2013 North Dakota Century Code
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As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise:
1. "Advertisement" means any written, electronic, or printed communication or any
communication by means of recorded telephone messages or transmitted on radio;
television; the internet; or similar communications media, including filmstrips, motion
pictures, and videos; published, disseminated, circulated, or placed before the public,
directly or indirectly, for the purpose of creating an interest in or inducing a person to
purchase or sell, assign, devise, bequest, or transfer the death benefit or ownership of
a life insurance policy or an interest in a life insurance policy pursuant to a life
2. "Broker" means an individual who, on behalf of an owner and for a fee, commission, or
other valuable consideration, offers or attempts to negotiate life settlement contracts
between an owner and providers. A broker represents only the owner and owes a
fiduciary duty to the owner to act according to the owner's instructions, and in the best
interest of the owner, notwithstanding the manner in which the broker is compensated.
The term does not include an attorney, certified public accountant, or financial planner
retained in the type of practice customarily performed in that individual's professional
capacity to represent the owner whose compensation is not paid directly or indirectly
by the provider or any other person, except the owner.
3. "Business of life settlements" includes an activity involved in offering to enter, soliciting,
negotiating, procuring, effectuating, monitoring, or tracking of life settlement contracts.
4. "Chronically ill" means:
a. Being unable to perform at least two activities of daily living, such as eating,
toileting, transferring, bathing, dressing, or continence;
b. Requiring substantial supervision to protect the individual from threats to health
and safety due to severe cognitive impairment; or
c. Having a level of disability similar to that described in subdivision a as determined
by the United States secretary of health and human services.
5. "Financing entity" means an underwriter, a placement agent, a lender, a purchaser of
securities, a purchaser of a policy or certificate from a provider, a credit enhancer, or
any entity that has a direct ownership in a policy or certificate that is the subject of a
life settlement contract, but whose principal activity related to the transaction is
providing funds to effect the life settlement contract or purchase of one or more
policies, and who has an agreement in writing with one or more providers to finance
the acquisition of life settlement contracts. The term does not include a nonaccredited
investor or purchaser.
6. "Financing transaction" means a transaction in which a licensed provider obtains
financing from a financing entity, including any secured or unsecured financing, any
securitization transaction, or any securities offering which either is registered or
exempt from registration under federal and state securities law.
7. "Fraudulent life settlement act" includes:
a. Any act or omission committed by any person that, knowingly and with intent to
defraud, for the purpose of depriving another of property or for pecuniary gain,
commits or permits the person's employees or agents to engage in acts,
(1) Presenting, causing to be presented, or preparing with knowledge and belief
that it will be presented to or by a provider, premium finance lender, broker,
insurer, insurance producer, or any other person, false material information,
or concealing material information, as part of, in support of, or concerning a
fact material to one or more of the following:
(a) An application for the issuance of a life settlement contract or
(b) The underwriting of a life settlement contract or insurance policy;
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A claim for payment or benefit pursuant to a life settlement contract or
(d) Premiums paid on an insurance policy;
(e) Payments and changes in ownership or beneficiary made in
accordance with the terms of a life settlement contract or insurance
(f) The reinstatement or conversion of an insurance policy;
(g) In the solicitation, offer to enter, or effectuation of a life settlement
contract or insurance policy;
(h) The issuance of written evidence of life settlement contracts or
(i) Any application for, the existence of, or any payments related to a loan
secured directly or indirectly by any interest in a life insurance policy;
(j) Enter into any practice or plan which involves stranger-originated life
(2) Failing to disclose to the insurer where the request for such disclosure has
been asked for by the insurer that the prospective insured has undergone a
life expectancy evaluation by any individual or entity other than the insurer
or the insurer's authorized representatives in connection with the issuance
of the policy.
(3) Employing any device, scheme, or artifice to defraud in the business of life
(4) In the solicitation, application, or issuance of a life insurance policy,
employing any device, scheme, or artifice in violation of state insurable
b. In the furtherance of a fraud or to prevent the detection of a fraud, any person
commits or permits the person's employees or agents to:
(1) Remove, conceal, alter, destroy, or sequester from the commissioner the
assets or records of a licensee or other person engaged in the business of
(2) Misrepresent or conceal the financial condition of a licensee, financing
entity, insurer, or other person;
(3) Transact the business of life settlements in violation of laws requiring a
license, certificate of authority, or other legal authority for the transaction of
the business of life settlements;
(4) File with the commissioner or the chief insurance regulatory official of
another jurisdiction a document containing false information or otherwise
concealing information about a material fact from the commissioner;
(5) Engage in embezzlement, theft, misappropriation, or conversion of moneys,
funds, premiums, credits, or other property of a provider, an insurer, an
insured, an owner, an insurance, a policyowner, or any other person
engaged in the business of life settlements or insurance;
(6) Knowingly and with intent to defraud, enter, broker, or otherwise deal in a life
settlement contract, the subject of which is a life insurance policy that was
obtained by presenting false information concerning any fact material to the
policy or by concealing, for the purpose of misleading another, information
concerning any fact material to the policy, where the owner or the owner's
agent intended to defraud the policy's issuer;
(7) Attempt to commit, assist, aid, or abet in the commission of or conspiracy to
commit the acts or omissions specified in this subsection; or
(8) Misrepresent the state of residence of an owner to be a state or jurisdiction
that does not have a law substantially similar to this chapter for the purpose
of evading or avoiding the provisions of this chapter.
"Insured" means the individual covered under the policy being considered for sale in a
life settlement contract.
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"Life expectancy" means the arithmetic mean of the number of months the insured
under the life insurance policy to be settled can be expected to live as determined by a
life expectancy company considering medical records and appropriate experiential
"Life insurance producer" means any person licensed in this state as a resident or
nonresident insurance producer that has received qualification or authority for life
insurance coverage or a life line of coverage pursuant to chapter 26.1-26.
"Life settlement contract" means a written agreement entered between a provider, or
any affiliate of the provider, and an owner establishing the terms under which
compensation or anything of value will be paid, which compensation or thing of value
is less than the expected death benefit of the insurance policy or certificate, in return
for the owner's present or future assignment, transfer, sale, devise, or bequest of the
death benefit or ownership of any portion of an insurance policy or certificate of
insurance for compensation; provided, however, that the minimum value for a life
settlement contract must be greater than a cash surrender value or accelerated death
benefit available at the time of an application for a life settlement contract. The term
includes the transfer for compensation or value of ownership or beneficial interest in a
trust or other entity that owns such policy if the trust or other entity was formed or
availed of for the principal purpose of acquiring one or more life insurance contracts,
which life insurance contract insures the life of an individual residing in this state.
a. "Life settlement contract" also includes:
(1) A written agreement for a loan or other lending transaction, secured
primarily by an individual or group life insurance policy; or
(2) A premium finance loan made for a policy on or before the date of issuance
of the policy when:
(a) The loan proceeds are not used solely to pay premiums for the policy
and any costs or expenses incurred by the lender or the borrower in
connection with the financing;
(b) The owner receives on the date of the premium finance loan a
guarantee of the future life settlement value of the policy; or
(c) The owner agrees on the date of the premium finance loan to sell the
policy or any portion of the policy's death benefit on any date following
the issuance of the policy.
b. "Life settlement contract" does not include:
(1) A policy loan by a life insurance company pursuant to the terms of the life
insurance policy or accelerated death benefits provisions contained in the
life insurance policy, whether issued with the original policy or as a rider;
(2) A premium finance loan, as defined herein, or any loan made by a bank or
other licensed financial institution, provided that neither default on such loan
nor the transfer of the policy in connection with such default is pursuant to
an agreement or understanding with any other person for the purpose of
evading regulation under this chapter;
(3) A collateral assignment of a life insurance policy by an owner;
(4) A loan made by a lender that does not violate chapter 26.1-20.1, provided
the loan is not described in paragraph 1, and is not otherwise within the
definition of life settlement contract;
(5) An agreement in which all the parties:
(a) Are closely related to the insured by blood or law; or
(b) Have a lawful substantial economic interest in the continued life,
health, and bodily safety of the individual insured, or are trusts
established primarily for the benefit of such parties;
(6) Any designation, consent, or agreement by an insured who is an employee
of an employer in connection with the purchase by the employer, or trust
established by the employer, of life insurance on the life of the employee;
(7) A bona fide business succession planning arrangement:
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Between one or more shareholders in a corporation or between a
corporation and one or more of the corporation's shareholders or one
or more trusts established by the corporation's shareholders;
(b) Between one or more partners in a partnership or between a
partnership and one or more of the partnership's partners or one or
more trusts established by the partnership's partners; or
(c) Between one or more members in a limited liability company or
between a limited liability company and one or more of the limited
liability company's members or one or more trusts established by the
limited liability company's members;
(8) An agreement entered by a service recipient, or a trust established by the
service recipient, and a service provider, or a trust established by the
service provider, who performs significant services for the service recipient's
trade or business; or
(9) Any other contract, transaction, or arrangement from the definition of life
settlement contract that the commissioner determines is not of the type
intended to be regulated by this chapter.
"Net death benefit" means the amount of the life insurance policy or certificate to be
settled less any outstanding debt or lien.
"Owner" means the owner of a life insurance policy or a certificate holder under a
group policy, with or without a terminal illness, who enters or seeks to enter a life
settlement contract. For the purposes of this definition, an owner is not limited to an
owner of a life insurance policy or a certificate holder under a group policy that insures
the life of an individual with a terminal or chronic illness or condition except where
specifically addressed. The term does not include:
a. Any provider or other licensee under this chapter;
b. A qualified institutional buyer as defined in rule 144A of the federal Securities Act
of 1933, as amended [15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.];
c. A financing entity;
d. A special purpose entity; or
e. A related provider trust.
"Patient identifying information" means an insured's address, telephone number,
facsimile number, electronic mail address, photograph or likeness, employer,
employment status, social security number, or any other information that is likely to
lead to the identification of the insured.
"Policy" means an individual or group policy, group certificate, contract, or
arrangement of life insurance owned by a resident of this state, regardless of whether
delivered or issued for delivery in this state.
"Premium finance loan" means a loan made primarily for the purposes of making
premium payments on a life insurance policy, which loan is secured by an interest in
such life insurance policy.
"Provider" means a person, other than an owner, that enters or effectuates a life
settlement contract with an owner. The term does not include:
a. Any bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, or credit union;
b. A licensed lending institution, creditor, or secured party pursuant to a premium
finance loan agreement which takes an assignment of a life insurance policy or
certificate issued pursuant to a group life insurance policy as collateral for a loan;
c. The insurer of a life insurance policy or rider to the extent of providing accelerated
death benefits or riders or cash surrender value;
d. Any individual who enters or effectuates no more than one agreement in a
calendar year for the transfer of a life insurance policy or certificate issued
pursuant to a group life insurance policy, for compensation or anything of value
less than the expected death benefit payable under the policy;
e. A purchaser;
f. Any authorized or eligible insurer that provides stop-loss coverage to a provider,
purchaser, financing entity, special purpose entity, or related provider trust;
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A financing entity;
A special purpose entity;
A related provider trust;
A broker; or
An accredited investor or qualified institutional buyer as defined respectively in
regulation D, rule 501 or rule 144A of the federal Securities Act of 1933, as
amended [15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.], that purchases a life settlement policy from a
"Purchased policy" means a policy or group certificate that has been acquired by a
provider pursuant to a life settlement contract.
"Purchaser" means a person that pays compensation or anything of value as
consideration for a beneficial interest in a trust which is vested with, or for the
assignment, transfer, or sale of, an ownership or other interest in a life insurance policy
or a certificate issued pursuant to a group life insurance policy which has been the
subject of a life settlement contract.
"Related provider trust" means a titling trust or other trust established by a licensed
provider or a financing entity for the sole purpose of holding the ownership or
beneficial interest in purchased policies in connection with a financing transaction. In
order to qualify as a related provider trust, the trust must have a written agreement
with the licensed provider under which the licensed provider is responsible for
ensuring compliance with all statutory and regulatory requirements and under which
the trust agrees to make all records and files relating to life settlement transactions
available to the insurance department as if those records and files were maintained
directly by the licensed provider.
"Settled policy" means a life insurance policy or certificate that has been acquired by a
provider pursuant to a life settlement contract.
"Special purpose entity" means an organization formed solely to provide either directly
or indirectly access to institutional capital markets for a financing entity or provider; or
in connection with a transaction in which the securities in the special purpose entity
are acquired by the owner or by a "qualified institutional buyer" as defined in rule 144
promulgated under the federal Securities Act of 1933, as amended [15 U.S.C. 77a
et seq.]; or the securities pay a fixed rate of return commensurate with established a
set-backed institutional capital markets.
"Stranger-originated life insurance" is a practice or plan to initiate a life insurance
policy for the benefit of a third-party investor that at the time of policy origination has
no insurable interest in the insured. Stranger-originated life insurance practices include
cases in which life insurance is purchased with resources or guarantees from or
through a person that at the time of policy inception could not lawfully initiate the policy
on its own, and in which at the time of inception there is an arrangement or agreement,
whether verbal or written, to directly or indirectly transfer the ownership of the policy or
the policy benefits or both to a third party. Trusts that are created to give the
appearance of insurable interest, and are used to initiate policies for investors, violate
insurable interest laws and the prohibition against wagering on life. Stranger-originated
life insurance arrangements do not include those practices set forth in subdivision b of
"Terminally ill" means having an illness or sickness that can reasonably be expected to
result in death in twenty-four months or less.
26.1-33.4-02. Licensing and bonding requirements.
1. A person, wherever located, may not act as a provider or broker with an owner or
multiple owners who is a resident of this state without first having obtained a license
from the commissioner. If there is more than one owner on a single policy and the
owners are residents of different states, the life settlement contract must be governed
by the law of the state in which the owner having the largest percentage ownership
resides or, if the owners hold equal ownership, the state of residence of one owner
agreed upon in writing by all owners.
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Application for a provider or broker license must be made to the commissioner by the
applicant on a form prescribed by the commissioner, and the application must be
accompanied by a fee in an amount established by the commissioner; provided,
however, that the license and renewal fees for a provider license must be reasonable
and that the license and renewal fees for a broker license may not exceed those
established for an insurance producer, as such fees are otherwise provided for in this
A life insurance producer who has been duly licensed as a resident insurance
producer with a life line of authority in this state or the producer's home state for at
least one year and is licensed as a nonresident producer in this state is deemed to
meet the licensing requirements of this section and must be permitted to operate as a
Not later than thirty days from the first day of operating as a broker, the life insurance
producer shall notify the commissioner that the broker is acting as a broker on a form
prescribed by the commissioner, and shall pay any applicable fee to be determined by
the commissioner. Notification must include an acknowledgement by the life insurance
producer that the broker will operate as a broker in accordance with this chapter.
The insurer that issued the policy that is the subject of a life settlement contract may
not be responsible for any act or omission of a broker, provider, or purchaser arising
out of or in connection with the life settlement transaction, unless the insurer receives
compensation for the placement of a life settlement contract from the provider,
purchaser, or broker in connection with the life settlement contract.
An individual licensed as an attorney, certified public accountant, or financial planner
accredited by a nationally recognized accreditation agency, who is retained to
represent the owner, whose compensation is not paid directly or indirectly by the
provider or purchaser, may negotiate life settlement contracts on behalf of the owner
without having to obtain a license as a broker.
Licenses may be renewed annually on the anniversary date upon payment of the
periodic renewal fee. As specified in subsection 2, the renewal fee for a provider may
not exceed a reasonable fee. Failure to pay the fee within the terms prescribed results
in the automatic revocation of the license requiring periodic renewal.
The term of provider license must be equal to that of a domestic stock life insurance
company and the term of a broker license must be equal to that of an insurance
producer license. Licenses requiring periodic renewal may be renewed on their
anniversary date upon payment of the periodic renewal fee as specified in
subsection 2. Failure to pay the fees before the expiration of the renewal date results
in expiration of the license.
The applicant shall provide such information as the commissioner may require on
forms prepared by the commissioner. The commissioner, at any time, may require the
applicant to fully disclose the identity of the applicant's stockholders (except
stockholders owning fewer than ten percent of the shares of an applicant whose
shares are publicly traded), partners, officers, and employees, and the commissioner
may refuse to issue the license in the name of any person if not satisfied that any
officer, employee, stockholder, or partner thereof who may materially influence the
applicant's conduct meets the standards of this chapter.
A license issued to a partnership, corporation, or other entity authorizes all members,
officers, and designated employees to act as a licensee under the license, if those
individuals are named in the application and any supplements to the application.
Upon the filing of an application and the payment of the license fee, the commissioner
shall make an investigation of each applicant and may issue a license if the
commissioner finds that the applicant:
a. If a provider, has provided a detailed plan of operation;
b. Is competent and trustworthy and intends to transact the applicant's business in
c. Has a good business reputation and has had experience, training, or education
so as to be qualified in the business for which the license is applied;
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If the applicant is a legal entity, is formed or organized pursuant to the laws of this
state, or is a foreign legal entity authorized to transact business in this state, or
provides a certificate of good standing from the state of its domicile;
e. Has provided to the commissioner an antifraud plan that meets the requirements
of section 26.1-33.4-12 and includes:
(1) A description of the procedures for detecting and investigating possible
fraudulent acts and procedures for resolving material inconsistencies
between medical records and insurance applications;
(2) A description of the procedures for reporting fraudulent insurance acts to the
(3) A description of the plan for antifraud education and training of the
applicant's underwriters and other personnel; and
(4) A written description or chart outlining the arrangement of the antifraud
personnel who are responsible for the investigation and reporting of possible
fraudulent insurance acts and investigating unresolved material
inconsistencies between medical records and insurance applications; and
f. If a provider or broker, has demonstrated evidence of financial responsibility in a
format prescribed by the commissioner through a surety bond executed and
issued by an insurer authorized to issue surety bonds in this state or through a
deposit of cash, certificates of deposit, or securities or any combination thereof in
the amount of one hundred fifty thousand dollars. The commissioner shall accept,
as evidence of financial responsibility under this subdivision, proof that financial
instruments in accordance with the requirements in this subdivision have been
filed with one or more states in which the applicant is licensed as a provider or
broker. The commissioner may ask for evidence of financial responsibility at any
time the commissioner determines necessary. Any surety bond issued pursuant
to this subdivision must specifically authorize recovery by the commissioner on
behalf of any person in this state which sustained damages as the result of
erroneous acts, failure to act, conviction of fraud, or conviction of unfair practices
by the provider or broker.
The commissioner may not issue any license to any nonresident applicant unless a
written designation of an agent for service of process is filed and maintained with the
commissioner or unless the applicant has filed with the commissioner the applicant's
written irrevocable consent that any action against the applicant may be commenced
against the applicant by service of process on the commissioner.
Each licensee shall file with the commissioner before March first of each year an
annual statement containing such information as the commissioner by rule may
A provider may not use any person to perform the functions of a broker, as provided
under this chapter, unless the person holds a current, valid license as a broker, and as
provided in this section.
A broker may not use any person to perform the functions of a provider as defined in
this chapter unless such person holds a current, valid license as a provider and as
provided in this section.
A provider or broker shall provide to the commissioner new or revised information
about officers, ten percent or more stockholders, partners, directors, members, or
designated employees within thirty days of the change.
An individual licensed as a broker shall complete on a biennial basis fifteen hours of
training related to life settlements and life settlement transactions as required by the
commissioner; provided, however, that a life insurance producer who is operating as a
broker pursuant to this section is not subject to the requirements of this subsection.
Any person failing to meet the requirements of this subsection shall be subject to the
penalties imposed by the commissioner.
Page No. 7
26.1-33.4-03. License suspension, revocation, or refusal to renew.
1. The commissioner may suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew the license of any
licensee if the commissioner finds that:
a. There was any material misrepresentation in the application for the license;
b. The licensee or any officer, partner, member, or director has been guilty of
fraudulent or dishonest practices, is subject to a final administrative action, or is
otherwise shown to be untrustworthy or incompetent to act as a licensee;
c. The provider demonstrates a pattern of unreasonably withholding payments to
d. The licensee no longer meets the requirements for initial licensure;
e. The licensee or any officer, partner, member, or director has been convicted of a
felony or of any misdemeanor of which criminal fraud is an element; or the
licensee has pleaded guilty or nolo contendere with respect to any felony or any
misdemeanor of which criminal fraud or moral turpitude is an element, regardless
whether a judgment of conviction has been entered by the court;
f. The provider has entered any life settlement contract that has not been approved
pursuant to this chapter;
g. The provider has failed to honor contractual obligations set out in a life settlement
h. The provider has assigned, transferred, or pledged a settled policy to a person
other than a provider licensed in this state, a purchaser, an accredited investor or
qualified institutional buyer as defined respectively in regulation D, rule 501 or
rule 144A of the federal Securities Act of 1933, as amended [15 U.S.C. 77a
et seq.], financing entity, special purpose entity, or related provider trust; or
i. The licensee or any officer, partner, member, or key management personnel has
violated any of the provisions of this chapter.
2. The commissioner may suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew the license of a broker if
the commissioner finds that the broker has violated this chapter or has otherwise
engaged in bad-faith conduct with one or more owners.
3. Before the commissioner denies a license application or suspends, revokes, or refuses
to renew the license of any licensee under this chapter, the commissioner shall
conduct a hearing.
26.1-33.4-04. Contract requirements.
1. A person may not use any form of life settlement contract in this state unless the
contract has been filed with and approved, if required, by the commissioner in a
manner that conforms with the filing procedures and any time restrictions or deeming
provisions, if any, for life insurance forms, policies, and contracts.
2. An insurer may not require, as a condition of responding to a request for verification of
coverage or in connection with the transfer of a policy pursuant to a life settlement
contract, that the owner, insured, provider, or broker sign any form, disclosure,
consent, waiver, or acknowledgment that has not been expressly approved by the
commissioner for use in connection with life settlement contracts in this state.
3. A person may not use a life settlement contract form or provide to an owner a
disclosure statement form in this state unless first filed with and approved by the
commissioner. The commissioner shall disapprove a life settlement contract form or
disclosure statement form if, in the commissioner's opinion, the contract or provisions
contained therein fail to meet the requirements of sections 26.1-33.4-07, 26.1-33.4-08,
and 26.1-33.4-10 and subsection 2 of section 26.1-33.4-14 or are unreasonable,
contrary to the interests of the public, or otherwise misleading or unfair to the owner.
The commissioner may require the submission of advertising material.
26.1-33.4-05. Reporting requirements and privacy.
1. For any policy settled within five years of policy issuance, each provider shall file with
the commissioner before March first of each year an annual statement containing such
information as the commissioner may prescribe by regulation. In addition to any other
Page No. 8
requirements, the annual statement must specify the total number, aggregate face
amount, and life settlement proceeds of policies settled during the immediately
preceding calendar year, together with a breakdown of the information by policy issue
year. The annual statement also must include the names of the insurance companies
whose policies have been settled and the brokers that have settled said policies.
a. Such information must be limited to only those transactions where the insured is
a resident of this state and may not include individual transaction data regarding
the business of life settlements or information that there is a reasonable basis to
believe could be used to identify the owner or the insured.
b. Every provider that willfully fails to file an annual statement as required in this
section, or willfully fails to reply within thirty days to a written inquiry by the
commissioner in connection therewith, shall, in addition to other penalties
provided by this chapter, be subject, upon due notice and opportunity to be heard,
to a penalty of up to two hundred fifty dollars per day of delay, not to exceed
twenty-five thousand dollars in the aggregate, for each such failure.
Except as otherwise allowed or required by law, a provider, broker, insurance
company, insurance producer, information bureau, rating agency or company, or any
other person with actual knowledge of an insured's identity, may not disclose the
identity of an insured or information that there is a reasonable basis to believe could
be used to identify the insured or the insured's financial or medical information to any
other person unless the disclosure:
a. Is necessary to effect a life settlement contract between the owner and a provider
and the owner and insured have provided prior written consent to the disclosure;
b. Is necessary to effectuate the sale of life settlement contracts, or interests
therein, as investments, provided the sale is conducted in accordance with
applicable state and federal securities law, and provided further that the owner
and the insured have both provided prior written consent to the disclosure;
c. Is provided in response to an investigation or examination by the commissioner or
any other governmental officer or agency or pursuant to the requirements of
d. Is a term or condition to the transfer of a policy by one provider to another
provider, in which case the receiving provider shall comply with the confidentiality
requirements of subsection 2 of section 26.1-33.4-05;
e. Is necessary to allow the provider or broker or its authorized representative to
make contacts for the purpose of determining health status. For the purposes of
this section, the term "authorized representative" does not include any person
that has or may have any financial interest in the settlement contract other than a
provider, licensed broker, financing entity, related provider trust, or special
purpose entity; further, a provider or broker shall require its authorized
representative to agree in writing to adhere to the privacy provisions of this
f. Is required to purchase stop-loss coverage.
Nonpublic personal information solicited or obtained in connection with a proposed or
actual life settlement contract is subject to the provisions applicable to financial
institutions under the federal Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act [Pub. L. 106-102] and all other
state and federal laws relating to confidentiality of nonpublic personal information.
1. The commissioner, when the commissioner deems it reasonably necessary to protect
the interests of the public, may examine the business and affairs of any licensee or
applicant for a license. The commissioner may order any licensee or applicant to
produce any records, books, files, or other information reasonably necessary to
ascertain whether such licensee or applicant is acting or has acted in violation of the
law or otherwise contrary to the interests of the public. The expenses incurred in
conducting any examination must be paid by the licensee or applicant.
Page No. 9
In lieu of an examination under this chapter of any foreign or alien licensee licensed in
this state, the commissioner may, at the commissioner's discretion, accept an
examination report on the licensee as prepared by the commissioner for the licensee's
state of domicile or port-of-entry state.
Names of and individual identification data for all owners and insureds must be
considered private and confidential information and may not be disclosed by the
commissioner unless required by law.
Records of all consummated transactions and life settlement contracts must be
maintained by the provider for three years after the death of the insured and must be
available to the commissioner for inspection during reasonable business hours.
a. Upon determining that an examination should be conducted, the commissioner
shall issue an examination warrant appointing one or more examiners to perform
the examination and instructing the examiners as to the scope of the
examination. In conducting the examination, the examiner shall use methods
common to the examination of any life settlement licensee and should use those
guidelines and procedures set forth in an examiners' handbook adopted by a
b. Every licensee or person from whom information is sought, its officers, directors,
and agents shall provide to the examiners timely, convenient, and free access at
all reasonable hours at its offices to all books, records, accounts, papers,
documents, assets, and computer or other recordings relating to the property,
assets, business, and affairs of the licensee being examined. The officers,
directors, employees, and agents of the licensee or person shall facilitate the
examination and aid in the examination so far as it is in their power to do so. The
refusal of a licensee, by its officers, directors, employees, or agents, to submit to
examination or to comply with any reasonable written request of the
commissioner is grounds for suspension or refusal of, or nonrenewal of any
license or authority held by the licensee to engage in the life settlement business
or other business subject to the commissioner's jurisdiction. Any proceedings for
suspension, revocation, or refusal of any license or authority must be conducted
pursuant to section 26.1-01-03.1.
c. The commissioner may issue subpoenas, administer oaths, and examine under
oath any person as to any matter pertinent to the examination. Upon the failure or
refusal of a person to obey a subpoena, the commissioner may petition a court of
competent jurisdiction, and upon proper showing, the court may enter an order
compelling the witness to appear and testify or produce documentary evidence.
d. When making an examination under this chapter, the commissioner may retain
attorneys, appraisers, independent actuaries, independent certified public
accountants, or other professionals and specialists as examiners, the reasonable
cost of which must be borne by the licensee that is the subject of the
e. This chapter does not limit the commissioner's authority to terminate or suspend
an examination in order to pursue other legal or regulatory action pursuant to the
insurance laws of this state. Findings of fact and conclusions made pursuant to
any examination are prima facie evidence in any legal or regulatory action.
f. This chapter does not limit the commissioner's authority to use and, if
appropriate, to make public any final or preliminary examination report, any
examiner or licensee workpapers, or other documents, or any other information
discovered or developed during the course of any examination in the furtherance
of any legal or regulatory action which the commissioner determines appropriate.
a. Examination reports must be composed of only facts appearing upon the books,
from the testimony of its officers or agents, or other persons examined
concerning its affairs, and such conclusions and recommendations as the
examiners find reasonably warranted from the facts.
b. No later than sixty days following completion of the examination, the examiner in
charge shall file with the commissioner a verified written report of examination
Page No. 10
under oath. Upon receipt of the verified report, the commissioner shall transmit
the report to the licensee examined, together with a notice that shall afford the
licensee examined a reasonable opportunity of not more than thirty days to make
a written submission or rebuttal with respect to any matters contained in the
examination report and which shall become part of the report or to request a
hearing on any matter in dispute.
If the commissioner determines that regulatory action is appropriate as a result of
an examination, the commissioner may initiate any proceedings or actions
provided by law.
Names and individual identification data for all owners, purchasers, and insureds
must be considered private and confidential information and may not be disclosed
by the commissioner, unless the disclosure is to another regulator, is required
under law, or is allowed under section 26.1-03-19.4.
Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, all examination reports, working
papers, recorded information, documents, and copies thereof produced by,
obtained by, or disclosed to the commissioner or any other person in the course
of an examination made under this chapter, or in the course of analysis or
investigation by the commissioner of the financial condition or market conduct of
a licensee must be confidential by law and privileged, is not subject to the state's
open records laws, is not subject to subpoena, and is not subject to discovery or
admissible in evidence in any private civil action. The commissioner may use the
documents, materials, or other information in the furtherance of any regulatory or
legal action brought as part of the commissioner's official duties. The licensee
being examined may have access to all documents used to make the report.
An examiner may not be appointed by the commissioner if the examiner, either
directly or indirectly, has a conflict of interest or is affiliated with the management
of or owns a pecuniary interest in any person subject to examination under this
chapter. This section may not be construed to automatically preclude an
examiner from being:
(1) An owner;
(2) An insured in a life settlement contract or insurance policy; or
(3) A beneficiary in an insurance policy that is proposed for a life settlement
Notwithstanding the requirements of this subsection, the commissioner may
retain from time to time, on an individual basis, qualified actuaries, certified public
accountants, or other similar individuals who are independently practicing their
professions, even though these persons may from time to time be similarly
employed or retained by persons subject to examination under this chapter.
No cause of action arises nor may any liability be imposed against the
commissioner, the commissioner's authorized representatives, or any examiner
appointed by the commissioner for any statements made or conduct performed in
good faith while carrying out this chapter.
No cause of action arises, nor may any liability be imposed against any person
for the act of communicating or delivering information or data to the commissioner
or the commissioner's authorized representative or examiner pursuant to an
examination made under this chapter, if the act of communication or delivery was
performed in good faith and without fraudulent intent or the intent to deceive. This
subdivision does not abrogate or modify in any way any common-law or statutory
privilege or immunity heretofore enjoyed by any person identified in subdivision a.
A person identified in subdivision a or b is entitled to an award of attorney's fees
and costs if the person is the prevailing party in a civil cause of action for libel,
slander, or any other relevant tort arising out of activities in carrying out the
provisions of this chapter and the party bringing the action was not substantially
justified in doing so. For purposes of this section, a proceeding is "substantially
justified" if it had a reasonable basis in law or fact at the time that it was initiated.
Page No. 11
The commissioner may investigate suspected fraudulent life settlement acts and
persons engaged in the business of life settlements.
The commissioner may charge for examinations as provided for under section
1. A broker or provider licensed pursuant to this chapter may conduct or participate in
advertisements within this state. Advertisements must comply with all advertising and
marketing laws or rules adopted by the commissioner which are applicable to life
insurers or to brokers and providers licensed pursuant to this chapter.
2. Advertisements must be accurate and truthful, and may not be misleading in fact or by
3. A person or trust may not:
a. Directly or indirectly, market, advertise, solicit, or otherwise promote the purchase
of a policy for the sole purpose of or with an emphasis on settling the policy; or
b. Use the words "free" or "no cost" or words of similar import in the marketing,
advertising, soliciting, or otherwise promoting of the purchase of a policy.
26.1-33.4-08. Disclosures to owners.
1. The provider shall provide in writing, in a separate document that is signed by the
owner and provider, the following information to the owner no later than the date the
life settlement contract is signed by all parties:
a. The fact that possible alternatives to life settlement contracts exist, including
accelerated benefits offered by the issuer of the life insurance policy.
b. The fact that some or all of the proceeds of a life settlement contract may be
taxable and that assistance should be sought from a professional tax adviser.
c. The fact that the proceeds from a life settlement contract could be subject to the
claims of creditors.
d. The fact that receipt of proceeds from a life settlement contract may adversely
affect the recipient's eligibility for public assistance or other government benefits
or entitlements and that advice should be obtained from the appropriate
e. The fact the owner has the right to rescind a life settlement contract before the
earlier of sixty calendar days after the date upon which the life settlement contract
is executed by all parties or thirty calendar days after the life settlement proceeds
have been delivered to the escrow agent by or on behalf of the provider as
provided in subsection 11 of section 26.1-33.4-10. Rescission, if exercised by the
owner, is effective only if both notice of the rescission is given and the owner
repays all proceeds and any premiums, loans, and loan interest paid on account
of the provider within the rescission period. If the insured dies during the
rescission period, the contract is deemed to have been rescinded subject to
repayment by the owner or the owner's estate of all proceeds and any premiums,
loans, and loan interest to the provider.
f. The fact that proceeds will be sent to the owner within three business days after
the provider has received the insurer's or group administrator's acknowledgement
that ownership of the policy or interest in the certificate has been transferred and
the beneficiary has been designated in accordance with the terms of the life
g. The fact that entering into a life settlement contract may cause other rights or
benefits, including conversion rights and waiver of premium benefits, that may
exist under the policy or certificate of a group policy to be forfeited by the owner
and that assistance should be sought from a professional financial adviser.
h. The amount and method of calculating the compensation paid or to be paid to the
broker, or any other person acting for the owner in connection with the
transaction, wherein the term compensation includes anything of value paid or
Page No. 12
The date by which the funds will be available to the owner and the transmitter of
The fact that the commissioner shall require delivery of a buyer's guide or a
similar consumer advisory package in the form prescribed by the commissioner to
owners during the solicitation process.
The disclosure document must contain the following language:
All medical, financial, or personal information solicited or obtained by a
provider or broker about an insured, including the insured's identity or the
identity of family members, a spouse, or a significant other may be disclosed
as necessary to effect the life settlement contract between the owner and
provider. If you are asked to provide this information, you will be asked to
consent to the disclosure. The information may be provided to someone who
buys the policy or provides funds for the purchase. You may be asked to
renew your permission to share information every two years.
The fact that the commissioner shall require providers and brokers to print
separate signed fraud warnings on their applications and on their life settlement
contracts the following statement:
Any person that knowingly presents false information in an application for
insurance or life settlement contract is guilty of a crime and may be subject
to fines and confinement in prison.
The fact that the insured may be contacted by either the provider or broker or its
authorized representative for the purpose of determining the insured's health
status or to verify the insured's address. This contact is limited to once every
three months if the insured has a life expectancy of more than one year, and no
more than once per month if the insured has a life expectancy of one year or less.
This contact may be made only by a provider or broker licensed in the state in
which the owner resided at the time of the settlement or by the authorized
representative of such a provider or broker.
The affiliation, if any, between the provider and the issuer of the insurance policy
to be settled.
That a broker represents exclusively the owner, and not the insurer or the
provider or any other person, and owes a fiduciary duty to the owner, including a
duty to act according to the owner's instructions and in the best interest of the
The document must include the name, address, and telephone number of the
The name, business address, and telephone number of the independent
third-party escrow agent, and the fact that the owner may inspect or receive
copies of the relevant escrow or trust agreements or documents.
The fact that a change of ownership could in the future limit the insured's ability to
purchase future insurance on the insured's life because there is a limit to how
much coverage insurers will issue on one life.
If an insurance policy to be settled has been issued as a joint policy or involves
family riders or any coverage of a life other than the insured under the policy to
be settled, that the owner must be informed of the possible loss of coverage on
the other lives under the policy and must be advised to consult with the owner's
insurance producer or the insurer issuing the policy for advice on the proposed
The dollar amount of the current death benefit payable to the provider under the
policy or certificate. If known, the provider also shall disclose the availability of
any additional guaranteed insurance benefits, the dollar amount of any accidental
death and dismemberment benefits under the policy or certificate, and the extent
to which the owner's interest in those benefits will be transferred as a result of the
viatical settlement contract.
Any affiliations or contractual arrangements between the provider and the
Page No. 13
The written disclosures must be conspicuously displayed in any life settlement contract
furnished to the owner by a provider, including any affiliations or contractual
arrangements between the provider and the broker.
A broker shall provide the owner and the provider with at least the following
disclosures no later than the date the life settlement contract is signed by all parties.
The disclosures must be conspicuously displayed in the life settlement contract or in a
separate document signed by the owner and provide the following information:
a. The name, business address, and telephone number of the broker.
b. A full, complete, and accurate description of all the offers, counteroffers,
acceptances, and rejections relating to the proposed life settlement contract.
c. A written disclosure of any affiliations or contractual arrangements between the
broker and any person making an offer in connection with the proposed life
d. The name of each broker who receives compensation and the amount of
compensation received by that broker, which compensation includes anything of
value paid or given to the broker in connection with the life settlement contract.
e. A complete reconciliation of the gross offer or bid by the provider to the net
amount of proceeds or value to be received by the owner. For the purpose of this
section, gross offer or bid means the total amount or value offered by the provider
for the purchase of one or more life insurance policies, inclusive of commissions
f. The failure to provide the disclosures or rights described in this section is deemed
an unfair trade practice pursuant to section 26.1-33.4-16.
26.1-33.4-09. Disclosure to insurer.
Without limiting the ability of an insurer from assessing the insurability of a policy applicant
and determining whether to issue the policy, and in addition to other questions an insurance
carrier may lawfully pose to a life insurance applicant, insurance carriers may inquire in the
application for insurance whether the proposed owner intends to pay premiums with the
assistance of financing from a lender that will use the policy as collateral to support the
1. If, as described in subsection 11 of section 26.1-33.4-01, the loan provides funds that
can be used for a purpose other than paying for the premiums, costs, and expenses
associated with obtaining and maintaining the life insurance policy and loan, the
application must be rejected as a violation of the prohibited practices in section
2. If the financing does not violate section 26.1-33.4-12 in this manner, the insurance
a. May make disclosures, such as the following, to the applicant and the insured,
either on the application or an amendment to the application to be completed no
later than the delivery of the policy: "If you have entered a loan arrangement
where the policy is used as collateral, and the policy does change ownership at
some point in the future in satisfaction of the loan, the following may be true:
(1) A change of ownership could lead to a stranger owning an interest in the
(2) A change of ownership could in the future limit your ability to purchase future
insurance on the insured's life because there is a limit to how much
coverage insurers will issue on one life;
(3) Should there be a change of ownership and you wish to obtain more
insurance coverage on the insured's life in the future, the insured's higher
issue age, a change in health status, and other factors may reduce the
ability to obtain coverage and may result in significantly higher premiums;
(4) You should consult a professional adviser, since a change in ownership in
satisfaction of the loan may result in tax consequences to the owner,
depending on the structure of the loan;" and
Page No. 14
May require certifications, such as the following, from the applicant or the insured
I have not entered into any agreement or arrangement providing for the future sale of this
life insurance policy;
My loan arrangement for this policy provides funds sufficient to pay for some or all of the
premiums, costs, and expenses associated with obtaining and maintaining my life insurance
policy, but I have not entered into any agreement by which I am to receive consideration in
exchange for procuring this policy; and
The borrower has an insurable interest in the insured.
26.1-33.4-10. General rules.
1. A provider entering a life settlement contract with any owner of a policy, wherein the
insured is terminally or chronically ill, first shall obtain:
a. If the owner is the insured, a written statement from a licensed attending
physician that the owner is of sound mind and under no constraint or undue
influence to enter into a settlement contract; and
b. A document in which the insured consents to the release of the insured's medical
records to a provider, settlement broker, or insurance producer and, if the policy
was issued less than two years from the date of application for a settlement
contract, to the insurance company that issued the policy.
2. The insurer shall respond to a request for verification of coverage submitted by a
provider, settlement broker, or life insurance producer not later than thirty calendar
days from the date the request is received. The request for verification of coverage
must be made on a form approved by the commissioner. The insurer shall complete
and issue the verification of coverage or indicate in which respects it is unable to
respond. In its response, the insurer shall indicate whether, based on the medical
evidence and documents provided, the insurer intends to pursue an investigation at
this time regarding the validity of the insurance contract.
3. Before or at the time of execution of the settlement contract, the provider shall obtain a
witnessed document in which the owner consents to the settlement contract,
represents that the owner has a full and complete understanding of the settlement
contract, that the owner has a full and complete understanding of the benefits of the
policy, acknowledges that the owner is entering into the settlement contract freely and
voluntarily, and, for persons with a terminal or chronic illness or condition,
acknowledges that the insured has a terminal or chronic illness and that the terminal or
chronic illness or condition was diagnosed after the policy was issued.
4. The insurer may not unreasonably delay effecting change of ownership or beneficiary
with any life settlement contract lawfully entered in this state or with a resident of this
5. If a settlement broker or life insurance producer performs any of these activities
required of the provider, the provider is deemed to have fulfilled the requirements of
6. If a broker performs the verification of coverage activities required of the provider, the
provider is deemed to have fulfilled the requirements of subsection 1 of section
7. Within twenty days after an owner executes the life settlement contract, the provider
shall give written notice to the insurer that issued that insurance policy that the policy
has become subject to a life settlement contract. The notice must be accompanied by
the documents required by subdivision b of subsection 2 of section 26.1-33.4-09.
8. All medical information solicited or obtained by any licensee must be subject to the
applicable provision of state law relating to confidentiality of medical information if not
otherwise provided in this chapter.
9. All life settlement contracts entered in this state must provide the owner with a right to
rescind the contract before the earlier of sixty calendar days after the date upon which
the life settlement contract is executed by all parties or thirty calendar days after the
Page No. 15
life settlement proceeds have been sent to the escrow agent by or on behalf of the
provider as provided in subsection 11. Rescission by the owner may be conditioned
upon the owner giving notice and repaying to the provider within the rescission period
all proceeds of the settlement and any premiums, loans, and loan interest paid by or
on behalf of the provider in connection with or as a consequence of the life settlement.
If the insured dies during the rescission period, the life settlement contract is deemed
to have been rescinded, subject to repayment to the provider or purchaser of all life
settlement proceeds and any premiums, loans, and loan interest that have been paid
by the provider or purchaser, within sixty calendar days of the death of the insured. In
the event of any rescission, if the provider has paid commissions or other
compensation to a broker in connection with the rescinded transaction, the broker shall
refund all the commissions and compensation to the provider within five business days
following receipt of written demand from the provider, which demand must be
accompanied by either the owner's notice of rescission if rescinded at the election of
the owner or notice of the death of the insured if rescinded by reason of the death of
the insured within the applicable rescission period.
Within three business days after receipt from the owner of documents to effect the
transfer of the insurance policy, the provider shall pay the proceeds of the settlement
to an escrow or trust account managed by a trustee or escrow agent in a state or
federally chartered financial institution pending acknowledgment of the transfer by the
issuer of the policy. The trustee or escrow agent must be required to transfer the
proceeds due to the owner within three business days of the later to occur of the
expiration of any then remaining rescission period or the escrow agent's receipt of the
acknowledgment of the properly completed transfer of ownership, assignment, or
designation of beneficiary from the insurance company.
Failure to tender the life settlement contract proceeds to the owner by the date
disclosed to the owner renders the contract voidable by the owner for lack of
consideration until the time the proceeds are tendered to and accepted by the owner. A
failure to give written notice of the right of rescission tolls the right of rescission until
sixty days after the written notice of the right of rescission has been given.
Any fee paid by a provider, party, individual, or an owner to a broker in exchange for
services provided to the owner pertaining to a life settlement contract must be
computed as a percentage of the offer obtained, not the face value of the policy. This
section does not prohibit a broker from reducing such broker's fee below this
percentage if the broker so chooses.
The broker shall disclose to the owner anything of value paid or given to a broker
which relates to a life settlement contract.
It is a violation of this chapter for any person to enter a life settlement contract at any
time before or at the time of the application for or issuance of a policy that is the
subject of a life settlement contract or within a five-year period commencing with the
date of issuance of the insurance policy or certificate unless the owner certifies to the
provider or the provider otherwise conclusively shows that one or more of the following
conditions have been met within the five-year period:
a. The policy was issued upon the owner's exercise of conversion rights arising out
of a group or individual policy, provided the total of the time covered under the
conversion policy plus the time covered under the prior policy is at least sixty
months. The time covered under a group policy must be calculated without regard
to any change in insurance carriers, provided the coverage has been continuous
and under the same group sponsorship;
b. The owner submitted independent evidence to the provider that one or more of
the following conditions have been met within the five-year period:
(1) The owner or insured is terminally or chronically ill;
(2) The owner's spouse died or no remaining beneficiaries are then surviving;
(3) The owner retired from full-time employment; or
Page No. 16
The owner became physically or mentally disabled and a physician
determined that the disability prevents the owner from maintaining full-time
c. A final order, judgment, or decree has been entered by a court of competent
jurisdiction, on the application of a creditor of the owner, adjudicating the owner in
default, bankrupt, or insolvent, or approving a petition seeking reorganization of
the owner or appointing a receiver, trustee, or liquidator to all or a substantial part
of the owner's assets; or
d. The owner entered a life settlement contract more than two years after the date of
issuance of a policy and, with respect to the policy, at all times before the date
that is two years after policy issuance, the following conditions are met:
(1) Policy premiums have been funded exclusively with unencumbered assets,
including an interest in the life insurance policy being financed only to the
extent of the policy's net cash surrender value, provided by, or fully recourse
liability incurred by, the insured or a person described in paragraph 5 of
subdivision b of subsection 11 of section 26.1-33.4-01;
(2) There is no agreement or understanding with any other person to guarantee
any such liability or to purchase, or stand ready to purchase, the policy,
including through an assumption or forgiveness of the loan; and
(3) Neither the insured nor the policy has been evaluated for settlement in
connection with the issuance of the policy.
Copies of the independent evidence described in subdivision b of subsection 14 and
documents required by subsection 1, 2, 3, or 7 must be submitted to the insurer when
the provider submits a request to the insurer for verification of coverage. The copies
must be accompanied by a letter of attestation from the provider that the copies are
true and correct copies of the documents received by the provider.
If the provider submits to the insurer a copy of the owner's or insured's certification
described in and the independent evidence required by subdivision b of subsection 14
when the provider submits a request to the insurer to effect the transfer of the policy or
certificate to the provider, the copy is deemed to establish conclusively that the life
settlement contract satisfies the requirements of this section and the insurer timely
shall respond to the request.
26.1-33.4-11. Authority to adopt regulations - Conflict of laws.
1. The commissioner may adopt rules implementing this chapter and regulating the
activities and relationships of providers, brokers, and insurers and their agents.
2. The commissioner may establish standards for evaluating reasonableness of a
payment under a life settlement contract for an individual who is terminally or
chronically ill. This authority includes regulation of discount rates used to determine the
amount paid in exchange for assignment, transfer, sale, devise, or bequest of a benefit
under a life insurance policy insuring the life of an individual who is chronically or
3. The commissioner may establish appropriate licensing requirements, fees, and
standards for continued licensure for providers and brokers.
4. a. If there is more than one owner on a single policy and the owners are residents of
different states, the life settlement contract must be governed by the law of the
state in which the owner having the largest percentage ownership resides, or if
the owners hold equal ownership, the state of residence of one owner agreed
upon in writing by all of the owners. The law of the state of the insured governs if
equal owners fail to agree in writing upon a state of residence for jurisdictional
b. A provider from this state who enters a life settlement contract with an owner who
is a resident of another state that has enacted statutes or adopted regulations
governing life settlement contracts is governed in the effectuation of that life
settlement contract by the statutes and regulations of the owner's state of
residence. If the state in which the owner is a resident has not enacted statutes or
Page No. 17
regulations governing life settlement contracts, the provider shall give the owner
notice that neither state regulates the transaction upon which the owner is
entering. For transactions in those states, however, the provider is to maintain all
records required if the transactions were executed in the state of residence. The
forms used in those states need not be approved by the commissioner.
If there is a conflict in the laws that apply to an owner and a purchaser in any
individual transaction, the laws of the state that apply to the owner shall take
precedence and the provider shall comply with those laws.
26.1-33.4-12. Prohibited practices.
1. It is unlawful for any person to:
a. Enter a life settlement contract if such person knows or reasonably should have
known that the life insurance policy was obtained by means of a false, deceptive,
or misleading application for such policy;
b. Engage in any transaction, practice, or course of business if such person knows
or reasonably should have known that the intent was to avoid the notice
requirements of this chapter;
c. Engage in any fraudulent act or practice in connection with any transaction
relating to any settlement involving an owner who is a resident of this state;
d. Issue, solicit, market, or otherwise promote the purchase of an insurance policy
for the purpose of or with an emphasis on settling the policy;
e. Enter a premium finance agreement with any person or agency, or any person
affiliated with such person or agency, pursuant to which such person shall receive
any proceeds, fees, or other consideration, directly or indirectly, from the policy or
owner of the policy or any other person with respect to the premium finance
agreement or any settlement contract or other transaction related to such policy
that are in addition to the amounts required to pay the principal, interest, and
service charges related to policy premiums pursuant to the premium finance
agreement or subsequent sale of such agreement; provided, further, that any
payments, charges, fees, or other amounts in addition to the amounts required to
pay the principal, interest, and service charges related to policy premiums paid
under the premium finance agreement must be remitted to the original owner of
the policy or to the original owner's estate if the original owner is not living at the
time of the determination of the overpayment;
f. With respect to any settlement contract or insurance policy and a broker,
knowingly solicit an offer from, effectuate a life settlement contract with, or make
a sale to any provider, financing entity, or related provider trust that is controlling,
controlled by, or under common control with such broker;
g. With respect to any life settlement contract or insurance policy and a provider,
knowingly enter into a life settlement contract with an owner, if, in connection with
such life settlement contract, anything of value will be paid to a broker that is
controlling, controlled by, or under common control with such provider or the
financing entity or related provider trust that is involved in such settlement
h. With respect to a provider, enter into a life settlement contract unless the life
settlement promotional, advertising, and marketing materials, as may be
prescribed by regulation, have been filed with the commissioner. In no event may
any marketing materials expressly reference that the insurance is "free" for any
period of time. The inclusion of any reference in the marketing materials that
would cause an owner to reasonably believe that the insurance is free for any
period of time must be considered a violation of this chapter; or
i. With respect to any life insurance producer, insurance company, broker, or
provider, make any statement or representation to the applicant or policyholder in
connection with the sale or financing of a life insurance policy to the effect that
the insurance is free or without cost to the policyholder for any period of time
unless provided in the policy.
Page No. 18
A violation of this section is deemed a fraudulent life settlement act.
26.1-33.4-13. Fraud prevention and control.
1. a. A person may not commit a fraudulent life settlement act.
b. A person may not knowingly and intentionally interfere with the enforcement of
the provisions of this chapter or investigations of suspected or actual violations of
c. A person in the business of life settlements may not knowingly or intentionally
permit any person convicted of a felony involving dishonesty or breach of trust to
participate in the business of life settlements.
2. a. Life settlement contracts and applications for life settlement contracts, regardless
of the form of transmission, must contain the following statement or a
substantially similar statement:
Any person that knowingly presents false information in an application for
insurance or life settlement contract is guilty of a crime and may be subject
to fines and confinement in prison.
b. The lack of a statement as required in subdivision a does not constitute a defense
in any prosecution for a fraudulent life settlement act.
3. a. Any person engaged in the business of life settlements having knowledge or a
reasonable belief that a fraudulent life settlement act is being, will be, or has been
committed shall provide to the commissioner the information required by and in a
manner prescribed by the commissioner.
b. Any other person having knowledge or a reasonable belief that a fraudulent life
settlement act is being, will be, or has been committed may provide to the
commissioner the information required by and in a manner prescribed by the
4. a. Civil liability may not be imposed on and no cause of action may arise from a
person's furnishing information concerning suspected, anticipated, or completed
fraudulent life settlement acts or suspected or completed fraudulent insurance
acts if the information is provided to or received from:
(1) The commissioner or the commissioner's employees, agents, or
(2) Federal, state, or local law enforcement or regulatory officials or their
employees, agents, or representatives;
(3) A person involved in the prevention and detection of fraudulent life
settlement acts or that person's agents, employees, or representatives;
(4) Any regulatory body or its employees, agents, or representatives overseeing
life insurance, life settlements, securities, or investment fraud;
(5) The life insurer that issued the life insurance policy covering the life of the
(6) The licensee and any agents, employees, or representatives.
b. Subdivision a does not apply to statements made with actual malice. In an action
brought against a person for filing a report or furnishing other information
concerning a fraudulent life settlement act or a fraudulent insurance act, the party
bringing the action shall plead specifically any allegation that subdivision a does
not apply because the person filing the report or furnishing the information did so
with actual malice.
c. A person identified in subdivision a is entitled to an award of attorney's fees and
costs if that person is the prevailing party in a civil cause of action for libel,
slander, or any other relevant tort arising out of activities in carrying out the
provisions of this chapter and the party bringing the action was not substantially
justified in doing so. For purposes of this section, a proceeding is "substantially
justified" if the proceeding had a reasonable basis in law or fact at the time the
proceeding was initiated.
d. This section does not abrogate or modify common law or statutory privileges or
immunities enjoyed by a person described in subdivision a.
Page No. 19
The documents and evidence provided pursuant to subsection 4 or obtained by
the commissioner in an investigation of suspected or actual fraudulent life
settlement acts is privileged and confidential and may not be a public record and
may not be subject to discovery or subpoena in a civil or criminal action.
b. Subdivision a does not prohibit release by the commissioner of documents and
evidence obtained in an investigation of suspected or actual fraudulent life
(1) In administrative or judicial proceedings to enforce laws administered by the
(2) To federal, state, or local law enforcement or regulatory agencies, to an
organization established for the purpose of detecting and preventing
fraudulent life settlement acts, or to the national association of insurance
(3) At the discretion of the commissioner, to a person in the business of life
settlements that is aggrieved by a fraudulent life settlement act.
c. Release of documents and evidence under subdivision b does not abrogate or
modify the privilege granted in subdivision a.
This chapter does not:
a. Preempt the authority or relieve the duty of other law enforcement or regulatory
agencies to investigate, examine, and prosecute suspected violations of law;
b. Preempt, supersede, or limit any provision of any state securities law or any rule,
order, or notice issued thereunder;
c. Prevent or prohibit a person from disclosing voluntarily information concerning life
settlement fraud to a law enforcement or regulatory agency other than the
insurance department; or
d. Limit the powers granted elsewhere by the laws of this state to the commissioner
or an insurance fraud unit to investigate and examine possible violations of law
and to take appropriate action against wrongdoers.
a. Providers and brokers shall have in place antifraud initiatives reasonably
calculated to detect, prosecute, and prevent fraudulent life settlement acts. The
commissioner may order, or a licensee may request and the commissioner may
grant, such modifications of the following required initiatives as necessary to
ensure an effective antifraud program. The modifications may be more or less
restrictive than the required initiatives so long as the modifications may
reasonably be expected to accomplish the purpose of this section. Antifraud
(1) Fraud investigators, who may be provider or broker employees or
independent contractors; and
(2) An antifraud plan, which must be submitted to the commissioner. The
antifraud plan must include:
(a) A description of the procedures for detecting and investigating
possible fraudulent life settlement acts and procedures for resolving
material inconsistencies between medical records and insurance
(b) A description of the procedures for reporting possible fraudulent life
settlement acts to the commissioner;
(c) A description of the plan for antifraud education and training of
underwriters and other personnel; and
(d) A description or chart outlining the organizational arrangement of the
antifraud personnel who are responsible for the investigation and
reporting of possible fraudulent life settlement acts and investigating
unresolved material inconsistencies between medical records and
b. Antifraud plans submitted to the commissioner are privileged and confidential and
are not a public record and may not be subject to discovery or subpoena in a civil
or criminal action.
Page No. 20
26.1-33.4-14. Injunctions - Civil remedies - Cease and desist.
1. In addition to the penalties and other enforcement provisions of this chapter, if any
person violates this chapter or any rule implementing this chapter, the commissioner
may seek an injunction in a court of competent jurisdiction in the county where the
person resides or has a principal place of business and may apply for temporary and
permanent orders that the commissioner determines necessary to restrain the person
from further committing the violation.
2. Any person damaged by the acts of another person in violation of this chapter or any
rule or regulation implementing this chapter may bring a civil action for damages
against the person committing the violation in a court of competent jurisdiction.
3. The commissioner may issue a cease and desist order upon a person that violates any
provision of this part, any rule or order adopted by the commissioner, or any written
agreement entered into with the commissioner in accordance with chapter 28-32.
4. When the commissioner finds that such an action presents an immediate danger to the
public and requires an immediate final order, the commissioner may issue an
emergency cease and desist order reciting with particularity the facts underlying such
findings. The emergency cease and desist order is effective immediately upon service
of a copy of the order on the respondent and remains effective for ninety days. If the
commissioner begins nonemergency cease and desist proceedings under
subsection 1, the emergency cease and desist order remains effective, absent an
order by an appellate court of competent jurisdiction pursuant to chapter 28-32. In the
event of a willful violation of this chapter, the trial court may award statutory damages
in addition to actual damages in an additional amount up to three times the actual
damage award. The provisions of this chapter may not be waived by agreement. A
choice of law provision may not be utilized to prevent the application of this chapter to
any settlement in which a party to the settlement is a resident of this state.
1. It is a violation of this chapter for any person, provider, broker, or any other party
related to the business of life settlements to commit a fraudulent life settlement act.
2. For criminal liability purposes, a person that commits a fraudulent life settlement act is
guilty of committing insurance fraud.
3. The commissioner may levy a civil penalty not exceeding fifty thousand dollars per
violation and the amount of the claim for each violation upon any person, including
those persons and their employees licensed pursuant to this chapter, who is found to
have committed a fraudulent life settlement act or violated any other provision of this
4. The license of a person licensed under this chapter which commits a fraudulent life
settlement act must be revoked.
26.1-33.4-16. Unfair trade practices.
A violation of this chapter is considered an unfair trade practice pursuant to state law and
subject to the penalties provided by state law.
Page No. 21
Title 26.1 Insurance
Chapter 26.1-33.4 Life Settlements
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