2006 New York Code - Fire Extinguishing Appliances.



 
    § 27-4265 Fire extinguishing appliances. a. The owners and proprietors
  of  all  multiple  dwellings,  factories,  office buildings, warehouses,
  stores and offices, theatres, and music halls, and  the  authorities  or
  persons  having  charge  of  all  hospitals  and asylums, and of all the
  public schools and other public buildings,  churches  and  other  places
  where  large numbers of persons are congregated for purposes of worship,
  instruction or amusement, and all piers, bulkheads, wharves, pier sheds,
  bulkhead sheds or other waterfront structures shall  provide  such  fire
  hose,  fire  extinguishers,  buckets,  axes,  fire hooks, fire doors and
  other means of preventing and extinguishing fires  as  the  commissioner
  may direct.
    b.   Sprinkler  systems  in  garment  factories  and  factories  using
  flammable oil for processing:
    1. A one source automatic wet pipe sprinkler system shall be  provided
  in every non-fireproof building in which there is a garment factory or a
  factory  engaged  in  the  processing  of  combustible  fabrics  with  a
  flammable oil, and which exceeds three stories in height  and  in  which
  more than fifty persons are employed above the street floor.
    2.  The provisions of subdivision a shall not apply to a factory which
  is incidental to the conduct of  a  retail  business  on  the  premises,
  provided  not  more  than  six  persons are employed at any time in such
  incidental manufacturing.
    3. For the purposes of this section, a  flammable  oil  is  one  which
  emits a flammable vapor below one hundred twenty-five degrees Fahrenheit
  when tested in a Tagliabue open cup tester.
    4.  Garment  factory  shall  include those factories engaged in making
  underwear, dresses, suits and coats.
    5. The commissioner may accept an automatic dry pipe sprinkler  system
  in   place   of  an  automatic  wet  pipe  sprinkler  system  where  low
  temperatures or other conditions would prevent the installation of a wet
  pipe system.
    6. The sprinkler systems shall  be  provided  in  all  parts  of  such
  buildings.
    7.  The  provisions  of this section shall apply to existing buildings
  and to buildings hereafter erected.
    c. Sprinkler and/or standpipe system maintenance and inspections.
    1. In all buildings and spaces, except buildings and spaces classified
  in occupancy group J-2 or J-3:
    (a) Automatic and non-automatic sprinkler systems shall  be  inspected
  at  least  once  a  month by a competent person holding a certificate of
  fitness, employed by the owner, to see that all parts of the system  are
  in  perfect  working  order,  and that the fire department connection or
  connections, if any, are ready for immediate use by the fire department.
  A detailed record of each inspection shall be kept for examination by  a
  representative of the fire department.
    (b)  There  shall  be  kept  available  at all times in the premises a
  supply of at least six extra sprinkler heads  to  replace  promptly  any
  fused  or  damaged  sprinklers.  There  shall  be  one or more employees
  instructed in the maintenance of sprinkler systems.
    (c) Upon order of the fire commissioner, but at least once every  five
  years,  the  fire  department  connection  or connections, if any, for a
  sprinkler and/or standpipe system shall be subjected  to  a  hydrostatic
  pressure test and the standpipe system shall also be subjected to a flow
  and  pressure  test  to  demonstrate its suitability for fire department
  use. The test shall be conducted at the owner's  risk,  by  his  or  her
  representative and before a representative of the fire department.
    2. In buildings and spaces classified in occupancy group J-2 with four
  or more dwelling units:

(a) Automatic and non-automatic sprinkler systems shall be inspected at least once a month by a competent person holding a certificate of fitness, employed by the owner, to see that all parts of the system are in perfect working order, and that the fire department connection or connections, if any, are ready for immediate use by the fire department, provided, however, that in any such building that does not exceed six stories or seventy-five feet in height and in which a secondary means of egress is provided for all dwelling units and occupiable spaces used by building occupants, and in any such space in a building that does not exceed six stories or seventy-five feet in height and in which a secondary means of egress is provided for all dwelling units and occupiable spaces used by building occupants, a sprinkler system shall be inspected at least once every six months by a competent person, employed by the owner, holding a certificate of fitness issued by the fire department, a fire suppression contractor license issued by the department of buildings, or, for a sprinkler system with not more than thirty sprinkler heads, holding a master plumber license issued by the department of buildings. Such inspection shall include a check of the valve on the main supply to the system making certain the valve is fully open and sealed in such open position, a check to insure that all sprinkler heads are in place and such other requirements as the commissioner may prescribe. A detailed record of each inspection shall be kept for examination by a representative of the fire department. (b) There shall be kept available at all times in the premises a supply of at least six extra sprinkler heads, to replace promptly any fused or damaged sprinklers, except that a supply of at least three extra sprinkler heads shall be kept available for any sprinkler system installed in accordance with reference standard RS 17-2A. There shall be one or more employees instructed in the location and status of the sprinkler system control valves. (c) A flow test shall be conducted of a sprinkler system at least once every thirty months. Such test shall be conducted at the owner's risk by his or her representative, who shall be a licensed master plumber or licensed master fire suppression contractor. A report of such test, on a form prepared by the fire department, shall be certified by such licensed master plumber or licensed master fire suppression contractor and shall be kept for not less than five years for examination by a representative of the fire department. (d) Upon order of the fire commissioner, but at least once every five years, a hydrostatic pressure test shall be conducted of any fire department connection or connections for the sprinkler and/or standpipe system, a flow and pressure test shall be conducted of the standpipe system to demonstrate its suitability for fire department use, and, as required by paragraph c of this subdivision, a flow test shall be conducted of the sprinkler system. The tests shall be conducted at the owner's risk, by his or her representative and before a representative of the fire department. A report of such test, on a form prepared by the fire department, shall be kept for not less than five years for examination by a representative of the fire department. (e) The owner or managing agent of any building subject to the requirements of this section shall maintain a record of each inspection and test and a listing of all outstanding violations issued pursuant to this section. Such records and listing shall be made available for inspection by occupants of such residential building or space during normal business hours. 3. A system of automatic sprinklers in buildings classified in occupancy group J-2 with not more than three dwelling units and
buildings classified in occupancy group J-3 shall be maintained in perfect working order. d. Qualified operators for standpipe systems: 1. In every structure having a required standpipe system there shall be an engineer, superintendent or other person in charge of the standpipe system, who shall submit to an examination by the fire commissioner and upon evidence of fitness to maintain and operate the standpipe system properly, shall be granted a suitable certificate as provided in paragraph two of subdivision (b) of section 27-4026. Subject to the limitations contained in paragraphs two, three, four and five of this subdivision, this paragraph shall not be construed to require more than one person having a certificate to be in charge of a group of structures, when such structures are under one ownership, are situated on contiguous lots and where the structures have either independent standpipe systems or interconnected standpipe systems connected to a central water supply service. 2. At least one such qualified operator shall always be available in every structure less than two hundred fifty feet in height that is equipped with a standpipe system and is supplied by a required fire pump with a capacity of one thousand gallons or more per minute. 3. At least one such qualified operator shall always be available in every structure over two hundred fifty feet in height that is provided with a required fire pump. 4. At such times as are deemed necessary by the fire commissioner, one such qualified operator shall be available on premises, such as industrial plants and amusement parks, which are equipped with a standpipe system. 5. At least one such qualified operator shall be on duty during every performance in a theatre or other place of amusement equipped with a standpipe system. e. Maintenance and inspections of standpipe and sprinkler pumps and accessories: 1. Valves, hose, tools and other accessory fire fighting appliances shall be kept readily available and in good working order. Fire pumps shall be operated at least once in thirty days in a manner which will subject the standpipe system to a hydrostatic pressure of at least fifty pounds per square inch at the top story hose outlet. The qualified operator shall maintain a suitable record of his or her compliance with this requirement for inspection by the fire department. 2. The installation of fire and booster pumps shall be subject to inspection and/or test in the presence of an inspector from the bureau of fire prevention. f. Standpipe systems in structures in course of erection: 1. In structures under erection for which a standpipe system will be required, provision shall be made for the use of standpipes by the fire department whenever the construction has progressed so that floors are in place above the seventh story or more than seventy-five feet above the curb level. The standpipe equipment thus provided may be a temporary installation. 2. A temporary standpipe system shall be one which may be used for water supply during the construction operations. Temporary risers shall be at least four inches in diameter for structures of less than four hundred fifty feet in height and at least six inches in diameter for structures four hundred fifty feet or more in height. There shall be as many risers as will be required for the permanent system. Each such riser shall have a siamese hose connection at the street level and be equipped on each floor enclosed in exterior walls with hose outlets equipped with two and one-half inch hose valves. The installations shall
be made so that each riser, cross-connection and branch line shall be watertight when work is not being done on the system. The location of the siamese hose connection shall be placarded, kept free from obstruction and indicated by a red light. g. Fire alarm system maintenance and inspections. 1. The installation of interior fire alarm systems, thermostatic fire alarm systems, smoke detector alarm systems and other special fire alarm and/or activating systems, whether voluntary or required, shall be subject to inspection and test in the presence of an inspector from the bureau of fire prevention. Thereafter, all such systems shall be maintained in proper working order. A person holding a certificate of fitness shall be in charge of the supervision and maintenance of all such required fire alarm and/or activating systems. A city wide certificate of fitness may be issued for alarm systems other than interior fire alarm systems. Such person shall inspect the system under his or her care at least once a month to determine that all parts of the system are in proper working order and ready for immediate use. A detailed record of such inspection shall be kept available for examination by the fire department. The name and address of the certificate of fitness holder under the number or expiration date of such certificate shall be displayed at the control board of the system. 2. Every required interior fire alarm system shall be tested each morning immediately after commencement of working hours, or as otherwise permitted by the commissioner, and each interior fire alarm system sending station shall be tested at least once a month. 3. A complete record of monthly tests, fire drills and other operations of the interior fire alarm system shall be kept for examination by the fire department. 4. All interior fire alarm system apparatus requiring rewinding shall be rewound after each operation and kept in normal condition. 5. If any fire alarm system becomes inoperative at any time, it shall be the duty and responsibility of the owner or person holding a certificate of fitness for the supervision and maintenance of such system to notify all occupants of the building protected by such system and to take immediate action to have the fire alarm system restored to proper working order. Placards shall be placed on all fire alarm boxes indicating that the system is inoperative. 6. If, for any reason, it becomes necessary to disconnect the source of current of any fire alarm system, the owner or person holding a certificate of fitness for the supervision and maintenance of such system, shall notify the fire department in advance of each disconnection, stating the reasons therefor. 7. For fire alarm systems equipped with break glass type sending stations, at least one extra glass for each station of the system shall be kept available on the premises. h. Gas shutoff tools. As required by section P115.5 of reference standard RS-16 of the appendix to chapter one of title twenty-seven, applicable utilities shall provide the fire department with suitable tools for operation of outside gas service line valve or other outside emergency shutoff device or method. The number of such tools required for supplying fire department units shall be determined by the fire department. i. Fire suppression system inspections. All fire suppression/protective systems, including but not limited to halon, automatic sprinkler, standpipe, rangehood, carbon dioxide, foam, dry chemical or smoke control systems, shall be inspected pursuant to this section and/or such rules and regulations as promulgated by the commissioner.

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