2017 New Jersey Revised Statutes
TITLE 4 - AGRICULTURE AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS
Section 4:8-17.13 - Definitions

4:8-17.13. Definitions

As used in this act:

(a) "State board" means the State Board of Agriculture.

(b) The term "State Seed Analyst" means the seed analyst of the New Jersey Department of Agriculture.

(c) The term "certifying agency" means:

(1) An agency authorized under the laws of a state, territory or possession to officially certify seed and which has procedures and standards approved by the United States Secretary of Agriculture to assure the genetic purity and identity of the seed certified; or

(2) An agency of a foreign country determined by the United States Secretary of Agriculture to adhere to procedures and standards for seed certification comparable to those adhered to generally by seed certifying agencies included under paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(d) The term "agricultural seeds" means and includes the seeds of grass, forage, cereal and fiber crops and any other kinds of seeds commonly recognized within this State as agricultural seeds, lawn seeds and mixtures of such seeds, and may include noxious weed seed when the State Seed Analyst determines that such seed is being used as agricultural seed.

(e) The term "vegetable seeds" means and includes the seeds of those crops which are grown in gardens and on truck farms and are generally known and sold under the name of vegetables or herbs in this State.

(f) The term "flower seeds" means and includes the seeds of herbaceous plants grown for their blooms, ornamental foliage, or other ornamental parts and commonly known and sold under the name of flower seeds in this State.

(g) The term "kind" means one or more related species or subspecies which singly or collectively are known by one common name; for example, corn, oats, red clover and cabbage.

(h) The term "variety" means a subdivision of a kind, characterized by growth, yield, plant, fruit, seed, or other characteristics by which it can be differentiated from other plants of the same kind.

(i) The term "mixture" means seeds consisting of more than one kind or variety present to the extent of 5% or more of the total weight of the mixture.

(j) The term "weed seeds" includes the seeds or bulblets of all plants generally recognized as weeds within this State and shall include noxious weed seeds.

(k)(1) "Prohibited noxious weed seeds" are the seeds of perennial weeds such as not only reproduce by seed but also spread by underground roots, stems and other reproductive parts, and which when well-established, are highly destructive and difficult to control in this State by ordinary good cultural practices.

(2) "Restricted noxious weed seeds" are the seeds of such weeds as are very objectionable in fields, lawns or gardens of this State, but can be controlled by good cultural practices.

(l) The term "pure seed" means agricultural, vegetable or flower seeds exclusive of inert matter, weed seeds, and all other seeds distinguishable from the kinds or kinds and varieties being considered.

(m) The term "percentage of germination" means the percentage of seeds other than hard seeds capable of producing normal seedlings under favorable conditions (not including seeds which produce weak, malformed or abnormal seedlings).

(n) The term "percentage of hard seeds" means the percentage of seeds which are incapable of sprouting during the prescribed test period because their outer structures are impermeable to water.

(o) The term "labeling" includes all labels, and other written, printed or graphic representations, in any form whatsoever, accompanying or pertaining to any seed whether in bulk, or in containers and includes representations on invoices.

(p) The term "advertisement" means all representations, other than those on the label, disseminated in any manner or by any means relating, to seed within the scope of this act.

(q) The term "hybrid" means the first generation of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining:

(1) Two or more inbred lines;

(2) One inbred or a single cross with an open-pollinated variety; or

(3) Two varieties or species, except open-pollinated varieties of corn (Zea mays). The second generation or subsequent generations from crosses shall not be regarded as hybrids.

Hybrid designations shall be treated as variety names.

(r) The term "origin" means the foreign country; state of the United States; possession of the United States, or designated portion thereof, where the seed is grown.

(s) The term "lot" means a definite quantity of seed which is identified by a lot number or other mark, and which has been so handled that each portion or container is representative of the whole quantity.

(t) The term "record" includes all information relating to the shipment or shipments involved and includes a file sample of each lot of seed.

(u) The term "treated" means that the seed has received an application of a substance or process designed to control or repel certain insects or disease organisms or other pests attacking such seed or seedlings grown therefrom, or has received some other treatment to improve its planting value.

(v) "Retail seedsman" means a person who is engaged in the sale in the ordinary course of business of agricultural, vegetable, flower, tree or shrub seed which is used for planting purposes and is not intended for resale.

(w) "Seed conditioner" means of a person who conditions agricultural, vegetable, flower, tree or shrub seed for packaging in a container for sale in this State or whose name appears on a label on the seed container, which container is sold in this State by a wholesale or retail seedsman.

(x) "Shrub seed" means seed of woody plants commonly known and sold as shrub seed in this State.

(y) "Tree seed" means seed of woody plants commonly known and sold as tree seed in this State.

(z) "Tree collector's declaration" means a statement concerning tree and shrub seed, which sets forth the place of collection and giving, for a lot of seed, the lot number, the common or scientific name of the species, the origin, elevation, and quantity of the seed and, if appropriate, the subspecies and which contains the signature of a person who attests to that information.

(aa) "Wholesale seedsman" means a person who sells, offers for sale, exposes for sale or transports for sale to a retail seedsman, agricultural, vegetable, flower, tree or shrub seed used for planting purposes.

L.1963, c. 29, s. 1, approved May 8, 1963. Amended by L.1968, c. 198, s. 1, eff. July 19, 1968; L.1984, c. 201, s. 4, eff. Nov. 28, 1984, operative Jan. 1, 1985.

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