2012 Vermont Statutes
Title 23 Motor Vehicles
Chapter 13 OPERATION OF VEHICLES
§ 1213 Ignition interlock restricted driver's license; penalties


23 V.S.A. § 1213. What's This?

§ 1213. Ignition interlock restricted driver's license; penalties

(a) First offense. A person whose license or privilege to operate is suspended for a first offense under this subchapter shall be permitted to operate a motor vehicle, other than a commercial motor vehicle as defined in section 4103 of this title, if issued a valid ignition interlock RDL. The commissioner shall issue an ignition interlock RDL to a person eligible under section 1205(a)(1), 1205(a)(2), 1206(a), or 1216(a)(1) of this title upon receipt of a $125.00 application fee, and upon receipt of satisfactory proof of installation of an approved ignition interlock device in any motor vehicle to be operated, financial responsibility as provided in section 801 of this title, and enrollment in an alcohol and driving education program. The RDL shall be valid after expiration of the applicable shortened period specified in section 1205(a)(1), 1205(a)(2), 1206(a), or 1216(a)(1) of this title. A new ignition interlock RDL shall expire at midnight on the eve of the second birthday of the

applicant following the date of issue, and may be renewed for one-year terms. The commissioner shall send by first class mail an application for renewal of the RDL at least 30 days prior to the day renewal is required and shall impose the same conditions for renewal as are required for initial issuance of an ignition interlock RDL. The renewal fee shall be $125.00.

(b) Second offense. A person whose license or privilege to operate is suspended for a second offense under this subchapter shall be permitted to operate a motor vehicle, other than a commercial motor vehicle as defined in section 4103 of this title, if issued a valid ignition interlock RDL. The commissioner shall issue an ignition interlock RDL to a person eligible under section 1205(m), 1208(a), or 1216(a)(2) of this title upon receipt of a $125.00 application fee, and upon receipt of satisfactory proof of installation of an approved ignition interlock device in any motor vehicle to be operated, financial responsibility as provided in section 801 of this title, and enrollment in an alcohol and driving rehabilitation program. The RDL shall be valid after expiration of the applicable shortened period specified in section 1205(m), 1208(a), or 1216(a)(2) of this title. A new ignition interlock RDL shall expire at midnight on the eve of the second birthday of the applicant following the

date of issue, and may be renewed for one-year terms. The commissioner shall send by first class mail an application for renewal of the RDL at least 30 days prior to the day renewal is required and shall impose the same conditions for renewal as are required for initial issuance of an ignition interlock RDL. The renewal fee shall be $125.00.

(c) Third or subsequent offense. A person whose license or privilege to operate is suspended or revoked for a third or subsequent offense under this subchapter shall be permitted to operate a motor vehicle, other than a commercial motor vehicle as defined in section 4103 of this title, if issued a valid ignition interlock RDL. The commissioner shall issue an ignition interlock RDL to a person eligible under section 1205(a)(3), 1205(m), 1208(b), or 1216(a)(2) of this title upon receipt of a $125.00 application fee, and upon receipt of satisfactory proof of installation of an approved ignition interlock device in any motor vehicle to be operated, financial responsibility as provided in section 801 of this title, and enrollment in an alcohol and driving rehabilitation program. The RDL shall be valid after expiration of the applicable shortened period specified in section 1205(a)(3), 1205(m), 1208(b), or 1216(a)(2) of this title. A new ignition interlock RDL shall expire at midnight on

the eve of the second birthday of the applicant following the date of issue, and may be renewed for one-year terms. The commissioner shall send by first class mail an application for renewal of the RDL at least 30 days prior to the day renewal is required and shall impose the same conditions for renewal as are required for initial issuance of an ignition interlock RDL. The renewal fee shall be $125.00.

(d) If a fine is to be imposed for a conviction of a violation of section 1201 of this title, upon receipt of proof of installation of an approved ignition interlock device, the court may order that the fine of an indigent person conditionally be reduced by one-half to defray the costs of the ignition interlock device, subject to the person's ongoing operation under, and compliance with the terms of, a valid ignition interlock RDL as set forth in this section.

(e) The holder of an ignition interlock RDL shall pay the costs of installing, purchasing or leasing, and removing the ignition interlock device as well as calibrating the device and retrieving data from it periodically as may be specified by the commissioner.

(f)(1) Prior to the issuance of an ignition interlock RDL under this section, the commissioner shall notify the applicant of the applicable period prior to eligibility for reinstatement under section 1209a or 1216 of this title, and that the reinstatement period may be extended under this subsection (f) or subsections (g)-(h) of this section.

(2)(A) Prior to any such extension of the reinstatement period, the RDL holder shall be given notice and opportunity for a hearing. Service of the notice shall be sent by first class mail to the last known address of the person. The notice shall include a factual description of the grounds for an extension, a reference to the particular law allegedly violated, and a warning that the right to a hearing will be deemed waived, and an extension of the reinstatement period will be imposed, if a written request for a hearing is not received at the department of motor vehicles within 15 days after the date of the notice.

(B) When a holder receives a notice under subdivision (2)(A) of this subsection (f), the holder shall be deemed to have waived the right to a hearing unless a written request for a hearing is received at the department of motor vehicles within 15 days after the date of the notice. If a hearing is not timely requested, the reinstatement period shall be extended in accordance with law.

(C) The provisions of sections 105-107 of this title shall apply to hearings conducted under this subdivision (2).

(3)(A) A holder of an ignition interlock RDL who, prior to eligibility for reinstatement under section 1209a or 1216 of this title, is prevented from starting a motor vehicle because the ignition interlock device records a blood alcohol concentration of 0.04 or above, shall be subject to a three-month extension of the applicable reinstatement period in the event of three such recorded events, and to consecutive three-month extensions for every additional three recorded events thereafter. The commissioner shall disregard a recording of 0.04 or above for the purposes of this subdivision if the commissioner in his or her discretion finds, based on a pattern of tests or other reliable information, that the recording does not indicate the consumption of intoxicating liquor by the holder. The commissioner shall notify the holder in writing after every recording of 0.04 or above that indicates the consumption of intoxicating liquor by the holder and, prior to any extension under this

subdivision, the holder shall have the opportunity to be heard pursuant to subdivision (2) of this subsection (f).

(B) A holder of an ignition interlock RDL who, prior to eligibility for reinstatement under section 1209a or 1216 of this title, fails a random retest because the ignition interlock device records a blood alcohol concentration of 0.04 or above and below 0.08, shall be subject to consecutive three-month extensions of the applicable reinstatement period for every such recorded event. A holder who fails a random retest because of a recording of 0.08 or above shall be subject to consecutive six-month extensions of the applicable reinstatement period for every such recorded event. The commissioner shall disregard a recording of 0.04 or above for the purposes of this subdivision if the commissioner in his or her discretion finds, based on a pattern of tests or other reliable information, that the recording does not indicate the consumption of intoxicating liquor by the holder. The commissioner shall notify the holder in writing after every recording of 0.04 or above that is in

dicative of the consumption of intoxicating liquor by the holder and, prior to any extension under this subdivision, the holder shall have the opportunity to be heard pursuant to subdivision (2) of this subsection (f).

(g) The holder of an ignition interlock RDL shall operate only motor vehicles equipped with an ignition interlock device, shall not attempt or take any action to tamper with or otherwise circumvent an ignition interlock device, and, after failing a random retest, shall pull over and shut off the vehicle's engine as soon as practicable. A person who violates any provision of this section commits a criminal offense, shall be subject to the sanctions and procedures provided for in subsections 674(b)-(i) of this title, and, upon conviction, the applicable period prior to eligibility for reinstatement under section 1209a or 1216 of this title shall be extended by six months.

(h) A person who violates a rule adopted by the commissioner pursuant to subsection (l) of this section shall, after notice and an opportunity to be heard is provided pursuant to subdivision (f)(2) of this section, be subject to an extension of the period prior to eligibility for reinstatement under section 1209a or 1216 of this title in accordance with rules adopted by the commissioner.

(i) Upon receipt of notice that the holder of an ignition interlock RDL has been adjudicated of an offense under this title that would result in suspension, revocation, or recall of a license or privilege to operate, the commissioner shall suspend, revoke, or recall the person's ignition interlock RDL for the same period that the license or privilege to operate would have been suspended, revoked, or recalled. The commissioner may impose a reinstatement fee in accordance with section 675 of this title and require, prior to reinstatement, satisfactory proof of installation of an approved ignition interlock device, financial responsibility as provided in section 801 of this title, and enrollment in or completion of an alcohol and driving education or rehabilitation program.

(j) [Repealed.]

(k) A person shall not knowingly and voluntarily tamper with an ignition interlock device on behalf of another person or otherwise assist another person to circumvent an ignition interlock device. A person adjudicated of a violation of this subsection shall be subject to a civil penalty of up to $500.00.

( l )(1) The commissioner, in consultation with any individuals or entities the commissioner deems appropriate, shall adopt rules and may enter into agreements to implement the provisions of this section.

(2) The rules shall establish uniform performance standards for ignition interlock devices including required levels of accuracy in measuring blood alcohol concentration, efficacy in distinguishing valid breath samples, the occurrence of random retests while the vehicle is running, and automatic signaling by the vehicle if the operator fails such a retest. The commissioner shall certify devices that meet these standards, specify any periodic calibration that may be required to ensure accuracy of the devices, and specify the means and frequency of the retrieval and sharing of data collected by ignition interlock devices. Persons who elect to obtain an ignition interlock RDL following a conviction under this subchapter when the person's blood alcohol concentration is proven to be 0.16 or more shall be required to install an ignition interlock device with a Global Positioning System feature. The rules also shall establish a schedule of extensions of the period prior to eligibilit

y for reinstatement as authorized under subsection (h) of this section. (Added 2009, No. 126 (Adj. Sess.), § 9, eff. May 27, 2010; amended 2011, No. 46, § 23; No. 46, § 24, eff. June 30, 2011; 2011, No. 90 (Adj. Sess.), § 2.)

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