2006 Ohio Revised Code - 4765.01. Definitions.
As used in this chapter:
(A) "First responder" means an individual who holds a current, valid certificate issued under section 4765.30 of the Revised Code to practice as a first responder.
(B) "Emergency medical technician-basic" or "EMT-basic" means an individual who holds a current, valid certificate issued under section 4765.30 of the Revised Code to practice as an emergency medical technician-basic.
(C) "Emergency medical technician-intermediate" or "EMT-I" means an individual who holds a current, valid certificate issued under section 4765.30 of the Revised Code to practice as an emergency medical technician-intermediate.
(D) "Emergency medical technician-paramedic" or "paramedic" means an individual who holds a current, valid certificate issued under section 4765.30 of the Revised Code to practice as an emergency medical technician-paramedic.
(E) "Ambulance" means any motor vehicle that is used, or is intended to be used, for the purpose of responding to emergency medical situations, transporting emergency patients, and administering emergency medical service to patients before, during, or after transportation.
(F) "Cardiac monitoring" means a procedure used for the purpose of observing and documenting the rate and rhythm of a patient's heart by attaching electrical leads from an electrocardiograph monitor to certain points on the patient's body surface.
(G) "Emergency medical service" means any of the services described in sections 4765.35, 4765.37, 4765.38, and 4765.39 of the Revised Code that are performed by first responders, emergency medical technicians-basic, emergency medical technicians-intermediate, and paramedics. "Emergency medical service" includes such services performed before or during any transport of a patient, including transports between hospitals and transports to and from helicopters.
(H) "Emergency medical service organization" means a public or private organization using first responders, EMTs-basic, EMTs-I, or paramedics, or a combination of first responders, EMTs-basic, EMTs-I, and paramedics, to provide emergency medical services.
(I) "Physician" means an individual who holds a current, valid certificate issued under Chapter 4731. of the Revised Code authorizing the practice of medicine and surgery or osteopathic medicine and surgery.
(J) "Registered nurse" means an individual who holds a current, valid license issued under Chapter 4723. of the Revised Code authorizing the practice of nursing as a registered nurse.
(K) "Volunteer" means a person who provides services either for no compensation or for compensation that does not exceed the actual expenses incurred in providing the services or in training to provide the services.
(L) "Emergency medical service personnel" means first responders, emergency medical service technicians-basic, emergency medical service technicians-intermediate, emergency medical service technicians-paramedic, and persons who provide medical direction to such persons.
(M) "Hospital" has the same meaning as in section 3727.01 of the Revised Code.
(N) "Trauma" or "traumatic injury" means severe damage to or destruction of tissue that satisfies both of the following conditions:
(1) It creates a significant risk of any of the following:
(a) Loss of life;
(b) Loss of a limb;
(c) Significant, permanent disfigurement;
(d) Significant, permanent disability.
(2) It is caused by any of the following:
(a) Blunt or penetrating injury;
(b) Exposure to electromagnetic, chemical, or radioactive energy;
(c) Drowning, suffocation, or strangulation;
(d) A deficit or excess of heat.
(O) "Trauma victim" or "trauma patient" means a person who has sustained a traumatic injury.
(P) "Trauma care" means the assessment, diagnosis, transportation, treatment, or rehabilitation of a trauma victim by emergency medical service personnel or by a physician, nurse, physician assistant, respiratory therapist, physical therapist, chiropractor, occupational therapist, speech-language pathologist, audiologist, or psychologist licensed to practice as such in this state or another jurisdiction.
(Q) "Trauma center" means all of the following:
(1) Any hospital that is verified by the American college of surgeons as an adult or pediatric trauma center;
(2) Any hospital that is operating as an adult or pediatric trauma center under provisional status pursuant to section 3727.101 [3727.10.1] of the Revised Code;
(3) Until December 31, 2004, any hospital in this state that is designated by the director of health as a level II pediatric trauma center under section 3727.081 [3727.08.1] of the Revised Code;
(4) Any hospital in another state that is licensed or designated under the laws of that state as capable of providing specialized trauma care appropriate to the medical needs of the trauma patient.
(R) "Pediatric" means involving a patient who is less than sixteen years of age.
(S) "Adult" means involving a patient who is not a pediatric patient.
(T) "Geriatric" means involving a patient who is at least seventy years old or exhibits significant anatomical or physiological characteristics associated with advanced aging.
(U) "Air medical organization" means an organization that provides emergency medical services, or transports emergency victims, by means of fixed or rotary wing aircraft.
(V) "Emergency care" and "emergency facility" have the same meanings as in section 3727.01 of the Revised Code.
(W) "Stabilize," except as it is used in division (B) of section 4765.35 of the Revised Code with respect to the manual stabilization of fractures, has the same meaning as in section 1753.28 of the Revised Code.
(X) "Transfer" has the same meaning as in
section 1753.28 of the Revised Code.
HISTORY: RC § 4731.82, 136 v H 823 (Eff 8-31-76); 137 v H 1092 (Eff 7-21-78); 138 v H 419 (Eff 6-20-80); 138 v S 98 (Eff 10-6-80); 140 v S 19 (Eff 9-18-84); 141 v S 62 (Eff 9-4-85); RC § 3303.08, 141 v H 222 (Eff 5-15-86); 141 v H 428 (Eff 12-23-86); RC § 4765.01, 144 v S 98 (Eff 11-12-92); 144 v H 478 (Eff 1-14-93); 146 v S 150 (Eff 11-24-95); 146 v H 405 (Eff 10-1-96); 148 v H 138 (Eff 11-3-2000); 149 v S 124. Eff 9-17-2002.
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