2010 Code of Virginia
Title 55 - PROPERTY AND CONVEYANCES.
Chapter 31 - Uniform Trust Code (55-541.01 thru 55-551.06)
55-544.02 - Requirements for creation.

§ 55-544.02. Requirements for creation.

A. A trust is created only if:

1. The settlor has capacity to create a trust; or when the trust is created by the settlor's agent under a power of attorney, which expressly authorizes the agent to create a trust on the settlor's behalf;

2. The settlor or his agent indicates an intention to create the trust;

3. The trust has a definite beneficiary or is:

a. A charitable trust;

b. A trust for the care of an animal, as provided in § 55-544.08; or

c. A trust for a noncharitable purpose, as provided in § 55-544.09;

4. The trustee has duties to perform; and

5. The same person is not the sole trustee and sole beneficiary.

B. A beneficiary is definite if the beneficiary can be ascertained now or in the future, subject to any applicable rule against perpetuities.

C. A power in a trustee to select a beneficiary from an indefinite class is valid. If the power is not exercised within a reasonable time, the power fails and the property subject to the power passes to the persons who would have taken the property had the power not been conferred.

(2005, c. 935; 2010, cc. 455, 632.)

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