2010 Code of Virginia
Chapter 19 - Subdivided Land Sales Act (55-336 thru 55-351)
55-342 - Blanket encumbrances.

ยง 55-342. Blanket encumbrances.

A. It shall be unlawful for any developer or agent to sell or lease lots in a subdivision that is subject to a blanket encumbrance unless the blanket encumbrance or effective supplemental agreement contains a release provision permitting legal title to individual lots or other interest contracted for to be obtained free and clear of the blanket encumbrance. Nothing herein shall be construed to limit the conditions upon which such release may be premised or the modification or amendment of such release provision as to (i) any purchaser other than a purchaser under an installment sales contract; or (ii) purchasers under installment sales contracts which are executed subsequent to the recordation of the amendment or modification.

B. Unless blanket encumbrance release provisions provide that the lien of the blanket encumbrance is subordinate to the rights of persons purchasing from the developer or agent and that those purchasers have the unconditional right to obtain legal title or other interest contracted for free and clear of the blanket encumbrance upon compliance with the terms and conditions of the purchase or lease, it shall be unlawful for a developer or agent to sell or lease lots unless one of the following conditions is complied with:

1. Any earnest money deposit or advance or other payment made by the purchaser on account of the purchase of a lot is placed in an escrow account which fully protects the interest of the purchaser until either:

a. Fee title or other interest contracted for is conveyed to the purchaser free and clear of the blanket encumbrance; or

b. Either the developer or purchaser defaults under the contract and a final determination as to the dispersal of sums paid is made by either a court of competent jurisdiction; or

c. The developer voluntarily orders the return of the money to the purchaser. Such escrow shall be held in a trust account maintained in a federally insured depository located in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

2. Title to the subdivision is held in trust under a trust agreement until a proper release is obtained and legal title or other interest contracted for is conveyed to the purchaser.

(1978, c. 510; 1980, c. 546; 1996, c. 372.)

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