2013 New York Consolidated Laws
PEN - Penal
Part 3 - SPECIFIC OFFENSES
Title J - OFFENSES INVOLVING THEFT
Article 158 - (158.00 - 158.50) WELFARE FRAUD
158.00 - Definitions; presumption; limitation.


NY Penal L § 158.00 (2012) What's This?
 
  § 158.00 Definitions; presumption; limitation.
    1.  Definitions.  The  following  definitions  are  applicable to this
  article:
    (a) "Public benefit card" means  any  medical  assistance  card,  food
  stamp   assistance   card,   public   assistance   card,  or  any  other
  identification, authorization card or electronic access device issued by
  the state or a social services district, as defined in subdivision seven
  of section two of the social services law, which entitles  a  person  to
  obtain  public  assistance  benefits  under  a  local, state, or federal
  program administered by the state, its political subdivisions, or social
  services districts.
    (b) "Fraudulent welfare  act"  means  knowingly  and  with  intent  to
  defraud, engaging in an act or acts pursuant to which a person:
    (1)  offers,  presents  or causes to be presented to the state, any of
  its political subdivisions or social services districts, or any employee
  or agent thereof, an oral or written application or request  for  public
  assistance benefits or for a public benefit card with knowledge that the
  application  or request contains a false statement or false information,
  and such statement or information is material, or
    (2) holds himself or herself out to be another person, whether real or
  fictitious, for the purpose of obtaining public assistance benefits, or
    (3) makes a false statement or  provides  false  information  for  the
  purpose  of  (i)  establishing  or  maintaining  eligibility  for public
  assistance benefits or (ii) increasing or preventing reduction of public
  assistance benefits, and such statement or information is material.
    (c) "Public assistance benefits" means  money,  property  or  services
  provided   directly  or  indirectly  through  programs  of  the  federal
  government, the state government or  the  government  of  any  political
  subdivision  within  the  state  and  administered  by the department of
  social services or social services districts.
    2. Rebuttable presumption. (a) A person who  possesses  five  or  more
  public  benefit  cards  in  a name or names other than his or her own is
  presumed to possess the same with intent to defraud, deceive  or  injure
  another.
    (b)  The  presumption  established by this subdivision shall not apply
  to:
    (1) any employee or agent of the department of social services to  the
  extent  that  he or she possesses such cards in the course of his or her
  official duties; or
    (2) any person to the extent that he she possesses  a  public  benefit
  card  or  cards  issued  to  a member or members of his or her immediate
  family or household with the consent of the cardholder; or
    (3) any  person  providing  home  health  services  or  personal  care
  services pursuant to title eleven of article five of the social services
  law,  or  any  agent  or  employee  of  a congregate care or residential
  treatment facility or foster care provider, to the extent  that  in  the
  course of his or her duties, he or she possesses public assistance cards
  issued to persons under his or her care.
    (c)  The  presumption established by this subdivision is rebuttable by
  evidence tending to show that the defendant did not possess such  public
  benefit card or cards with intent to defraud, deceive or injure another.
  In any action tried before a jury, the jury shall be so instructed.
    (d) The foregoing presumption shall apply to prosecutions for criminal
  possession of public benefit cards.
    3. Limitation. Nothing contained in this article shall be construed to
  prohibit  a recipient of public assistance benefits from pledging his or
  her public assistance benefits or using his or her public  benefit  card
  as collateral for a loan.

Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. New York may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.