2017 New Mexico Statutes
Chapter 45 - Uniform Probate Code
Article 5B - Uniform Power of Attorney
Section 45-5B-201 - Authority that requires specific grant; grant of general authority.
45-5B-201. Authority that requires specific grant; grant of general authority.
A. An agent under a power of attorney may do the following on behalf of the principal or with the principal's property only if the power of attorney expressly grants the agent the authority and exercise of the authority is not otherwise prohibited by another agreement or instrument to which the authority or property is subject:
(1) create, amend, revoke or terminate an inter vivos trust;
(2) make a gift;
(3) create or change rights of survivorship;
(4) create or change a beneficiary designation;
(5) delegate authority granted under the power of attorney;
(6) waive the principal's right to be a beneficiary of a joint and survivor annuity, including a survivor benefit under a retirement plan;
(7) exercise fiduciary powers that the principal has authority to delegate; or
(8) disclaim property, including a power of appointment.
B. Notwithstanding a grant of authority to do an act described in Subsection A of this section, unless the power of attorney otherwise provides, an agent that is not an ancestor, spouse or descendant of the principal shall not exercise authority under a power of attorney to create in the agent, or in an individual to whom the agent owes a legal obligation of support, an interest in the principal's property, whether by gift, right of survivorship, beneficiary designation, disclaimer or otherwise.
C. Subject to Subsections A, B, D and E of this section, if a power of attorney grants to an agent authority to do all acts that a principal could do, the agent has the general authority described in Sections 204 through 216 [45-5B-204 through 45-5B-216 NMSA 1978] of the Uniform Power of Attorney Act.
D. Unless the power of attorney otherwise provides, a grant of authority to make a gift is subject to the provisions of Section 217 [45-5B-217 NMSA 1978] of the Uniform Power of Attorney Act.
E. Subject to Subsections A, B and D of this section, if the subjects over which authority is granted in a power of attorney are similar or overlap, the broadest authority controls.
F. Authority granted in a power of attorney is exercisable with respect to property that the principal has when the power of attorney is executed or acquires later, whether or not the property is located in this state and whether or not the authority is exercised or the power of attorney is executed in this state.
G. An act performed by an agent pursuant to a power of attorney has the same effect and inures to the benefit of and binds the principal and the principal's successors in interest as if the principal had performed the act.
History: Laws 2007, ch. 135, 201; 1978 Comp., 46B-1-201 recompiled as 45-5B-201 by Laws 2011, ch. 124, 102.