2020 New York Laws
VAT - Vehicle and Traffic
Title 3 - Safety Responsibility; Financial Security; Equipment; Inspection; Size and Weight; and Other Provisions
Article 6 - Motor Vehicle Financial Security Act
313 - Notice of Termination.

Universal Citation: NY Veh & Traf L § 313 (2020)
§ 313. Notice  of  termination. 1.  (a)  No  contract of insurance for
which a certificate of insurance has been filed  with  the  commissioner
shall be terminated by cancellation by the insurer until at least twenty
days  after  mailing  to  the  named insured at the address shown on the
policy a notice of termination by regular mail, with  a  certificate  of
mailing,  properly endorsed by the postal service to be obtained, except
where the cancellation is for  non-payment  of  premium  in  which  case
fifteen  days notice of cancellation by the insurer shall be sufficient,
provided, however, if another insurance contract has been procured, such
other insurance contract shall, as  of  its  effective  date  and  hour,
terminate  the  insurance previously in effect with respect to any motor
vehicles designated in both contracts.  No  contract  of  insurance  for
which a certificate of insurance has been filed with the commissioner in
which  a  natural  person  is the named insured and the motor vehicle is
used predominantly for non-business purposes shall be non-renewed by  an
insurer  unless  at  least  forty-five,  but not more than sixty days in
advance of the renewal date the insurer mails or delivers to  the  named
insured  at  the  address  shown  on  the policy a written notice of its
intention not to renew. No such contract of insurance in which the named
insured  is  not  a  natural  person  or  the  motor  vehicle  is   used
predominantly  for  business purposes shall be non-renewed by an insurer
unless at least twenty days in advance of the renewal date  the  insurer
mails  or  delivers  to  the  named  insured at the address shown on the
policy a written notice of its intention not to renew.  All  notices  of
non-renewal shall be sent by regular mail with a certificate of mailing,
properly  endorsed  by  the  postal  service to be obtained. Time of the
effective date and hour of termination stated in the notice shall become
the end of  the  policy  period.  Every  notice  or  acknowledgement  of
termination  for  any cause whatsoever sent to the insured shall include
in type of which the face shall not  be  smaller  than  twelve  point  a
statement  that proof of financial security is required to be maintained
continuously throughout the registration period and a notice  prescribed
by  the  commissioner  indicating  the  punitive  effects  of failure to
maintain continuous proof of financial security and actions which may be
taken by the insured to avoid such punitive effects.

(b) Every insurer shall retain a copy of the notice of termination mailed pursuant to this chapter and shall retain the certificate of mailing obtained from the postal service upon the mailing of the original of said notice. A copy of a notice of termination and the certificate of mailing, when kept in the regular course of the insurer's business, shall constitute conclusive proof of compliance with the mailing requirements of this chapter. 2. (a) Upon the termination of an owner's policy of liability insurance, other than an owner's policy of liability insurance for a motorcycle, at the request of the insured or by cancellation by the insurer, the insurer shall file a notice of termination with reference to such policy, as opposed to any insured vehicle or vehicles under such policy, with the commissioner not later than thirty days following the effective date of such cancellation or other termination, in accordance with the regulations required by paragraph (c) of this subdivision. An insurer shall not file a notice of termination with the commissioner except as required by this subdivision.

(b) Upon the issuance of an owner's policy of liability insurance the insurer shall file a notice or confirmation of issuance with reference to such policy not later than fourteen days following the effective date of such issuance, and not later than seven days following the effective date for policies issued after January first, two thousand one, in accordance with the regulations required by paragraph (c) of this subdivision.

(c) The commissioner shall promulgate regulations establishing procedures for issuance of proof of insurance and for reporting by insurers of notices of termination and policy issuance, either electronically or by paper copy, at the option of the department. Such reporting shall be required for every cancellation or termination which is effective on or after July first, nineteen hundred eighty-four and for every policy issuance which is effective on or after January first, two thousand; provided, however, that should the commissioner find, after testing of reporting procedures, that it would be feasible to require reporting for policy cancellations, terminations or issuances effective on an earlier date, he may by regulation so require reporting on such earlier date, but in no event shall reporting be required for cancellations or terminations effective prior to February first, nineteen hundred eighty-four nor for policy issuances effective prior to September first, nineteen hundred ninety-nine. Insurers shall cooperate fully with the commissioner in any such testing of reporting procedures.

(d) Upon application by an insurer, the commissioner may extend the period for filing of notices of termination by such insurer for up to fifteen days, and for seven days for policies issued by an insurer. Extensions shall not be granted unless the insurer demonstrates to the satisfaction of the commissioner that compliance with the notice period would result in substantial hardship to the insurer. The commissioner shall maintain a list of extensions granted pursuant to this paragraph. 3. A cancellation or termination for which notice is required to be filed with the commissioner pursuant to subdivision two of this section shall not be effective with respect to persons other than the named insured and members of the insured's household until the insurer has filed a notice thereof with the commissioner or until another insurance policy covering the same risk has been procured, except that a notice filed with the commissioner, in the format prescribed by the commissioner, within the period prescribed in subdivision two of this section shall be effective as of the date certified therein, regardless of whether a suspension order is issued pursuant to section three hundred eighteen of this article. A receipt from the department stating that a notice of termination has been filed shall be deemed conclusive evidence of such filing. An insurer shall cooperate with the commissioner in attempting to identify persons not in compliance with this article in cases where the information reported by the insurer does not correspond with records maintained by the department. 4. Notwithstanding any other provision of this article to the contrary, the commissioner shall establish a pilot program to maintain an up-to-date insured vehicle identification database to assist in identifying uninsured motor vehicles. Such databases shall be implemented by the department pursuant to standards prescribed by the commissioner or an agent designated by the commissioner which shall seek technical assistance from affected insurers and the New York Automobile Insurance Plan. This program shall utilize all information collected pursuant to this section and shall also include the following elements:

(a) In addition to and in conjunction with the provisions of subdivision two of this section, insurers that write private passenger or commercial motor vehicle insurance in this state shall also submit to the department, either electronically or by paper copy, at the option of the department, information that identifies those policies that have been cancelled, terminated or non-renewed and all policies that have been issued, the date when such insurance lapses, and any other information that the commissioner deems necessary to efficiently identify and track uninsured vehicles in this state such as a policyholder's address, policy number, vehicle registration number, and vehicle identification number. The department may exempt from such pilot program the transfer of information on certain classifications of vehicles that are in the opinion of the department generally insured and which it is difficult to identify uninsured vehicles within such classification, such as large commercial vehicle fleets;

(b) The department shall forward to each motor vehicle insurer, at such times as deemed necessary and appropriate by the commissioner, a listing of all the registrants the department has on file as insured with that insurer. Such insurer shall then review the listing within thirty days of receipt of the listing and report to the department which of the registrants the insurer does not insure;

(c) The commissioner shall, in conjunction with the superintendent of state police and local law enforcement officials formulate a means to allow such database to be easily accessible to on-duty law enforcement personnel in the performance of their official duties for the purpose of verifying whether an operator maintains proper insurance coverage and to increase compliance with the motor vehicle financial security laws under this article and article eight of this title;

(d) In developing the mechanism to electronically transfer information to the department, the commissioner shall consult with the superintendent of financial services and insurers to adopt a standardized system of organizing, recording and transferring such information so as to minimize insurer administrative expenses. The commissioner shall to the maximum extent possible utilize nationally recognized electronic data information systems such as those developed by the American National Standards Institute or the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators;

(e)(1) Either simultaneously or after the up-dated database system has been established, the commissioner shall develop a computer indicator that can be imprinted on a vehicle registration sticker or on a sticker to be affixed to the insured's license plate. Such indicator system shall enable law enforcement personnel and other authorized persons when acting in the course of their official duties to access the department's database so that such persons can ascertain whether a vehicle is properly insured or not insured;

(2) Such computer indicator system shall enable authorized persons in the performance of their official duties to access information such as the registrant's name, vehicle identification number, name of insurer, current status of insurance, vehicle registration number and other information that the commissioner deems necessary to implement the provisions of this section. The commissioner in developing such computer indicator system shall enable authorized persons in the performance of their official duties to access only such information that is necessary to detect uninsured motor vehicles or accomplish other goals clearly established and authorized by law. Such computer indicator system shall be designed to protect the personal privacy interests of motorists;

(f) The commissioner shall maintain an insured vehicle database system that is accurate to within a period of fourteen days and a computer indicator system described in paragraph (e) of this subdivision within twenty-four months of the effective date of this subdivision and to within seven days by January first, two thousand one. The commissioner shall submit to the legislature a report within eighteen months from the date this subdivision takes effect which outlines the progress being made to implement such database and computer indicator system. After such database and computer indicator system is established and put into operation, the commissioner shall make recommendations to the legislature to alter, minimize or eliminate the need for the issuance of insurance identification cards, simplify the requirements to demonstrate proof of financial security and certificate of insurance currently required by this article, eliminate the requirement for production of proof of financial security to accompany applications for registrations or renewals thereof provided that such database indicates that the registrant is insured, and the repeal or modification of section three hundred twelve-a of this article. The commissioner shall also make recommendations to the legislature to streamline and shorten the notice termination requirements of subdivisions one, two and three of this section and section three hundred eighteen of this article. Such report shall be submitted to the legislature within twelve months from the date such database and indicator system has been implemented;

(g) To minimize the cost of this program, the commissioner, if he deems it necessary and prudent, can initially limit the scope of this project to a select number of vehicle classifications or insurers;

(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, information obtained by the department pursuant to this section shall not be disclosed, used, sold, accessed, utilized in any manner or released by the department to any person, corporation, or state and local agency, except in response to a specific, individual request for such information authorized pursuant to the federal driver's privacy protection act (18 U.S.C. 2721 et.seq.). The department shall institute measures to ensure that only authorized persons are permitted to access such information for the purposes specified by this section. Persons who knowingly release or disclose information from such database for a purpose other than those described as authorized by this section or to a person not entitled to receive it shall be guilty of a misdemeanor for each such release or disclosure; and

(i) The commissioner may postpone implementation of such pilot database and computer indicator system for a period of time not to exceed eighteen months if he or she determines that the program is not ready for implementation. Should the commissioner determine that such system cannot be implemented during the eighteen months extension, then the commissioner shall report to the legislature the reasons why such program cannot be implemented and request that the law be amended to delay its implementation date.

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