2016 US Code
Title 46 - Shipping
Subtitle IV - Regulation of Ocean Shipping
Part A - Ocean Shipping
Chapter 411 - Prohibitions and Penalties
Sec. 41109 - Assessment of penalties

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Citation 46 U.S.C. § 41109 (2016)
Section Name §41109. Assessment of penalties
Section Text

(a) General Authority.—Until a matter is referred to the Attorney General, the Federal Maritime Commission may, after notice and opportunity for a hearing, assess a civil penalty provided for in this part. The Commission may compromise, modify, or remit, with or without conditions, a civil penalty.

(b) Factors in Determining Amount.—In determining the amount of a civil penalty, the Commission shall take into account the nature, circumstances, extent, and gravity of the violation committed and, with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, history of prior offenses, ability to pay, and other matters justice may require.

(c) Exception.—A civil penalty may not be imposed for conspiracy to violate section 41102(a) or 41104(1) or (2) of this title or to defraud the Commission by concealing such a violation.

(d) Prohibited Basis of Penalty.—The Commission or a court may not order a person to pay the difference between the amount billed and agreed upon in writing with a common carrier or its agent and the amount set forth in a tariff or service contract by that common carrier for the transportation service provided.

(e) Time Limit.—A proceeding to assess a civil penalty under this section must be commenced within 5 years after the date of the violation.

(f) Review of Civil Penalty.—A person against whom a civil penalty is assessed under this section may obtain review under chapter 158 of title 28.

(g) Civil Actions To Collect.—If a person does not pay an assessment of a civil penalty after it has become final or after the appropriate court has entered final judgment in favor of the Commission, the Attorney General at the request of the Commission may seek to collect the amount assessed in an appropriate district court of the United States. The court shall enforce the order of the Commission unless it finds that the order was not regularly made and duly issued.

Source Credit

(Pub. L. 109–304, §7, Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1544.)

Editorial Notes
Historical and Revision Notes


Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
41109(a) 46 App.:1712(c) (1st, last sentences). Pub. L. 98–237, §13(c)–(f), Mar. 20, 1984, 98 Stat. 82; Pub. L. 105–258, title I, §112(c), Oct. 14, 1998, 112 Stat. 1912.
41109(b) 46 App.:1712(c) (2d sentence).
41109(c) 46 App.:1712(f)(1) (1st sentence).
41109(d) 46 App.:1712(f)(1) (last sentence).
41109(e) 46 App.:1712(f)(2).
41109(f) 46 App.:1712(d).
41109(g) 46 App.:1712(e).
Publication Title United States Code, 2012 Edition, Supplement 4, Title 46 - SHIPPING
Category Bills and Statutes
Collection United States Code
SuDoc Class Number Y 1.2/5:
Contained Within Title 46 - SHIPPING
Subtitle IV - Regulation of Ocean Shipping
Part A - Ocean Shipping
Sec. 41109 - Assessment of penalties
Contains section 41109
Date 2016
Laws In Effect As Of Date January 6, 2017
Positive Law Yes
Disposition standard
Statutes at Large References 98 Stat. 82
112 Stat. 1912
120 Stat. 1544
Public Law References Public Law 98-237, Public Law 105-258, Public Law 109-304
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