2014 Oklahoma Statutes
Title 75. Statutes and Reports
§75-253. Emergency rules.
A. 1. If an agency finds that a rule is necessary as an emergency measure, the rule may be promulgated pursuant to the provisions of this section, if the rule is first approved by the Governor. The Governor shall not approve the adoption, amendment, revision or revocation of a rule as an emergency measure unless the agency submits substantial evidence that the rule is necessary as an emergency measure to do any of the following:
a.protect the public health, safety or welfare,
b.comply with deadlines in amendments to an agency's governing law or federal programs,
c.avoid violation of federal law or regulation or other state law,
d.avoid imminent reduction to the agency's budget, or
e.avoid serious prejudice to the public interest.
As used in this subsection, "substantial evidence" shall mean credible evidence which is of sufficient quality and probative value to enable a person of reasonable caution to support a conclusion.
2. In determining whether a rule is necessary as an emergency measure, the Governor shall consider whether the emergency situation was created due to the agency's delay or inaction and could have been averted by timely compliance with the provisions of this chapter.
B. An emergency rule adopted by an agency shall:
1. Be prepared in the format required by Section 251 of this title;
2.a.Include an impact statement which meets the requirements set forth in subparagraph b of this paragraph unless the Governor waives the requirement in writing upon a finding that the rule impact statement or the specified contents thereof are unnecessary or contrary to the public interest.
b.The rule impact statement shall include, but not be limited to:
(1)a brief description of the proposed rule,
(2)a description of the persons who most likely will be affected by the proposed rule, including classes that will bear the costs of the proposed rule, and any information on cost impacts received by the agency from any private or public entities,
(3)a description of the classes of persons who will benefit from the proposed rule,
(4)a description of the probable economic impact of the proposed rule upon affected classes of persons or political subdivisions, including a listing of all fee changes and, whenever possible, a separate justification for each fee change,
(5)the probable costs and benefits to the agency and to any other agency of the implementation and enforcement of the proposed rule, and any anticipated effect on state revenues, including a projected net loss or gain in such revenues if it can be projected by the agency,
(6)a determination of whether implementation of the proposed rule may have an adverse economic effect on small business as provided by the Oklahoma Small Business Regulatory Flexibility Act,
(7)an explanation of the measures the agency has taken to minimize compliance costs and a determination of whether there are less costly or nonregulatory methods or less intrusive methods for achieving the purpose of the proposed rule,
(8)a determination of the effect of the proposed rule on the public health, safety and environment and, if the proposed rule is designed to reduce significant risks to the public health, safety and environment, an explanation of the nature of the risk and to what extent the proposed rule will reduce the risk,
(9)a determination of any detrimental effect on the public health, safety and environment if the proposed rule is not implemented, and
(10)the date the rule impact statement was prepared and if modified, the date modified.
c.The rule impact statement shall be prepared on or before the date the emergency rule is adopted;
3. Be transmitted pursuant to Section 464 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes to the Governor, the Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, along with the information required by this subsection within ten (10) days after the rule is adopted; and
4. Not be invalidated on the ground that the contents of the rule impact statement are insufficient or inaccurate.
C. 1. Within forty-five (45) calendar days of receipt of a proposed emergency rule filed with the Governor, the Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, the Governor shall review the demonstration of emergency pursuant to subsection A of this section, and shall separately review the rule in accordance with the standards prescribed in paragraph 3 of this subsection.
2. Prior to approval of emergency rules, the Governor shall submit the emergency rule to the Secretary of State for review of proper formatting.
3. If the Governor determines the agency has established the rule is necessary as an emergency measure pursuant to subsection A of this section, the Governor shall approve the proposed emergency rule if the rule is:
a.clear, concise and understandable,
b.within the power of the agency to make and within the enacted legislative standards, and
c.made in compliance with the requirements of the Administrative Procedures Act.
D. 1. Within the forty-five-calendar-day period set forth in paragraph 1 of subsection C of this section, the Governor may approve the emergency rule or disapprove the emergency rule. Failure of the Governor to approve an emergency rule within the specified period shall constitute disapproval of the emergency rule.
2. If the Governor disapproves the adopted emergency rule, the Governor shall return the entire document to the agency with reasons for the disapproval. If the agency elects to modify the rule, the agency shall adopt the modifications, and shall file the modified rule in accordance with the requirements of subsection B of this section.
3. Upon disapproval of an emergency rule, the Governor shall, within fifteen (15) days, make written notification to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Office of Administrative Rules.
E. 1. Upon approval of an emergency rule, the Governor shall immediately make written notification to the agency, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Office of Administrative Rules. Upon receipt of the notice of the approval, the agency shall file with the Office of Administrative Rules as many copies of the notice of approval and the emergency rule as required by the Secretary.
2. Emergency rules shall be subject to legislative review pursuant to Section 308 of this title.
3. The emergency rule shall be published in accordance with the provisions of Section 255 of this title in "The Oklahoma Register" following the approval by the Governor. The Governor's approval and the approved rules shall be retained as official records by the Office of Administrative Rules.
F. 1. Upon approval by the Governor, an emergency rule shall be considered promulgated and shall be in force immediately, or on such later date as specified therein. An emergency rule shall only be applied prospectively from its effective date.
2. The emergency rule shall remain in full force and effect through the first day of the next succeeding regular session of the Legislature following promulgation of such emergency rule until September 14 following such session, unless it is made ineffective pursuant to subsection H of this section.
G. No agency shall adopt any emergency rule which establishes or increases fees, except during such times as the Legislature is in session, unless specifically mandated by the Legislature or federal legislation, or when the failure to establish or increase fees would conflict with an order issued by a court of law.
H. 1. If an emergency rule is of a continuing nature, the agency promulgating such emergency rule shall initiate proceedings for promulgation of a permanent rule pursuant to Sections 303 through 308.2 of this title. If an emergency rule is superseded by another emergency rule prior to the enactment of a permanent rule, the latter emergency rule shall retain the same expiration date as the superseded emergency rule, unless otherwise authorized by the Legislature.
2. Any promulgated emergency rule shall be made ineffective if:
a.disapproved by the Legislature,
b.superseded by the promulgation of permanent rules,
c.any adopted rules based upon such emergency rules are subsequently disapproved pursuant to Section 308 of this title, or
d.an earlier expiration date is specified by the agency in the rules.
3.a.Emergency rules in effect on the first day of the session shall be null and void on September 15 following sine die adjournment of the Legislature unless otherwise specifically provided by the Legislature.
b.Unless otherwise authorized by the Legislature, an agency shall not adopt any emergency rule, which has become null and void pursuant to subparagraph a of this paragraph, as a new emergency rule or adopt any emergency rules of similar scope or intent as the emergency rules which became null and void pursuant to subparagraph a of this paragraph.
I. Emergency rules shall not become effective unless approved by the Governor pursuant to the provisions of this section.
J. 1. The requirements of Section 303 of this title relating to notice and hearing shall not be applicable to emergency rules promulgated pursuant to the provisions of this section. Provided this shall not be construed to prevent an abbreviated notice and hearing process determined to be necessary by an agency.
2. The rule report required pursuant to Section 303.1 of this title shall not be applicable to emergency rules promulgated pursuant to the provisions of this section. Provided this shall not be construed to prevent an agency from complying with such requirements at the discretion of such agency.
3. The statement of submission required by Section 303.1 of this title shall not be applicable to emergency rules promulgated pursuant to the provisions of this section.
K. Prior to approval or disapproval of an emergency rule by the Governor, an agency may withdraw from review an emergency rule submitted pursuant to the provisions of this section. Notice of such withdrawal shall be given to the Governor, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate in accordance with the requirements set forth in Section 464 of Title 74 and to the Office of Administrative Rules as required by the Secretary. In order to be promulgated as emergency rules, any replacement rules shall be resubmitted pursuant to the provisions of this section.
L. Upon completing the requirements of this section, an agency may promulgate a proposed emergency rule. No emergency rule is valid unless promulgated in substantial compliance with the provisions of this section.
M. Emergency rules adopted by an agency or approved by the Governor shall be subject to review pursuant to the provisions of Section 306 of this title.
Added by Laws 1961, p. 603, § 3. Amended by Laws 1987, c. 207, § 6; Laws 1988, c. 292, § 7, emerg. eff. July 1, 1988; Laws 1989, c. 360, § 7, emerg. eff. June 3, 1989; Laws 1990, c. 300, § 8, eff. July 1, 1991; Laws 1991, c. 326, § 6, eff. July 1, 1991; Laws 1992, c. 310, § 3, emerg. eff. May 27, 1992; Laws 1994, c. 182, § 2, eff. July 1, 1994; Laws 1994, c. 384, § 5, eff. July 1, 1994; Laws 1996, c. 225, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1997, c. 206, § 12, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 1998, c. 239, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1998; Laws 1999, c. 211, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2010, c. 174, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2010; Laws 2013, c. 357, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2013.
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