2021 New Mexico Statutes
Chapter 55 - Uniform Commercial Code
Article 2 - Sales
Part 5 - PERFORMANCE
Section 55-2-502 - Buyer's right to goods on seller's repudiation, failure to deliver or insolvency.

Universal Citation: NM Stat § 55-2-502 (2021)

(1) Subject to Subsections (2) and (3) of this section and even though the goods have not been shipped, a buyer who has paid a part or all of the price of goods in which he has a special property under the provisions of the immediately preceding section may on making and keeping good a tender of any unpaid portion of their price recover them from the seller if:

(a) in the case of goods bought for personal, family or household purposes, the seller repudiates or fails to deliver as required by the contract; or

(b) in all cases, the seller becomes insolvent within ten days after receipt of the first installment on their price.

(2) The buyer's right to recover goods pursuant to Paragraph (a) of Subsection (1) of this section vests upon acquisition of a special property even if the seller has not then repudiated or failed to deliver.

(3) If the identification creating his special property has been made by the buyer he acquires the right to recover the goods only if they conform to the contract for sale.

History: 1953 Comp., § 50A-2-502, enacted by Laws 1961, ch. 96, § 2-502; 2001, ch. 139, § 131.

ANNOTATIONS

OFFICIAL COMMENTS

UCC Official Comments by ALI & the NCCUSL. Reproduced with permission of the PEB for the UCC. All rights reserved.

Prior uniform statutory provision. — Compare Sections 17, 18 and 19, Uniform Sales Act.

1. This section gives an additional right to the buyer as a result of identification of the goods to the contract in the manner provided in Section 2-501. The buyer is given a right to the goods on the seller's insolvency occurring within 10 days after he receives the first installment on their price.

2. The question of whether the buyer also acquires a security interest in identified goods and has rights to the goods when insolvency takes place after the ten-day period provided in this section depends upon compliance with the provisions of the article on secured transactions (Article 9).

3. Subsection (2) is included to preclude the possibility of unjust enrichment which exists if the buyer were permitted to recover goods even though they were greatly superior in quality or quantity to that called for by the contract for sale.

Point 1: Sections 1-201 and 2-702.

Point 2: Article 9.

"Buyer". Section 2-103.

"Conform". Section 2-106.

"Contract for sale". Section 2-106.

"Goods". Section 2-105.

"Insolvent". Section 1-201.

"Right". Section 1-201.

"Seller". Section 2-103.

The 2001 amendment, effective July 1, 2001, inserted "repudiation, failure to deliver or" in the section heading; in Paragraph (1), substituted "Subsections (2) and (3) of this section" for "Subsection (2)" added Paragraph (a) and the Paragraph (b) designation, inserted "in all cases" at the beginning of Paragraph (b); added Paragraph (2); and redesignated former Paragraph (2) as present Paragraph (3).

Law reviews. — For article, "Special Property Under the Uniform Commercial Code: A New Concept in Sales," see 4 Nat. Resources J. 98 (1964).

For article, "Buyers and Sellers of Goods in Bankruptcy," see 1 N.M. L. Rev. 435 (1971).

Am. Jur. 2d, A.L.R. and C.J.S. references. — 68A Am. Jur. 2d Secured Transactions § 42.

77A C.J.S. Sales § 214 et seq.

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