2011 New Mexico Statutes
Chapter 45: Uniform Probate Code
Article 2A: Uniform Statutory Will Act, 45-2A-1 through 45-2A-17
Section 45-2A-2: Definitions.


NM Stat § 45-2A-2 (1996 through 1st Sess 50th Legis) What's This?

45-2A-2. Definitions.

As used in the Uniform Statutory Will Act:

A. "child" means, except as modified by this subsection, a child of a natural parent whose relationship is involved; an adopted individual is the child of the adopting parents and not of the natural parents, but an individual adopted by the spouse of a natural parent is also the child of either natural parent; an individual born out of wedlock is not the child of the father unless the individual is openly and notoriously so treated by the father; the term does not include an individual who is a stepchild, a foster child, a grandchild or a more remote descendant;

B. "issue" of an individual means all lineal descendants of all generations, with the status of a child at each generation being determined by the definition of child in Subsection A of this section;

C. "personal representative" includes executor, administrator, successor personal representative, special administrator and a person who performs substantially the same functions relating to the estate of a decedent under the law governing their status;

D. "property" means an interest, present or future, legal or equitable, vested or contingent, in real or personal property;

E. "representation" means the estate is divided into as many equal shares as there are surviving issue in the nearest degree of kinship and deceased individuals in the same degree who left issue surviving the decedent, each surviving issue in the nearest degree receiving one share and the share of each deceased individual in the same degree being divided among issue of that individual in the same manner;

F. "statutory-will estate" means the entire testamentary estate, except as otherwise provided in the will;

G. "surviving spouse" means the individual to whom the testator was married at the time of death except a spouse from whom the testator was then separated under a decree of separation, whether or not final, or written separation agreement signed by both parties; an individual separated from the testator whose marriage to the testator continues in effect under the law of this state solely because a judgment of divorce or annulment of the marriage is not recognized as valid in this state is not the testator's surviving spouse; an individual whose marriage to the testator at the time of death is not recognized in this state solely because a judgment of divorce or annulment of a previous marriage of either or both of them is not recognized as valid in this state is the testator's surviving spouse;

H. "testamentary estate" includes every interest in property subject to disposition or appointed by a will of the decedent;

I. "testator's residence" means one or more properties normally used at the time of the testator's death by the testator or the surviving spouse as a residence for any part of the year; if the property used as a residence is a unit in a cooperative or other entity, it includes all rights and interests relating to that unit; if the property is used in part for a commercial, agricultural or other business purpose, the testator's residence is an area not exceeding three acres, which includes the structure used in whole or in part as a residence and structures normally used by the testator in connection with the dwelling and excludes structures and areas outside the dwelling used primarily for a commercial, agricultural or other business purpose; and

J. "trustee" includes an original, additional or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by the court.

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