2019 Utah Code
Title 57 - Real Estate
Chapter 4a - Effects of Recording
Section 4 - Presumptions.

Universal Citation: UT Code § 57-4a-4 (2019)
57-4a-4. Presumptions.
  • (1) A recorded document creates the following presumptions regarding title to the real property affected:
    • (a) the document is genuine and was executed voluntarily by the person purporting to execute it;
    • (b) the person executing the document and the person on whose behalf it is executed are the persons they purport to be;
    • (c) the person executing the document was neither incompetent nor a minor at any relevant time;
    • (d) delivery occurred notwithstanding any lapse of time between dates on the document and the date of recording;
    • (e) any necessary consideration was given;
    • (f) the grantee, transferee, or beneficiary of an interest created or described by the document acted in good faith at all relevant times;
    • (g) a person executing a document as an agent, attorney in fact, officer of an organization, or in a fiduciary or official capacity:
      • (i) held the position he purported to hold and acted within the scope of his authority;
      • (ii) in the case of an officer of an organization, was authorized under all applicable laws to act on behalf of the organization; and
      • (iii) in the case of an agent, his agency was not revoked, and he acted for a principal who was neither incompetent nor a minor at any relevant time;
    • (h) a person executing the document as an individual:
      • (i) was unmarried on the effective date of the document; or
      • (ii) if it otherwise appears from the document that the person was married on the effective date of the document, the grantee was a bona fide purchaser and the grantor received adequate and full consideration in money or money's worth so that the joinder of the nonexecuting spouse was not required under Sections 75-2-201 through 75-2-207;
    • (i) if the document purports to be executed pursuant to or to be a final determination in a judicial or administrative proceeding, or to be executed pursuant to a power of eminent domain, the court, official body, or condemnor acted within its jurisdiction and all steps required for the execution of the document were taken; and
    • (j) recitals and other statements of fact in a document, including without limitation recitals concerning mergers or name changes of organizations, are true.
  • (2) The presumptions stated in Subsection (1) arise even though the document purports only to release a claim or to convey any right, title, or interest of the person executing it or the person on whose behalf it is executed.


Amended by Chapter 88, 1989 General Session
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