2011 New Mexico Statutes
Chapter 27: Public Assistance
Article 7: Adult Protective Services, 27-7-1 through 27-7-31
Section 27-7-26: Nonemergency protective services or protective placement; findings; petition; order.


NM Stat § 27-7-26 (1996 through 1st Sess 50th Legis) What's This?

27-7-26. Nonemergency protective services or protective placement; findings; petition; order.

A. Involuntary nonemergency protective services or protective placement shall not take place unless ordered by a court after a finding on the record based on clear and convincing evidence that:

(1) the adult is incapacitated and lacks the ability to consent;

(2) the adult is incapable of providing for the adult's own care or custody and the adult is at significant risk of abuse, neglect or exploitation that creates a substantial risk of serious physical harm to the adult or others;

(3) the adult needs care or treatment;

(4) the proposed order is substantially supported by the evaluation provided for in Subsection E of this section or, if not so supported, there are compelling reasons for ordering those protective services or that protective placement; and

(5) no less restrictive alternative course of care or treatment is available that is consistent with the incapacitated adult's welfare and safety.

B. The petition for nonemergency protective services or protective placement shall state with particularity the factual basis for the allegations specified in Subsection A of this section and shall be based on the most reliable information available to the petitioner.

C. Written notice of a petition for nonemergency protective services or protective placement shall be served upon the adult by personal service at least fourteen days prior to the time set for a hearing. Notice shall also be given to the adult's legal counsel, caretaker, guardian, conservator, surrogate, spouse and adult children or next of kin, whose names and addresses are known to the petitioner or can with reasonable diligence be ascertained. The person serving the notice shall certify to the court that the petition has been delivered and how the required notice was given. The notice shall be in language reasonably understandable by the adult who is the subject of the petition and also shall be given orally if necessary. The notice shall include:

(1) the names of all petitioners;

(2) the factual basis of the belief that protective services or protective placement is needed;

(3) the rights of the adult in the court proceedings; and

(4) the name and address of the proposed protective services or protective placement.

D. Upon the filing of a petition for nonemergency protective services or protective placement, the court shall hold a hearing pursuant to the provisions of Section 27-7-27 NMSA 1978.

E. In order to make the findings required in Paragraphs (2) through (5) of Subsection A of this section, the court shall direct that a comprehensive evaluation of the adult alleged to be in need of protective services or protective placement be conducted as provided in Subsection C of Section 27-7-27 NMSA 1978.

F. In ordering nonemergency protective placement, the court shall give consideration to the choice of residence of the adult. The court may order protective placement in a facility or with a provider.

G. The court may authorize nonemergency protective services or protective placement for an adult for a period not to exceed six months.

H. At the time of expiration of an order for nonemergency protective services or protective placement, the original petitioner may petition the court to extend its order for protective services or protective placement for an additional period not to exceed six months. The contents of the petition shall conform to the provisions of Subsections A and B of this section. Notice of the petition for the extension of protective services or protective placement shall be made in conformity with Subsection C of this section. The court shall hold a hearing to determine whether to renew the order. Any person entitled to a notice under Subsection C of this section may appear at the hearing and challenge the petition. The court shall conduct the hearing pursuant to the provisions of Section 27-7-27 NMSA 1978.

I. The services provided to or the residence of an adult that had been established pursuant to an order for nonemergency protective services or protective placement shall not be changed unless the court authorizes the change of services or transfer of residence. The adult or the adult's legal representative may petition the court to order such a change of services or transfer of residence.

J. Prior to the expiration of the nonemergency protective services or protective placement, the department shall review the need for continued services or placement, including the necessity for appointment of a conservator or guardian, and shall make such recommendation to the court.

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