2015 Oklahoma Statutes
Title 43A. Mental Health
§43A-5-416. Alternatives to hospitalization.
A. The court, in considering a commitment petition filed under Section 5-410 or Section 9-102 of this title, shall not order hospitalization without a thorough consideration of available treatment alternatives to hospitalization, or without addressing the competency of the consumer to consent to or refuse the treatment that is ordered including, but not limited to, the rights of the consumer:
1. To be heard concerning the treatment of the consumer; and
2. To refuse medications.
B. 1. If the court, in considering a commitment petition filed under Section 5-410 or Section 9-102 of this title, finds that a program other than hospitalization is adequate to meet the treatment needs of the individual and is sufficient to prevent injury to the individual or to others, the court may order the individual to receive whatever treatment other than hospitalization is appropriate for a period set by the court. During this time the court:
a.shall have continuing jurisdiction over the individual as a person requiring treatment, and
b.shall periodically, no less often than annually, review the treatment needs of the individual and determine whether or not to continue, discontinue, or modify the treatment.
2. If at any time it comes to the attention of the court from a person competent to file or request the filing of a petition, pursuant to subsection A of Section 5-410 of this title, that the individual ordered to undergo a program of alternative treatment to hospitalization is not complying with the order or that the alternative treatment program has not been sufficient to prevent harm or injury which the individual may be inflicting upon himself or others, the court may order the person to show cause why the court should not:
a.implement other alternatives to hospitalization, modify or rescind the original order or direct the individual to undergo another program of alternative treatment, if necessary and appropriate, based on written findings of the court, or
b.enter an order of admission pursuant to the provisions of this title, directing that the person be committed to inpatient treatment and, if the individual refuses to comply with this order of inpatient treatment, the court may direct a peace officer to take the individual into protective custody and transport the person to a public or private facility designated by the court.
3. The court shall give notice to the person ordered to show cause and hold the hearing within seventy-two (72) hours of the notice. The person ordered to undergo a program of alternative treatment shall not be detained in emergency detention pending the show cause hearing unless, prior to the emergency detention, the person has undergone an initial examination and a determination is made that emergency detention is warranted.
4. If an order of alternative treatment will expire without further review by the court and it is believed that the individual continues to require treatment, a person competent to file or request the filing of a petition, pursuant to subsection A of Section 5-410 of this title, may file or request the district attorney file either an application for an extension of the court’s previous order or an entirely new petition for a determination that the individual is a person requiring treatment.
5. A hearing on the application or petition filed pursuant to paragraph 4 of this subsection shall be held within ten (10) days after the application or petition is filed, unless the court extends the time for good cause. In setting the matter for hearing, the court shall consider whether or not the prior orders of the court will expire during the pendency of the hearing and shall make appropriate orders to protect the interests of the individual who is the subject of the hearing.
C. Prior to ordering the inpatient treatment of an individual, the court shall inquire into the adequacy of treatment to be provided to the individual by the facility, and inpatient treatment shall not be ordered unless the facility in which the individual is to be treated can provide such person with treatment which is adequate and appropriate to such person’s condition.
D. Nothing in this section shall prohibit the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services or the facility or program providing the alternative treatment from discharging a person admitted pursuant to this section, at a time prior to the expiration of the period of alternative treatment, or any extension thereof. The facility or program providing the alternative treatment shall file a report with the court outlining the disposition of each person admitted pursuant to this section within forty-eight (48) hours after discharge.
E. Notice of any proceedings pursuant to this section shall be given to the person, the person’s guardian, the person’s attorney, and the person filing the petition or application.
Added by Laws 1980, c. 324, § 10, emerg. eff. June 17, 1980. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 80, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 54.9 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1987, c. 141, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1987; Laws 1988, c. 260, § 12, eff. Nov. 1, 1988; Laws 1990, c. 51, § 99, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990. Renumbered from § 5-405 of this title by Laws 1997, c. 387, § 12, eff. Nov. 1, 1997. Amended by Laws 2000, c. 421, § 9, eff. Nov. 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 43, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 49, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005; Laws 2006, c. 97, § 23, eff. Nov. 1, 2006.
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