2013 Oklahoma Statutes
Title 44 - Militia


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<html> <head> <STYLE type="text/css"> body {padding-left:90pt;width:612pt} p {margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt} .cls0 {font-size:12pt;font-family:'Courier New', monospace;} .cls2 {margin-left:100pt;} .cls1 {text-align:justify;} </STYLE> <title>&sect;44 1</title> </head> <body> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;441. Short title.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">This act shall be known, and may be cited as, "The Oklahoma Military Code."&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 1, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;443. Reference to repealed clauses.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">When an act or law of the State of Oklahoma, not repealed herein, shall refer to any act or any section of any law which is repealed herein, such reference shall be deemed to refer to the section or sections of this act covering the same subject matter.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 4, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;444. Partial invalidity.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">If any clause, sentence, paragraph, provision, or part of this act be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be unconstitutional or otherwise invalid, such shall not affect, impair or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined to the clause, sentence, paragraph, provision, or section thereof directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment is rendered. The Legislature hereby declares that it intended separately to enact every sentence, part, clause, provision, and section of this act.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 5, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-5. Repealed by Laws 1961, p. 288, &sect; 1, eff. July 21, 1961.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;446. Honorary staff of the Governor.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Governor may appoint an honorary staff to consist of such number of honorary aides with the brevet title of Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel or Major, as he may desire. All of these staff officers shall be appointed by the Governor and hold office at his will and their commissions shall expire with the term of office of the Governor making such appointment. Staff officers shall not be subject to jury duty during the period of their service. The Adjutant General shall be ex officio Chief of Staff.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 7, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-21. Military Department.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Military Department of the State of Oklahoma is hereby established and shall be administered and controlled by the Governor as Commander in Chief, with the Adjutant General as the executive and administrative head thereof. The Military Department is hereby organized into a joint headquarters with separate branches for the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard, and there shall be assigned to each, officers, enlisted men and employees as may be considered necessary by the Governor as Commander in Chief and as may be authorized by law and Army National Guard regulations and Air National Guard regulations.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 2, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 1959, p. 195, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. July 16, 1959; Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 2, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-21.1. Personnel - Unclassified service.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Personnel appointed as state employees in the Military Department shall be in the unclassified service of the state. The Adjutant General may grant leave to state civilian employees consistent with the rules governing the federal workforce in support of the National Guard.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1990, c. 258, &sect; 32, operative July 1, 1990. Amended by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4422. Administration of military matters.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">All matters concerning or relating to the Militia, the National Guard, or other military organizations, and such other duties as may be assigned by the Governor, shall be administered by and through the Military Department.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 2, &sect; 2, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4423. Governor as Commander in Chief Powers Armed military forces from other state or territory Independent military organizations.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Governor of the state shall be the Commander in Chief of the Militia, and as such shall have supreme command of the military forces of the state while in the service of the state or until they are ordered and accepted into the service of the United States. While in the service of the state, he shall have power to muster out any organization of the state, discharge enlisted men, as provided herein, and perform such other acts in keeping with the laws of the Commander in Chief, subject to the laws of the United States and regulations prescribed by the President of the United States. No armed military force from another state or territory shall be permitted to enter the state without his permission, unless such military force be a part of the United States, or is acting under the authority of the United States. No independent military organization, except as a corps of cadets at the educational institutions, shall be permitted to bear arms without first securing permission of the Commander in Chief.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 2, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-24. Adjutant General - Eligibility - Appointment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General shall be appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall serve during the pleasure of the Governor. No person shall be eligible to hold the office of the Adjutant General of this state, unless, at the time of appointment, he or she is a federally recognized officer of the National Guard of Oklahoma, and of the National Guard of the United States, not below the rank of Colonel, and that the status as a federally recognized officer, both of the National Guard of Oklahoma and of the National Guard of the United States, shall have existed for at least three (3) years prior to the time of such appointment; or unless, within two (2) years prior to the time of the appointment, he or she has been a federally recognized officer of the National Guard of Oklahoma, and of the National Guard of the United States, not below the rank of Colonel, and that during military service he or she served for a period of three (3) years as a federally recognized officer, both of the National Guard of Oklahoma and of the National Guard of the United States; provided that if the National Guard of Oklahoma is in active federal service and no persons having the above qualifications are available within the state, then the Governor may appoint, subject to the advice and consent of the Senate, any suitably qualified person who at any time in the preceding ten (10) years would have been qualified, as above, and who has served at least two (2) years in active federal service in the grade of Colonel or higher.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 115, art. 2, &sect; 4, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 1971, c. 290, &sect; 1; Laws 2006, c. 254, &sect; 1, eff. July 1, 2006.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-25. Rank of Adjutant General - Assistants.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General shall have the rank of Major General and devote full time to the duties of the office. The Governor may appoint an Assistant Adjutant General for Army and Assistant Adjutant General for Air to assist the Adjutant General in the discharge and performance of his or her duties. Such Assistant Adjutants General shall have the qualifications prescribed by law for the Adjutant General and shall have the rank of Brigadier General. The Adjutant General may appoint an employee to the position of Executive Assistant and Programs Manager for the Military Department of the state. Said position shall be unclassified and exempt from the Oklahoma Personnel Act and the Merit Rules for Employment, except leave regulations.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 115, art. 2, &sect; 5, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 1959, p. 195, &sect; 2, emerg. eff. July 16, 1959; Laws 1990, c. 258, &sect; 33, operative July 1, 1990; Laws 2012, c. 304, &sect; 153.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-26. Duties of the Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General shall be in control of the Military Department of the state, subordinate only to the Governor. Within the limitations and under the provisions of law, he or she shall supervise and direct the National Guard within the service of the state and when under state control in all of its organization, training and other activities; shall receive and give effect to the orders of the Governor; and shall perform such other military and defense duties, not otherwise assigned by law, as the Governor may prescribe.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 115, art. 2, &sect; 6, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 1959, p. 195, &sect; 3, eff. July 16, 1959; Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-26.1. Financial donations to the Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General may receive financial donations and expend such donated funds or utilize state appropriated funds for mementos, presentations or participation in events designed to promote the interests and relationships of the Military Department or Oklahoma National Guard, specifically, but not limited to, the State Partnership Program. A full and complete record of such donated funds received and disbursed by the Military Department shall be kept and shall be subject to audit, and reports submitted to the Adjutant General upon request. Such expenditures shall be limited to Three Hundred Dollars ($300.00) per occasion and shall not exceed Two Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($2,500.00) per year.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4427. Compensation of personnel.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General and Assistant Adjutants General shall be paid a sum equivalent to the pay of his/her federally recognized rank, exclusive of allowances. Other officers and enlisted men and employees of the Department shall be paid in amounts fixed by the Adjutant General and within amounts appropriated for that purpose.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 115, art. 2, &sect; 7, eff. May 16, 1951; Laws 1990, c. 258, &sect; 34, operative July 1, 1990.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-30. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-31. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-32. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4441. Composition of Militia Classes.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Militia of the State of Oklahoma shall consist of all ablebodied citizens of the United States and all other ablebodied persons who shall be or shall have declared their intentions to become citizens of the United States, who shall be more than seventeen (17) years of age and not more than seventy (70) years of age, and said militia shall be divided into three (3) classes: The National Guard, the Oklahoma State Guard, and the Unorganized Militia.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 115, art. 3, &sect; 1, eff. May 16, 1951; Laws 1957, p. 422, &sect; 1, eff. May 24, 1957; Laws 1968, c. 299, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 3, 1968; Laws 1981, c. 136, &sect; 1; Laws 1985, c. 96, &sect; 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1985.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-42. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-43. Eligibility as commissioned officers - Qualifications.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">No person shall be commissioned as an officer of the National Guard who is under the age of eighteen (18) years and is not temperate and of good morals, and unless he or she shall have successfully passed such tests as to his or her physical, mental, and professional fitness as may be prescribed by the laws and regulations applicable to the federally recognized National Guard.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 115, art. 3, &sect; 3, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 1963, c. 35, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. April 4, 1963; Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-44. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 10, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4445. Oath of commissioned officers.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Oath for National Guard Officers. Each commissioned officer, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the following oath, or such other oath as may be required by National Guard Regulations:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">"I .........., do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of Oklahoma against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will obey the orders of the President of the United States and the Governor of the State of Oklahoma; that I make this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office of ......., in the National Guard of the United States and the State of Oklahoma upon which I am about to enter, so help me God."&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 116, art. 3, &sect; 5, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-46. Repealed by Laws 1999, c. 49, &sect; 2, eff. July 1, 1999.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4447. Period of enlistment Qualifications Reenlistment Oath Relinquishment of custody of minor child.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Enlistments in the National Guard. Hereafter, the period of enlistment in the National Guard of this state shall be for three (3) years or such other time as prescribed by National Guard regulations, and the qualifications for enlistment shall be the same as those prescribed for admission to the Regular Army or Regular Air Force or National Guard regulations; provided that the privilege of continuing in active service during the whole of an enlistment period and of reenlisting in the said service shall not be denied except as herein otherwise provided. Unless otherwise prohibited by federal law or by Department of Army, Department of Air Force or National Guard Bureau regulations, enlisted members and prospective members of the Oklahoma Army and Air National Guard who have successfully completed the requirements for and have obtained a General Education Diploma (G.E.D.) shall be awarded a high school diploma by the State of Oklahoma. The State Department of Education shall issue this high school diploma. Such diploma shall be limited to the purposes of enlistment and admission in the National Guard pursuant to the provisions of this section. Such purpose shall be specified on the high school diploma. All enlisted men of the National Guard of this state shall sign an enlistment contract and take and subscribe to the oath required by National Guard regulations. Any officer or warrant officer of the Armed Forces of the United States may administer the enlistment oath.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. 1. By complying with this subsection, a single custodial parent who is an applicant for enlistment in the Oklahoma National Guard satisfies the requirements of National Guard Regulation 600200 or Air National Guard Regulation 3909 regarding the placement of the physical custody of a minor child with an adult blood relative of the child within the third degree of consanguinity for all periods of active duty during the term of enlistment. A document placing the physical custody of a child pursuant to this subsection shall:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;be in writing,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;clearly identify the child, the person with whom physical custody is being placed, that person's relationship to the child, and the period of enlistment for which physical custody is to be placed,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">c.&nbsp;&nbsp;be executed by the parent/applicant before a notary public, and&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">d.&nbsp;&nbsp;clearly state that it is for all purposes, including health care, during the periods of time in question.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. A certified copy or executed copy of the document required by this subsection shall become a part of the applicant's permanent Oklahoma National Guard file.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Nothing in this section shall terminate, interfere, delay or negate any right of visitation by the noncustodial parent, or any person granted visitation by court order.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. It is the intent of the Legislature that the placement of physical custody of a child pursuant to the provisions of this section shall not be a substantial change to any existing custody decree nor shall it be deemed a voluntary permanent relinquishment of custody.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 116, art. 3, &sect; 7, eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 1981, c. 137, &sect; 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1981; Laws 1988, c. 318, &sect; 3, emerg. eff. July 6, 1988; Laws 1993, c. 121, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. April 29, 1993; Laws 1998, c. 415, &sect; 48, emerg. eff. June 11, 1998.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4448. Discharge of enlisted men.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Enlisted men discharged from service in the National Guard of this state shall receive a discharge in writing in such form and with such classification as is or shall be prescribed by National Guard regulations, and in time of peace discharges may be given prior to the expiration of terms of enlistment in the following cases:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">By sentence of a general courtmartial; by direction of the Governor on account of disability; on account of sentence of imprisonment by a civil court whether suspended or not; on account of a bona fide permanent change of residence to another state; and for the purpose of enlisting in regular Army, Air Force, Navy, or Marine Corps, and for such other causes as may be prescribed by National Guard regulations or the Commander in Chief; provided, that an enlisted man who has not returned or accounted for all of the public property for which he is responsible, shall under no circumstances receive an honorable discharge.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 116, art. 3, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4449. Application of Army customs Regulations and usage.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">All matters relating to organization, commissioning and discharging of officers, enlisting and discharge of enlisted men, discipline, and government of the National Guard, not otherwise provided in this code, shall be decided by the customs, regulations, and usage of the United States Army or the United States Air Force or National Guard regulations.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 117, art. 3, &sect; 9, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-50. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 11, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-71. Duty to attend assembly - Refusal of employer to permit attendance - Drills, exercises, etc.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">It shall be the duty of each commissioned officer and enlisted person of the Oklahoma National Guard to be present and perform all the duties required of him or her at each assembly for drill and instruction, encampment, maneuvers or other exercises, unless regularly excused by competent authority. Any employer who refuses to permit an employee who may be a member of the National Guard of this state to attend any drill, ceremony, exercise, or any duty which he or she may be legally called upon to perform shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than Fifty Dollars ($50.00) nor more than Two Hundred Dollars ($200.00), or by imprisonment for not less than ten (10) days, nor more than sixty (60) days in the county jail, or by both such fine and imprisonment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 117, art. 4, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 3, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4472. Ordering into active service.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">It shall be the duty of the Governor and he is authorized and required, in case of war, invasion, insurrection, or breach of the peace or imminent danger thereof or any forcible obstructing of the execution of the laws or reasonable apprehension thereof, and at all other times he may deem necessary to order on state duty the National Guard or any part thereof. No member thereof who shall be ordered out for such duty shall be liable for civil prosecution for any act done by him in the discharge of his military duty on such occasion, and when the President of the United States shall make a call, order, or requisition for troops, the Governor shall first order into the service of the United States the organizations and arms of the service specified in said requisition.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 117, art. 4, &sect; 2, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4473. Local commanding officer Order into service in emergency.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">In the event of insurrection, rebellion, invasion, tumult, riot, resistance to law or process or breach of the peace, occurring in the vicinity of the station of any organization or organizations of the National Guard of Oklahoma whenever the exigencies of the situation are such as to render it impossible first to communicate with the Governor or the Adjutant General, the senior commanding officer of that station, upon request in writing signed by the sheriff of the county involved or officer acting in his stead, stating the facts and the nature of the service desired, may order out the organization or organizations at that station, or such portion thereof as he shall deem necessary, and cause them to perform such duty as the circumstances shall require, and such commanding officers shall immediately report what he has done and all of the circumstances of the case to the Governor, and it shall be deemed that the action was taken by order of the Governor.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 117, art. 4, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-74. Compensation and benefits.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General is authorized to make and publish policy to determine the amount of compensation and benefits for members of the Oklahoma National Guard serving in active service of the state and prescribe the applicable rules and procedures.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 118, art. 4, &sect; 4, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 1999, c. 49, &sect; 1, eff. July 1, 1999; Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 4, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;4475. Hospital and medical treatment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Officers and/or enlisted men who suffer injuries or contract disease, in line of duty, while on duty or in active service, shall receive hospitalization and medical treatment, and the pay and allowances of their grade during the period that they are unable to resume their civilian occupation; but no commissioned officer shall be paid after the termination of said service or duty more than the pay and allowances of a Second Lieutenant.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">All payments herein provided for shall be paid on the approval of the Adjutant General by warrant drawn against the funds appropriated for that purpose in the Military Department or other funds made available.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">In the event of compensation for said service, death or injuries, being paid in part by the federal government, the state shall pay only the balance necessary to make the above designated amounts.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 118, art. 4, &sect; 5, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-77. State funding for insurance premiums.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General is hereby authorized to administer, determine eligibility and expend state funds appropriated by the Legislature for payment/reimbursement of insurance premiums to provide coverage up to the amount of Two Hundred Fifty Thousand Dollars ($250,000.00) under Serviceman&rsquo;s Group Life Insurance (SGLI) or State Sponsored Life Insurance (SSLI) for the military members of the Oklahoma Army and Air National Guard. &nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2005, c. 240, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. June 2, 2005. Amended by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 5, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-91. Repealed by Laws 1963, c. 148, &sect; 1114, eff. June 6, 1963.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-92. Repealed by Laws 1963, c. 148, &sect; 1114, eff. June 6, 1963.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-93. Repealed by Laws 1963, c. 148, &sect; 1114, eff. June 6, 1963.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-94. Repealed by Laws 1963, c. 148, &sect; 1114, eff. June 6, 1963.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-95. Repealed by Laws 1963, c. 148, &sect; 1114, eff. June 6, 1963.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-96. Repealed by Laws 1963, c. 148, &sect; 1114, eff. June 6, 1963.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-97. Repealed by Laws 1963, c. 148, &sect; 1114, eff. June 6, 1963.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44111. Public property Liability of commanding officer Liability of person responsible for loss, damage or destruction Apprehension and prosecution of persons absconding.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(a) The officer in permanent or temporary command of a station is responsible for the security of all public property of the command, whether in use or in store, and although for purposes of periodical accountability to general headquarters, it may all have been officially accepted and receipted for by subordinate officers, the commanding officer is nevertheless responsible and pecuniarily liable with them for the strict observance of the regulations in regard to its preservation, use and issue. He will take care that all storehouses are properly guarded, that only reliable agents are employed, and only trustworthy enlisted men are detailed for duty in them or in connection with the property.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(b) A company or detachment commander is responsible for all public property pertaining to his company or detachment and will not transfer his accountability therefor to a successor during periods of absence of less than thirty (30) days, unless ordered by competent authority, when such absence exceeds thirty (30) days, the question of responsibility is settled by the proper authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(c) The officer in temporary or permanent command of a company or detachment is responsible for all public property used by, or in possession of the command, whether he receipts for it or not.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(d) The property responsibility of a company commander cannot be transferred to enlisted men. It is his duty to attend personally to its security, and to superintend issue himself, or cause to be superintended by a commissioned officer.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(e) A transfer of public property involves a change of possession and accountability. The transferring officer will furnish the receiving officer with invoices, in duplicate, accurately enumerating the property and the latter will return duplicate receipts. The transaction will appear on the property returns rendered by such.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(f) The giving or taking of receipts in blank for public property is prohibited. Officers are cautioned against the signing of receipts for property without an actual physical count of such property. A relief at some future time for a shortage caused by failure to exercise such precaution will not be favorably considered.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(g) An officer in charge of public property in use or in store will endeavor by timely repairs to keep it in serviceable condition.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&nbsp;&nbsp;(h) Officers responsible for property will be charged for any damage to or loss or destruction of the same, unless they show to the satisfaction of the Adjutant General, by proper evidence, that the damage, loss, or destruction was occasioned by unavoidable causes, and without fault or neglect on their part.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(i) If an article of public property be lost or damaged by the neglect or fault of any officer or soldier, he shall be subject to pay for the value thereof or the cost of repairs, in a sum to be determined by the proper authority, upon the demand of the Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(j) The amount charged against an enlisted man on the muster and payrolls on account of loss or damage to, or repairs to military property shall not exceed the value of the article or cost of repairs; and such charge will only be made on conclusive proof, and never without an inquiry if the soldier demands it.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(k) The Adjutant General is authorized to pay from the funds appropriated to the Military Department for operating expenses the expenses necessary for the apprehension and prosecution of any person absconding with property belonging either to the state or United States; provided, such person is without the confines of this state.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 121, art. 6, &sect; 1, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44112. Suits for recovery of property.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Suits for the recovery of any property mentioned in this code or for the value thereof of damages thereto, may be brought in any court of competent jurisdiction in this state in the name of the State of Oklahoma, and the Attorney General of the state is directed to file such suits, upon the request of the Adjutant General, for the recovery of such property as he (the Attorney General) may deem advisable.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 122, art. 6, &sect; 2, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44113. Seizure and report of property illegally possessed, etc.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Officers must report illegal disposition of property. All civil peace officers, all commissioned and noncommissioned officers of the National Guard are enjoined to seize immediately all military property found in the possession of any person who is not the legal custodian or owner of said property, or from any person who shall secrete, sell, dispose of, offer for sale, purchase, or retain said military property after demand has been made upon said person or persons for the return of said military property, and said civil peace officers, commissioned and noncommissioned officers of the National Guard shall make due report of his action to the Adjutant General of the state.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 122, art. 6, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44114. Accounts Settlement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Settlement of Accounts. No bills or accounts shall be made by any officer or enlisted man with a view of their being paid by the State of Oklahoma unless such expenditure is expressly authorized by the laws of this state or is authorized by the Adjutant General. No accounts will be paid unless they are accompanied by vouchers or receipts showing by whomever paid, or are to be paid, to whom paid, date of service, authority for, and amount of such expenditure, and for what purpose the expenditure was made.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 122, art. 6, &sect; 4, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44115. Bond of officers accountable for or receiving military property.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Each officer to whom there shall be issued, or who shall be accountable for arms, equipment, uniform, and any other state or United States property for military uses, or who shall have the control, custody, or disbursement of funds as provided for in this code shall, before the delivery to him of such arms, equipment, uniform, and other state or United States property, and the receipt of such funds, execute and deliver to the Adjutant General a surety bond therefor, with sureties to be approved by the Governor, and payable to the state, in such amount as may be fixed by the Governor, conditioned for the proper care, use and return in good order, wear, use and unavoidable loss and damage excepted, of all such state and United States property, and the proper care and faithful disbursement and accounting of all funds coming into the hands of such officer. Upon the violation of any of the conditions of such bond, action thereon shall be brought by the Attorney General on behalf of the state, and any recovery thereon shall be credited to the Guard Funds of the state. It shall be the duty of the Attorney General of the state to prosecute all actions upon such bonds.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 122, art. 6, &sect; 5, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44116. Accounting by officer before receiving payments.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">No further payment shall be made under any provision of this code to the accountable officer of any organization or unit who does not fully and satisfactorily account to the Adjutant General for all monies, theretofore paid, or property issued, to him under any provision of this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 123, art. 6, &sect; 6, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44117. Issue and use of property.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Federal property loaned to the state for use of the National Guard or other purposes will be issued and accounted for in the manner prescribed by National Guard regulations or other pertinent federal directives. State property will be issued and accounted for in the manner prescribed by the Governor and/or state laws. All public property shall be used in the manner and for the purposes intended in the public service and shall not be used by any individual for his personal benefit, pleasure, or gain.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1951, p. 123, art. 6, &sect; 7, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-141. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-142. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-143. Repealed by Laws 1937, p. 109, &sect; 2, eff. March 31, 1937.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-144. Repealed by Laws 1937, p. 109, &sect; 2, eff. March 31, 1937.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-145. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-146. Repealed by Laws 1937, p. 109, &sect; 2, eff. March 31, 1937.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-147. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-148. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-149. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-150. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-151. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-152. Repealed by Laws 1941, p. 464, &sect; 6, eff. June 7, 1941.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-153. Repealed by Laws 1937, p. 109, &sect; 2, eff. March 31, 1937.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-154. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-155. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-156. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-157. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-158. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-159. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-160. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-161. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-162. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-163. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-191. Repealed by Laws 1970, c. 99, &sect; 3, eff. March 30, 1970.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-192. Rules and procedures for establishing and awarding medals, ribbons, and certificates.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General is authorized to establish, design and award, without regard to military status, state military medals, ribbons, certificates, or any other awards or decorations and prescribe by policy the applicable rules and procedures.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1"><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1933, c. 194, p. 426, &sect; 2, emerg. eff. July 21, 1933. Amended by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 6, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-193. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 12, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-195.1. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 13, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-195.2. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 14, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-195.3. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 15, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-195.4. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 16, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-195.5. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 17, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-195.6. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 18, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-195.7. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 19, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-195.8. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 20, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-201. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-202. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-203. Repealed by Laws 1937, p. 109, &sect; 2, eff. March 31, 1937.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-204. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-205. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-206. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-207. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-208. Discrimination against officers or enlisted members - Places of entertainment or amusement - Discharge or hindrance of duties by employers.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">No person shall discriminate against any officer or enlisted member of the National Guard because of his or her membership therein. No person shall prohibit or refuse entrance to any officer or enlisted member of the United States Armed Forces, or of the military forces of this state, into any public entertainment or place of amusement because such officer or enlisted member is wearing a uniform of the organization to which he or she belongs. No employer, officer or agent of any corporation, company, firm or other person, shall discharge any person from employment because of being an officer, warrant officer or enlisted member of the military forces of the state, or hinder or prevent him or her from performing any military service he or she may be called upon to perform by proper authority, in respect to his or her employment, trade or business. Any person violating any of the provisions of this section, shall be punished by a fine of not to exceed One Hundred Dollars ($100.00), or by imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not to exceed thirty (30) days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1935, p. 91, &sect; 4, emerg. eff. April 19, 1935. Amended by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-208.1. Oklahoma National Guard - Civil relief - Employment and reemployment rights.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The following provisions of federal law shall be adopted as state law and applied to members of the Oklahoma National Guard when such members are ordered to state active duty or full-time National Guard duty under Sections 501 through 507 of Title 32 of the United States Code:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. The Servicemembers Civil Relief Act of 2003 (SCRA), codified at 50 U.S.C. App., Section 501 et seq., which updates, renames, and replaces the Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1940; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA), Sections 4301 through 4333 of Title 38 of the United States Code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1997, c. 27, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. April 2, 1997. Amended by Laws 2000, c. 240, &sect; 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2000; Laws 2005, c. 130, &sect; 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2005.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-209. Leave of absence to public officers and employees.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">All officers and employees of the state or a political subdivision thereof who are members of the Oklahoma National Guard or any reserve component of any branch of the United States military, shall, when ordered by proper authority to active or inactive service, be entitled to a leave of absence from civil employment for the period of active service, without loss of status or efficiency rating. During the first thirty (30) calendar days for employees of political subdivisions or the first thirty (30) regular scheduled work days for state employees of the leave of absence in any federal fiscal year, the officers or employees shall receive their full regular pay from the employing state agency or political subdivision. During the remainder of the leave of absence in any federal fiscal year, the employing state agency or political subdivision may elect to pay them an amount equal to the difference between the officers' or employees' full regular pay from the employing state agency or political subdivision and their Oklahoma National Guard or United States military reserve component pay, except that state officers and employees shall receive the difference between their full regular pay and their Oklahoma National Guard or United States military reserve component pay when they are ordered by proper authority to active or inactive service retroactive to the date that the state officer or employee reported to active service on or after September 11, 2001, during the period that Operation Enduring Freedom is in effect. The durational limit of protected military service as provided for in this section shall not be less than that provided by federal law. If it is necessary in the public interest to provide for the performance of the duties of their positions during such absence, the authority having power to fill a vacancy in the positions may appoint substitutes, to be known as acting incumbents, who shall qualify as required for the regular incumbents and shall receive the same pay, including benefits and pay adjustments, as fixed by law, if any, or otherwise such pay, including benefits and pay adjustments, as may be fixed by proper authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Office of Management and Enterprise Services shall promulgate rules as necessary to implement the provisions of this section that relate to state employees.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1935, p. 92, &sect; 5, emerg. eff. April 19, 1935. Amended by Laws 1973, c. 275, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 30, 1973; Laws 1988, c. 31, &sect; 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1988; Laws 1991, c. 232, &sect; 3, emerg. eff. May 24, 1991; Laws 1994, c. 94, &sect; 2, eff. July 1, 1994; Laws 2000, c. 240, &sect; 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 396, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. June 5, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 212, &sect; 1, eff. July 1, 2003; Laws 2005, c. 437, &sect; 2, eff. July 1, 2005; Laws 2006, c. 156, &sect; 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2006; Laws 2012, c. 304, &sect; 154.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-210. Assault on member or body of National Guard or person assisting them.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Whenever the National Guard is called into service under proclamation of the Governor for the performance of any duties contemplated in this act, any person who willfully assaults, or fires at, or throws any dangerous missile at, against, or upon any member or body of the National Guard so engaged, or civil officer or other persons lawfully aiding or assisting them in the discharge of their duties, shall be deemed guilty of a felony and upon conviction shall be imprisoned in the State Penitentiary not more than two (2) years.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1935, p. 92, &sect; 6, eff. April 19, 1935. Amended by Laws 1997, c. 133, &sect; 465, eff. July 1, 1999; Laws 1999, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 5, &sect; 337, eff. July 1, 1999.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">NOTE: Laws 1998, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 2, &sect; 23 amended the effective date of Laws 1997, c. 133, &sect; 465 from July 1, 1998, to July 1, 1999.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44211. Martial law Arrests and subpoenas.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Troops occupying a military district established under martial law, may, if necessary, pursue, arrest and subpoena persons wanted in said military district, anywhere within the State of Oklahoma.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1935, p. 92, &sect; 7, eff. April 19, 1935.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44212. Action against officer or enlisted person for official acts Defense Costs and security.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">If a suit or proceeding shall be commenced in any court by any person against any officer or enlisted person of the military forces for any act done by such officer or enlisted person in his official capacity in the discharge of any duty under Sections 1 through 117, 208 through 235.2, or 241 through 250 of this title, or against any soldier acting under the authority or order of any such officer, or by virtue of any warrant issued by him pursuant to law, it shall be the duty of the Attorney General or Judge Advocate to defend such person.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The actual court costs of such a defense shall be a legal charge against the state and shall be submitted to the Legislature for payment. Before any suit or proceeding shall be filed or maintained against any officer or soldier as herein provided, the plaintiff shall be required to give security, to be approved by the court in a sum not less than One Hundred Dollars ($100.00), to secure the costs. If the plaintiff fails to recover judgment such costs shall be taxed and judgment rendered therefor against him and his sureties.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1935, p. 92, &sect; 8, eff. April 19, 1935; Laws 1985, c. 96, &sect; 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1985.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44213. Exemption from taxation of military property Free use of municipally owned public utilities.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">All personal and real property held and used for armory or military purposes shall be exempt from taxation; and it shall be lawful for any county or city or town which owns public utilities to grant to any organization or unit of the National Guard, which is stationed in such place, the free use of such public utilities.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1935, p. 92, &sect; 9, eff. April 19, 1935.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-214. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-215. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-216. Repealed by Laws 1963, c. 148, &sect; 1114, eff. June 6, 1963.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-217. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-218. Acceptance or purchase of title to real estate.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General, with the approval of the Governor, is authorized to accept or purchase, for and in the name of the State of Oklahoma, acting as trustee for the Oklahoma National Guard, title to parcels of real estate.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1931, p. 77, &sect; 1, eff. April 24, 1931. Amended by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 160, emerg. eff. May 1, 2007; Laws 2008, c. 172, &sect; 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2008.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44219. State not to be financially responsible.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The State of Oklahoma, in so accepting and holding the said parcel or parcels of real estate, shall incur no financial responsibility or liability.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1931, p. 77, &sect; 2, eff. April 24, 1931.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44220. Building and loan association loans authorized.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Building and loan associations doing business in the State of Oklahoma may negotiate loans on such real estate, secured by mortgages thereon, under the same conditions and terms and with the same right and power of foreclosure as upon other real estate, but no judgment therein shall run against the State of Oklahoma.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1931, p. 77, &sect; 3, eff. April 24, 1931.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44221. Provisions for National Guard when in service.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General shall provide such subsistence and expenses for the National Guard when in active service, as may be ordered by the Commander in Chief.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">R.L. 1910, &sect; 3905.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-222. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 114, art. 1, &sect; 3, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44223. Privilege from arrest.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Active members of the National Guard shall be privileged from arrest during their attendance at drills, parades, inspections, encampments, and while on active duty, and in going to and returning from the same, except in cases of treason, felony and breaches of the peace.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">R.L. 1910, &sect; 3926.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44224. Misdemeanor to interfere with Militia.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person who shall willfully and unnecessarily interfere with the Militia or any part thereof while on drill, parade, or in the performance of any military duty, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor: Provided, the funeral processions, carriage of the United States mail, legitimate functions of the police, progress and operation of the hospital ambulances, fire engines, fire departments, and apparatus of the insurance patrol shall not be interfered with thereby.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">R.L. 1910, &sect; 3930.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-225. Repealed by Laws 1983, c. 304, &sect; 182, eff. July 1, 1983.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-226. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-227. Architect - Selection - Contract by Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The architect for the construction of the facilities of the National Guard of the State of Oklahoma shall be selected by a board appointed by the Adjutant General of the State of Oklahoma to be named the Architect Selection Board. The Architect Selection Board shall be comprised of three (3) members from the Oklahoma National Guard Directorate of Engineering Office. The Adjutant General shall enter into contracts in the name of the State of Oklahoma for the construction of such buildings. The Oklahoma Military Department may use federal contracting procedures for construction of such facilities.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1936, Ex.Sess., p. 24, &sect; 10, eff. Jan. 6, 1937. Amended by Laws 1983, c. 304, &sect; 17, eff. July 1, 1983; Laws 1999, c. 406, &sect; 2, eff. July 1, 1999; Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 5, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44228. Deed or lease by county commissioners to Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The board of county commissioners of any county in the state is hereby authorized to convey title by deed, or lease for a term of years, any lands and buildings belonging to or under the control of the county which are not needed for county purposes, to the Adjutant General acting as trustee for the Oklahoma National Guard. The Adjutant General shall not accept any such deed or lease unless the approval of the Governor of the acceptance be endorsed thereon attested by the Secretary of State. It shall not be necessary that the Adjutant General pay any consideration for such deed of conveyance or lease. After such deed or lease has been delivered and accepted the Adjutant General shall be authorized to expend funds appropriated to the Military Department of the state for the maintenance, repair, and improvement of the lands and buildings, conveyed or leased. Every such deed or lease shall contain a reversionary clause to the effect that if the State of Oklahoma or the Military Department thereof abandons such lands or buildings they shall revert to the county. All such lands so conveyed or leased to the Adjutant General shall be under his supervision as to control and management. Provided, however, that the provisions of this act shall not in any wise apply to any real estate or property acquired by the county commissioners at resale.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1945, p. 139, &sect; 1, eff. April 25, 1945.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44229. Authorizing to order National Guard beyond borders of state Law governing Jurisdiction.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Governor is authorized to order the National Guard, or any part thereof, beyond the borders of the state, for the purpose of participating in any encampment, maneuvers or field instruction and for such other training or service as may be required or authorized under state or federal law. Whenever the National Guard, or any part thereof, is so ordered beyond the borders of the state, the members thereof shall remain subject to the military laws and regulations of the state, and the military courts of this state shall have jurisdiction over any offense which is committed against the military laws or regulations of the state by any member of the National Guard while in service beyond the borders of the state, and the military courts of the state are authorized to function beyond the borders of this state, whenever the National Guard is ordered beyond the borders of the state. Provided, that any imprisonment imposed while a unit is out of the State of Oklahoma shall be served under the supervision of said unit. And, provided further, that if said period of imprisonment extends beyond the date of the return of said unit to the State of Oklahoma that the balance of such imprisonment shall be served in the county jail of the county in which said unit is regularly stationed.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1961, p. 289, &sect; 1, eff. May 24, 1961.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-230. Police officers (OMD) - Powers and duties.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The Adjutant General of the State of Oklahoma is hereby authorized to appoint such officers as are necessary to be designated as police officers (OMD), for the purpose of protecting all properties of, owned by or under the control of the Oklahoma National Guard wherever located in the State of Oklahoma. The Adjutant General shall promulgate rules which prescribe the duties for the officers thus appointed, designate their uniforms, fix their compensation upon appointment and provide for removal from their appointment. Each such police officer (OMD) shall be given a written commission evidencing his or her appointment and authority, together with a detailed description of his or her person in order to properly identify his or her official capacity; the form of such commission shall be prescribed by the Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any police officer (OMD) appointed pursuant to the provisions of this section shall have, with the sole exception of the serving or execution of civil process, all the powers vested by law in peace officers in the protection and guarding of the grounds, buildings and equipment of, owned by or under the control of the Oklahoma National Guard. The police officer (OMD) shall:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Direct his or her attention to the prevention of improper conduct, interference with, or trespassing upon the property of, owned by or under the control of the Oklahoma National Guard; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. If required, make arrests and take into custody persons guilty of improper conduct or trespassing.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. It shall be the duty of the district attorney of the district wherein the improper conduct, interference or trespassing is alleged to have taken place to prosecute such offense upon a complaint filed by such police officer (OMD).&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1971, c. 135, &sect; 1. Amended by Laws 1996, c. 14, &sect; 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1999, c. 406, &sect; 3, eff. July 1, 1999.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231. Assisting in drug interdicton and counter drug activities - National Guard volunteers to be requested by Governor.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The Governor may request volunteers of the National Guard to provide assistance to federal, state and local law enforcement officers, within or outside the boundaries of this state, in drug interdiction and counter drug activities pursuant to 32 U.S.C., Section 112. These activities may include, but not be limited to, the operation and maintenance of equipment and facilities. The Governor may order, with their consent, any National Guard members, who volunteer pursuant to this section, to duty in federally funded status. The Governor may delegate the Governor's authority under this section to the Adjutant General. The Adjutant General shall follow all laws and regulations of the United States Department of Defense when ordering National Guard members to perform drug interdiction and counter drug activities pursuant to this section.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The Adjutant General, with the consent of the Governor, may enter into mutual assistance and support agreements with one or more other states, whether those activities are within or outside this state, in order to facilitate and coordinate efficient and cooperative enforcement efforts directed toward drug interdiction, counter drug activities, and demand reduction.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. A National Guard member assisting in drug interdiction and counter drug activities pursuant to this section shall obey and execute the instruction of the law enforcement officer in charge of these activities given to the National Guard member through the military chain of command.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1998, c. 88, &sect; 1, eff. July 1, 1998. Amended by Laws 2003, c. 212, &sect; 2, eff. July 1, 2003.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.1. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 125, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.2. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 125, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.3. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 125, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.4. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 125, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.5. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 125, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.6. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 125, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.7. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 125, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.8. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 125, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.9. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 125, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.10. Repealed by Laws 1951, p. 125, &sect; 8, eff. May 16, 1951.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-231.11. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-232. Youth programs.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Pursuant to rules promulgated by the Adjutant General of the State of Oklahoma, the Oklahoma Military Department is authorized to establish and operate youth programs utilizing National Guard or state-owned facilities and civilian or National Guard personnel to provide military-styled training and other benefits to civilian youth pursuant to agreement with federal, state and local governmental agencies.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The Adjutant General is authorized further to enter into agreements and to do all things deemed necessary or incidental to the performance of any duty authorized by subsection A of this section, including, but not limited to:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. The execution of memoranda of agreement for assistance to federal, state and local governmental agencies;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The execution of grant agreements;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. The execution of grant agreements with the federal government;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. The execution of other contracts and agreements; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. The expenditure of Oklahoma Military Department funds for the purpose of advertising.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. The Adjutant General is hereby authorized to accept gifts or donations for and on behalf of the state to be used for the use and benefit of the youth programs authorized by this section and their participants. The Oklahoma Military Department is directed to maintain and preserve appropriate records for all gifts made to the state pursuant to this section.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2003, c. 212, &sect; 3, eff. July 1, 2003. Amended by Laws 2008, c. 172, &sect; 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2008.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-232.1. Contracts to lease or rent facilities.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The Adjutant General is authorized to enter into contracts to lease or rent facilities.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. &ldquo;Military reservations&rdquo;, without limitation, include military installations, armories, air bases, and facilities owned or controlled by the state for military purposes.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. The Adjutant General shall have charge of military reservations of the state and shall be responsible for the protection and safety of those military reservations, and promulgate rules for the maintenance of order thereon, for the enforcement of traffic rules and for all other lawful rules as may be ordered for the operation, care, and preservation of existing facilities and installations on all state military reservations.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 123, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 2005, c. 130, &sect; 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 6, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-232.2. Use and operation.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General shall promulgate rules and regulations for the use and operation of armories, buildings, and other facilities under control of the Military Department. The Adjutant General is authorized to expend monies for improvements, repairs, alterations, and maintenance of facilities.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 123, &sect; 2, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 7, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-232.3. Armory boards.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Each National Guard armory shall be supervised by an armory board consisting of three or more persons appointed by the Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 123, &sect; 3, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 1971, c. 134, &sect; 1; Laws 1973, c. 32, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. April 20, 1973; Laws 1978, c. 141, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. April 5, 1978; Laws 2006, c. 254, &sect; 2, eff. July 1, 2006.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-232.4. Rules and regulations for use and oversight of facilities.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General or a representative may establish and proscribe by policy the applicable rules and regulations for the use and operation, management, rental, and fiscal oversight for facilities owned or controlled by the Military Department.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1951, p. 124, &sect; 4, emerg. eff. May 16, 1951. Amended by Laws 2006, c. 254, &sect; 3, eff. July 1, 2006; Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 8, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-232.5. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-232.6. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-232.7. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-233.1. Repealed by Laws 1985, c. 147, &sect; 5, eff. July 1, 1985.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-233.2. Agreement with United States.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General is hereby authorized and directed to enter into, in the name of the state, and to take all actions necessary to execute the terms of a National Guard armory building construction or expansion, rehabilitation or conversion of existing building agreements with the United States of America.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1953, p. 177, &sect; 2, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953. Amended by Laws 1955, p. 254, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. March 18, 1955; Laws 1971, c. 216, &sect; 1; Laws 1985, c. 147, &sect; 1, eff. July 1, 1985; Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 9, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-233.3. Construction contracts - Sale, disposition, demolition or transfer of property - Proceeds.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The Adjutant General or a representative of the State of Oklahoma is hereby authorized and directed to enter into contracts in the name of the state for the purpose of this title and shall:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Result in contracts awarded to the lowest and best bidder, approved by the Department of the Army or other representative federal agency, and that any contractor, to whom a contract may be awarded hereunder, shall execute with a qualified surety company, doing business in this state, as surety, bonds in such amounts and with such conditions as prescribed by law and by the Department of the Army or other representative federal agency. Such bonds shall be upon a form with such conditions and in such amounts as may meet the requirements of the representative federal agency and in such further amounts as willfully protect and cover the construction contributions of the state;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Assure that any contracts requiring federal funds are awarded in the same federal fiscal year of appropriation by Congress;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Result in full compliance with federal military construction standards; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. Result in full compliance with all state building codes.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The Adjutant General is authorized to sell or dispose of property and improvements thereon. The Adjutant General is authorized to demolish structures owned or controlled by the Military Department. The Adjutant General may transfer title to any property and improvements thereon to a municipality, county, state agency, or other public or non-profit entity. The Oklahoma Military Department shall be exempt from the Oklahoma Surplus Property Act for purposes of selling surplus property. Necessary deeds and other conveyances shall be executed by the Adjutant General in the name of the State of Oklahoma.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Proceeds of the sale or other disposition of such property shall be deposited in a revolving fund in the State Treasury designated as the Surplus Property Revolving Fund of the Oklahoma Military Department. Monies deposited in such revolving fund may be expended by the Adjutant General, for construction, repairs, and maintenance, or equipment for facilities of the Oklahoma National Guard.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1953, p. 177, &sect; 3, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953. Amended by Laws 1985, c. 147, &sect; 2, eff. July 1, 1985; Laws 2004, c. 138, &sect; 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2005, c. 130, &sect; 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2008, c. 172, &sect; 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2008; Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 10, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-233.4. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-233.5. Conveyance of sites by political subdivisions.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The governing body of any school district, town, city, county or any other political subdivision of state government is hereby authorized to convey to this state, title or other adequate property interest to acceptable and suitable real estate under its control and proper jurisdiction as sites for the construction, erection and completion of facilities under Section 233.2 et seq. of this title, and any individual and any corporation is authorized to convey by deed to this state, any of his, her or its lands, situated in the state for such purpose and use.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1953, p. 178, &sect; 5, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953. Amended by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 161, emerg. eff. May 1, 2007; Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 11, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-233.6. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-233.7. Oklahoma Military Department Revolving Fund.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">There is hereby created in the State Treasury a revolving fund for the Oklahoma Military Department to be designated the "Oklahoma Military Department Revolving Fund". The fund shall be a continuing fund, not subject to fiscal year limitations, and shall consist of any monies received by the Oklahoma Military Department from the sale of surplus property, fees and receipts collected pursuant to the Oklahoma Open Records Act, interagency reimbursements, federal funds unless otherwise provided by federal law or regulation, gifts, bequests, contributions, devises, any other source, and the proceeds of property sold or otherwise disposed of pursuant to the provisions of subsection B of Section 233.3 of this title. All monies accruing to the credit of said fund are hereby appropriated and may be budgeted and expended by the Oklahoma Military Department for construction, repairs, and maintenance, equipment for facilities of the Oklahoma National Guard, or for operating expenses of the Oklahoma Military Department. Expenditures from said fund shall be made upon warrants issued by the State Treasurer against claims filed as prescribed by law with the Director of the Office of Management and Enterprise Services for approval and payment. All monies in the fund may, at the direction of the Adjutant General, be invested by the State Treasurer in accordance with state investment practices. All earnings attributable to such investments shall likewise accrue to the credit of the fund.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1985, c. 147, &sect; 4, eff. July 1, 1985. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 210, &sect; 9, operative July 1, 1986; Laws 2008, c. 172, &sect; 5, eff. Nov. 1, 2008; Laws 2012, c. 304, &sect; 155.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-233.8. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-233.10. Purchase of replacement commercial funds.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Oklahoma Military Department is hereby authorized to purchase commercial vehicles to replace commercial vehicles deemed unserviceable by the Adjutant General from funds appropriated for maintenance operations or specially authorized and appropriated for this purpose.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1990, c. 258, &sect; 37, operative July 1, 1990.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-233.11. Contracts for professional services.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Oklahoma Military Department is hereby authorized to enter into agreements and contracts with licensed individuals, partnerships, corporations or firms for professional services for the development of designs, plans, and specifications, and further, the construction, renovation, and remodeling of buildings, structures, or equipment deemed necessary and appropriate by the Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1990, c. 258, &sect; 38, operative July 1, 1990. Amended by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 12, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-234.1. Repealed by Laws 1983, c. 333, &sect; 34, emerg. eff. June 29, 1983.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-234.2. Repealed by Laws 1983, c. 333, &sect; 34, emerg. eff. June 29, 1983.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44235. Creation of 45th Infantry Division Museum - Supervision &ndash; Location &ndash; Executive Director.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">There is hereby created the 45th Infantry Division Museum, to be under the supervision of the Adjutant General. The Adjutant General may appoint an Executive Director to oversee the daily operations and maintenance of the museum and perform other duties as requested by the Adjutant General. Appropriate state agencies are directed to make available, for display of items of historical significance and necessary space for administration, the buildings presently occupied by the Oklahoma Military Department, located in the vicinity of 36th Street and North Eastern in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The building herein referred to shall be made available by the Adjutant General as soon as same is no longer needed by and is vacated by the Oklahoma Military Department. The Executive Director, subject to the approval of the Adjutant General, may lease to the 45th Infantry Division Association, for periods not exceeding one (1) year and with provisions for renewal from year to year, an area to be used as a gift shop, if the lease does not interfere with its use by the 45th Infantry Division Museum. The proceeds of the sales from the gift shop shall remain with the 45th Infantry Division Association for operating purposes.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1965, H.J.R. No. 546, p. 1233, &sect; 235, emerg. eff. July 24, 1965. Amended by Laws 1975, c. 70, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. April 18, 1975; Laws 2004, c. 138, &sect; 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2004.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-235.1. 45th Infantry Division Museum Fund.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">There is hereby created in the State Treasury a special fund to be known as the "45th Infantry Division Museum Fund", which fund shall consist of donations received for operation and maintenance of the museum and monies received from the sale of Armed Forces Veterans Motorcycle License Plates pursuant to Section 1135.5 of Title 47 of the Oklahoma Statutes. Said fund shall be a continuing fund not subject to fiscal year limitations and shall be under the administrative direction of the Oklahoma Military Department. Expenditures from the fund created by this section shall be used exclusively for expenses of operation and maintenance of the 45th Infantry Division Museum and shall be made pursuant to the laws of this state and without legislative appropriation. Warrants for expenditures from said fund shall be drawn by the State Treasurer, based on claims signed by an authorized employee of the department and approved for payment by the Director of the Office of Management and Enterprise Services.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1974, c. 224, &sect; 5, emerg. eff. May 15, 1974. Amended by Laws 1979, c. 47, &sect; 14, emerg. eff. April 9, 1979; Laws 2005, c. 416, &sect; 8, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2012, c. 304, &sect; 156.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-235.2. Acceptance of gifts to the 45th Infantry Division Museum.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Adjutant General of Oklahoma is hereby authorized to accept gifts for and on behalf of the state of military artifacts, military books and maps and materials, supplies and equipment which support the construction and operation of the museum which have been or may be specifically donated to the 45th Infantry Division Museum.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Executive Director of the 45th Infantry Division Museum is directed to maintain and preserve appropriate records for all such gifts made to the museum.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Upon declaring that certain military artifacts or military books and maps belonging to the 45th Infantry Division Museum are surplus to the needs of the museum, the Executive Director of the 45th Infantry Division Museum is authorized to effect an exchange of the same on an equitable basis for military artifacts or military books and maps needed by the museum with the approval of the Office of Management and Enterprise Services.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1981, c. 138, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 5, 1981. Amended by Laws 1983, c. 304, &sect; 19, eff. July 1, 1983; Laws 2004, c. 138, &sect; 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2012, c. 304, &sect; 157.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-236. Repealed by Laws 2011, c. 124, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-237. Oklahoma National Guard Relief Program.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The Military Department of the State of Oklahoma shall create the Oklahoma National Guard Relief Program. The program is created for the purpose of providing financial, morale, welfare and recreation support to members of the Oklahoma National Guard.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. A review board shall be created for purposes of accepting applications and donations for financial, morale, welfare, and recreation support and to direct the distribution of program monies. The Adjutant General shall appoint current and former members or their spouses of the Oklahoma National Guard to serve as board members without compensation or reimbursement of travel or personal expenses.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. The Adjutant General is authorized to establish procedures for meetings, qualifying expenses, approvals, and criteria for funding financial hardships and morale, welfare and recreation facilities, events or ceremonies in support of the members of the Oklahoma National Guard.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2005, c. 238, &sect; 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2005. Amended by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 8, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44241. Governor authorized to organize, maintain, etc. Uniform.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Governor, pursuant to the authority granted the states by the Act of Congress of October 21, 1940, and under such regulations as the Secretary of Defense may prescribe for discipline in training, is hereby authorized to enlist, organize, maintain, equip and discipline such military forces other than the National Guard as he may deem necessary to defend the state. Such forces shall be uniformed and subject to Sections 1 through 117, 192 through 195.8, 208 through 235.2, and 2101 through 3113 of this title unless in conflict with such sections.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1941, p. 170, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. June 4, 1941; Laws 1985, c. 96, &sect; 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1985.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44242. Designation Composition Distinct from National Guard Place of service.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Such military forces shall be designated as the "Oklahoma State Guard" and shall be composed of officers commissioned or assigned, and such ablebodied male citizens of the state as shall volunteer for service therein. They shall be additional to and distinct from the National Guard organized under existing law. They shall not be required to serve outside the boundaries of this state.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1941, p. 170, &sect; 2, emerg. eff. June 4, 1941.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44243. Rules and regulations Arms and equipment Drill and instruction Similarity to National Guard Compensation and allowances.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Governor is hereby authorized to prescribe rules and regulations governing the enlistment, organization, administration, equipment, discipline and discharge of the personnel of such military forces; to requisition from the Secretary of Defense such arms and equipment as may be in the possession of and can be spared by the Department of Defense and to extend thereto the facilities of state armories and their equipment and such other state premises and property as may be available for the purpose of drill and instruction. Insofar as applicable the procedure for the enlistment, organization, pay, maintenance, equipment and disciplining of such forces shall be in conformity with the law and the rules and regulations governing and pertaining to the National Guard; provided that the officers and enlisted men in the Oklahoma State Guard shall not receive any compensation or monetary allowances from the state except when called into active service by order of the Governor.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1941, p. 170, &sect; 3, emerg. eff. June 4, 1941; Laws 1985, c. 96, &sect; 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1985.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44244. Calling into military service of United States not authorized No exemption from military service.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Nothing in this act shall be construed as authorizing such forces, or any part thereof to be called, ordered or in any manner drafted, as such into the military service of the United States, but no person shall by reason of his enlistment or commission in any such forces be exempted from military service under any law of the United States.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1941, p. 170, &sect; 4, emerg. eff. June 4, 1941.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-245. Persons not to be commissioned or enlisted.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">No person shall be commissioned or enlisted in such forces who has been expelled or dishonorably discharged from any military organization of this state, or of another state, or of the United States.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 1941, p. 170, &sect; 5, emerg. eff. June 4, 1941. Amended by Laws 2010, c. 212, &sect; 9, emerg. eff. May 6, 2010.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44246. Oath of officers.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The oath to be taken by officers commissioned in such forces shall be substantially in the form prescribed for officers of the National Guard, substituting the words "Oklahoma State Guard" where necessary.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1941, p. 171, &sect; 6, emerg. eff. June 4, 1941.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44247. Term of enlistment Oath upon enlistment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">No person shall be enlisted for more than one (1) year, but such enlistment may be renewed. The oath to be taken upon enlistment in such forces shall be substantially in the form prescribed for enlisted men of the National Guard, substituting the words "Oklahoma State Guard" where necessary.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1941, p. 171, &sect; 7, emerg. eff. June 4, 1941.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44248. Articles of War Applicability Exemption from arrest, jury duty and service on posse comitatus.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(a) Whenever such forces or any part thereof shall be ordered out for active service the Articles of War of the United States applicable to members of the National Guard of this state in relation to courtsmartial, their jurisdiction and the limits of punishment and the rules and regulations prescribed thereunder shall be in full force and effect with respect to "the Oklahoma State Guard."&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">(b) No officer or enlisted man of such forces shall be arrested on any warrant, except for treason or felony, while going to, remaining at, or returning from a place where he is ordered to attend for military duty. Every officer and enlisted man of such forces shall, during his service therein, be exempt from service upon any posse comitatus and from jury duty.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1941, p. 171, &sect; 8, emerg. eff. June 4, 1941.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-249. Repealed by Laws 1989, c. 154, &sect; 2, operative July 1, 1989.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44250. Citation of act.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">This act may be cited as the State Guard Act.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Laws 1941, p. 171, &sect; 10, emerg. eff. June 4, 1941.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls1">&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-261. Repealed by Laws 1973, c. 133, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 10, 1973.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-262. Repealed by Laws 1973, c. 133, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 10, 1973.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-263. Repealed by Laws 1973, c. 133, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 10, 1973.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-264. Repealed by Laws 1973, c. 133, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 10, 1973.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-265. Repealed by Laws 1973, c. 133, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 10, 1973.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-266. Repealed by Laws 1973, c. 133, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 10, 1973.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-267. Repealed by Laws 1973, c. 133, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 10, 1973.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-268. Repealed by Laws 1973, c. 133, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 10, 1973.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-269. Repealed by Laws 1973, c. 133, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 10, 1973.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-270. Repealed by Laws 1973, c. 133, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. May 10, 1973.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2101. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2102. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2103. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2104. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2105. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2106. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2201. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2202. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2203. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2204. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2205. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2206. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2207. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2208. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2301. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2401. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2402. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2403. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2404. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2405. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2406. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2407. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2408. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2501. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2502. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2503. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2504. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2505. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2506. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2507. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2508. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2601. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2602. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2603. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2604. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2605. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2606. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2701. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2702. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2703. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2704. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2705. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2706. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2707. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2708. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2709. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2710. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2711. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2712. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2713. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2714. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2715. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2716. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2717. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2718. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2719. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2801. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2802. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2803. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2804. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2805. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2806. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2901. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2902. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2903. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2904. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2905. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2906. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2907. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2908. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2909. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2910. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2911. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2912. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2913. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-2914. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3001. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3002. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3003. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3004. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3005. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3006. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3007. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3008. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3009. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3010. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3011. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3012. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3013. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3014. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3015. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3016. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3017. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3018. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3019. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3020. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3021. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3022. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3023. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3024. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3025. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3026. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3027. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3028. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3029. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3030. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3031. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3032. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3033. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3034. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3035. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3036. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3037. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3038. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3039. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3040. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3041. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3042. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3043. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3044. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3045. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3101. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3102. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3103. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3104. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3105. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3106. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3107. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3108. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3109. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3110. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3111. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3112. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3113. Repealed by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 162, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3114. Repealed by Laws 1980, c. 68, &sect; 1, emerg. eff. April 10, 1980.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3200. Short title.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">This act shall be known and may be cited as the &ldquo;Uniform State Code of Military Justice&rdquo;.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3201. Definitions.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. As used in this act, unless the context otherwise requires:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. &ldquo;Accuser&rdquo; means a person who signs and swears to charges, any person who directs that charges nominally be signed and sworn to by another, and any other person who has an interest other than an official interest in the prosecution of the accused;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. &ldquo;Cadet&rdquo;, &ldquo;candidate&rdquo;, or &ldquo;midshipman&rdquo; means a person who is enrolled in or attending a state military academy, a regional training institute, or any other formal education program for the purpose of becoming a commissioned officer in the state military forces;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. &ldquo;Classified information&rdquo; means:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;any information or material that has been determined by an official of the United States or any state pursuant to law, an Executive Order, or regulation to require protection against unauthorized disclosure for reasons of national or state security, and&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;any restricted data, as defined in Section 11(y) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C., Section 2014(y));&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. &ldquo;Code&rdquo; means this act;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. &ldquo;Commanding officer&rdquo; includes only commissioned officers of the state military forces and shall include officers in charge only when administering nonjudicial punishment under Section 17 of this act. &ldquo;Commander&rdquo; has the same meaning as &ldquo;commanding officer&rdquo; unless the context otherwise requires;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">6. &ldquo;Convening authority&rdquo; includes, in addition to the person who convened the court, a commissioned officer commanding for the time being or a successor in command to the convening authority;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">7. &ldquo;Day&rdquo; means calendar day and is not synonymous with the term &ldquo;unit training assembly&rdquo;. Any punishment authorized by this act which is measured in terms of days shall, when served in a status other than annual field training, be construed to mean succeeding duty days;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">8. &ldquo;Duty status other than state active duty&rdquo; means any other type of duty not in federal service and not full-time duty in the active service of the state, under an order issued by authority of law and includes travel to and from such duty;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">9. &ldquo;Enlisted member&rdquo; means a person in an enlisted grade;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">10. &ldquo;Judge advocate&rdquo; means a commissioned officer of the organized state military forces who is a member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of a state, and is:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;certified or designated as a judge advocate in the Judge Advocate General&rsquo;s Corps of the Army, Air Force, Navy, or the Marine Corps or designated as a law specialist as an officer of the Coast Guard, or a reserve component of one of these, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;certified as a nonfederally recognized judge advocate, under regulations promulgated pursuant to this provision, by the senior judge advocate of the commander of the force in the state military forces of which the accused is a member, as competent to perform such military justice duties required by this code. If there is no such judge advocate available, then such certification may be made by such senior judge advocate of the commander of another force in the state military forces as the convening authority directs;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">11. &ldquo;May&rdquo; is used in a permissive sense. The phrase &ldquo;no person may&rdquo; means that no person is required, authorized, or permitted to do the act prescribed;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">12. &ldquo;Military court&rdquo; means a court-martial or a court of inquiry;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">13. &ldquo;Military judge&rdquo; means an official of a general or special court-martial detailed in accordance with Section 29 of this act;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">14. The term &ldquo;military offenses&rdquo; means those offenses prescribed under Sections 88 (Principals), 89 (Accessory after the fact), 91 (Attempts), 92 (Conspiracy), 93 (Solicitation), 94 (Fraudulent enlistment, appointment, or separation), 95 (Unlawful enlistment, appointment, or separation), 96 (Desertion), 97 (Absence without leave), 98 (Missing movement), 99 (Contempt toward officials), 100 (Disrespect towards superior commissioned officer), 101 (Assaulting or willfully disobeying superior commissioned officer), 102 (Insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer), 103 (Failure to obey order or regulation), 104 (Cruelty and maltreatment), 105 (Mutiny or sedition), 106 (Resistance, flight, breach of arrest, and escape), 107 (Releasing prisoner without proper authority), 108 (Unlawful detention), 109 (Noncompliance with procedural rules), 110 (Misbehavior before the enemy), 111 (Subordinate compelling surrender), 112 (Improper use of countersign), 113 (Forcing a safeguard), 114 (Captured or abandoned property), 115 (Aiding the enemy), 116 (Misconduct as prisoner), 117 (Larceny and wrongful appropriation), 119 (False official statements), 120 (Military property &mdash; Loss, damage, destruction, or wrongful disposition), 121 (Property other than military property &mdash; Waste, spoilage, or destruction), 122 (Improper hazarding of vessel), 124 (Drunk on duty), 125 (Wrongful use, possession, etc., of controlled substances), 126 (Misbehavior of sentinel), 127 (Dueling), 128 (Malingering), 129 (Riot or breach of peace), 130 (Provoking speeches or gestures), 131 (Assault), 132 (Adultery), 146 (Frauds against the government), 147 (Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman), and 148 (General article) of this code;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">15. The term &ldquo;national security&rdquo; means the national defense and foreign relations of the United States;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">16. The term &ldquo;officer&rdquo; means a commissioned or warrant officer;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">17. The term &ldquo;officer in charge&rdquo; means a member of the naval militia, the Navy, the Marine Corps, or the Coast Guard designated as such by appropriate authority;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">18. The term &ldquo;record&rdquo;, when used in connection with the proceedings of a court-martial, means:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;an official written transcript, written summary, or other writing relating to the proceedings, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;an official audiotape, videotape, digital image or file, or similar material from which sound, or sound and visual images, depicting the proceedings may be reproduced;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">19. &ldquo;Shall&rdquo; is used in an imperative sense;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">20. &ldquo;State&rdquo; means one of the several states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">21. &ldquo;State active duty&rdquo; means full-time duty in the state military forces under an order of the Governor or otherwise issued by authority of law, and paid by state funds, and includes travel to and from such duty;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">22. &ldquo;Senior force judge advocate&rdquo; means the senior judge advocate of the commander of the same force of the state military forces as the accused and who is that commander&rsquo;s chief legal advisor; &nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">23. &ldquo;State military forces&rdquo; means the National Guard of the state, as defined in Title 32, United States Code, the organized naval militia of the state, and any other military force organized under the Constitution and laws of the state to include the unorganized militia (the state defense force when not in a status subjecting them to exclusive jurisdiction under Chapter 47 of Title 10, United States Code). The unorganized militia, state defense force, state national guard, home guard or any other name of any state force that does not meet this definition nevertheless shall be part of the &ldquo;state military forces&rdquo; under this code;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">24. The term &ldquo;superior commissioned officer&rdquo; means a commissioned officer superior in rank or command; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">25. &ldquo;Senior force commander&rdquo; means the commander of the same force of the state military forces as the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The use of the masculine gender throughout this code shall also include the feminine gender.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3202. Persons subject to code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">This code applies to all members of the state military forces who are not in federal service. No person may be tried for any offense provided in this code unless it was committed while he was in a duty status or during a period of time in which he was under lawful order to be in a duty status. However, the processing of charges and all proceedings, including trial and punishment, may be conducted without regard to the duty status of the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3203. Jurisdiction to try persons who obtained fraudulent discharge, deserters.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Each person discharged from the state military forces who is later charged with having fraudulently obtained a discharge is, subject to Section 46 of this act, subject to trial by court-martial on that charge and is, after apprehension, subject to this code while in custody under the direction of the state military forces for that trial. Upon conviction of that charge that person is subject to trial by court-martial for all offenses under this code committed before the fraudulent discharge.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. No person who has deserted from the state military forces may be relieved from amenability to the jurisdiction of this code by virtue of a separation from any later period of service.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3204. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 5, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3205. Applicability of Uniform State Code of Military Justice - Jurisdiction.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The Uniform State Code of Military Justice has applicability at all times and in all places, provided that the person subject to the code is in a duty status. For those offenses set forth in Section 3368 of this title, the Uniform State Code of Military Justice has applicability at all times and in all places regardless of duty status. Provided, however, these grants of military jurisdiction shall neither preclude nor limit civilian jurisdiction over an offense, which is limited only by the prohibition of double jeopardy.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Courts-martial and courts of inquiry may be convened and held in units of the state military forces while those units are serving outside the state with the same jurisdiction and powers as to persons subject to the Uniform State Code of Military Justice as if the proceedings were held inside the state, and offenses committed outside the state may be tried and punished either inside or outside the state.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 6, eff. Nov. 1, 2007. Amended by Laws 2011, c. 209, &sect; 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3206. Judge advocates - Administration of military justice.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The senior force judge advocates in each of the state&rsquo;s military forces or those judge advocates&rsquo; delegates shall make frequent inspections in the field in supervision of the administration of military justice in that force.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Convening authorities shall at all times communicate directly with their judge advocates in matters relating to the administration of military justice. The judge advocate of any command is entitled to communicate directly with the judge advocate of a superior or subordinate command, or with the State Judge Advocate.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. No person who has acted as member, military judge, trial counsel, defense counsel, or investigating officer, or who has been a witness, in any case may later act as a judge advocate to any reviewing authority upon the same case.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 7, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3207. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 8, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3211. Apprehension of persons.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Apprehension is the taking of a person into custody.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any person authorized by this code or by Chapter 47 of Title 10, United States Code, or by regulations issued under either, to apprehend persons subject to this code, any marshal of a court-martial appointed pursuant to the provisions of this code, and any peace officer or civil officer having authority to apprehend offenders under the laws of the United States or of a state, may do so upon probable cause that an offense has been committed and that the person apprehended committed it.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Commissioned officers, warrant officers, petty officers, and noncommissioned officers have authority to quell quarrels, frays, and disorders among persons subject to this code and to apprehend persons subject to this code who take part therein.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. If an offender is apprehended outside the state, the offender&rsquo;s return to the area must be in accordance with normal extradition procedures or by reciprocal agreement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. No person authorized by this article to apprehend persons subject to this code or the place where such offender is confined, restrained, held, or otherwise housed may require payment of any fee or charge for so receiving, apprehending, confining, restraining, holding, or otherwise housing a person except as otherwise provided by law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 9, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3212. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 10, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3213. Arrest or confinement of enlisted members or officers.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Arrest is the restraint of a person by an order, not imposed as a punishment for an offense, directing him to remain within certain specified limits. Confinement is the physical restraint of a person.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. An enlisted member may be ordered into arrest or confinement by any commissioned officer by an order, oral or written, delivered in person or through other persons subject to this code. A commanding officer may authorize warrant officers, petty officers, or noncommissioned officers to order enlisted members of the commanding officer&rsquo;s command or subject to the commanding officer&rsquo;s authority into arrest or confinement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. A commissioned officer, a warrant officer, or a civilian subject to this code or to trial thereunder may be ordered into arrest or confinement only by a commanding officer to whose authority the person is subject, by an order, oral or written, delivered in person or by another commissioned officer. The authority to order such persons into arrest or confinement may not be delegated.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. No person may be ordered into arrest or confinement except for probable cause.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. This article does not limit the authority of persons authorized to apprehend offenders to secure the custody of an alleged offender until proper authority may be notified.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 11, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3214. Arrest or confinement of persons charged with offense.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code charged with an offense under this code may be ordered into arrest or confinement, as circumstances may require. When any person subject to this code is placed in arrest or confinement prior to trial, immediate steps shall be taken to inform the person of the specific wrong of which the person is accused and diligent steps shall be taken to try the person or to dismiss the charges and release the person.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 12, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3215. Confinement in civilian or military facilities - Refusal to receive prisoners - Receipt of prisoners.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. If a person subject to this code is confined before, during, or after trial, confinement shall be in a civilian or military confinement facility.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. No person authorized to receive prisoners pursuant to subsection A of this section may refuse to receive or keep any prisoner committed to the person&rsquo;s charge by a commissioned officer of the state military forces, when the committing officer furnishes a statement, signed by such officer, of the offense charged against the prisoner, unless otherwise authorized by law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Every person authorized to receive prisoners pursuant to subsection A of this section to whose charge a prisoner is committed shall, within twenty-four (24) hours after that commitment or as soon as the person is relieved from guard, report to the commanding officer of the prisoner the name of the prisoner, the offense charged against the prisoner, and the name of the person who ordered or authorized the commitment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3216. Placement of military prisoners.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">No member of the state military forces may be placed in confinement in immediate association with enemy prisoners or other foreign nationals not members of the armed forces.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 14, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3217. Punishment before trial prohibited.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">No person, while being held for trial or awaiting a verdict, may be subjected to punishment or penalty other than arrest or confinement upon the charges pending against the person, nor shall the arrest or confinement imposed upon such person be any more rigorous than the circumstances required to ensure the person&rsquo;s presence, but the person may be subjected to minor punishment during that period for infractions of discipline.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 15, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3218. Delivery of offenders to civil authorities - Interruption of sentence of court-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. A person subject to this code accused of an offense against civil authority may be delivered, upon request, to the civil authority for trial or confinement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. When delivery under this article is made to any civil authority of a person undergoing sentence of a court-martial, the delivery, if followed by conviction in a civil tribunal, interrupts the execution of the sentence of the court-martial, and the offender after having answered to the civil authorities for the offense shall, upon the request of competent military authority, be returned to the place of original custody for the completion of the person&rsquo;s sentence.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 16, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3221. Nonjudicial punishment by commanding officers or other authorities.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Under such regulations as prescribed, any commanding officer (and for purposes of this article, officers in charge) may impose disciplinary punishments for minor offenses without the intervention of a court-martial pursuant to this article. The Governor, the Adjutant General, or an officer of a general or flag rank in command may delegate the powers under this article to a principal assistant who is a member of the state military forces.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any commanding officer may impose upon enlisted members of the officer&rsquo;s command:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. An admonition;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. A reprimand;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. The withholding of privileges for not more than six (6) months which need not be consecutive;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. The forfeiture of pay of not more than seven (7) days&rsquo; pay;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. A fine of not more than seven (7) days&rsquo; pay;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">6. A reduction to the next inferior pay grade, if the grade from which demoted is within the promotion authority of the officer imposing the reduction or any officer subordinate to the one who imposes the reduction;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">7. Extra duties, including fatigue or other duties, for not more than fourteen (14) days, which need not be consecutive; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">8. Restriction to certain specified limits, with or without suspension from duty, for not more than fourteen (14) days, which need not be consecutive.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Any commanding officer of the grade of major or lieutenant commander or above may impose upon enlisted members of the officer&rsquo;s command:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Any punishment authorized in paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of subsection B of this section;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The forfeiture of not more than one-half (1/2) of one (1) month&rsquo;s pay per month for two (2) months;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. A fine of not more than one (1) month&rsquo;s pay;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. A reduction to the lowest or any intermediate pay grade, if the grade from which demoted is within the promotion authority of the officer imposing the reduction or any officer subordinate to the one who imposes the reduction, but an enlisted member in a pay grade above E-4 may not be reduced more than two pay grades;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. Extra duties, including fatigue or other duties, for not more than forty-five (45) days which need not be consecutive; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">6. Restriction to certain specified limits, with or without suspension from duty, for not more than sixty (60) days which need not be consecutive.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. The Governor, the Adjutant General, an officer exercising general court-martial convening authority, or an officer of a general or flag rank in command may impose:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Upon officers of the officer&rsquo;s command:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;any punishment authorized in paragraphs 1, 2, 3 and 6 of subsection C of this section, and&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;arrest in quarters for not more than thirty (30) days which need not be consecutive; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Upon enlisted members of the officer&rsquo;s command: any punishment authorized in subsection C of this section.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. Whenever any of those punishments are combined to run consecutively, the total length of the combined punishment cannot exceed the authorized duration of the longest punishment in the combination, and there must be an apportionment of punishments so that no single punishment in the combination exceeds its authorized length under this article.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">F. Prior to the offer of nonjudicial punishment, the commanding officer shall determine whether arrest in quarters or restriction shall be considered as punishments. Should the commanding officer determine that the punishment options may include arrest in quarters or restriction, the accused shall be notified of the right to demand trial by court-martial. Should the commanding officer determine that the punishment options will not include arrest in quarters or restriction, the accused shall be notified that there is no right to trial by court-martial in lieu of nonjudicial punishment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">G. The officer who imposes the punishment, or the successor in command, may, at any time, suspend, set aside, mitigate, or remit any part or amount of the punishment and restore all rights, privileges, and property affected. The officer also may:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Mitigate reduction in grade to forfeiture of pay;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Mitigate arrest in quarters to restriction; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Mitigate extra duties to restriction.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The mitigated punishment shall not be for a greater period than the punishment mitigated. When mitigating reduction in grade to forfeiture of pay, the amount of the forfeiture shall not be greater than the amount that could have been imposed initially under this article by the officer who imposed the punishment mitigated.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">H. A person punished under this article who considers the punishment unjust or disproportionate to the offense may, through the proper channel, appeal to the Joint Chiefs of Staff within fifteen (15) days after the punishment is either announced or sent to the accused, as the commander may determine. The appeal shall be promptly forwarded and decided, and the person may not be punished until the appeal is decided. The Joint Chiefs of Staff may exercise the same powers with respect to the punishment imposed as may be exercised under subsection G of this section by the officer who imposed the punishment. Before acting on an appeal from a punishment, the Joint Chief of Staff may refer the case to a judge advocate for consideration and advice.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">I. The imposition and enforcement of disciplinary punishment under this article for any act or omission is not a bar to trial by court-martial or a civilian court of competent jurisdiction for a serious crime or offense growing out of the same act or omission and not properly punishable under this section; but the fact that a disciplinary punishment has been enforced may be shown by the accused upon trial and, when so shown, it shall be considered in determining the measure of punishment to be adjudged in the event of a finding of guilty.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">J. Whenever a punishment of forfeiture of pay is imposed under this article, the forfeiture may apply to pay accruing before, on, or after the date that punishment is imposed.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">K. Regulations may prescribe the form of records to be kept of proceedings under this article and may prescribe that certain categories of those proceedings shall be in writing.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 17, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3231. Types of courts-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The three kinds of courts-martial in the state military forces are:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. General courts-martial, consisting of:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;a military judge and not less than five members, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;only a military judge, if before the court is assembled the accused, knowing the identity of the military judge and after consultation with defense counsel, requests orally on the record or in writing a court composed only of a military judge and the military judge approves;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Special courts-martial, consisting of:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;a military judge and not less than three members, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;only a military judge, if one has been detailed to the court, and the accused under the same conditions as those prescribed in subparagraph b of paragraph 1 of this section so requests; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Summary courts-martial, consisting of one commissioned officer.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 18, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3232. Jurisdiction of state military forces.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Each component of the state military forces has court-martial jurisdiction over all members of the particular component who are subject to this code. Additionally, the Army and Air National Guard state military forces have court-martial jurisdiction over all members subject to this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 19, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3233. Jurisdiction of general courts-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Subject to Section 19 of this act, general courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code for any offense made punishable by this code, and may, under such limitations as the Governor may prescribe, adjudge any punishment not forbidden by this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 20, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3234. Jurisdiction of special courts-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Subject to Section 19 of this act, special courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code for any offense made punishable by this code, and may, under such limitations as the Governor may prescribe, adjudge any punishment not forbidden by this code except dishonorable discharge, dismissal, confinement for more than one (1) year, forfeiture of pay exceeding two-thirds (2/3) pay per month, or forfeiture of pay for more than one (1) year.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 21, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3235. Jurisdiction of summary courts-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Subject to Section 19 of this act, summary courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code, except officers, cadets, candidates, and midshipmen, for any offense made punishable by this code under such limitations as the Governor may prescribe.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. No person with respect to whom summary courts-martial have jurisdiction may be brought to trial before a summary court-martial if that person objects thereto. If objection to trial by summary court-martial is made by an accused, trial by special or general court-martial may be ordered, as may be appropriate. Summary courts-martial may, under such limitations as the Governor may prescribe, adjudge any punishment not forbidden by this code except dismissal, dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge, confinement for more than one (1) month, restriction to specified limits for more than two (2) months, or forfeiture of more than two-thirds (2/3) of one (1) month&rsquo;s pay.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 22, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3236. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 23, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3241. Authority to convene general courts-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. General courts-martial may be convened by:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. The Governor;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The Adjutant General;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. The commanding officer of a force of the state military forces; &nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. The commanding officer of a division or a separate brigade; or &nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. The commanding officer of a separate wing.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. If any such commanding officer is an accuser, the court shall be convened by superior competent authority and may in any case be convened by such superior authority if considered desirable by such authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 24, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3242. Authority to convene special courts-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Special courts-martial may be convened by:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Any person who may convene a general court-martial;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The commanding officer of a garrison, fort, post, camp, station, Air National Guard base, or naval base or station;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. The commanding officer of a brigade, regiment, detached battalion, or corresponding unit of the Army;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. The commanding officer of a wing, group, separate squadron, or corresponding unit of the Air Force; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. The commanding officer or officer in charge of any other command when empowered by the Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. If any such officer is an accuser, the court shall be convened by superior competent authority and may in any case be convened by such superior authority if considered desirable by such authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 25, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3243. Authority to convene summary courts-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Summary courts-martial may be convened by:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Any person who may convene a general or special court-martial;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The commanding officer of a detached company or other detachment, or corresponding unit of the Army;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. The commanding officer of a detached squadron or other detachment, or corresponding unit of the Air Force; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. The commanding officer or officer in charge of any other command when empowered by the Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. When only one commissioned officer is present with a command or detachment that officer shall be the summary court-martial of that command or detachment and shall hear and determine all summary court-martial cases. Summary courts-martial may, however, be convened in any case by superior competent authority if considered desirable by such authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 26, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3244. Members of courts-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Any commissioned officer of the state military forces is eligible to serve on all courts-martial for the trial of any person subject to this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any warrant officer of the state military forces is eligible to serve on general and special courts-martial for the trial of any person subject to this code, other than a commissioned officer.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Any enlisted member of the state military forces who is not a member of the same unit as the accused is eligible to serve on general and special courts-martial for the trial of any enlisted member subject to this code, but that member shall serve as a member of a court only if, before the conclusion of a session called by the military judge under Section 42 of this act prior to trial or, in the absence of such a session, before the court is assembled for the trial of the accused, the accused personally has requested orally on the record or in writing that enlisted members serve on it. After such a request, the accused may not be tried by a general or special court-martial the membership of which does not include enlisted members in a number comprising at least one-third (1/3) of the total membership of the court, unless eligible enlisted members cannot be obtained on account of physical conditions or military exigencies. If such members cannot be obtained, the court may be assembled and the trial held without them, but the convening authority shall make a detailed written statement, to be appended to the record, stating why they could not be obtained. In this article, &ldquo;unit&rdquo; means any regularly organized body of the state military forces not larger than a company, a squadron, a division of the naval militia, or a body corresponding to one of them.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. When it can be avoided, no person subject to this code may be tried by a court-martial any member of which is junior to the accused in rank or grade.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. When convening a court-martial, the convening authority shall detail as members thereof such members of the state military forces as, in the convening authority&rsquo;s opinion, are best qualified for the duty by reason of age, education, training, experience, length of service, and judicial temperament. No member of the state military forces is eligible to serve as a member of a general or special court-martial when that member is the accuser, a witness, or has acted as investigating officer or as counsel in the same case.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">F. Before a court-martial is assembled for the trial of a case, the convening authority may excuse a member of the court from participating in the case. The convening authority may delegate the authority under this subsection to a judge advocate or to any other principal assistant.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 27, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3245. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 28, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3246. Military judge of general or special court-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. A military judge shall be detailed to each general and special court-martial. The military judge shall preside over each open session of the court-martial to which the military judge has been detailed.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. A military judge shall be:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. An active or retired commissioned officer of an organized state military force;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. A member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of a state or a member of the bar of a federal court for at least five (5) years; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Certified as qualified for duty as a military judge by the senior force judge advocate which is the same force as the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. In the instance when a military judge is not a member of the bar of the highest court of the state, the military judge shall be deemed admitted pro hac vice, subject to filing a certificate with the senior force judge advocate which is the same force as the accused setting forth such qualifications provided in subsection B of this section.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. The military judge of a general or special court-martial shall be designated by the senior force judge advocate which is the same force as the accused, or a designee, for detail by the convening authority. Neither the convening authority nor any staff member of the convening authority shall prepare or review any report concerning the effectiveness, fitness, or efficiency of the military judge so detailed, which relates to performance of duty as a military judge.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. No person is eligible to act as military judge in a case if that person is the accuser or a witness, or has acted as investigating officer or a counsel in the same case.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">F. The military judge of a court-martial may not consult with the members of the court except in the presence of the accused, trial counsel, and defense counsel nor vote with the members of the court.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 29, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3247. Detail of counsel for general or special court-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. 1. For each general and special court-martial the authority convening the court shall detail trial counsel, defense counsel, and such assistants as are appropriate.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. No person who has acted as investigating officer, military judge, witness or court member in any case may act later as trial counsel, assistant trial counsel, or, unless expressly requested by the accused, as defense counsel or assistant or associate defense counsel in the same case. No person who has acted for the prosecution may act later in the same case for the defense nor may any person who has acted for the defense act later in the same case for the prosecution.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Except as provided in subsection C of this section, trial counsel or defense counsel detailed for a general or special court-martial must be:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. A judge advocate as defined in Section 2 of this act; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. In the case of trial counsel, a member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of the state where the court-martial is held. &nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. In the instance when a defense counsel is not a member of the bar of the highest court of the state, the defense counsel shall be deemed admitted pro hac vice, subject to filing a certificate with the military judge setting forth the qualifications that counsel is:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. A commissioned officer of the armed forces of the United States or a component thereof;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. A member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of a state; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Certified as a judge advocate in the Judge Advocate General&rsquo;s Corps of the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, or a judge advocate as defined in Section 2 of this act.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 30, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3248. Detail or employment of court reports and interpreters.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Under such regulations as may be prescribed, the convening authority of a general or special court-martial or court of inquiry shall detail or employ qualified court reporters, who shall record the proceedings of and testimony taken before that court and may detail or employ interpreters who shall interpret for the court.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 31, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3249. Absence or excuse of members - Replacement of members or military judge.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. No member of a general or special court-martial may be absent or excused after the court has been assembled for the trial of the accused unless excused as a result of a challenge, excused by the military judge for physical disability or other good cause, or excused by order of the convening authority for good cause.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Whenever a general court-martial, other than a general court-martial composed of a military judge only, is reduced below five members, the trial may not proceed unless the convening authority details new members sufficient in number to provide not less than the applicable minimum number of five members. The trial may proceed with the new members present after the recorded evidence previously introduced before the members of the court has been read to the court in the presence of the military judge, the accused, and counsel for both sides.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Whenever a special court-martial, other than a special court-martial composed of a military judge only, is reduced below three members, the trial may not proceed unless the convening authority details new members sufficient in number to provide not less than three members. The trial shall proceed with the new members present as if no evidence had been introduced previously at the trial, unless a verbatim record of the evidence previously introduced before the members of the court or a stipulation thereof is read to the court in the presence of the military judge, the accused, and counsel for both sides.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. If the military judge of a court-martial composed of a military judge only is unable to proceed with the trial because of physical disability, as a result of a challenge, or for other good cause, the trial shall proceed, subject to any applicable conditions of Section 18 of this act, after the detail of a new military judge as if no evidence had previously been introduced, unless a verbatim record of the evidence previously introduced or a stipulation thereof is read in court in the presence of the new military judge, the accused, and counsel for both sides.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 32, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3251. Charges and specification.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Charges and specifications shall be signed by a person subject to this code under oath before a commissioned officer authorized by Section 150 of this act to administer oaths and shall state:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. That the signer has personal knowledge of, or has investigated, the matters set forth therein; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. That they are true in fact to the best of the signer&rsquo;s knowledge and belief.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Upon the preferring of charges, the proper authority shall take immediate steps to determine what disposition should be made thereof in the interest of justice and discipline, and the person accused shall be informed of the charges as soon as practicable.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 33, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3252. Compulsory self-incrimination prohibited.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. No person subject to this code may compel any person to incriminate himself or to answer any question the answer to which may tend to incriminate him.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. No person subject to this code may interrogate or request any statement from an accused or a person suspected of an offense without first informing that person of the nature of the accusation and advising that person that the person does not have to make any statement regarding the offense of which the person is accused or suspected and that any statement made by the person may be used as evidence against the person in a trial by court-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. No person subject to this code may compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military court if the statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade the person.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. No statement obtained from any person in violation of this article or through the use of coercion, unlawful influence, or unlawful inducement may be received in evidence against the person in a trial by court-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 34, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3253. Investigation of charges or specification.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. No charge or specification may be referred to a general court-martial for trial until a thorough and impartial investigation of all the matters set forth therein has been made. This investigation shall include inquiry as to the truth of the matter set forth in the charges, consideration of the form of charges, and a recommendation as to the disposition which should be made of the case in the interest of justice and discipline.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The accused shall be advised of the charges against the accused and of the right to be represented at that investigation by counsel. The accused has the right to be represented at that investigation as provided in Section 41 of this act and in regulations prescribed under that section. At that investigation, full opportunity shall be given to the accused to cross-examine witnesses against the accused, if they are available, and to present anything the accused may desire in the accused&rsquo;s own behalf, either in defense or mitigation, and the investigating officer shall examine available witnesses requested by the accused. If the charges are forwarded after the investigation, they shall be accompanied by a statement of the substance of the testimony taken on both sides and a copy thereof shall be given to the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. If an investigation of the subject matter of an offense has been conducted before the accused is charged with the offense, and if the accused was present at the investigation and afforded the opportunities for representation, cross-examination, and presentation prescribed in subsection B of this section, no further investigation of that charge is necessary under this article unless it is demanded by the accused after the accused is informed of the charge. A demand for further investigation entitles the accused to recall witnesses for further cross-examination and to offer any new evidence in the accused&rsquo;s own behalf. &nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. If evidence adduced in an investigation under this article indicates that the accused committed an uncharged offense, the investigating officer may investigate the subject matter of that offense without the accused having first been charged with the offense if the accused:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Is present at the investigation;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Is informed of the nature of each uncharged offense investigated; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Is afforded the opportunities for representation, cross-examination, and presentation prescribed in subsection B of this section.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. The requirements of this article are binding on all persons administering this code but failure to follow them does not constitute jurisdictional error.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 35, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3254. Forward of charges.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">When a person is held for trial by general court-martial, the commanding officer shall within eight (8) days after the accused is ordered into arrest or confinement, if practicable, forward the charges, together with the investigation and allied papers, to the person exercising general court-martial jurisdiction. If that is not practicable, the commanding officer shall report in writing to that person the reasons for delay.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 36, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3255. Consideration and advice of judge advocate.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Before directing the trial of any charge by general court-martial, the convening authority shall refer it to a judge advocate for consideration and advice. The convening authority may not refer a specification under a charge to a general court-martial for trial unless the convening authority has been advised in writing by a judge advocate that:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. The specification alleges an offense under this code;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The specification is warranted by the evidence indicated in the report of investigation under Section 35 of this act, if there is such a report; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. A court-martial would have jurisdiction over the accused and the offense.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The advice of the judge advocate under subsection A of this section with respect to a specification under a charge shall include a written and signed statement by the judge advocate:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Expressing conclusions with respect to each matter set forth in subsection A of this section; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Recommending action that the convening authority take regarding the specification.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">If the specification is referred for trial, the recommendation of the judge advocate shall accompany the specification.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. If the charges or specifications are not correct formally or do not conform to the substance of the evidence contained in the report of the investigating officer, formal corrections, and such changes in the charges and specifications as are needed to make them conform to the evidence, may be made.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 37, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3256. Service of charges.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The trial counsel shall serve or cause to be served upon the accused a copy of the charges. No person may, against the person&rsquo;s objection, be brought to trial before a general court-martial case within a period of five (5) days after the service of charges upon the accused, or in a special court-martial, within a period of three (3) days after the service of charges upon the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 38, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3261. Prescription of procedures.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Pretrial, trial and posttrial procedures, including modes of proof, for courts-martial cases arising under this code, and for courts of inquiry, may be prescribed by the Governor or the Adjutant General by regulations, or as otherwise provided by law, which shall apply the principles of law and the rules of evidence generally recognized in military criminal cases in the courts of the armed forces but which may not be contrary to or inconsistent with this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 39, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3262. Certain adverse action prohibited - Unlawfully coercing or influencing action of court-martial - Exceptions.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. No authority convening a general, special, or summary court-martial, nor any other commanding officer, or officer serving on the staff thereof, may censure, reprimand, or admonish the court or any member, the military judge, or counsel thereof, with respect to the findings or sentence adjudged by the court or with respect to any other exercise of its or their functions in the conduct of the proceedings. No person subject to this code may attempt to coerce or, by any unauthorized means, influence the action of a court-martial or court of inquiry or any member thereof, in reaching the findings or sentence in any case, or the action of any convening, approving, or reviewing authority with respect to their judicial acts. The foregoing provisions of this subsection shall not apply with respect to:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. General instructional or informational courses in military justice if such courses are designed solely for the purpose of instructing members of a command in the substantive and procedural aspects of courts-martial; or &nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Statements and instructions given in open court by the military judge, summary court-martial officer, or counsel.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. In the preparation of an effectiveness, fitness, or efficiency report, or any other report or document used in whole or in part for the purpose of determining whether a member of the state military forces is qualified to be advanced in grade, or in determining the assignment or transfer of a member of the state military forces, or in determining whether a member of the state military forces should be retained on active status, no person subject to this code may, in preparing any such report:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Consider or evaluate the performance of duty of any such member as a member of a court-martial or witness therein; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Give a less favorable rating or evaluation of any counsel of the accused because of zealous representation before a court-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 40, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3263. Qualifications of trial counsel - Accused's right to counsel - Preparation for review following conviction.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The trial counsel of a general or special court-martial shall be a member in good standing of the state bar and shall prosecute in the name of the state, and shall, under the direction of the court, prepare the record of the proceedings.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. 1. The accused has the right to be represented in defense before a general or special court-martial or at an investigation under Section 35 of this act as provided in this subsection.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The accused may be represented by civilian counsel at the provision and expense of the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. The accused may be represented:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;by military counsel detailed under Section 30 of this act, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;by military counsel of the accused&rsquo;s own selection if that counsel is reasonably available as determined under paragraph 7 of this subsection.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. If the accused is represented by civilian counsel, military counsel detailed or selected under paragraph 3 of this subsection shall act as associate counsel unless excused at the request of the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. Except as provided under paragraph 6 of this subsection, if the accused is represented by military counsel of his own selection under subparagraph b of paragraph 3 of this subsection, any military counsel detailed under subparagraph a of paragraph 3 of this subsection shall be excused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">6. The accused is not entitled to be represented by more than one military counsel. However, the person authorized under regulations prescribed under Section 30 of this act to detail counsel, in that person&rsquo;s sole discretion:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;may detail additional military counsel as assistant defense counsel, and&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;if the accused is represented by military counsel of the accused&rsquo;s own selection under subparagraph b of paragraph 3 of this subsection, may approve a request from the accused that military counsel detailed under subparagraph a of paragraph 3 of this subsection act as associate defense counsel.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">7. The senior force judge advocate of the same force of which the accused is a member, shall determine whether the military counsel selected by an accused is reasonably available.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. In any court-martial proceeding resulting in a conviction, the defense counsel:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. May forward for attachment to the record of proceedings a brief of such matters as counsel determines should be considered in behalf of the accused on review, including any objection to the contents of the record which counsel considers appropriate;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. May assist the accused in the submission of any matter under Section 68 of this act; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. May take other action authorized by this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 41, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3264. Court session without members - Record of proceedings - Persons required at proceedings.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. At any time after the service of charges which have been referred for trial to a court-martial composed of a military judge and members, the military judge may, subject to Section 38 of this act, call the court into session without the presence of the members for the purpose of:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Hearing and determining motions raising defenses or objections which are capable of determination without trial of the issues raised by a plea of not guilty;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Hearing and ruling upon any matter which may be ruled upon by the military judge under this code, whether or not the matter is appropriate for later consideration or decision by the members of the court;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Holding the arraignment and receiving the pleas of the accused; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. Performing any other procedural function which does not require the presence of the members of the court under this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">These proceedings shall be conducted in the presence of the accused, the defense counsel, and the trial counsel and shall be made a part of the record. These proceedings may be conducted notwithstanding the number of court members and without regard to Section 32 of this act.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. When the members of a court-martial deliberate or vote, only the members may be present. All other proceedings, including any other consultation of the members of the court with counsel or the military judge, shall be made a part of the record and shall be in the presence of the accused, the defense counsel, the trial counsel, and the military judge.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 42, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3265. Continuances.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The military judge of a court-martial or a summary court-martial may, for reasonable cause, grant a continuance to any party for such time, and as often, as may appear to be just.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 43, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3266. Challenges.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. 1. The military judge and members of a general or special court-martial may be challenged by the accused or the trial counsel for cause stated to the court. The military judge or the court shall determine the relevancy and validity of challenges for cause and may not receive a challenge to more than one person at a time. Challenges by the trial counsel shall ordinarily be presented and decided before those by the accused are offered.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. If exercise of a challenge for cause reduces the court below the minimum number of members required by Section 18 of this act, all parties shall, notwithstanding Section 32 of this act, either exercise or waive any challenge for cause then apparent against the remaining members of the court before additional members are detailed to the court. However, peremptory challenges shall not be exercised at that time.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. 1. Each accused and the trial counsel are entitled initially to one peremptory challenge of members of the court. The military judge may not be challenged except for cause.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. If exercise of a peremptory challenge reduces the court below the minimum number of members required by Section 18 of this act, the parties shall, notwithstanding Section 32 of this act, either exercise or waive any remaining peremptory challenge, not previously waived, against the remaining members of the court before additional members are detailed to the court.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Whenever additional members are detailed to the court, and after any challenges for cause against such additional members are presented and decided, each accused and the trial counsel are entitled to one peremptory challenge against members not previously subject to peremptory challenge.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 44, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3267. Oaths or affirmations.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Before performing their respective duties, military judges, general and special courts-martial members, trial counsel, defense counsel, reporters, and interpreters shall take an oath or affirmation in the presence of the accused to perform their duties faithfully. The form of the oath or affirmation, the time and place of the taking thereof, the manner of recording the same, and whether the oath or affirmation shall be taken for all cases in which these duties are to be performed or for a particular case, shall be as prescribed in regulation or as provided by law. These regulations may provide that an oath or affirmation to perform faithfully the duties as a military judge, trial counsel, or defense counsel may be taken at any time by any judge advocate or other person certified or designated to be qualified or competent for the duty, and if such an oath or affirmation is taken, it need not again be taken at the time the judge advocate or other person is detailed to that duty.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Each witness before a court-martial shall be examined under oath or affirmation.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 45, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3268. Statute of limitations.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Except as otherwise provided in this article, a person charged with any offense is not liable to be tried by court-martial or punished under Section 17 of this act if the offense was committed more than three (3) years before the receipt of sworn charges and specifications by an officer exercising court-martial jurisdiction over the command or before the imposition of punishment under Section 17 of this act.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Periods in which the accused is absent without authority or fleeing from justice shall be excluded in computing the period of limitation prescribed in this article.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Periods in which the accused was absent from territory in which the state has the authority to apprehend him, or in the custody of civil authorities, or in the hands of the enemy, shall be excluded in computing the period of limitation prescribed in this article.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. When the United States is at war, the running of any statute of limitations applicable to any offense under this code:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Involving fraud or attempted fraud against the United States, any state, or any agency of either in any manner, whether by conspiracy or not;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Committed in connection with the acquisition, care, handling, custody, control, or disposition of any real or personal property of the United States or any state; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Committed in connection with the negotiation, procurement, award, performance, payment, interim financing, cancellation, or other termination or settlement, of any contract, subcontract, or purchase order which is connected with or related to the prosecution of the war, or with any disposition of termination inventory by any war contractor or government agency,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">is suspended until two (2) years after the termination of hostilities as proclaimed by the President or by a joint resolution of Congress.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. 1. If charges or specifications are dismissed as defective or insufficient for any cause and the period prescribed by the applicable statute of limitations:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;has expired, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;will expire within one hundred eighty (180) days after the date of dismissal of the charges and specifications, &nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">trial and punishment under new charges and specifications are not barred by the statute of limitations if the conditions specified in paragraph 2 of this subsection are met.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The conditions referred to in paragraph 1 are that the new charges and specifications must:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;be received by an officer exercising summary court-martial jurisdiction over the command within one hundred eighty (180) days after the dismissal of the charges or specifications, and&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;allege the same acts or omissions that were alleged in the dismissed charges or specifications or allege acts or omissions that were included in the dismissed charges or specifications.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 46, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3269. Double jeopardy prohibited.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. No person may, without his consent, be tried a second time for the same offense.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. No proceeding in which an accused has been found guilty by a court-martial upon any charge or specification is a trial in the sense of this article until the finding of guilty has become final after review of the case has been fully completed.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. A proceeding which, after the introduction of evidence but before a finding, is dismissed or terminated by the convening authority or on motion of the prosecution for failure of available evidence or witnesses without any fault of the accused is a trial in the sense of this article.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 47, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3270. Pleas of the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. If an accused after arraignment makes an irregular pleading, or after a plea of guilty sets up matter inconsistent with the plea, or if it appears that the accused has entered the plea of guilty improvidently or through lack of understanding of its meaning and effect, or if the accused fails or refuses to plead, a plea of not guilty shall be entered in the record, and the court shall proceed as though the accused had pleaded not guilty.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. With respect to any charge or specification to which a plea of guilty has been made by the accused and accepted by the military judge or by a court-martial without a military judge, a finding of guilty of the charge or specification may be entered immediately without vote. This finding shall constitute the finding of the court unless the plea of guilty is withdrawn prior to announcement of the sentence, in which event, the proceedings shall continue as though the accused had pleaded not guilty.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 48, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3271. Service of process.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The trial counsel, the defense counsel, and the court-martial shall have equal opportunity to obtain witnesses and other evidence as prescribed by regulations and provided by law. Process issued in court-martial cases to compel witnesses to appear and testify and to compel the production of other evidence shall apply the principles of law and the rules of courts-martial generally recognized in military criminal cases in the courts of the armed forces of the United States, but which may not be contrary to or inconsistent with this code. Process shall run to any part of the United States, or the Territories, Commonwealths, and possessions, and may be executed by civil officers as prescribed by the laws of the place where the witness or evidence is located or of the United States.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 49, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3272. Neglect or refusal to testify or produce evidence.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Any person not subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Has been duly subpoenaed to appear as a witness or to produce books and records before a court-martial or court of inquiry, or before any military or civil officer designated to take a deposition to be read in evidence before such a court;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Has been duly paid or tendered the fees and mileage of a witness at the rates allowed to witnesses attending a criminal court of the state; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Willfully neglects or refuses to appear, or refuses to qualify as a witness or to testify or to produce any evidence which that person may have been legally subpoenaed to produce,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">may be punished by the military court in the same manner as a criminal court of the state.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The fees and mileage of witnesses shall be advanced or paid out of the appropriations for the compensation of witnesses.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 50, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3273. Contempt of court.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. A military judge or summary court-martial officer may punish for contempt any person who uses any menacing word, sign, or gesture in its presence, or who disturbs its proceedings by any riot or disorder.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. A person subject to this code may be punished for contempt by confinement not to exceed thirty (30) days or a fine of One Hundred Dollars ($100.00), or both.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. A person not subject to this code may be punished for contempt by a military court in the same manner as a criminal court of the state.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 51, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3274. Depositions.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. At any time after charges have been signed as provided in Section 33 of this act, any party may take oral or written depositions unless the military judge or summary court-martial officer hearing the case or, if the case is not being heard, an authority competent to convene a court-martial for the trial of those charges, forbids it for good cause.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The party at whose instance a deposition is to be taken shall give to every other party reasonable written notice of the time and place for taking the deposition.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Depositions may be taken before and authenticated by any military or civil officer authorized by the laws of the state or by the laws of the place where the deposition is taken to administer oaths.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. A duly authenticated deposition taken upon reasonable notice to the other parties, so far as otherwise admissible under the rules of evidence, may be read in evidence or, in the case of audiotape, videotape, digital image or file, or similar material, may be played in evidence before any military court, if it appears:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. That the witness resides or is beyond the state in which the court is ordered to sit, or beyond one hundred (100) miles from the place of trial or hearing;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. That the witness by reason of death, age, sickness, bodily infirmity, imprisonment, military necessity, nonamenability to process, or other reasonable cause, is unable or refuses to appear and testify in person at the place of trial or hearing; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. That the present whereabouts of the witness is unknown.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 52, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3275. Reading of sworn testimony into evidence.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. In any case not extending to the dismissal of a commissioned officer, the sworn testimony, contained in the duly authenticated record of proceedings of a court of inquiry, of a person whose oral testimony cannot be obtained, may, if otherwise admissible under the rules of evidence, be read in evidence by any party before a court-martial if the accused was a party before the court of inquiry and if the same issue was involved or if the accused consents to the introduction of such evidence.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Such testimony may be read in evidence only by the defense in cases extending to the dismissal of a commissioned officer.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Such testimony may also be read in evidence before a court of inquiry.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 53, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3276. Defense of lack of mental responsibility.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. It is an affirmative defense in a trial by court-martial that, at the time of the commission of the acts constituting the offense, the accused, as a result of a severe mental disease or defect, was unable to appreciate the nature and quality or the wrongfulness of the acts. Mental disease or defect does not otherwise constitute a defense.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The accused has the burden of proving the defense of lack of mental responsibility by clear and convincing evidence.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Whenever lack of mental responsibility of the accused with respect to an offense is properly at issue, the military judge shall instruct the members of the court as to the defense of lack of mental responsibility under this article and charge them to find the accused:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Guilty;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Not guilty; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. Subsection C of this section does not apply to a court-martial composed of a military judge only. In the case of a court-martial composed of a military judge only or a summary court-martial officer, whenever lack of mental responsibility of the accused with respect to an offense is properly at issue, the military judge or summary court-martial officer shall find the accused:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Guilty;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Not guilty; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 56 of this act, the accused shall be found not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility if:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. A majority of the members of the court-martial present at the time the vote is taken determines that the defense of lack of mental responsibility has been established; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. In the case of a court-martial composed of a military judge only or a summary court-martial officer, the military judge or summary court-martial officer determines that the defense of lack of mental responsibility has been established.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 54, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3277. Voting on findings and sentence - Rulings on questions of law and interlocutory questions - Instructions.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Voting by members of a general or special court-martial on the findings and on the sentence shall be by secret written ballot. The junior member of the court shall count the votes. The count shall be checked by the president, who shall forthwith announce the result of the ballot to the members of the court.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The military judge shall rule upon all questions of law and all interlocutory questions arising during the proceedings. Any such ruling made by the military judge upon any question of law or any interlocutory question other than the factual issue of mental responsibility of the accused is final and constitutes the ruling of the court. However, the military judge may change the ruling at any time during the trial. Unless the ruling is final, if any member objects thereto, the court shall be cleared and closed and the question decided by a vote as provided in Section 56 of this act, beginning with the junior in rank.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Before a vote is taken on the findings, the military judge shall, in the presence of the accused and counsel, instruct the members of the court as to the elements of the offense and charge them:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. That the accused must be presumed to be innocent until his guilt is established by legal and competent evidence beyond reasonable doubt;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. That in the case being considered, if there is a reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the accused, the doubt must be resolved in favor of the accused and the accused must be acquitted;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. That, if there is a reasonable doubt as to the degree of guilt, the finding must be in a lower degree as to which there is no reasonable doubt; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. That the burden of proof to establish the guilt of the accused beyond reasonable doubt is upon the state.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. Subsections A, B and C of this section do not apply to a court-martial composed of a military judge only. The military judge of such a court-martial shall determine all questions of law and fact arising during the proceedings and, if the accused is convicted, adjudge an appropriate sentence. The military judge of such a court-martial shall make a general finding and shall in addition, on request, find the facts specially. If an opinion or memorandum of decision is filed, it will be sufficient if the findings of fact appear therein.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 55, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3278. Number of votes required.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. No person may be convicted of an offense except as provided in Section 48 of this act or by the concurrence of two-thirds (2/3) of the members present at the time the vote is taken.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. All other questions to be decided by the members of a general or special court-martial shall be determined by a majority vote, but a determination to reconsider a finding of guilty or to reconsider a sentence, with a view toward decreasing it, may be made by any lesser vote which indicates that the reconsideration is not opposed by the number of votes required for that finding or sentence. A tie vote on a challenge disqualifies the member challenged. A tie vote on a motion relating to the question of the accused&rsquo;s sanity is a determination against the accused. A tie vote on any other question is a determination in favor of the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 56, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3279. Announcement of findings and sentence.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A court-martial shall announce its findings and sentence to the parties as soon as determined.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 57, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3280. Record of trial - Authentication.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Each general and special court-martial shall keep a separate record of the proceedings in each case brought before it, and the record shall be authenticated by the signature of the military judge. If the record cannot be authenticated by the military judge by reason of his death, disability, or absence, it shall be authenticated by the signature of the trial counsel or by that of a member, if the trial counsel is unable to authenticate it by reason of his death, disability, or absence. In a court-martial consisting of only a military judge, the record shall be authenticated by the court reporter under the same conditions which would impose such a duty on a member under this subsection.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. 1. A complete verbatim record of the proceedings and testimony shall be prepared in each general and special court-martial case resulting in a conviction.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. In all other court-martial cases, the record shall contain such matters as may be prescribed by regulations.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Each summary court-martial shall keep a separate record of the proceedings in each case, and the record shall be authenticated in the manner as may be prescribed by regulations.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. A copy of the record of the proceedings of each general and special court-martial shall be given to the accused as soon as it is authenticated.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 58, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3291. Cruel or unusual punishment prohibited.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Punishment by flogging, or by branding, marking or tattooing on the body, or any other cruel or unusual punishment may not be adjudged by a court-martial or inflicted upon any person subject to this code. The use of irons, single or double, except for the purpose of safe custody, is prohibited.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 59, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3292. Limits of punishment - Sentence of death prohibited - Felony and misdemeanor offenses.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The punishment which a court-martial may direct for an offense may not exceed such limits as prescribed by this code, but in no instance may a sentence exceed more than ten (10) years for a military offense, nor shall a sentence of death be adjudged. A conviction by general court-martial of any military offense for which an accused may receive a sentence of confinement for more than one (1) year is a felony offense. Except for convictions by a summary court-martial, all other military offenses are misdemeanors. Any conviction by a summary court-martial is not a criminal conviction.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The limits of punishment for violations of the punitive articles prescribed herein shall be the lesser of the sentences prescribed by the manual for courts-martial of the United States in effect on January 1, 2004, and the state manual for courts-martial, but in no instance shall any punishment exceed that authorized by this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 60, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3293. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 61, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3294. Effective date of sentences.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Whenever a sentence of a court-martial as lawfully adjudged and approved includes a forfeiture of pay or allowances in addition to confinement not suspended, the forfeiture may apply to pay or allowances becoming due on or after the date the sentence is approved by the convening authority. No forfeiture may extend to any pay or allowances accrued before that date.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any period of confinement included in a sentence of a court-martial begins to run from the date the sentence is adjudged by the court-martial, but periods during which the sentence to confinement is suspended or deferred shall be excluded in computing the service of the term of confinement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. All other sentences of courts-martial are effective on the date ordered executed.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 62, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3295. Deferment of confinement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. On application by an accused who is under sentence to confinement that has not been ordered executed, the convening authority or, if the accused is no longer under that person&rsquo;s jurisdiction, the person exercising general court-martial jurisdiction over the command to which the accused is currently assigned, may in that person&rsquo;s sole discretion defer service of the sentence to confinement. The deferment shall terminate when the sentence is ordered executed. The deferment may be rescinded at any time by the person who granted it or, if the accused is no longer under that person&rsquo;s jurisdiction, by the person exercising general court-martial jurisdiction over the command to which the accused is currently assigned.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. 1. In any case in which a court-martial sentences an accused referred to in paragraph 2 of this subsection to confinement, the convening authority may defer the service of the sentence to confinement, without the consent of the accused, until after the accused has been permanently released to the state military forces by a state, the United States, or a foreign country referred to in that paragraph.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Paragraph 1 of this subsection applies to a person subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;while in the custody of a state, the United States, or a foreign country is temporarily returned by that state, the United States, or a foreign country to the state military forces for trial by court-martial, and&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;after the court-martial, is returned to that state, the United States, or a foreign country under the authority of a mutual agreement or treaty, as the case may be.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. In this subsection, the term &ldquo;state&rdquo; includes the District of Columbia and any Commonwealth, Territory, or possession of the United States.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. In any case in which a court-martial sentences an accused to confinement and the sentence to confinement has been ordered executed, but in which review of the case under Section 76 of this act is pending, the Adjutant General may defer further service of the sentence to confinement while that review is pending.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 63, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3296. Execution of confinement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. A sentence of confinement adjudged by a court-martial, whether or not the sentence includes discharge or dismissal, and whether or not the discharge or dismissal has been executed, may be carried into execution by confinement in any place authorized by this code. Persons so confined are subject to the same discipline and treatment as persons regularly confined or committed to that place of confinement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The omission of &ldquo;hard labor&rdquo; as a sentence authorized under this code does not deprive the state confinement facility from employing it, if it otherwise is within the authority of that facility to do so.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. No place of confinement may require payment of any fee or charge for so receiving or confining a person except as otherwise provided by law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 64, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3297. Reduction of pay grade of certain enlisted members.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. A court-martial sentence of an enlisted member in a pay grade above E-1, as approved by the convening authority, that includes:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. A dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Confinement,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">reduces that member to pay grade E-1, effective on the date of that approval.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. If the sentence of a member who is reduced in pay grade under subsection A of this section is set aside or disapproved, or, as finally approved, does not include any punishment named in paragraph 1 or 2 of subsection A of this section, the rights and privileges of which the person was deprived because of that reduction shall be restored, including pay and allowances.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 65, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3298. Forfeiture of pay and allowances.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. 1. A court-martial sentence described in paragraph 2 of this subsection shall result in the forfeiture of pay, or of pay and allowances, due that member during any period of confinement or parole. The forfeiture pursuant to this article shall take effect on the date determined under Section 62 of this act and may be deferred as provided by that section. The pay and allowances forfeited, in the case of a general court-martial, shall be all pay and allowances due that member during such period and, in the case of a special court-martial, shall be two-thirds (2/3) of all pay due that member during such period.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. A sentence covered by this article is any sentence that includes:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;confinement for more than six (6) months, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;confinement for six (6) months or less and a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge or dismissal.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. In a case involving an accused who has dependents, the convening authority or other person acting under Section 68 of this act may waive any or all of the forfeitures of pay and allowances required by subsection A of this section for a period not to exceed six (6) months. Any amount of pay or allowances that, except for a waiver under this subsection, would be forfeited shall be paid, as the convening authority or other person taking action directs, to the dependents of the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. If the sentence of a member who forfeits pay and allowances under subsection A of this section is set aside or disapproved or, as finally approved, does not provide for a punishment referred to in paragraph 2 of subsection A of this section, the member shall be paid the pay and allowances which the member would have been paid, except for the forfeiture, for the period during which the forfeiture was in effect.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 66, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3301. Error of law - Approval or affirmation of lesser included offense.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. A finding or sentence of a court-martial may not be held incorrect on the ground of an error of law unless the error materially prejudices the substantial rights of the accused.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any reviewing authority with the power to approve or affirm a finding of guilty may approve or affirm, instead, so much of the finding as includes a lesser included offense.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 67, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3302. Report of findings and sentence - Submission of matters for consideration - Action by convening authority - Recommendation of judge advocate - Revision or rehearing.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The findings and sentence of a court-martial shall be reported promptly to the convening authority after the announcement of the sentence.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. 1. The accused may submit to the convening authority matters for consideration by the convening authority with respect to the findings and the sentence. Any such submission shall be in writing. Except in a summary court-martial case, such a submission shall be made within ten (10) days after the accused has been given an authenticated record of trial and, if applicable, the recommendation of a judge advocate under subsection D of this section. In a summary court-martial case, such a submission shall be made within seven (7) days after the sentence is announced.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. If the accused shows that additional time is required for the accused to submit such matters, the convening authority or other person taking action under this section, for good cause, may extend the applicable period under paragraph 1 of this subsection for not more than an additional twenty (20) days.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. In a summary court-martial case, the accused shall be promptly provided a copy of the record of trial for use in preparing a submission authorized by paragraph 1 of this subsection.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. The accused may waive the right to make a submission to the convening authority under paragraph 1 of this subsection. Such a waiver must be made in writing and may not be revoked. For the purposes of paragraph 2 of subsection C of this section, the time within which the accused may make a submission under this subsection shall be deemed to have expired upon the submission of such a waiver to the convening authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. 1. The authority under this article to modify the findings and sentence of a court-martial is a matter of command prerogative involving the sole discretion of the convening authority. If it is impractical for the convening authority to act, the convening authority shall forward the case to a person exercising general court-martial jurisdiction who may take action under this article.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Action on the sentence of a court-martial shall be taken by the convening authority or by another person authorized to act under this article. Such action may be taken only after consideration of any matters submitted by the accused under subsection B of this section or after the time for submitting such matters expires, whichever is earlier. The convening authority or other person taking such action, in that person&rsquo;s sole discretion, may approve, disapprove, commute, or suspend the sentence in whole or in part.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Action on the findings of a court-martial by the convening authority or other person acting on the sentence is not required. However, such person, in the person&rsquo;s sole discretion, may:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;dismiss any charge or specification by setting aside a finding of guilty thereto, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;change a finding of guilty to a charge or specification to a finding of guilty to an offense that is a lesser included offense of the offense stated in the charge or specification.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. Before acting under this article on any general or special court-martial case in which there is a finding of guilt, the convening authority or other person taking action under this article shall obtain and consider the written recommendation of a judge advocate. The convening authority or other person taking action under this article shall refer the record of trial to the judge advocate, and the judge advocate shall use such record in the preparation of the recommendation. The recommendation of the judge advocate shall include such matters as may be prescribed by regulation and shall be served on the accused, who may submit any matter in response under subsection B of this section. Failure to object in the response to the recommendation or to any matter attached to the recommendation waives the right to object thereto.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. 1. The convening authority or other person taking action under this article, in the person&rsquo;s sole discretion, may order a proceeding in revision or a rehearing.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. A proceeding in revision may be ordered if there is an apparent error or omission in the record or if the record shows improper or inconsistent action by a court-martial with respect to the findings or sentence that can be rectified without material prejudice to the substantial rights of the accused. In no case, however, may a proceeding in revision:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;reconsider a finding of not guilty of any specification or a ruling which amounts to a finding of not guilty,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;reconsider a finding of not guilty of any charge, unless there has been a finding of guilty under a specification laid under that charge, which sufficiently alleges a violation of some article of this code, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">c.&nbsp;&nbsp;increase the severity of the sentence unless the sentence prescribed for the offense is mandatory.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. A rehearing may be ordered by the convening authority or other person taking action under this article if that person disapproves the findings and sentence and states the reasons for disapproval of the findings. If such person disapproves the findings and sentence and does not order a rehearing, that person shall dismiss the charges. A rehearing as to the findings may not be ordered where there is a lack of sufficient evidence in the record to support the findings. A rehearing as to the sentence may be ordered if the convening authority or other person taking action under this subsection disapproves the sentence.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 68, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3303. Withdrawal of right of appeal.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. In each case subject to appellate review under this code, the accused may file with the convening authority a statement expressly withdrawing the right of the accused to such appeal. Such a withdrawal shall be signed by both the accused and his defense counsel and must be filed in accordance with appellate procedures as provided by law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The accused may withdraw an appeal at any time in accordance with appellate procedures as provided by law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 69, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3304. Appeals by state.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. 1. In a trial by court-martial in which a punitive discharge may be adjudged, the state may appeal the following, other than a finding of not guilty with respect to the charge or specification by the members of the court-martial, or by a judge in a bench trial so long as it is not made in reconsideration:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;an order or ruling of the military judge which terminates the proceedings with respect to a charge or specification,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;an order or ruling which excludes evidence that is substantial proof of a fact material in the proceeding,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">c.&nbsp;&nbsp;an order or ruling which directs the disclosure of classified information,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">d.&nbsp;&nbsp;an order or ruling which imposes sanctions for nondisclosure of classified information,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">e.&nbsp;&nbsp;a refusal of the military judge to issue a protective order sought by the state to prevent the disclosure of classified information, and&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">f.&nbsp;&nbsp;a refusal by the military judge to enforce an order described in subparagraph e of this section that has previously been issued by appropriate authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. An appeal of an order or ruling may not be taken unless the trial counsel provides the military judge with written notice of appeal from the order or ruling within seventy-two (72) hours of the order or ruling. Such notice shall include a certification by the trial counsel that the appeal is not taken for the purpose of delay and, if the order or ruling appealed is one which excludes evidence, that the evidence excluded is substantial proof of a fact material in the proceeding.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. An appeal under this article shall be diligently prosecuted as provided by law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. An appeal under this article shall be forwarded to the court prescribed in Section 76 of this act. In ruling on an appeal under this article, that court may act only with respect to matters of law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Any period of delay resulting from an appeal under this article shall be excluded in deciding any issue regarding denial of a speedy trial unless an appropriate authority determines that the appeal was filed solely for the purpose of delay with the knowledge that it was totally frivolous and without merit.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 70, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3305. Rehearings - Trial and sentencing limitations.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Each rehearing under this code shall take place before a court-martial composed of members who were not members of the court-martial which first heard the case. Upon a rehearing the accused may not be tried for any offense of which he was found not guilty by the first court-martial, and no sentence in excess of or more severe than the original sentence may be approved, unless the sentence is based upon a finding of guilty of an offense not considered upon the merits in the original proceedings, or unless the sentence prescribed for the offense is mandatory. If the sentence approved after the first court-martial was in accordance with a pretrial agreement and the accused at the rehearing changes a plea with respect to the charges or specifications upon which the pretrial agreement was based, or otherwise does not comply with the pretrial agreement, the approved sentence as to those charges or specifications may include any punishment not in excess of that lawfully adjudged at the first court-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 71, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3306. Review by senior force judge advocate - Action by Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Each general and special court-martial case in which there has been a finding of guilty shall be reviewed by the senior force judge advocate, or a designee. The senior force judge advocate, or designee, may not review a case under this subsection if that person has acted in the same case as an accuser, investigating officer, member of the court, military judge, or counsel or has otherwise acted on behalf of the prosecution or defense. The senior force judge advocate&rsquo;s review shall be in writing and shall contain the following:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Conclusions as to whether:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;the court had jurisdiction over the accused and the offense,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;the charge and specification stated an offense, and&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">c.&nbsp;&nbsp;the sentence was within the limits prescribed as a matter of law;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. A response to each allegation of error made in writing by the accused; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. If the case is sent for action under subsection B of this section, a recommendation as to the appropriate action to be taken and an opinion as to whether corrective action is required as a matter of law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The record of trial and related documents in each case reviewed under subsection A of this section shall be sent for action to the Adjutant General, if:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. The judge advocate who reviewed the case recommends corrective action;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The sentence approved under Section 68 of this act extends to dismissal, a bad-conduct or dishonorable discharge, or confinement for more than six (6) months; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Such action is otherwise required by regulations of the Adjutant General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. 1. The Adjutant General may:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;disapprove or approve the findings or sentence, in whole or in part,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;remit, commute, or suspend the sentence in whole or in part,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">c.&nbsp;&nbsp;except where the evidence was insufficient at the trial to support the findings, order a rehearing on the findings, on the sentence, or on both, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">d.&nbsp;&nbsp;dismiss the charges.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. If a rehearing is ordered but the convening authority finds a rehearing impracticable, the convening authority shall dismiss the charges.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. If the opinion of the senior force judge advocate, or designee, in the senior force judge advocate&rsquo;s review under subsection A of this section is that corrective action is required as a matter of law and if the Adjutant General does not take action that is at least as favorable to the accused as that recommended by the judge advocate, the record of trial and action thereon shall be sent to the Governor for review and action as deemed appropriate.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. The senior force judge advocate, or a designee, may review any case in which there has been a finding of not guilty of all charges and specifications. The senior force judge advocate, or designee, may not review a case under this subsection if that person has acted in the same case as an accuser, investigating officer, member of the court, military judge, or counsel or has otherwise acted on behalf of the prosecution or defense. The senior force judge advocate&rsquo;s review shall be limited to questions of subject matter jurisdiction.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. The record of trial and related documents in each case reviewed under subsection D of this section shall be sent for action to the Adjutant General. The Adjutant General may:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. When subject matter jurisdiction is found to be lacking, void the court-martial ab initio, with or without prejudice to the government, as the Adjutant General deems appropriate; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Return the record of trial and related documents to the senior force judge advocate for appeal by the government as provided by law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 72, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3307. Transmittal and disposition of trial records.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Except as otherwise required by this code, all records of trial and related documents shall be transmitted and disposed of as prescribed by regulation and provided by law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 73, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3308. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 74, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3309. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 75, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3310. Appellate procedures.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Decisions of a court-martial are from a court with jurisdiction to issue felony convictions and appeals are to the court provided by the law of the state in which the court-martial was held. The appellate procedures to be followed shall be those provided by law for the appeal of criminal cases thereto.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 76, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3311. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 77, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3312. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 78, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3313. Appellate counsel.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The senior force judge advocate shall detail a judge advocate as appellate government counsel to represent the state in the review or appeal of cases specified in Section 76 of this act and before any federal court when requested to do so by the state Attorney General. Appellate government counsel must be a member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of the state to which the appeal is taken.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Upon an appeal by the state, an accused has the right to be represented by detailed military counsel before any reviewing authority and before any appellate court.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Upon the appeal by an accused, the accused has the right to be represented by military counsel before any reviewing authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. Upon the request of an accused entitled to be so represented, the senior force judge advocate shall appoint a judge advocate to represent the accused in the review or appeal of cases specified in subsections B and C of this section.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. An accused may be represented by civilian appellate counsel at no expense to the state.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 79, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3314. Execution of dismissal or discharge upon final judgment or review.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. If the sentence of the court-martial extends to dismissal or a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge and if the right of the accused to appellate review is not waived, and an appeal is not withdrawn under Section 69 of this act, that part of the sentence extending to dismissal or a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge may not be executed until there is a final judgment as to the legality of the proceedings. A judgment as to the legality of the proceedings is final in such cases when review is completed by an appellate court prescribed in Section 76 of this act, and is deemed final by the law of the state where the judgment was had.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. If the sentence of the court-martial extends to dismissal or a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge and if the right of the accused to appellate review is waived, or an appeal is withdrawn under Section 69 of this act, that part of the sentence extending to dismissal or a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge may not be executed until review of the case by the senior force judge advocate and any action on that review under Section 72 of this act is completed. Any other part of a court-martial sentence may be ordered executed by the convening authority or other person acting on the case under Section 68 of this act when so approved under that article.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 80, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3315. Vacation of suspension - Hearing.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Before the vacation of the suspension of a special court-martial sentence, which as approved includes a bad-conduct discharge, or of any general court-martial sentence, the officer having special court-martial jurisdiction over the probationer shall hold a hearing on an alleged violation of probation. The probationer shall be represented at the hearing by military counsel if the probationer so desires.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The record of the hearing and the recommendation of the officer having special court-martial jurisdiction shall be sent for action to the officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction over the probationer. If the officer vacates the suspension, any unexecuted part of the sentence, except a dismissal, shall be executed, subject to applicable restrictions in this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. The suspension of any other sentence may be vacated by any authority competent to convene, for the command in which the accused is serving or assigned, a court of the kind that imposed the sentence.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 81, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3316. Petition for new trial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">At any time within two (2) years after approval by the convening authority of a court-martial sentence, the accused may petition the Adjutant General for a new trial on the grounds of newly discovered evidence or fraud on the court-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 82, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3317. Remission or suspension of sentence - Administrative discharge.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Any authority competent to convene, for the command in which the accused is serving or assigned, a court of the kind that imposed the sentence may remit or suspend any part or amount of the unexecuted part of any sentence, including all uncollected forfeitures other than a sentence approved by the Governor.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The Governor may, for good cause, substitute an administrative form of discharge for a discharge or dismissal executed in accordance with the sentence of a court-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 83, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3318. Restoration of rights, privileges and property - Administrative discharge - Reappointment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Under such regulations as may be prescribed, all rights, privileges, and property affected by an executed part of a court-martial sentence which has been set aside or disapproved, except an executed dismissal or discharge, shall be restored unless a new trial or rehearing is ordered and such executed part is included in a sentence imposed upon the new trial or rehearing.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. If a previously executed sentence of dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge is not imposed on a new trial, the Governor may substitute therefor a form of discharge authorized for administrative issuance unless the accused is to serve out the remainder of the accused&rsquo;s enlistment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. If a previously executed sentence of dismissal is not imposed on a new trial, the Governor may substitute therefor a form of discharge authorized for administrative issue, and the commissioned officer dismissed by that sentence may be reappointed by the Governor alone to such commissioned grade and with such rank as in the opinion of the Governor that former officer would have attained had he not been dismissed. The reappointment of such a former officer shall be without regard to the existence of a vacancy and shall affect the promotion status of other officers only insofar as the Governor may direct. All time between the dismissal and the reappointment shall be considered as actual service for all purposes, including the right to pay and allowances.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 84, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3319. Finality of proceedings, findings, and sentences.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The appellate review of records of trial provided by this code, the proceedings, findings, and sentences of courts-martial as approved, reviewed, or affirmed as required by this code, and all dismissals and discharges carried into execution under sentences by courts-martial following approval, review, or affirmation as required by this code, are final and conclusive. Orders publishing the proceedings of courts-martial and all action taken pursuant to those proceedings are binding upon all departments, courts, agencies, and officers of the United States and the several states, subject only to action upon a petition for a new trial as provided in Section 82 of this act and to action under Section 83 of this act.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 85, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3320. Leave pending completion of action on dismissal or discharge sentences.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Under regulations prescribed, an accused who has been sentenced by a court-martial may be required to take leave pending completion of action under this article if the sentence, as approved under Section 68 of this act, includes an unsuspended dismissal or an unsuspended dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge. The accused may be required to begin such leave on the date on which the sentence is approved under Section 68 of this act or at any time after such date, and such leave may be continued until the date on which action under this article is completed or may be terminated at any earlier time.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 86, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3321. Persons incompetent to stand trial - Persons found not guilty by reason of lack of mental responsibility.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Persons incompetent to stand trial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. In the case of a person determined under this code to be presently suffering from a mental disease or defect rendering the person mentally incompetent to the extent that the person is unable to understand the nature of the proceedings against that person or to conduct or cooperate intelligently in the defense of the case, the general court-martial convening authority for that person shall commit the person to the custody of the state Attorney General.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The state Attorney General shall take action in accordance with the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial. If at the end of the period for hospitalization provided for in the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial, it is determined that the committed person&rsquo;s mental condition has not so improved as to permit the trial to proceed, action shall be taken in accordance with the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">3. a.&nbsp;&nbsp;When the director of a facility in which a person is hospitalized pursuant to paragraph 2 of this section determines that the person has recovered to such an extent that the person is able to understand the nature of the proceedings against the person and to conduct or cooperate intelligently in the defense of the case, the director shall promptly transmit a notification of that determination to the state Attorney General and to the general court-martial convening authority for the person. The director shall send a copy of the notification to the person&rsquo;s counsel.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;Upon receipt of a notification, the general court-martial convening authority shall promptly take custody of the person unless the person covered by the notification is no longer subject to this code. If the person is no longer subject to this code, the state Attorney General shall take any action within the authority of the state Attorney General that the state Attorney General considers appropriate regarding the person.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">c.&nbsp;&nbsp;The director of the facility may retain custody of the person for not more than thirty (30) days after transmitting the notifications required by subparagraph a of paragraph 3 of this subsection.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. In the application of the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial to a case under this subsection, references to the court that ordered the commitment of a person, and to the clerk of such court, shall be deemed to refer to the general court-martial convening authority for that person. However, if the person is no longer subject to this code at a time relevant to the application of such article to the person, the state trial court with felony jurisdiction in the county where the person is hospitalized or otherwise may be found shall be considered as the court that ordered the commitment of the person.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Persons found not guilty by reason of lack of mental responsibility.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. If a person is found by a court-martial not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility, the person shall be committed to a suitable facility until the person is eligible for release in accordance with this article.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The court-martial shall conduct a hearing on the mental condition in accordance with the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. A report of the results of the hearing shall be made to the general court-martial convening authority for the person.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. If the court-martial fails to find by the standard specified in the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial, that the person&rsquo;s release would not create a substantial risk of bodily injury to another person or serious damage of property of another due to a present mental disease or defect:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;the general court-martial convening authority may commit the person to the custody of the state Attorney General, and&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;the state&rsquo;s Attorney General shall take action in accordance with the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. The state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial shall apply in the case of a person hospitalized pursuant to subparagraph b of paragraph 4 of this subsection, except that the state trial court with felony jurisdiction in the county where the person is hospitalized shall be considered as the court that ordered the person&rsquo;s commitment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. General provisions.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection and subsection D of this section, the state statute most closely comparable to 18 U.S.C., Section 4247(d), applies in the administration of this article.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. In the application of the state statute most closely comparable to 18 U.S.C., Section 4247(d), to hearings conducted by a court-martial under this article or by order of a general court-martial convening authority under this article, the reference in that article to article 3006A of such title does not apply.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. Applicability.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. The state statute most closely comparable to Chapter 313 of Title 18, United States Code (10 U.S.C., Section 4241 et seq.) referred to in this article applies according to the provisions of this article notwithstanding article 4247(j) of Title 18.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. If the status of a person as described in article 2 terminates while the person is, pursuant to this article, in the custody of the state Attorney General, hospitalized, or on conditional release under a prescribed regimen of medical, psychiatric, or psychological care or treatment, the provisions of this article establishing requirements and procedures regarding a person no longer subject to this code shall continue to apply to that person notwithstanding the change of status.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 87, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3331. Principals.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Commits an offense punishable by this code, or aids, abets, counsels, commands, or procures its commission; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Causes an act to be done which if directly performed by him would be punishable by this code,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">is a principal.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 88, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3332. Accessory after the fact.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who, knowing that an offense punishable by this code has been committed, receives, comforts or assists the offender in order to hinder or prevent his or her apprehension, trial or punishment shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 89, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3333. Conviction of lesser included offense or attempt.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">An accused may be found guilty of an offense necessarily included in the offense charged or of an attempt to commit either the offense charged or an offense necessarily included therein.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 90, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3334. Attempts.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. An act, done with specific intent to commit an offense under this code, amounting to more than mere preparation and tending, even though failing, to effect its commission, is an attempt to commit that offense.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any person subject to this code who attempts to commit any offense punishable by this code shall be punished as a court-martial may direct, unless otherwise specifically prescribed.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Any person subject to this code may be convicted of an attempt to commit an offense although it appears on the trial that the offense was consummated.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 91, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3335. Conspiracy.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who conspires with any other person to commit an offense under this code shall, if one or more of the conspirators does an act to effect the object of the conspiracy, be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 92, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3336. Solicitation.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Any person subject to this code who solicits or advises another or others to desert in violation of Section 96 of this act or mutiny in violation of Section 105 of this act shall, if the offense solicited or advised is attempted or committed, be punished with the punishment provided for the commission of the offense, but, if the offense solicited or advised is not committed or attempted, the person shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any person subject to this code who solicits or advises another or others to commit an act of misbehavior before the enemy in violation of Section 110 of this act or sedition in violation of Section 105 of this act shall, if the offense solicited or advised is committed, be punished with the punishment provided for the commission of the offense, but, if the offense solicited or advised is not committed, the person shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 93, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3337. Fraudulent enlistment, appointment, or separation.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Procures his own enlistment or appointment in the state military forces by knowingly false representation or deliberate concealment as to his qualifications for that enlistment or appointment and receives pay or allowances thereunder; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Procures his own separation from the state military forces by knowingly false representation or deliberate concealment as to his eligibility for that separation,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 94, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3338. Unlawful enlistment, appointment, or separation.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who effects an enlistment or appointment in or a separation from the state military forces of any person who is known to him to be ineligible for that enlistment, appointment or separation because it is prohibited by law, regulation or order shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 95, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3339. Desertion - Penalty.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Any member of the state military forces who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Without authority goes or remains absent from his unit, organization, or place of duty with intent to remain away therefrom permanently;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Quits his unit, organization, or place of duty with intent to avoid hazardous duty or to shirk important service; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Without being regularly separated from one of the state military forces enlists or accepts an appointment in the same or another one of the state military forces, or in one of the armed forces of the United States, without fully disclosing the fact that he has not been regularly separated, or enters any foreign armed service except when authorized by the United States,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">is guilty of desertion.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any commissioned officer of the state military forces who, after tender of his resignation and before notice of its acceptance, quits his post or proper duties without leave and with intent to remain away therefrom permanently is guilty of desertion.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Any person found guilty of desertion or attempt to desert shall be punished, if the offense is committed in time of war, by confinement of not more than ten (10) years or such other punishment as a court-martial may direct, but if the desertion or attempt to desert occurs at any other time, by such punishment as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 96, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3340. Absence without leave.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who, without authority:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Fails to go to his appointed place of duty at the time prescribed,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Goes from that place; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Absents himself or remains absent from his unit, organization, or place of duty at which he is required to be at the time prescribed,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 97, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3341. Missing movement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who through neglect or design misses the movement of a ship, aircraft or unit with which he is required in the course of duty to move shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 98, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3342. Contempt toward officials.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any commissioned officer who uses contemptuous words against the President, the Vice President, Congress, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of a military department, the Secretary of Homeland Security, or the Governor or Legislature of the state shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 99, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3343. Disrespect towards superior commissioned officer.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who behaves with disrespect toward his superior commissioned officer shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 100, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3344. Assaulting or willfully disobeying superior commissioned officer.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Strikes his superior commissioned officer or draws or lifts up any weapon or offers any violence against him while he is in the execution of his office; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Willfully disobeys a lawful command of his superior commissioned officer,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished, if the offense is committed in time of war, by confinement of not more than ten (10) years or such other punishment as a court-martial may direct, and if the offense is committed at any other time, by such punishment as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 101, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3345. Insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any warrant officer or enlisted member who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Strikes or assaults a warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer, while that officer is in the execution of his office;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Willfully disobeys the lawful order of a warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Treats with contempt or is disrespectful in language or deportment toward a warrant officer, noncommissioned officer or petty officer, while that officer is in the execution of his office,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 102, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3346. Failure to obey order or regulation.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Violates or fails to obey any lawful general order or regulation;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Having knowledge of any other lawful order issued by a member of the state military forces, which it is his duty to obey, fails to obey the order; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Is derelict in the performance of his duties,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 103, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3347. Cruelty and maltreatment.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who is guilty of cruelty toward, or oppression or maltreatment of, any person subject to his orders shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 104, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3348. Mutiny or sedition.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Any person subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. With intent to usurp or override lawful military authority, refuses, in concert with any other person, to obey orders or otherwise do his duty or creates any violence or disturbance is guilty of mutiny;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. With intent to cause the overthrow or destruction of lawful civil authority, creates, in concert with any other person, revolt, violence, or other disturbance against that authority is guilty of sedition; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Fails to do his utmost to prevent and suppress a mutiny or sedition being committed in his presence, or fails to take all reasonable means to inform his superior commissioned officer or commanding officer of a mutiny or sedition which he knows or has reason to believe is taking place, is guilty of a failure to suppress or report a mutiny or sedition.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. A person who is found guilty of attempted mutiny, mutiny, sedition, or failure to suppress or report a mutiny or sedition shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 105, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3349. Resistance, flight, breach of arrest, and escape.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Resists apprehension;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Flees from apprehension;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Breaks arrest; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. Escapes from custody or confinement,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 106, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3350. Releasing prisoner without proper authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who, without proper authority, releases any prisoner committed to his charge, or who through neglect or design suffers any such prisoner to escape, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct, whether or not the prisoner was committed in strict compliance with law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 107, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3351. Unlawful detention.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who, except as provided by law or regulation, apprehends, arrests or confines any person shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 108, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3352. Noncompliance with procedural rules.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Is responsible for unnecessary delay in the disposition of any case of a person accused of an offense under this code; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Knowingly and intentionally fails to enforce or comply with any provision of this code regulating the proceedings before, during, or after trial of an accused,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 109, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3353. Misbehavior before the enemy.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who before or in the presence of the enemy:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Runs away;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Shamefully abandons, surrenders, or delivers up any command, unit, place, or military property which it is his duty to defend;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Through disobedience, neglect, or intentional misconduct endangers the safety of any such command, unit, place, or military property;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. Casts away his arms or ammunition;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. Is guilty of cowardly conduct;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">6. Quits his place of duty to plunder or pillage;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">7. Causes false alarms in any command, unit, or place under control of the armed forces of the United States or the state military forces;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">8. Willfully fails to do his utmost to encounter, engage, capture, or destroy any enemy troops, combatants, vessels, aircraft, or any other thing, which it is his duty so to encounter, engage, capture, or destroy; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">9. Does not afford all practicable relief and assistance to any troops, combatants, vessels, or aircraft of the armed forces belonging to the United States or their allies, to the state, or to any other state, when engaged in battle,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 110, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3354. Subordinate compelling surrender.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who compels or attempts to compel the commander of any of the state military forces of the state, or of any other state, place, vessel, aircraft, or other military property, or of any body of members of the armed forces, to give it up to an enemy or to abandon it, or who strikes the colors or flag to an enemy without proper authority, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 111, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3355. Improper use of countersign.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who in time of war discloses the parole or countersign to any person not entitled to receive it or who gives to another, who is entitled to receive and use the parole or countersign, a different parole or countersign from that which, to his knowledge, he was authorized and required to give, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 112, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3356. Forcing a safeguard.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who forces a safeguard shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 113, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3357. Captured or abandoned property.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. All persons subject to this code shall secure all public property taken for the service of the United States or the state, and shall give notice and turn over to the proper authority without delay all captured or abandoned property in their possession, custody, or control.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any person subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Fails to carry out the duties prescribed in subsection A of this section;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Buys, sells, trades, or in any way deals in or disposes of taken, captured, or abandoned property, whereby he receives or expects any profit, benefit, or advantage to himself or another directly or indirectly connected with himself; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Engages in looting or pillaging,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 114, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3358. Aiding the enemy.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Aids, or attempts to aid, the enemy with arms, ammunition, supplies, money, or other things; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Without proper authority, knowingly harbors or protects or gives intelligence to, or communicates or corresponds with or holds any intercourse with the enemy, either directly or indirectly,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 115, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3359. Misconduct as prisoner.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who, while in the hands of the enemy in time of war:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. For the purpose of securing favorable treatment by his captors acts without proper authority in a manner contrary to law, custom, or regulation, to the detriment of others of whatever nationality held by the enemy as civilian or military prisoners; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. While in a position of authority over such persons maltreats them without justifiable cause,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 116, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3360. Larceny and wrongful appropriation.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Any person subject to this code who wrongfully takes, obtains, or withholds, by any means, from the possession of the owner or of any other person any money, personal property, or value of any kind:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. With intent permanently to deprive or defraud another person of the use and benefit of property or to appropriate it to his own use or the use of any person other than the owner, steals that property and is guilty of larceny; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. With intent temporarily to deprive or defraud another person of the use and benefit of property or to appropriate it to his own use or the use of any person other than the owner, is guilty of wrongful appropriation.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any person found guilty of larceny or wrongful appropriation shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 117, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3361. Misuse of public records.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to the Uniform State Code of Military Justice who willfully and unlawfully alters, conceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates, destroys, or takes with the intent to alter, conceal, remove, mutilate, obliterate, or destroy, a certain public record, and whose conduct, under the circumstances, was to the prejudice of good order and discipline in the armed forces or was of a nature to bring discredit upon the armed forces, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 118, eff. Nov. 1, 2007. Amended by Laws 2011, c. 209, &sect; 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3362. False official statements.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who, with intent to deceive, signs any false record, return, regulation, order, or other official document made in the line of duty, knowing it to be false, or makes any other false official statement made in the line of duty, knowing it to be false, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 119, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3363. Military property - Loss, damage, destruction, or wrongful disposition.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who, without proper authority:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Sells or otherwise disposes of;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Willfully or through neglect damages, destroys or loses; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Willfully or through neglect suffers to be lost, damaged, destroyed, sold, or wrongfully disposed of,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">any military property of the United States or of any state, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 120, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3364. Property other than military property - Waste, spoilage, or destruction.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who willfully or recklessly wastes, spoils, or otherwise willfully and wrongfully destroys or damages any property other than military property of the United States or of any state shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 121, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3365. Improper hazarding of vessel.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Any person subject to this code who willfully and wrongfully hazards or suffers to be hazarded any vessel of the armed forces of the United States or any state military forces shall suffer such punishment as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any person subject to this code who negligently hazards or suffers to be hazarded any vessel of the armed forces of the United States or any state military forces shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 122, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3366. Conduct likely to produce death or grievous bodily harm.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to the Uniform State Code of Military Justice who engages in wrongful and reckless or wanton conduct likely to produce death or grievous bodily harm, and whose conduct, under the circumstances, was to the prejudice of good order and discipline in the armed forces or was of a nature to bring discredit upon the armed forces, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 123, eff. Nov. 1, 2007. Amended by Laws 2011, c. 209, &sect; 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3367. Drunk on duty.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code other than a sentinel or lookout, who is found drunk on duty, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 124, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3368. Wrongful use, possession, etc., of controlled substances.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Any person subject to this code who wrongfully uses, possesses, manufactures, distributes, imports into the customs territory of the United States, exports from the United States, or introduces into an installation, vessel, vehicle, or aircraft used by or under the control of the armed forces of the United States or of any state military forces a substance described in subsection B of this section shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The substances referred to in subsection A of this section are the following:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Opium, heroin, cocaine, amphetamine, lysergic acid diethylamide, methamphetamine, phencyclidine, barbituric acid, and marijuana and any compound or derivative of any such substance;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Any substance not specified in paragraph 1 of this subsection that is listed on a schedule of controlled substances prescribed by the President for the purposes of the Uniform Code of Military Justice of the armed forces of the United States, 10 United States Code, Section 801, et seq.; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Any other substance not specified in paragraph 1 of this subsection or contained on a list prescribed by the President under paragraph 2 of this subsection that is listed in schedules I through V of article 202 of the Controlled Substances Act, 21 United States Code, Section 812.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 125, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3369. Misbehavior of sentinel.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any sentinel or look-out who is found drunk or sleeping upon his post or leaves it before being regularly relieved, shall be punished, if the offense is committed in time of war, by confinement of not more than ten (10) years or other punishment as a court-martial may direct, but if the offense is committed at any other time, by such punishment as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 126, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3370. Dueling.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who fights or promotes, or is concerned in or connives at fighting a duel, or who, having knowledge of a challenge sent or about to be sent, fails to report the fact promptly to the proper authority, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 127, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3371. Malingering.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who for the purpose of avoiding work, duty, or service:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Feigns illness, physical disablement, mental lapse, or derangement; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Intentionally inflicts self-injury,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 128, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3372. Riot or breach of peace.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who causes or participates in any riot or breach of the peace shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 129, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3373. Provoking speeches or gestures.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code who uses provoking or reproachful words or gestures towards any other person subject to this code shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 130, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3374. Assault.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Any person subject to this code who attempts or offers with unlawful force or violence to do bodily harm to another person, whether or not the attempt or offer is consummated, is guilty of assault and shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any person subject to this code who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Commits an assault with a dangerous weapon or other means or force likely to produce death or grievous bodily harm; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Commits an assault and intentionally inflicts grievous bodily harm with or without a weapon,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">is guilty of aggravated assault and shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 131, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3375. Adultery.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to the Uniform State Code of Military Justice who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Commits an act of sexual intercourse with another person; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. At the time of intercourse the person subject to the Uniform State Code of Military Justice was married to someone else; and&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Under the circumstances, the conduct of the person subject to this code was to the prejudice of good order and discipline in the state militia or was of a nature to bring discredit upon the state militia,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 132, eff. Nov. 1, 2007. Amended by Laws 2011, c. 209, &sect; 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3376. Misuse of military or official pass, permit, discharge certificate, or identification card.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to the Uniform State Code of Military Justice who:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Wrongfully makes, alters, counterfeits, or tampers with a military or official pass, permit, discharge certificate, or identification;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Wrongfully sells, gifts, lends or disposes of a military or official pass, permit, discharge certificate, or identification card; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Wrongfully uses or possesses a false or unauthorized military or official pass, permit, discharge certificate, or identification card,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 133, eff. Nov. 1, 2007. Amended by Laws 2011, c. 209, &sect; 5, eff. Nov. 1, 2011.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3377. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 134, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3378. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 135, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3379. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 136, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3380. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 137, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3381. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 138, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3382. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 139, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3383. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 140, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3384. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 141, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3385. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 142, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3386. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 143, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3387. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 144, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3388. Reserved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">RESERVED.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 145, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3389. Frauds against the government.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person subject to this code:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. Who, knowing it to be false or fraudulent:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;makes any claim against the United States, the state, or any officer thereof, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;presents to any person in the civil or military service thereof, for approval or payment, any claim against the United States, the state, or any officer thereof;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Who, for the purpose of obtaining the approval, allowance, or payment of any claim against the United States, the state, or any officer thereof:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;makes or uses any writing or other paper knowing it to contain any false or fraudulent statements,&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;makes any oath, affirmation or certification to any fact or to any writing or other paper knowing the oath, affirmation or certification to be false, or&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">c.&nbsp;&nbsp;forges or counterfeits any signature upon any writing or other paper, or uses any such signature knowing it to be forged or counterfeited;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. Who, having charge, possession, custody, or control of any money, or other property of the United States or the state, furnished or intended for the armed forces of the United States or the state military forces, knowingly delivers to any person having authority to receive it, any amount thereof less than that for which he receives a certificate or receipt; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. Who, being authorized to make or deliver any paper certifying the receipt of any property of the United States or the state, furnished or intended for the armed forces of the United States or the state military forces, makes or delivers to any person such writing without having full knowledge of the truth of the statements therein contained and with intent to defraud the United States or the state,&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">shall, upon conviction, be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 146, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3390. Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any commissioned officer, cadet, candidate or midshipman who is convicted of conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 147, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3391. General article.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Though not specifically mentioned in this code, all disorders and neglects to the prejudice of good order and discipline in the state military forces and all conduct of a nature to bring discredit upon the state military forces shall be taken cognizance of by a court-martial and punished at the discretion of a military court. However, where a crime constitutes an offense that violates both this code and the criminal laws of the state where the offense occurs or criminal laws of the United States, jurisdiction of the military court must be determined in accordance with Section 3 of this act.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 148, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3392. Courts of inquiry.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Courts of inquiry to investigate any matter of concern to the state military forces may be convened by any person authorized to convene a general court-martial, whether or not the persons involved have requested such an inquiry.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. A court of inquiry consists of three or more commissioned officers. For each court of inquiry, the convening authority shall also appoint counsel for the court.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. Any person subject to this code whose conduct is subject to inquiry shall be designated as a party. Any person subject to this code who has a direct interest in the subject of inquiry has the right to be designated as a party upon request to the court. Any person designated as a party shall be given due notice and has the right to be present, to be represented by counsel, to cross-examine witnesses, and to introduce evidence.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">D. Members of a court of inquiry may be challenged by a party, but only for cause stated to the court.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">E. The members, counsel, the reporter, and interpreters of courts of inquiry shall take an oath to faithfully perform their duties.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">F. Witnesses may be summoned to appear and testify and be examined before courts of inquiry, as provided for courts-martial.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">G. Courts of inquiry shall make findings of fact but may not express opinions or make recommendations unless required to do so by the convening authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">H. Each court of inquiry shall keep a record of its proceedings, which shall be authenticated by the signatures of the president and counsel for the court and forwarded to the convening authority. If the record cannot be authenticated by the president, it shall be signed by a member in lieu of the president. If the record cannot be authenticated by the counsel for the court, it shall be signed by a member in lieu of the counsel.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 149, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3393. Authority to administer oaths.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The following persons may administer oaths for the purposes of military administration, including military justice:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. All judge advocates;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. All summary courts-martial;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. All adjutants, assistant adjutants, acting adjutants, and personnel adjutants;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. All commanding officers of the naval militia; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. All other persons designated by regulations of the armed forces of the United States or by statute.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The following persons may administer oaths necessary in the performance of their duties:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. The president, military judge, and trial counsel for all general and special courts-martial;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. The president and the counsel for the court of any court of inquiry;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. All officers designated to take a deposition;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">4. All persons detailed to conduct an investigation;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">5. All recruiting officers; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">6. All other persons designated by regulations of the armed forces of the United States or by statute.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">C. The signature without seal of any such person, together with the title of his office, is prima facie evidence of the person&rsquo;s authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 150, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3394. Sections to be explained to enlisted members - Code to be made available upon request.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. 1. The articles of this code specified in paragraph 3 of this section shall be carefully explained to each enlisted member at the time of, or within thirty (30) days after, the member&rsquo;s initial entrance into a duty status with the state military forces.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. Such articles shall be explained again:&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">a.&nbsp;&nbsp;after the member has completed basic or recruit training, and&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="cls2"><span class="cls0">b.&nbsp;&nbsp;at the time when the member reenlists.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. This subsection applies with respect to Sections 3, 4, 9-17, 27, 30, 34, 40, 41, 59, 88-148, and 151-153 of this act.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. The text of the code and of the regulations prescribed under such code shall be made available to a member of the state military forces, upon request by the member, for the member&rsquo;s personal examination.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 151, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3395. Complaint of wrongs done by commanding officer.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any member of the state military forces who believes himself wronged by a commanding officer, and who, upon due application to that commanding officer, is refused redress, may complain to any superior commissioned officer, who shall forward the complaint to the officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction over the officer against whom it is made. The officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction shall examine into the complaint and take proper measures for redressing the wrong complained of; and shall, as soon as possible, send to the Adjutant General a true statement of that complaint, with the proceedings had thereon.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 152, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3396. Willful damage to or wrongful taking of property by military forces - Investigative board.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Whenever complaint is made to any commanding officer that willful damage has been done to the property of any person or that the person&rsquo;s property has been wrongfully taken by members of the state military forces, that person may, under such regulations prescribed, convene a board to investigate the complaint. The board shall consist of from one to three commissioned officers and, for the purpose of that investigation, it has power to summon witnesses and examine them upon oath, to receive depositions or other documentary evidence, and to assess the damages sustained against the responsible parties. The assessment of damages made by the board is subject to the approval of the commanding officer, and in the amount approved by that officer shall be charged against the pay of the offenders. The order of the commanding officer directing charges herein authorized is conclusive on any disbursing officer for payment to the injured parties of the damages so assessed and approved.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. If the offenders cannot be ascertained, but the organization or detachment to which they belong is known, charges totaling the amount of damages assessed and approved may be made in such proportion as may be considered just upon the individual members thereof who are shown to have been present at the scene at the time the damages complained of were inflicted, as determined by the approved findings of the board.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 153, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3397. Governor's delegation of authority.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">The Governor may delegate any authority vested in the Governor under this code, and provide for the subdelegation of any such authority, except the power given the Governor by Section 24 of this act.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 154, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3398. Payment of fees, costs and expenses - Military Justice Fund.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. The fees and authorized travel expenses of all witnesses, experts, victims, court reporters, and interpreters, fees for the service of process, the costs of collection, apprehension, detention and confinement, and all other necessary expenses of prosecution and the administration of military justice, not otherwise payable by any other source, shall be paid out of the Military Justice Fund.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. For the foregoing purposes, there is created in the State Treasury a fund to be designated the Military Justice Fund that shall be administered by the Adjutant General, from which expenses of military justice shall be paid in the amounts and manner as prescribed by law. The Legislature may appropriate and have deposited in the Military Justice Fund such funds as it deems necessary to carry out the purposes of this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 155, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-3399. Payment and collection of fines.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">A. Fines imposed by a military court or through imposition of nonjudicial punishment may be paid to the state and delivered to the court or imposing officer, or to a person executing their process. Fines may be collected in the following manner:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">1. By cash or money order;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">2. By retention of any pay or allowances due or to become due the person fined from any state or the United States; or&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">3. By garnishment or levy, together with costs, on the wages, goods, and chattels of a person delinquent in paying a fine, as provided by law.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">B. Any sum so received or retained shall be deposited in the Military Justice Fund or to whomever the court so directs.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 156, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-4000. Uniformity of interpretation.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">This code shall be so construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make it uniform, so far as practical, with the Uniform Code of Military Justice, Chapter 47 of Title 10, United States Code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 157, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-4001. Immunity for conduct of duties under code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Any person acting under the provisions of this code, whether as a member of the military or as a civilian, shall be immune from personal liability for any of the acts or omissions which he did or failed to do as part of his duties under this code.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 158, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span class="cls0">&sect;44-4002. General article - Jurisdiction not extended to certain crimes.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Though not specifically mentioned in this code, all disorders and neglects to the prejudice of good order and discipline in the state military forces, of which persons subject to this code may be guilty, shall be taken cognizance of by a general, special, or summary court-martial according to the nature and degree of the offense and shall be punished at the discretion of that court. However, cognizance may not be taken of, and jurisdiction may not be extended to, the crimes of murder, manslaughter, rape, robbery, maiming, sodomy, arson, extortion, burglary, or housebreaking, jurisdiction of which is reserved to civil courts.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span class="cls0">Added by Laws 2007, c. 86, &sect; 159, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </body> </html>

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