2010 Pennsylvania Code
Title 75 - VEHICLES
Chapter 45 - Other Required Equipment
4552 - General requirements for school buses.

     § 4552.  General requirements for school buses.
        (a)  Color and identification.--Every school bus shall be of
     a uniform color scheme and labeled "School Bus" on both front
     and rear as provided by regulation. Exterior labels and markings
     other than those specifically required or permitted by law or
     regulation shall be prohibited. This subsection shall not be
     construed to prohibit the affixation of exterior labels or
     stickers of a temporary nature which have been approved by the
     school district as having educational value and which do not
     obscure the "School Bus" labels.
        (b)  Visual signals.--In addition to the applicable lighting
     requirements of Chapter 43 (relating to lighting equipment)
     every school bus shall be equipped with a uniform front and rear
     system of red and amber visual signals for the warning and
     control of traffic during route operations as provided in
     section 3345 (relating to meeting or overtaking school bus) and
     in regulations of the department.
        (b.1)  Use of side stop signal arms.--Every school bus shall
     be equipped with a side stop signal arm on the left side of the
     vehicle. The side stop signal arm shall be automatically
     activated whenever the bus is stopped with the red visual
     signals in use and shall itself contain a flashing red light
     connected to the same circuits as the red visual signals. The
     side stop signal arm is mandated according to the following
     schedule:
            (1)  School buses may be equipped with and use a side
        stop signal arm on January 1, 1989.
            (2)  Every new school bus purchased and manufactured
        after July 1, 1989, shall be equipped with a side stop signal
        arm.
            (3)  By July 1, 1994, every school bus shall be equipped
        with a side stop signal arm.
     The department shall adopt regulations implementing this
     subsection.
        (b.2)  Use of front crossing control arm.--Every school bus
     shall be equipped with a crossing control arm on the front of
     the vehicle. The crossing control arm shall be automatically
     activated whenever the bus is stopped with the red visual
     signals in use. The crossing control arm is mandated according
     to the following schedule:
            (1)  School buses may be equipped with and use a crossing
        control arm on January 1, 1999.
            (2)  Every school bus purchased and manufactured after
        July 1, 1999, shall be equipped with a crossing control arm.
            (3)  By July 1, 2001, every school bus shall be equipped
        with a crossing control arm.
        (b.3)  Strobe light.--School buses may be equipped with a
     bright white strobe light affixed to the roof.
        (c)  Body construction.--Every school bus shall be designed
     and constructed to provide a single, closed metal body with
     adequate ventilation and an entrance door of adequate clearance
     and safe design visible to and controlled only by the driver. At
     least one emergency exit door of safe design and construction
     and adequate labeling shall be located in or near the rear of
     the school bus. All side windows shall be of a safe design which
     will provide emergency egress for passengers.
        (d)  Seating.--Adequate seating space of safe design and
     construction shall be provided for each passenger and no
     passenger shall be carried for which adequate seating space is
     not available and used.
        (e)  Visibility.--Every school bus shall be designed and
     equipped so as to provide the driver with an unobstructed view
     of any pedestrian in proximity to the vehicle.
        (f)  Emergency equipment.--Every school bus shall carry, in
     good and usable condition, at least one fire extinguisher of
     adequate size and type and such other emergency equipment as
     regulations may prescribe.
        (g)  Emergency drills.--Each school district and the
     administration of every private school within this Commonwealth
     shall ensure, through adequate instruction and a minimum of two
     actual drills each year, that every student is familiar with
     school bus emergency procedures and equipment and safe loading
     and unloading operations.
        (h)  Duty of department.--The department shall by regulation
     adopt specific requirements implementing this section and any
     additional requirements, not inconsistent with this section,
     which will ensure the maximum safety of school children
     furnished transportation. Unless required by Federal law or
     regulation, the regulations established by the department shall
     not require vehicles which pick up and discharge school children
     only at locations off the highway to be of any particular color
     or to display flashing red and amber lights.
     (Dec. 19, 1988, P.L.1290, No.163, eff. imd.; Mar. 13, 1990,
     P.L.69, No.14, eff. imd.; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff.
     imd.)

        1998 Amendment.  Act 151 added subsecs. (b.2) and (b.3).
        1990 Amendment.  Act 14 amended subsec. (a).
        1988 Amendment.  Act 163 added subsec. (b.1).
        Cross References.  Section 4552 is referred to in sections
     3345, 4107, 4921 of this title.

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