2019 Code of Virginia
Title 20 - Domestic Relations
Chapter 6 - Divorce, Affirmation and Annulment
§ 20-108.2. Guideline for determination of child support; quadrennial review by Child Support Guidelines Review Panel; executive summary

Universal Citation: VA Code § 20-108.2 (2019)

A. There shall be a rebuttable presumption in any judicial or administrative proceeding for child support under this title or Title 16.1 or 63.2, including cases involving split custody, shared custody, or multiple custody arrangements pursuant to subdivisions G 4, 5, and 6, that the amount of the award which would result from the application of the guidelines set forth in this section is the correct amount of child support to be awarded. In order to rebut the presumption, the court shall make written findings in the order as set out in § 20-108.1, which findings may be incorporated by reference, that the application of the guidelines would be unjust or inappropriate in a particular case as determined by relevant evidence pertaining to the factors set out in § 20-108.1. The Department of Social Services shall set child support at the amount resulting from computations using the guidelines set out in this section pursuant to the authority granted to it in Chapter 19 (§ 63.2-1900 et seq.) of Title 63.2 and subject to the provisions of § 63.2-1918.

B. For purposes of application of the guideline, a basic child support obligation shall be computed using the schedule set out below. For combined monthly gross income amounts falling between amounts shown in the schedule, basic child support obligation amounts shall be extrapolated. However, unless one of the following exemptions applies where the sole custody child support obligation as computed pursuant to subdivision G 1 is less than the statutory minimum per month, there shall be a presumptive minimum child support obligation of the statutory minimum per month payable by the payor parent. If the gross income of the obligor is equal to or less than 150 percent of the federal poverty level promulgated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services from time to time, then the court, upon hearing evidence that there is no ability to pay the presumptive statutory minimum, may set an obligation below the presumptive statutory minimum provided doing so does not create or reduce a support obligation to an amount which seriously impairs the custodial parent's ability to maintain minimal adequate housing and provide other basic necessities for the child. Exemptions from this presumptive minimum monthly child support obligation shall include: parents unable to pay child support because they lack sufficient assets from which to pay child support and who, in addition, are institutionalized in a psychiatric facility; are imprisoned for life with no chance of parole; are medically verified to be totally and permanently disabled with no evidence of potential for paying child support, including recipients of Supplemental Security Income (SSI); or are otherwise involuntarily unable to produce income. "Number of children" means the number of children for whom the parents share joint legal responsibility and for whom support is being sought. The guidelines worksheet relied upon by the court or the Department of Social Services to compute a child support obligation for a support order issued by such court or the Department shall be placed in the court's file or the Department's file, and a copy of such guidelines worksheet shall be provided to the parties.

SCHEDULE OF MONTHLY BASIC CHILD SUPPORT OBLIGATIONS

COMBINED
MONTHLY
GROSSONETWOTHREEFOURFIVESIX
INCOMECHILDCHILDRENCHILDRENCHILDRENCHILDRENCHILDREN
0-35068104126141155169
40078119144161177192
45088133162181199216
50097148179200220239
550107162197220242263
600116177215240264287
650126191232259285310
700135206250279307333
750145220267298328357
800154234284317349379
850163248300336369401
900171260316353388422
950179273331369406442
1000187285346386425462
1050196298361403443482
1100204310375419461501
1150212323390436480521
1200220335405453498541
1250228347420469516561
1300237360435486535581
1350245372450503553601
1400253385465519571621
1450261397480536589641
1500269410495552608661
1550278422509569626680
1600286434524585644700
1650293446538601661718
1700301457552616678737
1750309469566632695756
1800316481579647712774
1850324492593663729792
1900331504607678746811
1950339515621693763829
2000347527635709780848
2050354538648724797866
2100362550662740814884
2150369561676755830903
2200377573690770847921
2250385584703786864940
2300392596717801881958
2350400607731817898976
2400407619745832915995
24504156307598479321013
25004236427728639491032
25504306537868789661050
26004386658008949831068
265044567681490910001087
270045368882892410171105
275046069984194010341124
280046871185595510511142
285047672286997110681160
290048373488398610841179
2950491745896100111011197
3000498757910101711181216
3050506768924103211351234
3100514780938104711521252
3150521791952106311691271
3200529803965107811861289
3250536814979109412031308
3300544826993110912201326
33505518371006112312361343
34005598481019113812521361
34505668591032115212681378
35005748701045116712831395
35505818811057118112991412
36005888921070119613151430
36505969031083121013311447
37006039141096122413471464
37506119251109123913631481
38006189361122125313791499
38506269471135126813951516
39006329561146128014081531
39506389661157129314221546
40006459751168130514361561
40506519851180131814491575
41006589941191133014631590
415066410041202134214771605
420067010131213135514901620
425067710231224136715041635
430068210301233137715151647
435068710381242138715261658
440069310461251139715371670
445069810541260140715481682
450070410621268141715591694
455070910691277142715691706
460071410771286143715801718
465072010851295144715911730
470072510931304145716021742
475073111001313146616131753
480073611081322147616241765
485074111161331148616351777
490074711241339149616461789
495075211311348150616561800
500075511361353151116621807
505075911411358151616681813
510076211451362152216741820
515076611501367152716801826
520076911551372153316861833
525077311591377153816921839
530077611641382154416981846
535078011691387154917041852
540078311731392155417101859
545078711781397156017161865
550079011831401156517221872
555079411871406157117281878
560079711921411157617341885
565080011961416158217401891
570080312011421158717461897
575080612051425159217511904
580080912091430159817571910
585081212131435160317631917
590081512171440160817691923
595081812211444161317751929
600082112261449161917811936
605082312301454162417871942
610082612341459162917921948
615082912381464163517981955
620083212421468164018041961
625083512461473164518101967
630083812511478165118161974
635084112551483165618221980
640084412591487166118271986
645084712631492166718331993
650084912671497167218391999
655085212711502167718452005
660085512761506168318512012
665085812801511168818572018
670086112851517169418642026
675086512911524170318732036
680086912971532171118822046
685087313031539171918912056
690087713091547172819002066
695088113151554173619092076
700088513211561174419192085
705088913281569175219282095
710089313341576176119372105
715089713401584176919462115
720090113461591177719552125
725090513521599178619642135
730090913581606179419732145
735091313641613180219822155
740091713701621181019912165
745092113761628181920012175
750092513821636182720102185
755092913891643183520192194
760093313951650184420282204
765093714011658185220372214
770094114071665186020462224
775094414111670186520512230
780094614131672186720542233
785094814161674187020572236
790095014191676187320602239
795095314211679187520632242
800095514241681187820652245
805095714261683188020682248
810095914291685188320712251
815096114321688188520742254
820096314341690188820762257
825096514361692189020792260
830096714391694189220822263
835096914411696189520842266
840097114441699189720872269
845097314461701189920892271
850097414471702190120912273
855097514491704190320932276
860097614501705190520962278
865097714521707190720982280
870097814531709190921002282
875097914551710191121022284
880098014561712191221042287
885098114571714191421062289
890098214591715191621082291
895098314601717191821102293
900098414621719192021122295
905098514631720192221142298
910098614651722192321162300
915098714661724192521182302
920099114711730193221252310
925099414771737194021342319
930099814831743194721422328
9350100214881750195521502337
9400100514941757196221592346
9450100914991764197021672355
9500101315051771197821762365
9550101715111778198621852375
9600102115181786199521942385
9650102515241793200322032395
9700102915301801201122122405
9750103315361808202022222415
9800103715431816202822312425
9850104115491823203622402435
9900104615551831204522492445
9950105015611838205322582455
10000105415671845206122682465
10050105815741853207022772475
10100106215801860207822862485
10150106615861868208622952495
10200107015921875209523042505
10250107415991883210323142515
10300107916051891211223232525
10350108316111898212123332536
10400108716181906212923422546
10450109116241914213823512556
10500109516311921214623612566
10550110016371929215523702576
10600110416431937216323802587
10650110816501944217223892597
10700111216561952218023982607
10750111716621960218924082617
10800112116691967219724172627
10850112516751975220624272638
10900112916821983221424362648
10950113416881990222324452658
11000113816941998223224552668
11050114217012005224024642678
11100114617072013224924742689
11150115017142021225724832699
11200115417182026226324892706
11250115717222030226724942711
11300115917262034227224992717
11350116217302038227625042722
11400116517332042228125092727
11450116817372046228525142733
11500117117412050229025192738
11550117317452054229425242743
11600117617492058229925292749
11650117917522062230325342754
11700118217562066230825382759
11750118517602070231225432765
11800118717642074231725482770
11850119017682078232125532775
11900119317712082232625582781
11950119617752086233025632786
12000119917792090233525682791
12050120117832094233925732797
12100120417872098234425782802
12150120717902102234825832808
12200121017952107235425892815
12250121318002113236025962822
12300121618042118236626032829
12350122018092124237226102837
12400122318142129237826162844
12450122618182135238426232851
12500122918232140239126302858
12550123218282146239726362866
12600123518322151240326432873
12650123918372157240926502880
12700124218422162241526572888
12750124518462168242126632895
12800124818512173242726702902
12850125118562178243326772910
12900125418602184243926832917
12950125718652189244626902924
13000126118702195245226972931
13050126418742200245827042939
13100126718792206246427102946
13150127018842211247027172953
13200127318882217247627242961
13250127618932222248227302968
13300127918982228248827372975
13350128319022233249427442983
13400128619072239250127512990
13450128919122244250727572997
13500129219162250251327643005
13550129519212256252027723013
13600129719252262252627793021
13650130019302268253327863029
13700130319352274254027943037
13750130619392280254628013045
13800130819442286255328083053
13850131119482292256028163061
13900131419532298256628233069
13950131719572304257328303077
14000132019622310258028383085
14050132219672316258628453093
14100132519712322259328523101
14150132819762328260028603109
14200133119802333260728673117
14250133419852339261328753125
14300133619902345262028823133
14350133919942351262728893141
14400134219992357263328973149
14450134520032363264029043157
14500134720082369264729113164
14550135020132375265329193172
14600135320172381266029263180
14650135620222387266729333188
14700135920262393267329413196
14750136120312399268029483204
14800136420362405268629553212
14850136820402410269229613219
14900137120452415269829673226
14950137520502420270329743232
15000137820552425270929803239
15050138220592430271429863246
15100138520642435272029923252
15150138920692440272629983259
15200139220742445273130043266
15250139620782450273730103272
15300140020832455274230173279
15350140320882460274830233286
15400140720932465275430293292
15450141020982470275930353299
15500141421022475276530413306
15550141721072480277030473312
15600142121122485277630533319
15650142421172490278130603326
15700142821212495278730663333
15750143121262500279330723339
15800143521312505279830783346
15850143821362510280430843353
15900144221402515280930903359
15950144521452520281530973366
16000144921502525282131033373
16050145321552530282631093379
16100145621592535283231153386
16150145821622538283531193390
16200145921642541283831223394
16250146121672544284131253397
16300146221692546284431283401
16350146421712549284731323404
16400146521732551285031353408
16450146621752554285331383411
16500146821772557285631413415
16550146921792559285931443418
16600147121822562286231483422
16650147221842564286431513425
16700147321862567286731543428
16750147521882570287031573432
16800147621902572287331603435
16850147721922575287631643439
16900147921942577287931673442
16950148021962580288231703446
17000148121982582288531733449
17050148322002585288731763452
17100148422032588289031793456
17150148622052590289331823459
17200148722072593289631863463
17250148822092595289931893466
17300149022112598290231923470
17350149122132600290531953473
17400149222152603290731983476
17450149422172605291032013480
17500149522192608291332043483
17550149722222611291632083487
17600149822242613291932113490
17650149922262616292232143494
17700150122282618292532173497
17750150222302621292832203500
17800150322322623293032233504
17850150522342626293332273507
17900150622362629293632303511
17950150722382631293932333514
18000150922402634294232363518
18050151022432636294532393521
18100151222452639294832423524
18150151322472641295032453528
18200151422492644295332493531
18250151622512647295632523535
18300151722532649295932553538
18350152022562652296332593542
18400152222592655296632633547
18450152422622658297032663551
18500152622652662297332703555
18550152822682665297632743559
18600153022712668298032783563
18650153222742671298332823567
18700153522772674298732853571
18750153722802677299032893575
18800153922832680299432933579
18850154122852683299732973584
18900154322882686300033013588
18950154522912689300433043592
19000154722942692300733083596
19050155022972695301133123600
19100155223002698301433163604
19150155423032702301833193608
19200155623062705302133233612
19250155823092708302533273616
19300156023122711302833313621
19350156323152714303133353625
19400156523182717303533383629
19450156723202720303833423633
19500156923232723304233463637
19550157123262726304533503641
19600157323292729304933533645
19650157523322732305233573649
19700157823352735305533613653
19750158023382738305933653658
19800158223412742306233693662
19850158423442745306633723666
19900158623472748306933763670
19950158823502751307333803674
20000159123532754307633843678
20050159323552757308033873682
20100159523582760308333913686
20150159723612763308633953690
20200159923642766309033993695
20250160123672769309334033699
20300160323702772309734063703
20350160623732775310034103707
20400160823762778310434143711
20450161023792782310734183715
20500161223822785311034213719
20550161423852788311434253723
20600161623882791311734293727
20650161923902794312134333731
20700162123932797312434373736
20750162323962800312834403740
20800162523992803313134443744
20850162724022806313534483748
20900162924052809313834523752
20950163124082812314134563756
21000163424112815314534593760
21050163624142818314834633764
21100163824172822315234673768
21150164024202825315534713773
21200164224232828315934743777
21250164424252831316234783781
21300164724282834316534823785
21350164924312837316934863789
21400165124342840317234903793
21450165324372843317634933797
21500165524402846317934973801
21550165724432849318335013805
21600165924462853318735063811
21650166124492857319135103816
21700166324522861319535153821
21750166524552865320035203826
21800166724582868320435243831
21850166824612872320835293836
21900167024642876321335343841
21950167224672880321735393846
22000167424702884322135433852
22050167624732888322535483857
22100167824762891323035533862
22150168024792895323435573867
22200168124822899323835623872
22250168324852903324335673877
22300168524882907324735713882
22350168724912911325135763887
22400168924942914325535813892
22450169124972918326035863898
22500169225002922326435903903
22550169425032926326835953908
22600169625062930327236003913
22650169825092934327736043918
22700170025122937328136093923
22750170225152941328536143928
22800170425182945329036193933
22850170525212949329436233938
22900170725242953329836283944
22950170925272957330236333949
23000171125302960330736373954
23050171325332964331136423959
23100171525362968331536473964
23150171725392972332036513969
23200171825422976332436563974
23250172025452979332836613979
23300172225482983333236663984
23350172425512987333736703990
23400172625542991334136753995
23450172825572995334536804000
23500173025602999334936844005
23550173125633002335436894010
23600173325663006335836944015
23650173525693010336236994020
23700173725723014336737034025
23750173925753018337137084031
23800174125783022337537134036
23850174225813025337937174041
23900174425843029338437224046
23950174625873033338837274051
24000174825903037339237314056
24050175025933041339737364061
24100175225963045340137414066
24150175425993048340537464071
24200175526023052340937504077
24250175726053056341437554082
24300175926083060341837604087
24350176126113064342237644092
24400176326143068342637694097
24450176526173071343137744102
24500176726203075343537794107
24550176826233079343937834112
24600177026263083344437884117
24650177226293087344837934123
24700177426323091345237974128
24750177626353094345638024133
24800177826383098346138074138
24850178026413102346538114143
24900178126443106346938164148
24950178326473110347438214153
25000178526503114347838264158
25050178726533117348238304163
25100178926563121348638354169
25150179126593125349138404174
25200179226623129349538444179
25250179426653133349938494184
25300179626683136350338544189
25350179826713140350838584194
25400180026743144351238634199
25450180226773148351638684204
25500180426803152352138734210
25550180526823156352538774215
25600180726853159352938824220
25650180926883163353338874225
25700181126913167353838914230
25750181326943171354238964235
25800181526973175354639014240
25850181727003179355039064245
25900181827033182355539104250
25950182027063186355939154256
26000182227093190356339204261
26050182427123194356839244266
26100182627153198357239294271
26150182827183202357639344276
26200183027213205358039384281
26250183127243209358539434286
26300183327273213358939484291
26350183527303217359339534296
26400183727333221359839574302
26450183927363225360239624307
26500184127393228360639674312
26550184227423232361039714317
26600184427453236361539764322
26650184627483240361939814327
26700184827513244362339864332
26750185027543248362739904337
26800185227573251363239954342
26850185427603255363640004348
26900185527633259364040044353
26950185727663263364540094358
27000185927693267364940144363
27050186127723270365340184368
27100186327753274365740234373
27150186527783278366240284378
27200186727813282366640334383
27250186827843286367040374389
27300187027873290367540424394
27350187227903293367940474399
27400187427933297368340514404
27450187627963301368740564409
27500187827993305369240614414
27550188028023309369640664419
27600188128053313370040704424
27650188328083316370440754429
27700188528113320370940804435
27750188728143324371340844440
27800188928173328371740894445
27850189128203332372240944450
27900189228233336372640984455
27950189428263339373041034460
28000189628293343373441084465
28050189828323347373941134470
28100189928333348374041144472
28150190028343349374141154473
28200190028353349374141154473
28250190128363350374241164474
28300190228363350374241164474
28350190228373351374341174475
28400190328383351374341174476
28450190428383351374441184476
28500190428393352374441184477
28550190528403352374541194477
28600190628403353374541204478
28650190628413353374541204478
28700190728423354374641214479
28750190828423354374641214480
28800190828433354374741224480
28850190928443355374741224481
28900190928443355374841234481
28950191028453356374841234482
29000191128463356374941244483
29050191128463357374941244483
29100191228473357375041254484
29150191328483358375041254484
29200191328483358375141264485
29250191428493358375141264485
29300191528503359375241274486
29350191528503359375241284487
29400191628513360375341284487
29450191728523360375341294488
29500191728523361375441294488
29550191828533361375441304489
29600191928543361375541304490
29650191928553362375541314490
29700192028553362375641314491
29750192128563363375641324491
29800192128573363375741324492
29850192228573364375741334492
29900192328583364375841334493
29950192328593365375841344494
30000192428593365375941354494
30050192528603365375941354495
30100192528613366376041364495
30150192628613366376041364496
30200192628623367376141374497
30250192728633367376141374497
30300192828633368376241384498
30350192828643368376241384498
30400192928653368376341394499
30450193028653369376341394499
30500193028663369376441404500
30550193128673370376441404501
30600193228673370376541414501
30650193228683371376541414502
30700193328693371376541424502
30750193428693371376641434503
30800193428703372376641434504
30850193528713372376741444504
30900193628713373376741444505
30950193628723373376841454505
31000193728733374376841454506
31050193828743374376941464506
31100193828743375376941464507
31150193928753375377041474508
31200194028763375377041474508
31250194028763376377141484509
31300194128773376377141484509
31350194228783377377241494510
31400194228783377377241504511
31450194328793378377341504511
31500194328803378377341514512
31550194428803378377441514512
31600194528813379377441524513
31650194528823379377541524513
31700194628823380377541534514
31750194728833380377641534515
31800194728843381377641544515
31850194828843381377741544516
31900194928853382377741554516
31950194928863382377841554517
32000195028863382377841564518
32050195128873383377941564518
32100195128883383377941574519
32150195228883384378041584519
32200195328893384378041584520
32250195328903385378141594520
32300195428903385378141594521
32350195528913385378241604522
32400195528923386378241604522
32450195628933386378341614523
32500195728933387378341614523
32550195728943387378441624524
32600195828953388378441624525
32650195928953388378441634525
32700195928963389378541634526
32750196028973389378541644526
32800196028973389378641654527
32850196128983390378641654527
32900196228993390378741664528
32950196228993391378741664529
33000196329003391378841674529
33050196429013392378841674530
33100196429013392378941684530
33150196529023392378941684531
33200196629033393379041694532
33250196629033393379041694532
33300196729043394379141704533
33350196829053394379141704533
33400196829053395379241714534
33450196929063395379241724534
33500197029073395379341724535
33550197029073396379341734536
33600197129083396379441734536
33650197229093397379441744537
33700197229093397379541744537
33750197329103398379541754538
33800197429113398379641754539
33850197429123399379641764539
33900197529123399379741764540
33950197629133399379741774540
34000197629143400379841774541
34050197729143400379841784541
34100197729153401379941784542
34150197829163401379941794543
34200197929163402380041794543
34250197929173402380041804544
34300198029173402380041814544
34350198129183403380141814545
34400198129193403380141824545
34450198229193404380241824546
34500198329203404380241834546
34550198329213405380341834547
34600198429213405380341844548
34650198429223405380441844548
34700198529233406380441854549
34750198629233406380541854549
34800198629243407380541864550
34850198729253407380641864550
34900198829253407380641874551
34950198829263408380741874552
35000198929273408380741884552

For gross monthly incomes above $35,000, add the amount of child support for $35,000 to the following percentages of gross income above $35,000.

ONE CHILDTWO CHILDRENTHREE CHILDRENFOUR CHILDRENFIVE CHILDRENSIX CHILDREN
2.6%3.4%3.8%4.2%4.6%5.0%

C. For purposes of this section, "gross income" means all income from all sources, and shall include, but not be limited to, income from salaries, wages, commissions, royalties, bonuses, dividends, severance pay, pensions, interest, trust income, annuities, capital gains, social security benefits except as listed below, workers' compensation benefits, unemployment insurance benefits, disability insurance benefits, veterans' benefits, spousal support, rental income, gifts, prizes or awards.

If a parent's gross income includes disability insurance benefits, it shall also include any amounts paid to or for the child who is the subject of the order and derived by the child from the parent's entitlement to disability insurance benefits. To the extent that such derivative benefits are included in a parent's gross income, that parent shall be entitled to a credit against his or her ongoing basic child support obligation for any such amounts, and, if the amount of the credit exceeds the parent's basic child support obligations, the credit may be used to reduce arrearages.

Gross income shall be subject to deduction of reasonable business expenses for persons with income from self-employment, a partnership, or a closely held business. "Gross income" shall not include:

1. Benefits from public assistance and social services programs as defined in § 63.2-100;

2. Federal supplemental security income benefits;

3. Child support received; or

4. Income received by the payor from secondary employment income not previously included in "gross income," where the payor obtained the income to discharge a child support arrearage established by a court or administrative order and the payor is paying the arrearage pursuant to the order. "Secondary employment income" includes but is not limited to income from an additional job, from self-employment, or from overtime employment. The cessation of such secondary income upon the payment of the arrearage shall not be the basis for a material change in circumstances upon which a modification of child support may be based.

For purposes of this subsection: (i) spousal support received shall be included in gross income and spousal support paid shall be deducted from gross income when paid pursuant to an order or written agreement and (ii) one-half of any self-employment tax paid shall be deducted from gross income.

Where there is an existing court or administrative order or written agreement relating to the child or children of a party to the proceeding, who are not the child or children who are the subject of the present proceeding, then there is a presumption that there shall be deducted from the gross income of the party subject to such order or written agreement, the amount that the party is actually paying for the support of a child or children pursuant to such order or agreement.

Where a party to the proceeding has a natural or adopted child or children in the party's household or primary physical custody, and the child or children are not the subject of the present proceeding, there is a presumption that there shall be deducted from the gross income of that party the amount as shown on the Schedule of Monthly Basic Child Support Obligations contained in subsection B that represents that party's support obligation based solely on that party's income as being the total income available for the natural or adopted child or children in the party's household or primary physical custody, who are not the subject of the present proceeding. Provided, however, that the existence of a party's financial responsibility for such a child or children shall not of itself constitute a material change in circumstances for modifying a previous order of child support in any modification proceeding. Any adjustment to gross income under this subsection shall not create or reduce a support obligation to an amount which seriously impairs the custodial parent's ability to maintain minimal adequate housing and provide other basic necessities for the child, as determined by the court.

In cases in which retroactive liability for support is being determined, the court or administrative agency may use the gross monthly income of the parties averaged over the period of retroactivity.

D. Except for good cause shown or the agreement of the parties, in addition to any other child support obligations established pursuant to this section, any child support order shall provide that the parents pay in proportion to their gross incomes, as used for calculating the monthly support obligation, any reasonable and necessary unreimbursed medical or dental expenses. The method of payment of those expenses shall be contained in the support order. Each parent shall pay his respective share of expenses as those expenses are incurred. Any amount paid under this subsection shall not be adjusted by, nor added to, the child support calculated in accordance with subsection G. For the purposes of this section, medical or dental expenses shall include but not be limited to eyeglasses, prescription medication, prosthetics, orthodontics, and mental health or developmental disabilities services, including but not limited to services provided by a social worker, psychologist, psychiatrist, counselor, or therapist.

E. The costs for health care coverage as defined in § 63.2-1900, vision care coverage, and dental care coverage for the child or children who are the subject of the child support order that are being paid by a parent or that parent's spouse shall be added to the basic child support obligation. To determine the cost to be added to the basic child support obligation, the cost per person shall be applied to the child or children who are subject of the child support order. If the per child cost is provided by the insurer, that is the cost per person. Otherwise, to determine the cost per person, the cost of individual coverage for the policy holder shall be subtracted from the total cost of the coverage, and the remaining amount shall be divided by the number of remaining covered persons.

F. Any child-care costs incurred on behalf of the child or children due to employment of the custodial parent shall be added to the basic child support obligation. Child-care costs shall not exceed the amount required to provide quality care from a licensed source. When requested by the noncustodial parent, the court may require the custodial parent to present documentation to verify the costs incurred for child care under this subsection. Where appropriate, the court shall consider the willingness and availability of the noncustodial parent to provide child care personally in determining whether child-care costs are necessary or excessive. Upon the request of either party, and upon a showing of the tax savings a party derives from child-care cost deductions or credits, the court shall factor actual tax consequences into its calculation of the child-care costs to be added to the basic child support obligation.

G. 1. Sole custody support. The sole custody total monthly child support obligation shall be established by adding (i) the monthly basic child support obligation, as determined from the schedule contained in subsection B, (ii) costs for health care coverage to the extent allowable by subsection E, and (iii) work-related child-care costs and taking into consideration all the factors set forth in subsection B of § 20-108.1. The total monthly child support obligation shall be divided between the parents in the same proportion as their monthly gross incomes bear to their monthly combined gross income. The monthly obligation of each parent shall be computed by multiplying each parent's percentage of the parents' monthly combined gross income by the total monthly child support obligation.

However, the monthly obligation of the noncustodial parent shall be reduced by the cost for health care coverage to the extent allowable by subsection E when paid directly by the noncustodial parent or that parent's spouse. Unreimbursed medical and dental expenses shall be calculated and allocated in accordance with subsection D.

2. Split custody support. In cases involving split custody, the amount of child support to be paid shall be the difference between the amounts owed by each parent as a noncustodial parent, computed in accordance with subdivision 1, with the noncustodial parent owing the larger amount paying the difference to the other parent. Unreimbursed medical and dental expenses shall be calculated and allocated in accordance with subsection D.

For the purpose of this section and § 20-108.1, split custody shall be limited to those situations where each parent has physical custody of a child or children born of the parents, born of either parent and adopted by the other parent or adopted by both parents. For the purposes of calculating a child support obligation where split custody exists, a separate family unit exists for each parent, and child support for that family unit shall be calculated upon the number of children in that family unit who are born of the parents, born of either parent and adopted by the other parent or adopted by both parents. Where split custody exists, a parent is a custodial parent to the children in that parent's family unit and is a noncustodial parent to the children in the other parent's family unit.

3. Shared custody support.

(a) Where a party has custody or visitation of a child or children for more than 90 days of the year, as such days are defined in subdivision G 3 (c), a shared custody child support amount based on the ratio in which the parents share the custody and visitation of any child or children shall be calculated in accordance with this subdivision. The presumptive support to be paid shall be the shared custody support amount, unless a party affirmatively shows that the sole custody support amount calculated as provided in subdivision G 1 is less than the shared custody support amount. If so, the lesser amount shall be the support to be paid. For the purposes of this subsection, the following shall apply:

(i) Income share. "Income share" means a parent's percentage of the combined monthly gross income of both parents. The income share of a parent is that parent's gross income divided by the combined gross incomes of the parties.

(ii) Custody share. "Custody share" means the number of days that a parent has physical custody, whether by sole custody, joint legal or joint residential custody, or visitation, of a shared child per year divided by the number of days in the year. The actual or anticipated "custody share" of the parent who has or will have fewer days of physical custody shall be calculated for a one-year period. The "custody share" of the other parent shall be presumed to be the number of days in the year less the number of days calculated as the first parent's "custody share." For purposes of this calculation, the year may begin on such date as is determined in the discretion of the court, and the day may begin at such time as is determined in the discretion of the court. For purposes of this calculation, a day shall be as defined in subdivision G 3 (c).

(iii) Shared support need. "Shared support need" means the presumptive guideline amount of needed support for the shared child or children calculated pursuant to subsection B of this section, for the combined gross income of the parties and the number of shared children, multiplied by 1.4.

(iv) Sole custody support. "Sole custody support" means the support amount determined in accordance with subdivision G 1.

(b) Support to be paid. The shared support need of the shared child or children shall be calculated pursuant to subdivision G 3 (a)(iii). This amount shall then be multiplied by the other parent's custody share. To that sum for each parent shall be added the other parent's or that parent's spouse's cost of health care coverage to the extent allowable by subsection E, plus the other parent's work-related child-care costs to the extent allowable by subsection F. This total for each parent shall be multiplied by that parent's income share. The support amounts thereby calculated that each parent owes the other shall be subtracted one from the other and the difference shall be the shared custody support one parent owes to the other, with the payor parent being the one whose shared support is the larger. Unreimbursed medical and dental expenses shall be calculated and allocated in accordance with subsection D.

(c) Definition of a day. For the purposes of this section, "day" means a period of 24 hours; however, where the parent who has the fewer number of overnight periods during the year has an overnight period with a child, but has physical custody of the shared child for less than 24 hours during such overnight period, there is a presumption that each parent shall be allocated one-half of a day of custody for that period.

(d) Minimum standards. Any calculation under this subdivision shall not create or reduce a support obligation to an amount which seriously impairs the custodial parent's ability to maintain minimal adequate housing and provide other basic necessities for the child. If the gross income of either party is equal to or less than 150 percent of the federal poverty level promulgated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services from time to time, then the shared custody support calculated pursuant to this subsection shall not be the presumptively correct support and the court may consider whether the sole custody support or the shared custody support is more just and appropriate.

(e) Support modification. When there has been an award of child support based on the shared custody formula and one parent consistently fails to exercise custody or visitation in accordance with the parent's custody share upon which the award was based, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the support award should be modified.

(f) In the event that the shared custody support calculation indicates that the net support is to be paid to the parent who would not be the parent receiving support pursuant to the sole custody calculation, then the shared support shall be deemed to be the lesser support.

4. Multiple shared custody support. In cases with different shared custody arrangements for two or more minor children of the parties, the procedures in subdivision G 3 shall apply, except that one shared guideline shall be used to determine the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other by:

(a) Calculating each parent's custody share by adding the total number of days, as defined in subdivision G 3 (c), that each parent has with each child and dividing such total number of days by the number of children of the parties to determine the average number of shared custody days; and

(b) Using each parent's custody share as determined in subdivision G 4 (a) for each parent to calculate the child support owed, in accordance with the provisions of subdivision G 3.

5. Sole and shared custody support. In cases where one parent has sole custody of one or more minor children of the parties, and the parties share custody of one or more other minor children of the parties, the procedures in subdivisions G 1 and 3 shall apply, except that one sole custody support guideline calculation and one shared custody support guideline calculation shall be used to determine the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other by:

(a) Calculating the sole custody support obligation by:

(i) Calculating the per child monthly basic child support obligation by determining, for the number of children of the parties, the scheduled monthly basic child support obligation and dividing that amount by the number of children of the parties;

(ii) Calculating the sole custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation by multiplying the per child monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 5 (a)(i) by the number of children subject to the sole custody support obligation; and

(iii) Applying the sole custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 5 (a)(ii) to the procedures in subdivision G 1.

(b) Calculating the shared custody child support obligation by:

(i) Calculating the per child monthly basic child support obligation by determining, for the number of children of the parties, the scheduled monthly basic child support obligation and dividing that amount by the number of children of the parties;

(ii) Calculating the shared custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation by multiplying the per child monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 5 (b)(i) by the number of children subject to the shared custody support obligation; and

(iii) Applying the shared custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 5 (b)(ii) to the procedures in subdivision G 3.

(c) Determining the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other. Where one parent owes both the sole custody support obligation and the shared custody support obligation to the other parent, the total of both such obligations calculated pursuant to subdivisions G 5 (a) and G 5 (b) shall be added to determine the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other. Where one parent owes one such obligation to the other parent, and such other parent owes the other such obligation to the other such parent, the parent owing the greater obligation amount to the other parent shall pay the difference between the obligations to such other parent.

6. Split and shared custody support. In cases where the parents have split custody of two or more children, and there is a shared custody arrangement with one or more other minor children of the parties, the procedures set forth in subdivisions G 2 and G 3 shall apply, except that one split custody child support guideline calculation and one shared custody child support guideline calculation shall be used to calculate the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other by:

(a) Calculating the split custody child support obligation by:

(i) Calculating the per child monthly basic child custody support obligation by determining, for the number of children of the parties, the scheduled monthly basic child support obligation and dividing that amount by the number of children of the parties;

(ii) Calculating the split custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation by multiplying the per child monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 6 (a)(i) by the number of children subject to the split custody support obligation; and

(iii) Applying the split custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 6 (a)(ii) for each parent to the procedures in subdivision G 2.

(b) Calculating the shared custody child support obligation by:

(i) Calculating the per child monthly basic child custody support obligation by determining, for the number of children of the parties, the scheduled monthly basic child support obligation and dividing that amount by the number of children of the parties;

(ii) Calculating the shared custody pro rata monthly basic child custody support obligation by multiplying the per child monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 6 (b)(i) by the number of children subject to the shared custody support obligation; and

(iii) Applying the shared custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 6 (b)(ii) to the procedures in subdivision G 3.

(c) Determining the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other. Where one parent owes both the split custody support obligation and the shared custody support obligation to the other parent, the total of both such obligations calculated pursuant to subdivisions G 6 (a) and G 6 (b) shall be added to determine the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other. Where one parent owes one such obligation to the other parent, and such other parent owes the other such obligation to the other such parent, the parent owing the greater obligation amount to the other parent shall pay the difference between the obligations to such other parent.

H. The Secretary of Health and Human Resources shall ensure that the guideline set out in this section is reviewed by October 31, 2001, and every four years thereafter, by the Child Support Guidelines Review Panel, consisting of 15 members comprised of four legislative members and 11 nonlegislative citizen members. Members shall be appointed as follows: three members of the House Committee for Courts of Justice, upon the recommendation of the chairman of such committee, to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Delegates in accordance with the principles of proportional representation contained in the Rules of the House of Delegates; one member of the Senate Committee for Courts of Justice, upon the recommendation of the chairman of such committee, to be appointed by the Senate Committee on Rules; and one representative of a juvenile and domestic relations district court, one representative of a circuit court, one representative of the Department of Social Services' Division of Child Support Enforcement, three members of the Virginia State Bar, two custodial parents, two noncustodial parents, and one child advocate, upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Health and Human Resources, to be appointed by the Governor. The Panel shall determine the adequacy of the guideline for the determination of appropriate awards for the support of children by considering current research and data on the cost of and expenditures necessary for rearing children, and any other resources it deems relevant to such review. The Panel shall report its findings to the General Assembly as provided in the procedures of the Division of Legislative Automated Systems for the processing of legislative documents and reports before the General Assembly next convenes following such review.

Legislative members shall serve terms coincident with their terms of office. Nonlegislative citizen members shall serve at the pleasure of the Governor. All members may be reappointed. Appointments to fill vacancies, other than by expiration of a term, shall be made for the unexpired terms. Vacancies shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointments.

Legislative members shall receive such compensation as provided in § 30-19.12, and nonlegislative citizen members shall receive such compensation for the performance of their duties as provided in § 2.2-2813. All members shall be reimbursed for all reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties as provided in §§ 2.2-2813 and 2.2-2825. Funding for the costs of compensation and expenses of the members shall be provided by the Department of Social Services.

The Department of Social Services shall provide staff support to the Panel. All agencies of the Commonwealth shall provide assistance to the Panel, upon request.

The chairman of the Panel shall submit to the Governor and the General Assembly a quadrennial executive summary of the interim activity and work of the Panel no later than the first day of 2006 regular session of the General Assembly and every four years thereafter. The executive summary shall be submitted as provided in the procedures of the Division of Legislative Automated Systems for the processing of legislative documents and reports and shall be posted on the General Assembly's website.

1988, c. 907; 1989, cc. 578, 579, 599; 1991, cc. 545, 588; 1992, cc. 79, 716, 860; 1995, cc. 1, 481; 1996, cc. 491, 947, 1029; 1998, c. 618; 1999, cc. 690, 808, 836; 2000, cc. 219, 305, 376, 384, 461; 2001, cc. 193, 809; 2002, cc. 650, 747; 2003, c. 885; 2004, cc. 907, 1008; 2005, c. 758; 2006, cc. 785, 798; 2008, c. 697; 2009, c. 713; 2010, c. 243; 2014, c. 667; 2015, c. 510; 2018, cc. 21, 22, 110, 191.

Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. Virginia may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.