2021 Utah Code
Title 57 - Real Estate
Chapter 14 - Limitations on Landowner Liability
Part 1 - General Provisions
Section 102 - Definitions.

Universal Citation: UT Code § 57-14-102 (2021)
Effective 5/14/2019
57-14-102. Definitions.
As used in this chapter:
  • (1) "Charge" means the admission price or fee asked in return for permission to enter or go upon the land.
  • (2) "Child" means an individual who is 16 years of age or younger.
  • (3)
    • (a) "Land" means any land within the state boundaries.
    • (b) "Land" includes roads, railway corridors, water, water courses, private ways and buildings, structures, and machinery or equipment when attached to the realty.
  • (4) "Owner" means the possessor of any interest in the land, whether public or private land, including a tenant, a lessor, a lessee, an occupant, or person in control of the land.
  • (5) "Person" includes any person, regardless of age, maturity, or experience, who enters upon or uses land for recreational purposes.
  • (6) "Recreational purpose" includes, but is not limited to, any of the following or any combination thereof:
    • (a) hunting;
    • (b) fishing;
    • (c) swimming;
    • (d) skiing;
    • (e) snowshoeing;
    • (f) camping;
    • (g) picnicking;
    • (h) hiking;
    • (i) studying nature;
    • (j) waterskiing;
    • (k) engaging in water sports;
    • (l) engaging in equestrian activities;
    • (m) using boats;
    • (n) mountain biking;
    • (o) riding narrow gauge rail cars on a narrow gauge track that does not exceed 24 inch gauge;
    • (p) using off-highway vehicles or recreational vehicles;
    • (q) viewing or enjoying historical, archaeological, scenic, or scientific sites;
    • (r) aircraft operations; and
    • (s) equestrian activity, skateboarding, skydiving, paragliding, hang gliding, roller skating, ice skating, walking, running, jogging, bike riding, or in-line skating.
  • (7) "Serious physical injury" means any physical injury or set of physical injuries that:
    • (a) seriously impairs a person's health;
    • (b) was caused by use of a dangerous weapon as defined in Section 76-1-601;
    • (c) involves physical torture or causes serious emotional harm to a person; or
    • (d) creates a reasonable risk of death.
  • (8) "Trespasser" means a person who enters on the land of another without:
    • (a) express or implied permission; or
    • (b) invitation.


Amended by Chapter 345, 2019 General Session
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