2019 New Jersey Revised Statutes
Title 54A - New Jersey Gross Income Tax Act
Section 54A:12-3 - Election to pay pass-through business alternative income tax.

Universal Citation: NJ Rev Stat § 54A:12-3 (2019)

54A:12-3 Election to pay pass-through business alternative income tax.

3. a. A pass-through entity with at least one member who is liable pursuant to the "New Jersey Gross Income Tax Act," N.J.S.54A:1-1 et seq., for tax on that member's share of distributive proceeds of the pass-through entity in a taxable year may elect to be liable for, and pay, a pass-through business alternative income tax in the taxable year.

b. Each pass-through entity that makes an election for a taxable year pursuant to this section shall annually report to each of its members, for the taxable year, the member's share of distributive proceeds.

(1) The election to pay tax at the entity level is available if consent is made by each member of the electing entity who is a member at the time the election is filed or by any officer, manager, or member of the electing entity who is authorized, under law or the entity's organizational documents, to make the election and who represents to having such authorization under penalties of perjury. This election shall be made annually on or before the due date of the entity's return as established by the director and on forms prescribed by the director. This election shall not be made retroactively. If the members decide to revoke an election, that revocation shall occur on or before the due date of the entity's return.

(2) The tax imposed on a pass-through entity pursuant to this section shall be determined in accordance with the following table with respect to the sum of each member's share of distributive proceeds attributable to the pass-through entity for the taxable year.

For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2020:

If the sum of each member's

share of distributive proceeds

attributable to the pass-through

entity is: The tax is:

Not over $250,000.00.......... 5.675% of the sum of distributive proceeds

Over $250,000.00 but not

over $1,000,000.00...... $14,187.50 plus 6.52% of the

excess over $250,000.00

Over $1,000,000.00 but not

over $5,000,000.00...... $63,087.50 plus 9.12% of the

excess over $1,000,000.00

Over $5,000,000.00 .......... $427,887.50 plus 10.9% of the

excess over $5,000,000.00.

c. The amount of pass-through business alternative income tax due from a pass-through entity in a taxable year shall be exclusive of any amount of tax due and paid by the pass-through entity pursuant to the "Corporation Business Tax Act (1945)," P.L.1945, c.162 (C.54:10A-1 et seq.), during any privilege period, except as otherwise provided in P.L.2019, c.320 (C.54A:12-1 et al.).

(1) A pass-through entity which elects to pay the pass-through business entity income tax shall be included in a combined group, as defined in subsection (z) of section 4 of P.L.1945, c.162 (C.54:10A-4), and file a New Jersey combined return pursuant to the Corporation Business Tax Act, P.L.1945, c.162 (C.54:10A-1 et seq.). A pass-through entity which elects to pay the pass-through business entity income tax shall be excluded from a combined group, as defined in subsection (z) of section 4 of P.L.1945, c.162 (C.54:10A-4), and from filing a New Jersey combined return pursuant to the Corporation Business Tax Act, P.L.1945, c.162 (C.54:10A-1 et seq.) if the pass-through entity meets the following: (a) all of the members of the pass-through entity are taxpayers otherwise liable for the tax under the "New Jersey Gross Income Tax Act," N.J.S.A.54A:1-1 et seq., and (b) no business entity taxed as a corporation under the Corporation Business Tax Act, P.L.1945, c.162 (C.54:10A-1 et seq.), has a direct, indirect, beneficial, or constructive ownership or control of the pass-through entity.

(2) Nothing shall prevent a group of pass-through entities under common ownership by an individual, estate, or trust, or a group of related individuals, estates, or trusts, from filing a composite or consolidated pass-through business entity income tax return. In determining whether the pass-through entities are under common ownership, the individual, estate, or trust, or a group of related individuals, estates, or trusts, must own more than 50 percent of the direct or indirect voting control of each pass-through entity; provided, however, section 318 of the federal Internal Revenue Code, 26 U.S.C. s.318, shall apply for determining voting control.

d. Pass-through entities whose members have made the business alternative income tax election shall file an entity tax return and make payments on or before the 15th day of the third month following the close of each entity's taxable year for federal income tax purposes. A pass-through entity shall make estimated entity tax payments on or before the 15th day of each of the fourth month, sixth month, and ninth month of the taxable year and on or before the 15th day of the first month succeeding the close of the taxable year.

L.2019, c.320, s.3.

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