2021 New Mexico Statutes
Chapter 30 - Criminal Offenses
Article 14 - Trespass
Section 30-14-4 - Wrongful use of public property; permit; penalties.

Universal Citation: NM Stat § 30-14-4 (2021)

A. Wrongful use of public property consists of:

(1) knowingly entering any public property without permission of the lawful custodian or his representative when the public property is not open to the public;

(2) remaining in or occupying any public property after having been requested to leave by the lawful custodian, or his representative, who has determined that the public property is being used or occupied contrary to its intended or customary use or that the public property may be damaged or destroyed by the use; or

(3) depriving the general public of the intended or customary use of public property without a permit.

B. Permits to occupy or use public property may be obtained from the lawful custodian or his representative upon written application which:

(1) describes the public property to be occupied or used; and

(2) states the period of time during which the public property will be occupied or used. The applicant shall pay in advance a reasonable fee or charge for the use of the public property. The fee or charge shall be prescribed by the lawful custodian or his representative.

C. The lawful custodian or his representative may issue the permit if he believes that the use or occupation of the public property will not unreasonably interfere with the intended or customary use of the public property by the general public and that the use will not damage or destroy the public property.

D. Any person occupying or using public property under the authority of a permit shall submit to a search for firearms or other weapons and surrender any firearms or other weapons to any peace officer, who has jurisdiction, upon request.

E. As used in this section, "public property" means any public building, facility, structure or enclosure used for a public purpose or as a place of public gathering, owned or under the control of the state or one of its political subdivisions or a religious, charitable, educational or recreational association.

F. Any person who commits wrongful use of public property is guilty of a petty misdemeanor.

G. Any person who commits wrongful use of public property after having been requested to leave by the lawful custodian or his representative or any peace officer, who has jurisdiction, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

History: 1953 Comp., § 40A-14-5, enacted by Laws 1969, ch. 61, § 1.

ANNOTATIONS

Unconstitutional delegation of power. — Paragraph A(2) of this section, proscribing the act of remaining in or occupying any public property after having been requested to leave by the lawful custodian or his representative upon determination that the public property is being used or occupied contrary to its intended or customary use, is without sufficiently definite standards to be enforceable, and is thus an unconstitutional delegation of legislative power. State v. Jaramillo, 1972-NMCA-071, 83 N.M. 800, 498 P.2d 687.

Serious doubts on constitutionality. — Because of the many constitutional infirmities in this section, there are serious doubts as to whether it is a valid law. 1969 Op. Att'y Gen. No. 69-21.

Am. Jur. 2d, A.L.R. and C.J.S. references. — Students: participation of student in demonstration on or near campus as warranting imposition of criminal liability for breach of peace, disorderly conduct, trespass, unlawful assembly or similar offense, 32 A.L.R.3d 551.

"Choice of evils," necessity, duress, or similar defense to state or local criminal charges based on acts of public protest, 3 A.L.R.5th 521.

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