2012 US Code
Title 28 - Judiciary and Judicial Procedure
Part VI - PARTICULAR PROCEEDINGS (§§ 2201 - 4105)
Chapter 181 - FOREIGN JUDGMENTS (§§ 4101 - 4105)
Section 4103 - Removal

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Metadata
Publication TitleUnited States Code, 2012 Edition, Title 28 - JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
CategoryBills and Statutes
CollectionUnited States Code
SuDoc Class NumberY 1.2/5:
Contained WithinTitle 28 - JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
PART VI - PARTICULAR PROCEEDINGS
CHAPTER 181 - FOREIGN JUDGMENTS
Sec. 4103 - Removal
Containssection 4103
Date2012
Laws in Effect as of DateJanuary 15, 2013
Positive LawYes
Dispositionstandard
Source CreditAdded Pub. L. 111-223, §3(a), Aug. 10, 2010, 124 Stat. 2383.
Statutes at Large Reference124 Stat. 2383
Public Law ReferencePublic Law 111-223

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FOREIGN JUDGMENTS - 28 U.S.C. § 4103 (2012)
§4103. Removal

In addition to removal allowed under section 1441, any action brought in a State domestic court to enforce a foreign judgment for defamation in which—

(1) any plaintiff is a citizen of a State different from any defendant;

(2) any plaintiff is a foreign state or a citizen or subject of a foreign state and any defendant is a citizen of a State; or

(3) any plaintiff is a citizen of a State and any defendant is a foreign state or citizen or subject of a foreign state,


may be removed by any defendant to the district court of the United States for the district and division embracing the place where such action is pending without regard to the amount in controversy between the parties.

(Added Pub. L. 111–223, §3(a), Aug. 10, 2010, 124 Stat. 2383.)

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