2018 New Mexico Statutes
Chapter 1 - Elections
Article 12 - Conduct of Elections
Section 1-12-42 - Conduct of election; employees; time to vote.

Universal Citation: NM Stat § 1-12-42 (2018)
1-12-42. Conduct of election; employees; time to vote.

A. On election day a voter may absent himself from employment in which he is engaged for two hours for the purpose of voting between the time of opening and the time of closing the polls. The voter shall not be liable to any penalty for such absence; however, the employer may specify the hours during this period in which the voter may be absent.

B. The provisions of Subsection A of this section do not apply to an employee whose work day begins more than two hours subsequent to the time of opening the polls, or ends more than three hours prior to the time of closing the polls.

C. The provisions of Subsection A of this section apply to elections of Indian nations, tribes or pueblos for a voter who is enrolled as a member of the Indian nation, tribe or pueblo and is qualified to vote in the election.

D. A person who refuses the right granted in this section to an employee is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor more than one hundred dollars ($100).

History: 1953 Comp., § 3-12-66, enacted by Laws 1969, ch. 240, § 302; 2001, ch. 106, § 1.

ANNOTATIONS

The 2001 amendment, effective June 15, 2001, added present Subsection C; redesignated former Subsection C as Subsection D; and in present Subsection D, deleted "or corporation" preceding "who refuses".

Adjustment of working hours allowed. — An employer's adjustment of its customary daily work schedule on election day, so as to release its employees from work more than three hours prior to the closing of the polls, without any wage deduction for the shortened workday, came within the exception provided by Subsection B and did not, therefore, violate Subsection A. State v. Kenneth P. Thompson Co., 1985-NMCA-098, 103 N.M. 453, 708 P.2d 1054.

Work day means the normal or usual work day as scheduled by the employer during the course of the year. An employer may not adjust the working hours on election day to bring the working hours of employees within the exemption provision. 1974 Op. Att'y Gen. No. 74-36.

Employer not to designate lunch or other period outside normal hours. — The employer may not designate a period in which the employee may absent himself that includes either the employee's normal lunch period or that includes a period either prior or subsequent to his normal working hours. 1974 Op. Att'y Gen. No. 74-36.

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