2021 New Mexico Statutes
Chapter 22 - Public Schools
Article 1 - General Provisions
Section 22-1-2 - Definitions.

Universal Citation: NM Stat § 22-1-2 (2021)

As used in the Public School Code:

A. "academic proficiency" means mastery of the subject-matter knowledge and skills specified in state academic content and performance standards for a student's grade level;

B. "charter school" means a school authorized by a chartering authority to operate as a public school;

C. "commission" means the public education commission;

D. "department" means the public education department;

E. "home school" means the operation by the parent of a school-age person of a home study program of instruction that provides a basic academic educational program, including reading, language arts, mathematics, social studies and science;

F. "instructional support provider" means a person who is employed to support the instructional program of a school district, including educational assistant, school counselor, social worker, school nurse, speech-language pathologist, psychologist, physical therapist, occupational therapist, recreational therapist, marriage and family therapist, interpreter for the deaf and diagnostician;

G. "licensed school employee" means teachers, school administrators and instructional support providers;

H. "local school board" means the policy-setting body of a school district;

I. "local superintendent" means the chief executive officer of a school district;

J. "parent" includes a guardian or other person having custody and control of a school-age person;

K. "private school" means a school, other than a home school, that offers on-site programs of instruction and that is not under the control, supervision or management of a local school board;

L. "public school" means that part of a school district that is a single attendance center in which instruction is offered by one or more teachers and is discernible as a building or group of buildings generally recognized as either an elementary, middle, junior high or high school or any combination of those and includes a charter school;

M. "school" means a supervised program of instruction designed to educate a student in a particular place, manner and subject area;

N. "school administrator" means a person licensed to administer in a school district and includes school principals, central district administrators and charter school head administrators;

O. "school-age person" means a person who is at least five years of age prior to 12:01 a.m. on September 1 of the school year, who has not received a high school diploma or its equivalent and who has not reached the person's twenty-second birthday on the first day of the school year and meets other criteria provided in the Public School Finance Act [Chapter 22, Article 8 NMSA 1978];

P. "school building" means a public school, an administration building and related school structures or facilities, including teacher housing, that is owned, acquired or constructed by the school district as necessary to carry out the functions of the school district;

Q. "school bus private owner" means a person, other than a school district, the department, the state or any other political subdivision of the state, that owns a school bus;

R. "school district" means an area of land established as a political subdivision of the state for the administration of public schools and segregated geographically for taxation and bonding purposes;

S. "school employee" includes licensed and nonlicensed employees of a school district;

T. "school principal" means the chief instructional leader and administrative head of a public school;

U. "school year" means the total number of contract days offered by public schools in a school district during a period of twelve consecutive months;

V. "secretary" means the secretary of public education;

W. "state agency" or "state institution" means the New Mexico military institute, New Mexico school for the blind and visually impaired, New Mexico school for the deaf, New Mexico boys' school, girls' welfare home, New Mexico youth diagnostic and development center, Sequoyah adolescent treatment center, Carrie Tingley crippled children's hospital, New Mexico behavioral health institute at Las Vegas and any other state agency responsible for educating resident children;

X. "state educational institution" means an institution enumerated in Article 12, Section 11 of the constitution of New Mexico;

Y. "substitute teacher" means a person who holds a certificate to substitute for a teacher in the classroom;

Z. "teacher" means a person who holds a level one, two or three-A license and whose primary duty is classroom instruction or the supervision, below the school principal level, of an instructional program or whose duties include curriculum development, peer intervention, peer coaching or mentoring or serving as a resource teacher for other teachers;

AA. "certified school instructor" means a licensed school employee; and

BB. "certified school employee" or "certified school personnel" means a licensed school employee.

History: 1978 Comp., § 22-1-2, enacted by Laws 2003, ch. 153, § 3; 2004, ch. 27, § 13; 2005, ch. 313, § 3; 2005, ch. 315, § 1; 2007, ch. 309, § 1; 2009, ch. 217, § 1; 2010, ch. 116, § 1; 2015, ch. 58, § 2; 2015, ch. 108, § 1; 2019, ch. 206, §1; 2019, ch. 207, § 1.


Repeals. — Laws 2004, ch. 27, § 29 repealed Laws 2003, ch. 143, § 2, which would have repealed this section.

Cross references. — For the public education commission and public education department, see 9-24-1 NMSA 1978.

The 2019 amendment, effective June 14, 2019, revised the definitions of "school-age person" and "certified school instructor" as used in the Public School Code; in Subsection O, deleted "A maximum age of twenty-one shall be used for a person who is classified as special education membership as defined in Section 22-8-21 NMSA 1978 or as a resident of a state institution" and added "and who has not reached the person's twenty-second birthday on the first day of the school year and meets other criteria provided in the Public School Finance Act"; and in Subsection AA, after "means a", deleted "teacher or instructional support provider" and added "licensed school employee".

Laws 2019, ch. 206, § 1 and Laws 2019, ch. 207, § 1, both effective June 14, 2019, enacted identical amendments to this section. The section was set out as amended by Laws 2019, ch. 207, § 1. See 12-1-8 NMSA 1978.

2015 Multiple Amendments. — Laws 2015, ch. 108, § 1, effective July 1, 2015, added a new Subsection B, which defined "charter school"; and in Subsection N, after "principals", deleted "and", and after "district administrators", added "and charter school head administrators".

Laws 2015, ch. 58, § 2, effective June 19, 2015, deleted Subsection B, relating to "adequate yearly progress", and redesignated the succeeding subsections accordingly.

The 2010 amendment, effective May 19, 2010, deleted former Subsection E, which defined "forty-day report" to mean the report of qualified student membership and students eligible to be qualified students that are enrolled in private school or home school for the first forty days of school.

Temporary provisions. — Laws 2010, ch. 116, § 9 provided that references in the Public School Code pertaining to the fortieth-day or forty-day report of public school membership or enrollment shall be deemed to be references to the first reporting date, which is the second Wednesday in October; references pertaining to the eightieth-day or eighty-day report of public school membership or enrollment shall be deemed to be references to the second reporting date, which is the second Wednesday in December; and references pertaining to the one-hundred twentieth-day or one-hundred twenty-day report of public school membership or enrollment shall be deemed to be references to the third reporting date, which is the second Wednesday in February.

As the public schools transition from former reporting dates to new reporting dates, the public education department may use any combination of former and new reporting dates as necessary to develop membership and cost projections and budgets for the 2010-2011 school year.

The 2009 amendment, effective June 19, 2009, in Subsection G, after "recreational therapist", added "marriage and family therapist".

The 2007 amendment, effective June 15, 2007, added Subsection A.

The 2005 amendment, effective April 7, 2005, changed the statutory reference in Subsection O from Section 22-8-2 NMSA 1978 to Section 22-8-21 NMSA 1978; changed the name of the New Mexico school for the visually handicapped to the New Mexico school for the blind and visually impaired in Subsection W; and provided in Subsection Z that a teacher is a person whose duties include curriculum development, peer intervention, peer coaching or mentoring or serving as a resource teacher for other teachers.

The 2004 amendment, effective May 19, 2004, amended Subsection A to change state board to department; deleted the definition of "commercial advertiser" in Subsection B and substituted in its place a definition of "commission, amended Subsection C to change state department of public education to public education department, deleted "librarian" from the definition of "instructional support provider" in Subsection F, inserted new Subsection V for the definition of "secretary" and redesignated Subsections V to CC as Subsections W to BB.

Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. New Mexico may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.
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