2019 Oklahoma Statutes
Title 74. State Government
§74-150.27a. OSBI Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) Database.

A. There is hereby established within the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation the OSBI Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) Database for the purpose of collecting and storing blood or saliva samples and DNA profiles, analyzing and typing of the genetic markers contained in or derived from DNA, and maintaining the records and samples of DNA of individuals:

1. Convicted of any felony offense;

2. Required to register pursuant to the Sex Offenders Registration Act;

3. Subject to the availability of funds, eighteen (18) years of age or older arrested for the commission of a felony under the laws of this state or any other jurisdiction, upon being booked into a jail or detention facility. Provided, the DNA sample shall not be analyzed and shall be destroyed unless one of the following conditions has been met:

a.the arrest was made upon a valid felony arrest or warrant,

b.the person has appeared before a judge or magistrate judge who made a finding that there was probable cause for the arrest,

c.the person posted bond or was released prior to appearing before a judge or magistrate judge and then failed to appear for a scheduled hearing, or

d.the DNA sample was provided as a condition of a plea agreement; and

4. Subject to the availability of funds, convicted of a misdemeanor offense of assault and battery, domestic abuse, stalking, possession of a controlled substance prohibited under Schedule IV of the Uniform Controlled Dangerous Substances Act, outraging public decency, resisting arrest, escaping or attempting to escape, eluding a police officer, Peeping Tom, pointing a firearm, threatening an act of violence, breaking and entering a dwelling place, destruction of property, negligent homicide, or causing a personal injury accident while driving under the influence of any intoxicating substance, or, upon arrest, any alien unlawfully present under federal immigration law.

The purpose of this database is the detection or exclusion of individuals who are subjects of the investigation or prosecution of sex-related crimes, violent crimes, or other crimes in which biological evidence is recovered, and such information shall be used for no other purpose.

B. Any DNA specimen taken in good faith by the Department of Corrections, its employees or contractors, the county sheriff, its employees or contractors or a peace officer, and submitted to the OSBI may be included, maintained, and kept by the OSBI in a database for criminal investigative purposes despite the specimen having not been taken in strict compliance with the provisions of this section or Section 991a of Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes.

C. Upon the request to OSBI by the federal or state authority having custody of the person, any individual who was convicted of violating laws of another state or the federal government, but is currently incarcerated or residing in Oklahoma, shall submit to DNA profiling for entry of the data into the OSBI DNA Offender Database. This provision shall only apply when such federal or state conviction carries a requirement of sex offender registration or DNA profiling. The person to be profiled shall pay a fee of One Hundred Fifty Dollars ($150.00) to the OSBI.

D. The OSBI CODIS Database is specifically exempt from any statute requiring disclosure of information to the public. The information contained in the database is privileged from discovery and inadmissible as evidence in any civil court proceeding. The information in the database is confidential and shall not be released to the public. Any person charged with the custody and dissemination of information from the database shall not divulge or disclose any such information except to federal, state, county or municipal law enforcement or criminal justice agencies. Any person violating the provisions of this section upon conviction shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one (1) year.

E. The OSBI shall promulgate rules concerning the collection, storing, expungement and dissemination of information and samples for the OSBI CODIS Database. The OSBI shall determine the type of equipment, collection procedures, and reporting documentation to be used by the Department of Corrections, a county sheriff's office or a law enforcement agency in submitting DNA samples to the OSBI in accordance with Section 991a of Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes. The OSBI shall provide training to designated employees of the Department of Corrections, a county sheriff's office and a law enforcement agency in the proper methods of performing the duties required by this section.

F. The OSBI CODIS Database may include secondary databases and indexes including, but not limited to:

1. Forensic index database consisting of unknown evidence samples;

2. Suspect index database consisting of samples taken from individuals as a result of criminal investigations;

3. Convicted offender index database authorized pursuant to subsection A of this section; and

4. Missing persons and unidentified remains index or database consisting of DNA profiles from unidentified remains and relatives of missing persons.

G. 1. Any person convicted of a felony offense who is in custody shall provide a blood or saliva sample prior to release.

2. Subject to the availability of funds, any person convicted of a misdemeanor offense of assault and battery, domestic abuse, stalking, possession of a controlled substance prohibited under Schedule IV of the Uniform Controlled Dangerous Substances Act, outraging public decency, resisting arrest, escaping or attempting to escape, eluding a police officer, Peeping Tom, pointing a firearm, threatening an act of violence, breaking and entering a dwelling place, destruction of property, negligent homicide, or causing a personal injury incident while driving under the influence of any intoxicating substance who is in custody shall provide a blood or saliva sample prior to release.

3. Every person who is convicted of a felony offense whose sentence does not include a term of incarceration shall provide a blood or saliva sample as a condition of sentence.

4. Subject to the availability of funds, every person who is convicted of a misdemeanor offense of assault and battery, domestic abuse, stalking, possession of a controlled substance prohibited under Schedule IV of the Uniform Controlled Dangerous Substances Act, outraging public decency, resisting arrest, escape or attempting to escape, eluding a police officer, Peeping Tom, pointing a firearm, threatening an act of violence, breaking and entering a dwelling place, destruction of property, negligent homicide, or causing a personal injury accident while driving under the influence of any intoxicating substance whose sentence does not include a term of incarceration shall provide a blood or saliva sample as a condition of sentence.

5. Subject to the availability of funds, any person eighteen (18) years of age or older who is arrested for the commission of a felony under the laws of this state or any other jurisdiction shall, upon being booked into a jail or detention facility, submit to DNA testing for law enforcement identification purposes. Provided, the DNA sample shall not be analyzed and shall be destroyed unless one of the following conditions has been met:

a.the arrest was made upon a valid felony arrest or warrant,

b.the person has appeared before a judge or magistrate judge who made a finding that there was probable cause for the arrest,

c.the person posted bond or was released prior to appearing before a judge or magistrate judge and then failed to appear for a scheduled hearing, or

d.the DNA sample was provided as a condition of a plea agreement.

Added by Laws 1994, c. 40, § 2, eff. July 1, 1996. Amended by Laws 1996, c. 153, § 3, emerg. eff. May 7, 1996; Laws 1997, c. 260, § 10, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2001, c. 88, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2001; Laws 2001, c. 225, § 3, eff. July 1, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 235, § 4, emerg. eff. May 9, 2002; Laws 2004, c. 143, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2005, c. 1, § 128, emerg. eff. March 15, 2005; Laws 2005, c. 441, § 5, eff. Jan. 1, 2006; Laws 2009, c. 218, § 3, emerg. eff. May 19, 2009; Laws 2016, c. 181, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2016; Laws 2017, c. 194, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2017; Laws 2019, c. 374, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2019.

NOTE: Laws 2004, c. 61, § 1 repealed by Laws 2005, c. 1, § 129, emerg. eff. March 15, 2005.

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