2016 Oklahoma Statutes
Title 23. Damages
§23-9.3. Definitions – Payment of damages.
A. As used in this section:
1. “Future damages” means damages that are incurred after the date of judgment for:
a.medical, health care, or custodial care services,
b.physical pain and mental anguish, disfigurement, or physical impairment,
c.loss of consortium, companionship, or society, or
d.loss of earnings;
2. “Future loss of earnings” means the following losses incurred after the date of the judgment:
a.loss of income, wages, or earning capacity and other pecuniary losses, or
b.loss of inheritance; and
3. “Periodic payments” means the payment of money or its equivalent to the recipient of future damages at defined intervals.
B. This section shall apply only to an action in which the present value of the award of future damages, as determined by the court, equals or exceeds One Hundred Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00).
C. Upon request of a party, the court may order that future damages be paid in whole or in part in periodic payments rather than by a lump-sum payment. Periodic payments shall not exceed seven (7) years from the date of entry of judgment.
D. The court shall make a specific finding of the dollar amount of periodic payments that will compensate the plaintiff for the future damages. The court shall specify in its judgment ordering the payment of future damages by periodic payments the:
1. Recipient of the payments;
2. Dollar amount of the payments;
3. Interval between payments; and
4. Number of payments or the period of time over which payments must be made.
E. The entry of an order for the payment of future damages by periodic payments constitutes a release of the health care liability claim filed by the plaintiff.
F. As a condition to authorizing periodic payments of future damages, the court shall require a defendant who is not adequately insured to provide evidence of financial responsibility in an amount adequate to assure full payment of damages awarded by the judgment. The judgment shall provide for payments to be funded by:
1. An annuity contract issued by a company licensed to do business as an insurance company, including an assignment within the meaning of Section 130, Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended;
2. An obligation of the United States;
3. Applicable and collectible liability insurance from one or more qualified insurers; or
4. Any other satisfactory form of funding approved by the court.
G. On termination of periodic payments of future damages, the court shall order the return of the security, or as much as remains, to the defendant.
H. On the death of the recipient, money damages awarded for loss of future earnings shall continue to be paid to the estate of the recipient of the award without reduction. Following the satisfaction or termination of any obligations specified in the judgment for periodic payments, any obligation of the defendant health care provider to make further payments ends and any security given reverts to the defendant.
I. For purposes of computing the award of attorney fees when the plaintiff is awarded a recovery that will be paid in periodic payments, the court shall place a total value on the payments based on the plaintiff’s projected life expectancy and reduce the amount to present value.
J. Each periodic payment shall include the principal owed to the party plus interest at the rate applicable for postjudgment interest as provided by law.
Added by Laws 2011, c. 147, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.
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