2023 New York Laws
VAT - Vehicle and Traffic
Title 8 - Respective Powers of State and Local Authorities
Article 38 - Regulation of Traffic by Public Authorities and Commissions
1630 - Regulation of Traffic on Highways Under the Jurisdiction of Certain Public Authorities and Commissions.

Universal Citation: NY Veh & Traf L § 1630 (2023)

§ 1630. Regulation of traffic on highways under the jurisdiction of certain public authorities and commissions. The New York state thruway authority, a county park commission, the Niagara Falls bridge commission, a parkway authority, a bridge authority, including the Buffalo and Fort Erie public bridge authority, the metropolitan transportation authority, the Long Island Rail Road, the Metro-North Commuter Railroad, the office of parks, recreation and historic preservation, the department of environmental conservation, the department of agriculture and markets, the industrial exhibit authority or a bridge and tunnel authority may by ordinance, order, rule or regulation prohibit, restrict or regulate traffic on or pedestrian use of any highway, property or facility under its jurisdiction. The provisions of section sixteen hundred of this title shall be applicable to such ordinances, orders, rules and regulations, provided, however, that such ordinances, orders, rules and regulations shall supersede the provisions of this chapter where inconsistent or in conflict with respect to the following enumerated subjects:

1. Weights and dimensions of vehicles, except that no combination of commercial vehicles, (as defined in paragraph (b) of subdivision eleven of section three hundred seventy-six of the vehicle and traffic law) coupled together shall consist of more than three vehicles.

2. Parking, standing, stopping and backing of vehicles.

3. The prohibition or regulation of the use of any highway by particular vehicles or classes or types thereof or devices moved by human power, except hearses operated by or for a licensed funeral director or undertaker during a burial or funeral procession while travelling either to or from a funeral, interment or cremation and except specialized vehicles as defined by section four hundred one of this chapter.

4. Charging of tolls, taxes, fees, licenses or permits for the use of the highway or any of its parts or entry into or remaining within the central business district established by article forty-four-C of this chapter, where the imposition thereof is authorized by law.

5. Establishment of maximum and minimum speed limits at which vehicles may proceed on or along such highways. No such maximum speed limit shall be established at less than twenty-five miles per hour, except that school speed limits may be established at not less than fifteen miles per hour, for a distance not to exceed one thousand three hundred twenty feet, on a highway passing a school building, entrance or exit of a school abutting on the highway, and except that, with respect to bridge and elevated structures that are a part of any such highway, a lower maximum speed limit may be established if it is determined that such lower maximum speed limit is the maximum speed limit which may be maintained without structural damage to such bridge or structure, and except that, with respect to any highway under the jurisdiction of the office of parks, recreation and historic preservation, other than a parkway as defined in subdivision seventeen of section 1.03 of the parks, recreation and historic preservation law, the department of agriculture and markets or the industrial exhibit authority, a maximum speed limit of not less than ten miles per hour may be established on any portion thereof, if it is determined that such lower maximum speed limit is necessary to assure the safety of the public, and except that, with respect to any highway having toll plazas, a maximum speed limit of not less than five miles per hour may be established for passage through such toll plazas.

6. Operation of authorized emergency vehicles.

7. Control of persons and equipment engaged in work on the highway.

8. Hitchhiking and commercial activities.

9. Use of medial strips and dividing malls or sections and use of shoulders of the highway.

10. Use of the highway by pedestrians, equestrians and animals.

11. Turning of vehicles.

12. Regulation of the direction of the movement of traffic and the use of traffic lanes.

13. Regulation of the use of horns, lights and other required equipment of vehicles.

14. Towing and pushing of vehicles, including, but not limited to, the licensing and regulation of persons engaged in the business of towing, and the fixing of maximum charges to be made by such persons for the towing and storage of disabled vehicles.

15. Objects projecting or hanging outside or on the top of vehicles.

16. Entering and driving off the highway, its roadways, medial strips, dividing malls and shoulders.

17. The prohibition or regulation of speed contests, races, exhibitions of speed, processions or parades.

18. Littering the highway.

19. Vehicles illegally parked, stopped or standing, or vehicles involved in accidents, including, but not limited to, the removal and storage of such vehicles, the fixing of reasonable charges, to be paid by the owner, operator or person entitled to possession, for such removal and storage and for other expenses incurred in connection therewith, the creation of liens on such vehicles for such charges and expenses, the enforcement of such liens, the determination of ownership or right to possession of such vehicles, the time before such vehicles are deemed abandoned vehicles pursuant to section twelve hundred twenty-four of this chapter, and the disposition of the proceeds of sales held pursuant to said section.

19-a. Requirements imposing a duty upon any person removing a vehicle illegally parked, stopped or standing, without the permission of the owner or operator, to accept payment in person by credit card in accordance with generally accepted business practices.

20. Transportation of combustibles, chemicals, explosives, inflammables, or other dangerous substances, articles, compounds or mixtures, including, but not limited to, dangerous articles, as defined in section three hundred eighty of this chapter.

21. Traffic signal legend applicable to pedestrians and use of arrows.

22. Designate preferential use lanes for specified types or classes of vehicles.

23. Parking, standing and stopping of vehicles registered pursuant to section four hundred four-a of this chapter or those possessing a special vehicle identification parking permit issued in accordance with section one thousand two hundred three-a of this chapter.

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