financial institutions grant this request for a waiver of the requirement that I purchase and maintain an errors and omissions policy covering my activities as an escrow agent licensed by the state of Washington for the period from . . . . . ., 19. . ., to . . . . . ., 19. . . Submitted this day of . . . . day of . . . . . ., 19. . . ......................... (signature) State of Washington,⎫ ⎬ ss. County of . . . . . . . ⎭ I certify that I know or have satisfactory evidence that . . . . . . . . ., signed this instrument and acknowledged it to [Title 18 RCW—page 142] (Seal or stamp) Dated . . . . . . . Signature of Notary Public . Title . . . My appointment .............. .............. .............. expires . . . . . . . . [1995 c 238 § 5; 1987 c 471 § 10. Formerly RCW 18.44.380.] Effective date—1995 c 238: See note following RCW 18.44.011. Effective date—Severability—1987 c 471: See notes following RCW 18.44.231. Effective date—Severability—1987 c 471: See notes following RCW 18.44.231. 18.44.270 Application of Administrative Procedure Act. The proceedings for revocation, suspension, or refusal to renew or accept an application for renewal of an escrow agent’s registration or escrow officer license, and any appeal therefrom or review thereof shall be governed by the provisions of chapter 34.05 RCW. [1977 ex.s. c 156 § 17; 1971 ex.s. c 245 § 14.] 18.44.271 Waiver—Certificate of waiver. Upon granting a waiver of insurance requirements found in RCW 18.44.201, the director shall issue a certificate of waiver, which certificate shall be mailed to the escrow agent who requested the waiver. [2000 c 171 § 14; 1987 c 471 § 7. Formerly RCW 18.44.390.] Effective date—Severability—1987 c 471: See notes following RCW 18.44.231. 18.44.281 Waiver—Denial. Upon determining that a licensed escrow agent is to be denied a waiver of the errors and omissions policy requirements of RCW 18.44.201, the director shall within thirty days of the denial of an escrow agent’s request for same, provide to the escrow agent a written explanation of the reasons for the director’s decision to deny the requested waiver. [2000 c 171 § 15; 1987 c 471 § 8. Formerly RCW 18.44.395.] Effective date—Severability—1987 c 471: See notes following RCW 18.44.231. 18.44.291 Waiver—Application by escrow license applicant. Nothing in RCW 18.44.201, 18.44.241 through 18.44.261, 18.44.271, and 18.44.281 shall be construed as prohibiting a person applying for an escrow license from applying for a certificate of waiver of the errors and omissions policy requirement when seeking an escrow license. [2000 c 171 § 16; 1987 c 471 § 9. Formerly RCW 18.44.398.] Effective date—Severability—1987 c 471: See notes following RCW 18.44.231. (2002 Ed.) Escrow Agent Registration Act PROHIBITED PRACTICES 18.44.301 Prohibited practices. It is a violation of this chapter for any escrow agent, controlling person, officer, designated escrow officer, independent contractor, employee of an escrow business, or other person subject to this chapter to: (1) Directly or indirectly employ any scheme, device, or artifice to defraud or mislead borrowers or lenders or to defraud any person; (2) Directly or indirectly engage in any unfair or deceptive practice toward any person; (3) Directly or indirectly obtain property by fraud or misrepresentation; (4) Knowingly make, publish, or disseminate any false, deceptive, or misleading information in the conduct of the business of escrow, or relative to the business of escrow or relative to any person engaged therein; (5) Knowingly receive or take possession for personal use of any property of any escrow business, other than in payment authorized by this chapter, and with intent to defraud, omit to make, or cause or direct to be made, a full and true entry thereof in the books and accounts of the business; (6) Make or concur in making any false entry, or omit or concur in omitting to make any material entry, in its books or accounts; (7) Knowingly make or publish, or concur in making or publishing any written report, exhibit, or statement of its affairs or pecuniary condition containing any material statement which is false, or omit or concur in omitting any statement required by law to be contained therein; (8) Willfully fail to make any proper entry in the books of the escrow business as required by law; (9) Fail to disclose in a timely manner to the other officers, directors, controlling persons, designated escrow officer, or other licensed escrow officers the receipt of service of a notice of an application for an injunction or other legal process affecting the property or business of an escrow agent, including in the case of a licensed escrow agent an order to cease and desist or other order of the director; or (10) Fail to make any report or statement lawfully required by the director or other public official. [1999 c 30 § 9.] ENFORCEMENT 18.44.400 Records and accounts—Segregation and disbursements of funds—Violation of section, penalties. (1) Every licensed escrow agent shall keep adequate records, as determined by rule by the director, of all transactions handled by or through the agent including itemization of all receipts and disbursements of each transaction. These records shall be maintained in this state, unless otherwise approved by the director, for a period of six years from completion of the transaction. These records shall be open to inspection by the director or the director’s authorized representatives. (2) Every licensed escrow agent shall keep separate escrow fund accounts as determined by rule by the director (2002 Ed.) 18.44.301 in recognized Washington state depositaries authorized to receive funds, in which shall be kept separate and apart and segregated from the agent’s own funds, all funds or moneys of clients which are being held by the agent pending the closing of a transaction and such funds shall be deposited not later than the first banking day following receipt thereof. (3) An escrow agent, unless exempted by RCW 18.44.021(2), shall not make disbursements on any escrow account without first receiving deposits directly relating to the account in amounts at least equal to the disbursements. An escrow agent shall not make disbursements until the next business day after the business day on which the funds are deposited unless the deposit is made in cash, by interbank electronic transfer, or in a form that permits conversion of the deposit to cash on the same day the deposit is made. The deposits shall be in one of the following forms: (a) Cash; (b) Interbank electronic transfers such that the funds are unconditionally received by the escrow agent or the agent’s depository; (c) Checks, negotiable orders of withdrawal, money orders, cashier’s checks, and certified checks that are payable in Washington state and drawn on financial institutions located in Washington state; (d) Checks, negotiable orders of withdrawal, money orders, and any other item that has been finally paid as described in RCW 62A.4-213 before any disbursement; or (e) Any depository check, including any cashier’s check, certified check, or teller’s check, which is governed by the provisions of the federal expedited funds availability act, 12 U.S.C. Sec. 4001 et seq. (4) For purposes of this section, the word "item" means any instrument for the payment of money even though it is not negotiable, but does not include money. (5) Violation of this section shall subject an escrow agent to penalties as prescribed in Title 9A RCW and remedies as provided in chapter 19.86 RCW and shall constitute grounds for suspension or revocation of the license of any licensed escrow agent or licensed escrow officer. In addition, an escrow agent who is required to be licensed under this chapter and who violates this section or an individual who is required to be licensed as an escrow officer under this chapter and who violates this section, may be subject to penalties as prescribed in RCW 18.44.430. [1999 c 30 § 8; 1990 c 203 § 1; 1988 c 178 § 1; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 6; 1965 c 153 § 7. Formerly RCW 18.44.070.] Severability—1988 c 178: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1988 c 178 § 4.] 18.44.410 Powers of director. (1) The director has the power and broad administrative discretion to administer and interpret this chapter to facilitate the delivery of services to citizens of this state by escrow agents and others subject to this chapter. (2) The director may issue rules and regulations to govern the activities of licensed escrow agents and escrow officers. The director shall enforce all laws and rules relating to the licensing of escrow agents and escrow officers and fix the time and places for holding examinations of applicants for licenses and prescribe the method of conduct[Title 18 RCW—page 143] 18.44.410 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.44.420 Investigation of violations—Procedure— Powers of director. The director may: (1) Make necessary public or private investigations within or outside of this state to determine whether any person has violated or is about to violate this chapter or any rule or order under this chapter, or to aid in the enforcement of this chapter or in the prescribing of rules and forms under this chapter; or (2) Require or permit any person to file a statement in writing, under oath or otherwise as the director determines, as to all facts and circumstances concerning the matter to be investigated. For the purpose of any investigation or proceeding under this chapter, the director or any officer designated by the director may administer oaths or affirmations, and upon his or her own motion or upon request of any party, may subpoena witnesses, compel their attendance, take evidence, and require the production of any matter which is relevant to the investigation, including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any books, documents, or other tangible things and the identity and location of persons having knowledge or relevant facts, or any other matter reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of material evidence. Upon failure to obey a subpoena or to answer questions propounded by the investigating officer and upon reasonable notice to all persons affected thereby, the director may apply to the superior court for an order compelling compliance. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, all proceedings under this chapter shall be in accordance with the administrative procedure act, chapter 34.05 RCW. [1999 c 30 § 23; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 21. Formerly RCW 18.44.280.] (d) Knowingly committing or being a party to, any material fraud, misrepresentation, concealment, conspiracy, collusion, trick, scheme, or device whereby any other person lawfully relying upon the word, representation, or conduct of the licensee or agent or any partner, officer, director, controlling person, or employee acts to his or her injury or damage. (e) Conversion of any money, contract, deed, note, mortgage, or abstract or other evidence of title to his or her own use or to the use of his or her principal or of any other person, when delivered to him or her in trust or on condition, in violation of the trust or before the happening of the condition; and failure to return any money or contract, deed, note, mortgage, abstract, or other evidence of title within thirty days after the owner thereof is entitled thereto, and makes demand therefor, shall be prima facie evidence of such conversion. (f) Failing, upon demand, to disclose any information within his or her knowledge to, or to produce any document, book, or record in his or her possession for inspection of, the director or his or her authorized representatives. (g) Committing any act of fraudulent or dishonest dealing, and a certified copy of the final holding of any court of competent jurisdiction in such matter shall be conclusive evidence in any hearing under this chapter. (h) Accepting, taking, or charging any undisclosed commission, rebate, or direct profit on expenditures made for the principal. (i) Committing acts or engaging in conduct that demonstrates the applicant or licensee to be incompetent or untrustworthy, or a source of injury and loss to the public. (2) Any conduct of an applicant or licensee that constitutes grounds for enforcement action under this chapter is sufficient regardless of whether the conduct took place within or outside of the state of Washington. (3) In addition to or in lieu of a license suspension, revocation, or denial, the director may assess a fine of up to one hundred dollars per day for each day’s violation of this chapter or rules adopted under this chapter and may remove and/or prohibit from participation in the conduct of the affairs of any licensed escrow agent, any officer, controlling person, director, employee, or licensed escrow officer. [1999 c 30 § 22; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 16; 1971 ex.s. c 245 § 13. Formerly RCW 18.44.260.] 18.44.430 Actions against license—Grounds. (1) The director may, upon notice to the escrow agent and to the insurer providing coverage under RCW 18.44.201, deny, suspend, decline to renew, or revoke the license of any escrow agent or escrow officer if the director finds that the applicant or any partner, officer, director, controlling person, or employee has committed any of the following acts or engaged in any of the following conduct: (a) Obtaining a license by means of fraud, misrepresentation, concealment, or through the mistake or inadvertence of the director. (b) Violating any of the provisions of this chapter or any lawful rules made by the director pursuant thereto. (c) The commission of a crime against the laws of this or any other state or government, involving moral turpitude or dishonest dealings. 18.44.440 Violations—Cease and desist orders. If the director determines after notice and hearing that a person has: (1) Violated any provision of this chapter; or (2) Directly, or through an agent or employee, engaged in any false, unfair and deceptive, or misleading: (a) Advertising or promotional activity; or (b) Business practices; or (3) Violated any lawful order or rule of the director; the director may issue an order requiring the person to cease and desist from the unlawful practice and to take such affirmative action as in the judgment of the director will carry out the purposes of this chapter. If the director makes a finding of fact in writing that the public interest will be irreparably harmed by delay in issuing an order, the director may issue a temporary cease and desist ing the examinations. The director may hold hearings and suspend or revoke the licenses of violators and may deny, suspend, or revoke the authority of an escrow officer to act as the designated escrow officer of a person who commits violations of this chapter or of the rules under this chapter. Except as specifically provided in this chapter, the rules adopted and the hearings conducted shall be in accordance with the provisions of chapter 34.05 RCW, the administrative procedure act. [1999 c 30 § 27; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 25. Formerly RCW 18.44.320.] [Title 18 RCW—page 144] (2002 Ed.) Escrow Agent Registration Act order. Every temporary cease and desist order shall include in its terms a provision that upon request a hearing will be held to determine whether or not the order becomes permanent. [1999 c 30 § 19; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 20. Formerly RCW 18.44.175.] 18.44.450 Referral fees prohibited—Consumer protection act—Application. (1) "Real property lender" as used in this section means a bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, mortgage company, or other corporation, association, or partnership that makes loans secured by real property located in this state. (2) No real property lender, escrow agent, or officer or employee of any escrow agent or real property lender may give or agree to pay or give any money, service, or object of value to any real estate agent or broker, to any real property lender, or to any officer or employee of any agent, broker, or lender in return for the referral of any real estate escrow services. Nothing in this subsection prohibits the payment of fees or other compensation permitted under the federal Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act as amended (12 U.S.C. sections 2601 through 2617). (3) The legislature finds that the practices governed by this subsection are matters vitally affecting the public interest for the purpose of applying the consumer protection act, chapter 19.86 RCW. Any violation of this section is not reasonable in relation to the development and preservation of business and is an unfair and deceptive act or practice and an unfair method of competition in the conduct of trade or commerce in violation of RCW 19.86.020. Remedies provided by chapter 19.86 RCW are cumulative and not exclusive. [2000 c 171 § 17; 1999 c 30 § 33; 1988 c 178 § 3. Formerly RCW 18.44.145.] Severability—1988 c 178: See note following RCW 18.44.400. 18.44.460 License suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. The director shall suspend the license of any person who has been certified by a lending agency and reported to the director for nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. Prior to the suspension, the agency must provide the person an opportunity for a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW 34.05.485 through 34.05.494 and issue a finding of nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. The person’s license shall not be reissued until the person provides the director a written release issued by the lending agency stating that the person is making payments on the loan in accordance with a repayment agreement approved by the lending agency. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for licensing during the suspension, reinstatement shall be automatic upon receipt of the notice and payment of any reinstatement fee the director may impose. [1999 c 30 § 15; 1996 c 293 § 11. Formerly RCW 18.44.125.] Severability—1996 c 293: See note following RCW 18.04.420. 18.44.465 Termination of license—Effect upon preexisting escrows—Notice to principals. The revocation, suspension, surrender, or expiration of an escrow agent’s license shall not impair or affect preexisting escrows (2002 Ed.) 18.44.440 accepted by the agent prior to such revocation, suspension, surrender, or expiration: PROVIDED, That the escrow agent shall within five work days provide written notice to all principals of such preexisting escrows of the agent’s loss of license. The notice shall include as a minimum the reason for the loss of license, the estimated date for completing the escrow, and the condition of the agent’s bond and whether it is in effect or whether notice of cancellation has been given. The notice shall afford the principals the right to withdraw the escrow without monetary loss. [1999 c 30 § 16; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 9; 1965 c 153 § 13. Formerly RCW 18.44.130.] 18.44.470 Receivership. Upon application by the director or any other interested party and upon a showing that the interest of the creditors so requires, the superior court may appoint a receiver to take over, operate, or liquidate any escrow office in this state. [1971 ex.s. c 245 § 6. Formerly RCW 18.44.190.] 18.44.480 Remedies—Affecting corporate franchise. Upon petition by the attorney general, the court may, in its discretion, order the dissolution, or suspension or forfeiture of franchise, of any corporation for repeated or flagrant violation of this chapter or the terms of any order of injunction hereunder. [1965 c 153 § 18. Formerly RCW 18.44.170.] 18.44.490 Authority to prosecute—Grants of injunctive relief, temporary restraining orders. (1) The director, through the attorney general, may prosecute an action in any court of competent jurisdiction to enforce any order made by him or her pursuant to this chapter and shall not be required to post a bond in any such court proceedings. (2) If the director has cause to believe that any person has violated any penal provision of this chapter he or she may refer the violation to the attorney general or the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the offense was committed. (3) Whenever the director has cause to believe that any person, required to be licensed by this chapter, is conducting business as an escrow agent without a valid license, or that any licensed escrow agent, directly or through an agent or employee, is engaged in any false, unfair and deceptive, or misleading advertising or promotional, activity or business practices, or is conducting business in a manner deemed unsafe or injurious to the public, or has violated, is violating, or is about to violate any of the provisions of this chapter, or a rule or order under this chapter, the director, through the attorney general, may bring an action in any court of competent jurisdiction to enjoin the person from continuing the violation or doing any action in furtherance thereof. Upon proper showing, injunctive relief or temporary restraining orders shall be granted by the court and a receiver or conservator may be appointed. (4) The attorney general and the several prosecuting attorneys throughout the state may prosecute proceedings brought pursuant to this chapter upon notification of the director. [1999 c 30 § 18; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 10; 1965 c 153 § 17. Formerly RCW 18.44.160.] [Title 18 RCW—page 145] 18.44.500 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions ESCROW COMMISSION MISCELLANEOUS 18.44.500 Escrow commission—Members—Terms— Compensation and travel expenses. There is established an escrow commission of the state of Washington, to consist of the director of financial institutions or his or her designee as chairman, and five other members who shall act as advisors to the director as to the needs of the escrow profession, including but not limited to the design and conduct of tests to be administered to applicants for escrow licenses, the schedule of license fees to be applied to the escrow licensees, educational programs, audits and investigations of the escrow profession designed to protect the consumer, and such other matters determined appropriate. The director is hereby empowered to and shall appoint the other members, each of whom shall have been a resident of this state for at least five years and shall have at least five years experience in the practice of escrow as an escrow agent or as a person in responsible charge of escrow transactions. The members of the first commission shall serve for the following terms: One member for one year, one member for two years, one member for three years, one member for four years, and one member for five years, from the date of their appointment, or until their successors are duly appointed and qualified. Every member of the commission shall receive a certificate of appointment from the director and before beginning the member’s term of office shall file with the secretary of state a written oath or affirmation for the faithful discharge of the member’s official duties. On the expiration of the term of each member, the director shall appoint a successor to serve for a term of five years or until the member’s successor has been appointed and qualified. The director may remove any member of the commission for cause. Vacancies in the commission for any reason shall be filled by appointment for the unexpired term. Members shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240, and shall be reimbursed for their travel expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of this chapter in accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. [1995 c 238 § 3; 1985 c 340 § 3; 1984 c 287 § 36. Formerly RCW 18.44.208.] 18.44.901 Construction—1965 c 153. Nothing in this chapter shall be so construed as to authorize any escrow agent, or his employees or agents, to engage in the practice of law, and nothing in this chapter shall be so construed as to impose any additional liability on any depositary authorized by this chapter and the receipt or acquittance of the persons so paid by such depositary shall be a valid and sufficient release and discharge of such depositary. [1965 c 153 § 20. Formerly RCW 18.44.900.] Effective date—1995 c 238: See note following RCW 18.44.011. Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. 18.44.510 Compensation and travel expenses of commission members. The escrow commission members shall each be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.240 and shall be reimbursed for travel expenses as provided for state officials and employees in RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060, when called into session by the director or when otherwise engaged in the business of the commission. [1984 c 287 § 37; 1977 ex.s. c 156 § 29. Formerly RCW 18.44.215.] Legislative findings—Severability—Effective date—1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220. [Title 18 RCW—page 146] 18.44.902 Short title. This chapter shall be known and cited as the "Escrow Agent Registration Act". [1965 c 153 § 21. Formerly RCW 18.44.910.] 18.44.903 Severability—1971 ex.s. c 245. If any provision of this act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1971 ex.s. c 245 § 15. Formerly RCW 18.44.920.] 18.44.904 Severability—1977 ex.s. c 156. If any provision of this 1977 amendatory act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1977 ex.s. c 156 § 33. Formerly RCW 18.44.921.] 18.44.905 Severability—1979 c 70. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected. [1979 c 70 § 2. Formerly RCW 18.44.922.] Chapter 18.46 BIRTHING CENTERS (Formerly: Maternity homes) Sections 18.46.005 18.46.010 18.46.020 18.46.030 18.46.040 18.46.050 18.46.055 Purpose. Definitions. License required. Application for license—Fee. License—Issuance—Renewal—Limitations—Display. Actions against license. License suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. 18.46.060 Rules. 18.46.070 Rules—Time for compliance. 18.46.080 Inspections—Approval of new facilities. 18.46.090 Information confidential. 18.46.110 Fire protection—Duties of chief of the Washington state patrol. 18.46.120 Operating without license—Penalty. 18.46.130 Operating without license—Injunction. 18.46.140 Application of chapter to birthing centers operated by certain religious organizations. 18.46.900 Severability—1951 c 168. Abortion: Chapter 9.02 RCW. Crimes relating to pregnancy and childbirth: RCW 9A.32.060. Filing certificate of birth: RCW 70.58.080. (2002 Ed.) Birthing Centers Record as to patients or inmates for purposes of vital statistics: RCW 70.58.270. 18.46.005 Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to provide for the development, establishment, and enforcement of standards for the maintenance and operation of birthing centers, which, in the light of advancing knowledge, will promote safe and adequate care and treatment of the individuals therein. [2000 c 93 § 29; 1951 c 168 § 1.] 18.46.010 Definitions. (1) "Birthing center" or "childbirth center" means any health facility, not part of a hospital or in a hospital, that provides facilities and staff to support a birth service to low-risk maternity clients: PROVIDED, HOWEVER, That this chapter shall not apply to any hospital approved by the American College of Surgeons, American Osteopathic Association, or its successor. (2) "Department" means the state department of health. (3) "Low-risk" means normal, uncomplicated prenatal course as determined by adequate prenatal care and prospects for a normal uncomplicated birth as defined by reasonable and generally accepted criteria of maternal and fetal health. (4) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, or joint stock association, and the legal successor thereof. [2000 c 93 § 30; 1991 c 3 § 100; 1985 c 213 § 8; 1979 c 141 § 32; 1951 c 168 § 2. Prior: 1943 c 214 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6130-47.] Savings—Effective date—1985 c 213: See notes following RCW 43.20.050. 18.46.020 License required. After July 1, 1951, no person shall operate a birthing center in this state without a license under this chapter. [2000 c 93 § 31; 1951 c 168 § 3. Prior: 1943 c 214 § 2; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6130-48.] 18.46.030 Application for license—Fee. An application for license shall be made to the department upon forms provided by it and shall contain such information as the department reasonably requires, which may include affirmative evidence of ability to comply with rules and regulations as are lawfully prescribed hereunder. Each application for license or renewal of license shall be accompanied by a license fee as established by the department under RCW 43.20B.110: PROVIDED, That no fee shall be required of charitable or nonprofit or government-operated institutions. [1987 c 75 § 4; 1982 c 201 § 5; 1951 c 168 § 4.] Savings—Severability—1987 c 75: See RCW 43.20B.900 and 43.20B.901. 18.46.040 License—Issuance—Renewal— Limitations—Display. Upon receipt of an application for a license and the license fee, the licensing agency shall issue a license if the applicant and the birthing center meet the requirements established under this chapter. A license, unless suspended or revoked, shall be renewable annually. Applications for renewal shall be on forms provided by the department and shall be filed in the department not less than ten days prior to its expiration. Each application for renewal shall be accompanied by a license fee as established by the department under RCW 43.20B.110. Each license shall be (2002 Ed.) Chapter 18.46 issued only for the premises and persons named in the application and shall not be transferable or assignable except with the written approval of the department. Licenses shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the licensed premises. [2000 c 93 § 32; 1987 c 75 § 5; 1982 c 201 § 6; 1951 c 168 § 5. Prior: 1943 c 214 § 3; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6130-49.] Savings—Severability—1987 c 75: See RCW 43.20B.900 and 43.20B.901. 18.46.050 Actions against license. (1) The department may deny, suspend, or revoke a license in any case in which it finds that there has been failure or refusal to comply with the requirements established under this chapter or the rules adopted under it. (2) The department shall immediately suspend the license of a person who has been certified pursuant to RCW 74.20A.320 by the department of social and health services as a person who is not in compliance with a support order or a *residential or visitation order. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for reinstatement during the suspension, reissuance of the license shall be automatic upon the department’s receipt of a release issued by the department of social and health services stating that the person is in compliance with the order. RCW 43.70.115 governs notice of a license denial, revocation, suspension, or modification and provides the right to an adjudicative proceeding but shall not apply to actions taken under subsection (2) of this section. [1997 c 58 § 823; 1991 c 3 § 101; 1989 c 175 § 63; 1985 c 213 § 9; 1951 c 168 § 6.] *Reviser’s note: 1997 c 58 § 887 requiring a court to order certification of noncompliance with residential provisions of a court-ordered parenting plan was vetoed. Provisions ordering the department of social and health services to certify a responsible parent based on a court order to certify for noncompliance with residential provisions of a parenting plan were vetoed. See RCW 74.20A.320. Short title—Part headings, captions, table of contents not law— Exemptions and waivers from federal law—Conflict with federal requirements—Severability—1997 c 58: See RCW 74.08A.900 through 74.08A.904. Effective dates—Intent—1997 c 58: See notes following RCW 74.20A.320. Effective date—1989 c 175: See note following RCW 34.05.010. Savings—Effective date—1985 c 213: See notes following RCW 43.20.050. 18.46.055 License suspension—Nonpayment or default on educational loan or scholarship. The department shall suspend the license of any person who has been certified by a lending agency and reported to the department for nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. Prior to the suspension, the agency must provide the person an opportunity for a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW 34.05.485 through 34.05.494 and issue a finding of nonpayment or default on a federally or state-guaranteed educational loan or service-conditional scholarship. The person’s license shall not be reissued until the person provides the department a written release issued by the lending agency stating that the person is making payments on the loan in accordance with a repayment agreement approved by the lending agency. If the person has continued to meet all other requirements for licensure during the suspension, reinstatement shall be [Title 18 RCW—page 147] 18.46.055 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions automatic upon receipt of the notice and payment of any reinstatement fee the department may impose. [1996 c 293 § 12.] Severability—1996 c 293: See note following RCW 18.04.420. 18.46.060 Rules. The department, after consultation with representatives of birthing center operators, state medical association, Washington Osteopathic Association, state nurses association, state hospital association, state midwives association, and any other representatives as the department may deem necessary, shall adopt, amend, and promulgate such rules and regulations with respect to all birthing centers in the promotion of safe and adequate medical and nursing care in the birthing center and the sanitary, hygienic, and safe condition of the birthing center in the interest of the health, safety, and welfare of the people. [2000 c 93 § 33; 1985 c 213 § 10; 1951 c 168 § 7.] Savings—Effective date—1985 c 213: See notes following RCW 43.20.050. 18.46.070 Rules—Time for compliance. Any birthing center which is in operation at the time of promulgation of any applicable rules or regulations under this chapter shall be given a reasonable time, under the particular circumstances, not to exceed three months from the date of such promulgation, to comply with the rules and regulations established under this chapter. [2000 c 93 § 34; 1951 c 168 § 8.] 18.46.080 Inspections—Approval of new facilities. The department shall make or cause to be made an inspection and investigation of all birthing centers, and every inspection may include an inspection of every part of the premises. The department may make an examination of all records, methods of administration, the general and special dietary and the stores and methods of supply. The department may prescribe by regulation that any licensee or applicant desiring to make specified types of alteration or addition to its facilities or to construct new facilities shall before commencing such alterations, addition, or new construction submit plans and specifications therefor to the department for preliminary inspection and approval or recommendations with respect to compliance with regulations and standards herein authorized. Necessary conferences and consultations may be provided. [2000 c 93 § 35; 1951 c 168 § 9. Prior: 1943 c 214 § 4; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 6130-50.] 18.46.090 Information confidential. All information received by the department through filed reports, inspection, or as otherwise authorized under this chapter shall not be disclosed publicly in any manner as to identify individuals or birthing centers except in a proceeding involving the question of licensure. [2000 c 93 § 36; 1951 c 168 § 10.] 18.46.110 Fire protection—Duties of chief of the Washington state patrol. Fire protection with respect to all birthing centers to be licensed hereunder, shall be the responsibility of the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, who shall adopt by reference, such recognized standards as may be applicable to [Title 18 RCW—page 148] nursing homes, places of refuge, and birthing centers for the protection of life against the cause and spread of fire and fire hazards. The department upon receipt of an application for a license, shall submit to the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, in writing, a request for an inspection, giving the applicant’s name and the location of the premises to be licensed. Upon receipt of such a request, the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, or his or her deputy, shall make an inspection of the birthing center to be licensed, and if it is found that the premises do not comply with the required safety standards and fire regulations as promulgated by the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, he or she shall promptly make a written report to the department as to the manner in which the premises may qualify for a license and set forth the conditions to be remedied with respect to fire regulations. The department, applicant or licensee shall notify the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, upon completion of any requirements made by him or her, and the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, or his or her deputy, shall make a reinspection of such premises. Whenever the birthing center to be licensed meets with the approval of the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, he or she shall submit to the department, a written report approving same with respect to fire protection before a license can be issued. The chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, shall make or cause to be made such inspection of such birthing centers as he or she deems necessary. In cities which have in force a comprehensive building code, the regulation of which is equal to the minimum standards of the code for birthing centers adopted by the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, the building inspector and the chief of the fire department, provided the latter is a paid chief of a paid fire department, shall make the inspection and shall approve the premises before a license can be issued. In cities where such building codes are in force, the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, may, upon request by the chief fire official, or the local governing body, or of a taxpayer of such city, assist in the enforcement of any such code pertaining to birthing centers. [2000 c 93 § 37; 1995 c 369 § 5; 1986 c 266 § 82; 1951 c 168 § 12.] Effective date—1995 c 369: See note following RCW 43.43.930. Severability—1986 c 266: See note following RCW 38.52.005. State fire protection: Chapter 48.48 RCW. 18.46.120 Operating without license—Penalty. Any person operating or maintaining any birthing center without a license under this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Each day of a continuing violation after conviction shall be considered a separate offense. [2000 c 93 § 38; 1951 c 168 § 13.] 18.46.130 Operating without license—Injunction. Notwithstanding the existence or use of any other remedy, the department may in the manner provided by law, upon the advice of the attorney general who shall represent the (2002 Ed.) Birthing Centers department in all proceedings, maintain an action in the name of the state for an injunction or other process against any person to restrain or prevent the operation or maintenance of a birthing center not licensed under this chapter. [2000 c 93 § 39; 1951 c 168 § 14.] 18.46.130 Record as to patients or inmates for purposes of vital statistics: RCW 70.58.270. Secretary of health or designee ex officio member of health professional licensure and disciplinary boards: RCW 43.70.300. Injunctions: Chapter 7.40 RCW. 18.50.003 Regulation of health care professions— Criteria. See chapter 18.120 RCW. 18.46.140 Application of chapter to birthing centers operated by certain religious organizations. Nothing in this chapter or the rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto shall be construed as authorizing the supervision, regulation, or control of the remedial and nursing care of patients in any birthing center as defined in this chapter, conducted for or by members of a recognized religious sect, denomination, or organization which in accordance with its creed, tenets, or principles depends for healing upon prayer in the practice of religion, nor shall the existence of any of the above conditions militate against the licensing of such facility. [2000 c 93 § 40; 1951 c 168 § 15.] 18.50.005 Definitions. Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter: (1) "Department" means the department of health. (2) "Secretary" means the secretary of health. (3) "Midwife" means a midwife licensed under this chapter. (4) "Physician" means a physician licensed under chapter 18.57 or 18.71 RCW. [1991 c 3 § 102; 1987 c 467 § 1; 1981 c 53 § 2.] 18.46.900 Severability—1951 c 168. If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstance shall be held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the provisions or application of this chapter which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of the chapter are declared to be severable. [1951 c 168 § 17.] Chapter 18.50 MIDWIFERY Sections 18.50.003 18.50.005 18.50.010 Regulation of health care professions—Criteria. Definitions. Practicing midwifery defined—Gratuitous services—Duty to consult with physician. 18.50.020 License required. 18.50.030 Exemptions—Practice of religion—Treatment by prayer. 18.50.032 Exemptions—Registered nurses and nurse midwives. 18.50.034 Exemptions—Persons enrolled in midwifery programs. 18.50.040 Candidates for examination—Application—Eligibility— Student midwife permits. 18.50.045 Midwifery education programs—Accreditation. 18.50.050 Compliance with secretary’s determination. 18.50.060 Examinations—Times and places—Subjects—Issuance of license. 18.50.065 Credentialing by endorsement. 18.50.102 Registration—Renewal fee. 18.50.105 Inform patient of qualifications of midwife—Form. 18.50.108 Written plan for consultation, emergency transfer, and transport. 18.50.115 Administration of drugs and medications—Rules. 18.50.126 Application of uniform disciplinary act. 18.50.130 "Certificate" and "license" synonymous. 18.50.135 Rules. 18.50.140 Midwifery advisory committee—Generally. 18.50.150 Midwifery advisory committee—Advice and recommendations. 18.50.900 Repeal and saving. Abortion: Chapter 9.02 RCW. Actions for injuries resulting from health care: Chapter 7.70 RCW. Crimes relating to pregnancy and childbirth: RCW 9A.32.060. Filing certificate of birth: RCW 70.58.080. Health professions account—Fees credited—Requirements for biennial budget request: RCW 43.70.320. (2002 Ed.) Effective date—1981 c 53: "Sections 1, 2, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 13 through 17 of this act shall take effect January 15, 1982." [1981 c 53 § 19.] 18.50.010 Practicing midwifery defined—Gratuitous services—Duty to consult with physician. Any person shall be regarded as practicing midwifery within the meaning of this chapter who shall render medical aid for a fee or compensation to a woman during prenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum stages or who shall advertise as a midwife by signs, printed cards, or otherwise. Nothing shall be construed in this chapter to prohibit gratuitous services. It shall be the duty of a midwife to consult with a physician whenever there are significant deviations from normal in either the mother or the infant. [1991 c 3 § 103; 1987 c 467 § 2; 1981 c 53 § 5; 1917 c 160 § 8; RRS § 10181. Formerly RCW 18.50.010, 18.50.030, part, and 18.50.090.] Effective date—1981 c 53: See note following RCW 18.50.005. 18.50.020 License required. Any person who shall practice midwifery in this state after July 1, 1917, shall first obtain from the secretary a license so to do, and the said secretary is authorized to grant such license after examination of the applicant as hereinafter provided. [1991 c 3 § 104; 1917 c 160 § 1; RRS § 10174.] 18.50.030 Exemptions—Practice of religion— Treatment by prayer. This chapter shall not be construed to interfere in any way with the practice of religion, nor be held to apply to or regulate any kind of treatment by prayer. [1917 c 160 § 12; RRS § 10185. FORMER PART OF SECTION: 1917 c 160 § 8, part; RRS § 10181, part, now codified in RCW 18.50.010.] Gratuitous services exempted: RCW 18.50.010. 18.50.032 Exemptions—Registered nurses and nurse midwives. Registered nurses and nurse midwives certified by the nursing care quality assurance commission under chapter 18.79 RCW shall be exempt from the requirements and provisions of this chapter. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 704; 1981 c 53 § 10.] Severability—Headings and captions not law—Effective date— 1994 sp.s. c 9: See RCW 18.79.900 through 18.79.902. Effective date—1981 c 53: See note following RCW 18.50.005. [Title 18 RCW—page 149] 18.50.034 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.50.034 Exemptions—Persons enrolled in midwifery programs. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to apply to or interfere in any way with the practice of midwifery by a person who is enrolled in a program of midwifery approved and accredited by the secretary: PROVIDED, That the performance of such services is only pursuant to a regular course of instruction or assignment from the student’s instructor, and that such services are performed only under the supervision and control of a person licensed in the state of Washington to perform services encompassed under this chapter. [1991 c 3 § 105; 1981 c 53 § 11.] Effective date—1981 c 53: See note following RCW 18.50.005. 18.50.040 Candidates for examination— Application—Eligibility—Student midwife permits. (1) Any person seeking to be examined shall present to the secretary, at least forty-five days before the commencement of the examination, a written application on a form or forms provided by the secretary setting forth under affidavit such information as the secretary may require and proof the candidate has received a high school degree or its equivalent; that the candidate is twenty-one years of age or older; that the candidate has received a certificate or diploma from a midwifery program accredited by the secretary and licensed under chapter 28C.10 RCW, when applicable, or a certificate or diploma in a foreign institution on midwifery of equal requirements conferring the full right to practice midwifery in the country in which it was issued. The diploma must bear the seal of the institution from which the applicant was graduated. Foreign candidates must present with the application a translation of the foreign certificate or diploma made by and under the seal of the consulate of the country in which the certificate or diploma was issued. (2) The candidate shall meet the following conditions: (a) Obtaining a minimum period of midwifery training for at least three years including the study of the basic nursing skills that the department shall prescribe by rule. However, if the applicant is a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse under chapter 18.79 RCW, or has had previous nursing education or practical midwifery experience, the required period of training may be reduced depending upon the extent of the candidate’s qualifications as determined under rules adopted by the department. In no case shall the training be reduced to a period of less than two years. (b) Meeting minimum educational requirements which shall include studying obstetrics; neonatal pediatrics; basic sciences; female reproductive anatomy and physiology; behavioral sciences; childbirth education; community care; obstetrical pharmacology; epidemiology; gynecology; family planning; genetics; embryology; neonatology; the medical and legal aspects of midwifery; nutrition during pregnancy and lactation; breast feeding; nursing skills, including but not limited to injections, administering intravenous fluids, catheterization, and aseptic technique; and such other requirements prescribed by rule. (c) For a student midwife during training, undertaking the care of not less than fifty women in each of the prenatal, intrapartum, and early postpartum periods, but the same women need not be seen through all three periods. A stu[Title 18 RCW—page 150] dent midwife may be issued a permit upon the satisfactory completion of the requirements in (a), (b), and (c) of this subsection and the satisfactory completion of the licensure examination required by RCW 18.50.060. The permit permits the student midwife to practice under the supervision of a midwife licensed under this chapter, a physician or a certified nurse-midwife licensed under the authority of chapter 18.79 RCW. The permit shall expire within one year of issuance and may be extended as provided by rule. (d) Observing an additional fifty women in the intrapartum period before the candidate qualifies for a license. (3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2) of this section, the department shall adopt rules to provide credit toward the educational requirements for licensure before July 1, 1988, of nonlicensed midwives, including rules to provide: (a) Credit toward licensure for documented deliveries; (b) The substitution of relevant experience for classroom time; and (c) That experienced lay midwives may sit for the licensing examination without completing the required course work. The training required under this section shall include training in either hospitals or alternative birth settings or both with particular emphasis on learning the ability to differentiate between low-risk and high-risk pregnancies. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 705; 1991 c 3 § 106; 1987 c 467 § 3; 1986 c 299 § 24; 1981 c 53 § 6; 1917 c 160 § 2; RRS § 10175.] Severability—Headings and captions not law—Effective date— 1994 sp.s. c 9: See RCW 18.79.900 through 18.79.902. Severability—Effective date—1986 c 299: See RCW 28C.10.900 and 28C.10.902. Effective date—1981 c 53: See note following RCW 18.50.005. 18.50.045 Midwifery education programs— Accreditation. The secretary shall promulgate standards by rule under chapter 34.05 RCW for accrediting midwifery educational programs. The standards shall cover the provision of adequate clinical and didactic instruction in all subjects and noncurriculum matters under this section including, but not limited to, staffing and teacher qualifications. In developing the standards, the secretary shall be advised by and receive the recommendations of the midwifery advisory committee. [1991 c 3 § 107; 1981 c 53 § 7.] 18.50.050 Compliance with secretary’s determination. Applicants shall comply with administrative procedures, administrative requirements, and fees determined by the secretary as provided by RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 24; 1991 c 3 § 108; 1985 c 7 § 48; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 51; 1917 c 160 § 3; RRS § 10176.] Limitation on increases in midwifery fees: RCW 43.24.086. 18.50.060 Examinations—Times and places— Subjects—Issuance of license. (1) The secretary is hereby authorized and empowered to execute the provisions of this chapter and shall offer examinations in midwifery at least twice a year at such times and places as the secretary may select. The examinations shall be written and shall be in the English language. (2) The secretary, with the assistance of the midwifery advisory committee, shall develop or approve a licensure (2002 Ed.) Midwifery examination in the subjects that the secretary determines are within the scope of and commensurate with the work performed by a licensed midwife. The examination shall be sufficient to test the scientific and practical fitness of candidates to practice midwifery. All application papers shall be deposited with the secretary and there retained for at least one year, when they may be destroyed. (3) If the examination is satisfactorily completed, the secretary shall issue to such candidate a license entitling the candidate to practice midwifery in the state of Washington. [1991 c 3 § 109; 1987 c 467 § 4; 1981 c 53 § 8; 1979 c 158 § 43; 1917 c 160 § 4; RRS § 10177.] Effective date—1981 c 53: See note following RCW 18.50.005. 18.50.065 Credentialing by endorsement. An applicant holding a credential in another state may be credentialed to practice in this state without examination if the secretary determines that the other state’s credentialing standards are substantially equivalent to the standards in this state. [1991 c 332 § 32.] Application to scope of practice—Captions not law—1991 c 332: See notes following RCW 18.130.010. 18.50.102 Registration—Renewal fee. Every person licensed to practice midwifery shall register with the secretary and pay a renewal fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. [1996 c 191 § 25; 1991 c 3 § 110; 1985 c 7 § 49; 1981 c 53 § 13.] Effective date—1981 c 53: See note following RCW 18.50.005. Limitation on increases in midwifery fees: RCW 43.24.086. 18.50.105 Inform patient of qualifications of midwife—Form. The secretary, with the advice of the midwifery advisory committee, shall develop a form to be used by a midwife to inform the patient of the qualifications of a licensed midwife. [1991 c 3 § 111; 1981 c 53 § 12.] 18.50.108 Written plan for consultation, emergency transfer, and transport. Every licensed midwife shall develop a written plan for consultation with other health care providers, emergency transfer, transport of an infant to a newborn nursery or neonatal intensive care nursery, and transport of a woman to an appropriate obstetrical department or patient care area. The written plan shall be submitted annually together with the license renewal fee to the department. [1981 c 53 § 14.] Effective date—1981 c 53: See note following RCW 18.50.005. 18.50.115 Administration of drugs and medications—Rules. A midwife licensed under this chapter may obtain and administer prophylactic ophthalmic medication, postpartum oxytocic, vitamin K, Rho immune globulin (human), and local anesthetic and may administer such other drugs or medications as prescribed by a physician. A pharmacist who dispenses such drugs to a licensed midwife shall not be liable for any adverse reactions caused by any method of use by the midwife. The secretary, after consultation with representatives of the midwife advisory committee, the board of pharmacy, and the medical quality assurance commission, may adopt rules (2002 Ed.) 18.50.060 that authorize licensed midwives to purchase and use legend drugs and devices in addition to the drugs authorized in this chapter. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 707; 1991 c 3 § 112; 1987 c 467 § 6.] Severability—Headings and captions not law—Effective date— 1994 sp.s. c 9: See RCW 18.79.900 through 18.79.902. 18.50.126 Application of uniform disciplinary act. The uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter. [1987 c 150 § 31; 1986 c 259 § 75.] Severability—1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901. Severability—1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010. 18.50.130 "Certificate" and "license" synonymous. The words "certificate" and "license" shall be known as interchangeable terms in this chapter. [1917 c 160 § 11; RRS § 10184.] 18.50.135 Rules. The secretary shall promulgate rules under chapter 34.05 RCW as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter. [1991 c 3 § 113; 1981 c 53 § 15.] Effective date—1981 c 53: See note following RCW 18.50.005. 18.50.140 Midwifery advisory committee— Generally. The midwifery advisory committee is created. The committee shall be composed of one physician who is a practicing obstetrician; one practicing physician; one certified nurse midwife licensed under chapter 18.79 RCW; three midwives licensed under this chapter; and one public member, who shall have no financial interest in the rendering of health services. The committee may seek other consultants as appropriate, including persons trained in childbirth education and perinatology or neonatology. The members are appointed by the secretary and serve at the pleasure of the secretary but may not serve more than five years consecutively. The terms of office shall be staggered. Members of the committee shall be reimbursed for travel expenses as provided in RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. [1994 sp.s. c 9 § 706; 1991 c 3 § 114; 1987 c 467 § 5; 1981 c 53 § 3.] Severability—Headings and captions not law—Effective date— 1994 sp.s. c 9: See RCW 18.79.900 through 18.79.902. 18.50.150 Midwifery advisory committee—Advice and recommendations. The midwifery advisory committee shall advise and make recommendations to the secretary on issues including, but not limited to, continuing education, mandatory reexamination, and peer review. [1998 c 245 § 6; 1991 c 3 § 115; 1981 c 53 § 4.] 18.50.900 Repeal and saving. All acts or parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter may be and the same are hereby repealed: PROVIDED, This chapter shall not repeal the provisions of the vital statistics laws of the state, but shall be deemed as additional and cumulative provisions. [1917 c 160 § 10.] [Title 18 RCW—page 151] Chapter 18.51 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions Chapter 18.51 NURSING HOMES Sections 18.51.005 18.51.007 18.51.009 18.51.010 18.51.030 18.51.040 18.51.050 18.51.054 18.51.060 18.51.065 18.51.065 18.51.067 18.51.070 18.51.091 18.51.140 18.51.145 18.51.150 18.51.160 18.51.170 18.51.180 18.51.185 18.51.190 18.51.200 18.51.210 18.51.220 18.51.230 18.51.240 18.51.250 18.51.260 18.51.270 18.51.280 18.51.290 18.51.300 18.51.310 18.51.320 18.51.350 18.51.400 18.51.410 18.51.420 18.51.430 18.51.440 18.51.450 18.51.460 18.51.470 18.51.480 18.51.490 18.51.500 18.51.510 18.51.520 18.51.530 18.51.540 18.51.900 18.51.910 18.51.911 Purpose. Legislative intent. Resident rights. Definitions. License required. Application for license. License—Issuance, renewal—Fee—Display. Denial of license. Penalties—Grounds. Penalties—Hearing (as amended by 1989 c 175). Penalties—Hearing (as amended by 1989 c 372). License suspension—Noncompliance with support order— Reissuance. Rules. Inspection of nursing homes and community-based services—Notice of violations—Approval of alterations or new facilities. Fire protection—Duties of chief of the Washington state patrol. Building inspections—Authority of chief of the Washington state patrol. Operating without license—Penalty. Operating without license—Injunction. Application of chapter to homes or institutions operated by certain religious organizations. Out-patient services—Authorized—Defined. Out-patient services—Cost studies—Vendor rates. Complaint of violation—Request for inspection—Notice— Confidentiality. Preliminary review of complaint—On-site investigation. Authority to enter and inspect nursing home—Advance notice—Defense. Retaliation or discrimination against complainant prohibited, penalty—Presumption. General inspection before license renewal—Required— Advance notice prohibited. Alterations or additions—Preliminary inspection and approval. Nursing homes without violations—Public agencies notified—Priority. Posting citations for violation of RCW 18.51.060. Annual report of citations—Publication—Contents. Chapter cumulative. Writings as public records. Retention and preservation of records of patients. Comprehensive plan for utilization review—Licensing standards—Regulations. Contact with animals—Rules. Conflict with federal requirements. Receivership—Legislative findings. Receivership—Petition to establish—Grounds. Receivership—Defenses to petition. Receivership—Persons qualified to act as receiver. Receivership—Judicial hearing. Receivership—Appointment of receiver. Receivership—Termination—Conditions. Receivership—Accounting of acts and expenditures by receiver. Receivership—Compensation, liability—Revision of medicaid reimbursement rate. Receivership—Powers of receiver. Receivership—Financial assistance—Use of revenues and proceeds of facility. Receivership—State medical assistance. Receivership—Foreclosures and seizures not allowed. Notice of change of ownership or management. Cost disclosure to attending physicians. Severability—1951 c 117. Nursing home advisory council—Termination. Nursing home advisory council—Repeal. [Title 18 RCW—page 152] Birthing centers: Chapter 18.46 RCW. Boarding homes: Chapter 18.20 RCW. Employment of dental hygienist without supervision of dentist authorized: RCW 18.29.056. Labor regulations, collective bargaining—Health care activities: Chapter 49.66 RCW. Resident care, operating standards: Chapter 74.42 RCW. 18.51.005 Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to provide for the development, establishment, and enforcement of standards for the maintenance and operation of nursing homes, which, in the light of advancing knowledge, will promote safe and adequate care and treatment of the individuals therein. An important secondary purpose is the improvement of nursing home practices by educational methods so that such practices eventually exceed the minimum requirements of the basic law and its original standards. [1951 c 117 § 1.] 18.51.007 Legislative intent. It is the intent of the legislature in enacting chapter 99, Laws of 1975 1st ex. sess. to establish (1) a system for the imposition of prompt and effective sanctions against nursing homes in violation of the laws and regulations of this state relating to patient care; (2) an inspection and reporting system to insure that nursing homes are in compliance with state statutes and regulations pertaining to patient care; and (3) a mechanism to insure that licenses are issued to or retained by only those nursing homes that meet state standards for resident health and safety. [1981 1st ex.s. c 2 § 14; 1975 1st ex.s. c 99 § 3.] Severability—Effective dates—1981 1st ex.s. c 2: See notes following RCW 18.51.010. 18.51.009 Resident rights. RCW 70.129.007, 70.129.105, and 70.129.150 through 70.129.170 apply to this chapter and persons regulated under this chapter. [1994 c 214 § 22.] Severability—Conflict with federal requirements—Captions not law—1994 c 214: See RCW 70.129.900 through 70.129.902. 18.51.010 Definitions. (1) "Nursing home" means any home, place or institution which operates or maintains facilities providing convalescent or chronic care, or both, for a period in excess of twenty-four consecutive hours for three or more patients not related by blood or marriage to the operator, who by reason of illness or infirmity, are unable properly to care for themselves. Convalescent and chronic care may include but not be limited to any or all procedures commonly employed in waiting on the sick, such as administration of medicines, preparation of special diets, giving of bedside nursing care, application of dressings and bandages, and carrying out of treatment prescribed by a duly licensed practitioner of the healing arts. It may also include care of mentally incompetent persons. It may also include community-based care. Nothing in this definition shall be construed to include general hospitals or other places which provide care and treatment for the acutely ill and maintain and operate facilities for major surgery or obstetrics, or both. Nothing in this definition shall be construed to include any boarding home, guest home, hotel or related institution which is held forth to the public as providing, and which is (2002 Ed.) Nursing Homes operated to give only board, room and laundry to persons not in need of medical or nursing treatment or supervision except in the case of temporary acute illness. The mere designation by the operator of any place or institution as a hospital, sanitarium, or any other similar name, which does not provide care for the acutely ill and maintain and operate facilities for major surgery or obstetrics, or both, shall not exclude such place or institution from the provisions of this chapter: PROVIDED, That any nursing home providing psychiatric treatment shall, with respect to patients receiving such treatment, comply with the provisions of RCW 71.12.560 and 71.12.570. (2) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, or joint stock association, and the legal successor thereof. (3) "Secretary" means the secretary of the department of social and health services. (4) "Department" means the state department of social and health services. (5) "Community-based care" means but is not limited to the following: (a) Home delivered nursing services; (b) Personal care; (c) Day care; (d) Nutritional services, both in-home and in a communal dining setting; (e) Habilitation care; and (f) Respite care. [1983 c 236 § 1; 1981 1st ex.s. c 2 § 15; 1973 1st ex.s. c 108 § 1; 1953 c 160 § 1; 1951 c 117 § 2.] Construction—1983 c 236: "Nothing in this 1983 act affects the provisions of chapter 70.38 RCW." [1983 c 236 § 3.] Severability—1981 1st ex.s. c 2: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1981 1st ex.s. c 2 § 28.] Effective dates—1981 1st ex.s. c 2: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, the support of the state government and its existing public institutions. Sections 1, 2, 3, and 10 through 26 of this act shall take effect on July 1, 1981. Section 4 of this act shall take effect on July 1, 1983. Sections 5 through 9 of this act shall take effect on July 1, 1984." [1981 1st ex.s. c 2 § 27.] 18.51.030 License required. After July 1, 1951 no person shall operate or maintain a nursing home in this state without a license under this chapter. [1951 c 117 § 4.] 18.51.040 Application for license. An application for license shall be made to the department upon forms provided by it and shall contain such information as the department reasonably requires, which may include affirmative evidence of ability to comply with the rules and regulations as are lawfully prescribed hereunder. [1953 c 160 § 3; 1951 c 117 § 5.] 18.51.050 License—Issuance, renewal—Fee— Display. Upon receipt of an application for license, the department shall issue a license if the applicant and the nursing home facilities meet the requirements established under this chapter, except that the department shall issue a temporary license to a court-appointed receiver for a period not to exceed six months from the date of appointment. (2002 Ed.) 18.51.010 Prior to the issuance or renewal of the license, the licensee shall pay a license fee as established by the department. No fee shall be required of government operated institutions or court-appointed receivers. All licenses issued under the provisions of this chapter shall expire on a date to be set by the department, but no license issued pursuant to this chapter shall exceed thirty-six months in duration. When a change of ownership occurs, the entity becoming the licensed operating entity of the facility shall pay a fee established by the department at the time of application for the license. The previously determined date of license expiration shall not change. The department shall establish license fees at an amount adequate to reimburse the department in full for all costs of its licensing activities for nursing homes, adjusted to cover the department’s cost of reimbursing such fees through medicaid. All applications and fees for renewal of the license shall be submitted to the department not later than thirty days prior to the date of expiration of the license. All applications and fees for change of ownership licenses shall be submitted to the department not later than sixty days before the date of the proposed change of ownership. Each license shall be issued only to the operating entity and those persons named in the license application. The license is valid only for the operation of the facility at the location specified in the license application. Licenses are not transferable or assignable. Licenses shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the licensed premises. [1991 sp.s. c 8 § 1; 1989 c 372 § 1; 1985 c 284 § 4; 1981 2nd ex.s. c 11 § 2; 1981 1st ex.s. c 2 § 17; 1975 1st ex.s. c 99 § 1; 1971 ex.s. c 247 § 2; 1953 c 160 § 4; 1951 c 117 § 6.] Effective date—1991 sp.s. c 8: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, 1991." [1991 sp.s. c 8 § 21.] Severability—Effective dates—1981 1st ex.s. c 2: See notes following RCW 18.51.010. 18.51.054 Denial of license. The department may deny a license to any applicant if the department finds that the applicant or any partner, officer, director, managerial employee, or owner of five percent or more of the applicant: (1) Operated a nursing home without a license or under a revoked or suspended license; or (2) Knowingly or with reason to know made a false statement of a material fact (a) in an application for license or any data attached thereto, or (b) in any matter under investigation by the department; or (3) Refused to allow representatives or agents of the department to inspect (a) all books, records, and files required to be maintained or (b) any portion of the premises of the nursing home; or (4) Willfully prevented, interfered with, or attempted to impede in any way (a) the work of any authorized representative of the department or (b) the lawful enforcement of any provision of this chapter or chapter 74.42 RCW; or (5) Has a history of significant noncompliance with federal or state regulations in providing nursing home care. In deciding whether to deny a license under this section, the factors the department considers shall include the gravity and frequency of the noncompliance. [1989 c 372 § 7; 1985 c 284 § 1.] [Title 18 RCW—page 153] 18.51.060 Title 18 RCW: Businesses and Professions 18.51.060 Penalties—Grounds. (1) In any case in which the department finds that a licensee, or any partner, officer, director, owner of five percent or more of the assets of the nursing home, or managing employee failed or refused to comply with the requirements of this chapter or of chapter 74.42 RCW, or the standards, rules and regulations established under them or, in the case of a Medicaid contractor, failed or refused to comply with the Medicaid requirements of Title XIX of the social security act, as amended, and regulations promulgated thereunder, the department may take any or all of the following actions: (a) Suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew a license; (b) Order stop placement; (c) Assess monetary penalties of a civil nature; (d) Deny payment to a nursing home for any Medicaid resident admitted after notice to deny payment. Residents who are Medicaid recipients shall not be responsible for payment when the department takes action under this subsection; (e) Appoint temporary management as provided in subsection (7) of this section. (2) The department may suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew a license, assess monetary penalties of a civil nature, or both, in any case in which it finds that the licensee, or any partner, officer, director, owner of five percent or more of the assets of the nursing home, or managing employee: (a) Operated a nursing home without a license or under a revoked or suspended license; or (b) Knowingly or with reason to know made a false statement of a material fact in his application for license or any data attached thereto, or in any matter under investigation by the department; or (c) Refused to allow representatives or agents of the department to inspect all books, records, and files required to be maintained or any portion of the premises of the nursing home; or (d) Willfully prevented, interfered with, or attempted to impede in any way the work of any duly authorized representative of the department and the lawful enforcement of any provision of this chapter or of chapter 74.42 RCW; or (e) Willfully prevented or interfered with any representative of the department in the preservation of evidence of any violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of chapter 74.42 RCW or the standards, rules, and regulations adopted under them; or (f) Failed to report patient abuse or neglect in violation of chapter 70.124 RCW; or (g) Fails to pay any civil monetary penalty assessed by the department pursuant to this chapter within ten days after such assessment becomes final. (3) The department shall deny payment to a nursing home having a Medicaid contract with respect to any Medicaid-eligible individual admitted to the nursing home when: (a) The department finds the nursing home not in compliance with the requirements of Title XIX of the social security act, as amended, and regulations promulgated thereunder, and the facility has not complied with such requirements within three months; in such case, the department shall deny payment until correction has been achieved; or [Title 18 RCW—page 154] (b) The department finds on three consecutive standard surveys that the nursing home provided substandard quality of care; in such case, the department shall deny payment for new admissions until the facility has demonstrated to the satisfaction of the department that it is in compliance with Medicaid requirements and that it will remain in compliance with such requirements. (4)(a) Civil penalties collected under this section or under chapter 74.42 RCW shall be deposited into a special fund administered by the department to be applied to the protection of the health or property of residents of nursing homes found to be deficient, including payment for the costs of relocation of residents to other facilities, maintenance of operation of a facility pending correction of deficiencies or closure, and reimbursement of residents for personal funds lost. (b) Civil monetary penalties, if imposed, may be assessed and collected, with interest, for each day a nursing home is or was out of compliance. Civil monetary penalties shall not exceed three thousand dollars per violation. Each day upon which the same or a substantially similar action occurs is a separate violation subject to the assessment of a separate penalty. (c) Any civil penalty assessed under this section or chapter 74.46 RCW shall be a nonreimbursable item under chapter 74.46 RCW. (5)(a) The department shall order stop placement on a nursing home, effective upon oral or written notice, when the department determines: (i) The nursing home no longer substantially meets the requirements of chapter 18.51 or 74.42 RCW, or in the case of medicaid contractors, the requirements of Title XIX of the social security act, as amended, and any regulations promulgated under such statutes; and (ii) The deficiency or deficiencies in the nursing home: (A) Jeopardize the health and safety of the residents, or (B) Seriously limit the nursing home’s capacity to provide adequate care. (b) When the department has ordered a stop placement, the department may approve a readmission to the nursing home from a hospital when the department determines the readmission would be in the best interest of the individual seeking readmission. (c) The department shall terminate the stop placement when: (i) The provider states in writing that the deficiencies necessitating the stop placement action have been corrected; and (ii) The department staff confirms in a timely fashion not to exceed fifteen working days that: (A) The deficiencies necessitating stop placement action have been corrected, and (B) The provider exhibits the capacity to maintain adequate care and service. (d) A nursing home provider shall have the right to an informal review to present written evidence to refute the deficiencies cited as the basis for the stop placement. A request for an informal review must be made in writing within ten days of the effective date of the stop placement. (e) A stop placement shall not be delayed or suspended because the nursing home requests a hearing pursuant to (2002 Ed.) Nursing Homes chapter 34.05 RCW or an informal review. The stop placement shall remain in effect until: (i) The department terminates the stop placement; or (ii) The stop placement is terminated by a final agency order, after a hearing, pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW. (6) If the department determines that an emergency exists as a result of a nursing home’s failure or refusal to comply with requirements of this chapter or, in the case of a Medicaid contractor, its failure or refusal to comply with Medicaid requirements of Title XIX of the social security act, as amended, and rules adopted thereunder, the department may suspend the nursing home’s license and order the immediate closure of the nursing home, the immediate transfer of residents, or both. (7) If the department determines that the health or safety of residents is immediately jeopardized as a result of a nursing home’s failure or refusal to comply with requirements of this chapter or, in the case of a medicaid contractor, its failure or refusal to comply with medicaid requirements of Title XIX of the social security act, as amended, and rules adopted thereunder, the department may appoint temporary management to: (a) Oversee the operation of the facility; and (b) Ensure the health and safety of the facilities residents while: (i) Orderly closure of the facility occurs; or (ii) The deficiencies necessitating temporary management are corrected. (8) The department shall by rule specify criteria as to when and how the sanctions specified in this section shall be applied. Such criteria shall provide for the imposition of incrementally more severe penalties for deficiencies that are repeated, uncorrected, pervasive, or present a threat to the health, safety, or welfare of the residents. [1989 c 372 § 8; 1987 c 476 § 23; 1981 1st ex.s. c 2 § 18; 1979 ex.s. c 228 § 10; 1975 1st ex.s. c 99 § 2; 1953 c 160 § 5; 1951 c 117 § 7.] Severability—Effective dates—1981 1st ex.s. c 2: See notes following RCW 18.51.010. 18.51.065 Penalties—Hearing (as amended by 1989 c 175). ((All orders of the department denying, suspending, or revoking the license or assessing a monetary penalty shall become final twenty days after the same has been served upon the applicant or licensee unless a hearing is requested. All hearings hereunder and judicial review of such determinations shall be in accordance with the administrative procedure act, chapter 34.04 RCW.)) RCW 43.20A.205 governs notice of a license denial, revocation, suspension, or modification and provides the right to an adjud