2005 Texas Code - Business Corporation Act ARTICLE 8.01. ADMISSION OF FOREIGN CORPORATION


Business Corporation Act
Part 7.
Art. 7.01. Involuntary Dissolution A. A corporation may be dissolved involuntarily by a decree of the district court of the county in which the registered office of the corporation is situated or of any district court in Travis County in an action filed by the Attorney General when it is established that it is in default in any of the following particulars: (1) The corporation or its incorporators have failed to comply with a condition precedent to incorporation; or (2) The original articles of incorporation or any amendments thereof were procured through fraud; or (3) The corporation has continued to transact business beyond the scope of the purpose or purposes of the corporation as expressed in its articles of incorporation; or (4) A misrepresentation has been made of any material matter in any application, report, affidavit, or other document submitted by such corporation pursuant to this Act. B. A corporation may be dissolved involuntarily by order of the Secretary of State when it is established that it is in default in any of the following particulars: (1) The corporation has failed to file any report within the time required by law, or has failed to pay any fees, franchise taxes or penalties prescribed by law when the same have become due and payable; (2) The corporation has failed to maintain a registered agent in this state as required by law; or (3) The corporation has failed to pay the filing fee for the corporation's articles of incorporation or the initial franchise tax deposit, or the fee or tax was paid by an instrument that was dishonored when presented by the state for payment. C. (1) No corporation shall be involuntarily dissolved under Subsection (1) or (2) of Section B hereof unless the Secretary of State, or other state agency with which such report, fees, taxes, or penalties is required to be made, gives the corporation not less than 90 days notice of its neglect, delinquency, or omission by certified mail addressed to its registered office or to its principal place of business, or to the last known address of one of its officers or directors, or to any other known place of business of said corporation, and the corporation has failed prior to such involuntary dissolution to correct the neglect, omission or delinquency. (2) When a corporation is involuntarily dissolved under Subsection (3) of Section B of this article, the Secretary of State shall give the corporation notice of the dissolution by regular mail addressed to its registered office, its principal place of business, the last known address of one of its officers or directors, or any other known place of business of the corporation. D. Whenever a corporation has given cause for involuntary dissolution and has failed to correct the neglect, omission or delinquency as provided in Sections B and C, the Secretary of State shall thereupon dissolve the corporation by issuing a certificate of involuntary dissolution, which shall include the fact of such involuntary dissolution and the date and cause thereof. The original of such certificate shall be placed in his office and a copy thereof mailed to the corporation at its registered office, or to its principal place of business, or the last known address of one of its officers or directors, or to any other known place of business of said corporation. Upon the issuance of such certificate of involuntary dissolution, the existence of the corporation shall cease, except for purposes otherwise provided by law. E. Any corporation dissolved by the Secretary of State under the provisions of Section B of this article may be reinstated by the Secretary of State at any time within a period of 36 months from the date of such dissolution, upon approval of an application for reinstatement signed by an officer or director of the dissolved corporation. Such application shall be filed by the Secretary of State whenever it is established to the Secretary's satisfaction that in fact there was no cause for the dissolution, or whenever the neglect, omission or delinquency resulting in dissolution has been corrected and payment of all fees, taxes, penalties and interest due thereon which accrued before the dissolution plus an amount equal to the total taxes from the date of dissolution to the date of reinstatement which would have been payable had the corporation not been dissolved. A reinstatement filing fee of $50 shall accompany the application for reinstatement. Reinstatement shall not be authorized if the corporate name is the same as or deceptively similar to a corporate, limited partnership, or limited liability company name already on file or reserved or registered, unless the corporation being reinstated contemporaneously amends the articles of incorporation to change its name. When the application for reinstatement is approved and filed by the Secretary of State, the corporate existence shall be deemed to have continued without interruption from the date of dissolution except the reinstatement shall have no effect upon any issue of personal liability of the directors, officers, or agents of the corporation during the period between dissolution and reinstatement. F. When a corporation is convicted of a felony or when a high managerial agent is convicted of a felony in the conduct of the affairs of the corporation, the Attorney General may file an action to involuntarily dissolve the corporation in a district court of the county in which the registered office of the corporation is situated or in a district court of Travis County. The court may dissolve the corporation involuntarily if it is established that: (1) The corporation, or a high managerial agent acting in behalf of the corporation, has engaged in a persistent course of felonious conduct; and (2) To prevent future felonious conduct of the same character, the public interest requires such dissolution. G. Article 7.02 of this Act does not apply to Section F of this article. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1969, 61st Leg., p. 2484, ch. 835, Sec. 3, eff. June 18, 1969; Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 989, ch. 399, Sec. 2(K), eff. Jan. 1, 1974; Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 843, ch. 297, Sec. 25, eff. Aug. 31, 1981; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 375, Sec. 36, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. Art. 7.02. Notification to Attorney General, Notice to Corporation and Opportunity of Corporation to Cure Default A. The Secretary of State shall certify to the Attorney General, from time to time, the names of all corporations which have given cause for judicial dissolution of their charters or revocation of their certificates of authority as provided in this Act, together with the facts pertinent thereto. Every such certificate from the Secretary of State to the Attorney General shall be taken and received in all courts as prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated. B. Whenever the Secretary of State shall certify the name of any such corporation to the Attorney General as having given any cause for dissolution or revocation of its certificate of authority, the Secretary of State shall concurrently mail to such corporation at its registered office in this State a notice that such certification has been made and the grounds therefor. A record of the date of mailing such notice shall be kept in the office of the Secretary of State, and a certificate by the Secretary of State that such notice was mailed as indicated by such record shall be taken and received in all courts as prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated. C. If at the expiration of thirty (30) days after the date of such mailing the corporation has not cured the defaults so certified by the Secretary of State, the Attorney General shall then file an action in the name of the State against such corporation for its dissolution or revocation of its certificate of authority, as the case may be. D. If, after any such action is filed but before judgment is pronounced in the district court, the corporation against whom such action has been filed shall cure its default and pay the costs of such action, the action shall abate. E. If, after the issues made in any such action have been heard by the court trying same and it is found that the corporate defendant has been guilty of any default of such nature as to justify its dissolution or revocation of its certificate of authority as provided in this Act, the court shall, without rendering or entering any judgment for a period of five (5) days pending the filing of an action upon a sworn application for stay of judgment as hereinafter provided, promptly pronounce its findings to such effect. If the corporation has proved by a preponderance of the evidence that the defaults of which the corporation has been found guilty were neither willful nor the result of failure to take reasonable precautions and has procured a finding to such effect it may promptly make sworn application to the court for a stay of entry of judgment in order to allow the corporation reasonable opportunity to cure the defaults of which it has been found guilty. If the court is reasonably satisfied on the basis of the corporation's sworn application and any evidence heard in support of or opposed to the application that the corporation is able and intends in good faith to cure the defaults of which it has been found guilty and that such stay is not applied for without just cause, the court shall grant such application and stay entry of judgment for such time as in the discretion of the court is reasonably necessary to afford the corporation opportunity to cure such defaults if it acts with reasonable diligence, but in no event shall such stay be for more than sixty (60) days after the date of the pronouncement of the court's findings. If during such period of time as shall be allowed by the court the corporation shall cure its defaults and pay the costs of such action, the court shall then enter judgment dismissing the action. If the corporation does not satisfy the court that it has cured its default within said period of time, the court shall enter final judgment at the expiration thereof. F. If the corporation does not make application for stay of such judgment but does appeal therefrom and the trial court's judgment is affirmed and if the appellate court is satisfied that the appeal was taken in good faith and not for purpose of delay or with no sufficient cause and further finds that the defaults of which the corporation has been adjudged guilty are capable of being cured, it shall, if the appealing corporation has so prayed, remand the case to the trial court with instructions to grant the corporation opportunity to cure such defaults, such cure to be accomplished within such time after issuance of the mandate as the appellate court shall determine but in no event more than sixty (60) days thereafter. If during such period of time as shall have been so allowed the corporation shall cure such defaults and pay all costs accrued in such action, the trial court shall then enter judgment dismissing such action. If the corporation does not satisfy the trial court that it has cured its defaults within such period of time, the judgment shall thereupon become final. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1969, 61st Leg., p. 2485, ch. 835, Sec. 4, eff. June 18, 1969. Art. 7.03. Venue and Process A. Every action for the involuntary dissolution of a domestic corporation or revocation of the certificate of authority of a foreign corporation shall be commenced by the Attorney General either in the district court of the county in which the registered office of the corporation in this State is situated, or in any district court of Travis County. Citation shall issue and be served as provided by law. If process is returned not found, the Attorney General shall cause publication to be made as in other civil cases in some newspaper published in the county where the registered office of the corporation in this State is situated, containing a notice of the pendency of such action, the title of the court, the title of the action, and the date on or after which default judgment may be entered. The Attorney General may include in one notice the name of any number of such corporations against which such actions are then pending in the same court. The Attorney General shall cause a copy of such notice to be mailed to the corporation at its registered office in this State within ten days after the first publication thereof. The certificate of the Attorney General of the mailing of such notice shall be prima facie evidence thereof. Such notice shall be published at least once a week for two successive weeks, and the first publication thereof may begin at any time after the citation has been returned. Unless a corporation shall have been served with citation, no default judgment shall be taken against it earlier than thirty days after the first publication of such notice. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Art. 7.04. Appointment of Receiver for Specific Corporate Assets A. A receiver may be appointed by any court having jurisdiction of the subject matter for specific corporate assets located within the State, whether owned by a domestic or a foreign corporation, which are involved in litigation, whenever circumstances exist deemed by the court to require the appointment of a receiver to conserve such assets and to avoid damage to parties at interest, but only if all other requirements of law are complied with and if other remedies available either at law or in equity are determined by the court to be inadequate and only in the following instances: (1) In an action by a vendor to vacate a fraudulent purchase of property; or by a creditor to subject any property or fund to his claim; or between partners or others jointly owning or interested in any property or fund, on the application of the plaintiff or any party whose right to or interest in the property or fund or the proceeds thereof is probable, and where it is shown that the property or fund is in danger of being lost, removed, or materially injured. (2) In an action by a mortgagee for the foreclosure of his mortgage and sale of the mortgaged property, when it appears that the mortgaged property is in danger of being lost, removed, or materially injured, or that the condition of the mortgage has not been performed and that the property is probably insufficient to discharge the mortgage debt. (3) In any other actions where receivers for specific assets have heretofore been appointed by the usages of the court of equity. B. The court appointing such receiver shall have and retain exclusive jurisdiction over the specific assets placed in receivership and shall determine the rights of the parties in these assets or their proceeds. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Art. 7.05. Appointment of Receiver to Rehabilitate Corporation A. A receiver may be appointed for the assets and business of a corporation by the district court for the county in which the registered office of the corporation is located, whenever circumstances exist deemed by the court to require the appointment of a receiver to conserve the assets and business of the corporation and to avoid damage to parties at interest, but only if all other requirements of law are complied with and if all other remedies available either at law or in equity, including the appointment of a receiver for specific assets of the corporation, are determined by the court to be inadequate, and only in the following instances: (1) In an action by a shareholder when it is established: (a) That the corporation is insolvent or in imminent danger of insolvency; or (b) That the directors are deadlocked in the management of the corporate affairs and the shareholders are unable to break the deadlock, and that irreparable injury to the corporation is being suffered or is threatened by reason thereof; or (c) That the acts of the directors or those in control of the corporation are illegal, oppressive or fraudulent; or (d) That the corporate assets are being misapplied or wasted. (e) That the shareholders are deadlocked in voting power, and have failed, for a period which includes at least two consecutive annual meeting dates, to elect successors to directors whose terms have expired or would have expired upon the election and qualification of their successors. (2) In an action by a creditor when it is established: (a) That the corporation is insolvent and the claim of the creditor has been reduced to judgment and an execution thereon returned unsatisfied; or (b) That the corporation is insolvent and the corporation has admitted in writing that the claim of the creditor is due and owing. (3) In any other actions where receivers have heretofore been appointed by the usages of the court of equity. B. In the event that the condition of the corporation necessitating such an appointment of a receiver is remedied, the receivership shall be terminated forthwith and the management of the corporation shall be restored to the directors and officers, the receiver being directed to redeliver to the corporation all its remaining properties and assets. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1961, 57th Leg., p. 319, ch. 169, Sec. 1. Art. 7.06. Jurisdiction of Court to Liquidate Assets and Business of Corporation and Receiverships Therefor A. The district court for the county in which the registered office of a corporation is located may order the liquidation of the assets and business of the corporation and may appoint a receiver to effect such liquidation, whenever circumstances demand liquidation in order to avoid damage to parties at interest, but only if all other requirements of law are complied with and if all other remedies available either at law or in equity, including the appointment of a receiver of specific assets of the corporation and appointment of a receiver to rehabilitate the corporation, are determined by the court to be inadequate and only in the following instances: (1) When an action has been filed by the Attorney General, as provided in this Act, to dissolve a corporation and it is established that liquidation of its business and affairs should precede the entry of a decree of dissolution. (2) Upon application by a corporation to have its liquidation continued under the supervision of the court. (3) If the corporation is in receivership and no plan for remedying the condition of the corporation requiring appointment of the receiver, which the court finds to be feasible, has been presented within twelve (12) months after the appointment of the receiver. (4) Upon application of any creditor if it is established that irreparable damage will ensue to the unsecured creditors of the corporation, generally, as a class, unless there be an immediate liquidation of the assets of the corporation. B. In the event the condition of the corporation necessitating the appointment of a receiver is remedied, the receivership shall be terminated forthwith and the management of the corporation shall be restored to the directors and officers, the receiver being directed to redeliver to the corporation all its remaining properties and assets. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1967, 60th Leg., p. 1727, ch. 657, Sec. 15, eff. June 17, 1967. Art. 7.07. Qualifications, Powers, and Duties of Receivers; Other Provisions Relating to Receiverships A. No receiver shall be appointed for any corporation to which this Act applies or for any of its assets or for its business except as provided for and on the conditions set forth in this Act. A receiver shall in all cases be a citizen of the United States or a corporation authorized to act as receiver, which corporation may be a domestic corporation or a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this State, and shall in all cases give such bond as the court may direct with such sureties as the court may require. B. A receiver appointed by authority of this Act shall have authority to sue and be sued in all courts in his own name and shall have those powers and duties provided by laws of general applicability relating to receivers and in addition thereto may be accorded such other powers and duties as the court shall deem appropriate to accomplish the objectives for which the receiver was appointed. Such additional and unusual powers and duties shall be stated in the order appointing the receiver and may be increased or diminished at any time during the proceedings. C. In proceedings involving any receivership of the assets or business of a corporation, the court may require all creditors of the corporation to file with the clerk of the court or with the receiver, in such form as the court may prescribe, proofs of their respective claims under oath. If the court requires the filing of claims, it shall fix a date as the last day for the filing thereof, which shall be not less than four months from the date of the order, and shall prescribe the notice that shall be given to creditors and claimants of the date so fixed. Prior to the date so fixed, the court may extend the time for the filing of claims. Creditors and claimants failing to file proofs of claim on or before the date fixed therefor may be barred, by order of court (unless presenting to the court a justifiable excuse for delay in the filing), from participating in the distribution of the assets of the corporation; but no discharge shall be decreed or effected. D. The court shall have power from time to time to make allowances to the receiver or receivers and to attorneys in the proceeding, and to direct the payment thereof out of the assets of the corporation within the scope of the receivership or the proceeds of any sale or disposition of such assets. E. A court authorized to appoint a receiver for a corporation to which this Act applies, and no other court in this State, shall be authorized to appoint a receiver for the corporation or its assets and business; when such a court does appoint a receiver, as authorized by this Act, for the corporation or its assets and business, that court shall have exclusive jurisdiction of the corporation and all its properties, wherever situated. F. Notwithstanding any provision of this Article or in this Act to the contrary, the district court for the county in which the registered office of any foreign corporation doing business in this State is located shall have jurisdiction to appoint an ancillary receiver for the assets and business of such corporation, to serve ancillary to the receiver for the assets and business of the corporation acting under orders of a court having jurisdiction to appoint such a receiver for the corporation, located in any other state, whenever circumstances exist deemed by the court to require the appointment of such ancillary receiver. Moreover, such district court, whenever circumstances exist deemed by it to require the appointment of a receiver for all the assets in and out of this State, and the business, of a foreign corporation doing business in this State, in accordance with the ordinary usages of equity, may appoint such a receiver for all its assets in and out of this State, and its business, even though no receiver has been appointed elsewhere; such receivership shall be converted into an ancillary receivership when deemed appropriate by such district court in the light of orders entered by a court of competent jurisdiction in some other State, providing for a receivership of all assets and business of such corporation. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Art. 7.08. Shareholders Not Necessary Parties Defendant to Receivership or Liquidation Proceedings A. It shall not be necessary to make shareholders parties to any action or proceeding for a receivership or liquidation of the assets and business of a corporation unless relief is sought against them personally. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Art. 7.09. Decree of Involuntary Dissolution A. In proceedings to liquidate the assets and business of a corporation, when the costs and expenses of such proceedings and all debts, obligations, and liabilities of the corporation shall have been paid and discharged, or adequate provision shall have been made therefor, and all of its remaining property and assets distributed to its shareholders, or, in case its property and assets are not sufficient to satisfy and discharge such costs, expenses, debts, and obligations, when all the property and assets have been applied so far as they will go to their payment, the court shall enter a decree dissolving the corporation, whereupon the existence of the corporation shall cease. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 801, Sec. 38, eff. Aug. 28, 1989. Art. 7.10. Filing of Decree of Dissolution A. In any case in which the court shall enter a decree dissolving a corporation, it shall be the duty of the clerk of such court to cause a certified copy of the decree to be filed with the Secretary of State. No fee shall be charged by the Secretary of State for the filing thereof. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Art. 7.11. Deposit With Comptroller of Amount Due Certain Shareholders and Creditors A. Upon the voluntary or involuntary dissolution of a corporation, the portion of the assets distributable to a creditor or shareholder who is unknown or cannot be found after the exercise of reasonable diligence by the person or persons responsible for the distribution in liquidation of the corporation's assets shall be reduced to cash and deposited with the Comptroller, together with a statement giving the name of the person, if known, entitled to such fund, his last known address, the amount of his distributive portion, and such other information about such person as the Comptroller may reasonably require, whereupon the person or persons responsible for the distribution in liquidation of the corporation's assets shall be released and discharged from any further liability with respect to the funds so deposited. The Comptroller shall issue his receipt for such fund and shall deposit same in a special account to be maintained by him. B. On receipt of satisfactory written proof of ownership or of right to such fund within seven (7) years from the date such fund was so deposited, the Comptroller shall issue proper warrant therefor in favor of the person or persons then entitled thereto. If no claimant has made satisfactory proof of right to such fund within seven (7) years from the time of such deposit the Comptroller shall then cause to be published in one issue of a newspaper of general circulation in Travis County, Texas, a notice of the proposed escheat of such fund, giving the name of the creditor or shareholder apparently entitled thereto, his last known address, if any, the amount of the fund so deposited, and the name of the dissolved corporation from whose assets such fund was derived. If no claimant makes satisfactory proof of right to such fund within two months from the time of such publication, the fund so unclaimed shall thereupon automatically escheat to and become the property of the General Revenue Fund of the State of Texas. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 93, Sec. 30, eff. Aug. 31, 1987; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1423, Sec. 3.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. Art. 7.12. Limited Survival After Dissolution A. A dissolved corporation shall continue its corporate existence for a period of three years from the date of dissolution, for the following purposes: (1) prosecuting or defending in its corporate name any action or proceeding by or against the dissolved corporation; (2) permitting the survival of any existing claim by or against the dissolved corporation; (3) holding title to and liquidating any properties or assets that remained in the dissolved corporation at the time of, or are collected by the dissolved corporation after, dissolution, and applying or distributing those properties or assets, or the proceeds thereof, as provided in Subsections (3) and (4) of Section A of Article 6.04 of this Act; and (4) settling any other affairs not completed before dissolution. However, a dissolved corporation may not continue its corporate existence for the purpose of continuing the business or affairs for which the dissolved corporation was organized. B. During the three-year period, the members of the board of directors of a dissolved corporation serving at the time of dissolution or the majority of them then living, however reduced in number, or their successors selected by them, shall continue to manage the affairs of the dissolved corporation for the limited purposes specified in this Article and shall have the powers necessary to accomplish those purposes. In the exercise of those powers, the directors shall have the same duties to the dissolved corporation that they had immediately prior to the dissolution and shall be liable to the dissolved corporation for actions taken by them after the dissolution to the same extent that they would have been liable had those actions been taken by them prior to the dissolution. C. A corporation shall not be liable for any claim other than an existing claim. An existing claim by or against a dissolved corporation shall be extinguished unless an action or proceeding on such existing claim is brought before the expiration of the three-year period following the date of dissolution. If an action or proceeding on an existing claim by or against a dissolved corporation is brought before the expiration of the three-year period following the date of dissolution and such existing claim was not extinguished pursuant to Section D of this Article, the dissolved corporation shall continue to survive (1) for purposes of that action or proceeding until all judgments, orders, and decrees therein have been fully executed, and (2) for purposes of applying or distributing any properties or assets of the dissolved corporation as provided in Subsections (3) and (4) of Section A of Article 6.04 of this Act until such properties or assets are so applied or distributed. D. A dissolved corporation may give written notice to a person having or asserting an existing claim against the dissolved corporation to present such existing claim to the dissolved corporation in accordance with the notice. The notice shall be sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, to the person having or asserting the existing claim at such person's last known address, and the notice shall: (1) state that such person's claim against the dissolved corporation must be presented in writing to the dissolved corporation on or before the date stated in the notice, which shall be not earlier than 120 days after the date the notice is sent to such person; (2) state that the written presentation of the claim must describe such claim in sufficient detail to reasonably inform the dissolved corporation of the identity of such person and of the nature and amount of the claim; (3) state a mailing address where the written presentation of the person's claim against the dissolved corporation is to be sent; (4) state that if the written presentation of the claim is not received at such address on or before the date stated in the notice, the claim will be extinguished; and (5) be accompanied by a copy of this Section D. If a written presentation of such person's claim against the dissolved corporation that meets the requirements of this section is received at the address of the dissolved corporation stated in the notice on or before the date stated in the notice, the dissolved corporation may thereafter give written notice to such person that such claim is rejected by the dissolved corporation. The notice shall be sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, addressed to such person at such person's last known address, and the notice shall state: (1) that such claim is rejected by the dissolved corporation; (2) that such claim will be extinguished unless an action or proceeding on such claim is brought within 180 days after the date such notice of rejection was sent to such person and before the expiration of the three-year period following the date of dissolution; and (3) the date such notice of rejection was sent and the date of dissolution. Such person's claim against the dissolved corporation shall be extinguished if (a) a written presentation of that claim meeting the requirements of this section is not received at the address of the dissolved corporation stated in the notice to such person on or before the date stated in the notice or (b) an action or proceeding on such claim is not brought within 180 days after the date a notice of rejection was sent to such person and before the expiration of the three-year period following the date of dissolution. E. A dissolved corporation that was dissolved by the expiration of the period of its duration may, during the three-year period following the date of dissolution, amend its articles of incorporation by following the procedure prescribed in this Act to extend or perpetuate its period of existence. That expiration shall not of itself create any vested right on the part of any shareholder or creditor to prevent such an action. No act or contract of such a dissolved corporation during a period within which it could have extended its existence as permitted by this Article, whether or not it has taken action so to extend its existence, shall be in any degree invalidated by the expiration of its period of duration. F. In this Article: (1) The term "dissolved corporation" means a corporation (a) that was voluntarily dissolved by the issuance of a certificate of dissolution by the Secretary of State and was not issued a certificate of revocation of dissolution pursuant to Section C of Article 6.05 of this Act, (b) that was involuntarily dissolved by the Secretary of State and was not reinstated pursuant to Section E of Article 7.01 of this Act, (c) that was dissolved by decree of a court when the court has not liquidated all the assets and business of the corporation as provided in this Act, (d) that was dissolved by the expiration of its period of duration and has not revived its existence as provided in this Act, or (e) whose charter was forfeited pursuant to the Tax Code, unless the forfeiture has been set aside. (2) The term "claim" means a right to payment, damages, or property, whether liquidated or unliquidated, accrued or contingent, matured or unmatured. (3) The term "existing claim" means a claim that existed before dissolution and is not otherwise barred by limitations or a contractual obligation incurred after dissolution. Acts 1955, 54th Leg., p. 239, ch. 64, eff. Sept. 6, 1955. Amended by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 93, Sec. 31, eff. Aug. 31, 1987; Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 801, Sec. 39, eff. Aug. 28, 1989; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 901, Sec. 39, eff. Aug. 26, 1991; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 215, Sec. 2.19, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.

Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. Texas may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.