2015 Oklahoma Statutes
Title 12. Civil Procedure
§12-2803.1. Statements of children not having attained 13 years or incapacitated persons describing acts of physical abuse or sexual contact - Admissibility in criminal and juvenile proceedings.
A. A statement made by a child who has not attained thirteen (13) years of age, a child thirteen (13) years of age or older who has a disability or a person who is an incapacitated person as such term is defined by the provisions of Section 10-103 of Title 43A of the Oklahoma Statutes, which describes any act of physical abuse against the child or incapacitated person or any act of sexual contact performed with or on the child or incapacitated person by another, is admissible in criminal and juvenile proceedings in the courts in this state if:
1. The court finds, in a hearing conducted outside the presence of the jury, that the time, content and totality of circumstances surrounding the taking of the statement provide sufficient indicia of reliability so as to render it inherently trustworthy. In determining such trustworthiness, the court may consider, among other things, the following factors: the spontaneity and consistent repetition of the statement, the mental state of the declarant, whether the terminology used is unexpected of a child of similar age or of an incapacitated person, and whether a lack of motive to fabricate exists; and
2. The child or incapacitated person either:
a.testifies or is available to testify at the proceedings in open court or through an alternative method pursuant to the provisions of the Uniform Child Witness Testimony by Alternative Methods Act or Section 2611.2 of this title, or
b.is unavailable as defined in Section 2804 of this title as a witness. When the child or incapacitated person is unavailable, such statement may be admitted only if there is corroborative evidence of the act.
B. A statement may not be admitted under this section unless the proponent of the statement makes known to the adverse party an intention to offer the statement and the particulars of the statement at least ten (10) days in advance of the proceedings to provide the adverse party with an opportunity to prepare to answer the statement.
C. As used in this section, "disability" means a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of the child or the child is regarded as having such an impairment by a competent medical professional.
Added by Laws 1984, c. 8, § 1, emerg. eff. March 12, 1984. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 87, § 1, operative July 1, 1986; Laws 1990, c. 224, § 8, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 301, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1993, c. 197, § 3, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1998, c. 24, § 1, emerg. eff. April 1, 1998; Laws 2000, c. 340, § 22, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2004, c. 445, § 2, emerg. eff. June 4, 2004; Laws 2013, c. 42, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2013.
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