2013 North Dakota Century Code
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TAKEOVER BIDS FOR DOMESTIC COMPANIES
As used in this chapter, unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires:
1. "Equity security" means any shares or similar securities, or voting trust certificates, or
any securities convertible into such securities.
2. "Horizontal combination" means two or more corporations each of which has a
majority of its equity securities owned by the same other corporation.
3. "Offeree" means the beneficial or record owner of equity securities which an offeror
acquires or offers to acquire in connection with a takeover bid.
4. "Offeror" means a person who makes or in any way participates or aids in making a
takeover bid, and includes persons acting jointly or in concert, or who intend to
exercise jointly or in concert any voting rights attached to the equity securities for
which the takeover bid is made.
5. "Takeover bid" means the acquisition of, or offer to acquire, pursuant to a tender offer
or request or invitation for tenders, any equity security of a North Dakota domestic
insurance company, if after acquisition thereof the offeror would, directly or indirectly,
be a record or beneficial owner of more than five percent of any class of the issued
and outstanding equity securities of such corporation. A takeover bid does not include:
a. A bid made by a dealer for the dealer's own account in the ordinary course of the
dealer's business of buying and selling the security.
b. Any offer to acquire or acquisition of an equity security pursuant to the offer, for
the sole account of the offeror, from not more than twenty persons, in good faith
and not for the purpose of avoiding this chapter.
c. Any tender offer or request or invitation for tenders to which the target company
consents, by action of its board of directors, if the board has recommended
acceptance to shareholders and the terms, including notice of any inducements
to officers or directors which are not made available to all shareholders, have
been furnished to shareholders.
6. "Target company" means a corporation whose equity securities are or are to be the
subject of a takeover bid.
7. "Vertical combination" means a chain of ownership in which one corporation has a
majority of its equity securities owned by another corporation and which chain of
corporate ownership may or may not continue through other corporations in which a
majority of the equity securities of one corporation are owned by another.
26.1-06-02. Takeover bid - Restrictions.
1. No offeror may make a takeover bid unless at least twenty days prior thereto the
offeror files with the commissioner and the target company copies of all information
required by subsection 2 and either within ten days following the filing no hearing is
ordered by the commissioner or requested by the target company, or a hearing is
requested by the target company within that time but the commissioner finds that no
cause for hearing exists, or a hearing is ordered within that time and upon the hearing
the commissioner adjudicates that the proposed takeover bid and the materials being
or to be distributed are not a violation of this title and that the offeror proposed to make
fair, full, and effective disclosure to offerees of all information material to a decision to
accept or reject the offer. No offeror may make a takeover bid if the offeror owns five
percent or more of the issued and outstanding equity securities of any class of the
target company, any of which were purchased within one year before the proposed
takeover bid, and the offeror, before making any such purchase, or before July 31,
1971, whichever is later, failed to publicly announce the offeror's intention to gain
control of the target company, and failed to make fair, full, and effective disclosure of
the intention to the persons from whom the offeror acquired the securities.
2. The information to be filed with the commissioner and the target company pursuant to
subsection 1 must include:
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Copies of all prospectuses, brochures, advertisements, circulars, letters, or other
matter by means of which the offeror proposes to disclose to offerees all
information material to a decision to accept or reject the offer.
The identity and background of all persons on whose behalf the acquisition of any
equity security of the target company has been or is to be effected.
The names of all insurance companies doing business in North Dakota in which
the offeror has ownership or debt interests, setting forth the ownership or debt
interests, or management functions, setting forth the management functions.
The source and amount of funds or other consideration used or to be used in
acquiring any equity security, including a statement describing any securities,
other than the existing capital stock or long-term debt of the offeror, which are
being offered in exchange for the equity securities of the target company.
If the offeror has ownership or debt interests, or management functions in other
insurance companies doing business in the state of North Dakota, what plans
exist for consolidation of any functions whatsoever of the target company with the
offeror's other companies, including ratemaking, investment policies, or
consolidation of sales functions.
A statement of any plans or proposals which the offeror, upon gaining control,
may have to liquidate the target company, sell its assets, effect a merger or
formal consolidation of it, or make any other major change in its business,
corporate structure, management personnel, or policies of employment; or to
assume any portion of the risks of the target company or to have the target
company assume any portion of the risks, or to reinsure any of the risks of the
The number of shares of any equity security of the target company of which each
offeror is beneficial or record owner or has a right to acquire, directly or indirectly,
together with the name and address of each offeror.
Particulars as to any contracts, arrangements, or understandings to which an
offeror is party with respect to any equity security of the target company, including
without limitation transfers of any equity security, joint ventures, loan or option
arrangements, puts and calls, guarantees of loan, guarantees against loss,
guarantees of profits, division of losses or profits, or the giving or withholding of
proxies, naming the parties to the contracts, arrangements, or understandings.
Complete information on the organization and operations of the offeror, including
without limitation the year of organization, form of organization, the jurisdiction in
which it is organized, a description of each class of the offeror's capital stock and
of its long-term debt, financial statements for the current period and for the three
most recent annual accounting periods, a brief description of the location and
general character of the principal assets of the offeror and its subsidiaries, a
description of pending legal proceedings other than routine litigation to which the
offeror or any of its subsidiaries is a party or of which any of their property is the
subject, a brief description of the business done and projected by the offeror and
its subsidiaries and the general development of such business over the past five
years, the names of all directors and executive officers together with biographical
summaries of each for the preceding five years to date, and the approximate
amount of any material interest, direct or indirect, of any of the directors or
officers in any material transaction during the past three years, or in any
proposed material transactions, to which the offeror or any of its subsidiaries was
or is to be a party.
If the offeror is a member of a horizontal combination or a vertical combination,
then the same information must be furnished and filed for each member
corporation or limited liability company of the horizontal combination or vertical
Page No. 2
26.1-06-03. Takeover - Offer - Terms.
No offeror may make a takeover bid not made to all resident holders of the equity security
that is the subject of the takeover bid, or not made to the holders on the same terms as the
takeover bid is made to nonresident holders of the equity security. If an offeror makes a tender
offer or request or invitation for tenders for less than all the outstanding equity securities of a
class, and if a greater number of securities is deposited pursuant thereto within ten days after
copies of the offer or request or invitation for tenders are first published or sent or given to
securityholders than the offeror is bound or willing to take up and pay for, the securities taken up
must be taken up as nearly as may be pro rata, disregarding fractions, according to the number
of securities deposited by each offeree. If the terms of a takeover bid are changed before its
expiration by increasing the consideration offered to offerees, the offeror shall pay the increased
consideration for all equity securities taken up, whether or not the securities are deposited or
taken up before or after the change in the terms of the takeover bid. The pro rata requirement
applies to securities deposited within ten days after notice of an increase in the consideration
offered to securityholders is first published or sent or given to securityholders.
26.1-06-04. Deceptive practices.
It is unlawful for any person to misstate any material fact or omit to state any material fact,
necessary to make the statements made, in the light of the circumstances under which they are
made, not misleading, or to engage in any fraudulent, deceptive, or manipulative acts or
practices, in connection with any takeover bid, or any solicitation of offerees in opposition to or
in favor of any takeover bid.
Any hearing pursuant to this chapter must be held within forty days of the date a filing is
made pursuant to section 26.1-06-02. Adjudications made pursuant to this chapter must be
made within sixty days after the filing. Upon filing an application with the commissioner for a
hearing under this section, the target company shall deposit with the commissioner the sum the
commissioner requires to defray the costs of the hearing and any investigation which the
commissioner makes in connection therewith. If the commissioner finds that the takeover bid is
in violation of chapters 26.1-05 and 26.1-07 or that effective provision is not made for fair and
full disclosure to offerees of all information material to a decision to accept or reject the offer, or
that the takeover bid would comply with this section if amended in certain respects, or that the
takeover bid is not in violation of chapters 26.1-04, 26.1-05, and 26.1-07 and that effective
provision is made for fair and full disclosure to offerees of all information material to a decision
to accept or reject the offer, the commissioner shall so adjudicate.
26.1-06-06. Offenses punishable by the commissioner - Penalty.
The commissioner, by order entered after a hearing on notice duly served on the defendant
not less than thirty days before the date of the hearing, if it is proved that the defendant has
knowingly made any misrepresentation of a material fact for the purpose of inducing the
commissioner to take any action or to refrain from taking action, or has violated this chapter, or
any order of the commissioner issued pursuant to this chapter, may impose a penalty not
exceeding five thousand dollars.
26.1-06-07. Separate offenses.
Each takeover bid made in violation of the provisions of this chapter constitutes a separate
offense. The commissioner may request the offeror to rescind the bid and to make restitution to
the offeree, and if the offeror complies with the request no penalty may be imposed on the
offeror on account of that illegal takeover bid.
26.1-06-08. Civil liabilities.
1. Any offeror who makes a takeover bid which does not comply with this chapter, or
makes a takeover bid by means of an untrue statement of a material fact or any
omission to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statement made, in
Page No. 3
the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading (the offeree
not knowing of such untruth or omission), and who does not sustain the burden of
proof that the offeror did not know, and in the exercise of reasonable care could not
have known, of the untruth or omission, is liable to any offeree whose shares are taken
up pursuant to the takeover bid who may sue to recover the shares, together with all
dividends received thereon, costs, and reasonable attorney's fees, upon the tender of
the consideration received from the offeror, or may sue for the substantial equivalent in
damages if the offeror no longer owns the shares.
Every person who materially participates or aids in a takeover bid made by an offeror
liable under subsection 1, or who directly or indirectly controls any offeror so liable, is
also liable jointly and severally with and to the same extent as the offeror so liable,
unless the person who so participates, aids, or controls, sustains the burden of proof
that the person did not know, and in the exercise of reasonable care could not have
known, of the existence of facts by reason of which the liability is alleged to exist. The
contribution is as in cases of contract among the several persons so liable.
Any tender specified in this section may be made at any time before entry of judgment.
No suit may be maintained to enforce any liability created under this section unless
brought within two years after the transaction upon which it is based; provided, that if
any person liable by reason of subsections 1 and 3 makes a written offer, before suit is
brought, to return the shares taken up pursuant to the takeover bid, together with all
dividends received thereon, upon the tender of the consideration received from the
offeror, or to pay damages if the offeror no longer owns the shares, no offeree may
maintain a suit under this section who has refused or failed to accept the offer within
thirty days of its receipt.
Any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any offeree to waive compliance with
this chapter or of any rule or order pursuant to this chapter is void.
The rights and remedies provided by this chapter are in addition to any and all other
rights and remedies that may exist at law or in equity.
26.1-06-09. Consent to service of process.
Every nonresident offeror who makes a takeover bid is deemed to have appointed the
commissioner as agent upon whom may be served, in any matter arising under this chapter, any
process, notice, order, or demand except one issued by the commissioner. The commissioner or
a designated person in the commissioner's office shall serve any process, notice, order, or
demand issued by the commissioner by registered mail addressed to the offeror at the offeror's
latest address on file. A foreign corporation which has a duly appointed agent for service of
process need not comply with this section.
26.1-06-10. Enforcement - Enjoining violations.
If at a hearing before the commissioner, the commissioner determines that the offeror has
violated this chapter, or the commissioner's rules administering this chapter, the commissioner
shall issue and cause to be served on the offeror an order requiring the offeror to cease and
desist from the violation and may issue and cause to be served on the offeror an order
preventing the offeror from making any further tender offers, and may take any affirmative action
as will effectuate the policies of this chapter.
The commissioner may petition any district court of this state for the enforcement of the
order and for appropriate temporary relief or restraining order and shall file in the court the
record of the proceedings. Upon the filing of the petition, the court must serve notice upon the
offeror and thereupon has jurisdiction of the proceeding and of the question determined therein
and may grant the temporary relief or restraining order as it deems just and proper, and to make
and enter a decree enforcing, modifying, and enforcing as so modified, or for setting aside in
whole or in part the order. The court must enforce the order unless it finds that the order was not
in accordance with law, that it was in violation of the constitutional rights of the offeror, that the
commissioner's rules or procedure did not afford the offeror a fair hearing, that the
commissioner's findings of fact were not supported by the evidence, or that the order was not
supported by the findings of fact.
Page No. 4
The commissioner may adopt reasonable rules:
1. Defining fraudulent, evasive, deceptive, or grossly unfair practices in connection with
takeover bids and the terms used in this chapter.
2. Exempting from this chapter takeover bids not made for the purpose of, and not having
the effect of, changing or influencing the control of a target company.
3. Covering such other matters as are necessary to give effect to this chapter.
26.1-06-12. Securities laws.
This chapter does not limit or modify in any way any responsibility, authority, power, or
jurisdiction of the securities commissioner or of the securities laws of this state.
26.1-06-13. Offenses - Penalties - Statute of limitation.
Any person who knowingly makes or causes to be made any false statement with respect to
any matter subject to this chapter or commits any act declared unlawful by this chapter and any
offeror who makes a takeover bid which does not comply with this section and sections
26.1-06-02, 26.1-06-03, and 26.1-06-04 is guilty of a class A misdemeanor. Prosecutions under
this section must be instituted within two years from the date of the offense.
Page No. 5
Title 26.1 Insurance
Chapter 26.1-06 Takeover Bids for Domestic Companies
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