2019 New Mexico Statutes
Chapter 22 - Public Schools
Article 35 - Safe Schools for All Students
Section 22-35-2 - Definitions.

Universal Citation: NM Stat § 22-35-2 (2019)

As used in the Safe Schools for All Students Act:

A. "bullying" means any severe, pervasive or persistent act or conduct that targets a student, whether physically, electronically or verbally, and that:

(1) may be based on a student's actual or perceived race, religion, color, national origin, ancestry, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, spousal affiliation, physical or cognitive disability or any other distinguishing characteristic; or on an association with a person, or group with any person, with one or more of the actual or perceived distinguishing characteristics; and

(2) can be reasonably predicted to:

(a) place a student in reasonable fear of physical harm to the student's person or property;

(b) cause a substantial detrimental effect on a student's physical or mental health;

(c) substantially interfere with a student's academic performance or attendance; or

(d) substantially interfere with a student's ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities or privileges provided by an agency, educational institution or grantee;

B. "cyberbullying" means any bullying that takes place through electronic communication;

C. "electronic communication" means a communication transmitted by means of an electronic device, including a telephone, cellular phone, computer, electronic tablet, pager or video or audio recording;

D. "gender identity" means a student's self-perception, or perception of that student by another, of the student's identity as a male or female based upon the student's appearance, behavior or physical characteristics that are in accord with or opposed to the student's physical anatomy, chromosomal sex or sex at birth;

E. "local school board" includes the governing body of a charter school;

F. "physical or cognitive disability" means a physical or cognitive impairment that substantially limits one or more of a student's major life activities;

G. "progressive discipline" means disciplinary action other than suspension or expulsion from school that is designed to correct and address the basic causes of a student's specific misbehavior while retaining the student in class or in school, or restorative school practices to repair the harm done to relationships and other students from the student's misbehavior, and may include:

(1) meeting with the student and the student's parents;

(2) reflective activities, such as requiring the student to write an essay about the student's misbehavior;

(3) counseling;

(4) anger management;

(5) health counseling or intervention;

(6) mental health counseling;

(7) participation in skill-building and resolution activities, such as social-emotional cognitive skills building, resolution circles and restorative conferencing;

(8) community service; and

(9) in-school detention or suspension, which may take place during lunchtime, after school or during weekends; and

H. "sexual orientation" means heterosexuality, homosexuality or bisexuality, whether actual or perceived.

History: Laws 2019, ch. 181, § 2.


Effective dates. — Laws 2019, ch. 181, § 7 made Laws 2019, ch. 181 effective July 1, 2019.

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