2020 New York Laws
VAT - Vehicle and Traffic
Title 7 - Rules of the Road
Article 29 - Special Stops Required
1174 - Overtaking and Passing School Bus.

Universal Citation: NY Veh & Traf L § 1174 (2020)
§ 1174. Overtaking and passing school bus. (a) The driver of a vehicle
upon a public highway, street or private road upon meeting or overtaking
from  either direction any school bus marked and equipped as provided in
subdivision twenty of section three hundred seventy-five of this chapter
which has stopped on the public highway, street or private road for  the
purpose of receiving or discharging any passengers, or which has stopped
because  a school bus in front of it has stopped to receive or discharge
any passengers, shall stop the vehicle before reaching such  school  bus
when  there  is  in  operation on said school bus a red visual signal as
specified in subdivision twenty of section three hundred seventy-five of
this chapter and said driver shall not proceed  until  such  school  bus
resumes  motion,  or until signaled by the driver or a police officer to
proceed. For the purposes of  this  section,  and  in  addition  to  the
provisions  of section one hundred thirty-four of this chapter, the term
"public highway" shall mean any area  used  for  the  parking  of  motor
vehicles  or used as a driveway located on the grounds of a school or of
a board of cooperative educational services facility or any area used as
a means of access to and egress from such school or facility.

(b) The driver of such school bus, when receiving or discharging passengers who must cross a public highway, street or private road, shall instruct such passengers to cross in front of the bus and the driver thereof shall keep such school bus halted with red signal lights flashing until such passengers have reached the opposite side of such highway, street or private road. Whether such passengers are crossing such highway street or private road or discharging to the same side of such highway, street or private road, the driver of such bus shall keep such school bus halted with red signal lights flashing until such passengers are at least fifteen feet from the bus and either off the highway, street or private road or on a sidewalk.

(c) Every person convicted of a violation of subdivision (a) of this section shall: for a first conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not less than two hundred fifty dollars nor more than four hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not more than thirty days or by both such fine and imprisonment; for a conviction of a second violation, both of which were committed within a period of three years, such person shall be punished by a fine of not less than six hundred dollars nor more than seven hundred fifty dollars or by imprisonment for not more than one hundred eighty days or by both such fine and imprisonment; upon a conviction of a third or subsequent violation, all of which were committed within a period of three years, such person shall be punished by a fine of not less than seven hundred fifty dollars nor more than one thousand dollars or by imprisonment for not more than one hundred eighty days or by both such fine and imprisonment.

(d) For the purposes of this section, the term "passengers" shall mean those persons designated in paragraph (d) of subdivision twenty of section three hundred seventy-five of this chapter.

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