2005 Texas Agriculture Code CHAPTER 45. TEXAS-ISRAEL EXCHANGE FUND
AGRICULTURE CODE CHAPTER 45. TEXAS-ISRAEL EXCHANGE FUND§ 45.001. LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS; PURPOSE. (a) The legislature finds that Texas and Israel have many interests in common. They face many of the same difficulties in agriculture; the geography of both areas produces semiarid climatic conditions; there is present in both areas a rising demand for a limited supply of water coupled with increasing pressures to minimize the use of energy in all aspects of agriculture. Scientific and technological cooperatives already produce close ties between the two areas while engaging in binational projects for scientific and industrial research and development. A fund to support joint agricultural research and development by, and the development of trade and business relations between, Texas and Israel will address common problems and make substantial contributions to the development of agriculture, trade, and business in both areas. Since Texas has long emphasized broad-based agricultural research and Israel has originated and developed agricultural technologies designed to maximize production with minimal use of resources such as water and labor, each of the two areas will benefit by sharing information and expertise. (b) The purpose of this chapter is to: (1) establish a fund to promote and support practical and applied agricultural research and development that will result in mutual benefit to Texas and Israel and will help to provide solutions to food and fiber production problems wherever they exist, particularly those relating to water conservation; and (2) establish a program of mutual cooperation that will foster the development of trade, mutual assistance, and business relations between Texas and Israel. Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1210, § 1, eff. Aug. 28, 1989. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 225, § 2, eff. May 18, 1993. § 45.002. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter: (1) "Applied research" means the process of assembling knowledge gained by careful and diligent search and studious inquiry and examination and using that knowledge to solve practical, real-world problems. (2) "Board" means the Texas-Israel Exchange Fund Board. (3) "Fund" means the Texas-Israel Exchange Fund. Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1210, § 1, eff. Aug. 28, 1989. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 225, § 3, eff. May 18, 1993. § 45.003. CREATION OF FUND. (a) The Texas-Israel Exchange Fund is established within the department. (b) The fund is a fund in the state treasury. Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1210, § 1, eff. Aug. 28, 1989. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 225, § 4, eff. May 18, 1993. § 45.004. ADMINISTRATION. (a) The commissioner shall appoint a director to administer the fund. (b) The department shall provide the director and the advisory board with necessary staff, supplies, and office space. (c) The commissioner shall adopt rules necessary for the implementation and administration of this chapter. (d) The director shall cooperate with the chief administrator of the corresponding Israel fund to fulfill the purpose and goals of this chapter. Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1210, § 1, eff. Aug. 28, 1989. § 45.005. GENERAL FUNCTIONS, POWERS, AND DUTIES. (a) The scope of agricultural research and development which the fund may promote and support encompasses all scientific activities related to agriculture, including production, processing, marketing, and agricultural services, with emphasis on the support of applied research to improve water, labor, and energy utilization in agriculture. (b) The fund shall support applied research in areas of potential mutual interest, including: (1) water conservation; (2) water management and use; (3) soil management and conservation; (4) innovative sources of energy for agricultural production; (5) environmental aspects of agricultural technology; (6) intensive crop production; and (7) agricultural engineering and processing. (c) The fund may undertake agricultural research and development projects of mutual benefit that are located in Texas, Israel, or any other location suggested by the advisory boards. (d) The fund may make research or development grants or loans to public or private entities who intend to carry out the stated objectives of the fund. (e) The fund shall encourage or support the exchange of agricultural producers, scientists, teachers, students, or other types of agricultural experts between the two cooperating areas of Texas and Israel. (f) The fund shall encourage and support a program of mutual cooperation that will foster the development of trade, mutual assistance, and business relations between Texas and Israel. Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1210, § 1, eff. Aug. 28, 1989, Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 225, § 5, eff. May 18, 1993. § 45.006. TEXAS-ISRAEL EXCHANGE FUND BOARD. (a) The Texas-Israel Exchange Fund Board is created and composed of: (1) the commissioner of agriculture; (2) five members appointed by the commissioner; (3) one member appointed by the executive officer of The University of Texas System; (4) one member appointed by the executive officer of The Texas A&M University System; (5) one member appointed by the executive officer of Texas Tech University; and (6) as nonvoting, ex officio members, the lieutenant governor, the speaker of the house of representatives, and the comptroller or their designees. (b) The commissioner serves as chairman of the board, and the board shall annually elect whatever other officers the members consider necessary. (c) The board shall meet at least annually, and the chairman may call additional meetings. The board may meet with the corresponding body established by Israel if a majority of the board decides that such a joint meeting would help to meet the objectives of this chapter. (d) Appointed board members serve for staggered six-year terms. The terms of approximately one-third of the appointed board members expire on February 1 of each odd-numbered year. (e) The person who appointed a member who vacates a position on the board shall fill the vacancy for the remainder of the unexpired term. (f) Members of the board serve without compensation but are entitled to reimbursement for actual expenses incurred in carrying out official duties, subject to the approval of the board. (g) The board shall cooperate closely with the corresponding body established by Israel so that projects under consideration or undertaken meet the stated objectives of this chapter and are not duplicative. (h) After consultation with the corresponding body in Israel, the board shall advise or ratify the choice of projects and programs to be undertaken by the fund, following the purposes expressed in this chapter. The board shall also suggest priorities among projects or programs. (i) The board is subject to Chapter 325, Government Code (Texas Sunset Act). Unless continued in existence as provided by that chapter, the board is abolished and this chapter expires September 1, 2011. Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1210, § 1, eff. Aug. 28, 1989. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 17, § 2.04, eff. Nov. 12, 1991; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 225, § 6, 7, eff. May 18, 1993; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1449, § 3.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1999; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 52, § 8, eff. May 7, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1170, § 44.01, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 1227, § 3.02, eff. Sept. 1, 2005. § 45.007. FINANCING. (a) The original endowment of the fund consists of no more than $5 million, mirroring an equal amount to be contributed by Israel to its corresponding fund. (b) The board may accept gifts and grants from the federal government, state government, and private sources, as well as legislative appropriations. The use of gifts and grants other than legislative appropriation is subject only to limitations contained in the gift or grant. (c) Proceeds of all gifts and grants shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the fund. (d) The board shall make an annual accounting of all money received, awarded, and expended during the year to the legislative committees responsible for agricultural issues. Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1210, § 1, eff. Aug. 28, 1989. § 45.008. FINAL DISBURSEMENT OF FUND. (a) If the objectives of the fund cannot be realized because of lack of cooperation with the appropriate entities in Israel or if the board is abolished by the legislature or by operation of Chapter 325, Government Code (Texas Sunset Act), any asset remaining that was received by gift or grant from Israel shall be liquidated and a pro rata share of any money other than revenue deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the fund shall be returned to Israel. (b) Any agricultural or intellectual property and all records and documents of the fund shall be disposed of as the board determines. Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1210, § 1, eff. Aug. 28, 1989. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 225, § 8, eff. May 18, 1993.
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