2006 New York Code - Sentence Of Imprisonment For Second Felony Offender.



 
  § 70.06 Sentence of imprisonment for second felony offender.
    1. Definition of second felony offender.
    (a)  A second felony offender is a person, other than a second violent
  felony offender as defined in section 70.04, who stands convicted  of  a
  felony  defined  in  this  chapter, other than a class A-I felony, after
  having previously  been  subjected  to  one  or  more  predicate  felony
  convictions as defined in paragraph (b) of this subdivision.
    (b)  For  the  purpose  of determining whether a prior conviction is a
  predicate felony conviction the following criteria shall apply:
    (i) The conviction must have been in this state of a felony, or in any
  other jurisdiction of an offense for which  a  sentence  to  a  term  of
  imprisonment in excess of one year or a sentence of death was authorized
  and  is  authorized  in this state irrespective of whether such sentence
  was imposed;
    (ii) Sentence upon such prior conviction must have been imposed before
  commission of the present felony;
    (iii) Suspended sentence, suspended execution of sentence, a  sentence
  of  probation,  a  sentence of conditional discharge or of unconditional
  discharge, and a sentence of certification to the care  and  custody  of
  the  division  of  substance  abuse  services,  shall  be deemed to be a
  sentence;
    (iv) Except  as  provided  in  subparagraph  (v)  of  this  paragraph,
  sentence  must  have  been  imposed  not  more  than  ten  years  before
  commission of  the  felony  of  which  the  defendant  presently  stands
  convicted;
    (v)  In  calculating  the ten year period under subparagraph (iv), any
  period of time during which the person was incarcerated for  any  reason
  between  the  time  of commission of the previous felony and the time of
  commission of the present felony shall be excluded  and  such  ten  year
  period shall be extended by a period or periods equal to the time served
  under such incarceration;
    (vi)  An  offense  for  which  the  defendant has been pardoned on the
  ground of innocence shall not be deemed a predicate felony conviction.
    * 2. Authorized sentence. Except as provided in  subdivision  five  or
  six  of  this  section,  when  the  court  has  found,  pursuant  to the
  provisions of the criminal procedure law, that  a  person  is  a  second
  felony  offender  the  court  must  impose  an indeterminate sentence of
  imprisonment. The maximum term of such sentence must  be  in  accordance
  with the provisions of subdivision three of this section and the minimum
  period  of  imprisonment  under such sentence must be in accordance with
  subdivision four of this section.
    * NB Effective until September 1, 2009
    * 2. Authorized sentence. Except as provided in  subdivision  five  of
  this  section,  when  the court has found, pursuant to the provisions of
  the criminal procedure law, that a person is a  second  felony  offender
  the  court  must  impose  an indeterminate sentence of imprisonment. The
  maximum term of such sentence must be in accordance with the  provisions
  of  subdivision  three  of  this  section  and  the  minimum  period  of
  imprisonment under such sentence must be in accordance with  subdivision
  four of this section.
    * NB Effective September 1, 2009
    * 3.  Maximum term of sentence. Except as provided in subdivision five
  or six of this section, the maximum term of  an  indeterminate  sentence
  for a second felony offender must be fixed by the court as follows:
    (a) For a class A-II felony, the term must be life imprisonment;
    (b)  For  a  class  B felony, the term must be at least nine years and
  must not exceed twenty-five years;
    (c) For a class C felony, the term must be at least six years and must
  not exceed fifteen years;
    (d)  For  a  class  D felony, the term must be at least four years and
  must not exceed seven years; and
    (e) For a class E felony, the term must be at least  three  years  and
  must  not  exceed four years; provided, however, that where the sentence
  is for the class E felony offense specified in section  240.32  of  this
  chapter,  the  maximum  term  must  be at least three years and must not
  exceed five years.
    * NB Effective until September 1, 2009
    * 3. Maximum term of sentence. Except as provided in subdivision  five
  of  this  section,  the  maximum term of an indeterminate sentence for a
  second felony offender must be fixed by the court as follows:
    (a) For a class A-II felony, the term must be life imprisonment;
    (b) For a class B felony, the term must be at  least  nine  years  and
  must not exceed twenty-five years;
    (c) For a class C felony, the term must be at least six years and must
  not exceed fifteen years;
    (d)  For  a  class  D felony, the term must be at least four years and
  must not exceed seven years; and
    (e) For a class E felony, the term must be at least  three  years  and
  must not exceed four years.
    * NB Effective September 1, 2009
    4.   Minimum  period  of  imprisonment.  (a)  The  minimum  period  of
  imprisonment for a second felony offender  convicted  of  a  class  A-II
  felony  must  be fixed by the court at no less than six years and not to
  exceed twelve and one-half years and must be specified in the sentence.
    (b) Except as  provided  in  paragraph  (a),  the  minimum  period  of
  imprisonment  under  an  indeterminate  sentence  for  a  second  felony
  offender must be fixed by the court at  one-half  of  the  maximum  term
  imposed and must be specified in the sentence.
    * 6.  Determinate  sentence. When the court has found, pursuant to the
  provisions of the criminal procedure law, that  a  person  is  a  second
  felony  offender  and the sentence to be imposed on such person is for a
  violent felony offense, as defined in subdivision one of section  70.02,
  the court must impose a determinate sentence of imprisonment the term of
  which must be fixed by the court as follows:
    (a)  For  a  class B violent felony offense, the term must be at least
  eight years and must not exceed twenty-five years;
    (b) For a class C violent felony offense, the term must  be  at  least
  five years and must not exceed fifteen years;
    (c)  For  a  class D violent felony offense, the term must be at least
  three years and must not exceed seven years; and
    (d) For a class E violent felony offense, the term must  be  at  least
  two years and must not exceed four years.
    * NB Repealed September 1, 2009
    * 7.  Notwithstanding  any  other  provision  of law, in the case of a
  person sentenced for a specified  offense  or  offenses  as  defined  in
  subdivision  five  of  section 410.91 of the criminal procedure law, who
  stands convicted of no other felony offense, who has not previously been
  convicted of either a violent felony offense as defined in section 70.02
  of this article, a class A felony offense or a class B  felony  offense,
  and  is  not  under  the  jurisdiction  of  or  awaiting delivery to the
  department of correctional services, the  court  may  direct  that  such
  sentence  be executed as a parole supervision sentence as defined in and
  pursuant to the procedures prescribed in section 410.91 of the  criminal
  procedure law.
    * NB Repealed September 1, 2009

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