1995 US Code
Title 10 - ARMED FORCES
Subtitle A - General Military Law
PART I - ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL MILITARY POWERS
CHAPTER 7 - BOARDS, COUNCILS, AND COMMITTEES
Sec. 176 - Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

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Metadata
Publication TitleUnited States Code, 1994 Edition, Supplement 1, Title 10 - ARMED FORCES
CategoryBills and Statutes
CollectionUnited States Code
SuDoc Class NumberY 1.2/5:
Contained WithinTitle 10 - ARMED FORCES
Subtitle A - General Military Law
PART I - ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL MILITARY POWERS
CHAPTER 7 - BOARDS, COUNCILS, AND COMMITTEES
Sec. 176 - Armed Forces Institute of Pathology
Containssection 176
Date1995
Laws in Effect as of DateJanuary 16, 1996
Positive LawYes
Dispositionstandard
Source CreditAdded Pub. L. 94-361, title VIII, §811(b), July 14, 1976, 90 Stat. 933; amended Pub. L. 96-513, title V, §511(6), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2920; Pub. L. 101-189, div. A, title XVI, §1621(a)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1602; Pub. L. 103-160, div. A, title VII, §733, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1697.
Statutes at Large References90 Stat. 933
94 Stat. 2920
103 Stat. 1602
107 Stat. 1697
108 Stat. 2851
Public Law ReferencesPublic Law 94-361, Public Law 96-513, Public Law 101-189, Public Law 103-160, Public Law 103-337


§176. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

(a)(1) There is in the Department of Defense an Institute to be known as the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (hereinafter in this section referred to as the “Institute”), which has the responsibilities, functions, authority, and relationships set forth in this section. The Institute shall be a joint entity of the three military departments, subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense.

(2) The Institute shall consist of a Board of Governors, a Director, two Deputy Directors, and a staff of such professional, technical, and clerical personnel as may be required.

(3) The Board of Governors shall consist of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, who shall serve as chairman of the Board of Governors, the Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services for Health, the Surgeons General of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, the Chief Medical Director of the Department of Veterans Affairs, and a former Director of the Institute, as designated by the Secretary of Defense, or the designee of any of the foregoing.

(4) The Director and the Deputy Directors shall be appointed by the Secretary of Defense.

(b)(1) In carrying out the provisions of this section, the Institute is authorized to—

(A) contract with the American Registry of Pathology (established under section 177 of this title) for cooperative enterprises in medical research, consultation, and education between the Institute and the civilian medical profession under such conditions as may be agreed upon between the Board of Governors and the American Registry of Pathology;

(B) make available at no cost to the American Registry of Pathology such space, facilities, equipment, and support services within the Institute as the Board of Governors deems necessary for the accomplishment of their mutual cooperative enterprises; and

(C) contract with the American Registry of Pathology for the services of such professional, technical, or clerical personnel as are necessary to fulfill their cooperative enterprises.


(2) No contract may be entered into under paragraph (1) which obligates the Institute to make outlays in advance of the enactment of budget authority for such outlays.

(c) The Director is authorized, with the approval of the Board of Governors, to enter into agreements with the American Registry of Pathology for the services at any time of not more than six distinguished pathologists or scientists of demonstrated ability and experience for the purpose of enhancing the activities of the Institute in education, consultation, and research. Such pathologists or scientists may be appointed by the Director to administrative positions within the components or subcomponents of the Institute and may be authorized by the Director to exercise any or all professional duties within the Institute, notwithstanding any other provision of law. The Secretary of Defense, on a case-by-case basis, may waive the limitation on the number of distinguished pathologists or scientists with whom agreements may be entered into under this subsection if the Secretary determines that such waiver is in the best interest of the Department of Defense.

(d) The Secretary of Defense shall promulgate such regulations as may be necessary to prescribe the organization, functions, and responsibilities of the Institute.

(Added Pub. L. 94–361, title VIII, §811(b), July 14, 1976, 90 Stat. 933; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §511(6), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2920; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XVI, §1621(a)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1602; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VII, §733, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1697.)

Amendments

1993—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–160 inserted at end “The Secretary of Defense, on a case-by-case basis, may waive the limitation on the number of distinguished pathologists or scientists with whom agreements may be entered into under this subsection if the Secretary determines that such waiver is in the best interest of the Department of Defense.”

1989—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101–189 substituted “Department of Veterans Affairs” for “Veterans’ Administration”.

1980—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 96–513, §511(6)(A), substituted “Secretary of Health and Human Services” for “Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare”.

Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 96–513, §511(6)(B), inserted “of this title” after “177”.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513 effective Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701(b)(3) of Pub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

National Museum of Health and Medicine

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title X, §1067, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2851, provided that:

“(a) Purpose.—It is the purpose of this section—

“(1) to display and interpret the collections of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology currently located at Walter Reed Medical Center;

“(2) to designate the public facility of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology as the National Museum of Health and Medicine; and

“(3) to designate a site for the relocation of the public facility of the National Museum of Health and Medicine so that it may serve as a central resource of instruction about, and be involved in, the critical health issues which confront all American citizens.

“(b) Designation and Site of Facility.—The public facility of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology—

“(1) shall also be known as the National Museum of Health and Medicine; and

“(2) shall be located on or near the Mall on land owned by the Federal Government or the District of Columbia (or both) in the District of Columbia.

“(c) Rule of Construction.—Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting the authority or responsibilities of the National Capital Planning Commission or the Commission of Fine Arts.

“(d) Definition.—As used in this section, the term ‘the Mall’ means—

“(1) the land designated as ‘Union Square’, United States Reservation 6A; and

“(2) the land designated as the ‘Mall’, United States Reservations 3, 4, 5, and 6.

“(e) Sense of the Congress.—

“(1) Findings.—Congress makes the following findings:

“(A) The National Museum of Health and Medicine Foundation, Inc. (a private, nonprofit organization having for its primary purpose the relocation to the Mall and revitalization of the National Museum of Health and Medicine), the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, and the Public Health Service have jointly supported planning to relocate the Museum to a site on land that is located east of and adjacent to the Hubert H. Humphrey Building (100 Independence Avenue, Southwest, in the District of Columbia).

“(B) The National Museum of Health and Medicine Foundation, Inc., is deserving of the encouragement and support of the American people in its effort to relocate the National Museum of Health and Medicine to a site on land that is located east of and adjacent to the Hubert H. Humphrey Building, and in its effort to raise funds for a revitalized Museum to inspire increasing numbers of Americans to lead healthy lives through improved public understanding of health and the medical sciences.

“(2) Location.—It is the sense of Congress that, subject to appropriate approvals by the National Capital Planning Commission and the Commission of Fine Arts, the National Museum of Health and Medicine should be relocated to a site on land that is located east of and adjacent to the Hubert H. Humphrey Building for the purpose of educating the American public concerning health and the medical sciences.”

Congressional Findings and Declaration

Section 811(a) of Pub. L. 94–361 provided that:

“(1) The Congress hereby finds and declares that—

“(A) the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology offers unique pathologic support to national and international medicine;

“(B) the Institute contains the Nation's most comprehensive collection of pathologic specimens for study and a staff of prestigious pathologists engaged in consultation, education, and research;

“(C) the activities of the Institute are of unique and vital importance in support of the health care of the Armed Forces of the United States;

“(D) the activities of the Institute are also of unique and vital importance in support of the civilian health care system of the United States;

“(E) the Institute provides an important focus for the exchange of information between civilian and military medicine, to the benefit of both; and

“(F) it is important to the health of the American people and of the members of the Armed Forces of the United States that the Institute continue its activities in serving both the military and civilian sectors in education, consultation, and research in the medical, dental, and veterinary sciences.

“(2) The Congress further finds and declares that beneficial cooperative efforts between private individuals, professional societies, and other entities on the one hand and the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology on the other can be carried out most effectively through the establishment of a private corporation.”

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