2013 North Dakota Century Code
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UNSATISFIED JUDGMENT FUND
26.1-23-01. Unsatisfied judgment fund - Administration of the fund by commissioner Appropriation.
The commissioner shall administer the unsatisfied judgment fund. The commissioner shall
perform all duties and responsibilities in regard to the fund not otherwise delegated to the
attorney general or the state treasurer under this chapter. Judgments recovered under this
chapter must be paid from moneys deposited in the fund and the moneys are hereby
appropriated for such purpose. The expenses arising from administration of the fund must be
paid from the fund within the limits of legislative appropriation.
26.1-23-01.1. Collection of amounts owed the unsatisfied judgment fund - Costs paid.
Payments from the unsatisfied judgment fund may be made, without court order, to pay
contingent professional fees and costs incurred in connection with the recovery of amounts
owed to the fund by any person on whose behalf the fund has previously paid a full or partial
26.1-23-02. Attorney general - Appointment of counsel.
The attorney general shall appoint a special assistant attorney general as legal counsel for
the fund pursuant to section 54-12-08 and the special assistant attorney general may perform all
the duties and responsibilities in regard to the fund delegated to the attorney general under this
chapter. The attorney general at the attorney general's discretion may appoint special counsel to
defend the fund. The trial judge of the district court shall fix the amount of the special counsel's
fees and expenditures, and certify the amount to the attorney general who, after approving, shall
certify the amount to the commissioner.
26.1-23-03. Additional registration fee - Deposit in fund - Suspension of fee.
At the time of registering a motor vehicle, the owner shall pay to the director of the
department of transportation, in addition to the registration fees, a fee of one dollar for each
motor vehicle registered. The fees must be deposited with the state treasurer who shall credit
the fees to the unsatisfied judgment fund. If on June first of any year the amount of uncommitted
money in the fund is one hundred fifty thousand dollars or more, the requirement for the
payment of the fee is suspended during the succeeding year and until the year in which the fee
is reimposed. The fee must be reimposed for any year whenever on June first of the previous
year the uncommitted amount of the fund is less than one hundred fifty thousand dollars.
26.1-23-04. Recovery from fund.
When any person, who is a resident of this state, recovers in any court in this state a
judgment for an amount exceeding three hundred dollars in an action for damages resulting
from bodily injury to, or the death of, any person occasioned by, or arising out of, the ownership,
maintenance, operation, or use of a motor vehicle by the judgment debtor in this state, upon the
judgment becoming final, the judgment creditor may, in accordance with this chapter, apply to
the judge of the district court in which the judgment was rendered, upon notice to the attorney
general, for an order directing payment of the judgment out of the fund. Upon the hearing of the
application, the judgment creditor shall show:
1. That the creditor has obtained judgment as set out in this section, stating the amount
thereof and the amount owing thereon at the time of the application;
2. That the creditor has caused an execution to be issued thereon and that:
a. The sheriff has made a return thereon showing that no property of the judgment
debtor liable to be seized in satisfaction of the judgment debt could be found; or
b. The amount realized on the sale of property seized, or otherwise realized under
the execution, was insufficient to satisfy the judgment, stating the amount so
realized and the balance remaining due thereon;
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That the creditor has caused the judgment debtor, when the debtor is available, to be
examined pursuant to law for that purpose, touching the debtor's property, and in
particular as to whether the debtor is insured under a policy of automobile insurance
against loss occasioned by the debtor's legal liability for bodily injury to, or the death
of, another person;
That the creditor has made an exhaustive search and inquiry to ascertain whether the
judgment debtor is possessed of property, real or personal, liable to be sold or applied
in satisfaction of the judgment; and
That as a result of the search, inquiry, and examination, the creditor has learned of no
property possessed by the judgment debtor and liable to be sold or applied in
satisfaction of the judgment debt, or that the creditor has learned of certain property,
describing it, owned by the judgment debtor and liable to be seized or applied in
satisfaction of the judgment, and has taken all necessary proceedings for the
realization thereof, and that the amount thereby realized was insufficient to satisfy the
judgment, stating the amount so realized and the amount remaining due thereon.
26.1-23-05. Recovery from fund when liability cannot be determined.
When bodily injury to, or the death of, any person who is a resident of this state is
occasioned by or arises out of an accident caused by the operation, maintenance, or use of a
motor vehicle in this state and the identity of the person against whom an action might be
brought for the recovery of damages for the bodily injury or death resulting from the accident
cannot be ascertained, any person who would be entitled to bring the action to recover
damages may bring an action in the district court of the county in which the accident occurred
within six months from the date of the accident against the unsatisfied judgment fund, by service
upon the commissioner and the attorney general, for the recovery of the damages from the
fund, provided notice of the accident was given to some police officer immediately after the
accident occurred and the name of the officer is alleged in the complaint. A payment may not be
made from the fund in satisfaction of any judgment obtained in the action in excess of five
thousand dollars, exclusive of costs, for bodily injury to, or the death of, any one person, nor in
excess of ten thousand dollars for any one accident.
This section does not limit the liabilities or remedies of any person on the claim for relief
growing out of the accident for which suit was brought against the fund, but the fund is
subrogated to the rights of any person who has obtained judgment under this section, to the
extent that the fund has made payment in satisfaction thereof.
26.1-23-06. Attorney general may appear.
Section 26.1-23-04 does not apply in the case of any judgment entered by default, unless
the commissioner and the attorney general have been given at least thirty days' notice prior to
hearing, to which notice shall be attached a copy of the summons and complaint. Upon receipt
of the notice, the attorney general may enter an appearance, file a defense, appear by counsel
at the trial, or take any other action the attorney general deems appropriate on behalf of the
fund and in the name of the defendant, and may thereupon, on behalf of the fund and in the
name of the defendant, conduct a defense, and all acts done in accordance therewith shall be
deemed to be acts of the defendant. The attorney general may appear and be heard on any
application for payment from the fund and may show cause, if any, why the order applied for
should not be made.
26.1-23-07. Appeal from order.
An order made under section 26.1-23-04 is subject to appeal to the supreme court by the
judgment creditor, or by the attorney general, in the manner provided by law for the taking of
appeals from final orders in a civil action.
26.1-23-08. Limitation on amount payable from fund - Nonassignable.
1. Recovery from the fund is limited to payment of the following, exclusive of costs:
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Ten thousand dollars for bodily injury, including death, of one person in any one
b. Twenty thousand dollars for bodily injury, including death, of two or more persons
in any one accident.
The amount authorized to be paid must be within the limits provided by this section,
and must be determined as follows:
a. If the judgment creditor has effected collection of a portion of the judgment from
any source, except as provided for in subdivisions b and c, the fund is authorized
to pay the creditor the difference between the amount collected and the amount
of the judgment, or ten thousand dollars, whichever is smaller. If the judgment
creditor has collected an amount equal to the limits payable from the fund from
the insurance or nonexempt assets of the judgment debtor, then the creditor is
precluded from recovery from the fund.
b. If the judgment creditor has effected collection of a portion of the judgment from
payment from workforce safety and insurance, then the amount collected from
that source must be subtracted from the judgment before the procedure outlined
in subdivision a is followed.
c. If the judgment creditor was covered by an uninsured motorist insurance policy at
the time of the accident, then the maximum liability limit of that policy must first be
subtracted from the judgment before the procedure outlined in subdivision a is
followed. If the maximum liability limit of the policy is equal to the limits payable
from the fund, then no recovery from the fund is allowed.
The right of any person to recover from the unsatisfied judgment fund is not assignable
and subrogation of the right is not allowed.
26.1-23-09. Order on state treasurer to pay judgment.
If the court is satisfied of the truth of the matters shown by the judgment creditor as required
by section 26.1-23-04, and if the applicant has taken all reasonable steps to enforce the
collection of the judgment, and if there is good reason for believing that the judgment debtor has
no property liable to be or applied in satisfaction of the judgment or of the balance owing
thereon and is not insured under a policy of automobile insurance by the terms of which the
insurer is liable to pay, in whole or in part, the amount of the judgment, the court shall make an
order directed to the state treasurer requiring the treasurer, subject to section 26.1-23-08, to pay
from the unsatisfied judgment fund the amount of the judgment or the balance owing thereon,
and the state treasurer shall comply with the order.
26.1-23-10. Judgment assigned to state.
Before making any payment from the unsatisfied judgment fund on any judgment in
compliance with an order, the state treasurer shall require the judgment creditor to assign the
judgment to the state treasurer for the use and benefit of the fund.
26.1-23-11. Order of payment from fund - Prorate distribution.
If, at the time of the filing of the order, there is not sufficient moneys in the unsatisfied
judgment fund to satisfy the order, the order must be registered by the state treasurer and must
be paid when the moneys are available in the fund and subsequent orders must be paid in the
order of registration. If more than two judgments are obtained against a judgment debtor upon
claims for relief arising out of one accident and the aggregate amount due, after crediting any
collections, exceeds twenty thousand dollars, the court in making its order shall direct that the
state treasurer shall prorate the distribution from the fund in the proportion which each judgment
or the balance unpaid thereon bears to the sum of twenty thousand dollars.
26.1-23-12. Amount to be repaid before privileges restored - Interest - Installment
payments - Compromise of amount due.
When the operator's license or driving privileges of any person, or the registration of a motor
vehicle registered in the person's name, has been suspended or revoked pursuant to the laws
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of this state, and the state treasurer has paid from the fund any amount toward the satisfaction
of a judgment and costs recovered against the person, the suspension or revocation may not be
removed, nor the operator's license or driving privileges or registration restored, nor any new
license or driving privilege issued or granted to or registration be permitted to be made by the
person until the person has repaid in full to the state treasurer the amount paid from the fund,
together with interest thereon at the rate of six percent per annum from the date of payment,
and has furnished proof of financial responsibility as required by the laws of this state. The court
in which the judgment was rendered, upon ten days' notice to the attorney general, may make
an order permitting payment of the amount in installments, and in this case, the person's
operator's license, driving privileges, or registration privileges, if the same have been
suspended or revoked, or have expired, may be restored and shall remain in effect unless the
person defaults in making any installment payment specified in the order. In the event of any
default, the commissioner shall, upon notice of default, suspend the person's operator's license,
driving privileges, or registration privileges until the amount of default has been paid in full and
the additional sum of two hundred dollars has been paid to the fund to be applied to the
judgment. The judgment debtor may petition the court in which the judgment was rendered for a
compromise of the judgment. The court in its discretion, upon notice to the attorney general,
may order a compromise if the court is satisfied that a compromise would be in the interests of
justice and that the fund would benefit therefrom. Upon payment in full of the compromised
amount, the attorney general shall issue a satisfaction of judgment to the judgment debtor. A
compromise may not be ordered which is less than five hundred dollars or twenty percent of the
judgment, whichever amount is greater.
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Title 26.1 Insurance
Chapter 26.1-23 Unsatisfied Judgment Fund
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