2013 North Dakota Century Code
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26.1-30-01. Insurance policy defined - Requirements.
An insurance policy is the written insurance contract. It must specify:
1. The parties between whom the contract is made.
2. The rate of premium.
3. The property or life insured.
4. The interest of the insured in the property insured if the insured is not the absolute
owner of the property.
5. The risks insured against.
6. The period during which the insurance is to continue.
26.1-30-02. Policy executed by gambling void.
Every insurance policy executed by way of gaming or wagering is void.
26.1-30-03. Policies classified - Open, running, and valued policies defined.
An insurance policy is open, running, or valued, and these terms are defined as follows:
1. An open policy is one in which the value of the thing insured is not agreed upon but is
left to be ascertained in case of loss.
2. A running policy is one which contemplates successive insurances and which provides
that the object of the policy may be defined from time to time, especially as to the
subjects of insurance, by additional statements or endorsements.
3. A valued policy is one which expresses on its face an agreement that the thing insured
must be valued at a specified sum.
26.1-30-03.1. Issuance of foreign language policies.
An insurance carrier or producer licensed to provide insurance under this title may provide
insurance policies, endorsements, or riders in a language other than English. All policies,
endorsements, and riders written in languages other than English must be filed pursuant to
sections 26.1-30-19, 26.1-30-20, and 26.1-30-21 and must include a written certification
declaring to the commissioner that the non-English documents are accurate translations of the
benefits provided in the English version pursuant to sections 26.1-30-19, 26.1-30-20, and
26.1-30-21. If there is a dispute or complaint regarding the non-English documents, the English
language version of the insurance coverage controls the resolution of the dispute or complaint.
This section does not abrogate or supersede the provisions of chapter 26.1-04 relating to
prohibited practices within insurance business.
26.1-30-04. Insurance only on interest of insured - Stipulation of interest void.
When the name of the person intended to be insured is specified in an insurance policy, it
can be applied only to that person's own proper interest. Every stipulation in an insurance policy
for the payment of loss regardless of whether the person insured has or has not any interest in
the property insured or that the policy is proof of such interest is void.
26.1-30-05. Policy may provide for benefit to any owner.
An insurance policy may be written so it will inure to the benefit of whomever, during the
continuance of the risk, may become the owner of the interest insured.
26.1-30-06. Insurance by agent or trustee may be designated in policy.
When an insurance is made by an agent or trustee, the fact that the principal or beneficiary
is the person actually insured may be indicated by designation of the agent or trustee or by
other general words in the insurance policy.
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26.1-30-07. Joint or common interest must be shown in policy.
When an insurance policy is entered into by a part owner of an interest, the terms of the
insurance policy must be applicable to joint or common interest for the policy to be effective as
to the interests of other part owners.
26.1-30-08. Person intended may claim benefit of policy.
When the description of the insured in an insurance policy is so general that it may
comprehend any person or any class of persons, the benefit of the policy may be claimed only
by a person who can show that it was intended to include that person.
26.1-30-09. Agreement not to transfer claim on policy is void.
An agreement made before a loss occurs that the insured will not transfer any claim that
might arise on the insurance policy is void.
26.1-30-10. Warranties - Form and scope.
A warranty is either express or implied. No particular form of words is necessary to create a
warranty. It may relate to the past, present, or future, or to all of them.
26.1-30-11. Express warranty must be written as part of policy.
Every express warranty made at or before the execution of an insurance policy must be
contained in the policy or in another instrument signed by the insured and referred to in the
policy as a part of the policy.
26.1-30-12. Statement of fact in policy is a warranty.
A statement in an insurance policy of a matter relating to the person or thing insured or to
the risk as a fact is an express warranty thereof.
26.1-30-13. Statement of intention in policy is a warranty.
A statement in an insurance policy which imports that it is intended to do or not to do a thing
which materially affects the risk is a warranty that the act or omission will take place.
26.1-30-14. Breach of warranty - When excused.
When, before the time arrives for the performance of a warranty relating to the future, a loss
insured against happens, or performance becomes impossible or unlawful at the place of the
contract, the omission to fulfill the warranty does not avoid the insurance policy.
26.1-30-15. Policy may be rescinded for violation of material warranty.
The violation of a material warranty or other material provision of an insurance policy on the
part of either party to the policy entitles the other to rescind.
26.1-30-16. Effect of nonfraudulent breach of warranty in policy.
A breach of warranty without fraud exonerates an insurer from the time the breach occurs,
or when a warranty is broken in its inception, prevents the insurance policy from attaching to the
26.1-30-17. Breach of immaterial provision does not avoid policy unless otherwise
An insurance policy may declare that a violation of specified provisions of the policy avoids
it. In the absence of such declaration, the breach of an immaterial provision does not avoid the
26.1-30-18. Inception and expiration of policies - Inception of hail insurance policies.
An insurance policy covers the insured at 12:01 a.m. on the day on which coverage begins
and expires at 12:01 a.m. on the day of expiration of the policy. However, a policy of insurance
on growing crops against loss by hail takes effect at the time and on the day stated on the
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application for the insurance. The provision allowing a policy of insurance on growing crops
against loss by hail to take effect as provided on the application may not be limited or restricted
by rule or bulletin of the commissioner.
26.1-30-19. Policy forms to be filed with and approved by commissioner.
1. No insurance policy, contract, agreement, or rate schedule may be issued or delivered
in this state until the form of that policy, contract, agreement, or rate schedule has
been filed with and approved by the commissioner.
2. No life insurance policy, certificate, contract, or agreement or annuity contract may be
issued for delivery or delivered to any person in this state nor may any application,
rider, or endorsement be used in connection therewith until the form thereof has been
filed with and approved by the commissioner and is in compliance with chapters
26.1-33, 26.1-34, 26.1-35, and 26.1-37.
3. No insurance policy, certificate, contract, or agreement or notice of proposed insurance
against loss or expense from the sickness, bodily injury, or death by accident of the
insured may be issued for delivery or delivered to any person in this state nor may any
application, rider, or endorsement be used in connection therewith until the form
thereof and the classification of risks and the premium rates, or in the case of
cooperatives or assessment companies the estimated costs pertaining thereto, have
been filed with and approved by the commissioner. A form must be disapproved if the
benefits provided are unreasonable in relation to the premium charge or if the benefits
do not comply with chapters 26.1-36 and 26.1-37.
4. No casualty or fire and property insurance policy, certificate, contract, or agreement
may be issued for delivery or delivered to any person in this state nor may any
application, rider, or endorsement be used in connection therewith until the form
thereof has been filed and approved by the commissioner to the extent rates are filed
and approved pursuant to chapter 26.1-25.
26.1-30-20. Procedure for use of policy forms filed with commissioner.
No insurance policy, certificate, contract, agreement, or rate schedule, except as is
otherwise provided, may be issued, nor may any application, rider, or endorsement be used in
connection therewith until the expiration of sixty days after it has been filed unless the
commissioner gives written approval. The commissioner may extend the sixty-day period for an
additional period not to exceed fifteen days if the commissioner gives written notice within the
sixty-day period to the insurer which made the filing that the commissioner needs the additional
time for the consideration of the filing.
26.1-30-21. Disapproval of form by commissioner - Notice and hearing.
1. If the commissioner disapproves any form, the commissioner shall notify the company
or organization which filed the form within sixty days after filing or within the additional
period provided for in section 26.1-30-20 and provide written notice of disapproval of
the form, specifying the reasons for disapproval and stating that a hearing may be
requested in writing within forty-five days. No company or organization may issue any
insurance policy in the form which has been disapproved. If a hearing is requested, the
commissioner may suspend or postpone the effective date of disapproval.
2. The commissioner may, at any time after a hearing of which not less than twenty days'
written notice has been given to the insurer, withdraw approval of any form if it
contains a provision which is unjust, unfair, inequitable, misleading, or deceptive, or on
any of the grounds stated in this title. It is unlawful for the insurer to issue the form or
use it in connection with any policy after the effective date of withdrawal of approval.
The notice of any hearing called under this subsection must specify the matters to be
considered at the hearing and any decision affirming disapproval or directing
withdrawal of approval under this section must be in writing and must specify the
reasons for the decision.
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Title 26.1 Insurance
Chapter 26.1-30 Insurance Policies
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