2022 Utah Code
Title 59 - Revenue and Taxation
Chapter 12 - Sales and Use Tax Act
Part 1 - Tax Collection
Section 107.6 - Marketplace facilitator collection, remittance, and payment of sales tax obligation -- Marketplace seller collection, remittance, and payment of sales tax obligation -- Liability for collection.

Universal Citation: UT Code § 59-12-107.6 (2022)
Effective 10/1/2019
59-12-107.6. Marketplace facilitator collection, remittance, and payment of sales tax obligation -- Marketplace seller collection, remittance, and payment of sales tax obligation -- Liability for collection.
  • (1) A marketplace facilitator shall pay or collect and remit sales and use taxes imposed by this chapter in accordance with Section 59-12-107:
    • (a) if the marketplace facilitator meets one or more of the criteria provided for in Subsection 59-12-107(2)(a) or (b); and
    • (b) on the sales the marketplace facilitator made on the marketplace facilitator's own behalf.
  • (2)
    • (a) A marketplace facilitator shall pay or collect and remit sales and use taxes imposed by this chapter in accordance with Subsection (3) if the marketplace facilitator, in the previous calendar year or the current calendar year, makes sales of tangible personal property, products transferred electronically, or services on the marketplace facilitator's own behalf or facilitates sales on behalf of one or more marketplace sellers:
      • (i) that exceed $100,000; or
      • (ii) in 200 or more separate transactions.
    • (b) For purposes of determining if a marketplace facilitator meets or exceeds one or both thresholds described in this Subsection (2), a marketplace facilitator shall separately total:
      • (i) the marketplace facilitator's sales; and
      • (ii) any sales the marketplace facilitator makes or facilitates for a marketplace seller.
    • (c) A marketplace facilitator without a physical presence in this state shall begin collecting and remitting the sales and use taxes imposed by this chapter no later than the first day of the calendar quarter that is at least 60 days after the day on which the marketplace facilitator meets or exceeds either threshold described in Subsection (2)(a).
  • (3) A marketplace facilitator described in Subsection (2) shall pay or collect and remit sales and use taxes imposed by this chapter for each sale that the marketplace facilitator:
    • (a) makes on the marketplace facilitator's own behalf; or
    • (b) makes or facilitates on behalf of a marketplace seller, regardless of:
      • (i) whether the marketplace seller has an obligation to pay or collect and remit sales and use taxes under Section 59-12-107;
      • (ii) whether the marketplace seller would have been required to pay or collect and remit sales and use taxes under Section 59-12-107 if the marketplace facilitator had not facilitated the sale; or
      • (iii) the amount of the sales price or the purchase price that accrues to or benefits the marketplace facilitator, the marketplace seller, or any other person.
  • (4) A marketplace facilitator shall comply with the procedures and requirements in this chapter and Chapter 1, General Taxation Policies, for sellers required to pay or collect and remit sales and use taxes except that the marketplace facilitator shall segregate, in the marketplace facilitator's books and records:
    • (a) the sales that the marketplace facilitator makes on the marketplace facilitator's own behalf; and
    • (b) the sales that the marketplace facilitator makes or facilitates on behalf of one or more marketplace sellers.
  • (5)
    • (a) The commission may audit the marketplace facilitator for sales made or facilitated through the marketplace facilitator's marketplace on behalf of one or more marketplace sellers.
    • (b) The commission may not audit the marketplace seller for sales made or facilitated through the marketplace facilitator's marketplace on the marketplace seller's behalf.
  • (6) Nothing in this section prohibits a marketplace facilitator from providing in a marketplace facilitator's agreement with a marketplace seller for the recovery of sales and use taxes, and any related interest or penalties to the extent that a tax, interest, or penalty is assessed by the state in an audit of the marketplace facilitator on a retail sale:
    • (a) that a marketplace facilitator makes or facilitates on behalf of a marketplace seller; and
    • (b) for which the marketplace facilitator relied on incorrect or incomplete information provided by the marketplace seller.
  • (7)
    • (a) Subject to Subsections (7)(b) and (c), a marketplace facilitator is not liable for failing to collect the taxes under this chapter for a sale on which the marketplace facilitator failed to collect sales and use taxes if the marketplace facilitator demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the commission, that:
      • (i) the marketplace facilitator made or facilitated the sale through the marketplace facilitator's marketplace on or before December 31, 2022;
      • (ii) the marketplace facilitator made or facilitated the sale on behalf of a marketplace seller and not on behalf of the marketplace facilitator;
      • (iii) the marketplace facilitator and the marketplace seller are not affiliates; and
      • (iv) the failure to collect sales and use taxes was due to a good faith error other than an error in sourcing.
    • (b) For purposes of Subsection (7)(a):
      • (i) for sales made or facilitated during the 2019 or 2020 calendar year, the marketplace facilitator is not liable for the amount the marketplace facilitator fails to collect due to error that is equal to the error rate, but not to exceed a 7% error rate;
      • (ii) for sales made or facilitated during the 2021 calendar year, the marketplace facilitator is not liable for the amount the marketplace facilitator fails to collect due to error that is equal to the error rate, but not to exceed a 5% error rate; and
      • (iii) for sales made or facilitated during the 2022 calendar year, the marketplace facilitator is not liable for the amount the marketplace facilitator fails to collect due to error that is equal to the error rate, but not to exceed a 3% error rate.
    • (c) The commission shall calculate the percentages described in Subsection (7)(b):
      • (i) using the total sales and use taxes due on sales that:
        • (A) a marketplace facilitator made or facilitated in this state on behalf of one or more marketplace sellers during the calendar year that the sale for which the marketplace facilitator seeks relief was made or facilitated; and
        • (B) are sourced to the state; and
      • (ii) not including sales that the marketplace facilitator or the marketplace facilitator's affiliates directly made during the same calendar year.
  • (8) A marketplace seller shall pay or collect and remit sales and use taxes imposed by this chapter for a sale of tangible personal property, a product transferred electronically, or a service that the marketplace seller makes other than through a marketplace facilitator if:
    • (a) the sale is sourced to this state; and
    • (b) the marketplace seller's sales in this state, other than through a marketplace facilitator, in the previous calendar year or the current calendar year:
      • (i) exceed $100,000; or
      • (ii) occur in 200 or more separate transactions.
  • (9)
    • (a) A marketplace seller may not pay or collect and remit sales and use taxes imposed by this chapter for any sale for which a marketplace facilitator is required to pay or collect and remit.
    • (b) A marketplace seller is not liable for a marketplace facilitator's failure to pay or collect and remit, or the marketplace facilitator's underpayment of, sales and use taxes imposed by this chapter for any sale for which a marketplace facilitator is required to pay or collect and remit the taxes imposed by this chapter.
  • (10)
    • (a) A purchaser of tangible personal property, a product transferred electronically, or a service may file a claim for a refund with the marketplace facilitator if the purchaser overpaid sales and use taxes imposed under this chapter.
    • (b) No person may bring a class action against a marketplace facilitator in any court of the state on behalf of purchasers arising from or in any way related to an overpayment of sales and use taxes collected and remitted on sales made or facilitated by the marketplace facilitator on behalf of a marketplace seller, regardless of whether such claim is characterized as a tax refund claim.
  • (11) Nothing in this section affects the obligation of a purchaser to remit the use tax described in Subsection 59-12-107(2)(f) on any sale for which a marketplace facilitator or marketplace seller failed to collect and remit a tax imposed by this chapter.


Enacted by Chapter 486, 2019 General Session
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