2005 Texas Code - Business Corporation Act ARTICLE 9.01. INTERROGATORIES BY SECRETARY OF STATE


Business Corporation Act
Part 8.
Art. 8.01. Admission of Foreign Corporation A. No foreign corporation shall have the right to transact business in this State until it shall have procured a certificate of authority so to do from the Secretary of State. No foreign corporation shall be entitled to procure a certificate of authority under this Act to transact in this State any business which a corporation organized under this Act is not permitted to transact. A foreign corporation shall not be denied a certificate of authority by reason of the fact that the laws of the State or country under which such corporation is organized governing its organization and internal affairs differ from the laws of this State, and nothing in this Act contained shall be construed to authorize this State to regulate the organization of such corporation or its internal affairs. B. Without excluding other activities which may not constitute transacting business in this state, a foreign corporation shall not be considered to be transacting business in this state, for the purposes of this Act, by reason of carrying on in this state any one (1) or more of the following activities: (1) Maintaining or defending any action or suit or any administrative or arbitration proceedings, or effecting the settlement thereof or the settlement of claims or disputes to which it is a party; (2) Holding meetings of its directors or shareholders or carrying on other activities concerning its internal affairs; (3) Maintaining bank accounts; (4) Maintaining offices or agencies for the transfer, exchange, and registration of securities issued by it, or appointing and maintaining trustees or depositaries with relation to its securities; (5) Voting the stock of any corporation which it has lawfully acquired; (6) Effecting sales through independent contractors; (7) Creating as borrower or lender, or acquiring, indebtedness or mortgages or other security interests in real or personal property. (8) Securing or collecting debts due to it or enforcing any rights in property securing the same; (9) Transacting any business in interstate commerce; (10) Conducting an isolated transaction completed within a period of thirty (30) days and not in the course of a number of repeated transactions of like nature; (11) Exercising the powers of executor or administrator of the estate of a non-resident decedent under ancillary letters issued by a court of this state, or exercising the powers of a trustee under the will of a non-resident decedent, or under a trust created by one or more non-residents of this state, or by one or more foreign corporations, if the exercise of such powers, in any such case, will not involve activities which would be deemed to constitute the transacting of business in this state in the case of a foreign corporation acting in its own right; (12) Acquiring, in transactions outside Texas, or in interstate commerce, of debts secured by mortgages or liens on real or personal property in Texas, collecting or adjusting of principal and interest payments thereon, enforcing or adjusting any rights and property securing said debts, taking any actions necessary to preserve and protect the interest of the mortgagee in said security, or any combination of such transactions; (13) Investing in or acquiring, in transactions outside of Texas, royalties and other non-operating mineral interests, and the execution of division orders, contracts of sale and other instruments incidental to the ownership of such non-operating mineral interests. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1957, 55th Leg., p. 111, ch. 54, Sec. 11; Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 3157, ch. 540, Sec. 10, eff. Aug. 29, 1983; Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 128, Sec. 21, eff. May 20, 1985. Art. 8.02. Powers of Foreign Corporation A. A foreign corporation which shall have received a certificate of authority under this Act shall, until its certificate of authority shall have been revoked in accordance with the provisions of this Act or until a certificate of withdrawal shall have been issued by the Secretary of State as provided in this Act, enjoy the same, but no greater, rights and privileges as a domestic corporation organized for the purposes set forth in the application pursuant to which such certificate of authority is issued; and, as to all matters affecting the transaction of intrastate business in this State, it and its officers and directors shall be subject to the same duties, restrictions, penalties, and liabilities now or hereafter imposed upon a domestic corporation of like character and its officers and directors; provided, however, that only the laws of the jurisdiction of incorporation of a foreign corporation shall govern (1) the internal affairs of the foreign corporation, including but not limited to the rights, powers, and duties of its board of directors and shareholders and matters relating to its shares, and (2) the liability, if any, of shareholders of the foreign corporation for the debts, liabilities, and obligations of the foreign corporation for which they are not otherwise liable by statute or agreement. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1975, 64th Leg., p. 320, ch. 134, Sec. 19, eff. Sept. 1, 1975; Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 128, Sec. 22, eff. May 20, 1985; Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 801, Sec. 40, eff. Aug. 28, 1989. Art. 8.03. Corporate Name of Foreign Corporation A. No certificate of authority shall be issued to a foreign corporation unless the corporate name of such corporation: (1) Shall contain the word "corporation," "company," "incorporated," or "limited," or shall contain an abbreviation of one (1) of such words, or such corporation shall, for use in this state, add at the end of its name one (1) of such words or an abbreviation thereof. (2) Shall not be the same as, or deceptively similar to, the name of any domestic corporation, limited partnership, or limited liability company existing under the laws of this state or of any foreign corporation, limited partnership, or limited liability company authorized to transact business in this state, or a name the exclusive right to which is, at the time, reserved or registered in the manner provided in this Act or any other statute providing for the reservation or registration of names by a limited partnership or limited liability company; provided that a name may be similar if written consent is obtained from the existing corporation, limited partnership, or limited liability company having the name deemed to be similar or the person for whom the name deemed to be similar is reserved or registered in the office of the Secretary of State. A certificate of authority shall be issued as provided in this Act to any foreign corporation having a name the same as, deceptively similar to, or, if no consent is given, similar to the name of any domestic corporation, limited partnership, or limited liability company existing under the laws of this state or of any foreign corporation, limited partnership, or limited liability company authorized to transact business in this state, or a name the exclusive right to which is, at the time, reserved or registered in accordance with this Act or any other applicable law, provided such foreign corporation qualifies and does business under a name that meets the requirements of this article. The foreign corporation shall set forth in the application for a certificate of authority the name under which it is qualifying and shall file an assumed name certificate in accordance with Chapter 36, Business & Commerce Code, as amended. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1961, 57th Leg., p. 423, ch. 206, Sec. 4, eff. Aug. 28, 1961. Acts 1963, 58th Leg., p. 1310, ch. 500, Sec. 1, eff. June 11, 1963; Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 843, ch. 297, Sec. 26, eff. Aug. 31, 1981; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 375, Sec. 37, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. Art. 8.04. Change of Name by Foreign Corporation A. Whenever a foreign corporation which is authorized to transact business in this State shall change its name to one under which a certificate of authority would not be granted to it on application therefor, the certificate of authority of such corporation shall be suspended and it shall not thereafter transact any business in this State until it has changed its name to a name which is available to it under the laws of this State or has otherwise complied with the provisions of this Act. Added by Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 1509, ch. 545, Sec. 39, eff. Aug. 27, 1973. Art. 8.05. Application for Certificate of Authority A. In order to procure a certificate of authority to transact business in this State, a foreign corporation shall make application therefor to the Secretary of State, which application shall set forth: (1) The name of the corporation and the State or country under the laws of which it is incorporated. (2) If the name of the corporation does not contain the word "corporation," "company," "incorporated," or "limited," and does not contain an abbreviation of one (1) of such words, then the name of the corporation with the word or abbreviation which it elects to add thereto for use in this State; if the corporation is required to qualify under a name other than its corporate name, then the name under which the corporation is to be qualified. (3) The date of incorporation and the period of duration of the corporation. (4) The address of the principal office of the corporation in the state or country under the laws of which it is incorporated. (5) The address of the registered office of the corporation in this State, and the name of its registered agent in this State at such address. (6) The purpose or purposes of the corporation which it proposes to pursue in the transaction of business in this State and a statement that it is authorized to pursue such purpose or purposes in the state or country under the laws of which it is incorporated. (7) The names and respective addresses of the directors and officers of the corporation. (8) A statement that the corporation exists as a valid corporation under the laws of the corporation's jurisdiction of formation. B. Such application shall be made on forms promulgated by the Secretary of State and shall be executed on behalf of the corporation by an officer. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 1510, ch. 545, Sec. 40, eff. Aug. 27, 1973; Acts 1975, 64th Leg., p. 320, ch. 134, Sec. 20, eff. Sept. 1, 1975; Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 231, ch. 120, Sec. 41, eff. May 9, 1979; Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 844, ch. 297, Sec. 27, eff. Aug. 31, 1981; Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 128, Sec. 23, eff. May 20, 1985. Sec. A amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 238, Sec. 35, eff. Sept. 1, 2003. Art. 8.06. Filing of Application for Certificate of Authority A. The original and a copy of the application of the corporation for a certificate of authority shall be delivered to the Secretary of State. If the Secretary of State finds that the application conforms to law, he shall, when the appropriate filing fee is paid as required by law: (1) Endorse on the original and the copy the word "Filed," and the month, day, and year of the filing thereof. (2) File in his office the original. (3) Issue a certificate of authority to transact business in this State to which he shall affix the copy. B. The certificate of authority, together with the copy of the application affixed thereto by the Secretary of State, shall be delivered to the corporation or its representative. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 1510, ch. 545, Sec. 41, eff. Aug. 27, 1973; Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 231, ch. 120, Sec. 42, eff. May 9, 1979; Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 845, ch. 297, Sec. 28, eff. Aug. 31, 1981. Sec. A amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 238, Sec. 36, eff. Sept. 1, 2003. Art. 8.07. Effect of Certificate of Authority A. Upon the issuance of a certificate of authority by the Secretary of State, the corporation shall be authorized to transact business in this State for those purposes set forth in its application, and such certificate shall be conclusive evidence of such right of the corporation to transact business in this State for such purposes, except as against this State in a proceeding to revoke such certificate. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 1510, ch. 545, Sec. 47, eff. Aug. 27, 1973. Art. 8.08. Registered Office and Registered Agent of Foreign Corporation A. Each foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this State shall have and continuously maintain in this State: (1) A registered office which may be, but need not be, the same as its place of business in this State. (2) A registered agent, which agent may be either an individual resident in this State whose business office is identical with such registered office, or a domestic corporation, or a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this State, having a business office identical with such registered office. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Art. 8.09. Change of Registered Office or Registered Agent of Foreign Corporation A. A foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state may change its registered office or its registered agent, or both, upon filing in the office of the Secretary of State a statement setting forth: (1) The name of the corporation. (2) The post-office address of its then registered office. (3) If the post-office address of its registered office is to be changed, the post-office address to which the registered office is to be changed. (4) The name of its then registered agent. (5) If its registered agent is to be changed, the name of its successor registered agent. (6) That the post-office address of its registered office and the post-office address of the business office of its registered agent, as changed, will be identical. (7) That such change was authorized by its Board of Directors or by an officer of the corporation so authorized by the Board of Directors. B. Such statement shall be executed on behalf of the corporation by an officer. The original and a copy of such statement shall be delivered to the Secretary of State. If the Secretary of State finds that such statement conforms to the provisions of this Act, he shall, when all fees have been paid as required by law: (1) Endorse on the original and the copy the word "Filed," and the month, day, and year of the filing thereof. (2) File the original in his office. (3) Return the copy to the corporation or its representative. C. Upon the filing of such statement by the Secretary of State, the change of address of the registered office, or the appointment of a new registered agent, or both, as the case may be, shall become effective. D. Any registered agent of a corporation may resign (1) by giving written notice to the corporation at its last known address (2) and by giving written notice, in duplicate (the original and one copy of the notice), to the Secretary of State within ten days after mailing or delivery of said notice to the corporation. Such notice shall include the last known address of the corporation and shall include the statement that written notice of resignation has been given to the corporation and the date thereof. Upon compliance with the requirements as to written notice, the appointment of such agent shall terminate upon the expiration of thirty (30) days after receipt of such notice by the Secretary of State. If the Secretary of State finds that such written notice conforms to the provisions of this Act, he shall: (1) Endorse on the original and the copy the word "filed" and the month, day, and year of the filing thereof. (2) File the original in his office. (3) Return the copy to such resigning registered agent. (4) Notify the corporation of the resignation of the registered agent. No fee shall be required to be paid for the filing of a resignation under this section. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1967, 60th Leg., p. 1728, ch. 657, Sec. 16, eff. June 17, 1967; Acts 1969, 61st Leg., p. 2486, ch. 835, Sec. 5, 6, eff. June 18, 1969; Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 231, ch. 120, Sec. 43, eff. May 9, 1979; Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 686, ch. 158, Sec. 3, eff. May 20, 1983; Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 128, Sec. 24, eff. May 20, 1985. Art. 8.10. Service of Process on Foreign Corporation A. The president and all vice presidents of a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this State and the registered agent so appointed by a foreign corporation shall be agents of such corporation upon whom any process, notice, or demand required or permitted by law to be served upon the corporation may be served. B. Whenever a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this State shall fail to appoint or maintain a registered agent in this State, or whenever any such registered agent cannot with reasonable diligence be found at the registered office, or whenever the certificate of authority of a foreign corporation shall be revoked, then the Secretary of State shall be an agent of such corporation upon whom any such process, notice, or demand may be served. Service on the Secretary of State of any such process, notice, or demand shall be made by delivering to and leaving with him, or with the Assistant Secretary of State, or with any clerk having charge of the corporation department of his office, duplicate copies of such process, notice, or demand. In the event any such process, notice or demand is served on the Secretary of State, he shall immediately cause one of such copies thereof to be forwarded by registered mail, addressed to the corporation at its principal office in the state or country under the laws of which it is incorporated. Any service so had on the Secretary of State shall be returnable in not less than thirty days. C. The Secretary of State shall keep a record of all processes, notices and demands served upon him under this Article, and shall record therein the time of such service and his action with reference thereto. D. Nothing herein contained shall limit or affect the right to serve any process, notice, or demand required or permitted by law to be served upon a foreign corporation in any other manner now or hereafter permitted by law. E. Service of process, notice, or demand required or permitted by law to be served by a political subdivision of this state or by a person, including another political subdivision or an attorney, acting on behalf of a political subdivision in connection with the collection of a delinquent ad valorem tax may be served on a foreign corporation whose privileges to transact business in this state are forfeited under Section 171.251, Tax Code, or whose certificate of authority is revoked under Article 8.16 of this Act by delivering the process, notice, or demand to any officer or director of the foreign corporation, as listed in the most recent records of the secretary of state. If the officers or directors of the foreign corporation are unknown or cannot be found, service on the foreign corporation may be made in the same manner as service is made on unknown shareholders under law. Notwithstanding any disability or reinstatement of a foreign corporation, service of process under this section is sufficient for a judgment against the foreign corporation or a judgment in rem against any property to which the foreign corporation holds title. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 124, ch. 63, Sec. 1, eff. April 26, 1973; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1481, Sec. 41, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Art. 8.13. Amended Certificate of Authority A. If a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this State shall change its corporate name, or if such corporation desires to pursue in this State purposes other than, or in addition to, those authorized by its existing certificate of authority, it shall procure an amended certificate of authority by making application therefor to the Secretary of State. B. To change any statement on an original application for a certificate of authority a foreign corporation shall file with the Secretary of State an application for an amended certificate of authority setting forth the change. C. An application for an amended certificate of authority submitted because of a name change must be accompanied by a certificate from the proper filing officer in the jurisdiction of incorporation evidencing the name change. D. The requirements in respect to the form and contents of such application, the manner of its execution, the filing of the application and a copy of it with the Secretary of State, the issuance of an amended certificate of authority and the effect thereof, shall be the same as in the case of an original application for a certificate of authority. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 232, ch. 120, Sec. 44, eff. May 9, 1979; Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 845, ch. 297, Sec. 29, eff. Aug. 31, 1981. Art. 8.14. Withdrawal or Termination of Foreign Corporation A. A foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state may withdraw from this state upon procuring from the Secretary of State a certificate of withdrawal. In order to procure such certificate of withdrawal, such foreign corporation shall deliver to the Secretary of State an application for withdrawal, which shall set forth: (1) The name of the corporation and the state or country under the laws of which it is incorporated; (2) That the corporation is not transacting business in this state; (3) That the corporation surrenders its authority to transact business in this state; (4) That the corporation revokes the authority of its registered agent in this state to accept service of process and consents that service of process in any action, suit, or proceeding based upon any cause of action arising in this state during the time the corporation was authorized to transact business in this state may thereafter be made on such corporation by service thereof on the Secretary of State; (5) A post office address to which the Secretary of State may mail a copy of any process against the corporation that may be served on him; and (6) A statement that all sums due, or accrued, to this state have been paid, or that adequate provision has been made for the payment thereof. B. The application for withdrawal may be made on forms promulgated by the Secretary of State and shall be executed on behalf of the corporation by an officer. C. When the existence of a foreign corporation terminates because of dissolution, merger, conversion, or otherwise, a certificate from the proper officer in the jurisdiction of the corporation's incorporation evidencing the termination shall be filed with the Secretary of State. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1957, 55th Leg., p. 111, ch. 54, Sec. 12; Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 846, ch. 297, Sec. 30, eff. Aug. 31, 1981; Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 128, Sec. 25, eff. May 20, 1985; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 215, Sec. 2.20, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 375, Sec. 38, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. Art. 8.15. Filing of Application for Withdrawal A. The original and a copy of such application for withdrawal, along with a certificate from the comptroller that all taxes, including all applicable penalties and interest, administered by the comptroller under Title 2, Tax Code, have been paid, shall be delivered to the secretary of state. If the secretary of state finds that such application conforms to the provisions of this Act, the secretary of state shall, when the appropriate filing fee is paid as required by law: (1) Endorse on the original and the copy the word "Filed," and the month, day, and year of the filing thereof. (2) File the original in the office of the secretary of state. (3) Issue a certificate of withdrawal to which shall be affixed the copy. B. The certificate of withdrawal, together with the copy of the application for withdrawal affixed thereto by the Secretary of State, shall be delivered to the corporation or its representative. Upon the issuance of such certificate of withdrawal, the authority of the corporation to transact business in this State shall cease. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 232, ch. 120, Sec. 45, eff. May 9, 1979; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 375, Sec. 39, eff. Sept. 1, 1997; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 442, Sec. 25, eff. Sept; 1, 2001. Art. 8.16. Revocation of Certificate of Authority A. The certificate of authority of a foreign corporation to transact business in this state may be revoked by a decree of the district court for the county in which the registered office of the corporation in this state is situated or of any district court in Travis County in an action filed by the Attorney General when it is established that: (1) The corporation has failed to comply with a condition precedent to the issuance of its certificate of authority or a renewal or amendment thereof; or (2) The certificate of authority to transact business in this state or any amendment thereof was procured through fraud; or (3) The corporation has continued to transact business beyond the scope of the purpose or purposes expressed in its certificate of authority to transact business in this state; or (4) A misrepresentation has been made of any material matter in any application, report, affidavit, or other document submitted by such corporation as required by law. B. The certificate of authority of a foreign corporation to transact business in this state may be revoked by order of the Secretary of State when it is established that it is in default in any of the following particulars: (1) The corporation has failed to file any report within the time required by law, or has failed to pay any fees, franchise taxes, or penalties prescribed by law when the same have become due and payable; or (2) The corporation has failed to maintain a registered agent in this state as required by law; or (3) The corporation has changed its corporate name and has failed to file with the Secretary of State within thirty days after such change of name became effective, an application for an amended certificate of authority, or that the corporation has changed its corporate name and that the newly adopted name is not available for use in this state; or (4) The corporation has failed to pay the filing fee for the corporation's certificate of authority or the initial franchise tax deposit, or the fee or tax was paid by an instrument that was dishonored when presented by the state for payment. C. (1) No foreign corporation shall have its certificate of authority to transact business in this state revoked under Subsection (1), (2), or (3) of Section B hereof unless the Secretary of State, or other state agency to which such report, taxes, fees, penalties is required to be made, gives the corporation not less than 90 days notice of its neglect, delinquency, or omission by certified mail addressed to its registered office or to its principal place of business, or to the last known address of one of its officers or directors, or to any other known place of business of said corporation, and the corporation has failed prior to such revocation to correct the neglect, omission or delinquency. (2) When the certificate of authority of a foreign corporation to transact business in this state is revoked under Subsection (4) of Section B of this article, the Secretary of State shall give the corporation notice of the revocation by regular mail addressed to its registered office, its principal place of business, the last known address of one of its officers or directors, or any other known place of business of the corporation. D. Whenever a corporation has given cause for revocation of its certificate of authority and has failed to correct the neglect, omission or delinquency as provided in Sections B and C, the Secretary of State shall thereupon revoke the certificate of authority of the corporation by issuing a certificate of revocation which shall include the fact of such revocation and the date and cause thereof. The original of such certificate shall be placed in his office and a copy thereof mailed to the corporation at its registered office or to its principal place of business, or to the last known address of one of its officers or directors, or to any other known place of business of said corporation. Upon the issuance of such certificate of revocation, the authority to transact business in this state shall cease. E. Any corporation whose certificate of authority has been revoked by the Secretary of State under the provisions of Section B of this article may be reinstated by the Secretary of State at any time within a period of 36 months from the date of such revocation , upon approval of an application for reinstatement signed by an officer or director of the corporation. Such application shall be filed by the Secretary of State whenever it is established to the Secretary's satisfaction that in fact there was no cause for the revocation, or whenever the neglect, omission or delinquency resulting in revocation has been corrected and payment made of all fees, taxes, penalties and interest due thereon which accrued before the revocation plus an amount equal to the total taxes from the date of revocation to the date of reinstatement which would have been payable had the corporation's certificate not been revoked. A reinstatement filing fee of $50 shall accompany the application for reinstatement. Reinstatement shall not be authorized if the corporate name is the same as or deceptively similar to a corporate, limited partnership, or limited liability company name already on file or reserved or registered, unless the corporation being reinstated contemporaneously amends its certificate of authority to change its name. When the application for reinstatement is approved and filed by the Secretary of State, the corporate authority to do business in Texas shall be deemed to have continued without interruption from the date of revocation, except that reinstatement shall have no effect upon any issue of personal liability of the directors, officers, or agents of the corporation during the period between revocation and reinstatement. F. When a foreign corporation is convicted of a felony, or when a high managerial agent is convicted of a felony committed in the conduct of the affairs of the foreign corporation, the Attorney General may file an action to revoke the certificate of authority of the foreign corporation to transact business in this State in a district court of the county in which the registered office of the foreign corporation in this State is situated or in a district court of Travis County. The court may revoke the foreign corporation's certificate of authority if it is established that: (1) The foreign corporation, or a high managerial agent acting in behalf of the foreign corporation, has engaged in a persistent course of felonious conduct; and (2) To prevent future felonious conduct of the same character, the public interest requires such revocation. G. Article 7.02 of this Act does not apply to Section F of this article. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64 eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1969, 61st Leg., p. 2486, ch. 835, Sec. 7, eff. June 18, 1969; Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 989, ch. 399, Sec. 2(L), eff. Jan. 1, 1974; Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 846, ch. 297, Sec. 31, eff. Aug. 31, 1981; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 375, Sec. 40, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. Art. 8.17. Filing of Decree of Revocation A. In case the court shall enter a decree revoking the certificate of authority of a foreign corporation to transact business in this State, it shall be the duty of the clerk of such court to cause a certified copy of the decree to be filed with the Secretary of State. No fee shall be charged by the Secretary of State for the filing thereof. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Art. 8.18. Transacting Business without Certificate of Authority A. No foreign corporation which is transacting, or has transacted, business in this State without a certificate of authority shall be permitted to maintain any action, suit, or proceeding in any court of this State (whether brought directly by the corporation or in the form of a derivative action by a shareholder) on any cause of action arising out of the transaction of business in this State, until such corporation shall have obtained a certificate of authority. Nor shall any action, suit, or proceeding on any such cause of action be maintained in any court of this State by any successor, assignee, or legal representative of such foreign corporation, until a certificate of authority shall have been obtained by such corporation or by a foreign corporation which has acquired all or substantially all of its assets. It is expressly provided, however, that the provisions of this article shall not affect the rights of any assignee of the foreign corporation as the holder in due course of a negotiable promissory note, check, or bill of exchange, or as the bona fide purchaser for value of a warehouse receipt, stock certificate, or other instrument made negotiable by law. B. The failure of a foreign corporation to obtain a certificate of authority to transact business in this State shall not impair the validity of any contract or act of such corporation, and shall not prevent such corporation from defending any action, suit or proceeding in any court of this State. C. A foreign corporation which transacts business in this State without a certificate of authority shall be liable to this State, for the years or parts thereof during which it transacted business in this State without a certificate of authority, in an amount equal to all fees and franchise taxes which would have been imposed by law upon such corporation had it duly applied for and received a certificate of authority to transact business in this State as required by law and thereafter filed all reports required by law, plus all penalties imposed by law for failure to pay such fees and franchise taxes. In addition to the penalties and payments thus prescribed, such corporation shall forfeit to this State an amount not less than One Hundred Dollars ($100) nor more than Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000) for each month or fraction thereof it shall have transacted business in this State without a certificate. The Attorney General shall bring suit to recover all amounts due this State under the provisions of this section. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955.

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