2017 New Jersey Revised Statutes
TITLE 17B - INSURANCE
Section 17B:27A-2 - Definitions.

17B:27A-2 Definitions.

1. As used in sections 1 through 15, inclusive, of this act:

"Board" means the board of directors of the program.

"Carrier" means any entity subject to the insurance laws and regulations of this State, or subject to the jurisdiction of the commissioner, that contracts or offers to contract to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care services, including a sickness and accident insurance company, a health maintenance organization, a nonprofit hospital or health service corporation, or any other entity providing a plan of health insurance, health benefits or health services. For purposes of this act, carriers that are affiliated companies shall be treated as one carrier.

"Church plan" has the same meaning given that term under Title I, section 3 of Pub.L.93-406, the "Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974" (29 U.S.C. s.1002 (33)).

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Banking and Insurance.

"Community rating" means a rating system in which the premium for all persons covered by a contract is the same, based on the experience of all persons covered by that contract, without regard to age, sex, health status, occupation and geographical location.

"Creditable coverage" means, with respect to an individual, coverage of the individual under any of the following: a group health plan; a group or individual health benefits plan; Part A or Part B of Title XVIII of the federal Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. s.1395 et seq.); Title XIX of the federal Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. s.1396 et seq.), other than coverage consisting solely of benefits under section 1928 of Title XIX of the federal Social Security Act (42 U.S.C.s.1396s); Chapter 55 of Title 10, United States Code (10 U.S.C. s.1071 et seq.); a medical care program of the Indian Health Service or of a tribal organization; a state health benefits risk pool; a health plan offered under chapter 89 of Title 5, United States Code (5 U.S.C. s.8901 et seq.); a public health plan as defined by federal regulation; and a health benefits plan under section 5(e) of the "Peace Corps Act" (22 U.S.C. s.2504(e)); or coverage under any other type of plan as set forth by the commissioner by regulation.

Creditable coverage shall not include coverage consisting solely of the following: coverage only for accident or disability income insurance, or any combination thereof; coverage issued as a supplement to liability insurance; liability insurance, including general liability insurance and automobile liability insurance; workers' compensation or similar insurance; automobile medical payment insurance; credit only insurance; coverage for on-site medical clinics; coverage, as specified in federal regulation, under which benefits for medical care are secondary or incidental to the insurance benefits; and other coverage expressly excluded from the definition of health benefits plan.

"Department" means the Department of Banking and Insurance.

"Dependent" means the spouse, domestic partner as defined in section 3 of P.L.2003, c.246 (C.26:8A-3), civil union partner as defined in section 2 of P.L.2006, c.103 (C.37:1-29), or child of an eligible person, subject to applicable terms of the individual health benefits plan.

"Eligible person" means a person who is a resident who is not eligible to be covered under a group health benefits plan, group health plan, governmental plan, church plan, or Part A or Part B of Title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C.s.1395 et seq.).

"Federally defined eligible individual" means an eligible person: (1) for whom, as of the date on which the individual seeks coverage under P.L.1992, c.161 (C.17B:27A-2 et al.), the aggregate of the periods of creditable coverage is 18 or more months; (2) whose most recent prior creditable coverage was under a group health plan, governmental plan, church plan, or health insurance coverage offered in connection with any such plan; (3) who is not eligible for coverage under a group health plan, Part A or Part B of Title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C.s.1395 et seq.), or a State plan under Title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C.s.1396 et seq.) or any successor program, and who does not have another health benefits plan, or hospital or medical service plan; (4) with respect to whom the most recent coverage within the period of aggregate creditable coverage was not terminated based on a factor relating to nonpayment of premiums or fraud; (5) who, if offered the option of continuation coverage under the COBRA continuation provision or a similar State program, elected that coverage; and (6) who has elected continuation coverage described in (5) above and has exhausted that continuation coverage.

"Financially impaired" means a carrier which, after the effective date of this act, is not insolvent, but is deemed by the commissioner to be potentially unable to fulfill its contractual obligations, or a carrier which is placed under an order of rehabilitation or conservation by a court of competent jurisdiction.

"Governmental plan" has the meaning given that term under Title I, section 3 of Pub.L.93-406, the "Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974" (29 U.S.C.s.1002(32)) and any governmental plan established or maintained for its employees by the Government of the United States or by any agency or instrumentality of that government.

"Group health benefits plan" means a health benefits plan for groups of two or more persons.

"Group health plan" means an employee welfare benefit plan, as defined in Title I, section 3 of Pub.L.93-406, the "Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974" (29 U.S.C. s.1002 (1)), to the extent that the plan provides medical care, and including items and services paid for as medical care to employees or their dependents directly or through insurance, reimbursement, or otherwise.

"Health benefits plan" means a hospital and medical expense insurance policy; health service corporation contract; hospital service corporation contract; medical service corporation contract; health maintenance organization subscriber contract; or other plan for medical care delivered or issued for delivery in this State. For purposes of this act, health benefits plan shall not include one or more, or any combination of, the following: coverage only for accident, or disability income insurance, or any combination thereof; coverage issued as a supplement to liability insurance; liability insurance, including general liability insurance and automobile liability insurance; stop loss or excess risk insurance; workers' compensation or similar insurance; automobile medical payment insurance; credit-only insurance; coverage for on-site medical clinics; and other similar insurance coverage, as specified in federal regulations, under which benefits for medical care are secondary or incidental to other insurance benefits. Health benefits plan shall not include the following benefits if they are provided under a separate policy, certificate or contract of insurance or are otherwise not an integral part of the plan: limited scope dental or vision benefits; benefits for long-term care, nursing home care, home health care, community-based care, or any combination thereof; and such other similar, limited benefits as are specified in federal regulations. Health benefits plan shall not include hospital confinement indemnity coverage if the benefits are provided under a separate policy, certificate or contract of insurance, there is no coordination between the provision of the benefits and any exclusion of benefits under any group health benefits plan maintained by the same plan sponsor, and those benefits are paid with respect to an event without regard to whether benefits are provided with respect to such an event under any group health plan maintained by the same plan sponsor. Health benefits plan shall not include the following if it is offered as a separate policy, certificate or contract of insurance: Medicare supplemental health insurance as defined under section 1882(g)(1) of the federal Social Security Act (42 U.S.C.s.1395ss(g)(1)); and coverage supplemental to the coverage provided under chapter 55 of Title 10, United States Code (10 U.S.C. s.1071 et seq.); and similar supplemental coverage provided to coverage under a group health plan.

"Health status-related factor" means any of the following factors: health status; medical condition, including both physical and mental illness; claims experience; receipt of health care; medical history; genetic information; evidence of insurability, including conditions arising out of acts of domestic violence; and disability.

"Individual health benefits plan" means: a. a health benefits plan for eligible persons and their dependents; and b. a certificate issued to an eligible person which evidences coverage under a policy or contract issued to a trust or association, regardless of the situs of delivery of the policy or contract, if the eligible person pays the premium and is not being covered under the policy or contract pursuant to continuation of benefits provisions applicable under federal or State law.

Individual health benefits plan shall not include a certificate issued under a policy or contract issued to a trust, or to the trustees of a fund, which trust or fund is an employee welfare benefit plan, to the extent the "Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974" (29 U.S.C. s.1001 et seq.) preempts the application of P.L.1992, c.161 (C.17B:27A-2 et al.) to that plan.

"Medicaid" means the Medicaid program established pursuant to P.L.1968, c.413 (C.30:4D-1 et seq.).

"Medical care" means amounts paid: (1) for the diagnosis, care, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body; and (2) transportation primarily for and essential to medical care referred to in (1) above.

"Member" means a carrier that issues or has in force health benefits plans in New Jersey. Member shall not include a carrier whose combined average Medicare, Medicaid, and NJ FamilyCare enrollment represents more than 75% of its average total enrollment for all health benefits plans or whose combined Medicare, Medicaid, and NJ FamilyCare net earned premium for the two-year calculation period represents more than 75% of its total net earned premium for the two-year calculation period.

"Modified community rating" means a rating system in which the premium for all persons covered under a policy or contract for a specific health benefits plan and a specific date of issue of that plan is the same without regard to sex, health status, occupation, geographical location or any other factor or characteristic of covered persons, other than age.

The rating system shall provide that the premium rate charged by the carrier for the highest rated individual or class of individuals shall not be greater than 350% of the premium rate charged for the lowest rated individual or class of individuals purchasing the same individual health benefits plan. The rate differential among the premium rates charged to individuals covered under the same individual health benefits plans shall be based on the actual or expected experience of persons covered under that plan; provided, however, that the rate differential may also be based upon age. The factors upon which the rate differential is applied shall be consistent with regulations promulgated by the commissioner, which shall include age classifications established, at a minimum, in five-year increments. There may be a reasonable differential among the premium rates charged for different family structure rating tiers within an individual health benefits plan or for different health benefits plans offered by the carrier.

"Net earned premium" means the premiums earned in this State on health benefits plans, less return premiums thereon and dividends paid or credited to policy or contract holders on the health benefits plan business. Net earned premium shall include the aggregate premiums earned on the carrier's insured group and individual business and health maintenance organization business, including premiums from any Medicare, Medicaid, or NJ FamilyCare contracts with the State or federal government, but shall not include premiums earned from contracts funded pursuant to the "Federal Employee Health Benefits Act of 1959," 5 U.S.C. ss.8901-8914, any excess risk or stop loss insurance coverage issued by a carrier in connection with any self insured health benefits plan, or Medicare supplement policies or contracts.

"NJ FamilyCare" means the NJ FamilyCare Program established pursuant to P.L.2005, c.156 (C.30:4J-8 et al.).

"Non-group person life year" means coverage of a person for 12 months by an individual health benefits plan or conversion policy or contract subject to P.L.1992, c.161 (C.17B:27A-2 et al.), Medicare cost or risk contract or Medicaid contract.

"Open enrollment" means the offering of an individual health benefits plan to any eligible person on a guaranteed issue basis, pursuant to procedures established by the board.

"Plan of operation" means the plan of operation of the program adopted by the board pursuant to this act.

"Plan sponsor" shall have the meaning given that term under Title I, section 3 of Pub.L.93-406, the "Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974" (29 U.S.C. s.1002 (16)(B)).

"Preexisting condition" means a condition that, during a specified period of not more than six months immediately preceding the effective date of coverage, had manifested itself in such a manner as would cause an ordinarily prudent person to seek medical advice, diagnosis, care or treatment, or for which medical advice, diagnosis, care or treatment was recommended or received as to that condition or as to a pregnancy existing on the effective date of coverage.

"Program" means the New Jersey Individual Health Coverage Program established pursuant to this act.

"Resident" means a person whose primary residence is in New Jersey and who is present in New Jersey for at least six months of the calendar year, or, in the case of a person who has moved to New Jersey less than six months before applying for individual health coverage, who intends to be present in New Jersey for at least six months of the calendar year.

"Two-year calculation period" means a two calendar year period, the first of which shall begin January 1, 1997 and end December 31, 1998.

L.1992, c.161, s.1; amended 1993, c.164, s.1; 1995, c.291, s.7; 1997, c.146, s.1; 2001, c.349, s.1; 2008, c.38, s.9; 2009, c.293, s.1.

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