2018 Oklahoma Statutes
Title 14A. Consumer Credit Code
§14A-6-113. Civil actions by Administrator.
(1) After demand, the Administrator of Consumer Credit may bring a civil action against a creditor for making or collecting charges in excess of those permitted by the Uniform Consumer Credit Code. An action may relate to transactions with more than one debtor. If it is found that an excess charge has been made, the court shall order the respondent to refund to the debtor or debtors the amount of the excess charge. If a creditor has made an excess charge in deliberate violation of or in reckless disregard for the Uniform Consumer Credit Code, or if a creditor has refused to refund an excess charge within a reasonable time after demand by the debtor or the Administrator the court may also order the respondent to pay to the debtor or debtors a civil penalty in an amount determined by the court not in excess of the greater of either the amount of the credit service or loan finance charge or ten times the amount of the excess charge. Refunds and penalties to which the debtor is entitled pursuant to this subsection may be set off against the debtor's obligation. If a debtor brings an action against a creditor to recover an excess charge or civil penalty an action by the Administrator to recover for the same excess charge or civil penalty shall be stayed while the debtor's action is pending and shall be dismissed if the debtor's action is dismissed with prejudice or results in a final judgment granting or denying the debtor's claim. With respect to excess charges arising from sales made pursuant to revolving charge accounts or from loans made pursuant to revolving loan accounts, no action pursuant to this subsection may be brought more than two (2) years after the time the excess charge was made. With respect to excess charges arising from other consumer credit sales or consumer loans, no action pursuant to this subsection may be brought more than one (1) year after the due date of the last scheduled payment of the agreement pursuant to which the charge was made. If the creditor establishes by a preponderance of evidence that a violation is unintentional or the result of a bona fide error, no liability to pay a penalty shall be imposed under this subsection.
(2) The Administrator may bring a civil action against a creditor or a person acting in his behalf to recover a civil penalty for willfully violating the Uniform Consumer Credit Code, and if the court finds that the defendant has engaged in a course of repeated and willful violations of the Uniform Consumer Credit Code, it may assess a civil penalty of no more than Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000.00). No civil penalty pursuant to this subsection may be imposed for violations of the Uniform Consumer Credit Code occurring more than two (2) years before the action is brought or for making unconscionable agreements or engaging in a course of fraudulent or unconscionable conduct.
(3) Any entity or individual offering to engage or engaged in making consumer credit sales, consumer leases, consumer loans or supervised loans in this state without a license or notification filing required by this title shall be subject to a civil penalty not to exceed Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000.00).
(4) The Administrator may impose a civil penalty as prescribed in subsection (3) of this section, after notice and hearing as provided in Section 3-505 of this title and in accordance with Article II of the Administrative Procedures Act. Any administrative order or settlement agreement imposing a civil penalty pursuant to this section may be enforced in the same manner as civil judgments in this state. The Administrator may file an application to enforce an administrative order or settlement agreement imposing a civil penalty in the district court of Oklahoma County.
Added by Laws 1969, c. 352, § 6-113, eff. July 1, 1969. Amended by Laws 2010, c. 415, § 5, eff. July 1, 2010.