2006 Ohio Revised Code - 2925.42. Forfeiture of property in connection with felony drug abuse offense or act.

§ 2925.42. Forfeiture of property in connection with felony drug abuse offense or act.
 

(A) (1)  In accordance with division (B) of this section, a person who is convicted of or pleads guilty to a felony drug abuse offense, and any juvenile who is found by a juvenile court to be a delinquent child for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, loses any right to the possession of property and forfeits to the state any right, title, and interest the person may have in that property if either of the following applies: 

(a) The property constitutes, or is derived directly or indirectly from, any proceeds that the person obtained directly or indirectly from the commission of the felony drug abuse offense or act. 

(b) The property was used or intended to be used in any manner to commit, or to facilitate the commission of, the felony drug abuse offense or act. 

(2) All right, title, and interest of a person in property described in division (A)(1) of this section vests in the state upon the person's commission of the felony drug abuse offense of which the person is convicted or to which the person pleads guilty and that is the basis of the forfeiture, or upon the juvenile's commission of the act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, that is the basis of the juvenile being found to be a delinquent child, and that is the basis of the forfeiture. Subject to divisions (F)(3)(b) and (5)(b) and (G)(2) of this section, if any right, title, or interest in property is vested in this state under this division and subsequently is transferred to a person other than the offender who forfeits the right, title, or interest under division (A)(1) of this section, then, in accordance with division (B) of this section, the right, title, or interest in the property may be the subject of a special verdict of forfeiture and, after any special verdict of forfeiture, shall be ordered forfeited to this state, unless the transferee establishes in a hearing held pursuant to division (F) of this section that the transferee is a bona fide purchaser for value of the right, title, or interest in the property and that, at the time of its purchase, the transferee was reasonably without cause to believe that it was subject to forfeiture under this section. 

(3) The provisions of section 2925.43 of the Revised Code that relate to the forfeiture of any right, title, or interest in property associated with a felony drug abuse offense pursuant to a civil action to obtain a civil forfeiture do not apply to the forfeiture of any right, title, or interest in property described in division (A)(1) of this section that occurs pursuant to division (B) of this section upon a person's conviction of or guilty plea to a felony drug abuse offense or upon a juvenile being found by a juvenile court to be a delinquent child for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense. 

(4) Nothing in this section precludes a financial institution that has or purports to have a security interest in or lien on property described in division (A)(1) of this section from commencing a civil action or taking other appropriate legal action in connection with the property, prior to its disposition in accordance with section 2925.44 of the Revised Code, for the purpose of obtaining possession of the property in order to foreclose or otherwise enforce the security interest or lien. A financial institution may commence a civil action or take other appropriate legal action for that purpose prior to the disposition of the property in accordance with section 2925.44 of the Revised Code, even if a felony drug abuse offense prosecution or a delinquent child proceeding for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense has been or could be commenced, even if the property is or could be the subject of an order of forfeiture issued under division (B)(5) of this section, and even if the property has been seized or is subject to seizure pursuant to division (D) or (E) of this section. 

If a financial institution commences a civil action or takes any other appropriate legal action as described in this division, if the financial institution subsequently causes the sale of the property prior to its seizure pursuant to division (D) or (E) of this section and its disposition pursuant to section 2925.44 of the Revised Code, and if the person responsible for the conduct of the sale has actual knowledge of the commencement of a felony drug abuse offense prosecution or of a delinquent child proceeding for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, actual knowledge of a pending forfeiture proceeding under division (B) of this section, or actual knowledge of an order of forfeiture issued under division (B)(5) of this section, then the person responsible for the conduct of the sale shall dispose of the proceeds of the sale in the following order: 

(a) First, to the payment of the costs of the sale and to the payment of the costs incurred by law enforcement agencies and financial institutions in connection with the seizure of, storage of, maintenance of, and provision of security for the property. As used in this division, "costs" of a financial institution do not include attorney's fees incurred by that institution in connection with the property. 

(b) Second, the remaining proceeds of the sale after compliance with division (A)(4)(a) of this section, to the payment of valid security interests and liens pertaining to the property that, at the time of the vesting of the right, title, or interest of the adult or juvenile in the state under division (A)(2) of this section, are held by known secured parties and lienholders, in the order of priority of those security interests and liens; 

(c) Third, the remaining proceeds of the sale after compliance with division (A)(4)(b) of this section, to the court that has or would have jurisdiction in a felony drug abuse offense prosecution or a delinquent child proceeding for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, for disposition in accordance with section 2925.44 of the Revised Code. 

(B) (1)  A criminal forfeiture of any right, title, or interest in property described in division (A)(1) of this section is precluded unless one of the following applies: 

(a) The indictment, count in the indictment, or information charging the felony drug abuse offense specifies the nature of the right, title, or interest of the alleged offender in the property described in division (A)(1) of this section that is potentially subject to forfeiture under this section, or a description of the property of the alleged offender that is potentially subject to forfeiture under this section, to the extent the right, title, or interest in the property or the property reasonably is known at the time of the filing of the indictment or information; or the complaint, indictment, or information charging a juvenile with being a delinquent child for the commission of an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense specifies the nature of the right, title, or interest of the juvenile in the property described in division (A)(1) of this section that is potentially subject to forfeiture under this section, or a description of the property of the juvenile that is potentially subject to forfeiture under this section, to the extent the right, title, or interest in the property or the property reasonably is known at the time of the filing of the complaint, indictment, or information. 

(b) The property in question was not reasonably foreseen to be subject to forfeiture under this section at the time of the filing of the indictment, information, or complaint, the prosecuting attorney gave prompt notice to the alleged offender or juvenile of that property when it was discovered to be subject to forfeiture under this section, and a verdict of forfeiture described in division (B)(3) of this section requires the forfeiture of that property. 

(2) The specifications described in division (B)(1) of this section shall be stated at the end of the body of the indictment, count in the indictment, information, or complaint. 

(3) (a) If a person is convicted of or pleads guilty to a felony drug abuse offense, or a juvenile is found to be a delinquent child for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, then a special proceeding shall be conducted in accordance with this division to determine whether any property described in division (B)(1)(a) or (b) of this section will be the subject of an order of forfeiture under this section. Except as otherwise provided in division (B)(3)(b) of this section, the jury in the felony drug abuse offense criminal action or in the delinquent child action or, if that action was a nonjury action, the judge in that action shall hear and consider testimony and other evidence in the proceeding relative to whether any property described in division (B)(1)(a) or (b) of this section is subject to forfeiture under this section. If the jury or judge determines that the prosecuting attorney has established, by a preponderance of the evidence, that any property so described is subject to forfeiture under this section, the judge or juvenile judge shall render a verdict of forfeiture that specifically describes the right, title, or interest in property or the property that is subject to forfeiture under this section. The Rules of Evidence shall apply in the proceeding. 

(b) If the trier of fact in a felony drug abuse offense criminal action or in a delinquent child action was a jury, then, upon the filing of a motion by the person who was convicted of or pleaded guilty to the felony drug abuse offense or upon the filing of a motion by the juvenile who was found to be a delinquent child for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, the determinations in the proceeding described in this division instead shall be made by the judge in the felony drug abuse offense criminal action or the juvenile judge. 

(4) In a felony drug abuse offense criminal action or in a delinquent child action, if the trier of fact is a jury, the jury shall not be informed of any specification described in division (B)(1)(a) of this section or of any property described in that division or division (B)(1)(b) of this section prior to the alleged offender being convicted of or pleading guilty to the felony drug abuse offense or prior to the juvenile being found to be a delinquent child for the commission of an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense. 

(5) (a) If a verdict of forfeiture is entered pursuant to division (B)(3) of this section, then the court that imposes sentence upon a person who is convicted of or pleads guilty to a felony drug abuse offense, or the juvenile court that finds a juvenile to be a delinquent child for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, in addition to any other sentence imposed upon the offender or order of disposition imposed upon the delinquent child, shall order that the offender or delinquent child forfeit to the state all of the offender's or delinquent child's right, title, and interest in the property described in division (A)(1) of this section. If a person is convicted of or pleads guilty to a felony drug abuse offense, or a juvenile is found by a juvenile court to be a delinquent child for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, and derives profits or other proceeds from the offense or act, the court that imposes sentence or an order of disposition upon the offender or delinquent child, in lieu of any fine that the court is otherwise authorized or required to impose, may impose upon the offender or delinquent child a fine of not more than twice the gross profits or other proceeds so derived. 

(b) Notwithstanding any contrary provision of section 3719.21 of the Revised Code, all fines imposed pursuant to this division shall be paid by the clerk of the court to the county, municipal corporation, township, park district, as created pursuant to section 511.18 or 1545.01 of the Revised Code, or state law enforcement agencies in this state that were primarily responsible for or involved in making the arrest of, and in prosecuting, the offender. However, no fine so imposed shall be paid to a law enforcement agency unless the agency has adopted a written internal control policy under division (F)(2) of section 2925.03 of the Revised Code that addresses the use of the fine moneys that it receives under this division and division (F)(1) of section 2925.03 of the Revised Code. The fines imposed and paid pursuant to this division shall be used by the law enforcement agencies to subsidize their efforts pertaining to drug offenses, in accordance with the written internal control policy adopted by the recipient agency under division (F)(2) of section 2925.03 of the Revised Code. 

(c) As used in division (B)(5) of this section: 

(i) "Law enforcement agencies" includes, but is not limited to, the state board of pharmacy and the office of a prosecutor. 

(ii) "Prosecutor" has the same meaning as in section 2935.01 of the Revised Code. 

(6) If any of the property that is described in division (A)(1) of this section and that is the subject of an order of forfeiture issued under division (B)(5) of this section, because of an act or omission of the person who is convicted of or pleads guilty to the felony drug abuse offense that is the basis of the order of forfeiture, or an act or omission of the juvenile found by a juvenile court to be a delinquent child for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense and that is the basis of the forfeiture, cannot be located upon the exercise of due diligence, has been transferred to, sold to, or deposited with a third party, has been placed beyond the jurisdiction of the court, has been substantially diminished in value, or has been commingled with other property that cannot be divided without difficulty, the court that issues the order of forfeiture shall order the forfeiture of any other property of the offender up to the value of any forfeited property described in this division. 

(C)  There shall be a rebuttable presumption that any right, title, or interest of a person in property described in division (A)(1) of this section is subject to forfeiture under division (B) of this section, if the state proves both of the following by a preponderance of the evidence: 

(1) The right, title, or interest in the property was acquired by the offender during the period of the commission of the felony drug abuse offense or act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, or within a reasonable time after that period. 

(2) There is no likely source for the right, title, or interest in the property other than proceeds obtained from the commission of the felony drug abuse offense or act. 

(D) (1)  Upon the application of the prosecuting attorney who is prosecuting or has jurisdiction to prosecute the felony drug abuse offense or act, the court of common pleas or juvenile court of the county in which property subject to forfeiture under division (B) of this section is located, whichever is applicable, may issue a restraining order or injunction, an order requiring the execution of a satisfactory performance bond, or an order taking any other reasonable action necessary to preserve the availability of the property, at either of the following times: 

(a) Upon the filing of an indictment, complaint, or information charging a person who has any right, title, or interest in the property with the commission of a felony drug abuse offense and alleging that the property with respect to which the order is sought will be subject to forfeiture under division (B) of this section if the person is convicted of or pleads guilty to the offense, or upon the filing of a complaint, indictment, or information alleging that a juvenile who has any right, title, or interest in the property is a delinquent child because of the commission of an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense and alleging that the property with respect to which the order is sought will be subject to forfeiture under division (B) of this section if the juvenile is found to be a delinquent child because of the commission of that act; 

(b) Except as provided in division (D)(3) of this section, prior to the filing of an indictment, complaint, or information charging a person who has any right, title, or interest in the property with the commission of a felony drug abuse offense, or prior to the filing of a complaint, indictment, or information alleging that a juvenile who has any right, title, or interest in the property is a delinquent child because of the commission of an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, if, after notice is given to all persons known to have any right, title, or interest in the property and an opportunity to have a hearing on the order is given to those persons, the court determines both of the following: 

(i) There is a substantial probability that the state will prevail on the issue of forfeiture and that failure to enter the order will result in the property subject to forfeiture being destroyed, removed from the jurisdiction of the court, or otherwise being made unavailable for forfeiture. 

(ii) The need to preserve the availability of the property subject to forfeiture through the entry of the requested order outweighs the hardship on any party against whom the order is to be entered. 

(2) Except as provided in division (D)(3) of this section, an order issued under division (D)(1) of this section is effective for not more than ninety days, unless extended by the court for good cause shown or unless an indictment, complaint, or information charging the commission of a felony drug abuse offense or a complaint, indictment, or information alleging that a juvenile is a delinquent child because of the commission of an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, is filed against any alleged adult offender or alleged delinquent child with any right, title, or interest in the property that is the subject of the order. 

(3) A court may issue an order under division (D)(1)(b) of this section without giving notice or an opportunity for a hearing to persons known to have any right, title, or interest in property, if the prosecuting attorney who is prosecuting or has jurisdiction to prosecute the felony drug abuse offense or act demonstrates that there is probable cause to believe that the property will be subject to forfeiture under division (B) of this section if a person with any right, title, or interest in the property is convicted of or pleads guilty to a felony drug abuse offense or a juvenile with any right, title, or interest in the property is found by a juvenile court to be a delinquent child for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, and that giving notice or an opportunity for a hearing to persons with any right, title, or interest in the property will jeopardize its availability for forfeiture. The order shall be a temporary order and expire not more than ten days after the date on which it is entered, unless it is extended for good cause shown or unless a person with any right, title, or interest in the property that is the subject of the order consents to an extension for a longer period. A hearing concerning an order issued under this division may be requested, and, if it is requested, the court shall hold the hearing at the earliest possible time prior to the expiration of the order. 

(4) At any hearing held under division (D) of this section, the court may receive and consider evidence and information that is inadmissible under the Rules of Evidence. However, each hearing held under division (D) of this section shall be recorded by shorthand, by stenotype, or by any other mechanical, electronic, or video recording device. If, as a result of a hearing under division (D) of this section, property would be seized, the recording of and any transcript of the recording of that hearing shall not be a public record for purposes of section 149.43 of the Revised Code until that property has been seized pursuant to division (D) of this section. Division (D)(4) of this section shall not be construed as requiring, authorizing, or permitting, and does not require, authorize, or permit, the making available for inspection, or the copying, under section 149.43 of the Revised Code of any confidential law enforcement investigatory record or trial preparation record, as defined in that section. 

(5) A prosecuting attorney or other law enforcement officer may request the court of common pleas of the county in which property subject to forfeiture under this section is located to issue a warrant authorizing the seizure of that property. The request shall be made in the same manner as provided for a search warrant. If the court determines that there is probable cause to believe that the property to be seized will be subject to forfeiture under this section when a person with any right, title, or interest in the property is convicted of or pleads guilty to a felony drug abuse offense or when a juvenile with any right, title, or interest in the property is found by a juvenile court to be a delinquent child for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense, and if the court determines that any order issued under division (D)(1), (2), or (3) of this section may not be sufficient to ensure the availability of the property for forfeiture, the court shall issue a warrant authorizing the seizure of the property. 

(E) (1)  Upon the entry of an order of forfeiture under this section, the court shall order an appropriate law enforcement officer to seize all of the forfeited property upon the terms and conditions that the court determines are proper. In addition, upon the request of the prosecuting attorney who prosecuted the felony drug abuse offense or act, the court shall enter any appropriate restraining orders or injunctions, require the execution of satisfactory performance bonds, appoint receivers, conservators, appraisers, accountants, or trustees, or take any other action to protect the interest of the state in the forfeited property. Any income accruing to or derived from property ordered forfeited under this section may be used to offset ordinary and necessary expenses related to the property that are required by law or that are necessary to protect the interest of the state or third parties. 

After forfeited property is seized, the prosecuting attorney who prosecuted the felony drug abuse offense or act shall direct its disposition in accordance with section 2925.44 of the Revised Code, making due provision for the rights of any innocent persons. Any right, title, or interest in property not exercisable by, or transferable for value to, the state shall expire and shall not revert to the offender whose conviction or plea of guilty or act as a delinquent child is the basis of the order of forfeiture. Neither the adult offender or delinquent child nor any person acting in concert with or on behalf of the adult offender or delinquent child is eligible to purchase forfeited property at any sale held pursuant to section 2925.44 of the Revised Code. 

Upon the application of any person other than the adult offender or delinquent child whose right, title, or interest in the property is the subject of the order of forfeiture or any person acting in concert with or on behalf of the adult offender or delinquent child, the court may restrain or stay the sale or other disposition of the property pursuant to section 2925.44 of the Revised Code pending the conclusion of any appeal of the felony drug abuse offense conviction or of the delinquent child adjudication that is the basis of the order of forfeiture, if the applicant demonstrates that proceeding with the sale or other disposition of the property will result in irreparable injury or loss to the applicant. 

(2) With respect to property that is the subject of an order of forfeiture issued under this section, the court that issued the order, upon the petition of the prosecuting attorney who prosecuted the felony drug abuse offense or act, may do any of the following: 

(a) Grant petitions for mitigation or remission of forfeiture, restore forfeited property to victims of a felony drug abuse offense, or take any other action to protect the rights of innocent persons that is in the interest of justice and that is not inconsistent with this section; 

(b) Compromise claims that arise under this section; 

(c) Award compensation to persons who provide information resulting in a forfeiture under this section; 

(d) Direct the disposition by the prosecuting attorney who prosecuted the felony drug abuse offense or act, in accordance with section 2925.44 of the Revised Code, of all property ordered forfeited under this section, making due provision for the rights of innocent persons; 

(e) Pending the disposition of any property that is the subject of an order of forfeiture under this section, take any appropriate measures that are necessary to safeguard and maintain the property. 

(3) To facilitate the identification and location of property that is the subject of an order of forfeiture under this section and to facilitate the disposition of petitions for remission or mitigation issued under division (E)(2) of this section, after the issuance of an order of forfeiture under this section and upon application by the prosecuting attorney who prosecuted the felony drug abuse offense or act, the court may order that the testimony of any witness relating to the forfeited property be taken by deposition, and that any designated book, paper, document, record, recording, or other material that is not privileged be produced at the same time and place as the testimony, in the same manner as provided for the taking of depositions under the Rules of Civil Procedure. 

(F) (1)  Except as provided in divisions (F)(2) to (5) of this section, no person claiming any right, title, or interest in property subject to forfeiture under this section or section 2925.43 of the Revised Code may intervene in a criminal trial or appeal, or a delinquent child proceeding or appeal, involving the forfeiture of the property under this section or in a civil action for a civil forfeiture under section 2925.43 of the Revised Code, or may commence an action at law or equity against the state concerning the validity of the person's alleged right, title, or interest in the property subsequent to the filing of an indictment, complaint, or information alleging that the property is subject to forfeiture under this section or subsequent to the filing of a complaint, indictment, or information alleging that a juvenile who has any right, title, or interest in the property is a delinquent child because of the commission of an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony drug abuse offense and alleging that the property is subject to forfeiture under this section. 

(2) After the entry of an order of forfeiture under this section, the prosecuting attorney who prosecuted the felony drug abuse offense or act shall conduct or cause to be conducted a search of the appropriate public records that relate to the property, and make or cause to be made reasonably diligent inquiries, for the purpose of identifying persons who have any right, title, or interest in the property. The prosecuting attorney then shall cause a notice of the order of forfeiture, of the prosecuting attorney's intent to dispose of the property in accordance with section 2925.44 of the Revised Code, and of the manner of the proposed disposal, to be given to each person who is known, because of the conduct of the search, the making of the inquiries, or otherwise, to have any right, title, or interest in the property, by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by personal service. Additionally, the prosecuting attorney shall cause a similar notice to be published once a week for two consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which the property was seized. 

(3) (a) Any person, other than the adult offender whose conviction or guilty plea or the delinquent child whose adjudication is the basis of the order of forfeiture, who asserts a legal right, title, or interest in the property that is the subject of the order may petition the court that issued the order, within thirty days after the earlier of the final publication of notice or the person's receipt of notice under division (F)(2) of this section, for a hearing to adjudicate the validity of the person's alleged right, title, or interest in the property. The petition shall be signed by the petitioner under the penalties for falsification as specified in section 2921.13 of the Revised Code and shall set forth the nature and extent of the petitioner's right, title, or interest in the property, the time and circumstances of the petitioner's acquisition of that right, title, or interest, any additional facts supporting the petitioner's claim, and the relief sought. 

(b) In lieu of filing a petition as described in division (F)(3)(a) of this section, a secured party or other lienholder of record that asserts a legal right, title, or interest in the property that is the subject of the order, including, but not limited to, a mortgage, security interest, or other type of lien, may file an affidavit as described in this division to establish the validity of the alleged right, title, or interest in the property. The affidavit shall be filed within thirty days after the earlier of the final publication of notice or the receipt of notice under division (F)(2) of this section and, except as otherwise provided in this section, shall constitute prima-facie evidence of the validity of the secured party's or other lienholder's alleged right, title, or interest in the property. Unless the prosecuting attorney files a motion challenging the affidavit within ten days after its filing and unless the prosecuting attorney establishes, by a preponderance of the evidence, at a subsequent hearing before the court that issued the forfeiture order, that the secured party or other lienholder does not possess the alleged right, title, or interest in the property or that the secured party or other lienholder had actual knowledge of facts pertaining to the felony drug abuse offense or act that was the basis of the forfeiture order, the affidavit shall constitute conclusive evidence of the validity of the secured party's or other lienholder's right, title, or interest in the property and shall have the legal effect described in division (G)(2) of this section. To the extent practicable and consistent with the interests of justice, any such hearing shall be held within thirty days after the prosecuting attorney files the motion. At any such hearing, the prosecuting attorney and the secured party or other lienholder may present evidence and witnesses and cross-examine witnesses. 

In order to be valid for the purposes of this division and division (G)(2) of this section, the affidavit of a secured party or other lienholder shall contain averments that the secured party or other lienholder acquired its alleged right, title, or interest in the property in the regular course of its business, for a specified valuable consideration, without actual knowledge of any facts pertaining to the felony drug abuse offense or act that was the basis of the forfeiture order, in good faith and without the intent to prevent or otherwise impede the state from seizing or obtaining a forfeiture of the property under sections 2925.41 to 2925.45 of the Revised Code, and prior to the seizure or forfeiture of the property under those sections. 

(4) Upon receipt of a petition filed under division (F)(3) of this section, the court shall hold a hearing to determine the validity of the petitioner's right, title, or interest in the property that is the subject of the order of forfeiture. To the extent practicable and consistent with the interests of justice, the hearing shall be held within thirty days after the filing of the petition. The court may consolidate the hearing on the petition with a hearing on any other petition filed by a person other than the offender whose conviction or guilty plea or adjudication as a delinquent child is the basis of the order of forfeiture. At the hearing, the petitioner may testify, present evidence and witnesses on the petitioner's behalf, and cross-examine witnesses for the state. The state may present evidence and witnesses in rebuttal and in defense of its claim to the property and cross-examine witnesses for the petitioner. In addition to evidence and testimony presented at the hearing, the court shall consider the relevant portions of the record in the felony drug abuse offense or delinquent child case that resulted in the order of forfeiture. 

(5) (a) The court shall amend its order of forfeiture in accordance with its determination if it determines, at the hearing, that the petitioner has established either of the following by a preponderance of the evidence: 

(i) The petitioner has a legal right, title, or interest in the property that renders the order of forfeiture completely or partially invalid because it was vested in the petitioner, rather than the adult offender whose conviction or guilty plea or the delinquent child whose adjudication is the basis of the order, or was superior to any right, title, or interest of that offender, at the time of the commission of the felony drug abuse offense or act that is the basis of the order. 

(ii) The petitioner is a bona fide purchaser for value of the right, title, or interest in the property and was at the time of the purchase reasonably without cause to believe that it was subject to forfeiture under this section. 

(b) The court also shall amend its order of forfeiture to reflect any right, title, or interest of a secured party or other lienholder of record in the property subject to the order that was established pursuant to division (F)(3)(b) of this section by means of an affidavit, or that was established pursuant to that division by the failure of a prosecuting attorney to establish, in a hearing as described in that division, that the secured party or other lienholder did not possess the alleged right, title, or interest in the property or that the secured party or other lienholder had actual knowledge of facts pertaining to the felony drug abuse offense or act that was the basis of the order. 

(G) (1)  Subject to division (G)(2) of this section, if the court has disposed of all petitions filed under division (F) of this section or if no petitions are filed under that division and the time for filing petitions under that division has expired, the state shall have clear title to all property that is the subject of an order of forfeiture issued under this section and may warrant good title to any subsequent purchaser or other transferee. 

(2) If an affidavit as described in division (F)(3)(b) of this section is filed in accordance with that division, if the affidavit constitutes, under the circumstances described in that division, conclusive evidence of the validity of the right, title, or interest of a secured party or other lienholder of record in the property subject to a forfeiture order, and if any mortgage, security interest, or other type of lien possessed by the secured party or other lienholder in connection with the property is not satisfied prior to a sale or other disposition of the property pursuant to section 2925.44 of the Revised Code, then the right, title, or interest of the secured party or other lienholder in the property remains valid for purposes of sections 2925.41 to 2925.45 of the Revised Code and any subsequent purchaser or other transferee of the property pursuant to section 2925.44 of the Revised Code shall take the property subject to the continued validity of the right, title, or interest of the secured party or other lienholder in the property. 
 

HISTORY: 143 v S 258 (Eff 11-20-90); 144 v S 174 (Eff 7-31-92); 146 v S 2 (Eff 7-1-96); 148 v S 179, § 3. Eff 1-1-2002.
 

The effective date is set by section 5 of SB 179. 

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