2006 New Mexico Statutes - Section 58-21A-11 — Actions based on home loans.

58-21A-11. Actions based on home loans.

A.     Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any person who purchases or is otherwise assigned a high-cost home loan shall be subject to all affirmative claims and any defenses with respect to the loan that the borrower could assert against the original creditor of the loan; provided that this subsection shall not apply if the purchaser or assignee demonstrates by a preponderance of the evidence that a reasonable person exercising reasonable due diligence could not determine that the mortgage was a high-cost home loan. A purchaser or assignee has exercised such due diligence if the purchaser or assignee:   

(1)     has in place at the time of the purchase or assignment of the subject loans, policies that expressly prohibit its purchase or acceptance of an assignment of any high-cost home loans;   

(2)     requires by contract that a seller or assignor of the home loans to the purchaser or assignee represents and warrants to the purchaser or assignee that either:   

(a)     the seller or assignor will not sell or assign any high-cost home loans to the purchaser or assignee; or   

(b)     that such seller or assignor is the beneficiary of such a representation and warranty from a previous seller or assignor; and   

(3)     exercises reasonable due diligence at the time of purchase or assignment of home loans or within a reasonable period of time thereafter intended by the purchaser or assignee to prevent the purchaser or assignee from purchasing or taking assignment of any high-cost home loans; or   

(4)     satisfies the requirements in Paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection and establishes that a reasonable person exercising ordinary due diligence could not determine, based on the documentation required by the federal Truth in Lending Act and the itemization of the amount financed and other disclosure disbursements, that the loan was a high-cost home loan.   

B.     Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, a borrower acting only in an individual capacity may assert against the creditor or any subsequent holder or assignee of the home loan:   

(1)     within six years of the closing of a high-cost home loan, a violation of the Home Loan Protection Act [ 58-21A-1 NMSA 1978] in connection with the loan as an original action;   

(2)     at any time during the term of a high-cost home loan, any defense, claim or counterclaim, or action to enjoin foreclosure or to preserve or obtain possession of the dwelling that secures the loan, including but not limited to a violation of the Home Loan Protection Act, after an action to collect on the home loan or foreclose on the collateral securing the home loan has been initiated or the debt arising from the home loan has been accelerated or the home loan has become sixty days in default; or   

(3)     within three years of the closing of a home loan, a violation of Subsection B of Section 4  [ 58-21A-4 NMSA 1978] of the Home Loan Protection Act as a defense, claim or counterclaim or as an action to enjoin foreclosure or to preserve or obtain possession of the dwelling that secures the loan, after an action to collect on the home loan or foreclose on the collateral securing the home loan has been initiated or the debt arising from the home loan has been accelerated or the home loan has become sixty days in default.   

C.     In an action, claim or counterclaim brought pursuant to Subsection B of this section, the borrower may recover only amounts required to reduce or extinguish the borrower's liability under the home loan plus amounts required to recover costs and reasonable attorney fees.   

D.     Nothing in this section shall limit the substantive rights, remedies or procedural rights available to a borrower against a creditor, assignee or holder that are otherwise provided by law.   

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